Tekla Structures

Steel Detailing Modeling

Training Manual Product version 16.0 February 2010
© 2010 Tekla Corporation

© 2010 Tekla Corporation and its licensors. All rights reserved. This Software Manual has been developed for use with the referenced Software. Use of the Software, and use of this Software Manual are governed by a License Agreement. Among other provisions, the License Agreement sets certain warranties for the Software and this Manual, disclaims other warranties, limits recoverable damages, defines permitted uses of the Software, and determines whether you are an authorized user of the Software. All information set forth in this manual is provided with the warranty set forth in the License Agreement. Please refer to the License Agreement for important obligations and applicable limitations and restrictions on your rights. Tekla does not guarantee that the text is free of technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Tekla reserves the right to make changes and additions to this manual due to changes in the software or otherwise. In addition, this Software Manual is protected by copyright law and by international treaties. Unauthorized reproduction, display, modification, or distribution of this Manual, or any portion of it, may result in severe civil and criminal penalties, and will be prosecuted to the full extent permitted by law. Tekla, Tekla Structures, Xcity, Xengineer, Xpipe, Xroad, Xpower, Xsteel, and Xstreet are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Tekla Corporation in the European Union, the United States, and/or other countries. Other product and company names mentioned in this Manual are or may be trademarks of their respective owners. By referring to a third-party product or brand, Tekla does not intend to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by such third party and disclaims any such affiliation or endorsement, except where otherwise expressly stated. Portions of this software: D-Cubed 2D DCM © 2008 Siemens Product Lifecycle Management Software III (GB) Ltd. All rights reserved. EPM toolkit © 1995-2004 EPM Technology a.s., Oslo, Norway. All rights reserved. XML parser © 1999 The Apache Software Foundation. All rights reserved. Project Data Control Library © 2006 - 2007 DlhSoft. All rights reserved. DWGdirect, DGNdirect and OpenDWG Toolkit/Viewkit libraries © 1998-2005 Open Design Alliance. All rights reserved. FlexNet Copyright © 2006 Flexera Software Limited. All Rights Reserved. This product contains proprietary and confidential technology provided by and owned by Flexera Software Limited Of Schaumburg, IL, USA. Any use, copying, publication, distribution, display, modification, or transmission of such technology in whole or in part in any form or by any means without the prior express written permission of Flexera Software Limited is strictly prohibited. Except where expressly provided by Flexera Software Limited in writing, possession of this technology shall not be construed to confer any license or rights under any of Flexera Software´s intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication, or otherwise. The software is protected by U.S. Patent 7,302,368. Also elements of the software described in this Manual may be the subject of pending patent applications in the European Union and/or other countries including U.S. patent applications 2004031231, 2004267695, 2005285881, 2006000484 and 200613639.

Contents
Introduction LESSON 1 1 2 3
3.1

9 13

Starting Tekla Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Creating a new model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Opening a model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Model created in a previous version ..................................................................................................... 17

4
4.1

Saving a model. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Saving a model with a different name................................................................................................... 18

5
5.1 5.2 5.3

Moving around in the view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Zooming................................................................................................................................................ 19 Panning................................................................................................................................................. 19 Rotating ................................................................................................................................................ 19

6
6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9

Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
View properties ..................................................................................................................................... 19 Display .................................................................................................................................................. 21 Creating a basic view............................................................................................................................ 23 Creating a top view ............................................................................................................................... 23 Creating a grid view using two points ................................................................................................... 24 Creating a view using three points........................................................................................................ 25 Opening, closing, and deleting named views ....................................................................................... 26 Rollover highlight .................................................................................................................................. 27 Changing part representation in model views....................................................................................... 27

7

Common buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 31

LESSON 2 8
8.1 8.2 8.3

Grids. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Creating grids ....................................................................................................................................... 32 Creating a second grid.......................................................................................................................... 33 Creating a grid on a shifted work plane ................................................................................................ 34

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

1

...... .................... ... ............. ...... .. ............ 53 15.... ......... .... ................... ........ .................. ............ .. ..... ..... ........ ....... .. ................. ........ ........ .. .. ............ ..... ............. ........ ......... .... .... .. ........ ... .................. ....... ..... ................. .............. ........... ...................1 Mini Toolbar examples...........1 Attributes tab......... . ....................... ..... ... .. ... .......... ......... ...... ........... ..... ........ .................. . .... . .. 53 Extending and shortening parts.............................. ....6 Creating steel twin profiles...3 Tubular sections. ...... ........ ...... ........ 46 13.. ....... ........ ... .1 Snap switches........................ . .. ............... ......... ...... ................ .......... .... .......... ......... ........ ....... .............................4 8......... .................... ...... .... 56 16 Corner chamfers .................. . .. ......... .............. ..... 59 17. ....... 49 14.......... ..... ....... 49 14... .......... ... ........ ........... .....2 Bending parts. ................ .. .1 Moving start and end points. ..... 50 14. ....................................... . ..... ........................ ........... .......... ......... 40 11....... ............. ...... ........... .. .. .................... .... ... ... 35 9 Work area .................... .... . ......... .... ............... ... .............. .........1 Selection filters....... ........... ..... ................. ............. .......... ............ ..2 Dimensions in snapping . ........ ..... ..... . .......... .............................3 Creating curved steel beams . ..... 44 13 Part properties .. ..... ........ ... ...... ..................... .......... ...... .......... ....... ..... . .................... ....... 36 LESSON 3 39 11 Snapping ........................................ .................................... ......... .... .......................... ................. . .............. . ...................................... ................ ............. ............... . ................. ................................................ ............ ... .................. 51 14..... 61 Selection filter example .... ............... . ....... . ... .. ...... . ... ........... .... .......... ....1 Creating steel columns... ........... ..... ........ ....................... .. ....................... .. ... ....................................... ..... . ... 45 13..... ......... ................... ............................ ....... ... ..... ..... .............. ........ ....... ........... .......... ........ ..... ........ 34 Modifying grid lines ......... ......... 55 15...... .. ............. . 47 13. .......................5 Adding a grid line to an existing grid . ...... ................ .. . ..... ....... ........... ..5 Creating orthogonal steel beams . .. ........................ .. ..... ............... ............ 48 14 Steel parts . ..... 57 16.... ...... 50 14. .............. 42 12 Mini Toolbar.. 42 12........... 58 17 Selection switches ...... .................. ....... ........ . .. ........ .......... ................. . . . 51 14... .................. .... .. ....................... ... ........ ..3 Orthogonal snapping........... 41 11............ ......... .............................. ... . ............... ...... ....... .. ...... .... . ............ .... ... .. ... . ..... .... .................... ................ .. .......... .............. 61 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . ....... .. ............. ... ................. ..... ............. ................. ....... ...... 35 10 Creating plane views along grid lines ... ...... ........... ............... ...4 Creating steel polybeams.... ... ................ 55 15..2 Position tab . . .............. ...2 Customizing Mini Toolbar............. ............... 42 12..................... ..... . ...2 Creating steel beams ............................ .... .... .. ... 48 14.. ..... ..... .... ... ......... ... .................. ....8. .................. .......... ................................ ...................... . ............... ....... ............ ....3 Modifying part properties.. ..........1 Chamfering example..... ..... 51 15 Part modifications .............................. ......7 Creating steel contour plates ........................... ..................... .......... ..................... .... .. .... . 40 11... .......

.............6 Surface treatment ... ................. ...................... .................................. . .... ..............................................1 Bolt properties ..... 77 19............7 Copying from another model ......................................................... ............. ........ ............ ........................ 86 21.............................................. ...... ............10 Moving and rotating .............................................. ............... ................ ......................................................................... ................... .................................... ..2 Cut part with line.............. ................... ....................... .... 70 18..................................... ......... ................................ .... .................................... 62 LESSON 4 67 18 Copying and moving ......... ......... 82 21 Bolts ..........................1 Fit part end .... .. .. .................................. .......... .............................. .............................. .............................. ........ ....................4 Copying and mirroring ..... . .................. 76 18...11 Moving and mirroring.......... ............................................................ ...................... ...... ...... ........ ........................................ ................... .........................2 Creating a bolt group ................................ .......................... .......................... .... ...... ............................. ...........6 Copying to another object. ....... ............................. ..... 79 19................. ............. 78 19.... ......... ........... ... ..................................................5 Detailing multiple profiles.................. 81 20 Welds ............ 80 19........... 75 18........................ ...................................... . .. .... 69 18...1 Copying . ........ .............. . ............ ... ............ ................12 Moving to another plane ..... 83 Holes... ...... .....2 Selection examples .............................. ...... 77 19 Detailing profiles ...................5 Copying to another plane ..... ... ....................... ...................................... ............8 Moving ............... ...... ............................. ..................................... ..1 Creating welds between parts ............... ...................... ......................................... .... ........ ............... ...................... ...................... ........ 87 21................... 79 Solid error .......4 Inserting a divided bolt group . ............. 81 Adding surface treatment to selected area .... 73 18....... .......... . ............ .. ....................................................................................................................................................... .................... .........5 Creating slotted holes............................3 Copying and rotating ........ ........ ...................4 Cut part with a polygon.... 73 18................................ 85 21........2 Copying linearly .............. 77 18.. ............. .............. .......................... .......... .......... ............................ ............. . ............................... .................9 Moving linearly............................................... 70 18... . ......................... 87 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 3 .................................. ................................... .......... ..................... ..................... 83 21... .......... .... .. ..... .....................68 18............... .............. ................... .................. ..................... ...................... .... ...3 Cut part with another part .............. ....... ................... ........................... 87 21........... ........ ................................................................... ......... ..... .....................17....................... ................. ........... ...................... ............................................................ .13 Moving to another object ............................ .......... ............ .................... ... 81 19................................ .................. 71 18. ........ ........................... ............................................. 76 18.... .. 72 18.................... ................................................... .............. .......... ................................ 82 20............ ........................3 Modifying bolt groups ................... 74 18............................................................................ .......................... ................................ ..................... ..... 77 19..................... ..........

22 Splitting and combining parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
22.1 Splitting parts ........................................................................................................................................ 88 22.2 Combining parts.................................................................................................................................... 89

23 Points. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
23.1 Creating points along a line................................................................................................................... 90

24 Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
24.1 Creating an assembly ........................................................................................................................... 91 24.2 Creating a subassembly........................................................................................................................ 91 24.3 Adding objects to assemblies................................................................................................................ 91 24.4 Removing objects from assemblies ...................................................................................................... 92 24.5 Highlighting objects in an assembly...................................................................................................... 92 24.6 Assembly hierarchy............................................................................................................................... 93 24.7 Changing the assembly main part......................................................................................................... 93 24.8 Changing the main assembly................................................................................................................ 94 24.9 Creating assembly views ...................................................................................................................... 94 24.10 Assembly examples .............................................................................................................................. 95

LESSON 5

97

25 Modifying the work area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
25.1 Fit work area to selected parts.............................................................................................................. 98 25.2 Fit work area using two points............................................................................................................... 98 25.3 Fit work area to entire model in selected views .................................................................................... 99 25.4 Finding distant objects .......................................................................................................................... 99 25.5 Finding distant points ............................................................................................................................ 99 25.6 Finding distant reference models........................................................................................................ 100 25.7 Hide the work area lines...................................................................................................................... 100

26 Clip planes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
26.1 Creating clip planes............................................................................................................................. 101 26.2 Moving clip planes............................................................................................................................... 101 26.3 Deleting clip planes............................................................................................................................. 102

27 Work plane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
27.1 Set work plane parallel to a plane....................................................................................................... 103 27.2 Set work plane using three points....................................................................................................... 103 27.3 Set work plane parallel to view plane.................................................................................................. 104 27.4 Set work plane to top plane of a part .................................................................................................. 104

4

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

28 Advanced snapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
28.1 Numeric snapping................................................................................................................................ 104 28.2 Numeric location coordinates .............................................................................................................. 105 28.3 Using temporary reference points ....................................................................................................... 106 28.4 Locking coordinates............................................................................................................................. 106 28.5 Snapping examples ............................................................................................................................. 107

LESSON 6

115

29 Component catalog. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116 30 Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
30.1 Creating components .......................................................................................................................... 117 30.2 Component status ............................................................................................................................... 118 30.3 Modifying component properties ......................................................................................................... 118 30.4 Saving component properties.............................................................................................................. 118 30.5 Conceptual components...................................................................................................................... 119 Converting conceptual components................................................................................................ 119 30.6 Example............................................................................................................................................... 119 Creating a base plate detail ............................................................................................................ 119 Modifying the base plate detail ....................................................................................................... 120

31 Creating component default views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 32 Material catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
32.1 Adding a material grade ...................................................................................................................... 123 32.2 Deleting a material grade .................................................................................................................... 124

33 Profile catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
33.1 Adding profiles..................................................................................................................................... 125 33.2 Modifying profiles................................................................................................................................. 126 33.3 Deleting profiles................................................................................................................................... 126

34 Parametric profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 LESSON 7 129

35 Entering project information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130 36 Switching between single-user and multi-user modes . . . . . . . 131 37 Phase Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
37.1 Dividing the model into phases............................................................................................................ 133 37.2 Filtering phases ................................................................................................................................... 133 37.3 Switching phases................................................................................................................................. 133

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

5

37.4 Bolts in phases.................................................................................................................................... 133

38 Representing objects in model views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
38.1 Creating object representation settings............................................................................................... 134

39 Checking the model. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
39.1 Performing a clash check.................................................................................................................... 136 Setting a minimum clearance for bolts for a clash check ............................................................... 136 39.2 Flying through the model..................................................................................................................... 137 39.3 Checking using reports ....................................................................................................................... 138

40 Inquire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
40.1 Inquire object....................................................................................................................................... 139 Inquire object for bolts .................................................................................................................... 139 40.2 Inquire assembly objects..................................................................................................................... 140 40.3 Inquire welded parts............................................................................................................................ 140 40.4 Inquire center of gravity....................................................................................................................... 140

41 Measuring distances, angles, and bolt spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 LESSON 8 143

42 Custom components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
42.1 Custom component types ................................................................................................................... 144 42.2 Exploding components........................................................................................................................ 144 42.3 Defining custom components.............................................................................................................. 144 42.4 Exporting and importing ...................................................................................................................... 145

43 Reference models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
43.1 Inserting a reference model ................................................................................................................ 146 43.2 Hiding a reference model.................................................................................................................... 146 43.3 Updating a reference model................................................................................................................ 147 43.4 Detecting changes in reference models.............................................................................................. 147 Example ......................................................................................................................................... 148 43.5 Handling large reference models ........................................................................................................ 149

44 WebViewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
44.1 Publishing a model as a web page ..................................................................................................... 150

45 Tekla Structures Model Reviewer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
45.1 Opening a model in Model Reviewer .................................................................................................. 151

6

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

. 173 Round tube (23).................................................................................... ............................. . 159 46........................................................................................................................................ 169 Column two beams (3)......154 46.... 169 Joining plates (14)............................................... .................... ........................................................................................................... 173 Bolts in a part (1006).................................................. ..................................................................................................................... ...... .............................................. 157 Windbracing without using the roof plane view.......... ............................................. .........................3 Windbracing in a sloping roof ... 170 Base plate (1004)........ 174 Manlock beam (1033) ......... 172 Stub (1011) ......... ............. 164 Two-sided end plate (142) ....................................................... ..... ..................................................................................... .. ................................................ .......... ..................................... ............. ............................. 155 46.............................................6 Windbracing examples ........................ ...........5 Shortening examples. ........... 164 End plate (144) .................... 174 Array of objects (29)..................................... ...... ..... ................ ................................................................................... 168 Cranked beam (41)................... .. ..................................................... ............ 166 Bolted gusset (11).............. 154 46.......... .......................................................................................................................... 173 Manlock column (1032)..................................... ............................................................................................................ 172 Stanchion weld (85) ....................................... .......... 156 Making the view parallel to the sloping roof plane .............................................................. .............1 Windbracing in a front plane............... ..................................................................................................... ......... ........................................................................ ............................................ 165 Stiffened end plate (27)................................... .. ...................................................................... 159 46................................................... ..... 172 End plate (1002) ..............................................................................1 Steel components................... ......................................................... ... ......... ................ 157 46....................................................... ................................ 158 Checking windbracing.......................... .................... ........................................ ..................... ................................................................................................................ 165 Partial stiff end plate (65) ................................................... ................................................ 160 LESSON 10 163 47 Component examples.............. ........................................... ...................................................... 156 Moving the work plane parallel to the roof plane ................ ... ................................... ..................... 170 Stiffeners (1003) ...................... .................................. ........................................................................................................ ............................................ 168 Haunch (40) ............ ..................................................................2 Windbracing in a straight roof plane ........................................ ........ 156 Windbracing using the roof plane view ........ .... 167 Column seating (39)........................................................................................................................ .................................................................................................. .................. 169 Stub (28) ............................................................ ......................................................................... ........ ......... 166 Central gusset (169) ...... 174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 7 ..164 47.. ...... ........................................................ .............................................. ...............................................4 Shortening windbracing ................................................................................... ........... ................................. 170 Base plate (1029)...................................................... ......LESSON 9 153 46 Windbracing .......................................................

