The Illuminati (plural of Latin illuminatus, "enlightened") is a name given to several groups, both historical and modern, and both real and fictitious. Historically, the name refers specifically to the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on May 1, 1776. In modern times it is also used to refer to a purported conspiratorial organization which acts as a shadowy "power behind the throne", allegedly controlling world affairs through present day governments and corporations, usually as a modern incarnation or continuation of the Bavarian Illuminati. In this context, the Illuminati are believed to be the masterminds behind events that will lead to the establishment of a New World Order.
Adam Weishaupt, founder

The movement was founded on May 1, 1776, in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria), by Jesuit-taught Adam Weishaupt (d. 1830),[1] who was the first lay professor of canon law at the University of Ingolstadt.[2] The movement was made up of freethinkers as an offshoot of the Enlightenment, and seems to have been modeled on the Freemasons.[3] Some observers at the time, such as Seth Payson, believed the movement represented a conspiracy to infiltrate and overthrow the governments of European states.[4] Writers such as Augustin Barruel and John Robison even claimed that the Illuminati were behind the French Revolution, a claim that Jean-Joseph Mounier dismissed in his 1801 book On the Influence Attributed to Philosophers, Free-Masons, and to the Illuminati on the Revolution of France.[5] The group's adherents were given the name "Illuminati", although they called themselves "Perfectibilists". The group has also been called the Illuminati Order and the Bavarian Illuminati, and the movement itself has been referred to as Illuminism (after illuminism). In 1777, Karl Theodor became ruler of Bavaria. He was a proponent of Enlightened Despotism and, in 1784, his government banned all secret societies, including the Illuminati. During the period when the Illuminati were legally allowed to operate, many influential intellectuals and progressive politicians counted themselves as members, including Ferdinand of Brunswick and the diplomat Xavier von Zwack, who was number two in the operation and was found with much of the group's literature when his home was searched.[6] The Illuminati's members pledged obedience to their superiors. Members were divided into three main classes, each with several degrees. The order had its branches in most countries of the European continent; it reportedly had around 2,000 members over the span of ten years.[2] The organization had its attraction for literary men, such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Johann Gottfried Herder, and even for the reigning dukes of Gotha and Weimar. Weishaupt modeled his group to some extent on Freemasonry, and many Illuminati chapters drew membership from existing Masonic lodges. Internal rupture and panic over succession preceded its downfall, which was effected by the Secular Edict made by the Bavarian government in 1785.[2]

Popular culture The Illuminati are a recurring theme in popular culture. 2002). Ryan Burke. Notes [1] The European Illuminati (http:/ / freemasonry. Monika Neugebauer-Wölk and Hermann Schüttler.[8] [9] Conspiracy theorists have claimed that many notable people were or are members of the Illuminati. ca/ anti-masonry/ stauffer.go. On the Influence Attributed to Philosophers. . htm) [11] The Barack Obama Illuminati Connection (http:/ / www. Stauffer. bcy. 1802) ISBN 1931468141 [5] Jean-Joseph Mounier. A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. .[16] in film. 2008. cesnur. org/ The_Enlightenment.[18] in video games. com) [15] Official website of The Illuminati Order (http:/ / www. [4] Payson. 1776–81. "The Illuminati and Angels & Demons FAQ – Do the Illuminati Really Exist?" (http:/ / www. H: Illuminati: The Cult that Hijacked the World. 