Tekla Structures

Steel Detailing Modeling

Training Manual Product version 16.0 February 2010
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Contents
Introduction LESSON 1 1 2 3
3.1

9 13

Starting Tekla Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Creating a new model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Opening a model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Model created in a previous version ..................................................................................................... 17

4
4.1

Saving a model. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Saving a model with a different name................................................................................................... 18

5
5.1 5.2 5.3

Moving around in the view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Zooming................................................................................................................................................ 19 Panning................................................................................................................................................. 19 Rotating ................................................................................................................................................ 19

6
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9

Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
View properties ..................................................................................................................................... 19 Display .................................................................................................................................................. 21 Creating a basic view............................................................................................................................ 23 Creating a top view ............................................................................................................................... 23 Creating a grid view using two points ................................................................................................... 24 Creating a view using three points........................................................................................................ 25 Opening, closing, and deleting named views ....................................................................................... 26 Rollover highlight .................................................................................................................................. 27 Changing part representation in model views....................................................................................... 27

7

Common buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 31

LESSON 2 8
8.1 8.2 8.3

Grids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Creating grids ....................................................................................................................................... 32 Creating a second grid.......................................................................................................................... 33 Creating a grid on a shifted work plane ................................................................................................ 34

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

1

............ ...................... ................. .............. ........................... . ...... ...... ... .... 36 LESSON 3 39 11 Snapping ... .5 Creating orthogonal steel beams . .... ................ ........................................... ............... . 51 14........................ . ...1 Attributes tab....... .... .......... ........................... .... ....... .. . . 40 11............. . ...... .. 47 13............... ................... ............. ..... ............. .... ...... ..... ........... . .................................... .... . 61 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. ... .... .... . .................... ......... ............. . ... ... ..... ... ... .............. ........1 Snap switches....... .......... .. ..... .............................. .... ...................... ............ ... ....... .. .... ..................... .......... ............... .......... ....... .....1 Chamfering example....... .... ........ ......................... ......... ...... ......1 Selection filters..... ............ ........ ........................... 56 16 Corner chamfers .......... ............................................ ......... ... ..... . ................ ... ...... ..... 49 14.... ... .............. ............... ....... .................. ............. ... ................. ...... .. ..................................................... .......... ................... .......1 Mini Toolbar examples. . ... .... ............ 58 17 Selection switches .......... ....... ......... .... ........ ...3 Tubular sections............. .................. .... .. 53 Extending and shortening parts.....2 Customizing Mini Toolbar............................ .. ... .............. .. ........ ... . .. .. .......... .... ......... . .. .......................... ................. .. .............. .................3 Creating curved steel beams ..... ......... ......... ......... 59 17. ..................... .... . ....... 40 11........................ .... ....3 Modifying part properties........ . 42 12......... ... . ............... ...... . ..2 Dimensions in snapping .. .. 42 12............ . ...... ......... ..... .... ........ .... ............... . .. .6 Creating steel twin profiles...... 51 15 Part modifications .. ....... .............. ...... .......... .............. .. ............. .......... ...... ....... 50 14.... ....... .......... ... ........ ... ..... .......... 46 13........................ 48 14 Steel parts .. ..... ....... ..... ... 50 14. ............... ...... ... 45 13. .... 35 10 Creating plane views along grid lines ...5 Adding a grid line to an existing grid ....... ................ .. .................... ..... .... ............................ 51 14.................. ... .. ................. 42 12 Mini Toolbar.. .................... ..... ... ................................... .. ..........2 Bending parts.......8.....2 Position tab ........ ..... .... ...... .................. ........... .. .... .. ..... ........ ............................ ..... ............. ........... ......................... ......... ................ ............. ................. .. ... . ... . ... ......... .................................... 41 11....................... 48 14................. ... ........... ................. .................. ........................................ .. . ......................... .................... .... ......... ........... ....... .. 57 16. .............. . . ................................... . .... 53 15.............. ..... ...... .......... ............. . . .... .. ..... .. .............. .. .......... 55 15....2 Creating steel beams ................ ...... ... ...... ............ .............. 35 9 Work area .. .... . ..... . ....... .......4 8.... . ................. 44 13 Part properties ... .... ....... .............. 34 Modifying grid lines .... ...... .. ............... . ..... ................ ... .......... ......7 Creating steel contour plates ... ..........................3 Orthogonal snapping......... .... ....... ................ .... .............. .1 Creating steel columns.... ................... ..... ......... ... .... ................. .. ..4 Creating steel polybeams..... 55 15..... ... .. .... . .................... .............. .... ......... . ...... ...... ..... 61 Selection filter example ..... ................ ..................... ...... ............ ... ........ ...........1 Moving start and end points.. ...... ....... 49 14............................ ...... .............. ............. ....

.......................................................................... ............................................ ........................ ................ .................... .. ....................... . . ..... ......................................5 Detailing multiple profiles......... ........ ....... ........................... ..... ...... ...... ............ .. ..................................................................... 86 21............ ...... 70 18..... ..............................1 Creating welds between parts ......... ....... ...... . ............................................................. ...................... ........................... ... ........................................ 79 Solid error .................... ......... ..................... .... 75 18.................................................... 78 19.............................5 Copying to another plane ... .................................................................. .................4 Inserting a divided bolt group .. ........... 77 19 Detailing profiles ..12 Moving to another plane ....... ......................................... ........... ..... ................ .............. ................................................. ....... . ................................ 74 18..............................13 Moving to another object ................................ ...... ..... ..................... 79 19.......... .................................... 72 18............ ... ..... ................................ ............................... ... .......... ............................... ................. ... .. 83 Holes............... 73 18........... .... ... ................................................... .. ....................................................68 18. .. .... .........1 Bolt properties ..........6 Copying to another object.......................................................................... 76 18.. ....5 Creating slotted holes. 77 19....................... ...... ................. ..17..... ........... ........... ......10 Moving and rotating .. ......7 Copying from another model .. ............................................... ......... ..... 71 18............3 Copying and rotating ........................................................... .......... ....... ................................ ...............9 Moving linearly..... 70 18........1 Copying .......................... . ........................ .......................... .............. 81 20 Welds ........................ ................... ................................ 87 21................. ...... ....8 Moving ............ 81 19........................................................ 76 18............................... .. . .............................. .... .. 73 18.................. 82 21 Bolts ...................... .. . ............................................ 80 19........ .............. 87 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 3 ............................................... .................. ... . ........... .............................. ..6 Surface treatment .................................... .................................2 Copying linearly .........2 Creating a bolt group .............................1 Fit part end ........................... ............................ ...... ... ............................. ....................... 87 21.. . 81 Adding surface treatment to selected area ....... 69 18............ ................. ....... .... 62 LESSON 4 67 18 Copying and moving . . .........2 Selection examples ......................... ............... ............ ................ . ........................... ............... 83 21........ .................... ............................................................... .... ... ... . .................................................. ........................... ............................................................ ................................. ..... 82 20................... .................. .3 Cut part with another part ... .......................... .................... ..... 77 19........................................... 85 21.... ............................................ ........ .................... .... ...... ................................... ........................2 Cut part with line... .... .................................................. ................ ......................................................4 Cut part with a polygon.... ....................................... ........ ... .................... ...............................4 Copying and mirroring ............ ............. .......... 77 18...............................................................11 Moving and mirroring.................................. ............ ........................ .......................3 Modifying bolt groups ..................

22 Splitting and combining parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
22.1 Splitting parts ........................................................................................................................................ 88 22.2 Combining parts.................................................................................................................................... 89

23 Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
23.1 Creating points along a line................................................................................................................... 90

24 Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
24.1 Creating an assembly ........................................................................................................................... 91 24.2 Creating a subassembly........................................................................................................................ 91 24.3 Adding objects to assemblies................................................................................................................ 91 24.4 Removing objects from assemblies ...................................................................................................... 92 24.5 Highlighting objects in an assembly...................................................................................................... 92 24.6 Assembly hierarchy............................................................................................................................... 93 24.7 Changing the assembly main part......................................................................................................... 93 24.8 Changing the main assembly................................................................................................................ 94 24.9 Creating assembly views ...................................................................................................................... 94 24.10 Assembly examples .............................................................................................................................. 95

LESSON 5

97

25 Modifying the work area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
25.1 Fit work area to selected parts.............................................................................................................. 98 25.2 Fit work area using two points............................................................................................................... 98 25.3 Fit work area to entire model in selected views .................................................................................... 99 25.4 Finding distant objects .......................................................................................................................... 99 25.5 Finding distant points ............................................................................................................................ 99 25.6 Finding distant reference models........................................................................................................ 100 25.7 Hide the work area lines...................................................................................................................... 100

26 Clip planes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
26.1 Creating clip planes............................................................................................................................. 101 26.2 Moving clip planes............................................................................................................................... 101 26.3 Deleting clip planes............................................................................................................................. 102

27 Work plane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
27.1 Set work plane parallel to a plane....................................................................................................... 103 27.2 Set work plane using three points....................................................................................................... 103 27.3 Set work plane parallel to view plane.................................................................................................. 104 27.4 Set work plane to top plane of a part .................................................................................................. 104

4

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

28 Advanced snapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
28.1 Numeric snapping................................................................................................................................ 104 28.2 Numeric location coordinates .............................................................................................................. 105 28.3 Using temporary reference points ....................................................................................................... 106 28.4 Locking coordinates............................................................................................................................. 106 28.5 Snapping examples ............................................................................................................................. 107

LESSON 6

115

29 Component catalog. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116 30 Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
30.1 Creating components .......................................................................................................................... 117 30.2 Component status ............................................................................................................................... 118 30.3 Modifying component properties ......................................................................................................... 118 30.4 Saving component properties.............................................................................................................. 118 30.5 Conceptual components...................................................................................................................... 119 Converting conceptual components................................................................................................ 119 30.6 Example............................................................................................................................................... 119 Creating a base plate detail ............................................................................................................ 119 Modifying the base plate detail ....................................................................................................... 120

31 Creating component default views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 32 Material catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
32.1 Adding a material grade ...................................................................................................................... 123 32.2 Deleting a material grade .................................................................................................................... 124

33 Profile catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
33.1 Adding profiles..................................................................................................................................... 125 33.2 Modifying profiles................................................................................................................................. 126 33.3 Deleting profiles................................................................................................................................... 126

34 Parametric profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 LESSON 7 129

35 Entering project information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130 36 Switching between single-user and multi-user modes . . . . . . . 131 37 Phase Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
37.1 Dividing the model into phases............................................................................................................ 133 37.2 Filtering phases ................................................................................................................................... 133 37.3 Switching phases................................................................................................................................. 133

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

5

37.4 Bolts in phases.................................................................................................................................... 133

38 Representing objects in model views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
38.1 Creating object representation settings............................................................................................... 134

39 Checking the model. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
39.1 Performing a clash check.................................................................................................................... 136 Setting a minimum clearance for bolts for a clash check ............................................................... 136 39.2 Flying through the model..................................................................................................................... 137 39.3 Checking using reports ....................................................................................................................... 138

40 Inquire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
40.1 Inquire object....................................................................................................................................... 139 Inquire object for bolts .................................................................................................................... 139 40.2 Inquire assembly objects..................................................................................................................... 140 40.3 Inquire welded parts............................................................................................................................ 140 40.4 Inquire center of gravity....................................................................................................................... 140

41 Measuring distances, angles, and bolt spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 LESSON 8 143

42 Custom components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
42.1 Custom component types ................................................................................................................... 144 42.2 Exploding components........................................................................................................................ 144 42.3 Defining custom components.............................................................................................................. 144 42.4 Exporting and importing ...................................................................................................................... 145

43 Reference models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
43.1 Inserting a reference model ................................................................................................................ 146 43.2 Hiding a reference model.................................................................................................................... 146 43.3 Updating a reference model................................................................................................................ 147 43.4 Detecting changes in reference models.............................................................................................. 147 Example ......................................................................................................................................... 148 43.5 Handling large reference models ........................................................................................................ 149

44 WebViewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
44.1 Publishing a model as a web page ..................................................................................................... 150

45 Tekla Structures Model Reviewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
45.1 Opening a model in Model Reviewer .................................................................................................. 151

6

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

.......................................4 Shortening windbracing ............................................................................................... .......LESSON 9 153 46 Windbracing .................... ..... .... 156 Moving the work plane parallel to the roof plane ................................... ....... 168 Haunch (40) ..................... ................ ......................................... .................. .............. .................... 165 Partial stiff end plate (65) ....................... ......................................... 170 Base plate (1029)...... ............................. ................................... ........................................................ 155 46..............................................................2 Windbracing in a straight roof plane ..........6 Windbracing examples ......................................................... 172 Stub (1011) ................................................................ .... ................................................................................................. ................... 159 46................... ........................... 158 Checking windbracing............................... ............................................................................................ 174 Manlock beam (1033) ........................ 156 Making the view parallel to the sloping roof plane .................................................................................................................... ..... ........ 157 Windbracing without using the roof plane view........... 159 46... ............................................................................................................................ 169 Joining plates (14)................................................................. 172 End plate (1002) ........................................... ..............1 Windbracing in a front plane................. ..................................................................... ......... ..................................................................................................... ............................ ............. ................................................................................................................................................................................154 46.............................. 160 LESSON 10 163 47 Component examples. 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 .............................. ... 173 Bolts in a part (1006)............ .......... 165 Stiffened end plate (27).............................. 173 Round tube (23).............. 166 Central gusset (169) ................. .......................................................................................................................................................... ....................................................................... . ................................................................................................................................... ...... ...................................................................................................................................... .....................164 47...... ................................................................................. 164 End plate (144) ............................................ ........... .... 170 Stiffeners (1003) ................3 Windbracing in a sloping roof .............................................. ....................................................................................... ............................................................................................................................ ........ 166 Bolted gusset (11).................................. ........ ............................................................... .................... ... ................................... ...... ................................ 154 46.. ...................... 169 Stub (28) .......................... 173 Manlock column (1032)........ .....................5 Shortening examples............................................. ......................................... 156 Windbracing using the roof plane view .............. ............................... ........................................................................................................................................................................ .............. ......................... 174 Array of objects (29)................. .......................... ....... ........................... ............................................................................... 170 Base plate (1004)......... 172 Stanchion weld (85) ....... ....................................................... ................. ...............1 Steel components................................................ 164 Two-sided end plate (142) .......... ................................ ........................ 167 Column seating (39)...... ......... ........................................ 168 Cranked beam (41)................. .. 157 46............... .............. 169 Column two beams (3)........................................................ ..................................................

