SSB Tips

Rohan Sharma

Scheme of Selection in SSB Interview: The existing scheme of selection was initially designed in the US army, after the second World War. The system was adopted in the selection of officers in Army, Navy and Air Force for induction through National Defense Academy, Army Cadet Corps, Officers Training Academy, Indian Military Academy, Air Force Academy or Naval Academy. The selection process has the following stages/components. (a) Psychological/Intelligence Test. (b) Group Testing Officer's (GTO's) Test. (c) Personal Interview. (d) Medical Examination. It is evident that the interview is mainly confined to first three stages of examination while the fourth one concerns the medical examination of only those who get through in the SSB interview comprising of first three components. Evaluation of a candidate is made by three independent examiners. The psychological test is carried out by a psychologist and GTO test is given by a Group Testing Officer (GTO). Personal interview is carried out by the interviewing officer who usually is also the President of the Board. The interview being an integrated process, culminates with the conference on the final day when all the three examiners get together to give the final assessment of the candidate. If there is any doubt on any aspect of the personality of the candidate, a few questions are put to him/her and the evaluation is done accordingly. All the candidates who manage to obtain minimum prescribed marks are declared selected. There is no quota or percentage fixed about the number of candidates to be selected and the selection purely depends on the performance of the individuals. The selected candidates then have to undergo a comprehensive medical examination to be finally recommended for selection. Through this series of features on careers an effort is being made to acquaint the candidates, particularly the fresh candidates, with the techniques of SSB interviews and strategy to be adopted to overcome this final hurdle to a challenging career in the defense forces. In the first part of this series, psychological tests are being dealt with in detail. The scheme of selection is almost same for Army, Navy and Air Force with the only difference that in case of interviews for the flying branch of Air Force, an additional aptitude test is given to the candidates right at the beginning. The interview usually lasts for four to five days and the arrangements for free boarding and lodging are made for the candidates. Moreover, the candidates appearing before the Board for the first time are entitled to claim traveling allowance for to-and-fro journey up to the selection centre. Questionnaire Immediately on arrival at the Selection Board a questionnaire is given to all the candidates in which, in addition to personal details, including educational qualifications and details of family, hobbies, games and other extra curricular activities, details about other important happenings in life, friends, ambitions, etc are also sought from the candidates. This questionnaire usually forms the basis for interview. This part also assumes importance, considering the fact that it is of importance to a psychologist to know what a candidate thinks of oneself. Psychological Tests (a) Intelligence Tests: First and important part of psychological tests is the intelligence test. There are two types of intelligence tests. In the first, usually 80 questions are required to be answered within 30 or 35 minutes. The time is lesser for the second in which 60 questions on figures are required to be answered in 20 to 25 minutes. This test presumes that even under adverse circumstances an intelligent person will be able to answer more number of questions accurately. The questions are objective type with multiple choice answers. To attempt maximum number of questions correctly, the candidates are advised to attempt those questions to start with, about which they are fully sure. The questions which need some more time to answer, must be skipped initially and if after attempting other questions there is some time left, it can then be devoted to the left-out questions. Exhaustive practice in these tests, which appear regularly in the Competition Master, can be of great help in attempting the intelligence tests effectively. A candidate who achieves a good score in these tests may get the benefit of being placed higher in the order of merit if he/she finally makes it in the interview. (b) Word Association Test: This test aims at judging the personality traits and basic psychology of a candidate. It brings out attitudes, thoughts, desires, feelings and even negative aspects of one's personality. For testing the word association, candidates are shown a word of common usage for about 15 seconds, during which time candidates are supposed to write a sentence. After 15 seconds are over, another word is exposed for 15 seconds, the process continues and candidates are asked to write 50 sentences. The words are easy and of day-to-day usage. Time given to the candidates is so short that they have


the performance of every candidate is gauged as a member of a group. can be used as "Failure cannot always be avoided". judgment. death. The plot should be simple considering the fact that the story has to be written within 3-minutes. The picture only depicts one of the situations which could form part of the story. insecurity. optimism. and more particularly candidates' suitability for the armed forces. the candidate should appreciate the situation. also called picture story writing. It should be ensured that no unnecessary time is wasted in describing the picture. However. and leader of the group. honesty. road accident. pervert and counter-productive feelings must be avoided whereas positive feelings of success. the latter sentence shows how a negative word can also be used in a positive manner. The answer which appears to be the best in a real life situation must be chosen. courage. a graveyard.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma to write down the very first thought that comes after seeing the word. the GTO's test is a complete test of one's personality. temperament. Group Testing Officer’s Test The second part of the interview contains Group Testing Officer's (GTO's) Test. depicts their own thoughts. (c) Thematic Apperception Test (TAT): This technique. mental robustness. questions appearing easier to answer should be chosen and the candidates should avoid conflicting replies and be considered. etc. The candidates must exercise due care while choosing the alternatives as two to three alternatives may appear to be correct. including physical fitness. etc. a frustrated youth. initiative. disease wrong. superior or subordinate is keenly observed and assessed. Needless to say that the time duration is very less and the candidates must think and write fast to complete the story within the stipulated time. The picture is shown for 30 seconds and the candidate is given a time of 3 minutes for writing a brief story. Hence the initial 30-second time while the picture is displayed. Due care must be taken to ensure that the sentences do not depict the feeling of fear. On similar lines the candidates must prepare himself beforehand for words like defeat. This test aims at judging a candidate's aptitude towards cooperation. Practice on writing stories on above situation/pictures would assist the candidates to do well in this test. humanism. must be utilized in most useful manner. expression. a captive lady. It must be clearly understood that the story which is written by the candidates. attitudes and feelings on the basis of these natural reactions of the candidates to specific words. the candidates are given 4 to 5 reactions to a particular day-to-day situation and the candidates are asked to choose the most appropriate one. etc should be highlighted. anxiety. It is pertinent to add that candidates may expect at least one picture each about hospital scene. The group worthiness of a candidate is tested. is one of the most important aspects of psychological test at SSBs. respectfulness. a thief. with a little bit of practice the candidates can choose correct sentence. patriotism and positive bent of mind. ambition. success. In other words. war. It must be ensured that the sentences used are small and convey some positive aspect of one's psyche. There can be no readymade solutions to the word association test. or "Failures are the pillars of success". In the SRT. so that his/her behavior as equal. The candidates need special practice to attempt this test successfully. initiative. etc. negative. No answer is out rightly incorrect or correct. argumentative capabilities. knowledge. perceptions and imaginations. the word "failure". Whereas the former sentence depicts pessimism and defeat. Initially. uprightness. In all 50 to 60 situations have to be reacted upon in 25 to 30 minutes. a river. While the first part aims at testing the intelligence and frame of mind of a candidate. After devoting minimum possible time for understanding the picture. identify the hero of the story and prepare a simple but well thought of plot for the story. The candidates get weighted marks depending on the degree of correctness of an answer. This technique aims at judging the overall personality of a candidate by judging the traits like fearlessness. leadership qualities. ambitions. There may be a few vague pictures also. The GTO's test includes the following six broad sub-tests: • • • • • • Group discussion Group planning exercise Group obstacles Command Task Individual obstacles Lecturette 2 . cowardice. To do well in this test the candidates must practice with several sets of words and do the self appraisal. planning flexibility. Then he is asked to write a small story on the picture. helpfulness. This test is conducted by showing several slides/pictures (usually ten) to the candidate for a short while. For example. The planned story should depict the feelings of courage. group interests and positive thinking. (d) Situation Reaction Test (SRT): This is last in the series of psychological tests. achievement. The pessimistic. positive frame of mind. The psychologists analyze the personality traits. hard-work. etc.

