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HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT: Introduction.

Human resource development is any process or activity that, either initially or over the long term, has the potential to develop…work-based knowledge, expertise, productivity and satisfaction, whether for personal or group/team gain, or for the benefit of an organization, community, nation, or, ultimately, the whole of humanity (McLean and McLean, 2001). While the outcome of development is for the betterment of human lives, it is also human ability that provides the input for development & growth. One of the writings of Adam Smith argued, before the Industrial Revolution, that efficient use of labour would lead to high production, growth, and a rising standard of living. As such at present, a nation's most important resource -its people- is still the key to economic opportunity and social improvement. Human resource development, in this sense, is the process of developing human skill or competence in producing goods and services in the society. Thus scientists, engineers, agronomists, doctors, judges, administrators, teachers and journalists etc., who are engaged in producing goods and services in the society, in one way or other, are all human resources. Leonard Nadler, professor emeritus, George Washington University, first introduced the concept of Human resource development. According to Nadler human resource development includes – “Those learning experiences, which are organized for a specific time and designed to bring about possibility of behavioral change.” Human resource development is mainly concerned with developing skills, knowledge and competencies of people. It is a people-oriented concept.

Education
Education is an integral force in society. A human being, in real sense, is not a human until he/she is educated. Proper education helps to develop innate talents, which are the human resources. According to a UNDP expert, education has two purposes: development of physical skill and intellectual competence of men; and pursuance of humanity and the cultivation of character in every person. Human Resource Development recognizes the need of education for improving and developing the men and women, the human resources, mentally and spiritually. The capacities of the people should be enhanced for a nation to advance, and thus for modernization, for political development, and for economic growth.

Culture.
The culture of any group of people is that set of beliefs, customs, practices and ways of thinking that they have come to share with each other through being and working together. Culture also influences the Human Resource Development. In a country like India, where people have

Ganihar. Shivanand V. This is true especially for a country like India. and hence is concerned only with common human welfare. unity. Thus religion has a significant impact on the economic.info/2010/03/30/hrd-practices-organization-culture-in-india/ . feelings and behavior. secularism. culture comprises of humanity. Thus for any nation utilization of this resource either by proper education for creating mental and spiritual awareness and improving their innate talents.Noorjehan N. being the resource. where religion plays a significant role and has become an integral part of the entire Indian tradition with people of different religion living and working together thus strengthening harmony. Proper understanding of religious belief is needed for improving relationship necessary for teamwork and spiritual development of the human resources. or by maintaining firm relationship by understanding each other’s beliefs. political and social development of a nation. and closely knit social system. gets lost.descended from a variety of race. tolerance. http://organizationcultures. Religion Religion can be defined as a belief in a Supreme Being and worshipping and obeying values and practices set down by the Supreme Being. REFERENCES. However. which is very essential for nation-building. Nayak. discrimination may lead to conflicts and unity. • • Human resource development and teacher education. CONCLUSION Development of a nation largely depends upon the ability of the human.

http://www.• • • • Definition of HRD: key concepts from National and International context-Haslinda Abdullah. Human Resource Development in Community Development-A case study within Religious Community-Nadir N. McLean.html .University of Malaysia. University of Minnesota.Faculty of Economics and Management. Stone.com/culture/cul1. The Influence of Culture on Human Resource Management Processes and PracticesDianna L.indianmirror. Budhwani and Gary N.