........ ...................................................... ............ ................... 180 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ............. ...........5 Saving favorite Help topics...3 Finding Help topics using the index ........................................... .. . .......................... ........... ................. ............................2 Browsing Help topics by subject ....... 179 48.....1 Opening Tekla Structures Help ............................................. ............ 179 Viewing the search results ............ ..... ............................... ............................... ............... 178 48.......... ..........................4 Searching for Help topics...................................................................................... ................................................................. 178 48. ........................ 178 48....... 179 Using search filters... ............ ......... ....... ..................................... .LESSON 11 177 48 Using Tekla Structures Help .............. ................. .................................................................... 178 48..... ..

you will be taught the basic principles of Tekla Structures. structural analysis. Tekla models can be used to cover the entire building process from conceptual design to fabrication.Introduction Tekla Structures is Building Information Modeling (BIM) software that enables the creation and management of accurately detailed and highly constructable 3D structural models regardless of material or structural complexity. erection. etc. The instructor will show the correct solution to each exercise. During the basic training course.tekla. and all the information about profiles and cross sections. The 3D structural model includes the geometry and design of the structure. materials. Consequently. Drawings and reports can be created at any stage of the project and updated according to the changes in the model. The following learning and support material is available on the Tekla Extranet (https:// extranet. Each training day contains several exercises so you will learn to apply what you have learned in theory. This training manual is intended to be used during a basic Tekla Structures training course. When the material is available also in the Tekla Structures software via the help menu. and construction management. In addition. Tekla helps all new Tekla Structures users to get started and to maintain their development. it is separately indicated. Our well-defined training course is a jump start to Tekla Structures software and helps to maximize using Tekla Structures to its full potential. connection types. You can freely ask the the instructor questions to make sure you have understood each point correctly. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 . Tekla Structures drawings and reports are integrated with the models. dimensions and marks are always correct.com) for all our customers with a valid maintenance agreement. Tekla provides online learning material so the users can learn how to benefit from version improvements and adapt to using the new features. but you can also use it on your own after the training course.

German. Chinese Location Extranet: Self-learning > Manuals & instructions English Product documentation Help file Manuals in PDF format Release Notes Quick reference guide to Tekla Structures Keyboard shortcuts English.com/topnewfeatures Extranet: Self-learning > Interactive tutorials & videos More videos and tutorials 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Russian. Spanish. German. Italian. Spanish.tekla. Russian. German. Japanese. Swedish. Dutch. Chinese Help > Tekla Structures Help Extranet: Self-learning > Manuals & instructions Help > Release Notes Extranet: Self-learning > Manuals & instructions Extranet: Self-learning > Manuals & instructions Videos and tutorials First Steps with Tekla Structures Interactive Tutorial English. French. French.com/firststeps Help > Learning Center > Top New Features Top New Features Videos Extranet: Self-learning > Interactive tutorials & videos http://www. Dutch. Modeling Cast-in-place Concrete Detailing. Modeling Engineering. Drawings Precast Concrete Detailing. Spanish. Drawings Construction Management Cast-in-place Concrete Detailing. Italian. Drawings Engineering. Modeling Precast Concrete Detailing. Dutch. Japanese. French. Russian. Drawings Language English.tekla. Japanese. Japanese. Italian.Type Training manuals Material Steel Detailing. German. Chinese English. Dutch. Modeling Steel Detailing. Chinese English Help > Learning Center > First Steps with Tekla Structures Extranet: Self-learning > Interactive tutorials & videos http://www. Finnish. Russian. French. Italian. Spanish.

French. German.Type Other support material Material Start-up checklist Frequently Asked Questions Discussion Forum Product Information Language English Location Extranet: Self-learning > Start-up checklist Extranet: Self-learning > Questions & answers Extranet: Discussion Forum English. Chinese Extranet: Product TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 . Japanese.

12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • • • • • how to start Tekla Structures how to create.LESSON 1 In this lesson. and save a model how to move around in the model what views are and how they are created how to use the common buttons in the dialog boxes > LESSON 1 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 . open.

. select the license. In the dialog box..0. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 3. for example. The dialog box contains useful links to. The New dialog box opens. 5. LESSON 1 Creating a new model To create a new model: 1.Login dialog box opens.1 Starting Tekla Structures 1. Click All Programs. tutorials and quick guides.0 menu item and click Tekla Structures 16. role and environment you want to use. or click File > New. the Learn Tekla Structures dialog box opens.. Click OK to start Tekla Structures. 4. Go to the Tekla Structures 16. The Tekla Structures . Click the Windows Start button. Click Create a new model in the Learn Tekla Structures dialog box. 2. 2 Creating a new model When Tekla Structures starts.

. If you want to save the model in another folder. Tekla Structures creates a 3D view using standard view properties. Click OK. 4. : | ) in model names. If you select Multi-user.\TeklaStructuresModels folder. 5.2. 3. By default. Define the folder where you want to save your model. to browse for the model folder. enter the server name. select either Single-user or Multi-user. LESSON 1 Creating a new model TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 15 . Do not use special characters ( / \ . Tekla Structures saves the models in the . Enter the name of the model in the Model name box.. click Browse. In the Model type list.. .

or . LESSON 1 Opening a model 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. Click File > Open.. The Open dialog box opens.3 Opening a model 1.

Tekla Structures searches for models in the . click Browse. the following warning appears: You have two options: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Opening a model If you click Yes. By default. You can open and edit the model with the Tekla Structures version in which the model was initially created. the model is not saved..1 Model created in a previous version Tekla Structures displays a warning when you open a model that was created in a previous Tekla Structures version. You can open the model by clicking OK.. 3. 2. Click OK to open the model.The information in the Designer and Description columns comes from the Project Properties dialog box. the model is saved and it cannot be opened with the previous Tekla Structures version anymore. If you click No. to browse for the model folder. or use the Look in list with the recently used folders. Select the model.. If you edit the model and want to save it. If your model is in another folder.\TeklaStructuresModels folder. The Model name list contains the recently used models. 17 . 3.

5 Moving around in the view There are several tools you can use to change what you see in a view. to browse for the folder. In the Save as dialog box. You should also save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. To set the autosave interval.. Click File > Save as. Autosave also automatically saves your work at regular intervals.. 4. Autosave automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals.It is recommended that you complete any models you have started using your current Tekla Structures version. Custom components and drawings created in an older version may not work properly in the new Tekla Structures version. 4. 4 Saving a model Tekla Structures prompts you to save the open model when you close Tekla Structures. Enter the new model name in the Model name box. Tekla Structures saves the model and the message database stored appears on the status bar. or click . 3.1 Saving a model with a different name To save a copy of a model with a different name: 1. To save the model... > General. This topic introduces some of them. click OK to save the model.. click Tools > Options > Options. If you want to save the model in a different folder. to open the Save as dialog box. click File > Save. click Browse. LESSON 1 Saving a model 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. 2.

2. scroll backward to zoom out.3 Rotating 1. 3. You can also zoom by clicking View > Zoom and selecting an option. or Shift + M. 5. For example. you can create views • • • • of the entire model of selected parts and components of selected assemblies and cast units along grid lines.. 6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. Pick the center of rotation. To activate or disable the middle button pan.. To set the center of rotation.1 View properties To define the view properties. There is a checkmark next to the menu option when the middle button pan is active. hold down the middle mouse button. use the keyboard shortcut V.5. Each view is displayed in its own window in the Tekla Structures.. There are several types of views. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out in the model: scroll forward to zoom in. Hold down the Ctrl key and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. click and drag the model to move it anywhere in the view window. When the pointer changes to a hand symbol. 5. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. click View > View Properties.1 Zooming The zoom tools allow you to focus in on a particular area.2 Panning To pan. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Views 19 . 6. The View Properties dialog box opens. or pull out for a wider view.

The objects within the displayed depth and the work area are visible in the model Define the visibility and representation of object types. Rotation angle around the z axis. Switch between the Orthogonal and Perspective projection. View type defines the appearance of the view. Tekla Structures only saves named views. Define the visibility of object groups. View depth upwards from the view plane. The view type options are Rendered and Wire frame.The View Properties dialog box contains the following options: Option Name Description Name of the view. Angle Projection Rotation around Z Rotation around X View type Color and transparency in all views View depth: Up View depth: Down Visibility of object types LESSON 1 Views Visible object group 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The options are available only in the rendered view type. When you exit the model. You should give a view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. Rotation angle around the x axis. Color and transparency settings that are applied to object groups in all views. The objects within the displayed depth and the work area are visible in the model View depth downwards from the view plane. Switch between the 3D and Plane angle.

click View > View Properties.. in the View Properties dialog box.. You can also define the representation settings of model parts and components. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Views 21 .. and then click Display.6. Settings tab You can define the visibility of object types in the Settings tab..2 Display You can define visibility and representation settings of object types in the Display dialog box. To open the Display dialog box. The Display dialog box contains the Settings and Advanced tabs.

change the Point size to 1000 or 1500. Sometimes the work area in the model can be huge because points are positioned far away from the origin of the model. The Fast option displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. washers. Advanced tab You can define the visibility of a part center line.The Fast option is the recommended representation mode for bolts. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. In view does not. part labels and connection texts in the Advanced tab. and nuts as solids. This option increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. part reference line. LESSON 1 Views 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Exact shows bolts. You can also define the size of points in views. To easily locate these points for deletion.

.. 2. Click View > Create View of Model > Basic View. enter 4500 in the box.. . and zy. 5. Enter the level distance in the Coordinate box. 6. 3. Select plane from the list next to the Load button. It does not appear in the plane name. i. To create a basic view: 1.6.3 Creating a basic view Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes. Click Create.. or View dialog box. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. Click View > View Properties. or The Create Basic View dialog box opens. The active properties of the View Properties dialog box are used in the view.. LESSON 1 Views To move a plane in a top view: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 23 . the model is shown from the direction of that third axis.e. 4. to open the View Properties dialog box. if you want that the plane view is at level +4500. In basic views two axes always define the view plane and they appear in the plane name. Select the plane parallel to the view plane. 6. Enter the level coordinate of the view plane. xz. In the basic plane view. For example.. Moving a plane in a top view Click Create to create the top view. 4. Click OK. 2. The properties are changed. Tekla Structures creates the basic view. to open the Create Basic Click View > Create View of Model > Basic View. xy. 3.4 Creating a top view 1. Click Load.

Click the view. Pick the first point on a grid line. 2. 4. The View Properties dialog box opens. Click Yes.5 Creating a grid view using two points 1.Linear dialog box opens. Selet the Plane setting from the list next to the Load button and click Load. Enter the moving distance in the dZ box and click Move. The view properties are changed. Hold down the Shift key and click View > Create View of Model > Using Two Points or . The view is now selected. A new view is created. pick the second point on the grid line. 3. double-click the view and enter the name in the View Properties dialog box. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear.. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . LESSON 1 Views When the direction is correct.. Two arrows appear. 3. Click OK.. 4. 6. If you want to change the name of the view. The arrows indicate the direction of the view. The Confirm View Move dialog box opens. The Move . A red frame appears in the edge of the view. 5.1. 2. The plane moves.

for example.6. Pick the first point to indicate the origin of the view plane. Define the properties and click OK.6 Creating a view using three points You can use the Create View of Model > Using Three Points command to create. 5. Pick the second point to indicate the direction of the view x axis. views perpendicular to a plane of a part. 4. The view is created. Hold down the Shift key and click View > Create View of Model > Using Three Points to open the View Properties dialog box. 2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Views 25 . 3. To create a view: 1. Pick the third point to indicate the direction of the view y axis.

. LESSON 1 Views The Named views list contains the named views that are closed.6. and deleting named views You can open. closing. click View > View List. 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .7 Opening. or .. To open the dialog box. close. and delete named views in the Views dialog box.

Use the shortcuts Ctrl + 1. The number of the named views is unlimited. select them and click the arrow to move the views to the Visible views list. but the maximum number of open views is nine. 6. Closing views Deleting views To close a view. Tekla Structures highlights the objects in yellow. so that you can easily see which objects you can select.. To deselect views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Views 27 . To delete a view.Opening views To open views. press H or click Tools > Options > Rollover highlight. To turn Rollover highlight on and off.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components..8 Rollover highlight As you move the mouse pointer over objects in rendered model views. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. select the view and click Delete.9 Changing part representation in model views In rendered views. move the view to the Named views list.. To select multiple views on lists. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views..5 and Shift + 1. hold down the Ctrl key. 6.

Displays the help topics for the dialog box. The common buttons are: Button Description Retains the properties in the dialog box without closing the dialog box. LESSON 1 Common buttons Modifies the selected objects using the properties in the dialog box. When you select several objects.Example Shaded wireframe (Ctrl + 2) Rendered (Ctrl + 4) 7 Common buttons Most of the Tekla Structures dialog boxes contain common buttons. Fills the dialog box with the properties of the selected object. but does not retain the properties in the dialog box. Tekla Structures takes the properties from one of the selected objects. Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type. 28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . These buttons mean the same thing in all dialog boxes. Creates a new object using the properties in the dialog box. Closes the dialog box without retaining the properties in the dialog box or modifying objects.

Button Description Retains the properties in the dialog box and closes the dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Common buttons 29 . Toggles all the modify filter check boxes in the dialog box on and off. Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type.

30 LESSON 1 Common buttons TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

LESSON 2 In this lesson. you will learn the following things: • • • how to create and modify grids what the work area is how to create plane views along grid lines > LESSON 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 31 .

or click The Grid dialog box opens. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. You can create one large grid for the entire model and one or more smaller grids for detailed sections.1 Creating grids 1. Tekla Structures creates a default grid which can be modified. When you create a new model.8 Grids The Tekla Structures grids are rectangular and they are shown on the view plane by dash-anddot lines.. Using grids makes it easy to create a model and to locate objects in the model. 8. LESSON 2 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . You can have one or more grids for one model.. Click Modeling > Create Grid. .

