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for the Award of the Degree of (MBA) UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF MR. RAJESH Submitted by SUJATA 0111913907 GITARATTAN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS SCHOOL (Affiliated to GURU GOBIND SINGH INDRAPRASTHA UNIVERSITY) ROHINI, NEW DELHI-110085 (2007) ACKNOWLEDGMENT I extend our profound gratitude to our project guide Mr. Rajesh for his interest, guidance and suggestions throughout the course of the project. I feel honored and privileged to work under him. He shared his vast pool of knowledge with me that helped me steer through all the difficulties with ease. This project would not have been possible without his guidance and I would like to thank him for everything he has done for us.
CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the project report on the topic “A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL PREFERENCES AMONG YOUTH – REGULAR Vs DISTANT MODE” being submitted by SUJATA in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of the degree of Master of Business Administration. GGSIP University is a record of work carried out under the supervision of Mr. Rajesh at GITARATTAN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS SCHOOL. It is further certified that I have not submitted this report to any other organization for any other degree.
TABLE OF CONTENT EXECUTIVE SUMMERY 5 INTRODUCTION 6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 6 THEORETICAL FRAME WORK OF THE STUDY 6 REGULAR EDUCATION MODE 7 DISTANT EDUCATION MODE 8 MEDIA IN OPEN UNIVERSITIES 10 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 13 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 13 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY 13 INSTITUTIONS’ PROFILE 14 KASTURI RAM COLLEGE OF HIGHER EDUCATION KASTURI RAM INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL 16 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 18 SAMPLE PLAN 18 DATA COLLECTION 18 DATA ANALYSIS 20 OBSERVATIONS 30 BIBLIOGRAPHY 31 QUESTIONNAIRE 32
EXECUTIVE SUMMERY Non-a-days there are two mode of education available to the students. They can choose distant education mode or regular education mode. Both the education system has their own strong and weak points. Now-a-days students are going for both the education system. Regular education mode demands direct interface between teacher and students on the other hand distant education mode does not demand direct interaction between teacher and student, students can students at their home as they are given proper study material at their home. The objective of the study is to know the views and attitudes of the students’ about distance and regular education mode, their quality of education provided by different modes of education, their study material, their opportunities at the time of employment, their cost effectiveness, reasons for joining these modes of education and advantages and disadvantages of both the mode of education. For this study two institute are chosen for conducting questionnaire method to get data from the students. These institutes are Kasturi Ram College of Higher Education Narela affiliated to Guru Govind Singh University and Kasturi Ram International School Narela and students of different universities pursuing their higher education through distance learning. INTRODUCTION The study on “A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL PREFERENCES AMONG YOUTH – REGULAR Vs DISTANT MODE” discusses about the attitude of the students regarding there level of preference in distant and regular education mode a conducting study on one regular college, one distant education institute or university and one school upto 12 class. The questionnaire was developed with a view to know the attitudes, opinions and experiences of the learners of both the systems, specifically with reference to quality aspect. The quality aspect consists of many dimensions like the content of the study material, academic approach of the system, delivery of the programme, examinations, etc. The main idea is to know about the current trends, opinion of learners, their concern for quality of education, their mindset for paying the
cost of learning etc. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The study examines the attitudes, perceptions and their views towards distant education and regular education. Which system of education is more popular among students and what they would like to adopt for their higher education. The study also states the reasons for adopting regular or distant education. THEORETICAL FRAME WORK OF THE STUDY Education is a life long process. It does not stop at any particular age. Education is very essential part of our life. Education provides us knowledge not only about a particular subject or theories but also provide some facts and ideas about our real life and practical life. Education is necessary for every person whether he is working or not and or any age. There are two methods of education 1. Regular education mode or traditional education mode 2. Distant education mode REGULAR EDUCATION MODE Regular education mode is a traditional way of education. Regular education mode as we all know is the mode of study in the traditional classrooms. It is also called continuing education system because the students have to go the classrooms regularly. Students have to go the place of study and there is direct interaction between teacher and student. Indian society is one where right from Guru-shishya parampara to the era of Independent India, face to face education has ruled the culture. Important features of Regular Education Mode 1. Education is class room based. 2. Direct interaction between teacher and student. 3. Regular updating of course of study. 4. More teacher dependent mode of education. 5. Inflexible timing – the students of regular education mode does not have time for extra activities like extra courses and job to earn money. 6. Fixed schedule of study – in regular education system students have to study according to the schedule of the course which is normally called lesson plan. This schedule is decided by the school or university. So the process of study goes according to the schedule.
