This alarm circuit is very simple how it works and construction is not too complicated, simple.

From name already can be seen that this alarm will work when the light is detected. With these functions in the circuit can be used as a burglar alarm or an alarm to open the cabinet / drawer must be closed. This alarm is activated when the light comes on the sensor with a specific level of information. Light level settings ± this can be arranged Remove thepotentiometer R12. This system has the advantage of 2 is equipped with an alarm activation delay time, buzzer sound settings and detector batteries. The following is a schematic drawing:

This light alarm circuit using a 9V battery power source of portable, but not close the possibility to be a source of power from 12V power supply. The circuit in Figure 1 is part of a complete range of light alarm. In Figure 1 is a series of delaying an alarm active when the SW1 button on the µON¶ a / in the press. With this circuit allows the user to set the alarm is in the closet / drawer before the alarm is active. Circuit in the circuit formed by C1, R1, R2, Q1 and D1. At SW1 button will fill the capacitor C1 through R1, so the cost base voltage falls close to 0 volts. This condition will cause the transistor Q1 will be active and force the voltage at pin 1 IC 1A will be high.

IC 1 is an inverter gate with real fruit schimtt trigger 6. IC in CMOS IC that the maximum supply voltage is 18 volts so the current supply voltage (9 V from the battery or 12V from anexternal power supply) can still work well. Condition IC1 pin 1 on this will cause the high voltage generated by voltage division R3, R12 and R11 (LDR) does not change near 5 volts. Some time after the capacitor has fully Q1 base voltage is enough to make the Q1 to OFF so that the voltage at pin 1 is controlled by the voltage division between R3, R12 (potentiometer) and R11 (LDR).

So when Q1 ON pin voltage at point 1 IC1 will remain on hold for about 5 volts and the voltage division between R3, R11, and R12 will be ignored. Q1 OFF contrast when the voltage at IC1 pin 1 point will be determined by the voltage division between the three prisoners. Therefore, when Q1 is ON any light conditions (bright / dim) will not affect the system so that the buzzer will always OFF. If the required time delay is longer then the value of capacitor C1 can be replaced with a slightly larger. The greater the value of capacitor C1 will cause long delays on the system will be low

This condition will cause the voltage at pin 5 will be lower IC1C for some interval of time (during capacitor C8 dis-charge) and provide high output to the base of the transistor Q2.v. When the output of the gate so high IC1a through R4 and C4 (LPF filters) will shortly drive so that the output is low and IC1b lead to empty the load capacitor C6. The circuit is named "trigger" because the output retains its value until the input changes sufficiently to trigger a change: in the non-inverting configuration. the output is high. Schmitt trigger is a generic name of threshold circuits with positive feedback having a loop gain > 1. if desired buzzer R6. R11 and R12 will produce a high enough voltage. Whereas when the light conditions at the pin 1 voltage will be low enough for the LDR resistance value has fallen dramatically.. in front of the circuit IC1a added functions to regulate the way / the old bell. Conversely when the JP3 jumper is not connected then the buzzer will sound only when the LDR exposed to light. When Q1 OFF and in dark conditions the voltage at IC1 pin 1 will be generated from the voltage division between R3. Buzzer will die setalh OFF SW1 button. when the input is higher than a certain chosen threshold.Schmitt Trigger circuit and Timer Buzzer The most advanced circuit in Figure 2 is a logic circuit to determine the light dark light conditions. This voltage varies based on the level of dim light. a latch can be converted into a Schmitt trigger. Schmitt trigger In electronics. in figure 2. the output retains its value. After the LDR is not exposed to light will not sound the bell. This dual threshold action is called hysteresis and implies that the Schmitt trigger possess memory and can act as a bistable circuit (latch). the higher the light intensity is also lower the resistance value. There is a close relation between the two kinds of circuits that actually are the same: a Schmitt trigger can be converted into a latch and v. . Decrease the amount of LDR resistance value is also influenced by the intensity of light coming into the LDR. so as to avoid triggering the gate is used with Schmitt trigger. the output is low. This active transistor Q2 will cause the bell. when the input is between the two. LDR is a component that has characteristics of high resistance value when not exposed to light. but the resistance will drop dramatically when the LDR exposed to light. buzzer dead. his light into the LDR. By using an inverter with Schmitt trigger trigger to prevent unwanted. So long active buzzer determined from long discharge a charge the capacitor C8 and. high enough to be considered by the gate logic inverter. when the input is below a different (lower) chosen threshold. The output of the inverter is logic and can IC1a direct diumpakan bell. these systems use an inverter gate. A moment later (after the capacitor charge dis-C8) capacitor C8 will conduct replenishment and then the voltage at pin 5 IC1c will rise again from the low output on the basis of the transistor Q2. Basic election because it is cheap and in a single package is 6 gate. However. JP3 is connected to force the input voltage pin 3 will be low so that the bell will sound IC1b continue even if LDR no longer exposed to light.But remain forever until SW1 OFF JP3 jumpers may be connected. This condition can cause the trigger repeatedly.

A photoelectric device can be either intrinsic or extrinsic. The resulting free electron (and its hole partner) conduct electricity. and R8 is not working. light dependent resistor (LDR) or cadmium sulfide (CdS) cell is a resistor whose resistance decreases with increasing incident light intensity. A photoresistor is made of a high resistance semiconductor. Extrinsic devices have impurities. e.g. It can also be referred to as a photoconductor. Battery voltage is too low to cause an alarm system in interpreting light-dark light. causing the voltage at pin 13 high IC1f. also called dopants. When the battery voltage (VCC) above 4. . In intrinsic devices the only available electrons are in the valence band.. If a sample of silicon has some of its atoms replaced by phosphorus atoms (impurities).e. lower energy photons (i. As in Figure 3. silicon. This is an example of an extrinsic semiconductor.3 volts so there was leakage into the R10 and cause enough voltage to pin 9 IC1d high. there will be extra electrons available for conduction. and hence the photon must have enough energy to excite the electron across the entirebandgap. longer wavelengths and lower frequencies) are sufficient to trigger the device. C8. R9. added whose ground state energy is closer to the conduction band. If light falling on the device is of high enough frequency.Schmitt trigger devices are typically used in open loop configurations for noise immunity and closed loop negative feedback configurations to implement bistable regulators. photons absorbed by the semiconductor give bound electrons enough energy to jump into the conduction band. the battery detector circuit built from D7 and R10. Conditions will cause the oscillator formed from IC1e circuit. since the electrons do not have as far to jump. The bell will also sound more ketch and weak. etc. C5. triangle/square wave generators. thereby lowering resistance. Ldr A photoresistor. This system was designed by using the power supply from the battery therefore needs to be done to dketahui detector battery when the battery used is appropriate for tesebut replaced. An intrinsic semiconductor has its own charge carriers and is not an efficient semiconductor. This condition will cause Q2 OFF and only depends on IC1c.

. there will be extra electrons available for conduction. light dependent resistor (LDR) or cadmium sulfide (CdS) cell is a resistor whose resistance decreases with increasing incident light intensity. silicon. In intrinsic devices the only available electrons are in the valence band. The resulting free electron (and its hole partner) conduct electricity.. thereby lowering resistance. C8. Battery voltage is too low to cause an alarm system in interpreting light-dark light. An intrinsic semiconductor has its own charge carriers and is not an efficient semiconductor. Extrinsic devices have impurities. the battery detector circuit built from D7 and R10. If a sample of silicon has some of its atoms replaced by phosphorus atoms (impurities). e.This system was designed by using the power supply from the battery therefore needs to be done to dketahui detector battery when the battery used is appropriate for tesebut replaced. also called dopants. and R8 is not working. It can also be referred to as a photoconductor. since the electrons do not have as far to jump. Ldr A photoresistor. This is an example of an extrinsic semiconductor. A photoresistor is made of a high resistance semiconductor. lower energy photons (i.3 volts so there was leakage into the R10 and cause enough voltage to pin 9 IC1d high. and hence the photon must have enough energy to excite the electron across the entirebandgap. The bell will also sound more ketch and weak. longer wavelengths and lower frequencies) are sufficient to trigger the device. C5. photons absorbed by the semiconductor give bound electrons enough energy to jump into the conduction band.g. As in Figure 3. R9.e. This condition will cause Q2 OFF and only depends on IC1c. If light falling on the device is of high enough frequency. causing the voltage at pin 13 high IC1f. Conditions will cause the oscillator formed from IC1e circuit. When the battery voltage (VCC) above 4. added whose ground state energy is closer to the conduction band. A photoelectric device can be either intrinsic or extrinsic.

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