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Robot Control Using DTMF Signalling and 3G Telephony

Conventionally, Wireless-controlled robots use RF circuits, which have the drawb

acks of limited working range, limited frequency range and the limited control.
Use of a mobile phone for robotic control can overcome these limitations. It pro
vides the advantage of robust control, working range as large as the coverage ar
ea of the service provider, no interference with other controllers. Although the
appearance and the capabilities of robots vary vastly, all robots share the fea
ture of a mechanical, movable structure under some form of control.
Signal processing is a very important and broad area in relation to control.
Analysis of systems and signals, detection and estimation of signals are some of
the applications of signal processing and are used in the fields of sonar, rada
r and communications to name a few.
The aim of this project is to design a robot capable of being controlled remotel
y using keypad tones from a mobile phone as shown in Figure.
Video calling, a 3G based technology, will provide the visual feedback in relati
on to the robots movements.
This video feedback will allow the operator to view the robots movements in real
The idea for this project was developed from an interest in the tones produced f
rom a standard telephone s keypad.
These tones known as DTMF tones are used for more than just dialing and connecting
phone calls.
The technology is used in many different consumer based services to date, includ
ing credit card booking lines, automated information services and prepaid phone
top up services to name a few.
From an engineering perspective, the technology gives the ability to control mac
hinery from a considerable distance which can prove extremely useful, with DTMF
signaling also being a very cost effective method of control.

In this project the robot, is controlled by a mobile phone that makes call to th
e mobile phone attached to the robot in the course of the call, if any button is
pressed control corresponding to the button pressed is heard at the other end o
f the call. This tone is called dual tone multi frequency tome (DTMF) robot rece
ives this DTMF tone with the help of phone stacked in the robot.
The received tone is processed by a digital combinational logic circuit with th
e help of DTMF decoder MT8870 the decoder decodes the DTMF tone in to its equiva
lent binary digit and this binary number is sent to the Digital combinational lo
gic circuit to take a decision for any give input and the circuit in turn output
s its decision to motor drivers in order to drive the motors for forward or back
ward motion or a turn.
The mobile that makes a call to the mobile phone stacked in the robot acts as a
remote. So this simple robotic project does not require the construction of rece
iver and transmitter units. DTMF signaling is used for telephone signaling over
the line in the voice frequency band to the call switching center. The version o
f DTMF used for telephone dialing is known as touch tone.
In order to control the robot, you have to make a call to the cell phone attache
d to the robot from any phone.
now the phone is picked by the phone on the robot through auto answer mode(which
is in the phone, just enable it).
now when you press 2 the robot will move forward
when you press 4 the robot will move left
when you press 8 the robot will move backwards
when you press 6 the robot will move right
when you press 5 the robot will stop.