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frequency rise

High

Gain roll-off frequency

roll-off

Flat

resp

onse

fr Frequency

EE-305.72 to 73 5

Reactance of the coil w.r.t. Frequency

jXL

XL=2 π f L

0 Frequency

Frequency XL=2 π f L

EE-305.72 to 73 6

At Low Frequencies

product of the collector current and the reactance of

the primary winding of the coupling transformer.

• Why?

At High Frequencies

(decreases)

• Why

• The capacitance

between turns of

windings acts as a

bypass capacitor

Distributed

• Reduces the output capacitance

voltage and hence gain

EE-305.72 to 73 8

Peak gain and Flat Response

• Peak gain

–It results due to the resonance effect of inductance

and distributed capacitance

• Resonant frequency

- The frequency at which the resonant occurs is called

resonant frequency fr

• Flat response

-Small as compared to that of RC coupled amplifier

EE-305.72 to 73 9

Transformer Impedance matching

I1 I2

V1 n1 I1 n1

V2

= =

V1 V2 n 2 I2 n 2

n1 n2

V1 = V 2 I1 = I2

2

n2 n1

V 1 n1 V 2

= 2

I 1 n2 I 2 n1

RL ′ = RL = n 2 RL

n2

V1/I1=RL‘=Effective input impedance

V2/I2=RL=Effective output impedance

EE-305.72 to 73 10

• If we want to match a 20 Ω speaker load to a amplifier

so that the effective load may be 8K,then the turns ratio

should be

2

n1

RL ′ = R L = n 2 R L

n2

Given

n=20

R L=8000 Ω,

'

RL=20 Ω

EE-305.72 to 73 11

Advantages Of Transformer Coupled Amplifier

• Higher gain

EE-305.72 to 73 12

Impedance matching

CE

Amplifier

impedance is impedance of speaker is

several only a few ohms

hundred ohms high

impedance

matching

EE-305.72 to 73 13

Disadvantages

EE-305.72 to 73 14

Applications

EE-305.72 to 73 15

Summary

• We have discussed about the

• Advantages

• Disadvantages

• Applications

EE-305.72 to 73 16

QUIZ

coupling is

(a) Good

(c) Excellent

(d) Poor

EE-305.72 to 73 17

2. The final stage of a multistage amplifier uses

(a) RC coupling

EE-305.72 to 73 18

1. In Transistor amplifiers ,the type of transformer

used for impedance matching is

(a) Step-Up

(b) Step-Down

EE-305.72 to 73 19

2. Transformer coupling is generally employed

when the load impedance is

(a) Large

(c) small

EE-305.72 to 73 20

Frequently Asked Questions

amplifier and Explain.

as at low frequencies?

coupled amplifier

EE-305.72 to 73 21

Recap

• Their necessity

EE-305.75 2

Objectives

After the completion of the period student will be

able to know

• Decibel gain

EE305.75 3

GAIN

input of the amplifier is called gain Electrical quantities

are voltage, current and power accordingly gain can be

voltage gain, current gain or power gain.

AV = AI = AP =

Vin Iin Pin

EE305.75 4

Block diagram of 2- Stage CE cascade amplifier

FIRST V2 SECOND V3

V1

STAGE STAGE

EE305.75 5

Voltage Gain of a Multi Stage Amplifier

AV 1 = Eq no.1

is V1

V3 Eq no.2

• voltage gain of the second AV 2 =

stage V2

AV = = X

amplifier is V1 V 2 V1

AV = AV 1 XAV 2 From Eqno.1&2

EE305.75 6

Voltage gain continued

• Magnitude of the total voltage gain.

AV=AV1XAV2X……AVn

θ= θ1 + θ2 +------------- θn

EE305.75 7

Decibel Gain

power to the input power is known as decibel gain

Pout

Powergain =10 log10

Pin

Vout

VolatgegainindB = 20 log 10

Vin

Iout

CurrentgainindB = 20 log 10

Iin

1 bel =10 Decibels

EE305.75 8

Properties of power gain and voltage gain

decibels decibels

X1 0 dB 0 dB

X2 +3 +6

X 10 +10 +20

X 0.5 -3 -6

EE305.75 9

Gain of multi stage amplifier in dB

the gains of the individual stages

A = A1 X A2 X A3-----An

• Taking logarithm on both sides

10log10A = 10log10 (A = A1 X A2 X A3----An )

= 10log10 (A1) + 10log10 (A2) ----+ 10log10 (An)

sum of the decibel voltage gains of the individual stages.10

EE305.75

Why dB is used?