the candidates are required to prepare a plan to successfully accomplish the task. status of Indian women. initiative and task orientation. planning. in a group where no one is nominated a group leader. After considering the pros and cons of every alternative. During the discussion. appreciation of opinion of others. family planning. etc. The group discussion tests the expression. The individual plan tests the analytical ability and the discussion of the group plan sees whether the candidate is prepared to accept a superior plan over his plan or he is able to convince the group about superiority of his plan against an inferior plan being considered by the group. participation and authenticity of a candidate. In addition. sports. After the discussion on the first topic is closed. compulsory military training. The test is planned to test the understanding and analytical capability of the candidates. Half group task is given by dividing the group into two sub-groups. is about 10 minutes. to write down the solution. For this exercise a further time of about 20 minutes is given. it is suggested that the candidates should prepare well by selecting certain topics of general interest like role of science. Proper tone. therefore. the candidates should think objectively to negotiate the obstacles with the help of given material. best alternative should be accepted. depth of knowledge. Considering these given limitations and facilities. opportunity is provided to the natural leaders to emerge as leaders and take over the reins of the group.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma Group Discussion Candidates are divided in groups of 8 to 10 and each group is tested by a GTO. The time for discussion is approximately 20 minutes. Soon after writing down the solution. initiative. facilitating the GTO in observing the candidates in a better manner. By actively participating in the group plan discussion. Every candidate is supposed to express his opinion and views on the topic given. in which particular parts are "out of bounds". The group then nominates a leader who gets up and gives the group plan. keen interest. Group Obstacle Race. keenly observes the candidates for their qualities like cooperation. Group Planning Exercise Under the group planning exercise. The candidates must properly appreciate the problem. planks. wooden logs. group belonging feelings. Even if the candidate is unable to arrive at any solution he should try to assume the role of a mediator between several candidates having diverse solutions. a situation is given to the candidates usually on a sand model or cloth model. The candidates must comprehend the topic properly. Group Obstacles Next part of GTO's test is the group obstacles. Each candidate is given the situation in which some problem like taking a patient to hospital within stipulated time. To do well at group discussions. volume and level of voice are other important aspects of a good candidate. These tasks are designed to test the behaviour of a candidate in a group where there are no group leaders nominated. It has four sub-parts including Progressive Group Task. evils of dowry. take stock of the resources available with them and then try to generate some alternatives in the given situation. Immediately on getting the solution. Usually two topics of general interest are given by the GTO to the group and the group is asked to choose one of the topics. democracy. While crossing these obstacles. The group is explained that within the obstacle area. the group is asked to discuss the solutions and arrive at a group plan. on the basis of which the group is asked to proceed with discussion. argumentative capabilities. the GTO quietly observes the performance and behaviour of the candidates and makes his own assessment. After this. Self confidence. the entire group has to cross the obstacle within a given period of time with the assistance of tools like ropes. The progressive group task has four tasks with each successive task getting tougher and final group task is the repeat exercise to facilitate the GTO to observe only the potential candidates. It is always better to take the initiative to start the discussion. flexibility and knowledge are some of the properties which are sought by the GTO. The group obstacle race is in the form of an intergroup race in which they also have to carry a sack type of load while crossing the obstacles. the candidates should try to get themselves nominated as the group leader to get an edge over the other candidates. etc. The time allotted to the candidates. reporting the matter to the police or any other situation is depicted and certain facilities as well as limitations are explained. natural leadership qualities. others are also asked to give their plans if there is some material difference in the plan. clarity in expression. 3 . carry out a mental framework of line of discussion to be pursued and plan the discussion quickly. Group obstacles in all the four sub-parts are in the form of obstacles which cannot be negotiated by an individual and need a group of persons to cross it. GTO gives the second topic. the candidates must start asserting themselves by also seeking advice and suggestions of other candidates. Half Group Task and Final Group Task. or planning to cross these. Even while actually negotiating the obstacle endeavour should be to take on the most difficult tasks so that an impression of task orientation and leading by example is created in the mind of the GTO. students and politics. There are usually more than one solution to each obstacle. The GTO. role of women. flexibility.

