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LATIH TUBI MENJELANG PEPERIKSAAN SPM 2010 4541/2 CHEMISTRY Paper 2

Q1 : [STRUCTURE OF ATOM] Table 1 shows the proton number and the number of neutron in atom X, Y and Z. Atom X Y Z Proton number 17 17 18 Table 1 Number of neutron 18 19 22

(a) Nucleus

Complete the statement below :

Nucleon number «««««««««««««««. = number of proton + number of neutron
[1 mark]

(b)

State three subatomic particles of an atom.

Electron, proton and neutron ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark]
(b) (i) What is meant by isotope?

Atoms of the same element with the same proton number «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« but different nucleon number. «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]

2 (ii) Which atoms are isotopes?

X and Y «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]
(c) (i) Write the electron arrangement of atom X.

2.8.7 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]

(ii)

State the number of valence electron of atom X. «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]

7

(d)

Write the symbol for atom Y in the form of

A Y Z

.

36 17

«««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««..... [1 mark] (e) (i) Draw the atomic structure of atom Z.

Y

18p 22n

[1 mark] (ii) State the position of element Z in the Periodic Table of Element.

Group 18, Period 3 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]

3 Q2 : [CHEMICAL FORMULAE & EQUATIONS] (a) Diagram 2.1 shows the comparison between magnesium atom and carbon-12 atom. [Given that the relative atomic mass of C-12 = 12]

Magnesium atom Diagram 2.1

Carbon-12 atom

Diagram 2.2 shows the comparison between magnesium atom and atom X.

Magnesium atom

Atom X

Diagram 2.2 (i) State the relative atomic mass of atom X.

72 ................................................................................................................................ [1 mark]
(ii) What is meant by relative atomic mass?

The average mass of one atom of the element compared with ................................................................................................................................ 1 with of the mass of an atom of carbon ± 12. 12 ................................................................................................................................ [1 mark]

4 (b) Calculate (i) relative molecular mass for butane, C4H10 [ Relative atomic mass : H = 1, C = 12 ] Relative molecular mass of C4H10 = 4(12) + 10(1) = 58 [1 mark] (ii) relative formula mass for magnesium nitrate, Mg(NO3)2 [ Relative atomic mass : N = 14, O = 16, Mg = 24 ] Relative formula mass of Mg(NO3)2 = 24 + 2[ 14 + 3(16) ] = 148 [1 mark] (c) The following equation shows the decomposition of magnesium carbonate by heat.

MgCO3(s)
(i)

MgO(s) + CO2(g)

State the name of the products in the reaction.

Magnesium oxide and carbon dioxide ................................................................................................................................ [1 mark]
(ii) Describe the equation in term of qualitative.

1 mol of magnesium carbonate produced 1 mol of ................................................................................................................................ magnesium carbonate and 1 mol of carbon dioxide. ................................................................................................................................ [1 mark]
(iii) Calculate the mass of magnesium oxide formed when 16.8 g magnesium carbonate is heated completely. [ Relative atomic mass : C = 12, O = 16, Mg = 24 ]
Number of mole of MgCO3 = = 16.8 24 + 12 + 3(16) 0.2 mol

From the equation given; 1 mol of MgCO3 produces 1 mol of MgO Therefore ; 0.2 mol of MgCO3 produces 0.2 mol of MgO Mass of MgO = 0.2 × [ 24 + 16 ] =8g

[3 marks]

5 Q3 : [ACIDS AND BASES] HCl is a strong acid. Table below shows two solutions of HCl with different concentration. Solution A B (a) what is meant by acid? Concentration / mol dm-3 1.0 0.001 pH 1.0 3.0

Acid is a chemical substance which ionises in water to produce ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. hydrogen ions. ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark]
(b) pH value of the solution A and B are different. Explain why.

Solution A is more concentrated than solution B. ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. Concentration of hydrogen ion in solution A is higher than solution B. ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. The pH of solution A is lower than solution B. ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««.
««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [3 marks] (c) Diagram below shows the set-up of apparatus for titration of 25 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution with solution A, using phenolphthalein as indicator.

Ma
1.0 mol dm-3 HCl Solution A

Vb

Mb

25 cm3 of 1.0 mol dm-3 sodium hydroxide solution + phenolphthalein indicator

6 (i) State the colour change of the solution in the conical flask at the end point.

