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SCRAP BOOK

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MATHEMATICS IV

DECIMAL(Second Grading)

Submitted by: Eloisa Marie M. Salvaleon

Submitted to: Eric Abejar


MATHEMATICAL PROCESS ON HOW TO:

A.Concepts

1 Read the Decimal Number

You can represent a decimal with a square


divided into 10 equal parts, and 5 of the 10 equal
parts and shaded. In fraction you say 5/10 of the
square is shaded and its written as 0.5 in decimal.
In words you say “five tenth”.

Example : we can write ½ as either .5 or 0.5.

2. Compare and order of Decimal

When you are comparing and Ordering decimal


numbers remember its place value.

Ex. Comparing Decimals


0.56 <0.001
0.40=0.4
0.05>0.6
Ordering decimal
.60 3rd
0.009 2nd
0.0986 1st
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3. Round off the decimals

Rounding of figures after a decimal point


result in a number with fewer decimal places. In
rounding an ending digit 5 or greater is round off
by adding 1 to the digits to its left an ending digit
of 4 or less is round off by dropping the digit, if it
occurs after decimal point, or replacing it with
zero, if it occurs before the decimal point.

Example. 34.3587 can be rounded one decimal


place to 34, 359, whereas 34.3583 would be
rounded to 34.358. The whole number 83 round
one decimal place to 80. Rounding 3587 to the
nearest thousand (the decimal placed) yield 4000.

B.OPERATIONS:

1. Add the decimal

Decimals allow us to add numbers that


include fractions. Just as we add integers. We
must always to align the decimal point, ensuring
that each value is being added from a similar
value at very step.
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Example: to add 365.289 and 32.4, align the


decimal and then add the numbers beginning at
the right moving to the left:

365.289
+ 32.4

Filling in the number places with zeros can help


ensure that the same number of places exist to the
right of the decimal point for numbers being added.

Ex. 365.289
+ 32.400
397.689

2. Subtract the Decimal

Decimals allow us to subtract numbers that


include fractions. Just as we subtract integers.
We must always to align the decimal point,
ensuring that each value is being subtracted from
a similar value at very step.

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Example: to subtract 365.289 and 32.4, align the


decimal and then subtract the numbers beginning
at the right moving to the left:

365.289
- 32.4

Filling in the number places with zeros can help


ensure that the same number of places exist to the
right of the decimal point for numbers being
subtracted.

Example: 365.289
- 32.400
392.889

C.Estimate the sum and differences of Decimals

You can estimate the sum and differences of


decimals by using the same rules in estimating
whole numbers.

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Example: Sum Estimated


462.85 462.90
+380.42 380.40

Difference Estimated
832.48 832.50
- 650.36 650.40

D.Multiplying Decimals

Multiplying Decimals is similar to


multiplying integers, except that the position of
the decimal point must be kept in mind. First,
multiply decimal number as if they were
integers, without considering the decimal points.
Then place the decimal point at the appropriate
position in the product so that the number of
decimal places is the same as the total number o
decimal places in the number being multiplied.

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Example: 0.5
X 0.3
.15

The 15 in the product is the direct value of 3


times 5. We place the decimal point differently
than we do in addition and subtraction. Since the
factors, 0.3 and0.5 each have one decimal place,
the product must have two decimal places. Thus
0.15 is the product.