The clarity of thoughts and ideas must be insured. attract attention while he is talking. etc are tested by following a comprehensive and objective method of personality test. This candidate is given about four topic of general nature which do not need any specialised knowledge. An objective assessment of personality of the candidates is made by observing their behaviour in a group and as a leader as well. understanding. These obstacles include climbing ropes. After explaining the task to his men. where there are more than one natural leaders. and finally by the President or Deputy President of the Selection Board. expression. the strongest one will overshadow rest of them. The information given by the candidate. The GTO makes the assessment by assigning marks in each of the six exercises and then finally allots the aggregate marks on the basis of overall average assessment. where they are declared leaders. At times. In case a candidate can repeat some of the obstacles. apart from the medical examination. This reflects his objective assessment of subordinates. the commander may find it difficult to plan a solution to the obstacle. Lecturette Lecturette is last in the series of GTO's tests and is aimed at testing the speech of a candidate. In all the earlier exercises. after completing all in the given time period. It is evident from the above that the GTO's test is a comprehensive test of one's personality. such a candidate gets more than maximum marks to the extent of repetition of obstacles. one should be satisfied as in the words of one GTO "armed forces need officers. the commander may ask the members of the group to suggest to him the possible solution.T. jumping. plans to negotiate the obstacle and finally executes the plan.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma Command Task Command Task is aimed at testing the leadership and command capabilities of candidates. legs. choosing the best candidates who are cooperative and physically strong. therefore. etc. forms the initial basis for questions during the course of interview. The relatively difficult obstacles carry higher marks and easier ones have lesser. not monkeys". Personal interview is the last hurdle in the selection process to the defence forces through SSB Interviews. Capabilities of the candidates like knowledge. the work should be got executed from the chosen candidates. the facilitating material available to them and spell out the plan as to how he planned to accomplish the task. the leader should go ahead with the proper execution of the task by properly supervising and giving supplementary instructions if required. disposition. physical fitness. have a clear head and clear line of thinking. The candidate must. leadership. Individual Obstacles There are 10 obstacles which are required to be negotiated by every individual within a stipulated period of 3 minutes. planning capabilities. this test aims at looking for bare minimum level of physical fitness. G. The candidate's judgement. initiative. walking over a beam and parallel ropes. on the very first day in the questionnaire. Unnecessary movements of hands. A leader should be able to speak effectively. a person who is shy by nature. Every candidate is tested by a psychologist. but in case some part of obstacle negotiation needs his assistance. The obstacles are not very tough and can be negotiated by any candidate with average physical fitness. fingers etc should be avoided and the speech should be delivered in a pleasant but authoritative voice. which can be built up by rigorous pre-commission training in the Training Acadmeies. asked to choose his team. To keep the interview formal and the candidate at ease. choose his team carefully. Normally. The only change is that one candidate is nominated as a formal leader. he should be ready to do so. Nevertheless. climbing wall.O. The plan should be clear and spelt out in clear and commanding manner. While taking this test. But in some cases. 4 . the natural leaders are allowed to emerge. only one interviewer interacts with the candidate. The views expressed should be balanced and extreme positions in views should be avoided. The candidates are required to select one topic. grasp and task orientation. may not be able to exhibit his leadership qualities in a group of equals and hence an opportunity is given to such candidates to show their worth in a formalised situation. planning and analytical capabilities are checked and his capabilities to get a task executed are also tested. In the command task the nature of obstacles and facilitating material remain the same. Easier obstacles should be attempted first and even if one is unable to complete all the obstacles within three minutes. the candidate must try to achieve a particular level of physical fitness before proceeding to the SSB interviews. Similarly. the candidate must select the subject/topic on which he is fully confident of having enough knowledge and material to speak for three minutes. prepare for three minutes and then deliver a speech to the group for a period of three minutes. These qualities are tested by giving a small test to the candidates known as lecturette. The aim of the personal interview is to have a closer look at the personality of every candidate through conversation in friendly discussion. swinging on ropes. Under such a situation. To do well at this test. Then the leader must explain to his men the objective or task.

Hence all these questions must be answered accordingly. The same principle applies to the other questions like games played. Lack of confidence in 5 . How to tackle? As has been hinted above. The questions should be properly understood and after considering the contents for a while. as every human being does have some weaknesses. aspiring to become an officer in the armed forces. philately. Due care. Regarding personal questions. Regular readers of "The Competition Master" normally do not find much difficulty in tackling this part. Moreover. Candidates who feel less confident in this part are advised to consult the General Knowledge Refresher by O. hobbies pursued and friends (particularly from the opposite sex) held. occupation of parents. must be exercised as this is one of the most crucial aspects of the interview. the interviewer devotes a lot of time to the hobby named by the candidate. as it is believed that the problems of fluency and expression are overcome during the training period. one is expected to either play or have keen interest in some games. Other questions in the interview may be about games played. Name of the educational institutions where one studied. Any attempt to hide some facts or give wrong facts will be certainly picked up by the experienced President and they usually make the candidate realise during the interview itself that he/she was trying to bluff. make sure that the hobbies and games they name must be fully known to them. gardening. Similarly. (b) "If you are not selected what would you do?" These are often-repeated questions and must be answered very honestly and correctly. The President of the Board begins in a very friendly manner by asking very personal questions from the candidates like name. the candidates must not bring in any artificiality and unnecessary heroism. driving. Rather than bluffing in this regard. The replies should be to the point and relevant to the questions asked. every person is expected to have a hobby. subjects offered. some imaginary situation for reaction and small simple problems for judging the administrative planning capabilities of the candidate. without its actually taking place. girl/boy friends and the means adopted by the candidate to remain fit. Choosing a right course of action is not very difficult. The candidates must grasp situation completely. Similarly. But in case there is no such friend. Every young candidate. come out clearly with the course of action. no candidate is expected to be perfect. every interview lasts about 30-40 minutes. sisters. therefore. The candidates should not be in a hurry to reply the questions. photography or traveling. without any exaggeration. Similarly. Two more questions which must be prepared properly are (a) "Why do you want to join the Defense Forces?". be it reading. The candidates should avoid use of slang’s and be very respectful to interviewer. clarify the doubts if any and after taking some time to think. playing games. parents or friends to which reaction of the candidate is judged. Moreover. swimming. as earlier pointed out it is good to have friends from the opposite sex with healthy and friendly relations. Balanced Behavior While proper replies to the questions are important balanced conduct of the candidates is still more important. The games which are stated to be played by the candidate should be ones about which the candidate has complete knowledge and is able to reply to most of the questions. Khanna. The candidates must. which invariably is also the right solution to the problem. he is trained to interview candidates in such a manner as the truth comes out. The candidates must imagine themselves in similar situation and consider the most probable course of action which would be taken by them. detail of the brothers and sisters. The questions on the reactions in given situations have to be handled very carefully. Finally. In addition to putting a candidate at ease. They should react as if they would have done in a similar real life situation. The candidate is then asked to give his/her step by step planning and execution and perception of happening of the event. Use of language and expression are the plus points but the candidates are usually not penalized for weak expression. is also expected to have friendship with the opposite sex.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma Conduct At an average. Moreover. it is better to give a negative reply. names of good friends. About 10 minutes-time is devoted on these questions so that the candidate is put at ease. marks obtained etc are a few other questions that may be initially expected. It must be understood clearly that the President conducting the interview handles several candidates every day and does the same thing over the years. riding. As a young and educated person. place to which the candidate belonged. the questions on current affairs and general knowledge need a little-bit of brushing up of knowledge in this field. The candidates must be composed and maintain their poise. the candidates should be careful that they do not hide material facts or try to give wrong facts. general knowledge. the President also observes the qualities of friendliness and the ease with which one can handle simple and personal questions. Final part of the personal interview may include a few questions on current topics. In their reactions. reply should be given. it should also be ensured that no unnecessary details are given by the candidate. a small administrative problem may be given to a candidate including organization of a match or a picnic. However. Problem solving may be judged by depicting a simple real-life imaginary situation involving the brothers. the fact should be admitted without hesitation. hobbies. therefore.P. the questions in the interview must be tackled very carefully.

