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Donald Davidson .(1974- 1973) .On the very idea of a conceptual Scheme .Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association.5-20 ,47 , James Hendler and Ora Lassila Tim Berners -Lee .(2001) .The Semantic Web .Scientific American , .34-43 Luciano Floridi .(2008) .The method of levels of Abstraction .Minds and Machines) 18 ,No. 3.), 303329. Luciano Floridi .(2009) .Web 2.0 vs. the Semantic Web: A Philosophical Assessment .Episteme ,(1) 6 , .25-37 Thomas R. Gruber .(1993) .A Translation Approach to Portable Ontology Specifications .Knowledge Acquisition.199-220 ,

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