2. You can lock the grid parameters to prevent accidental changes. Click OK. Click Create. y0. 5. The coordinates in the x and y directions are relative distances. The Grid dialog box opens. Use spaces to separate the coordinate values. 3. The coordinates in the z direction are absolute distances. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 2 33 . 3. Adjust the grid properties by entering the x. To create a second grid: 1. button and choose Yes from the Locked list.2 Creating a second grid You can create a second grid with a different origin. Note that the origin must be different from the origin of the first grid. 4. and z0 boxes in the Origin area. You must have already created a grid before you begin creating a second grid. Enter the grid coordinates and labels. Click Modeling > Create Grid. 2.. • Select Magnetic grid plane to bind objects to grid lines.0 coordinate.. click the User-defined attributes. y.. You now have two grids with different origins. You can also click a point in the view and set it as the origin. 8. To lock the grid parameters. Click Close. • 4.. Enter zero as the first coordinate value to show the first grid line on the 0. Enter the origin coordinate values in the x0. and z coordinates and the labels for the grid lines. Adjust other grid properties if necessary..

4 Adding a grid line to an existing grid 1. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. The current work plane is model specific so it is related to all views. You can create a new grid and rotate the grid according to a shifted work plane. 8. 4.8. LESSON 2 Click Modeling > Add Grid Line.3 Creating a grid on a shifted work plane The current work plane defines the local coordinate system of a Tekla Structures model. 3. This makes it easier to model in the shifted work plane. Pick the starting point of the grid line. Pick the end point of the grid line. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 2. You can shift the current work plane to any position by picking three points.

For instance. The green cube in a model view represents the global coordinate system. Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green dashed lines. . 3.5 Modifying grid lines 1. You can define the work area to suit any particular situation. It is located at the global point of origin. 9 Work area The work area is the primary area where you can edit the model. Click Modify. 2. Objects outside the work area are invisible but they still exist in the model. The Grid Line Properties dialog box opens. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 2 Work area 35 . Activate the Select grid line selection switch Double-click the grid line you want to modify.8. Make the necessary modifications in the Grid Line Properties dialog box. you can concentrate on just one area of the model or the complete model. 4. Work area The arrow symbol indicates the work plane.

The Views dialog box opens. Move views from the Named views list to the Visible views list. you can define the number of views and the view name prefixes. 3. +y. The Creation of Views Along Grids Lines dialog box opens. 2. and -z.. LESSON 2 Creating plane views along grid lines 4. Define the settings you need. For instance. The direction of all views is -x. 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. Click Create..10 Creating plane views along grid lines 1. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 2 Creating plane views along grid lines 37 .

38 LESSON 2 Creating plane views along grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

LESSON 3 In this lesson. you will learn the following things: • • • • • • how to snap on points how to use and customize Mini Toolbar how to create parts such as columns and beams how to modify parts how to create chamfers in part corners how to control the selection of objects. > LESSON 3 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 39 .

Snap switches help you to pick points to position objects precisely without having to know the coordinates or create additional lines or points. end points. Button Description Snaps to points and grid line intersections. polyline segments. Snaps to intersections of lines. and arcs. Snaps to midpoints of lines. for example. Snaps to the nearest points on objects. and circles. and arcs. Snaps to any position. arcs. polyline segments. Snaps to end points of lines.1 Snap switches Snap switches specify exact locations on objects. polyline segments. any point on part edges or lines. for example. as you move the mouse pointer it locks to the closest point and the pointer changes to a cross-hair symbol. e. You can use snap switches any time Tekla Structures prompts you to specify a point. Snaps to the line extensions of nearby objects. This is called snapping. 11. and intersections. if you are creating a beam. LESSON 3 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Snaps to centers of circles and arcs.g. Snaps to points on objects that form a perpendicular alignment with another object.11 Snapping Many Tekla Structures tools prompt you to pick points to position objects in a model. The snap switches are located in the Snapping toolbar. midpoints. To make it easier for you to pick points.

This is useful for creating beams of certain length. i.. the points that have handles. You can pick the object reference points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 41 . You can pick any points on objects. Zoom level affects the precision of snapping.e.2 Dimensions in snapping When you create objects. you can see the dimensions when you snap to points. for example. To snap on smaller distances. reference lines. zoom in. 11.Button Description Snaps to grid lines. and the edges of existing objects.

). 180 degrees.1 Mini Toolbar examples Modifying the profile In this example we modify the profile of a column using the Mini Toolbar: 1. You can change the position of the toolbar by dragging it and locking it to a new position with the lock button in the top right corner. The Mini Toolbar appears next to the mouse pointer when you select an object and fades out when you move the mouse further away or change the selection. 135. 12. 12 Mini Toolbar You can modify the most common properties of modeling objects with the Mini Toolbar.11.3 Orthogonal snapping Use the shortcut O (Tools > Ortho) to snap to positions in orthogonal directions on the work plane (0. 90. etc. 45. LESSON 3 Mini Toolbar 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The Mini Toolbar appears next to the mouse pointer. Select the column.

The profile of the column is changed. A window with additional options appears. Click in the Mini Toolbar. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Mini Toolbar 43 . Move the pointer over the Mini Toolbar. Modify the profile in the Mini Toolbar and press enter. 3. Changing part position In this example we modify the position of a beam using the Mini Toolbar: 1.2.

Plane offset. 12.2 Customizing Mini Toolbar You can customize the Mini Toolbar by selecting which commands are visible. and by adding macros and user-defined attributes to the toolbar. Select an object and move the mouse pointer on the Mini Toolbar. 3. To customize the Mini Toolbar: 1. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. use the round selection dial. 4. Click to open the Customize Mini Toolbar dialog box. To change the rotation angle. To change the Angle.Part orientation Position selection dial Rotation angle knob Angle Plane offset Depth offset 2. LESSON 3 Mini Toolbar 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . To change the overall position of the beam. Click and drag to select a position. or Depth offset. enter a value in the corresponding box. 2.

LESSON 3 Part properties TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 45 . In addition. 13 Part properties In addition to the Mini Toolbar. you can use the part properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a part. click OK. double-click the button of the part. instructions on how to modify part properties are provided. The Preview area shows what the toolbar will look like.3. Select the elements you want to show or hide in the Mini Toolbar. a Select a macro or user-defined attribute from the list. 5. The basic options of the Attributes and Position tabs are described in this section. To open a part properties dialog box. b Click Add to Mini Toolbar to add the macro or user-defined attribute to the list of visible elements. 4. When you have finished customizing the Mini Toolbar. or click Modeling > Properties and select an option. Add macros and user-defined attributes to the Mini Toolbar.

or lists. for example. for example. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Click the button next to the box to select the material from the catalog. Option Name Description The name of the part is user-definable. text.1 Attributes tab The Attributes tab includes options for entering the name and defining the material of the part. beams or columns Enter the profile of the part... for example. Attributes can consist of numbers. Use Class to group parts wit different colors. Finish is user-definable.13. with fire retardant coating. Enter the material of the part. Click User-defined attributes. to enter user-defined attrubutes. User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. It describes how the part surface has been treated. Profile / Shape Material Finish Class User-defined attributes LESSON 3 Part properties 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . and to identify parts of the same type. Click the button next to the box to select the profile from the catalog.

For example. For parts that you create by picking only one point (for example. relative to the picked point. the height of a column is defined with the entered values. Use Top to define the position of the second end. You can enter positive and negative values. The available options vary from part to part. columns). in the global z direction. End offset TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Part properties 47 . Option Position Levels Description The Position area contains options for defining the location of the part relative to its reference point or the work plane. Use end offsets to move the ends of a part. relative to its reference line. Use Bottom to define the position of the first end. you can enter the positions of the part ends.13.2 Position tab The Position tab contains options for defining the placement of the part.

14 Steel parts LESSON 3 Steel parts You can create steel parts by using the buttons in the Steel toolbar. You can also modify properties of created parts. enter values in the Horizontal and Vertical boxes. Modify the properties as required. For more information. see Mini Toolbar (p. 13. 42). 2. Select an option from the Twin profile type list to define how the profiles are combined.3 Modifying part properties You can modify part properties before you create parts. holding down the Shift key and clicking the button of the part. Modifying properties of a created part 1. Click Apply or OK. • • 2. Modifying properties before creating parts 1. Modify the properties as required.Option Curved beam Mutual position of members Description Define the curvature of the part by entering the radius and the plane of curvature. The part properties dialog box opens. The Position tab in the Twin Profile Properties dialog box contains the Mutual postion of members area. A quick way to modify the properties of a part is using the mini toolbar. 3. The modified properties are used when you create parts of the same type. or select a command from the Modeling menu. If you click OK to close the dialog box. Click Cancel to close the dialog box. Open the part properties dialog box either by • double-clicking the button of the part. Double-click a part. 4. Click Modify to apply the modified properties to the part. 48 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . the modified properties are retained and will be used the next time you create parts of the same type. or clicking Modeling > Properties and selecting an option. 3. To define the clearances between the profiles.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Steel parts 49 . button. 2. Creates a steel beam with its radius defined by three picked points. plates and tubes with the Create beam command. 14. 2. A twin profile consists of two beams.1 Creating steel columns 1. The beam is created. 3. compression bars.2 Creating steel beams You can create steel beams. To create a steel beam: 1. Beam Polybeam Curved Beam Contour Plate Orthogonal Beam Twin Profile 14. Creates a steel beam between two picked points.Button Command Column Description Creates a steel column at a picked position. Pick a point to create the column. Click the Create beam Pick the starting point. Pick the end point. Click the Create column button. Creates a twin profile between two picked points. Creates a steel beam orthogonal to the work plane in a picked position. Creates a contour plate based on picked positions forming a contour. Creates a steel beam consisting of straight and curved segments. wind bracings.

50 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . because it will have a negative effect on the output. 4. Do not enter any values for the radius or the number of segments in the polybeam properties. The curved steel beam is created. 3.4 Creating steel polybeams A polybeam is a part which runs through several points. Use the chamfer feature to create the curved sections. Click the Create curved beam Pick the starting point. For more information. The radius of the curved beam is automatically calculated on the basis of the picked points.When you create horizontal parts such as beams be consistent and always pick points from left to right. Curved sections LESSON 3 Steel parts You can create curved sections for polybeams. Pick a point on the arc. 2. For curved beams. Double-click the end point. 57). 14. button. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. Click the Create polybeam Pick the points you want the beam to go through. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking. and from bottom to top. Pick the end point. 3.3 Creating curved steel beams A curved beam is a beam which runs through three points. 2. The polybeam is created. button. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. you can enter values for the radius or the number of segments. To create a steel polybeam: 1. 14. see Corner chamfers (p. To create a curved steel beam: 1.

Click the Create contour plate button. Pick the starting point.5 Creating orthogonal steel beams Orthogonal beams are positioned orthogonally to the work plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Steel parts 51 . 3. Pick the position of the beam. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Orthogonal Beam. 14. Fit them afterwards or connect them by using a component (2). Pick the starting point again to create the contour plate. 14. 2. The twin profile is created. To create a steel twin profile: 1. To create a steel contour plate: 1. 4. 2. 14.6 Creating steel twin profiles A twin profile consists of two identical beams. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions. Pick the starting point. create polybeams a little shorter than needed (1). Pick the points of the contour plate. 3. 2.7 Creating steel contour plates Contour plates are free-form shaped plates. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. Pick the end point.To ensure that you will have correct information in NC files. To create an orthogonal steel beam: 1.

This enables you to manually define the plate orientation in drawings and reports. First picked point Second picked point 2. LESSON 3 Steel parts 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ...Setting contour plate orientation You can set the contour plate main axis to follow the line created by the first and second points you pick. 3. button and go to the Orientation tab. Select From 1st to 2nd creation point from the Main axis direction list. To set the contour plate orientation: 1. 4. Create the contour plate. Click the User-defined-attributes. Double-click the plate to open the Contour Plate Properties dialog box. The first and second points you pick define the main axis of the plate.

1 Moving start and end points When you select a part. 15 Part modifications This section provides information on part modifications. Click OK to close the properties dialog box.5. It is important to know how the local coordinate system of the part is set up when you move the reference points of the part. 8. you can see its start point in yellow and end point in magenta. The user-defined attribute Main axis direction is From 1st to 2nd creation point. The user-defined attribute Main axis direction is Automatic. The following topics are explained: • • • Moving start and end points Bending parts Tubular sections 15. 7. Create a single-part drawing of the contour plate to view the orientation. Click Modify and OK to close the dialog box. 6. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Part modifications 53 . Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Modified Objects to update numbering.

Start point End point You can use the boxes in the End Offset area located in the part properties dialog box to move the reference points of the part. LESSON 3 Part modifications 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

To extend or shorten parts by dragging.It is not recommended to use the boxes in the End Offset area for extending or shortening parts. To bend a part: LESSON 3 Part modifications TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 55 . This way you do not change the orientation of the part. 3. You can see the dimension of extension or shortening when you drag the handle. You can see the part handles when the part is selected. 15. 2. or press the D key. the D letter is displayed in the status bar. the Drag and Drop feature must be enabled. click Tools > Options > Drag and Drop. To activate Drag and Drop. You can bend beams. When Drag and Drop is enabled. panels and strip footings. Drag a handle to extend or shorten the part. Select the part which you want to extend or shorten.2 Bending parts You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature in the part properties dialog box. Extending and shortening parts 1. Ensure that the Snap to part extension lines switch is active. Drag the handle along the blue dashed line (the line extension of the part).