DISTANT EDUCATION MODE But there is another mode of education that is distant education mode The novel ideas of learning through distance and supporting financially one’s own education process are new /fresh to the society. Distance education, as the name suggests, is a method of implementing education to students living in distant places. The Open University which provides distance education can be regarded as an important educational innovation. The concept of distant education has given opportunity to larger section of the society by utilizing new communication technology. This section of people of the society does not have access to the educational institutes of regular education for higher education. Realizing the importance of distance education, a number of counties have set up Open Universities in the U.K., West Germany, Spain, USA, etc. India is also one of them. During the nineteenth century, in the United States, several activities in adult education preceded the organization of university extension beyond campuses. In 1873, Anna Ticknor created the society to encourage studies at home for the purpose of educational opportunities for women of all classes in the society.
Printed materials sent through the mail were the main way of communication, teaching, and learning. Correspondence study has grown in popularity, acceptance, and effectiveness. In 1915, creation of the National University Extension Association (NUEA) broadened the focus to other issues, such as necessity of new pedagogical models and new national level guidelines, such as university policies regarding acceptance of credit from correspondence courses, credit transferal, and standard quality for correspondence educators. India is also widening its wings in providing distant education. In India the importance of distance education is obvious in view of widespread illiteracy, inequalities in education and lack of high quality in education. No wonder, the seventh Plan attaches tremendous importance to distance education through the Open Universities. In fact, distance education is being envisioned as an alternative system of education in the country. The four Open universities in India are as follows: 1. Open university of Andhra Pradesh- it has been functioning for the just six years. 2. Indra Gandhi National Open University – it is a University of national level. It was established in 1985 by an Act of Parliament. 3. Kota Open University in Rajasthan. 4. Nalanda Open University in Bihar. Inspite of these governmental institutions of distance education system there are many other universities also which are emerging as open universities like School of Open learning Delhi University, M D University, and Guru Govind Singh Indraprestha University etc. Important features of the Open University 1. Relaxed entry regulations – it does not debar a student from studying on account of lack of formal qualification. 2. Self-pacing – one can study according to one’s own pace and convenience. 3. Transfer of credits from one program to another and from one univ ersity to another, either conventional or non-conventional. 4. Education is home-based and not class room based. 5. Quality of teaching is high because it taps the best expertise available in the country for preparing its educational programmes. 6. It offers not only degree, diploma and certificate courses but also other programmes such as extension, enrichment, community-oriented and continuing education. 7. Instead of depending only on the teacher for teaching, communication technology is used to provide multi-media teaching. MEDIA IN OPEN UNIVERSITIES Previously, it was possible to practice distance learning only through the mail. However, in recent times, with the help of technological advancements, these programs are also available online. Distance learning is beneficial to those students who not only wish to complete higher studies but also need to earn a living at the same time. It is also ideal for those who can study only part-time, as they may be busy with other activities. Education is imparted through correspondence and communication between the institution and the pupil. Distance learning makes the task of achieving the desired course of education easier while sitting at your home. In distance learning, you do not have the advantage of receiving personal attention and guidance of a teacher or a professor as in a regular school. Instead you need to study on your own. The educational institution supplies all the required educational material, resources and references. This correspondence will help you to stay in touch and move in pace with the activities and course of studies of other students attending regular schools and colleges. The institution usually provides an entire range of books, audio and visual aids such as tapes and CDs where you have enrolled. The school level study is mostly preferred to be done by regular education mode,
