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St.

Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 339
Map ID: 339
Address: County Rd. 7 n of 34814
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Millens Bay
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Folk Victorian
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891755.58 400581.62 57 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 n of 34814 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 148
County Rd. 7 n of 34814 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-339
000800
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 340
Map ID: 340
Address: County Rd. 8 6380
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Millens Bay
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Commercial
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: Greek Revival
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: vertical board siding
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Millens Bay Inn
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891789.45 400617.73 58 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 8 6380 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 149
County Rd. 8 6380 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 150
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-340
000801
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 341
Map ID: 341
Address: County Rd. 8 no number
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Millens Bay
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Abandoned
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891716.33 400720.8 59 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 8 no number Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 151a
County Rd. 8 no number Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-341
000802
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 342
Map ID: 342
Address: County Rd. 8/st rd 12e ne corner
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Millens Bay
Original Use: Institutional
Current Use: Institutional
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular c
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Fanlights/Transom
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: Yes
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Union Meeting House
Foundation thoroughly
parged --material not
visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891688.98 400759.26 60 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Listed
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 8/st rd 12e ne corner Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 152a
County Rd. 8/st rd 12e ne corner Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-342
000803
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 343
Map ID: 343
Address: County Rd. 7 34902
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Millens Bay
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes:
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891897.7 400710.81 1 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 34902 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 009
County Rd. 7 34902 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 010
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-343
000804
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 344
Map ID: 344
Address: County Rd. 7
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: Not applicable
Type/Style: Not visible
Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not applicable
Roof Form: Not applicable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: Not applicable
Structural System: Not applicable
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Not visible
Alterations: Not visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Not applicable
Natural Features: Not applicable
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Not applicable
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Buildings on river not
visible from public road
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892084.38 400877.7 2 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
County Rd. 7 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No First Image.
County Rd. 7 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-344
000805
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 345
Map ID: 345
Address: County Rd. 7 -- ash lane
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: Not applicable
Type/Style: Not visible
Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not applicable
Roof Form: Not applicable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: Not applicable
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Not visible
Alterations: Not visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Not applicable
Natural Features: Not applicable
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Not applicable
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Private rd -- usgs shows
buildings
Buildings on river not
visible from public road
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892160.76 400944.73 3 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
County Rd. 7 -- ash lane Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No First Image.
County Rd. 7 -- ash lane Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-345
000806
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 346
Map ID: 346
Address: County Rd. 7 35109
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1800-1840
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Asbestos-concrete
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1800-1840
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Plaqued 1831
Next to trailer
Setting: No
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892230.68 401001.89 4 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35109 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 011
County Rd. 7 35109 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-346
000807
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 347
Map ID: 347
Address: County Rd. 7 35157
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Agricultural
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Converted barn
Exterior Materials: Wood Shingle
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Barn converted into
housing -- middle of
Lazy Acres Park
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892332.98 401082.56 5 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35157 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 016
County Rd. 7 35157 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 013
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-347
000808
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 348
Map ID: 348
Address: County Rd. 7 35166
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Aluminum siding
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Garage addition
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892350 401097.09 6 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35166 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 014
County Rd. 7 35166 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-348
000809
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 349
Map ID: 349
Address: County Rd. 7 35251
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible;
6/6 windows
Building nw [behind]
looks modern but does
appear on usgs -- no
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892543.34 401259.64 7 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35251 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 017
County Rd. 7 35251 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-349
000810
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 350
Map ID: 350
Address: County Rd. 7 35271
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Ranch
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Plain
Porch: Side/Rear
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892573.63 401305.08 8 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35271 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 019
County Rd. 7 35271 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-350
000811
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 351
Map ID: 351
Address: County Rd. 7 no address
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Hipped
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1945-1960
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Boathouse
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892697.96 401540.85 13 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 no address Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 028
County Rd. 7 no address Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-351
000812
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 352
Map ID: 352
Address: County Rd. 7 35361
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Concrete Block
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: Side/Rear
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Siding is half logs
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892731.11 401608.18 12 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35361 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 026
County Rd. 7 35361 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 027
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-352
000813
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 353
Map ID: 353
Address: County Rd. 7 35373
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Vertical boards
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Hipped
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Other
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Foundation visible only
under what appears to be
addition
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892736.78 401617.96 11 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35373 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 024
County Rd. 7 35373 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 025
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-353
000814
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 354
Map ID: 354
Address: County Rd. 7 35381
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Pyramidal
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: Side/Rear
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Front Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Foundation appears to
be concrete piers
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892748.27 401645.65 10 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35381 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 021
County Rd. 7 35381 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 022
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-354
000815
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 355
Map ID: 355
Address: County Rd. 7 35409
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Wood Shingle
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: Side/Rear
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: New porch
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible;
windows a mix of types
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892765.59 401681.36 9 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35409 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 020
County Rd. 7 35409 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-355
000816
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 356
Map ID: 356
Address: County Rd. 7 35438
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Greek Revival
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: 2/2 seem to be oldest
windows
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892818.27 401796.58 14 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 7 35438 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 029
County Rd. 7 35438 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-356
000817
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 357
Map ID: 357
Address: Beadles Pt. Rd. & Frenz Dr.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottages
Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not applicable
Roof Form: Not applicable
Foundation Materials: Not applicable
Stories: Not applicable
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: Not applicable
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Not applicable
Alterations: Not applicable
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Private road, no access,
multiple buildings,
potentially more than 50
years old
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892893.63 401938.91 15 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Beadles Pt. Rd. & Frenz Dr. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 032
Beadles Pt. Rd. & Frenz Dr. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 033
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-357
000818
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 357.1
Map ID: 357.1
Address: Beadles Pt. Rd. & Frenz Dr.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottages
Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not applicable
Roof Form: Not applicable
Foundation Materials: Not applicable
Stories: Not applicable
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: Not applicable
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Not applicable
Alterations: Not applicable
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Private road, no access,
multiple buildings,
potentially more than 50
years old
Continuation of ID 357
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892893.63 401938.91 15 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Beadles Pt. Rd. & Frenz Dr. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 034
Beadles Pt. Rd. & Frenz Dr. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 036
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-357.1
000819
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 358
Map ID: 358
Address: State Rd. 12e
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Cottages
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: Other
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Mix of windows
Setting: No
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892939.08 402044.3 16 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 030
State Rd. 12e Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 031
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-358
000820
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 359
Map ID: 359
Address: State Rd. 12e/ Palmers Ct.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Commercial
Current Use: Commercial
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Tourist cabins
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Altered
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Well preserved
Wooden casements
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893105.37 402334.01 17 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e/ Palmers Ct. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 041
State Rd. 12e/ Palmers Ct. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 042
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-359
000821
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 360
Map ID: 360
Address: State Rd. 12e 35632
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Cape quarter horses
4/1 storms on porch
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893159.16 402386.64 18 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 35632 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 043
State Rd. 12e 35632 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-360
000822
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 361
Map ID: 361
Address: State Rd. 12e 35712
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Mason River Haven
Dairy Farm
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893233.56 402453.14 19 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 35712 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 044
State Rd. 12e 35712 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 045
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-361
000823
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 362
Map ID: 362
Address: State Rd. 12e 35789
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893386.54 402589.64 20 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 35789 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 046
State Rd. 12e 35789 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 047
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-362
000824
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 363
Map ID: 363
Address: State Rd. 12e 3599?
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Agricultural
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Barn
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gambrel
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Front Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Barn conversion
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893712.05 402954.77 22 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 3599? Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 049
State Rd. 12e 3599? Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-363
000825
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 364
Map ID: 364
Address: State Rd. 12e 35991
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893712.56 402954.91 21 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 35991 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 048
State Rd. 12e 35991 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-364
000826
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 365
Map ID: 365
Address: State Rd. 12e 36027
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottages and trailers
Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not applicable
Roof Form: Not applicable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: Not applicable
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Not applicable
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Not applicable
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Cottages and trailers on
pvt roads
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893783.98 403075.19 23 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36027 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 050
State Rd. 12e 36027 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 051
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-365
000827
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 366
Map ID: 366
Address: State Rd. 12e 36027
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Barn across st [wood
farms], buildings behind
along river -- not
accessible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893841.98 403179.74 24 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36027 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 053
State Rd. 12e 36027 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-366
000828
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 367
Map ID: 367
Address: State Rd. 12e 36091
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Tudor Revival
Exterior Materials: Brick
Other Exterior Materials: Asbestos/concrete
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Brick
Stories: 2
Structural System: Unknown
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Collection of 3 small
brick/half timber houses.