G. Hence. At the same time one must not be over confident or arrogant. On being offered a seat. as recommended for the interviews.O. call the interviewee and ask two-three formal and routine questions. Medical Examination The selected candidates are then required to undergo medical examination. the candidates are advised not to leave their studies or jobs till they rceive a call to join at the training academy concerned. including a situation. The questions like "How have I done Sir?" should not be asked by the candidates while leaving the interview room. It should. may expect a couple of more absorbing questions. The interviewers are trained to identify the signals sent by the body language along with the spoken word. Prior to the medical examination. One must enter the room after seeking permission. As the interview is over. Such a question may be aimed at seeing whether or not a candidate gets provoked easily. three selectors i.T. but the candidates. which takes another three to four days. These are the vital factors an SSB candidate should have. All those failing in all or any two are declared unsuccessful. Seat should be taken promptly and the candidate should sit properly and if possible in an upright manner. A few candidates marginally failing in one of the tests. however. Any contradiction reveals the untruthful intention of the candidate. body language must be controlled to convey the same meaning as the word of the mouth. Whatever is spoken from the mouth must be reflected from the eyes of the candidate as well the tone of his/her voice. they should not be ashamed or evasive. In a very few cases if the President asks some irritating and personally offending questions. and on the basis of reply offered by the candidate. Hair should be properly groomed and hands should be properly cleaned with the nails cleanly cut. The result is announced soon after the conclusion of the conference and all those who are selected are required to stay back for the medical examination. Conference The last stage in the selection process is the conference which takes place on the last day. may not get a call to join at the concerned training academy if the number of vacancies is less or the candidate is very low in the order of merit. the candidates should thank the President. At times it may so happen that even a candidate getting through in the interview finally. a form is given to the candidates to be filled which mainly relates to the past medical history of the candidate as well as his/her members of the family. Have these things in You? i) Self Confidence ii) Interest iii) Motivation iv) Awareness v) Understanding vi) Good Health. the psychologist. On entering the room. get up without battling with the chair. The interviewee should offer a bright and cheerful face. At the conference all the three selectors sit together. the candidates should be modest without being boastful and while admitting weaknesses and failures. Hence. There must be eyecontact with the interviewer for most part of the interview. on their own should not initiate shaking the hands. The candidates should also show flexibility and admit his/her mistakes. While describing their achievements. the call letters are issued after clubbing the marks obtained in the written examination of the UPSC as well as marks obtained in the interview. Interview Etiquettes In addition to the above there are certain established interview etiquettes which must be strictly adhered to. Candidates who qualify in all the three tests independently are declared successful.e. and the President carry out their tests independently. The candidates who pass all the medical tests are finally declared as successful and may expect a call to join the training academy concerned within a month or two of the selection. without annoying him. final decision about his/her selection is taken. If a question is not clearly understood or heard. The appearance and bearing of the candidate helps in making a good first impression. The clothes need not be new or highly fashionable and bright. if any pointed out by the President. During the earlier three stages. However. be kept in mind that no unnecessary gesticulations are made with hands and sitting posture is also proper. but should be sober and properly cleaned. the candidates must not loose their poise and temper. the President may be requested politely to repeat it as there is no harm in it. 6 . it must be shaken firmly. If the President calls for a cup of tea or lights a cigarette and also offers to a candidate. one is expected to thank the interviewer. In case the President offers a hand for handshake. the candidate must suitably wish the interviewer and should sit only when he/she is asked to do so. wish him appropriately and quietly leave the room.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma replying to the questions reflects lack of knowledge and self-confidence. it should be declined gracefully.

