Design of Vibration Isolation Systems

Slides to accompany lectures in ME 599/699:

Vibro-Acoustic Design in Mechanical Systems
© 2002 by A. F. Seybert Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40506-0503 Tel: 859-257-6336 x 80645 Fax: 859-257-3304 seybert@engr.uky.edu

Engineering University of Kentucky 2 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design . of Mech.Examples of Vibration Isolation Design of Vibration Isolation Systems • Engine and motor mounts • Exhaust pipe hanger brackets • Automotive suspension system • Laser table support system • Dimensional measurement system support • Other?? Dept.

. Dept. Engineering University of Kentucky ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design 3 . displacement. a compressor attached to a sheet metal panel of a window A/C unit). of Mech.g. Active component A small amplitude vibration can produce a large amplitude vibration if the active component is attached to a low “impedance” passive component (e. or energy from an active to a passive component.Goal of Vibration Isolation Design of Vibration Isolation Systems Goal: to minimize the transfer of force.

of Mech. Engineering University of Kentucky 1 + ( 2ς r ) 2 2 2 2 ≡ TR [1 − r ] + ( 2ς r ) 4 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design .SDOF Theory of Vibration Isolation Design of Vibration Isolation Systems x (t ) f (t ) M K Isolation system B Force transmitted to the supporting foundation: & fT (t ) = Kx + Bx and using CER FT e jω t jω t ~ jωt ( K + jω B)Fe = ( K + jω B) Xe = K − Mω 2 + jω B FT = F Dept.

Transmissibility of Isolation System Design of Vibration Isolation Systems Dept. of Mech. Engineering University of Kentucky 5 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design .

Engineering University of Kentucky ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design ω /ωn ≥ 2 6 . of Mech.Summary Design of Vibration Isolation Systems • Select the stiffness of the isolation system such that • Minimize the damping of the isolation system • Run-up and run-down should be fast enough to avoid transient oscillations at resonance due to low damping • Be aware of excessive static deflection and lateral instability • Use “inertia blocks” if appropriate M Inertia Block Dept.

of Mech.Application — Electric Motors Design of Vibration Isolation Systems Dept. Engineering University of Kentucky 7 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design .

of Mech. Engineering University of Kentucky 8 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design .Vibration Isolators Design of Vibration Isolation Systems Dept.

Engineering University of Kentucky 9 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design . of Mech.Flexible Couplings Design of Vibration Isolation Systems Flexible Couplings Dept.

Engineering University of Kentucky 10 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design .Application — Compressors Design of Vibration Isolation Systems Dept. of Mech.

Engineering University of Kentucky 11 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design .Application: Pumps Design of Vibration Isolation Systems Noisy Design Quiet Design Dept. of Mech.

Engineering University of Kentucky 12 ME 599/699 VibroAcoustic Design .Application: Fans and Blowers Design of Vibration Isolation Systems Soft duct sealers Enclosure or room Mufflers Flex-duct connections Soft isolators Figure Controlling Fan Noise and Vibration Dept. of Mech.

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