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The Infuence of Web 2.

0 on
Technology Enhanced Learning

Second doctorate
submited to
Graz University of Technology

by Dipl.-Ing. Dr. techn.


Martn Ebner
Abstract
This second doctorate focuses on the influence of Web 2.0 technologies on Technology
Enhanced Teaching and Learning. Especially social networking and collaboration aspects
are promising issues, and the implementation of Web 2.0 applications into higher education
can enhance the traditional face-to-face teaching in a meaningful way.

One of the main goals of this work is to develop a generic architecture of a modern Learning
Management System and its integration into higher education in the context of Web 2.0 by
means of web services and mashup technologies. A couple of different applications that are
brought to the classrooms, have been tested and evaluated to recognize their impact on
learning and teaching, which are described in several chapters.

After a short general introduction (chapter 2) of the term e-learning 2.0 in the following
chapters the principal use of wikis, podcasts and weblogs are specified. Chapter 6 is dealing
with the novel form of communication called Microblogging and its realization for daily
learning settings in higher education. The following chapter 7 introduces a number of
different approaches working on future learning scenarios. Mainly by the use of mobile
devices (m-learning) learners as well as teachers are taking the first steps to a complete
wired education behavior.

This second doctorate underlines that Web 2.0 enhances the field of Technology Enhanced
Learning in various ways and enables teachers and students to communicate and interact
more efficiently.
The Influence of Web 2.0 on Technology Enhanced Learning

Table of Content
1 Introduction 1

1.1 E-Learning model in general …………………………………………………. 1

1.2 Technology Enhanced Learning ……………………………………………... 4

1.3 Web 2.0 – a technological revolution? ………………………………………. 5

1.4 Integration of Web 2.0 technologies in higher education ………………….. 11

1.5 TEL in practice and research at TU Graz ………………………………….... 14

1.6 Summary ………………………………………………………………………... 27

1.7 References ……………………………………………………………………… 27

2 e-Learning 2.0 30

2.1 E-Learning 2.0 = e-Learning 1.0 + Web 2.0? ……………………………….. 30

2.2 New Forms of and Tools for Cooperative Learning with Social Software
in Higher Education …………………………………………………………….. 40

3 Use of Wiki in Higher Education 56

3.1 Why is Wikipedia so successful? Experiences in establishing the


principles in Higher Education ………………………………………………… 56

3.2 Utilizing Wiki-Systems in Higher Education Classes: A Chance for


Universal Access? ……………………………………………………………… 64

4 Podcasting in Higher Education 80

4.1 Lifelong Learning and Doctoral Studies – Facilitation with Podcasting


Techniques ……………………………………………………………………… 80

4.2 TU Graz goes Podcast ………………………………………………………… 89

4.3 Has the End of the Chalkboard come? A survey about the limits of
Interactive Pen Displays in Higher Education ……………………………….. 100

5 Use of Weblogs in Higher Education 110

5.1 Web 2.0 Technology: Future Interfaces for Technology Enhanced


Learning …………………………………………………………………………. 110

5.2 Blogging in Higher Education ………………………………………………… 121

5.3 A Blog Sphere for Higher Education ………………………………………… 133

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The Influence of Web 2.0 on Technology Enhanced Learning

5.4 The TUGLL Plugins – Special Needs for a University Wide Blogosphere 146

6 Microblogging in Educational Settings 151

6.1 Microblogging – more than fun? ……………………………………………... 151

6.2 Can Microblogs and Weblogs change traditional scientific writing? ……… 159

6.3 Introducing Live Microblogging – How Single Presentations can be


Enhanced by the Mass ………………………………………………………… 171

6.4 Social Networking in scientific conferences – Twitter as tool for


strengthen a scientific community …………………………………………….. 182

6.5 Microblogs in Higher Education – a chance to facilitate informal and


process oriented learning? …………………………………………………….. 191

7 From e-Learning towards u-Learning 209

7.1 New Features for e-Learning in Higher Education for Civil Engineering … 209

7.2 e-Education in Civil Engineering – a promise for the future? ……………... 223

7.3 Will e-Learning die? ……………………………………………………………. 234

7.4 Mobile Information Access in Higher Education ……………………………. 250

7.5 QR-Code – the Business Card of Tomorrow? ……………………………… 258

7.6 Why we need EduPunk ……………………………………………………….. 265

7.7 Interactive Lecturing by Integrating Mobile Devices and Micro-blogging in


Higher Education ……………………………………………………………….. 276

7.8 A Study on the Compatibility of Ubiquitous Learning (u-Learning)


Systems at University Level …………………………………………………… 292

II Martin Ebner