i) Group Tasks ii) Command Tasks iii) Individual Endurance Tasks Interviewing officers Test 7 . What are the Candidates Tested For ? The candidates are examined and tested theoretically and practically for the assessment of Officers Like qualities. help the individual to progress in life. Due to a large number of candidates applying for commission in the armed forces each year. negative thoughts lead one to destruction. c) Dehradun Three Pronged Testing Three different officers subject each candidate to certain type of tests.these include:i) Word Association Test (WAT) ii) Thematic Appreciation Test (TAT) iii) Situation Reaction Test (SRT) iv) Self Description test Group Testing Officers Tests a) Indoor Tests i) Group Discussion ii) Group Planning iii) Lecturing. Department of Psychological Research Institute.B.Extempore speech b) Outdoor Tests. The Nature of Selection Tests: Under the present assessment techniques adopted by the S. which put together beings out the OLQ (officer Like Qualities). which the services are looking for. c) Allahabad Navy: Besides the above centers. Psychological Tests a) Intelligence tests consists of Verbal and Non-verbal tests b) Psychological tests to assess the personality of the candidates. Positive thoughts. Only those candidates who qualify in the preliminary rounds are allowed to take the full SSB tests. EKT (Engineering Knowledge Test). Perception test. the candidates are put thorough a series of tests such as IQ tests. Group discussion. Performing a given task.There are certain qualities which can be developed /strengthened by training and some of the qualities cannot be developed by training. needless to say. Dimalpur at Delhi specially trains the Board of officers. to make way for deeper selection a new method of Pre-screening and Screening tests have been evolved in the recent times. Services Selection Centres Army: a) Bangalore.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma Belief in your own abilities. b) Bhopal. under any given situation and in an unfamiliar situation is roughly called as having self-confidence. Air Force: a) Mysore. These form the part of Pre Screening and Screening tests. b) Varanasi.S. a) Psychological Tests b) Group Testing Officers tests c) Interview by Interviewing Officer. Coimbatore is also one of the centers for selecting candidates for the NAVY. Your positive thoughts go a long way in developing your self-confidence.

Interview Dos and Don'ts PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS Your Handwriting is the mirror to judge your quality.Non Verbal test vi) PIQ Form Filling vii) Pen Picture writing a few tips viii) Practice tests 1 .II 3. Since every test is corelated.I 2. responsibility.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma Personal interview by President/Deputy President. AVAILABLITY FOR TASKS GOOD BEHAVIOUR CONSIDERATION COURGE DETERMIANTION DICISION MAKING 8 . social interaction.5 4. Try different theme for different stories.Your pen picture should tally with your thoughts pen down. Do not write stereotype stories. The Qualities that you are to project through your stories are:ALTERTNESS. The sentence need not be grammatically correct or the word used just to write a sentence. Stage . Group Testing Officers tests i) Tips to Tackle Group Discussion ii) Tips to Extempore Speech Making iii) Military planning Explanation and Sample iv) Tips to tackle Individual Obstacles v) Tips to tackle Group tasks and Command Tasks 5.Since you are being compared with all other candidates your best performance will take you to your ultimate Goal. Stage .Since these tests are designed to calculate your IQ. honesty etc are many questions as possible. but at the same time.Write what actions you.This is designed to test your inner thoughts. empathy. Remember you are the Hero. (Never copy the suggestions for it might lead you to wrong conclusions) Please take the Practice test. best approach is to write a positive yet a good citizen will do. Remember this is not a Make a sentence type exam. Even75% of the questions answered correctly will see you thorough. Thematic Appreciation test The Thematic Story writing will be 12 in all. be positive in what you write. which is followed by above.Time given is 15 seconds to write. tests a few tips. helping attitude. try and complete. Write down the answers on a sheet of paper so thatyou can compare the same with some suggestions. Will be taking incase you are in those situations. Here your qualities such as Courage. So be careful in what ever you write. 11 of them are having some picture and one does not have any. do not do so without thinking sufficiently. SRT (Situational Reaction Test) the tests contain day-to-day practical incidents that you will be facing in your real life. boldness.There are no right or wrong answers. Pre Screening Tests a) OIRT (Officers Intelligence rating test) b) Perception tests ( A model) c) Group Discussion. WAT Word Association Test: Write the first positive thought that comes to your mind. Psychological tests i) Word Association Test ii) Situation Reaction Test iii) Thematic Appreciation Test iv) IQ Verbal Test v) IQ . the aim should be to bring out leadership qualities of the hero through these stories. Write neatly and legibly. You will get about 3 minutes for each story.

My father is a businessman and mother is a housewife. They have confidence in me and I am an extrovert by nature. I used to take p[art in school debate/quiz competition. sex. and 5 feet 8 inches tall.appraisal during the psychological test. I was groomed by my parents to pay attention towards my studies. MANNERS PERSEVERANCE. Physical Aspects: I am Medium built. As I used to take part in sports events and am used to regular exercise I am physically fit. My parents are moderately educated. I like to mix around make friends. sports and was encouraged to take part in school cultural activities. I go for Jogging every morning before I start my studies. TRUTHFULLNESS ZEAL Only during the perception test you are required to give The age. We do organize Blood donation/health check up camps and hold children entertainment functions during Aug 15 every year in our neighborhood. Education: I did my initial schooling at _________. Both short term and long term viii) Religion An example of Self-Appraisal About parents and place of birth: I was born and brought up at Coimbatore. an urban township in the western part of Tamilnadu. I have an elder brother who is working as a software engineer in PUNE. achievements vii) Your aims and goals. whether it is studies or sports. I have always scored good marks and stood within the first three ranks in 9 . mood. The usual headings under which you will be asked to give out the appraisal is:a) What is you personal opinion about your self? b) What do your parents think of you? c) What does your best friend think about you? d) What does your worst enemy think of you? e) What does your teacher think of you? f) What are your strong points? g) What are your weak points? h) What are the qualities you would like to develop? Tips: Go systematic. The aim of this is to make you commit about your-self regarding your knowledge about your-self. We take part in the college functions. Suggested headings: i) About your parents and place of birth and family background ii) Physical Attributes iv) Social Contacts v) Education vi) Extra curricular activities . As a result of my father's encouragement. None of our vacations with out our trekking trips to local hillocks and far off villages around Coimbatore. PATRIOTISM RESOURCEFULNESS STRAIGHTFORWARDNESS SMARTNESS SUPPORTIVENESS TACT.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma ENDURANCE AND ENTHUSIASM FAIRNESS. I always like some challenges from my classmates. Social Contacts: I have a number of good friends. HARD WORK INTEGRITY LOYALTY. Your story should such that it suits the picture yet tells The past is that what led to this situation What is happening in the picture? What will happen in the future? SELF APPRAISAL Every candidate will be asked to write a slf. We belong to a middle class family. and number of group of the persons you see in the picture. This will be the last part of the Psychological test. I do not remember to have taken ill except for some minor ailments. Evening one hour of sports activity keeps me in shape. LEADERSHIP. FLEXIBILITY HONSETY.

