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WITT & SOHN

Tunnel IGW Ventilatoren

Ventilation
Witt Group Profile
Established over 60 years ago, the Witt Group
has expanded into one of the world‘s premier
manufacturers of industrial fans. With
manufacturing facilities in Germany, the UK
and Switzerland, and licensed manufacturing
in Canada, Japan, Korea and Indonesia, in
addition to a network of agents, the Group is
able to supply products throughout the world.
Witt Group HQ, Hamburg, Germany

Over the past 25 years, the Witt Group has added Tunnel Ventilation Systems to
its range of centrifugal and axial-flow fans. Alongside a range of jet fans, the
Group has researched and developed a number of systems that can be used
for ventilating tunnels.
Precise, quality engineering has enabled the
Witt Group to establish itself as one of the
market leaders in tunnel ventilation systems.
The Group is able to conduct the whole
process from system design to installation,
commissioning and also service &
maintenance.

With a reference list of over 200 projects,


including many significant contracts such as
the new Kowloon KCRC rail link in Hong Kong,
the Bangkok Metro in Thailand, the Fjellinjen
Tunnel in Norway, the Chengdu-Chonqing
Tunnel in China and the new Elbtunnel in
Germany, WITT&SOHN AG can call on much
experience and technical knowledge to
design world-class systems.

Working to DIN EN ISO 9001 quality systems, we


can ensure that the product quoted is the
same as the product supplied, with regards to
performance, noise and other characteristics.
Pictured are a number of •Tunnel Jet Fan
products used for tunnel •Axial – Flow Fan
ventilation systems: •Banana Jet ® Fan
Axial-Flow Fans
WITT&SOHN AG is renowned for their
range of axial-flow fans, which are
installed in tunnels world-wide. The
range of fans is shown below:
Inlet Size : 400mm – 3150mm
Casing Thickness : 4mm – 10mm
Volume : Up to 1,000,000m3/h
Pressure : Up to 4,000Pa
Fire Rating : Up to 700 oC
Impeller Material : Corrosion resistant cast
aluminium, steel, special
alloys.
Casing Material : Steel, aluminium.
Special alloys

Axial – Flow Fans are commonly used


in shafts for tunnel ventilation or for
exhausting fumes / smoke from the
tunnel.

Shown above are the axial-flow fans


destined for use on a new metro
project. On the left is shown the
lowering of an axial fan into a shaft to
extract fumes / smoke in the event of
a fire.

The table below shows only a small selection of the type of axial-flow fans that
are typically found in our tunnel ventilation systems. Our range contains many
more fans and further details are availble on our website or by request. Please
contact us for further information.
Axial Fan Quick Selection Table
Vol Flow Rate Total Fan Size Speed Motor Sound Pressure Sound Power Total Mass
m3/h Pressure Pa mm Min -1 Power kW dB(A) 1m (ISO-D) dB(A) kg

100,000 1000 1,250 1,470 37 61 109 ~900

100,000 1500 1,250 1,480 55 63 112 ~1,200

200,000 1000 1,800 980 75 60 110 ~2,100

200,000 1500 1,800 990 110 64 113 ~2,400

400,000 1000 2,240 990 160 65 115 ~3,700

400,000 1500 2,240 995 250 67 117 ~4,100

800,000 1000 2,800 740 355 66 116 ~6,200

800,000 1500 2,800 745 500 69 119 ~7,100


Tunnel Jet Fans
Jet fans are found in most tunnels throughout
the world and the WITT&SOHN AG range is
comprehensive. Various designs and
accessories are available, information on the
fans is found below:
400mm – 1800mm *
Size :
Casing Thickness : 4mm – 10mm
Volume : Up to 320,000m³/h
Up to 2,800N
Thrust :
Fire Rating :Up to 700 °C
Impeller Material :Corrosion resistant cast aluminium,
steel, special alloys.
Casing Material : Steel, aluminium, special alloys
Rheinufertunnel, Germany

A large range of symmetrical and asymmetrical jet fans is offered by WITT&SOHN AG .