3. The default value is 50. Chord tolerance is the maximum difference between a straight segment used to display a tubular section in model views and the actual tubular section: Use the following advanced options in Tools > Options > Advanced Options. Enter the radius in the Radius box. 4. The value is compared to the diameter of the profile. 5. The number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks. 2. Define the plane of curvature. 15. which is relative to the current work plane. Enter the value in millimeters.1. the less angular the part appears.3 Tubular sections The number of segments Tekla Structures uses to display tubular sections in model views is calculated as a function of the diameter of each section and the allowed chord tolerance.. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box and check the Curved beam area. Enter the number of segments.0. > Speed and Accuracy to control the chord tolerance: LESSON 3 Part modifications • XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_SMALL_TUBE_SIZE_LIMIT Use to define the limit that determines whether a tube is considered small when calculating the chord tolerance. Click Modify to bend the part.. The more segments. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

Do not change the chord tolerance settings during a project. 16 Corner chamfers Some part corners can be chamfered. When Tekla Structures creates a part. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part. You can use the Chamfer command to shape the following parts: concrete and steel polybeams.• XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_FOR_TUBE_SEGMENTS Use to define the chord tolerance for round tubes larger than the limit set by the advanced option XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_SMALL_TUBE_SIZE_LIMIT. and concrete panels. • XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_FOR_SMALL_TUBE_SEGMENTS Use to define the chord tolerance for round tubes smaller than or equal to the limit set by the advanced option XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_SMALL_TUBE_SIZE_LIMIT. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers.0. contour plates.0. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. Enter the value in millimeters. concrete slabs. strip footings. which does not change the geometry of the part. Changing them automatically recreates the tubular sections in the model when you restart Tekla Structures. which may affect numbering. The default value is 1. resulting in slightly different part solids. Enter the value in millimeters. Default chamfer LESSON 3 Corner chamfers Modified chamfers TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 57 . The default value is 1.

Click Modify.1 Chamfering example To modify the thickness of a slab corner: 1. 2. to open the dialog box. Enter the values in the dz1 and dz2 boxes.Tekla Structures creates chamfers using the active properties in the Chamfer Properties dialog box.. Double-click the handle on the slab corner to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box. Click Detailing > Properties > Chamfer > Part Corner Chamfer.. 16. The dimension of the chamfer. or double-click an existing chamfer. LESSON 3 Corner chamfers 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The Chamfer Properties dialog box contains the following options: Option Type x y dz1 dz2 Description Defines the shape of the chamfer. Moves the top surface of the part corner in the local z direction of the part. The thickness of the corner is modified. The second dimension of straight chamfers. 3. Moves the bottom surface of the part corner in the local z direction of the part.

Select parts. LESSON 3 Selection switches TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 59 . Select component symbols. Select surface treatments. Select all object types. The selection switches are described below: Button Description Turns all switches on. such as columns. except for single bolts. The selection switches are located in the Selecting toolbar. beams. and plates.17 Selection switches You can control object selection by using the selection switches.

Select selection filters. Tekla Structures selects the assembly or cast unit and highlights all objects in the same assembly or cast unit. part. Select single objects in assemblies and cast units. and polygon cuts. LESSON 3 Selection switches 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . When you click any object belonging to a component. Select line. Select entire grids by selecting one line in the grid. Create your own selection filters. Select planes. Tekla Structures selects the component symbol and highlights (does not select) all component objects. Select model views. Select point. Select single grid lines. Select welds. Select reinforcing bars and bar groups.Button Description Select points. Objects created automatically by a component can be selected. line. and fittings. and uniform loads. Select single bolts. Select distances. Select entire bolt groups by selecting one bolt in the group. area. When you click any object in an assembly or a cast unit. The list lists both standard and userdefined selection filters.

or click Edit > Selection Filter. to open the Click the Selection Filter Object Group . 3. then OK to exit. By using selection filters you can select particular objects. Click Save as. Click Delete all to remove all the rows. for example. 2.Selection Filter dialog box Defining your own filters To define your own filters: 1. You can now choose the new filter from the list.1 Selection filters Tekla Structures contains several selection filters by default. to open the Click the Selection Filter Object Group .. Find a filter which has close to the same settings as you need.Selection Filter dialog box. LESSON 3 Selection switches TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 61 . the columns filter. or click Edit > Selection Filter. button. Modify the settings.. If you use. Click Add row. Selection filters Click to open the Object Group . The Selection Filter list lists the standard and user-defined filters. 4.. Selection filter example In this example we create a selection filter that selects parts whose class is two: 1. then enter a new name in the Save as box.Selection Filter dialog box. 3.. button. you can only select columns in the model.17. 2.

17. Click Save as to save the selection filter. Two zinc coated holes have been added to the end plate manually. Open the list and select Class. 4. LESSON 3 Selection switches 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Click the box in the Property column to show the list arrow. 7.Selection Filter dialog box contains one row where you can define the filter. Use the selection filter to select the parts whose class is two. 5. 6. 8. Enter 2.Now the Object Group . enter Class_2.2 Selection examples Copying an assembly A beam has an end plate detail (component 1002). Click the box in the Value column. 9. In the box next to the Save as button.

The Select assemblies switch must be active if you want to copy the whole assembly (the beam with the end plate and the holes).

Scrolling assembly levels

To define the level on which to select objects in nested components or assemblies, hold down the Shift key and scroll with the mouse wheel. Level 0 is the highest assembly level.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

LESSON 3 Selection switches

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Level 0 Level 1 The level of the selected assembly is displayed in the status bar. Level 0:

Level 1:

Selecting objects for reports

A beam has two end plates.

When you generate reports, drawings, NC files or other types of output of the beam, you should use the Select objects in components information of the beam and the end plates. switch to select all objects. The report displays

LESSON 3 Selection switches

switch selects objects at the highest level. The end plates The Select components created by a component are highlighted but are not selected, and the information of them is not displayed in the report.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

LESSON 3 Selection switches

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66 LESSON 3 Selection switches TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

LESSON 4 In this lesson. you will learn the following things: • • • • • • • how to copy and move objects how to detail profiles how to create welds how to use bolts how to split and combine parts how to create points how to work with assemblies > LESSON 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 67 .

with rotation. Edit > Move Special > Mirror. Edit > Copy Special > To Another Plane Edit > Copy Special > To Another Object Edit > Copy Special > From Another Model. Copies selected objects from one object to another. Description Copies selected objects Creates copies of selected objects at a specified distance from the original.. copy move Tekla Structures has the following options for copying and moving components: Command Edit > Copy or Ctrl + C Edit > Copy Special > Linear. Copying creates a new object.. Creates a mirrored copy of an object through a specified plane. Description Moves selected objects... Edit > Copy Special > Rotate. Mirrors the object and moves it through a specified plane. Edit > Copy Special > Mirror. Moving can be used to relocate the original component to a new place in the model..... Copies selected objects from another model. Moving relocates the existing object.18 Copying and moving You can copy and move objects linearly.. Creates a copy on another plane using three specified points. Moves selected objects a specified distance. Creates a copy and rotates it either around a specified line on a work plane or around the work plane z axis. Edit > Move Special > Rotate.. leaving the existing object in its original position. and with mirroring... Moves the object and rotates it either around a specified line on a work plane or around the work plane Z axis. Command Edit > Move or Ctrl + M Edit > Move Special > Linear.. LESSON 4 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..

1 Copying 1. The objects are copied immediatelly. . Moves selected objects from one object to another. To stop copying. Select the objects to copy. Click Edit > Copy or click Pick the origin for the copying.Command Edit > Move Special > To Another Plane Edit > Move Special > To Another Object Description Moves the object using three specified points. 3. 18. 2. click Edit > Interrupt or right-click and select Interrupt. LESSON 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 69 . Pick one or more destination points. 4. 5.

Click Edit > Copy Special > Linear. To copy and rotate: 1... Use linear copying when you want to make many copies of objects at equal distances. Enter the number of copies. Select the object(s) to be rotated.Linear dialog box opens. Pick and origin point and a destination point to select the distance. Pick a point. To copy linearly: 1. .. LESSON 4 3.18. use linear copying to create floors of a building. Click Edit > Copy Special > Rotate.. or • 4. or click The Copy . If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. . or enter the coordinates of the rotation axis in the Origin area. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. Select the object(s) to copy. The distance will be calculated automatically. 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Click Copy.Linear dialog box. For example. 2. 2. or click The Copy-Rotate dialog box opens. 3. The object can be rotated either around a specified line on a work plane or around the work plane z axis.3 Copying and rotating You can rotate the object(s) you are copying.2 Copying linearly Linear copying creates one or several copies of a selected object at a specified distance from the original. 4. Use one of the two options for entering the desired distance: • Enter the distance directly in the Copy . The selected objects are copied in the selected destination. 18.

Components are automatically taken into account. Enter the angle of rotation. The Edit > Copy Special > Mirror..If required. This applies to main parts only. you can mirror it through a plane that is perpendicular to the work plane and passes through a line you specify. 2.Mirror dialog box opens. Select the object to be copied and mirrored. The Rotate command is always more preferable than the Mirror command. 4. for example. enter the dZ value.. 3. Click Edit > Copy Special > Mirror. . 1. command does not fully mirror objects if they include components with. which is the difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. Click Copy. Rotation point 18. 6. asymmetrically positioned parts. 71 . An example of copying and rotating: 5. The objects are copied and mirrored. or enter its coordinates and angle.. 7. Click Copy to copy and rotate. or click The Copy .. Tekla Structures cannot create mirrored copies of component properties. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Pick the starting point of the mirroring plane.4 Copying and mirroring When you copy an object.

7. 1. Click Edit > Copy Special > To Another Plane or click Pick a point of origin for the first plane Pick a point on the first plane in the positive X direction. Repeat steps 3 to 5 for all remaining planes. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive Y direction. Selecting objects Defining origin and the position of the source part Defining origin and position of the target part Copied objects LESSON 4 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Select the object to copy. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu or press Esc. To finish copying. .5 Copying to another plane You can create a copy of an object on another plane using three specified points. 6. 2. 5. 4.18. 3.

6 Copying to another object You can make copies of selected objects from one object to another.18. This applies to both model and component parts. You can copy from another model even when more than one person is working on the model. Select the objects you want to copy. can have different dimensions. 18. The objects between which you copy. 3. for example. The Copy from Model dialog box opens.7 Copying from another model You can copy whole phases from an existing model to another one. The source object is the object from which you want to copy. and rotation. To copy to another object: 1. 2. length. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 73 . 4. . 1. when detailing previously modeled parts. Click Edit > Copy Special > To Another Object or click Select the source object. Edit > Copy Special > From Another Model. Drawings cannot be imported with the model. Select the target object. This functionality is useful. The target object is the object to which you want to copy. Tekla Structures only copies secondary parts from the model if they belong to the same phase as their main part.

3. When you insert several phases. 2. Click Copy.8 Moving 1. . 4. 18. Click Edit > move or click Pick the origin for the moving. Select the objects to move. If additional phases are not created. LESSON 4 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . all the objects in the model are in phase one. Enter the number(s) of the phase(s) from which to copy objects. separate different phase numbers with a space. 3. Select the source model from the Model directories list.2.

Select the object(s) to move. LESSON 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 75 .9 Moving linearly Linear moving moves the original object a specified distance. 2. The objects are moved immediatelly. 18. Click Edit > Move Special > Linear. 1. The selected objects are moved in the selected destination. • • 4. Pick the destination.Linear dialog box opens..Linear dialog box. The distance will be calculated automatically. The Move . Use one of the two options for entering the desired distance: Enter the distance directly in the Move .4. or Pick and origin point and a destination point to select the distance. 5. Click Move. 3...

3. you can mirror it through a plane that is perpendicular to the work plane and passes through a line you specify.11Moving and mirroring When you move an object... 2. The Move . Select the object(s) to be rotated. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. Select the object to be moved and mirrored. LESSON 4 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. Pick a point. To move and rotate: 1.10Moving and rotating You can rotate the object(s) you are moving. 18.. The objects are moved and mirrored.. 1. The object can be rotated either around a specified line on a work plane or around the work plane z axis. Click Edit > Move Special > Mirror. 3. This applies to main parts only. The Rotate command is always more preferable than the Mirror command.. Components are automatically taken into account. Pick the starting point of the mirroring plane. or enter the coordinates of the rotation axis in the Origin area.Mirror dialog box opens. 4. Click Edit > Move Special > Rotate.Rotate dialog box opens. Click Move to move and rotate the object(s). Click Move. 18. The Move . 2. or enter its coordinates and angle.If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. 5. 6. Enter the angle of rotation. 4.

Select the source object. The objects can have different dimensions. 19 Detailing profiles You can use Tekla Structures for detailing profiles in the following ways: • • • • fit part end to fit a profile to the selected fitting line cut part with line to reshape the end of a profile cut part with another part to create part-shaped cuts cut part with a polygon to cut a polygon shape into a part 19. Click Edit > Move Special > To Another Plane Pick a point of origin for the first plane Pick a point on the first plane in the positive X direction. The moved objects remain in the same position on the second plane as the original objects on the first plane. and rotation. 5.18. 2. Select the objects you want to move. Pick a point of origin for the second plane. length. Pick a point on the second plane in the positive X direction. When fitting.1 Fit part end Fit part end fits a profile end to the selected fitting line. Select the objects to move. Click Edit > Move Special > To Another Object . 7. The target object is the object to which you want to move. which you specify by picking three points. 6. for example. LESSON 4 Detailing profiles TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 77 . 1. 2. Pick a point on the second plane in the positive Y direction. To move to another object: 1. 4. 3. 8.12Moving to another plane You can move objects from the first plane you specify to another plane. The source object is the object from which you want to move. when detailing previously modeled parts.13Moving to another object You can move objects from one object to another. 18. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive Y direction. 4. Select the target object. the shortest part of the profile is deleted automatically. This functionality is useful. 3.

78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .When you shorten a profile. the profile length values in NC files can be incorrect. Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end. ensure that the cutting plane is perpendicular to the model view. 2. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. always use the Fit Part End command. 4. Cut part with line cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through a line you pick. When you use the line cut for shortening. Several line cuts can be applied to one profile end. Use the Snap to neareast points (point on line) when fitting. 3. a combination of one fitting and one or more line cuts can be applied. When profiles are shortened in the longitudinal direction using fitting or line cut. To cut part with line: 1. Pick the second point of the cutting line. Use a plane view when fitting. you have to select the side of the profile which has to be removed. 19. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick the part to be cut. When you fit parts. Pick the first point of the cutting line. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. the profile notation will not be changed in reports. LESSON 4 Detailing profiles Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line or click . Pick the first point of the cutting line. 3.2 Cut part with line You can reshape ends of profiles by using the Cut part with line command. When the Cut Part with Line command is used. . Pick the part to be fitted. Pick the second point of the cutting line. 4. snap switch To fit a part end: 1. 2. Pick the part to be cut. In addition. Click Detailing > Fit Part End or click Tekla Structures prompts you to pick the part to be fitted.