who too has kept the images of gods of all religions in our prayers room. Hindi and Tamil Elocutions. I have friends from all religions. I have been selected to represent the university. Adjusted as best athlete in college in the Year 2001. My ambition is to become an Officer in the Indian Air Force in Technical Branch. I am a member of my college senior wing of NCC. for presenting my paper and " Robotics in space mission. Till date I have visited 11 Villages in the tribal area of Coimbatore. sports events. and collected about 14 items. Represented College at NCC Republic Day camp in the year 2002. and Leadership course at Mt Pachmari I 2001. I attend their religious functions. I have a learned to give tolerance to all religions from my mother. a few hours on Sundays. in which ever form he may be worshiped. I am now doing my final semester in BE Electronics at PSG Engineering College. Extra curricular activities: Sight seeing and trekking has always been my passion. which helps me to write articles for my college magazine keep a "DO IT TODAY List" on my computer. which help me to organize my day and all other activities. As per my hobby. debate and essay writing. The Internet browsing is yet another hobby of mine. I collect handicraft items made by villagers. INDIVIDUAL & GROUP TASKS 1. I keep a daily journal. I believe in the fact God is one . I have taken part in English. Achievements: While at School I had won prizes in Elocution. I got admission after a tough entrance examination. I use it to communicate with m friends as well read about my subject matter. I help my parents to look after our daily house hold work and take time to help my mother to clean up the house." Religion: I treat all religion as equal. I was the school athletics champion for three continuous years from 1997-2000. >>Individual 10 . I have won prizes for Elocution. in which I scored285 out of 300 marks. I am an Under Officer and represented the college and took part in the Republic day parade held at New Delhi during 26 Jan 2002.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma the class.

be your self. so please do not use any unfair means are bluff. What do they judge at SSB in Group Tasks ? A) Assessment of Candidate's Participation within the formulated Rules B) Planning and Intelligent Assessment of the situation C) Inidividual Quality in context to the Group D) Assuming control of a Group to execute a task E) Assess the problem from different angles F) Assign responsibility to Team mates G) Ability to realise the Potential of Group Members H) Capacity to motivate others I) Alertness J) Creative Thinking K) Putting the Group before the Self L) Helping Tendency M) Originality of Thought N) Quick Decision Making O) Cooperation with Others P) Group Integration Q) Planning and Execution 11 . Remember to be natural and calm. put the interest of the group before your own. All the selectors are well trained. do your best. and always be alert. By being yourself your qualities are easily seen by the selectors.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma 2. >> Group By carefully following the suggestions you will be able to Project your OLQ (Officer Like Qualities) to the selectors at the Services Selection Board.

Fill in the details below: State & District Religion WhetherSC/ST Mother Tongue Date of Birth Married/Single/Widowed 6. Age ( Year & Months) / Height (in Metre) Weight (in Kilograms) 10 (a) N. No Qualification Acquired Name of Institute Year Division & Marks% Medium of Instruction Boarder/Day-Scholar Out Standing Achievement if any a) Matric /Higher Secondary b) 10+2 c) B. Educational Record (Commencing from matriculation /Equivalent Examination):S. (a) Place of maximum residence (b) Present Address (With Approximate population of the City/town/village) (c) Permanent Address (With Approximate population of the City/town/village) (Whether District HQ or Not) 5.C.(a) Parents Alive Yes/No (b) If not alive your age at the time of Father's/Mother's Death (c) Parents/Guardians Occupation /Income (As applicable) Particulars Education Occupation Income per Month Father Mother Guardian No of brothers No of sisters Your ranking amongst your brother and sister 7. Name in CAPITALS as in application form 3. a) Participation in Games & Sports 12 .Sc/B. Father's Name 4.Com d) Professional 8.Selection Board (No & Place) Batch No Chest No UPSC Roll No 2.C Training _________________________________________ Yes/No (b) Total Training (if Yes) (Give details below) Total Training Wing Division Certificate Obtained 11.A/B.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma R) Leadership Initiative ---Confidential--PERSONAL INFORMATION QUESTIONNAIRE 1.

PEACE Candidate: a) Every one loves peace (Acceptable) b) I love peace c) Peace brings Progress ( Very Good) 3.DEFEAT Candidate a) Defeat the enemy b) Defeat the defeat c) Defeat -dont get upset d) Dont get depressed by defeats (Acceptable) Suggestion: a) Defeat teaches us lessons.No Type of Entry Place and SSBNo Date Batch and ChestNo Recommended/Not Recommended WHAT.COUNTRY Candidate: a) I Love my Country (Good) b) Serving our country is Nobel (Acceptable) c) Its our duty to safeguard our country (A) d) Country first self next 13 . b) Analyse causes of defeat to succeed 5. but be prepared for war 2. Number if chances availed for commission in all three services 14.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma Games/Sports Period or Duration of Participation Represented School/College/University OutstandingAchievement. (a) Nature of Commission (b) Choice of Service 13. Details of last interview .WAR Candidates reactions: a) Peace overcomes war b) War is destruction c) I hate war d) War means bloodshed Suggestion: Love Peace. Your answers come under the Candidates Reaction and the right way of answering comes under Suggestion 1.WORK Candidate: a) work is worship b) Hard work pays (Acceptable) c) Hardwork leads to success (Very Good) d) Work while you work play while you play (Avoid using proverbs) 4. YOU FOLLOW? Follow the suggestions to get clear the interviews. if any b)Hobbies/Interest c) Participation in Extra curricular activities :Name of the activity group Duration of Participation Outstanding achievement if any d) Position of responsibility/Offices held in NCC/Scouting Sports team/Extra-curricular group and other fields:12.if any (Air Force/Navy/Army Selection Board) S.

