V

Remember! If a word has more than three (3) letters, the extra letter/s may be either of these three: 1. An extra letter on the scale which is an ORIGINAL letter of the word being weighed. There are two (2) kinds of verbs that have all-original letters: i. ii. 3-letter-verb e.g. 4-letter-verb e.g.

‫َ رب‬ َ َ ‫( دَ رج‬rolled something) َ َ

Illustration:

‫ﺩ ﺣﺮ ﺝ‬   

a 4-letter-verb

Considered as “extra” on the scale

‫دَ حْ ر ج‬ َ َ
‫ﻑ ﻉ ﻝ ﻝ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹶ‬ 
‫2( ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﻧﹺﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺜ‬

‫2( ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬

nd

Laam)

When there is an extra original letter on the word being weighed, we would add another Laam)

‫ل‬

at the end of the scale, called

nd

Principle

The scale ( ‫ ) ﺍﳌﻴﺰﺍﻥ‬follows the word being weighed (‫ )ﺍﳌﻮﺯﻭﻥ‬in terms of letters and vowels.

My notes in Sarf – Bintu Jose as-Salafiyyah # 4

2. An extra letter to BOTH the scale and the word being weighed. These extra letters are gathered in the mnemonic phrase

‫ﻮﹺﻧـﻴـﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺘـ‬‫ﺳـﺄﹶﻟـ‬ ‫ ْ ﻤ‬

which

means “ You [all] asked me it.”
Useful Benefit: Verbs that have the extra letters ‫ــت‬ give the meaning of “to request or to ask”

Illustration:

letters from the phrase

‫ﺘـﺨـﺮﺝ‬‫ﻳـﺴـ‬ ‫ ﹺ‬ 
(extracted)

ْ ‫ي س ت خ ر ج‬ ُ ِ ْ َ َ َ ْ ‫ي س ت فْ ع ل‬ ُ َ ِ

The extra letters on the word weighed is also added to the scale

3. An extra letter which occurs due to DOUBLING a letter in the word being weighed.

Illustration 1 ( he killed)

‫ﺘـﻞ‬‫ﻗـ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬

‫ﺯﻥ ﻓﻌﻞ‬‫ﻗﹶـﺘﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬‫ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬
Just a three-letter verb, no extras!

‫ﻕ ﺕ ﻝ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ﻑ ﻉ ﻝ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ 
My notes in Sarf – Bintu Jose as-Salafiyyah # 4

Illustration 2

( he killed a lot)
Useful Benefit: An increase in letter means an increase in meaning. (But this is not always the case)

‫ﺘـﻞ‬‫ﻗـ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬
aha! a doubled letter!

‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﺯﻥ ﻓ‬‫ﻞ َﻋﻠﻰ ﻭ‬‫ﻗﹶـ‬ ‫ ﹶﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺘ‬

‫ﻕ ﺕ ﻝ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬  ‫ﻑ ﻉ ﻝ‬ ‫ ﹶ‬ 
A combo of both doubled-letter

Illustration 3 (he is killing a lot)

and a letter from ‫ﻮﹺﻴﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺄﻟﺘ‬ ‫ﻤ ﻧ‬‫ﹶﹾ‬

‫ـﻞ‬‫ـﻘﹶـ‬ ‫ﺘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﻳ‬

‫ﻕ ﺕ ﻝ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬  ‫ﻑ ﻉ ﻝ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬ 
‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﻳﻔ‬ ‫ﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺯﻥ‬‫ﻳﻘ‬ ‫ﹶﻌ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶﺘ ﹸ‬

‫ﻱ‬  ‫ﻱ‬ 

My notes in Sarf – Bintu Jose as-Salafiyyah # 4

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful