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Q.1. Write a note on the destruction caused by atom bomb? Ans. The study of “Nagasaki” gives us a detailed narration of the destruction caused by the atom bomb in Nagasaki, the city of Japan, on August 9, 1985. the atom bomb was dropped by Allied forces. The picture of ruin comes alive before our eyes through the impressive narration of the writer. The writer narrates that it was a sunny day. All of a sudden, at 11am a b-29 appeared and dropped an atom bomb. The black rain started to fall. The blue sky turned to black. The air dose of radiation was more than 7000 raids. The people who were coming back from hypocenter were in miserable condition. “Their clothes were in rags and shreds of skin hung from their bodies.” Thousands of people were seriously injured. The noise of their cries was unbearable. They looked like ghosts. They too died after a few days. The dead bodies were large in number that it was a big problem to dispose them off. So these were piled up and burnt with the help of woods. Everywhere there was death and destruction. To sum up, it was an awful, horrible and terrible tragedy which befell the people of Nagasaki on that day. **************************** Q.2. How does the writer arouse the pity of the reader for the victims of atom bomb? Ans. The study of the essay “Nagasaki” by Michaito Ichimaro shows the destruction caused by bomb blast at Nagasaki during the second World War. This atomic blast reduced the city to dust. It created massive destruction. In this essay the writer had not only been describing the destruction but also giving his own comments for e.g. he says “I can’t get rid of the sounds of the crying woman in the destroyed fields ” The writer found his class fellows in a miserable condition. The writer comments on it. “They were unable to move their bodies, All of them would eventually die within weeks” The writer is against the use of nuclear war. He expressed his intense hatred against the use of nuclear weapons in these worlds; “Never again should these terrible nuclear weapons be used, no matter what happens.”
4 UNIQUE ENGLISH NOTES FOR B.A CLASS PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514
He was energetic and stout.B. He remembers the pains of childhood.” He was an energetic and strong man. “We should not make light of the troubles of children. At this grandfather himself went down and found the fault. He took initiatives. The collection in his dining room shows that he traveled widely. Once a captain reported something wrong with the rudder. His grandfather possessed many qualities. He knew much about the ships and the sea.Yeats is an autobiographical essay.B. Draw a character-sketch of grandfather. He was owner of many ships. These memories are not as charming and pleasing to the writer as most of us describe. It is also a fact that the impression of the essay would be different if the writer had not used his commentary. He thought that the souls of his friends would rest in peace if the nuclear weapons are not used in future. He used to spend his summer holidays with his maternal relatives. In short. It deals with the writer’s memory of his grandfather whose name was William Pollexfen. “and in the dining room was cabinet with a bits of coral in it and a jar of water from Jordan for the baptizing of his children and Chinese pictures upon the rice paper and an ivory walking stick from India. He kept a hatchet at his bed side for burglars. “My Grandfather” by W. He was an experienced shipman. yet people admired and loved him. the effective depiction of the destruction convinces the readers that the nuclear weapons should not be used.2. He believed in knocking down a man instead of going to law. Ans.B. *************************** MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 My grandfather W. He was a man of violent temper. “My Grandfather” by W. discuss Yeat’s purpose in writing his auto-biography. He was injured in this process. The grandfather ordered the crew to go down and find out the fault. the writer shows his disgust at the misery and horror he saw during the bomb blast. he was a man of violent temper and few friends.YEATS Q. Although.MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 In the end of the essay. *********************** Q. Ans.Yeats contains delicate memories of writer’s childhood.A CLASS PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 . He was an experienced shipman and was a man of violent temper. The crew refused. He shows that he was not especially happy and care free as most of the children are supposed to be. He was a great traveler.1. this essay throws an ample light on the character of grandfather. To sum up. They are worse than ours because we can see the end of our troubles but can never see any end.” 5 UNIQUE ENGLISH NOTES FOR B.
The writer had become so familiar with his tailor and accustomed to his dealings that he never thought that he would die. It is humorous in the beginning but it takes a pathetic turn at the end. there was no sound reason of his unhappiness. “There were people in the store unloading shelves and piling cloth and taking stock. Or how Yeats’ grandmother was different from his grandfather? Ans. compare the grandfather with the grandmother. It was very sudden and unexpected thing for the writer who considered him immortal. he had only few friends. loving and charitable. She was no less brave than her husband. MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 My Tailor STEPHEN LEACOCK Q. She helped the poor and the needy.3. The writer had been meeting his tailor for thirty years. It was. ******************************** Q. the result of the attitude of the elder people. It may also be the discipline and order maintained by grandfather in the house. vigorous. He was strict disciplinarian. Actually. but this sorrowful incident takes place. She was expert in handiwork. writer’s uncles and his aunts. patient. He never spoke to him harshly. The writer’s grandmother was gentle.A CLASS PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 . why does Leacock regard the tailor as immortal? Ans. The writer’s sincere and truthful account of the glimpses of his grandmother’s life makes the essay appealing. He grew happier with every year of age as though gradually conquering something in himself. the writer concludes that with the advancement in age he gained knowledge and confidence. The essay “My Grandfather” throws light on the character of grandfather. perhaps. She was a gentle lady in all respects. bold and daring. “Some of my misery was loneliness and some of it was fear of ale William Pollex fen.1. His grandmother and uncle once also punished him. It was she who managed the house alone with a candle in her hand. She was a true lover of her garden. my grandfather. The writer thought him to be immortal. grandmother.” These people broke the news of the death the tailor. but it was custom of the family to fear and admire him. Stephen Leacock. he is not sure about the real cause of his unhappiness in his childhood. He considered himself guilty. He had visited many countries.MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 Actually. It presents before us the picture of a devoted tailor. The writer was 6 UNIQUE ENGLISH NOTES FOR B. She was traditional woman of that period. His miseries were not made by other but were the part of his own mind. The writer says that his grandfather was never unkind to him. Being solitary and silent. He was strong. Nobody was unkind to him. ” Anyhow. “My Tailor” is a touching article by a famous writer. The death of the tailor fills the article with sorrow.
