‘L IBERTY’ CARGO SHIP

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written by

James Davies
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KEY I NFORMATION
Country of Origin: Manufacturers: United States of America Alabama Dry Dock Co, Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc, California Shipbuilding Corp, Delta Shipbuilding Co, J A Jones Construction Co (Brunswick), J A Jones Construction Co (Panama City), Kaiser Co, Marinship Corp, New England Shipbuilding Corp, North Carolina Shipbuilding Co, Oregon Shipbuilding Corp, Permanente Metals Co, St Johns River Shipbuilding Co, Southeastern Shipbuilding Corp, Todd Houston Shipbuilding Corp, Walsh-Kaiser Co. General cargo, tanker, collier, (modifications also boxed aircraft transport, tank transport, hospital ship, troopship). Cargo transport, troop transport, hospital ship, repair ship. United States of America, Great Britain, (small quantity also Norway, Belgium, Soviet Union, France, Greece, Netherlands and other nations). 30th April 1941 30th October 1945 2,711 ships laid down, 2,710 entered service.

Major Variants: Role: Operated by: First Laid Down: Last Completed: Units:

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C ONTENTS
‘Liberty’ Cargo Ship ...............................................................................................................1 Key Information .......................................................................................................................1 Contents.....................................................................................................................................2 Introduction...............................................................................................................................4 Background.........................................................................................................................4 The Tonnage War..............................................................................................................5 The Liberty Ship Programme..........................................................................................5 Impact of Liberty Ships on the War...............................................................................6 Development.............................................................................................................................7 Britain Builds ‘Emergency’ Ships..................................................................................7 The American ‘Emergency’ Programme is Born .........................................................7 General Cargo Vessel Type EC2-S-C1 .........................................................................8 Liberty Ship Profile .........................................................................................................11 Variants....................................................................................................................................12 Tanker Type Z-ET1-S-C3 ..............................................................................................12 Tanker Profile ...................................................................................................................14 Collier Type EC2-S-AW1..............................................................................................15 Collier Profile ...................................................................................................................16 Operational Use......................................................................................................................17 Overview...........................................................................................................................17 Gallant Ships ....................................................................................................................18 SAM Ships........................................................................................................................19 Liberty Ship Fates ...........................................................................................................21 Wartime Liberty Ship Losses..................................................................................21 Overall Liberty Ship Fates .......................................................................................22 Specifications (As-Built)......................................................................................................23 Major Modifications..............................................................................................................24 Passenger Transport ........................................................................................................24 Hospital Ship ....................................................................................................................27 Repair Ship .......................................................................................................................28 Tank Transports and Boxed Aircraft Transports........................................................29 Appendix A: Surviving Examples ......................................................................................30 Jeremiah O’Brien............................................................................................................30 May 2004 2 of 164

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John W Brown..................................................................................................................32 Lane Victory.....................................................................................................................32 Appendix B: Production Figures.........................................................................................33 Ship Construction Distribution .....................................................................................33 Ship Construction Time, 1942 – 1945.........................................................................34 Ship Construction Time, Individual Shipyards..........................................................35 Appendix C: Ship Histories ................................................................................................36 General Cargo Type EC2-S-C1 ....................................................................................36 Alabama Dry Dock Co .............................................................................................36 Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards ...............................................................................38 California Shipbuilding Corp ..................................................................................58 Delta Shipbuilding Co ..............................................................................................73 J A Jones Construction Co (Brunswick)................................................................79 J A Jones Construction Co (Panama City)............................................................82 Kaiser Co ....................................................................................................................86 Marinship Corp ..........................................................................................................87 New England Shipbuilding Corp ............................................................................88 North Ca rolina Shipbuilding Co .............................................................................99 Oregon Shipbuilding Corp....................................................................................107 Permanente Metals Co Yard ................................................................................. 122 Southeastern Shipbuilding Corp ..........................................................................142 St Johns River Shipbuilding Co ........................................................................... 146 Todd Houston Shipbuilding Corp ........................................................................150 Walsh-Kaiser Co..................................................................................................... 159 Tanker Type Z-ET1-S-C3 ........................................................................................... 160 California Shipbuilding Corp ............................................................................... 160 Delta Shipbuilding Co ........................................................................................... 162 Collier Type EC2-S-AW1........................................................................................... 164 Delta Shipbuilding Co ........................................................................................... 164

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INTRODUCTION Background
It is said of the armed services that amateurs study tactics, whilst professionals study logistics. This truism highlights the fact that wars can only be won if the fighting services receive the supplies they need at the time that they need them. For many of the nations involved in the Second World War these supplies had to travel across the seas at least once, and often twice or more, before they reached their ultimate destination. These supplies were carried in the merchant ships of nearly all countries of the world, even those who were 'neutral' in the war. Island nations (such as Great Britain and Japan) relied heavily on imports to sustain their manufacturing industry and to provide food for the population, as well as on coastal traffic to move materials around the country. Many other nations were also dependant to a greater or lesser extent on the sea. Germany required oil, iron ore and small quantities of other key materials for use in manufacturing, as well as luxuries for the population (coffee, for example). The United States of America relied heavily on oil and coal shipments around the coast, as well as benefiting greatly from international trade in the completed products. The Australian and New Zealand economies were built around food exports (predominantly to Britain), and Canada too had significant trade passing through her ports. In those days before widespread 'flags of convenience', ships usually flew the flag of the nation where the owners of the vessel were based. Ships could expect treatment at sea or in port to be directly influenced by the flag flown, and could expect as a right the assistance of the navy of the nation to which they belonged. In return for this protection nations had the right to requisition ships flying their flag in time of war. The relative sizes of the merchant navies on the outbreak of war in Europe are shown below. The relative importance of sea trade to a nation is approximately in proportion to the size of its merchant fleet. (Over 90% of the ‘British Empire’ ships were registered in the UK). Figure 1: Size of the World Shipping Fleets (1939)

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The Tonnage War
The hopes for German victory at sea were founded on winning a tonnage war. The concept of a tonnage war is to sink more ships than the enemy can build. Every ship lost is important not because the cargo carried in that ship does not reach its destination, but because all future cargoes that might have been carried by that ship also do not reach their destination. If there are no replacement ships, imports gradually decline, leaving industry without materials and / or the population without food. If replacement ships are available, the loss of ships causes only distress to the families involved and minor inconvenience to industry from the occasional loss of a particularly important cargo. At the start of the war the British and Commonwealth shipyards were filled to capacity with warships, and there was little remaining capacity for building merchant shipping. Some ships were acquired from other nations, however as much of the world’s fleet was already trading with the British Empire there was only limited opportunity to gain ships from elsewhere. In this environment the tonnage war was hugely successful. In 1940, for every 2,000 tons of Allied and neutral ships built, 9,000 tons were sunk. In 1941 the ratio was significantly better, at 4,000 tons built for every 9,000 tons sunk, but still clearly unsustainable (see Figure 2). Figure 2: Ratio of Losses (All Causes) to New Construction

During 1942-1943 the tonnage war faltered, then finally failed. There was no single reason for this, however the improvement in the number and experience of escorts and the widespread adoption of technological breakthroughs were important factors, as was the secret war fought by the code breakers. Also of great importance was the massive increase in the shipbuilding capacity of America, of which the Liberty Ship formed the foundation.

The Liberty Ship Programme
In 1936, well over 90% of the American merchant fleet was more than 20 years old. In order to ensure that America possessed a fleet that was adequate to meet the future anticipated needs a decision was made to greatly expand America's merchant fleet. The fleet was to be owned and operated by American companies, and in order to ensure their success the American government decided to subsidise the building costs and operating expenses of the ships. As yet there was little urgency in the programme, run by the US Maritime Commission. In 1941, faced with war already underway in Europe and an expectation of war with Japan, there was seen to be a need to expand the pre-war programme with a ship that could be built rapidly. The Liberty ship design was chosen to meet this immediate need. Eighteen new shipyards were built to m the demand, and a workforce eet was trained to handle the construction. It was a project on a massive scale, undertaken with great speed and efficiency. The first Liberty ship (the Patrick Henry) was launched on 27 September 1941 (and completed on 30 December 1941), which was an incredible feat considering that just seven months previously neither shipyard nor workforce existed to build her.

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The ships suffered from some initial structural problems, particularly related to the lack of understanding of the influence of welding on the strength of some key elements (such as hatch corners), however once the problems were understood they were soon fixed. Less easy to fix was the 'stiffness' of the ships - they had a rapid roll motion which was uncomfortable for the crew and could lead to damage to cargo. This could be partially offset by putting solid ballast in the 'tween decks, thereby raising the centre of gravity and reducing the 'stiffness'. Unfortunately, if not stowed properly (and sometimes even when stowed properly) this ballast could shift in a storm and put the ship in grave danger of foundering. A total of 2,710 Liberty ships were completed (with one more being burnt out on the slipway and never completed). This huge total almost defies the imagination when considering the resources that must be employed to produce this number. Putting it in perspective, 1,088 Curtis Hawk fighters were produced, approximately 2,900 M16 half-tracks, and 398 Elco PT boats. During the peak building period (March 1943 to December 1943) over 100 were completed per month. Despite being initially labelled an 'ugly duckling' by the newspapers, and intended to be expendable if necessary, the ships eventually caught the imagination of the public. They proved to be easy to build, reliable and versatile, exceeding even the most optimistic expectations for their overall contribution to the war effort.

Impact of Liberty Ships on the War
The impact of the Liberty Ship on the Tonnage War can be clearly seen in the graph below (Figure 3). This graph shows the ratio of losses to new buildings if the Liberty ships had not been built. This graph can be directly compared to Figure 2 above. Figure 3: Ratio of Losses (All Causes) to New Construction (Excluding Liberty Ships)

As can be seen, without the Liberty ship 1942 would have been a worse year (for the Allies) than 1941, largely due to the losses off the American East coast in the first half of the year. The Liberty ship programme began to tail off in 1944, with Victory ships replacing Liberty ships as the new-build of choice. Even without this new tonnage, however, the Allies would have been winning the tonnage war at all times from 1943 onwards.

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DEVELOPMENT Britain Builds ‘Emergency’ Ships
Having filled her large shipyards with warships, Britain had a pressing need to find new merchant tonnage to offset the losses of those being sunk. Ships were built wherever there was space in British territories, with those built in Britain bearing the prefix ‘Empire’ and known as ‘Empire’ ships, whilst those built in Canada bore the prefix ‘Fort’ and ‘Park’. Many different designs for those ships existed, however one devised by the J L Thompson & Sons yard had been specifically modified for mass production. This was based on a pre-war design for the Dorington Court, and resulted in a general cargo ship of around 10,000 tons deadweight and a speed of 11 knots. The first wartime ship of this type was the Empire Liberty (launched on the 28th August 1941), and these were known as the ‘North Sands’ type. Desperate for new tonnage, in late 1940 British representatives (including one from the Thompson yard) took the Empire Liberty plans to America to try to persuade the American government to let Britain place orders for 60 new ships. The Americans agreed, however no space existed in shipyards to allow them to be built and it was decided to build two new shipyards to meet the British need. These ships bore the prefix ‘Ocean’, with the first ship (the Ocean Vanguard) being launched on 15th October 1941.

An aerial view of the California Shipbuilding yard.

The American ‘Emergency’ Programme is Born
Simultaneous with the decision to build ships for the British was a decision to rapidly expand the US merchant fleet, however the choice of a design appropriate for mass production was a difficult one. The previous ships built by the US Maritime Commission were of a very high quality (but not suited to mass production), in stark contrast to the British wartime designs (which deliberately emphasised speed of construction), and there was considerable resistance to the idea of lowering standards to build ships rapidly. Faced, however, with an urgent need, little time and a sound and readily available design a common-sense decision was taken to adopt the basic British concept for the American emergency fleet. This design was modified somewhat to further aid mass production and to suit American building techniques and other US preferences, and orders were placed for the first 200 of these ships in early 1941. As with the ‘Ocean’ ships, no shipyards existed to build these vessels and a total of nine new shipyards were announced (including the two required to build the British vessels). Later expansions resulted in even more shipyards, and a total completed fleet of 2,710 ships. May 2004 7 of 164

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Prefabricated section en route to the Robert E Peary. Liberty ships are famous for their all-welded construction, extensive use of prefabrication and the application of production-line techniques to shipbuilding. Contrary to legend, these were not the first ships to make use of mass-production techniques as the Hog Island type had also applied similar principles during the First World War. Nevertheless, the techniques used when building Liberty ships resulted in a production rate far in advance of what was thought possible before the Second World War, with some ships being launched just days after the keel had been laid (the Robert E Peary was launched just four days after the keel was laid, and was completed only three days later).

General Cargo Vessel Type EC2-S-C1
The Liberty ship was 441 feet 6 inches long overall, with a maximum beam of 57 feet and a depth of 37 feet 4 inches. Liberty ships had five cargo holds, three forward of the accommodation and two aft, and the deck was designed with minimal obstructions so that cargo could be carried on top of the holds. In common with marine convention, holds are numbered from forward to aft, with number one hold being the most forward. Three masts supported booms for cargo handling. Initially these had a lifting capacity of five tons, however this was soon increased to 50 tons for the number two hold and to 15 or 30 tons for the number four hold. The single machinery space was located below the accommodation, although there was a slight overlap forward over the number three hold. This space contained two boilers and a triple expansion steam engine. A single propeller was fitted (normal practice in merchant ships) which gave a speed of 11 knots (comparable with many general cargo vessels of the day). Fuel oil was carried in the inner bottom tanks (just above the keel of the ship) and settling tanks were to port and starboard of the machinery space (settling tanks are used to allow impurities in the fuel, such as water, to settle out before the fuel is used). Oil (either cargo or fuel) could also be carried in deep tank number three, which was located just aft of the machinery space. There were a total of three deep tanks, with number one and two located beneath hold one. All deep tanks could carry dry cargo, with an option for water ballast in deep tanks one and two.

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Liberty ship main engine. Weapons were provided for defence. Previously, rules of war had required arma ment on merchant vessels to be restricted to 'abaft the beam' but in view of the German failure to follow agreed protocols for protecting merchant seamen armament was provided that could also fire ahead. The weapons provided varied considerably, and could include four inch and three inch guns, 20mm and 37mm cannon, as well as 0.3 and 0.5 inch machineguns. The largest gun (generally a four inch) would typically be fitted at the stern, and would be flanked by two smaller guns. There would usually be four guns on the superstructure, and these could be 20mm cannons, machineguns, or a mixture of both. One gun would be placed either side of the forward mast (two guns total), usually 20mm cannon or 0.5 inch machineguns. A single three inch gun would often be fitted on the bow. Many variants on this typical arrangement existed, with additional guns fitted in other areas (such as two or four guns added adjacent to the second mast), or the arrangements changed from those described above (such as replacing the single bow gun with two 37mm cannon). As with all ships during the war, the armament tended to increase as the war progressed, especially if service with the advance elements in the Pacific campaign was expected.

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Stern gun on a Liberty ship . Accommodation was provided for 81 people. This was initially intended to be 45 crew and 36 gunners, however changes in this arrangement were not uncommon. There were four lifeboats, two with capacity for 25 people and two with a capacity for 31 people. At first one, then later both, of the 25-man boats were provided with a motor. Motors are used in lifeboats only to get clear of a sinking ship, as insufficient fuel could be carried for a long voyage. Motor lifeboats are expected to tow the other boats clear also. This basic design was suitable for modification, with changes being made after launch (and often after completion) to produce troop ships, hospital ships and repair ships. These modifications are discussed in the 'Major Modifications' section. In addition, two main variants were produced - the Liberty tanker and the Liberty collier. These two vessels are discussed in the 'Variants' section.

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Liberty Ship Profile

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VARIANTS
There were two major variants of the Liberty ship produced - the tanker and the collier. These ships are treated as variants rather than modifications because the ships were built from the keel up for these specific roles.

Tanker Type Z-ET1-S-C3
The Liberty tanker was proposed in late 1942 as a response to the need to transport more oil (due to the US entry in to the war) and offset the large losses amongst the existing tanker fleet. The initial intention was to both convert existing cargo ships and build specific new tonnage as tankers, however the conversion plan was soon abandoned. The tanker was very similar to the standard cargo ship, with the same length, breadth and draft, as well as the same propulsion system. It deliberately retained dummy or redundant deck equipment to prevent these ships from being identified as tankers (and so prevent them from being specifically targeted), and the necessary piping was concealed. The deception was further aided by the ability of these ships to carry deck cargo. Internally, there were also few changes. The major change was the addition of two pump rooms, forward and aft of the machinery space. Pump rooms are used during cargo discharge, to pump the cargo up from the tanks to the shore facility. This reduced the available space in what used to be the number three hold. The two deep tanks under number one hold were removed (adding their volume to the available cargo space), and part of the number three deep tank was used in the forward pump room. The remaining spaces were provided with additional subdivision. Vertical oil-tight bulkheads were placed at the edges of what used to be the hatches, producing trunks down to the second deck, with bulk of the oil cargo being carried below the second deck. All the pipework, manifolds and valves were placed i to the void spaces created n between the second deck and the weather deck, hiding them from view. The previous number one, two, four and five holds were subdivided transversely (ie across the ship) near to the centreline of the previous hatch covers, and all holds were divided longitudinally (forward and aft) down the centreline of the ship. The resulting tanker had a total of eighteen tanks for carrying oil: tanks number one, two, three, four and five (port and starboard) forward of the accommodation (a total of ten spaces) and tanks six, seven, eight and nine (port and starboard) aft of the accommodation (eight spaces). Either light fuel oil (petrol) or heavy oil could be carried in the forward tanks, with heavy oil only in the aft tanks. The piping arrangement allowed different cargo to be carried forward and aft, and it was also arranged to allow the aft cargo to be pumped via the forward pump room (and vice-versa) if necessary. The vents for the tanks were at the top of the masts, and the forward tanks (the light oil tanks) were also provided with pressure relief valves and flame arrestors (to prevent an external flash fire from travelling back down to the tanks through the venting system). Aft tanks did not require this as the heavy oil did not produce high levels of vapour. All tanks had a steam smothering system (to put out fires in the tanks), heating coils (heavy oil does not flow without being heated) and a tank cleaning system (tanks are normally cleaned after discharging every cargo, both to prevent future cargo contamination and to free the vessel of potentially explosive residual gas).

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The Liberty tanker Porcupine. All tankers are very difficult ships to sink. They are designed to carry liquid with a very similar density to water (oil is approximately 98% of the density of water), and a hole in the side (such as one caused by a torpedo) simply replaces one liquid with another. Indeed, as cargo tanks are filled to above the waterline, a hole in the side causes the cargo to flow out and the ship effectively becomes lighter, raising it up out of the water rather than making the ship sit lower in the water. Unladen tankers have such a reserve of buoyancy that they are almost impossible to sink unless structural failure occurs. For laden tankers the major danger is from fire, as burning petrol (gasoline) leaking out from the side can quickly spread around the ship preventing the crew from escaping (modern lifeboats are now totally enclosed and fitted with a sprinkler system to enable tanker crews to escape if the worst does happen). Heavy oil is difficult to set alight (attempts to burn off the oil using napalm following the loss of the Torrey Canyon in 1967 failed), and does not flow well, and tankers carrying heavy oil were very safe ships to sail on. Ships carrying petrol (gasoline) were, however, extremely vulnerable, and a torpedo hit could easily cause the ship to be trapped in the middle of a burning pool, leaving the crew no way of escape. A total of 62 tankers were produced, although after the war was over most were converted to dry cargo vessels. The tankers are listed in the 'Production Figures' section.

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Tanker Profile

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Collier Type EC2-S-AW1
In contrast to the Liberty tanker (which was produced with minimal changes to meet an urgent wartime need), the collier represented a major redesign to meet anticipated peacetime requirements. The existing east coast collier fleet was old (only two were less than 20 years old) and new tonnage was needed to secure the supply of coal for the future. The Liberty collier's outward appearance had little in common with the standard Liberty ship. The main change was the relocation of all machinery aft. This was a much more efficient arrangement that reduced the space 'lost' to the propeller shaft and ensured that the cargo was carried in the parts of the ship where the hull was shaped least (this is generally more efficient for cargo stowage, and reduces the likelihood of damage when discharging cargo with grabs). As far as possible, standard Liberty ship components were used. The ship was very slightly longer than the standard vessel, but with the same breadth and depth. This meant that many of the standard Liberty plates and structural members could be used for the hull, although some new components were needed. Despite the radically different appearance, in fact there were many similarities between the two vessels. The aft machinery space was placed in what used to be the number five hold, retaining the dimensions of the original hold. In to this space w fitted the same propulsion machinery as was installed as the standard vessel, with some as relatively minor modifications to ensure that it could fit in the new space. As with the original vessel, the collier had five cargo holds, although the 'tween decks were necessarily removed and replaced with a simple structural member running along the side of the ship at the place where the 'tween deck would otherwise have met the hull. The forward (number one) hold retained the two deep tanks at its base, and additional wing tanks were provided in holds two to five. These wing tanks were triangular, being created by adding angled plate between the deck openings and the place where the 'tween deck used to meet the hull (this space would otherwise have been wasted, and in fact added significant structural strength). These wing tanks were used to carry water ballast when the vessel was empty. A third deep tank was provided aft of hold number two, on top of which sat the forward accommodation. Double bottom tanks were retained under holds two, three, four and five. Fuel oil was normally carried in the double bottoms beneath holds three, four and five, although it could also be carried in number three deep tank and number two double bottom. Number three deep tank and number two double bottom were normally used for ballast. Accommodation and lifesaving arrangements were different to the standard vessel. The forward accommodation contained the deck officers, with the remainder of the crew being housed in the aft accommodation. Two small (13 person) lifeboats were provided for the deck officers forward, with two 52 person boats (equipped with motors) provided aft. Accommodation was designed for a crew of 46, although space was available for gunners should they be required. This type of ship is very vulnerable, as the cargo is very dense and so there is a lot of empty space in a cargo hold (this space is needed to provide enough buoyancy to allow the ship to carry the heavy cargo). A hole in the ship fills this empty space with water, eliminating the reserve of buoyancy, although the cargo stays in the ship . Compare this with tankers, where a hole causes one liquid to flow out and be replaced by another - in colliers (and other similar ships carrying heavy cargo in bulk, such as iron ore carriers) the weight of the cargo remains, and a torpedo hit often caused the ship to go down in seconds. A total of 24 colliers were produced, and these are listed in the 'Production Figures' section.

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Collier Profile

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OPERATIONAL U SE Overview
The operational history of the Liberty ship is a microcosm of the histories of all Allied merchant ships during World War Two. Their tasks mirrored those of the merchant service as a whole, in many respects an 'average' ship doing the normal tasks of merchant vessels in wartime. Therein lies their greatness however, as when you examine these 'normal' tasks you find a rich history of brave deeds, carried out by civilians in an environment which is hazardous in peacetime and unimaginably more deadly in wartime.

Liberty ship in the North Atlantic. The Liberty ship saw service all over the world: they we re present in the Atlantic and Russian convoys; they anchored off the beachheads in North Africa, Europe and in the Pacific islands; they carried food to civilians as well as supplies and equipment to the armed forces; as hospital ships they treated the wo unded; they transported prisoners away from the fighting; they evacuated rescued Allied prisoners from Asia; in perhaps their most welcome role, they brought the troops home again after the fighting was over. Of the 2,710 ships completed, 253 were lost during the war, a loss rate of 9%. The wide cause of losses shows the wide range of hazards that these ships were exposed to. Losses occurred due to kamikazes, torpedoes, surface raider guns, aircraft bombs, collisions (made more likely with blacked-out ships travelling close together in convoy) and to the weather (an ever-present hazard, even during wartime). Even more striking is the loss rate for ships completed before the end of June 1942. The battle of the Atlantic appeared to be in the balance until early 1943, when U-boat losses began to rise sharply, and ships completed up to mid-1942 underwent one year of service during this hazardous time. Of the 153 ships completed before 1st July 1942, a total of 34 were lost before the end of April 1943 (and 47 before the end of the war). At 22% loss for this short period, and 31% before the end of the war, this was a loss rate significantly higher than the overall loss rate for the class. Considering that these ships only served through part of one of the two U-boat ‘happy times’, it gives some indication of the carnage that the U-boats were causing to merchant shipping in the early years of the war.

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Gallant Ships
The US government recognises exceptional courage by a ship and her crew in the form of Gallant Ship Awards. Seven Liberty ships were given Gallant Ship Awards, the Stephen Hopkins, Adoniram Judson, Samuel Parker, William Moultrie, Marcus Daly, Virginia Dare and the Nathaniel Greene. The citations for t ese awards are h repeated below. What follows is the actual text of the citations, not a description of what happened - the ‘fog of war’ has caused a few errors to slip in. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that these (and many other) civilian seamen were extremely courageous. Stephen Hopkins Early on the morning of September 27, 1942 two German raiders suddenly appeared out of the morning mist to attack the SS Stephen Hopkins. Heavy guns of one raider pounded her hull, and machine gun fire from the other sprayed her decks at close quarters. The lightly armed merchantman exchanged shot for shot with the enemy, placing thirty-five shells into the water line of one of the raiders until its crew was forced to abandon their sinking ship. The gun commander was mortally wounded early in the action, and all of the gun crew were killed or wounded when an enemy shell exploded the magazine of their gun. At the explosion, Edwin O'Hara ran aft and single-handed served and fired the damaged gun with five live shells remaining in the ready box, scoring direct hits near the water line of the second raider setting it on fire. O'Hara was mortally wounded in this action. With boilers blown up, engines destroyed, masts shot away, and ablaze from stem to stern, the gallant merchantman finally went under carrying O'Hara and several of his fighting shipmates with her. The stark courage of her crew in their heroic stand against overpowering odds caused her name to be perpetuated as a Gallant Ship. Adoniram Judson In October 1944, the SS Adoniran Judson, the first US Merchant ship to dock at Tacloban, Leyte during the initial invasion of the Philippines, provided the principal air cover for the landing area for two days until joined by other ships of the expedition. Her guns, manned by a skilful and courageous crew, defeated vigorous and continuous attacks by enemy planes in a series of heroic actions. During this period she unloaded steel airfield landing mats and other military materiel vital to the success of the operation. The stark courage of her stalwart crew against overpowering odds caused her name to be perpetuated as a Gallant Ship. Samuel Parker For six months, beginning February 1943, SS Samuel Parker was in continuous service in the Mediterranean transporting troops and materiel which contributed immeasurably to the successes of the North African Campaign and the invasion of Sicily. Throughout this period she was subjected to numerous enemy attacks and, though badly battered, in every case she emerged victorious. The stark courage of her gallant crew - in battle and in heroic rescues - caused her name to be perpetuated as a Gallant Ship. William Moultrie Emerging victoriously from an extremely battered convoy, numbering many sunken ships, SS William Moultrie arrived at the scheduled North Russian port and discharged her v itally needed cargo. Expert manoeuvring and coordinated gun control during the highly concentrated submarine and bombing attacks over a period of one week prevented crew casualties and brought the series of actions to a successful conclusion. The stark courage of her heroic crew in defeating a relentless enemy caused her name to be perpetuated as a Gallant Ship. Marcus Daly In October 1944, the SS Marcus Daly was one of the first United States Merchant ships to dock at Tacloban, Island of Leyte, during the initial invasion of the Philippines. For six days and nights, her guns, manned by a skilful and courageous crew, defeated vigorous attacks by enemy planes in a series of heroic actions. In December 1944, she again engaged enemy bombers and suicide planes and emerged victorious. May 2004 18 of 164

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The stark courage of her stalwart crew against overwhelming odds caused her name to be perpetuated as a Gallant Ship. Virginia Dare For 17 days SS Virginia Dare, loaded with high explosives, was en route to and in a North Russian p where her vital cargo was discharged. Throughout this period she repelled ort countless enemy bomb and torpedo attacks by accurate fire from her guns and by skilful manoeuvring. On a subsequent voyage she was torpedoed in the Mediterranean but, through smart seamanship, was beached and her valuable cargo salvaged. The stark courage of her heroic crew under violent enemy attacks caused her name to be perpetuated as a Gallant Ship. Nathaniel Greene During a long voyage to North Russia, SS Nathaniel Greene was under incessant and violent attack by enemy planes and submarines. In most gallant fashion, and in spite of many crew casualties, she consistently out-manoeuvred and out-fought the enemy, finally discharging her vital cargo at the designated port. After effecting temporary repairs to her battered hull and rigging, she took part in the North African Campaign. Bound for her last port, with limited cargo, she was torpedoed, and in a sinking condition was successfully beached. The stark courage of her heroic crew in battle against overpowering odds caused her name to be perpetuated as a Gallant Ship. Outside of these awards there remains many stories of interest. One example is the Robert F Hoke, a ship that would not sink and went for three and a half years with an un-repaired torpedo hole in her side before being discarded. Another is the Charles Willson Peale, who fought off the attack of U199.

SAM Ships
Many Liberty ships were transferred to other nations, the largest number being to the British. All the British ships (except the Adolph S Ochs, named after a famous New York Times editor, who retained her original name after lobbying) were named with the prefix 'Sam', officially indicating that the ship had the 'superstructure aft of midships', however it is impossible to believe that the connection with 'Uncle Sam' was merely a coincidence.

View of a Liberty ship from the Hunt class destroyer HMS Badsworth.

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The SAM ships were: Adolph S Ochs Sambre Samadang Samadre Samaffric Samakron Samalness Samana Samannan Samara Samarina Samarinda Samaritan Samariz Samark Samarkand Samarovsk Samaustral Samavon Samaye Sambalt Sambanka Sambay Samblade Sambo Samboston Sambrake Sambrian Sambridge Sambuff Sambur Samburgh Sambut Samcalia Samcebu Samchess Samcleve Samclyde Samcolne Samconon Samconstant Samcree Samcrest Samdak Samdaring Samdart Samdauntless Samdee Samderry Samderwent Samdon Samdonard Samearn Sameden Samesk Samettrick Sameveron Samfairy Samfaithful Samfeugh Samfield Samfinn Samfleet Samflora Samforth Samfoyle Samfreedom Samgallion Samgaudie Samglory Samhain Samharle Samholt Samhope Samhorn Samida Samidway Samindoro Samingoy Saminver Samite Samjack Samkansa Samkey Samlamu Samlea Samleven Samleyte Samlistar Samlong Samlorian Samlossie Samlouis Samloyal Samluzon Samlyth Sammex Sammont Samneagh Samnegros Samnesse Samnethy Samneva Samnid Samoine Samois Samokla Samoland Samoresby Samos Samota Samothrace Samouri Samouse Samovar Sampa Sampan Sampenn Sampep Sampford Samphill Samphire Sampler Samport Samrich Samsacola Samselbu Samsette Samshee Samsip Samskern Samsmola Samsoaring Samson Samspeed Samspelga Samsperrin Samspring Samsteel Samstrae Samstrule Samsturdy Samsurf Samsuva Samsylarna Samsylvan Samtampa Samtana Samtay Samteviot Samthar Samtorch Samtredy Samtrent Samtroy Samtrusty Samtruth Samtucky Samtweed Samtyne Samur Samuta Samuta Samvannah Samvard Samvern Samvigna Samwake Samwash Samwater Samwinged Samwis Samwye Samyale Samyork Samythian Samzona

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Liberty Ship Fates
Wartime Liberty Ship Losses

1942 Submarine Torpedo Submarine Gun Surface Vessel Aircraft Kamikazi Mine
[Note 1] [Note 2]

1943 58 4 1 11 0 1 11 3 89

1944 27 2 3 14 4 8 14 8 80

1945 12 0 0 3 1 18 19 2 55

Total 114 11 6 30 5 28 46 13 253

17 5 2 2 0 1 2 0 29

Marine Other Total

Note 1: 5 ships were lost to mines post-war whilst 1 was lost to a mine on an unknown date, and these losses are not included in the above figures. Note 2: Marine losses relate to the normal hazards experienced by ships when going about their business. They include grounding, collision, foundering, fires, cargo handling incidents and other non-wartime causes of loss.

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Overall Liberty Ship Fates

Fate Submarine Torpedo Submarine Gun Surface Vessel Aircraft Kamikazi Mine Marine [Note 1] Scrapped US Reserve Fleet [Note 2] Other Total
[Note 3] [Note 4]

Number of Vessels 114 11 6 30 5 34 280 1556 434 241 2711

Note 1: Marine incidents relate to the normal hazards experienced by ships when going about their business. They include grounding, collision, foundering, fires, cargo handling incidents and other non-wartime causes of loss. Note 2: This table represents the status of ships in 1970. It is expected that all ships in the reserve fleet will now have been disposed of (mostly scrapped). Note 3: Includes vessels that were still operating in 1970. Note 4: Includes one ship burnt out on slipway before launch.

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Specifications (As -Built)

SPECIFICATIONS (A S-BUILT )
Cargo Dimensions Displacement (Max.) Length (OA) Length (pp) Length (WL) Beam Draft [Note 1] Block Coefficient Propulsion Speed Cargo Capacity Deadweight [Note 2] Gross tonnes Cargo volume [Note 3] 14,245 tonnes 441 ft 6 in (129.81 m) 417 ft 8.75 in (122.82 m) 427 ft (125.52 m) 57 ft (16.76 m) 27 ft 8 7 /8 in (8.16 m) 0.745 2500 hp 11 kts 10,856 tonnes 7,176 tonnes 3 562,608 ft 3 grain (14,297 m ) 3 3 499,573 ft bale (12,695 m ) Tanker 14,245 tonnes 441 ft 6 in (129.81 m) 417 ft 8.75 in (122.82 m) 427 ft (125.52 m) 57 ft (16.76 m) 27 ft 8 7 / 8 in (8.16 m) 0.745 2500 hp 11 kts 10,674 tonnes 7,219 tonnes 272,978 ft 3 (6,937 m3 ) 64,826 barrels Collier 14,730 tonnes 443 ft 7.5 in (130.43 m) 417 ft 8.75 in (122.82 m) 429 ft 3 in (126.20 m) 57 ft (16.76 m) 28 ft 7 1 / 8 in (8.41 m) 0.744 2500 hp 11 kts 11,047 tonnes 6,643 tonnes 472,799 ft 3 (12,015 m3 )

Miscellaneous Armament [Note 4] Varies Varies Compliment 81 81 Note 1: Draft quoted is maximum normal seagoing draft in peace conditions, and displacement. This draft may be exceeded in coastal or inland waterways, or by Unladen ships will have a significantly lower draft.

No information 46 corresponds to the maximum overloading during wartime.

Note 2: As well as cargo weight, deadweight also includes the weight of stores, fuel and other consumables, although on a cargo ship the 'deadweight' is dominated by cargo weight. Note 3: Cargo volume is quoted in various measures depending on the type of vessel. The 'grain' measurement is for general dry cargo vessels, and indicates the total volume of the holds, excluding any structural items or fittings (grain fills in all corners and around structural members). The 'bale' measurement is again for general dry cargo vessels, however it measures volume up to the stiffeners on the inside of the hull, with space between stiffeners being lost (bales of cargo don't flow around beams). The 'barrel' is quoted for oil carriers, although in the modern world oil is now normally measured by the ton. Note 4: The armament provided varied considerably, and could include four inch and three inch guns, 20mm and 37mm cannon, as well as 0.3 and 0.5 inch machineguns. The largest gun (generally a four inch) would typically be fitted at the stern, and would be flanked by two smaller guns (such as two single 20 mm cannon). There would usually be four gun positions on the superstructure, and these could be 20mm cannons, machineguns, or a mixture of both. The forward mast would be provided with two guns, usually 20mm cannon or 0.5 inch machineguns. On the bow would often be a single three inch gun. Many variants on this typical arrangement existed, with additional guns being fitted in other areas (such as two or four guns added adjacent to the second mast), or the arrangements changed from those described above (such as replacing the single bow gun with two 37mm cannon).

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Major Modifications

MAJOR MODIFICATIONS
Modifications were made to many ship to fit them for special purposes, such as hospital ships, troop transportation and repair ships. These ships are considered as modifications rather than variants as the ships were first launched (and often completed) as a standard Liberty ship, before being refitted for these new roles. Post-war many changes were made to the ships, besides the obvious removal of armament. The major change generally involved the cargo handling arrangements, customising it to handle specific cargoes ranging from liquefied gas to modern cargo containers. Several ships were lengthened, and others converted to barges. There are even occasional examples of two halves of different ships being joined together to make a new vessel.

Passenger Transport
Large amounts of additional transportation were required at relatively short notice to carry prisoners from North Africa to prisoner of war camps in North America. This transportation was to be provided by converting existing cargo vessels, with the original plan calling for the ships to carry 308 prisoners, however this was later raised to 504 (although about half the ships retained the lower 308 person capacity). The conversion was relatively simple, with the vessels retaining their essential character as cargo ships, but with five-tier bunks added, along with facilities to provide food, drinking water, environmental control and sanitation. To provide an essential minimum of protection in the event of an emergency, additional lifeboats, liferafts and lifejackets were provided, people were generally not accommodated below the waterline and two emergency escapes were installed from each compartment. The ships were retained for carrying American troops later in the war, although the accommodation was improved. The reduction in bunk height from five to three reduced the capacity to 350 people, although this programme was not complete when the war in Europe was won. Another re-think resulted in requirements for the capacity to be increased to 550 people, and this programme had nearly been completed when the w in the Pacific ended. It ar should be noted that the nominal carrying capacity of the ships was often exceeded for special purposes, particularly for voyages over short distances. The following ships were converted to carry up to 550 people. A P Hill Abraham Lincoln Alexander Graham Bell Alexander Lillington Alfred Moore Ambrose E Burnside Andrew Furuseth Andrew Hamilton Andrew Moore Archbishop Lamy Asa Gray Benjamin Huntington Benjamin R Milam George H Thomas George Handley George Leonard George M Bibb George Shiras George W Campbell George W McCrary George W Woodward Gideon Welles Grenville M Dodge Hannis Taylor Haym Salomon Helen Hunt Jackson John Milledge John Murray Forbes John P Mitchell John S Pillsbury John Sergeant John Stevens John Sullivan John Trumbull John W Brown John Walker Johns Hopkins Jonathan Edwards Jonathan Elmer Reverdy Johnson Richard Bassett Richard Jordan Gatling Richard Rush Robert Dale Owen Robert F Stockton Robert H Harrison Robert M T Hunter Samuel Adams Samuel Ashe Samuel Griffin Samuel Johnston Samuel Livermore May 2004 24 of 164

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Bernard Carter Betty Zane Big Foot Wallace Booker T Washington Bret Harte Button Gwinnett Caleb Strong Calvin Coolidge Charles Brantley Aycock Charles Goodyear Clark Mills Conrad Weiser Cornelius Gilliam Cornelius Harnett Daniel H Hill Daniel H Lownsdale Daniel Huger David G Farragut Edward Rutledge Elbridge Gerry Eleazar Wheelock Emma Willard Esek Hopkins Ethan Allen Eugene Hale Ezra Cornell F Marion Crawford Felipe De Neve Felix Grundy Francis Amasa Walker Francis L Lee Francis Marion George B McClellan George Bancroft

Henry Baldwin Henry Groves Connor Henry Middleton Henry Ward Beecher Hilary A Herbert Horace Binney Howard A Kelly Irvin MacDowell Isaac Sharpless James B Richardson James Barbour James Ford Rhodes James G Blaine James Hoban James J Hill James Jackson James Monroe James Moore James Russell Lowell James Turner James W Fannin James Whitcomb Riley Joaquin Miller Joel Chandler Harris John B Hood John Blair John C Breckinridge John Cropper John Dickinson John E Schmeltzer John Fiske John Harvard John Hathorn John Howland

Jonathan Grout Jonathan Trumball Jonathan Worth Joseph Alston Joseph Gale Joseph H Hollister Joseph H Nicholson Joseph Hooker Joseph Leidy Joseph N Teal Joseph T Robinson Joseph Warren Josiah Bartlett Justin S Morrill King S Woolsey Lambert Cadwalader Leland Stanford Levi Woodbury Lincoln Steffens Louis McLane Louisa M Alcott Lucretia Mott Luther Martin M M Guhin Marion McKinley Bovard Marshall Elliott Matthew Maury Mayo Brothers Mirabeau B Lamar Moses Austin Nicholas Gilman Noah Webster Paine Wingate Peter J McGuire

Smith Thompson Solomon Juneau Stephen A Douglas Tabitha Brown Tarleton Brown Thaddeus Kosciuszko Thomas B Robertson Thomas Cresap Thomas Johnson Thomas Nelson Page Thomas R Marshall Thomas W Bickett Thomas W Hyde Timothy Dwight Tristram Dalton Walter E Ranger Walter Forward Ward Hunt William A Graham William B Giles William B Travis William Blount William Cushing William D Moseley William D Pender William F Cody William Few William Floyd William H Jackson William L Smith William Mulholland William S Young William T Barry Zebulon Pike

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George Davis George G Meade George H Dern

John Jay John Lawson John M Morehead

Peter Minuit Pierre L'Enfant Pierre Soule

The ships remaining to be converted to the higher capacity are listed below. Colin P Kelly, Jr William Rawle John Banvard John L Motley James McCosh Isaac Coles James W Marshall Theodoric Bland Benjamin Contee Joshua Seney Richard Olney Paul Hamilton James Iredell John Harvey Elihu Yale James W Nesmith William S Rosecrans Samuel J Tilden Edward Bates Samuel Huntington

In addition, other ships underwent more extensive modification. These ships never operated as cargo vessels, rather they were completed as troopships instead of cargo ships immediately after launch. These vessels were: Robert Treat Paine Benjamin Goodhue F A C Muhlenberg Jane Addams Carlos Carrillo Livingston Charles Lummis Kenmore William M Evarts Thomas Sumter Joseph Hewes Kemp P Battle Edward Richardson John C Ainsworth Carl Schurz Sacajawea Lindley M Garrison John W Weeks De Grasse Christopher Greenup George Flavel Henry Failing Cushman K Davis George W Julian Lew Wallace Henry Bergh James B Francis Prince Georges John B Floyd J H Kinkaid

Once the war had ended, many standard liberty ships were converted to carry troops home. This was a once-only voyage, with the facilities being removed on arrival in America and the ships returning to normal cargo service. These vessels are not included amongst those named above.

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Hospital Ship
Hospital ships provided valuable service, bringing aid to injured people far from permanent medical facilities. The vessels were essentially floating hospitals, with operating theatres, wards and other details following the same general requirements as those for shore -based hospitals. As with the troopships, additional lifeboats, liferafts, lifejackets and escape route was installed, and as an additional precaution patients were berthed a maximum of two decks below the lifeboats. Although not officially listed as cargo vessels, they did in fact carry medical supplies to forward areas (in line with international law).

The hospital ship St Olaf. Following international conventions the ships were provided with clear identifying marks, including an illuminated red cross on the deck. The Liberty ships converted to hospital ships were: Blanche F Sigman Dogwood Jarrett M Huddleston (formerly the Samuel F B Morse) St Olaf Wisteria

John F Meany ( formerly the Zebulon B Vance)

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Repair Ship
In a similar way to the hospital ships, which treated damaged people far from normal facilities, repair ships were built to maintain equipment away from the normal heavy repair facilities. Aircraft in particular require frequent heavy maintenance to ensure their continued operation. As the island-hopping campaign moved closer to Japan, and further from established bases, the repair ships moved with the forward fields.

Aircraft repair ship Brigadier General Alfred J Lyon. The Liberty ships converted to aircraft repair ships were: Brigadier General Clinton W Russell Major General Herbert A Dargue Brigadier General Alfred J Lyon Major General Robert Olds Brigadier General Asa N Duncan Major General Walter R Weaver

The British Royal Navy also requested repair ships (primarily intended to maintain warships), and five were built to meet their needs. Three, however, were retained by the US Navy and never entered British service. The Liberty ships converted to repair ships were: Assistance Diligence Dionysus [Note 1] Laertes [Note 1] Xanthus [Note 1]

Note 1: Vessel retained by US Navy

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Machine shop aboard an aircraft repair ship.

Tank Transports and Boxed Aircraft Transports
These ships were designed to handle heavier loads than the standard Liberty ship, catering for items of up to 30 tons, and four hatches replaced the normal five. Besides these modifications they were little changed from the standard liberty ship, although they were directly operated by the US armed forces rather than by civilian organisations. The ships were: Albert M Boe Barney Kirschbaum Cardinal O'Connell Charles A Draper Charles H Cugle Claude Kitchin Dudley H Thomas Edgar E Clark Edward W Burton Edwin D Howard Edwin H Duff Francis J O'Gara Frank Flowers Frank O Peterson Frederic C Howe Frederick E Williamson J Howland Gardner James F Harrell James G Squires James W Wheeler John Barton Payne John L McCarley Joseph V Connolly Lorenzo C McCarthy Mary Ball Mary Cullom Kimbro Michael James Monohan Nathan B Forrest Ora Ellis Rafael R Rivera Raymond Van Brogan Robert F Burns Robert W Hart Samuel R Aitken Sarah J Hale Stephen R Mallory Tom Treanor Vernon S Hood Walter F Perry Walter W Schwenk Warren P Marks Wesley W Barrett William B Wilson William J Riddle

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix A: Surviving Examples

APPENDIX A: SURVIVING EXAMPLES
Two Liberty ships survive in their original form – the Jeremiah O'Brien and the John W Brown. Also very worthy of note is the Lane Victory – a Victory ship of the same era as the Liberty ships.

Jeremiah O’Brien

The Jeremiah O’Brien. The Jeremiah O’Brien was originally built in 1943, and after serving through the war years in the Atlantic, off Normandy and in the Pacific before being mothballed in the US Reserve Fleet in 1946. She remained there for 33 years until, in 1979, the National Liberty Ship Memorial Inc restored her to life. The Jeremiah O’Brien is now berthed in San Francisco, and is generally open to the public on all but major holidays from 9 am until 3 pm (weekdays) or 4 pm (weekends).

The boilers of the Jeremiah O’Brien.

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She is in excellent condition, fully functional and once a month the engines are started to give the public a chance to hear the sound of a Liberty ship engine. She also occasionally takes the public for a cruise around San Francisco bay, the last occasion being in October 2000, with the next tentatively planned for May 2001.

The engine of the Jeremiah O’Brien. The public have access to many areas of the ship, which is kept as far as possible in her original condition. The original coal-burning galley stove has been retained, as has the original radio equipment, all in working order. So well has she been maintained that she was able to make an Atlantic crossing for the 50th anniversary of D-Day, and was the only ship present which had also been present in 1944.

The wheelhouse of the Jeremiah O’Brien. For more information about the Jeremiah O’Brien, go to the web-site (see our links page) or contact: SS Jeremiah O'Brien Landmark Building A Fort Mason Center San Francisco, CA 94123-1382 USA Tel: +1 415-441-3101 Fax: +1 415-441-3712

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John W Brown
The John W Brown was launched in 1942, and has had an interesting history. She initially carried cargo, before being converted to a troopship in the Mediterranean. As a troopship, she was present at the beachheads of Anzio, Salerno and southern France. After the war, in 1946, she was converted to a maritime school in New York, where she remained for the next 36 years. Eventually, Project Liberty Ship took her over and she moved to Baltimore, where she is now berthed. As with the Jeremiah O’Brien, the John W Brown is in excellent condition. Her engines are fully functional, and she occasionally has day-cruises for the public. Much of the interior is accessible, including the wheelhouse and a replica of the quarters used by troops, with bunks five-high. For more information about the John W Brown, go to the web-site (see our links page) or contact: Project Liberty Ship PO Box 25846 Highlandtown Station Baltimore, MD 21224-0546 USA Tel: +1 410-661-1550 Fax: +1 410-558-1737

Lane Victory
The Lane Victory is another perfectly preserved example of World War Two merchant shipping. Built in 1945, she served briefly in the Second World War before being transferred to the reserve fleet in 1948. She was activated again in 1950 for the Korean War, and was put in reserve for the second time in 1953. The Vietnam War saw her in wartime service for a third time, in 1966, before she was again put in reserve in 1971. In 1988 she was transferred to the U.S. Merchant Marine Veterans of World War II, and began the long process of restoration. She was eventually seaworthy at the end of 1992. Within the ship is an extensive museum with a wealth of interesting items, with hands-on exhibits including a torpedo, a mine and jeeps. Displays also include engines (one used to power minesweepers and one for an escort trawler), a radio direction finder and a degaussing unit, as well as models, pictures, prints and uniforms. Much of the ship is open to the public, and the original equipment has been retained as far as possible (including the original radio equipment). The ship is located at Berth 94 (adjacent to the World Cruise Center), San Pedro, California, and is open from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm daily. More information can be found by visiting the ship’s website (see our links page).

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix B: Production Figures

APPENDIX B: P RODUCTION F IGURES Ship Construction Distribution

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix B: Production Figures

Ship Construction Time, 1942 – 1945

Construction Duration 30 days and under 31-60 days 61-90 days 91-120 days 121-150 days 151-180 days 181+ days Total [Note 2]

1942 [Note 1] 3 225 125 71 21 19 79 543

1943 247 798 144 55 16 5 29 1294

1944 102 429 163 27 0 4 3 728

1945 0 62 49 22 10 1 0 144

Total 352 1514 481 175 47 29 111 2709

Note 1: Data includes the two vessels completed in December 1941 Note 2: The construction time for one vessel is uncertain, and has not been included.

