# Caesar Putranto H SMTE-04 Universitas Gunadarma 51409933

Ujian Dasar Elektronika

Circuit 1

Component 1. AC Voltage ( 220Vrms . with initial condition 18 V . 1 Capacitors (1mf) . A full-wave rectifier converts the whole of the input waveform to one of constant polarity (positive or negative) at its output. frequency = 50 Hz ) 2. The process is known as rectification. Full-wave rectification converts both polarities of the input waveform to DC (direct current). This circuit alters or converts the AC voltage to DC voltage. 2 Capacitors (@ 1nF ) 5. 3 Diodes (1N4007) 4.Circuit Analytics This circuit is a rectifier circuit. Step Down Transformer 3.

In this step down transformer I set the primary coil inductance to 1344 H and secondary coil inductance to 1 H. The circuit of diodes and capacitors are for the rectification and the smoothing of the wave. because the set output that I want is 18 V. I set the initial condition on the third capacitor for 18 V.Work Principal I have an AC voltage with the voltage 220 Vrms with a frequency 50 Hz. I use a step down transformer to step down the supply voltage to a level suitable for the low voltage circuits they contain. The diodes that we set on the circuit make the stream of the wave voltage to be only a half wave you can see on the diagram from the voltage on C1 The process smoothing reduces the ripples so the wave on the oscilloscope is just a straight line just like a DC voltage. Pulse Diagram AC Voltage .

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DC Voltage The Voltage on the output from multimeter. .

We need the biasing of the transistor to know the working point of the transistor. We use DC Voltage to bias the transistor. The biasing progress of the transistor is to increase the input signal. From the pulse diagram we can see there is a different between the first wave (before amplify ) and the second wave (after amplify) . usually increases. so we can determine the class of the amplifier. Amplifier circuit a is device that changes. the amplitude of a signal.Circuit 2 Work Principal This circuit is an amplifier circuit .

39 . On the second wave we see that the voltage is increasing to 2.71mV.286 V while the switch is off and 2. the first wave is the one that started first and have some ripples. After the process is finished the second wave appears and the AC voltage turns into DC Voltage. Amplified Voltage = 32. We can see these on the multimeter while the switch is off and on. It’s because it’s still the AC voltage wave until the process of the charge and discharge on the capacitor finished.As you can see.291 V from the input voltage about 70.

= 32.32 Load Line (Garis Beban) .

Circuit 3 .