Training

Distributed busbar protection

75552 - I ntensive course

Siemens Power Academy

©Siemens AG

1

73352

2 High Low impedance

3 Exercises

4 Setting Recommendations

5

PTDSE

TCV

Dear Visitor, welcome at PTD SE

in Nurnberg, Hurnboldtstrafse 59 (NbgH59)

Information for Visitors

about environmental protection, occupational safety and technical safety (UAS)

Safety & Environmental

Protection Representative: JOrgen Czepluch HA -5372

Staff of occupational HSE: Barbara Kern 09131/7 -22634

Behaviour in case of emergencies

If you discover an accident or a fire or an environmental incident, please report it immediately

Emergency number:

2222

Please report: WHA T has happened and WHERE, HOW MANY PEOPLE are involved and

WAIT FOR ANY QUESTIONS THE SAFETY CONTROL CENTER MAY HAVEl

In case of building evacuation: Calm Down!

Please follow the official escape route notice

• Please go to the meeting point. which is about 150m diagonally opposite (left hand side) out of the building's main exit. Go as quickly as possible but calmly and stay there!

• Please follow the instructions of the safety personnel!

Wherever possible try to render assistance and limit the damage! Important! Saving life must be your first priority! Do nat put yourself in unnecessary danger! The only escape routes are corridors and stairs.

Never use elevators, they could become a trap!'

Environmental protection today!

"We intend to prevent imposing burdens on the environment or to reduce them to a minimum," This cannot be done without the collaboration of every single person in the company!

Please take into consideration when waste-generation:

Prevention --+ before Recycling -----7 before Disposal

SIEMENS

Power Transmission and Distribution

Course information

The course ID card allows you to enter the Siemens complex (factory). Please carry your ID card so that it is clearly visible.

On request you can obtain a card for the parking lot at the entrance gate. The parking lot is in Gugelstreet opposite the Siemens complex (factory).

Toilets are located outside the lobby in the staircase hall.

[g] Due to regulation by law this is a non-smoking area. Thank you for your understanding.

Should you require medical aid, contact our staff in the lobby. Company doctor> Te1.6311.

If" You can receive messages via the course office room 229 . .4 Tel. +49-(0)911- 433- 7415 and Fax. +49-(0)911- 433- 5482

f Please switch your mobile phone off while you are in the lecture rooms.

It is strictly forbidden to take pictures or to film at the area. Therefore we kindly ask you to leave your camera at the hotel

Please note that garbage is separated into different containers in the lecture rooms as well as in the lobby.

Thank you very much for your cooperation.

Power Training Center

SIEMENS

Power Transmission and Distribution

Contacts within the Siemens Power Academy

Training offers:

Internet: www.siemens.com/power-academy-td

E-mail: power-academy.ptd@siemens.com

Contact persons Sales:

Isabell Siskov

E-mail: IsabeILSiskov@siemens.com

Tel: +49-(0)911-433-7005

Fax: +49-(0)911-433-7929

Gabriele Gundacker

E-mail: Gabriele.Gundacker@siemens.com

Tel: +49-(0)911-433-7416

Fax: +49-(0)911-433-7929

Carmen Davis

E-mail: Carmen.Davis.EXT@siemens.com

Tel: +49-(0)911-433-7533

Fax: +49-(0)911-433-7929

Organisation:

Armin A. Hilgraf

E-mail: Armin.Hilgraf@siemens.com

Tel: +49-(0)911-433-7415

Fax: +49-(0)911-433-5482

Johanna Baurnl

E-mail: Johanna.Baeuml@siemens.com

Tel: +49-(0)911-433-7141

Fax: +49-(0)911-433-5482

PTD Customer Support Center

. Internet:

E-mail:

Hotline:

Fax:

htlp:/Iwww.siemens.com/energy-support support.energy@siemens.com +49-(0)180-524-7000 (12 ctlmin) +49-(0) 180-524-2471

SICAM Download Area

Internet:

www.sicam.de

SIPROTEC Download Area

Internet:

www.siprotec.de

Power Quality Download Area

Internet:

www.powerquality.de

--------~-----------.----------------------------.-----

Power Training Center

1

75552

Distributed Busbarand Breaker Failure Protection

S~EMENS

Trainer:

Erhard Welzel

Siemens AG, PTO SE PTI TC Tel.: 0049 - 911 - 433-8235

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 - t nlensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 2

Energy Sector

2

SHIEM~~:5,

I

I

r-----------~--------~~~----------------~------~~~----------------------

Tasks of the protection

Protection devices cannot prevent the short circuit,

Version: C 3_Page 3

Siemens Power Academy TO

but:

EO Can minimize the effect of short circuits

by:

" switching off within milliseconds

" switching off selectively thus prevents a breakdown of the power system

" Performing this tasks reliably

01 75$52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec, Distributed Busbar Proteclion 7 SS52 - I nte nsive Course

Energy Sector

_________ ,,_J

• ._. ._ ••••••• M __

3

· .

The need for a Busbar protection

S~EMENS

.:

A busbar is

• a point of convergence of many lines

• thus a concentration point of power

-7 high, destructive fault currents may result!