The symmetrical fans can be manufactured to generate a partial or complete
reversibility (i.e. 40%, 60%, 90%, 98%). Additionally, our standard range of jet fans offer a
thrust from 35N up to 2,800N. Higher values are possible on request.

With a number of different lengths for the silencers,


nearly every required sound pressure level can be
achieved. Additionally, the specially-developed
impellers can operate at very high tip speeds and
run at very high temperatures. X-raying of the
impeller blades and the impeller hub is not
necessary, but can be done upon request.

Soori Tunnel, S. Korea Jet Fan Quick Selection Table


Diameter Type Thrust Vol. Flow Outlet Rated Motor Sound Pressure Total
Rate Speed Power Level, free field, 45° Mass
mm N m³/s m/s kW dB(A)/m kg

630 Uni-Directional, GT 540 12.2 39.0 18.5 75/3 ~500

630 Reversible, GR 500 11.7 37.5 18.5 80/3 ~525

900 Uni-Directional, GT 720 20.0 31.5 22.0 75/3 ~800

900 Reversible, GR 610 18.5 29.0 22.0 80/3 ~850

1000 Uni-Directional, GT 1120 27.8 35.9 30.0 80/3 ~1,400

1000 Reversible, GR 910 29.5 31.9 30.0 85/3 ~1,450

1120 Uni-Directional, GT 1430 35.2 35.7 37.0 80/3 ~1,600

1120 Reversible, GR 1180 31.9 32.4 37.0 85/3 ~1,650

1250 Uni-Directional, GT 1650 42.1 34.3 45.0 80/3 ~1,800

1250 Reversible, GR 1490 40.1 32.7 45.0 85/3 ~1,850

1600 Uni-Directional, GT 2250 63.0 31.3 55.0 70/3 ~2,400

1600 Reversible, GR 1990 59.4 29.5 55.0 85/3 ~2,500

The table above shows only a small selection of the type of tunnel jet fans that are
typically found in our tunnel ventilation systems. Our range contains many more fans
and further details are availble on our website or by request. Please contact us for
further details.
Testing Tunnel Jet Fans
A comprehensive testing procedure
ensures that our products meet the
required specifications. WITT&SOHN AG
have modern test facilities including a
heat test chamber. All tests can be
certified by nominated bodies such as
GL & TÜV.

Quality Assured
All jet fans are tested according
to ISO 13 350 and all axial-flow
fans according to ISO 5801.
Additionally, all fans must pass
the factory acceptance test
before delivery. The jet fans are
tested and certified according to
EN12101-3.
Standard Accessories
A standard range of accessories
is offered with all fans, these
include:
• Mounting structures •Vibration control
• Vibration attenuators •Safety wires (material:
• Protection grills 1.4401)

Special Accessories
In addition to standard accessories
a number of additional options are
also available, these include:

• Bearing temperature monitors (PTC) • Halfenscrews in 1.4401


• Bearing temperature monitors (Pt100) • Halfenscrews in 1.4529
• Space heaters • Vibration control
• Certified calculation for mounting structure • Service switch in IP65
• Anchor Bolts in 1.4401 • Temperature Sensor
• Anchor Bolts in 1.4529 • Outlet Guide Vanes
• Safety switch
Banana Jet ® Fans
Inlet Size : 400mm – 3150mm
Casing Thickness : 4mm – 10mm
Volume : Up to 1,000,000m3/h
Pressure : Up to 4,000Pa
Fire Rating : Up to 700 oC
Impeller Material : Corrosion resistant cast
aluminium, steel, special
alloys.
Casing Material : Steel, aluminium.
Special alloys

•WITT&SOHN AG has developed the new „Banana Jet ®“


The Banana Jet ® generates 30% more effective thrust in any given tunnel. This jet
fan reduces the costs of new tunnel ventilation systems and enables tunnel system
upgrades (due to increased traffic load or new fire rules) without high costs.