Pink to colourless ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
[1 mark] (ii) State the type of the reaction occurred.

Neutralisation. «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]
(iii) Write the chemical equation for the reaction.

NaOH + HCl NaCl + H2O «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]
(iv) Calculate the volume of solution A needed to neutralise the sodium hydroxide solution.
Number of mole of NaOH = 1.0 × 25 1000 = 0.025 mol

1

From the equation in (c) (iii) ; 1 mol of NaOH reacts with 1 mol of HCl Therefore ; 0.025 mol of NaOH will reacts with 0.025 mol of HCl Volume of HCl = 0.025 × 1000 1

2

= 25 cm3

3

1
1.0 × Va 1.0 × 25 = 1 1

[3 marks]

Va = 25 cm3

2

7 Q4 : [RATE OF REACTION] Diagram below shows the set-up of apparatus to study the rate of reaction between hydrochloric acid with sodium tiosulphate solution. Observer eye

250 cm3 conical flask Sodium thiosulphate solution + hydrochloric acid µX¶ sign White paper

In this reaction, a 250 cm3 conical flask contained 45 cm3 of 0.2 mol dm-3 sodium thiosulphate solution, Na2S2O3 is placed on a white paper marked with the µX¶ sign. 5.0 cm3 of 2.0 mol dm-3 hydrochloric acid was added to the sodium thiosulphate solution and the mixture swirled. At the same time the stopwatch was started. The time is taken as soon as the µX¶ sign is no longer visible.

(a)

In this reaction, a precipitate is formed. What is the colour of the precipitate? ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark]

Yellow

(b)

Calculate the number of moles of HCl and the number of moles of Na2S2O3 used in the experiment.
Number of mole of HCl = 2.0 × 5.0 1000 Number of mole of Na2S2O3 = 0.2 × 45 1000 = 0.009 mol

= 0.010 mol

[2 marks]

8

(c)

The chemical equation for the reaction occurred in this reaction is : Na2S2O3 + 2HCl 2NaCl + S + SO2 + H2O

Based on the calculation in (b) and the chemical equation above, calculate the mass of the precipitate formed. [Given that the relative atomic mass of S = 32] From the equation in (c) ; 1 mol of Na2S2O3 produces 1 mol of S Therefore ; 0.009 mol of Na2S2O3 produces 0.009 mol of S Mass of S = 0.009 × 32 = 0.288 g [2 marks] (d) (i) State two factors that affect the rate of reaction in this experiment.

Concentration of hydrochloric acid / sodium thiosulphate solution «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« Temperature of hydrochloric acid / sodium thiosulphate solution «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [2 marks]
(ii) By using any one of the factor that you are stated in (d) (i), explain how the factor that you are stated in (d) (i) affect the rate of reaction. The higher the concentration of HCl / Na2S2O3, the higher the number of ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««

particles per unit volume. ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««
The frequency of collision between H ions and S2O3 ions increases. «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« The frequency of effective collision increases. «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« The rate of reaction increases. «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [4 marks]
+ 2-

9 Q5 : [CARBON COMPOUNDS] Diagram below shows the molecular formula of two of hydrocarbons. H C H Ethene H C H H H C H H C H H

compound Y

(a)

State the name of the homologous series in which ethene is placed.

Alkene ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark]
(b) Write the general formula of the homologous series that you are stated in (a).

CnH2n , n = 2, 3, 4, «. ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark]
(c) Write the molecular formula of compound Y

C2H6 ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark]
(d) What is observation when bromine water is added to compound Y and exposed to ultra violet? The brown colour of the bromine water turns colourless. ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark] (e) Name the type of reaction when bromine water is reacted with compound Y.

Substitution ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark]
(f) (i) State the products formed when ethene burnt completely in excess oxygen.

(ii)

Carbon dioxide and water // CO2 and H2O «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark] Write the chemical equation for the reaction in (f) (i).
2 4 2 2 2 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]

C H + 3O

2CO

+ 2H O

10 Q6 : [OXIDATION AND REDUCTION]

Carbon electrode

X

Y

Carbon electrode

Iron(II) sulphate solution Diluted sulphuric acid

Acified potassium dichromate(VI) solution

(a)

What is the colour of iron(II) sulphate solution? Light green ««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««. [1 mark]

(b)

(i)

Write the half equation for the reaction occur at X.