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893876.77 403241.38 25 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36091 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 054
State Rd. 12e 36091 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 055
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-367
000829
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 368
Map ID: 368
Address: State Rd. 12e east of 36091
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Tudor Revival
Exterior Materials: Brick
Other Exterior Materials: Stucco and wood
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Brick
Stories: 2
Structural System: Unknown
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Collection of 3 small
brick/half timber houses.
Windows 6/6 double
hung
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893914.85 403314.61 26 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e east of 36091 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 057
State Rd. 12e east of 36091 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 059
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-368
000830
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 369
Map ID: 369
Address: State Rd. 12e 36147
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Tudor Revival
Exterior Materials: Brick
Other Exterior Materials: Stucco
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Brick
Stories: 2
Structural System: Unknown
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Collection of 3 small
brick/half timber houses.
Windows a mix
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893948.74 403392.79 27 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: A3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36147 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 058
State Rd. 12e 36147 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 060
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-369
000831
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 370
Map ID: 370
Address: State Rd. 12e 36165
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Small house large
addition
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893981.27 403480.77 29 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36165 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 062
State Rd. 12e 36165 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-370
000832
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 371
Map ID: 371
Address: Catfish Point Rd.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Sand Bay
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not applicable
Roof Form: Not applicable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: Not applicable
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Not applicable
Alterations: Not applicable
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4894168.68 403650.86 30 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Catfish Point Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 065
Catfish Point Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 068
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-371
000833
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 372
Map ID: 372
Address: State Rd. 12e east of Catfish Rd. and south of 12e
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Sand Bay
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Front Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1945-1960
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Cape Saint Kennel, also
chicken coop
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4894162.83 403854.11 31 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e east of Catfish Rd. and south Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 071
State Rd. 12e east of Catfish Rd. and south Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-372
000834
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 373
Map ID: 373
Address: State Rd. 12e 35329
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Sand Bay
Original Use: Agricultural
Current Use: Agricultural
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Barn
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gambrel
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Maloney Farmstead
1869 -- old barn w/trailer
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4894261.62 403998.42 32 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 35329 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 072
State Rd. 12e 35329 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-373
000835
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 374
Map ID: 374
Address: Strauss Blvd./Maloney Rd./Brezzy Pt. Rd.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Sand Bay
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: Not applicable
Type/Style: Trailers and cottages
Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not applicable
Roof Form: Not applicable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: Not applicable
Structural System:
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Not applicable
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Not applicable
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping:
National/State Register Listed:
Local Landmark:
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion:
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Private roads, no access
Mix of ages needs
further research
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4894933.75 403722.69 34 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Strauss Blvd./Maloney Rd./Brezzy Pt. Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 075
Strauss Blvd./Maloney Rd./Brezzy Pt. Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-374
000836
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 375
Map ID: 375
Address: State Rd. 12e east of 35329
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Sand Bay
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Other
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Front Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Historic building
thoroughly renovated
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4894481.29 404298.12 33 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e east of 35329 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 073
State Rd. 12e east of 35329 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-375
000837
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 376
Map ID: 376
Address: State Rd. 12e 36525
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4894625.57 404504.35 35 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36525 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 076
State Rd. 12e 36525 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-376
000838
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 377
Map ID: 377
Address: State Rd. 12e 36693
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4894857 404855.32 39 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36693 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 084
State Rd. 12e 36693 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-377
000839
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 378
Map ID: 378
Address: Cedar Point St. State Park 36674
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: State Park
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: At cedar Point State
marina but seems to be
private
6/1 windows, boathouse
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4895222.9 404352.96 37 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Cedar Point St. State Park 36674 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 081
Cedar Point St. State Park 36674 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 082
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-378
000840
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 379
Map ID: 379
Address: Cedar Point St. State Park 36674
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cottage
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: State Park
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: At cedar Point State
marina but seems to be
private
Barely visible --
foundation seems to be
piers, mix of windows
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4895235.98 404330.87 38 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Cedar Point St. State Park 36674 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 080
Cedar Point St. State Park 36674 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-379