• Banana Jet ® Fan Design vs Standard Tunnel Ventilation System


The patented Banana Jet ® fan design provides a number of advantages over
standard jet fans. From capital cost, to power consumption and size, the Banana
Jet Fan ® has numerous short- and long-term benefits. The tables below compare
power consumption, thrust, engineering and costs between a total of 100 standard
jet fans and 100 Banana Jet Fans.
Key
Standard Tunnel Jet Fan Witt Banana Jet Fan

110 Fan Quantities 110,0


Power Consumption

100 100,0

90 90,0
[%]

80
[%]

80,0

70 70,0

60 60,0

50 50,0
Thrust / Airflow in Tunnel Quantity of Jet Fans Installed Motor Power Electrical Power Consumption Fan shaft power

170,0
Civil Engineering 110
Costs

150,0 100

130,0 90
[%]

[%]

110,0 80

90,0 70

70,0 60

50,0 50
Jet Fan price Life Time Costs 10 Life Time Costs 15 Life Time Costs 20 Required Jet Fan Required Jet Fan Required Jet Fan Wall Required Jet Fan Wall
Years Years Years Ceiling Niche Length Ceiling Niche Width Niche Length Niche Width
30 % Banana Jet ® Fans
+ s t
th r u Banana Jet Quick Selection Table
Diameter Type Effective Measured Vol. Outlet Rated Sound Total
thrust thrust Flow Speed Motor Pressure Level, Mass
mm N N Rate Power free field, 45°
m³/s m/s kW dB(A)/m kg

630 Uni-Directional, GT 700 540 12.2 39.0 18.5 80/3 ~500

630 Reversible, GR 650 500 11.7 37.5 18.5 85/3 ~525

900 Uni-Directional, GT 940 720 20,0 31,5 22,0 80/3 ~800

900 Reversible, GR 800 610 18.5 29.0 22,0 85/3 ~850

1000 Uni-Directional, GT 1460 1120 27.8 35.9 30.0 80/3 ~1,400

1000 Reversible, GR 1180 910 29.5 31.9 30.0 85/3 ~1,450

1120 Uni-Directional, GT 1860 1430 35.2 35.7 37.0 80/3 ~1,600

1120 Reversible, GR 1540 1180 31.9 32.4 37.0 85/3 ~1,650

1250 Uni-Directional, GT 2150 1650 42.1 34.3 45.0 80/3 ~1,800

1250 Reversible, GR 1940 1490 40.1 32.7 45.0 85/3 ~1,850

1600 Uni-Directional, GT 2930 2250 63.0 31.3 55.0 80/3 ~2,400

1600 Reversible, GR 2600 1990 59.4 29.5 55.0 85/3 ~2,500

Figure 1: Average flow speed 40 m behind


standard jet fans

The graphs shown left demonstrate the


difference in airflow between standard jet
fans and the Banana Jet ® fans.

The standard jet


fan airflow is
shown by Figure 1.
At the sides, the
airflow is high, but
towards the
centre (of the
tunnel) the flow
speed drops
dramatically.

The Figure 2 demonstrates that the Banana


Jet ® fans have a more constant speed
throughout the tunnel. Whilst there is still a
drop in speed in the middle of the tunnel, it is
Figure 2: Average flow speed 40 m behind much less cut out than with the standard jet
the Banana Jet ® fans
fans.
„Real tests are better than
Heat resistance only calculations“

WITT & SOHN AG


has not only a
range of fans
tested to run at
300°C and 400°C
for 2 hours, the
company has also
developed a
range that has
been full size
tested to operate
at 700° C for 90
minutes.

Stress analysis Axial fan before testing During testing 700°C

Service & Maintenance


Fans installed in tunnels are subjected to varying and often very harsh
conditions. Temperature changes and air pollution can affect a fans‘s
performance. Therefore WITT&SOHN AG recommends and offers a regular
service & maintenance. Regular and pre-planned maintenance can and
will provide long-term savings.
Our products come with a
12-month warranty, which
can be extended with a
separate service contract.

As well as carrying out


maintenance on products
supplied by ourselves, we
are also able to service fans
supplied by other
companies.

Tunnel jet fan maintenance


at WITT&SOHN AG factory in
Pinneberg
For comprehensive details please consult our sales staff or the Witt & Sohn
Operating & Maintenance Manual.
Case Study - Elbtunnel
The new Elbtunnel, situated in Hamburg, Germany is being hailed by many experts as
the safest tunnel in the world. Following a number of catastrophic tunnel fires in
recent years, WITT&SOHN AG has developed a system which makes use of their
unique fan technology.
In the event of a fire fumes are extracted
through a separate overhead duct and
then exhausted. Dampers are located at
various points throughout the tunnel
through which the smoke is extracted.