A busbar fault

• endangers the stability of the grid

a fast and selective fault clearance is required (200 ... 100ms ... incl. CB operation)

-7 a high degree of dependability and security is required (EHV: redundant BBP main1/main2)

• leads to serious damages of the switchgear -7 fastest fault clearance is required

01 75552 Dlstr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Pralee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75852· Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 4

Energy Sector

4

Reasons for and probability of a busbar fault

Reasons

.. mechanical problems (disconnectors, CTs) II insulation problems (pollution, flash over)

II human errors (switch-onto-fault)

Probability

" approx. 1 fault per 10 years

~~ but: the effects can be tremendous!! (outage, cost)

01 7SS52 Dlstr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 5

Energy Sector

5

Directory S~EMENS
II Introduction
" Function overview n
e
."
';i
to
3:
" Hardware and function splitting e
UI
00"
3
~
"
.-
" Communication and configuration ,.
o
~
ca
~
Security measures against malfunction ~
II o.
m
~
Q
Z
Q
.. Protection algorithms & special cases ~
p.
Version: C 3_Page 6 Siemens Power Academy TO 01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec. Ene rgy Sector
Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course 6

Introduction

Version: C 3_Page 7 Siemens Power Academy TO 01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec. j

__ __., .. •... ,_ D_is_l_rib_ul.e_d_B_u_S_b_ar_~~::~_c_lio_n_7_S_~~2_._rn_l_en_s_iv_e co_u_r_SE! __ E~erg_Y_S_e_C_lo_r .' __

7

S~EMENS

product portfolio busbar protection

en

til

8

replaced by 7SS60

performance (feeders, functionality)

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 -Intensive Course

Energy Sector

8

78813

since 1975

1500 devices in operation

" low impedance principle

" high stabilization performance to compensate C'T's saturation II fast measuring principle

II trips within 15 ms (on trip contact)

" well proven protection algorithmical-Iogic

01 75552 Dlstr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Dislributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 9

Energy Sector

built up by several boards in several racks

cu bicle

9

7SS50/51/52 family highlights

sn~MENS

78850/51 since 1989 (fully numerical)

78852 since 02/1998

78850 78851 75552

centralized, summation CTs centralized, phase segregated distributed, phase segregated

320 systems 78850/51

1500 systems 78852 in operation in 2008

/

\

01 75S52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 " I ntensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 10

Energy Sector

start in early 1998

met the approval of first customers

. trip times from 12 to 15ms

10

why a numerical busbar protection?

m high availability of the system by self monitoring

" provides profound information about network disturbances (fault buffer, fault recorder)

m reduced maintenance efforts due to constant accuracy, no ageing of components, no drift of pick up values

" high reliability as no mechanical switch overs are made when

m when assigning feeders to selectivity zones according to their disconnector position

" a selectivity zone is taken over by another one (e.g. on-load transfer) " multifunctional by integration of additional protection

functions (e.g. BFP)

.. flexible and fit for future changes as the system configuration is done with standard DIGSI4 operating software

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 - Intensive Course

Siemens PD'.'Jer Academy TD

Version: C 3 _Page 1"1

Energy Sector

when both sectionalizers are in close position only checkzone can be protected

11

self monitoring

t

I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I

1 _

S~EMENS

plausibility check of measured values e.g.: 1L1+IL2+IL3=k1xIN

supervision of AID convertion by convertion of reference values and offset monitoring

memory monitoring by calculating check sums and recharge of volatile memories

watch dog for task cycle monitoring

trip relay supervision (coil of K1 til K5)

Version: C 3_Page 12

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prntec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7S552 - Intensive Course

Energy Seclor

a uP has some intelligence

self monitoring not possible with analog system

12

analogue measurement treatment

analog incoming signals are compared to reference values. These values are subject to changes due to ageing.

setting values drift is possible and must be supervised by maintenance.

01 75552 Distr. Bushar & Breaker Failure Prolec.

Dislribuied Busbar Protection 75552· intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 13

Energy Sector

ageing of elements is the reason for periodical routine tests and calibration

same disadvantage as mechanical relays keep the mechanical components running resistors responsible for pick up values capacitors often for time elements

13

numerical measiJrementtreatment

SIEMENS

In numerical devices the measurement value is converted into a logical digit and then compared with another digit stored in a non-volatile memory

Thus drift of setting values is not possible (no ageing)

Version: C 3__Page 14

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolae.

Distributed Busbar Prolection 78552 - Intensive Cou rse

Energy Sector

(T arid resistor main analog components only a few components

its affordable to use high class elements

14

why a distributed busbar protection?

B simplier and more flexible system

D faster and easier installation (bay unit by bay unit) m shorter commissioning time

D easy and fast extension of protection system m lower CT burden

.. reduced wiring

01 7SS52 Distr, Bushar & Breaker Failure Protee.

Distributed Busbar Prolection 75552 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Pnge 15

Energy Sector

Now we have 1997

technology has changed

less wiring I test helps

. .

enqmeerinq

configuration by software

15

In a centralized system

SIEMENS

substation

01 7SS52 D1str. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7 SS52 - Intensive Course

Version: C 3_Page 16

Siemens Power Academy TD

Energy Sector

cables collected near the field

pay attention to extensive cabling

16

distributed system

Baud rate: 1.2 MBd

Fibre: multimode 62.5/125flm Plugs: ST style

substation

bay unit

01 75552 Dlstr, Busbnr & Breaker Fallure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 + Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 17

Energy sector

save of installation time reduced commissioning

average size 1 0 feeders

10 pairs of fibre optic versus 500 single

.

wires

up to 1,5 km without additional helps

this is where we are at the moment

17

arrangement variants .

