Table 1 Examples of General Instructional Objectives and Behavioral Terms for the Cognitive Domain (Bloom's Taxonomy) Classification

Knowledge Examples for Instructional Examples of Behavioral Terms for Objectives Stating Specific Learning Outcomes Knows common terms Defines, describes, identifies, labels, lists, Knows specific facts matches, names, outlines, reproduces, Knows methods and procedures selects, states Knows basic concepts Knows principles Understands facts and principles Converts, defends, distinguishes, Interprets verbal material estimates, explains, extends, generalizes, Interprets charts and graphs gives examples, infers, paraphrases, Estimates future consequences implied predicts, rewrites, summarizes in data Justifies methods and procedures Applies concepts and principles to new Changes, computes, demonstrates, situations discovers, manipulates, modifies, Applies law and theories to practical operates, predicts, prepares, produces, situations relates,shows, solves, uses Solves mathematical problems Constructs charts and graphs Demonstrates correct usage of a method or procedure Breaks down, diagrams, differentiates, Recognizes unstated assumptions discriminates, distinguishes, identifies, Recognizes logical fallacies in reasoning Distinguishes between facts and illustrates, infers, outlines, points out, interferences relates, selects, separates, subdivides Evaluates the relevance of data Analyzes the organizational structure of a work (art, music, writing) Categorizes, combines, compiles, Writes a well-organized theme composes, creates, devises, designs, Gives a well-organized speech explains, generates, modifies, Writes a creative short story, poem, or organizes, plans, rearranges, reconstructs, relates, music summarizes, tells, writes Proposes a plan for an experiment Integrates learning from different areas into a plan for solving a problem Formulates a new scheme for classifying objects, events, or ideas Judges the logical consistency of Appraises, compares, concludes, written material contrasts, critizes, describes, Judges the adequacy with which discriminates, explains, justifies, conclusions are supported by data interprets, relates, summarizes, supports Judges the value of a work (art, music, writing) by use of internal criteria Judges the value of a work (art, music, writing) by use of external standards of excellence

Comprehension

Application

Analysis

Synthesis

Evaluation

Table 2 Examples of General Instructional Objectives and Behavioral Terms for the Affective Domain (Krathwohl's Taxonomy) Classification Receiving Examples of General Instructional Objectives Examples of Behavioral Terms for Stating Specific Learning Outcomes

Responding

Valuing

Organization

Characterization

Listen attentively Asks, chooses, describes, follows, Shows awareness of the importance of holds, identifies, locates, names, learning Shows sensitivity to human needs and points to, selects, sits erect, replies, social problems Accept differences of race and culture uses, gives Pays close attention to the classroom activities assigned homework Completes Answers, assists, complies, Obeys school rules discusses, greets, helps, labels, Participates in class discussions practices, presents, reads, recites, Completes laboratory work selects, tells, writes, reports, performs conforms Volunteers for special tasks Shows interest in subject Enjoys helping others Demonstrates belief in the democratic Completes, describes, differentiates, process explains, follows, forms, initiatives, invites, joins, justifies, proposes, reads, Appreciates good literature, art or music Appreciates the role of science (or reports, selects, shares, studies, works other subjects) in everyday life Shows concern for the walfare of others Demonstrates problem-solving atitude Demonstrates commitment to social improvement Recognizes the need for balance Adheres, alters, arranges, combines, between freedom and responsibility in compares, completes, defends, a democracy explains, Recognizes the role of systematic generalizes, identifies, integrates, planning in solving problems modifies, orders, organizes, prepares, Accepts responsibility for his or her relates, synthesizes own behavior Understands and accepts his or her own strengths and limitations Formulates a life plan in harmony with his or her abilities, interest, and beliefs Displays safety-conciousness Acts, decriminates, displays, influances, Demontrates self-reliance in working listens, modifies, performs, practices, independently proposes, qualifies, questions, revises, serves, solves, uses, verifies Practices cooperation in group activities Uses objective approach in problem solving Demonstrates industry, punctuality, and self discipline Maintains good health habits

Table 3 Examples of General Instructional Objectives and Behavioral Terms for the Psychomotor Domain (Simpson's Taxonomy) Classification Perception Examples of General Instructional Objectives Recognizes a given set of actions Watches a series of motions Applies sound, motion and visual stimuli to a given set of actions Positions self for action Recognizes a given procedures as preliminary to action Modifies current situation to adapt to oncoming performance Guided Response Imitates performance of skilled instructor roles of situations Assumes Acts out preplanned actions Demonstrates procedures and methods tasks up to or exceeding Performs established standards Acts, demonstrates, displays, exhibits, illustrates, imitates, performs, role-plays, shows, simulates Examples of Behavioral Terms for Stating Specific Learning Outcomes Allerts to, attends to, listens, looks at, notices, observes, views, watches

Set

distinguishes, identifies, lists,describes, Adjusts, arranges, chooses, names, offers, opts for, orders, positions, prepares, recites, selects, stands, states, volunteers

Mechanism

Complex Response

Brakes, focuses, fries, jumps, mixes, paints, passes, runs, sends, sews, turns on, types Applies mechanized skills to new Acts, constructs, cooks, dances, drives, situations mechanized skills to perform operates, plays, sculpts, tailors Combines complex operations Creates new skills by drawing upon mechanized skills to solve problems

illustrates, imitates, performs, role-plays,

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