Circular holes are also dimensioned in drawings. 2. This type of error occurs when Tekla Structures experiences difficulties in calculating the part cut operation.5. when creating circular holes. To cut part with another part: 1. Pick the side to be removed. Circular holes can be made with the Cut part with another part command. For larger holes. the part cut can be made if an angular rotation is applied to the cut profile: solid error LESSON 4 Detailing profiles OK TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 79 .3 Cut part with another part You can create a part-shaped cut by cutting a part with another part. You can delete the part used for cutting and the cutting line will remain. Usually. Solid error You may get a solid error when cutting parts. . However. In such cases. 3. the cut profile is highlighted in a transparent color. Pick the other part that will be used for cutting. increase the tolerance of the holes. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part or click Pick the part to be cut. 19. The dark blue lines are the cutting lines. It is possible to double-click the cutting line and change its shape and size. it is better to use the Create bolts command.

They can be used for copying the cutting shape. LESSON 4 Detailing profiles 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . A solid error needs to be corrected before you can continue.4 Cut part with a polygon You can cut a polygon shape into a profile with a polygon cut. Define the shape by clicking points and finish with the starting point. Pick the part to be cut. Leaving it unsolved results in the profile lengths being wrong and it may not be possible to create drawings. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon or click . 19. To solve the problem. 2. You must use a plane view. To cut part with a polygon: 1. set a slight rotation for the component. The dark blue lines are cutting lines. 3.A solid error can also occur when using component 23 (Round tube).

c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Select an area of the part face on which to apply the surface treatment.6 Surface treatment You can add surface treatment to parts. Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas. b Select the part face. 4. This applies also to fitting and welding. To define the properties of the surface treatment.5 Detailing multiple profiles You can modify multiple profiles at the same time.. click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 19. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Detailing profiles 81 .. you change the size of a part). Adding surface treatment to selected area 1. 2. a Move the mouse cursor over a part. The faces that you can select appear in blue. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld Between Parts. All five profiles are now welded. the surface treatment is automatically modified to fit the part. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. When you redefine the properties of a part (for example..19. 2. Select the main part and the secondary parts using cross selection. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. 3. The following example illustrates how you can modify multiple profiles at the same time: 1.

Do not use the Create weld between parts command to create subassemblies or super assemblies. 3. do not weld a stud into a beam. The welding order determines which part of the assembly is the main part. In the drawings. An assembly always consists of one main part and one or more secondary parts. For example. only the weld size is important. 4. a flag indicates the on-site welds. Click Apply or OK to make these the active properties. the parts are not actually welded. the weld size has to be set smaller than the default size. On-site or field welds Workshop weld 20. a weld that is not displayed in drawings. In case the welds are less important. workshop welds are used. the settings in the Weld Properties dialog box are important. If the weld will not be displayed in drawings.20 Welds The Create weld between parts command is used to form assemblies. you need to pick the main part first and then pick the secondary part(s). For example. Select the part to which you want to weld (primary part in workshop welds). When you create welds. when parts need to be welded to an existing structure. Select the part(s) to be welded (secondary part(s) in workshop welds). In such cases. In most cases. LESSON 4 Welds 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . you must also select on-site or field welds in your model. It is also possible that on-site. 5. If the weld type and size are vital.1 Creating welds between parts 1. Enter or modify the weld properties. for example. or field welds. Double-click the Create welds between parts button. 2. are required. When you select on-site or field welds.

washers. You cannot use bolt elements such as screws. while creating holes. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups.21 Bolts To create bolts. and nuts. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. 21. because Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes.1 Bolt properties The Bolt Properties dialog box can be opened by double-clicking the Create bolts button. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Bolts 83 .

Thread in material 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Default setting is Site. Available diameters depend on the bolt standard chosen. Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a sub-assembly.Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/assembly LESSON 4 Bolts Description Bolt diameter. Bolt assembly standard that is defined in the bolt catalog. Indicates whether threads can be inside the material. Indicates if bolts are fixed on-site or in the shop.

number. Extra bolt length. Before creating holes. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. Zero for a round hole. and Parallel. Zero for a round hole. or coordinate. The shape of the bolt group. Rotation of slots. and xy list. Y allowance of a slotted hole. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value in both directions from the bolt group plane. Dz Bolt group location relative to the bolt group X axis on the work plane. Even. Options are Odd.Option Cut length Description Indicates which parts the bolt connects. group diameter. Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. If you want to force a bolt to a certain length. Bolt spacing. This list activates after you select Parts with slotted holes check boxes. Bolt group location relative to work plane. depending on the bolt group shape. Clearance between bolt and hole. Circle. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group X axis. X allowance of a slotted hole. depending on the bolt group shape. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Bolts 85 . Bolt spacing. enter a negative value for length. or coordinate. Oversized or slotted. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. The options are Array. Dy. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. Extra length Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate slots On plane Rotation At depth Dx. How far the bolt group is rotated around its X axis.

4. Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts or click . To create a bolt group: 1. 2. 6. It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. When you insert a bolt group. 7. A bolt group can contain a maximum of 100 bolts or holes. An example of a rectangular bolt group: An example of a circular bolt group: LESSON 4 Bolts 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .21. Select the shape of the bolt group in the Shape list.2 Creating a bolt group Bolt groups are used to connect profiles. Bolt groups are rectangular by default. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. but you can also select Circle to make a circular bolt group. The cut length property of a bolt group defines how far along the bolt axis the parts must be in order to hit the bolt group. Bolts can penetrate one profile or multiple profiles. Select the secondary parts. Pick a point to be the bolt group origin. By default. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. you need to pick two points. 3. bolt groups are rectangular. These two points determine the local x direction of the bolt group. but it is also possible to make circular bolt groups. 5. Select the primary part to which the secondary parts will be bolted.

1. Modify the values in the Bolt Dist X box. Slotted holes can be set in two directions. Follow the instructions in the command bar to select the connected parts. To create slotted holes: LESSON 4 Bolts TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 87 . it is also possible to create slotted holes. You can define the number of bolt rows that will be created and the spacing between them. First pick the beam and then the plate.21. The bolt length is adjusted to the new material thickness. Pick the parts that you want to join together.3 Modifying bolt groups If the bolts in a bolt group are too short. 2. Right-click the bolt group and select Bolt parts. 3. The parts are highlighted. you can modify them. 2. 5. To insert a divided bolt group: 1. X or Y. Double-click the Create bolts button to open the Bolt Properties dialog box. Click OK. 4.4 Inserting a divided bolt group You can join multiple parts together with a bolt group. 21. The divided bolt group is created. 21. Pick the start and end points.5 Creating slotted holes Besides circular holes.

Pick the part to be split and point where the split is made. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. Tekla Structures retains the properties. Set the length of the slotted holes in the Slotted hole X and Slotted hole Y in the Bolt Properties dialog box. you can determine whether slotted holes are created for each profile individually. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. When a bolt penetrates more than one profile. 2. you can rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees by selecting one of the rotating options in the Rotate Slots list. 22. To split parts: 1. Options to rotate the slots: • • • even odd parallel 22 Splitting and combining parts You can split and combine parts in Tekla Structures. 3. attached objects. 4. LESSON 4 Splitting and combining parts Click Edit > Split or click . curved beams without offset. You cannot split polybeams. Select the profiles that should contain the slotted holes by selecting one or more check boxes in the Parts with slotted holes. and connection even when parts are split. If the bolt connects several parts.1 Splitting parts You can use splitting with straight parts.1. The Bolt Properties dialog box opens. 2. 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Double-click the Create Bolts button.

Click Edit > Combine or click . All the part properties (profile. You cannot split bolt groups. New start and end points are placed on the splitting spot.2 Combining parts When combining parts. userdefined attributes. the part and assembly number is allocated to the part that was closest to the initial starting point of the profile. 22. The axes in the parts must be parallel. If the numbering has already been done. etc. To combine parts: 1. The other part gets a new number and you must create a new drawing of it. Profiles with centerlines not in line with each other can be combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both profiles.You can create points first before picking the parts if necessary. if you combine a Ø32mm round bar with a Ø16mm round bar. class. 2. Pick the two parts that you want to combine.) from the first picked part are used for the combined part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Splitting and combining parts 89 . the new profile receives the properties of the profile that is selected first. It does not recreate the connections in the first part picked. Tekla Structures retains attached objects and connections. For example.

Space is filled when combining Largest distance between start and end point 23 Points To place an object in a model you may need to pick points.1 Creating points along a line The Add points on line command creates points at equal intervals along a line. You define the number of points and pick the line. Double-click the Add points on line button. For more information on creating points and using construction planes. See Snapping (p. To place an object where no lines or objects intersect. see Tekla Structures online help. 40). or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. 23. Create points. lines and circles. 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Use construction planes. To create points. To create points along a line: LESSON 4 Points 1. use the buttons in the Points toolbar. lines and circles. The Divided Line Points dialog box opens. you have the following options: • • • Use snapping commands.

1 Creating an assembly 1. 1. 4. 2. Enter the number of dividing points. 5.2 Creating a subassembly You can create a subassembly of parts that already exist in the model. is active. 2. 3. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. or by joining assemblies together. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. By default. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. 24. Pick the end point of the line. 24 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. Pick the starting point of the line. 24.3 Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Assemblies 91 . Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • create single workshop welds or bolts apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 3. 24. the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 3. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu. Click OK.2. You can change the main part in an assembly. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together.

Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies.To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part.secondary part LESSON 4 Assemblies Highlight color magenta cyan blue Reinforcement 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 2. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies. Select a part that belongs to an assembly. Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts.4 Removing objects from assemblies You can remove objects from assemblies in the following way: 1. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.main part Concrete . 24. Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts.5 Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. 24. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete .

Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors.Object type Steel part .secondary part Highlight color orange yellow 24. etc. from single parts and bolts.7 Changing the assembly main part 1. To work with nested assemblies. through the basic and sub-assemblies. 24. marks. and still produce dimensions. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy.6 Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Assemblies 93 . b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. for all assembly levels. up to the highest level of the nested assembly. fabrication information.main part Steel part . You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly. c Select the assembly.

For example.2. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. To create assembly views: 1.9 Creating assembly views You can create assembly views to display only the selected assembly. Select the new main part. You can change the main assembly at any time. 2. 3.8 Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Right-click and select Create View. 3. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. LESSON 4 Assemblies 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . then select one of the options. you can perform checking and review operations more easily. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. 24. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. Select the new main assembly. Working with the assembly is easier when only the relevant information is displayed. 24. 4. Ensure that the Select assemblies Select the assembly in the model. Tekla Structures changes the main part. switch is active. Tekla Structures creates the assembly view. 2. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active.

and then attached to the column in another workshop.10Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.24. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Assemblies 95 . Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together. Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column.

and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are built up. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. Built-up profile LESSON 4 Assemblies 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .Drawing 2. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. In a frame of built-up columns and beams. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly.

and delete clip planes how to use work planes how to use more advanced snapping features > LESSON 5 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 97 . you will learn the following things: • • • • how to modify the work area how to create. move.LESSON 5 In this lesson.

1 Fit work area to selected parts 1. The objects outside the work area still exist. but they are not visible.2 Fit work area using two points You have to be working with a plane view in order to fit work area using two points. LESSON 5 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . . It is also possible to hide the work area lines. Select the model objects you want to see in the work area. You can fit the work area and locate. Click View > Fit Work Area > Using Two Points or click . Click View > Fit Work Area > To Selected Parts in Selected Views or click The work area concentrates on the selected objects. 25. 2. for example. 2. To fit work area using two points: 1. Pick the two points you want as corner points for the work area. distant objects from an oversized work area. 25.25 Modifying the work area You can modify the work area to suit particular situations. If you are currently working in 3D view. press Ctrl + P to switch to plane view.

one or more points have been positioned too far from the origin. The work area includes all model objects in selected views. LESSON 5 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 99 . Right-click an object from the list and select a command from the pop-up menu. 2.3 Fit work area to entire model in selected views To fit the work area to the entire model.5 Finding distant points The work area in a model view can be oversized if. click View > Fit Work Area > To Entire Model in Selected Views or click .The work area is changed according to the points you picked. 25. delete the object. for example. one or more objects have been positioned too far from the origin. for example. If distant objects are found. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. You can use the Find Distant Objects command to correct the situation. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. 25. for example. 25.4 Finding distant objects The work area in a model view can be oversized if. You can. 1.

To find distant points: 1. and select the reference model in the list. dashed lines) between hidden and visible state to have an even better view on the model. Hidden To hide the work area lines. The work area lines are now hidden. Visible LESSON 5 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Click View > Fit Work Area > To Selected Parts in Selected Views or click The work area is resized to the reference model. Check the number of selected points in the status bar and press Delete. Click File > Reference Model List. Clicking View > Redraw All again makes the work area lines visible again. Click Edit > Select All Objects or press Ctrl + A to select all points. keep the Ctrl and Shift keys pressed and click View > Redraw All.6 Finding distant reference models The work area in a model view can be oversized if. to fit 25. 2. 25. 2. Click View > Fit Work Area > To Entire Model in Selected Views or click the model in the work area. To find distant reference models: 1. you can toggle the work area lines (green. The other switches in the Selecting toolbar must not be activated.. 3. .7 Hide the work area lines In Tekla Structures. one or more reference models have been positioned too far from the origin. 3.. for example. Activate the Select points and Select objects in components switches. 4. Move the reference model.

1 Creating clip planes 1. For example. Select the clip plane you want to move. The clip plane symbol appears in the model. 3.2 Moving clip planes 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Clip planes 101 . 2. 26. you can use clip planes to see what is inside the model. Click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. 26.26 Clip planes In Tekla Structures. you can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. 2. Click View > Create Clip Plane or click . To select the position of the clip plane. click a plane. Using clip planes enables you to focus in on the required detail in the model. Press Esc or right-click and select Interrupt.

26.You can change the location of the clip plane symbol by holding down the Shift key and dragging the symbol. 2. Select the clip plane you want to delete. Click the clip plane symbol and press Delete LESSON 5 Clip planes 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .3 Deleting clip planes 1.