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix B: Production Figures

Ship Construction Time, Individual Shipyards
Build Time 1 Month 2 Months 3 Months 4 Months 5 Months 6 Months 7 Months+ Total
[Note 1]

BF 17 303 35 7 2 4 15 383

PM 172 262 30 15 4 2 4 489

CA 0 281 26 9 0 3 17 336

OR 157 133 18 5 3 5 9 330

NE 0 99 108 27 4 0 6 244

HO 0 137 52 8 1 1 9 208

DE 0 37 75 53 15 1 7 187

NC 6 86 17 5 2 1 9 126

JP 0 44 30 16 4 1 7 102

SE 0 35 37 7 1 2 6 88

JB 0 55 17 3 4 0 6 85

SJ 0 41 27 5 3 0 6 82

Other Total 0 1 9 15 4 9 10 48 352 1514 481 175 47 29 111 2709

Note 1: The construction time for one vessel is uncertain, and has not been included.

Key to yards: PM: Permanente Metals Co Yard OR: Oregon Shipbuilding Corp DE: Delta Shipbuilding Co JP: J A Jones Construction Co (Panama City) BF: Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards NE: New England Shipbuilding Corp NC: North Carolina Shipbuilding Co JB: J A Jones Construction Co (Brunswick) CA: California Shipbuilding Corp HO: Todd Houston Shipbuilding Corp SE: Southeastern Shipbuilding Corp SJ: St Johns River Shipbuilding Co

Other: Alabama Dry Dock Co, Kaiser Co, Marinship Corp, Walsh-Kaiser Co

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

APPENDIX C: SHIP H ISTORIES
Please note that the information has been compiled from a number of sources, some of which conflict. Whilst errors have not knowingly been entered, it is likely that some exist in this work and I would be grateful to anyone who is able to highlight such mistakes. The source for the ultimate fate of many ships is the book The Liberty Ships, by Sawyer and Mitchell (see references). This book was published in 1970, when a number of ships were still operating and when many were in the US reserve fleet. Most of the ships changed name several times post-war. No attempted has been made to provide details of these changes, and the final name has only been provided for ships whose fate is not known. I would like to gratefully acknowledge the work of Peter Thompson, owner of the Liberty Ships website, whose initial compilation of shipbuilding dates contributed significantly to this work.

General Cargo Type EC2-S-C1
Alabama Dry Dock Co
Hull No. 5 4 Name Alexander H Stephens Arthur Middleton Laid Down 31-Jan-42 20-Oct-41 Launched 22-May-42 03-May-42 Completed Left Service 23-Jul-42 08-Jul-42 Notes US reserve fleet 01-Jan-43 Whilst in convoy UGS3 sunk by torpedo from German submarine U73 (commanded by Deckert) off Cape Falcon, North Africa (35.45 North, 00.45 West). 44 crew, 24 Armed Guard and 12 US Army passengers lost. 1968 Scrapped

742 741

Benjamin H Latrobe Clark Mills

15-Sep-42 05-Sep-42

17-Nov-42 10-Nov-42

15-Dec-42 30-Nov-42

09-Mar-44 Temporarily converted to troopship. Beached after being hit by an aircraft torpedo off Bizerta (37.20 North 10.20 East). No fatalities. Later scrapped. 04-Jun-45 Temporarily converted to troopship. Damaged by mine and declared CTL. No fatalities. Scrapped. Aug-67 Unknown Scrapped Scrapped

744

Colin P Kelly, Jr

22-Oct-42

13-Dec-42

31-Dec-42

3 12 1

Henry Clay Israel Putman J L M Curry

01-Oct-41 12-Jul-42 28-Jul-41

23-Apr-42 13-Sep-42 31-Jan-42

30-Jun-42 19-Oct-42 15-May-42

08-Mar-43 Broke in two during gale off Iceland (66.53 North, 14.17 West) 1961 Feb-61 Jul-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped US reserve fleet May 2004 36 of 164

740 8 10 2

James Hoban Jefferson Davis Joel Chandler Harris John Marshall

12-Aug-42 05-May-42 31-May-42 18-Aug-41

21-Oct-42 12-Jul-42 12-Aug-42 21-Feb-42

21-Nov-42 25-Aug-42 12-Sep-42 31-May-42

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Hull No. 13

Name Joseph Wheeler

Laid Down 02-Aug-42

Launched 11-Oct-42

Completed Left Service 31-Oct-42

Notes

02-Dec-43 Sunk in Bari harbour (Italy) during German air raid. 26 crew and 15 Armed Guard lost. 1961 Jan-60 1946 Scrapped Scrapped Collided with Esso Belgium and beached 24 Nov 1942 in New York. Refloated and repaired, but struck mines in Dec 1945. The stern was sold for scrap, but was resold and rejoned to another vessel. Finally scrapped January 1963. Scrapped US reserve fleet Oct-65 Scrapped

7 746 11

Judah P Benjamin Lawton B Evans Nathaniel Bacon

25-Apr-42 18-Nov-42 01-Jul-42

01-Jul-42 13-Jan-43 03-Sep-42

15-Aug-42 31-Jan-43 30-Sep-42

743 6 9 745

Simon Willard Thomas Heyward Thomas Lynch William C Gorgas

12-Oct-42 21-Feb-42 22-May-42 11-Nov-42

07-Dec-42 31-May-42 02-Aug-42 03-Jan-43

31-Dec-42 31-Jul-42 31-Aug-42 27-Jan-43

Jul-69

11-Mar-43 Whilst in convoy HX228 struck and damaged by torpedo from German submarine U757 (commanded by Deetz) at 2:42 am. Finally sunk by second torpedo from same submarine at 4:38 am (51.38 North, 28.30 West). 34 crew and 21 Armed Guard lost.

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards
Hull No. Name Laid Down 09-Nov-43 30-Aug-43 Launched 30-Nov-43 23-Sep-43 Completed Left Service 08-Dec-43 02-Oct-43 1964 Dec-68 Scrapped Briefly named the Samwyo, however after a plea from influential Americans reverted to her original name (named after a famous editor of the New York Times). Scrapped. In 1970 was still trading as Angela II. Current fate unknown. 03-Jul-42 Whilst in convoy BA2 was torpedoed by German submarine U215 (commanded by Hoeckner) in the North West Atlantic (41.48 North 66.35 West). 4 crew and 6 Armed Guard lost. US reserve fleet. Oct-69 Laid down as the Van Lear Black. Transferred to US Navy. Scrapped. Began construction as the George Calvert, but converted for use as a cadet training ship for the USCG. Ended service as a target ship. 25-Jan-44 Whilst travelling as part of convoy JW56A was torpedoed by German submarine U716 (commanded by Dunkelberg) in the Barents Sea (73.2 North 23.3 West). 2 crew and 1 Armed Guard lost. May-62 Jan-65 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Laid down as the A J Cassatt. Transferred to US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped Delivered incomplete to US Navy (80% ), converted to repair ship and transferred to Royal Navy. US reserve fleet. 1964 1963 May-69 Scrapped Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet May 2004 38 of 164 Notes

1836 A J Cermak 1791 Adolph S Ochs

997 36

Albert C Ritchie Alexander Macomb

12-May-43 18-Feb-42

06-Jun-43 06-May-42

16-Jun-43 02-Jun-42

2669 Alexander V Fraser 2416 Allegan

19-Jul-44 21-Dec-43

22-Aug-44 21-Jan-44

31-Aug-44 31-Jan-44

20

American Mariner

15-Aug-41

30-Dec-41

12-Feb-42

934

Andrew G Curtin

09-Dec-42

18-Jan-43

31-Jan-43

57

Andrew Hamilton

15-Jun-42 20-Jun-44

06-Aug-42 27-Jul-44

17-Aug-42 10-Aug-44

2662 Appanoose

1759 Arunah S Abell 2649 Assistance

04-Jul-43 17-May-44

03-Aug-43 20-Jun-44

12-Aug-43 28-Jun-44

1961

1827 Barbara Frietchie 1788 Ben F Dixon 1844 Ben H Miller 58 Benjamin Chew

21-Oct-43 25-Aug-43 20-Nov-43 15-Jun-42

19-Nov-43 21-Sep-43 10-Dec-43 10-Aug-42

29-Nov-43 29-Sep-43 20-Dec-43 21-Aug-42

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 25

Name Benjamin Harrison

Laid Down 27-Sep-41

Launched 24-Jan-42

Completed Left Service 13-Mar-42

Notes

16-Mar-43 Whilst in convoy UGS6 was struck by a torpedo from U172 (commanded by Emmermann) in the North Atlantic (29.09 North 24.15 West). 2 crew and 1 Armed Guard lost. US reserve fleet 1946 1954 Jul-63 1960 Aug-64 Reported as CTL. Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped

913

Benjamin Hawkins

30-Jul-42 31-Jul-44 13-Dec-41 22-Dec-43 06-Jun-42 04-Mar-43 10-Mar-43 25-Nov-43 09-Aug-42 08-Sep-42 03-Sep-41 21-Sep-43

07-Sep-42 04-Sep-44 25-Jun-42 24-Jan-44 29-Jul-42 04-Apr-43 13-Apr-43 16-Dec-43 21-Sep-42 10-Oct-42 24-Jan-42 18-Oct-43

22-Sep-42 27-Sep-44 11-Jul-42 07-Feb-44 08-Aug-42 13-Apr-43 22-Apr-43 24-Dec-43 30-Sep-42 23-Oct-42 18-Mar-42 27-Oct-43 Jun-68

2673 Benjamin Peixotto 303 Benjamin Rush

2418 Benjamin Schlesinger 55 966 968 Bernard Carter Bernard N Baker Bushrod Washington

15-Sep-43 Bombed off Salerno. 6 crew and 1 Armed Guard lost. 15-Mar-46 Ran aground on Sandra Island. Nov-59 Scrapped US reserve fleet Scrapped Laid down as the Francis P Duffey. Delivered incomplete (80%) to the US Navy. US reserve fleet. 1960 Scrapped

1848 Byron Darnton 916 920 22 Caesar Rodney Cardinal Gibbons Carter Braxton

1805 Cebu

985

Charles A McAllister

14-Apr-43 22-Aug-44 14-May-43 12-Aug-44 Unknown 01-Mar-43 02-Mar-43 10-Oct-43 20-Apr-44

12-May-43 22-Sep-44 10-Jun-43 16-Sep-44 Unknown 07-Apr-43 10-Apr-43 06-Nov-43 22-May-44

21-May-43 11-Oct-44 22-Jun-43 30-Sep-44 Jan-42 16-Apr-43 22-Apr-43 15-Nov-43 31-May-44

2678 Charles A McCue 999 Charles Bulfinch

09-Mar-65 Scrapped Mar-70 Scrapped

2676 Charles C Glover 15 964 965 Charles Carroll Charles M Schwab Charles Piez

24-Oct-45 Ran aground at entrance to river Loire, declared CTL. US reserve fleet US reserve fleet Jul-61 Scrapped In 1970 was still trading as the Samudra Daya. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Dumarin. Delivered incomplete (80%) to the US Navy. US reserve fleet. 26-Sep-43 Laid down as the John M T Finney. Whilst travelling as part of convoy UGS17 was torpedoed by German submarine U410 (commanded by Fenski) off Bizerta (37.12 North 8.26 East).

1818 Charles Scribner 2637 Chourre

991

Christian Michelsen

27-Apr-43

21-May-43

31-May-43

May 2004 39 of 164

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Hull No. 21

Name Christopher Newport

Laid Down 25-Aug-41

Launched 15-Feb-42

Completed Left Service 30-Mar-42 04-Jul-42

Notes After straggling from convoy PQ17 was disabled by aircraft torpedo and abandoned (prior to the infamous 'scatter' order). Torpedoed again by British submarine P614 (which was part of the convoy escort) in an attempt to scuttle her. Finally sunk by torpedo by German submarine U457 (commanded by Brandenburg) in the Northern Sea (75.49 North 25.15 East). 3 crew lost. Laid down as the William Hodson. Converted in 1964 into a container ship, and was still trading in 1970 as Tonsina. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet

2642 Chung Tung

29-Apr-44

07-Jun-44

19-Jun-44

952 990 922

Clifford D Mallory Conrad Weiser Cotton Mather

30-Jan-43 25-Apr-43 28-Sep-42 13-Jun-43 29-Oct-43

11-Mar-43 21-May-43 31-Oct-42 15-Jul-43 23-Nov-43

26-Mar-43 29-May-43 10-Nov-42 26-Jul-43 29-Nov-43 1960 Apr-65

Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the John F Goucher and delivered incomplete (80%) to the US Navy. US reserve fleet.

1018 Crosby S Noyes 1830 Culebra Island

924

Daniel Chester French

12-Oct-42

12-Nov-42

30-Nov-42

06-Mar-44 Struck mine and sank near Bizerta (27.17 North 10.22 West). 9 crew, 4 Armed Guard and 24 US Army passengers were lost. US reserve fleet 1962 Scrapped

925

Daniel Willard

26-Oct-42 10-Mar-44 12-May-44 07-Jun-44

25-Nov-42 10-Apr-44 16-Jun-44 08-Jul-44

08-Dec-42 21-Apr-44 29-Jun-44 20-Jul-44

2620 Deborah Gannett 2648 Dexter W Fellows 2658 Diligence

06-Nov-69 Sank after collision with the Maritime Express off Hiroshima. Delivered incomplete to US Navy (79.9%), converted to repair ship and transferred to Royal Navy. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the Faithful. Delivered incomplete to US Navy (79.9%), converted to repair ship and intended for transfer to Royal Navy. Retained by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

2681 Dionysus

04-Oct-44

10-Oct-44

25-Oct-44

May 2004 40 of 164

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Hull No. 989

Name Edvard Grieg

Laid Down 24-Apr-43

Launched 24-May-43

Completed Left Service 31-May-43

Notes Laid down as the Thomas F Bayard. Converted to floating store.

2660 Edward A Savoy 2612 Edward B Haines

15-Jun-44 22-Feb-44

19-Jul-44 22-Mar-44

29-Jul-44 04-Apr-44

11-Jul-56

Collided with Dea Mazzella. Sank. Was still trading in 1970 as the Reliance Integrity. Fate unknown.

1002 Edward L Grant 963 Edward N Hurley

18-May-43 28-Feb-43 26-Jun-43 04-Mar-42 18-Dec-43 28-Jan-42 18-Oct-43 16-Mar-44 13-Oct-41 21-Jun-41 26-Aug-43 19-Nov-43 13-Feb-43 10-Jun-44 29-Nov-43 23-Apr-43

12-Jun-43 31-Mar-43 31-Jul-43 11-May-42 19-Jan-44 27-Apr-42 18-Nov-43 17-Apr-44 14-Mar-42 15-Nov-41 19-Sep-43 12-Dec-43 26-Mar-43 18-Jul-44 20-Dec-43 22-May-43

25-Jun-43 12-Apr-43 10-Aug-43 05-Jun-42 28-Jan-44 23-May-42 26-Nov-43 28-Apr-44 27-Apr-42 29-Jan-42 27-Sep-43 20-Dec-43 07-Apr-43 28-Jul-44 30-Dec-43 31-May-43

Jan-65 1957

Scrapped Scrapped

1755 Edwin L Drake 38 Eleazar Wheelock

16-Jan-64 Sank off Ponta Delgada. 1964 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped

2414 Eloy Alfaro 34 Esek Hopkins

18-May-66 Abandoned sinking off Cape Race. Nov-67 1962 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped

1825 Francis C Harrington 2622 Francis D Culkin 26 16 Francis L Lee Francis Scott Key

22-Feb-55 Ran aground, declared CTL. Feb-65 Sep-67 1962 Oct-68 Mar-65 Oct-67 Mar-69 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped

1789 Francis Vigo 1843 Frank R Stockton 957 Franklin P Mall

2659 Frederic A Kummer 1850 Frederick Banting 988 Frederick Douglass

20-Sep-43 Whilst travelling in convoy ON202 was torpedoed and damaged by German submarine U238 (commanded by Hepp) at 9:32 am. She was abandoned, and was finished off by German submarine U645 (commanded by Ferro) at 9:56 pm (57.03 North 28.08 West). No fatalities. US reserve fleet. 1963 Scrapped

2670 Frederick H Baetjer 2665 Frederick W Wood 29 George Calvert

19-Jul-44 30-Jun-44 19-Nov-41

21-Aug-44 07-Aug-44 14-Mar-42

30-Aug-44 23-Aug-44 30-Apr-42

20-May-42 Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by German submarine U753 (commanded by von Mannstein) off Cuba (22.55 North 84.26 West). 3 Armed Guard lost. May 2004 41 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 06-Jun-43 02-Jun-43 10-Aug-44 05-Jun-44 11-Jan-43 22-Dec-42 21-Aug-43 19-Jun-43 09-Jun-43 12-May-43 19-Aug-42 22-Sep-41 29-Aug-42 23-Sep-43 18-Aug-43 18-Apr-43 15-Dec-42 23-Jan-43 12-Jan-43 19-Aug-43 25-Feb-42 12-Aug-43 16-Sep-44

Launched 10-Jul-43 04-Jul-43 12-Sep-44 11-Jul-44 19-Feb-43 05-Feb-43 16-Sep-43 22-Jul-43 16-Jul-43 09-Jun-43 26-Sep-42 28-Mar-42 10-Oct-42 16-Oct-43 11-Sep-43 17-May-43 28-Jan-43 09-Mar-43 22-Feb-43 13-Sep-43 14-May-42 06-Sep-43 18-Oct-44

Completed Left Service 19-Jul-43 14-Jul-43 29-Sep-44 24-Jul-44 06-Mar-43 15-Feb-43 24-Sep-43 30-Jul-43 26-Jul-43 24-Jun-43 07-Oct-42 09-May-42 17-Oct-42 25-Oct-43 20-Sep-43 27-May-43 17-Feb-43 23-Mar-43 09-Mar-43 20-Sep-43 08-Jun-42 15-Sep-43 30-Oct-44 Nov-69 Dec-69 Mar-65 Dec-66 Dec-67 Sep-67 Nov-69 Mar-69 Sep-69 1962 Mar-68

Notes US reserve fleet Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped

1013 George H Pendleton 1012 George M Cohan 2675 George M Verity 2657 George R Holmes 945 939 George Sharswood George Shiras

1785 George Uhler 1021 George Vickers 1014 George W Childs 998 918 24 919 George W Woodward George Weems George Wythe Grace Abbott

16-Dec-60 Caught fire and declared CTL. 1960 Scrapped

08-Jun-44 Sunk as blockship for Mulbery Harbour A, off St Laurent. 1960 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped

10-Nov-66 Ran aground of California and abandoned. US reserve fleet Scrapped Converted post-war to depot ship and used as floating warehouse. Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped

1807 Harold L Winslow 1783 Hawkins Fudske 987 938 950 946 Haym Salomon Henry B Brown Henry Gilbert Costin Henry L Benning

1784 Henry Lomb 37 Henry St G Tucker

20-Aug-52 Collided with tanker Bjorgholm and broke in two. Aug-66 Aug-69 Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the Bert McDowell. Delivered incomplete to the US Navy. US reserve fleet. 08-May-45 Temporarily converted to troopship. Damaged by mine and broke in two near Flushing. No fatalities.

1780 Heywood Broun 2682 Hooper Island

62

Horace Binney

05-Jul-42

25-Aug-42

31-Aug-42

May 2004 42 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 05-Sep-43

Launched 28-Sep-43

Completed Left Service 07-Oct-43

Notes Whilst travelling as part of convoy JW65 was torpedoed by German submarine U995 (commanded by Hess) off North Russia (69.23 North 35.17 East). The ship was abandoned with 5 crew lost, and later ran aground. She was salvaged, taken over by the Soviets and converted to a fish carrier. Fate unknown.

1795 Horace Bushnell

936

Horace Gray

14-Dec-42

25-Jan-43

11-Feb-43

14-Feb-45 Whilst travelling as part of convoy BK3 was torpedoed by German submarine U711 (commanded by Lange) in the Kola Inlet (68.23 North 33.47 East). The ship was taken under tow but sank. No fatalities. Nov-69 Nov-69 May-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the Theodore Roosevelt. Delivered incomplete (93.2%) to the US Navy. Scrapped.

955

Howard A Kelly

08-Feb-43 05-Nov-43 04-Oct-43

18-Mar-43 26-Nov-43 29-Oct-43

29-Mar-43 06-Dec-43 05-Nov-43

1833 Hugh M Smith 1814 Indus

1016 James A Farrell

11-Jun-43

12-Jul-43

23-Jul-43

29-Jun-44 Whilst travelling in convoy EMC17 to the Normandy beach head was torpedoed by German submarine U984 (commanded by Sieder). Towed to shore and declared CTL. 4 US Army personnel lost. 1961 Scrapped US reserve fleet Dec-69 1968 Scrapped Scrapped US reserve fleet Was still trading in 1970 as the Reliance Unity. Fate unknown. Nov-62 Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet Sep-65 Scrapped

1831 James C Cameron 915 James Caldwell

31-Oct-43 08-Aug-42 19-Oct-43 05-Apr-44 06-Apr-42 30-Mar-44 16-Jul-43 08-May-43 01-Apr-43

25-Nov-43 19-Sep-42 16-Nov-43 08-May-44 08-Jun-42 29-Apr-44 10-Aug-43 02-Jun-43 02-May-43

03-Dec-43 26-Sep-42 25-Nov-43 19-May-44 26-Jun-42 19-May-44 18-Aug-43 15-Jun-43 26-May-43

1826 James Carroll 2631 James D Trask 44 James Gunn

2628 James Kerney 1764 James M Gillis 996 979 James McCosh James R Randall

May 2004 43 of 164

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Hull No. 949

Name James W Denver

Laid Down 20-Jan-43

Launched 27-Feb-43

Completed Left Service 13-Mar-43

Notes

11-Apr-43 Whilst proceeding independantly was torpedoed by German submarine U195 (commanded by Buchholz) of the Canary Islands (28.46 North 25.40 West). 2 crew lost. Jun-54 Scrapped In 1970 was operating as Florida State (converted to bulk cement carrier). Fate unknown. Aug-64 Sep-66 1964 Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped

929

James Woodrow

26-Nov-42 25-May-43

09-Jan-43 26-Jun-43

19-Jan-43 06-Jul-43

1007 Janet Lord Roper

60

Jared Ingersoll

24-Jun-42 22-Jul-44 22-May-43 23-Feb-43

15-Aug-42 26-Aug-44 15-Jun-43 27-Mar-43

25-Aug-42 11-Sep-44 30-Jun-43 08-Apr-43

2671 Jesse Cottrell 1005 John A Donald 962 John Banvard

31-Oct-44 Temporarily converted to troopship. Ashore in the Azores and declared CTL. 08-Oct-42 Whilst proceeding independently she was hit by a dud torpedo from U201 (commanded by Rosenberg) then two torpedoes from U202 (commanded by Poser). She was eventually sunk by gunfire from U201 in the Carribean (10.27 North 45.37 West). 5 crew and 3 Armed Guard lost. 25-Nov-47 Temporarily converted to troopship. Driven ashore on Sana Antao Island. 1963 Scrapped US reserve fleet Nov-69 Jan-65 Scrapped Scrapped US reserve fleet Jul-68 Mar-61 May-63 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped Scrapped

56

John Carter Rose

10-Jun-42

31-Jul-42

10-Aug-42

984

John E Schmeltzer

13-Apr-43

16-May-43

26-May-43

951 52

John Gallup John H B Latrobe

27-Jan-43 19-May-42 26-Feb-44 21-A ug-44 14-Apr-42 15-Feb-43 20-Feb-43 19-Jan-44 16-Apr-43

03-Mar-43 13-Jul-42 29-Mar-44 21-Sep-44 18-Jun-42 19-Mar-43 24-Mar-43 19-Feb-44 18-May-43

18-Mar-43 28-Jul-42 10-Apr-44 07-Oct-44 06-Jul-42 31-Mar-43 03-Apr-43 01-Mar-44 27-May-43

2614 John H Murphy 2677 John Hanson 45 958 960 John Henry John Howland John J Abel

2594 John L Elliott 986 John L Motley

02-Dec-43 Temporarily converted to troopship. Bombed by German aircraft in Bari harbour. 39 crew and 24 Armed Guard lost. Apr-68 May-67 Scrapped Scrapped

1822 John La Farge 311 John Mitchell

16-Oct-43 23-Jul-42

12-Nov-43 07-Sep-42

19-Nov-43 16-Sep-42

May 2004 44 of 164

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Hull No. 978

Name John Morgan

Laid Down 31-Mar-43

Launched 04-May-43

Completed Left Service 12-May-43

Notes

01-Jun-43 Exploded after collision with USN tanker Montana near Cape Henry (36.53 North 76.00 West). 42 crew 25 Armed Guard lost. The Montana was damaged, and lost 9 crew and 10 Armed Guard. US reserve fleet 05-Jul-42 Sunk by mine in allied minefield at Eastern entrance to the Denmark Strait. 5 crew lost. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet US reserve fleet 1962 Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Later used as a maritime high school, currently a museum ship. Jun-67 Oct-67 1961 Jan-69 06-Jul-42 Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. After scattering from convoy PQ17 was torpedoed by German submarine U255 (commanded by Reche) in the Northern Sea (70.30 North 52.30 East). 1 crew lost. Scrapped

54 19

John P Poe John Randolph

24-May-42 15-Jul-41

25-Jul-42 30-Dec-41

31-Jul-42 27-Feb-42

63

John Sergeant

06-Jul-42 01-Jun-43 30-Jun-43 28-Jul-42

21-Aug-42 30-Jun-43 29-Jul-43 07-Sep-42

05-Sep-42 12-Jul-43 09-Aug-43 19-Sep-42

1011 John Stevenson 1758 John T Holt 312 John W Brown

1768 John W Garrett 1022 John W Powell 305 John Walker

23-Jul-43 23-Jun-43 01-Jun-42 31-May-43 10-Dec-41

19-Aug-43 28-Jul-43 22-Jul-42 11-Jul-43 04-Mar-42

27-Aug-43 06-Aug-43 30-Jul-42 20-Jul-43 23-Apr-42

1010 John Wanamaker 31 John Witherspoon

973 947

John Woolman Johns Hopkins

20-Mar-43 25-Jan-43

22-Apr-43 10-Mar-43

30-Apr-43 06-Apr-43

Oct-60

17-Nov-66 Temporarily converted to troopship. Damaged by aircraft torpedo in the Mediterranean on 2 Oct 1944 and repaired. No fatalities. Foundered, refloated and beached, abandoned. 1960 Oct-66 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped US reserve fleet Jul-68 Oct-66 1964 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped May 2004 45 of 164

308

Jonathan Elmer

11-Jul-42 12-Jun-43 30-May-44 03-May-43 27-Mar-43 17-Mar-43

31-Aug-42 16-Jul-43 01-Jul-44 30-May-43 30-Apr-43 17-Apr-43

14-Sep-42 29-Jul-43 15-Jul-44 10-Jun-43 10-May-43 27-Apr-43

1017 Jose Marti 2655 Joseph B Eastman 994 976 971 Joseph H Nicholson Joseph Leidy Joseph P Bradley

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Hull No. 304

Name Joseph Stanton

Laid Down 02-May-42 16-Nov-43 10-Jul-43 22-May-43 07-Sep-43 30-Aug-44 07-Aug-44

Launched 04-Jul-42 05-Dec-43 05-Aug-43 19-Jun-43 01-Oct-43 05-Oct-44 13-Sep-44

Completed Left Service 18-Jul-42 15-Dec-43 13-Aug-43 30-Jun-43 09-Oct-43 21-Oct-44 28-Sep-44 ??? Jan-68 1960 1964 Scrapped

Notes

1841 Joshua B Lippincott 1760 Joshua Thomas 1004 Joshua W Alexander 1796 Joyce Kilmer 2680 Kermit Roosevelt 2674 Laertes

US reserve fleet US reserve fleet Scrapped Scrapped Delivered incomplete (79.9%) to US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the Dutiful. Delivered incomplete to US Navy (79.9%), converted to repair ship and intended for transfer to Royal Navy. Retained by US Navy. US reserve fleet. 1968 Apr-69 Aug-64 Aug-68 Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped Delivered incomplete (79%) and transferred to US Navy. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet Dec-43 1964 Sep-59 Scrapped on slipway after fire. Scrapped Scrapped

2616 Lawrence J Brengle 1829 Leo J Duster 969 Levi Woodbury

03-Mar-44 25-Oct-43 11-Mar-43 22-Sep-43 20-Jan-44

05-Apr-44 21-Nov-43 15-Apr-43 15-Oct-43 18-Feb-44

18-Apr-44 30-Nov-43 26-Apr-43 25-Oct-43 25-Feb-44

1806 Lewis Emery, Jr 2595 Leyte

928

Lord Delaware

14-Nov-42 23-Nov-43 31-Dec-42 13-Nov-43 15-Jun-43 30-Apr-43 08-May-42 08-Apr-43

19-Dec-42 #N/A 20-Feb-43 04-Dec-43 23-Jul-43 28-May-43 04-Jul-42 14-May-43

30-Dec-42 #N/A 08-Mar-43 13-Dec-43 30-Jul-43 09-Jun-43 21-Jul-42 24-May-43

1846 Louis C Tiffany 943 Louis D Brandeis

1838 Louis Kossuth 1019 Louis Marshall 992 49 981 Louisa M Alcott Luther Martin Luzon

15-Mar-64 Ran aground off Yokohama. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet Laid down as the Samuel Bowles. Delivered incomplete (86.3%) to the US Navy. Converted to crane barge, renamed Twin Harbors. Converted to floating warehouse. Apr-69 Scrapped.

942

Mahlon Pitney

31-Dec-42 24-Aug-43 10-Aug-43

11-Feb-43 18-Sep-43 04-Sep-43

26-Feb-43 27-Sep-43 12-Sep-43

1787 Margaret Brent 1778 Marie M Meloney

May 2004 46 of 164

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Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 30-Nov-43

Launched 21-Dec-43

Completed Left Service 31-Dec-43

Notes

1851 Martin Van Buren

14-Jan-45 Whilst travelling off Halifax in convoy BX141 was torpedoed by U1232 (commanded by Dobratz). The vessel was beached, but declared CTL. 3 Armed Guard lost. In 1970 was trading as the Reliance Prosperity. Fate unknown. In 1970 was trading as the Anka. Fate unknown. 16-Apr-44 Whilst travelling in convoy UGS37 was torpedoed by German submarine U407 (commanded by Korndorfer) off Libya (32.51 North 23.00 East). No fatalities. 18-Nov-64 Ran aground, salvaged and declared CTL. Laid down as the Elbert Hubbard and delivered incomplete (86.2%) to the US Navy. US reserve fleet. 17-Mar-43 Whilst proceeding as part of convoy UGS6 was torpedoed by German submarine U167 (commanded by Sturm) in the North Atlantic (38.21 North 19.54 West). 2 crew and 2 Armed Guard lost. Delivered incomplete (79.9%) to US Navy. US reserve fleet. Mar-66 Dec-68 Scrapped Scrapped

2654 Mary Pickersgill

27-May-44

29-Jun-44

11-Jul-44

1766 Matthew Brush 2585 Meyer London

18-Jul-43 27-Dec-43

14-Aug-43 24-Jan-44

23-Aug-43 04-Feb-44

2679 Milan R Stefanik 983 Mindano

26-Aug-44 11-Apr-43

27-Sep-44 13-May-43

14-Oct-44 20-May-43

935

Molly Pitcher

12-Dec-42

30-Jan-43

22-Feb-43

2634 Mona Island 2419 Morris Hillquit 2586 Morris Sigman 944 Nathan Clifford

10-Apr-44 24-Dec-43 30-Dec-43 01-Jan-43 28-May-43 11-Aug-42 14-Aug-43

11-May-44 27-Jan-44 02-Feb-44 18-Feb-43 28-Jun-43 22-Sep-42 09-Sep-43

20-May-44 10-Feb-44 19-Feb-44 03-Mar-43 08-Jul-43 30-Sep-42 15-Sep-43 1963

09-May-65 Sank US reserve fleet Scrapped Laid down as the Caleb C Wheeler. Delivered incomplete (80%) to the US Navy. US reserve fleet. 23-Jun-67 Ran aground off Sarawak. 13-Sep-42 Whilst in convoy PQ18 was torpedoed by German submarine U408 (commanded by Hymmen) in the Greenland Sea (76.10 North 10.05 East). No fatalities. May 2004 47 of 164

1008 Nathan Towson 917 Nicholas Biddle

1782 Oahu

2650 Oakley Wood 42 Oliver Ellsworth

19-May-44 31-Mar-42

19-Jun-44 04-Jun-42

30-Jun-44 22-Jun-42

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Hull No. 2668 Palawan

Name

Laid Down 10-Jul-44 22-Aug-43 30-Apr-41 10-Nov-42 28-Jan-42 13-Aug-43 27-Jun-42

Launched 12-Aug-44 15-Sep-43 27-Sep-41 07-Dec-42 23-Apr-42 07-Sep-43 18-Aug-42

Completed Left Service 29-Aug-44 23-Sep-43 30-Dec-41 21-Dec-42 27-May-42 16-Sep-43 27-Aug-42 Feb-60 Oct-58 1962 Dec-63

Notes Delivered incomplete (79.9%) to US Navy. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. This vessel was the first Liberty Ship built. Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped

1786 Patrick C Boyle 14 927 35 Patrick Henry Pearl Harbor Peter Minuit

1781 Philip F Thomas 306 Pierce Butler

15-Sep-65 Foundered off Lofoten Islands (67.15 North 11.35 East). 20-Nov-42 Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by German submarine U177 (commanded by Gysae) in the Indian Ocean (29.53 South 36.28 East). No fatalities. 21-Jan-70 Temporarily converted to troopship. Ran aground off Tuapse. Apr-65 Oct-67 Oct-62 Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped

1001 Pierre L'Enfant

17-May-43

11-Jun-43

28-Jun-43

914 51 41 28

Ralph Izard Reverdy Johnson Richard Bassett Richard Bland

02-Aug-42 15-May-42 18-Mar-42 29-Oct-41

13-Sep-42 10-Jul-42 22-May-42 28-Feb-42

24-Sep-42 25-Jul-42 13-Jun-42 17-Apr-42

10-Mar-43 Whilst in convoy RA53 was torpedoed on 5 March by German submarine U255 (commanded by Reche). Taken in tow, but torpedoed again by the same submarine (66.53 North, 14.10 West). 19 crew and 15 Armed Guard lost. 1961 1965 Sep-64 Mar-70 Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped

53 18

Richard H Alvey Richard Henry Lee

24-May-42 15-Jul-41 10-Jun-43 02-Feb-44 31-May-43 19-May-43

15-Jul-42 06-Dec-41 18-Jul-43 07-Mar-44 29-Jun-43 13-Jun-43

29-Jul-42 20-Feb-42 28-Jul-43 17-Mar-44 12-Jul-43 28-Jun-43

1015 Robert Eden 2603 Robert Ellis Lewis 1009 Robert Erskine 1003 Robert J Collier

06-Jan-44 Driven ashore off Bizerta during storm. 1 crew lost. 23-Mar-46 Ran aground off Bieselingscheham. Refloated and declared CTL. Jul-64 Converted to troopship. Scrapped

32

Robert Treat Paine

06-Jan-42

28-Mar-42

05-May-42

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Hull No. 17

Name Roger B Taney

Laid Down 21-Jun-41

Launched 06-Dec-41

Completed Left Service 09-Feb-42

Notes

09-Feb-43 Sunk by torpedo from unknown submarine (23.00 South, 15.00 West). 3 crew lost. 17-Mar-59 Struck reef and broke in two. Jun-67 Scrapped

940

Rufus W Peckham

22-Dec-42 08-Jul-44 26-Jun-44 08-Nov-43

13-Feb-43 10-Aug-44 28-Jul-44 30-Nov-43

28-Feb-43 26-Aug-44 11-Aug-44 08-Dec-43

2667 S M Shoemaker 2663 S Wiley Wakeman 1835 Saggitarius

13-Sep-46 Stranded on wreck off Tobago Island. Salvaged and scrapped. Laid down as the J Fred Essary. Delivered incomplete (93%) to the US Navy. US reserve fleet. Was still trading in 1970 as the Newforest. Fate unknown. Delivered incomplete to US Navy. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the Emma Lazarus. In 1970 was still trading as the Galletta. Fate unknown. Aug-66 Dec-68 Laid down as the James Blair. Scrapped. Laid down as the John J McGraw. Scrapped. Lad down as the Peter Cooper. In 1970 was still trading, as the Patraic Sky. Fate unknown. Apr-68 May-69 1968 Laid down as the James T Earle. Scrapped. Laid down as the Robert Wickliffe. Scrapped. Laid down as the Willis J Abbot. Scrapped. Laid down as the Lionel Copley. In 1970 was trading as the Suerte. Fate unknown. May-67 Laid down as the Frank A Vanderlip. Reverted to original name in 1944. Scrapped. Laid down as the Jacob H Schiff. Scrapped.

2598 Samaffric 2683 Samar 1772 Samara

24-Jan-44 21-Sep-44 28-Jul-43

24-Feb-44 19-Oct-44 22-Aug-43

08-Mar-44 31-Oct-44 30-Aug-43

1771 Samarina 1790 Samariz 1769 Samarkand

28-Jul-43 28-Aug-43 24-Jul-43

26-Aug-43 22-Sep-43 25-Aug-43

03-Sep-43 01-Oct-43 02-Sep-43

1775 Samaye 1842 Sambalt 1832 Samboston 1765 Sambrake

03-Aug-43 18-Nov-43 01-Nov-43 16-Jul-43

31-Aug-43 09-Dec-43 24-Nov-43 12-Aug-43

08-Sep-43 18-Dec-43 30-Nov-43 20-Aug-43

1821 Sambuff

15-Oct-43

13-Nov-43

20-Nov-43

1823 Samburgh 2415 Samchess 1824 Samcleve

17-Oct-43 19-Dec-43 17-Oct-43

14-Nov-43 20-Jan-44 15-Nov-43

22-Nov-43 29-Jan-44 23-Nov-43

Apr-69

21-Dec-51 Driven ashore off Farmagusta and broke in two. Laid down as the John T Clark . In 1970 was still trading as the Cocler. Fate unknown. Mar-66 Scrapped May 2004 49 of 164

2405 Samclyde

04-Dec-43

24-Dec-43

10-Jan-44

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Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 05-Feb-44 25-Jan-44 14-Mar-44 07-Dec-43 03-Apr-44 04-Sep-43

Launched 04-Mar-44 21-Feb-44 14-Apr-44 31-Dec-43 05-May-44 27-Sep-43

Completed Left Service 16-Mar-44 29-Feb-44 26-Apr-44 14-Jan-44 15-May-44 06-Oct-43 Dec-67 05-Jul-67 Scrapped

Notes

2604 Samcolne 2599 Samconon 2621 Samconstant 2408 Samcree 2630 Samcrest 1794 Samdak

Foundered off Seychells

04-Nov-67 Caught fire and abandoned. Mar-70 Mar-65 Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the John Russell Pope. In 1970 was still trading as the Kopalnia Czeladz. Fate unknown. Jun-67 1968 Scrapped Scrapped

2617 Samdauntless 2609 Samdonard 2602 Sameden 2417 Samesk 2407 Samettrick

06-Mar-44 18-Feb-44 02-Feb-44 22-Dec-43 06-Dec-43

03-Apr-44 18-Mar-44 03-Mar-44 22-Jan-44 31-Dec-43

15-Apr-44 29-Mar-44 14-Mar-44 05-Feb-44 12-Jan-44

04-Oct-69 Ran aground. 21-Jan-66 Ran aground. Was still trading in 1970 as the Kopalnia Miechowice. Fate unknown. Was still trading in 1970 as the Nan Hai 146. Fate unknown. Apr-69 Aug-69 Nov-61 Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the Daniel Appleton. Ran aground, declared CTL. Scrapped Laid down as the Israel J Merritt. Scrapped. US reserve fleet Was still trading in 1970 as the Alice. Fate unknown. 15-May-50 Ran aground and broke in two (Queensland) 1968 Mar-69 Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the Henry Van Dyke. In 1970 was trading as the Efcharis. Fate unknown. 1963 Laid down as the Martha C Thomas. Scrapped. Was still trading in 1970 as the Ignacio Agramonte. Fate unknown.

2410 Sameveron 2623 Samfaithful 2409 Samfeugh 1828 Samfield

10-Dec-43 21-Mar-44 09-Dec-43 23-Oct-43

07-Jan-44 26-Apr-44 08-Jan-44 20-Nov-43

17-Jan-44 09-May-44 19-Jan-44 29-Nov-43

2626 Samfleet 1820 Samflora 1853 Samforth 2632 Samfreedom 2610 Samgallion 2596 Samgaudie 2627 Samglory 1763 Samhain

25-Mar-44 12-Oct-43 03-Dec-43 08-Apr-44 19-Feb-44 21-Jan-44 27-Mar-44 15-Jul-43

25-Apr-44 09-Nov-43 23-Dec-43 10-May-44 22-Mar-44 24-Feb-44 22-Apr-44 13-Aug-43

06-May-44 17-Nov-43 31-Dec-43 23-May-44 31-Mar-44 08-Mar-44 30-Apr-44 23-Aug-43

Feb-68 Scrapped

1845 Samharle 2613 Samhope

21-Nov-43 25-Feb-44

14-Dec-43 25-Mar-44

23-Dec-43 05-Apr-44

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Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 26-Apr-44 10-Jan-44 22-Jul-43 11-Feb-44 31-Aug-43 24-Nov-43

Launched 05-Jun-44 08-Feb-44 18-Aug-43 14-Mar-44 25-Sep-43 17-Dec-43

Completed Left Service 15-Jun-44 22-Feb-44 26-Aug-43 27-Mar-44 04-Oct-43 24-Dec-43 Dec-67 Mar-64 Mar-63 Sep-67 Jan-70 Scrapped Scrapped

Notes

2641 Samindoro 2591 Saminver 1767 Samite 2607 Samjack 1792 Samkansa 1847 Samkey

Laid down as the Holland Thompson. Scrapped. Scrapped Laid down as the Nikola Tesla. Scrapped.

31-Jan-48 Laid down as the Carl Thusgaard. Missing presumed foundered as a result of ballast shifting in the 'tween decks. Converted to floating warehouse. 1968 Scrapped

2646 Samlamu 2605 Samlea 2587 Samleven 2636 Samlistar 2593 Samlossie 1813 Samlouis 2625 Samloyal 2639 Samluzon 2589 Samlyth 1793 Sammex

10-May-44 07-Feb-44 01-Jan-44 17-Apr-44 17-Jan-44 03-Oct-43 22-Mar-44 24-Apr-44 08-Jan-44 03-Sep-43

14-Jun-44 10-Mar-44 31-Jan-44 19-May-44 14-Feb-44 25-Oct-43 20-Apr-44 27-May-44 07-Feb-44 26-Sep-43

26-Jun-44 22-Mar-44 14-Feb-44 31-May-44 26-Feb-44 05-Nov-43 29-Apr-44 12-Jun-44 21-Feb-44 05-Oct-43 Nov-68 Jan-63 Jul-69

31-Mar-70 Ran aground (Bahamas). 09-Jan-62 Ran aground off Halifax Was still trading in 1970 as the Stavros. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Priscilla Alden. Scrapped. Scrapped Scrapped Was still trading in 1970 as the Sanjay. Fate unknown. 24-Aug-59 Laid down as the Franz Boas. Ran aground off Gdynia, refloated and declared CTL. Oct-68 May-67 Scrapped Scrapped

2611 Samneagh 2640 Samnegros 1802 Samnesse 2600 Samnethy 2412 Samnid 1819 Samoine 1815 Samois 1812 Samokla 1770 Samos

24-Feb-44 11-May-44 16-Sep-43 27-Jan-44 15-Dec-43 11-Oct-43 06-Oct-43 01-Oct-43 25-Jul-43

27-Mar-44 10-Jun-44 09-Oct-43 26-Feb-44 15-Jan-44 08-Nov-43 31-Oct-43 23-Oct-43 21-Aug-43

06-Apr-44 22-Jun-44 18-Oct-43 10-Mar-44 24-Jan-44 15-Nov-43 08-Nov-43 27-Oct-43 30-Aug-43

25-Feb-66 Laid down as the Simon B Elliott. Ran aground off China. Mar-63 Scrapped Was still trading in 1970 as the Nan Hai 147. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Edward Bruce. US reserve fleet. 1967 1962 Dec-68 Laid down as the Samuel H Ralston. Scrapped. Laid down as the Jose Artigas. Scrapped. Laid down as the Tench Tilghman. Scrapped.

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Hull No. 1800 Samota

Name

Laid Down 13-Sep-43

Launched 06-Oct-43

Completed Left Service 13-Oct-43

Notes Laid down as the Adolph Lewishon. In 1970 was still trading as the Merry. Fate unknown.

1777 Samothrace 2413 Samouse 1774 Sampa

09-Aug-43 17-Dec-43 31-Jul-43

03-Sep-43 17-Jan-44 28-Aug-43

11-Sep-43 26-Jan-44 06-Sep-43

Jul-67 Jun-69

Laid down as the Orville P Taylor. Scrapped. Scrapped

22-Feb-45 Laid down as the William Smallwood. Struck mine 9 miles north of Ostend and sank. Sep-66 Laid down as the John H Hatton. Completed as the Samora. Scrapped. Laid down as the Israel Wheelen. Scrapped. Laid down as the Melvil Dewey. Caught fire off Madras, salvaged and declared CTL. Laid down as the Augustine Herman. Scrapped. Scrapped

1776 Sampenn

05-Aug-43

30-Aug-43

07-Sep-43

1839 Samport 1849 Samsacola

14-Nov-43 26-Nov-43

06-Dec-43 18-Dec-43

14-Dec-43 29-Dec-43

Nov-62 31-Jul-67

1817 Samsette 2606 Samshee 1816 Samsip

09-Oct-43 08-Feb-44 08-Oct-43

05-Nov-43 09-Mar-44 01-Nov-43

12-Nov-43 21-Mar-44 09-Nov-43

Feb-68 Aug-64

07-Dec-44 Laid down as the Samsip. Ran aground in Scheldt estuary and finally deliberately sank by gunfire from Allied ships. 06-Jan-69 Ran aground 03-Jan-68 Ran aground 10-Jul-66 Foundered off Cape Hatteras. Was still trading in 1970 as the Nan Hai 142. Fate unknown. Was still trading in 1970 as the Marina. Fate unknown. Nov-66 Scrapped Stern blown off by torpedo from aircraft. Abandoned, reboarded and beached near Benghazi. Repaired. Still trading in 1970 as the Huta Sosnowiec. Fate unknown. 30-Jan-60 Laid down as the J Whitridge Williams. Grounded. Oct-67 Dec-68 Apr-67 Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped May 2004 52 of 164

2644 Samskern 2629 Samsoaring 2638 Samspeed 2608 Samspelga 2590 Samstrule 2615 Samsturdy 2645 Samsylarna

05-May-44 31-Mar-44 22-Apr-44 15-Feb-44 10-Jan-44 29-Feb-44 08-May-44

03-Jun-44 02-May-44 22-May-44 16-Mar-44 05-Feb-44 31-Mar-44 10-Jun-44

13-Jun-44 29-May-44 03-Jun-44 25-Mar-44 16-Feb-44 14-Apr-44 24-Jun-44

1808 Samsylvan 2643 Samtana 2411 Samtay 2635 Samtorch

25-Sep-43 02-May-44 13-Dec-43 14-Apr-44

17-Oct-43 30-May-44 10-Jan-44 17-May-44

27-Oct-43 09-Jun-44 20-Jan-44 31-May-44

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Hull No. 1834 Samtroy

Name

Laid Down 06-Nov-43

Launched 29-Nov-43

Completed Left Service 07-Dec-43

Notes Laid down as the Ross G Marvin. In 1970 was still trading as the Hoping San Shi Wu. Fate unknown. Was still trading in 1970 as the Sangaetano. Fate unknown. Was still trading in 1970 as the Ploce. Fate unknown.

2619 Samtrusty 2633 Samtruth 1852 Samtweed 937 23 Samuel Blatchford Samuel Chase

09-Mar-44 10-Apr-44 30-Nov-43 15-Dec-42 12-Sep-41 25-Apr-44 14-Apr-42 15-May-43 29-Jul-43 11-Sep-43

10-Apr-44 12-May-44 21-Dec-43 06-Feb-43 22-Feb-42 24-May-44 14-Jun-42 18-Jun-43 24-Aug-43 03-Oct-43

23-Apr-44 23-May-44 30-Dec-43 23-Feb-43 11-Apr-42 04-Jun-44 30-Jun-42 29-Jun-43 01-Sep-43 12-Oct-43 Apr-67 Oct-69 Feb-67 Dec-68 Feb-68 1966 Mar-66

Laid down as the William R Cox. Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the Charles C Long. Scrapped.

2647 Samuel F B Morse 46 Samuel Johnston

1000 Samuel Mcintyre 1773 Samur 1798 Samuta

06-Jan-53 Laid down as the Jesse De Forest. Grounded off Sydney Point. Jun-63 Laid down as the Lyon G Tyler. Scrapped.

1799 Samuta 1837 Samvard

12-Sep-43 12-Nov-43

10-Oct-43 03-Dec-43

18-Oct-43 13-Dec-43

21-Aug-68 Laid down as the Ammla. Reverted to original name in 1944. Foundered off Hong Kong. Laid down as the Edith Wharton. Sunk by mine off Antwerp (51.22 North 3.02 East). 29-Jan-47 Laid down as David De Vries. Caught fire and sank. US reserve fleet. Nov-68 Laid down as the Edward Cook . Scrapped.