000841
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 380
Map ID: 380
Address: Cedar Point St. State Park
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Other: See Notes
Current Use: Institutional
Construction Date: Other: See Notes
Type/Style: Park building
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: State Park
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Park established 1897
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4895286.44 404329.81 36 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Cedar Point St. State Park Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 078
Cedar Point St. State Park Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 079
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-380
000842
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 381
Map ID: 381
Address: State Rd. 12e 36854
Town/City: Clayton
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Dramatically altered
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4895043.81 405244.36 40 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36854 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 085
State Rd. 12e 36854 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 086
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-381
000843
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 382
Map ID: 382
Address: State Rd. 12e
Town/City: Clayton
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: tyvek and sheathing visib
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Foundation may be a
repair
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4895101.19 405371.57 41 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 087
State Rd. 12e Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-382
000844
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 383
Map ID: 383
Address: State Rd. 12e 36978
Town/City: Clayton
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Ranch
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/08/2006
Notes: Historic barn w/new
house and trailer
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4895250.34 405698.02 42 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
State Rd. 12e 36978 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 091
State Rd. 12e 36978 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 089
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-383
000845
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 384
Map ID: 384
Address: Pelo Rd. 36418
Town/City: Clayton
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4894223.3 406639.22 32 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Pelo Rd. 36418 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 044
Pelo Rd. 36418 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 045
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-384
000846
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 385
Map ID: 385
Address: Pelo Rd. 36165
Town/City: Clayton
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible
except 1 corner where it
looks like stone
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893772.92 406348.58 33 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Pelo Rd. 36165 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 046
Pelo Rd. 36165 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-385
000847
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 386
Map ID: 386
Address: Pelo Rd. 35710
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Trailer
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Plain
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1945-1960
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892996.34 405868.52 31 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Pelo Rd. 35710 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 047
Pelo Rd. 35710 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-386
000848
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 387
Map ID: 387
Address: County Rd. 9 8981
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Garage addition, owner
says 1840s
Wood Dairy -- very
large complex across
street
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893430.77 404739.59 25 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 8981 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 037
County Rd. 9 8981 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 038
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-387
000849
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 388
Map ID: 388
Address: County Rd. 9 10746
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Barn collapsed
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893282.52 404986.22 35 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 10746 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 050
County Rd. 9 10746 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-388
000850
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 389
Map ID: 389
Address: County Rd. 9 9397
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: stone
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Dramatically altered by
changed fenestration and
rear stone addition n
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892992.71 405434.3 34 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 9397 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 048
County Rd. 9 9397 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 049
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-389
000851
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 390
Map ID: 390
Address: County Rd. 9 9440
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Stick
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: Bargeboards
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892929.44 405516.49 30 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 9440 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 043
County Rd. 9 9440 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-390
000852
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 391
Map ID: 391
Address: County Rd. 9
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Garage addition
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892742.25 405823.79 24 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 036
County Rd. 9 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-391
000853
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 392
Map ID: 392
Address: County Rd. 9 10042
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Edge of river
Foundation only visible
under front porch
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892340.39 406446.64 23 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 10042 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 034
County Rd. 9 10042 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 035
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-392
000854
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 393
Map ID: 393
Address: County Rd. 9 10101
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Edge of river
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892287.27 406527.97 22 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 10101 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 033
County Rd. 9 10101 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-393
000855
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 394
Map ID: 394
Address: County Rd. 9/Rosiere Rd. ne corner
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Other: See Notes
Current Use: Commercial
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Other: See Notes
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Hipped
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Original use unclear
Cornice w/ dentil
course, exterior is tar
paper
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892232.27 406614.75 21 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9/Rosiere Rd. ne corner Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 032
County Rd. 9/Rosiere Rd. ne corner Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-394
000856
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 395
Map ID: 395
Address: County Rd. 9 10174
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Commercial
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Italianate
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Other
Roof Form: Shed
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Brackets
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: None
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Faces Rosiere Rd.