” 7 UNIQUE ENGLISH NOTES FOR B. “I was only surprised by the comparative smallness of the sums expended. Ans. He behaved in mechanical way. The article is humorous in the beginning but it takes a pathetic turn at the end. what in your opinion is the moral of the essay? Or “There is I am certain deep moral in this -----. point out the example of irony in the essay “The Beauty Industry” . To sum up. ************************************* Q. the tailor was an introvert.MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 shocked because he had never thought of his tailor as a human being. He ironically says. We may enjoy long association with people but we seldom try to know and understand their inner life.A CLASS PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 ALDOUS HUXLEY .1. It teaches us to be kind and considerate to other. We seldom bothered to share our feeling with them. It presents before us the picture of a devoted tailor. The writer has been meeting his tailor for thirty years. Might be there was no one around him to share his worries.2. “The most that the majority of the European woman can do is just wash and hope for the best. The essay has a deep moral in it. He kept his worries to himself.” According to the writer. “My Tailor” is a touching and impressive article by Stephen Leacock. the true beauty is a matter of inner self but the American women do not want to look virtuous by remaining simple. He ever talked to the writer about his family or business. During this ling period the writer has never bothered to know about the personal life of the tailor. The writer says that they spend about three million pound a week. He had taken him a tailor and not a man. ********************************************* MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 The Beauty Industry Q. “The Beauty Industry” by Aldous Huxley is full of irony and humour.too obvious” would you take the risk and draw the moral? Ans. We should think human beings as humans not as machines. This is the reason that the writer is shocked to know about he death of his tailor. To him he was a tailoring machine only. The writer makes fun of the fashionable American women who continue to spend lavishly on their faces and bodies. On the other hand. This was the reason that when the people told the writer about the death of the tailor the wrier was shocked. the moral is quite obvious. He says.” He also points out the foolishness of the American women by talking about the European women. The writer has done this because of lack of time and disinterestedness. if not to be less virtuous than their grandmother at any rate to look virtuous. “They have the sight.
Secondly. The writer says the real beauty has no relation with make-up or the use of cosmetics. or may it contain spiders. The real beauty involves the beauty of the mind and soul. “The Beauty Industry” is replete with humour. A healthy woman is sure to look attractive. ************************************************ Q. Different beauty aids like face creams. what are Huxley’s views on beauty? Ans. Q. The flower pot may be empty. To sum up. The poor also try to imitate the rich. Firstly. Thus the essay is full of humour and irony in a didactic manner. general prosperity has enable women to pay more attention to their personal appearance. These days now beauty is a sign of good health. real beauty is reflected on the face of good women. the food skins. This is not the case with the beautiful woman.3. She must be free from greed. Secondly. There are three major reasons for the development of beauty industry. what are the reasons of modern cult of beauty? Or why does the American woman like to beautify her face? Ans. change in social status of women is also a reason of modern cult of beauty. The writer says the real beauty of a woman cannot be compared to a porcelain jar. jealousy and ill-will. satire and irony. But its inner contents do not affect its outer shape. Awareness and education have changed the people. change in social status of women and awareness.A CLASS PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 .MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 Huxley remarks in an amusing manner that in future there will be lacking of old grandmothers. “The Beauty Industry” by Aldous Huxley tells us about the modern cult of beauty. health is another factor which makes a woman beautiful. colour and texture. He also remarks in a funny manners that in Paris. Thirdly. These reasons are beauty aids general prosperity. 8 UNIQUE ENGLISH NOTES FOR B. the exercises. Thirdly. Besides at the end of the essay the writer gives his views on beauty. the massage machines and belly reducing belts have given rise to a vast beauty industry in America. the health motors. Beautification is not considered a sign of moral corruption.2. there are reasons for the modern cult of beauty. The women are free to attend the social functions and look more attractive in the past. where this over-painting is most pronounced in many women have ceased to look human at all. Firstly. He considers it foolishness in past of the women to look beautiful with the help of make-up. There are also other examples of humour in this essay. A beautiful woman must be attractive from outside as well as from inside. According to the writer the real beauty is the result of following factors. The craze to look beautiful especially in American women has given birth to beauty industry. she must get rid of human vices and evils.
