You are on page 1of 4

Haley Robinson, Mr.

Meyers Concert Band 28th October, 2010 The History of the C Flute All throughout history, one instrument is constantly seen in historical evidence; the flute. Although the cross flute, German flute, transverse flute and flauto traverse might not be the same type of flute one may play in concert band; they had one main similarity; they’re played parallel to the ground making those same flutes the early ancestor of today’s flute. The earliest flutes are shown in history are in two hundred BC pre-Christian Roman artifacts where such drawings of the cross flute are shown and evidence from three hundred AD suggests it was played by both Ancient Romans and Etruscans. Thanks to the Byzantines, the earliest models of the flute (in the key of D) were found all through out Western Europe by the fourteenth century. Within a hundred years, Henry VIII’s large collection of flutes with a cork stopper and shape like today’s flute but with a limited range (different sizes of flutes were used for different ranges, smaller the flute…the higher it went) made the flute a critical component in Italian music. In sixteen-seventy, the evolution of the flute progressed as the Jean Hotteterre family made improvements such as making it a three part instrument (head joint, body, and foot joint), making the body of the flute conical, and downsizing the size of the six keys to add a key to allowing it to produce an E-flat and playing chromatics using cross fingerings. This eventually progressed to London flute-makers adding G-sharp, B-flat, and F keys in seventeensixty. All of these improvements increased the popularity of the flute as Mozart and Hayden

bones. Boehm patented the structure. the reason why the flute was made is unknown. he studied acoustics with Carl von Schafhautl at the University of Munich. and tusk. Not many changes have been made since to flute other than the fact a U-shaped head-joint normally used for young children learning to play flute since their short neck doesn’t allow the extension to play the more tube shaped modern head-joint. Boehm was originally a goldsmith and a jeweler but his love of music transformed him into a flute maker and professional flutist in the royal court’s orchestra in Munich. In the early to mid eight hundreds. he realized that the tone holes would have to be spaced for good intonation meaning a new mechanism would be needed to allow the extension of the fingers… a conical design allowed this. He wasn’t done improving the flute. It is in fact the oldest woodwind instrument and was once only made out of wood. Three years later. By eighteen forty-three. Love or hate the flute. There. Due to fact the flute has been around for so long.made musical arrangements including/for it and extending the range to include low C and Csharp making it also popular in Celtic ensembles by the end of the eighteen century. . he attended a concert of Charles Nicholson of England where flutes had larger finger holes making a better sounding tone. This lead to the design of padded cups for keys larger than earlier of his models and a U-shaped head-joint. Within thirteen years of playing and making flutes. the flute will always be the high note to any concert band. Theobald Boehm revolutionized the flute to what it is today.

Pitch C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G# A A# B C Pitch Tendencies Tendency Average Intonation on Instrument Flat 12 cents flat Flat 12 cents flat Flat 6 cents flat Flat 7 cents flat Flat 4 cents flat Flat In Tune Flat 5 cents sharp Flat 3 cents flat Flat 6 cents sharp Flat 14 cents sharp Flat 4 cents sharp Flat 1 cent sharp Sharp 10 cents sharp Very sharp 50 cents sharp Flat 28 cents sharp Flat 3 cents flat Flat 4 cents flat Flat 3 cents flat Sharp 17 cents sharp Sharp 20 cents sharp Sharp 28 cents sharp Sharp 10 cents sharp Sharp 10 cents sharp Sharp 35 cents sharp Sharp 33 cents sharp Very sharp 38 cents sharp Flat Sharp Sharp Flat Flat Sharp Sharp Sharp Flat Flat Sharp 20 cents flat 47 cents sharp 35 cents sharp 30 cents flat 20 cents flat 8 cents sharp 31 cents sharp 7 cents sharp 4 cents flat 13 cents flat 28 cents sharp How To Fix Direct air up Direct air up Push in Push in Push in Push in Push in Push in Direct air up Roll out Roll out Push in Direct air down Direct air down Push in Push in Push in Push in Pull out Roll in Roll in Roll in Pull out Pull out Roll in Roll in and depress right hand fingerings Push in Push out Push out Push in Push in Push out Push out Push out Push in Push in Push out .

answers.com/Q/Who_invented_the_flute http://wwwcshs.pdf .bethchandler.gemeinhardt.com/Pitch_Tendency_Chart_Guide-_Flute.Websites used:       http://www.pdf http://bjhmusic.com/history.pdf http://www.k12.fl.stjohns.asp http://wiki.homestead.pdf http://www.com/forms/Pitch%20Tendency/Flutepitch.com/downloads/Flute%20Intonation.hhsbands.us/band/Pitch%20Tendencies%20of%20Instruments.