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SM Sains Muzaffar Syah

6.7

Describe the electromagnetic spectrum l------------Radio waves--------l

low frequency

high frequency

high wavelength      What is the electromagnetic wave? 

low wavelength

What is the electromagnetic spectrum?

It consists of a group of waves with similar natures. The members of the electromagnetic spectrum arranged in increasing frequencies and decreasing wavelengths are radio waves, microwaves, infrared rays, visible light, ultraviolet rays, X – rays and gamma rays. Radio waves have the longest ____________ but are of low _________ waves. They carry very little energy. __________ _______ have the shortest wavelength but are of high frequency waves. They carry very high energy. It is produced when _________ and ___________ field vibrate at right angle to each other. The direction of propagation of the wave is ____________ to both fields.

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SM Sains Muzaffar Syah

State the visible light is a part of the electromagnetic spectrum

     

Visible light waves are the only electromagnetic waves we can see. Light can be seen as the colours of rainbow. Each colour has a different wavelength. Red has the __________ wavelength and __________ the shortest. When all the waves are seen together, they make _______ light. When white light shines through a prism, the white light is broken apart into the seven colours of the visible light spectrum. Red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. 1. 2. 3. 4. They transfer ____________ from one point to another. They are _____________ waves. They can travel through ____________. They travel at the _________ speed through vacuum, i.e at the speed of light , c = 3 x 10 ms . 5. They all show wave properties such as _______________________ _________________________________________________________ 6. They obey the wave equation, ________.
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Describe the properties of electromagnetic waves

List sources of electro-magnetic waves and the applications.
Electromagnetic wave Gamma Rays Sources Radioactive substances     Applications Engineering – to detect leakages in underground pipes Medicine – cancer treatment Food sterilization Medicine i. X-ray photograph of the internal organs of the body, e.g to locate bone fracture. ii. Cancer treatment Engineering – to detect cracks in metal Checking of luggage at airports Cause sunburn Stimulates the formation of vitamin D needed for assimilation of calcium and the prevention of rickets. Detect fake notes Fluorescent lamp Sterilization of surgical tools and plant seedlings. Visual communication Photography Photosynthesis A sensation of warmth is felt when IR falls on the skin. Thermal imaging and physiotherapy Infrared binoculars for night time vision. IR radiation emitted by a living thing can be detected. Remote control for TV / VCR

X- rays

x-ray tube

  Ultraviolet rays The sun, mercury vapour lamp.      Visible light Flames, lamps, the sun Hot objects such as flames, the human body, the sun       

Infrared radiation

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SM Sains Muzaffar Syah

Electromagnetic wave Microwaves

Sources Radar transmitter Microwaves oven Electrons oscillating in aerials Radio/ television transmitter       

Applications Communication system with satellites Used in radar system Cooking Cellular (mobile) phone service For broadcasting and wireless communication UHF (ultra high frequency) radio waves – television and hand phones VHF (very high frequency) radio wave – local radio FM and wireless communication used by the police

Radio waves

Describe the detrimental effects of excessive exposure to certain components of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Radio waves Microwaves Harm body cells, prevalence of migraine, headache disorders Internal heating of body tissues when they enter our body. Long exposure to mobile phones can cause brain tumor and inner ear complications in children. Just SMS. Skin burns Damage to the surface cells (including skin cancer) and blindness Damage to cells. Cancer, mutation The mutated cells may result in the abnormal growth of cancer cells. Pregnant mothers who are exposed to X-rays and radiations too frequently may cause abnormalities in new born babies.

Infrared Ultraviolet X-rays Gamma rays

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SM Sains Muzaffar Syah

TUTORIAL 7
1. The diagram below shows a luggage scanning device used in an airport for security inspection of passengers’ luggage.

3. Which characteristic is the same for the gamma rays, ultraviolet rays and micro wave? (1997) A. velocity B. frequency C. amplitude D. wavelength 4. Which of the following waves is the longitudinal wave? (1992) A. Infrared waves B. Radio waves C. Light waves D. Sound waves 5. Which of the following is correct to describe the difference between Xray and red light? (1990) X-ray Red Light A Longitudinal Transverse waves waves B Has a very high Has a low velocity velocity C Has a short Has a longer wavelength wavelength D Can travel in Cannot travel in vacuum vacuum 6. What is the characteristic which is common among radio waves, infrared rays, X-rays and ultraviolet rays? A. All of them have the same frequency. B. All of them can be deflected by an electric field. C. All of them are dangerous to humans D. All of them travel at the same speed through vacuum. 7. Which of the following statements is true about electromagnet waves? (2007) A. They are longitudinal waves B. They are waves that require a medium to travel C. The velocity of the waves is influenced by the wavelength D. They consist of both magnetic fields and electric fields.

Which radiation is suitable for scanning the contents of the luggage? (2003) A. Infrared rays B. Ultrasonic waves C. Gamma rays D. X-rays 2. The diagram shows an electromagnetic spectrum.

The waves at P, Q, R and S are …..(2003) P Ultra violet Xrays Mikro wave X rays Q Xrays Ultra violet Infra red Infra red R Mikro wave Infra red Ultra violet Ultra violet S Infra red Mikro wave Xrays Mikro wave

A B C D

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SM Sains Muzaffar Syah

8.Diagram below shows a waves spectrum

c.

State two differences between sound wave and electromagnetic waves. _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________

(a) Name the possible wave spectrum. _____________________________ (b) Mark with F an area with highest frequency (c) Mark with W an area with lowest wavelength (d) Relate the relationship between the energies, frequencies and the wavelengths _____________________________ _____________________________ SPM 1993 9. Diagram 2 shows a part of the electromagnetic spectrum. P and Q represent two types of waves. Visible Light Micro Wave Radio wave Gamma ray P Q UltraViolet Rays

_____________________________ d. The depletion of the ozone layer had caused one electromagnetic wave to enter the earth at higher intensity which can caused skin cancer. Name this wave. _____________________________ e. Name the correct use of each type of radiation Application Physiotherapy treatment for cancer in hospitals. Satellite communication Electromagnet Waves

a. Name the type of electromagnetic wave in P and Q. P : _______________________ Q : _______________________ b. Compare the speed of micro waves with the speed of light in vacuum. __________________________ __________________________

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