1974 (reprint of the first edition from 1801).com" (http:/ / abclocal.Illuminati 2 Modern Illuminati Writers such as Mark Dice. and The Illuminati" (http:/ / atheists. and to the Illuminati on the Revolution of France. Ed. such as the multiple groups that call themselves some variation on "The Illuminati Order"[14] [15] use the name directly in the name of their organization. use the name as a grade of initiation within their organization. [9] Illuminati News (http:/ / www. Max Niemeyer. . ISBN 1439211485 [13] Springmeier. the Bush family.[17] on television. 1. Retrieved 2009-07-08. [7] "Angels & Demons Causing Serious Controversy . Abclocal. [6] Introvigne. Ambassador House. Israel. Proof of the Illuminati. BookSurge Publishing.[19] in comic book series. .5/17/09 . several modern fraternal groups claim to be the "heirs" of the Bavarian Illuminati and have openly used the name "Illuminati" in founding their own rites. appearing in print.Fresno News —[20] as well as in both trading card and roleplaying games. Michael. homestead. [8] Barkun. bcy. Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints.[21] References Bibliography • 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica: "Illuminati" • Die Korrespondenz des Illuminatenordens. 2003. Center for Studies on New Religions. possibly to this day. Jonathan I. New York. [2] A Bavarian Illuminati Primer (http:/ / freemasonry. ISBN 0966353323 [14] The Illuminati Order Homepage (http:/ / illuminati-order.[11] the Rothschild family. 2003 (first published in Charlestown: Etheridge. while others. such as the Ordo Templi Orientis. html) . (Oxford University Press. 2005._and_The_Illuminati). htm). "The Enlightenment. including Winston Churchill.[10] Barack Obama. html) by Vernon L. html) Compiled by Trevor W. Freemasonry. com/ moriah. Bd. University of California Press. The Invisible College Press.[13] In addition to the shadowy and secret organization. org/ index2. Retrieved 2008-12-31. New Ed edition. Comparative Studies in Religion and Society. by Reinhard Markner. 2009-05-17. American Atheists. htm) website: The Secret Order of the Illuminati (A Brief History of the Shadow Government) [10] The Bush Family and their Illuminati Rituals (http:/ / poweredbychrist. com/ kfsn/ story?section=news/ entertainment& id=6817493). . Some. org/ 2005/ mi_illuminati_en.[12] David Rockefeller and Zbigniew Brzezinski._Freemasonry. go. Many of these theories propose that world events are being controlled and manipulated by a secret society calling itself the Illuminati. 1998. ISBN 0-8201-1135-X. References to such an organization appear in many fictional works across many genres. Massimo. ca/ texts/ illuminati. F: Blood Lines of the Illuminati. com/ files/ bush/ rituals. Jüri Lina and Morgan Gricar have argued that the Bavarian Illuminati survived.[7] David Icke. illuminati-news. Free-Masons.D. com/ opinion/ the-barack-obama-illuminati-connection-754/ ) [12] Makow Ph. Retrieved 2008-12-30. hosted on the Grand Lodge of British Columbia & Yukon website (hereafter BC&Y).ISBN 3-484-10881-9 • Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650–1750. USA. rushlimbaughsites. Seth. LLC. Conrad. McKeown hosted BC&Y [3] Goeringer. illuminati-order.Tübingen.

newadvent.Illuminati [16] Prominent examples include: The Illuminatus! Trilogy by Robert Shea and Robert Anton Wilson. sacred-texts. RiotMinds Stockholm 2008. org/ they are central to the plot of the movie Lara Croft: Tomb Raider [18] For example. Jacobsson.htm) • Illuminati Conspiracy Part One: A Precise Exegesis on the Available Evidence by Terry Melanson (http://www. comics. and The Illuminati by Larry Burkett. The Fallen Angels by Susannah Kells & Bernard Cornwell. lasso?SeriesID=17392) [21] Bergquist. in the Disney animated television show Gargoyles [19] such as Deus Ex [20] CGD – New Avengers: Illuminati (http:/ / Dan Brown's Angels & Demons. Nilsson (http://www. conspiracyarchive. Anders.htm) • 1917 Catholic Encyclopedia entry on Illuminati (http://www. Theodore. Sub Rosa — Hemliga Ordnar och Sällskap..htm) . [17] For' by John Robison (1797) at sacred-texts. ISBN 978-91-977263-0-6 3 External links • Complete text of 'Proofs of a Conspiracy.