SIEMENS

distributed arrangement

• bay units in the outdoor kiosks (e.g. AIS) central unit in the substation control room

• bay units in the feeder control panels / cubicles (e.g. GIS) central unit in a feeder control panel! cubicle (e.g. bus coupler)

centralized arrangement

• bay units and central unit in panels / cubicles

mixed arrangement

01 75552 Dlstr. ausbar & Bmaker Failure Protec, Oislfibuled Busbar Proleclion 75552 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 1 B

Energy Sector

Now we have 1997

technology has changed

less wiring I test helps

. .

enqineennq

configuration by software

18

r ~ ,;= !V1P"" r~ e:
~~~e:. ~
o
t
5
'"
Function EO ,"
overview »
o
'0
D
D
~
g
~"
~
"
'"
~ I
""I
Version: C 3_Page 19 Siemens Power Academy TO 01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec. Energy Sector
Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 . Inlensive Course 19

78852 Functional overview (1)

S~!EMENS

• using well proven measurement principle with 3 out of 3 security

II trip tlrne s 15 ms at the command contact

• saturation tolerated after 2ms (for exUaults; 3ms for lnt.faults)

• integrated versatile two step breaker failure protection

.. breaker failure mode "low current" (e.g. with Buchholz protection trip) is available

01 75552 Oistr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prctec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 • Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3 _Page 20

Energy Sector

continous development of algorithm adaption to numerical treatment example for saturation later

plays together with feeder protection or external BF

zone selective tripping, remote trip

20

75552 Functional overview (2)

m phase selective measurement for each bus-zone

II additional disconnector independent 'checkzone'

a transfer bus treatable as separate independent zone

" dead zone protection of faults between CB and CT(s) of the coupler

.. end fault protection for faults between CB and CT for each feeder

" Overcurrent trip permission possible

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7S$52 • Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 21

Energy Seclor

I

I

I I

some advantages but not so much for protection itself but things around

checkzone gives additional security without any restrictions

different protection methods best is with 2 CTs

trips only infeeds

protection of the rest goes on without interruption

21

75552 Functional overview (3)

SIEMENS

• taking bay "out of service" cancels the assignment to the system

• sealing of disconnector replica during disconnector "maintenance"

• increased availability of protection function in case of device faults (bay unit, optical fiber) or CT troubles

• additional tripping characteristic for earth faults in resistive earthed networks; release by additional external criteria

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552· Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 22

Energy Sector

some advantages but not so much for protection itself but things a rou nd

checkzone gives additional security without any restrictio n s

different protection methods best is with 2 CTs

trips only infeeds

protection of the rest goes on without interruption

22

maximum substation configuration

'" 4-system busbar or 3-system bus bar with transfer bus

"48 feeders

.. 12 independent protection zones

m 12 coupling zones (BB sections wlo feeders)

.. 16 couplers (1 CT) 18 couplers (2 CTs)

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Pralee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75S52 ~ lntensive Course

Sie mens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 23

Energy Secior

23

Hardware &

function splitting

01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75S52 • Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 24

Energy Sector

24

system structure (1)

o modular system

lJ few types of components

\J easy to extend

CJ easy to assemble

.• ••• ··b~y@it\ C) CD CJ 0(1 AID I,e; H:

~J.~

zps: procesainq unil

S81(: system mnnaqemnnl

BSZ: psctectton clporithm EAZ: liO unf

SK: SerJLlI llnk sV: rower 5UPP!Y

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 - Intensive Course

Siemens Povje r Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 25

Energy Sector

LEDs for sectionalizer positions display to show measurement values keys to navigate and operate

one of the first relays with the new design

all relays can be handled the same way

25

system structure (2)

SHEME~JS

central unit

zps: prncnssfnq unil

561(; syslam manaqement

BSZ: prorecfton alqcrllhm EAZ; 1/0 un~t

SK: Snrial firth SV: power supply

Version: C 3_Page 26

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Praise.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

LEDs for sectionalizer positions display to show measurement values keys to navigate and operate

one of the first relays with the new design

all relays can be handled the same way

26

788522 central unit

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Bushar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 27

Energy sector

all LEDs freely assignable

same appearance as the bay unit

plug in with the DIGSI

convenient way to access the whole system

27

755522 Central unit (rear)

saEMENS

01 7$$52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 28

Energy Sector

"

1

28

jobs. of the central unit

m phase segregated and zone selective differential protection

m breaker failure protection (partly, e.q. intertrip)

m data transmission and synchronisation of bay units

m periodical check of the entire system

a managing of configuration data and settings

m communication interfaces (local and remote)

D operational and fault annunciation buffer, fault record (Idill' Istab)