.......................................... 178 48.................................. ............................................... 180 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ................... ....................... 178 48....... ........................................... .................. ...............................4 Searching for Help topics.. 179 Viewing the search results ...................................................... ..1 Opening Tekla Structures Help ......................................................................................... 179 48............. ........... 178 48.......................................... ..................... ....... .. ...................... ............................... ..................... .. ....3 Finding Help topics using the index ..................... ..... ............ ........................ .......... .................... .. ............. ......LESSON 11 177 48 Using Tekla Structures Help ............ ...5 Saving favorite Help topics.............2 Browsing Help topics by subject ........................... 179 Using search filters............ ................... 178 48................ ...

Introduction Tekla Structures is Building Information Modeling (BIM) software that enables the creation and management of accurately detailed and highly constructable 3D structural models regardless of material or structural complexity. erection. and construction management. Each training day contains several exercises so you will learn to apply what you have learned in theory. you will be taught the basic principles of Tekla Structures. it is separately indicated. Tekla helps all new Tekla Structures users to get started and to maintain their development. materials. connection types. Tekla models can be used to cover the entire building process from conceptual design to fabrication. During the basic training course. The 3D structural model includes the geometry and design of the structure.com) for all our customers with a valid maintenance agreement. etc. Consequently. When the material is available also in the Tekla Structures software via the help menu. but you can also use it on your own after the training course. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 9 . In addition. dimensions and marks are always correct. The instructor will show the correct solution to each exercise. Tekla Structures drawings and reports are integrated with the models. and all the information about profiles and cross sections. Drawings and reports can be created at any stage of the project and updated according to the changes in the model. structural analysis. You can freely ask the the instructor questions to make sure you have understood each point correctly.tekla. Tekla provides online learning material so the users can learn how to benefit from version improvements and adapt to using the new features. This training manual is intended to be used during a basic Tekla Structures training course. The following learning and support material is available on the Tekla Extranet (https:// extranet. Our well-defined training course is a jump start to Tekla Structures software and helps to maximize using Tekla Structures to its full potential.

Dutch. German. Spanish. Japanese. Spanish. French. French. French. German. Modeling Cast-in-place Concrete Detailing.Type Training manuals Material Steel Detailing. Russian.tekla. Chinese English Help > Learning Center > First Steps with Tekla Structures Extranet: Self-learning > Interactive tutorials & videos http://www. Swedish. Drawings Language English.com/topnewfeatures Extranet: Self-learning > Interactive tutorials & videos More videos and tutorials 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Dutch. Modeling Precast Concrete Detailing. Spanish. Japanese. Modeling Steel Detailing. German. Russian. Chinese English. Finnish. Dutch. Drawings Engineering. Russian. Italian. French. Italian. Italian.tekla.com/firststeps Help > Learning Center > Top New Features Top New Features Videos Extranet: Self-learning > Interactive tutorials & videos http://www. Drawings Construction Management Cast-in-place Concrete Detailing. Dutch. Italian. Spanish. Japanese. Modeling Engineering. Drawings Precast Concrete Detailing. Russian. Japanese. Chinese Location Extranet: Self-learning > Manuals & instructions English Product documentation Help file Manuals in PDF format Release Notes Quick reference guide to Tekla Structures Keyboard shortcuts English. Chinese Help > Tekla Structures Help Extranet: Self-learning > Manuals & instructions Help > Release Notes Extranet: Self-learning > Manuals & instructions Extranet: Self-learning > Manuals & instructions Videos and tutorials First Steps with Tekla Structures Interactive Tutorial English. German.

French. Chinese Extranet: Product TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 11 . Japanese.Type Other support material Material Start-up checklist Frequently Asked Questions Discussion Forum Product Information Language English Location Extranet: Self-learning > Start-up checklist Extranet: Self-learning > Questions & answers Extranet: Discussion Forum English. German.

12 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

and save a model how to move around in the model what views are and how they are created how to use the common buttons in the dialog boxes > LESSON 1 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 13 .LESSON 1 In this lesson. open. you will learn the following things: • • • • • how to start Tekla Structures how to create.

role and environment you want to use. LESSON 1 Creating a new model To create a new model: 1.0.. Go to the Tekla Structures 16. The New dialog box opens. 4.0 menu item and click Tekla Structures 16. for example. Click Create a new model in the Learn Tekla Structures dialog box. The Tekla Structures . 5. tutorials and quick guides. 3.1 Starting Tekla Structures 1. 2. 14 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. select the license. Click All Programs.. the Learn Tekla Structures dialog box opens. Click the Windows Start button. In the dialog box. or click File > New.Login dialog box opens. 2 Creating a new model When Tekla Structures starts. Click OK to start Tekla Structures. The dialog box contains useful links to.

In the Model type list. : | ) in model names. select either Single-user or Multi-user. Click OK. . 4.\TeklaStructuresModels folder. Define the folder where you want to save your model.. to browse for the model folder. 3.. If you want to save the model in another folder. Enter the name of the model in the Model name box. click Browse. By default. enter the server name.2. If you select Multi-user. Do not use special characters ( / \ . 5. Tekla Structures creates a 3D view using standard view properties. LESSON 1 Creating a new model TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 15 .. Tekla Structures saves the models in the .

LESSON 1 Opening a model 16 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . or ..3 Opening a model 1. The Open dialog box opens.. Click File > Open.

1 Model created in a previous version Tekla Structures displays a warning when you open a model that was created in a previous Tekla Structures version. You can open and edit the model with the Tekla Structures version in which the model was initially created.The information in the Designer and Description columns comes from the Project Properties dialog box. 17 .. The Model name list contains the recently used models. 2. Click OK to open the model. If you edit the model and want to save it. If you click No. If your model is in another folder. 3.\TeklaStructuresModels folder. Select the model. click Browse. the following warning appears: You have two options: • • TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Opening a model If you click Yes. 3. You can open the model by clicking OK. or use the Look in list with the recently used folders. the model is not saved. Tekla Structures searches for models in the .. the model is saved and it cannot be opened with the previous Tekla Structures version anymore.. to browse for the model folder. By default.

3. If you want to save the model in a different folder.1 Saving a model with a different name To save a copy of a model with a different name: 1. to browse for the folder. > General. Custom components and drawings created in an older version may not work properly in the new Tekla Structures version. In the Save as dialog box. 4. click File > Save. Autosave also automatically saves your work at regular intervals. Enter the new model name in the Model name box.. Click File > Save as... This topic introduces some of them.. LESSON 1 Saving a model 18 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 5 Moving around in the view There are several tools you can use to change what you see in a view.. 4. To set the autosave interval. You should also save your model regularly to avoid losing any work. click OK to save the model. 4 Saving a model Tekla Structures prompts you to save the open model when you close Tekla Structures. Autosave automatically saves your model and drawings at set intervals. Tekla Structures saves the model and the message database stored appears on the status bar. To save the model.. to open the Save as dialog box. click Browse. click Tools > Options > Options. or click .It is recommended that you complete any models you have started using your current Tekla Structures version. 2.

Pick the center of rotation.. 5.5. Use the mouse wheel to zoom in and out in the model: scroll forward to zoom in. There are several types of views. hold down the middle mouse button.1 Zooming The zoom tools allow you to focus in on a particular area. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Views 19 . click and drag the model to move it anywhere in the view window. Hold down the Ctrl key and drag with the middle mouse button to rotate the model. To activate or disable the middle button pan.1 View properties To define the view properties. Each view is displayed in its own window in the Tekla Structures. 3. or pull out for a wider view.3 Rotating 1.. use the keyboard shortcut V. scroll backward to zoom out. The View Properties dialog box opens.2 Panning To pan. 5. To set the center of rotation. There is a checkmark next to the menu option when the middle button pan is active. click Tools > Options > Middle Button Pan. click View > View Properties. or Shift + M. When the pointer changes to a hand symbol. For example. you can create views • • • • of the entire model of selected parts and components of selected assemblies and cast units along grid lines. 6 Views A view is a representation of a model from a specific location. You can also zoom by clicking View > Zoom and selecting an option. 2.. 6.

View type defines the appearance of the view. Switch between the Orthogonal and Perspective projection. Tekla Structures only saves named views. Rotation angle around the z axis. View depth upwards from the view plane. The view type options are Rendered and Wire frame.The View Properties dialog box contains the following options: Option Name Description Name of the view. Color and transparency settings that are applied to object groups in all views. You should give a view a unique name if you need to open it in later sessions. Switch between the 3D and Plane angle. The options are available only in the rendered view type. Angle Projection Rotation around Z Rotation around X View type Color and transparency in all views View depth: Up View depth: Down Visibility of object types LESSON 1 Views Visible object group 20 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Rotation angle around the x axis. When you exit the model. The objects within the displayed depth and the work area are visible in the model View depth downwards from the view plane. The objects within the displayed depth and the work area are visible in the model Define the visibility and representation of object types. Define the visibility of object groups.

The Display dialog box contains the Settings and Advanced tabs. and then click Display. click View > View Properties...2 Display You can define visibility and representation settings of object types in the Display dialog box.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Views 21 . Settings tab You can define the visibility of object types in the Settings tab. You can also define the representation settings of model parts and components. To open the Display dialog box.6. in the View Properties dialog box..

LESSON 1 Views 22 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . This option increases display speed significantly and consumes less system memory. In view does not. washers. part labels and connection texts in the Advanced tab. and nuts as solids. In model increases the point size on the screen when you zoom in. Exact shows bolts. change the Point size to 1000 or 1500. part reference line.The Fast option is the recommended representation mode for bolts. The Fast option displays the axis and a cross to represent the bolt head. You can also define the size of points in views. Sometimes the work area in the model can be huge because points are positioned far away from the origin of the model. Advanced tab You can define the visibility of a part center line. To easily locate these points for deletion.

Click OK. Select plane from the list next to the Load button. 3. to open the Create Basic Click View > Create View of Model > Basic View.. 5. Click View > Create View of Model > Basic View.. The third axis is perpendicular to the view plane. 4. The properties are changed. 2.e. The active properties of the View Properties dialog box are used in the view.4 Creating a top view 1. Moving a plane in a top view Click Create to create the top view... In the basic plane view. if you want that the plane view is at level +4500. i. Click Load.. LESSON 1 Views To move a plane in a top view: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 23 . or View dialog box.. In basic views two axes always define the view plane and they appear in the plane name. Select the plane parallel to the view plane. For example. 2. Click Create. xz. or The Create Basic View dialog box opens. to open the View Properties dialog box. 6. Click View > View Properties. 6.3 Creating a basic view Basic views are those parallel to the global basic planes. 4. Enter the level distance in the Coordinate box. To create a basic view: 1. the model is shown from the direction of that third axis. . and zy. It does not appear in the plane name. Enter the level coordinate of the view plane. Tekla Structures creates the basic view. xy.6. 3. enter 4500 in the box.

The plane moves. Click the view. The View Properties dialog box opens. 2.1. Right-click and select Move Special > Linear. Click OK. 24 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 6. 4. Pick the first point on a grid line. Enter the moving distance in the dZ box and click Move. Two arrows appear. LESSON 1 Views When the direction is correct. A new view is created. 3. Click Yes. A red frame appears in the edge of the view. 2. pick the second point on the grid line.Linear dialog box opens. Hold down the Shift key and click View > Create View of Model > Using Two Points or ..5 Creating a grid view using two points 1. The Move . The arrows indicate the direction of the view. 3. Selet the Plane setting from the list next to the Load button and click Load. The view is now selected. If you want to change the name of the view. 4. 5.. The Confirm View Move dialog box opens.. double-click the view and enter the name in the View Properties dialog box. The view properties are changed.

The view is created. 3. 2. Pick the first point to indicate the origin of the view plane. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Views 25 . Pick the third point to indicate the direction of the view y axis. views perpendicular to a plane of a part. 5.6. 4. for example. Hold down the Shift key and click View > Create View of Model > Using Three Points to open the View Properties dialog box. Pick the second point to indicate the direction of the view x axis. Define the properties and click OK. To create a view: 1.6 Creating a view using three points You can use the Create View of Model > Using Three Points command to create.

click View > View List. close. or .. LESSON 1 Views The Named views list contains the named views that are closed. closing. and delete named views in the Views dialog box. To open the dialog box.6.7 Opening. and deleting named views You can open. 26 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 ..

Tekla Structures highlights the objects in yellow. Use the shortcuts Ctrl + 1. use the Shift and Ctrl keys when you select views.5 to set the desired representation for parts in the model and components.5 and Shift + 1. select them and click the arrow to move the views to the Visible views list. Closing views Deleting views To close a view. hold down the Ctrl key. select the view and click Delete.Opening views To open views. To turn Rollover highlight on and off. press H or click Tools > Options > Rollover highlight... To deselect views.. so that you can easily see which objects you can select. move the view to the Named views list.9 Changing part representation in model views In rendered views. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Views 27 . To delete a view. 6. The number of the named views is unlimited. but the maximum number of open views is nine.. 6. you can define separately how Tekla Structures displays parts and component objects. To select multiple views on lists.8 Rollover highlight As you move the mouse pointer over objects in rendered model views.

28 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . but does not retain the properties in the dialog box. Closes the dialog box without retaining the properties in the dialog box or modifying objects. Tekla Structures takes the properties from one of the selected objects. Fills the dialog box with the properties of the selected object. LESSON 1 Common buttons Modifies the selected objects using the properties in the dialog box. Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type.Example Shaded wireframe (Ctrl + 2) Rendered (Ctrl + 4) 7 Common buttons Most of the Tekla Structures dialog boxes contain common buttons. The common buttons are: Button Description Retains the properties in the dialog box without closing the dialog box. When you select several objects. These buttons mean the same thing in all dialog boxes. Displays the help topics for the dialog box. Creates a new object using the properties in the dialog box.