but after school level student can choose distant education or regular education mode for further studies like for graduation and post graduation. As the competition is all around all the student want to have all kind of knowledge and experience so most of the students prefer distant education mode rather than regular education mode as regular education mode provide them only bookish knowledge and does not allow then to work while studying. There are many courses like traditional courses like B.COM, B.A., B.Sc., M.A., M.COM, M.Sc. etc. and many professional courses like B.B.A., M.B.A., B.C.A., M.C.A., B.Tech. , M.Tech., B.E. etc. offered by different institutions, university, schools and colleges. Now-a-days students are more conscious about there career matters. They want to choose the best alternative in their life when it comes to education decisions. The regular education mode provide them proper interaction with teachers to solve their daily study related problems, on the other hand distant education mode provide them time to do other activities and get experience side by side so that they can make their CV more impressive. Open universities, which have been set up in different parts of the world are in varying stage of development. As a result, we come across a variety of media used by them. Various media used by Distant Education Provider i.e. Open Universities are as follows: 1. Print material – Print material is the basic or more used media for instructional purposes in Open Universities. It is used on large scale by these universities. The teacher has not seen his students and has no mental picture of them. The material is carefully prepared to suit them all and to help them learn on their own without much assistance from others. Example – UK Open University, Fern Universitat (West Germany), the STOU (Thailand) and IGNOU. 2. Broadcasting - Radio and Television broadcasts are also used to interact with students and get them acquainted with the study material. Programmes are transmitted at fixed times. In distance education, radio has been used as an important component of multi-media approach. The advantage of the radio is that all over the world it is within the reach of the common man, and can be carried from place to place easily. IGNOU is planning to set up their broadcasts programmes for their students. Television is mostly used media. Everyone watch television so it can be used for teaching purposes. The disadvantage of the television as educational media is that the programmes on television are uninterruptable and are presented at the same pace for all students. 3. Audio and video Cassettes – audio and video cassettes have the advantage of storage and use, according to the time and convenience of the students. Interest regarding the effectiveness of correspondence study verses traditional study was the subject of debates and discussions. Watkins (1991) in her book cited that Vincent (1885) wrote, “The day is coming when the work done by correspondence will be greater in amount than that done in the classrooms of our academics and colleges; when the students who shall recite by correspondence will far outnumber those who make oral recitations.”
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY • To find out the attitudes students about self-financed and distance education mode. • To know about their opinion about quality aspect of the system they have chosen. • To comparatively study the role of regular and distant education system in order to give higher education.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY The reach of the study is limited to Narela area. In the study institutions chosen for the data collection purpose are Kasturi Ram College of Higher Education and Kasturi Ram International School and many institutions that provide distance education like IGNOU, Delhi University, and other Open Universities. This study reveals the attitudes of the students about the mode of education available in this present environment. This study puts light on the popularity of mode of education i.e. which is the most preferred mode of education – Regular or Distance. LIMITATION OF THE STUDY • Some students showed no interest in giving information. • Due to time and resource constraint for both sides (researcher and respondent), the study is limited to only Narela area. • Many of the students were not fully aware of the importance and negative aspect of distant learning and regular learning. • Lack of technology familiarity among students so they are not aware of the technological advancement in the field of distant education. INSTITUTIONS’ PROFILE Brief introduction of these college or school chosen for sample plan is as follows: KASTURI RAM COLLEGE OF HIGHER EDUCATION FOUNDERS Late Shri Ram Chander Aggarwal ji and Smt, Kasturi Devi of Narela, Delhi-40. Cherished the dream of establishing a modern educational institute for the youth of this semi urban area with the motto: "Upliftment of the down trodden" Keeping a mind the ups and downs of life and the unexpected changes happening in their minds late Sh. Ram Chander Aggarwal ji entrusted this job to his sons Shri Mahender Kr. Aggarwal and Shri Ravinder Kr. Aggarwal to fulfill his mission, before leaving for his heavenly abode. Fulfilling the pledge of their parents with a desire to contribute towards the betterment of society, Shri Mahender Kr. Aggarwal & Shri Ravinder Kr. Aggarwal established "Kasturi Ram College of Higher Education" in this education deficient and under-privileged area of Delhi and thus the journey began. MISSION & VISION The goal of the college is to achieve and sustain Leadership in the field of Education, Research, Consultancy and Development, a promising career is the ultimate dream of every student and our mission is to produce confident, competent and compassionate Teachers /Journalists and Managers of highest integrity who would serve not only the society with zest and zeal but also have a rewarding career. Being the beginners the college promises to establish a reputed educational group. The college welcomes its responsibilities to contribute to the cultural and economic life of the country and is unequivocally opposed to discrimination in all its forms. COURSES The college is affiliated to Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi and is functioning under the aegis of NCTE offers one - year full time co-educational, English medium Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) Programme with an intake of 100 students. This college also provides two other degree courses viz: BBA (Banking & Insurance) and BJ(MC) ( Bachelor of Journalism & Mass Communication) is functioning under Directorate of Higher Education NCT, Delhi, with an intake of 60 students in each course. The course duration of BBA & BJ(MC) is three years. ADVISORY BOARD