01 75552 Dlstr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busba r Proteclion 7SS52 - Intensive Cou rse

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 29

Energy Sector

location where protection is done distribute trip commands according to sectionalizer positions

29

7SS522 central unit

SDEMENS

~,'rl~

• I;cyLril40

PC part {DIGSI 41 RS2J2, 115kBd

Servia! port (DIGSI 4) RS2J2J40510F,115kBd

01 7SS52 Dlstr, Busbar & areakor Failure Protec, Distributed Busbar Protection 7 S8 52 - Intensive Cou rse

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 30

Energy Seclor

interface to rest of the world communication with other parts of su bstation

annunciation relays freely assignable upgrade to 32 annunc. relays

30

755523 bay unit

Version: C 3_Page 31

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 7$552 Dlstr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Pro!cc. Energy Sector

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 ~ Intensive Course

LEOs for sectionalizer positions display to show measurement values keys to navigate and operate

one of the first relays with the new design

all relays can be handled the same way

31

788523 Bay unit

S~EMENS

Version: C 3~Page 32

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 7SS52 Dlstr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec, Distributed B usbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

32

755525 bay unit

Version: C 3_Page 33

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 7SS52 Distr. B_tiS_bar &~Br_Cal,_cr F_ailu_re p_,otc_c. _E_nerg_y s.eClor I

Dislribuled Bus:protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course ___j

LEOs for sectionalizer positions display to show measurement values keys to navigate and operate

one of the first relays with the new design

all relays can be handled the same way

33

755525 Bay unit

S~EMENS

Version: C 3~Page 34

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 7SS52 Dlslr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75S52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

34

jobs of the bay unit

• samples measurement values, treats and checks them,

shows them on the display

A special treatment of coupling field measurement values m record of disconnector positions

D records and treats informations for the BF protection D BF protection (partly, e.g. timers)

D operational and fault annunciation buffer, fault record

(phase currents)

" serial llnk to central unit, measurement transmission D periodical test of environment, self monitoring

m ole backup protection

m end fault protection

01 7SS52 Dis!r. Busbar & Breaker Fnllure Pro!ec.

Distributed Busbar Protoction 7SS52 - Intensive Courso

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 35

Energy Sector

dependent on CBs position currents are set to zero or the sign of the current is reversed

sectional. pos. important for assignment to zones

repetition of the trip command, remote trip

35

755523 bay unit: connection diagram

Ll100 Q10FF

QlO" QlOFf

alOH Q][]f1'

CD ON CD OfF

ElF L. IlFl2 IlFLJ

mrir,llunit (OF,1,2MJJlls)

mJ'PL111 TruPL1r.z TRlPL2I1 lRlP= lRlP LJJ1 lRlPLlIZ

Inlu1rip

Bina ry 110 config uratlon shows default setting

Version: C 3_Page 36

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75552 Dis!r. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 - lntanslve Cou rS8

Energy Sector

interface to the field

all wiring is done here

36

788525 bay unit: connection diagram

Version: C 3_Page 37

'Ll

am1r3.lLmil (CF,1,J1.'lm:!lj

opcru~n!}'dlO;:;rlO:!l-i!i (!lSlli;lD.2J<1ld)

lTdPl1JI 1R.Jrt112 lRlPl2!1 mJPt2l2 lRl?l2!1 TilIPLl/Z

TIll""

illttJdrir

dmimfatlUIl1

Siemens Powe r Academy TO

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Brealwr Failure Pralee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

v. v·

interface to the field

all wiring is done here

37

smEMENS

Communication &

configuration

01 7S552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3 _Page 38

Energy Sector

38

centralized and local operation

DlGSI4 central unit and bay units

DIGSI4

RS 232

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Proteclion 75852 ~ lntenslve Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: G 3~Page 39

Ene r9Y Seclor

main hmi is central unit

configuration can be done before in the office via software DIGSI

some seconds per bay

operational annunc, fault annunc, fault record

start up of system without any assignment extensions just by configuration

39

lEe 61850 Interface (from V4.6)

S~EMENS

Option

j''':; ;::j::;;:::: :: ..... : :_:+:_<:..;.;: ;";';;';"~';"';;';'..J .. ,~.:~_G~~~~----':---~--c'_".- __ !_' __ 'L~.;.-;!~====~=::1 , .. ~ (' ::"

o
0
."
~
e
In
i5
~
»
O)
'"
c
0
f"
;l;
2 n.
~ ~
~ ~
"
:.r l
::J L?Y'4~c;_h_J.

Electrical I

Ethernet I.

755522

Energy Sector

Version: C 3_Page 40

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protee.

Distribuled Busbar Protection 75552 -Intensive Course

40

lEG 60870~5~1 03 interface

substationc()r1trc::iI·· ·.···.··.·..syst~nfSGS··ii···.··

device address: 49

SBI< ...

.. , COM telegram with address 49

one pair of optical fibers

2

48

device address

• device addresses are samples

Version: C 3_Page 41

Siemens Power Academy TO 01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec. Energy Sector

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

comissioning helps

read out and change feeder spec settings

pick up value of diff. BF times and stages

take the feeder out of order without interrupting the protection

41

lEG 60870~5-1 03 Interface

SIIEi\tlENS

75S523/525

755523/525

01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7 SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 42

Energy Sector

42

IEC60870-5-103 interface

.. central unit and bay units have their own lEG-address