Fe Fe + e «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]
(ii) State the change in oxidation number of iron. From +2 to +3 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark] (c) The incomplete half equation occur at Y is : Cr2O72-

2+

3+

14H + ««.

+

+ 6e

2 7 «Cr3+ + «H2O
[1 mark] [1 mark]

Complete the equation. (d) On the diagram above, show the direction of electrons flow.

11 (e) You are provided with the following : y y y y y y (i) Bromine water Potassium iodide solution Carbon electrodes Beaker Porous pot Connecting wire By using the given materials and apparatus, draw the set-up of apparatus to investigate the redox reaction through transfer of electron at a distance.

G

Carbon electrode

+

_
Carbon electrode Bromine water

Potassium iodide solution

Porous pot

[2 marks] (ii) On your diagram in (e) (i), indicate the positive and negative terminal. [1 mark] (iii) State the change in oxidation number for bromine in this reaction. From 0 to -1 «««««««««««««««««««««««««««««««« [1 mark]

12 Q7 : [ELECTROCHEMISTRY]

Reference

(a)

Digram 7.1 shows a electrolytic cell.

A Concentrated solution 1.0 mol dm-3 sodium chloride solution Diagram 7.1 (i) (ii)

Inert electrode Carbon electrodes

Cl2 H2 Explain the products formed at cathode and anode.

Dilute solution [9 marks]

Predict the products formed at anode if 0.001 mol dm-3 sodium chloride solution is used. Explain your answer. [3 marks] Sample Answer

Reference

(b)

Digram 7.2 shows two cells combined together. Copper

Magnesium

Copper

Copper

Voltaic cell / Chemical cell

Cell X

Cell Y Copper(II) sulphate solution Diagram 7.2

Electrolytic cell

(i) (ii)

Position in ECS [2 marks] State the type of Cell X dan Cell Y. Mg Cu Determine the negative and positive terminal in Cell X. Explain why. [2 marks] [4 marks]

(iii) Write the half equations that occur at cathode in both cells. Reduction

Sample Answer

13 Q8 : [CHEMICAL BONDS] (a) Table 8 shows the electron arrangement for atoms W, X and Y. These letters are not the actual symbols of the elements. Element Electron arrangement

W

W

X

X

Y

Y

Table 8 (i) (ii) Compare the atomic size of element X and Y. Explain your answer. [3 marks] Based on the information in Table 8, explain why element Y exists as diatomic molecules. [3 marks]

(iii) Using the information in Table 8, explain how two compounds can be formed from these atom of elements based on their electron arrangements. The two compounds should have different bond type. [10 marks] (b) The following is a list of chemical substances y Sodium chloride y Naphthalene y Carbon dioxide y Zinc nitrate Classify these substances into substance that have high melting point and low melting point. Explain your answer. [4 marks]

14 Q9 : [SALTS]

Reference

Preparation of soluble salt

Salt is prepared by following methods : Method A : reaction between metal oxide and acid. Method B : double decomposition involving two salt solutions. Preparation of insoluble salt (a) What is meant by salt? Insoluble salt Soluble salt (b) You are required to prepare lead(II) sulphate and copper(II) sulphate salts. (i) Based on the method above, select suitable method to prepare each salt. [2 marks] State the chemical substances needed for preparing each salt. [2 marks] (iii) Write a chemical equation to prepare each salt. [2 marks] (iv) Describe an experiment to prepare each salt. [13 marks] Sample Answer

[1 mark]

(ii)

15 Q10 : [TERMOCHEMISTRY] The following information is about the heat of combustion of ethanol. One mole of ethanol produces 1317 kJ of heat energy when it is completely burnt. (a) (b) What is meant by heat of combustion of ethanol? [2 marks]

The heat of combustion of ethanol can be determined in your school laboratory. (i) Draw a labelled diagram to show the set up of apparatus that can be used to determine the heat of combustion of ethanol. [2 marks] Based on the diagram in (b) (i), describe how to determine the heat of combustion of ethanol in your school laboratory. Your answer should consist of the followings : y y y y Procedure of the experiment. Result Calculation steps Three precaution steps taken to obtain accurate results. [16 marks]

(ii)

END OF QUESTION PAPER KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

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