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# Wednesday, December 22, 2010

scientificsoftwareandbooks.
blogspot.com Dr. Suji George

ANOVA

## To do advanced statistics in excel you have to make

sure that Analysis Toolpak Add-in is installed. As-
suming that it is not installed,the following needs
to be done;

MS Office

## Select Analysis Toolpak under the Excel group of

software items.

Once this is done Select Anova: Single Factor and clickon the OK but-
ton. This will give you a dialogue box full of options.
Run Excel

## Select Addinsin the tool menu. ( In EXCEL 2007 Add-

ins tab is in the excel option dialogue box)

## In the dialogue box select Analysis Toolpak and then

click on the OK button.

## Now you have an extra command, Data analysis on

the Tools Menu and you can do the statistics.
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ANOVA


Type your data into blank spread sheet.

You have to tell the tool where the data are, where
to put the analysis and select various options.
Now select the data 
analysis command Place the cursor in the input range control and then
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on the tools menu use the mouse to select on the spreadsheet the data
(Data menu in excel you want to analyse. This should enter the appro-
2007). This will give priate cell reference in the control.
you dialogue box as 
Printed with

shown below, lis- Depending upon whether the data grouped columns
ting all the data analysis facilities that are available. or Rows click on the appropriate values.


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Wednesday, December 22,
scientificsoftwareandbooks.
blogspot.com
ANOVA

Label in first row check box tells the tool to use the Between groups 
labels in the top row of the data to label some of the 
statistical values. If you haven’t used labels leave This is the variation between group means. The first
this unticked. step is the sums of squares of deviation of group
 means from the overall mean (SS=0.0144). Further
Alpha refers to critical probability . It makes har- the table show mean squares (MS=0.00722) which
dly any difference to the analysis Simply adds to is the sum of squares divided by degrees of freedom
the table of results f statistics. (df=2).
 
Select the new worksheet ply and type in appro- Within groups. 
priate label. 
 This is the variation within group. The sums of
Click on the OK button. squares values is simply the total for each of the
 individual block sums of squared deviations
Excel will do all the calculation and present the re- (SS=0.676).Mean square (MS=0.045) is the sums of
sults in a new ply. squares divided by degrees of freedom (df=15).
 
Total 

Is the sum of squares values that you already have.


f statistic 

This is the mean square ration of between’ to within’.
If f is big then variation between groups is high
compared with within groups. An f value of 1.0 is
expected if there is no significant difference between
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group means.
 
 P Value 
Summary in the table represents summary statistics 
separately for each column. Following this is table This is the probability that the f value could have
labeled Anova that contains figures used for the occurred because of random variation in the repli-
significance test. cates. If P is below s chosen threshold (often 0.05),
 then you accept that there is different accuracy oc-
The P value in the Anova table above which contains curring between different sets of measurement . In
the probability that the three column means are the above test P = 0.85 which is greater than 0.05 so
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due only to random variation is important for co- there is no significant difference between groups.
ming up with a final conclusion. All the values are 
intermediate statistics. In single factor Anova the F crit 
variation categorized into different source. So there 
Printed with

is variation owing to imprecision within the group This is the critical f value. It is the f value that would
and between the groups. give a P value of 0.05.
 

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Wednesday, December 22,
scientificsoftwareandbooks.
blogspot.com
ANOVA


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