m all devices (up to 49) have to be configured to the same channel in the substation control system SGS

a only one physical interface to the SGS. Gentral unit distibutes telegrams according to their lEG-address to central unit or bay units

01 75552 Distr. 8usbar & Breaker Failure Pralee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 43

Energy Sector

comissioning helps

read out and change feeder spec settings

pick up value of diff. BF times and stages

take the feeder out of order without interrupting the protection

43

IEC60870~5~103 interface Icentralunit

SBEMENS

annunciations

= operational events, monitoring alarms

B "bay out of service" and .dlsconnector maintenance" (bay specific) ~ trips of bus zones

" blackings, group alarms

~ annunciations from discannectors and CBs ~ alarms of bay units

operational measured values

" differential- and stabilzlnq currents of the bus zones " phase currents IL l' 1L2 und IL3 per bay unit

fault records

e differential- and stabilzing currents of the bus zones ~ binary marks (annunciations from c. U.)

Version: C 3_Page 44

Siemens Power Academy TO 01 78852 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec. Energy Sector

Distributed Busbar Protection 78852. - I ntensive Course

comissioning helps

read out and change feeder spec settings

pick up value of diff, BF times and stages

ta ke the feeder out of order without i nterru pti ng the protection

44

IEC60870-5-103 interface I bay unit

annunciations

e operational events, monitoring alarms ~ annunciations via binary inputs

~ trips and annunciations of the ole backup protection

e trips of the busbar protection and breaker failure protection ~ Alarms

operational measured values a none

fault records

~ feeder currents lu, IL2' 1L3 and IE ~ binary marks (fixed)

01 78552 nrstr. Bushar & Broaker Failure Prntcc.

Distribuled Busbar Protection 78852 - I nlen slve Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 45

Energy Sector

comissioning helps

read out and change feeder spec settings

pick up val ue of diff, BF times and stages

take the feeder out of order without interrupting the protection

45

local operation 755523

saEMENS

indication of

~ local currents la, lb, Ic, Ie -~ diff and stab currents

-7 disconnector positions, trip, status

local operation with DIGSI4 operational functions

":? "bay out of service"

-} freezing of disconnector position

-?- CB test trip

backup OIC protection (option)

<i/~!!!n

i/V···•····

·1~~!iJ1.riii·.······ .•

Fixed funclionalilies of the F-keys

a F1: "bay out of service" F2: CB test trip

" F3: "maintenance" ->freezing of disc. positions

F4: reversal of CT polarity

01 7SS52 Oislr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Oistribuled Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Acade my TO

Version: C 3_Page 46

Energy Sector

comissioning helps

read out and change feeder spec settings

pick up value of diff, BF times and stages

take the feeder out of order without interrupting the protection

46

Busbar and disconnector configuration

configuration and . . ..........•.

. operationofT8S52 with ···0IG814· .. ..

• libraryofstatic·and . dynarnicsymbols.iuser, defined possible as well.

. . ., " .

connectiClnof the . dynamic 5ymboJwithth~ ·respsctivedevice (i.e.·. • . CB,disconnec!or). . measured value

,",'_"- -: : '. "

.• standard typicals are provided, new typicals can be stored .

online visualisation

Version: C 3 _Page 47

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

all configuration, extensions, change of settings etc. can be done by the customer

47

Online visualization

S~lEMENS

I Version: C 3_Page 48

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7S352 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Energy Sector

48

Fault recording

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - I ntensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 49

Ene rgy Sector

example of a fault record

additionally binary signa Is (external and internal) recorded

harmonics analysis

measure time differences, currents and their differences

graphic printouts

convert signals into comtrade format replay currents with a 7VP15 CMC56

49

Security measures

I Version: C 3 Page 50 Siemens Power Academy TD 01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec, Energy Seelor

- Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - lnlensive Course

~_~ ~~ __ ~~ ••• .... .,,_. ,~,,_· ._.c, ~_.~, •• _ •. •.. '" ._H __ • ._o'w __

50

measures to detect external failures

supervision of disconnector positions in pairs of auxiliary contacts ","""-";" broken wires and loss of supply voltage can be detected

monitoring of differential currents < In

~""""~ CT faults, wiring and disconnector replica faults are detected

I"""""~ersion: c 3_Page 51

-----"

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 75552 Dlstr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7S552 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

51

measures to handle internal failures

S~EMlENS

m checksum test for memory

• watch dog for software and micro processor tests

• data transmission monitored by telegrams and check sums

• offset and amplifier supervision of ADC

• sum of phase currents must equal the earth current

• periodical test of trip circuits of the bay unit (command transistors and trip relay coil) :

trip simulation for 1 ms, for 1 trip channel -> the according command transistor must switch

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protac.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 52

Energy Sector

52

security againstoverfunction 3-out-of-3 trip control for each feeder

fault in zone x, calculated with all samples (1,3,5 .. )

fault in zone x, calculated with all even samples (0,2,4 .. )

01 7SS52 Dislr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 ~ lntensive Course