1809 Samvern

26-S ep-43

17-Oct-43

28-Oct-43

1762 Samwater 2624 Samwinged 1801 Samwis 1840 Samyale

12-Jul-43 22-Mar-44 15-Sep-43 15-Nov-43

09-Aug-43 22-Apr-44 08-Oct-43 07-Dec-43

16-Aug-43 30-Apr-44 15-Oct-43 17-Dec-43

10-Jun-67 Laid down as the Hugh L Kerwin. Collided with tanker Russel H Green and scrapped. 13-Jan-65 Laid down as the W Walter Husband. Sank east of Tokyo. 16-Sep-65 Packed with 8715 tons of ammunition and sunk. Exploded at 1000 ft as planned for seismic experiment.

1810 Samyork 961 Santiago Iglesias

27-Sep-43 21-Feb-43

19-Oct-43 30-Mar-43

29-Oct-43 10-Apr-43

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Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 22-May-44 26-Mar-43 06-Jan-42

Launched 26-Jun-44 29-Apr-43 12-Apr-42

Completed Left Service 07-Jul-44 08-May-43 20-May-42 May-67 Aug-66 Apr-63 Scrapped Scrapped

Notes

2652 Sidney Wright 975 33 Silas Weir Mitchell St Olaf

Renamed Jasmine and converted to a hospital ship in 1943. Converted again to transport in November 1945. Scrapped. Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped

1804 Stage Door Canteen 2601 Stephen W Gambrill 982 Stevenson Taylor

19-Sep-43 31-Jan-44 08-Apr-43 07-Mar-44

12-Oct-43 29-Feb-44 11-May-43 08-Apr-44

21-Oct-43 13-Mar-44 20-May-43 22-Apr-44

1961 Aug-67 Jan-70

2618 Sverre Helmersen

23-Apr-45 Laid down as the William Hodson. Damaged by mine off Antwerp and declared CTL. 20-Sep-62 Temporarily converted to troopship. Wrecked North of Russia (69.52 North 61.10 East). Mar-70 Dec-68 Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped

926

Thaddeus Kosciuszko

02-Nov-42

28-Nov-42

15-Dec-42

43 948

Theodore Foster Thomas Cresap

31-Mar-42 17-Jan-43 17-Jan-44

14-Jun-42 01-Mar-43 11-Feb-44

29-Jun-42 16-Mar-43 22-Feb-44

2592 Thomas Donaldson

20-Mar-45 Whilst travelling in convoy JW65 was torpedoed by German submarine U968 (commanded by Westphalen) off Murmansk (69.26 North 33.44 East). 4 crew lost. 29-Jun-42 Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed then sunk by gunfire from U505 (commanded by Loewe) in the Carribean (20.00 North 60.00 West). 4 crew and 1 Armed Guard lost, plus the Master lost whilst returning to the US on the SS Onondaga. US reserve fleet Mar-70 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet 09-Mar-43 Whilst in convoy BT6 was torpedoed by German submarine U510 (commanded by Neitzel) in the Gulf of Mexico (7.40 North 52.07 West). Towed to port but declared CTL. 4 crew and 2 Armed Guard lost. US reserve fleet May 2004 54 of 164

301

Thomas McKean

05-Nov-41

30-Apr-42

29-May-42

30 995 933 39

Thomas Nelson Thomas Nelson Page Thomas R Marshall Thomas Ruffin

10-Dec-41 05-May-43 07-Dec-42 09-Mar-42

04-Apr-42 01-Jun-43 15-Jan-43 18-May-42

12-May-42 12-Jun-43 28-Jan-43 10-Jun-42

921

Thomas Sim Lee

23-Sep-42

24-Oct-42

31-Oct-42

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Hull No. 27

Name Thomas Stone

Laid Down 20-Oct-41 28-Jun-43 29-Jun-43 18-Jun-43 06-Jul-42 05-Dec-43

Launched 12-Apr-42 25-Jul-43 28-Jul-43 24-Jul-43 27-Aug-42 29-Dec-43

Completed Left Service 16-May-42 31-Jul-43 09-Aug-43 31-Jul-43 09-Sep-42 08-Jan-44 Aug-66 Aug-66 Sep-67 Dec-68 Mar-67

Notes US reserve fleet Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Laid down as the William R Cox. Delivered inclomplete (94.5%) to the US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the Arthur P Gorman. Delivered incomplete to the US Navy. In 1970 was still in USN service. Fate unknown.

1756 Thomas U Walter 1757 Thorstein Veblen 1020 Townsend Harris 307 Tristram Dalton

2406 Tuscana

1779 Tutuila

11-Aug-43

12-Sep-43

18-Sep-43

1811 U S O 1803 Viggo Hansteen 2661 Vincent Harrington 1797 W R Grace 2656 Walter Kidde 972 Ward Hunt

29-Sep-43 18-Sep-43 16-Jun-44 09-S ep-43 03-Jun-44 19-Mar-43 22-Jan-44 01-Jul-44

21-Oct-43 11-Oct-43 22-Jul-44 04-Oct-43 10-Jul-44 23-Apr-43 24-Feb-44 05-Aug-44

30-Oct-43 18-Oct-43 31-Jul-44 11-Oct-43 22-Jul-44 30-Apr-43 04-Mar-44 26-Aug-44

06-Nov-67 Ran aground south of Hong Kong. 20-Mar-63 Laid down as the George M Shriver. Ran aground. 1963 Jan-66 Feb-66 1963 Jun-66 Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the Masbate. Delivered incomplete to the US Navy (79.9%). US reserve fleet. Whilst travelling as part of convoy HX346 was torpedoed by German submarine U1024 (commanded by Gutteck) in the Irish Sea. She was towed in to port and berthed as the James W Nesmith and repaired. No fatalities. 1966 Scrapped

2597 Warren Delano 2666 Webster

923

Will Rogers

11-Oct-42

08-Nov-42

27-Nov-42

930

Willard Hall

29-Nov-42 01-Jan-44 14-Jul-42 16-Jul-42 22-May-43 05-Apr-43

28-Dec-42 02-Feb-44 28-Aug-42 31-Aug-42 23-Jun-43 07-May-43

11-Jan-43 15-Feb-44 10-Sep-42 14-Sep-42 02-Jul-43 15-May-43

2588 William D Byron 309 310 William Few William Grayson

15-Aug-44 Struck mine off Italy, declared CTL. No fatalities. Feb-69 Jun-68 Dec-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped

1006 William H Jackson 980 William H Webb

02-Jan-46 Ran aground and broke in two near Kildin Island. May 2004 55 of 164

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Hull No. 953

Name William H Welch

Laid Down 31-Jan-43

Launched 10-Mar-43

Completed Left Service 31-Mar-43

Notes

26-Feb-44 Forced ashore in storm and broke up (Loch Ewe). 35 crew, 23 Armed Guard and 3 passengers lost. 15-Apr-62 Caught fire in Beirut harbour, refloated but declared CTL. 1963 1962 1966 Oct-67 Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped Scrapped US reserve fleet 01-Dec-69 30 Nov 44 collided with the Empire Ness off Terneuzen. Repaired. Scrapped. US reserve fleet Feb-62 Dec-59 Dec-58 Scrapped Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Ran aground and declared CTL. Scrapped. US reserve fleet May-68 Scrapped

959

William H Wilmer

19-Feb-43 23-May-44 18-Mar-42 28-Jul-44 25-Apr-42 07-Dec-42 13-Dec-41

25-Mar-43 29-Jun-44 22-May-42 30-Aug-44 22-Jun-42 21-Jan-43 30-May-42

05-Apr-43 12-Jul-44 16-Jun-42 13-Sep-44 07-Jul-42 06-Feb-43 19-Jun-42

2653 William Hodson 40 William Johnson

2672 William Libbey 47 932 302 William MacLay William McKinley William Paca

48 974 941 61

William Patterson William Pepper William R Day William Rawle

29-Apr-42 25-Mar-43 24-Dec-42 28-Jun-42

26-Jun-42 24-Apr-43 12-Feb-43 19-Aug-42

13-Jul-42 01-May-43 02-Mar-43 29-Aug-42

2651 William S Baer 956 William S Halsted

22-May-44 13-Feb-43 12-Jul-43

27-Jun-44 16-Mar-43 11-Aug-43

08-Jul-44 29-Mar-43 19-Aug-43

1761 William S Thayer

30-Apr-44 Whilst travelling as part of convoy RA59 was torpedoed by German submarine U711 (commanded by Lange) off Bear Island (73.46 North 19.10 East). 23 crew, 13 passengers and 7 Armed Guard lost. 20-Nov-47 Ran aground and broke in two near Tretteskjaer. US reserve fleet Mar-64 Scrapped

970 59 993 977

William Strong William Tilghman William Tyler Page William W Gerhard

12-Mar-43 20-Jun-42 01-May-43 28-Mar-43

13-Apr-43 07-Aug-42 31-May-43 26-Apr-43

24-Apr-43 18-Aug-42 22-Jun-43 06-May-43

21-Sep-43 Whilst part of convoy NSS3 was torpedoed by U593 (commanded by Kelbling) off Salerno (40.05 North 14.43 East). 2 Armed Guard lost. 1966 Nov-59 Mar-69 Scrapped Scrapped Laid down as the William Osler. Converted to hospital ship. Scrapped.

50 967 954

William Wirt Winfred L Smith Wisteria

13-May-42 08-Mar-43 06-Feb-43

04-Jul-42 07-Apr-43 06-Mar-43

24-Jul-42 17-Apr-43 22-Mar-43

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Hull No. 931

Name Woodbridge N Ferris

Laid Down 02-Dec-42 27-Jun-44

Launched 28-Dec-42 31-Jul-44

Completed Left Service 15-Jan-43 16-Aug-44 Mar-65 Scrapped

Notes

2664 Xanthus

Laid down as the Hecla. Delivered incomplete to US Navy (79.9%), converted to repair ship and intended fro transfer to Royal Navy. Retained by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

California Shipbuilding Corp
Hull No. 2558 674 281 75 277 Name A B Hammond Abel Stearns Abiel Foster Abraham Clark Albert Gallatin Laid Down Launched 23-Dec-43 26-Oct-42 13-Oct-41 03-Dec-41 11-Sep-41 21-Jan-44 25-Nov-42 22-Mar-42 02-Apr-42 12-Feb-42 Completed Left Service Notes 08-Feb-44 15-Dec-42 16-May-42 10-Jun-42 30-Apr-42 25-Jan-63 Jun-66 1961 23-Oct-59 02-Jan-44 Ran aground, refloated and sold for scrap. Scrapped. Scrapped. Grounded, salvaged and scrapped. On 28 August 1943, whilst being escorted by airship K-34, was hit by torpedo from German submarine U107 (commanded by Simmermacher), however the torpedo failed to explode. Was finally sunk by torpedo from Japanese submarine I26 (commanded by Kusaka) whilst travelling independently in the Arabian Sea (21.21 North 59.58 East). No fatalities. Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U177 (commanded by Gysae) off Mozambique (26.30 South 44.20 East). No fatalities. Ran aground and broke in two Scrapped. Scrapped. Was still trading in 1966 as the Efdromos. Current fate unknown. Dec-65 Apr-64 May-68 1964 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the George C Yount. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 58 of 164

1877 1879 726

Albert P Ryder Albino Perez Alice F Palmer

08-Aug-43 12-Aug-43 12-Feb-43

30-Aug-43 04-Sep-43 12-Mar-43

15-Sep-43 19-Sep-43 28-Mar-43

Mar-66 Jan-61 10-Jul-43

2235 676 734 1670

Allen C Balch Amos G Throop Amy Lowell Andrew T Huntington

21-Dec-43 30-Oct-42 28-Feb-43 16-May-43

17-Jan-44 28-Nov-42 27-Mar-43 08-Jun-43

02-Feb-44 19-Dec-42 10-Apr-43 20-Jun-43

14-Apr-61 Feb-68 1967

1683 682 1858 708

Anson P K Safford Archbishop Lamy Arthur P Davis Ascella

07-Jun-43 11-Nov-42 29-Jun-43 07-Jan-43

30-Jun-43 12-Dec-42 23-Jul-43 04-Feb-43

14-Jul-43 28-Dec-42 06-Aug-43 21-Feb-43

2554 2543 1646 66

Augustin Stahl Ben B Lindsey Benjamin D Wilson Benjamin Franklin

11-Dec-43 11-Nov-43 07-Apr-43 21-Jun-41

05-Jan-44 08-Dec-43 30-Apr-43 16-Nov-41

22-Jan-44 27-Dec-43 13-May-43 21-Mar-42

Sep-69 Jun-68 Feb-62 1958

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 282 675

Name Benjamin Goodhue

Laid Down Launched 20-Oct-41 31-Mar-42 27-Nov-42

Completed Left Service Notes 20-May-42 17-Dec-42 Oct-61 Oct-44 Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Sank by Kamikazi aircraft off Leyete. 1 crew and 1 Armed Guard lost. Refloated and laid up, but finally scrapped in 1948. Scrapped. Either exploded whilst loading depth charges, or may have been sunk in error by US submarine. Whilst loading ammonium nitrate fertiliser (as the Grandcamp) caught fire and exploded, causing the famous Texas City disaster. A chemical plant and two miles of oil storage facilities were destroyed, and over 500 people lost their lives. Scrapped. Ran aground off Portugal, abandoned, taken in tow and sank. Laid down as Stanford White. Converted to hospital ship. US reserve fleet. Jul-69 Jun-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1943 was taken over by the US Navy and renamed the Murzim. US reserve fleet. 09-Oct-45 Aug-68 Aug-61 Ran aground in typhoon on Okinawa. Scrapped. Laid down as the Wyatt Earp. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 59 of 164

Benjamin Ide Wheeler 28-Oct-42

716 739

Benjamin Lundy Benjamin N Cardozo

24-Jan-43 10-Mar-43

20-Feb-43 05-Apr-43

09-Mar-43 19-Apr-43

1962 29-Jan-45

664

Benjamin R Curtis

30-Sep-42

03-Nov-42

21-Nov-42

16-Apr-47

1667 1687

Billy Mitchell Billy Sunday

11-May-43 14-Jun-43

02-Jun-43 10-Jul-43

17-Jun-43 22-Jul-43

1965 18-Mar-63

738

Blanche F Sigman

09-Mar-43

05-Apr-43

17-Apr-43

648 1690 633

Booker T Washington Brand Whitlock Brigham Young

19-Aug-42 18-Jun-43 10-Jul-42

29-Sep-42 13-Jul-43 17-Aug-42

17-Oct-42 26-Jul-43 05-Sep-42

658 2242 1860

Brockholst Livingston C K McClatchy Caelum

18-Sep-42 10-Feb-44 30-Jun-43

21-Oct-42 07-Mar-44 25-Jul-43

07-Nov-42 29-Mar-44 10-Aug-43

78 698 2557 1680 1653

Caleb Strong Carlos Carrillo Carole Lombard Charles A Warfield Charles Crocker

28-Jan-42 19-Dec-42 19-Dec-43 31-May-43 18-Apr-43

16-Apr-42 15-Jan-43 15-Jan-44 25-Jun-43 11-May-43

27-May-42 31-Jan-43 31-Jan-44 09-Jul-43 24-May-43

Feb-66 Feb-63 Aug-59 Apr-69 Jan-65

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 1661 2548 1633 1649 2232 636 1660 2555 69 715 2237 1666 1867 1874

Name Charles D Poston Charles Fort Charles H Windham Charles Lummis Charles Paddock Clara Barton Clarence Darrow Clarence H Matson Daniel Boone Daniel Drake David A Curry David E Hughes David R Francis Don Marquis

Laid Down Launched 02-May-43 20-Nov-43 15-Mar-43 13-Apr-43 02-Dec-43 19-Jul-42 30-Apr-43 13-Dec-43 17-Jul-41 21-Jan-43 05-Jan-44 10-May-43 19-Jul-43 31-Jul-43 25-May-43 17-Dec-43 10-Apr-43 05-May-43 26-Dec-43 25-Aug-42 23-May-43 08-Jan-44 14-Jan-42 18-Feb-43 31-Jan-44 31-May-43 11-Aug-43 23-Aug-43

Completed Left Service Notes 08-Jun-43 31-Dec-43 23-Apr-43 18-May-43 13-Jan-44 12-Sep-42 06-Jun-43 26-Jan-44 15-Apr-42 07-Mar-43 17-Feb-44 15-Jun-43 24-Aug-43 11-Sep-43 May-60 26-Sep-44 Dec-59 Sep-69 1968 Nov-69 12-Oct-64 Mar-60 May-65 12-Jul-67 US reserve fleet. Ran aground off Tarifa Light, refloated and declared CTL. Scrapped. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Foundered. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Transferred to US Navy 1943, renamed Ara. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Collided with Missionary Ridge. 3 US Army personnel killed (none killed on the Missionary Ridge). Caught fire and declared CTL. Taken over as hulk by US Navy and eventually scrapped. Caught fire and exploded in Genoa. Salvaged and declared CTL. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Feb-67 May-65 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jun-66 03-Jul-43 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Sunk by German submarine U513 (commanded by Guggenberger) off Brazil (24.05 South 45.23 West). No fatalities.

710

Edmund Fanning

11-Jan-43

08-Feb-43

25-Feb-43

13-Mar-47

712 2233 713 1913 1645 1864 284 83 279 691

Edmund Randolph Edward J O'Brien Edward Livingston Edward Paine Edward W Scripps Edwin Abbey Edwin Markham Egbert Benson Elbridge Gerry Elihu B Washburne

15-Jan-43 04-Dec-43 19-Jan-43 24-Oct-43 06-Apr-43 13-Jul-43 18-Feb-42 02-Apr-42 22-Sep-41 01-Dec-42

12-Feb-43 28-Dec-43 13-Feb-43 22-Nov-43 28-Apr-43 05-Aug-43 05-May-42 03-Jun-42 28-Feb-42 31-Dec-42

28-Feb-43 15-Jan-44 03-Mar-43 09-Dec-43 11-May-43 19-Aug-43 09-Jun-42 24-Jun-42 20-May-42 16-Jan-43

Dec-66 Jun-67 1966 Jan-61

May 2004 60 of 164

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Hull No. 2559

Name Elinor Wylie

Laid Down Launched 27-Dec-43 24-Jan-44

Completed Left Service Notes 10-Feb-44 Oct-58 On 6 Oct 1944 hit mine in Mediterranean and declared CTL. No fatalities. Taken over by US Navy and renamed the Triana in May 1945. Scrapped. Scrapped. Converted to troopship. Grounded, caught fire and salvaged. Declared CTL. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst travelling as part of convoy BT6 was torpedoed by German submarine U518 (commanded by Wissmann) in the South Atlantic (12.20 South 37.01 West). 1 Armed Guard lost. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Apr-61 Mar-67 Oct-67 Oct-67 Jul-67 Oct-65 19-May-67 1962 07-Jun-43 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Ran aground and broke in two off San Lazaro Light. Scrapped. Ran aground (Caribbean). Refloated and used as fire training hulk, later scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Sep-61 Scrapped.

631 81

Ewing Young F A C Muhlenberg

30-Jun-42 24-Feb-42

13-Aug-42 13-May-42

30-Aug-42 13-Jun-42

Nov-59 01-Jul-66

639 1678 649

Felipe De Neve Finley Peter Dunne Fitz-John Porter

26-Jul-42 30-May-43 22-Aug-42

04-Sep-42 21-Jun-43 27-Sep-42

19-Sep-42 30-Jun-43 15-Oct-42

1966 Apr-67 01-Mar-43

1674 299 89 672 1677 1873 2542 1663 2567 656 678

Florence Crittenton Francis Drake Francis Parkman Frank Joseph Irwin Frank Springer Frank Wiggins Franklin H King Franklin K Lane Frederick C Hicks Gabriel Duval Gaspar De Portola

24-May-43 27-Jun-42 13-May-42 21-Oct-42 28-May-43 29-Jul-43 09-Nov-43 06-May-43 09-Feb-44 11-Sep-42 03-Nov-42

15-Jun-43 08-Aug-42 29-Jun-42 21-Nov-42 19-Jun-43 21-Aug-43 06-Dec-43 28-May-43 04-Mar-44 13-Oct-42 04-Dec-42

26-Jun-43 27-Aug-42 21-Jul-42 10-Dec-42 30-Jun-43 09-Sep-43 24-Dec-43 11-Jun-43 23-Mar-44 31-Oct-42 22-Dec-42

Jan-67

646 91 671 700

George A Custer George Bancroft George Chaffey George E Hale

15-Aug-42 03-Jun-42 18-Oct-42 23-Dec-42

23-Sep-42 15-Jul-42 18-Nov-42 19-Jan-43

10-Oct-42 04-Aug-42 08-Dec-42 06-Feb-43

1961 Feb-60

May 2004 61 of 164

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Hull No. 647

Name George G Meade

Laid Down Launched 17-Aug-42 25-Sep-42

Completed Left Service Notes 13-Oct-42 May-69 Temporarily converted to troopship. On 9 March 1943, whilst travelling as part of convoy BT6, was torpedoed and damaged by German submarine U510 (commanded by Neitzel) in the Atlantic (07.11 North 52.30 West). No fatalities. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jul-60 Jul-67 01-Nov-42 Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by German submarine U126 (commanded by Bauer) off Africa (01.45 South 07.40 East). 5 crew, 5 Armed Guard and 8 US Army personnel lost. Grounded in typhoon. Refloated by collided with tug. Declared CTL. Damaged by Italian limpet mine in Gibraltar. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Oct-61 Oct-68 19-Jun-43 Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I37 (commanded by Otani) off the Maldive Islands (00.00 North 70.10 East). 13 crew and 13 Armed Guard lost. Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst travelling in convoy GUS63 was torpedoed by German submarine U870 (commanded by Hechler) off Morocco (35.51 North 06.24 West). Declared CTL on arrival in Gibraltar. No fatalities. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. May 2004 62 of 164

1641 1866 285 290

George Gershwin George Kenny George Matthews George Thacher

29-Mar-43 18-Jul-43 28-Feb-42 05-May-42

22-Apr-43 09-Aug-43 09-May-42 23-Jun-42

04-May-43 22-Aug-43 11-Jun-42 16-Jul-42

1869

Gutzon Borglum

22-Jul-43

14-Aug-43

30-Aug-43

1945

692 2551 673 657 2560 728 74

Harrison Gray Otis Hart Crane Helen Hunt Jackson Henry Baldwin Henry E Huntington Henry H Sibley Henry Knox

04-Dec-42 25-Nov-43 24-Oct-42 13-Sep-42 28-Dec-43 17-Feb-43 17-Nov-41

03-Jan-43 22-Dec-43 23-Nov-42 18-Oct-42 27-Jan-44 16-Mar-43 06-Mar-42

17-Jan-43 07-Jan-44 12-Dec-42 05-Nov-42 12-Feb-44 31-Mar-43 13-May-42

04-Aug-43 Jan-66

2552 729 2538

Henry L Gantt Henry M Rice Henry Miller

08-Dec-43 18-Feb-43 31-Oct-43

31-Dec-43 17-Mar-43 27-Nov-43

18-Jan-44 31-Mar-43 19-Dec-43

Dec-63 Jul-63 03-Jan-45

642

Henry Ward Beecher

04-Aug-42

11-Sep-42

26-Sep-42

Feb-69

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 94 641

Name Hinton R Helper Horace Greeley

Laid Down Launched 12-Jun-42 31-Jul-42 24-Jul-42 09-Sep-42

Completed Left Service Notes 13-Aug-42 24-Sep-42 Mar-61 28-Jul-66 Scrapped. Packed with ammunition, scuttled and exploded at 4000 ft as part of scientific experiment. Was still trading in 1970 as the Ireti. Fate unknown. 21-Sep-56 In 1956 was lengthened to 511.5 feet. Broke in two and declared CTL. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Alexandros Koryzis. No further record. Jan-68 1945 Mar-70 May-67 Feb-69 10-Aug-45 Scrapped. Severely damaged in typhoon and declared CTL. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Torpedoed by aircraft off Okinawa and beached. No fatalities. Refloated but forced ashore during typhoon. US reserve fleet. Apr-62 20-Jan-62 Mar-62 1965 Jul-69 1964 Jan-67 Aug-61 02-Jan-66 Scrapped. Ran aground and broke in two. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Sprung leak and beached in heavy weather. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. May 2004 63 of 164

634 2563

Horace Mann Horatio Allen

12-Jul-42 15-Jan-44

19-Aug-42 10-Feb-44

08-Sep-42 26-Feb-44

705 1854 669 685 2565

Howard Stansbury Howard T Ricketts

31-Dec-42 21-Jun-43

30-Jan-43 17-Jul-43 11-Nov-42 22-Dec-42 23-Feb-44

15-Feb-43 30-Jul-43 30-Nov-42 06-Jan-43 13-Mar-44

Aug-61 1968 May-67 Sep-59

Hubert Howe Bancroft 13-Oct-42 Hugh S Legare I N Van Nuys 18-Nov-42 29-Jan-44

2566 1648 1856 84 2239 2231

Ida M Tarbell Ignace Paderewski Ina Coolbrith Isaac Coles J Frank Cooper Jack Singer

31-Jan-44 12-Apr-43 25-Jun-43 08-Apr-42 21-Jan-44 27-Nov-43

15-Feb-44 04-May-43 19-Jul-43 07-Jun-42 17-Feb-44 23-Dec-43

15-Mar-44 16-May-43 31-Jul-43 26-Jun-42 06-Mar-44 09-Jan-44

1665 737 2556 650 732 686 92 719 643 727 80

Jacob S Mansfield Jacques Cartier James A Wilder James B McPherson James B Weaver James Buchanan James Ford Rhodes James G Birney

09-May-43 06-Mar-43 17-Dec-43 25-Aug-42 24-Feb-43 21-Nov-42 07-Jun-42 30-Jan-43

31-May-43 02-Apr-43 14-Jan-44 04-Oct-42 23-Mar-43 23-Dec-42 19-Jul-42 27-Feb-43 14-Sep-42 15-Mar-43 27-Apr-42

14-Jun-43 16-Apr-43 29-Jan-44 22-Oct-42 07-Apr-43 08-Jan-43 06-Aug-42 15-Mar-43 30-Sep-42 30-Mar-43 03-Jun-42

James Gordon Bennett 09-Aug-42 James M Goodhue James Monroe 15-Feb-43 04-Feb-42

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Hull No. 703

Name James Robertson

Laid Down Launched 29-Dec-42 26-Jan-43

Completed Left Service Notes 11-Feb-43 07-Jul-43 Sunk by German submarine U185 (commanded by Maus) off Brazil (04.05 South 35.58 West). 1 Armed Guard lost. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. 08-Jun-44 Temporarily converted to troopship. Hit and damaged by guided bomb off Salerno. 13 crew, 17 Armed Guard and unknown number of US Army personnel lost. Later sunk as part of Mulberry harbour during Allied invasions of Normandy. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Ran aground and broke in two off Port Okha. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Damaged by mine off Philipines, declared CTL. No fatalities. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Nov-69 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. In 1944 was renamed the Tiblisi. No further record, fate unknown.

287 1668 2546 670

James Schureman James Shields James W Johnson James W Marshall

22-Mar-42 13-May-43 15-Nov-43 15-Oct-42

23-May-42 05-Jun-43 12-Dec-43 16-Nov-42

20-Jun-42 18-Jun-43 30-Dec-43 05-Dec-42

Apr-62

635 1650 690 2241 1911 293 1659 82 683 1652 64 2539 2561 697 2549 90 2547 283 77

Jane Addams Jedediah S Smith Jeremiah S Black Joe Fellows John A Roebling John A Sutter John Alden John B Ashe John Bidwell John Burroughs John C Freemont John Davey John Dockweiler John Drake Sloat John Drew John Fiske John H Quick John Hathorn John Langdon

15-Jul-42 14-Apr-43 28-Nov-42 12-Feb-44 19-Oct-43 23-May-42 28-Apr-43 06-Mar-42 14-Nov-42 17-Apr-43 24-May-41 02-Nov-43 31-Dec-43 17-Dec-42 22-Nov-43 16-May-42 16-Nov-43 12-Feb-42 14-Jan-42

22-Aug-42 07-May-43 30-Dec-42 10-Mar-44 13-Nov-43 10-Jul-42 22-May-43 16-May-42 19-Dec-42 10-May-43 27-Sep-41 28-Nov-43 29-Jan-44 12-Jan-43 19-Dec-43 03-Jul-42 13-Dec-43 30-Apr-42 14-Apr-42

10-Sep-42 19-May-43 13-Jan-43 29-Mar-44 05-Dec-43 27-Jul-42 04-Jun-43 16-Jun-42 31-Dec-42 23-May-43 21-Feb-42 21-Dec-43 15-Feb-44 28-Jan-43 31-Dec-43 25-Jul-42 31-Dec-43 06-Jun-42 20-Jun-42

Mar-69 Oct-64 1963 28-Jul-66 Feb-68 Nov-69 1959 Jun-62 Aug-60 Nov-62 31-Mar-45 1961 Feb-70 Aug-60 May-67

May 2004 64 of 164

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Hull No. 687

Name John M Clayton

Laid Down Launched 23-Nov-42 27-Dec-42

Completed Left Service Notes 08-Jan-43 Nov-62 On 1 Jan 1945 was attacked and damaged by aircraft bombs. 2 crew 4 Armed Guard lost. Beached, eventually salvaged and repaired. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet 14-Jun-67 Mar-68 1963 Nov-61 Damaged in collision and sold for scrap. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1970 was still trading as the Samudra Jit. Fate unknown. In 1943 was renamed the Suchan. No further information. May-60 Aug-66 May-62 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. May-59 1963 Jan-69 Dec-67 Sep-66 Apr-61 Jul-61 Feb-69 Feb-59 Scrapped. Scrapped. Caught fire, later scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the James H McClintock. Taken over by US Navy. Converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Apr-69 Jul-69 Aug-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. May 2004 65 of 164

286 67 1654 730 652 289 2540 1647 1875 693 86 1675 644 1870 655 1662 1651 714 291 1634 2234 292 1664

John Page John Paul Jones John S Casement John S Pillsbury John Sedgwick John Steele John W Searles Jose Sepulveda Joseph Francis Joseph H Hollister Joseph McKenna Joseph Priestley Joseph Pulitzer Joseph Reynolds Joseph Story Josiah Earl

11-Mar-42 27-Jun-41 02-Apr-43 20-Feb-43 31-Aug-42 30-Apr-42 06-Nov-43 10-Apr-43 04-Aug-43 07-Dec-42 16-Apr-42 25-May-43 10-Aug-42 23-Jul-43 09-Sep-42 04-May-43

19-May-42 03-Dec-41 13-May-43 19-Mar-43 07-Oct-42 21-Jun-42 02-Dec-43 02-May-43 27-Aug-43 05-Jan-43 12-Jun-42 17-Jun-43 18-Sep-42 16-Aug-43 15-Oct-42 27-May-43 08-May-43 16-Feb-43 27-Jun-42 12-Apr-43 07-Jan-44 30-Jun-42 30-May-43

18-Jun-42 30-Mar-42 26-May-43 04-Apr-43 24-Oct-42 14-Jul-42 22-Dec-43 15-May-43 12-Sep-43 20-Jan-43 30-Jun-42 28-Jun-43 06-Oct-42 31-Aug-43 03-Nov-42 09-Jun-43 21-May-43 05-Mar-43 19-Jul-42 24-Apr-43 24-Jan-44 23-Jul-42 12-Jun-43

Nov-59

Josiah Nelson Cushing 16-A pr-43 Josiah Royce Juan Cabrillo Juan Flaco Brown Julian W Mack Junipero Serra Kenmore 20-Jan-43 09-May-42 16-Mar-43 12-Dec-43 20-May-42 08-May-43

681 731 298

King S Woolsey Knute Nelson Leland Stanford

09-Nov-42 24-Feb-43 23-Jun-42

13-Dec-42 22-Mar-43 04-Aug-42

29-Dec-42 06-Apr-43 25-Aug-42

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Hull No. 1915 1638

Name Leopold Damrosch Lesuth

Laid Down Launched 29-Oct-43 24-Mar-43 25-Nov-43 17-Apr-43

Completed Left Service Notes 18-Dec-43 29-Apr-43 Sep-61 1964 Scrapped. Laid down as the William M Gwin. Taken over by US navy. Scrapped

689 668 1637

Lewis Cass Lincoln Steffens Livingston

27-Nov-42 11-Oct-42 22-Mar-43

29-Dec-42 14-Nov-42 16-Apr-43

12-Jan-43 03-Dec-42 28-Apr-43

26 jam 1943 Ran aground on Guadalupe Island. No fatalities. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Laid down as Josiah D Whitney. Taken over by US navy. Converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. 1966 Oct-60 27-Apr-43 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I178 (commanded by Utsuki) off Australia (33.08 South 153.24 East). No fatalities. Scrapped. Laid down as the Juan Bautista de Anza. Taken over by the US Navy. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Feb-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-62 Nov-60 Apr-63 Jul-67 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the General Vallejo. Taken over by US navy. US reserve fleet Oct-68 1958 Apr-68 Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Ansel Briggs, but taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the William R Nelson. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped.

684 679 720

Louis McLane Luis Arguello Lydia M Child

16-Nov-42 05-Nov-42 31-Jan-43

17-Dec-42 09-Dec-42 28-Feb-43

31-Dec-42 27-Dec-42 17-Mar-43

1658 1657

Lyman Stewart Lynx

27-Apr-43 26-Apr-43

20-May-43 18-May-43

31-May-43 30-May-43

Jan-69

645 723 722 1679 665 1639 2244 1642

Malcolm M Stewart Margaret Fuller Maria Mitchell Marina Raskova Marion McKinley Bovard Mark Keppel Martin Johnson Megrez

13-Aug-42 06-Feb-43 04-Feb-43 31-May-43 04-Oct-42 26-Mar-43 17-Mar-44 31-Mar-43

21-Sep-42 06-Mar-43 04-Mar-43 24-Jun-43 05-Nov-42 18-Apr-43 14-Apr-44 23-Apr-43

08-Oct-42 23-Mar-43 21-Mar-43 08-Jul-43 24-Nov-42 30-Apr-43 04-May-44 06-May-43

2541 1636 725

Meyer Lissner Miguel Hidalgo Mintaka

09-Nov-43 19-Mar-43 09-Feb-43

04-Dec-43 14-Apr-43 10-Mar-43

23-Dec-43 27-Apr-43 26-Mar-43

1684

Naos

08-Jun-43

30-Jun-43

15-Jul-43

Jul-69

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Hull No. 72 278 1912 2238

Name Nathan Hale Oliver Hazard Perry Orland Loomis Oscar Underwood

Laid Down Launched 29-Sep-41 15-Sep-41 21-Oct-43 14-Jan-44 04-Feb-42 18-Feb-42 16-Nov-43 08-Feb-44

Completed Left Service Notes 07-May-42 09-May-42 07-Dec-43 26-Feb-44 05-Feb-46 Damaged by mine off Gorgona, declared CTL. US reserve fleet US reserve fleet. No further record after being renamed the Hellenic Beach in 1947. Jun-61 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. In 1970 was still trading as the Irena. Fate unknown. 1965 1961 1959 Scrapped Scrapped. On 22 Jan 1943, whilst proceeding independently in the Pacific, was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I21 (commanded by Matsumura) and damaged (32.45 South 159.32 East). 1 Armed Guard killed. Repaired and taken over by US Navy as P H Burnett. Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by German submarine U862 (commanded by Timm) in the Indian Ocean (34.19 South 99.37 East). This was the last ship sunk in the Indian Ocean / South Africa area. 1 crew, 7 Armed Guard and 24 US Army personnel lost. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. May-67 30-Apr-43 Scrapped. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I19 (commanded by Kinashi) Nort of Fiji (20.07 South 177.33 East). No fatalities. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

1655 79 2230 68 632 300

P T Barnum Paine Wingate Paul Chandler Paul Revere Peter Cartwright Peter H Burnett

23-Apr-43 31-Jan-42 31-Aug-43 10-Jul-41 03-Jul-42 29-Jun-42

14-May-43 21-Apr-42 24-Sep-43 21-Dec-41 15-Aug-42 10-Aug-42

27-May-43 29-May-42 07-Oct-43 08-Apr-42 03-Sep-42 29-Aug-42

2243 288

Peter Lassen Peter Silvester

11-Mar-44 31-Mar-42

07-Apr-44 27-May-42

28-Apr-44 22-Jun-42

1968 06-Feb-45

661 2545 660 711 694

Peter V Daniel Philip C Shera Philip P Barbour Phineas Banning Phoebe A Hearst

25-Sep-42 13-Nov-43 23-Sep-42 12-Jan-43 09-Dec-42

28-Oct-42 11-Dec-43 26-Oct-42 09-Feb-43 07-Jan-43

14-Nov-42 28-Dec-43 12-Nov-42 27-Feb-43 22-Jan-43

1963 Feb-69

696 721

Pio Pico Rachel Jackson

13-Dec-42 02-Feb-43

11-Jan-43 02-Mar-43

26-Jan-43 19-Mar-43

Oct-60

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Hull No. 1910 2236 294 663 296

Name Ralph A Cram Raymond T Baker Richard Henry Dana Robert C Grier Robert F Stockton

Laid Down Launched 18-Oct-43 22-Dec-43 27-May-42 29-Sep-42 19-Jun-42 11-Nov-43 19-Jan-44 12-Jul-42 31-Oct-42 29-Jul-42

Completed Left Service Notes 01-Dec-43 07-Feb-44 31-Jul-42 19-Nov-42 18-Aug-42 1966 ???? In 1970 was still trading as the Huta Ostrowiec. Fate unknown. Was still trading in 1970 as the Despo. Fate unknown. Converted to a crane barge in 1966. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Presumed scrapped. Was dismantled after use as a grain store. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 1961 Sep-66 Scrapped. Laid down as the William Kelly. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Ran aground off Moreton Island (27.12 South 153.12 East). Broke in two, with forward end salvaged. No fatalities. Ran aground off New Guinea. No fatalities. Laid down as the Andrew Rowan. US reserve fleet Apr-67 Laid down as the Samson Occum. Scrapped Laid down as the Granville Stewart. Ultimate fate unknown. 1960 Oct-59 10-Nov-43 Laid down as the Henry M Robinson. Scrapped. Laid down as the Augustus H Garland. Scrapped. Laid down as the Edwin Joseph O'Hara. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I27 (commanded by Fukumura) in the Gulf of Aden (12.28 North 43.31 East). Laid down as the Dwight B Heard. Scrapped.

1855 2240 70 706 1872

Robert G Ingersoll Robert L Hague Robert Morris Robert Stuart Rotanin

24-Jun-43 27-Jan-44 23-Jul-41 03-Jan-43 25-Jul-43

18-Jul-43 19-Feb-44 28-Jan-42 31-Jan-43 18-Aug-43

31-Jul-43 09-Mar-44 24-Apr-42 17-Feb-43 06-Sep-43

Feb-61 1968

280

Rufus King

06-Oct-41

11-Mar-42

29-May-42

07-Jul-42

2564 1643 1878 1688 1865 1859 1861

Russell H Chittenden Rutilicus Samarinda Samaritan Samarovsk Samblade Sambo

19-Jan-44 02-Apr-43 09-Aug-43 15-Jun-43 15-Jul-43 30-Jun-43 08-Jul-43

12-Feb-44 26-Apr-43 31-Aug-43 11-Jul-43 08-Aug-43 24-Jul-43 29-Jul-43

29-Feb-44 08-May-43 17-Sep-43 23-Jul-43 21-Aug-43 08-Aug-43 12-Aug-43

13-Mar-45

1876

Sambur

05-Aug-43

28-Aug-43

14-Sep-43

1960

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Hull No. 2226

Name Samcalia

Laid Down Launched 18-Aug-43 10-Sep-43

Completed Left Service Notes 23-Sep-43 Laid down as the Lorrin A Thurston. Was still trading in 1970 as the San Gabriel. Fate unknown. Oct-59 09-Apr-45 Laid down as the Jacob Riis. Scrapped. Laid down as the Annie Oakley. Sunk by German midget submarine, probably KU5363 (Buttmann / Schmidt), in the English Channel (50.57 North 01.03 East). Laid down as the E H Sothern. Hull cracked off Somaliland and scrapped. Laid down as the Henry M Stanley. Torpedoed by German submarine U309 (commanded by Mahrholz) in the English Channel (50.14 North 00.47 West). Beached, but broke in two and scrapped. Laid down as the William I Kip. Scrapped Laid down as the Victor F Lawson. Scrapped. Laid down as the John J Ingalls. Scrapped. Laid down as the James H Robinson. Scrapped. Laid down as the Cornelius Cole. Scrapped. Laid down as the John Tipton. Sold for scrap after being arrested for debt. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped Attacked and sunk by aircraft (torpedo) off New Caledonia (24.21 South 166.12 East). 3 crew and 1 Armed Guard lost. Sunk by Japanese surface raider in Indian Ocean (28.30 South 105.00 East). 42 crew 19 Armed Guard lost. Scrapped.

1685 2227

Samholt Samida

10-Jun-43 21-Aug-43

03-Jul-43 12-Sep-43

17-Jul-43 25-Sep-43

2229

Sammont

28-Aug-43

19-Sep-43

30-Sep-43

25-Jun-69

2228

Samneva

23-Aug-43

14-Sep-43

27-Sep-43

24-Jul-44

1863 1871 1686 1862 1857 2225

Sampan Sampep Samson Samsteel Samsurf Samtredy

12-Jul-43 24-Jul-43 12-Jun-43 11-Jul-43 28-Jun-43 17-Aug-43

04-Aug-43 17-Aug-43 08-Jul-43 31-Jul-43 22-Jul-43 08-Sep-43

17-Aug-43 31-Aug-43 20-Jul-43 15-Aug-43 05-Aug-43 21-Sep-43

May-62 Apr-69 Jun-61 Dec-61 Apr-61 Dec-69

71 640

Samuel Adams Samuel Gompers

31-Jul-41 29-Jul-42

31-Jan-42 07-Sep-42

28-Apr-42 22-Sep-42

Nov-66 21-Jan-43

651

Samuel Heintzelman

27-Aug-42

30-Sep-42

20-Oct-42

03-Jul-43

662

Samuel Nelson

27-Sep-42

30-Oct-42

17-Nov-42

1964

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Hull No. 702 1671

Name Samuel P Langley Sculptor

Laid Down Launched 28-Dec-42 18-May-43 24-Jan-43 10-Jun-43

Completed Left Service Notes 09-Feb-43 22-Jun-43 Sep-69 Renamed the Voikov in 1943. No further record, fate unknown. Laid down as the D W Harrington. Taken over by the US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 04-Aug-62 Nov-59 1963 15-May-05 Lost rudder in Arabian Sea and declared CTL. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Probably torpedoed by German midget submarine KU5363 (Buttmann / Schmidt). 2 Armed Guard lost. Salvaged and repaired. Scrapped. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I21 (commanded by Matsumura) in the Pacific (34.15 South 154.20 East). No fatalities. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Damaged offloading cargo into landing craft. Declared CTL Whilst travelling in convoy ON202 was torpedoed by German submarine U238 (commanded by Hepp) in the North Atlantic (57.03 North 28.08 West). 20 crew and 13 Armed Guard lost. US reserve fleet. 16-Apr-44 Torpedoed by aircraft off Libya (32.51 North 23.00 East). No fatalities. Beached and refloated, but declared CTL. Eventually scrapped (1951). May 2004 70 of 164

680 2562 2544 733 654 709

Sebastian Viscaino

07-Nov-42

07-Dec-42 04-Feb-44 10-Dec-43 26-Mar-43 11-Oct-42 06-Feb-43

23-Dec-42 21-Feb-44 28-Dec-43 09-Apr-43 29-Oct-42 23-Feb-43

Mar-61

Sherman O Houghton 07-Jan-44 Sherwood Anderson Simon Newcomb Smith Thompson Solomon Juneau 12-Nov-43 27-Feb-43 07-Sep-42 09-Jan-43

297

Starr King

21-Jun-42

31-Jul-42

20-Aug-42

10-Feb-43

1682 85 666 1676 1681 1914 1635 717

Stephen H Long

06-Jun-43

29-Jun-43 09-Jun-42 09-Nov-42 18-Jun-43 28-Jun-43 23-Nov-43 13-Apr-43 23-Feb-43

12-Jul-43 28-Jun-42 28-Nov-42 29-Jun-43 11-Jul-43 12-Dec-43 26-Apr-43 11-Mar-43

Dec-67 Jul-68 1967 Nov-66 Nov-67 Oct-67 Unknown 20-Sep-43

Stephen Johnson Field 14-Apr-42 Stephen M White Stephen T Mather 07-Oct-42 27-May-43

Stephen Vincent Benet 02-Jun-43 Sylvester Pattie Thaddeus S C Lowe 26-Oct-43 17-Mar-43

Theodore Dwight Weld 26-Jan-43

718 1868

Theodore Parker Thomas G Masaryk

28-Jan-43 19-Jul-43

24-Feb-43 12-Aug-43

13-Mar-43 26-Aug-43

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Hull No. 1644 659 701 1656 65 1669

Name Thomas Hill Thomas Johnson Thomas Nast Thomas Oliver Larkin Thomas Paine Triangulum

Laid Down Launched 05-Apr-43 21-Sep-42 27-Dec-42 24-Apr-43 24-May-41 14-May-43 27-Apr-43 24-Oct-42 21-Jan-43 16-May-43 26-Oct-41 06-Jun-43

Completed Left Service Notes 10-May-43 10-Nov-42 07-Feb-43 29-May-43 07-Mar-42 19-Jun-43 1967 Mar-60 05-Feb-62 1968 Sprang leak and sank. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Renamed Jean Jaures in 1943. No further record, fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped Laid down as the Eugene B Daskam. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. Was still trading in 1970 as the Kypros. Fate unknown. Oct-59 Dec-59 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 1949 Was attacked by aircraft and damaged by torpedo on 25 May 1945 in Pacific. 6 crew killed. Taken over by US Navy July 1945 and renamed the Gamage IX 227. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 20-Feb-51 13-Apr-52 Oct-69 May-67 Jun-63 Sank after cargo shifted in heavy weather. Ran aground at Toshima, broke in two. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. 1967 Feb-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jan-67 Apr-63 Scrapped. Scrapped.

1691 638 1640 1673 724

Vernon L Kellogg Wendell Phillips Wiley Post Wilfred Grenfell William B Allison

20-Jun-43 24-Jul-42 27-Mar-43 22-May-43 08-Feb-43

15-Jul-43 31-Aug-42 21-Apr-43 14-Jun-43 08-Mar-43

28-Jul-43 17-Sep-42 30-Apr-43 25-Jun-43 24-Mar-43

1632 707 667 637 295 1672 76 735 2553 93 704 736

William Carson William Dunbar William Eaton William Ellery Channing William F Cody William F MacLennan William Floyd William G Fargo William Glackens William H Prescott William J Worth William James

12-Mar-43 05-Jan-43 09-Oct-42 21-Jul-42 14-Jun-42 20-May-43 22-Dec-41 02-Mar-43 10-Dec-43 09-Jun-42 30-Dec-42 04-Mar-43

07-Apr-43 02-Feb-43 07-Nov-42 27-Aug-42 26-Jul-42 12-Jun-43 08-Apr-42 29-Mar-43 02-Jan-44 21-Jul-42 28-Jan-43 31-Mar-43

21-Apr-43 19-Feb-43 26-Nov-42 15-Sep-42 15-Aug-42 23-Jun-43 23-May-42 12-Apr-43 19-Jan-44 10-Aug-42 12-Feb-43 14-Apr-43

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Hull No. 688

Name William L Marcy

Laid Down Launched 25-Nov-42 28-Dec-42

Completed Left Service Notes 10-Jan-43 07-Aug-44 Torpedoed by German E boat in English Channel (49.29 North 00.27 West). 1 British Army lost. Disabled. Eventually scuttled containing war surplus ammunition in North Sea. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Ran aground off Las Palmas. Renamed the Apatoria in 1958, no further record. Sep-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jul-61 1964 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped.

653 87 677 699

William Lloyd Garrison 04-Sep-42 William M Stewart William Mulholland William S Young 21-Apr-42 31-Oct-42 22-Dec-42

09-Oct-42 14-Jun-42 01-Dec-42 18-Jan-43

27-Oct-42 06-Jul-42 21-Dec-42 02-Feb-43

1959 Sep-61 May-62 28-Mar-64

2550 88 695 73 1689

William Wolfskill Willis Van Devanter Zane Grey Zebulon Pike Zona Gale

23-Nov-43 27-Apr-42 12-Dec-42 27-Oct-41 17-Jun-43

21-Dec-43 19-Jun-42 09-Jan-43 24-Feb-42 12-Jul-43

31-Dec-43 10-Jul-42 25-Jan-43 09-May-42 25-Jul-43

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Delta Shipbuilding Co
Hull No. 123 142 Name Abraham Baldwin Abraham Lincoln Laid Down 22-Dec-41 21-Oct-42 25-Nov-43 17-Feb-43 16-May-44 24-Aug-44 Launched 16-May-42 12-Dec-42 08-Jan-44 27-Mar-43 07-Jul-44 07-Oct-44 15-May-44 07-Dec-42 28-Aug-44 16-May-44 14-Sep-44 21-Aug-44 11-Dec-44 07-Sep-42 05-Apr-44 22-Jan-44 21-Mar-44 11-Dec-44 15-Jun-42 Completed Left Service 21-Jul-42 30-Dec-42 09-Feb-44 10-Apr-43 22-Aug-44 13-Nov-44 05-Jul-44 24-Dec-42 17-Oct-44 06-Jul-44 25-Oct-44 02-Oct-44 31-Dec-44 11-Oct-42 19-May-44 21-Feb-44 21-Apr-44 28-Dec-44 07-Aug-42 Jan-66 08-Jun-44 Dec-68 Oct-67 1956 Apr-64 1964 25-Jan-64 1964 Aug-64 Notes US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Laid down as the Jean Louis. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Ran aground and declared CTL. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped.

