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Wednesday, December 22, 2010

scientificsoftwareandbooks. Dr. Suji George


To do advanced statistics in excel you have to make

sure that Analysis Toolpak Add-in is installed. As-
suming that it is not installed,the following needs
to be done;

Run Microsoft Office Setup to add components to

MS Office

Select Analysis Toolpak under the Excel group of

software items.

Once this is done Select Anova: Single Factor and clickon the OK but-
ton. This will give you a dialogue box full of options.
Run Excel

Select Addinsin the tool menu. ( In EXCEL 2007 Add-

ins tab is in the excel option dialogue box)

In the dialogue box select Analysis Toolpak and then

click on the OK button.

Now you have an extra command, Data analysis on

the Tools Menu and you can do the statistics.
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Type your data into blank spread sheet.

You have to tell the tool where the data are, where
to put the analysis and select various options.
Now select the data 
analysis command Place the cursor in the input range control and then

on the tools menu use the mouse to select on the spreadsheet the data
(Data menu in excel you want to analyse. This should enter the appro-
2007). This will give priate cell reference in the control.
you dialogue box as 
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shown below, lis- Depending upon whether the data grouped columns
ting all the data analysis facilities that are available. or Rows click on the appropriate values.

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Label in first row check box tells the tool to use the Between groups 
labels in the top row of the data to label some of the 
statistical values. If you haven’t used labels leave This is the variation between group means. The first
this unticked. step is the sums of squares of deviation of group
 means from the overall mean (SS=0.0144). Further
Alpha refers to critical probability . It makes har- the table show mean squares (MS=0.00722) which
dly any difference to the analysis Simply adds to is the sum of squares divided by degrees of freedom
the table of results f statistics. (df=2).
Select the new worksheet ply and type in appro- Within groups. 
priate label. 
 This is the variation within group. The sums of
Click on the OK button. squares values is simply the total for each of the
 individual block sums of squared deviations
Excel will do all the calculation and present the re- (SS=0.676).Mean square (MS=0.045) is the sums of
sults in a new ply. squares divided by degrees of freedom (df=15).

Is the sum of squares values that you already have.

f statistic 

This is the mean square ration of between’ to within’.
If f is big then variation between groups is high
compared with within groups. An f value of 1.0 is
expected if there is no significant difference between
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group means.
 P Value 
Summary in the table represents summary statistics 
separately for each column. Following this is table This is the probability that the f value could have
labeled Anova that contains figures used for the occurred because of random variation in the repli-
significance test. cates. If P is below s chosen threshold (often 0.05),
 then you accept that there is different accuracy oc-
The P value in the Anova table above which contains curring between different sets of measurement . In
the probability that the three column means are the above test P = 0.85 which is greater than 0.05 so

due only to random variation is important for co- there is no significant difference between groups.
ming up with a final conclusion. All the values are 
intermediate statistics. In single factor Anova the F crit 
variation categorized into different source. So there 
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is variation owing to imprecision within the group This is the critical f value. It is the f value that would
and between the groups. give a P value of 0.05.

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