The work plane is the same in all views. The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane that is the current local coordinate system of the model. The default depth coordinate value is 0. If you cannot see the arrow symbol because the parts block the view. shifting the work plane helps you place the parts accurately. The depth coordinate defines the distance of the work plane from the global origin along a line that is perpendicular to the plane parallel to the third axis.. The current work plane is model-specific so it relates to all views. xz. Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane. 27. Click Change. The Z direction follows the right-hand rule. the second point defines the X direction.1 Set work plane parallel to a plane You can set the work plane parallel to the xy. 1. 3.27 Work plane The current work plane defines the local coordinate system of a Tekla Structures model. When modeling sloped parts. The first point you pick is the origin. 2. and the third point point defines the Y direction of the work plane. or click The Work plane dialog box opens. .. To set work plane using three points: LESSON 5 Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 103 .2 Set work plane using three points You can set the work plane by picking three points. The arrow symbol displays the XY plane. or zy directions. 27. press Ctrl + 2 to make the parts transparent. Select the Plane and enter the Depth coordinate. You can set the work plane to any position by picking points parallel to one of the global basic planes or on a part or view plane. Tekla Structures fixes the Z direction according to the right-hand rule.

Pick a point in the positive X direction. Click View > Set Work Plane > To Part Top Plane or click Select the part. . 2. 2. . Pick a point in the positive Y direction.3 Set work plane parallel to view plane You can use this command to set the work plane to be the same as the view plane of a selected view. the roof plane that is sloping. To set plane parallel to view plane: 1. For example. and then do one of the following: 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . for example. you can set the work plane to top plane of a picked part To set work plane to top plane of a part: 1. 4. Click View > Set Work Plane > Using Three Points or click Pick the origin for the work plane. 27.1. 2. Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to View Plane or click Select the view you want to modify.1 Numeric snapping Use the Enter a numeric location toolbar to enter position coordinates you want to snap to. initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. 3. 28 Advanced snapping You can use advanced snapping features to control snapping accurately. 28. . LESSON 5 Advanced snapping To display the toolbar.4 Set work plane to top plane of a part When a view is created. you need to change the work plane. you initially work in the plane that belongs to that view. If you want to work in. 27.

Relative coordinates The coordinates relative to the last position picked. Tekla Structures ignores the third coordinate. See Numeric location coordinates (p.2 Numeric location coordinates The following table explains the types of information you can enter in the Enter a Numeric Location toolbar. Tekla Structures assumes that the value is 0. 28. Example Polar coordinates A distance. 105) for information on location coordinates. Two coordinates If you omit the last coordinate (z) or angle. and an angle from the xy plane separated by angle brackets. Angles increase in the counterclockwise direction. Absolute coordinates The coordinates based on the origin of the work plane. y.• • Start entering the coordinates using the keyboard Click Tools > Enter a Numeric Location and select an option. You can enter Cartesian coordinates Description The x. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping Three coordinates In drawings. an angle on the xy plane. 105 . and z coordinates of a position separated by commas. One value A distance to an indicated direction.

Hold down the Ctrl key and pick a position. Creating a beam at a certain level 1. A green cross indicates that this position is now a temporary reference point. 2. Pick the end point to create the beam at a locked level. To lock the x coordinate. To use a temporary reference point: 1. press x on the keyboard.28. 3.4 Locking coordinates You can lock the x. To unlock the coordinate. This is useful when you need to determine a point to pick and the needed point does not exist on the line. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 28. for example. Snap to the start point and press Z to lock the z direction. and z coordinates on a line. press x again. 3.3 Using temporary reference points You can create a temporary reference point to use as a local origin when snapping in models or drawings. Use this temporary reference point with snap tools to define directions and distances. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam and pick the start point. y. 2. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions.

Creating a beam with a certain length 1. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. The zooming level affects the precision of snapping. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 107 . click to create the beam. Pick a start point for the beam. 4.28.5 Snapping examples Five snapping examples are provided below. 3. Move the pointer. When the dimension is correct. The dimension changes as you move the pointer. 2.

4. Pick the first point. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. 2. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .Creating a shifted beam with a certain length 1. The direction of the x axis of the workplane is always 0°. Use the shortcut R and the symbol < as a separating character. Enter the length and the angle of the shifted beam relative to the workplane. Press Enter or click OK to create the beam. 3.

Pick the end point for the second beam on the extension line. Ensure that the Snap to line extensions switch Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. Snap to the end point of the first beam.Creating two parallel and equally long beams 1. Pick the start point for the beam. 5. You have created two parallel and equally long beams. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 109 . You can now snap on the extension line of the first beam end point. when a blue line runs through the beam. Pick the end point for the beam. You can now snap to the extension line of the first beam’s start point. 2. 4. Pick the start point for the second beam on the extension line. 8. The snap point is parallel to the first beam. 3. Snap to the start point of the first beam. The first beam is created. is active. 6. 7.

Move the pointer in the direction of the end point of the beam. Hold down the Ctrl key to pick a temporary reference point as an origin. 5. 3. The start point of the beam is picked. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 4. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping Enter a distance from the temporary reference point and press Enter or click OK. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. Move the pointer in the direction of the start point of the beam. 2.Creating a beam using a temporary reference point 1.

Use a temporary reference point to pick the start point of the beam at the center of the grid line. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam.6. 2. Pick the end point to create the beam. Creating a beam using snap override 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 111 .

3. 4. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Right-click to select an option from the pop-up menu or use the Snap Override toolbar to temporarily override the snap settings. Move the pointer in the direction of the end point of the beam.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 113 . Enter the length of the beam and press Enter or click OK.5. The beam is created.

114 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

LESSON 6 In this lesson. you will learn the following things: • • • • • how to use the component catalog how to create and modify components how to create component default views how to use the material catalog how to use the profile catalog > LESSON 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 115 .

Component description LESSON 6 Double-click the name to set the properties and create the component. click Detailing > Component > Component Catalog. Use the list to view component groups. You can browse for the components or search by using terms and keywords.29 Component catalog The component catalog contains all the components.. Search View folders View details View thumbnails Show / hide descriptions Create a component using the component tool you used last with its active properties. To open the component catalog. such as bracing connections and reinforcements. Enter the search term here. (Create Component) or press Ctrl + F. 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..

base plates. Click the component name in the component catalog.It is useful to view the thumbnail images in the component catalog. Follow the prompts on the status bar to pick the parts or points required to create the component. followed by a point to locate the detail. 30. bolted gusset Stiffeners. so.. Add a detail to a main part. Modeling tools can include connections and details. parts. but does not connect the structure to existing parts. 3. When you copy or move objects. which shows you a typical situation where the component can be used. Automatically create and assemble the parts to build a structure. 30 Components Components are tools that you can use to automatically create the parts. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick a part.1 Creating components To use a component to create a detail. A detail is only connected to one part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Components 117 . fittings. (Create Component) to open the component catalog. welds etc. lifting hooks Stairs. Components are divided into three sub-types: Item Connections Description Connect two or more parts. frames Details Modeling tools Using the components has the following advantages: • • • The settings of a component can be saved to a file. the associated component also changes. Click Detailing > Component > Component Catalog. welds.. Most system components have a default thumbnail image. and create all the required objects (cuts. The settings can be used in other projects. click the middle mouse button to end the command. when you modify a main part. If required. When you create a detail.). all associated details and components are also copied or moved. connection or structural element in a model: 1. They are linked to main parts. When you modify a profile. all details and joints attached to that profile are updated automatically. 4. and bolts required to connect parts. bolts. Examples Two-sided clip angle. 2.

Red 30. 30.4 Saving component properties You can save the modified component properties. 30. 2. You can recognize the properties file by checking the file extension. A common reason is that the up direction is not appropriate. which indicates that the connection was created successfully. Examine the component in the model to check if you need to make any changes. This is where you modify the component properties. but has problems Component creation failed Tip Often occurs when bolts or holes have an edge distance less than the default value for that connection. LESSON 6 Components 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Check that the connection symbol is green. see the Tekla Structures online help. Click Save as.2 Component status Tekla Structures uses different-colored component symbols to show the status of connections and details: Color Green Yellow Status Component created successfully Component created. In the component dialog box. if you save the properties of the End plate detail (1002) component. The properties file is saved in the model folder. For more information on component properties. For more information. enter the name of the properties in the Save as box. double-click the component symbol in the model. the file extension is j1002. 6. The component dialog box appears. Create the component and check it to see what needs to be modified. To save the component properties: 1. When you create a component you are unfamiliar with. you should use the default properties. see the Tekla Structures online help.3 Modifying component properties To modify a component.5. For example.

Create a steel column before creating the base plate detail. To convert a conceptual component to detailed component: 1. see Creating steel columns (p. In the second example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Components 119 . Press Ctrl + F to open the component catalog. or reinforcing bars. Creating a base plate detail The component catalog contains several base plate details. The dialog box is the same as in detailed component. such as the size of the main part.30. 2. 30. Engineers. but does not contain options for part and assembly positions. does not automatically change the component type. To create a base plate detail: 1. 49). The detailer then takes the conceptual components and creates fully detailed components that include all the information needed for fabrication. or Full Detailing configurations. Detailed Precast Concrete Detailing Steel Detailing Full Detailing Fully detailed component contains part and assembly numbering boxes and creates needed assemblies. So someone using the Engineering configuration can change the model without automatically changing detailed components back to conceptual ones. you use one of them. The Tekla Structures configuration you have determines which components you can create: Type Conceptual Symb ol Configuration Engineering Description Conceptual component does not create assemblies. In this example. cast units. the geometry of the base plate detail is modified. Click Detailing > Component > Convert to Detailing Component Changing part properties. who do not have to consider fabrication details. can create conceptual components. Converting conceptual components You cannot create conceptual components using the Steel Detailing. In the first example.6 Example Two examples of using a component are presented here.5 Conceptual components Conceptual components are components that look real but are not fully detailed. cast units and reinforcing bars. Select the component symbol. For information on creating a steel column. Precast Concrete Detailing. a base plate detail is created. but they do include a tool that you can use to change individual conceptual components to detailed components.

4. The search results appear in the list. The geometry of the base plate detail changes. 6. Pick a point at the base of the column to indicate where to create the base plate. Activate the Select components Double-click the base plate detail to open the component properties dialog box. you modify the geometry of the base plate detail. LESSON 6 Components Click Modify. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 3. switch. enter values in boxes to modify the base plate geometry. 2. The base plate is created. The status bar displays instructions. 4. Select Base plate (1004). Select the column. Modifying the base plate detail In this example. which indicates that the connection was created successfully. In the Picture tab. Check that the connection symbol is green.2. 1. 3. Enter "base plate" in the Search box and click Search. 5.

select a component. Four views of the component are created.31 Creating component default views To check a component and its dimensions. right-click and select Create View > Default Views of Component from the pop-up menu. you can create component default views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Creating component default views 121 . To create component default views.

32 Material catalog The material catalog contains information on material grades. You can view material grade properties by clicking them in the tree. You can open the Modify Material Catalog dialog box by clicking Modeling > Material Catalog. for example. Material grades are located under the materials in the tree... LESSON 6 Material catalog 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Materials are displayed in a hierarchical tree grouped according to. steel and concrete..

1 Adding a material grade You can add a new material grade in two alternate ways. The structure is analyzed using the Finite Element Method.. The User attributes tab can be used to create your own attributes for material grades.. The Analysis tab has information on the properties used in structural analysis. These are usually the material names used in different countries or standards. Option 1 1. Click Modeling > Material Catalog.The Modify Material Catalog dialog box contains information on the materials in four tabs: • • • • The General tab The Analysis tab The Design tab The User attributes tab Tab The General tab Description The General tab has boxes for three alternative names for the material. The Design tab has information on the designspecific properties such as strengths and partial safety factors. It also contains the profile and plate density values. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Material catalog 123 .. The Analysis tab The Design tab The User attributes tab 32.

The Modify Material Catalog dialog box opens. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Option 2

Pick a material grade that is similar to the one that you want to create. Right-click the material grade and select Copy grade from the pop-up menu. Change the material name. Modify the material grade properties. Click OK to save the material grade and exit the dialog box. Click OK in the save confirmation dialog box to save the changes in the Material Catalog. Click Modeling > Material Catalog.... The Modify Material Catalog dialog box opens. Change the material grade name in the Selected grade box. Enter the material grade properties. Click OK to save the material grade and exit the dialog box. Click OK in the save confirmation dialog box to save the changes in the Material Catalog.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

32.2 Deleting a material grade
You can delete material grades from the Material Catalog dialog box. To delete a material grade: 1. 2. 3. 4. Click Modeling > Material Catalog. The Modify Material Catalog dialog box opens. Right-click a material grade of your choice and select Delete. Click OK. Click OK again in the save confirmation dialog box.

The material grade is deleted.

33 Profile catalog
The profiles in the Modify Profile Catalog dialog box are displayed in a tree structure. They are grouped according to rules such as profile type (for example, I profiles) and profile sub-type (for example, HEA).

LESSON 6 Profile catalog

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33.1 Adding profiles
You can add profiles to the profile catalog. To add profiles: 1. 2. 3. 4. Click Modeling > Profiles > Profile Catalog.... The Modify Profile Catalog opens. Select an existing profile that matches best with the new profile. Right-click the profile. Select Copy Profile from the menu.
LESSON 6 Profile catalog

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

125

The copied profile name is added with COPY after its name. 5. 6. 7. 8. Edit the profile name in the Profile name box. Enter the correct values in the Value column. Click Update and OK. Click OK in the Save confirmation dialog box.

33.2 Modifying profiles
You must have the Profile Catalog open before you can start modifying profiles. To modify profiles: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Click Modeling > Profiles > Profile Catalog.... Select the profile you want to modify. Modify dimensions in the Value column. Click Update and OK. Click OK in the Save confirmation dialog box.

33.3 Deleting profiles
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Click Modeling > Profiles > Profile Catalog.... Select the profile you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete Profile. Click OK The profile is deleted. Click OK in the Save confirmation dialog box.