• It permits gains to be directly added when a number of

• Use of logarithms changes multiplication in to an

addition

• It permits us to denote, both very small as well as very

• large quantities of linear scale by conveniently small

figures

Ex: Voltage Gain = 0.000001 = -120dB

Voltage Gain = 456000 = 56dB

EE305.75 11

Frequency Response

amplifier is known as frequency response.

Voltage gain

Maximum gain

fr Frequency

EE305.75 12

Band Width

• The range of frequencies over which the gain is equal to or

greater than 70.7% of the maximum gain is known as band

width

Voltage gain

Am

0.707 Am

f1-lower cut-off

frequency

f2-upper cut-off

frequency

The gain bandwidth f1 fr f2

Frequency

product is consant BAND WIDTH=f2-f1

EE305.75 13

3 dB frequencies

f1 – Frequency at which the magnitude of the low

frequency range falls to 0.707 times of the maximum

gain .

• Upper cut off frequency

f2 – Frequency at which the magnitude of the voltage

gain in the high frequency range falls to 0.707 times

of the maximum gain .

QUIZ

expressed by

(a) 30dB

(b) 60dB

(c) 20dB

(d) 600dB

EE305.75 15

1. 1dB corresponds to -----------change in power

level

(a) 50%

(b) 35%

(c) 26%

(d) 22%

EE305.75 16

1. The band width of a single stage amplifier is

--------that of a multi stage amplifier

(d) data

EE305.75 17

1. The upper or lower cut off frequency is also

called--------- frequency

(a) Resonant

(c) 3dB

EE305.75 18

Assignment Problems

power is 2W. Find the decibel gain of the amplifier

voltage gains of the stages are 30, 50, and 60. calculate

the over all gain in dB.

EE305.75 19

EE305.75

Frequently asked questions

amplifier?

EE305.75 20

EE305.75

Objectives

be able to

parallel LC circuit.

EC – 303 . 61 2

Parallel Resonance

Parallel LC circuits also as in the case of Series LC

circuits

•The parallel resonance occurs at a frequency when

the imaginary part of circuit impedance becomes

Zero

EC – 303 . 61 3

Resonant Frequency

EC – 303 . 61 4

Analysis

It is convenient use admittance method when solving

parallel Networks

i

Capacitive admittance

y = C

j ω C

Inductive admittance

1

y L

=

jω

L

Y(admittance)

Total admittance

1

y =y C

+ y = jωC +

L jωL

EC – 303 . 61 5

Analysis

1

y = j ωC − ωL (1)

EC – 303 . 61 6

• Conductance G =0

1

• Susceptance B = ωC −

ωL

Equate succeptance to 0 to find resonant frequency

1

ω

0 C −

= 0

ω0 L (2)

EC – 303 . 61 7

By solving Equation (2) for ω0’

1

ω= 0

LC

As ω = 2πf

1

f 0

=

2π LC

(3)

EC – 303 . 61 8

Impedance at resonance

1

y = j ωC − ωL

• At resonant frequency f0

1

ωC − = 0

ωL

• Y=0

EC – 303 . 61 9

Impedance at resonance

EC – 303 . 61 10

Frequency versus admittance

f0

Resonant frequency

EC – 303 . 61 11

Current at resonant frequency

v

• Current entering into the circuit = .

z

parallel LC circuit is equal to zero .

EC – 303 . 61 12

Example1

1

ω 0

=

LC

(1)

1000rad/sec

-12j

1 = 12 (2)

ω 0

C

1 1

⇒C = = = 83.3µF

12ω0 12 *1000

EC – 303 . 61 13

1

(1) ⇒ LC =

ω0

1

⇒ LC = 2

ω0

1 1

⇒L= 2 = = 0.012 H

ω0 C 1000 * 83.3 *10

2 −6

to be resonant = 0.012H .

EC – 303 . 61 14

Summary

1

• Resonant frequency f 0

=

2π LC.

Z0 =infinite.

EC – 303 . 61 15

Summary

deviates from resonant frequency.

frequency is zero .

frequency deviates from resonant frequency.