1935 Acubens 1035 Aedanus Burke 2797 Alcee Fortier 2817 Ales Hrdlicka

2466 Alexander W Doniphan 28-Mar-44 139 Alexander White 11-Oct-42 19-Jul-44 31-Mar-44 03-Aug-44 10-Jul-44 07-Nov-44 16-Jun-42 21-Feb-44 04-Dec-43 05-Feb-44 07-Nov-44 02-Feb-42

2812 Alfred J Evans 2790 Amasa Delano 2808 Am-Mer-Mar 2806 Ancil F Haines 2829 Andreas Honcharenko 131 Andrew Moore

27-Dec-46 Ran aground off Lindesnaes. May-67 Scrapped.

07-Dec-66 Caught fire off Kobe and declared CTL. Mar-63 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the Warren Stone. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the Jacques Phillipe Villere. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. On 16 Aug 1943, whilst carrying 1,800 Italian POWs, was torpedoed by aircraft off Cape de Gardia. 264 POWs were killed. The ship was finally sunk as a blockship as part of the Mulberry Harbour. US reserve fleet. 29-Dec-44 Whilst traveling in convoy TBC21 was torpedoed by German submarine U772 (commanded by Rademacher) in the English Channel (50.28 North 02.28 West). 1 crew lost. 1959 Laid down as the Robert W Bingham. Converted to US Army aircraft repair ship. Scrapped. May 2004 73 of 164

2463 Andrew Stevenson 2449 Arkab 2460 Basilan 2834 Benjamin A Fisher 125 Benjamin Contee

2818 Benjamin Silliman 1023 Black Hawk

14-Aug-44 08-Dec-42

25-Sep-44 18-Jan-43

27-Oct-44 04-Feb-43

2794 Brigadear General Clinton W Russell

06-Apr-44

16-May-44

20-Jul-44

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Hull No. 2458 Burias

Name

Laid Down 11-Feb-44

Launched 27-Mar-44

Completed Left Service 24-Apr-44

Notes Laid down as the Mollie Moore Davis. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

2833 Carl Zachary Webb 2457 Cecil N Bean 313 Charles Brantley Aycock

20-Nov-44 24-Jan-44 09-May-42 29-Mar-43

29-Dec-44 06-Mar-44 07-Sep-42 01-May-43

20-Jan-45 10-Apr-44 30-Sep-42 19-May-43

1963 May-67 Aug-62 09-Apr-45

Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Exploded whilst discharging cargo at Bari. 39 crew and 13 Armed Guard lost. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the William Hackett. Taken over by US navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet.

1043 Charles Henderson

2461 Charles W Wooster 2811 Christian Bergh 2795 Collin McKinney 2820 Cybele

06-Mar-44 01-Aug-44 28-Apr-44 29-Aug-44

20-Apr-44 11-Sep-44 21-Jun-44 09-Oct-44

31-May-44 16-Oct-44 05-Aug-44 14-Nov-44

Dec-69 Jan-67 Jan-67 Aug-65

2792 Cyrus Adler 129 Daniel Huger

21-Apr-44 17-May-42 26-Dec-44 07-Nov-42 15-Jan-45 03-Jun-44 02-May-43 07-Mar-44 27-Jan-43 30-Mar-43 03-May-44 17-May-44 22-Mar-44 04-Dec-44

19-Jun-44 09-Aug-42 05-Feb-45 23-Dec-42 22-Feb-45 18-Jul-44 06-Jun-43 17-Apr-44 13-Mar-43 01-May-43 22-Jun-44 01-Jul-44 02-May-44 11-Jan-45 12-Jul-44 27-Feb-44 15-Jul-42 20-Aug-42 18-May-43 03-Aug-44 22-May-44

26-Jul-44 12-Sep-42 22-Feb-45 11-Jan-43 13-Mar-45 04-Sep-44 25-Jun-43 21-May-44 29-Mar-43 22-May-43 01-Aug-44 22-Aug-44 22-Jun-44 18-Mar-45 28-Aug-44 22-Mar-44 19-Aug-42 19-Sep-42 30-May-43 15-Sep-44 22-Jul-44

Jan-60

2838 Darel M Ritter 317 David G Farragut

Mar-68

Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet.

2843 Donald S Wright 2804 E G Hall 1732 Edward Sparrow 2465 Edwin A Stevens 1034 Elias Boudinot 1039 F T Frelinghuysen 2799 Ferdinand R Hassler 2802 Floyd W Spencer 2791 Frank Adair Monroe 2839 Frank E Spencer

Aug-68 Jan-60

Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

11-Jul-49 Mar-62 Jun-60

Ran aground on Point Arguello. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

1960 Jan-68 Sep-67 Mar-61

Presumed scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2801 Frederick Von Steuben 23-May-44 2454 George A Marr 126 130 George Gale George Leonard 10-Jan-44 01-Apr-42 31-May-42 17-Apr-43 23-Jun-44 14-Apr-44

08-Feb-65 Sprang leak and sank in Pacific. US reserve fleet. Feb-64 May-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jun-68 Scrapped.

1045 George Poindexter 2807 George Pomutz 2793 George W Alther

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Hull No. 2823 Gratia

Name

Laid Down 14-Sep-44

Launched 21-Oct-44

Completed Left Service 20-Nov-44 Apr-65

Notes Laid down as the John W Draper. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the George W Cable. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped.

2821 Hecuba

27-Sep-44

06-Nov-44

30-Nov-44

1965

2826 Helena Modjeska 1037 Henry Groves Connor 1041 Henry S Foote 140 Henry Wynkoop

25-Sep-44 09-Mar-43 18-Mar-43 10-Oct-42 09-Oct-44

06-Nov-44 16-Apr-43 24-Apr-43 26-Nov-42 18-Nov-44

25-Nov-44 30-Apr-43 12-May-43 11-Dec-42 09-Dec-44

12-Sep-46 Ran aground on Goodwin Sands and broke in two. Oct-69 Oct-60 1958 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Sam Dale. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. 26-Oct-62 Laid down as the John C Preston. Ran aground in English Channel and sank. Scrapped. Scrapped. Was still in service in 1970 as the Thios Costas. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. 21-Mar-45 Whilst traveling as part of convoy BTC103 was torpedoed by German submarine U399 (commanded by Buhse) in the English Channel (50.13 North 04.05 West). Beached and declared total loss. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. 1958 May-69 Aug-61 1960 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet.

2825 Hesperia

2837 Hydra

12-Dec-44

23-Jan-45

09-Feb-45

2810 Isaac Delgado 2814 J Rufino Barrios 2450 James B Aswell

03-Jul-44 22-Aug-44 18-Dec-43

12-Aug-44 02-Oct-44 10-Feb-44

19-Sep-44 07-Nov-44 18-Mar-44

Apr-69 Nov-67

1042 James E Howard 2831 James Eagan Layne

16-Mar-43 23-Oct-44

21-Apr-43 02-Dec-44

08-May-43 18-Dec-44

1030 James McHenry 1046 John A Quitman 2456 John M Parker 1733 John McDonogh 1047 John Sharp Williams 138 128 John Vining Jonathan Grout

16-Jan-43 23-Apr-43 27-Jan-44 11-May-43 03-May-43 27-Sep-42 11-May-42

04-Mar-43 02-Jun-43 11-Mar-44 16-Jun-43 08-Jun-43 23-Nov-42 08-Aug-42

20-Mar-43 18-Jun-43 26-Apr-44 06-Jul-43 28-Jun-43 07-Dec-42 05-Sep-42

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Hull No. 136

Name Jonathan Sturges

Laid Down 20-Aug-42

Launched 20-Oct-42

Completed Left Service 10-Nov-42

Notes

23-Feb-43 Whilst straggling from convoy ON166 was torpedoed by German submarine U707 (commanded by Gretschel) in the North Atlantic (46.15 North 38.11 West). 29 crew and 22 Armed Guard killed, with 4 crew and 2 Armed Guard being taken prisoner. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. 1959 Nov-61 May-62 May-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Apr-66 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Apr-65 Sep-66 Feb-65 Dec-67 Apr-67 Jun-65 Jan-65 Nov-66 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 08-May-43 Damaged by Italian limpet mine in Gibraltar and beached. Declared CTL. 2 crew lost. Mar-61 Dec-69 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

137

Jonathan Trumball

08-Sep-42 22-Apr-43 03-Oct-44 09-Aug-42 16-Jul-42 11-Apr-43 18-Aug-44 12-Sep-44 18-Feb-44 24-Jan-45 24-Nov-42 05-Dec-43 25-Jan-43 25-Oct-44 28-Oct-42 17-May-44 22-Jun-44 13-Nov-44 20-Jun-44 08-Nov-42

07-Nov-42 24-May-43 11-Nov-44 09-Oct-42 26-Sep-42 17-May-43 26-Sep-44 24-Oct-44 30-Mar-44 28-Feb-45 07-Jan-43 28-Jan-44 06-Mar-43 04-Dec-44 14-Dec-42 08-Jul-44 31-Jul-44 23-Dec-44 02-Aug-44 24-Dec-42

28-Nov-42 11-Jun-43 30-Nov-44 29-Oct-42 21-Oct-42 29-May-43 31-Oct-44 18-Nov-44 30-Apr-44 04-May-45 21-Jan-43 02-Mar-44 26-Mar-43 21-Dec-44 31-Dec-42 26-Aug-44 12-Sep-44 13-Jan-45 31-Aug-44 15-Jan-43

1050 Joseph N Nicollet 2822 Joseph Weydemeyer 134 132 Joshua Seney Josiah Parker

1048 Julien Poydras 2813 Katharine B Sherwood 2819 King Hathaway 2459 Kochab 2845 Laurence J Gallagher 144 Leonidas Polk

2448 Linn Boyd 1029 Lucius Q C Lamar 2827 Martin Behrman 318 Mayo Brothers

2798 Milton B Medary 2803 Milton H Smith 2830 Nachman Syrkin 2800 O L Bodenhamer 143 Pat Harrison

1028 Philander C Knox 320 Pierre Soule

09-Jan-43 15-Dec-42 16-Dec-43 25-Apr-43

24-Feb-43 30-Jan-43 09-Feb-44 05-Jun-43

31-Mar-43 17-Feb-43 05-Mar-44 23-Jun-43

2452 R S Wilson 1049 Richard M Johnson

31-Dec-45 Grounded off Boston and declared CTL. US reserve fleet.

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Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 13-Dec-42

Launched 22-Jan-43

Completed Left Service 11-Feb-43

Notes

1026 Richard Olney

22-Sep-43 Temporarily converted to troopship. Struck mine in Mediterranean (37.25 North 09.45 East) and declared total loss. 2 crew lost. Oct-63 14-Jul-43 Scrapped. Whilst traveling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U178 (commanded by Dommes) off Mozambique (15.02 South 41.13 East). 3 crew and 2 Armed Guard lost. Scrapped. Scrapped. Was still trading in 1970 as the Troarn. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. Jul-68 20-Jan-60 21-Jan-44 Scrapped. Driven ashore on Vlieland Island. Refloated and scrapped. Developed cracks in hull, and abandoned. Ran aground and broke in two.

316

Richmond Mumford Pearson

31-Aug-42 04-Jan-43

27-Oct-42 12-Feb-43

18-Nov-42 28-Feb-43

1027 Robert Bacon

2805 Robert F Broussard 1044 Robert Lowry 1024 Robert M La Follette 1032 Roger Griswold 2841 Roy K Johnson 2451 Rufus E Foster 1031 Samuel Dexter

08-Jul-44 07-Apr-43 27-Nov-42 20-Jan-43 30-Dec-44 24-Dec-43 16-Feb-43

17-Aug-44 10-May-43 10-Jan-43 01-Mar-43 07-Feb-45 17-Feb-44 29-Mar-43

26-Sep-44 25-May-43 29-Jan-43 17-Mar-43 28-Feb-45 31-Mar-44 15-Apr-43

1965 Nov-69

141

Samuel Jordan Kirkwood

15-Oct-42

03-Dec-42

18-Dec-42

07-May-43 Whilst traveling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U195 (commanded by Buchholz) in the South Atlantic (15.00 South 07.00 West). No fatalities. Oct-67 1966 Jan-68 1960 Laid down as the Harry Toulmin. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Andres Almonaster. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Converted to crane barge in May 1967. Jun-63 Oct-69 Aug-64 Oct-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2453 Seginus 2809 Sieur de la Salle 2455 Syrma 121 T J Jackson

10-Jan-44 13-Jul-44 10-Jan-44 16-Oct-41 03-Mar-43

04-Mar-44 23-Aug-44 19-Feb-44 23-Apr-42 10-Apr-43

12-Apr-44 04-Oct-44 20-Mar-44 25-Jun-42 24-Apr-43

1040 Tarleton Brown

124 122

Theodoric Bland Thomas B Robertson

19-Jan-42 06-Nov-41 26-Feb-43 04-Aug-44

30-May-42 09-May-42 06-Apr-43 13-Sep-44

29-Jul-42 07-Jul-42 24-Apr-43 19-Oct-44

1036 Thomas Fitzsimons 2815 Thomas P Leathers

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Hull No. 133 135

Name Thomas Scott Thomas Sinnickson

Laid Down 01-Aug-42 10-Aug-42

Launched 10-Oct-42 14-Oct-42

Completed Left Service 31-Oct-42 05-Nov-42

Notes

17-Feb-45 Attacked and sunk by aircraft off Kola Inlet. No fatalities. 07-Jul-43 Whilst traveling in convoy BT18 was torpedoed by German submarine U185 (commanded by Maus) off Natal (03.51 South 36.22 West). 1 Armed Guard lost. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1033 Timothy Bloodworth 2462 W C Latta 315 Wade Hampton

04-Feb-43 28-Feb-44 08-Sep-42

17-Mar-43 13-Apr-44 06-Nov-42

22-Apr-43 17-May-44 24-Nov-42

Nov-63 1961

28-Feb-43 Whilst traveling as part of convoy HX227 was torpedoed by German submarine U405 (commanded by Hopmann) in the North Atlantic (59.49 North 34.43 West). 4 crew and 5 Armed Guard lost. US reserve fleet. 18-Mar-43 Whilst traveling in convoy HX229 was torpedoed by German submarine U221 (commanded by Trojer) in the North Atlantic. 22 crew and 5 Armed Guard lost. Dec-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. 1961 21-Jan-65 Scrapped. Foundered off Honolulu US reserve fleet. Oct-61 Feb-68 Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

2796 Walker D Hines 1025 Walter Q Gresham

18-Apr-44 04-Dec-42

02-Jun-44 16-Jan-43

17-Jul-44 30-Jan-43

127 314 120

William B Giles William Blount William C C Claiborne

25-Apr-42 14-May-42 01-Oct-41 10-Oct-44 29-Dec-42 06-Mar-43 05-Dec-44 13-Mar-44

30-Jul-42 30-Aug-42 28-Mar-42 19-Nov-44 10-Feb-43 22-Apr-43 13-Jan-45 27-Apr-44

29-Aug-42 26-Sep-42 31-May-42 12-Dec-44 24-Feb-43 05-May-43 31-Jan-45 05-Jun-44

2828 William H Kendrick 319 William Harper

1038 William M Evarts 2835 William W McKee 2464 William Wheelwright

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J A Jones Construction Co (Brunswick)
Hull No. Name Laid Down 01-Sep-44 20-Oct-44 15-May-44 13-Jul-44 04-Nov-44 21-Apr-44 16-Dec-43 22-Jul-44 15-Jan-45 15-Aug-44 09-Sep-44 23-Nov-43 17-Apr-44 22-Aug-44 22-Jun-43 21-Sep-43 06-Oct-44 19-Jun-44 22-May-44 16-Nov-44 10-Jun-44 29-Aug-43 16-Nov-43 07-Dec-44 31-Oct-44 21-Dec-44 26-Dec-44 12-Dec-44 31-Jul-43 12-Jul-43 30-Nov-43 Launched 12-Oct-44 21-Nov-44 30-Jun-44 22-Aug-44 06-Dec-44 10-Jun-44 07-Feb-44 31-Aug-44 25-Feb-45 23-Sep-44 18-Oct-44 13-Jan-44 25-May-44 06-Oct-44 20-Sep-43 23-Nov-43 09-Nov-44 01-Aug-44 04-Jul-44 14-Dec-44 21-Jul-44 09-Nov-43 01-Jan-44 08-Jan-45 02-Dec-44 25-Jan-45 30-Jan-45 12-Jan-45 22-Oct-43 07-Oct-43 21-Jan-44 Completed Left Service 25-Oct-44 30-Nov-44 15-Jul-44 31-Aug-44 16-Dec-44 24-Jun-44 19-Feb-44 14-Sep-44 13-Mar-45 03-Oct-44 31-Oct-44 24-Jan-44 17-Jun-44 20-Oct-44 30-Sep-43 30-Nov-43 21-Nov-44 13-Aug-44 20-Jul-44 26-Dec-44 31-Jul-44 20-Nov-43 13-Jan-44 19-Jan-45 12-Dec-44 07-Feb-45 15-Feb-45 24-Jan-45 30-Oct-43 19-Oct-43 31-Jan-44 Jun-68 Oct-62 Jul-62 Jan-69 1966 1967 Oct-65 Nov-69 Notes US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. 16-Oct-46 Struck mine, taken in tow, struck another mine and sank. 31-Aug-45 Ran aground off Philippines. 02-Feb-46 Ran aground off Cape Ann. Mar-69 Feb-68 Jun-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2379 Abigail Gibbons 2386 Albert K Smiley 2364 Alexander S Clay 2372 Arthur J Tyrer 2389 Arthur M Hulbert 2361 Augustine B McManus 1514 Benjamin H Hill 2373 Cassius Hudson 2402 Charles C Randleman 2376 Charles S Haight 2380 Charles W Stiles 1511 David B Johnson 2360 Donald W Bain 2378 Duncan L Clinch 1499 Edward D White 1505 Edward P Alexander 2384 Edward R Squibb 2368 Eugene T Chamberlain 2365 F Southall Farrar 2391 Felix Riesenberg 2367 Frank Park 1503 Frederick Bartholdi 1510 George G Crawford 2395 George R Poole 2388 George W Norris 2398 Halton R Carey 2399 Harold Dossett 2396 Harold O Wilson 1501 Henry W Grady 1500 Horace H Lurton 1512 Howard E Coffin

23-Dec-45 Struck mine and broke in two. US reserve fleet. 20-Jan-63 Ran aground off Veracruz harbour. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Renamed Nenana in 1959. Fate unknown. Scrapped.

25-Dec-43 Ran aground off Skye. No fatalities. Feb-68 Mar-58 Scrapped. Scrapped.

06-Mar-46 Grounded off Japan. 1963 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 30-Dec-60 Ran aground off Grays Harbour and broke in two. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped.

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 22-May-43 26-Oct-44 22-Jan-44

Launched 06-Sep-43 25-Nov-44 06-Mar-44

Completed Left Service 25-Sep-43 08-Dec-44 18-Mar-44 Sep-62 Nov-65 Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

1498 Howell E Jackson 2387 Ira Nelson Morris 1518 Isaac Shelby

06-Jan-45 Hit mine off Rome (41.12 North 13.30 East), beached and broke in two. No fatalities. Aug-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Jun-67 Mar-63 Scrapped. Scrapped. Converted to floating dock in 1968 US reserve fleet. 1968 Jan-61 Oct-68 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 17-Jul-45 Jun-66 1967 Jun-66 Mar-61 Feb-68 1961 Feb-70 Struck mine off Elba and declared CTL. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 14-Sep-46 Hit mine off Gorgona and declared CTL. May-67 Feb-60 Mar-58 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Converted to YAG and taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. May-61 Sep-69 Dec-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 80 of 164

1502 James A Wetmore 2362 James B Duke 2397 James Bennett Moore 1489 James M Wayne 2366 James W Cannon 1508 Joe C S Blackburn 2375 Johan Printz 1496 John A Campbell 1504 John B Gordon 1509 John B Lennon 1494 John Catron 2385 John H Hammond 1497 John M Harlan 1495 John McKinley 1515 Joseph M Terrell 1491 Joseph R Lamur 2382 Laura Bridgman 2374 Lunsford Richardson 2390 M E Comerford 2381 Murray M Blum 2371 Niels Poulson 2404 Patrick B Whalen 2400 Patrick S Mahony 2377 R J Reynolds 1513 R Ney McNeely

14-Aug-43 29-Apr-44 15-Dec-44 06-Jul-42 25-May-44 30-Oct-43 07-Aug-44 13-Apr-43 06-Sep-43 10-Nov-43 03-Sep-42 13-Oct-44 05-May-43 23-Mar-43 23-Dec-43 01-Aug-42 23-Sep-44 02-Aug-44 10-Nov-44 19-Sep-44 06-Jul-44 29-Jan-45 30-Dec-44 19-Aug-44 09-Dec-43

30-Oct-43 19-Jun-44 19-Jan-45 13-Mar-43 12-Jul-44 15-Dec-43 18-Sep-44 14-Aug-43 16-Nov-43 22-Dec-43 11-Jul-43 15-Nov-44 29-Aug-43 31-Jul-43 14-Feb-44 29-Apr-43 30-Oct-44 09-Sep-44 12-Dec-44 25-Oct-44 18-Aug-44 15-Mar-45 10-Feb-45 30-Sep-44 29-Jan-44

11-Nov-43 30-Jun-44 31-Jan-45 07-May-43 26-Jul-44 27-Dec-43 29-Sep-44 31-Aug-43 26-Nov-43 31-Dec-43 31-Jul-43 27-Nov-44 16-Sep-43 20-Aug-43 26-Feb-44 17-Jun-43 13-Nov-44 22-Sep-44 20-Dec-44 07-Nov-44 05-Sep-44 30-Mar-45 22-Feb-45 12-Oct-44 10-Feb-44

2370 R Walton Moore 2401 Richard A Van Pelt 2383 Richard Randall

01-Jul-44 09-Jan-45 02-Oct-44

14-Aug-44 17-Feb-45 04-Nov-44

26-Aug-44 28-Feb-45 16-Nov-44

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 08-Oct-43 03-Jan-44 29-Aug-42 23-Jan-45 15-Jan-44 16-Mar-44 23-Oct-43 31-Jan-44 14-Feb-44 08-Feb-44 24-Mar-44 07-Mar-44 01-Apr-44 10-Apr-44 01-Mar-44 22-Feb-44 23-Jun-44 14-Aug-42 21-Nov-44 01-May-44 21-Jul-42

Launched 30-Nov-43 21-Feb-44 21-Jun-43 28-Feb-45 29-Feb-44 28-Apr-44 09-Dec-43 16-Mar-44 31-Mar-44 23-Mar-44 30-Apr-44 20-Apr-44 14-May-44 20-May-44 16-Apr-44 08-Apr-44 07-Aug-44 19-May-43 20-Dec-44 22-Jun-44 07-Apr-43

Completed Left Service 10-Dec-43 29-Feb-44 20-Jul-43 17-Mar-45 11-Mar-44 13-May-44 17-Dec-43 28-Mar-44 13-Apr-44 31-Mar-44 13-May-44 29-Apr-44 26-May-44 09-Jun-44 26-Apr-44 20-Apr-44 19-Aug-44 30-Jun-43 30-Dec-44 03-Jul-44 31-May-43 Jun-67 1959 1967 Feb-69 Jan-62 Dec-68 1965 Apr-62 Jun-63 Feb-70 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

1506 Robert Battey 1516 Robert R Livingston 1493 Robert Trimble 2403 Roy James Cole 1517 Samalness 2356 Samaustral 1507 Samdee 2350 Samfairy 2352 Samfinn 2351 Samfoyle 2357 Samingoy 2355 Samleyte 2358 Samlorian 2359 Samoland 2354 Samselbu 2353 Samvigna 2369 Thomas B King 1492 Thomas Todd 2392 Vadso 2363 W P Few 1490 William B Woods

28-Jan-51 Lost propeller and ran aground off Spain. Was still trading in 1970 as the Marach. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Patrick H Morrissey. Scrapped Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

15-Oct-66 Ran aground and declared CTL. Nov-60 Dec-66 Scrapped. Scrapped.

29-Jun-67 Laid up. 19-Mar-45 Struck mine off coast of Belgium (51.23 North 03.06 East). May-60 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the Robert J Banks. Scrapped Scrapped.

10-Mar-44 Torpedoed by German submarine U952 (commanded by Curio) off Palermo (38.43 North 13.50 East). 1 Armed Guard and 51 US Army personnel lost. 1968 Jun-60 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2394 William Cox 2393 William F Jerman

04-Dec-44 27-Nov-44

30-Dec-44 23-Dec-44

10-Jan-45 31-Dec-44

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J A Jones Construction Co (Panama City)
Hull No. Name Laid Down 19-Jan-44 18-Aug-44 05-Oct-44 20-Dec-43 15-Feb-45 31-Jul-44 31-Oct-44 20-Jul-44 19-Jun-44 28-Nov-44 29-Sep-44 23-Jun-45 Launched 14-Mar-44 28-Sep-44 13-Nov-44 17-Feb-44 30-Mar-45 06-Sep-44 30-Nov-44 26-Aug-44 26-Jul-44 09-Jan-45 07-Nov-44 13-Aug-45 Completed Left Service 15-Apr-44 13-Oct-44 22-Nov-44 30-Mar-44 13-Apr-45 23-Sep-44 14-Dec-44 09-Sep-44 11-Aug-44 24-Jan-45 18-Nov-44 31-Aug-45 Aug-61 Oct-64 Jul-68 Nov-66 Dec-67 Feb-67 Jan-67 Notes US reserve fleet. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Box transport. In 1964 was renamed the Sturgis and converted to a floating nuclear power station. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. 26-Jul-65 Grounded off Chile. Later scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. 15-Nov-64 Sank off Baja California Box transport. US reserve fleet. Dec-66 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 1956 Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. 09-Mar-68 Caught fire and sank off Cylon. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet.

2293 Alanson B Houghton 2321 Alexander E Brown 2328 Art Young 1549 Augustus SaintGaudens 2348 Barney Kirschbaum 2318 Benjamin F Coston 2332 Bjarne A Lia 2316 C Francis Jenkins 2312 Carl E Ladd 2336 Charles A Draper 2327 Charles D Walcott 3145 Charles H Cugle

2329 Charles H Marshall 2322 Chief Osceola 3139 Claude Kitchin 1530 Dolly Madison 2341 Dudley H Thomas 1529 Duncan U Fletcher 1526 Dwight L Moody 1519 E Kirby Smith 1541 Edgar E Clark 2315 Edward K Collins 3147 Edward W Burton 2344 Edwin D Howard 3142 Edwin H Duff 1524 Elihu Root 3140 Francis J O'Gara 3141 Frank Flowers 2347 Frank O Peterson 1536 Frederic C Howe 2334 Frederick E Williamson

11-Oct-44 28-Aug-44 05-Apr-45 20-May-43 05-Jan-45 03-May-43 04-Mar-43 09-Jul-42 25-Oct-43 14-Jul-44 10-Jul-45 24-Jan-45 18-May-45 05-Oct-42 14-Apr-45 09-May-45 09-Feb-45 24-Aug-43 18-Nov-44

17-Nov-44 04-Oct-44 24-May-45 27-Sep-43 08-Feb-45 10-Aug-43 28-Jun-43 30-Dec-42 11-Dec-43 17-Aug-44 12-Sep-45 27-Feb-45 29-Jun-45 19-May-43 08-Jun-45 22-Jun-45 23-Mar-45 30-Oct-43 23-Dec-44

27-Nov-44 19-Oct-44 25-Jun-45 14-Oct-43 21-Feb-45 27-Aug-43 24-Jul-43 03-Mar-43 07-Feb-44 31-Aug-44 28-Sep-45 14-Mar-45 27-Jul-45 18-Jun-43 30-Jun-45 16-Jul-45 06-Apr-45 06-Dec-43 12-Jan-45

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 30-Jun-44 16-Sep-44

Launched 09-Aug-44 24-Oct-44

Completed Left Service 25-Aug-44 07-Nov-44 Sep-68 Scrapped.

Notes

2314 George Ade 2325 Granville S Hall

After being used as an experimental minesweeper in 1953 by the US Navy, and as an atomic fallout-sampling vessel during the atomic tests, was still in service as a research ship in 1970. US reserve fleet. 23-Feb-67 After being disclaimed by owners on arrival in Columbo in 1960 was eventually towed clear of navigational areas and sunk with over Rs.400,000 in port fees owing. May-65 1969 25-Jul-66 Scrapped. Scrapped. Grounded off Chiba. Refloated and scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. 24-Dec-68 Grounded and broke in two after engine trouble. Box transport. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. 02-Dec-43 Sunk by German aircraft in Bari harbour. 4 crew and 10 Armed Guard lost. Dec-61 Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Apr-68 Dec-68 May-65 Jun-60 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2303 H H Raymond 1544 Harold T Andrews

13-Apr-44 15-Nov-43

24-May-44 28-Dec-43

14-Jun-44 19-Feb-44

1528 Harriet Hosmer 2302 Howard Gray 2309 J H Drummond 3138 James F Harrell 3137 James G Squires 2298 James H Kimball 2338 James W Wheeler 2300 Jean Ribaut 1535 John Barton Payne 1521 John Bascom

23-Apr-43 06-Apr-44 25-May-44 28-Mar-45 20-Mar-45 07-Mar-44 11-Dec-44 23-Mar-44 11-Aug-43 07-Sep-42

30-Sep-43 18-May-44 30-Jun-44 17-May-45 08-May-45 22-Apr-44 23-Jan-45 05-May-44 23-Oct-43 31-Mar-43

25-Oct-43 07-Jun-44 20-Jul-44 11-Jun-45 31-May-45 16-May-44 05-Feb-45 29-May-44 30-Nov-43 30-Apr-43

1525 John Hay 2342 John L McCarley 1550 John M Brooke 2311 John R McQuigg 1548 John W Griffiths 1523 Joseph M Medill 3143 Joseph V Connolly

05-Jan-43 10-Jan-45 30-Dec-43 14-Jun-44 13-Dec-43 28-Sep-42 25-May-45

31-May-43 14-Feb-45 24-Feb-44 19-Jul-44 09-Feb-44 03-May-43 09-Jul-45 04-Apr-44

30-Jun-43 27-Feb-45 31-Mar-44 31-Jul-44 25-Mar-44 31-May-43 08-Aug-45 03-May-44

12-Jan-48 Box transport. Caught fire in the North Atlantic, later sank. 1960 Sold for scrap. Aft end joined to forward end of Samdaring to make new vessel (8,481 grt). Eventually scrapped Sep 1968. Scrapped.

2296 Josephine Shaw Lowell 19-Feb-44

1533 Julius Rosenwald

07-Jul-43

13-Sep-43

29-Sep-43

Mar-63

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 29-Mar-44 28-Apr-44 07-Jan-44

Launched 12-May-44 05-Jun-44 04-Mar-44

Completed Left Service 31-May-44 22-Jun-44 10-Apr-44

Notes US reserve fleet. Was still trading in 1970 as the Maria Bottiglieri. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Rebecca Lukens. Taken over by US Army and converted to Aircraft Repair Ship. US reserve fleet.

2301 Le Baron Russell Briggs 2305 M Michael Edelstein 1551 Major General Herbert A Dargue

2295 Major General Walter R Weaver

11-Feb-44

28-Mar-44

29-Apr-44

Mar-70

Laid down as the Thomas Le Valley. Taken over by US Army and converted to Aircraft Repair Ship. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet.

1534 Mary Ball 2349 Mary Cullom Kimbro 2335 Michael James Monohan 1547 Minnie M Fiske 1539 Nathan B Forrest 1520 Newton D Baker 2307 Nick Stoner 3148 Ora Ellis 2313 Pedro Menendez 1527 Peter Zenger 2337 Rafael R Rivera 2330 Ransom A Moore 2317 Raymond V Ingersoll 2339 Raymond Van Brogan 2323 Richard Halliburton 2297 Richard V Oulahan

20-Jul-43 21-Feb-45 22-Nov-44

17-Oct-43 06-Apr-45 04-Jan-45

23-Nov-43 24-Apr-45 17-Jan-45 1967

Box transport. Loaded with old military equipment and scuttled.

30-Apr-67 Box transport. Loaded with old Polaris missile motors and scuttled. Jun-66 Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Nov-68 Jul-64 Scrapped. Scrapped.

08-Dec-43 02-Oct-43 03-Sep-42 12-May-44 23-Jul-45 24-Jun-44 31-Mar-43 30-Nov-44 18-Oct-44 27-Jul-44 14-Dec-44 31-Aug-44 26-Feb-44

29-Jan-44 13-Nov-43 25-Feb-43 17-Jun-44 26-Sep-45 31-Jul-44 04-Jul-43 16-Jan-45 21-Nov-44 31-Aug-44 27-Jan-45 10-Oct-44 11-Apr-44

15-Mar-44 29-Dec-43 06-Apr-43 30-Jun-44 16-Oct-45 18-Aug-44 31-Jul-43 30-Jan-45 30-Nov-44 18-Sep-44 10-Feb-45 25-Oct-44 11-May-44

18-May-60 Box transport. Ran aground off Chile and declared CTL. Dec-66 Aug-66 Scrapped. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Was renamed the Kopalnia Zabrze in 1959. Fate unknown. Box transport. US reserve fleet. 1961 Scrapped.

16-Sep-45 Ran aground during typhoon off Okinawa. Salvaged and scrapped. Dec-68 Feb-68 Box transport. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3146 Robert F Burns 1531 Robert Lansing 1545 Russell Sage 1543 Salvador Brau 2294 Samuel G French

30-Jun-45 03-Jun-43 25-Nov-43 08-Nov-43 31-Jan-44

28-Aug-45 17-Jul-43 05-Jan-44 15-Dec-43 21-Mar-44

19-Sep-45 06-Aug-43 29-Feb-44 31-Jan-44 22-Apr-44

16-Feb-67 Grounded off Cuba. Refloated and laid up. Mar-67 Scrapped. In 1958 was renamed the Nico S. Fate unknown. May 2004 84 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 07-Sep-44 29-Sep-43 25-Oct-44 14-Aug-44 16-Mar-44 19-Oct-43 26-Sep-44 14-Nov-44 17-Jan-45 30-Jun-43 31-Oct-43 09-Jun-45 31-Jan-45 08-Nov-44 29-Jan-45 14-Sep-43 05-May-44 19-May-44 21-Sep-42 24-Dec-44 06-Jun-44 10-Aug-44 29-Nov-43

Launched 17-Oct-44 24-Nov-43 27-Nov-44 25-Sep-44 28-Apr-44 27-Nov-43 31-Oct-44 13-Dec-44 20-Feb-45 22-Aug-43 07-Dec-43 21-Jul-45 15-Mar-45 09-Dec-44 07-Mar-45 06-Nov-43 13-Jun-44 22-Jun-44 22-Apr-43 31-Jan-45 13-Jul-44 15-Sep-44 17-Jan-44

Completed Left Service 30-Oct-44 31-Dec-43 08-Dec-44 09-Oct-44 23-May-44 20-Jan-44 13-Nov-44 27-Dec-44 07-Mar-45 15-Sep-43 30-Jan-44 22-Aug-45 29-Mar-45 21-Dec-44 21-Mar-45 16-Dec-43 28-Jun-44 15-Jul-44 20-May-43 15-Feb-45 26-Jul-44 29-Sep-44 07-Mar-44 Feb-62 Feb-67 Feb-67 Aug-65 Feb-70 Apr-65 Nov-63 Jan-61 Jun-60 Jan-60 Jul-69 Scrapped.

Notes

2324 Samuel G Howe 1538 Sarah J Hale 2331 Soter Ortynsky 2320 Stepas Darius 2299 Stephen Furdek 1540 Stephen R Mallory 2326 Stephen Smith 2304 T A Johnston 2343 Vernon S Hood 1532 Victor Herbert 1542 Walter L Fleming 3144 Walter W Schwenk 2346 Warren P Marks 2333 Wendell L Willkie 2345 Wesley W Barrett 1537 William B Wilson 2306 William D Bloxham 2308 William E Dodd 1522 William J Bryan 2340 William J Riddle 2310 William L Watson 2319 William P Duval 1546 William W Loring

Box transport. US reserve fleet. Scrapped.

21-Jan-55 Ran aground of Scilly Isles. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Box transport. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Was still trading in 1970 as the Soclyve. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. Scrapped after developing cracks in hull. Renamed the Vesuvio in 1947. Fate unknown. Scrapped.

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Kaiser Co
Hull Name No. 354 Elias Howe Laid Down 22-Apr-42 Launched 19-Jul-42 Completed Left Service 08-Aug-42 Notes

24-Sep-43 Whilst travelling independently was sunk by Japanese submarine I10 (commanded by Tonozuka) in the Arabian Sea (11.37 North 45.46 East). 2 crew killed. Mar-62 Completed by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. US reserve fleet. Dec-59 Mar-60 Completed by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. Scrapped. Completed by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. Scrapped.

1748 Francisco Coronado 353 George Vancouver

18-Nov-42 15-Apr-42 21-Nov-42 27-Nov-42 15-Nov-42

11-Jan-43 04-Jul-42 11-Jan-43 23-Jan-43 11-Jan-43

20-Jan-43 22-Jul-42 29-Jan-43 10-Feb-43 23-Jan-43

1749 John Cabot 1751 Joseph Henry 1747 Juan de Fuca

26-Sep-60 Completed by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. Was damaged by Japanese aircraft in the Pacific on 9 Dec 1944, and damaged again by Japanese aerial torpedo on 30 Dec 1944 with 2 US Army personnel killed. Whilst being towed for scrap was cut loose by Chinese Nationalist forces in international waters. Presumed sunk. Completed by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. US reserve fleet Apr-61 Completed by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. Scrapped. Completed by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. US reserve fleet. Jul-67 Completed by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. Scrapped.

1752 Laura Keene

30-Nov-42

01-Feb-43

21-Feb-43

1750 Moses Cleaveland 1754 Russell A Alger

24-Nov-42 07-Dec-42

17-Jan-43 11-Feb-43

04-Feb-43 03-Mar-43

1753 Walter Reed

03-Dec-42

06-Feb-43

24-Feb-43

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Marinship Corp
Hull No. Name Laid Down 23-Nov-42 17-Oct-42 Launched 28-Jan-43 03-Jan-43 Completed Left Service 27-Feb-43 10-Feb-43 1962 15-Jul-45 Scrapped. Ran aground and wrecked off Queensland. No fatalities. Crew reported accident was due to avoiding Japanese submarine. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Notes

1232 Andrew D White 1230 Francis Preston Blair

1236 Henry Durant 1237 Jack London 1226 John Muir 1229 Lyman Beecher 1231 Mark Hopkins 1234 Peter Donahue 1227 Philip Kearny 1233 Sebastian Cermeno

11-May-43 16-Jun-43 31-Jul-42 27-Sep-42 12-Nov-42 21-Dec-42 10-Aug-42 07-Dec-42

15-Jun-43 16-Jul-43 22-Nov-42 26-Nov-42 17-Jan-43 12-Feb-43 07-Dec-42 06-Feb-43

13-Jul-43 14-Aug-43 31-Dec-42 31-Dec-42 20-Feb-43 17-Mar-43 29-Jan-43 10-Mar-43

Mar-63 Apr-68 May-66 Nov-67 Jul-68 Sep-63 Jul-69

27-Jun-43 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U511 (commanded by Schneewind) in the Indian Ocean (29.00 North 50.10 East). 5 crew killed. Sep-68 Jun-69 Oct-69 Dec-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

1235 Sun Yat Sen 1228 Thomas Hart Benton 1223 William A Richardson 1225 William Kent 1224 William T Coleman

13-Feb-43 11-Sep-42 27-Jun-42 20-Jul-42 04-Jul-42

26-Mar-43 20-Dec-42 26-Sep-42 11-Nov-42 16-Oct-42

17-Apr-43 02-Feb-43 31-Oct-42 21-Dec-42 30-Nov-42

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

New England Shipbuilding Corp
Hull No. Name Laid Down 25-Aug-44 11-Jul-45 Launched 07-Oct-44 26-Sep-45 Completed Left Service 18-Oct-44 30-Oct-45 Notes

3066 Abraham Rosenberg 3132 Albert M Boe

02-Dec-62 Ran aground on Ladd Reef. Box transport. In 1964 was renamed the Star of Kodiak and converted to fish cannery. Fate unknown. Jan-70 Scrapped.

3093 Alfred E Smith 3112 Allen G Collins 3038 Andrew J Newbury 816 336 Anna Howard Shaw Anne Bradstreet

27-Nov-44 29-Mar-45 22-May-44 21-Jul-43 06-Oct-42 01-May-44 13-Jul-44 04-Jun-43 14-Jan-44

17-Jan-45 22-May-45 12-Jul-44 31-Aug-43 27-Dec-42 16-Jun-44 31-Aug-44 08-Aug-43 07-Mar-44

29-Jan-45 02-Jun-45 26-Jul-44 14-Sep-43 18-Jan-43 28-Jun-44 09-Sep-44 21-Aug-43 24-Mar-44

26-Feb-65 Ran aground off New Caledonia. US reserve fleet. May-67 May-96 Mar-70 Jun-66 1957 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3036 Aram J Pothier 3051 Archibald R Mansfield 809 Arthur L Perry

3006 Arthur Sewall

12-Oct-46 On 29 Dec 1944, whilst travelling in convoy TBC21 was damaged by torpedo from German submarine U772 (commanded by Rademacher) in the English Channel. 2 crew killed. Later loaded with chemical ammunition and sunk. Sep-67 Apr-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-61 Delivered incomplete (88%) to US Navy. Scrapped.

786 771

Asa Gray Augustine Heard

08-Mar-43 29-Sep-42 10-May-44 31-Oct-44 17-May-44 24-Jun-43 29-Jan-45

03-May-43 26-Nov-42 27-Jun-44 13-Dec-44 07-Jul-44 22-Aug-43 28-Mar-45

17-May-43 20-Jan-43 03-Jul-44 21-Dec-44 17-Jul-44 02-Sep-43 07-Apr-45

3039 Augustus P Loring 3085 Avery Island 3040 B Charney Vladeck 813 Bartholomew Gosnold

23-May-67 Ran aground and refloated. Later scrapped. Oct-66 Scrapped. Laid down as Lawrence T Sullivan. In 1962 was renamed the Nevada. Fate unknown. Jun-68 Scrapped. Laid down as Bert Williams. US reserve fleet 1960? Delivered incomplete (88%) to US Navy. Presumed scrapped.

3102 Belgian Amity

3011 Belgian Tenacity 3072 Belgian Unity 3070 Belle Isle

10-Feb-44 18-Sep-44 19-Sep-44

28-Mar-44 30-Oct-44 03-Nov-44

08-Apr-44 09-Nov-44 15-Nov-44

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 09-Oct-44

Launched 18-Nov-44

Completed Left Service 30-Nov-44 Jan-63

Notes Ran aground and declared CTL in 1948. Forepart joined to aft section of liberty ship Nathaniel Bacon in 1951 and renamed the Boccadasse. Finally scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet.

3079 Bert Williams

3054 C H M Jones 3081 Calvin Austin 773 Calvin Coolidge

14-Jul-44 23-Oct-44 19-Oct-42 11-Jun-45 18-Jan-45 17-Feb-44 18-Dec-44 15-Feb-43 01-Sep-44 06-Apr-43

31-Aug-44 04-Dec-44 02-Jan-43 31-Aug-45 13-Mar-45 05-Apr-44 21-Feb-45 15-Apr-43 17-Oct-44 24-May-43

09-Sep-44 14-Dec-44 04-Feb-43 28-Sep-45 28-Mar-45 15-Apr-44 07-Mar-45 30-Apr-43 26-Oct-44 31-May-43

1961 Sep-69 Jan-65

3129 Cardinal O'Connell 3100 Carl Oftedal 3013 Charles Dauray 3096 Charles N Cole 785 Charles Sumner

Jan-68 Jan-69 Aug-67 1962 Sep-68

Laid down as George N Drake. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3064 Charles Tufts 789 Charles W Eliot

28-Jun-44 Struck mine off Juno beach (Normandie) and sank. No fatalities. Jun-67 Mar-61 Sep-60 1958 Jan-44 Scrapped. Delivered incomplete (88%) to US Navy. Scrapped. Delivered incomplete (88%) to US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. Was struck by torpedo dropped by an aircraft off Oran. No fatalities. Declared CTL. Laid down as Frederick Austin. Was renamed Audrey in 1947. Fate unknown. 28-Nov-62 Struck reef and beached. Declared CTL. Renamed Iliamna in 1951. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. 29-Sep-44 Whilst travelling as part of convoy RA60 was torpedoed by German submarine U310 (commanded by Ley) in the Barents Sea (72.59 North 24.26 East). 1 crew lost. 1960 Presumed scrapped.

3101 Clarence F Peck 3073 Coasters Harbor 3080 Cuttyhunk Island 820 211 Cyrus H K Curtis Daniel Webster

20-Dec-44 04-Oct-44 16-Oct-44 19-Jul-43 01-Nov-42

10-Feb-45 17-Nov-44 26-Nov-44 31-Aug-43 28-Jan-43

26-Feb-45 27-Nov-44 07-Dec-44 10-Sep-43 10-Feb-43

3118 Dodekanisos

14-Mar-45

03-Apr-45

23-May-45

3104 Donald H Holland 3074 Edmond Mallet 3045 Edward E Spafford 2211 Edward H Crockett

26-Dec-44 04-Oct-44 05-Jun-44 29-Nov-43

20-Feb-45 17-Nov-44 22-Jul-44 25-Jan-44

05-Mar-45 30-Nov-44 31-Jul-44 31-Jan-44

2207 Edward Kavanagh

14-Nov-43

24-Dec-43

05-Jan-44

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 17-Aug-44 24-Jan-45 01-Aug-44 17-Feb-44 28-Nov-42 22-Feb-45 26-Feb-43 01-Feb-43 23-Aug-43 22-Feb-45 24-Apr-44 07-Jan-42 06-Nov-43 15-Mar-43 15-Apr-43 04-Jan-43

Launched 29-Sep-44 17-Mar-45 16-Sep-44 05-Apr-44 14-Feb-43 14-Apr-45 26-Apr-43 05-Apr-43 12-Oct-43 14-Apr-45 10-Jun-44 16-Aug-42 20-Dec-43 13-May-43 07-Jun-43 07-Mar-43

Completed Left Service 10-Oct-44 31-Mar-45 26-Sep-44 11-Apr-44 05-Mar-43 24-Apr-45 07-May-43 22-Apr-43 23-Oct-43 02-May-45 02-Jul-44 31-Aug-42 30-Dec-43 22-May-43 17-Jun-43 27-Mar-43 1960 Feb-68 Oct-69 Mar-60

Notes

3063 Edward L Logan 3110 Elias Reisberg 3059 Elijah Cobb 3012 Elijah Kellogg 777 Eliphalet Nott

04-Dec-67 Foundered off Trinidad May-68 Nov-69 Scrapped. Scrapped.

27-Jun-52 Ran aground outside Karachi harbour, broke in two. 1954 1968 Jan-69 Mar-68 1966 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Renamed Pont L'Eveque in 1946. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. In 1961 was renamed the Markia. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

3107 Elwin F Knowles 339 783 825 Emily Dickinson Emma Willard Enoch Train

3108 Ernest L Dawson 3033 Ernest W Gibson 204 Ethan Allen

2209 Eugene E O'Donnell 340 791 780 Eugene Field Eugene Hale Ezra Cornell

22-Dec-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Sprang leak and sank off Luderitz. Sep-67 Scrapped.

3087 Ezra Meech 798 Ezra Weston

18-Nov-44 08-Jun-43

15-Jan-45 28-Jul-43

27-Jan-45 11-Aug-43

08-Aug-44 Whilst travelling in convoy EBC66 was torpedoed by German submarine U667 (commanded by Lange) in the English Channel (50.42 North 05.03 West). No fatalities. Previously, on 9 June 1944, was shelled and damaged (5 crew killed). May-62 1963 Jan-65 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3086 F Scott Fitzgerald 3055 Ferdinand Gagnon 814 817 Ferdinando Gorges Fort Orange

18-Nov-44 24-Jul-44 24-Jun-43 24-Jul-43 04-Dec-44 04-Jan-43

15-Jan-45 08-Sep-44 12-Aug-43 11-Sep-43 27-Jan-45 07-Mar-43

22-Jan-45 19-Sep-44 27-Aug-43 22-Sep-43 12-Feb-45 04-Apr-43

11-Mar-67 Laid down as the Tobias Lear. Ran aground. 26-Nov-65 Ran aground off Alaska. 1965 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. May 2004 90 of 164

3091 Francis A Retka 781 Francis Amasa Walker

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Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 31-Jul-44 18-Jan-45 30-Sep-44 26-Dec-43 13-Jul-44 18-Dec-44 04-May-43

Launched 18-Sep-44 12-Mar-45 11-Nov-44 17-Feb-44 31-Aug-44 21-Feb-45 23-Jun-43

Completed Left Service 30-Sep-44 24-Mar-45 24-Nov-44 29-Feb-44 15-Sep-44 13-Mar-45 30-Jun-43 Aug-69 Scrapped.

Notes

3057 Frank P Reed 3106 Fred E Joyce 3076 Frederick Bouchard 2220 Frederick W Taylor 3052 Galen L Stone 3097 George A Lawson 793 George Cleeve

20-Nov-59 Ran aground, refloated and scrapped. Jan-64 Jan-65 Feb-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

20-Jun-64 Hull cracked - sank off Cylon. 22-Feb-44 Torpedoed by German submarine U969 (commanded by Dobbert) off Bone (37.22 North 07.17 East). 1 crew killed. 1958 Mar-70 Oct-46 Scrapped. Scrapped. On 21 Jan 1945 whilst travelling in convoy TBC43 was damaged by torpedo from German submarine U1199 (commanded by Nollmann) off the Lizard (50.00 North 05.45 West). 2 crew lost. Beached and refloated, eventually loaded with ammunition and sunk. US reserve fleet. Nov-67 1967 Scrapped. Scrapped.

3019 George Eldridge 802 George F Patten

06-Mar-44 29-Mar-43 06-Apr-44

18-Apr-44 22-May-43 20-May-44

28-Apr-44 31-May-43 31-May-44

3025 George Hawley

3037 George L Farley 3049 George N Seger 2194 George Popham 2206 George S Wasson

22-May-44 17-Jun-44 01-Sep-43 22-Oct-43

12-Jul-44 08-Aug-44 21-Oct-43 07-Dec-43

20-Jul-44 19-Aug-44 08-Nov-43 23-Dec-43

08-Jun-44 After striking a British mine was sunk as part of the Mulberry harbour. Apr-69 Scrapped. 20 Mar 1945, struck mine in North Sea. No fatalities. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. 13-Dec-65 Engine room explosion and fire, declared CTL. US reserve fleet. Oct-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 11-Mar-65 Ran aground off Philippines. Refloated and scrapped. Nov-68 Laid down as the William De Witt Hyde. Scrapped.

2208 George T Angell 3023 Hadley F Brown

22-Nov-43 18-Mar-44

08-Jan-44 29-Apr-44

19-Jan-44 15-May-44

213

Hannibal Hamlin

08-Dec-42 16-Apr-45 08-Jun-44 06-Apr-43 19-Apr-44 24-May-43 19-Jul-43

05-Mar-43 08-Jun-45 29-Jul-44 24-May-43 03-Jun-44 23-Jul-43 31-Aug-43

20-Mar-43 20-Jun-45 18-Aug-44 07-Jun-43 13-Jun-44 31-Jul-43 17-Sep-43

3115 Harold H Brown 3044 Harold I Pratt 790 Harriet Beecher Stowe

3032 Harriet Tubman 808 821 Harry A Garfield Hellas

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Hull No. 812 788 334

Name Henry Jocelyn Henry Wilson Herman Melville

Laid Down 20-Jun-43 08-Mar-43 07-Mar-42 05-Nov-44 09-Sep-44

Launched 15-Aug-43 03-May-43 06-Oct-42 19-Dec-44 21-Oct-44

Completed Left Service 28-Aug-43 26-May-43 20-Oct-42 30-Dec-44 31-Oct-44 May-62 Apr-60 1961

Notes US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Delivered incomplete (88.2%) to US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as William A Dobson. Delivered incomplete (97.1%) to US Navy. US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet.

3088 Indian Island 3068 Iolanda

778

Isaac Sharpless

28-Nov-42 04-May-45 06-Oct-43 04-May-43

14-Feb-43 10-Jul-45 21-Nov-43 23-Jun-43

05-Mar-43 14-Aug-45 30-Nov-43 09-Jul-43 Dec-69 Aug-67 01-Jul-67

3126 J Howland Gardner 2195 J Willard Gibbs 794 Jacob H Gallinger

Box transport. Presumed scrapped. Scrapped. Grounded after engine trouble in Mormugao harbour, broke in two and sank.

3098 James A Butts 811 333 James Bowdoin James G Blaine

14-Dec-44 15-Jun-43 07-Mar-42 13-Oct-43 23-May-44 17-Aug-44 06-May-43 19-Oct-42 14-May-43

03-Feb-45 01-Aug-43 07-Sep-42 28-Nov-43 13-Jul-44 03-Oct-44 19-Jun-43 02-Jan-43 23-Jun-43

17-Feb-45 14-Aug-43 21-Sep-42 08-Dec-43 26-Jul-44 19-Oct-44 30-Jun-43 12-Feb-43 07-Jul-43

18-Dec-62 Ran aground and broke in two. US reserve fleet. Dec-69 Mar-61 Aug-65 Mar-70 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Museum ship Jun-68 Scrapped.

2198 James Manning 3041 James Sullivan 3061 James T Fields 806 774 807 Jeremiah O'Brien John A Dix John A Poor

19-Mar-44 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U510 (commanded by Eick) in the Indian Ocean (13.58 North 70.03 East). 25 crew and 9 Armed Guard killed. Also damaged (mine or torpedo) 28 July 1943, no fatalities). 23-Apr-45 Fuel tank exploded. Laid up then scrapped. Was renamed the Rochefort in 1947. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. Jul-60 Jan-68 Jan-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

207 215

John Carver John Chandler

14-Jul-42 29-Jan-43 09-Mar-44 24-Sep-41 13-Aug-43 12-Feb-43

31-Oct-42 08-Apr-43 09-May-44 15-May-42 10-Oct-43 18-Apr-43

21-Nov-42 20-Apr-43 19-May-44 30-Jun-42 15-Oct-43 28-Apr-43

3026 John Chester Kendall 201 827 216 John Davenport John Fairfield John Holmes

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Hull No. 815 770 819

Name John Mason John Murray Forbes John N Robins

Laid Down 24-Jun-43 29-Sep-42 09-A ug-43 29-Mar-45 17-Jan-43 26-Nov-42

Launched 12-Aug-43 26-Nov-42 30-Sep-43 22-May-45 28-Mar-43 25-Feb-43

Completed Left Service 31-Aug-43 16-Jan-43 11-Oct-43 09-Jun-45 12-Apr-43 13-Mar-43

Notes

03-Nov-65 Ran aground off Bahamas, refloated and scrapped. Apr-67 1964 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3113 John Robert Gordon 214 337 John Sullivan John Trumbull

05-Jun-63 Ran aground off Barcelona, refloated and scrapped. Jun-63 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Renamed Pagan in 1961. Fate unknown 24-Sep-42 Whilst straggling from convoy ON131 was torpedoed by German submarine U619 (commanded by Makowski) in the North Atlantic (56.00 North 31.00 West). 39 crew and 15 Armed Guard lost. Oct-66 Scrapped.

202

John Winthrop

24-Sep-41

07-Jun-42

28-Jul-42

3035 Joseph C Lincoln 3103 Joseph Carrigan

08-May-44 29-Jan-45

24-Jun-44 28-Mar-45

08-Jul-44 14-Apr-45

10-Sep-45 Struck mine off Labuan. One Australian Army killed. Declared CTL. 29-Jun-66 Grounded near Elbe Light Vessle and declared CTL. Oct-64 1964 Scrapped. Loaded with ammunition and scuttled. Ammunition detonated, leading to seismic readings worldwide and decision that some future scuttlings could be used as seismic experiments. US reserve fleet. Oct-69 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

3027 Joseph I Kemp 3078 Joseph Lee 3043 Joseph N Dinand

05-Apr-44 18-Oct-44 08-Jun-44

16-May-44 03-Dec-44 29-Jul-44

26-May-44 16-Dec-44 12-Aug-44

3028 Joseph Squires 782 Joseph Warren

12-Apr-44 01-Feb-43 20-Apr-44 27-Apr-43 04-Nov-44 18-May-42 08-Jun-43 04-Nov-44

22-May-44 05-Apr-43 07-Jun-44 14-Jun-43 17-Dec-44 27-Sep-42 28-Jul-43 17-Dec-44

31-May-44 17-Apr-43 14-Jun-44 27-Jun-43 23-Dec-44 08-Oct-42 16-A ug-43 29-Dec-44 Aug-64

3029 Joseph-Augustin Chevalier 805 Joshua L Chamberlain

14-Apr-61 Broke in two off Portland. Nov-66 Aug-65 Oct-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped.

3082 Joshua Slocum 205 799 Josiah Bartlett Josiah Quincy

3083 Julia P Shaw

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Hull No. 335

Name Julia Ward Howe

Laid Down 08-Sep-42

Launched 26-Nov-42

Completed Left Service 23-Dec-42

Notes

27-Jan-43 Whilst straggling from convoy UGS4 was torpedoed by German submarine U442 (commanded by Hesse) off the Azores (35.29 North 29.10 west). 2 crew 1 Armed Guard and 1 US Army lost. Nov-61 Delivered incomplete (88.2%) to US Navy. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Oct-65 Apr-67 Stern scrapped, bow converted to derrick barge. Laid down as Charles H Shaw. Scrapped. Delivered incomplete (90%) to US Navy. US reserve fleet. Sep-65 1965 Scrapped. Scrapped. Box transport. US reserve fleet. May-67 1966 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 04-Aug-63 Developed leaks in pack ice and sank off Cape Wolstenholme. Feb-66 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Oct-67 Laid down as the Lot Morrill. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed Grigorios III. Fate unknown. 1962 Presumed scrapped. Renamed Bayport in 1966. Fate unknown. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Jun-68 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jul-59 Scrapped.

3092 Kent Island 3065 Kenyon L Butterfield 3114 Leif M Olson 3090 Leon S Merrill 3117 Lesvos 3071 Liguria 3010 Lillian Nordica 3060 Loammi Baldwin 3128 Lorenzo C McCarthy 3042 Lot M Morrill 210 Lou Gehrig

19-Nov-44 01-Sep-44 12-Feb-45 04-Dec-44 21-Feb-45 19-Sep-44 01-Feb-44 17-Aug-44 23-May-45 08-Jun-44 21-Oct-42 12-Jun-44 08-Mar-43 01-Oct-43 23-Sep-44 11-Oct-43 20-Apr-44 31-Jul-44 28-Jun-44 10-Jun-43 12-Nov-42 14-Mar-45 01-Sep-43 29-Jan-44

09-Jan-45 17-Oct-44 14-Apr-45 27-Jan-45 19-Apr-45 03-Nov-44 17-Mar-44 03-Oct-44 31-Jul-45 29-Jul-44 17-Jan-43 31-Jul-44 03-May-43 13-Nov-43 04-Nov-44 24-Nov-43 07-Jun-44 18-Sep-44 16-Aug-44 20-Jul-43 31-Jan-43 03-May-45 21-Oct-43 19-Mar-44

19-Jan-45 31-Oct-44 26-Apr-45 05-Feb-45 19-May-45 20-Nov-44 31-Mar-44 13-Oct-44 15-Sep-45 05-Aug-44 30-Jan-43 10-Aug-44 21-May-43 24-Nov-43 16-Nov-44 10-Dec-43 23-Jun-44 06-Oct-44 28-Aug-44 29-Jul-43 27-Feb-43 16-May-45 31-Oct-43 31-Mar-44

3046 Marcus H Tracy 787 Mary Lyon

2192 Mary Wilkins Freeman 3075 Matthew Sheehan 2201 Mercy Warren 3031 Miaoulis 3058 Michael Anagnos 3050 Michael Moran 810 776 Nelson Dingley Noah Webster

3109 Oliver Westover 2193 Omar E Chapman 3008 Park Benjamin

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Hull No. 823

Name Park Holland

Laid Down 30-Jul-43 04-Nov-44 30-Jul-43 08-Mar-44 04-Dec-43 18-Jan-45 27-Dec-42

Launched 14-Sep-43 17-Dec-44 14-Sep-43 19-Apr-44 22-Jan-44 13-Mar-45 14-Mar-43

Completed Left Service 28-Sep-43 31-Dec-44 28-Sep-43 25-Apr-44 04-Feb-44 21-Mar-45 31-Mar-43 1961 Sep-63 Feb-68 28-Jul-47 Mar-66

Notes Caught fire and exploded off Brest. Scrapped. Renamed the Golfo Di Napoli in 1957. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3084 Paul Buck 824 Peregrine White

3016 Raymond B Stevens 2215 Renald Fernald 3099 Richard D Lyons 338 Richard Hovey

29-Mar-44 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed and shelled by Japanese submarine I26 (commanded by Kusaka) in the Indian Ocean (16.40 North 64.30 East). 3 crew and 1 Armed Guard killed, with the Master and 3 crew captured by Japanese as POW. Nov-65 Scrapped.

3056 Robert B Forbes 796 Robert Jordan

31-Jul-44 25-May-43 14-Aug-43

18-Sep-44 18-Jul-43 10-Oct-43

25-Sep-44 27-Jul-43 26-Oct-43

14-Jun-59 Caught fire and laid up. Eventually scrapped. 01-Mar-45 Hit mine and sank off Ostend (51.23 North 02.51 East). No fatalities. Nov-62 May-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 1967 Scrapped. Box transport. In 1963 was renamed the Georgetown. Fate unknown. Sep-68 Jul-69 1959 Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as Jeremiah L Chaplin. Scrapped.

2189 Robert L Vann

3062 Robert R McBurney 2200 Robert R Randall 797 792 Robert Rogers Robert Treat

09-Aug-44 11-Oct-43 25-May-43 15-Apr-43 04-May-45

22-Sep-44 24-Nov-43 18-Jul-43 07-Jun-43 10-Jul-45

30-Sep-44 06-Dec-43 31-Jul-43 21-Jun-43 02-Aug-45

3125 Robert W Hart

3020 Samadang 3014 Samadre 2190 Samakron 2216 Samannan 2204 Samavon 3015 Sambanka 3007 Samdaring

13-Mar-44 18-Feb-44 13-Sep-43 13-Dec-43 08-Nov-43 28-Feb-44 24-Jan-44

22-Apr-44 04-Apr-44 31-Oct-43 31-Jan-44 18-Dec-43 11-Apr-44 11-Mar-44

30-Apr-44 15-Apr-44 09-Nov-43 14-Feb-44 30-Dec-43 22-Apr-44 23-Mar-44

27-Mar-67 Adrift and damaged in storm, later scrapped. 03-Nov-66 Laid down as Bronson Alcott. Ran aground off Madras. 1967 Sep-68 Scrapped. Forward end joined to aft end of the Josephine Shaw Lowell in 1960 to make new vessel (8,418 grt). Finally scrapped Sep 1968.

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 29-Jan-44 14-Jan-44 06-Nov-43 24-Nov-43 21-Mar-44 20-Sep-43

Launched 19-Mar-44 07-Mar-44 20-Dec-43 13-Jan-44 06-May-44 07-Nov-43

Completed Left Service 31-Mar-44 14-Mar-44 31-Dec-43 31-Jan-44 17-May-44 17-Nov-43 Oct-61 Aug-68 Mar-69 Jun-67 Scrapped.

Notes

3009 Samderry 2224 Samderwent 2210 Samdon 2214 Samearn 3022 Samidway 2191 Samlong

In 1970 was still trading as the Varuna Devi. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

03-Aug-44 Laid down as Elias H Derby. Damaged by E-boat torpedo off Thames Estuary, declared CTL. Jan-60 Scrapped. Name plate presented to the Museum and Record of Australian-built Merchant Ships in Australia. Laid down as the Barrett Wendell. Scrapped Laid down as the William Pitt Preble. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as Charles A Young. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3018 Samoresby

08-Mar-44

19-Apr-44

30-Apr-44

2196 Samphill 2197 Samrich 3024 Samsmola 3005 Samsperrin 2202 Samspring 2223 Samstrae 3021 Samsuva

15-Sep-43 15-Sep-43 06-Apr-44 14-Jan-44 20-Oct-43 21-Dec-43 21-Mar-44

05-Nov-43 05-Nov-43 20-May-44 07-Mar-44 03-Dec-43 16-Feb-44 06-May-44

15-Nov-43 20-Nov-43 27-May-44 18-Mar-44 16-Dec-43 29-Feb-44 13-May-44

Mar-67 May-68 Jan-68 Nov-61 Nov-69 Aug-67

29-Sep-44 Whilst travelling as part of convoy RA60 was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U310 (commanded by Ley) off North Cape (72.58 North 23.59 East) 23-Apr-47 Laid down as Peleg Wadsworth. Dragged anchors and ran aground. Feb-61 Apr-62 Feb-62 Nov-68 Scrapped. Laid down as the Percy D Haughton. Scrapped. Laid down as William Blackstone. Scrapped. Scrapped. Box transport. In 1960 was renamed the Oxford. Fate unknown. Apr-44 Torpedoed and sunk by E-boat in English Channel (50.40 N 00.31 E)

2203 Samtampa

01-Nov-43

12-Dec-43

22-Dec-43

2218 Samteviot 2199 Samtrent 826 Samtucky

08-Dec-43 11-Oct-43 01-Sep-43 21-Dec-43 23-May-45

28-Jan-44 24-Nov-43 19-Oct-43 16-Feb-44 31-Jul-45

11-Feb-44 30-Nov-43 30-Oct-43 25-Feb-44 31-Aug-45

2222 Samtyne 3127 Samuel R Aitken

3017 Samwake

08-Mar-44

19-Apr-44

28-Apr-44

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Hull No. 2221 Samwye

Name

Laid Down 10-Jan-44 24-Nov-43 08-Dec-43 04-May-43 16-Apr-45 26-Jan-44 13-Aug-43

Launched 26-Feb-44 13-Jan-44 28-Jan-44 23-Jun-43 08-Jun-45 04-Mar-44 10-Oct-43

Completed Left Service 08-Mar-44 21-Jan-44 17-Feb-44 13-Jul-43 30-Jun-45 16-Mar-44 21-Oct-43

Notes

02-Aug-67 Ran aground off Mombassa. Refloated and declared CTL. Nov-61 Scrapped.

2212 Samythian 2219 Sarah Orne Jewett 795 Silvester Gardiner

20-Nov-66 Stranded and refloated, later laid up and scrapped. Aug-69 Aug-65 Dec-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3116 Stanley R Fisher 3004 Stanton H King 2188 Sumner I Kimball

16-Jan-44 Whilst straggling from convoy ON219 was torpedoed by German submarine U960 (commanded by Heinrich) in the North Atlantic (52.35 North 35.00 West). 40 crew and 24 Armed Guard lost. Aug-68 Scrapped.

2213 Susan Colby 3094 T S Gold 804 Thomas B Reed

24-Nov-43 05-Dec-44 19-Apr-43 26-Jun-44 16-Aug-43 18-Oct-44 08-May-44 14-Oct-41

13-Jan-44 23-Jan-45 09-Jun-43 16-Aug-44 05-Oct-43 03-Dec-44 24-Jun-44 13-Jul-42

26-Jan-44 06-Feb-45 19-Jun-43 25-Aug-44 15-Oct-43 11-Dec-44 30-Jun-44 11-Aug-42

19-Apr-67 Ran aground off Inchon. Refloated and scrapped. 1966 1965 Scrapped. Scrapped.

3047 Thomas Bradlee 822 Thomas Clyde

12-Jan-63 Ran aground in Dardanelles. Aug-69 Scrapped.

3077 Thomas F Meagher 3034 Thomas H Sumner 203 Thomas Hooker

13-Nov-66 Hull developed cracks, abandoned. 15-Mar-43 Broke in two in North Atlantic (53.20 North 47.00 West). No fatalities. Oct-64 Oct-69 Apr-68 Feb-65 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Box transport. Scrapped. Laid down as the Edward Preble. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Box transport. US reserve fleet. 20-Mar-66 Broke in two in storm. Forward section refloated and converted to derrick barge. Mar-69 Scrapped.

801 779

Thomas W Hyde Timothy Dwight

06-Mar-43 04-Jan-43 11-Jun-45 19-Oct-42

05-May-43 07-Mar-43 31-Aug-45 02-Jan-43

14-May-43 20-Mar-43 11-Oct-45 30-Jan-43

3130 Tom Treanor 772 Volans

775

Walter E Ranger

12-Nov-42 11-Jul-45 19-Dec-43

31-Jan-43 26-Sep-45 09-Feb-44

19-Feb-43 20-Oct-45 22-Feb-44

3131 Walter F Perry 2217 Washington Allston

2205 Webb Miller

22-Oct-43

07-Dec-43

16-Dec-43

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Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 10-Jan-45 12-Nov-44 18-Dec-44 17-Aug-42 27-Sep-42 05-Feb-45 02-Aug-43 09-Jun-42

Launched 03-Mar-45 24-Dec-44 21-Feb-45 14-Nov-42 08-Dec-42 30-Mar-45 19-Sep-43 21-Oct-42

Completed Left Service 15-Mar-45 31-Dec-44 28-Feb-45 08-Dec-42 31-Dec-42 14-Apr-45 30-Sep-43 31-Oct-42 Jun-60 1963 1968 1967

Notes

3105 Wilfred R Bellevue 3089 William A Dobson 3095 William Bevan 208 209 William Bradford William Brewster

01-Feb-66 Sprang leak, later sank. Sep-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3111 William H Lane 818 206 William H Todd William King

06-Jun-43 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U198 (commanded by Hartmann) off South Africa (30.25 South 34.15 East). 6 crew lost. The Master was taken to a Japanese POW camp, and was killed on Junyo Maru. Oct-64 1964 Feb-59 Dec-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 29-Mar-43 Whilst travelling as part of convoy HX230 was torpedoed by German submarine U610 (commanded by FreyberyEisenberg) in the North Atlantic (56.57 North 24.15 West). 35 crew and 22 Armed Guard killed. Oct-69 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 16-Apr-47 Wrecked by the explosion of the liberty ship Grandchamp (formerly Benjamin R Curtis). US reserve fleet. Oct-67 Scrapped.

3030 William Leavitt 3053 William Lyon Phelps 768 803 784 212 William P Fessenden William Pepperell William Phips William Pierce Frye

20-Apr-44 08-Jul-44 08-Sep-42 09-Apr-43 15-Feb-43 15-Nov-42

07-Jun-44 24-Aug-44 11-Nov-42 03-Jun-43 15-Apr-43 11-Feb-43

19-Jun-44 31-Aug-44 15-Dec-42 12-Jun-43 28-Apr-43 23-Feb-43

800

William Sturgis

24-Jun-43 26-Jun-44 01-Sep-44

12-Aug-43 16-Aug-44 14-Oct-44

23-Aug-43 31-Aug-44 26-Oct-44

3048 William Tyler 3067 Wilson B Keene

769

Winslow Homer

08-Sep-42 19-Sep-44

11-Nov-42 03-Nov-44

27-Dec-42 11-Nov-44

3069 Winthrop L Marvin

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North Carolina Shipbuilding Co
Hull Name No. 221 863 869 162 892 156 Abel Parker Upshur Abner Nash Alexander Lillington Alexander Martin Alfred Moore Artemas Ward Laid Down 13-Apr-42 04-Oct-42 02-Nov-42 15-Jun-42 24-Jan-43 24-Mar-42 Launched 28-Jun-42 15-Nov-42 06-Dec-42 16-Aug-42 22-Feb-43 14-Jun-42 Completed Left Service 14-Jul-42 27-Nov-42 20-Dec-42 28-Aug-42 02-Mar-43 30-Jun-42 Jun-66 1964 Jan-61 Sep-63 Feb-61 Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Notes

08-Jun-44 Damaged in collision with tanker in March 1944. Sunk as part of Mulberry Harbour. May-68 Oct-67 Scrapped. Scrapped.

1984 Arthur Dobbs 1999 Augustus S Merrimon 169 Benjamin Smith

24-May-43 12-Jul-43 11-Sep-42

20-Jun-43 11-Aug-43 28-Oct-42

27-Jun-43 19-Aug-43 07-Nov-42

23-Jan-43 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U175 (commanded by Bruns) off Sassandra (04.05 North 07.50 West). No fatalities. Dec-66 Feb-68 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 27-Jan-43 Whilst straggling from convoy UGS4 was torpedoed by German submarine U514 (commanded by Auffermann) off the Azores (36.37 North 30.55 West). 23-Mar-45 Sunk by mine or submarine off Ostend. No fatalities. May-67 Dec-69 1962 Feb-62 Mar-68 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

165 873

Benjamin Williams Betty Zane

19-Jul-42 20-Nov-42 15-Jun-43 11-Dec-41

23-Sep-42 22-Dec-42 15-Jul-43 10-May-42

04-Oct-42 31-Dec-42 22-Jul-43 28-May-42

1991 Charles A Dana 151 Charles C Pinckney

1976 Charles D McIver 1995 Chatham C Lyon 872 900 Christopher Gadsden Christopher Gale

01-May-43 28-Jun-43 15-Nov-42 19-Feb-43 18-Jun-43 17-Sep-42 29-Mar-43

25-May-43 27-Jul-43 18-Dec-42 21-Mar-43 21-Jul-43 01-Nov-42 24-Apr-43

31-May-43 12-Aug-43 31-Dec-42 28-Mar-43 28-Jul-43 12-Nov-42 30-Apr-43

1992 Clement Clay 860 911 Collis P Huntington Cornelia P Spencer

21-Sep-43 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U188 (commanded by Lüdden) in the Indian Ocean (20.08 North 50.10 East). 2 crew killed. Mar-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. May 2004 99 of 164

861

Cornelius Harnett

23-Sep-42

06-Nov-42

20-Nov-42

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Hull Name No. 875 149 Daniel H Hill Daniel Morgan

Laid Down 27-Nov-42 03-Sep-41

Launched 27-Dec-42 08-Mar-42

Completed Left Service 10-Jan-43 16-Apr-42 1964 05-Jul-42

Notes Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. After scattering from convoy PQ17 was damaged by near misses during air attack. Abandoned, and finally sunk by German submarine U88 (commanded by Bohmann). 4 crew lost. Ran aground off Bordeaux.

909

David Caldwell

22-Mar-43 09-Jun-43 06-Feb-43 16-Aug-42 17-Jan-43

19-Apr-43 08-Jul-43 09-Mar-43 10-Oct-42 13-Feb-43

26-Apr-43 15-Jul-43 16-Mar-43 21-Oct-42 21-Feb-43 Jul-69 Dec-68 Aug-66

1989 David F Houston 896 168 889 David L Swain David Stone Edward B Dudley

Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

11-Apr-43 Whilst straggling from convoy HX232 was torpedoed by German submarine U615 (commanded by Kapitzky) in the North Atlantic (53.00 North 38.00 West). 42 crew and 27 Armed Guard lost. Converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Sep-61 Apr-61 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 30-May-43 Whilst travelling independantly was torpedoed by German submarine U126 (commanded by Kietz) off Sierra Leone (07.15 North 13.20 West). Beached, but total loss. 7 crew killed. Dec-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. In 1960 was renamed the Olga. Fate unknown. Dec-68 Jun-60 Jul-61 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet.

1979 Edward Richardson 220 899 883 885 Edward Rutledge Elisha Mitchell Ephraim Brevard Flora MacDonald

11-May-43 30-Mar-42 16-Feb-43 24-Dec-42 30-Dec-42

04-Jun-43 21-Jun-42 18-Mar-43 24-Jan-43 30-Jan-43

10-Jun-43 08-Jul-42 25-Mar-43 03-Feb-43 09-Feb-43

150 882 888 876

Francis Marion Francis Nash Furnifold M Simmons George Davis

04-Sep-41 22-Dec-42 13-Jan-43 29-Nov-42 09-Jul-43 27-Dec-42 08-May-43

22-Mar-42 21-Jan-43 10-Feb-43 30-Dec-42 07-Aug-43 26-Jan-43 31-May-43

27-Apr-42 31-Jan-43 18-Feb-43 13-Jan-43 15-Aug-43 06-Feb-43 06-Jun-43

1998 George Durant 884 George E Badger

1978 Hannis Taylor

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Hull Name No. 862 Henry Bacon

Laid Down 29-Sep-42

Launched 11-Nov-42

Completed Left Service 24-Nov-42

Notes

23-Feb-45 Sunk by torpedo dropped by aircraft in the Barents Sea (67.38 North 05.00 West). 15 crew and 7 Armed Guard lost. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Oct-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Ran aground and declared CTL in 1947 but repaired and sold. Scrapped. Was renamed the Stalo in 1965. Fate unknown. 18-Jun-46 Damaged on reef, refloated an laid up. Later scrapped. May-62 01-Jul-68 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Loaded with ammunition and scuttled. Scrapped.

228

Henry Middleton

05-Sep-42 30-May-43

25-Oct-42 27-Jun-43

04-Nov-42 05-Jul-43

1986 Hilary A Herbert

906 157

Horace Williams Hugh Williamson

12-Mar-43 11-May-42 31-May-43 23-Aug-42

12-Apr-43 07-Jul-42 30-Jun-43 15-Oct-42

19-Apr-43 24-Jul-42 07-Jul-43 24-Oct-42

1987 Hutchinson I Cone 226 James B Richardson

1996 James I McKay 867 James Iredell

01-Jul-43 25-Oct-42

31-Jul-43 29-Nov-42

08-Aug-43 12-Dec-42

Dec-67

08-Jun-44 Temporarily converted to troopship. Damaged by aircraft and submarine attacks in 1943. Sunk as part of Mulberry harbour. May-60 Scrapped.

874 161

James J Pettigrew James K Polk

24-Nov-42 08-Jun-42

24-Dec-42 02-Aug-42

07-Jan-43 21-Aug-42

09-Mar-43 Whilst travelling as part of convoy BT6 was torpedoed by German submarine U510 (commanded by Neitzel) off Dutch Guiana (7.40 North 52.07 West). 1 Armed Guard killed. Declared CTL, and later scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. In 1964 was renamed the Fede. Fate unknown. 10-Mar-43 Whilst travelling in convoy KG123 was torpedoed by German submarine U185 (commanded by Maus) off Cuba (19.49 North 74.38 West). 43 crew and 28 Armed Guard lost. Jan-70 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

891

James Moore

21-Jan-43

19-Feb-43

27-Feb-43

886

James Sprunt

05-Jan-43

03-Feb-43

13-Feb-43

166

James Turner

26-Jul-42

29-Sep-42

10-Oct-42

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Hull Name No. 155 Jeremiah Van Rensselaer

Laid Down 10-Mar-42

Launched 07-Jun-42

Completed Left Service 24-Jun-42

Notes

02-Feb-43 Whilst travelling with convoy HX224 was torpedoed by German submarine U456 (commanded by Teichert) off Greenland (55.13 North 28.53 West). 35 crew and 11 Armed Guard lost. 07-Sep-44 Explosions in holds, declared CTL. Nov-65 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

219 152 225

John C Calhoun John Cropper John Drayton

01-Oct-41 20-Jan-42 04-Jul-42

26-Apr-42 17-May-42 05-Sep-42

21-May-42 04-Jun-42 17-Sep-42

21-A pr-43 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed and shelled by Italian submarine Da Vinci (commanded by GazzanaPriaroggia) off Durban (32.10 South 34.50 East). 21 crew and 5 Armed Guard lost. Jun-67 Scrapped.

1972 John Grier Hibben 878 John Harvey

20-Apr-43 06-Dec-42

15-May-43 09-Jan-43

21-May-43 19-Jan-43

02-Dec-43 Temporarily converted to troopship. Whilst in Bari harbour was sunk by German air attack. May-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. In 1962 was used as experimental liquified gas carrier. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. 13-Sep-42 Torpedoed by aircraft in Greenalnd Sea. 3 crew killed. Apr-69 Oct-69 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Jul-67 Sep-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Converted to troopship. Scrapped.

1985 John Lawson

26-May-43

24-Jun-43

30-Jun-43

1977 John M Morehead 1990 John Merrick 1997 John N Maffitt 1970 John Owen 1975 John P Mitchell 218 881 897 907 John Penn John Wright Stanly Jonathan Worth Jose Bonifacio

05-May-43 12-Jun-43 04-Jul-43 15-Apr-43 28-Apr-43 23-Sep-41 18-Dec-42 11-Feb-43 16-Mar-43 07-Apr-43 10-Oct-42 22-Sep-41

29-May-43 11-Jul-43 04-Aug-43 10-May-43 23-May-43 12-Apr-42 19-Jan-43 12-Mar-43 14-Apr-43 30-Apr-43 20-Nov-42 29-Mar-42

04-Jun-43 18-Jul-43 12-Aug-43 16-May-43 29-May-43 11-May-42 29-Jan-43 19-Mar-43 21-Apr-43 07-May-43 30-Nov-42 06-May-42

Jun-66 1967 1966 Aug-64

1967 Joseph A Brown 864 217 Joseph Alston Joseph Hewes

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Hull Name No. 1983 Joseph Le Conte 1973 Kemp P Battle 1988 Lawrence D Tyson 1981 Lee S Overman 866 887 Marshall Elliott Matt W Ransom

Laid Down 22-May-43 23-Apr-43 05-Jun-43 16-May-43 20-Oct-42 09-Jan-43

Launched 17-Jun-43 18-May-43 03-Jul-43 11-Jun-43 27-Nov-42 06-Feb-43

Completed Left Service 23-Jun-43 24-May-43 10-Jul-43 17-Jun-43 09-Dec-42 16-Feb-43 Sep-68

Notes In 1965 was renamed the Tony. Fate unknown. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

12-Nov-44 Struck mine and sank off Le Harve. No fatalities. Apr-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

08-Jun-44 On 11 April 1943 was torpedoed by German submarine U117 (commanded by Neumann) off Casablanca (33.55 North 07.52 West), but proceded under own power to Gibraltar. Sunk as part of Mulberry harbour. Dec-69 Scrapped.

898 146

Matthew T Goldsboro Nathanael Greene

13-Feb-43 22-May-41

15-Mar-43 17-Jan-42

22-Mar-43 12-Mar-42

24-Feb-43 Sunk by German submarine U565 (commanded by franken) 40 miles off Oran. 4 crew lost. The ship was awarded a Gallant Ship Award. 01-Aug-67 Plating fractures, later scrapped. Nov-69 Mar-67 Scrapped. Laid down as the Sallie S Cotton. Scrapped.

167 880

Nathaniel Alexander Nathaniel Macon

02-Aug-42 13-Dec-42 13-Apr-43 30-Aug-42

04-Oct-42 17-Jan-43 07-May-43 20-Oct-42

15-Oct-42 26-Jan-43 14-May-43 29-Oct-42

1969 Ole Bull 227 Paul Hamilton

20-Apr-44 Temporarily converted to troopship. Attacked and sunk by aircraft torpedoes off Algiers (37.00 North 03.20 East). 47 crew, 29 Armed Guard and 504 US Army Air Force personnel lost. Apr-67 Scrapped.

865 868

Paul Hamilton Hayne Penelope Barker

15-Oct-42 28-Oct-42

24-Nov-42 01-Dec-42

04-Dec-42 15-Dec-42

25-Jan-44 Whilst travelling in convoy JW65A was torpedoed by German submarine U278 (commanded by Franze) in the Barents Sea (73.22 north 22.30 East). 10 crew, 5 Armed Guard and 1 Royal Navy doctor lost. Mar-69 Sep-60 Scrapped. Scrapped.

1971 Philip Doddridge 871 Pocahontas

18-Apr-43 11-Nov-42

13-May-43 13-Dec-42

19-May-43 27-Dec-42

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Hull Name No. 870 Richard Casw ell

Laid Down 06-Nov-42

Launched 10-Dec-42

Completed Left Service 22-Dec-42 16-Jul-43

Notes Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U513 (commanded by Guggenberger) off Brazil (28.10 South 46.30 West). 9 crew lost.

163

Richard D Spaight

08-Jul-42

11-Sep-42

23-Sep-42

10-Mar-43 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U182 (commanded by Clausen) off South Africa (28.00 South 37.00 East). 1 crew lost. 17-Jul-63 Ran aground.

1994 Richmond P Hobson 1974 Robert Dale Owen

25-Jun-43 26-Apr-43

17-Jul-43 21-May-43

25-Jul-43 27-May-43

20-Dec-47 Temporarily converted to troopship. Struck mine and sank off Rijeka. 28-Dec-43 Damaged by torpedo from Japanese submarine I26 (commanded by Kusaka) in the Arabian Sea (20.00 north 59.25 East). No fatalities. Towed to Oman, then Aden, then Massawa for discharge but Jun 1944 broke back. Temporary repairs effected, then July 1944 taken in tow for Suez but taken in to Port Sudan. Sep 1944 left in tow for Suez but adrift in bad weather. Sighted by RAF in Oct 1944 and salvaged. Nov 1944 again left in tow for Suez and declared CTL on arrival. Dec 1944 towed to Bombay and taken over by Royal Navy as training ship. May 1947 discarded and beached off Bombay (still damaged from torpedo attack). June 1949 scrapped. Second liberty ship to arrive at London. US reserve fleet. 11-Jul-43 Attacked by aircraft and shelled by artillery off Gela. Abandoned and exploded. No fatalities. US reserve fleet. 29-Jun-65 Lost without trace near 09.03 North 56.25 East. 10-Oct-61 Laid down as the John Branch. Ran aground, refloated and declared CTL.

1968 Robert F Hoke

10-Apr-43

04-May-43

11-May-43

879 904

Robert Howe Robert Rowan

10-Dec-42 05-Mar-43

13-Jan-43 06-Apr-43

23-Jan-43 13-Apr-43

903 224

Roger Moore Roger Williams

28-Feb-43 29-Jun-42 25-Jul-43

31-Mar-43 30-Aug-42 21-Aug-43

08-Apr-43 12-Sep-42 27-Aug-43

2002 Sambrian

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Hull Name No. 2000 Samphire 164 Samuel Ashe

Laid Down 16-Jul-43 12-Jul-42 19-May-43 18-Mar-43 22-Jun-42 22-Jul-43 25-Feb-42 09-Mar-43 21-Jun-43 28-May-41

Launched 14-Aug-43 17-Sep-42 14-Jun-43 17-Apr-43 23-Aug-42 18-Aug-43 31-May-42 09-Apr-43 24-Jul-43 03-Feb-42

Completed Left Service 22-Aug-43 29-Sep-42 20-Jun-43 24-Apr-43 07-Sep-42 26-Aug-43 17-Jun-42 15-Apr-43 31-Jul-43 27-Mar-42 1966 1964 Apr-62 Aug-69 Aug-61 Jun-60 Jun-60

Notes Laid down as the Montfort Stokes. Scrapped Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1982 Thomas J Jarvis 908 223 Thomas L Clingman Thomas Pinckney

2001 Thomas Pollock 154 905 Thomas Sumter Thomas W Bickett

26-Dec-56 Foundered in North Sea. Converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1993 Thomas W Owen 147 Virginia Dare

12-Mar-44 Struck mine and broke in two. No fatalities. The ship received a Gallant Ship Award. Dec-60 Dec-59 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Dec-67 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. May-62 Feb-60 24-Jul-44 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Whilst travelling as part of convoy JT39 was torpedoed by German submarine U861 (commanded by Oesten) in the South Atlantic (26.42 South 46.12 West). No fatalities. Scrapped. Whilst travelling as part of convoy PQ17 was struck by aircraft torpedo and abandoned. Finally sunk by German submarine U334 (commanded by Siemon). 3 crew lost.

910 902 912 877 160 895 894 159

Waigstill Avery Walker Taylor Walter Hines Page Walter Raleigh William A Graham William D Moseley William D Pender William Gaston

24-Mar-43 25-Feb-43 01-Apr-43 01-Dec-42 01-Jun-42 03-Feb-43 30-Jan-43 23-May-42

22-Apr-43 28-Mar-43 27-Apr-43 05-Jan-43 26-Jul-42 05-Mar-43 28-Feb-43 19-Jul-42

28-Apr-43 05-Apr-43 04-May-43 16-Jan-43 15-Aug-42 12-Mar-43 09-Mar-43 05-Aug-42

222 148

William Hawkins William Hooper

27-Apr-42 22-Aug-41

03-Jul-42 21-Feb-42

20-Jul-42 07-Apr-42

1958 04-Jul-42

901

William L Davidson

22-Feb-43

24-Mar-43

31-Mar-43

09-Mar-46 Ran aground off Norway, salvaged and sold to US Navy as hulk. US reserve fl eet.

153

William Moultrie

05-Feb-42

22-May-42

11-Jun-42

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Hull Name No. 158 William R Davie

Laid Down 18-May-42 14-May-43 19-Jan-43 26-Jan-43 22-May-41

Launched 12-Jul-42 08-Jun-43 16-Feb-43 25-Feb-43 06-Dec-41

Completed Left Service 29-Jul-42 14-Jun-43 24-Feb-43 06-Mar-43 17-Feb-42 Feb-60

Notes US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. In 1968 was in US Navy service. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Nov 1943 converted to hospital ship and renamed John F Meany. US reserve fleet.

1980 William T Barry 890 893 145 Willie Jones Woodrow Wilson Zebulon B Vance

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Oregon Shipbuilding Corp
Hull No. Name Laid Down 29-Sep-43 Launched 18-Oct-43 Completed Left Service 26-Oct-43 Notes On 10 Nov 1945 the ship struck a mine off Dubrivnik. No fatalities. Declared CTL but repaired and in 1965 was renamed the Aquila. Fate unknown. Oct-63 Jan-68 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2253 Abbot L Mills

2582 Abigail S Duniway 598 Abner Doubleday

05-Jan-44 25-Oct-42 30-Sep-43 01-Mar-43 17-Sep-42 20-Sep-41 15-Dec-42 09-Mar-43 25-Feb-43 13-Feb-43 27-Jul-42 23-Apr-42

21-Jan-44 20-Nov-42 20-Oct-43 23-Mar-43 18-Oct-42 28-Dec-41 09-Jan-43 29-Mar-43 19-Mar-43 07-Mar-43 03-Sep-42 31-May-42

29-Jan-44 30-Nov-42 28-Oct-43 30-Mar-43 27-Oct-42 10-Mar-42 16-Jan-43 06-Apr-43 27-Mar-43 17-Mar-43 15-Sep-42 16-Jun-42

2254 Albert A Michelson 1612 Albert B Cummins 583 229 620 Alexander Graham Bell Alexander Hamilton Alexander J Dallas

09-Dec-66 Leaking in Pacific, later scrapped. 1961 Aug-62 May-62 1966 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Henry W Corbett. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Elijah P Lovejoy. Fate unknown. May-61 Oct-63 Scrapped. Scrapped.

1616 Alexandr Nevsky 1610 Alexandr Suvorov 1604 Amos Kendall 566 238 Andrew Carnegie Anne Hutchinson

26-Oct-42 Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by German submarine U504 (commanded by Poske) in the Indian Ocean (34.10 South 28.30 East). 3 crew killed. 1961 Jun-62 Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Henry L Pittock . Fate unknown. Converted to crane barge in 1965. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the David Douglas. Fate unknown. Feb-62 Oct-58 Jun-66 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. May 2004 107 of 164

2086 Anthony Ravalli 1593 Arthur Riggs 2036 Askold 2067 B F Irvine 1622 B F Shaw 2047 Baku 1605 Belva Lockwood 2024 Ben Holladay 2080 Ben T Osborne 1609 Benjamin H Grierson 2039 Binger Hermann

01-Sep-43 15-Jan-43 05-Jun-43 31-Jul-43 21-Mar-43 24-Jun-43 16-Feb-43 14-May-43 22-Aug-43 24-Feb-43 10-Jun-43

16-Sep-43 13-Feb-43 24-Jun-43 19-Aug-43 09-Apr-43 14-Jul-43 09-Mar-43 03-Jun-43 08-Sep-43 17-Mar-43 30-Jun-43

23-Sep-43 23-Feb-43 02-Jul-43 26-Aug-43 17-Apr-43 22-Jul-43 19-Mar-43 11-Jun-43 14-Sep-43 25-Mar-43 08-Jul-43

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 200 602

Name Bret Harte Carl Schurz

Laid Down 19-Apr-42 04-Nov-42 24-Sep-43 26-Sep-42 08-Oct-42 18-Jul-43 17-Sep-43 11-Nov-42

Launched 29-May-42 30-Nov-42 11-Oct-43 25-Oct-42 04-Nov-42 07-Aug-43 02-Oct-43 07-Dec-42

Completed Left Service 12-Jun-42 09-Dec-42 19-Oct-43 05-Nov-42 15-Nov-42 14-Aug-43 10-Oct-43 15-Dec-42 Apr-68 Apr-70 Jun-60 Dec-63 Oct-61 Mar-61 1968

Notes Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the S Kirov. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. 27 Jun 43, whilst travelling independently was shelled by German submarine U199 (commanded by Friedrich) off Rio De Janero, but U-boat was held off. Scrapped. Fate unknown. Either taken over by crew and sailed to Communist China, or foundered. In 1950 was renamed the Chena. Fate unknown.

2249 Charles F Amidon 587 591 Charles Goodyear Charles Gordon Curtis

2060 Charles M Russell 2098 Charles Nordhoff 605 Charles Willson Peale

1615 Chief Joseph

07-Mar-43

27-Mar-43

04-Apr-43

Oct-62

613

Chief Washakie

30-Nov-42 11-Feb-43 24-Jul-42 11-Jul-43 05-May-42 07-Feb-43 07-Apr-43 27-Jun-42 13-Dec-42 05-Sep-43 01-Aug-43 27-Jul-43 31-Jan-43

24-Dec-42 05-Mar-43 31-Aug-42 31-Jul-43 16-Jun-42 01-Mar-43 27-Apr-43 05-Aug-42 07-Jan-43 20-Sep-43 21-Aug-43 15-Aug-43 24-Feb-43

31-Dec-42 15-Mar-43 12-Sep-42 07-Aug-43 28-Jun-42 12-Mar-43 05-May-43 17-Aug-42 14-Jan-43 27-Sep-43 28-Aug-43 23-Aug-43 06-Mar-43 Apr-61 Feb-70 Jun-66 Mar-70 Oct-66 1962 Mar-62 Mar-70 Jun-62

1603 Christopher Greenup 565 Cleveland Abbe

Converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. In 1961 was renamed the Jablanica. Fate unknown. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Was renamed the Kopalnia Bobrek in 1959. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Laid down as the Nathaniel J Wyeth. Taken over by US Navy. Converted to troopship. Scrapped.

2056 Clinton Kelly 543 Cornelius Gilliam

1601 Cushing Eells 2003 Cushman K Davis 557 619 Daniel H Lownsdale Daniel S Lamont

2089 David B Henderson 2068 David F Barry 2065 David Thompson 1598 De Grasse

May 2004 108 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 05-Feb-43 17-Jun-43 12-Jun-43 29-Jul-43 29-Jan-42

Launched 27-Feb-43 07-Jul-43 01-Jul-43 17-Aug-43 26-Mar-42

Completed Left Service 10-Mar-43 14-Jul-43 09-Jul-43 25-Aug-43 28-Apr-42 Dec-67 Dec-67 Apr-61

Notes Laid down as the E H Harriman. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1600 Dekabrist 2043 Delazon Smith 2040 Donald MacLeay 2066 Dunham Wright 186 Edgar Allan Poe

09-Nov-42 Torpedoed and damaged by Japanese submarine I21 (commanded by Matsumura) off New Caledonia (23.41 South 166.30 East). 2 crew lost. Later scrapped. 05-Feb-45 Struck mine in pacific and declared CTL. No fatalities. May-61 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 1961 1959 Feb-69 1958 Feb-60 Aug-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 15-Feb-44 Temporarily converted to troopship. Attacked by aircraft off Anzio, struck by glider bomb, blew up and sank. 3 crew and 2 Armed Guard lost. Jul-61 Jun-69 Jun-63 Nov-68 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Louis Agassiz. Fate unknown. Jul-61 May-60 Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Joseph Watt. Fate unknown. Feb-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet.

2087 Edmund F Dickens 2255 Edmund G Ross 1625 Edward Bellamy 2029 Edward Canby 2057 Edward D Baker 575 Edward Everett

02-Sep-43 02-Oct-43 26-Mar-43 23-May-43 13-Jul-43 26-Aug-42 07-Jan-44 08-Aug-43 14-Nov-42 21-Jul-42 30-Apr-42

17-Sep-43 22-Oct-43 14-Apr-43 12-Jun-43 01-Aug-43 26-Sep-42 25-Jan-44 27-Aug-43 09-Dec-42 26-Aug-42 07-Jun-42

24-Sep-43 29-Oct-43 22-Apr-43 20-Jun-43 09-Aug-43 08-Oct-42 02-Feb-44 04-Sep-43 17-Dec-42 09-Sep-42 24-Jun-42

2583 Edward Lander 2072 Edward N Westcott 606 564 240 Edwin Booth Edwin M Stanton Elihu Yale

558

Elijah White

30-Jun-42 16-Oct-43 30-Sep-42 18-Dec-43 24-Mar-43 15-Nov-43 21-May-43 15-Jun-43 30-Apr-43 23-Jun-42 25-Nov-42

07-Aug-42 05-Nov-43 27-Oct-42 05-Jan-44 13-Apr-43 04-Dec-43 10-Jun-43 04-Jul-43 19-May-43 31-Jul-42 19-Dec-42

20-Aug-42 14-Nov-43 07-Nov-42 15-Jan-44 21-Apr-43 19-Dec-43 18-Jun-43 13-Jul-43 27-May-43 13-Aug-42 27-Dec-42

2520 Elisha P Ferry 588 Elmer A Sperry

2579 Elwood Mead 1624 Emilian Pugachev 2537 Enos A Mills 2028 Ephraim W Baughman 2042 Erevan 2016 Eric V Hauser 556 611 Eugene Skinner Ezra Meeker

May 2004 109 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 07-Jun-43 12-Jan-42 04-May-43 22-Sep-43 13-Oct-43 17-Mar-43

Launched 26-Jun-43 17-Mar-42 23-May-43 09-Oct-43 01-Nov-43 04-Apr-43

Completed Left Service 04-Jul-43 24-Apr-42 31-May-43 17-Oct-43 10-Nov-43 13-Apr-43 Nov-61 1965 1959 Mar-70 Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

2037 Felix Hathaway 233 Fisher Ames

2018 Francis E Warren 2248 Francis N Blanchet 2261 Francis W Parker 1620 Francis W Pettygrove

US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped.