Siemens Power Academy m

Version: C 3~Page 53

Energy Sector

53

security against uriderfunctlon trip circuit supervision

Version: C 3_Page 54

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75S52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Pratee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - I ntensive Course

Energy Sector

54

Protection algorithms

Version: C 3_Page 55

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 7SS52 Dislr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7 SS52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

55

low impedance measuring principle = the impedance of the relay is low in comparisonto the CT circuit

biased differential current measurement

tripping component Idiff = 1/1 + 12 +." + Inl

stabilizing component

Istab=1/11 + 1/21 + , .. + Ilnl

momentary samples and filtered measurement values used for algorithmic evaluation>

1 st law of Kirchhoff 1:/= 0

Version: C 3_Page 56

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75552 Dlstr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 . Intensive Course

Energy Sector

56

formation of stabilizing current

,. detection of the peak value (1)

EI which is held by an e-function with a time constant of 64 ms (2), in order to keep a restraining value during possible CT saturation

1,2

0,8 0,6 0,4 . 0,2

o F""""'C:'''f~''''''''==

40

55

o

10

15

20

30

35

45

50

5

25

60

tin ms

01 75S52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 57

Energy Sector

57

tripping characteristic

Idiff

tripping area

lstab

Version: C 3_Page 58

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 7S552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protectlon 75552 - Inlensive Cou rse

Energy Sector

58

tripping characteristic (ext. fault/load)

Idiff

Istab

Version: C 3_Page 59

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 75852 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar PrOlection 75552 - Intensive Course

,

Energy Seclor i

i

-------.~--------__j

59

tripping characteristic (bus fault)

S~EMENS

Idiff fault line (k=1)
~
~
"
'"
[
iii
»
0
~
c
0
w
;g
~
ea
rr-
a
~
~
Istab Version: C 3_Page 60

Siemens Power Academy TO

Energy Sector

01 7S552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

60

tripping characteristic (CT errors)

Idiff

I Version: C 3_Page 6"

_I m.~ ••

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protee.

Dislribuled Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Inlensive Course

Siemens Power Acad emy TD

Energy Seclor

61

tripping characteristic (CT trouble)

S~EMENS

Idiff

01 7SS52 Dlstr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 62

Energy Sector

62

tripping characteristic (CT saturation I k-factor) S~ EllV~ E~\~S

Idiff

/ '"

k=0,65 k=0,50

A prefault operating point B saturation inception

C tripping condition?

depends on the setting

of the k-factor

A

Version: C 3_Page 63

Siemens Power Academy TO

B

lstab

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Pro!ec.

Distributed Busbar Prolection 78852 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

63

trip pi nqcharacterlstlc (two . settings)

tdiff

SiEMENS

two settings to cover all issues

(CT errors, CT troubte,CT saturation)

1 Idiff> (pick up)

2 k-factor (stabilization)

Istab

1 1

01 7SS52 Dlstr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec, Dis tributad Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

~-~-_j

Version: C 3_Page 64

Siemens Power Academy TD

64

tripping characteristic

!

Idiff

fault line (~"'1)

/

" /'

~( )~

"

Istab

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75S52 " Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Energy Seclor

Version: C 3_Page 65

, ........ i

65

additional earth fault characteristic

Idiff>

In

Idiff(EF)

Idiff

Istab

k sensitive earth fault characteristic

- for earth faults in resistance earthed networks

- released by an external criteria (displacement voltage)

Version: C 3_Page 66

fault line (k=1)

y

" "

"

"

,,"

,,"

"

"

"

"

"

" " "

"

"

" ~----~"~~ I

•••••. .<;: ......•••...... J ••.•.•••••••....

... "

! ,,/

Istab«EF)

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

66

algorithms

2 algorithms are implemented

criteria: differential current magnitude, slope of stabilising current & fault location

.. ,,1-of-1" for high fault current levels, with possible CT saturation

.. ,,2-of-2" for medium and low fault current levels, evolving faults

accompanied and supported by:

"Fourier filter" for low fault current levels and DC components

01 7SS52 Dlstr. Busbar /l. Breaker Fallure Protac, Distributed Busbar Proteclion 75S52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 67

Energy Sector

I

I

I i

67

. .

measurement value evaluation (e.g. Istab*)

SIEMENS

Selective zone X BSZ3:

Selective zone X BSZ2:

even samples (2,4,6 .. )

odd samples {1,3,5 .. }

d~, dt

~ ~ I ~I

20 samples/eye

(",1 ms/50Hz; 0.83ms/60Hz)

Check zone BSZ1 (Check zone) all samples

(1,2,3, ... )

evaluation of

• the magnitudes Istab, Idiff

• the slope dis /dt

Version: C 3~P<Jge 68

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Dislributed Busbar Prolection 75S52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

68

fast (t-of-t) algorithm (sub-cycle tripping)

,. triggered by jump of stabilizing current dlslabldt

m tripping condition must stay longer than 3 ms (4 samples)

" after 3 ms and no tripping condition the algorithm is blocked

for 150 ms and the 2-of-2 algorithm runs if J D > J Do and J D > k . J s

.. fast trip at busbar faults

II for external faults CT must stay without saturation for at least 2 ms

" takes advantage of saturation free period at beginning of short circuit

01 7SS52 Dislr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 ~ Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 69