POOR. Exercise protects us from diseases. 25 .SYSTEM. Enjoy good company of friends. 38.SERIOUS.TRUST. 39 . 36 .SPORTS. 26. 16. 43 . 47. Snakes poison is used as medicine. 11. 30. 31. 51. Engineers are capable of rectifying faults. 24 .SISTER.PLAYGROUND. 39. 50.SUCCESS. 54. Playground teaches us many lessons. 45 . 22 .EXERCISE. Take things seriously and work.AIM 6. 35. 29. 20. Music can cure diseases.RUN. 44. 34 . Ghost stories are famous in England. 37. Leaders always lead. Analyze the situation and jump into action.ARMY.FAULT. 41 .AFFECTION. Co-operate with your neighbors. 22.AFRAID. 34. Always help others. Character is a virtue.HELP. 17 . 37 . 15. 59. Machine is backbone of industry. 32.STEP.SAD. 19. 46.PRINCIPAL.CONFLICT. 12. 19 .ATTACK. 58. 15 . 23 .BOAT.SAVE. 32 .GHOST.EXPERIENCE.Education system in India is good. i. 28.MUSIC.WITHDRAW. 42 .WAR.MONEY.GARDEN. 49.TIRED.FORTUNE.RISK. 14. Child was saved when he was drowned in the river. 41. 9. 40. 53. 9 . I am a responsible person. Fight for a noble cause. In the story the hero/heroine may be seen or imagined the hero should bring out his good quality. 8. 60.RESPONSIBLE. 40 . 10 .HEALTH. Don’t worry about failures. 8 . 52. 25. I have great affection towards my parents. India won the Kargil war. 44 . My garden has many kinds of flowers. 28 . 33 . 42.PROTECT.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma 7.FRIEND. Always trust your leader.LUCK. 23. Fortune and hard work makes one succeed. Opinions always differ. 30 . 16 . 27. 13 . 10.CO-0PERATE. 31 . 18 . 48. 11 . Indian army is known for its patriotism. 55.LEAD.MACHINE. Happiness overcomes sadness. When you start writing the story remember the following: The story should have a Past the present (i. 12 .CHARACTER.HOME Suggestion: Home teaches us Manners 7 .DIFFER. 35 . Story Writing Tips Thematic writing is given to judge your imagination and positive thoughts. 45. 17. Every problem has a solution. 26 .CUSTOM. When interested in work one feels seldom tired.e. Jogging keeps us in good health.WEALTH. 20 .SOCIETY.WORRY. 56. Boats are used to cross dangerous rivers. that any one of the 15 OLQ already told to you in this SSB Handbook 14 . Failure is stepping stone for success. 36.JUMP. 24. 21 . 57. 13. Luck plus hard work leads to success. Success is the fruit of hard work. Don’t be afraid of obstacles. 33.ATOM. Its our custom to respect elders. 14 .e. 21.FIGHT. 38 .SNAKE. 18. A part from studies involve in sports. Yesterday I withdrew my savings to help the poor. 43.COMPANY.PROBLEM. 27 . Soldiers risk their life for their motherland. what is happening in the scene) The Future.ENEMY. 29 .

While you were going for boating. Dos and Donts @ SSB Dos: 1. During Psychological tests. Group Planning You are a group of Nine college students. by what he wears and what he speaks. 4. 2. should be used. 4. Don't be tense take it easy. As the time is at premium during discussions. at the time of departure. that the Pilot was injured and a box. bus route. 9. which he was carrying was to be delivered to ATC by 1500 15 . 3. Two of your friends who went to investigate the Helicopter crash reported to you stating. Make as many friends as possible at the reception center itself. he had collected the materials for the test. Mr. 6. The interviewing officer is a qualified gentleman. all of you went to River Kasi for enjoying a boat ride. speak up.. Smile while you enter the interviewing room and also say thank you. Remember you are being judged by your own batch mates right from the word go. His/her chest number allotted by the board. Before you leave your room spend a minute in front of the mirror. 5. this will help you during GTOs Task. you you saw an Helicopter flying very low and crashed near Fort. His aim was to become a collector. Try and become popular with them. Always dress up neatly and appear smart. Don't: 1. never bluff. always think before you answer. Ram was an hard working and intelligent young man. which was 2 kms away from your location. be co-operative. Take initiative. Know each individual of your group by name his qualification. Be bold and express your self clearly be brief and do not repeat what others have said. he started his preparation from his final year at the college. No lies/false hood please. you will get caught and spoil you chances of success. It is better to speak either first or second. Be confident. A man / woman is judged by others. train timings etc. 7.) 11. Be calm. At the railway station itself buy a city guide it will help you to know about the city and its places of importance. I don't Know. cool and attentive. 13. 14." 12. On arrival introduce your self to the reception staff and show your documents. You have no bad points except to over work to get perfection in any task under taken. you saw a school bus carrying children for picnic spot near the River. and he passed out as the best IAS officer in his course. Always write positive sentences/story it should bring out the officer like qualities (of which you have been taught.) 8. Always address the group as Gentlemen. 2. He passed the exam with flying colors He continued his hard work in the academy too. During interview if you do not know any answer politely say "I am sorry Sir. so that you will have an opportunity to put forward your points. 10. Keep a record of all the Bio data. who got stuck in the cable car just near to your boating site. In the picture we see him preparing for the forth coming prelim. rehearse some favorite questions. or friends. for you will need this to fill up your arrival info form.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma The story should be about 12 to 15 sentences 3 for Past 6 for Present 3 for future In the picture no 1. Your handshake should be firm. Do not Waste your time unnecessarily read some magazines. You also noticed that there was a lot of hue and cry of small children. When you started boating down the river. Being a meticulous and a student of foresight. Listen to others. (During Discussion and test only. His hard work and dedication had paid him. 3. Behave like a perfect Gentleman.