INFRASTRUCTURE • Spacious and modern lecture halls facilitated with modern educational aids like, OHPs, Laptop, VCD& Video Camera. • Separate lecture halls for each department on different floors. • Computer Lab with Multi-Media workstation in the ratio 1:1 with roundthe- clock internet connectivity. • State-of-art Audio Lab & Video Lab. • Well-stocked air-conditioned and fully computerized central library & reading room. • Ultra Modern Cafeteria. • Facilities for indoor and outdoor games. • Separate common rooms for boys and girls with recreational facilities. • College Bus facility for students, faculty and staff. KASTURI RAM INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL The school provides the students most modern education on the basis is of international standards to empower students to develop logical and creative thinking styles that would help them realize their potential. The school emphasize on three essential aspects of the learning process: Research, Documentation and Presentation to allow the children to learn at their own pace in three categoriesEnrichment, improvement and Excellence. This provides an opportunity to the children to adopt the child’s learning style. MISSION To help each and every child realize his or her full potential and become a responsible and productive citizen. We will nurture life-long learners who are able to use technology effectively and appreciate the multi-cultural society, in which we live, prepare them for the challenges of the twenty-first century. OUR ETHOS
We believe learning requires the active participation of the students, learning is both an individual and a group process, and there are no rewards without effort. Learning is enhanced when the environment is safe, caring and encouraging. ACADEMICS Pre Primary Level At the Pre Primary level children are received as wet clay and our teacher work as skilled craft persons molding them into desirable shapes. Learning at this level is activity based and thematic approach is adopted. Syllabus and curriculum is flexible which changes according to the students’ development. Regular excursions make the children interpret the information relating to the outside world correctly. An introduction of three R's - reading, writing and arithmetic is introduced at this level.
Primary Level English, Hindi, Maths and Environmental Science are the main subjects at this level. Children are given the proper training in art, music, dance and sports. Computer Science is also introduced. Concepts are taught by interactive and practical approach. Emphasis is on activity based learning so the children could make their own investigation and could be induced to discover as much as possible. Middle, Secondary & Senior Secondary The well defined CBSE curriculum is followed with special attentions to monitor the progress of students. Learning with understanding is encouraged and rote learning is condemned. Special guidance and coaching is provided at secondary and senior secondary level so that students can excel in entrance examination. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY SAMPLE PLAN Probability sampling (stratified random sampling) SAMPLE SIZE 150 The sample is divided into 3 parts i.e. 3 strata. 1. Students of regular education – for this Kasturi Ram College Narela affiliated to Guru Govind Singh Indraprastha University are chosen. 2. Students of distant education – for this student of Delhi University and IGNOU and other universities who conduct distant education are chosen. 3. Students of 12th class who are yet to go for higher education – for this student of Kasturi Ram School Narela are chosen. DATA COLLECTION Type of data – primary and secondary data Method of data collection – 1. Secondary data – secondary data is collected from books, journals, magazines and internet. 2. Primary data – primary data is collected by issuing or giving questionnaires to the persons which come under sample. Source of data – Books, Journals, magazines, internet, published reports etc. DATA ANALYSIS From the analysis of the questionnaires the following results are found 1. Gender – in the analysis of questionnaires it was found that out of total sample most of the girls preferred distance education mode. The total number of girls in the sample was 75 and out of them 48 girls have preferred distance education mode. DEM REM 48 27 2. Working and non working – working students have preferred distance education because of flexible timings of the studies. Out of 50 students 18 students were working and only 6 of them preferred regular education mode. DEM REM 12 6
Reason for joining distance education Could not get admission in regular college due to less percentage of marks.