13-Aug-43 Hit by torpedo dropped from aircraft in the Mediterranean (36.08 North 02.14 West). No fatalities. Declared CTL. 1962 Feb-62 Aug-67 May-61 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Argentan. Fate unknown. Oct-60 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 06-Jun-42 Capsized after attack by torpedo boat from German surface raider Michel. 1 crew lost. Mar-62 Aug-68 Scrapped. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Was renamed the Huta Ferrum in 1961. Fate unknown. 15-Mar-61 Caught fire and exploded in Odessa harbour. 15-Jul-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Beached leaking, salvaged and arrested (debts to salvage company). Sank in harbour. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. May 2004 110 of 164

601

Frank B Kellogg

01-Nov-42 01-Nov-43 31-Dec-42 01-Sep-43 27-Nov-43 29-May-42 07-Jul-42 26-Nov-41

28-Nov-42 20-Nov-43 29-Jan-43 15-Sep-43 12-Dec-43 11-Jul-42 14-Aug-42 19-Feb-42

07-Dec-42 03-Dec-43 06-Feb-43 22-Sep-43 29-Dec-43 25-Jul-42 26-Aug-42 08-Apr-42

2529 Frank B Linderman 627 Franklin MacVeagh

2085 Frederick Billings 2571 Gabriel Franchere 550 560 182 George Abernethy George Chamberlain George Clymer

2019 George Davidson 1617 George Flavel 1619 George H Flanders 2048 George H Himes 569 George H Thomas

05-May-43 11-Mar-43 15-Mar-43 26-Jun-43 07-Aug-42

25-May-43 31-Mar-43 03-Apr-43 16-Jul-43 09-S ep-42

02-Jun-43 08-Apr-43 11-Apr-43 24-Jul-43 21-Sep-42

544

George H Williams

07-May-42 05-Mar-43 05-Jul-43 02-Jan-43 25-Oct-43 22-Dec-42 27-Oct-42

18-Jun-42 26-Mar-43 26-Jul-43 31-Jan-43 13-Nov-43 15-Jan-43 22-Nov-42

30-Jun-42 02-Apr-43 02-Aug-43 08-Feb-43 24-Nov-43 24-Jan-43 02-Dec-42

Aug-60 Jul-69 May-68 Nov-62 May-69 Aug-67

1614 George L Baker 2053 George L Curry 628 George M Bibb

2525 George P McKay 623 599 George W Campbell George W Goethals

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 25-Apr-43 27-Dec-42

Launched 14-May-43 19-Jan-43

Completed Left Service 22-May-43 31-Jan-43 1961 Apr-63

Notes Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Laid down as the Thomas Ewing. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Hellenic Sky. Fate unknown.

2013 George W Julian 625 Giansar

563

Gideon Welles

19-Jul-42 31-Mar-43 17-Nov-43 26-Jan-43 16-Dec-43

23-Aug-42 20-Apr-43 06-Dec-43 20-Feb-43 31-Dec-43

07-Sep-42 27-Apr-43 21-Dec-43 01-Mar-43 12-Jan-44

Dec-69

1628 Gilbert Stuart 2568 Grace R Hebard 1596 Hall J Kelley 2578 Harrington Emerson

May-66 Jul-68

Scrapped. Scrapped.

09-Oct-45 On 13 April 45 was bombed and strafed by a US aircraft. No fatalities. Driven ashore in typhoon. Mar-62 Scrapped.

559 552

Harry Lane Harvey W Scott

04-Jul-42 04-Jun-42

11-Aug-42 19-Jul-42

23-Aug-42 30-Jul-42

03-Mar-43 Whilst travelling as part of convoy DN21 was torpedoed by German submarine U160 (commanded by Lassen) in the Indian Ocean (31.54 South 30.37 East). No fatalities. Aug-59 Dec-61 Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Dec-59 Jul-61 1968 Scrapped. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1599 Henderson Luelling 603 191 579 Henry Barnard Henry D Thoreau Henry Dearborn

02-Feb-43 07-Nov-42 23-Feb-42 07-Sep-42 19-Mar-43 23-Aug-42 24-Jul-43 14-Jun-43 27-Apr-43 22-Oct-43 14-Aug-42 22-Dec-41 15-Oct-43 11-Apr-43 04-Dec-43 12-Nov-43

25-Feb-43 02-Dec-42 16-Apr-42 08-Oct-42 07-Apr-43 25-Sep-42 12-Aug-43 03-Jul-43 16-May-43 10-Nov-43 14-Sep-42 05-Mar-42 03-Nov-43 30-Apr-43 20-Dec-43 01-Dec-43

08-Mar-43 11-Dec-42 13-May-42 18-Oct-42 15-Apr-43 05-Oct-42 19-Aug-43 11-Jul-43 24-May-43 20-Nov-43 25-Sep-42 18-Apr-42 12-Nov-43 08-May-43 06-Jan-44 15-Dec-43

1621 Henry Failing 574 Henry George

2063 Henry L Abott 2041 Henry L Hoyt 2014 Henry S Lane 2523 Henry T Rainey 571 185 Henry Villard Henry W Longfellow

07-Sep-49 Grounded in Hong Kong harbour. Later scrapped. Oct-67 Jun-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 24-Dec-64 Ran aground off Hook of Holland, declared CTL. May-62 Mar-61 Apr-62 1967 May-61 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 111 of 164

2519 Horace V White 2005 Ignatius Donnelly 2575 Isaac I Stevens 2535 Isaac McCoy

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 28-Jun-43 06-Oct-43 12-Oct-42 24-Nov-43 11-Sep-42

Launched 18-Jul-43 25-Oct-43 09-Nov-42 08-Dec-43 11-Oct-42

Completed Left Service 25-Jul-43 02-Nov-43 19-Nov-42 23-Dec-43 21-Oct-42 1961

Notes

2049 J D Ross 2257 J Warren Keifer 592 James B Eads

12-Jan-66 Foundered in North Atlantic 1961 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped.

2569 James B Miller 580 James B Stephens

08-Mar-43 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U160 (commanded by Lassen) off Durban (28.53 South 33.18 East). 1 Armed Guard killed. Aug-61 Nov-62 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2092 James D Doty 568 198 James Duncan James Fenimore Cooper

09-Sep-43 05-Aug-42 12-Apr-42 09-Oct-43 09-Feb-43

24-Sep-43 07-Sep-42 22-May-42 29-Oct-43 03-Mar-43

30-Sep-43 18-Sep-42 08-Jun-42 06-Nov-43 13-Mar-43

04-Jan-66 Ran aground and declared CTL. 16-Oct-57 Ran aground and declared CTL 16-Jan-45 Collided with the Raymond B Stevens and caught fire. Declared CTL. Jun-63 Jul-60 Jan-60 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2259 James H Lane 1602 James Harrod

2050 James K Kelly 2075 James L Breck 2071 James M Clements 576

30-Jun-43 14-Aug-43 07-Aug-43

20-Jul-43 01-Sep-43 26-Aug-43 30-Sep-42 18-May-43 12-Apr-42

27-Jul-43 09-Sep-43 02-Sep-43 11-Oct-42 26-May-43 09-May-42

James McNeill Whistler 31-Aug-42 28-Apr-43 19-Feb-42

19-Jun-46 Ran aground southwest of Nagasaki. Oct-67 Scrapped.

2015 James Oliver 190 James Russell Lowell

15-Oct-43 Whilst travelling as part of convoy GUS18 was torpedoed by German submarine U371 (commanded by Mehl) off Algeria (37.22 North 07.08 East). Beached and declared CTL. No fatalities. Apr-69 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 07-Apr-45 Temporarily converted to troopship. Whilst travelling as part of convoy HX346 was torpedoed by German submarine U1024 (commanded by Gutteck) in the Irish Sea (53.24 North 04.48 West). No fatalities. Vessel reached port but declared CTL. Later scuttled with unwanted ammunition. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. May 2004 112 of 164

2081 James S Lawson 1613 James W Grimes 553 James W Nesmith

24-Aug-43 03-Mar-43 08-Jun-42

09-Sep-43 24-Mar-43 21-Jul-42

16-Sep-43 31-Mar-43 31-Jul-42

193

James Whitcomb Riley

05-Mar-42

23-Apr-42

17-May-42

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 183

Name James Wilson

Laid Down 09-Dec-41

Launched 22-Feb-42

Completed Left Service 11-Apr-42 Nov-64

Notes Taken over by US Navy in 1943 and renamed Sterope. Scrapped.

2038 James Withycombe 2522 Jane G Swisshelm 546 Jason Lee

08-Jun-43 20-Oct-43 16-May-42 15-Sep-43

28-Jun-43 08-Nov-43 27-Jun-42 29-Sep-43

06-Jul-43 18-Nov-43 09-Jul-42 06-Oct-43

19-Dec-43 Ran aground off Cristobal (08.58 North 79.32 West). No fatalities. Oct-67 Mar-67 02-Jul-44 Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed and shelled by Japanese submarine I8 (commanded by Ariizumi) off the Maldives (03.28 South 74.30 East). 30 crew, 19 Armed Guard and 26 passengers were killed, many having been taken on to the deck of the submarine and killed by the Japanese. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Sep-64 Scrapped.

2096 Jean Nicolet

549 610

Jesse Applegate Jim Bridger

22-May-42 22-Nov-42 16-May-43 19-May-43

07-Jul-42 17-Dec-42 05-Jun-43 08-Jun-43

20-Jul-42 25-Dec-42 13-Jun-43 16-Jun-43

2025 Joel Palmer 2027 John A Johnson

28-Oct-44 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I12 (commanded by Kudo) in the Pacific (29.55 North 141.25 West). 4 crew, 5 Armed Guard and 1 US Army killed. May-67 Jun-65 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2530 John B Kendrick 2527 John Ball 174 John Barry

03-Nov-43 29-Oct-43 11-Jul-41

22-Nov-43 17-Nov-43 23-Nov-41

05-Dec-43 28-Nov-43 17-Feb-42

28-Aug-44 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U859 (commanded by Jebsen) in the Indian Ocean (15.10 north 55.18 East). 2 crew killed. 28-Dec-44 Hit by Japanese Kamikazi aircraft off Mindoro and exploded. 40 crew and 28 Armed Guard killed. The explosion also sank an unknown freighter nearby. Feb-61 Mar-61 Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Aug-69 Scrapped. May 2004 113 of 164

609

John Burke

20-Nov-42

15-Dec-42

23-Dec-42

554 586 232

John C Ainsworth John Deere John Dickinson

16-Jun-42 25-Sep-42 29-Dec-41 04-Sep-43

24-Jul-42 23-Oct-42 11-Mar-42 19-Sep-43

05-Aug-42 31-Oct-42 21-Apr-42 25-Sep-43

2088 John F Myers

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendi x C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 27-May-43 13-Sep-43 08-Feb-42 13-Mar-43

Launched 15-Jun-43 28-Sep-43 05-Apr-42 01-Apr-43

Completed Left Service 23-Jun-43 04-Oct-43 04-May-42 09-Apr-43 Nov-59 Nov-60 1962 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

2031 John F Steffen 2095 John G Brady 188 John G Whittier

1618 John H Couch

11-Oct-43 Sunk by torpedo from Japanese aircraft off Guadalcanal. 1 crew and 1 Armed Guard killed. 18-Aug-42 Whilst travelling as part of convoy TAW13 was torpedoed by German submarine U553 (commanded by Thurmann) in the Carribean (19.41 north 76.50 West). No fatalities. 1966 Scrapped.

176

John Hancock

18-Jul-41

14-Dec-41

28-Feb-42

184 239

John Hart John Harvard

16-Dec-41 27-Apr-42

25-Feb-42 04-Jun-42

15-Apr-42 20-Jun-42

21-Apr-43 Temporarily converted to troopship. Grounded off Abidjan. Declared CTL. 1947 Jan-63 May-60 Struck reef and declared CTL. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. 24-Nov-43 Broke in two off Aleutians. 3 crew, 1 Armed Guard and 7 US Army personnel killed. Nov-64 Oct-69 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2079 John I Nolan 2059 John Jacob Astor 178 John Jay

21-Aug-43 16-Jul-43 30-Sep-41 06-Sep-43 22-May-42 21-Jun-43

06-Sep-43 05-Aug-43 04-Feb-42 21-Sep-43 04-Jul-42 11-Jul-43

13-Sep-43 12-Aug-43 28-Mar-42 28-Sep-43 17-Jul-42 18-Jul-43

2090 John M Bozeman 548 John McLoughlin

2045 John P Gaines

589 604 236

John P Holland John S Copley John Sevier

02-Oct-42 09-Nov-42 18-Mar-42

29-Oct-42 05-Dec-42 30-Apr-42

10-Nov-42 13-Dec-42 22-May-42

06-Apr-43 Torpedoed by German submarine U185 (commanded by Maus) off Cuba (20.17 North 73.52 West). No fatalities. 19-Apr-44 Broke in two off Sannak island. Jun-63 Aug-61 Mar-67 1959 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Converted to troopship. After being taken over by the US Navy in 1951 was stricken from records in 1955. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2533 John Straub 1597 John W Cullen 2536 John W Davis 2581 John W Troy 617 John W Weeks

08-Nov-43 29-Jan-43 13-Nov-43 22-Dec-43 09-Dec-42

27-Nov-43 22-Feb-43 03-Dec-43 10-Jan-44 02-Jan-43

11-Dec-43 04-Mar-43 17-Dec-43 22-Jan-44 09-Jan-43

237 561

Jonathan Edwards Jonathan Harrington

23-Mar-42 11-Jul-42

05-May-42 17-Aug-42

22-May-42 29-Aug-42

Jan-61 Aug-69

May 2004 114 of 164

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Hull No. 594 607 596 551

Name Joseph Gale Joseph Jefferson Joseph L Meek Joseph Lane

Laid Down 16-Oct-42 16-Nov-42 20-Oct-42 31-May-42 25-Sep-43 13-Sep-42 20-Jul-43 12-Aug-43 18-Feb-43 07-May-43

Launched 11-Nov-42 11-Dec-42 16-Nov-42 14-Jul-42 13-Oct-43 23-Sep-42 08-Aug-43 01-Sep-43 11-Mar-43 27-May-43

Completed Left Service 21-Nov-42 19-Dec-42 26-Nov-42 27-Jul-42 21-Oct-43 26-Sep-42 16-Aug-43 07-Sep-43 21-Mar-43 03-Jun-43 Mar-70 03-Jul-43 1963 Jun-60 Feb-66 Mar-62 Feb-61

Notes Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Laid down as the Joseph C Avery. Broke in two whilst being delivered to USSR. Laid down as the William G T'Vault. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Gouverneur Morris. In 1962 was renamed the Ivan Kulibin. Fate unknown.

2250 Joseph M Carey 581 Joseph N Teal

2061 Joseph Simon 2074 Joseph W Folk 1606 Kenneth A J MacKenzie 2020 Kherson

2008 Kuban 1627 Leningrad

16-Apr-43 29-Mar-43

05-May-43 18-Apr-43

13-May-43 26-Apr-43

2532 Lewis L Dyche

06-Nov-43

26-Nov-43

09-Dec-43

04-Jan-45 Struck by Kamikazi aircraft at Mindoro. 41 crew and 30 Armed Guard killed. Aug-61 Oct-68 1968 Oct-68 Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. 10-Nov-42 Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed and shelled by Italian submarine Da Vinci (commanded by GazzanaPriaroggia) off Brazil (05.40 South 32.11 West). No fatalities. Jun-61 Sep-59 1963 Jun-61 Scrapped. Scrapped. Converted to storage tank. Scrapped.

616

Lindley M Garrison

07-Dec-42 17-Jan-43 18-Oct-43 20-Feb-43 05-Dec-42 22-May-42

31-Dec-42 16-Feb-43 06-Nov-43 13-Mar-43 28-Dec-42 30-Jun-42

07-Jan-43 26-Feb-43 16-Nov-43 22-Mar-43 05-Jan-43 14-Jul-42

1594 Lot Whitcomb 2521 Lucius Fairchild 1607 Lucretia Mott 615 547 M M Guhin Marcus Whitman

573 196

Mark Hanna Mark Twain

20-Aug-42 05-Apr-42 14-Dec-43 11-May-42

20-Sep-42 16-May-42 29-Dec-43 23-Jun-42

03-Oct-42 31-May-42 08-Jan-44 06-Jul-42

2577 Mary E Kinney 545 Matthew P Deady

May 2004 115 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 170

Name Meriwether Lewis

Laid Down 19-May-41

Launched 19-Oct-41

Completed Left Service 27-Jan-42

Notes

02-Mar-43 Whilst straggling from convoy HX223 was torpedoed by German submarine U634 (commanded by Dahlhaus) in the North Atlantic (62.10 North 28.25 West). 44 crew and 28 Armed Guard lost. May-61 Scrapped. Laid down as the Graham Taylor. Fate unknown. Aug-67 Scrapped. Laid down as the Irving W Pratt. Fate unknown. 1961 Jan-70 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2082 Midwest Farmer 1611 Mikhail Kutusov 1595 Morton M McCarver 2034 Nakhodka 2574 Narcissa Whitman 2078 Nathaniel Crosby 187 Nathaniel Hawthorne

26-Aug-43 27-Feb-43 19-Jan-43 01-Jun-43 03-Dec-43 19-Aug-43 05-Feb-42

10-Sep-43 21-Mar-43 18-Feb-43 21-Jun-43 18-Dec-43 05-Sep-43 31-Mar-42

18-Sep-43 28-Mar-43 28-Feb-43 29-Jun-43 04-Jan-44 12-Sep-43 02-May-42

07-Nov-42 Whilst travelling as part of convoy TAG19 was torpedoed by German submarine U508 (commanded by Staats) off Trinidad ( 11.34 North 63.26 West). 30 crew, 7 Armed Guard and 1 passenger lost. Aug-66 Scrapped. Laid down as the Edward Eggleston. Fate unknown. Mar-69 Aug-61 Sep-68 Jun-61 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2035 Nicholas J Sinnott 2010 Novorossisk 194 Oliver Wendell Holmes

03-Jun-43 20-A pr-43 26-Mar-42 13-Jan-43 05-Aug-43 10-Jan-44 18-Oct-42

23-Jun-43 09-May-43 07-May-42 11-Feb-43 24-Aug-43 28-Jan-44 14-Nov-42

30-Jun-43 17-May-43 25-May-42 19-Feb-43 01-Sep-43 04-Feb-44 24-Nov-42

1592 Owen Summers 2070 Peter De Smet 2584 Peter Moran 595 Peter Skene Ogden

22-Feb-44 Torpedoed by German submarine U969 (commanded by Dobbert) off Algiers (37.22 North 07.17 East). Beached, and declared CTL. No fatalities. 25-Aug-45 Struck mine off Leyte, declared CTL. No fatalities. Jan-69 Jun-67 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2256 Peter White 177 181 Philip Livingston Philip Schuyler

04-Oct-43 18-Jul-41 19-Nov-41 22-Feb-43

23-Oct-43 21-Dec-41 15-Feb-42 15-Mar-43

31-Oct-43 07-Mar-42 04-Apr-42 24-Mar-43

1608 Pierre Gibault

22-Jun-45 Struck mine off Rhodes and beached. 2 crew and 2 Armed Guard killed. Declared CTL. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet.

567

Pierre S Dupont

01-Aug-42 10-Sep-43

27-Aug-42 25-Sep-43

01-Sep-42 30-Sep-43

2093 Prince L Campbell

May 2004 116 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 09-Apr-43 02-May-43 22-Jul-43 26-Nov-43 26-Feb-42 03-Apr-43 27-Oct-43 18-Nov-42 17-Dec-42 20-Sep-41 22-Jan-42 31-May-41

Launched 28-Apr-43 21-May-43 10-Aug-43 10-Dec-43 19-Apr-42 23-Apr-43 15-Nov-43 13-Dec-42 11-Jan-43 10-Jan-42 22-Mar-42 16-Nov-41

Completed Left Service 06-May-43 29-May-43 17-Aug-43 27-Dec-43 15-May-42 30-Apr-43 24-Nov-43 21-Dec-42 18-Jan-43 15-Mar-42 27-Apr-42 11-Feb-42 Apr-60 1968

Notes Laid down as the George L Shoup. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2004 Pskov 2017 R C Brennan 2062 R P Warner 2570 Ralph Barnes 192 Ralph Waldo Emerson

27-Oct-65 Ran aground off Ameland island. Declared CTL. Aug-60 Jul-67 1958 Feb-59 1961 Dec-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Was renamed the Great Peace in 1967. Fate unknown. 19-Apr-43 Whilst straggling from convoy HX234 was torpedoed by German submarine U108 (commanded by Wolfram) in the North Atlantic (56.30 North 43.00 West). 39 crew and 23 Armed Guard lost. 24-Dec-44 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U862 (commanded by Timm) off Sydney (36.45 South 150.43 East). 2 crew killed. 1961 25-Jul-58 May-61 Aug-60 May-68 May-68 Scrapped. Ran aground off Maio Island. Declared CTL. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Anton M Holter. Scrapped.

1630 Richard Harding Davis 2526 Richard J Oglesby 608 621 230 234 173 Richard Mansfield Richard Rush Robert Fulton Robert G Harper Robert Gray

629

Robert J Walker

05-Jan-43

02-Feb-43

12-Feb-43

2006 Robert Newell 2077 Robert S Bean 612 577 Sacajawea Salmon P Chase

13-Apr-43 17-Aug-43 28-Nov-42 03-Sep-42 11-Jan-43 09-Jul-43 26-Jul-43

02-May-43 04-Sep-43 22-Dec-42 02-Oct-42 09-Feb-43 29-Jul-43 14-Aug-43

10-May-43 11-Sep-43 29-Dec-42 13-Oct-42 17-Feb-43 05-Aug-43 21-Aug-43

1591 Sam Jackson 2055 Sambay 2064 Sambut

06-Jun-44 Shelled and sunk in Straits of Dover.

May 2004 117 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 12-Sep-43

Launched 27-Sep-43

Completed Left Service 02-Oct-43

Notes

2094 Samouri

26-Jan-44 Laid down as the Manasseh Cutler. Whilst proceeding independently was sunk by German submarine U188 (commanded by Lüdden) in the Gulf of Aden (13.13 North 55.56 East). Sep-68 Jul-67 Jul-69 1962 Laid down as the William C Lane. Scrapped. Laid down as the Charles A Broadwater. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2046 Sampler 2073 Samthar 585 622 597 Samuel Colt Samuel D Ingham Samuel J Tilden

23-Jun-43 10-Aug-43 23-Sep-42 19-Dec-42 23-Oct-42

13-Jul-43 29-Aug-43 14-Oct-42 13-Jan-43 18-Nov-42

20-Jul-43 05-Sep-43 02-Nov-42 22-Jan-43 28-Nov-42

02-Dec-43 Temporarily converted to troopship. Whilst in Bari harbour was bombed by German aircraft. 10 crew, 14 US military personnel and 3 British military personnel killed. Apr-61 Nov-64 May-64 1968 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Gallant Ship Award, with plaque displayed at the US Maritime Administration. Name plate presented to Oregon Historical Society. Scrapped.

2044 Samuel K Barlow 2058 Samuel Lancaster 235 593 Samuel Moody Samuel Parker

19-Jun-43 14-Jul-43 12-Mar-42 14-Oct-42

09-Jul-43 03-Aug-43 27-Apr-42 07-Nov-42

16-Jul-43 10-Aug-43 22-May-42 17-Nov-42

572

Samuel Seabury

17-Aug-42 20-Dec-43

17-Sep-42 07-Jan-44

30-Sep-42 18-Jan-44

1961

2580 Samuel V Stewart

25-Dec-61 Ran aground and declared CTL whilst on trials after being lengthened. 1961 Laid down as the Victor C Vaughan. Scrapped.

2083 Samzona 2528 Segundo Ruiz Belvis 1629 Sevastopol 2076 Sidney Edgerton 2531 Simeon G Reed 2033 Simon Benson 1623 Simon Bolivar 1590 Situla

27-Aug-43 30-Oct-43 01-Apr-43 15-Aug-43 05-Nov-43 30-May-43 23-Mar-43 09-Jan-43

12-Sep-43 19-Nov-43 22-Apr-43 02-Sep-43 24-Nov-43 19-Jun-43 11-Apr-43 07-Feb-43

19-Sep-43 01-Dec-43 29-Apr-43 09-Sep-43 07-Dec-43 27-Jun-43 19-Apr-43 16-Feb-43

27-Nov-47 Ran aground and declared CTL Laid down as the De Witt Clinton. Fate unknown. 14-Oct-62 Ran aground off Calif. Declared CTL. Converted to crane barge in 1968. Fate unknown. Jan-69 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Aug-61 Laid down as the John Whiteaker. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. May 2004 118 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 590

Name SM Babcock

Laid Down 05-Oct-42 25-May-43 03-Jul-43

Launched 01-Nov-42 14-Jun-43 24-Jul-43

Completed Left Service 12-Nov-42 22-Jun-43 31-Jul-43 Aug-67 Scrapped.

Notes

2030 Sovetskaya Gavan 2052 Stalinabad

Laid down as the Samuel A Worcester. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Willis C Hawley. Was renamed the Dushambe in 1962. Fate unknown. Jan-70 Scrapped.

2007 Stanford Newel 171 Star of Oregon

14-Apr-43 19-May-41

04-May-43 27-Sep-41

12-May-43 31-Dec-41

30-Aug-42 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U162 (commanded by Wattenberg) off Trinidad (11.48 North 59.45 West). 1 seaman taking passage home killed. Laid down as the Cass Gilbert. Fate unknown. 1966 Jan-61 Dec-61 Mar-68 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. 1964 Laid down as the Jonathan Jennings. Taken over by the US Navy. Scrapped.

1626 Stephan Razin 231 618 Stephen A Douglas Stephen B Elkins

27-Mar-43 18-Sep-41 11-Dec-42 28-Sep-43 04-Sep-42 15-S ep-42 23-Apr-43

16-Apr-43 21-Jan-42 05-Jan-43 16-Oct-43 05-Oct-42 16-Oct-42 12-May-43

24-Apr-43 20-Mar-42 12-Jan-43 24-Oct-43 16-Oct-42 24-Oct-42 20-May-43

2252 Stephen G Porter 578 582 Stephen Girard Tabitha Brown

2012 Talita

584

Thomas A Edison

20-Sep-42 22-Apr-43 16-Apr-42 28-May-43 23-Oct-43 08-Sep-43 03-Aug-43 18-Jul-41 21-Oct-41 18-May-43 01-Jul-43 01-Dec-43

20-Oct-42 10-May-43 22-May-42 17-Jun-43 12-Nov-43 22-Sep-43 22-Aug-43 07-Dec-41 28-Jan-42 07-Jun-43 22-Jul-43 16-Dec-43

29-Oct-42 18-May-43 01-Jun-42 25-Jun-43 22-Nov-43 29-Sep-43 30-Aug-43 24-Feb-42 24-Mar-42 15-Jun-43 29-Jul-43 31-Dec-43

04-Dec-42 Ran aground on Vuata Vatoe. No fatalities. Sep-68 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Oct-67 Sep-59 May-64 Apr-69 Apr-61 Apr-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Oct-61 1964 Scrapped. Laid down as the Grant P Marsh. Removed from USSR register, presumed scrapped. May 2004 119 of 164

2011 Thomas A Hendricks 199 Thomas Bailey Aldrich

2032 Thomas Condon 2524 Thomas Crawford 2091 Thomas Howell 2069 Thomas J Walsh 175 179 Thomas Jefferson Thomas MacDonough

2026 Thomas Nuttall 2051 Thomas W Symons 2573 Valery Chkalov

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 09-May-43 10-May-43

Launched 28-May-43 30-May-43

Completed Left Service 05-Jun-43 07-Jun-43

Notes Laid down as the John Minto. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Pleasant Armstrong. In 1962 was renamed the Uelen. Fate unknown. In 1967 was renamed the Panagiotis K. Fate unknown.

2021 Vitebsk 2022 Vladivostok

2097 W B Ayer 2247 W W McCrackin 195 626 197 Walt Whitman Walter Forward Washington Irving

16-Sep-43 21-Sep-43 31-Mar-42 28-Dec-42 07-Apr-42 27-Sep-43 10-Nov-43 29-Nov-43 31-May-41

30-Sep-43 08-Oct-43 11-May-42 22-Jan-43 22-May-42 15-Oct-43 29-Nov-43 14-Dec-43 26-Oct-41

08-Oct-43 16-Oct-43 28-May-42 02-Feb-43 05-Jun-42 23-Oct-43 13-Dec-43 31-Dec-43 03-Feb-42 Apr-61 Jun-68 1960 Aug-61

14-Nov-62 Caught fire, exploded and sank 300 miles off Bermuda. US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2251 Watson C Squire 2534 Wilbur O Atwater 2572 William A Henry 172 William Clark

04-Nov-42 Damaged by German Ju88s of II/KG30 then sunk by German submarine U354 (commanded by Herbschleb) in the Greenland Sea (71.02 North 13.05 east). 18 crew and 13 Armed Guard killed. Mar-63 Mar-68 22-Jul-42 Scrapped. Scrapped. Whilst travelling independantly was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I11 (commanded by Hichiji) off Sydney (35.45 South 150.20 East). 4 Armed Guard and 1 US Army personnel lost. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 21-Oct-65 Leaking and broke in two during storm. Mar-61 Apr-67 Aug-60 Scrapped. Used as breakwater. Scrapped.

189

William Cullen Bryant

16-Feb-42 11-Oct-43 26-Oct-41

07-Apr-42 30-Oct-43 07-Feb-42

07-May-42 08-Nov-43 01-Apr-42

2260 William D Hoard 180 William Dawes

614

William E Borah

02-Dec-42 20-Sep-43 08-Oct-43 18-Apr-43 04-Apr-43 14-Jul-42 07-Jul-43 06-Dec-43

27-Dec-42 06-Oct-43 27-Oct-43 07-May-43 25-Apr-43 20-A ug-42 27-Jul-43 22-Dec-43

03-Jan-43 14-Oct-43 04-Nov-43 15-May-43 03-May-43 31-Aug-42 04-Aug-43 07-Jan-44

Jul-61

2246 William H Ashley 2258 William H Dall 2009 William H Gray 1631 William H McGuffey 562 William H Seward

2054 William Hume 2576 William I Chamberlain

12-Nov-45 Struck mine off Istria. No fatalities. 07-Nov-66 Grounded after developing leaks. Laid up and later scrapped.

May 2004 120 of 164

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Hull No. 624

Name William J Duane

Laid Down 24-Dec-42 19-Sep-43 07-Jan-43 20-Jun-42 29-Aug-43 11-Aug-42

Launched 17-Jan-43 04-Oct-43 05-Feb-43 27-Jul-42 13-Sep-43 11-Sep-42

Completed Left Service 27-Jan-43 12-Oct-43 14-Feb-43 11-Aug-42 20-Sep-43 23-Sep-42 Apr-61 Dec-66 Sep-60 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

2245 William L Sublette 630 555 William M Meredith William P McArthur

Converted to crane barge in 1966. Fate unknown. 10-Dec-44 Struck by Kamikazi aircraft in Leyte harbour. No fatalities. 06-Jan-44 Temporarily converted to troopship. Struck mine in Gulf of Salerno and deliberately sunk (10.10 North 14.15 East). No fatalities. In 1947 was renamed the Colmar. Fate unknown. Oct-64 Scrapped.

2084 William S Ladd 570 William S Rosecrans

600

William T Sherman

29-Oct-42 12-May-43

25-Nov-42 01-Jun-43

05-Dec-42 09-Jun-43

2023 Wilson P Hunt

May 2004 121 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Shi p Histories

Permanente Metals Co Yard
Hull No. 477 Name Abigail Adams Laid Down 24-Feb-43 15-Dec-43 18-Dec-43 16-Sep-42 Launched 21-Mar-43 05-Jan-44 08-Jan-44 27-Oct-42 Completed Left Service 01-Apr-43 13-Jan-44 17-Jan-44 06-Nov-42 14-Dec-64 1967 Notes US reserve fleet. Sprang leak and sank. Scrapped. Laid down as the G H Corliss. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. May-61 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 1958 Apr-67 Scrapped. Laid down as the John G Nicolay. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Was renamed the Valery Chkalov in 1943, but 12 Dec 43 broke in two. Rejoined and returned to original name in Apr 44. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Tritone. Fate unknown. Apr-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 05-Apr-52 Aug-63 Sep-69 23-Aug-45 Struck wreck, ran aground, broke in two and sank. Scrapped. Scrapped. Ran aground and declared CTL Laid down as the Increase A Lapham. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. Nov-58 May-65 Scrapped. Laid down as the James Rowan. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the John A Logan. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the Robert T Lincoln. Taken over by US Navy. Torpedoed by Japanese submarine Ro103 (commanded by Ichimura) in the Pacific (11.26 South 162.00 East). May 2004 122 of 164

2726 Abram S Hewitt 2728 Ada Rehan 425 Adhara

1569 Adolph Sutro 524 Adoniram Judson

12-May-43 13-Jan-43 11-Nov-43 17-Jan-43

04-Jun-43 19-Feb-43 29-Nov-43 25-Feb-43

16-Jun-43 03-Mar-43 07-Dec-43 09-Mar-43

2704 Albert A Robinson 525 Albireo

481

Alexander Baranof

06-Mar-43

04-Apr-43

17-Apr-43

1965

2262 Alexander Majors 2708 Alexander Mitchell 436 Alexander Ramsey

27-Dec-43 16-Nov-43 24-Oct-42 13-Nov-43 08-Apr-44 24-Dec-43 06-Jan-44 10-Jun-43

20-Jan-44 06-Dec-43 01-Dec-42 02-Dec-43 27-Apr-44 15-Jan-44 24-Jan-44 29-Jun-43

04-Mar-44 14-Dec-43 10-Dec-42 10-Dec-43 04-May-44 21-Jan-44 31-Jan-44 16-Jul-43

2706 Alexander Wilson 2276 Alexander Woolcott 2732 Alfred C True 2738 Alice H Rice 1584 Alkes

2754 Allen Johnson 1730 Allioth

30-Jan-44 30-Jul-43

18-Feb-44 20-Aug-43

26-Feb-44 31-Aug-43

451

Alnitah

10-Dec-42

14-Jan-43

27-Jan-43

May-61

437

Aludra

28-Oct-42

07-Dec-42

14-Dec-42

23-Jun-43

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 10-Jun-43 15-Jul-42 20-Feb-44 22-Jul-42 27-Mar-43 06-Oct-41 26-Jul-43

Launched 09-Jul-43 04-Sep-42 10-Mar-44 07-Sep-42 24-Apr-43 15-Mar-42 15-Aug-43

Completed Left Service 22-Jul-43 16-Sep-42 18-Mar-44 08-Oct-42 09-May-43 23-Apr-42 28-Aug-43 Oct-58 Dec-65 Jan-62 Jun-67 31-Dec-50 Mar-60 06-Dec-44 Scrapped.

Notes

1693 Ambrose Bierce 324 Ambrose E Burnside

Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Ran aground and broke in two. Scrapped. First damaged by aircraft torpedo on 5 Dec 44, then later sunk by aircraft torpedo near Surigas Strait. No fatalities. Scrapped. Laid down as the Noah H Swayne. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Adjacent vessel (tug Sonoma) struck by shot-down Japanese aircraft. No fatalities. Later bombed and damaged again and declared CTL. Eventually scrapped (1957). Laid down as the Mary Patten. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

2767 Amerigo Vespucci 491 539 245 Andrew Furuseth Anson Burlingame Anthony Wayne

1728 Antoine Saugrain

2703 Antonin Dvorak 500 Arided

10-Nov-43 20-Sep-42

27-Nov-43 28-Oct-42

07-Dec-43 12-Nov-42

Mar-59 Aug-62

2753 Arthur A Penn 2264 Augustin Daly 2151 Augustus Thomas

28-Jan-44 17-Jan-44 29-Aug-43

17-Feb-44 17-Feb-44 17-Sep-43

25-Feb-44 08-Apr-44 25-Sep-43

Jan-59 Apr-67 24-Oct-44

1725 Azimech

21-Jul-43

11-Aug-43

22-Aug-43

459

Benjamin Bonneville

31-Dec-42 25-Mar-44 19-Aug-43 07-Dec-42 02-Apr-43 13-Jun-44 29-Feb-44 26-Sep-43 14-Jul-43 14-Apr-44 30-Sep-42

30-Jan-43 14-Apr-44 09-Sep-43 04-Jan-43 30-Apr-43 01-Jul-44 23-Mar-44 14-Oct-43 04-Aug-43 03-May-44 06-Nov-42

12-Feb-43 22-Apr-44 17-Sep-43 15-Jan-43 11-May-43 14-Jul-44 30-Mar-44 23-Oct-43 15-Aug-43 11-May-44 20-Nov-42

1968 Nov-60 May-69 Sep-69 1958

Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet.

2786 Benjamin Carpenter 2146 Benjamin H Brewster 515 Benjamin H Bristow

1108 Benjamin Holt 2700 Benjamin Warner 2773 Benjamin Waterhouse 2168 Bernardo O'Higgins 1721 Brander Matthews 2279 Briansk 502 Carina

Dec-59 May-67

Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the William E Ritter. Fate unknown.

Dec-52

Laid down as the David Davis. Damaged by Japanese torpedo boats on 3 May 45. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 123 of 164

2737 Carl B Eielson

04-Jan-44

22-Jan-44

29-Jan-44

Mar-62

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 21-Jan-44 23-Sep-43 13-Oct-42

Launched 09-Feb-44 15-Oct-43 15-Nov-42

Completed Left Service 17-Feb-44 24-Oct-43 27-Nov-42 28-Jun-61 Jan-64 Scrapped.

Notes

2748 Carl G Barth 2112 Casper S Yost 504 Cassiopeia

In 1963 was renamed the Sorabol. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Melville W Fuller. Taken over by US Navy. Target ship. Caught fire and declared CTL Laid down as the Redfield Proctor. Damaged by enemy action in the Pacific (194?). Scrapped. Laid down as the George B Cortelyou. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. Feb-59 Apr-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1962 was renamed the Splendid Sea. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. Apr-60 Dec-68 Aug-63 06-Oct-45 Dec-59 May-62 Sep-63 Mar-61 Dec-58 Sep-60 03-Feb-44 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Struck submerged object in River Seine and declared CTL. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Murat Halstead. Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U188 (commanded by Lüdden) in the Indian Ocean (13.00 North 54.20 East). Laid down as the Henry M Teller. US reserve fleet. 17-May-54 Ran aground. Presumed later scrapped. May-66 Scrapped. May 2004 124 of 164

2284 Cecil G Sellers 439 Celeno

22-Apr-44 03-Nov-42

11-May-44 12-Dec-42

19-May-44 19-Dec-42

29 feb 38 Mar-61

445

Cetus

21-Nov-42

26-Dec-42

04-Jan-43

2148 Charles Devens 2147 Charles E Smith 2140 Charles G Coutant 2691 Charles J Colden 517 Charles J Folger

22-Aug-43 20-Aug-43 08-Aug-43 10-May-44 15-Dec-42 17-Feb-44 07-Oct-42 05-Sep-42 24-Jun-43 04-Feb-43 08-Jun-43 27-Mar-44 19-Sep-43 18-Apr-43 19-Aug-43

13-Sep-43 11-Sep-43 29-Aug-43 31-May-44 12-Jan-43 07-Mar-44 14-Nov-42 16-Oct-42 15-Jul-43 04-Mar-43 28-Jun-43 15-Apr-44 12-Oct-43 14-May-43 13-Sep-43

21-Sep-43 19-Sep-43 07-Sep-43 08-Jun-44 24-Jan-43 15-Mar-44 27-Nov-42 26-Oct-42 26-Jul-43 15-Mar-43 12-Jul-43 22-Apr-44 21-Oct-43 26-May-43 22-Sep-43

2765 Charles John Seghers 430 422 Charles M Conrad Charles M Hall

1710 Charles N McGroarty 471 Charles P Steinmetz

1583 Charles Robinson 2787 Charlotte Cushman 2111 Chief Charlot 1115 Christy Mathewson 2102 Chung Cheng

2144 Chung Shan 1585 Clarence King 2714 Claus Spreckles

15-Aug-43 11-Jun-43 26-Nov-43

06-Sep-43 01-Jul-43 15-Dec-43

14-Sep-43 13-Jul-43 22-Dec-43

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 09-Feb-44 22-Oct-43 29-May-43 20-Feb-43

Launched 26-Feb-44 16-Nov-43 19-Jun-43 19-Mar-43

Completed Left Service 06-Mar-44 26-Nov-43 30-Jun-43 31-Mar-43 15-Nov-64 Jan-66 Sep-63

Notes Ran aground in Bahamas, declared CTL. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Betsy Ross. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

2759 Cleveland Forbes 2121 Clyde L Seavey 1577 Conrad Kohrs 476 Cor Caroli

2744 Cornelius Vanderbilt 420 Crater

15-Jan-44 28-Aug-42

02-Feb-44 08-Oct-42

10-Feb-44 19-Oct-42

Nov-67

Scrapped. Laid down as the John James Audubon. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

332

Cyrus H McCormick

22-Aug-42

02-Oct-42

13-Oct-42

18-Apr-45

Whilst travelling in convoy HX348 was torpedoed by German submarine U1107 (commanded by Parduhn) in the English Channel (47.47 North 0.26 West). 4 crew and 2 Armed Guard killed. US reserve fleet.

2109 Cyrus T Brady 1105 Cyrus W Field 464 Dan Beard

13-Sep-43 25-Mar-43 15-Jan-43

05-Oct-43 23-Apr-43 06-Mar-43

15-Oct-43 06-May-43 17-Mar-43 Nov-61 10-Dec-44

Scrapped. Torpedoed by German submarine U1202 (commanded by Thomsen) off North Wales (51.56 North 05.29 West). 17 crew and 12 Armed Guard lost. US reserve fleet.

2743 Daniel G Reid 2136 Daulton Mann 1706 David Belasco 327 470 441 David Bushnell David Dudley Field David Gaillard

13-Jan-44 23-Dec-43 01-Jul-43 31-Jul-42 01-Feb-43 05-Nov-42 08-Oct-43 24-Oct-42 28-Nov-43 07-Feb-43 27-Nov-42

01-Feb-44 19-Jan-44 26-Aug-43 15-Sep-42 24-Mar-43 14-Dec-42 27-Oct-43 26-Nov-42 16-Dec-43 25-Mar-43 28-Dec-42

09-Feb-44 29-Feb-44 05-Sep-43 28-Sep-42 05-Apr-43 26-Dec-42 05-Nov-43 05-Dec-42 23-Dec-43 07-Apr-43 12-Jan-43 22-Jun-43 Dec-69 Aug-62 Feb-63 Feb-70 Aug-64 Apr-66

Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1965 was renamed the Narcea. Fate unknown. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the Chief Ouray. Taken over by US Navy. Torpedoed by Japanese submarine Ro106 (commanded by Nakamura) off Guadalcanal. Laid down as the George Washington Carver. Converted to hospital ship. Scrapped. May 2004 125 of 164

2176 David Hewes 506 David J Brewer

2715 David Lubin 472 513 David Starr Jordan Deimos

542

Dogwood

12-Apr-43

07-May-43

24-May-43

Jan-64

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 26-Aug-43 15-Dec-42

Launched 16-Sep-43 19-Jan-43

Completed Left Service 23-Sep-43 31-Jan-43 Aug-65 Apr-68 Scrapped.

Notes

2150 Donald M Dickinson 453 Draco

Laid down as the John M Palmer. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Exploded whilst loading ammunition. 31 crew and 13 Armed Guard killed, along with 'hundreds' of others nearby. Several other ships sunk in explosion. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Torpedoed by aircraft off Tenes (36.38 North 00.50 East). 1 crew killed. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fl eet. US reserve fleet.

2761 E A Bryan

11-Feb-44

29-Feb-44

08-Mar-44

17-Jul-44

2777 E A Burnett 2277 E A Christenson 2164 Edgar W Nye 1118 Edward A MacDowell 526 Edward Bates

08-Mar-44 11-Apr-44 19-Sep-43 25-Apr-43 24-Jan-43

30-Mar-44 28-Apr-44 08-Oct-43 20-May-43 28-Feb-43

06-Apr-44 06-May-44 18-Oct-43 31-May-43 13-Mar-43

Mar-67 Aug-68 Mar-62 Apr-67 12-Feb-44

2764 Edward E Hale 2712 Edward G Acheson 456 Edward P Costigan

15-Feb-44 22-Nov-43 23-Dec-42 08-May-44 15-May-42 06-Mar-44 22-Jan-44 19-May-43 10-Jul-42 23-Sep-42 07-Apr-43 26-Feb-43 07-Jan-44 06-Aug-43 28-Mar-43

06-Mar-44 11-Dec-43 28-Jan-43 29-May-44 14-Jul-42 28-Mar-44 11-Feb-44 15-Jun-43 26-Aug-42 02-Nov-42 05-May-43 28-Mar-43 26-Jan-44 28-Aug-43 25-Apr-43

15-Mar-44 19-Dec-43 11-Feb-43 06-Jun-44 20-Aug-42 05-Apr-44 18-Feb-44 30-Jun-43 12-Sep-42 12-Nov-42 16-May-43 10-Apr-43 31-Jan-44 06-Sep-43 08-May-43

Mar-67 May-67 Aug-59 Oct-68 Nov-67 Aug-69 Dec-58

2690 Edward P Ripley 483 Edward Rowland Sill

2776 Edward S Hough 2749 Edwin C Musick 1561 Edwin T Meredith 264 427 Eli Whitney Elihu Thomson

Nov-69 Sep-64 Jul-67 Jan-69 May-69 1949

Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Isaac Babbitt. Taken over by US Navy. On 27 Apr 44 was torpedoed by Japanese aircraft. Converted in to storage vessel. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

1110 Elisha Graves Otis 478 Elizabeth Blackwell

2739 Elwood Haynes 2139 Emile Berliner 1106 Etamin

2115 Ethan A Hitchcock 487 F Marion Crawford

03-Oct-43 14-Jun-42 10-Oct-43

25-Oct-43 14-Aug-42 28-Oct-43

31-Oct-43 19-Sep-42 06-Nov-43 Oct-69 Sep-69

Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 126 of 164

2177 Ferdinand A Silcox

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 25-Oct-43 03-Jun-43 28-Jul-43 17-Feb-43 05-Oct-43 07-Jun-43 22-May-42 11-Sep-43 24-Nov-43 22-Oct-43 30-Dec-43 13-Sep-43 20-Sep-43 29-Oct-43 19-Nov-43 19-Dec-43 29-Nov-43 09-Sep-43 27-Jan-44 15-Sep-43 01-Nov-42 24-Nov-42 26-May-43 16-May-43

Launched 12-Nov-43 28-Jun-43 22-Aug-43 16-Mar-43 24-Oct-43 06-Jul-43 24-Jul-42 30-Sep-43 14-Dec-43 10-Nov-43 18-Jan-44 02-Oct-43 09-Oct-43 16-Nov-43 08-Dec-43 14-Jan-44 18-Dec-43 29-Sep-43 15-Feb-44 03-Oct-43 06-Dec-42 28-Dec-42 17-Jun-43 08-Jun-43

Completed Left Service 20-Nov-43 13-Jul-43 31-Aug-43 29-Mar-43 31-Oct-43 20-Jul-43 13-Aug-42 09-Oct-43 21-Dec-43 18-Nov-43 25-Jan-44 11-Oct-43 18-Oct-43 25-Nov-43 16-Dec-43 24-Feb-44 27-Dec-43 07-Oct-43 24-Feb-44 12-Oct-43 15-Dec-42 06-Jan-43 28-Jun-43 23-Jun-43 Mar-62 05-Oct-67 Sep-64 Mar-65 Sep-67 Apr-67 18-Jul-65 Feb-68 Aug-65 Jul-69 Feb-62 Mar-62 Sep-68 Apr-67 Sep-61 Jun-67 Dec-61 Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

2186 Ferdinand Westdahl 1565 Floyd B Olson 1705 Floyd Bennett 475 Frances E Willard

US reserve fleet. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Developed leaks and sank. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Sprang leak. Towed to port, broke adrift and grounded. Laid down as the James W Nye. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the George E Goodfellow. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Jay Cooke. In 1966 was renamed the Miklukho-Maklai. Fate unknown. Aug-63 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Mar-64 Oct-66 Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 127 of 164

2174 Francis A Wardwell 1692 Francis G Newlands 257 Francis Lewis

2159 Francis M Smith 2713 Francis Wilson 2185 Francisco M Quinones 2734 Francisco Morazan 2160 Frank A Munsey 2165 Frank C Emerson 2288 Frank H Dodd 2710 Frank H Evers 2135 Frank J Cuhel 2716 Frank J Sprague 2158 Frank Norris 2752 Franz Sigel 2161 Frederic A Eilers 508 446 Frederic Remington Frederick Jackson Turner

1576 Fremont Older 1571 Ganymede

2697 General Panfilov 2694 General Vatutin

27-May-44 21-May-44

17-Jun-44 09-Jun-44

30-Jun-44 17-Jun-44

2755 George A Pope 322 George B McClellan

01-Feb-44 16-Feb-42 01-May-44 06-Dec-43

20-Feb-44 06-Jun-42 21-May-44 24-Dec-43

28-Feb-44 27-Jun-42 29-May-44 31-Dec-43

2686 George B McFarland 2720 George B Porter

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 428

Name George B Selden

Laid Down 29-Sep-42 10-May-43 01-Apr-44 27-Apr-44 04-Mar-43 24-Mar-43

Launched 04-Nov-42 02-Jun-43 20-Apr-44 17-May-44 07-Apr-43 20-Apr-43

Completed Left Service 16-Nov-42 14-Jun-43 28-Apr-44 26-May-44 21-Apr-43 05-May-43 Nov-69 Dec-60 Dec-60 Aug-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

1568 George Berkeley 2272 George Clement Perkins 2684 George Crile 536 George D Prentice

US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Converted to experimental ship in 1952, and operating as research ship in 1962. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. May-69 Sep-62 20-Sep-65 May-61 Dec-63 1960 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Grounded, later scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Sep-63 Nov-66 Apr-64 Jun-58 Aug-61 Dec-59 Dec-67 Sep-61 1960 Feb-67 Nov-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the William G McAdoo. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

1104 George Eastman

1116 George Gipp 511 George H Dern

21-Apr-43 16-Nov-42 16-Nov-43 03-Oct-43 11-Dec-43 14-Mar-43 22-Feb-44 07-Jun-42 29-Nov-42 30-Mar-42 30-Nov-42 30-Aug-43 27-Apr-42 04-Sep-43 20-Oct-42 08-Sep-42 05-May-43 03-Apr-44 21-Mar-43 05-Jan-43 12-Nov-42

16-May-43 19-Dec-42 04-Dec-43 22-Oct-43 31-Dec-43 11-Apr-43 11-Mar-44 30-Jul-42 02-Jan-43 29-Jun-42 31-Dec-42 19-Sep-43 09-Jul-42 23-Sep-43 28-Nov-42 20-Oct-42 29-May-43 22-Apr-44 18-Apr-43 09-Feb-43 20-Dec-42

28-May-43 28-Dec-42 16-Dec-43 30-Oct-43 08-Jan-44 26-Apr-43 20-Mar-44 19-Aug-42 13-Jan-43 14-Jul-42 11-Jan-43 27-Sep-43 28-Jul-42 02-Oct-43 07-Dec-42 31-Oct-42 09-Jun-43 30-Apr-44 30-Apr-43 20-Feb-43 30-Dec-42

2126 George H Powell 2173 George K Fitch 2723 George Luks 1100 George M Pullman 2768 George Middlemas 259 448 252 514 George Read George Rogers Clark George Ross George S Boutwell

2152 George Sterling 254 George Taylor

2155 George Von L Meyer 435 423 George W McCrary George Westinghouse

1122 Geronimo 2273 Gilbert M Hitchcock 1103 Glenn Curtiss 522 443 Grenville M Dodge Grumium

May 2004 128 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 08-Jul-43

Launched 30-Jul-43

Completed Left Service 10-Aug-43 29-Jun-44

Notes Whilst travelling in convoy EMC17 was torpedoed by German submarine U984 (commanded by Sieder) in the English Channel (50.07 North 0.47 West). 76 US Army personnel killed. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1967 was renamed the Aragon. Fate unknown.