At the same time as the powerful extract


fans are working, jet fans on either side of
the fire can blow towards it, keeping the
escape routes free to ensure good
visibility. The concept is shown below.
Elbtunnel 4 – Nearing completion

Exhaust Fumes

Fresh Air
Direction

Fire
Elbtunnel 4 – A cross section of the tunnel

Under normal conditions, the jet fans are used to


control pollution, however in the case of a fire,
the damper closest to the fire (shown right) opens
and the jet fans switch to fire mode.
It should be noted that the large, extract fans are
amongst the most highly engineered in the
world. Independently tested by CTICM of France,
the fans have been tested for over 2 hours at
700°C.
It is hoped that the Elbtunnel will become the
standard by which other tunnels are designed.

For further in-


formation on this
tunnel concept
please contact us
for a brochure.

Two of the eight extract fans Damper inspection on site


Tunnel References
Shown below are a selection of project references from our 200+ worldwide
tunnel installations.

PROJECT COUNTRY
Tunnel Wien Austria
Melbourne City Link Australia
Chengdu – Chonqing China
Zhe Yiang China
Noroskalatunnilin Denmark
Tunnel El Azahr Egypt
Tunnel Drancy France
Metro Toulouse France
Rheinufertunnel Germany
Elbtunnel 4 Germany
Tunnel Patras Greece
Shing Mun Tunnels Hong Kong
KCRC West Rail Hong Kong
Tunnel Tungudalur Iceland
MHI – Tunnel Japan
Soo-Ri Tunnel Korea (south)
Karak Tunnel Malaysia
Drechttunnel Netherlands
Ekebergtunnelen Norway
Fjellinjen Norway
Metro Bucharest Romania
Poblacion de Gatafe Spain
Sauges et Gorgier Switzerland
Nordtangente N2 Switzerland
Metro Bangkok, South Thailand
Line
Metro Istanbul I – III Turkey
Chestfield Tunnel UK

WITT&Ventilatoren
SOHN
IGW
Car Park Ventilation
PSB, Europe‘s leading company for
Impulse Ventilation Systems (IVS) of
underground car parks is a member
of the Witt Group.
Unique impulse fans have been
designed for the system which
monitors and controls the inner
environment of an underground car
park. The fans have been
independently tested to run at 300oC
for 2 hours to conform to the EN
12101-3 standard.
It is in the event of a fire that the
system comes into its own. Various
tests have shown the system‘s
effectiveness, however 2 real fires
have proven the system‘s worth to the
fire services, engineers, the car park
users and also the car park‘s owners. In
the most recent fire at the Ceramique
Nordknoop Parking in Maastricht, with
2 cars fully destroyed, the car park was
re-opened within 30 minutes of the fire
having started.

Larger impulse fans are used for


car parks with higher ceilings, in
addition to service roads and
delivery bays, in which the fans
shown right are installed.
Head Office WITT&SOHN
IGW Ventilatoren
Witt & Sohn AG
Postfach 22 62
Wuppermanstraße 6 – 10
D – 25421 Pinneberg, Germany

Tel: +49 (4101) – 7007 – 0


Fax: +49 (4101) – 7007 – 60
Email: witt@wittfan.de
Web: www.wittfan.de

Fan Systems Group


Brookwoods Industrial Estate
FAN SYSTEMS
WITT
Burrwood Way, Holywell Green
Halifax, HX4 9HB, UK

Tel: +44 (1422) 378 131


Fax: +44 (1422) 1422 378 672
Email: sales@fansystems.co.uk
Web: www.fansystems.co.uk

Meidinger AG
Binnigerstraße 84 MEIDINGER
WITT
CH – 4123 Allschwil
Switzerland

Tel: +41 (61) 4874411


Fax: +41 (61) 61 4874400
Email: info@meidinger.ch
Web: www.meidinger.ch