Pwnage8. Ernst. Jnestorius. Kerowyn. Grimelab. Quentin Stark. THEN WHO WAS PHONE?. RealityCheck. Bobo192. Breakaway. The Anome. Diligent Terrier. JAltman752. Andrewrp. Arthur Rubin. A. Delldot. Cybe. Claudine. Dan Granahan. PseudoSudo. PhilipO.121. Blueboar. 15InfiniteJest. S7archild. Dbachmann. Newkc. Hobbs von Wackamole. Ixfd64. ESkog. Quantumobserver. Codepublic. Just4djh. Voltagedrop. Vignaux. Timo Honkasalo.254. Psi36. Jonathansen. Kralizec!. Slashme. AeonicOmega. Lapaz. Neckro. Tubby. Marixist101. Tony Sidaway. Jomasecu. Change. Wetman. Vague Rant. Tohd8BohaithuGh1. Medeis. Aitias. Richard Fannin. Redissue. Alex S. Hadal. LuciferMorgan. Arkalochori. C. Luna Santin. Eenu. CambridgeBayWeather. Johnkintaro. Kaini. Mike Halterman. Akradecki. Doctoroxenbriery. Zepheus. Lojah. Bjørn. Dominics Fire. C881play. Chmod007. Thomack. Samuel Blanning. Daniel Quinlan. FightForFreedom. LibrarianJessica. Cosprings. Baphomet58. Ugen64. Saddhiyama. Tetracube. Shimgray. Drjon. Irishguy. Nigholith. 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HeartofaDog. The green klan. Domchol. Kukini. Tyfighter79. Ne0Freedom. Goodoldave. Scriberius. Tpm23. Wfgh66. Punarbhava. Alchemist173. PMHauge. Discospinster. Daviessimo. Mangoe. Downtown dan seattle. Kilom691. Lobsterkins. Cynical. Gwen Gale. Bastin. Yauhin. Taroaldo. MerrickShipley. Avnjay. B-DAWG48. Dimanovski. Igodard. Fentonrobb. Veriter. Gexel. OleMaster. LeaveSleaves. Javert. Death chaulk. Illuminatidvds. Ratemonth. JacobJHWard. Licenses and Contributors File:Adam Weishaupt01. JoshuaZ. Pharaoh of the Wizards.112. Shii. Knowledgeum. 165. ‫ 3271 . Glisteningsquid. Britcom. Twas Now. AnonGuy. Linuxbeak. Samrolken. Ade1000. LongBay. XXL2oo. Thewatchdog2012. Shirulashem. Docboat. Gninja92. SlimVirgin. Bachcell. . WikHead. NewWorldOrder205. George Bisioulis. Hanuman Das. GeorgeC.. WadeSimMiser. Res2216firestar. Canis Lupus. AusJeb. Primpella. Cerealkiller13. JarlaxleArtemis.Z-man. BorgQueen. Luminist93. Garande1. Blanchardb. Hairy Dude. Antique Rose. Bfigura's puppy. Reimanova. 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TheEditrix2. Rjensen. Triwbe. Powerfool. Nohat. The Man in Question. Geoff43230. V-squared. Pjetter. Olivier. John K. HabsMTL. Tobias Hoevekamp. ClassicalLover80. WegianWarrior. Bigwyrm. 144. Brighterorange. Uranographer. Rosencomet. Canley. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. Aristotlerocks. Cinny. Dadofsam. Ntse. Odie5533. Tony Fox. Yandman. 0/ . The Haunted Angel. Jeff3000. Esau Laubscher. Colourfulglobe. Taco325i. Netsnipe. Liberal Classic. Sam Francis. Teemujazz.jpg  Source: http://en. Metasailor. JasterM. Khranus. HeirloomGardener. Funnybunny. Matt Deres. Garyvdm. Nixdorf. Rbreen. LizFL. Gco. Dysepsion. Pgk. Borisblue. Andy Marchbanks.132. TheTruthiness. John Vandenberg. Bongwarrior. Wizardboy777. SCFilm29. Stinkykid. Gcm. Wouterhagens. MSJapan. Stalepie. S7155. Wiki 99 user life. Sam Hocevar. Kurykh. Yworo. Piano non troppo. RDUK31. Wyatt Riot. Madagascar periwinkle. Xiutwel. Str1977. Scanners13. Chuckiesdad. Snigbrook. Smcwashere. Jamesjpn. Chodorkovskiy. Rdsmith4. TeaDrinker.wikipedia. 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