Energy Sector

69

coordination of algorithms (1)

SmEME~JS

10 k 0 ID>ID> n
.g
."
~
".
® '"'
I D > k XI s '"
0 f
10> J>
"
- - @) dis A '"
- ~
- - Is _~ > ks
, - ~
, dt ms
~"
1l'
~
~
11 01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Dislributed Busbar Protection 75552· Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 70

Energy Sector

70

coordination of algorithms (2)

fr:\ dl s A v -----,. > ks __ .

dt ms

® I > kXI

o s

0/D > I D>

N=1: t-of-t measurement N=2: 2·of·2 measurement

C) output is high, if tripping
characteristic (A and B)
is exceeded; trip follows
according lhe 2·of·2· f
algorithm (N=2)
Q:B if additionally lhe gradient "
G
criteria d Isldt is fulfilled "'
S"
and no blocking (blocl: 3
~ I
input gate 5) is pending, " I
a trip accord ing the 1-of-1· o
TRIP ,~
'"
algorithm (N"1) is issued :il
with a high external fault ~
QB a,
0
(gale 1 is nat high, but ~
dls/dt is fulfilled), gate 3 g
is high and blocks the ~
Iast t-ol-t-alqorithrn for ~
150ms (timer 4) in order
to maintain stability
throughout CT saturation Energy Sector

Version: C 3_Page 71

Siemens Power Academy TD

111 75552 Dlstr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Prntec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75S52 • Intensive Course

71

2-of-2 and Fourier filteralgorithms

S~EME~J5

• tripping condition must be fulfilled for at least two successive half cycles

• provides stability at heavy saturation and heavy transient DC component

• for evolving faults with small jump amplitude

• for high resistive busbar faults

01 75552 Dislr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec, Distributed Busbar Protection 7S652 • Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Energy Seclor

72

measuring windows and trip conditions (BSZ2,3)

possible TRIPs (t-of-t alqo.)

...... ~. l.~

IT :_i'.:,~ II

'?' "';'- ,~;..

possible TRIPs (2-of-2 alqo.)

I 1

- the windows have a fixed width: 4ms(no.1)

8 ms (pausing time) 4 ms (no. 2)

- the first window is started with each sample,

the sampled values are crosschecked with the limits of dlstnbldt (fixed) and Idifi>k*lstab (=!rip char.)

1-of-1 algorithm needs only the first 3sample "window" for tripping (dlstabldt & ldiff>[(*lsiab provided)

2-of-2 algorithm needs a second 5sample window for tripping (Idiff>k*lstab condition fulfilled 2 times)

1

<]p'~·;i~",I;:":'_""'l!.!!I_***m% __ & •• !IiI=" - "'iiII_2~~!I>

Version: C 3_Page 73

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar 8. Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - lntenslva Course

Energy Sector

-----~----.------~

73

external fault wlo saturation

SmtEMENS

1,2

1 0,6 0,6 0,4 0,2

o

n
0
-c
:ii
"
@
CJl
"
~
»
"
'"
n
0
55 60 rn
;;;;
:g
'"
g
0
~ Version: C 3_Page 74

o

5

35

15

20

25

30 tinms

40

45

50

10

differential current - 0 (w/o saturation)

k*stabilization current

(k=O.65)

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Pratec.

Dislributed Busbar Protection 75552 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

74

bus bar fault

(algorithm applied depending on dlstab/dt query)

TRIP (1-of-1)

I

TRIP (2-of-2)

II

1,2

Q ,
i
©
'"

~
i:l
l>
C>
~
;g
60 .g:
"
B
1 o.a 0,6 0,4 0,2

o

o

5

15

35

40

50

10

20

25

45

55

30

tin ms

differential current k*stabilization current (k=O.65)

dependIng on drs!ab/dt :

t-of-t algorithm trips after 4 ms (8SZ2/3)

2-of-2 algorithm would trip after 14-16 ms

Version: C 3_Page 75

01 75$52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec. Distributed Busbar Protection 7S852 - tntensive Course

----------------.~--~----------_j

Siemens Power Academy TO

Energy Sector

75

CT simulation

SiEMENS

Simulation of a CT with heavy saturation and full DC displacement (worst case condition)

01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distri buted Busbar Protection 7 SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Energy Sector

Version: C 3_Page 76

76

external fault with CT saturation and DC displacement (1)

differential current k*stabllization current

first 2 periods: areas with Jdiff>k*lstab ! ::::;, no trip by 1-of-1 algorithm

(no Idiff for the first 3ms)

01 78852 Distr. Busbar s Breaker Failure Pralee. Energy Seclor J'

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 . Intensive Course

__ 'O •• ""~ ... •• ,. ._ •• •• _. __ ••• "' "' ••• _. __ ••• _~, .,_,,___ _ •• .'_· cm._

Version: C 3_Page 77

Siemens Power Academy TO

77

SiEMENS

external fault with CTsaturation and DC displacement (2)

differential current k'stabllization current

first 2 periods: areas with Idiff>k*Jstab I (1,3)

BUT: not for two successive half cycles (1 &2/3&4) => no trip by 2-of-2 algorithm

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 - Intensive Course

Siemens Powe r Acade my TD

Version: C 3_Page 7B

Energy Sector

78

bus bar fault with CT saturation and DC displacement

differential current k*stabilizing current

1-of-1 algorithm trips after 4 ms !

2-of-2 algorithm would earliest trip after 100 ms !

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Proteclion 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Version: C 3_Pege 79 Siemens Power Academy TO

Energy sect:__j

---~-- .. ---

79

SIEMENS

typetestwith heavy CTsaturation and DC displacement

II system tripped within 12 ms (heavy duty trip contact) at bus bar fault condition

II remained stable at external fault condition

01 78852 Dlstr. Bus bar & Breaker Failure Prolee.

Distributed Busbar Prolectinn 75S52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 80

Energy Sector

80

checkzone (1)

/

Version: C 3_Page 81

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75S52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distribuled Busbar Protection 75552 " Intensive Course

Energy Sector

.. _----_.,_ .. _--- ___!

81

checkzone (1)

S~EMENS