Button Description Retains the properties in the dialog box and closes the dialog box. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 1 Common buttons 29 . Tekla Structures uses these properties the next time you create an object of this type. Toggles all the modify filter check boxes in the dialog box on and off.

30 LESSON 1 Common buttons TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • • • how to create and modify grids what the work area is how to create plane views along grid lines > LESSON 2 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 31 .LESSON 2 In this lesson.

Tekla Structures creates a default grid which can be modified. When you create a new model. Using grids makes it easy to create a model and to locate objects in the model. You can have one or more grids for one model. You can also create single grid lines and attach them to an existing grid. or click The Grid dialog box opens. LESSON 2 32 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .8 Grids The Tekla Structures grids are rectangular and they are shown on the view plane by dash-anddot lines.. Click Modeling > Create Grid. . 8. You can create one large grid for the entire model and one or more smaller grids for detailed sections.1 Creating grids 1..

. The Grid dialog box opens.2 Creating a second grid You can create a second grid with a different origin. You can lock the grid parameters to prevent accidental changes. 3. Enter the grid coordinates and labels. The coordinates in the x and y directions are relative distances. 3. 8. To lock the grid parameters. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 2 33 . Note that the origin must be different from the origin of the first grid. • Select Magnetic grid plane to bind objects to grid lines. and z coordinates and the labels for the grid lines. button and choose Yes from the Locked list.. Enter the origin coordinate values in the x0. Click Close. 4. y. Click Modeling > Create Grid.2.0 coordinate. Use spaces to separate the coordinate values.. Adjust the grid properties by entering the x. The coordinates in the z direction are absolute distances. You must have already created a grid before you begin creating a second grid. click the User-defined attributes. 2.. To create a second grid: 1. and z0 boxes in the Origin area. Click Create. You can also click a point in the view and set it as the origin.. • 4. You now have two grids with different origins. 5. Enter zero as the first coordinate value to show the first grid line on the 0. Adjust other grid properties if necessary. y0. Click OK.

You can create a new grid and rotate the grid according to a shifted work plane. Pick the starting point of the grid line. 2. The current work plane is model specific so it is related to all views.3 Creating a grid on a shifted work plane The current work plane defines the local coordinate system of a Tekla Structures model. This makes it easier to model in the shifted work plane. You can shift the current work plane to any position by picking three points. Pick the end point of the grid line. Select an existing grid to attach the grid line to. 3.8. 8. 4.4 Adding a grid line to an existing grid 1. 34 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . LESSON 2 Click Modeling > Add Grid Line.

Objects outside the work area are invisible but they still exist in the model. It is located at the global point of origin. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 2 Work area 35 . Activate the Select grid line selection switch Double-click the grid line you want to modify. You can define the work area to suit any particular situation. 9 Work area The work area is the primary area where you can edit the model. 4. For instance.8. 2. . The green cube in a model view represents the global coordinate system. Work area The arrow symbol indicates the work plane. The Grid Line Properties dialog box opens. you can concentrate on just one area of the model or the complete model. Tekla Structures indicates the work area of a view using green dashed lines. 3. Click Modify. Make the necessary modifications in the Grid Line Properties dialog box.5 Modifying grid lines 1.

The direction of all views is -x.10 Creating plane views along grid lines 1. and -z... 2. LESSON 2 Creating plane views along grid lines 4. Define the settings you need. Click View > Create View of Model > Along Grid Lines. +y. For instance. The Views dialog box opens. Move views from the Named views list to the Visible views list. 36 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 3. you can define the number of views and the view name prefixes.. The Creation of Views Along Grids Lines dialog box opens. Click Create.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 2 Creating plane views along grid lines 37 .

38 LESSON 2 Creating plane views along grid lines TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

LESSON 3 In this lesson. > LESSON 3 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 39 . you will learn the following things: • • • • • • how to snap on points how to use and customize Mini Toolbar how to create parts such as columns and beams how to modify parts how to create chamfers in part corners how to control the selection of objects.

polyline segments. LESSON 3 40 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Snap switches help you to pick points to position objects precisely without having to know the coordinates or create additional lines or points. arcs. as you move the mouse pointer it locks to the closest point and the pointer changes to a cross-hair symbol.1 Snap switches Snap switches specify exact locations on objects. You can use snap switches any time Tekla Structures prompts you to specify a point. and arcs. Snaps to intersections of lines. Snaps to the nearest points on objects. This is called snapping. Snaps to end points of lines. The snap switches are located in the Snapping toolbar. To make it easier for you to pick points. if you are creating a beam. and arcs. Button Description Snaps to points and grid line intersections. end points. Snaps to the line extensions of nearby objects. and circles. polyline segments. Snaps to points on objects that form a perpendicular alignment with another object. and intersections. for example. Snaps to midpoints of lines. polyline segments. for example. Snaps to any position. e. 11. Snaps to centers of circles and arcs.11 Snapping Many Tekla Structures tools prompt you to pick points to position objects in a model. any point on part edges or lines.g. midpoints.

and the edges of existing objects. the points that have handles. Zoom level affects the precision of snapping. 11. you can see the dimensions when you snap to points. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 41 . zoom in. reference lines.Button Description Snaps to grid lines. i. To snap on smaller distances. You can pick the object reference points. You can pick any points on objects.2 Dimensions in snapping When you create objects. This is useful for creating beams of certain length. for example..e.

135. 45. 90. 12 Mini Toolbar You can modify the most common properties of modeling objects with the Mini Toolbar. The Mini Toolbar appears next to the mouse pointer. You can change the position of the toolbar by dragging it and locking it to a new position with the lock button in the top right corner.11. The Mini Toolbar appears next to the mouse pointer when you select an object and fades out when you move the mouse further away or change the selection. 180 degrees. LESSON 3 Mini Toolbar 42 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . etc.). 12.1 Mini Toolbar examples Modifying the profile In this example we modify the profile of a column using the Mini Toolbar: 1. Select the column.3 Orthogonal snapping Use the shortcut O (Tools > Ortho) to snap to positions in orthogonal directions on the work plane (0.

Move the pointer over the Mini Toolbar. Modify the profile in the Mini Toolbar and press enter. Changing part position In this example we modify the position of a beam using the Mini Toolbar: 1.2. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Mini Toolbar 43 . 3. The profile of the column is changed. Click in the Mini Toolbar. A window with additional options appears.

use the round selection dial. 12. To change the overall position of the beam.Part orientation Position selection dial Rotation angle knob Angle Plane offset Depth offset 2. and by adding macros and user-defined attributes to the toolbar. click and drag the green rotation angle knob. 3. To change the rotation angle. Plane offset. enter a value in the corresponding box. 2. or Depth offset. LESSON 3 Mini Toolbar 44 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Click and drag to select a position. 4. To change the Angle.2 Customizing Mini Toolbar You can customize the Mini Toolbar by selecting which commands are visible. To customize the Mini Toolbar: 1. Click to open the Customize Mini Toolbar dialog box. Select an object and move the mouse pointer on the Mini Toolbar.

LESSON 3 Part properties TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 45 . The basic options of the Attributes and Position tabs are described in this section. 13 Part properties In addition to the Mini Toolbar. or click Modeling > Properties and select an option. 5.3. double-click the button of the part. 4. When you have finished customizing the Mini Toolbar. a Select a macro or user-defined attribute from the list. The Preview area shows what the toolbar will look like. In addition. Select the elements you want to show or hide in the Mini Toolbar. you can use the part properties dialog box to view or modify the properties of a part. Add macros and user-defined attributes to the Mini Toolbar. click OK. b Click Add to Mini Toolbar to add the macro or user-defined attribute to the list of visible elements. instructions on how to modify part properties are provided. To open a part properties dialog box.

Finish is user-definable. Enter the material of the part. Tekla Structures uses part names in reports and drawing lists. Use Class to group parts wit different colors.1 Attributes tab The Attributes tab includes options for entering the name and defining the material of the part. or lists.13. to enter user-defined attrubutes. and to identify parts of the same type. for example. Click the button next to the box to select the material from the catalog.. Click the button next to the box to select the profile from the catalog.. with fire retardant coating. Option Name Description The name of the part is user-definable. Click User-defined attributes. text. beams or columns Enter the profile of the part. for example. It describes how the part surface has been treated. User-defined attributes provide extra information about a part. Attributes can consist of numbers. Profile / Shape Material Finish Class User-defined attributes LESSON 3 Part properties 46 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . for example.

relative to the picked point. You can enter positive and negative values. Option Position Levels Description The Position area contains options for defining the location of the part relative to its reference point or the work plane. For example. relative to its reference line. Use end offsets to move the ends of a part.13. End offset TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Part properties 47 . columns). The available options vary from part to part. you can enter the positions of the part ends. in the global z direction. the height of a column is defined with the entered values. Use Top to define the position of the second end. For parts that you create by picking only one point (for example.2 Position tab The Position tab contains options for defining the placement of the part. Use Bottom to define the position of the first end.

Click Modify to apply the modified properties to the part.Option Curved beam Mutual position of members Description Define the curvature of the part by entering the radius and the plane of curvature. see Mini Toolbar (p. 3. 48 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The modified properties are used when you create parts of the same type. Modify the properties as required. 2. the modified properties are retained and will be used the next time you create parts of the same type. Modifying properties of a created part 1. 3. If you click OK to close the dialog box. Modify the properties as required. or select a command from the Modeling menu. Double-click a part.3 Modifying part properties You can modify part properties before you create parts. enter values in the Horizontal and Vertical boxes. The Position tab in the Twin Profile Properties dialog box contains the Mutual postion of members area. • • 2. holding down the Shift key and clicking the button of the part. 13. Click Apply or OK. 4. Click Cancel to close the dialog box. Select an option from the Twin profile type list to define how the profiles are combined. The part properties dialog box opens. 14 Steel parts LESSON 3 Steel parts You can create steel parts by using the buttons in the Steel toolbar. 42). or clicking Modeling > Properties and selecting an option. Open the part properties dialog box either by • double-clicking the button of the part. A quick way to modify the properties of a part is using the mini toolbar. For more information. You can also modify properties of created parts. Modifying properties before creating parts 1. To define the clearances between the profiles.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Steel parts 49 . Creates a steel beam orthogonal to the work plane in a picked position. Creates a twin profile between two picked points. Beam Polybeam Curved Beam Contour Plate Orthogonal Beam Twin Profile 14. Creates a contour plate based on picked positions forming a contour. Creates a steel beam between two picked points.2 Creating steel beams You can create steel beams. 2. Creates a steel beam with its radius defined by three picked points. 3. Pick a point to create the column. plates and tubes with the Create beam command. 2. wind bracings. 14. button. The beam is created. To create a steel beam: 1.Button Command Column Description Creates a steel column at a picked position. Creates a steel beam consisting of straight and curved segments. A twin profile consists of two beams. Pick the end point. Click the Create beam Pick the starting point.1 Creating steel columns 1. Click the Create column button. compression bars.

Do not enter any values for the radius or the number of segments in the polybeam properties. Double-click the end point. Use the chamfer feature to create the curved sections. For curved beams. 2. The polybeam is created. The curved steel beam is created. For more information.When you create horizontal parts such as beams be consistent and always pick points from left to right. 14. This ensures that Tekla Structures places and dimensions the parts in the same way in drawings. 3. button. see Corner chamfers (p. Curved sections LESSON 3 Steel parts You can create curved sections for polybeams. because it will have a negative effect on the output. Click the Create polybeam Pick the points you want the beam to go through. you can enter values for the radius or the number of segments. To create a curved steel beam: 1. 14. and from bottom to top. or click the middle mouse button to finish picking.4 Creating steel polybeams A polybeam is a part which runs through several points. The radius of the curved beam is automatically calculated on the basis of the picked points.3 Creating curved steel beams A curved beam is a beam which runs through three points. and that part marks automatically appear at the same part end. Pick the end point. 3. 2. button. Click the Create curved beam Pick the starting point. Pick a point on the arc. 50 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 4. 57). To create a steel polybeam: 1.

2. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Orthogonal Beam. 4. 3. The twin profile is created. To create a steel contour plate: 1. Pick the end point. To create a steel twin profile: 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Steel parts 51 . Fit them afterwards or connect them by using a component (2). To create an orthogonal steel beam: 1. 2. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Twin Profile. 14. 2.7 Creating steel contour plates Contour plates are free-form shaped plates. 14. Pick the starting point again to create the contour plate. You define the positions of both beams by selecting the twin profile type and setting the clearance between the beams in two directions.6 Creating steel twin profiles A twin profile consists of two identical beams.5 Creating orthogonal steel beams Orthogonal beams are positioned orthogonally to the work plane. 14.To ensure that you will have correct information in NC files. Click the Create contour plate button. Pick the starting point. create polybeams a little shorter than needed (1). Pick the position of the beam. 3. Pick the points of the contour plate. Pick the starting point.

To set the contour plate orientation: 1. First picked point Second picked point 2. 3. This enables you to manually define the plate orientation in drawings and reports.. Select From 1st to 2nd creation point from the Main axis direction list. The first and second points you pick define the main axis of the plate. Click the User-defined-attributes. button and go to the Orientation tab.Setting contour plate orientation You can set the contour plate main axis to follow the line created by the first and second points you pick. Double-click the plate to open the Contour Plate Properties dialog box. Create the contour plate. LESSON 3 Steel parts 52 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. 4.

Click Modify and OK to close the dialog box. 6. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 3 Part modifications 53 . 15 Part modifications This section provides information on part modifications. The user-defined attribute Main axis direction is From 1st to 2nd creation point. Create a single-part drawing of the contour plate to view the orientation. 7. The following topics are explained: • • • Moving start and end points Bending parts Tubular sections 15. Click OK to close the properties dialog box.1 Moving start and end points When you select a part. It is important to know how the local coordinate system of the part is set up when you move the reference points of the part. The user-defined attribute Main axis direction is Automatic. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Number Modified Objects to update numbering.5. 8. you can see its start point in yellow and end point in magenta.

Start point End point You can use the boxes in the End Offset area located in the part properties dialog box to move the reference points of the part. LESSON 3 Part modifications 54 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

2. Extending and shortening parts 1. Ensure that the Snap to part extension lines switch is active. You can see the dimension of extension or shortening when you drag the handle.It is not recommended to use the boxes in the End Offset area for extending or shortening parts. click Tools > Options > Drag and Drop. the D letter is displayed in the status bar. panels and strip footings. 15. 3. Drag the handle along the blue dashed line (the line extension of the part). You can see the part handles when the part is selected. This way you do not change the orientation of the part. or press the D key.2 Bending parts You can create curved parts by defining a radius and the plane of curvature in the part properties dialog box. Select the part which you want to extend or shorten. To bend a part: LESSON 3 Part modifications TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 55 . When Drag and Drop is enabled. the Drag and Drop feature must be enabled. To extend or shorten parts by dragging. You can bend beams. To activate Drag and Drop. Drag a handle to extend or shorten the part.

Chord tolerance is the maximum difference between a straight segment used to display a tubular section in model views and the actual tubular section: Use the following advanced options in Tools > Options > Advanced Options. which is relative to the current work plane. 5. Enter the number of segments. > Speed and Accuracy to control the chord tolerance: LESSON 3 Part modifications • XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_SMALL_TUBE_SIZE_LIMIT Use to define the limit that determines whether a tube is considered small when calculating the chord tolerance. 3. Define the plane of curvature. 4.0. Double-click the part to open the part properties dialog box and check the Curved beam area. The value is compared to the diameter of the profile.1. the less angular the part appears. The more segments. Enter the radius in the Radius box. 15. The number of segments determines how realistic the curved part looks.. Enter the value in millimeters. 56 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 2. Click Modify to bend the part.3 Tubular sections The number of segments Tekla Structures uses to display tubular sections in model views is calculated as a function of the diameter of each section and the allowed chord tolerance. The default value is 50..

0. • XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_FOR_SMALL_TUBE_SEGMENTS Use to define the chord tolerance for round tubes smaller than or equal to the limit set by the advanced option XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_SMALL_TUBE_SIZE_LIMIT. strip footings. contour plates. The end points of a part do not have corner chamfers. The handles that you select must be at corner points or between two segments of a part.0. The default value is 1. resulting in slightly different part solids. Changing them automatically recreates the tubular sections in the model when you restart Tekla Structures. which does not change the geometry of the part.• XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_FOR_TUBE_SEGMENTS Use to define the chord tolerance for round tubes larger than the limit set by the advanced option XS_CHORD_TOLERANCE_SMALL_TUBE_SIZE_LIMIT. You can use the Chamfer command to shape the following parts: concrete and steel polybeams. by default it has a rectangular chamfer at each corner. which may affect numbering. 16 Corner chamfers Some part corners can be chamfered. When Tekla Structures creates a part. The default value is 1. Enter the value in millimeters. Default chamfer LESSON 3 Corner chamfers Modified chamfers TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 57 . Do not change the chord tolerance settings during a project. and concrete panels. concrete slabs. Enter the value in millimeters.

to open the dialog box. Double-click the handle on the slab corner to open the Chamfer Properties dialog box.. Moves the bottom surface of the part corner in the local z direction of the part.1 Chamfering example To modify the thickness of a slab corner: 1. The second dimension of straight chamfers. 2. The Chamfer Properties dialog box contains the following options: Option Type x y dz1 dz2 Description Defines the shape of the chamfer. Moves the top surface of the part corner in the local z direction of the part. The dimension of the chamfer. 3. or double-click an existing chamfer.Tekla Structures creates chamfers using the active properties in the Chamfer Properties dialog box. The thickness of the corner is modified. Click Modify. Enter the values in the dz1 and dz2 boxes. LESSON 3 Corner chamfers 58 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. Click Detailing > Properties > Chamfer > Part Corner Chamfer. 16.

except for single bolts. beams. Select parts. The selection switches are described below: Button Description Turns all switches on. such as columns. and plates. The selection switches are located in the Selecting toolbar. LESSON 3 Selection switches TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 59 .17 Selection switches You can control object selection by using the selection switches. Select component symbols. Select all object types. Select surface treatments.

Tekla Structures selects the assembly or cast unit and highlights all objects in the same assembly or cast unit. Select selection filters. Select distances. When you click any object in an assembly or a cast unit. LESSON 3 Selection switches 60 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . and polygon cuts. Select single grid lines. Select model views. line. Create your own selection filters. The list lists both standard and userdefined selection filters. Select entire bolt groups by selecting one bolt in the group. Select point. part. Select welds. area. Objects created automatically by a component can be selected. Select single bolts. Select planes. Select line. and fittings. and uniform loads. Tekla Structures selects the component symbol and highlights (does not select) all component objects. Select reinforcing bars and bar groups. Select single objects in assemblies and cast units. When you click any object belonging to a component. Select entire grids by selecting one line in the grid.Button Description Select points.

. Find a filter which has close to the same settings as you need.Selection Filter dialog box.. you can only select columns in the model. then OK to exit. button. to open the Click the Selection Filter Object Group . to open the Click the Selection Filter Object Group . Selection filter example In this example we create a selection filter that selects parts whose class is two: 1.Selection Filter dialog box. for example. LESSON 3 Selection switches TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 61 . Click Delete all to remove all the rows. button. 2. the columns filter. 3.17.Selection Filter dialog box Defining your own filters To define your own filters: 1. You can now choose the new filter from the list. or click Edit > Selection Filter. 4..1 Selection filters Tekla Structures contains several selection filters by default. then enter a new name in the Save as box. The Selection Filter list lists the standard and user-defined filters. If you use. or click Edit > Selection Filter. Click Save as. Selection filters Click to open the Object Group . Modify the settings.. By using selection filters you can select particular objects. Click Add row. 2. 3.

Enter 2. In the box next to the Save as button. 7.2 Selection examples Copying an assembly A beam has an end plate detail (component 1002). Two zinc coated holes have been added to the end plate manually. 9.Now the Object Group . Click Save as to save the selection filter. 8. Use the selection filter to select the parts whose class is two. Click the box in the Property column to show the list arrow. 5. Open the list and select Class.Selection Filter dialog box contains one row where you can define the filter. enter Class_2. 6. Click the box in the Value column. 4. LESSON 3 Selection switches 62 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 17.

The Select assemblies switch must be active if you want to copy the whole assembly (the beam with the end plate and the holes).

Scrolling assembly levels

To define the level on which to select objects in nested components or assemblies, hold down the Shift key and scroll with the mouse wheel. Level 0 is the highest assembly level.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

LESSON 3 Selection switches

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Level 0 Level 1 The level of the selected assembly is displayed in the status bar. Level 0:

Level 1:

Selecting objects for reports

A beam has two end plates.

When you generate reports, drawings, NC files or other types of output of the beam, you should use the Select objects in components information of the beam and the end plates. switch to select all objects. The report displays

LESSON 3 Selection switches

switch selects objects at the highest level. The end plates The Select components created by a component are highlighted but are not selected, and the information of them is not displayed in the report.

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TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

LESSON 3 Selection switches

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66 LESSON 3 Selection switches TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • • • • • • • how to copy and move objects how to detail profiles how to create welds how to use bolts how to split and combine parts how to create points how to work with assemblies > LESSON 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 67 .LESSON 4 In this lesson.

Edit > Copy Special > Mirror.. Mirrors the object and moves it through a specified plane. LESSON 4 68 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .. Moving relocates the existing object. Edit > Move Special > Rotate.. Description Moves selected objects... Copying creates a new object. copy move Tekla Structures has the following options for copying and moving components: Command Edit > Copy or Ctrl + C Edit > Copy Special > Linear.. Edit > Copy Special > To Another Plane Edit > Copy Special > To Another Object Edit > Copy Special > From Another Model. Moving can be used to relocate the original component to a new place in the model. Edit > Move Special > Mirror. Copies selected objects from another model. Creates a copy and rotates it either around a specified line on a work plane or around the work plane z axis.18 Copying and moving You can copy and move objects linearly. Description Copies selected objects Creates copies of selected objects at a specified distance from the original. Creates a copy on another plane using three specified points... with rotation. Moves selected objects a specified distance. and with mirroring. Command Edit > Move or Ctrl + M Edit > Move Special > Linear.. leaving the existing object in its original position. Copies selected objects from one object to another.. Edit > Copy Special > Rotate. Creates a mirrored copy of an object through a specified plane..... Moves the object and rotates it either around a specified line on a work plane or around the work plane Z axis.

18. The objects are copied immediatelly. 2. Select the objects to copy.1 Copying 1. Click Edit > Copy or click Pick the origin for the copying. Moves selected objects from one object to another. LESSON 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 69 . 3. To stop copying. . Pick one or more destination points.Command Edit > Move Special > To Another Plane Edit > Move Special > To Another Object Description Moves the object using three specified points. 5. click Edit > Interrupt or right-click and select Interrupt. 4.

2. Enter the number of copies. Click Edit > Copy Special > Linear. use linear copying to create floors of a building. 3. Click Copy. .. The distance will be calculated automatically. or enter the coordinates of the rotation axis in the Origin area. Select the object(s) to copy. LESSON 4 3... 2. or click The Copy-Rotate dialog box opens. For example. Click Edit > Copy Special > Rotate. or click The Copy . To copy linearly: 1. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. Select the object(s) to be rotated. or • 4. To copy and rotate: 1. 4. 18. If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore. Pick a point.Linear dialog box opens.2 Copying linearly Linear copying creates one or several copies of a selected object at a specified distance from the original. Use linear copying when you want to make many copies of objects at equal distances. Pick and origin point and a destination point to select the distance.Linear dialog box. . The selected objects are copied in the selected destination.3 Copying and rotating You can rotate the object(s) you are copying.. 70 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The object can be rotated either around a specified line on a work plane or around the work plane z axis.18. Use one of the two options for entering the desired distance: • Enter the distance directly in the Copy .

Click Copy to copy and rotate. The objects are copied and mirrored.If required. you can mirror it through a plane that is perpendicular to the work plane and passes through a line you specify. The Edit > Copy Special > Mirror.. 2.. Components are automatically taken into account. An example of copying and rotating: 5. or enter its coordinates and angle. Rotation point 18. enter the dZ value. 71 . Click Edit > Copy Special > Mirror..Mirror dialog box opens. 1. Tekla Structures cannot create mirrored copies of component properties. The Rotate command is always more preferable than the Mirror command. or click The Copy . 6. 3. for example. asymmetrically positioned parts. Select the object to be copied and mirrored. . Click Copy.4 Copying and mirroring When you copy an object. command does not fully mirror objects if they include components with. 4. This applies to main parts only. Enter the angle of rotation.. which is the difference in position between the original and copied object in the z direction. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Pick the starting point of the mirroring plane. 7.

Select the object to copy. Selecting objects Defining origin and the position of the source part Defining origin and position of the target part Copied objects LESSON 4 72 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .18. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive Y direction. 7. 6. To finish copying. 4. 5. right-click and select Interrupt from the pop-up menu or press Esc. Click Edit > Copy Special > To Another Plane or click Pick a point of origin for the first plane Pick a point on the first plane in the positive X direction.5 Copying to another plane You can create a copy of an object on another plane using three specified points. 3. Repeat steps 3 to 5 for all remaining planes. . 2. 1.

7 Copying from another model You can copy whole phases from an existing model to another one. 1. This applies to both model and component parts. 18. for example. Select the target object. . length. Edit > Copy Special > From Another Model.6 Copying to another object You can make copies of selected objects from one object to another. can have different dimensions. The source object is the object from which you want to copy. The objects between which you copy. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 73 . Select the objects you want to copy. The Copy from Model dialog box opens.18. when detailing previously modeled parts. Tekla Structures only copies secondary parts from the model if they belong to the same phase as their main part. and rotation. The target object is the object to which you want to copy. 2. Drawings cannot be imported with the model. 4. 3. This functionality is useful. You can copy from another model even when more than one person is working on the model. Click Edit > Copy Special > To Another Object or click Select the source object. To copy to another object: 1.

18. Enter the number(s) of the phase(s) from which to copy objects. 3. 4. Click Edit > move or click Pick the origin for the moving.8 Moving 1. separate different phase numbers with a space. If additional phases are not created. LESSON 4 74 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Select the source model from the Model directories list. all the objects in the model are in phase one. 2. 3. . Click Copy.2. Select the objects to move. When you insert several phases.

Click Edit > Move Special > Linear. • • 4. The distance will be calculated automatically. Select the object(s) to move.. 18.Linear dialog box opens. The objects are moved immediatelly.Linear dialog box. 5. Click Move. Pick the destination.9 Moving linearly Linear moving moves the original object a specified distance. Use one of the two options for entering the desired distance: Enter the distance directly in the Move . The Move .4. LESSON 4 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 75 .. The selected objects are moved in the selected destination. 1. 3. 2.. or Pick and origin point and a destination point to select the distance.

Select the object(s) to be rotated. The Move . or enter the coordinates of the rotation axis in the Origin area. 6. 4.Mirror dialog box opens. The Rotate command is always more preferable than the Mirror command. 3..11Moving and mirroring When you move an object.Rotate dialog box opens. Click Edit > Move Special > Mirror. Click Move to move and rotate the object(s). 2. To move and rotate: 1. 1..10Moving and rotating You can rotate the object(s) you are moving. 2. 18. Pick a point. Click Edit > Move Special > Rotate. LESSON 4 76 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 3. This applies to main parts only.. 18.If the dialog box is open but the command is not active anymore.. or enter its coordinates and angle. Enter the angle of rotation. 5. you can mirror it through a plane that is perpendicular to the work plane and passes through a line you specify. The Move . Pick the starting point of the mirroring plane. click the Pick button to re-activate the command. Select the object to be moved and mirrored. 4.. Click Move. The object can be rotated either around a specified line on a work plane or around the work plane z axis.. Components are automatically taken into account. The objects are moved and mirrored.

Select the objects to move. The moved objects remain in the same position on the second plane as the original objects on the first plane. When fitting. Click Edit > Move Special > To Another Object . Select the objects you want to move.18. Pick a point of origin for the second plane. The source object is the object from which you want to move. The target object is the object to which you want to move. Pick a point on the second plane in the positive Y direction. 19 Detailing profiles You can use Tekla Structures for detailing profiles in the following ways: • • • • fit part end to fit a profile to the selected fitting line cut part with line to reshape the end of a profile cut part with another part to create part-shaped cuts cut part with a polygon to cut a polygon shape into a part 19.1 Fit part end Fit part end fits a profile end to the selected fitting line. 4.12Moving to another plane You can move objects from the first plane you specify to another plane. 8. 7. Pick a point on the second plane in the positive X direction. length. This functionality is useful. To move to another object: 1. 6. for example. Pick a point on the first plane in the positive Y direction. 3. the shortest part of the profile is deleted automatically. 2. LESSON 4 Detailing profiles TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 77 . 1.13Moving to another object You can move objects from one object to another. and rotation. The objects can have different dimensions. 3. 18. which you specify by picking three points. Click Edit > Move Special > To Another Plane Pick a point of origin for the first plane Pick a point on the first plane in the positive X direction. Select the source object. 2. 5. Select the target object. when detailing previously modeled parts. 4.

always use the Fit Part End command. 19. When profiles are shortened in the longitudinal direction using fitting or line cut. 2. Click Detailing > Fit Part End or click Tekla Structures prompts you to pick the part to be fitted. Pick the second point of the cutting line. snap switch To fit a part end: 1.2 Cut part with line You can reshape ends of profiles by using the Cut part with line command. because then Tekla Structures will ignore the first fitting. Cut part with line cuts the end of a beam on a plane that passes through a line you pick. a combination of one fitting and one or more line cuts can be applied. . To cut part with line: 1. Pick the second point of the cutting line. the profile notation will not be changed in reports. you have to select the side of the profile which has to be removed. the profile length values in NC files can be incorrect. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick the part to be cut. Pick the first point of the cutting line. Pick the part to be cut. 4. 2. In addition. Several line cuts can be applied to one profile end. 78 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 3. LESSON 4 Detailing profiles Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Line or click . When the Cut Part with Line command is used. Do not apply a second fitting on the same part end.When you shorten a profile. 4. When you fit parts. This happens if you use the Fit Part End command for cutting and try to make two cuts on the same part end. ensure that the cutting plane is perpendicular to the model view. Pick the part to be fitted. Pick the first point of the cutting line. When you use the line cut for shortening. Use the Snap to neareast points (point on line) when fitting. Use a plane view when fitting. 3.