34 Parametric profiles
LESSON 6 Parametric profiles

A lot of parametric user-defined profiles, such as gutter profiles or spheres, are available in Tekla Structures.

126

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

Parametric profiles are not polybeams. Tekla Structures includes a cross section sketch editor that you can use to create your own profile cross sections. They cannot be unfolded and a flat pattern cannot be created. Sketched cross sections are parametric so you can change their dimensions each time you use them in a model. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Parametric profiles 127 .

128 LESSON 6 Parametric profiles TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • • • • • • • how to enter project information how to switch between single and multi-user modes how to use the phase manager how to represent objects in model views how to check the model how to make inquiries about objects how to check distances and angles > LESSON 7 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 129 .LESSON 7 In this lesson.

35 Entering project information When you start a project. 3. Click User-defined attributes to open the Tekla Structures Project (1) dialog box. LESSON 7 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . All the boxes are optional. To enter the project information: 1. enter project information to display the information automatically in reports and drawings. 2.. where you can enter additional information. to open the Project Properties dialog box. Click File > Project Properties.. Enter the project information you want to use.

. Click File > Open. 3. To open a single-user model in multi-user mode: 1. The button with three men indicates a multi-user model. and then click OK... Right-click and select Open as multi-user model from the pop-up menu. You can open the Phase Manager dialog box from Tools > Phase Manager. Opening multiuser model in single-user mode To open a multi-user model in single-user mode: 1. to open the Open dialog box. The Model type column indicates whether the model is a single-user or a multi-user model.. 3.. Tekla Structures prompts for the name of the server. LESSON 7 Switching between single-user and multi-user modes 37 Phase Manager The Phase Manager dialog box can be used to create phases. Click OK to save your changes and close the Tekla Structures Project (1) dialog box. It is not possible for grids and points. Only parts can be split into phases. Select the single-user model. 2. The default tabs and options of the dialog box are different in different Tekla Structures environments.. 2. Click OK to save your changes and close the Project Properties dialog box. Phases are useful for splitting the model into separate sections. enter the server name or select it from the list. Select the multi-user model. Opening singleuser model in multi-user mode Right-click and select Open as single-user model from the pop-up menu. Click File > Open. 4. 36 Switching between single-user and multi-user modes You can switch between single-user and multi-user modes by using the different options in the Open dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 131 . to open the Open dialog box. 5. or by using the shortcut Ctrl + H. In the Open as multi-user model dialog box.The contents of the Tekla Structures Project (1) dialog box depend on the Tekla Structures environment. 4.

If you select objects that belong to several phases. The Objects by phases button can be used to determine which objects belong to the selected phase. The Phases by objects button can be used to determine in which phase(s) the selected object(s) belong. The Add button can be used to create new phases. You can enter the name of the phase in the Name box. The object will be highlighted in the model. The Set Current button The Add button The Delete button The Phases by objects button The Objects by phases button The Modify phase button LESSON 7 Phase Manager 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The Modify phase button can be used to change the phase for one or more objects. they are highlighted in the Phase Manager. The current phase is indicated by @ character. The Delete button can be used to delete phases. The Set Current button determines to which phase the object belongs.Option The Number box The Name box The Filter button Description You can enter the number of the phase in the Number box. You can use the Filter button to filter the listed phases by the number and/or criteria that has been entered in the Number and Name boxes.

3 Switching phases 1.. Divide the model into phases. Click OK to save your changes. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. 2. select a phase from the list. 3. 3.4 Bolts in phases LESSON 7 Phase Manager You can divide bolts into phases.. and then click Modify phase. Select the phase in which you want to move the object(s). Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. Enter either phase Number in the Number box or phase Name in the Name box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 133 . From now on. a bolt list can easily be generated out of all bolts in that phase..37.2 Filtering phases You can use the Filter area in the Phase Manager dialog box for filtering phases by number and/or name. The Phase Manager dialog box opens. 37. Click Tools > Phase Manager. bolts are automatically divided into the current phase. Only the selected phases are visible in the Phase Manager dialog box.. Click Tools > Phase Manager. 4. 37. select an object and click Phases by objects. 37. To filter phases: 1.. Click Tools > Phase Manager. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. By selecting all bolts belonging to a certain phase. select the objects. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. 4. Click Add to create a new phase. Click Filter. Click the Modify phase button.1 Dividing the model into phases 1. Select the object(s) you want to move in the model. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. a To identify the phase of an object. To change the phase of one or more objects. 2. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object.. c 5. While modeling. 2. 3. The Phase Manager dialog box opens. The Phase Manager dialog box opens.

To represent objects in model views: 1. several standard settings are included. Object representation sets the color and visibility of objects in model views. 38. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 3. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . By default. several standard settings are included in the object representation.. The objects are represented according to the settings..1 Creating object representation settings LESSON 7 Representing objects in model views By default. Objects are grouped by a set of rules and conditions that can be used to control how those objects are displayed in model views. Load the setting you want to use. Changing the settings in the Object Representation dialog box affects all model views. but you can also create object representation settings by yourself. 2. Click Modify and OK. The Object Representation dialog box opens.38 Representing objects in model views You can represent the objects in model views by using the Object Representation dialog box. Changing the settings in the Object Representation dialog box affects all model views.. but you can also create object representation settings yourself.

Note that all the letters must be capitalized. LESSON 7 Representing objects in model views 12. click Color by class in the Color column to activate the arrow button. 14. 5. Save the settings as column. Click the arrow button and select 70% transparent from the drop down menu. 4. 2. The Object Group . TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 135 . In the Object Representation dialog box. Select Create new group. 16.This example shows how to create a new object group where all columns will be represented in blue with 70% transparency: 1. Click Close.. Click View > Representation > Object Representation.Representation dialog blox closes. 6. Click the Add row button. Select All in the Object group column to activate the arrow button. Check that the Condition option is equals.. The drop down menu contains all the default options for object groups. Click the arrow button and select blue color from the drop down menu. You will be able to reuse the new object condition in other models. 3. Note that the Object Representation dialog box is still open. The Object Representation dialog box opens. A second object group is added. The part name is used for selecting columns.. 11. Enter COLUMN in the Value box. the new object group has the same properties as the first object group. 13. from the list. 8.. 7.. Select Part in the Category column.Representation dialog box opens. Initially. Click the arrow button to open a drop down menu. 9. The Object Group . Click Visible in the Transparency column to activate the arrow button. Select Name in the Property column. 10. 15. Click Modify.

double-click a row. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • 1. For more information on how to manage clashes. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view.39 Checking the model When the model is complete. To perform a clash check: 4.. you need to check it. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. see Clash Check Manager in the Modeling Manual. or reference model objects that collide. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. You can continue working during the clash check. When you re-run clash check. bolts. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. select a row in the list of clashes.1 Performing a clash check You can run a clash check to find parts. Setting a minimum clearance for bolts for a clash check Bolts can also be taken into account in the clash check. 3. In the model. IFC DWG DGN Click Tools > Clash Check Manager.. Click Tools > Options > Options.. There are several methods available for checking the model: • • • • Clash checking Flying through the model Checking using reports Checking the views 39. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. It is possible to set the minimum clearance for the bolts. 5. Click to check the objects. You can use the clash check to check if the bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. To set a minimum clearance for bolts for a clash check: LESSON 7 Checking the model 1. To highlight a clash in the model. 2. When the clash check is complete. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The Options dialog box opens.

Click OK. To fly through the model: 1. The Fly command only works rendered views with Projection set to Perspective. right-click and select Interrupt or press the Esc key. 3. 39. Tekla Structures displays an arrow symbol to indicate the flying direction. 3. the faster the picture is moved. The more the pointer is moved from the point of origin. . The flying route can be changed by moving the mouse. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 7 Checking the model 137 . Select Clash check on the list. Enter the clearance values. Move the pointer to establish your flying direction. To stop flying.2 Flying through the model You can use the Fly command to travel through the model.2. 2. 4. Click View > Fly or click The mouse pointer changes.

3 Checking using reports You can check models using reports. Reports can be lists of drawings. You can generate the following types of reports: • • Bolt. nut. 40 Inquire The inquire tool displays the properties of a particular object. bolts. LESSON 7 Inquire 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . As a result.. This is useful if a profile is hard to locate.39.. The Inquire Object dialog box displays information relevant to the objects you select. Click Drawings & Reports > Create Report. User-defined attributes list A user-defined attribute list can be used to check that the correct profiles are shortened. within the model. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering All Objects (Full Numbering). 2. the accompanying profile will be highlighted in the model. • To check using reports: 1. and material lists ID lists The main feature of the ID lists is that the lines that contain profiles can be selected. . Select a report from the report templates Click Create from all or Create from selected button. 4. or parts. or click The Report dialog box opens. 3. washer.. Reports can contain information from selected parts or the entire model. or a group of objects.

The selected object and all parts of the object are highlighted. Click Tools > Inquire > Object or click . 2. Inquire object for bolts You can inquire objects for bolts. The object can be a part. 2. or group of objects. a bolt. a component. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 7 Inquire 139 . It displays all relevant information regarding the object. etc. Select an object. To inquire object: 1. Right-click and select Bolt Parts from the menu.1 Inquire object You can inquire object to display the properties of a particular object. The information displayed depends on the object that was selected in step 1. To inquire object for bolts: 1. The Inquire object dialog box opens. It is also possible to change the profiles that are a part of a bolt connection. within the model. a weld. Select the object.40.

1. Main parts are highlighted with red and secondary parts with yellow. Select the assembly. and line cuts are considered. When calculating an object’s center of gravity. 40. 2.2 Inquire assembly objects 1.4 Inquire center of gravity You can inquire an object’s center of gravity. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects or click .40. whereas polygon cuttings. LESSON 7 Inquire 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .3 Inquire welded parts Click Tools > Inquire > Primary Welded Part to highlight the primary part when you select the secondary part. fittings. part cuttings. 2. Click Tools > Inquire > Center of Gravity or click . Select an object. 40. Tools > Inquire > Welded Parts to highlight the selected part and all the parts that are welded to it. bolts and welds are not taken into account.

use a plane view. and bolt spaces. angles. To switch to a plane view. and bolt spaces You can measure distances. Horizontal distance Vertical distance Distance Angle Bolt spaces Click Tools > Measure or click one of the measurement buttons. press Ctrl + P. and bolt spaces 141 . angles. When you measure horizontal and vertical distances. The following measurement options are available: The measuring options are: • • • • • 1. Follow the instructions that vary according to the measurement option you selected. 2.41 Measuring distances. and bolt spaces: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 7 Measuring distances. angles. angles. To measure distances.

and bolt spaces TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .142 LESSON 7 Measuring distances. angles.

you will learn the following things: • • • • how to define custom components how to use reference models how to publish models as web pages how to open models in Model Reviewer > LESSON 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 143 .LESSON 8 In this lesson.

Select the component you want to explode. 42. it is recommended to create a similar existing component and then explode it. Then you can modify the objects to suit your needs and use them in your custom component. 42. However. Click Detailing > Component > Explode Component. you can create your own custom components. to open the Custom Component Wizard.2 Exploding components Exploding components is very useful when defining custom components.42 Custom components Tekla Structures contains lots of predefined components that can be used for creating details and connections. Before you can define a custom component. To explode a component: 1. Creates seam objects and connects parts along a line picked with two points. fittings. you can use it the same way as any Tekla Structures system component.. if Tekla Structures does not contain required components. When you have created a custom component. you need to create a sample component in the model containing all the necessary component objects. When you create a custom component. Creates a group of objects which may contain connections and details. Click Detailing > Component > Define Custom Component.1 Custom component types You can create four types of custom components: Type Connection Detail Seam Part Description Creates connection objects and connects secondary part(s) to a main part. such as parts. To define a custom component: LESSON 8 1. 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . and bolts. Creates detail objects and connects them to a main part at a picked location. Tekla Structures ungroups the objects in the component.. Exploding ungroups the objects in an existing component. 42. You can then remove and modify parts and other objects in the component. 2.3 Defining custom components You can define and save custom components in the component library.

Click OK to export the file. (Create Component) or press Ctrl + F to open the component catalog. The Export components dialog box opens. The custom component is available in the component catalog. The custom component appears in the component catalog.. Click Next. 42. 4. To learn more about custom components. Exporting To export a custom component to a file: 1. (Create Component) or press Ctrl + F to open the component catalog.. from the pop-up menu. 5. Click Detailing > Component > Component Catalog.. Click Next. Click Finish to create the custom component. Follow the instructions in the Custom Component Wizard. 5. 6. Reference models keep the size of model files relatively small. 2. Right-click the custom component and select Export.dxf) AutoCAD (*..uel. Browse for the file you want to import. 4.. 43 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. 2.. Select Custom from the list to display all the custom components.2. Click Detailing > Component > Component Catalog. and then import the file into another model. By default. Importing To import a custom component: 1. Select the objects that the custom component will create.. click Help > Learning Center > Custom Component Tutorials and select an option. 3. select the file and click OK. The Import Components dialog box opens.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 145 . Select the Type and enter other properties as required. the file extension is .. The following file types are supported: LESSON 8 Reference models • • AutoCAD (*.4 Exporting and importing You can export custom components to a file. 3. 3. because the reference files are considered as single objects. The next step depends on the Type you selected. Right-click the component list and select Import. Enter the name for the file and select the folder where the file is saved in. from the pop-up menu.

Click File > Reference Model List.. 2. 43. Click OK. 43...• • • • MicroStation (*.dgn. The Reference Model Properties dialog box opens.. Change the scale if it is different from the one in the Tekla Structures model. Click Browse.3dd) IFC files (*. 4. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .1 Inserting a reference model 1.. 3. Tekla Structures loads the reference model from file each time you open your model. Tekla Structures inserts the reference model. You can snap to reference model points. Click File > Insert Reference Model. *.2 Hiding a reference model LESSON 8 Reference models To hide a reference model: 1. 5. Pick the position for the reference model origin.xml) The reference model appears in the background of your Tekla Structuresmodel. 2. or .IFC) WebViewer XML files (*.. Select a reference model from the list. to open the Reference Models dialog box. next to the File name box to locate the reference model file.prp) Cadmatic models (*.

ifc) Cadmatic (.4 Detecting changes in reference models You can see the changes between an old and new reference model by using commands in the Reference Object Properties dialog box. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the reference models that have a newer modified date.3. To update all reference models: 1. Click Reload All. 2. 43... Select an option in the Show list in the Change detection section.dwg) Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Object Properties dialog box. to open the Reference Models dialog box.xml) DWG (. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 8 Reference models 147 . 43. Select Hidden from the list in the Visibility column. 2. select Changed to see the changed objects in a reference model.3dd) WebViewer (. Click File > Reference Model List.3 Updating a reference model You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model if there have been changes in the original reference models after you have imported them to Tekla Structures. IFC (.. 3. button next to the Old file name box. To detect changes: Browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. For example. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • 1..