2) Could not get admission in regular college as entrance test is not cleared. 3) Regular college is very far from your home. 4) Distance education mode permits you to earn while studying. 5) Could not get admission in regular college due to financial problems as fee charges in regular education mode are higher as compared to distance education mode. Out of 50 students of distance education mode 3 students have chosen this mode of education because they could not get admission in regular college due to less percentage of marks. 6 students have chosen this mode because they could not clear entrance test. 11 students chose distance education mode because their home is far from regular colleges. 28 students have chosen distance education mode because they can earn while studying in this mode of education. 2 students have chosen distance education because they could not get admission in regular college due to high fee charges in regular education mode. From the above analysis it is clear that majority of students have chosen distance education mode because it permits them to earn while studying. 4. Reason for joining regular education mode 1) Due to reputation of the regular college 2) Strong economical situation 3) Qualitative education 4) Practical work like presentations 5) Direct interaction between teacher and students. 5. Comparison of distance and regular education mode in terms of quality education. 1) Provides quality oriented education DEM REM 23% 77% 2) DEM 57% 3) DEM 24% 4) DEM 76% 5) DEM 37% Provide very good study material REM 43% Provide exam oriented education REM 76% Provide opportunity for self learning REM 24% Provide more opportunities for employment REM 53%
6) DEM 16%
More preferable at the time of employment REM 84%
7) DEM 77% 6. 1) DEM 95% 2) DEM 78% 3) DEM 18% 7. terms 1) YES 33% 2) YES 88% 8.
Provide more practical knowledge REM 23% Which mode is more suitable for the following streams Art REM 5% Commerce REM 22% Science REM 82% Do you think the system of education you have chosen is more effective in of quality aspect of study? Out of 50 students of distance education NO 67% Out of 50 students of distance education NO 12% Cost of the education system
DEM REM <5,000 17 5000-25,000 22 25,000-50,000 50,000-75,000 >75,000 2
0 11 4 5 8
9. YES NO
The system of education chosen is cost effective or not DEM REM 92% 61% 8% 39%
The following are the advantages and disadvantages given by the students . Advantages of DE: • one gets chance to study through excellent study material • earning is possible while learning( no loss of salary during studies) • no disturbance in service • convenient to elder learners-no age bar • self learning is innovative and creative • DEM offers recognized degrees; valid degrees • DEM gives quality education • DEM cultivates self discipline • DEM mode saves time • Flexibility of time: one can manage at his/her pace • DEM mode offers education to those who have no colleges in nearby areas • Better job opportunities as IGNOU as national jurisdiction and international recognition • DEM provides the platform to meet the students of different areas and different walks of life • Even after gap of some years in studies, one can continue the studies • Freedom in learning • Compare to REM, less fees in DEM • Content based elaborated study material Disadvantages of DE: • Syllabus is tough, language is difficult as one has to study by own • Correspondence takes time/ procedural delay • Results not declared on time, creates problems • Not acceptable to all employers, yet to generate awareness of DEM mode in society • Absence of regular coaching makes the study more difficult • Few no. of study centers don’t permit for the choice of center • Any type of change requires lots of formalities • Lots of technical errors • Feedback system is poor in DEM • Supply of material is poorly managed • No proper exposure to practical work and studies • Counseling sessions are not compulsory Advantages of SFE: • Full time learning generates confidence • Students get good learning environment • REM: better staff support • Provides exam oriented education • Systematic regular studies • Proper learning takes place; qualitative learning • Cultivates regularity, skills • Chances to get good job through campus interview • Provides opportunity for extra co-curricular activities • By paying more money in REM, students become sincere and develop more abilities Disadvantages of REM: • No flexibility of time • Working group of students can not join as it is full time course • REM makes education a money-oriented business • Money power rules over knowledge power • Not proper time for self study
Dependency on teachers
OBSERVATIONS From the analysis of various questionnaires the final observations are as follows: 1. The DEM is preferred mostly by girls and by those who do no live in near by area of any regular college 2. From the view of different respondents of distance and regular education mode it is found that now-a-days age is not a problem of joining regular education. But mostly people of higher age prefer to join distance education because it gives them opportunity to earn while studying. 3. Distance education is more preferred by students who are yet to go for higher education. 4. Both the systems are in demand/preference for higher education due to its job oriented nature. 5. DEM has flexible nature and allows the learners to serve/work during their studies. 56% of student joined DEM because of this reason. 6. The concept of self learning is being considered as an opportunity by many. 7. DEM mode requires some changes in its delivery mode most of the students have mentioned it as disadvantage of DEM. Most of them have expressed their desire for minimizing the time taking formalities. 8. About cost factor- DE mode is considered more cost effective as 92% learners have rated DEM as cost effective mode and only 61% learners have rated REM as cost effective mode. 9. Students of science and professional courses like BBA have preferred REM. 82% students have chosen REM as more suitable for science courses.
BIBLIOGRAPHY (n.d.). Retrieved January 10, Tuesday, 2008, from contentdig.com: www.contentdig.com (n.d.). Retrieved March 15, 2008, from Wikipedia: www.wikipedia.com Rao, P. B. (2006). Technology Management and development Planning. New Delhi: Kanishka Publishers, Distributors.
Annexure QUESTIONNAIRE I am SUJATA, student of MBA II Semester, GITARATTAN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS SCHOOL. I am conducting research project titled “A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL PREFERENCES AMONG YOUTH – REGULAR Vs DISTANT MODE”. In this regard, I request your corporation by filling this questionnaire as per the instructions given below. INSTRUCTIONS : • Total 24 questions are in this questionnaire. • Read the questions carefully and tick one option which you feel correct. • For specific questions instruction are given with them. Name ________________________ 1. 2. Course_______________________ (Write in the blank space) Gender Male Female
3. 4. 5. 6.
Age _________________________ Current qualification 10+2
(Write in the blank space) Postgraduate
If current qualification is 10+2 then in which stream Art Commerce Science If graduate, then in which stream Bachelor of Arts (BA) Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com.) Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA) Other _________________________ (Write in the blank space)
If post graduate, then in which stream Master of Art (MA) Master of Commerce (M.Com.) Master of Science (M.Sc.) Master of Business Administration (MBA) Master of Computer Application (MCA) Other ________________________(Write in the blank space) Current Status Studying Working Both
Through which mode you are studying currently DEM REM
If you have chosen distant education mode then reasons for joining this mode Could not get admission in regular college due to less percentage of marks. Could not get admission in regular college as entrance test is not cleared. Regular college is very far from your home. Distant education mode permits you to earn while studying. Could not get admission in regular college due to financial problems as fee charges in regular mode are higher as compared to distant education mode. 11. If you have choose regular education mode then reasons for joining this mode Due to reputation of the regular college chosen by you. Your economical situation permits you to join regular college To get qualitative education. More practical work like presentations for non working group of people Direct contact with teachers so more effective problem solving process.
12. What do you think about the quality aspect of Distant Education mode / Regular Education Mode? Provide quality oriented education Provide very good study material Provide exam oriented education Provide opportunity for self learning Provide more opportunity for employment More Preferable at the time of employment
Provide more practical knowledge 13. According to you which mode of education is more suitable for the following stream • Art DEM REM • • Commerce Science DEM DEM REM REM
14. Do you think the system you have chosen is more effective in terms of quality aspect of study? Yes No
15. If Yes then give reason why it provides quality education. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________ 18. If No then give reason why it does not provide quality education. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 19. How much is the cost of the Below Rs. 5,000 per year Rs. 5,000 – Rs. 25,000 per Rs. 25,000 – Rs. 50,000 per Rs. 50,000 – Rs. 75,000 per Rs. 75,000 and above education system you have chosen? year year year
Do you think the education you have chosen is cost effective? Yes No
21. Write one advantage of distant education mode. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ 22. Write one disadvantage of distant education mode. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________ 23. Write one advantage of regular education mode. __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________ 24. Write one disadvantage of regular education mode.
__________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________ Abbreviations REM – Regular Education Mode DEM – Distance Education Mode Thanks for your cooperation.
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