In such cases. Usually. Circular holes can be made with the Cut part with another part command.5. increase the tolerance of the holes. when creating circular holes. . Solid error You may get a solid error when cutting parts. Circular holes are also dimensioned in drawings. The dark blue lines are the cutting lines. For larger holes. Pick the other part that will be used for cutting. 19. However. Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Another Part or click Pick the part to be cut. the cut profile is highlighted in a transparent color. To cut part with another part: 1. It is possible to double-click the cutting line and change its shape and size. the part cut can be made if an angular rotation is applied to the cut profile: solid error LESSON 4 Detailing profiles OK TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 79 . 2.3 Cut part with another part You can create a part-shaped cut by cutting a part with another part. it is better to use the Create bolts command. You can delete the part used for cutting and the cutting line will remain. This type of error occurs when Tekla Structures experiences difficulties in calculating the part cut operation. 3. Pick the side to be removed.

Define the shape by clicking points and finish with the starting point. 19. set a slight rotation for the component. To cut part with a polygon: 1. The dark blue lines are cutting lines.A solid error can also occur when using component 23 (Round tube). Click Detailing > Cut Part > With Polygon or click . Leaving it unsolved results in the profile lengths being wrong and it may not be possible to create drawings. 2. They can be used for copying the cutting shape. You must use a plane view. A solid error needs to be corrected before you can continue. 3. Pick the part to be cut. To solve the problem. LESSON 4 Detailing profiles 80 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .4 Cut part with a polygon You can cut a polygon shape into a profile with a polygon cut.

b Select the part face. Pick the origin of the surface treatment. Select an area of the part face on which to apply the surface treatment. 3. the surface treatment is automatically modified to fit the part.5 Detailing multiple profiles You can modify multiple profiles at the same time. Click Detailing > Weld > Create Weld Between Parts.. 2. click Detailing > Properties > Surface Treatment. 19.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Detailing profiles 81 . Surface treatment for steel parts include fire-proofing and unpainted areas.6 Surface treatment You can add surface treatment to parts. This applies also to fitting and welding. Adding surface treatment to selected area 1. Select the main part and the secondary parts using cross selection. c Pick three or more points on the part face to define a polygonal area.19. All five profiles are now welded. When you redefine the properties of a part (for example. To define the properties of the surface treatment. Surface treatments are visible only in rendered views. 4. Pick a point to indicate the direction of the surface treatment. The following example illustrates how you can modify multiple profiles at the same time: 1.. The faces that you can select appear in blue. 2. Click Detailing > Create Surface Treatment > To Selected Area on Part Face. you change the size of a part). a Move the mouse cursor over a part.

In such cases. Do not use the Create weld between parts command to create subassemblies or super assemblies. Double-click the Create welds between parts button. you need to pick the main part first and then pick the secondary part(s). when parts need to be welded to an existing structure. On-site or field welds Workshop weld 20. 3. If the weld will not be displayed in drawings. Select the part(s) to be welded (secondary part(s) in workshop welds). are required. For example. do not weld a stud into a beam. When you create welds. The welding order determines which part of the assembly is the main part. In most cases. 2. Click Apply or OK to make these the active properties. When you select on-site or field welds. In the drawings. 4. the parts are not actually welded. for example.1 Creating welds between parts 1. Select the part to which you want to weld (primary part in workshop welds). If the weld type and size are vital. It is also possible that on-site. the settings in the Weld Properties dialog box are important. LESSON 4 Welds 82 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .20 Welds The Create weld between parts command is used to form assemblies. For example. the weld size has to be set smaller than the default size. or field welds. you must also select on-site or field welds in your model. workshop welds are used. a weld that is not displayed in drawings. a flag indicates the on-site welds. Enter or modify the weld properties. In case the welds are less important. only the weld size is important. 5. An assembly always consists of one main part and one or more secondary parts.

and nuts. washers. You cannot use bolt elements such as screws. because Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. 21. you can either create a single bolt group or apply a component that automatically creates bolt groups.1 Bolt properties The Bolt Properties dialog box can be opened by double-clicking the Create bolts button.21 Bolts To create bolts. while creating holes. You can create different part marks for holes and bolts in drawings. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Bolts 83 .

Indicates whether you are bolting a secondary part or a sub-assembly. Bolt assembly standard that is defined in the bolt catalog. Thread in material 84 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Default setting is Site. Available diameters depend on the bolt standard chosen. Indicates if bolts are fixed on-site or in the shop.Option Bolt size Bolt standard Bolt type Connect part/assembly LESSON 4 Bolts Description Bolt diameter. Indicates whether threads can be inside the material.

Extra bolt length. Clearance between bolt and hole. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Bolts 85 . Even. group diameter. Extra length Shape Bolt dist X Bolt dist Y Tolerance Hole type Slotted hole X Slotted hole Y Rotate slots On plane Rotation At depth Dx. Circle. you need to change some of the properties in the Bolt Properties dialog box. number. and Parallel. How far the bolt group is rotated around its X axis. The shape of the bolt group. or coordinate. Before creating holes. Holes Tekla Structures uses the same command for creating bolts and holes. Y allowance of a slotted hole. Oversized or slotted. Zero for a round hole. Tekla Structures searches for parts using half the cut length value in both directions from the bolt group plane. depending on the bolt group shape. Dy. The options are Array. depending on the bolt group shape. clear all the Include in bolt assembly check boxes. Offsets that move the bolt group by moving the bolt group X axis. Bolt spacing. Options are Odd. Bolt spacing. Rotation of slots. X allowance of a slotted hole. If you want to create only holes without any bolts. If you want to force a bolt to a certain length.Option Cut length Description Indicates which parts the bolt connects. This list activates after you select Parts with slotted holes check boxes. and xy list. Dz Bolt group location relative to the bolt group X axis on the work plane. or coordinate. enter a negative value for length. Zero for a round hole. Bolt group location relative to work plane.

It is important that the points you pick to create the bolt group are close enough to the parts you want to connect. The cut length property of a bolt group defines how far along the bolt axis the parts must be in order to hit the bolt group. 5. 3. These two points determine the local x direction of the bolt group.2 Creating a bolt group Bolt groups are used to connect profiles. 2.21. Select the secondary parts. To create a bolt group: 1. 6. you need to pick two points. Pick a second point to indicate the bolt group x direction. 7. Bolts can penetrate one profile or multiple profiles. By default. When you insert a bolt group. Click the middle mouse button to finish selecting parts. bolt groups are rectangular. Pick a point to be the bolt group origin. Bolt groups are rectangular by default. A bolt group can contain a maximum of 100 bolts or holes. Select the primary part to which the secondary parts will be bolted. but it is also possible to make circular bolt groups. Select the shape of the bolt group in the Shape list. 4. but you can also select Circle to make a circular bolt group. An example of a rectangular bolt group: An example of a circular bolt group: LESSON 4 Bolts 86 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Detailing > Bolts > Create Bolts or click .

Pick the start and end points. You can define the number of bolt rows that will be created and the spacing between them. Modify the values in the Bolt Dist X box. The parts are highlighted. 2. Click OK. 5. First pick the beam and then the plate. 3.21. it is also possible to create slotted holes.3 Modifying bolt groups If the bolts in a bolt group are too short. Double-click the Create bolts button to open the Bolt Properties dialog box.5 Creating slotted holes Besides circular holes. Right-click the bolt group and select Bolt parts. The bolt length is adjusted to the new material thickness. 21. 4. To insert a divided bolt group: 1. Follow the instructions in the command bar to select the connected parts. you can modify them. 21. Pick the parts that you want to join together. X or Y. 2. To create slotted holes: LESSON 4 Bolts TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 87 . 1. Slotted holes can be set in two directions. The divided bolt group is created.4 Inserting a divided bolt group You can join multiple parts together with a bolt group.

If the bolt connects several parts. 4. Double-click the Create Bolts button. 22.1 Splitting parts You can use splitting with straight parts. Options to rotate the slots: • • • even odd parallel 22 Splitting and combining parts You can split and combine parts in Tekla Structures. 2. you can rotate alternate holes by 90 degrees by selecting one of the rotating options in the Rotate Slots list. Pick the part to be split and point where the split is made. you can determine whether slotted holes are created for each profile individually. Set the length of the slotted holes in the Slotted hole X and Slotted hole Y in the Bolt Properties dialog box. LESSON 4 Splitting and combining parts Click Edit > Split or click .1. or normal and tapered reinforcing bar groups. The Bolt Properties dialog box opens. Select the profiles that should contain the slotted holes by selecting one or more check boxes in the Parts with slotted holes. You can also split plates and slabs by using a polygon. Tekla Structures retains the properties. 3. To split parts: 1. curved beams without offset. You cannot split polybeams. and connection even when parts are split. attached objects. 88 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 2. When a bolt penetrates more than one profile.

22. class. If the numbering has already been done. etc. userdefined attributes. It does not recreate the connections in the first part picked. Click Edit > Combine or click .You can create points first before picking the parts if necessary. New start and end points are placed on the splitting spot. Profiles with centerlines not in line with each other can be combined by taking the largest distance between the start and end points from both profiles. The other part gets a new number and you must create a new drawing of it.) from the first picked part are used for the combined part. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Splitting and combining parts 89 .2 Combining parts When combining parts. the new profile receives the properties of the profile that is selected first. The axes in the parts must be parallel. Pick the two parts that you want to combine. Tekla Structures retains attached objects and connections. if you combine a Ø32mm round bar with a Ø16mm round bar. To combine parts: 1. You cannot split bolt groups. the part and assembly number is allocated to the part that was closest to the initial starting point of the profile. All the part properties (profile. 2. For example.

To create points. 23. To place an object where no lines or objects intersect. The Divided Line Points dialog box opens. see Tekla Structures online help. Double-click the Add points on line button. 40). you have the following options: • • • Use snapping commands. See Snapping (p. To create points along a line: LESSON 4 Points 1. 90 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . use the buttons in the Points toolbar. You define the number of points and pick the line. Use construction planes. or select a command from Modeling > Add Points. Create points.1 Creating points along a line The Add points on line command creates points at equal intervals along a line. lines and circles. For more information on creating points and using construction planes.Space is filled when combining Largest distance between start and end point 23 Points To place an object in a model you may need to pick points. lines and circles.

Pick the starting point of the line. The main part in a steel assembly has other parts welded or bolted to it. 5. By default.3 Adding objects to assemblies You can add objects to assemblies in the following ways: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Assemblies 91 . the main part is not welded or bolted to any other parts. 3. 24.2.2 Creating a subassembly You can create a subassembly of parts that already exist in the model. You can change the main part in an assembly. 3. 2. Pick the end point of the line. 4. Enter the number of dividing points. Assemblies and their main parts are automatically defined when you: • • create single workshop welds or bolts apply automatic connections which create workshop welds or bolts You can also create nested assemblies by adding sub-assemblies to existing assemblies. 3.1 Creating an assembly 1. Right-click and select Assembly > Add as Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch Select the parts you want to include in the sub-assembly. is active. 24. 24 Assemblies Tekla Structures creates basic assemblies of steel parts when you use a workshop weld or bolt to join parts together. 2. 24. Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. 1. Click OK. Select the parts and/or assemblies that you want to join together. or by joining assemblies together. Right-click and select Assembly > Make into Assembly from the pop-up menu.

2. To highlight objects in an assembly: 1. Do one of the following: • • • • Sub-assemblies in a nested assembly retain their own assembly information and main part. Join existing assemblies together without adding any loose parts. Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. You can also define properties separately for the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly by using the part properties dialog box. 24. Add assemblies to an existing assembly as subassemblies. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects.5 Highlighting objects in an assembly Use the Inquire tool to check which objects belong to a particular assembly. Select the part or sub-assembly you want to remove. The following colors are used: Object type Concrete . Select a part that belongs to an assembly.secondary part LESSON 4 Assemblies Highlight color magenta cyan blue Reinforcement 92 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Bolt or weld parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. 24.main part Concrete . 2. Right-click and select Assembly > Remove from Assembly from the pop-up menu.To Create a basic assembly Do this Do one of the following: • • Create a nested assembly Add parts to an existing assembly as secondary parts. Bolt or weld assemblies to an existing assembly as sub-assemblies.4 Removing objects from assemblies You can remove objects from assemblies in the following way: 1. Tekla Structures highlights the other parts that belong to the same assembly.

from single parts and bolts. b Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects. Tekla Structures highlights the main and secondary parts in different colors. To work with nested assemblies. etc. 24. c Select the assembly. marks. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Assemblies 93 . a Ensure that the Select assemblies selection switch is active. you need to know how to use the Shift key and mouse scrolling to select objects on different levels in assembly hierarchy. up to the highest level of the nested assembly.7 Changing the assembly main part 1.6 Assembly hierarchy You can work on any level of a nested assembly. You can create separate drawings and reports of the sub-assemblies and the nested assembly.secondary part Highlight color orange yellow 24. Check what is currently the main part of the assembly. for all assembly levels.Object type Steel part . through the basic and sub-assemblies. fabrication information. and still produce dimensions. Assembly hierarchy in nested assemblies affects drawings and reports.main part Steel part .

2. Select the new main part. Tekla Structures changes the main part.9 Creating assembly views You can create assembly views to display only the selected assembly. You can change the main assembly at any time. Ensure that the Select assemblies Select the assembly in the model. switch is active. To create assembly views: 1. 3. 24. you can perform checking and review operations more easily. 3. 24. To change the main assembly in a nested assembly: 1. Right-click and select Create View. Right-click and select Assembly > Set as New Main Sub-Assembly from the pop-up menu. Tekla Structures creates the assembly view.8 Changing the main assembly When you join two or more assemblies together. Working with the assembly is easier when only the relevant information is displayed. Ensure that the Select objects in assemblies selection switch is active. For example.2. 4. Click Modeling > Assembly > Set as New Main Object of Assembly. Select the new main assembly. 2. the assembly with the largest volume becomes the main assembly. then select one of the options. LESSON 4 Assemblies 94 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

and then attached to the column in another workshop. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 4 Assemblies 95 . Model the corbel as a sub-assembly of the column. another assembly drawing showing how the corbel and the other part are welded to the column.10Assembly examples Column corbel A column corbel is fabricated in one workshop.24. Then create an assembly drawing for each workshop: one assembly drawing showing how the corbel is welded together.

and separate drawings showing how the columns and beams are built up. Create assembly drawings for the workshop to fabricate the truss halves. Then create another assembly drawing showing how the halves should be joined on site. Workshop 2 Drawing 1. each built-up profile can be a sub-assembly. You can create an assembly drawing showing the entire frame.Drawing 2. Workshop 1 Complex truss Model the halves of a complex truss as assemblies. Built-up profile LESSON 4 Assemblies 96 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . In a frame of built-up columns and beams.

and delete clip planes how to use work planes how to use more advanced snapping features > LESSON 5 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 97 . move.LESSON 5 In this lesson. you will learn the following things: • • • • how to modify the work area how to create.

2. It is also possible to hide the work area lines. To fit work area using two points: 1. You can fit the work area and locate. distant objects from an oversized work area. Click View > Fit Work Area > Using Two Points or click . LESSON 5 98 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .25 Modifying the work area You can modify the work area to suit particular situations. for example. Pick the two points you want as corner points for the work area.2 Fit work area using two points You have to be working with a plane view in order to fit work area using two points. Click View > Fit Work Area > To Selected Parts in Selected Views or click The work area concentrates on the selected objects. Select the model objects you want to see in the work area. 25. The objects outside the work area still exist.1 Fit work area to selected parts 1. If you are currently working in 3D view. press Ctrl + P to switch to plane view. but they are not visible. . 25. 2.

