LAB 5

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE
MUHAMMAD HILMI BIN OTHMAN 51210210360 20 OCTOBER 2010

By plotting the graph. INTRODUCTION A diode is made up by combining the p-type material and n-type material on the same crystal base. The RMS (Root-Mean-Square) value of the rectifier’s output is also greater for this circuit than for the half-wave rectifier. This effect is ensuring the diode to allow current to flow in one direction only. When it is formed. If dc voltage source is connected to the diode. We also use to determine the I-V characteristics of the diode. The pn junction is formed results of the combination. the polarity of the connection has the effect of either increasing or decreasing the barrier potential. a barrier potential is created to prevent further current flow without external voltage source. The full wave rectifier circuit is makes use of the entire waveform. both positive and negative half-cycles. The diode is forward biased when the anode is more positive than the diode is reversed biased when the cathode is more positive than anode. we be able to test the application based on our data result. This experiment also is aim to test diode application. there is less "ripple" voltage seen at the load. .ABSTRACT This experiment is set to study the principles and the properties of the diode. As a result. we know what relationship V-I of the diode in the circuit. This experiment helps us to know how to differentiate between forward-biased circuits with the forward-biased circuit. of the AC source voltage in powering the DC load. By using normal circuit of diode and the rectification of diode circuit.

type of circuit is determined and the LED is removed back from the circuit. The value of V1 is set to 8 Vp and the oscilloscope is connected to the output. and then LED condition is observed. iii. Task 2 (diode application) i. The output waveform of the circuit is sketched. The graph of V against I is plotted. iv. The data then is recorded. The output voltage. The current then is calculated by applying Ohm’s Law to R1 and the data result is recorded. The circuit in figure 3 is constructed on the breadboard. The forward and reverse resistance of the diode is measured by reversing the multimeter leads across the diode. ii. The procedure for the circuit is repeated for figure 4. The diode passes the test if the resistance is significantly different between the two measurements. Vrl is measured in dc voltage and the data result is recorded in the table. D1 DIODE Figure 1 330 + V1 R1 .Procedure Task 1 (biasing diode) i. The supply voltage is increased and the data result is recorded in the table. ii. iii. The circuit as the figure 1 is constructed on the breadboard by using R1 value of 330Ω. vii. viii. iv. v. v. vi. (Vrl) of the circuit. V1 = 0V value is set. The circuit then is named. The same procedure for the circuit in figure 2 is repeated like figure 1.

D1 DIODE + V1 R1 330 Figure 2 D1 DIODE + - V1 R1 10k Figure 3 D1 BRIDGE + Rl 10k Vs1 Figure 4 .

527 0.52m 3.535 0.224 0.132 0. the LED is lightening up due to polarity of the diode is same with voltage supply.94 Vrl figure 1 (V) 0.55m 6.306 1.0 1.5 3.68 0.7 0.832 1.9 . Vsupply (V1) 0.577 0.98 2.96m 5.52 2. the current across the resistance increase as the voltage supply through the circuit increases.463 0.3 1. the current and the voltage drop across the resistance does not flowing in the circuit if it is reversed biased circuit.53 0.603 0. In reverse resistance.8 0.3μ 45.832 2.3 0.015 0.45 1.075 0.12m 2. .26 Vrl figure 2 (V) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 I figure 1 (V) 0. the LED is not lightening up due to different polarity of the diode with voltage supply.0001 0.405 0.0 2.85m I figure 2 (A) 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A 0/10k 0A = = = = = = = = = = = From this results data.89 1.0 Vd figure 1 (V) 0.5 0.22 0. Hence. Hence.635 Vd figure 2 (V) 0.4 μ 227 μ 400 μ 678.216 0.44 0. Meanwhile.8 μ 969. in forward biased circuit.371 0.73 0.51 0.5 kΩ Unable to detect In forward resistance. it is reverse-biased circuit.6 0.32 0.7 μ 1.623 0.487 0. it is forward-biased circuit.RESULT & DISCUSSION Task 1 Component D1 Forward Resistance D1 Reverse Resistance Measured value 139.5 2.

we can see that as voltage supply is increases. the stimulation shows the value of resistance of the diode is 92. From the graph also. In forward bias. So. the circuit is obeys the Ohm’s law.Figure shows the stimulation of diode circuit using MultiSim. . the current flows across the resistance also is increases.45 kOhm and reverse bias is unable to read.

The value of voltage peak from this stimulation is 7.TASK 2 Circuit Figure 3 Figure 4 VRL 2.3 V 4. .4 V.2 V This figure shows the stimulation of half rectifier circuit using MultiSim.

4 V. . The value of voltage peak from this stimulation is 7.figure shows the stimulation of full rectifier diode circuit using MultiSim.

REFFERENCE. Note lecture from electronic device. the experimental approach is differing slightly with the stimulation using MultiSim. we knew that in forward bias diode circuit. This is due to some errors in this lab. 1. there are current flowing through the circuit. . there is no current flows across the circuit. In this lab.CONCLUSION In this experiment. We also knew how to stimulate diode circuit using MultiSim. meanwhile in reverse bias diode circuit. 2. Task sheet from Coursework.

. The error value is (7. Voltage peak that we got is 2.2-7.The picture shows the output waveforms for the circuit in figure 3. This is differing with value simulated by MultiSim which is 7.6x 2 x 1 = 7.7 % This is due to inaccurate value of voltage supply that we set up.4 x 100 =2.4)/7.2 V.4 V.

8)/ 7.1% The error may come from the inaccurate adjustment of voltage supply. .The picture below shows the output waveforms for the circuit in figure 4.4 – 6.8 This is differing with the simulation value from the MultiSim which is 7. the percentage error is (7.4 x 2 x 1 = 6.4 x 100 =8. The voltage peak value that we got is 3.4 V. Thus.

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