Prepare the following: How to Tackle? Write down in a neat and legible handwriting the PIQ form given to you (Please copy it down it is given in this CD). You were also required to reach the college hostel to attend the function at 1700 hours. Degree of preparedness for an interview helps reduce the uncertain anxiety prior to the Interview. Then interviewer might ask you a few technical questions. Normally the President/ Vice President of the Services Selection Board will conduct the personal Interview. if not it would explode. d) Road head is 2Kms from you e) Fort is 4 kms away from you An interview is a face-to-face meeting. Assume resources available are a) a Jeep b) traffic on the road c) Phone at Local Hospital which is 6 Kms away from your location.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma hours. If you don't know an answer be Honest. Think well before you answer. and ability to extricate you from tricky situation. The Interviewer will respect integrity and honesty. the clarity of thought and expression and sense of balance. place of interview and places you have visited.Listen carefully before you speak. A well-groomed look gives an image of thoroughness and professional look. thriller novels. Must Know these Stuffs: 1 2 3 4 5 The rank structure of the forces The current events Knowledge about your town Your projects Why you want to join the forces? 16 . Answer all the questions in a sequence. How to plan your preparation ? Preparation develops Confidence and gears you for the anticipated grilling. It aims at evaluating your academic knowledge. College. Revise your Bio-data thoroughly. Be brief. awareness or current topics. Try and collect as much information about the City in which you live. be loud enough so that interviewer don't have to strain their ears. A serious reader will score over others who refer cheap detective.. Answer them to your full satisfaction. clarify your doubts if any. Refresh your knowledge. after listening to the question carefully. The logic holds good for any other hobby you have mentioned in your PIQ. The cable operator rushed towards you. before you answer the question. Think well before you answer. The New Technique adopted at the SSB Interview is RAPID FIRE questions. The time now is 1430 hours. The amount of effort you wish to put into preparation is directly proportional to your out put at the interview. and requested you to help him out to repair the cable car and rescue the children. Listen to the questions carefully. your School. Write your actions and discuss a suitable solution. Be sure regarding your hobbies. Try to put down everything in an orderly and crisp manner. Try to form your own questions based on it. Wait for the officer to speak first. Do not over emphasize them. brevity is the hallmark of a good communicator. especially for the purposed of assessing the candidate for the job applied for. Take a few long breaths this will calm down your nerves. They are very senior Officer from the Armed forces. Check your Bio-Date for grammatical and spelling error. One of your friends told you that he had left his wallet containing money and important address in the near by teashop. Never enter into an argument with the interviewer on any topic. be sure about what you have been reading. communication skills. He expects the names of the authors and then will ask questions based on their themes. Remember discerning interviewer expects Zero error in the Bio-Data. For more questions will follow your answers. Follow the normal etiquette for the interview. NEVER Exaggerate. SSB's: One of the most fundamental factors that contribute to the successful interview is the time and quality of preparation made by. which you are/have specialized. Interviewer expects a serious reply.. Be clear of your favorite subject and area of you interest in the subject. Be very clear in your thought and expression. Your achievements should be brought out in a systematic order as and when you are asked about it. Don't speak in a low voice. elaborate your answers and tactfully take him on to your strong points. Never boast about anything including your achievements. if you have written reading as a hobby. For example.

You should dress up for the occasion.SSB Tips Rohan Sharma 6 What will you do in case you do not get selected at selected? 7 (this is to see how determined you are in achieving your aim. Please listen to the question carefully. 15 Communication 16 On the day 17 Hospitality 18 Budget 19 Keeping the journal and recording the event 20 After the event 21 Maintain proper Eye contact with the person who asks you the Question. excellent etiquette and a firm handshake will be starting point. I will get an opportunity to mingle with all sorts of people and persons from different parts of the country. It means you will be asked to answer a number of questions after listening to them just once. Interviewing Officers are usually hold the Rank of Colonel or its equivalent rank in the Navy/Air Force. "Sir". RAPID Fire questions are the order of the.job." 24 Last but not the least. There are no perfect answer to this question. " You know". I like an out door life rather than a 10 to 5 desk job. While answering it try to convey 4 or 5 facts such as: i. Leave the place with a warm smile and a nod of head. loud and clear. If offered a Handshake. Defence services offers a Challange to a young person ii. h) Be brief.. This shows your Confidence and honesty. n) Thanks the Officer for hoist time before you leave the room. j) Be truthful in stating your hobbies. You are not going to be penalized for say it. Most of the time you will be asked to attend the Interview in the PT. 17 . If you have not understood the question then ask for the clarification. Your Appearance. Merit is given due recognition in te Forces. You will be caught. Do not sound egoistic. do so. As we have brought out earlier. Here are some of the tips which you will find it useful while facing the Interviewing officer: a) Be tidy and well dressed. DO NOT TELL A LIE. Freshen up yourself before you set foot in the interviewers room. f) Be natural and never convey extravagant ideas like " I would die for my country" or " The best profession is the Defense Forces ". A minor degree of nervousness is expected from everyone. In my opinion the Uniformed forces offers reasonable pay and perks vii. d) Be Yourself e) Be polite and use words like "Please". 22 Avoid using frequently words and phrases like" I mean". Close the door gently and leave the room. c) Do not get over anxious. Kit it is better for you to keep a small pocket Comb and a neat and clean Handkerchief.. One of the most respected professions in Indian is that of a soldier. 10 When the interviewer asks you to organize a trekking event remember the following points. I will get an opportuniyt to learn and exprience the latest technological inventions. or any other event the heading under which you can cover the preparations are: 11 Initial Preparation 12 Venue 13 Event 14 Specific Items need for the event. "as such" etc. iv.) 8 Have a plan B in case you exhaust all the chances then you will 9 Take up ------. k) High light your achievement in sports. Do not wear Jewelry. if not then so politely "I have no questions to ask you sir. v. iii. you are expected to talk in a loud and clear voice. 23 In the end you want to ask the officer any questions please do so. Take your time think and answer questions. BE NATURAL. If you are not sure of three answer say that you do not know. if not just say. Try and answer the questions in the same sequence as put forth to you. "well". m) When a situation is given to you think and answer be very specific and answer in the most practical way. Your warm smile. Wear simple clothes but willo fitting clothes. Since the distance between you and the interviewing officer would be about 6 feet. b)On entering the room wish the panel and do what they say. be prepared to answer questions about it. NCC and other extra curricular activities. Appearance makes the man. g) Do not lie or beat around the bush. l) Current affairs be a regular reader of magazines and news paper. When the interview ends. "Thank you for the wonderful evening and put the chair back to its original position before leaving. i) The major questions like Why do you want to join the Army/Navy/Air Force?. vi.