1718 H G Blasdel

2770 H Weir Cook 2751 Hans Heg 2134 Harriet Monroe 2119 Harry Leon Wilson 2128 Heber M Creel 2268 Henry Adams 1556 Henry Bergh

25-Feb-44 26-Jan-44 15-Dec-43 15-Oct-43 21-Nov-43 10-Feb-44 29-Apr-43

17-Mar-44 14-Feb-44 11-Jan-44 11-Nov-43 13-Dec-43 10-Mar-44 28-May-43

23-Mar-44 22-Feb-44 19-Feb-44 19-Nov-43 22-Dec-43 04-Apr-44 14-Jun-43

Mar-68 Mar-61 1969

Feb-61 Apr-63

Scrapped. Scrapped.

31-May-44 Converted to troopship. Ran aground off San Francisco. Broke in two. No fatalities. Feb-67 22-Apr-68 Aug-61 Apr-60 Scrapped. Sprang leak off Bermuda. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Apr-67 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 18-Apr-67 Nov-65 Collided, later scrapped. Scrapped. In 1966 was renamed Eastport. Fate unknown. Oct-66 Aug-67 Apr-69 Aug-65 28-Dec-44 Dec-58 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Attacked by Japanese aircraft off Mindoro. 1 crew killed. Scrapped. In 1968 was converted to a floating warehouse and renamed MP-PZZ-11. Fate unknown. 1966 Mar-62 Used as breakwater. Scrapped. May 2004 129 of 164

2154 Henry C Payne 1581 Henry Dodge 2170 Henry H Blood 528 442 Henry H Richardson Henry J Raymond

02-Sep-43 04-Jun-43 29-Sep-43 04-Feb-43 11-Nov-42 12-Feb-44 28-Mar-44 11-Dec-43 12-May-44 04-Jul-43 22-Aug-43 05-Apr-44 22-Jul-43 28-Jan-43 16-Apr-43 21-Mar-43 17-Jul-43

22-Sep-43 25-Jun-43 17-Oct-43 13-Mar-43 17-Dec-42 02-Mar-44 17-Apr-44 30-Dec-43 02-Jun-44 26-Jul-43 17-Sep-43 23-Apr-44 13-Aug-43 24-Feb-43 12-May-43 17-Apr-43 12-Aug-43

30-Sep-43 07-Jul-43 27-Oct-43 27-Mar-43 26-Dec-42 11-Mar-44 25-Apr-44 04-Feb-44 10-Jun-44 07-Aug-43 26-Sep-43 30-Apr-44 25-Aug-43 06-Mar-43 24-May-43 30-Apr-43 22-Aug-43

2762 Henry M Stephens 2788 Henry Meiggs 2132 Henry R Schoolcraft 2692 Henry T Scott 1716 Henry V Alvarado 2103 Henry Wells 2274 Henry White 1726 Hiram Bingham 468 Hiram S Maxim

1114 Hobart Baker 538 Homer Lea

1702 Horace Wells

533 534

Howell Cobb Hugh McCulloch

28-Feb-43 12-Mar-43

30-Mar-43 05-Apr-43

12-Apr-43 16-Apr-43

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 28-May-43

Launched 24-Jun-43

Completed Left Service 10-Jul-43 Aug-61

Notes Laid down as the Christopher C Andrews . Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the Emmet D Boyle. Fate unknown.

1563 Hyperion

2275 Ingul 321 Irvin MacDowell

06-Apr-44 24-Jan-42 06-May-43 18-Nov-43 05-Mar-43 31-Oct-43 04-Mar-44 11-Nov-42 12-Feb-43 08-Apr-43 20-Mar-44 27-Aug-42 24-Jan-43 06-Sep-43 17-Jan-44 15-Jun-43 19-Oct-43 26-Feb-43

25-Apr-44 22-May-42 30-May-43 07-Dec-43 02-Apr-43 19-Nov-43 27-Mar-44 15-Dec-42 12-Mar-43 10-May-43 08-Apr-44 07-Oct-42 26-Feb-43 25-Sep-43 05-Feb-44 13-Jul-43 07-Nov-43 26-Mar-43

03-May-44 10-Jun-42 10-Jun-43 16-Dec-43 14-Apr-43 28-Nov-43 31-Mar-44 24-Dec-42 23-Mar-43 27-May-43 17-Apr-44 16-Oct-42 08-Mar-43 04-Oct-43 12-Feb-44 26-Jul-43 15-Nov-43 09-Apr-43 17-Apr-44 Mar-66 03-Dec-58 Sep-63 12-Dec-67 Feb-70 Apr-63 1966 27-Feb-66 Nov-64 Feb-70 Jan-60

Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1963 was renamed the Beshtau. Fate unknown. Converted to troopship. Scrapped (1966?) Sprang leak, abandoned. Presumed sunk. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Collided with King Minos and broke in two. Scrapped. Ran aground and declared CTL Scrapped. In 1962 was renamed the Huta Labedy. Fate unknown. On 17 Mar 44 was attacked by aircraft. No fatalities. Struck mine off Salerno. No fatalities. Declared CTL. Attacked by aircraft at Mindoro. No fatalities. Ran aground and declared CTL Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet.

1566 Irving M Scott 2709 J C Osgood 480 J H Kinkaid

2290 J Maurice Thompson 2775 J S Hutchinson 510 473 J Sterling Morton Jacques Laramie

1552 James A Bayard 2783 James A Drain 418 467 James B Francis James B Hickok

2156 James D Phelan 2745 James Devereux 1694 James Fergus 2183 James G Maguire 532 James Guthrie

2265 James H Breasted 1559 James Harlan 530 James Ives

19-Jan-44 11-May-43 16-Feb-43 12-Apr-43 15-Aug-42 26-Aug-43 13-Oct-43

10-Feb-44 07-Jun-43 18-Mar-43 08-May-43 25-Sep-42 19-Sep-43 31-Oct-43

19-Mar-44 25-Jun-43 31-Mar-43 20-May-43 19-Oct-42 29-Sep-43 09-Nov-43

26-Dec-44 09-Sep-62 Feb-67 Jul-64

1112 James J Corbett 494 James J Hill

2104 James J O Kelly 2179 James King

May-63 Nov-61

Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 130 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 24-Jul-43 21-Nov-43 17-Sep-41 07-Nov-43 08-Aug-42 15-Apr-42

Launched 19-Aug-43 10-Dec-43 31-Dec-41 26-Nov-43 19-Sep-42 04-Jul-42

Completed Left Service 29-Aug-43 18-Dec-43 23-Feb-42 04-Dec-43 30-Sep-42 22-Jul-42 13-Jun-63 1969 06-Feb-45 1967

Notes Ran aground and broke in two. Scrapped. Ran aground off Devon. No fatalities. Declared CTL. Deleted from USSR register. Presumed scrapped.

1704 James Lick 2711 James Oliver Curwood 241 James Otis

2702 James Rolph 329 253 James Rumsey James Smith

14-May-46 Aground and declared CTL. Feb-63 On 9 Mar 43, whilst travelling as part of convoy BT6 was torpedoed by German submarine U510 (commanded by Neitzel) in the North Atlantic (07.40 North 52.07 West). 6 crew and 5 Armed Guard were killed. The ship was abandoned then reboarded. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. This was the first Liberty ship to arrive in London. 1957 17-Sep-45 Scrapped. Aground during typhoon.

2263 Jan Pieterszoon Coen 465 Jane A Delano

06-Jan-44 19-Jan-43 30-Nov-43 18-Jul-43 17-Aug-43 23-May-42

28-Jan-44 09-Mar-43 19-Dec-43 09-Aug-43 08-Sep-43 22-Jul-42

10-Mar-44 20-Mar-43 29-Dec-43 22-Aug-43 15-Sep-43 29-Aug-42

Mar-68 Dec-69 Aug-68 Apr-62 Feb-70

2717 Jean P Chouteau 1724 Jeremiah M Daily 2145 Jeremiah M Rusk 484 Joaquin Miller

2280 Joe Harris 434 242 John A Rawlins John Adams

16-Apr-44 19-Oct-42 17-Sep-41

05-May-44 27-Nov-42 18-Jan-42

12-May-44 03-Dec-42 16-Mar-42

05-May-42 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I21 (commanded by Matsumura) off New Caledonia (23.30 South 164.35 East). 5 Armed Guard killed. The John Adams was the first Liberty ship to be sunk by the enemy. Jan-65 Converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Apr-66 Jun-67 Jun-67 May-66 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 131 of 164

431 424 497

John B Floyd John Bartram John Blair

09-Oct-42 10-Sep-42 01-Sep-42 30-Apr-43 02-Aug-43 01-Jul-43

07-Nov-42 23-Oct-42 12-Oct-42 31-May-43 24-Aug-43 28-Jul-43

20-Nov-42 31-Oct-42 31-Oct-42 18-Jun-43 02-Sep-43 09-Aug-43

1557 John Carroll 2137 John Colter 1698 John Constantine

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 07-Jun-43 01-Sep-42 06-Feb-44

Launched 18-Jul-43 18-Oct-42 25-Feb-44

Completed Left Service 31-Jul-43 31-Oct-42 03-Mar-44 22-Jul-64 Mar-61 Scrapped.

Notes

1712 John Evans 421 John F Appleby

US reserve fleet. Loaded with explosives and other volatile components, scuttled. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Used in tests for examining effect of underwater explosions on hull. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Aug-62 Scrapped. In 1969 was renamed the Elios. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. 21-Mar-45 Whilst travelling as part of convoy TBC102 was torpedoed by German submarine U1195 (commanded by Cordes) off Brest (49.56 North 05.26 West). No fatalities. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Sep-61 Scrapped. May 2004 132 of 164

2758 John F Shafroth

328 519

John Fitch John G Carlisle

04-Aug-42 23-Dec-42 02-Jun-43 18-Jan-44 12-Jan-44 15-Jul-42 27-Oct-43 02-May-43

28-Aug-42 23-Jan-43 24-Jun-43 05-Feb-44 30-Jan-44 31-Aug-42 15-Nov-43 26-May-43

02-Sep-42 31-Jan-43 06-Jul-43 12-Feb-44 07-Feb-44 30-Sep-42 23-Nov-43 07-Jun-43

Apr-67 1965 Oct-66 Aug-69 Jul-67 Jun-63 Jun-67 1958

1580 John H Rosseter 2746 John H Thomas 2742 John Hope 490 John Howard Payne

2287 John L Stoddard 1121 John L Sullivan

1573 John Lind 2270 John lsaacson 433 499 258 466 John M Schofield John McLean John Morton John R Park

21-May-43 17-Feb-44 17-Oct-42 14-Sep-42 22-May-42 22-Jan-43

11-Jun-43 24-Mar-44 23-Nov-42 23-Oct-42 21-Jul-42 20-Feb-43

23-Jun-43 25-Apr-44 30-Nov-42 07-Nov-42 03-Aug-42 04-Mar-43

2267 John Roach 1589 John Ross 495 John Rutledge

07-Feb-44 19-Jun-43 22-Aug-42 04-Aug-43 06-Jun-43 01-Dec-43 13-Aug-42 30-Sep-43 25-May-43 20-Dec-43 23-Sep-43 09-Aug-43

01-Mar-44 10-Jul-43 29-Sep-42 29-Aug-43 27-Jun-43 23-Dec-43 22-Sep-42 19-Oct-43 15-Jun-43 12-Jan-44 11-Oct-43 31-Aug-43

30-Mar-44 23-Jul-43 23-Oct-42 09-Sep-43 09-Jul-43 29-Jan-44 08-Oct-42 28-Oct-43 26-Jun-43 19-Jan-44 21-Oct-43 08-Sep-43

Nov-67 1973 Jun-66 May-64 Oct-69 Sep-67 Feb-62 Feb-65 Mar-70 Nov-64

1707 John S Bassett 1582 John S Sargent 2131 John Sherman 330 John Stevens

2171 John Swett 1575 John T McMillan 2730 John W Burgess 2166 John W Foster 2141 John W Hoyt

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 14-May-43 18-Oct-43 16-Mar-42 08-May-43 15-Nov-43 19-Nov-43 28-Feb-44 05-May-44 21-Jun-43 13-Dec-43 28-Nov-42 15-Oct-42 02-Mar-42 03-Feb-44 17-Jul-43 20-Jun-42 08-May-43 28-Apr-43 24-Jun-43 29-Jan-43 06-Apr-43 05-Feb-44 02-Dec-43 09-Jan-43 07-Jan-43 07-Jun-44 23-Mar-44 06-Oct-43 17-Oct-43 17-Sep-41 09-Apr-43

Launched 06-Jun-43 13-Nov-43 14-Jun-42 03-Jun-43 05-Dec-43 10-Dec-43 21-Mar-44 25-May-44 11-Jul-43 05-Jan-44 31-Dec-42 20-Nov-42 20-Jun-42 22-Feb-44 08-Aug-43 21-Aug-42 31-May-43 22-May-43 20-Jul-43 04-Mar-43 30-Apr-43 23-Feb-44 20-Dec-43 16-Feb-43 13-Feb-43 26-Jun-44 13-Apr-44 25-Oct-43 05-Nov-43 06-Feb-42 06-May-43

Completed Left Service 17-Jun-43 23-Nov-43 30-Jun-42 22-Jun-43 12-Dec-43 19-Dec-43 28-Mar-44 31-May-44 27-Jul-43 11-Feb-44 10-Jan-43 28-Nov-42 08-Jul-42 29-Feb-44 19-Aug-43 25-Sep-42 13-Jun-43 04-Jun-43 31-Jul-43 17-Mar-43 19-May-43 29-Feb-44 29-Dec-43 26-Feb-43 26-Feb-43 06-Jul-44 20-Apr-44 31-Oct-43 13-Nov-43 31-Mar-42 18-May-43 Feb-66 Jan-61 Feb-62 Apr-70 Jun-60 11-Jan-44 Nov-64 Aug-66 Jul-61 Jun-63 Apr-66 Apr-61 Oct-67 19-Sep-66 Sep-65 Dec-68 Sep-59 Sep-63 Mar-60 1967 May-69 Scrapped.

Notes

1570 John W Mackay 2120 John W Meldrum 251 John Wise

US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Deleted from USSR register. Presumed scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Ran aground, later scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Developed leaks in the North Atlantic. No fatalities. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Robert S Abbott. Fate unknown. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Hellenic Star. Fate unknown. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

1558 Jonathan P Dolliver 2707 Jose C Barbosa 2127 Jose J Acosta 2772 Jose M Morelos 2688 Jose Pedro Varela 1708 Joseph A Holmes 2133 Joseph E Wing 447 432 323 Joseph G Cannon Joseph Holt Joseph Hooker

2756 Joseph J Kinyoun 1723 Joseph K Toole 488 Joseph Rodman Drake

1567 Joseph S Emery 1119 Joseph Smith 1696 Joshua Heady 527 541 Josiah B Grinnell Josiah Snelling

2757 Juan Pablo Duarte 2718 Julia L Dumont 523 461 Julien Dubuque Justin S Morrill

2698 Justo Arosemena 2785 Kamenets-Podolsk 2175 Kate Douglas Wiggin 2182 Keith Vawter 243 Kit Carson

1111 Knute Rockne

May 2004 133 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 460 518

Name Kolkhosnik Krasnogv Ardeets

Laid Down 02-Jan-43 19-Dec-42 11-Nov-43 31-May-43 21-Nov-42

Launched 07-Feb-43 17-Jan-43 29-Nov-43 30-Jun-43 22-Dec-42

Completed Left Service 20-Feb-43 28-Jan-43 12-Dec-43 17-Jul-43 31-Dec-42 Mar-65 Sep-69 Jun-69

Notes Laid down as the Charles Wilkes. Fate Unknown. Laid down as the Charles S Fairchild. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Key Pittman. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

2125 Lawrence Gianella 1564 Leonidas Merritt 512 Leonis

444 485 250

Leslie M Shaw Lew Wallace Lewis Morris

15-Nov-42 04-Jun-42 03-Mar-42 09-Dec-43 24-Aug-43 30-Mar-43 02-Dec-42 30-Oct-43 10-Mar-44 14-Mar-44 26-Feb-44 17-Mar-44 13-Feb-43 12-Mar-43

22-Dec-42 29-Jul-42 22-May-42 30-Dec-43 14-Sep-43 29-Apr-43 06-Jan-43 23-Nov-43 03-Apr-44 05-Apr-44 20-Mar-44 07-Apr-44 13-Mar-43 09-Apr-43

31-Dec-42 05-Sep-42 19-Jun-42 07-Jan-44 22-Sep-43 14-May-43 16-Jan-43 04-Dec-43 10-Apr-44 13-Apr-44 25-Mar-44 14-Apr-44 26-Mar-43 22-Apr-43

Oct-61 Apr-70 Jan-61 Feb-70 Oct-69 Apr-61 Oct-68 Mar-67

2722 Lillian Wald 2149 Louis A Sengteller 540 449 Louis Hennepin Louis Joliet

2123 Louis Pasteur 2779 Louis Sloss 2781 Louis Sullivan 2771 Louis Weule 2782 Lucien Labaudt 474 Lucy Stone

Jan-70 Jul-67 Sep-69

Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the Luther Burbank . Taken over by US Navy. In 1957 was lengthened and renamed Silla. Fate unknown.

1099 Luther Burbank

1709 Luther S Kelly 520 Lyman J Gage

23-Jun-43 29-Dec-42 25-Apr-43

14-Jul-43 29-Jan-43 24-May-43

24-Jul-43 06-Feb-43 10-Jun-43

Dec-68

Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

1555 Lyra

Apr-67

Laid down as the Cyrus Hamlin. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Torpedoed by Japanese submarine I19 (commanded by Kinashi) in the Pacific (21.50 South 175.10 East). 3 crew and 1 US Navy personnel lost. Taken over by US Navy and converted to hulk (renamed the Antelope IX). Later scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 134 of 164

1587 M H De Young

15-Jun-43

06-Jul-43

19-Jul-43

13-Aug-43

1697 Marcus Daly

28-Jun-43

24-Jul-43

05-Aug-43

Aug-68

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appe ndix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 24-May-43 30-Mar-44 04-Nov-43 05-Oct-43 30-Oct-43 23-Apr-43 18-Mar-43

Launched 20-Jun-43 19-Apr-44 22-Nov-43 27-Oct-43 18-Nov-43 18-May-43 11-Apr-43

Completed Left Service 07-Jul-43 26-Apr-44 30-Nov-43 09-Nov-43 26-Nov-43 30-May-43 26-Apr-43 Feb-60 Mar-68 Mar-68 16-Feb-66 Oct-63 Sep-60 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

1562 Maria Sanford 2789 Mariscal Sucre 2292 Mary A Livermore 2116 Mary Bickerdyke 2289 Mary Walker 1117 Matthew B Brady 535 Matthew Lyon

Collided off Singapore. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. On 11 Aug 43, whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I11 (commanded by Tagami). No fatalities. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet.

262

Matthew Thornton

30-Jun-42 18-Apr-44 02-Jul-43

12-Aug-42 06-May-44 24-Jul-43

29-Aug-42 13-May-44 05-Aug-43 Apr-69 24-Nov-43

2281 Mello Franco 1715 Melville E Stone

Scrapped. Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U516 (commanded by Tillessen) off Panama (10.36 North 80.19 West). 12 crew, 3 Armed Guard and 1 passenger lost. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Georgios F Andreadis. Fate unknown.

2118 Michael C Kerr 2101 Michael Casey

13-Oct-43 15-Aug-43

30-Oct-43 09-Sep-43

15-Nov-43 18-Sep-43

Jun-69

1554 Michael Pupin 2129 Millen Grffith 2138 Molengraaf 2741 Morgan Robertson 503 Morrison R Waite

18-Apr-43 26-Nov-43 04-Aug-43 10-Jan-44 08-Oct-42 23-Dec-43 30-Jul-42 09-Jul-43 21-Dec-42 08-Jan-44 03-Oct-42 10-Feb-43 26-Sep-43 24-Sep-43

19-May-43 18-Dec-43 25-Aug-43 28-Jan-44 10-Nov-42 13-Jan-44 13-Sep-42 04-Aug-43 24-Jan-43 27-Jan-44 10-Nov-42 11-Mar-43 16-Oct-43 13-Oct-43

05-Jun-43 28-Dec-43 05-Sep-43 04-Feb-44 23-Nov-42 20-Jan-44 10-Oct-42 15-Aug-43 08-Feb-43 05-Feb-44 23-Nov-42 24-Mar-43 24-Oct-43 21-Oct-43

Mar-62 1958 Dec-69

Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Mary M Dodge. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Stromboli. Fate unknown.

Jul-63 Mar-62 Sep-69 Mar-61 1958 1962 Jan-60

Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. In 1947 was renamed the Nereide. Fate unknown. May 2004 135 of 164

2731 Moses G Farmer 492 Moses Rogers

1700 Myron T Herrick 455 Nancy Hanks

2740 Nathan S Davis 429 529 Nathaniel Bowditch Nathaniel Currier

2169 Norman E Mack 2167 Norman Hapgood

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 23-Apr-44 08-Jun-42 17-Apr-43 22-May-43 04-Apr-43 14-Dec-43 22-May-42 31-Mar-43

Launched 13-May-44 08-Aug-42 16-May-43 13-Jun-43 02-May-43 04-Jan-44 07-Aug-42 27-Apr-43

Completed Left Service 25-May-44 12-Sep-42 31-May-43 25-Jun-43 14-May-43 11-Jan-44 26-Aug-42 10-May-43 Dec-59 1959 Jul-61 Jan-62

Notes US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Laid down as the Mary Cassatt. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Charles E Duryea. Was renamed the Ival Polzunov in 1949. Fate unknown.

2285 Norman J Colman 486 O Henry

1553 Odessa 1574 Ole E Rolvaag 1109 Oliver Evans 2725 Oliver Kelley 256 Oliver Wolcott

1107 Orel

2130 Otis Skinner 2157 Otto Mears 2693 Ovid Butler 2747 Percy E Foxworth 452 Pere Marquette

29-Nov-43 08-Sep-43 20-May-44 19-Jan-44 12-Dec-42 30-Sep-43 22-Jul-42 16-Oct-43 24-Jul-42 29-Oct-42 20-Sep-42

19-Dec-43 26-Sep-43 07-Jun-44 08-Feb-44 14-Jan-43 22-Oct-43 07-Sep-42 04-Nov-43 09-Sep-42 29-Nov-42 30-Oct-42

31-Dec-43 07-Oct-43 15-Jun-44 15-Feb-44 25-Jan-43 29-Oct-43 21-Sep-42 12-Nov-43 29-Sep-42 10-Dec-42 09-Nov-42

Apr-67 22-Nov-67 Aug-65 Oct-69

Scrapped. Caught fire and declared CTL. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fl eet.

2114 Peter Cooper Hewitt 325 Peter J McGuire

Feb-67 Mar-68 Feb-62 Jul-69 Mar-70 Nov-69

Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Richard March Hoe. Taken over by US Navy. Converted to troopship. Scrapped. Collided with the Jesse Cottrell. Declared CTL. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1963 was renamed the Mashuk . Fate unknown.

2181 Peter Trumble Rowe 326 507 426 Philip H Sheridan Pierre La Clede Prince Georges

2180 R F Peckham 2685 Ralph T O'Neil 2105 Reinhold Richter 2705 Richard B Moore 458 Richard Henderson

14-Oct-43 29-Apr-44 29-Aug-43 12-Nov-43 29-Dec-42

02-Nov-43 19-May-44 23-Sep-43 30-Nov-43 31-Jan-43

10-Nov-43 26-May-44 02-Oct-43 10-Dec-43 15-Feb-43

03-Dec-45 Feb-66 Feb-70

26-Aug-43

Whilst travelling as part of convoy UGS14 was torpedoed by German submarine U410 (commanded by Fenski). No fatalities. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 136 of 164

419

Richard Jordan Gatling

28-Aug-42 31-Jul-43

14-Oct-42 22-Aug-43

23-Oct-42 31-Aug-43

Apr-69 1966

1731 Richard Moczkowski

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 261 454

Name Richard Stockton Richard Yates

Laid Down 21-Jun-42 18-Dec-42 13-Jul-43 24-Feb-44 08-Nov-42 05-Dec-43 07-Sep-42 21-Oct-43

Launched 17-Aug-42 22-Jan-43 07-Aug-43 14-Mar-44 12-Nov-42 23-Dec-43 17-Oct-42 09-Nov-43

Completed Left Service 31-Aug-42 31-Jan-43 18-Aug-43 22-Mar-44 15-Nov-42 31-Dec-43 04-Nov-42 16-Nov-43 1966 08-Aug-67 1959 Jan-69 Jun-63

Notes US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1963 was renamed the Avacha. Fate unknown. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Intended to be used as part of underwater explosion test, however failed to sink in planned area. Finally sank, however explosives failed to detonate. US Aircraft attempted to bomb vessel to set off explosives, however initial bombs failed to explode and subsequent efforts also ineffective. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the Henry J Waters. Fate unknown.

1701 Ring Lardner 2769 Robert D Carey 440 Robert E Peary

2719 Robert G Cousins 498 Robert H Harrison

2184 Robert Louis Stevenson

1560 Robert Lucas 2278 Rodina 260 479 Roger Sherman S Hall Young

16-May-43 13-Apr-44 15-Jun-42 02-Mar-43 06-Jul-43 06-Sep-43 06-Jul-43 17-Jun-43

10-Jun-43 30-Apr-44 03-Aug-42 31-Mar-43 31-Jul-43 30-Sep-43 28-Jul-43 08-Jul-43

29-Jun-43 08-May-44 24-Aug-42 12-Apr-43 12-Aug-43 08-Oct-43 09-Aug-43 20-Jul-43 Sep-61 Jun-67 Oct-59 1960 Apr-61 18-Nov-43

Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the William F Vilas. Scrapped. Laid down as the John G North. Scrapped. Laid down as the George Inness. Scrapped. Laid down as the John E Wilk ie. Whilst proceeding independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I27 (commanded by Fukumura) in the Arabian Sea (11.25 North 47.25 East). Laid down as the Frank D Phinney. In 1967 was renamed the Samudra Jyoti. Fate unknown.

1699 Samana 2107 Samark 1717 Sambre 1588 Sambridge

1713 Samovar

28-Jun-43

21-Jul-43

30-Jul-43

2099 Sampford

07-Aug-43

31-Aug-43

12-Sep-43

25-Jul-66

Laid down as the John Reed. Collided with tanker and declared CTL.

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 17-Sep-43 08-Dec-42 18-Aug-42

Launched 09-Oct-43 10-Jan-43 28-Sep-42

Completed Left Service 19-Oct-43 20-Jan-43 09-Oct-42 1959 Mar-68 Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

2110 Samuel Brannon 450 331 Samuel de Champlain Samuel F B Morse

In Nov 1943 was converted to a US Army Hospital Ship and renamed the Jarrett M Huddleston. US reserve fleet. Nov-66 Jun-60 29-Jan-44 Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Bombed off Anzio. 5 crew killed. In 1955 was renamed the Fortuna. Fate unknown. Mar-67 Apr-69 Apr-61 19-Jun-66 Scrapped. Laid down as the Harmon Judson. Scrapped. Scrapped. Sprang leak and sank. US reserve fleet. 1966 Feb-70 Sep-61 Feb-70 1972 Dec-63 May-44 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Thomas M Flaherty. Scrapped. Scrapped. Bombed by Japanese (using recovered US aircraft) and declared CTL. 1 US Army personnel killed. Sunk by the German surface raider Steir in the South Atlantic (28.08 South 11.59 West). 31 crew, 9 Armed Guard and 1 passenger killed. The Steir was also sunk in this action. The ships was given a Gallant Ship Award. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the George Coggeshall. Fate unknown.

501

Samuel F Miller

26-Sep-42 09-Jun-44 20-Jan-42

31-Oct-42 28-Jun-44 26-Apr-42

14-Nov-42 10-Jul-44 18-May-42

2699 Samuel Gompers II 248 Samuel Huntington

2689 Samuel L Cobb 2163 Samuel W Williston 2143 Samwash 2750 Sara Bache 2178 Sara Teasdale 2701 Seaman A Knapp 482 Sheldon Jackson

06-May-44 17-Sep-43 13-Aug-43 24-Jan-44 12-Oct-43 05-Nov-43 09-Mar-43 10-Feb-44 21-Feb-44 09-Sep-43 22-Mar-44 18-Oct-42 30-May-43

27-May-44 06-Oct-43 04-Sep-43 12-Feb-44 30-Oct-43 24-Nov-43 07-Apr-43 28-Feb-44 31-Mar-44 03-Oct-43 11-Apr-44 20-Nov-42 20-Jun-43

03-Jun-44 15-Oct-43 13-Sep-43 19-Feb-44 07-Nov-43 30-Nov-43 18-Apr-43 07-Mar-44 30-Apr-44 12-Oct-43 18-Apr-44 30-Nov-42 30-Jun-43

2760 Sidney H Short 2271 Silvestre Escalante 2108 Simon Bamberger 2784 Stalingrad 505 Stanley Matthews

1578 Stephen Crane

247

Stephen Hopkins

02-Jan-42

14-Apr-42

11-May-42

27-Sep-42

2283 Stephen Hopkins II 1729 Stephen W Kearny 2269 Sukhona

21-Apr-44 28-Jul-43 14-Feb-44

10-May-44 19-Aug-43 17-Mar-44

19-May-44 29-Aug-43 15-Apr-44

Jun-67

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 30-Apr-43 23-May-44 10-Jul-43 19-Feb-43 25-May-44 11-Jan-43 26-Jun-43 08-Oct-41

Launched 25-May-43 13-Jun-44 31-Jul-43 21-Mar-43 16-Jun-44 12-Feb-43 17-Jul-43 28-Mar-42

Completed Left Service 05-Jun-43 21-Jun-44 11-Aug-43 05-Apr-43 28-Jun-44 23-Feb-43 29-Jul-43 30-Apr-42 Dec-61 04-Feb-67 13-Jul-43 Dec-65 Nov-64 Apr-70 Scrapped.

Notes

1120 Tecumseh 2695 Terry E Stephenson 1719 Thomas C Power 531 Thomas Corwin

US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1964 was converted to a barge. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Developed leaks. Later scrapped. Attacked by torpedo aircraft off Avola and set alight. 22 crew, 8 Armed Guard and 100 British Army personnel killed. Scrapped. Laid down as the Sieur Duluth. Fate unknown. In 1970 was renamed the Ardena. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. 01-Sep-62 Oct-61 06-Aug-62 Apr-69 26-Jan-44 Driven ashore during typhoon in Hong Kong. Scrapped. Ran aground and declared CTL Scrapped. Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U532 (commanded by Junker) in the Indian Ocean (10.00 North 71.49 East). No fatalities. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1965 was renamed the Greenport. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. Oct-66 Apr-64 Mar-65 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Feb-69 1954 Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 139 of 164

2696 Thomas F Hunt 462 Thomas Kearns

1711 Thomas M Cooley 246 Timothy Pickering

2780 Toussaint L'Ouverture 457 Tungus

12-Mar-44 27-Dec-42 19-Dec-43 12-Aug-43 02-Oct-43 14-Jan-43 02-Jan-44 09-Mar-44 14-Apr-43

04-Apr-44 04-Feb-43 10-Jan-44 06-Sep-43 21-Oct-43 17-Feb-43 21-Jan-44 31-Mar-44 10-May-43

12-Apr-44 18-Feb-43 18-Jan-44 15-Sep-43 29-Oct-43 28-Feb-43 28-Jan-44 07-Apr-44 22-May-43

May-59

2729 Uriah M Rose 2100 Vachel Lindsay 2172 Vernon L Parrington 463 Vitus Bering

2736 W B Rodgers 2778 Wallace R Farrington 1113 Walter Camp

509

Walter Colton

07-Nov-42 02-Nov-43 21-Jan-44 11-Aug-43 17-Mar-43 14-Feb-44 25-Oct-43 13-Mar-43 20-Apr-44 28-Dec-43

10-Dec-42 21-Nov-43 14-Feb-44 02-Sep-43 14-Apr-43 04-Mar-44 19-Nov-43 18-Apr-43 08-May-44 16-Jan-44

19-Dec-42 29-Nov-43 24-Mar-44 11-Sep-43 27-Apr-43 11-Mar-44 29-Nov-43 05-May-43 16-May-44 22-Jan-44

Mar-68 Jul-60

2291 Walter Williams 2266 Walter Wyman 2142 Wayne MacVeagh 1101 Wilbur Wright 2763 Willet M Hays 2122 William A Coulter 537 William A Jones

2282 William Allen White 2733 William B Leeds

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Hull No. 469

Name William B Ogden

Laid Down 30-Jan-43

Launched 02-Mar-43

Completed Left Service 12-Mar-43 Aug-64

Notes Was grounded for 12 months, between 1 Jul 43 and 6 Jul 44, near Vizagapatam. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

1579 William Beaumont 438 William C Endicott

31-May-43 31-Oct-42 31-Oct-43 30-Aug-42 31-Dec-43

23-Jun-43 09-Dec-42 26-Nov-43 07-Oct-42 19-Jan-44

04-Jul-43 17-Dec-42 10-Dec-43 27-Oct-42 26-Jan-44 Jan-65 10-Dec-45 Aug-69

Scrapped. Driven ashore off Okinawa in typhoon. Declared CTL. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. In 1963 was renamed the Malakhov Kurgan. Fate unknown.

2124 William C Ralston 496 William Cushing

2735 William D Boyce

1727 William D Burnham

24-Jul-43

14-Aug-43

26-Aug-43

23-Nov-44

Whilst travelling as part of convoy TMC44 was torpedoed by German submarine U978 (commanded by Pulst) in the English Channel (49.46 North 01.15 West). 10 crew and 8 Armed Guard killed by subsequent torpedo striking lifeboat. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. In 1968 was converted to a crane barge. Fate unknown.

489 249

William Dean Howells William Ellery

28-Jun-42 09-Feb-42 26-Oct-43 08-Dec-43 30-Jun-43 31-Dec-42 03-May-44 31-Aug-43 18-Feb-44 25-Sep-43 09-Aug-42

29-Aug-42 09-May-42 13-Nov-43 28-Dec-43 22-Jul-43 04-Feb-43 23-May-44 20-Sep-43 09-Mar-44 18-Oct-43 19-Sep-42

29-Sep-42 28-May-42 21-Nov-43 05-Jan-44 03-Aug-43 13-Feb-43 31-May-44 29-Sep-43 16-Mar-44 26-Oct-43 15-Oct-42

May-60 Sep-68 Jul-68

2187 William F Empey 2721 William Ford Nichols 1714 William H Allen 521 William H Aspinwall

2687 William H Clagett 2153 William H Moody 2766 William J Gray 2113 William J Palmer 493 William K Vanderbilt

Mar-67 Mar-69 04-Aug-45

Scrapped. Scrapped. Struck mine in Trieste harbour. No fatalities.

16-May-43 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I19 (commanded by Kinashi) in the Pacific (18.41 South 175.07 East). 1 crew killed. Oct-66 Feb-62 Apr-64 Jan-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1722 William Keith 1720 William Matson 1695 William N Byers 2727 William Peffer

15-Jul-43 11-Jul-43 20-Jun-43 16-Dec-43

06-Aug-43 02-Aug-43 17-Jul-43 07-Jan-44

17-Aug-43 14-Aug-43 29-Jul-43 14-Jan-44

May 2004 140 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 13-Jun-43 16-Sep-43 02-Mar-44 31-Aug-43 25-Apr-44 19-Mar-43 12-Dec-43 09-Oct-43 18-May-43 09-May-42 05-Jul-42

Launched 04-Jul-43 05-Oct-43 25-Mar-44 25-Sep-43 15-May-44 16-Apr-43 02-Jan-44 29-Oct-43 10-Jun-43 14-Jul-42 21-Aug-42

Completed Left Service 27-Jul-43 14-Oct-43 31-Mar-44 05-Oct-43 24-May-44 30-Apr-43 10-Jan-44 12-Nov-43 21-Jun-43 07-Aug-42 08-Sep-42 Nov-60 Jul-65 Oct-69 May-69 Jun-63 16-Feb-68 Jul-69 Mar-67 Jan-60 Oct-58 Aug-61 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

1586 William Prouse 2162 William S Clark 2774 William Schirmer 2106 William Sharon 2286 William Sproule 1102 William Thornton 2724 William Vaughn Moody 2117 William W Campbell 1572 William W Mayo 255 263 William Whipple William Williams

Ran aground. Later scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. On 5 May 1943 was torpedoed and damaged by Japanese submarine I19 (commanded by Kinashi). No fatalities. In 1943 was taken over by US Navy and renamed the Venus. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

516

William Windom

11-Dec-42 20-Jul-43 06-Oct-41

08-Jan-43 15-Aug-43 28-Feb-42

19-Jan-43 31-Aug-43 13-Apr-42

Aug-64

1703 Winfield S Stratton 244 Zachary Taylor

Oct-61

Scrapped.

May 2004 141 of 164

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Southeastern Shipbuilding Corp
Hull No. Name Laid Down 29-Oct-43 17-Dec-43 21-Aug-44 16-Jun-44 03-May-43 18-Dec-44 12-Feb-44 18-Nov-43 13-May-44 10-Feb-43 13-Apr-43 01-Jun-44 18-Sep-43 02-Oct-43 21-Jan-44 31-Dec-42 26-Jun-43 31-Jan-44 10-Nov-44 19-Oct-43 22-Feb-43 27-Sep-43 17-Jul-44 12-Jul-44 22-May-42 18-Jun-42 22-May-43 23-Apr-43 14-Dec-44 Launched 07-Dec-43 12-Feb-44 28-Sep-44 03-Aug-44 10-Jul-43 27-Jan-45 11-Apr-44 04-Jan-44 29-Jun-44 02-May-43 25-Jun-43 15-Jul-44 05-Nov-43 17-Nov-43 14-Mar-44 10-Apr-43 27-Aug-43 17-Mar-44 16-Dec-44 30-Nov-43 12-May-43 11-Nov-43 31-Aug-44 28-Aug-44 07-Dec-42 21-Jan-43 06-Aug-43 06-Jul-43 20-Jan-45 Completed Left Service 21-Dec-43 29-Feb-44 12-Oct-44 18-Aug-44 05-Aug-43 14-Feb-45 24-Apr-44 21-Jan-44 20-Jul-44 31-May-43 16-Jul-43 05-Aug-44 17-Nov-43 30-Nov-43 29-Mar-44 22-May-43 11-Sep-43 31-Mar-44 06-Jan-45 14-Dec-43 12-Jun-43 23-Nov-43 15-Sep-44 08-Sep-44 04-Mar-43 30-Mar-43 24-Aug-43 24-Jul-43 07-Feb-45 Sep-69 May-65 May-60 Apr-66 Oct-66 Dec-64 Oct-60 1967 May-67 Jul-69 May-69 May-67 Sep-61 Dec-68 Apr-67 Dec-68 Jun-65 May-68 May-68 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. In 1970 was renamed the Arendal. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. In 1963 was renamed the Caicara. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1968 was renamed the Erato. Fate unknown. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Notes

1072 A Frank Lever 2436 A Mitchell Palmer 2879 Addie Bagley Daniels 2871 Alexander R Shepard 1055 Andrew Pickens 2897 Arlie Clark 2442 Ben A Ruffin 2432 Ben Robertson 2867 Benjamin Brown French 351 Button Gwinnett

1053 Casimir Pulaski 2869 Charles A Keffer 1067 Charles C Jones 1069 Charles H Herty 2439 Clark Howell 349 Crawford W Long

1059 Dudley M Hughes 2440 Earl Layman 2891 Edward J Berwind 1071 Edwin L Godkin 352 Felix Grundy

1068 Florence Martus 2875 Floyd Gibbons 2874 Frank P Walsh 342 344 George Handley George Walton

06-Nov-51 Caught fire and sank. In 1963 was renamed the Daryal. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. Scrapped.

1057 George Whitefield 1054 Hamlin Garland 2896 Harry Kirby

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 18-Mar-44 21-Jul-43 30-Nov-43 12-Apr-44 07-Aug-43 28-Oct-44 04-Jun-42 22-May-42

Launched 29-Apr-44 16-Sep-43 26-Jan-44 31-May-44 01-Oct-43 05-Dec-44 27-Dec-42 20-Nov-42

Completed Left Service 20-May-44 27-Sep-43 14-Feb-44 21-Jun-44 14-Oct-43 21-Dec-44 18-Mar-43 13-Feb-43 Nov-67 May-61 Mar-65 Aug-65 Nov-64

Notes In 1969 was converted to minesweeper. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet.

2445 Harry L Glucksman 1061 Hoke Smith 2434 Isaac S Hopkins 2863 Jacob Sloat Fassett 1063 James H Couper 2889 James H Price 343 341 James Jackson James Oglethorpe

17-Mar-43 Whilst travelling with convoy HX229 was torpedoed by German submarine U758 (commanded by Manseck) in the North Atlantic (50.38 North 34.46 West). 31 crew, 11 Armed Guard and 2 passengers lost. 21-Dec-52 Ran aground and broke in two. In 1968 was renamed the Panaghia Kykkou. Fate unknown. 29-Jun-44 Whilst travelling with convoy EMC17 was torpedoed by German submarine U984 (commanded by Sieder) in the English Channel (50.07 North 00.47 West). No fatalities. Beached and declared CTL. Jan-60 Jun-65 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 1965 Apr-67 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2872 James Swan 1060 Jerome K Jones

23-Jun-44 07-Jul-43

12-Aug-44 06-Sep-43

24-Aug-44 18-Sep-43

2441 John A Treutlen

05-Feb-44

10-Apr-44

17-Apr-44

350

John C Breckinridge

27-Jan-43 17-Jan-44 13-Oct-43 27-Jun-42 03-Aug-44 24-Jul-44

22-Apr-43 03-Mar-44 25-Nov-43 21-Feb-43 13-Sep-44 07-Sep-44

22-May-43 21-Mar-44 07-Dec-43 19-Apr-43 28-Sep-44 22-Sep-44

2438 John E Sweet 1070 John E Ward 346 John Milledge

2877 John P Harris 2876 Jonas Lie

09-Jan-45 Whilst travelling as part of convoy ON277 was torpedoed by German submarine U1055 (commanded by Meyer) near the Bristol Channel (51.45 North 06.26 West). 2 crew killed. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. May 2004 143 of 164

1058 Joseph E Brown 1065 Joseph H Martin 1064 Joseph Habersham 2881 Joseph Murgas

09-Jun-43 30-Aug-43 20-Aug-43 01-Sep-44

19-Aug-43 18-Oct-43 12-Oct-43 12-Oct-44

31-Aug-43 30-Oct-43 26-Oct-43 28-Oct-44

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 14-Sep-44 13-Oct-44 23-Sep-44 15-Mar-44 29-Mar-43 23-Jun-42 24-Nov-44 30-Jun-44 08-Sep-44 29-Sep-44 08-Apr-43 14-Aug-44 15-Apr-44 12-Jun-44 06-Sep-43 11-Dec-42 06-Oct-44 24-Nov-42 01-May-44 23-Oct-44 04-Mar-44 21-Dec-43 08-Dec-43 26-Nov-43 12-Nov-43 22-May-44 11-Apr-44 23-Dec-44 06-Nov-43 26-Jul-43 23-Feb-44

Launched 27-Oct-44 23-Nov-44 03-Nov-44 12-May-44 22-May-43 06-Feb-43 30-Dec-44 19-Aug-44 21-Oct-44 09-Nov-44 08-Jun-43 22-Sep-44 08-Jun-44 22-Jul-44 28-Oct-43 28-Mar-43 16-Nov-44 19-Mar-43 22-Jun-44 29-Nov-44 23-Apr-44 23-Feb-44 05-Feb-44 18-Jan-44 20-Dec-43 11-Jul-44 22-May-44 31-Jan-45 15-Dec-43 27-Sep-43 14-Apr-44

Completed Left Service 11-Nov-44 08-Dec-44 18-Nov-44 29-May-44 25-Jun-43 09-Apr-43 18-Jan-45 30-Aug-44 04-Nov-44 25-Nov-44 05-Jul-43 03-Oct-44 28-Jun-44 11-Aug-44 08-Nov-43 11-May-43 30-Nov-44 30-Apr-43 13-Jul-44 15-Dec-44 10-May-44 13-Mar-44 25-Feb-44 31-Jan-44 30-Dec-43 28-Jul-44 09-Jun-44 24-Feb-45 28-Dec-43 07-Oct-43 29-Apr-44 Dec-68 Jun-65 Jan-70 Apr-68 1959 Mar-63 Apr-63 Nov-66 Sep-67 Jul-60 Jul-65 Jan-61 Oct-63 Jan-67 Apr-70 31-Mar-46 Ran aground.

Notes

2883 Joseph S McDonagh 2887 Josiah Cohen 2884 Josiah Tattnell 2446 Juliette Low 1051 Langdon Cheves 345 Lyman Hall

In 1969 was renamed the Kounistra. Fate unknown. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 24-Dec-63 Ran aground and declared CTL. Feb-67 1960 Feb-61 1961 Sep-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Louis A Godey. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Francis S Bartow. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet.