5 Finding distant points The work area in a model view can be oversized if. 25. for example. LESSON 5 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 99 . The work area includes all model objects in selected views.The work area is changed according to the points you picked. You can use the Find Distant Objects command to correct the situation. 2.3 Fit work area to entire model in selected views To fit the work area to the entire model. click View > Fit Work Area > To Entire Model in Selected Views or click . for example. one or more points have been positioned too far from the origin. 1. delete the object. Click Tools > Diagnose & Repair Model > Find Distant Objects. Right-click an object from the list and select a command from the pop-up menu.4 Finding distant objects The work area in a model view can be oversized if. one or more objects have been positioned too far from the origin. 25. If distant objects are found. 25. for example. Tekla Structures displays a list of object IDs. You can.

dashed lines) between hidden and visible state to have an even better view on the model. Activate the Select points and Select objects in components switches. you can toggle the work area lines (green. Clicking View > Redraw All again makes the work area lines visible again. The work area lines are now hidden. for example.. and select the reference model in the list. Click Edit > Select All Objects or press Ctrl + A to select all points.. keep the Ctrl and Shift keys pressed and click View > Redraw All. 4. 2. Check the number of selected points in the status bar and press Delete. Visible LESSON 5 100 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Click View > Fit Work Area > To Entire Model in Selected Views or click the model in the work area. 3. to fit 25. Move the reference model. .To find distant points: 1.7 Hide the work area lines In Tekla Structures. The other switches in the Selecting toolbar must not be activated. 25. To find distant reference models: 1. Click View > Fit Work Area > To Selected Parts in Selected Views or click The work area is resized to the reference model. 3.6 Finding distant reference models The work area in a model view can be oversized if. 2. Click File > Reference Model List. Hidden To hide the work area lines. one or more reference models have been positioned too far from the origin.

Click View > Create Clip Plane or click . TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Clip planes 101 .2 Moving clip planes 1. Click the clip plane symbol and drag it to a new location. To select the position of the clip plane. For example. Press Esc or right-click and select Interrupt. The clip plane symbol appears in the model. 2. Select the clip plane you want to move.26 Clip planes In Tekla Structures. 3. 26.1 Creating clip planes 1. click a plane. 26. you can use clip planes to see what is inside the model. 2. you can create up to six clip planes in any rendered model view. Using clip planes enables you to focus in on the required detail in the model.

2. Click the clip plane symbol and press Delete LESSON 5 Clip planes 102 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 26. Select the clip plane you want to delete.3 Deleting clip planes 1.You can change the location of the clip plane symbol by holding down the Shift key and dragging the symbol.

The default depth coordinate value is 0.. To set work plane using three points: LESSON 5 Work plane TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 103 . or zy directions. 27. xz. The current work plane is model-specific so it relates to all views. and the third point point defines the Y direction of the work plane. press Ctrl + 2 to make the parts transparent. The arrow symbol displays the XY plane. 2. Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to XY(Z) Plane.2 Set work plane using three points You can set the work plane by picking three points. Click Change. If you cannot see the arrow symbol because the parts block the view. shifting the work plane helps you place the parts accurately. 27.. 3. the second point defines the X direction. Select the Plane and enter the Depth coordinate.27 Work plane The current work plane defines the local coordinate system of a Tekla Structures model. 1. or click The Work plane dialog box opens. The red coordinate arrow symbol indicates the work plane that is the current local coordinate system of the model. . Tekla Structures fixes the Z direction according to the right-hand rule. The first point you pick is the origin. You can set the work plane to any position by picking points parallel to one of the global basic planes or on a part or view plane. The depth coordinate defines the distance of the work plane from the global origin along a line that is perpendicular to the plane parallel to the third axis. The work plane is the same in all views. When modeling sloped parts. The Z direction follows the right-hand rule.1 Set work plane parallel to a plane You can set the work plane parallel to the xy.

Click View > Set Work Plane > To Part Top Plane or click Select the part. 27.1. Click View > Set Work Plane > Parallel to View Plane or click Select the view you want to modify. . Click View > Set Work Plane > Using Three Points or click Pick the origin for the work plane. 2. initiate a command that requires you to pick positions.4 Set work plane to top plane of a part When a view is created. 4. For example. for example. you can set the work plane to top plane of a picked part To set work plane to top plane of a part: 1. 2. Pick a point in the positive Y direction. you initially work in the plane that belongs to that view.1 Numeric snapping Use the Enter a numeric location toolbar to enter position coordinates you want to snap to. 28. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping To display the toolbar. If you want to work in. Pick a point in the positive X direction. To set plane parallel to view plane: 1. . the roof plane that is sloping.3 Set work plane parallel to view plane You can use this command to set the work plane to be the same as the view plane of a selected view. 27. . you need to change the work plane. 3. 2. 28 Advanced snapping You can use advanced snapping features to control snapping accurately. and then do one of the following: 104 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

and z coordinates of a position separated by commas. Two coordinates If you omit the last coordinate (z) or angle. See Numeric location coordinates (p. Angles increase in the counterclockwise direction.2 Numeric location coordinates The following table explains the types of information you can enter in the Enter a Numeric Location toolbar. Tekla Structures assumes that the value is 0. 105) for information on location coordinates. Absolute coordinates The coordinates based on the origin of the work plane. You can enter Cartesian coordinates Description The x. y. Tekla Structures ignores the third coordinate. an angle on the xy plane. Relative coordinates The coordinates relative to the last position picked. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping Three coordinates In drawings. One value A distance to an indicated direction. 105 . 28. and an angle from the xy plane separated by angle brackets. Example Polar coordinates A distance.• • Start entering the coordinates using the keyboard Click Tools > Enter a Numeric Location and select an option.

To use a temporary reference point: 1. press x on the keyboard. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam and pick the start point. To unlock the coordinate. 28. Creating a beam at a certain level 1. 2.28.3 Using temporary reference points You can create a temporary reference point to use as a local origin when snapping in models or drawings. 3. This is useful when you need to determine a point to pick and the needed point does not exist on the line. for example. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 106 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Hold down the Ctrl key and pick a position. A green cross indicates that this position is now a temporary reference point. Use this temporary reference point with snap tools to define directions and distances.4 Locking coordinates You can lock the x. y. 2. Snap to the start point and press Z to lock the z direction. Pick the end point to create the beam at a locked level. and z coordinates on a line. 3. Initiate a command that requires you to pick positions. press x again. To lock the x coordinate.

Move the pointer. click to create the beam. Creating a beam with a certain length 1. 3. 2. Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. When the dimension is correct. The dimension changes as you move the pointer. The zooming level affects the precision of snapping.5 Snapping examples Five snapping examples are provided below.28. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 107 . Pick a start point for the beam. 4.

Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. Use the shortcut R and the symbol < as a separating character. Press Enter or click OK to create the beam. Pick the first point. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 108 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .Creating a shifted beam with a certain length 1. 4. 2. Enter the length and the angle of the shifted beam relative to the workplane. The direction of the x axis of the workplane is always 0°. 3.

Pick the start point for the second beam on the extension line. is active. Pick the end point for the beam. 8. 6. You can now snap on the extension line of the first beam end point. 4. 7. Pick the start point for the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 109 . Ensure that the Snap to line extensions switch Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. 2. 5. Snap to the end point of the first beam. You can now snap to the extension line of the first beam’s start point.Creating two parallel and equally long beams 1. 3. Pick the end point for the second beam on the extension line. You have created two parallel and equally long beams. The first beam is created. when a blue line runs through the beam. The snap point is parallel to the first beam. Snap to the start point of the first beam.

5. Move the pointer in the direction of the start point of the beam. 110 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam. 4. 2. Hold down the Ctrl key to pick a temporary reference point as an origin.Creating a beam using a temporary reference point 1. 3. The start point of the beam is picked. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping Enter a distance from the temporary reference point and press Enter or click OK. Move the pointer in the direction of the end point of the beam.

2. Creating a beam using snap override 1.6. Use a temporary reference point to pick the start point of the beam at the center of the grid line. Pick the end point to create the beam. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 111 . Click Modeling > Create Steel Part > Beam.

Right-click to select an option from the pop-up menu or use the Snap Override toolbar to temporarily override the snap settings. 4. LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 112 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .3. Move the pointer in the direction of the end point of the beam.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping 113 .5. The beam is created. Enter the length of the beam and press Enter or click OK.

114 LESSON 5 Advanced snapping TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • • • • • how to use the component catalog how to create and modify components how to create component default views how to use the material catalog how to use the profile catalog > LESSON 6 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 115 .LESSON 6 In this lesson.

. such as bracing connections and reinforcements. click Detailing > Component > Component Catalog. To open the component catalog. Use the list to view component groups. (Create Component) or press Ctrl + F.29 Component catalog The component catalog contains all the components. You can browse for the components or search by using terms and keywords. 116 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Search View folders View details View thumbnails Show / hide descriptions Create a component using the component tool you used last with its active properties. Component description LESSON 6 Double-click the name to set the properties and create the component. Enter the search term here..

2. bolts. If required. When you modify a profile. so. Click Detailing > Component > Component Catalog. The settings can be used in other projects. 30 Components Components are tools that you can use to automatically create the parts.. Components are divided into three sub-types: Item Connections Description Connect two or more parts. all details and joints attached to that profile are updated automatically. When you create a detail. When you copy or move objects. Automatically create and assemble the parts to build a structure. Tekla Structures prompts you to pick a part. Click the component name in the component catalog. all associated details and components are also copied or moved. which shows you a typical situation where the component can be used. Examples Two-sided clip angle. lifting hooks Stairs. Most system components have a default thumbnail image. Modeling tools can include connections and details. bolted gusset Stiffeners.It is useful to view the thumbnail images in the component catalog. welds etc. 3. base plates. but does not connect the structure to existing parts. connection or structural element in a model: 1. 4. when you modify a main part. the associated component also changes. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Components 117 . (Create Component) to open the component catalog.1 Creating components To use a component to create a detail.. They are linked to main parts. click the middle mouse button to end the command. followed by a point to locate the detail. A detail is only connected to one part. frames Details Modeling tools Using the components has the following advantages: • • • The settings of a component can be saved to a file. welds. fittings. and bolts required to connect parts. Follow the prompts on the status bar to pick the parts or points required to create the component.). and create all the required objects (cuts. Add a detail to a main part. parts. 30.

see the Tekla Structures online help. 2. if you save the properties of the End plate detail (1002) component. which indicates that the connection was created successfully.4 Saving component properties You can save the modified component properties. You can recognize the properties file by checking the file extension. To save the component properties: 1. This is where you modify the component properties.2 Component status Tekla Structures uses different-colored component symbols to show the status of connections and details: Color Green Yellow Status Component created successfully Component created. Click Save as. LESSON 6 Components 118 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Examine the component in the model to check if you need to make any changes. double-click the component symbol in the model. 6. 30. The properties file is saved in the model folder. For more information on component properties. the file extension is j1002. The component dialog box appears. 30. see the Tekla Structures online help. Red 30. For example. A common reason is that the up direction is not appropriate. In the component dialog box. When you create a component you are unfamiliar with.5. enter the name of the properties in the Save as box. Create the component and check it to see what needs to be modified. but has problems Component creation failed Tip Often occurs when bolts or holes have an edge distance less than the default value for that connection. you should use the default properties.3 Modifying component properties To modify a component. Check that the connection symbol is green. For more information.

Create a steel column before creating the base plate detail. or reinforcing bars. the geometry of the base plate detail is modified. Select the component symbol. So someone using the Engineering configuration can change the model without automatically changing detailed components back to conceptual ones. 2. but does not contain options for part and assembly positions. but they do include a tool that you can use to change individual conceptual components to detailed components. In the first example. For information on creating a steel column. Press Ctrl + F to open the component catalog.5 Conceptual components Conceptual components are components that look real but are not fully detailed. To convert a conceptual component to detailed component: 1. such as the size of the main part. cast units. or Full Detailing configurations. The Tekla Structures configuration you have determines which components you can create: Type Conceptual Symb ol Configuration Engineering Description Conceptual component does not create assemblies. Click Detailing > Component > Convert to Detailing Component Changing part properties. can create conceptual components. In the second example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Components 119 . In this example. Creating a base plate detail The component catalog contains several base plate details. cast units and reinforcing bars. Converting conceptual components You cannot create conceptual components using the Steel Detailing.6 Example Two examples of using a component are presented here. Engineers. you use one of them. does not automatically change the component type. 30. Precast Concrete Detailing. a base plate detail is created. The detailer then takes the conceptual components and creates fully detailed components that include all the information needed for fabrication. 49). To create a base plate detail: 1. see Creating steel columns (p. who do not have to consider fabrication details.30. The dialog box is the same as in detailed component. Detailed Precast Concrete Detailing Steel Detailing Full Detailing Fully detailed component contains part and assembly numbering boxes and creates needed assemblies.

Pick a point at the base of the column to indicate where to create the base plate. 3. 2. 6. you modify the geometry of the base plate detail. 3. 120 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 5.2. Enter "base plate" in the Search box and click Search. Select Base plate (1004). switch. The status bar displays instructions. 4. Select the column. LESSON 6 Components Click Modify. Modifying the base plate detail In this example. In the Picture tab. Check that the connection symbol is green. which indicates that the connection was created successfully. The base plate is created. The search results appear in the list. 1. The geometry of the base plate detail changes. enter values in boxes to modify the base plate geometry. Activate the Select components Double-click the base plate detail to open the component properties dialog box. 4.

31 Creating component default views To check a component and its dimensions. right-click and select Create View > Default Views of Component from the pop-up menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Creating component default views 121 . select a component. you can create component default views. Four views of the component are created. To create component default views.

32 Material catalog The material catalog contains information on material grades. Materials are displayed in a hierarchical tree grouped according to. steel and concrete.. LESSON 6 Material catalog 122 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Material grades are located under the materials in the tree. for example.. You can view material grade properties by clicking them in the tree.. You can open the Modify Material Catalog dialog box by clicking Modeling > Material Catalog.

1 Adding a material grade You can add a new material grade in two alternate ways. Option 1 1. The structure is analyzed using the Finite Element Method. These are usually the material names used in different countries or standards... TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Material catalog 123 . Click Modeling > Material Catalog.. It also contains the profile and plate density values. The Analysis tab The Design tab The User attributes tab 32.The Modify Material Catalog dialog box contains information on the materials in four tabs: • • • • The General tab The Analysis tab The Design tab The User attributes tab Tab The General tab Description The General tab has boxes for three alternative names for the material. The User attributes tab can be used to create your own attributes for material grades. The Analysis tab has information on the properties used in structural analysis. The Design tab has information on the designspecific properties such as strengths and partial safety factors.

The Modify Material Catalog dialog box opens. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
Option 2

Pick a material grade that is similar to the one that you want to create. Right-click the material grade and select Copy grade from the pop-up menu. Change the material name. Modify the material grade properties. Click OK to save the material grade and exit the dialog box. Click OK in the save confirmation dialog box to save the changes in the Material Catalog. Click Modeling > Material Catalog.... The Modify Material Catalog dialog box opens. Change the material grade name in the Selected grade box. Enter the material grade properties. Click OK to save the material grade and exit the dialog box. Click OK in the save confirmation dialog box to save the changes in the Material Catalog.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

32.2 Deleting a material grade
You can delete material grades from the Material Catalog dialog box. To delete a material grade: 1. 2. 3. 4. Click Modeling > Material Catalog. The Modify Material Catalog dialog box opens. Right-click a material grade of your choice and select Delete. Click OK. Click OK again in the save confirmation dialog box.