EC – 303 . 61 16

QUIZ

1. Parallel LC circuit resonates when its ___ is zero

a) impedance

b) reactance

c) susceptance

Ans : ( c )

EC – 303 . 61 17

1) At resonant frequency impedance of parallel

resonant circuit is

a) zero

b) infinite

c) low

Ans : ( b )

EC – 303 . 61 18

3. Factors that determine the resonant frequency of

parallel LC circuit are

a) L,C values

b) coil resistance

Ans : ( a )

EC – 303 . 61 19

4 ) At resonant frequency current entering into the

parallel LC circuit is

a) Zero

b) medium

c) Infinite

Ans : ( a)

EC – 303 . 61 20

Frequently asked questions

LC circuit ?

frequency in parallel resonant circuit ?

EC – 303 . 61 21

Objectives

able to

•Understand the condition for resonance in parallel

RL-C circuit.

•Derive the expression for resonant frequency .

•Know the current in parallel RL-C circuit under

resonance.

•Know the impedance of parallel RL-C circuit under

resonance.

EC – 303 . 62 2

Resonance in parallel RL-C circuit

EC – 303 . 62 3

A) When do you say parallel RL-C circuit is in

resonance ?

is zero.

susceptance part of admittance is 0 is known

as resonant frequency f0.

EC – 303 . 62 4

Steps to find the resonant frequency

frequency

EC – 303 . 62 5

Now execute these steps to find resonant

frequency

Admittance of coil

i

1

Y L = R + j ωL v

R

C

Admittance of C L

Y C

= j ωC

Y

EC – 303 . 62 6

Simplify YL by multiplying numerator

and denominator with (R- j L)

1 ( R − j ωL ) ( R − jωL )

Y L = ( R + jωL) X ( R − jωL) = R 2 + (ωL) 2

R jωL

= 2 − 2 (1)

R + (ωL) 2

R + (ωL) 2

EC – 303 . 62 7

Now the total admittance ‘y’

Y = YL + YC

R ωL

= 2 + j ωC − 2 2 (2)

R + (ωL) 2

R + (ωL)

EC – 303 . 62 8

Equate susceptance part to zero to

find the resonant frequency

⇒ (3)

EC – 303 . 62 9

Replace with ω0 and solve for ω0

L

⇒ R + (ω0 L) =

2 2

(4)

C

2

1 R

⇒ ω0 = − 2

LC L

ω 0 = 2π f 0

EC – 303 . 62 10

2

1 R

⇒ 2πf 0 = − 2

LC L

Therefore resonant frequency parallel RL-C

circuit is

1 1 R2

f0 = − 2 (5)

2π LC L

EC – 303 . 62 11

Expression for f0 can also be written as

1 R 2C (6)

f0 = 1 −

2π LC L

• But frequency must be real and positive.

EC – 303 . 62 12

Therefore the circuit to have a resonant

frequency

Q) how should be the component values ?

• component values should be such that.

>1

EC – 303 . 62 13

IMPEDANCE AT RESONANT FREQUENCY

R ωL

Y = 2 + j ωC − 2 2

R + (ωL) 2

R + (ωL)

R

∴Y = 2

R + (ω0 L) 2

EC – 303 . 62 14

From Eq. (4)

• Impedance is CR

reciprocal of admittance

∴Y =

L

Impedance of parallel LR-C circuit at resonant

∴

frequency

L

Z0 =

CR

EC – 303 . 62 15

CURRENT IN THE CIRCUIT UNDER

RESONANCE

• Applied voltage =v

L

• Impedance at f0 Z0 =

CR

Q)Now what is the current at resonant frequency ?

v v vCR

I0 = = =

Z0 L L

CR

EC – 303 . 62 16

Power factor of parallel LC circuit under

resonance

Under resonance is pure resistive/conductive.

known as power factor.

EC – 303 . 62 17

A) Now what is the power factor of an

parallel LC circuit ?

EC – 303 . 62 18

VARIATION OF IMPEDANCE WITH FREQUENCY

Impedance

Z0

• Impedance decreases

as frequency deviates

from f0

R

XC>XL

fo XL>XC frequency

EC – 303 . 62 19

Differences between series and

parallel resonant circuits

1 R 2C

Resonant frequency f 0

=

2π LC f =

1

1−

0

2π LC L

At f0

Impedance(Z0) R(minimum) L/CR(maximum)

Current V/R(very large) (VCR)/L(minimum)

Acts as short circuit Open circuit

power factor unity unity

EC – 303 . 62 20

A) For RL-c circuit shown in fig.find the

resonant frequency ?

