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Find out moreand friendly environment is strongly encouraged. He claimed that a mugging based culture can significantly boost the students’ performance, especially under his special guidance! A group of prominent well-educated international researchers disagrees with the educator’s claim. They have decided to conduct a statistical experiment in order to draw an appropriate conclusion. Group A consists of 20 of randomly chosen people from Nertheland where people are well known for their academic excellence and the high frequency of using F-word in their daily conversation. Group B consists of 24 of randomly chosen people under the educator’s special program. Usually, a double blind experiment is sufficient for any confidential issues; however, this experiment is done 𝑛𝑡ℎ blind for it is highly sensitive to the educator! In the first test set by a third party, due to the lack of equipment, manpower and time, only the mean, highest and lowest scores of 2 groups are recorded. The maximum score is 27. Group A: 25.0, 20, 27 Group B: 26.2, 23, 27 In the exam also set by a third party, here are the exact scores of people in the 2 groups. The maximum score is 50. Group A: 46, 47, 47, 45, 48, 40, 42, 33, 38, 44, 38, 39, 34, 46, 43, 42, 42, 42, 46, 42 Group B: 39, 47, 38, 32, 37, 35, 42, 32, 35, 34, 48, 42, 40, 41, 34, 41, 36, 45, 41, 42, 33, 31, 35, 36 With the aid of graphic calculators or any allowed electronic devices, conduct appropriate tests to support your conclusions. Two tests should be conducted for two different test papers. (40 marks, 20 for each test) - Warning: a wrong choice of statistic test would jeopardize your score. There will be strictly no partial mark credited. Lastly, write a short conclusion about your thoughts/ comments/ reflection/ evaluations on the educator’s conclusion based on your test results. (10 marks – 5 for content and 5 for language! – and up to 5 bonus marks for content)

67 and 1.000075 Interpretation Since the P-value is smaller than 0.33 and 1. Conditions Students should verify the 3 conditions: SRS.PROPOSED SOLUTION Case 1: First test paper.71 There are 19 degrees of freedom.01. use the two-sample t procedure with assuming suitable values of standard deviations of the population since there are no exact data and the deviation of the populations are unknown. Hypotheses Our hypotheses are 𝐻𝑜 : 𝜇1 = 𝜇2 𝐻𝑎 : 𝜇1 < 𝜇2 where 𝜇1 is the mean score of group A and 𝜇2 is the mean score of group B.02 20 𝑛 2 + 0.0 (or any values between 0. The two sample t Statistic is 𝑡 = 𝑥1 − 𝑥2 2 𝑠1 𝑛 1 + 2 𝑠2 = 25. P-value = 0. Calculation Assume the deviation of the scores of Group A is: 𝜎1 = 1.6 (or any values between 0. the smaller of 𝑛1 − 1 = 19 and 𝑛2 − 1 = 23.2 1. Normality and Independence.62 24 = −4. .67) and the deviation of the scores of Group B is: 𝜎2 = 0.0 − 26. we reject 𝐻𝑜 at 1% significant level and conclude that there is sufficient evidence to suggest that the educator’s teaching methodology would improve his students’ score.0).

the 2 tests’ P-values make it extremely difficult to refute the educator’s claim because the first test supports the educator while the second one does not. use the two-sample t procedure Hypotheses Our hypotheses are 𝐻𝑜 : 𝜇1 = 𝜇2 𝐻𝑎 : 𝜇1 > 𝜇2 Where 𝜇1 is the mean score of group A and 𝜇2 is the mean score of group B. Note that this is exam and you have to know what the question .01. students can argue that no point of doing the statistic test in this case. is 𝑡 = 𝑥1 − 𝑥2 2 𝑠1 𝑛 1 + 2 𝑠2 = 2.002411 Interpretation Since the P-value is smaller than 0. Further studies/ arguments are required to draw a better conclusion.97711 𝑛 2 P-value = 0. It’s useless! There is no right or wrong answer but any argument against the educator should be awarded 1 bonus mark. Normality and Independence. Essay question Surprisingly.Case 2: Second test paper. by using graphic calculator. Conditions Students should verify the 3 conditions: SRS. Calculation The two sample t Statistic. To certain extent. we reject 𝐻𝑜 at 1% significant level and conclude that there is sufficient evidence to suggest that an open and friendly environment boosts students’ performance.

Marks should not be over emphasized in education. Consider the lowest and higher scores of each group in the 2 papers. especially to compare students explicitly. certain respect is to be maintained while talking about the educator as he is an educator! . Still.is looking for! Look carefully at the words in the question. Consider the different between the average and the maximum score to reflect the difficulty of the papers. Bonus marks will be awarded if the students state the following points which are unrelated to the mathematical aspect: It’s absurd to compare student’s ability based on the test score. The researchers are more trustworthy! Here are some suggested points that students may use to attack the educator: Consider the difficulty of the questions in the 2 papers: one is test and another is exam. the use of offensive and vulgar language is encouraged to an appropriate extent. The educator may be biased toward his own students in the teaching methodology. This is due to the seriousness of the situation. About language.

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