Concepto de la Inclusion Economica


Andy Westwood OECD

Quito, 16 y 17 de diciembre del 2010

What is ‘Economic Inclusion’ What are its features and definitions?
‘access to and participation in economic activity above poverty or subsistence levels and sustained over time’
(Centre for Economic and Social Inclusion, UK)

• Work, income(s), wealth • Employment, economic activity, careers • Financial security, resilience • Economic and social mobility, better ‘life chances’ • Economic development, growth • High employment levels • Training, skills

What is ‘Economic Inclusion’ and how can it be measured or improved? • At the individual level? • At the level of the family/household? • At a geographical level – communities, neighbourhoods, cities, regions?

… and is economic inclusion a short (snapshot) or longer term concept?

Sustainable and longer-term policy interventions:
• Welfare to workforce development • Training to human capital development • Enterprise to economic development • Any jobs to ‘more and better’ jobs • Trade to high value trade (specialisation, internationalisation)

added value,

Economic and social inclusion...
• Creating and preserving economic activity in challenging local and international conditions • Developing social capital - trust, business is easier and less costly • Economic development depends on local assets and markets, capital, enterprise • Supporting social economy and third sector to develop economic inclusion

Economic inclusion at the local level:
• Support entrepreneurship and economic development (private, social) – especially locally ‘rooted’ businesses including SMEs Identify and support economic ‘assets’ (eg key public services, business clusters, colleges, universities Build and retain communities’ human capital, leadership

Local Multiplier Effect – locking in knowledge, finance, skills:

Businesses  and services  buying and trading locally Replacing ‘imports’ with local products  – and externally  delivered services  with locally  designed activity Local Multiplier  Effect driving up  social capital  and economy

User led, co‐ produced or  locally owned  services

Promoting and  supporting innovation  in business and in  public services

Attracting  money, wages  and investment  into locality, but  increasing local  earnings and  spending

Supporting local  employment  and enterprise

Building social  capital – networks,  volunteering,  community  activities, culture Increasing knowledge,  skills and leadership   held in  community

Actors in local economic development:

Social enterprises, community businesses, micro finance, SMEs Build social capital – volunteering, stakeholding But also build and support businesses too

Economic Inclusion:
• • • •
• • •

Multiple definitions Multiple actors Multiple benefits Relative not absolute concept – ever shifting
Economic inclusion and social inclusion go together Develop a sustainable economic model Support long term definitions of inclusion across individuals, households and localities Things that can be delivered, managed or owned from ‘outside’ provide less long term benefit and can disappear quickly

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