quacks are unregistered and unqualified practitioners. He mockingly declares that doctors are no more scientific than their tailors. It seems he has overstated his arguments. is it a popular delusion that every man is man of science? Ans. magnets and microscopes and discovering magical cures for diseases. doctoring is an art not a science. health and social justice. “For which both sorts seem to have equal opportunity” The writer points out that the quacks too have thriving practice like the qualified doctor. George Bernard Shaw in this essay remarks that common people generally believe that every doctor is a man of science. To sum up. Both do not have a scientific approach in the treatment of the patients.A CLASS PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 . But the writer does not consider every doctor a man science. They do not have enough knowledge of medical science. On the other hand. It is the art of curing illness. “The distinction between a quack doctor and qualified on is mainly that qualified one is authorized to sign death certificate.MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 Fourthly. The qualified doctors are considered man of science and knowledge. Though these reasons the writer has successfully given his moral lesson to the readers. A man in the street might think every doctor a man of science because of his less awareness and knowledge. the real beauty is caused by inner nobility. is there any difference between a qualified doctor and quack? Or what are Shaw’s views on quacks? Ans. “Are Doctors Men of Science” by George Bernard Shaw is a fine criticism on qualified doctors as well as quacks. According to him. Doctors hardly have any cleat conception of scientific method. 9 UNIQUE ENGLISH NOTES FOR B. It may be said that the difference between them is not as minute as the writer has pointed out.2. the writer says that social justice is another factor which makes people beautiful. The examples of quacks are the bone-setters. MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 Are Doctors Men of Science? Q.” He further ironically says. In short. Only a very few people understand that science is something more than conjuring with retorts and lamps. Q. While pointing out the difference between a qualified doctor and a quack the writer says. The qualified doctor acquires his knowledge from the book whereas the quack inherits from his elders or seniors. the herbalists and the spiritual healers. the writer has pointed out the difference between both sorts of doctors according to his own experience or perception. It is the art of keeping people I health.1.
The husband of married woman considers him a lucky person because he has saved himself from falling into the trap of women. He always finds himself on the horn of dilemma and cannot find what to do. mysterious and challenging Youngman. They hardly even find the girl of their dreams.2. ---. Each man is a bachelor till he is married. Bachelor life has its enjoyments as well as sorrows. The hostess of that mixed party in America finds this 10 UNIQUE ENGLISH NOTES FOR B. She compares him with her husband and finds him a handsome civil.” He also suffers from indigestion of the bad food of restaurants. She feels him unlike her husband.1. milder Don Mitty. Sex produces two kinds of bachelors. attractive. “Bachelor’s Dilemma” is an interesting and impressive essay by a famous writer Herbert Gold. what are the real problems face by a bachelor? Ans. Another bachelor sees him as a comrade. MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 Bachelor’s Dilemma Q. The writer seems tight in his proposition that doctoring is an art of curing illness. His main problem is that he is not understood by anybody in the society. essayist. He also sees him as a challenging and rival. what are the feelings of various people towards a bachelor at a mixed party? Ans. lonely and lonely. The writer has commented on the problems face by a bachelor realistically. He knows nowhere to go and what to do. Thus a bachelor wanders in his surroundings like a lonely ship. A girl may consider him a possible catch. a friend or rival who might steal away his girl. Both are forever searching. forever disappointed. The essay deals with the life of a bachelor in a modern society.lonely bored. Q. The writer says about his loneliness. She sometimes looks at him with admirable eyes. Another major problem of a bachelor is sex. In the vast sea of people he finds alone. He is always changing his conviction. One of the main problems of a bachelor is his lack of conviction. A wife might see him as a bad example for her own husband. people could not have fallen ill at a large scale. capable and efficient Don Juan and meeker.MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 Shaw may be tight when he says that doctors are not man of science.A CLASS PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 . Different people look at him from different angles. “Bachelor Dilemma” by a famous American novelist. She does not hesitate to give him her telephone number. She may feel the presence of a bachelor. Had it been an art of keeping people healthy. She tries to trap him in the net of conjugal life. editor and a shot story writer Herbert Gold deals with the problems of a bachelor in a modern society. “Who slides down the razor blade of time.
MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 Notes prepared by: Professor Muhammad Nadeem Anwar Department of Enlgish Government College Sabzazar Lahore. Thus a bachelor is looked in different angles by different people.A CLASS PROFESSOR MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 MUHAMMAD USMAN FAROOQI 0345-4761514 .A Eng) 11 UNIQUE ENGLISH NOTES FOR B.MUHAMMAD NADEEM ANWAR 0300-4181986 bachelor and extra man on the food table. & Muhammad Usman farooqi (M.
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