The material grade is deleted.

33 Profile catalog
The profiles in the Modify Profile Catalog dialog box are displayed in a tree structure. They are grouped according to rules such as profile type (for example, I profiles) and profile sub-type (for example, HEA).

LESSON 6 Profile catalog

124

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

33.1 Adding profiles
You can add profiles to the profile catalog. To add profiles: 1. 2. 3. 4. Click Modeling > Profiles > Profile Catalog.... The Modify Profile Catalog opens. Select an existing profile that matches best with the new profile. Right-click the profile. Select Copy Profile from the menu.
LESSON 6 Profile catalog

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

125

The copied profile name is added with COPY after its name. 5. 6. 7. 8. Edit the profile name in the Profile name box. Enter the correct values in the Value column. Click Update and OK. Click OK in the Save confirmation dialog box.

33.2 Modifying profiles
You must have the Profile Catalog open before you can start modifying profiles. To modify profiles: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Click Modeling > Profiles > Profile Catalog.... Select the profile you want to modify. Modify dimensions in the Value column. Click Update and OK. Click OK in the Save confirmation dialog box.

33.3 Deleting profiles
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Click Modeling > Profiles > Profile Catalog.... Select the profile you want to delete. Right-click and select Delete Profile. Click OK The profile is deleted. Click OK in the Save confirmation dialog box.

34 Parametric profiles
LESSON 6 Parametric profiles

A lot of parametric user-defined profiles, such as gutter profiles or spheres, are available in Tekla Structures.

126

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 6 Parametric profiles 127 . Sketched cross sections are parametric so you can change their dimensions each time you use them in a model. Tekla Structures includes a cross section sketch editor that you can use to create your own profile cross sections.Parametric profiles are not polybeams. They cannot be unfolded and a flat pattern cannot be created.

128 LESSON 6 Parametric profiles TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • • • • • • • how to enter project information how to switch between single and multi-user modes how to use the phase manager how to represent objects in model views how to check the model how to make inquiries about objects how to check distances and angles > LESSON 7 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 129 .LESSON 7 In this lesson.

. LESSON 7 130 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . All the boxes are optional. To enter the project information: 1.. Click User-defined attributes to open the Tekla Structures Project (1) dialog box. 2.35 Entering project information When you start a project. to open the Project Properties dialog box. where you can enter additional information. Enter the project information you want to use. enter project information to display the information automatically in reports and drawings. Click File > Project Properties. 3.

2.. or by using the shortcut Ctrl + H. The Model type column indicates whether the model is a single-user or a multi-user model. to open the Open dialog box. Tekla Structures prompts for the name of the server. 2. 3. to open the Open dialog box. The button with three men indicates a multi-user model. enter the server name or select it from the list. Click File > Open. You can open the Phase Manager dialog box from Tools > Phase Manager. Click File > Open.The contents of the Tekla Structures Project (1) dialog box depend on the Tekla Structures environment. 5.. Select the single-user model. LESSON 7 Switching between single-user and multi-user modes 37 Phase Manager The Phase Manager dialog box can be used to create phases. Only parts can be split into phases.. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 131 ... Opening multiuser model in single-user mode To open a multi-user model in single-user mode: 1. 4. 4. The default tabs and options of the dialog box are different in different Tekla Structures environments. To open a single-user model in multi-user mode: 1.. Select the multi-user model. Phases are useful for splitting the model into separate sections. It is not possible for grids and points. Opening singleuser model in multi-user mode Right-click and select Open as single-user model from the pop-up menu. Click OK to save your changes and close the Project Properties dialog box. 3. 36 Switching between single-user and multi-user modes You can switch between single-user and multi-user modes by using the different options in the Open dialog box. Click OK to save your changes and close the Tekla Structures Project (1) dialog box. and then click OK. In the Open as multi-user model dialog box. Right-click and select Open as multi-user model from the pop-up menu.

The Delete button can be used to delete phases. The object will be highlighted in the model. You can use the Filter button to filter the listed phases by the number and/or criteria that has been entered in the Number and Name boxes. You can enter the name of the phase in the Name box.Option The Number box The Name box The Filter button Description You can enter the number of the phase in the Number box. The Phases by objects button can be used to determine in which phase(s) the selected object(s) belong. they are highlighted in the Phase Manager. The Add button can be used to create new phases. The Objects by phases button can be used to determine which objects belong to the selected phase. The Set Current button The Add button The Delete button The Phases by objects button The Objects by phases button The Modify phase button LESSON 7 Phase Manager 132 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The current phase is indicated by @ character. If you select objects that belong to several phases. The Set Current button determines to which phase the object belongs. The Modify phase button can be used to change the phase for one or more objects.

c 5. Click Set current to make the selected phase the current phase. select an object and click Phases by objects. Click Tools > Phase Manager.. 37. 3. Tekla Structures highlights the corresponding objects in the model. bolts are automatically divided into the current phase. Only the selected phases are visible in the Phase Manager dialog box. To filter phases: 1.1 Dividing the model into phases 1. 2. b To see which objects belong to a certain phase. The Phase Manager dialog box opens. The Phase Manager dialog box opens.. Click the Modify phase button.. The @ character in front of the phase number indicates the current phase. select a phase from the list and then click Objects by phases. From now on. Click Tools > Phase Manager. Select the phase in which you want to move the object(s). To change the phase of one or more objects. 4. a bolt list can easily be generated out of all bolts in that phase.2 Filtering phases You can use the Filter area in the Phase Manager dialog box for filtering phases by number and/or name. The Phase Manager dialog box opens. select a phase from the list. Tekla Structures selects the phase of the object... While modeling. 3. Tekla Structures assigns all objects you create to the current phase. Click Tools > Phase Manager.4 Bolts in phases LESSON 7 Phase Manager You can divide bolts into phases. Enter either phase Number in the Number box or phase Name in the Name box. 37. 4.3 Switching phases 1. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 133 . a To identify the phase of an object. and then click Modify phase. Click OK to save your changes. 3. 37. Divide the model into phases. Select the object(s) you want to move in the model. select the objects.. 2. 2. Click Add to create a new phase. By selecting all bolts belonging to a certain phase.37. Click Filter.

The objects are represented according to the settings. 3. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. several standard settings are included.. The Object Representation dialog box opens.1 Creating object representation settings LESSON 7 Representing objects in model views By default. Object representation sets the color and visibility of objects in model views.38 Representing objects in model views You can represent the objects in model views by using the Object Representation dialog box. 2. Click Modify and OK. 134 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . To represent objects in model views: 1... but you can also create object representation settings yourself. Changing the settings in the Object Representation dialog box affects all model views. several standard settings are included in the object representation. Objects are grouped by a set of rules and conditions that can be used to control how those objects are displayed in model views. but you can also create object representation settings by yourself. Changing the settings in the Object Representation dialog box affects all model views. Load the setting you want to use. By default. 38.

13. Click the arrow button to open a drop down menu. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 135 . the new object group has the same properties as the first object group. LESSON 7 Representing objects in model views 12. from the list. 2. The part name is used for selecting columns. Click Modify.. 6. Select Name in the Property column.This example shows how to create a new object group where all columns will be represented in blue with 70% transparency: 1. 8. Initially. The Object Group . Note that the Object Representation dialog box is still open. 4. In the Object Representation dialog box. 9. Select Part in the Category column. A second object group is added. Enter COLUMN in the Value box. Click the arrow button and select 70% transparent from the drop down menu. 11. Click Close. Select Create new group. 7.. Click the arrow button and select blue color from the drop down menu. The Object Group . Note that all the letters must be capitalized.. Check that the Condition option is equals. Click View > Representation > Object Representation. 15.. click Color by class in the Color column to activate the arrow button. Click the Add row button. You will be able to reuse the new object condition in other models.Representation dialog box opens. Save the settings as column. 14.. Select All in the Object group column to activate the arrow button. Click Visible in the Transparency column to activate the arrow button. 3. 5. 10. 16.Representation dialog blox closes. The drop down menu contains all the default options for object groups. The Object Representation dialog box opens.

To perform a clash check: 4. In the model.1 Performing a clash check You can run a clash check to find parts. select the objects you want to include in the clash check. the status bar message changes from Clash checking in progress to Ready. For more information on how to manage clashes. select a row in the list of clashes. The following reference model file types are supported in clash checking: • • • 1.. You can use the clash check to check if the bolts collide with profiles and if there is enough space to fix the bolt. 3. 2.. To highlight a clash in the model.39 Checking the model When the model is complete. IFC DWG DGN Click Tools > Clash Check Manager. To set a minimum clearance for bolts for a clash check: LESSON 7 Checking the model 1. The Options dialog box opens. new clashes are appended to the end of the list. Click Tools > Options > Options. you need to check it. 5. It is possible to set the minimum clearance for the bolts.. Setting a minimum clearance for bolts for a clash check Bolts can also be taken into account in the clash check. When you re-run clash check. To zoom the active view so that the selected objects are shown in the center of the view. There are several methods available for checking the model: • • • • Clash checking Flying through the model Checking using reports Checking the views 39. see Clash Check Manager in the Modeling Manual. The clash is highlighted in the model and the related model objects are selected. 136 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . bolts. When the clash check is complete. You can continue working during the clash check. Click to check the objects. double-click a row. or reference model objects that collide.

the faster the picture is moved.2. The Fly command only works rendered views with Projection set to Perspective.2 Flying through the model You can use the Fly command to travel through the model. Enter the clearance values. To stop flying. 3. right-click and select Interrupt or press the Esc key. To fly through the model: 1. The more the pointer is moved from the point of origin. 4. 2. Click View > Fly or click The mouse pointer changes. Move the pointer to establish your flying direction. 39. Tekla Structures displays an arrow symbol to indicate the flying direction. Select Clash check on the list. The flying route can be changed by moving the mouse. . Click OK. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 7 Checking the model 137 . 3.

and material lists ID lists The main feature of the ID lists is that the lines that contain profiles can be selected. within the model.3 Checking using reports You can check models using reports. You can generate the following types of reports: • • Bolt. nut. Reports can contain information from selected parts or the entire model. or click The Report dialog box opens. Select a report from the report templates Click Create from all or Create from selected button. or parts. the accompanying profile will be highlighted in the model. bolts.. 4. 40 Inquire The inquire tool displays the properties of a particular object. LESSON 7 Inquire 138 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . The Inquire Object dialog box displays information relevant to the objects you select. . washer. Reports can be lists of drawings. 2.. Click Drawings & Reports > Create Report. As a result. 3. Click Drawings & Reports > Numbering > Numbering All Objects (Full Numbering). or a group of objects.39.. • To check using reports: 1. This is useful if a profile is hard to locate. User-defined attributes list A user-defined attribute list can be used to check that the correct profiles are shortened.

40. 2. It is also possible to change the profiles that are a part of a bolt connection. Click Tools > Inquire > Object or click . a component. The selected object and all parts of the object are highlighted. etc. a bolt. 2. To inquire object for bolts: 1. To inquire object: 1. Inquire object for bolts You can inquire objects for bolts. Select the object. It displays all relevant information regarding the object.1 Inquire object You can inquire object to display the properties of a particular object. The information displayed depends on the object that was selected in step 1. or group of objects. The object can be a part. Select an object. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 7 Inquire 139 . The Inquire object dialog box opens. within the model. Right-click and select Bolt Parts from the menu. a weld.

40. Select an object. bolts and welds are not taken into account. Click Tools > Inquire > Center of Gravity or click . whereas polygon cuttings. Click Tools > Inquire > Assembly Objects or click . fittings. and line cuts are considered. Tools > Inquire > Welded Parts to highlight the selected part and all the parts that are welded to it. Select the assembly. 2. 1.2 Inquire assembly objects 1. 2.40. 40. part cuttings.4 Inquire center of gravity You can inquire an object’s center of gravity. When calculating an object’s center of gravity. Main parts are highlighted with red and secondary parts with yellow.3 Inquire welded parts Click Tools > Inquire > Primary Welded Part to highlight the primary part when you select the secondary part. LESSON 7 Inquire 140 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

angles. and bolt spaces: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 7 Measuring distances. When you measure horizontal and vertical distances. press Ctrl + P. angles. The following measurement options are available: The measuring options are: • • • • • 1. Follow the instructions that vary according to the measurement option you selected. To switch to a plane view. 2. Horizontal distance Vertical distance Distance Angle Bolt spaces Click Tools > Measure or click one of the measurement buttons. angles.41 Measuring distances. and bolt spaces. use a plane view. angles. and bolt spaces You can measure distances. To measure distances. and bolt spaces 141 .

and bolt spaces TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . angles.142 LESSON 7 Measuring distances.

LESSON 8 In this lesson. you will learn the following things: • • • • how to define custom components how to use reference models how to publish models as web pages how to open models in Model Reviewer > LESSON 8 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 143 .

Select the component you want to explode. Before you can define a custom component. and bolts. 42. such as parts.3 Defining custom components You can define and save custom components in the component library.. To define a custom component: LESSON 8 1. Exploding ungroups the objects in an existing component. Creates a group of objects which may contain connections and details. Click Detailing > Component > Explode Component. 42. 2. You can then remove and modify parts and other objects in the component. to open the Custom Component Wizard. Creates detail objects and connects them to a main part at a picked location. When you create a custom component. Click Detailing > Component > Define Custom Component. you need to create a sample component in the model containing all the necessary component objects. 42.1 Custom component types You can create four types of custom components: Type Connection Detail Seam Part Description Creates connection objects and connects secondary part(s) to a main part. Then you can modify the objects to suit your needs and use them in your custom component. you can use it the same way as any Tekla Structures system component.. it is recommended to create a similar existing component and then explode it. fittings. Creates seam objects and connects parts along a line picked with two points. Tekla Structures ungroups the objects in the component. 144 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . you can create your own custom components.42 Custom components Tekla Structures contains lots of predefined components that can be used for creating details and connections. However. if Tekla Structures does not contain required components.2 Exploding components Exploding components is very useful when defining custom components. To explode a component: 1. When you have created a custom component.

click Help > Learning Center > Custom Component Tutorials and select an option.. from the pop-up menu.2.. Right-click the component list and select Import. Importing To import a custom component: 1. Exporting To export a custom component to a file: 1. The custom component appears in the component catalog. 5. 2.. 4. (Create Component) or press Ctrl + F to open the component catalog.4 Exporting and importing You can export custom components to a file. 3. The following file types are supported: LESSON 8 Reference models • • AutoCAD (*. The Export components dialog box opens. The Import Components dialog box opens. select the file and click OK. The next step depends on the Type you selected. Enter the name for the file and select the folder where the file is saved in.. The custom component is available in the component catalog. from the pop-up menu. Click Finish to create the custom component. 3. Select Custom from the list to display all the custom components. Click Detailing > Component > Component Catalog... 5. 43 Reference models A reference model is a file which helps you to build a Tekla Structures model. because the reference files are considered as single objects. Reference models keep the size of model files relatively small. Click Next. the file extension is .dxf) AutoCAD (*. Click Next. Click Detailing > Component > Component Catalog.uel.dwg) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 145 . By default. 2. Follow the instructions in the Custom Component Wizard. Right-click the custom component and select Export. 42... 4. (Create Component) or press Ctrl + F to open the component catalog. Click OK to export the file. To learn more about custom components. 3. 6. and then import the file into another model. Select the objects that the custom component will create. Select the Type and enter other properties as required. Browse for the file you want to import.