Click Modify to stop detecting changes.4. 5. Click Display. Example The following example shows how the changes are displayed in the reference model: The old file: The new file: LESSON 8 Reference models 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Tekla Structures highlights the changed reference model objects.

activate only the snap switches you need. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 149 . 44 WebViewer LESSON 8 WebViewer You can publish your Tekla Structures models as web pages that can be viewed via the Internet using a web browser. highly-detailed reference models contain lots of snap points. To speed up snapping.The Show option has been set to Changed in the Reference Object Properties dialog box: 43.5 Handling large reference models These are some tips for speeding up large reference models: • • Large. Split large reference models into smaller ones and display only the parts you need in the model. The WebViewer files can also be used as reference models.

1 Publishing a model as a web page 1.. If you want to publish a web page of selected parts. to open the Publish as Web Page dialog box. Tekla Structures creates a PublicWeb folder with sub-folders in the current model folder. 4. 5. Click File > Publish as Web Page. 3. LESSON 8 WebViewer 150 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Change the page title if required.44. and places the published model there.. the model opens in your web browser. Click Publish. select Selected parts. By default. In the File name box. 2. If you select the Open in browser check box. enter the destination path and file name for the published model.

Browse for a published model file.aspx and click the Free Download link. Click Windows Start > All Programs > Tekla Structures > Tekla Structures Model Reviewer.wmr. When you save the model and the markups in Model Reviewer.tekla.1 Opening a model in Model Reviewer To open a model in Model Reviewer: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 8 Tekla Structures Model Reviewer 151 . To learn more. You can then send the published model to other project participants.wrm.zsol format. After installing the tool.wmr format. 2. you can publish a model in . Go to http:// www. . Supported file formats are: .xml. and . and fly through the model See important part information Fly through a set of saved locations in the model to present it to the project team Use clip planes to slice through walls and crowded areas of the model Email models easily to other parties Create and manage markups (redlines) of specific areas in the model Visually track project statuses with different colors in the model You can use the Model Reviewer tool to improve project communication. In Tekla Structures. .zsol.xml or . rotate. 45.com/international/solutions/building-construction/Pages/web-models-modelreviewer. Model Reviewer includes excellent model navigation and mark up functionality.45 Tekla Structures Model Reviewer Tekla Structures Model Reviewer is a free and improved tool based on the Tekla Structures Web Viewer. the file is saved in . those involved in the project can open the model and add comments to it. watch the introductory video on the download page. You can download and install Model Reviewer from Tekla’s website. zoom. With it you can: • • • • • • • Easily pan.

152 LESSON 8 Tekla Structures Model Reviewer TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • how to use windbracing > LESSON 9 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 153 .LESSON 9 In this lesson.

you can create buildings that can resist loads acting parallel and perpendicular to any wall of a building. for example. 46. Select Middle in the On plane list and enter 5 in the box. The windbracing will be positioned on the right side with an extra distance of 5 mm. LESSON 9 Open the Position tab. an angle steel profile is loaded. Wind load acts horizontally and in any direction. In case of windbracings in front planes. FL10*60. 2. Click OK. change the Profile to. Load bracing in the Beam Properties dialog box. 3. 5. for example. 4. Using windbracing.1 Windbracing in a front plane 1. Therefore. snow and other vertical loads. 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . By default. Wind load is different than.46 Windbracing All buildings must be designed to resist wind load. Double-click the Create Beam button. The Beam Properties dialog box opens. flat bracings are often used.

in case of crossing angle steel windbracings. 7. For example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 9 Click OK. 46. Click the Create Beam button and place a windbracing profile from the left bottom side towards the right upper side. 4.6. Select Middle in the On plane list. To let the bracings cross each other correctly. This is the best option for modeling windbracings in a straight roof plane. for a profile L60/6. the offset has to be set to 30. Select components and connect the braces to the columns. Double-click the Create Beam button. Click the Create Beam button and place a windbracing profile from the left bottom side towards the right upper side.2 Windbracing in a straight roof plane 1. 2. the bracings are positioned with the closed sides towards each other. increase the values for the On plane list in the Position tab. 3. an angle steel profile is loaded. because of their better resistance against deflection. By default. That means that one bracing has to be rotated 180 degrees by changing the Rotation from Below to Top. or the At depth has to bet set to Front or Behind. 6. Position the windbracings in the center of the columns. Open the Position tab. 155 . 8. 5. The Beam Properties dialog box opens. Load bracing in the Beam Properties dialog box. Usually. 7.

Making the view parallel to the sloping roof plane When the work plane is parallel to the roof beams. • Make the windbracing with the roof plane view • Make the windbracing without the roof plane view Moving the work plane parallel to the roof plane Before you insert windbracings in a sloping roof plane. Click View > Set Work Plane > To Part Top Plane.8. 9. 1. 1. . Set the work plane parallel to the roof beam. 2. Move the work plane parallel to the roof plane. 4. 2. we recommend you move the work plane parallel to the roof plane. 3. Option 2 1. Make the view parallel to the sloping roof plane. Position the windbracings in the center of the columns. Click View > Create View of Model > Using Three Points. Load the plane settings and change the name of the view. LESSON 9 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Click View > Creat View of Model > On Work Plane or click A new view looking perpendicularly to the roof plane is created. 3. 3. 46. 2. 2. There are two ways of doing this: Option 1 1. Set the work plane parallel to the roof beam.3 Windbracing in a sloping roof You can model windbracings for a sloping roof using Tekla Structures. Change the name of the view if you want to store it for later use. Make the windbracings. The view is moved accordingly. The following steps lead to longer tasks explaining each phase needed to complete windbracings for a sloping roof. Pick a roof beam. The View Properties dialog box opens. Click View > View Properties. a view which is parallel to the sloping roof plane can be made. Select the components and connect the braces to the columns.

Insert reference points on the roof beam for positioning the windbracing. b Pick a point on positive X direction.5. set the work plane parallel to the roof plane. Model the windbracings in the 3D view by snapping to the reference points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 9 2. 3. Load the bracing setting and position the windbracing. 90). c Pick a point on Y direction. For more information on creating points. In a 3D view. a Pick origin. 5. Windbracing without using the roof plane view 1. for example. 3. 4. Pick the points to create the view. create reference points on the roof beam. Copy the reference points to the next grid line. Change the position of the bracings so that they do not intersect with each other. 157 . Connect the bracing to the roof beams. 2. In a plane view. see Creating points along a line (p. Windbracing using the roof plane view 1. Double-click the Create Beam button to open the Beam Properties dialog box. with the component Bolted gusset 11. 4.

Enter the shortening value in the Shorten box. Click Modify and Cancel. Click User-defined attributes button in the Attributes tab. 4. When entering values to the Tekla Structures Beam dialog box.4 Shortening windbracing 1. there is a difference between entering the value 0 (zero) and leaving the box empty. The Tekla Structures Beam dialog box opens. LESSON 9 3. Double-click a windbracing to open the Beam Properties dialog box. 2. or click Modify and close the dialog box. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .46.

that is. Object representation You can create object representation settings to display shortened components. It is shortened by 20 mm. Example 1 is a case where the windbracing is long and the shortening is therefore directed only to the distance between the bolts.9993*60 = 59.9993*5800 = 5796.6 mm 0. because the value you defined for the shortening will be saved as the default value for the Shorten box and it may affect other beams. that is the distance between the two bolt groups. Tekla Structures divides the total length after shortening by the initial length of the bracing.99*1800 = 1782 mm 159 . we have a windbracing that is 2000 mm in length. the dimensions are rounded off in millimeters.99*40 = 39. If we shorten the windbracing by 4 mm. However. the distances would be: 40-60-5800-60-40. Each individual distance is multiplied with this factor: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 9 • • • 0. Without shortening. The windbracing has holes at a bolt distance of 60 mm and an edge distance of 40 mm.960 mm 0.973 mm 0. Checking windbracing • Reports You can use the reports User Defined Attributes (UDA) and id_part_list.133 mm By default. • 46. also the holes have to be taken into consideration.99*60 = 59. Example 1 In this example. 5996 / 6000 = 0.99. Tekla Structures divides the total length after shortening by the initial length of the bracing. the Shorten column displays which profiles are shortened.4 mm 0. In these reports. 1980 / 2000 = 0. Each individual distance is multiplied with this factor: • • • 0. that is. Example 2 is a shorter windbracing so the shortening is divided equally to the whole windbracing.9993*40 = 39. Example 2 In this example. The shortening value of 4 mm will be applied to the largest distance.5 Shortening examples Examples 1 and 2 are both examples on how to shorten windbracing using Tekla Structures. we have a windbracing that is 6000 mm in length. the total length should be 5996 mm.Do not click Apply and OK.9993. The dimensioning in this example will be: 40-60-5796-60-40.

46. the dimensions are rounded off in millimeters. The dimensioning in this example will be: 40-59-1782-59-40. The shortening of 20 mm is not only applied to the biggest distance.6 Windbracing examples Welded connections Cross bolted Cross welded LESSON 9 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . but also to the bolt distances.By default.

Cross welded and bolted Flat bar TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 9 161 .

LESSON 9 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

> LESSON 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 163 .LESSON 10 This lesson contains reference material that you can use when needed.

47 Component examples
You can browse the component examples in this lesson to see the various component options Tekla Structures offers. This material is presented as reference only.

47.1 Steel components
End plate (144)

LESSON 10

164

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

Two-sided end plate (142)

Stiffened end plate (27)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

LESSON 10

165

Partial stiff end plate (65)

Bolted gusset (11)

LESSON 10

166

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

Central gusset (169) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 167 .

Column seating (39) Cranked beam (41) LESSON 10 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

Haunch (40) Joining plates (14) Stub (28) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 169 .

LESSON 10 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .Column two beams (3) Base plate (1004) This component includes an option to create one or more filler plates. A plain base plate is also an option (leveling plate t=0) with or with-out grout holes. Base plate (1029) With the standard setting. Additional stiffeners can also be added. a base plate is created with a leveling plate including grout holes.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 171 .

End plate (1002) LESSON 10 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .Stiffeners (1003) Stub (1011) Use the bolt delete option to determine which holes are deleted from the stub.

Stanchion weld (85) Round tube (23) Bolts in a part (1006) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 173 .

Manlock column (1032) Manlock beam (1033) Array of objects (29) LESSON 10 This component can be used to copy model objects. 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

a column.one truss copied If you modify the original objects. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 175 . Tekla Structures changes the copied objects as well. for example.

LESSON 10 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • • how to use Tekla Structures Help how to save your favorite Help topics > LESSON 11 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 177 .LESSON 11 In this lesson.

To find a Help topic using the index: 1. 48. right-click one of the topics and select Open all or Close all from the pop-up menu. or scroll through the list of keywords. or click a topic title and then click Display. Enter a keyword.2 Browsing Help topics by subject Use the Contents tab to browse through Help topics using a hierarchical list of topics. 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .1 Opening Tekla Structures Help To open Help. Press F1. commands. LESSON 11 Go to the Index tab. Double-click a title to display that topic. 48.48 Using Tekla Structures Help Tekla Structures Help is a detailed guide to Tekla Structures concepts. 48. If you have a dialog box open. do one of the following: • • Click Help > Tekla Structures Help. Click a Help topic to open it. with plenty of examples. pressing F1 takes you straight to the related topic. 3. tools. a list of topics appears and you are prompted to select one of them. If a keyword is associated with more than one topic. Go to the Contents tab. Use the blue-and-white arrow buttons to move to the next or previous topic. To browse Help topics by subject: 1. To open or close all books on the Contents tab. 2. and features.3 Finding Help topics using the index Use the Index tab to search for Help topics using an alphabetical list of keywords. 3. 2. or double-click a closed book icon to display the subtopics.

Click Options > Search Highlight Off. enclose the phrase in double quotation marks.48.4 Searching for Help topics Use the Search tab to find Help topics based on search terms. 2. Click List Topics to start the search. Viewing the search results To view and sort the search results. A list of results appears. Click Show or Hide on the Help toolbar. Enter the words to search for. do any of the following: To Display the search results in alphabetical order Display the location of a topic in the hierarchical list of topics Find a specific word or phrase in the open topic Move forward and backward through previously viewed topics Show or hide the navigation pane Disable the highlighting of search terms in the search results Return to the Help cover page Do this Click the Title column heading. If you want to find an exact phrase. Double-click a title to display that topic. 4. Click the topic and press Ctrl + F. Go to the Search tab. Click Locate on the Help toolbar. and search filters. For example.inp". You can refine your search using wildcard characters. Click Home on the Help toolbar. or click a topic title and then click Display. search operators. 3. Using search filters Use any of the following search filters to narrow or broaden your search results: Search filter Search previous results Description Narrows down the search results. "bolt catalog" or "objects. Click Forward or Back on the Help toolbar. To search for a Help topic: 1. The next search will be performed within the topics that were found in the previous search. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 11 179 . nested search terms. or if the search term contains special characters.

also the plural form of the word is included in the search. Display the topic you want to save. select or clear the corresponding check box on the Search tab. it is not included in the search results. Go to the Favorites tab.5 Saving favorite Help topics Use the Favorites tab to save Help topics that you might want to visit again. For example. Search titles only To enable or disable a search filter. LESSON 11 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . If the search term appears only in the body of a topic. 48. 3. Searches for words only in topic titles.Search filter Match similar words Description Includes topics that contain words similar to your search term. Optional: If you want to save the topic under a different name. and then press Enter. 2. Click Add. To add a topic to your list of favorites: 1. 4. enter a new name in the Current topic box.

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