2893 Mack Bruton Bryan 2873 Martha Berry 2882 Milton J Foreman 2885 Moina Michael 1052 Nicholas Herkimer 2878 Richard Coulter 2864 Richard Upjohn 2870 Risden Tyler Bennett 1066 Robert Fechner 348 Robert M T Hunter

2886 Robert Parrot 347 Robert Toombs

2866 Ruben Dario 2888 Rudolph Kauffmann 2444 Samcebu 2437 Samdart 2435 Samhorn 2433 Samuel T Darling 1074 Samvannah 2868 Stephen Leacock 2447 Themistocles 2898 Thomas W Murray 1073 Thomas Wolfe 1062 William Black Yates 2443 William D Hoxie

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Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 24-Apr-44

Launched 15-Jun-44

Completed Left Service 30-Jun-44

Notes In 1949 was renamed the Nadina, and in 1969 was converted in to a container ship. Fate unknown.

2865 William G Lee

2880 William H Edwards 2890 William L McLean 1056 William L Yancey 2895 William Leory Gable 2894 William Terry Howell 2892 William W Seaton

29-Aug-44 04-Nov-44 17-May-43 06-Dec-44 30-Nov-44 17-Nov-44

05-Oct-44 13-Dec-44 25-Jul-43 13-Jan-45 06-Jan-45 22-Dec-44

20-Oct-44 30-Dec-44 14-Aug-43 31-Jan-45 24-Jan-45 12-Jan-45

May-67 Apr-64 1969 May-69 Nov-60

Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

30-May-66 Ran aground in typhoon. Declared CTL.

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St Johns River Shipbuilding Co
Hull No. Name Laid Down 01-Jul-44 13-Sep-43 Launched 15-Aug-44 08-Nov-43 Completed Left Service 28-Aug-44 19-Nov-43 Apr-64 Notes US reserve fleet. Laid down as the William G Sumner. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jan-65 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Mar-62 Laid down as the Peter Stuyvesant. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Dec-69 1966 Jan-70 Scrapped. Sunk as breakwater. On 29 Jun 1944, whilst travelling with convoy EMC17, was torpedoed by German submarine U984 (commanded by Sieder) in the English Channel (50.07 North 00.47 West). No fatalities. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-60 Mar-60 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2490 Alfred I Dupont 1211 Alkaid

1222 Andrew Turnbull 2493 Anna Dickinson 1215 Arthur M Huddell 2475 Arthur R Lewis 2474 August Belmont 2504 C W Post 1212 Crux

15-Dec-43 26-Jul-44 25-Oct-43 13-Mar-44 01-Mar-44 06-Oct-44 27-Sep-43

08-Feb-44 04-Sep-44 07-Dec-43 27-Apr-44 20-Apr-44 08-Nov-44 16-Nov-43

19-Feb-44 16-Sep-44 18-Dec-43 12-May-44 30-Apr-44 17-Nov-44 27-Nov-43

Jun-68 Jun-62

2500 David L Yulee 1206 Dwight W Morrow 2472 Edward A Filene 1209 Edward M House

11-Sep-44 05-Jul-43 09-Feb-44 21-Aug-43

16-Oct-44 21-Sep-43 06-Apr-44 23-Oct-43

26-Oct-44 05-Oct-43 20-Apr-44 04-Nov-43

2469 Edward W Bok 1221 Edwin G Weed 1217 Elizabeth C Bellamy 2486 Ethelbert Nevin 2488 Filipp Mazzei 1195 Francis Asbury

14-Jan-44 07-Dec-43 10-Nov-43 01-Jun-44 15-Jun-44 12-Sep-42

12-Mar-44 29-Jan-44 21-Dec-43 18-Jul-44 31-Jul-44 17-Apr-43

27-Mar-44 11-Feb-44 31-Dec-43 31-Jul-44 15-Aug-44 05-Jun-43

Apr-70 May-67

03-Dec-44 Struck mine in North Sea (51.21 North 03.00 East). 10 crew and 7 Armed Guard lost. Beached. 1961 May-69 Reported 'disposed of' by US Navy. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. In 1961 was renamed the Panagia Kounistra. Fate unknown.

2513 Fred C Stebbins 2517 Fred Herrling 2503 Frederic W Galbraith 1202 George Dewey 2476 George E Merrick

24-Nov-44 23-Dec-44 30-Sep-44 08-May-43 20-Mar-44

30-Dec-44 30-Jan-45 02-Nov-44 05-Aug-43 04-May-44

11-Jan-45 10-Feb-45 14-Nov-44 27-Aug-43 21-May-44

May 2004 146 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 18-Sep-44

Launched 23-Oct-44

Completed Left Service 31-Oct-44

Notes In 1969 was renamed the Reliance Serenity. Fate unknown. In 1947 was renamed the Orsolina. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet.

2501 George E Waldo

1208 Grant Wood 2512 Grover C Hutcherson 2502 Harald Torsvik 2514 Harold A Jordan 1210 Harvey Cushing 2482 Hendrik Willem Van Loon 2510 Henry B Plant

06-Aug-43 21-Nov-44 25-Sep-44 30-Nov-44 05-Sep-43 05-May-44 09-Nov-44

14-Oct-43 22-Dec-44 28-Oct-44 06-Jan-45 31-Oct-43 14-Jun-44 11-Dec-44

26-Oct-43 31-Dec-44 06-Nov-44 17-Jan-45 11-Nov-43 02-Jul-44 19-Dec-44 Apr-68 1966

Laid down as the Henry B Plant. Scrapped. Scrapped.

20-Sep-65 Ran aground and declared CTL. May-65 Scrapped.

05-Feb-45 Whilst travelling with convoy TAM71 was torpedoed by German submarine U245 (commanded by SchumannHindenberg) off Ramsgate (51.22 North 02.00 East). 9 crew and 7 Armed Guard killed. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. 13-Dec-61 Ran aground and declared CTL. Apr-69 1967 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Nov-64 Mar-67 Nov-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-69 Sep-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-68 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 30-Sep-65 Ran aground and declared CTL. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. Nov-65 Scrapped.

2489 Henry Hadley 2467 Henry S Sanford 1201 Henry Watterson 2480 Hugh J Kilpatrick 2491 Irvin S Cobb 2506 Isaac M Singer 2509 Isaac Mayer Wise 2477 James K Paulding 2468 James L Ackerson 2484 Jasper F Cropsey 2497 Jerry S Foley 1220 John Einig 1194 John Gorrie 2496 John H Mcintosh 1196 John J Crittenden 2515 John Miller 1200 John Philip Sousa 2494 John Ringling 1207 John S Mosby 2505 Junius Smith

26-Jun-44 22-Dec-43 19-Apr-43 21-Apr-44 13-Jul-44 17-Oct-44 03-Nov-44 30-Mar-44 01-Jan-44 19-May-44 23-Aug-44 01-Dec-43 29-Aug-42 16-Aug-44 15-Oct-42 07-Dec-44 29-Mar-43 01-Aug-44 22-Jul-43 11-Oct-44

08-Aug-44 19-Feb-44 21-Jul-43 31-May-44 22-Aug-44 19-Nov-44 06-Dec-44 12-May-44 29-Feb-44 30-Jun-44 29-Sep-44 14-Jan-44 27-Mar-43 23-Sep-44 07-May-43 15-Jan-45 04-Jul-43 10-Sep-44 03-Oct-43 14-Nov-44

22-Aug-44 04-Mar-44 18-Aug-43 22-Jun-44 31-Aug-44 27-Nov-44 15-Dec-44 30-May-44 16-Mar-44 20-Jul-44 11-Oct-44 31-Jan-44 24-May-43 30-Sep-44 24-Jun-43 24-Jan-45 06-Aug-43 23-Sep-44 16-Oct-43 22-Nov-44

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 28-Oct-44 16-Oct-43

Launched 29-Nov-44 30-Nov-43

Completed Left Service 08-Dec-44 10-Dec-43

Notes In 1968 was renamed the Reliance Amity. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Napoleon B Broward. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

2508 Louis Bamberger 1214 Matar

2470 Melucta

21-Jan-44

20-Mar-44

31-Mar-44

Apr-70

Laid down as the Thomas A McGinley. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the John White. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet.

1218 Menkar

17-Nov-43

31-Dec-43

17-Jan-44

May-64

2495 Michael Dekovats 2499 Morris C Feinstone 2492 Negley D Cochran 2516 Niki

09-Aug-44 05-Sep-44 19-Jul-44 12-Dec-44

16-Sep-44 10-Oct-44 29-Aug-44 21-Jan-45

27-Sep-44 22-Oct-44 10-Sep-44 31-Jan-45

16-Jun-69 Sank off Brazil. 21-Nov-65 Laid down as the James H Courts. Broke anchor chain and ran aground. Declared CTL. Jan-69 Dec-64 Oct-62 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2481 Noah Brown 1216 Owen Wister 1193 Ponce De Leon 2471 Propus

28-Apr-44 02-Nov-43 15-Aug-42 31-Jan-44

08-Jun-44 14-Dec-43 14-Mar-43 29-Mar-44

28-Jun-44 24-Dec-43 30-Apr-43 10-Apr-44

22-May-51 Laid down as the Frederick Tresca. Taken over by US Navy. Caught fire, declared CTL 05-Jul-66 Jan-70 Sprang leak, abandoned and presumed sank. Scrapped.

2479 Raymond Clapper 2473 Richard K Call 1199 Richard Montgomery

17-Apr-44 21-Feb-44 15-Mar-43

22-May-44 15-Apr-44 15-Jun-43

13-Jun-44 28-Apr-44 29-Jul-43

20-Aug-44 Bombed in Thames Estuary, ran aground and broke in two. No fatalities. US reserve fleet. In 1958 was renamed the Centerport. Fate unknown. 14-Jun-67 Caught fire. Later scrapped. Mar-68 Jan-69 Scrapped. Laid down as the James Screven. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Thomas L Haley. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2498 Robert Mills 1198 Robert Y Hayne 1219 Royal S Copeland 1204 Rufus C Dawes 1213 Shaula

30-Aug-44 02-Nov-42 24-Nov-43 31-May-43 04-Oct-43

05-Oct-44 29-May-43 11-Jan-44 04-Sep-43 23-Nov-43

14-Oct-44 20-Jul-43 22-Jan-44 18-Sep-43 04-Dec-43

1197 Sidney Lanier 2518 Spetsae 2483 Stephen Beasley

22-Oct-42 08-Jan-45 13-May-44

21-May-43 12-Feb-45 24-Jun-44

07-Jul-43 24-Feb-45 13-Jul-44

Aug-61 May-69 Mar-61

May 2004 148 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 24-Oct-44 07-Apr-44 16-Jun-43 09-Jun-44 15-Nov-44 24-May-43 23-May-44

Launched 23-Nov-44 18-May-44 11-Sep-43 25-Jul-44 16-Dec-44 20-Aug-43 12-Jul-44

Completed Left Service 30-Nov-44 02-Jun-44 27-Sep-43 09-Aug-44 27-Dec-44 05-Sep-43 27-Jul-44 Nov-63 Apr-63 Mar-70 May-67

Notes In 1969 was renamed the Sfakia. Fate unknown. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet.

2507 Telfair Stockton 2478 Thomas J Lyons 1205 Thomas Sully 2487 W S Jennings 2511 Walter M Christiansen 1203 William Byrd 2485 William Crane Gray

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Todd Houston Shipbuilding Corp
Hull No. 111 A P Hill Name Laid Down 13-Aug-42 14-Sep-43 05-Oct-43 Launched 15-Oct-42 28-Oct-43 13-Nov-43 Completed Left Service 31-Oct-42 11-Nov-43 25-Nov-43 1965 Oct-65 Notes Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Laid down as the J S Cullinan. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. In 1965 was renamed the Jiading. Fate unknown. Feb-69 Sep-69 Oct-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1960 Albert S Burleson 1963 Alderamin

117

Amelia Earhart

19-Oct-42 22-Nov-43 09-May-44 05-Jun-44 19-Jan-44 01-Apr-43 09-Sep-44 05-Apr-44 01-Mar-43 03-Apr-42 04-Jul-42 24-Apr-43

18-Dec-42 08-Jan-44 12-Jun-44 12-Jul-44 02-Mar-44 14-May-43 17-Oct-44 15-May-44 14-Apr-43 03-Jul-42 11-Sep-42 03-Jun-43

31-Dec-42 22-Jan-44 21-Jun-44 24-Jul-44 15-Mar-44 30-May-43 27-Oct-44 26-May-44 30-Apr-43 04-Aug-42 30-Sep-42 21-Jun-43 Oct-68 May-63

2427 Andrew Briscoe 2937 Andrew W Preston 2944 Angus McDonald 2430 Anna H Branch 850 Anson Jones

03-Jun-68 Stranded and caught fire on Bissagos Island. 1969 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped.

2967 Anson Mills 2930 Arthur St Clair 844 101 107 855 Benito Juarez Benjamin Bourne Benjamin Huntington Benjamin R Milam

11-Sep-66 Grounded leaving Singapore. Laid up, later scrapped. Nov-69 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. Temporarily converted to troopship. On 8 Mar 1945 suffered explosion in boiler room. Vessel sank, but raised and repaired. Scrapped.

2994 Bernard L Rodman 2935 Betram G Goodhue 116 Big Foot Wallace

30-Dec-44 29-Apr-44 12-Oct-42

02-Feb-45 04-Jun-44 12-Dec-42

13-Feb-45 15-Jun-44 30-Dec-42

29-Mar-68 Ran aground off Mexico. 1967 Aug-65 Scrapped. Laid down as the Fitzhugh Lee. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Texas Maritime Academy granted builder's nameplate. Laid down as the Nathaniel Scudder. Taken over by US Army and converted to Aircraft Repair ship. In 1964 was converted to depot ship. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Richard O'Brien. Taken over by US Army and converted to aircraft repair ship. US reserve fleet. May 2004 150 of 164

2938 Brigadeer General Alfred J Lyon

12-May-44

15-Jun-44

26-Jun-44

1964

2925 Brigadeir General Asa N Duncan

15-Mar-44

25-Apr-44

05-May-44

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 16-Jun-44 02-Nov-42 19-Nov-43 25-Jan-45 08-Dec-43 11-Oct-44 20-Oct-43

Launched 25-Jul-44 30-Dec-42 05-Jan-44 07-Mar-45 28-Jan-44 16-Nov-44 30-Nov-43

Completed Left Service 07-Aug-44 14-Jan-43 19-Jan-44 17-Mar-45 09-Feb-44 25-Nov-44 11-Dec-43 Apr-66 1958 Dec-68 Dec-67

Notes US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1966 was renamed the Samudra Vijay. Fate unknown. Scrapped.

2947 Carlos J Finlay 118 Champ Clark

2426 Charles Goodnight 3001 Charles H Lanham 2909 Charles J Finger 2974 Charles L McNary 2420 Charles Morgan

10-Jun-44 Whilst off Utah beach was bombed and sunk by German aircraft. 1 crew and 7 US Army personnel lost. Nov-63 Jan-64 Sep-69 Nov-69 Mar-60 Scrapped. Sold for scrap. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Feb-63 Jun-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Dec-68 Scrapped. Converted to pipelaying vessel in 1969. Fate unknown. 25-Sep-69 Collided and sank in Indio Channel. Apr-63 Scrapped.

2919 Christopher S Flanagan 2972 Clarence Roberts 2998 Clifford E Ashby 2981 Clyde Austin Dunning 102 106 Daniel Carroll Daniel Hiester

18-Feb-44 03-Oct-44 13-Jan-45 08-Nov-44 24-Apr-42 09-Jun-42 04-Dec-44 06-Mar-43 23-Oct-41 13-Jul-43 18-Jul-41 15-May-43 15-Apr-43 05-Aug-44 02-Feb-45 23-Sep-44 06-Jul-43 19-Apr-44 18-Oct-44 19-Jul-43 11-Mar-44 29-Jan-43 20-Sep-44

27-Mar-44 08-Nov-44 17-Feb-45 14-Dec-44 11-Jul-42 22-Aug-42 10-Jan-45 17-Apr-43 29-May-42 26-Aug-43 19-Apr-42 24-Jun-43 27-May-43 14-Sep-44 15-Mar-45 28-Oct-44 19-Aug-43 26-May-44 22-Nov-44 06-Sep-43 19-Apr-44 16-Mar-43 24-Oct-44

07-Apr-44 17-Nov-44 28-Feb-45 22-Dec-44 11-Aug-42 15-Sep-42 20-Jan-45 08-May-43 16-Jul-42 14-Sep-43 02-Jun-42 10-Jul-43 11-Jun-43 26-Sep-44 28-Mar-45 09-Nov-44 31-Aug-43 07-Jun-44 30-Nov-44 25-Sep-43 29-Apr-44 31-Mar-43 04-Nov-44

2988 Daniel L Johnston 845 100 David G Burnet David S Terry

1948 David Wilmot 96 859 853 Davy Crockett E A Peden Edward Burleson

2959 Edward G Janeway 3003 Edward N Hinton 2970 Edwin S Nettleton 1946 Edwin W Moore 2933 Eleazar Lord 2976 Eleftheria 1950 Erastus Smith 2924 Felipi Debastrop 838 Fitzhugh Lee

30-Dec-63 Weather damage, later scrapped. Jun-69 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-60 1967 Scrapped. Scrapped.

23-Mar-45 Laid down as the I B Perrine. Struck mine in North Sea. Sep-67 Feb-61 Sep-59 Aug-65 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 151 of 164

2969 Francis B Ogden

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 20-Jan-45 17-Aug-44 16-Jun-43 06-Apr-43 07-Jul-43 25-May-43 16-Feb-43 31-May-43 22-Jan-44 16-Aug-43 14-Apr-44

Launched 24-Feb-45 23-Sep-44 26-Jul-43 17-May-43 21-Aug-43 05-Jul-43 31-Mar-43 12-Jul-43 04-Mar-44 04-Oct-43 22-May-44

Completed Left Service 09-Mar-45 04-Oct-44 13-Aug-43 31-May-43 04-Sep-43 17-Jul-43 19-Apr-43 27-Jul-43 17-Mar-44 15-Oct-43 31-May-44 1961 Jun-66 Jun-54

Notes

3000 Francis E Siltz 2961 Frederic E Ives 1942 Frederick H Newell 851 Frederick L Dau

05-Jan-61 Ran aground off Manila, declared CTL. Aug-68 Mar-68 Apr-69 Dec-69 27-Jul-67 Mar-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Ran aground off Koronje Island. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. On 21 Nov 44 was torpedoed by aircraft off Samar Island. No fatalities. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1947 George Bellows 1937 George C Childress 841 George E Pickett

1939 George P Garrison 2915 George Steers 1954 George W Lively 2932 Gus W Darnell

2980 Harold D Whitehead 2424 Harry Percy 1953 Harvey C Miller 1966 Henry Austin 2927 Henry D Lindsley 2921 Henry M Robert 2960 Herbert D Croly 110 Houston Volunteers

03-Nov-44 11-Nov-43 11-Aug-43 16-Oct-43 23-Mar-44 24-Feb-44 11-Aug-44 03-Aug-42 18-Jul-44

07-Dec-44 18-Dec-43 28-Sep-43 26-Nov-43 03-May-44 04-Apr-44 20-Sep-44 06-Oct-42 25-Aug-44

16-Dec-44 31-Dec-43 12-Oct-43 08-Dec-43 15-May-44 15-Apr-44 30-Sep-44 28-Oct-42 06-Sep-44

Dec-69

07-Mar-47 Ran aground on Goodwin Sands and broke in two. Feb-60 Oct-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-68 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 1966 Scrapped.

2954 Howard L Gibson

14-Oct-44 Collided with tanker and caught fire off Madeira (34.07 North 21.24 West). No fatalities. Declared CTL. Mar-60 Sep-61 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2951 Ida Straus 2957 Irving Babbitt 2431 Isaac Van Zandt

01-Jul-44 29-Jul-44 10-Feb-44

10-Aug-44 05-Sep-44 18-Mar-44

22-Aug-44 21-Sep-44 30-Mar-44

23-May-66 Loaded with old ammunition for seismic experiment, however broke free of tow and drifted for several hours. Eventually sank similar to original plan. Apr-67 Jul-69 Scrapped. Scrapped.

2964 J D Yeager 114 J E B Stuart

30-Aug-44 22-Sep-42

06-Oct-44 20-Nov-42

16-Oct-44 08-Dec-42

May 2004 152 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 28-May-43

Launched 06-Jul-43

Completed Left Service 23-Jul-43

Notes

1938 J Pinckney Henderson

18-Aug-43 Whilst carrying flammable cargo collided with tanker J H Senior, carrying aviation fuel. 34 crew and 25 Armed Guard killed. In the horrific fire only nine people (from both ships) survived. Fires burned for three weeks. US reserve fleet. Mar-70 17-Jul-66 Nov-66 Scrapped. Ran aground off Onahama, later scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. US reserve fleet. 27-Oct-43 Ran aground off New Jersey, refloated and sunk as gunnery target. Oct-61 May-66 Feb-68 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2949 Jacob A Westervelt 2979 Jacob Chandler Harper 2912 Jacob Perkins 848 831 271 852 James B Bonham James Barbour James Bowie James E Haviland

24-Jun-44 30-Oct-44 20-Dec-43 20-Mar-43 19-Dec-42 19-Aug-42 12-Apr-43 13-Nov-44 24-Aug-42

02-Aug-44 04-Dec-44 13-Feb-44 04-May-43 10-Feb-43 27-Oct-42 24-May-43 15-Dec-44 31-Oct-42

15-Aug-44 14-Dec-44 25-Feb-44 21-May-43 25-Feb-43 16-Nov-42 08-Jun-43 23-Dec-44 20-Nov-42

2982 James Kyron Walker 112 James Longstreet

836 274

James M Porter James Madison

08-Jan-43 28-Oct-42 25-Nov-44 30-Mar-43

28-Feb-43 21-Dec-42 03-Jan-45 12-May-43

14-Mar-43 06-Jan-43 13-Jan-45 27-May-43

2986 James Roy Wells 849 James W Fannin

28-Nov-66 Temporarily converted to troopship. Ran aground off Halifax. US reserve fleet. 27-Nov-42 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed by German submarine U178 (commanded by Ibbeken) off South Africa (39.25 South 22.23 East). No fatalities. 03-Feb-69 Broke down in storm off Azores with hull leaking. Sold and scrapped. 04-Mar-44 Broke in two in the North Atlantic (43.30 North 56.30 West). Aft section turned in to depot ship. No fatalities. Jul-64 Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-65 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. May 2004 153 of 164

847 270

Jane Long Jeremiah Wadsworth

17-Mar-43 23-Jun-42

30-Apr-43 07-Sep-42

17-May-43 24-Sep-42

1945 Jesse Billingsley

01-Jul-43

14-Aug-43

28-Aug-43

833

Joel R Poinsett

31-Dec-42

19-Feb-43

28-Feb-43

829

John Armstrong

03-Dec-42 16-May-44 05-Oct-42

28-Jan-43 19-Jun-44 02-Dec-42

12-Feb-43 29-Jun-44 19-Dec-42

2939 John B Hamilton 115 John B Hood

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Hull No. 834

Name John Bell

Laid Down 07-Jan-43

Launched 24-Feb-43

Completed Left Service 11-Mar-43

Notes

26-Aug-43 Whilst travelling with convoy UGS14 was torpedoed by German submarine U410 (commanded by Fenski) off Sardinia (37.15 North 08.24 East). 1 crew killed. 1962 Scrapped. In 1969 was renamed the Platres. Fate unknown. Jul-68 Mar-68 Apr-67 Mar-67 Jul-63 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. May-61 Oct-68 Mar-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

835

John C Spencer

13-Jan-43 01-Dec-43 29-Jan-44 22-Dec-42 21-Jun-43 23-Feb-44 13-Jul-42 15-Dec-44 05-May-43 25-Oct-43 02-Sep-44 22-Dec-43 27-Jul-43

05-Mar-43 21-Jan-44 10-Mar-44 15-Feb-43 06-Aug-43 30-Mar-44 18-Sep-42 19-Jan-45 15-Jun-43 07-Dec-43 11-Oct-44 17-Feb-44 13-S ep-43

17-Mar-43 31-Jan-44 22-Mar-44 28-Feb-43 20-Aug-43 12-Apr-44 08-Oct-42 31-Jan-45 29-Jun-43 17-Dec-43 20-Oct-44 29-Feb-44 30-Sep-43

2908 John G Tod 2916 John Gibbon 832 John H Eaton

1943 John H Reagan 2920 John Ireland 108 John Laurance

2991 John Martin Miller 857 John Mary Odin

2421 John W Gates 2965 Johnny Appleseed 2429 Jose G Benitez 1951 Jose Navarro

02-Jan-67 Collided in the Red Sea. Beached. 26-Dec-43 Torpedoed by German submarine U178 (commanded by Spahr) in the Indian Ocean (08.20 North 70.35 East). No fatalities. May-69 Apr-67 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

113 119

Joseph E Johnston Joseph T Robinson

15-Sep-42 17-Nov-42 07-Aug-43 26-Apr-44 06-Feb-43 06-Mar-44 18-Dec-43 10-Jan-44 20-Jun-44 01-Sep-43

16-Nov-42 06-Jan-43 24-Sep-43 31-May-44 19-Mar-43 14-Apr-44 09-Feb-44 23-Feb-44 28-Jul-44 19-Oct-43

30-Nov-42 16-Jan-43 06-Oct-43 12-Jun-44 08-Apr-43 26-Apr-44 21-Feb-44 09-Mar-44 10-Aug-44 30-Oct-43

1952 Joshua A Leach 2934 Juan N Seguin 839 Jubal A Early

17-Dec-67 Ran aground off Split and declared CTL. Sep-66 Jun-68 Jan-67 Apr-69 Aug-68 Scrapped. Scrapped. Hull cracked, later scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 13-Aug-67 No contact with vessel, presumed wrecked off Rowlett Island. Jan-60 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

2923 Julius Olsen 2911 Katharine L Bates 2914 Keith Palmer 2948 Kyle V Johnson 1958 L H McNelly

273

Lambert Cadwalader

08-Sep-42

16-Nov-42

28-Nov-42

May 2004 154 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 01-Jun-44 19-Jan-45

Launched 08-Jul-44 23-Feb-45

Completed Left Service 19-Jul-44 07-Mar-45 Feb-67 Scrapped.

Notes

2943 Laura Drake Gill 2999 Lektor Garbo

Laid down as the Alfred L Baxley. In 1960 was renamed the Kalu. Fate unknown. Jul-69 Mar-69 Sep-66 Oct-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2995 Leonardo L Romero 2989 Lloyd S Carlson 2953 Lorado Taft 854 Lorenzo DeZavala

04-Jan-45 07-Dec-44 13-Jul-44 19-Apr-43 07-Sep-43 14-Feb-44

04-Feb-45 13-Jan-45 19-Aug-44 29-May-43 23-Oct-43 22-Mar-44

16-Feb-45 23-Jan-45 30-Aug-44 14-Jun-43 06-Nov-43 05-Apr-44

1959 Lucien B Maxwell 2918 Major General Robert Olds

06-Aug-45 Ran aground in Seine Estuary. Apr-60 Laid down as the Daniel E Garrett. Taken over by US Army and converted to aircraft repair ship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jul-66 Mar-61 Jan-62 Mar-60 Jul-69 Jan-63 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Weather damage, later scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Converted to floating warehouse in 1966. Fate unknown. Jul-69 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. 20-Oct-64 Laid down as the Cyril G Hopkins. Ran aground off French coast, declared CTL. May-62 1963 1973 Jan-70 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Mar-58 Jan-68 May-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Mark A Davis. Scrapped. May 2004 155 of 164

858

Mary Austin

13-May-43 12-Oct-43 25-Jul-41 03-Aug-44 23-Oct-41 28-Mar-44 30-Dec-41 13-Dec-43 25-Feb-43 18-May-44 14-Oct-44

19-Jun-43 20-Nov-43 29-Apr-42 09-Sep-44 22-May-42 08-May-44 19-Jun-42 03-Feb-44 10-Apr-43 23-Jun-44 18-Nov-44

30-Jun-43 30-Nov-43 17-Jun-42 23-Sep-44 30-Jun-42 19-May-44 28-Jul-42 15-Feb-44 25-Apr-43 30-Jun-44 28-Nov-44

1965 Matthew J O'Brien 97 Matthew Maury

2958 Michael J Owens 99 Michael J Stone

2928 Minor C Keith 267 Mirabeau B Lamar

2910 Morris Sheppard 843 Moses Austin

2940 Nathaniel Silsbee 2975 Navarchos Koundouriotis 2929 Nicholas D Labadie 103 Nicholas Gilman

31-Mar-44 04-May-42 20-Mar-44 04-May-44 04-Jun-43 29-Sep-43 07-Oct-44 31-Jan-45

11-May-44 25-Jul-42 28-Apr-44 06-Jun-44 15-Jul-43 10-Nov-43 13-Nov-44 12-Mar-45

23-May-44 19-Aug-42 11-May-44 17-Jun-44 05-Aug-43 20-Nov-43 21-Nov-44 24-Mar-45

2926 O B Martin 2936 Oliver Loving 1940 Oran M Roberts 1962 Oscar Chappell 2973 Otis E Hall 3002 Parsa

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 05-Sep-44 20-Oct-44 08-Mar-43

Launched 17-Oct-44 24-Nov-44 23-Apr-43

Completed Left Service 24-Oct-44 06-Dec-44 12-May-43 Jan-64 1967

Notes Sold for scrap. Scrapped. Laid down as the James S Hogg. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet.

2966 Paul Bunyan 2977 Paul David Jones 846 Pavo

1961 Phobos

25-Sep-43

06-Nov-43

17-Nov-43

Feb-70

Laid down as the Joseph H Kibbey. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped.

2971 Pontus H Ross 1944 R M Williamson 2425 Rebecca Boone 2963 Richard J Hopkins 840 Richard S Ewell

29-Sep-44 25-Jun-43 14-Nov-43 26-Aug-44 11-Feb-43 26-Jul-44 06-Jan-44 15-Sep-44 28-Jun-44 09-Jun-43 23-May-44 08-Apr-44 15-Dec-44 08-Nov-43

02-Nov-44 10-Aug-43 21-Dec-43 02-Oct-44 29-Mar-43 02-Sep-44 22-Feb-44 20-Oct-44 05-Aug-44 17-Jul-43 27-Jun-44 17-May-44 18-Jan-45 17-Dec-43

13-Nov-44 24-Aug-43 31-Dec-43 12-Oct-44 16-Apr-43 16-Sep-44 06-Jun-44 31-Oct-44 17-Aug-44 07-Aug-43 08-Jul-44 30-May-44 27-Jan-45 29-Dec-43

May-69

05-May-59 Ran aground off Kuchino Shima. In 1963 was renamed the Evmar. Fate unknown. 03-Feb-64 Hull failed off Yokohama. 1965 Jan-65 1958 Feb-70 Sep-65 May-63 Mar-68 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Feb-67 Nov-61 Scrapped. Laid down as the William Becknell. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped.

2956 Robert E Clarkson 2913 Robert Henri 2968 Robert Neighbors 2950 Robert S Lovett 1941 Robert T Hill 2941 Robert Watchorn 2931 Rufus Choate 2990 Russell R Jones 2423 Sabik

95

Sam Houston

18-Jul-41

29-Mar-42

27-May-42

28-Jun-42 Whilst travelling independently was torpedoed and shelled by German submarine U203 (commanded by Mützelburg) in the West Indies (19.21 North 62.22 West). 8 crew killed. Dec-59 Nov-61 Oct-64 Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1936 Sam Houston II 104 Samuel Griffin

18-May-43 18-May-42 16-Jul-43 11-Jan-45 27-Jul-42 01-May-43 17-Nov-42

30-Jun-43 02-Aug-42 31-Aug-43 13-Feb-45 22-Sep-42 08-Jun-43 12-Jan-43

14-Jul-43 26-Aug-42 16-Sep-43 24-Feb-45 20-Oct-42 25-Jun-43 28-Jan-43

1949 Samuel H Walker 2997 Samuel L Jeffery 109 856 276 Samuel Livermore Sidney Sherman Stephen C Foster

06-Jan-45 Collided and declared CTL. 4 crew killed. Dec-59 Aug-59 Jun-61 Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. May 2004 156 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No. 265

Name Stephen F Austin

Laid Down 23-Oct-41 03-Mar-44 13-Jun-44 02-Jun-42 08-Jul-44 22-Jul-44 26-May-42 03-Sep-42 04-Feb-44 16-Jun-42

Launched 22-May-42 08-Apr-44 21-Jul-44 19-Aug-42 16-Aug-44 29-Aug-44 12-Aug-42 11-Nov-42 14-Mar-44 31-Aug-42

Completed Left Service 13-Jul-42 20-Apr-44 31-Jul-44 09-Sep-42 26-Aug-44 09-Sep-44 31-Aug-42 26-Nov-42 25-Mar-44 21-Sep-42 Jul-67 Aug-60 Sep-67 Feb-68 Jan-70 Mar-61 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

Notes

2922 Sul Ross 2946 T E Mitchell 268 Theodore Sedgwick

2952 Thomas Bulfinch 2955 Thomas Eakins 105 272 Thomas Hartley Thomas J Rusk

US reserve fleet. Scrapped. In 1966 was converted to floating platform. Fate unknown. US reserve fleet. Scrapped.

2917 Thomas Say 269 Thomas T Tucker

28-Nov-42 Ran aground off Olifants Bosch Point (34.16 South 18.23 East) and broke in three on her maiden voyage. No fatalities. Oct-69 1964 Nov-66 Jun-67 Sold for scrap. Later caught fire and scrapped locally. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Dec-64 Jun-61 Apr-67 Dec-61 Dec-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped.

1955 Thomas W Gregory 2942 Tomas Guardia 2992 Wallace M Tyler 2983 Walter Frederick Kraft 2962 Walter Wellman 2978 Will B Otwell 1956 Will R Wood 2996 Willard R Johnson 2985 William Asa Carter 266 828 William B Travis William Eustis

20-Aug-43 27-May-44 20-Dec-44 17-Nov-44 21-Aug-44 25-Oct-44 23-Aug-43 06-Jan-45 22-Nov-44 30-Dec-41 23-Nov-42

06-Oct-43 30-Jun-44 25-Jan-45 20-Dec-44 29-Sep-44 29-Nov-44 11-Oct-43 09-Feb-45 30-Dec-44 12-Jun-42 21-Jan-43

19-Oct-43 12-Jul-44 05-Feb-45 30-Dec-44 09-Oct-44 11-Dec-44 25-Oct-43 21-Feb-45 10-Jan-45 22-Jul-42 31-Jan-43

17-Mar-43 Whilst travelling with convoy HX229 was torpedoed by German submarine U435 (commanded by Strelow) in the North Atlantic (50.10 North 35.02 West). No fatalities. Dec-69 Dec-67 Aug-64 1969 Oct-66 Scrapped. Scrapped. Temporarily converted to troopship. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jan-68 Scrapped. May 2004 157 of 164

830

William H Crawford

14-Dec-42 29-Nov-44 12-Nov-42 27-Nov-43 27-Aug-43 20-Feb-43 18-Nov-44

05-Feb-43 06-Jan-45 06-Jan-43 18-Jan-44 15-Oct-43 05-Apr-43 22-Dec-44

20-Feb-43 17-Jan-45 20-Jan-43 29-Jan-44 28-Oct-43 23-Apr-43 31-Dec-44

2987 William K Kamaka 275 William L Smith

2428 William M Eastland 1957 William M Rayburn 842 William N Pendleton

2984 William R Lewis

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 23-Dec-44 22-Jan-43 25-Jul-41 07-Jun-44

Launched 31-Jan-45 06-Mar-43 12-May-42 17-Jul-44

Completed Left Service 09-Feb-45 22-Mar-43 22-Jun-42 28-Jul-44

Notes

2993 William W Johnson 837 98 William Wilkins Winfield Scott

17-Apr-61 Grounded off Tobago, later scrapped. Jun-63 Jul-66 Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1964 was converted to crane barge and renamed Ziddel's Delight. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Anthony F Lucas. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. Jun-63 Laid down as the Hugh Young. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped.

2945 Wynn Seale

2422 Zaniah

29-Oct-43

12-Dec-43

22-Dec-43

1964 Zaurak

07-Oct-43

18-Nov-43

27-Nov-43

May 2004 158 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Walsh-Kaiser Co
Hull No. Name Laid Down 07-Nov-43 04-Nov-43 15-Aug-42 13-Nov-43 11-Jul-42 28-Nov-42 27-Oct-43 26-Feb-43 18-Nov-43 28-Jul-42 27-Jun-42 Launched 19-Feb-44 03-Feb-44 29-Apr-43 03-Mar-44 25-Feb-43 22-Apr-43 18-Jan-44 10-May-43 02-Apr-44 06-Apr-43 27-Nov-42 Completed Left Service 22-May-44 22-Apr-44 09-Jun-43 31-May-44 12-Apr-43 22-May-43 31-Mar-44 30-Jun-43 30-Apr-44 06-May-43 13-Feb-43 Mar-67 Jan-70 Sep-69 Jun-61 Notes US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Scrapped. Scrapped.

3121 Cornelius Ford 3120 Frank Gilbreth 1460 James De Wolf 3122 Jesse H Metcalf 1458 John Clarke 1461 Lyman Abbot 3119 Melville Jacoby 1462 Moses Brown 3123 Nelson Aldrich 1459 Samuel Gorton 1457 William Coddington

13-Mar-61 Ran aground off Palos Verdes Point. Declared CTL. Sep-61 Nov-68 Mar-68 Mar-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

May 2004 159 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Tanker Type Z-ET1-S-C3
California Shipbuilding Corp
Hull No. Name Laid Down 04-Sep-43 Launched 05-Oct-43 Completed 26-Oct-43 End Date Notes

1889 Alan Seeger

09-Aug-68 Whilst on way to breakers yard was holed and sunk by surfacing US nuclear missile submarine Von Steuben. Dec-68 Scrapped. Laid down as the Sidney Howard. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. Mar-69 Laid down as the David Rittenhouse. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the Paul Dunbar. Scrapped. Laid down as the William H Carruth. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the Nathaniel B Palmer. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1944 was renamed the Apsherson. In 1967 was renamed the Halla. Fate unknown. 1966 Scrapped.

1882 Albert J Berres 1900 Armadillo

10-Aug-43 24-Sep-43

13-Sep-43 26-Oct-43

30-Sep-43 18-Nov-43

1901 Beagle

27-Sep-43

29-Oct-43

20-Nov-43

1897 Byelgorod 1902 Camel

18-Sep-43 30-Sep-43

19-Oct-43 31-Oct-43

12-Nov-43 22-Nov-43

Jan-69 1963

1903 Caribou

05-Oct-43

02-Nov-43

25-Nov-43

Nov-62

1891 Carlton Ellis 1892 Charlotte P Gilman

10-Sep-43 13-Sep-43

11-Oct-43 13-Oct-43

29-Oct-43 31-Oct-43

Apr-67

1887 Christopher L Sholes 1904 Elk

27-Aug-43 09-Oct-43

27-Sep-43 06-Nov-43

17-Oct-43 26-Nov-43

12-Oct-60 Laid down as the William Winter. Taken over by US Navy. Ran aground, later scrapped. Sep-68 Laid down as the Cyrus K Holliday. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the Carl R Gray. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Laid down as the Sanford B Dole. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1905 Gazelle

11-Oct-43

09-Nov-43

29-Nov-43

1906 Gemsbok

13-Oct-43

09-Nov-43

03-Dec-43

Mar-66

1907 Giraffe

14-Oct-43

11-Nov-43

12-Dec-43

Nov-67

1894 Harvey W Wiley 1881 Henry C Wallace

15-Sep-43 10-Jul-43

15-Oct-43 15-Aug-43

31-Oct-43 08-Sep-43

Oct-69

16-Nov-67 Declared CTL after engine room fire.

May 2004 160 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 08-Sep-43 16-Oct-43

Launched 09-Oct-43 15-Nov-43

Completed 27-Oct-43 13-Dec-43

End Date

Notes In 1964 was renamed the Maria T. Fate unknown.

1890 Horace See 1908 Ibex

10-Sep-65 Laid down as the Nicholas Longworth. Taken over by US Navy. Driven ashore in typhoon. 04-Jun-54 Laid down as the Charles T Yerkes. Taken over by US Navy. Ran aground off Bombay. Declared CTL 16-Jun-67 Ran aground off Algeciras, declared CTL. Jun-67 Dec-67 Oct-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1909 Jaguar

17-Oct-43

20-Nov-43

15-Dec-43

1886 James Cook 1880 John Goode 1895 John H Marion 1896 John P Altgeld 1884 Josiah G Holland 1893 Morton Prince 1888 Orson D Munn 1885 Oscar F Barrett 1883 Richard J Cleveland 1899 Schuyler Colfax

18-Aug-43 04-Jul-43 16-Sep-43 17-Sep-43 14-Aug-43 13-Sep-43 30-Aug-43 16-Aug-43 11-Aug-43 21-Sep-43

21-Sep-43 10-Aug-43 17-Oct-43 18-Oct-43 17-Sep-43 14-Oct-43 30-S ep-43 18-Sep-43 15-Sep-43 24-Oct-43

14-Oct-43 04-Sep-43 07-Nov-43 08-Nov-43 08-Oct-43 31-Oct-43 21-Oct-43 11-Oct-43 04-Oct-43 16-Nov-43

17-Oct-65 Lost propeller and grounded off Adak. In 1966 was renamed the Akiko. Fate unknown. 17-Jul-64 Ran aground off Callao, declared CTL. In 1964 was renamed the Navia. Fate unknown. 1968 Scrapped.

16-Aug-46 Ran aground off Hawaii. Taken over by US Navy and later sunk as target ship. 25-Mar-69 Ran aground off Japan.

1898 Thomas H Gallaudet

19-Sep-43

21-Oct-43

13-Nov-43

May 2004 161 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Delta Shipbuilding Co
Hull No. Name Laid Down 11-Jul-43 03-Sep-43 08-Aug-43 09-Jun-43 15-Sep-43 17-Jun-43 27-Aug-43 19-May-43 15-Jul-43 26-Sep-43 26-Jul-43 07-Jun-43 18-Sep-43 18-May-43 01-Aug-43 20-Oct-43 28-Sep-43 Launched 01-Sep-43 18-Oct-43 25-Sep-43 07-Aug-43 30-Oct-43 14-Aug-43 09-Oct-43 10-Jul-43 02-Sep-43 10-Nov-43 16-Sep-43 05-Aug-43 31-Oct-43 07-Jul-43 14-Sep-43 05-Dec-43 06-Nov-43 Completed 25-Oct-43 30-Nov-43 15-Nov-43 06-Oct-43 13-Dec-43 16-Oct-43 17-Nov-43 13-Sep-43 12-Nov-43 24-Dec-43 30-Oct-43 08-Oct-43 08-Dec-43 04-Sep-43 31-Oct-43 15-Jan-44 17-Dec-43 Aug-67 End Date Notes

1742 William E Pendleton 1921 Albert G Brown 1916 Andrew A Humphreys 1736 Andrew Marschalk 1925 Charles A Wickliffe 1741 David Holmes 1922 Eliza Jane Nicholson 1734 George W Kendall 1744 Henry L Ellsworth 1924 Horace H Harvey 1743 Irwin Russell 1738 Jacob Thompson 1920 Jean Baptiste Le Moyne 1737 John Stagg 1917 Joseph Goldberger 927 Judah Touro

04-Apr-69 Ran aground off Japan. Jun-60 Nov-69 1974 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1968 was renamed the Lavenham. Fate unknown. Scrapped.

04-Feb-65 Ran aground off San Benito Islands, declared CTL. Mar-68 1968 Scrapped. Scrapped.

31-Dec-59 Ran aground off Singapore Feb-62 1968 Scrapped. Scrapped.

23-Nov-61 Ran aground in Lake Superior, later scrapped. Oct-68 Mar-69 Sep-67 Mar-69 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the Paul Tulane. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped. Laid down as the William B Bankhead. Taken over by US Navy. Struck submerged object, declared CTL. Scrapped.

1923 Kangaroo

1740 Lafcadio Hearn 1926 Leopard

07-Jun-43 05-Oct-43

31-Jul-43 15-Nov-43

28-Sep-43 24-Dec-43

1969 14-Jul-65

1735 Mary Ashley Townsend 03-Jun-43 1928 Moose 01-Nov-43

25-Jul-43 17-Dec-43

22-Sep-43 27-Jan-44

1968

05-Sep-64 Laid down as the Mason L Weems. Taken over by US Navy. Grounded in Hong Kong, later scrapped. In 1967 was renamed the Popeye. Fate unknown. Feb-68 Laid down as the Opie Read. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped.

1918 Oscar S Straus 1929 Panda

16-Aug-43 19-Oct-43

04-Oct-43 03-Dec-43

22-Nov-43 31-Dec-44

1930 Porcupine

11-Oct-43

24-Dec-43

29-Dec-43

30-Dec-44 Laid down as the Leif Ericson. Taken over by US Navy. Sunk by Kamikazi off Mindoro.

May 2004 162 of 164

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USA OTHER SHIPS 'Liberty' Cargo Ship Appendix C: Ship Histories

Hull No.

Name

Laid Down 07-Nov-43

Launched 23-Dec-44

Completed 31-Jan-44

End Date Nov-68

Notes Laid down as the J C W Beckham. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped.

1931 Raccoon

1745 Reginald A Fessenden 1932 Stag

08-Jul-43 13-Nov-43

26-Aug-43 07-Jan-43

20-Oct-43 16-Feb-44

24-Oct-63 Collided off Lisbon, later scrapped. Laid down as the Norman O Pedrick. Taken over by US Navy. US reserve fleet. Nov-67 Scrapped. In 1967 was converted to fish factory ship. Fate unknown. Laid down as the Eugene W Hilgard. Taken over by US Navy. In 1965 was renamed the Nervion. Fate unknown. Mar-68 Laid down as the Leon Godchaux. Taken over by US Navy. Scrapped. Scrapped.

1919 Thomas F Cunningham 02-Sep-43 1739 Tobias E Stansbury 1933 Whippet 25-May-43 31-Oct-43

15-Oct-43 14-Jul-43 15-Dec-43

22-Nov-43 16-Sep-43 13-Jan-44

1934 Wildcat

16-Nov-42

07-Jan-43

16-Feb-43

1746 William Crompton

06-Aug-43

23-Sep-43

17-Nov-43

Apr-69

May 2004 163 of 164

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Collier Type EC2-S-AW1
Delta Shipbuilding Co
Hull No. Name Laid Down 09-Apr-45 21-Mar-45 Launched 12-Jun-45 17-May-45 Completed 31-Jul-45 18-Jul-45 End Date Jul-62 Scrapped. Converted to barge in 1963 and renamed the Eastern 3. Fate unknown. Oct-65 May-63 Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Marine Transport. Fate unknown. Jan-63 Jul-68 Apr-67 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1947 was renamed the Reading. Fate unknown. Aug-68 Apr-67 Dec-67 Mar-68 Jul-64 Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. Scrapped. US reserve fleet. Jun-67 Scrapped. In 1962 was converted to a barge. Fate unknown. In 1970 was renamed the Slavianka. Fate unknown. Mar-63 Apr-65 Scrapped. Scrapped. In 1964 was renamed the Algol. Fate unknown. 25-Dec-69 After being converted to barge, adrift from tow and ran aground. Converted to barge in 1964 and renamed the Eastern 4. Fate unknown. 22-Jan-69 After being converted to barge, adrift from tow and ran aground. Notes

2857 Banner Seam 2852 Beckley Seam

2849 Bon Air Seam 2856 Chilton Seam 2854 Eagle Seam 2860 Freeport Seam 2850 Glamorgan Seam 2832 Herrin Seam 2859 Imboden Seam 2816 Jagger Seam 2848 Jellico Seam 2846 Jewell Seam 2836 La Salle Seam 2842 Linton Seam 2847 Merrimac Seam 2861 Mingo Seam 2862 Pittsburgh Seam 2853 Pocahontas Seam 2855 Powellton Seam 2844 Redstone Seam 2858 Roda Seam 2824 Sewanee Seam 2851 Sewell Seam

08-Feb-45 19-Apr-45 04-Apr-45 18-May-45 22-Feb-45 01-Mar-45 23-Apr-45 15-Sep-44 13-Jun-45 06-Feb-45 20-Nov-44 12-Dec-44 12-Jan-45 09-May-45 30-Apr-45 01-Mar-45 14-Mar-45 25-Jan-45 18-Jun-45 19-Dec-44 23-Feb-45

07-Apr-45 16-Jun-45 02-Jun-45 30-Jul-45 18-Apr-45 25-Apr-45 28-Jun-45 18-Dec-44 14-Aug-45 03-Apr-45 24-Jan-45 21-Feb-45 13-Mar-45 17-Jul-45 11-Jul-45 28-Apr-45 08-May-45 20-Mar-45 25-Aug-45 28-Feb-45 21-Apr-45

31-May-45 17-Aug-45 25-Jul-45 29-Sep-45 07-Jun-45 25-Jun-45 25-Aug-45 12-Mar-45 10-Oct-45 24-May-45 31-Mar-45 17-Apr-45 08-May-45 24-Sep-45 12-Sep-45 30-Jun-45 09-Jul-45 16-May-45 13-Oct-45 27-Apr-45 16-Jun-45

2840 Streator Seam

26-Apr-45

29-Jun-45

31-Aug-45

May 2004 164 of 164

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