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FRIDAY, APRIL 11, 2008

The Feasibility of Tuba-tuba (Jatropha curcas) used as liniment for


stomach ache
Abstract:

Many people now a days are suffering stomach aches. And there are liniments that is very
expensive. That's why the researcher conducted an investigatory project to help people
suffering stomach ache to buy an affordable liniment, the tuba-tuba liniment.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER I:
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .i
Statement of the problem . . . . . . . . . . . ii
Hypothesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .iii
Scope and lamitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Definition of terms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
CHAPTER II:
RRL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vi
CHAPTER III:
Methodology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vii
CHAPTER IV:
Results and discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . .viii
CHAPTER V:
Conclusion and Recommendation . . . . .ix
CHAPTER VI:
Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . x

Acknowledgement:
I would like to thank my parents for supporting me. To Ms. Balve Granido for helping us to
make this study successful. To my friends, and especially to OUR ALMIGHTY GOD for giving me
knowledge and strenght.

Introduction:

Nowadays, our country is facing a great crisis. Nobody can deny that our life is at risk maybe
because even our primary needs is less given to us by our family. So the researcher conduct a
study about tuba-tuba used as liniment for stomach ache.

Jatropha curcas, Barbados nut or Physic nut is a perennial poisonous shrub (normally up to 5 m
high[1]) belonging to the Euphorbiaceae or spurge family. It is an uncultivated non-food wild-
species.

The plant, originating in Central America [2], whereas it has been spread to other tropical and
subtropical countries as well [3] and is mainly grown in Asia and in Africa, where it is known as
Pourghère. It is used as a living fence to protect gardens and fields from animals. [4]

It is resistant to a high degree of aridity and as such does not compete with food crops.

The seeds contains 30% oil [5]that can be processed to produce a high-quality biodiesel fuel,
usable in a standard diesel engine.

Statement of the Problem:

- Is there any effect of the tuba-tuba used as liniment for stomach ache?
- Is there any substance in tuba-tuba that can cure stomach ache?

Hypothesis:

- There is an effect of the tuba-tuba as liniment for stomach ache.


- There is a substance in tuba-tuba that can cure stomach ache.
Scope and limitation:

This study is limited only in making a liniment out of tuba-tuba for stomach ache. The
researcher want to investigate if the tuba-tuba is effective for healing stomach ache.

Significance of the study:

The researcher choose this study for the benifits of the poor people. This study may help them
by making an alternative source of a liniment for stomache ache. By this, they can save money
and this liniment will be affordable for their budget.

Definition of Terms:

Tuba-tuba or physic nut - it is a toxic plant ; it is found in a dryland. The roots are reported to
use as an antidote for snake bite.

Procedure:

* Gather some tuba-tuba leaves and wash them


* After washing, make fire for the tuba-tuba to be heated
* If fire is made, get the tuba-tuba and let the leaves heated for just a seconds enough to be
heated
*If the tuba-tuba is heated, you can get it
*After getting, get the extract of the heated leaves and massage the aching stomach with the
extract.

URL:
http;//www.limbopascal07.blogspot.com

CHAPTER II

Review of Related Literature:


Jatropha is a genus of approximately 175 succulent plants, shrubs and trees (some are
deciduous, like Jatropha curcas L.), from the family Euphorbiaceae. Jatropha is native to
Central America [1], and has become naturalized in many tropical and subtropical areas,
including India, Africa, and North America. Originating in the Caribbean, the jatropha was
spread as a valuable hedge plant to Africa and Asia by Portuguese traders. The mature small
trees bear male and female inflorescence, and do not grow very tall.

The hardy jatropha is resistant to drought and pests, and produces seeds containing up to 40%
oil. When the seeds are crushed and processed, the resulting oil can be used in a standard
diesel engine, while the residue can also be processed into biomass to power electricity plants.
[2]

Goldman Sachs recently cited Jatropha curcas as one of the best candidates for future
biodiesel production.[3] However, despite its abundance and use as an oil and reclamation
plant, none of the Jatropha species have been properly domesticated and, as a result, its
productivity is variable, and the long-term impact of its large-scale use on soil quality and the
environment is unknown. [1]
Currently the oil from Jatropha curcas seeds is used for making biodiesel fuel in Philippines,
promoted by a law authored by Philippine senators Miriam Defensor-Santiago and Miguel Zubiri.
Likewise, jatropha oil is being promoted as an easily grown biofuel crop in hundreds of projects
throughout India and other developing countries. [1] [4] The rail line between Mumbai and
Delhi is planted with Jatropha and the train itself runs on 15-20% biodiesel. [1] In Africa,
cultivation of jatropha is being promoted and is grown successfully in countries such as Mali.
[5]

Estimates of jatropha seed yield vary widely, due to a lack of research data, the genetic
diversity of the crop, the range of environments in which it is grown, and jatropha's perennial
life cycle. Seed yields under cultivation can range from 1,500 to 2,000 kilograms per hectare,
corresponding to extractable oil yields of 540 to 680 liters per hectare.[6]

Jatropha can also be intercropped with other cash crops such as coffee, sugar, fruits and
vegetables.[7]
Other uses

Tea made from the leaf of certain species are reputed to be an aphrodisiac.

Toxicity

Its sap is a skin irritant, and ingesting three untreated seeds can kill a person. 2005 Western
Australia banned the plant as invasive and highly toxic to people and animals. [8]

CHAPTER III:

Methodology:

All the materials were gathered and prepared including tuba-tuba and bottle.

CHAPTER IV:

REsults and discussion:

Recipient odor texture quality

baa

aab

aaa

Legend:
a- very satisfactory

b - satisfactory
c - needs improvement

According to the testimony given to me by the recipient, the extract of tuba-tuba is a good
product and can be used as liniment for those who are suffering stomach ache. Hence,the
product has a good texture and quality and odor.

CHAPTER V:

Conclusion :

The researcher therefore conclude that the tuba-tuba is a good product and can be a good
substitute for the leading brand. It has no harmful effects .

Recommendation:

I therefore recommend to everybody who is suffering in stomach ache, use the tuba-tuba as
liniment