2 Hiding a reference model LESSON 8 Reference models To hide a reference model: 1. Click File > Insert Reference Model. 146 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Tekla Structures loads the reference model from file each time you open your model.. or .. 4. next to the File name box to locate the reference model file. The Reference Model Properties dialog box opens. Change the scale if it is different from the one in the Tekla Structures model. 5.3dd) IFC files (*.. Click OK. Tekla Structures inserts the reference model. Click Browse. 3. Pick the position for the reference model origin. 43. You can snap to reference model points...prp) Cadmatic models (*. to open the Reference Models dialog box.1 Inserting a reference model 1.xml) The reference model appears in the background of your Tekla Structuresmodel.• • • • MicroStation (*. 43. 2.dgn. 2..IFC) WebViewer XML files (*. Select a reference model from the list. *. Click File > Reference Model List.

For example. Tekla Structures goes through all the reference models and regenerates the reference models that have a newer modified date.ifc) Cadmatic (. to open the Reference Models dialog box. Select an option in the Show list in the Change detection section. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 8 Reference models 147 .xml) DWG (. 43...3 Updating a reference model You can update the reference models in your Tekla Structures model if there have been changes in the original reference models after you have imported them to Tekla Structures.3dd) WebViewer (.. 43. Click File > Reference Model List. select Changed to see the changed objects in a reference model. 2. You can detect changes in reference models that are of the following file formats: • • • • 1.3.. IFC (.4 Detecting changes in reference models You can see the changes between an old and new reference model by using commands in the Reference Object Properties dialog box. button next to the Old file name box. To update all reference models: 1. 3. 2. Click Reload All. To detect changes: Browse for the name of the old file by clicking the Browse. Select Hidden from the list in the Visibility column.dwg) Select the reference model and double-click it to display the Reference Object Properties dialog box.

Tekla Structures highlights the changed reference model objects.4. Example The following example shows how the changes are displayed in the reference model: The old file: The new file: LESSON 8 Reference models 148 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Click Modify to stop detecting changes. 5. Click Display.

activate only the snap switches you need.5 Handling large reference models These are some tips for speeding up large reference models: • • Large. To speed up snapping. Split large reference models into smaller ones and display only the parts you need in the model. highly-detailed reference models contain lots of snap points. The WebViewer files can also be used as reference models. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 149 . 44 WebViewer LESSON 8 WebViewer You can publish your Tekla Structures models as web pages that can be viewed via the Internet using a web browser.The Show option has been set to Changed in the Reference Object Properties dialog box: 43.

select Selected parts.1 Publishing a model as a web page 1. Change the page title if required. Tekla Structures creates a PublicWeb folder with sub-folders in the current model folder. Click Publish.. 2. LESSON 8 WebViewer 150 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . If you select the Open in browser check box. to open the Publish as Web Page dialog box. In the File name box. and places the published model there.44. 3. 4. By default. enter the destination path and file name for the published model.. If you want to publish a web page of selected parts. Click File > Publish as Web Page. 5. the model opens in your web browser.

xml. . TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 8 Tekla Structures Model Reviewer 151 . zoom. Supported file formats are: . When you save the model and the markups in Model Reviewer. With it you can: • • • • • • • Easily pan. 45. In Tekla Structures. You can then send the published model to other project participants. rotate. After installing the tool.wmr format. the file is saved in .zsol. Browse for a published model file. you can publish a model in .com/international/solutions/building-construction/Pages/web-models-modelreviewer. those involved in the project can open the model and add comments to it.zsol format. watch the introductory video on the download page. Click Windows Start > All Programs > Tekla Structures > Tekla Structures Model Reviewer. Go to http:// www.tekla.aspx and click the Free Download link. Model Reviewer includes excellent model navigation and mark up functionality. and fly through the model See important part information Fly through a set of saved locations in the model to present it to the project team Use clip planes to slice through walls and crowded areas of the model Email models easily to other parties Create and manage markups (redlines) of specific areas in the model Visually track project statuses with different colors in the model You can use the Model Reviewer tool to improve project communication. . You can download and install Model Reviewer from Tekla’s website.1 Opening a model in Model Reviewer To open a model in Model Reviewer: 1.45 Tekla Structures Model Reviewer Tekla Structures Model Reviewer is a free and improved tool based on the Tekla Structures Web Viewer. and . 2.wrm.wmr. To learn more.xml or .

152 LESSON 8 Tekla Structures Model Reviewer TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

LESSON 9 In this lesson. you will learn the following things: • how to use windbracing > LESSON 9 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 153 .

By default. snow and other vertical loads. Double-click the Create Beam button. 5. Click OK. Select Middle in the On plane list and enter 5 in the box.1 Windbracing in a front plane 1. 2. LESSON 9 Open the Position tab. Using windbracing. for example. In case of windbracings in front planes. 46. Wind load is different than. 3. Load bracing in the Beam Properties dialog box. change the Profile to. you can create buildings that can resist loads acting parallel and perpendicular to any wall of a building. The Beam Properties dialog box opens. FL10*60. flat bracings are often used. Therefore. 154 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .46 Windbracing All buildings must be designed to resist wind load. 4. The windbracing will be positioned on the right side with an extra distance of 5 mm. an angle steel profile is loaded. for example. Wind load acts horizontally and in any direction.

7. 155 . 2. 3. 4. Double-click the Create Beam button. This is the best option for modeling windbracings in a straight roof plane. the bracings are positioned with the closed sides towards each other. or the At depth has to bet set to Front or Behind. increase the values for the On plane list in the Position tab. the offset has to be set to 30. By default. The Beam Properties dialog box opens. 7. That means that one bracing has to be rotated 180 degrees by changing the Rotation from Below to Top. in case of crossing angle steel windbracings. Usually. Select Middle in the On plane list. 6. Click the Create Beam button and place a windbracing profile from the left bottom side towards the right upper side.6.2 Windbracing in a straight roof plane 1. an angle steel profile is loaded. for a profile L60/6. Position the windbracings in the center of the columns. 5. For example. because of their better resistance against deflection. 8. Open the Position tab. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 9 Click OK. To let the bracings cross each other correctly. Click the Create Beam button and place a windbracing profile from the left bottom side towards the right upper side. Select components and connect the braces to the columns. Load bracing in the Beam Properties dialog box. 46.

Make the windbracings. a view which is parallel to the sloping roof plane can be made. LESSON 9 156 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Move the work plane parallel to the roof plane. 3. 9. Click View > View Properties. 3. 1. 1. Click View > Set Work Plane > To Part Top Plane. Change the name of the view if you want to store it for later use. There are two ways of doing this: Option 1 1. Select the components and connect the braces to the columns. Position the windbracings in the center of the columns.3 Windbracing in a sloping roof You can model windbracings for a sloping roof using Tekla Structures. • Make the windbracing with the roof plane view • Make the windbracing without the roof plane view Moving the work plane parallel to the roof plane Before you insert windbracings in a sloping roof plane. 2. Making the view parallel to the sloping roof plane When the work plane is parallel to the roof beams. Make the view parallel to the sloping roof plane. 2. 2. Option 2 1. Click View > Create View of Model > Using Three Points. Pick a roof beam. Set the work plane parallel to the roof beam. Load the plane settings and change the name of the view. 4. Click View > Creat View of Model > On Work Plane or click A new view looking perpendicularly to the roof plane is created. The view is moved accordingly. we recommend you move the work plane parallel to the roof plane. 46. The View Properties dialog box opens. 3. The following steps lead to longer tasks explaining each phase needed to complete windbracings for a sloping roof. . Set the work plane parallel to the roof beam. 2.8.

2. In a 3D view. 4. create reference points on the roof beam. 3. 90). a Pick origin. 157 . Windbracing without using the roof plane view 1. For more information on creating points. 5. b Pick a point on positive X direction. Insert reference points on the roof beam for positioning the windbracing. for example. with the component Bolted gusset 11. Load the bracing setting and position the windbracing. Double-click the Create Beam button to open the Beam Properties dialog box. Connect the bracing to the roof beams. see Creating points along a line (p. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 9 2. Copy the reference points to the next grid line.5. set the work plane parallel to the roof plane. 4. Windbracing using the roof plane view 1. Model the windbracings in the 3D view by snapping to the reference points. c Pick a point on Y direction. Change the position of the bracings so that they do not intersect with each other. 3. In a plane view. Pick the points to create the view.

there is a difference between entering the value 0 (zero) and leaving the box empty. Click Modify and Cancel. When entering values to the Tekla Structures Beam dialog box. LESSON 9 3. Click User-defined attributes button in the Attributes tab. or click Modify and close the dialog box.46.4 Shortening windbracing 1. The Tekla Structures Beam dialog box opens. Enter the shortening value in the Shorten box. 158 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 2. Double-click a windbracing to open the Beam Properties dialog box. 4.

973 mm 0. However. the total length should be 5996 mm.9993*40 = 39. we have a windbracing that is 2000 mm in length. the dimensions are rounded off in millimeters. It is shortened by 20 mm.6 mm 0. Without shortening. the distances would be: 40-60-5800-60-40. The dimensioning in this example will be: 40-60-5796-60-40. Tekla Structures divides the total length after shortening by the initial length of the bracing. 1980 / 2000 = 0. Example 2 is a shorter windbracing so the shortening is divided equally to the whole windbracing. In these reports. also the holes have to be taken into consideration.99*1800 = 1782 mm 159 . that is.99*40 = 39.960 mm 0. Tekla Structures divides the total length after shortening by the initial length of the bracing.Do not click Apply and OK.9993*60 = 59. • 46. because the value you defined for the shortening will be saved as the default value for the Shorten box and it may affect other beams. Checking windbracing • Reports You can use the reports User Defined Attributes (UDA) and id_part_list. If we shorten the windbracing by 4 mm.9993*5800 = 5796. Example 1 In this example. we have a windbracing that is 6000 mm in length.5 Shortening examples Examples 1 and 2 are both examples on how to shorten windbracing using Tekla Structures. Example 2 In this example. Each individual distance is multiplied with this factor: TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 9 • • • 0.99*60 = 59. Object representation You can create object representation settings to display shortened components. Each individual distance is multiplied with this factor: • • • 0.99. the Shorten column displays which profiles are shortened. that is. that is the distance between the two bolt groups.4 mm 0. The shortening value of 4 mm will be applied to the largest distance. The windbracing has holes at a bolt distance of 60 mm and an edge distance of 40 mm.9993. 5996 / 6000 = 0.133 mm By default. Example 1 is a case where the windbracing is long and the shortening is therefore directed only to the distance between the bolts.

but also to the bolt distances.6 Windbracing examples Welded connections Cross bolted Cross welded LESSON 9 160 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . the dimensions are rounded off in millimeters. The shortening of 20 mm is not only applied to the biggest distance. The dimensioning in this example will be: 40-59-1782-59-40.By default. 46.

Cross welded and bolted Flat bar TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 9 161 .

LESSON 9 162 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

> LESSON 10 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 163 .LESSON 10 This lesson contains reference material that you can use when needed.

47 Component examples
You can browse the component examples in this lesson to see the various component options Tekla Structures offers. This material is presented as reference only.

47.1 Steel components
End plate (144)

LESSON 10

164

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

Two-sided end plate (142)

Stiffened end plate (27)

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

LESSON 10

165

Partial stiff end plate (65)

Bolted gusset (11)

LESSON 10

166

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16

Central gusset (169) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 167 .

Column seating (39) Cranked beam (41) LESSON 10 168 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

Haunch (40) Joining plates (14) Stub (28) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 169 .

a base plate is created with a leveling plate including grout holes. A plain base plate is also an option (leveling plate t=0) with or with-out grout holes.Column two beams (3) Base plate (1004) This component includes an option to create one or more filler plates. LESSON 10 170 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . Additional stiffeners can also be added. Base plate (1029) With the standard setting.

TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 171 .

Stiffeners (1003) Stub (1011) Use the bolt delete option to determine which holes are deleted from the stub. End plate (1002) LESSON 10 172 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

Stanchion weld (85) Round tube (23) Bolts in a part (1006) TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 173 .

174 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .Manlock column (1032) Manlock beam (1033) Array of objects (29) LESSON 10 This component can be used to copy model objects.

a column. Tekla Structures changes the copied objects as well. for example. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 10 175 .one truss copied If you modify the original objects.

LESSON 10 176 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 .

you will learn the following things: • • how to use Tekla Structures Help how to save your favorite Help topics > LESSON 11 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 177 .LESSON 11 In this lesson.

48 Using Tekla Structures Help Tekla Structures Help is a detailed guide to Tekla Structures concepts. To open or close all books on the Contents tab. If a keyword is associated with more than one topic. and features. If you have a dialog box open. right-click one of the topics and select Open all or Close all from the pop-up menu. 3. Use the blue-and-white arrow buttons to move to the next or previous topic. Press F1. 48. 2. Go to the Contents tab. To find a Help topic using the index: 1.1 Opening Tekla Structures Help To open Help. do one of the following: • • Click Help > Tekla Structures Help. commands. Enter a keyword. tools. with plenty of examples.3 Finding Help topics using the index Use the Index tab to search for Help topics using an alphabetical list of keywords. To browse Help topics by subject: 1. or scroll through the list of keywords. Click a Help topic to open it. 2. LESSON 11 Go to the Index tab. 48. pressing F1 takes you straight to the related topic.2 Browsing Help topics by subject Use the Contents tab to browse through Help topics using a hierarchical list of topics. or double-click a closed book icon to display the subtopics. 178 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 48. Double-click a title to display that topic. a list of topics appears and you are prompted to select one of them. or click a topic title and then click Display. 3.

3. Go to the Search tab. 4. search operators. do any of the following: To Display the search results in alphabetical order Display the location of a topic in the hierarchical list of topics Find a specific word or phrase in the open topic Move forward and backward through previously viewed topics Show or hide the navigation pane Disable the highlighting of search terms in the search results Return to the Help cover page Do this Click the Title column heading. enclose the phrase in double quotation marks. Click the topic and press Ctrl + F. A list of results appears. To search for a Help topic: 1. The next search will be performed within the topics that were found in the previous search. or if the search term contains special characters. Double-click a title to display that topic. TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 LESSON 11 179 . 2. Viewing the search results To view and sort the search results. Using search filters Use any of the following search filters to narrow or broaden your search results: Search filter Search previous results Description Narrows down the search results.48. Click Home on the Help toolbar. Click Forward or Back on the Help toolbar. and search filters. If you want to find an exact phrase. Click List Topics to start the search. "bolt catalog" or "objects. or click a topic title and then click Display. Click Show or Hide on the Help toolbar. Click Locate on the Help toolbar.inp". You can refine your search using wildcard characters. For example. Click Options > Search Highlight Off. nested search terms. Enter the words to search for.4 Searching for Help topics Use the Search tab to find Help topics based on search terms.

If the search term appears only in the body of a topic. Optional: If you want to save the topic under a different name.Search filter Match similar words Description Includes topics that contain words similar to your search term. LESSON 11 180 TEKLA STRUCTURES 16 . 4. 3. 48. select or clear the corresponding check box on the Search tab. Searches for words only in topic titles. Click Add. Go to the Favorites tab. and then press Enter. Search titles only To enable or disable a search filter. For example. 2. also the plural form of the word is included in the search. To add a topic to your list of favorites: 1. Display the topic you want to save. enter a new name in the Current topic box.5 Saving favorite Help topics Use the Favorites tab to save Help topics that you might want to visit again. it is not included in the search results.

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