Resonant frequency

10v

1 R C

2

10µF 10Ώ

f0 = 1 −

2π LC L

0.1H

On substitution of R,L and C

values in the above equation

f 0 =158.35Hz

EC – 303 . 62 21

summary

a capacitor in parallel.

1 R 2C

• Resonant frequency of the circuit is f0 = 1 −

2π LC L

• Impedance at f0 ,Z0=L/CR.

EC – 303 . 62 22

• Impedance decreases as frequency deviates from f0.

EC – 303 . 62 23

Quiz

1)What will happen to impedance of an RL-C circuit

as frequency increases beyond f0?

a) Increases

b) decreases

c) Unchanged

d)none

Ans : ( b )

EC – 303 . 62 24

2) what is the phase difference between

voltage and current in parallel RL-C circuit

under resonance ?

a) 00

b) 900

c) 1350

d) 1800

Ans : ( a)

EC – 303 . 62 25

3) To get minimum current in parallel RL-C circuit

fequency of excitation must be

a) very high

b) very low

c) equal to f0

d) None

Ans : ( c )

EC – 303 . 62 26

4) What will be the impedance of parallel RL-C

circuit when R=0 ?

a) Zero

b) Infinite

c) Low

d) None

Ans : ( b )

EC – 303 . 62 27

Frequently asked questions

expression for its resonant frequency ?

2. With neat graph explain how impedance of

parallel RL-C circuit vary with frequency ?

3. Derive the expressions for impedance and current

of parallel RL-C circuit under resonance ?

4. Prove that the power factor of tank circuit under

resonance is unity.

EC – 303 . 62 28

OBJECTIVES

solve :

EC 303.65 to 66 2

RECAP

• Define resonance ?

EC 303.65 to 66 3

1.Determine the resonant frequency of

series resonant circuit shown in Fig.

Vs

• Resonant frequency of series 10 Ω

1

RLC circuit f 0 =

2π LC 10 µF

Fig 1

EC 303.65 to 66 4

• On Substitution of L and C values in the above Eq.

1

f0 = = 2251Hz

2π 0.5 ×10 ×10 ×10

−3 −6

EC 303.65 to 66 5

2.Determine the value of inductive reactance

of the circuit shown at resonance ?

VS

50 Ω

• Net reactance of RLC series

circuit under resonance X=0

-j25 Ω

Fig 2

EC 303.65 to 66 6

Net reactance X = X L −X C

⇒ X L − 25 = 0

⇒ X L = 25Ω

resonance = 25 ohms

resonance Z0 = R= 50 ohms

EC 303.65 to 66 7

3.For the circuit shown in fig3 .Find the

frequency at which maximum voltage

appears across capacitor and also find the

maximum voltage across capacitor

0.1 H

the capacitor be maximum ?

50V

10 Ω

1 R2

• At ω= − 2

LC 2 L 50 µF

Fig 3

EC 303.65 to 66 8

On substitution of L,C,R values in the above Eq.

1 100

∴ω = −6

− = 441.58rad / sec

0.1× 50 × 10 2 × 0.12

V 50

I= =

R 2 + (ω L − ω C ) 2 100 + (441.58 × 0.1 −

1

)

441.58 × 50 × 10− 6

= 4.968 A

EC 303.65 to 66 9

• Therefore maximum voltage across the capacitor

1

VC max = I × X C = 4 .1 × −6

= 225.1volts

447.17 × 50 × 10

EC 303.65 to 66 10

4.In the circuit shown,the maximum current flows

through the circuit is 0.5ma.determine the

resonant frequency,the bandwidth,and the

quality factor ‘Q’ at resonance ?

0.1 H

R

5v

5 µF

EC 303.65 to 66 11

Continued…

flows through the RLC series circuit

It is Z0 = R

EC 303.65 to 66 12

Determination of ‘R’ value

Maximum current

V 5

I0 0.1mA

Z0 R

5

R 3

50

0.110

R 50

EC 303.65 to 66 13

• Determination of resonant frequency

RLC circuit ?

1

• It is f 0 =

2π LC

1

f0 225 Hz

2 0.1 5 106

and 0 2 f 0 2 225 14142rad / sec

EC 303.65 to 66 14

• Determination of quality factor ‘Q’

resonant circuit ?