01 75552 Dlslr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 82

Energy Sector

82

checkzone (1)

Version: C 3_Page 33

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Proteclion 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

83

checkzone (1) ::: overall protection

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 • Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 84

Energy Sector

84

Version: C 3_Page 85

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 75552 Dls!r. Busbar Il. Broalmr Failure Prntec, Dislribuled Busbar Proteclion 7SS52 • Intensive Course

Energy Sector

checkzone (2) and tripping logic

TRIPPING LOGIC
provides additional security n
against {l
suparv DZ 1 ~
iE1 malfunction due to faulty trip DZ 1 (8SZ2) trip bus G
zone 1 ~'l:
disconnector replica trip DZ 1 (BSZ3) I
lEi hardware and software »
co
malfunction by using trip CZ (BSZ1) "
'"
0.
'"
separate processor modules ~
suparv DZ 2 a,
and measurement values ~
cr
e>J,j) ;;;
trip DZ 2 (BSZ2) .. trip bus ~
zone 2 ~
e..0e>J; trip DZ 2 (BSZ3) 85

checkzone (3) .handllnq of in-out-in-faults

SIEMENS

tripping = i - i + i = i

stabilization ::::: 3 I i I (check zone) :::::;> overslabilization II

a} L I i+ I b) L I i-I

I sLab;;; a) or b) whatever IS smaller

solution:

SIS I grid

Version: C 3_Page 86

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec, Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 -Intensive Course

Energy Sector

86

busbar protection with coupler

"
0
-e
i'
'tl
T T y y '"
s
0
a
:>
GJ
rc
'"
'"
~
~ ~ ~ ~ -g
~"
~
zr
'"'
§
1 coupling by circuit-breaker:

;'!J two measuring systems remain, selective tripping prerequisition: CT in the coupler

01 75S52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec. Energy Seclor !

Distribuled Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course I

--~-~~--~-~--~--~

Version: C 3_Page 87

Siemens Power Academy TD

lst in der Kupplunq ein Stromwandler vorhanden, kann auch im gekuppelten Betrieb schienenselektiv ausqelost werden. Der Strom der Kupplunq wird beiden MeBsystemen zu VerfUgung gestellt. Liegt der Fehler im System I, liefert System II Strom zum Fehler wie eine Einspeisung. Es werden aile Abzeige an System lund der Kuppelschalter ausqelost, System II bleibt in Betrieb.

NOTIZEN:

87

busbar protection withdisconnector-tie

SREMENS

» R
. : i,;; ~; ,: i I

©
L[ ~ 'r In
;0"
~
"
/ '"
~
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
~
;;
~
~
f' coupling by disconnectors:

Wl selective tripping no longer possible

r~J "preference" of one measuring system (ali bays transfered to BB A)

01 7SS52 Dislr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolee.

Oistrtbuted Busbar Protection 7 SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3 _Page SS

Energy Sector

Sind die beiden Systeme Ober eine .Trennerqabel" miteinander verbunden, muB alles zu einem MeBsystem zusammengeschaltet werden, da kein Leistungsschalter zwischen den beiden Systemen liegt. Damit ist ein selektives Abschalten nicht mehr rnoqlich.

Dieser Betriebszusta nd tritt jed och nu r wa hrend U mschaltarbeiten auf.

NOT1ZEN:

88

disconnector replica

~ auxiliary contacts are recorded in pairs

q not OPEN = CLOSED

no need of adjusted contacts

It monitoring of running time

m binary input supervision

m supply voltage failure detected by cross check of all disconnector positions

Version: C 3~Page 89

Siemens Power Academy TD

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7 SS52 . Intensive Course

Energy Sector

89

disconnector replica

T

?

disconnector position

BC aux. contact

MC aux. contact

~1'l£fPO]Ei~~ disconnector replica

disc. closed
a dc fail (010 all
disc's of a ba
1 1 Faulty BI or
wrong wireing SDEMENS

reaction

start of supervision timer

"prev. position" resp. "disc. closed" *

"prev. position" resp. "disc. closed" *

.) depends on setting

+ no need of adjusted auxiliary contacts

+ no blocking of protection during disconnector transition

Siemens Power Academy TO

01 75552 Oistr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 -Intensive Course

Energy Sector

I Version: C 3_Page 90

.- .. --.-- ... ----- .. ---~.-~~ .. -------.--.------.-~----------_ .. __ ._-_ ...

90

transfer bus [C'I' line side) : feeder on BB A

n
feeder coup! 0
BSA "0
~
BB B 0~ ~
'"
§
CD ~
,.
TB G>

0
0
f-/_.1 ca
~
~
~.
c;
C~ ~ !
~ 01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75552 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Energy Seclor

Version: C 3_Page 91

91

transfer bus (CT line side) : feeder on BB A and TB

SiEMENS

feeder coup! BBA
BBB
(D
TB field
I
(~ no selective transfer bus protection possible!

01 75552 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prolee.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TD

Version: C 3_Page 92

Energy Sector

92

transfer bus (CT line side) : feeder.on TB

feeder

coupl

BBA

selective transfer bus protection possible J

Version: C 3_Page 93

BB B

TB

01 78852 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Protec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52. Inlensive Course

Energy Sector

Siemens Power Academy TO

93

SBEMENS

Two scenarios for the necessity

of wireing the line disconnector statusQ9

Bus A ..,.. _

Q1

line 1
;:7 I ~M
Q9 Q9
/1 0 1 / Transfer bus \

I Q)

Version: C 3_Page 94

Siemens Power Academy TO

A B

01 7SS52 Distr. Busbar & Breaker Failure Prctac.

Distributed Busbar Protection 7SS52 - Intensive Course

Energy Sector

94

breaker failure protection principle (I> query mode)

trip bus zone

1"···············1················"(·······

: :

: :

.. '

...••• !>- •.

trip repelition

01 75552 Distr, Busbar & Breaker Failure Prctec.

Distributed Busbar Protection 75852 - Intensive Course

Siemens Power Academy TO

Version: C 3_Page 95

Energy Sedor

95

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful