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computer applications. EC2 allows scalable deployment of applications by providing a web service through which a user can boot an Amazon Machine Image to create a virtual machine instance containing any software desired.
A user can create, launch, and terminate server instances as needed, paying by the hour for active servers, hence the term "elastic". EC2 provides users with control over the geographical location of instances which allows for latency optimization and high levels of redundancy. For example, to minimize downtime, a user can set up server instances in multiple zones which are insulated from each other for most causes of failure such that one backs up the other.
Amazon.com provides EC2 as one of several web services marketed under the Amazon Web Services (AWS) brand.Contents 1 History 2 Virtual machines 3 Pricing 4 Operating systems 5 Persistent Storage 6 Automated Scaling 7 Elastic IP Addresses 8 Amazon CloudWatch 9 Reserved Instances 10 Abuse 11 References 12 See also 13 External links
and plans for load balancing.2 GHz 2007 Opteron or 2007 Xeon processor. Microsoft Windows in beta form on EC2. 64-bit platform. 64-bit platform". 2008. 2006. This provides persistent storage. and cloud monitoring services. Amazon added three new features on March 27. On the same day. Extra Large Instance The extra large instance offers the "equivalent of a system with 15 GB of memory. 2008.5 GB of memory. The system offers the following instance types: Small Instance The small instance (default) equates to "a system with 1. Amazon EC2 is in full production since it dropped the beta label on October 23.com sizes instances based on "EC2 Compute Units" the equivalent CPU capacity of physical hardware." . 2008.01. One EC2 Compute Unit equals 1.7 GB of memory. 8 EC2 Compute Units (4 virtual cores with 2 EC2 Compute Units each).Amazon announced a limited public beta of EC2 on August 25. plans for an AWS management console. 850 GB of instance storage. a basic feature which had been lacking since the service was introduced. 2009. Amazon. functions as a virtual private server in one of three sizes. large or extra large. Virtual machines EC2 uses Xen virtualization. Amazon announced the following features: a service level agreement for EC2. High-CPU Medium and High-CPU Extra Large. autoscaling. There are currently five types of instances available. 32-bit platform" Large Instance The large instance represents "a system with 7. called an "instance". 1690 GB of instance storage. small. 1 EC2 Compute Unit (1 virtual core with 1 EC2 Compute Unit). These features included static IP addresses. These features were subsequently added on May 18. 4 EC2 Compute Units (2 virtual cores with 2 EC2 Compute Units each). Amazon added two new instance types (Large and Extra-Large) on October 16. 160 GB of instance storage. 2008. two more types were added. Each virtual machine. Amazon added Elastic Block Store (EBS) on August 20. and User Selectable Kernels. On May 29. 2007. Access to EC2 was granted on a first come first served basis. Microsoft SQL Server in beta form on EC2. Availability Zones.
High-CPU Instance Instances of this family have proportionally more CPU resources than memory (RAM) and address compute-intensive applications.7 GB of memory 5 EC2 Compute Units (2 virtual cores with 2.5 EC2 Compute Units each) 1690 GB of instance storage 64-bit platform I/O Performance: High Pricing Amazon primarily charges customers in two ways: Hourly charge per virtual machine Data transfer charge However there are additional charges for: Allocated and unused Elastic IP Addresses .5 EC2 Compute Units each) 350 GB of instance storage 32-bit platform I/O Performance: Moderate High-CPU Extra Large Instance Instances of this family have the following configuration: 7 GB of memory 20 EC2 Compute Units (8 virtual cores with 2. High-CPU Medium Instance Instances of this family have the following configuration: 1.
 The data transfer charge ranges from $0. "Reserved" instances can go as low as $31/month for a three-year prepaid plan. although in this case you will lose data. as opposed to other pricing schemes where one would pay for basic resources such as CPU time. Amazon advertising describes the pricing scheme as "you pay for resources you consume. Unless backed up on Amazon S3. based on the capacity and features of the virtual machine.Storage using Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) Additional transfer charges using Elastic Load Balancing Using Amazon's CloudWatch service to monitor your virtual machine Using Amazon's Elastic Load Balancing which distributes load among selected virtual machine Note: You could also be charged for other Amazon Web Services used in conjunction with EC2." but defines resources such that an idle virtual machine is consuming resources. for example S3 charges for hosting a custom AMI The hourly virtual machine rate is fixed. Operating systems When it launched in August 2006. depending on the direction and monthly volume. Customers can easily create/reboot virtual machines. the EC2 service offered Linux and later Sun Microsystems' OpenSolaris and Solaris Express Community Edition. The performance of multiple identical virtual machines may however vary. . Shutdown is not available but you can terminate your instance and create another one later. In October 2008.10 to $0. As of November 2009.17 per gigabyte. Amazon charges $0.084/hour ($61/month) for the smallest "On-Demand" virtual machine without Windows and twelve times that for the largest one running Windows. Amazon does not have monthly minimums or account maintenance charges. EC2 added the Windows Server 2003 operating system to the list of available operating systems. or on their network attached storage service EBS.
Persistent Storage A normal EC2 instance has no persistent storage. which mount a remote S3 filestore on an EC2 image. When mounted. S3-based storage is low cost. As S3 is not a full Posix filesystem. this store is lost. Automated Scaling . or due to a failure of the infrastructure. An EBS store can be mounted to a single EC2 instance at a time. as if it were local storage. Amazon does not charge for the bandwidth for communications between EC2 instances and S3 storage in the same region. This makes it possible to use EBS as the store for databases and other applications. for example. Here users can set up and manage storage volumes of sizes from 1GB to 1TB. data stored in Europe from a US East Coast EC2 instance) will be billed at Amazon's normal rates.Plans are in place for the Eucalyptus interface for the Amazon API to be packaged into the standard Ubuntu distribution. locally mounted file storage. it appears as a local filesystem. or it may be through their two persistent storage options. Accessing S3 data stored in a different region (for example. However. and applications need to be written to use it directly. For applications to retain data over time. with full Posix functionality. The other form of persistence is the Elastic Block Storage (EBS). As an example of this Apache Hadoop supports a special s3: filesystem to support reading from and writing to S3 storage during a MapReduce job. There are also S3 filesystems for Linux. it does not look like classic. or directly over the network to suitably authenticated callers -all communication is over HTTP. which remains consistent when an EC2 instance is rebooted. but when the instance is terminated -be it explicitly done so by an API call. Simple Storage Service (S3) is a storage system in which data is accessible to EC2 instances. They have temporary storage. unused space is not billed for. as you only pay per gigabyte per month for data stored. things may not behave the same as on a local disk -there is no locking. This may be through one of Amazon's database services. persistent storage of one form or another is needed. without their needing to be rewritten to work with the S3 filestore.
It exists until it is explicitly removed. If traffic to your site spikes. you re already registered to use Auto Scaling and can begin using the feature via the Auto Scaling APIs or Command Line Tools. IPv6 is not yet provided. However. Auto Scaling allows you to automatically shed unneeded Amazon EC2 instances and save money when demand subsides. Elastic IP Addresses Amazon's Elastic IP Address feature is similar to static IP address in traditional data centers. If you re signed up for the Amazon EC2 service. with one key difference. Auto Scaling is free to Amazon CloudWatch customers. If you want to mask instance and Availability Zone failures from your users then you would want to buy an Elastic IP Address and automatically manage its mapping to instances. wasting money and resources. Amazon Auto Scaling can automatically add more capacity to maintain performance. Even if your site has consistent usage. When one of the conditions is met. due to being in the news. both up and down. Auto Scaling can help prevent down time from heavy traffic. Amazon Auto Scaling can ensure you don't have too much capacity. In this sense an Elastic IP Address belongs to the account and not to a virtual machine instance. if your site traffic is low. Features of Auto Scaling Auto Scaling enables you to set conditions for when you want to scale up or down your Amazon EC2 usage. You can control costs by setting the minimum and maximum number of servers to run. Auto Scaling automatically applies the action you ve defined. Auto Scaling is available in the us-east-1 and the eu-west-1 Regions. Auto Scaling enables your application to scale up Amazon EC2 instances seamlessly and automatically when demand spikes. A user can programmatically map an Elastic IP Address to any virtual machine instance without a network administrator's help and without having to wait for DNS to propagate the new binding. Amazon's Auto Scaling is well suited for sites that experience unpredictable traffic.Amazon's Auto Scaling feature of EC2 allow you to automatically scale your Amazon EC2 capacity. Amazon CloudWatch .
^ Barr. 2006). Retrieved August 1. 2008).html) . Reserved Instances Reserved instances enable EC2 service users to reserve an instance for one or three years. "Amazon EC2 Beta" (http://aws. "Amazon Web Services adds 'resiliency' to EC2 compute service" (http://www. Jeff (August 25. Jeff (March 27.typepad. "New EC2 Features" (http://aws. Amazon Web Services Blog. Retrieved August 1. Amazon Web Services Blog.html) . network and memory. It can also be accessed through command line tools and web API's if the customer desires to monitor their EC2 resources through their enterprise monitoring software.com/8301-10784_3-9904091-7.com/aws/2006/08/amazon_ec2_beta.com/aws/2008/03/new-ec2feature.org started to block Amazon's EC2 address-pool due to problems with the distribution of spam and malware. Abuse In early July 2008 Outblaze and Spamhaus. "Amazon EC2 Gets More Muscle" (http://aws. The data is aggregated and provided through AWS management console. 2009.news. References ^ LaMonica. Retrieved August 1.Amazon CloudWatch is a web service that provides real-time monitoring to Amazon's EC2 customers on their resource utilization such as CPU.html) .html) . 2009. The customers are charged by the number of monitoring instances.typepad. 2008). ^ Jinesh (October 16. ^ Barr. "More EC2 power" (http://aws. the corresponding per hour rate charged by Amazon to operate the instance is much less than the rate charged for non-reserved instances.typepad. . Retrieved August 1.com/aws/2007/10/amazon-ec2-gets.html) . 2009. Although there is a fee associated with reserving an instance. 2009.com/aws/2008/05/more-ec2power. Jeff (May 29. ^ Barr.disk. 2007). Martin (March 27. 2008). CNet News. The metrics collected by Amazon CloudWatch enables Auto Scaling feature to dynamically add or remove EC2 instances. Amazon Web Services Blog.typepad.
globule.com/ec2/) .html) .typepad. "New Features for EC2" (http://aws. 2008.org/publi/EPARPSOA_nfpsla2009.typepad. 2009. Jeff (August 23. ^ a b Barr.com/aws/2008/10/big-day-forec2. ^ "Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Running Microsoft Windows Server and SQL Server" (http://aws. ^ "Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2)" (http://aws. 2008). Amazon Web Services Blog. Retrieved August 1. ^ Barr. Retrieved August 1.amazon. EC2 Performance Analysis for Resource Provisioning of ServiceOriented Applications (http://www. Chi. Retrieved August 1. October 23. July 31.com. Dejun. Pierre and C. 2009. Amazon.amazon. 2009.^ Barr. joined by Windows" (http://news. ^ http://aws. "Amazon EBS (Elastic Block Store) . Washington Post.washingtonpost. 2008. "Amazon: Hey Spammers. 2008). G.com/aws/2008/08/amazon-elastic.com/aws/2009/05/new-awsload-balancing-automatic-scaling-and-cloud-monitoring-services. 2009. Retrieved October 25. Amazon Web Services Blog. Stephen (October 23.-H. Retrieved October 24. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Non-Functional Properties and SLA Management in Service-Oriented Computing. "Big Day For EC2" (http://aws.com/ec2/#pricing ^ Shankland.html) .com/securityfix/2008/07/amazon_hey_spammers_get_off_my. Amazon. 2009).amazon.html) . Jeff (May 18. 2008). Retrieved August 1. See also Amazon Machine Image Amazon Virtual Private Cloud Cloud computing Cloud infrastructure ElasticHosts FlexiScale .com.typepad. November 2009. ^ J. Retrieved August 1. 2008).html) . 2009.html) . "Amazon's Linux cloud computing out of beta. Brian (July 1.Bring Us Your Data" (http://aws.html) .com/windows/) . Amazon Web Services Blog.com/8301-17939_109-10073696-2. ^ Krebs. Jeff (August 20. Get Off My Cloud!" (http://blog. 2009.cnet. CNet News. 2008.
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