ω0 L

• It is Q0 =

R

14142 0.1

Quality factor Q0 28

50

Q0 28

EC 303.65 to 66 15

• Determination of bandwidth

resonant circuit ?

f0

• It is BW =

Q

225

⇒ BW = = 80.36 Hz

28

EC 303.65 to 66 16

5.Determine the lower and upper half-power

frequencies, bandwidth and then quality

factor ‘Q’ of circuit shown in Fig 5.

through the circuit at resonant

0.1 H

frequency

R=10 Ω

v

• current falls to 0.707I0 at half

FIG 5

• At resonant frequency

impedance Z0 = R EC 303.65 to 66 17

• So what is the impedance of circuit at half power

frequencies ?

V I V Z0 V R V

Ih = = 0 = = =

Zh 2 2 2 2R

∴ Z h = 2R

f1/f2 impedance of the circuit Zh= 2R

EC 303.65 to 66 18

DETERMINATION OF LOWER HALF POWER

FREQUENCY ‘f1’

2

1

Z h1 R

2

2 f1 L 2 R

2 f1C

2

1

R2 2 f1 L 2 R 2

2 f1C

1

2 f1 L R (1)

2 f1C

EC 303.65 to 66 19

On Solving equation(1) for f1

4L

R R 2

f1 C

4 L

4 0.1

10 100 6

10 10 151.39 Hz

4 0.1

EC 303.65 to 66 20

DETERMINATION OF UPPER HALF POWER

FREQUENCY ‘ f2’

impedance at f 2

2

1

Zh2 R 2 f 2 L

2

2R

2 f 2C

2

1

R 2 2 f 2 L 2 R 2

2 f 2 C

1

2 f 2 L R

2 f 2C

EC 303.65 to 66 21

On Solving equation(2) for f2

4L

R R 2

f2 C

4 L

4 0.1

10 100

10 106 167.11Hz

4 0.1

EC 303.65 to 66 22

DETERMINATION OF RESONANT

FREQUENCY

1

resonant frequency f 0 =

2π LC

1

⇒ f0 = = 159.2 Hz

2π 0.1× 10 ×10 −6

circuit f0 = 159.2 Hz

EC 303.65 to 66 23

DETERMINATION OF QUALITY FACTOR ‘Q’

• Bandwidth BW = f2-f1

Q=f0/BW

EC 303.65 to 66 24

6.For an RLC series circuit shown in fig. instantaneous

excitation v=70.7sin(600t) and current i=1.5sin(600t+

which the circuit is resonant

0.1 H

v R

EC 303.65 to 66 25

Continued…

∴ If v = 70.7∠00

then i = 1.5∠450

EC 303.65 to 66 26

The instantaneous impedance at given frequency

v 70.7

z 47.13 450

i 1.5450

33.33 j 33.33

EC 303.65 to 66 27

On comparison of real and imaginary parts

in the above equation

R 33.33

X X C X L 33.33

1

XC 93.33

C

1

C 17.85 F

600 93.33

EC 303.65 to 66 28

DTERMINATION OF RESONANT

FREQUENCY

1

resonant frequency f 0 =

2π LC

1

⇒ f0 = = 119.12 Hz

2π 0.1× 17.85 ×10 −6

resonates =119.12 Hz

EC 303.65 to 66 29

7.Find the resonant frequency of the

parallel circuit shown in fig.

• Given data

v

20 µF 7Ω

R= 7 Ω

L= 1mH

C= 20µ F 1mH

Fig 7

1 1 R2

f0 = − 2

2π LC L

EC 303.65 to 66 30

• On substitution of R,L, and C values in the above

equation

1 1 49

f0 = − −6 = 159 Hz

2π −3

10 × 20 × 10 −6

10

EC 303.65 to 66 31

8.Find the resonant frequency of an ideal

parallel tank circuit with L=50mH and

C=0.01µF ?

• Given data

L=50mH

C=0.01µF

1

f 0

=

2π LC

EC 303.65 to 66 32

• On substitution of L and C values

1 1

f =

2π LC

=

0

2π 50 ×10 −3 ×0.01×10 −6

= 7117.6 Hz

EC 303.65 to 66 33

9.The circuit shown in fig. is under resonance at

frequency 500Hz. Q factor of L is 5.find the coil

resistance and capacitance values ?

• Given data

i

f0 = 500Hz

QL = 5 v

RL

C

L = 0.1H

L=0.1H

• What is the expression for Q

factor of a coil ? Fig 8

ω0 L

2πf 0 L

Q= =

R R

EC 303.65 to 66 34

• On substitution f0 and L values

2 f 0 L 2 500 0.1

R 62.83

Q 5

we know that

1

0

LC

1 1

C 0.101 F

L02 0.1 2 500 2

Therefore

R=62.83Ω and C ≈ 0.101µF

EC 303.65 to 66 35

it is resonant at frequency 5000 rad/ sec .xL=6

• Given data

XL = 6Ω

RL=8Ω RC

RC=7Ω RL

ω0 = 5000 rad/sec

What will happen to susceptance of the circuit at

resonant frequency ?

It will become zero

EC 303.65 to 66 36

Find the susceptance of the circuit and equate it to zero

and then solve it for XC

1 8 j6 8 j6

YL 2

8 j6 8 6 2

100

1 7 jX C

YC 2

7 jX C 7 X C2

EC 303.65 to 66 37

Total admittance of the circuit

8 6 7 XC

Y YL YC j 2 j 2

100 100 7 X C

2

7 X C2

8 7 XC 6

2 2

j 2

100 7 X C 7 X 2

C 100

as susceptance

EC 303.65 to 66 38

• Equate the susceptance part to zero to find XC

XC 6

2 0

7 X C 100

2

XC 6

2

7 X C 100

2

100 X C 6 X C2 294

6 X 100 X C 294 0

2

C (1)

EC 303.65 to 66 39

On Solving equation (1)

6 X C2 100 X C 294 0

100 1002 4 6 294

XC 12.85

2 6

1

XC 12.85

0C

1 1

C 15.56 F

0 12.85 5000 12.85

EC 303.65 to 66 40

11.Determine the value of RL for which the

parallel circuit shown in fig is resonant.given

RC=4Ω XC=5Ω and XL=10 Ω.

• Given data

RC=4Ω

XC=5Ω RC

RL

XL=10 Ω.

Fig 10

equate the susceptance part to zero to find the

RL value

EC 303.65 to 66 41

FIND THE TOTAL ADMITTANCE

1 1 1 1

Y YL YC

RL jX L RC jX C RL j10 4 j 5

RL j10 4 j 5 RL 4 5 10

2 2 j 2

RL 100 41 R

L 100 41 41 RL 100

as susceptance

EC 303.65 to 66 42

EQUATE THE SUSCEPTANCE TO ZERO

5 10

2 0

41 RL 100

10 5

2

RL 100 41

RL2 18

RL j 18 (imaginary value)

EC 303.65 to 66 43

What is your comment on resistance value ?

imaginary value we can conclude that no

value of RL can make the circuit resonant

EC 303.65 to 66 44

Summary

resonant circuits.

different parallel resonant circuits

EC 303.65 to 66 45

QUIZ

EC 303.65 to 66 46

1.An RLC series circuit has fixed values of R L and

resonant ?

Ans : c

EC 303.65 to 66 47

2.Quality factor of coil depends upon ___

a. Its inductance

c. Coil resistance

e. Operating frequency

Ans : d

EC 303.65 to 66 48

3.Quality factor of a capacitor depends upon___

a. Capacitance value

c. Resistance value

e. Operating frequency

Ans : d

EC 303.65 to 66 49

4.which one of the following does not

effect the resonant frequency of the tank

circuit ?

a. R value

c. L value

g. C value

Ans : c

EC 303.65 to 66 50

5. A fixed frequency series RLC circuit

introducing a leading phase. To make

that resonant we have to __

a. Reduce the capacitive reactance

Ans : c

EC 303.65 to 66 51

6. Input voltage to series RLC circuit under

resonance is v=Vmsin(5000t+300).its

current i=____

(Vm/R )sin(5000t+30°)

(Vm/R )sin(5000t+45°)

Zero amps

(Vm*R )sin(5000t+30°)

Ans : a

EC 303.65 to 66 52

7. Resonant frequency of a tank circuit is

150kHz and Q0=10.Bandwidth of tuned

circuit is___

a. 5 kHz

c. 10 kHz

e. 15 kHz

Ans : c

EC 303.65 to 66 53

8. Current passing through a series

resonant circuit at f0 is 1A.current at

lower half power frequency=___

a. 0.5A

c. 0.707A

e. 1A

g. 0A

Ans : b

EC 303.65 to 66 54

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