Commercial store front
closed up; roof not
visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892199.42 406663.78 20 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 10174 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 018a
County Rd. 9 10174 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-395
000857
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 396
Map ID: 396
Address: County Rd. 9
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Abandoned
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Cape
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1945-1960
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Boarded up
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892176.95 406682.99 16 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 025
County Rd. 9 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-396
000858
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 397
Map ID: 397
Address: County Rd. 9 10257
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Other
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Front Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Roof was ell type and
expanded
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892107.2 406807.31 19 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 10257 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 030
County Rd. 9 10257 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 031
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-397
000859
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 398
Map ID: 398
Address: County Rd. 9 opposite 10352
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Shingle
Other Exterior Materials: vertical sheathing w/batte
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Concrete looks like
repair
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892027.33 406933.63 18 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 opposite 10352 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 028
County Rd. 9 opposite 10352 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 029
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-398
000860
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 399
Map ID: 399
Address: County Rd. 9 10352
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Bargeboards
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892001.31 406954.58 17 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
County Rd. 9 10352 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 026
County Rd. 9 10352 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 027
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-399
000861
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 400
Map ID: 400
Address: Rosiere Rd. 35983
Town/City: Clayton
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4893453.46 407416.93 15 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 35983 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 023
Rosiere Rd. 35983 Clayton Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 024
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-400
000862
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 401
Map ID: 401
Address: Rosiere Rd. 35399
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Other
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892509.98 406820.79 14 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: A4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 35399 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 022
Rosiere Rd. 35399 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-401
000863
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 402
Map ID: 402
Address: Rosiere Rd. 35328
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Shingle
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Stucco
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Other
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892389.66 406743.16 13 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 35328 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 019
Rosiere Rd. 35328 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 021
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-402
000864
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 403
Map ID: 403
Address: Rosiere Rd. east of St. Lawrence Rd. n side
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th Century Vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Opposite farm
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892339.63 406711.22 12 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. east of St. Lawrence Rd. n side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 020a
Rosiere Rd. east of St. Lawrence Rd. n side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-403
000865
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 404
Map ID: 404
Address: Rosiere Rd./St Lawrence Rd.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Commercial
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th Century Vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: None
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Once store and p.o.
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892195.33 406618.96 11 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd./St Lawrence Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 017a
Rosiere Rd./St Lawrence Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-404
000866
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 405
Map ID: 405
Address: Rosiere Rd. east of 35187
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th Century Vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: None
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Reputed to be the oldest
house in town
Foundation parged
material not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892161.36 406594.51 10 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. east of 35187 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 015a
Rosiere Rd. east of 35187 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-405
000867
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 406
Map ID: 406
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite 35187
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th Century Vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892149.73 406583.98 8 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite 35187 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 016a
Rosiere Rd. opposite 35187 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 014a
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-406
000868
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 407
Map ID: 407
Address: Rosiere Rd. 35187
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Trailer
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: New Porch
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1945-1960
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892149.51 406584.4 9 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 35187 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 013a
Rosiere Rd. 35187 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-407
000869
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 408
Map ID: 408
Address: Rosiere Rd. e of 33143 opposite side [south]
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Colonial Revival
Exterior Materials: Wood Shingle
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gambrel
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Former methodist
parsonage built 1902
according to the owner
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892131.26 406568.03 7 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. e of 33143 opposite side [southCape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 011
Rosiere Rd. e of 33143 opposite side [southCape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 012a
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-408
000870
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 409
Map ID: 409
Address: Rosiere Rd. e of 33143
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Foundation poured
concrete where visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892109.5 406549.26 6 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. e of 33143 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 009a
Rosiere Rd. e of 33143 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 010a
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-409
000871
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 410
Map ID: 410
Address: Rosiere Rd. 33143
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: St. Lawrence
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Queen Anne
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Other
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Other
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Hipped roof w/cross
gables -- turned porch
posts
Barn across st
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892086 406529.06 5 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 33143 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 008a
Rosiere Rd. 33143 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-410
000872
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 411
Map ID: 411
Address: Rosiere Rd. 34935
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cape
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: rigid insulation
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Also a shed
Might be older because
of foundation
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891771.88 406077.07 4 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 34935 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 006a
Rosiere Rd. 34935 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 007a
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-411
000873
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 412
Map ID: 412
Address: Rosiere Rd. 34748
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: In recent woods, may
have been agricultural
Collapsed barn across
street
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891497.37 405727.14 3 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 34748 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 004a
Rosiere Rd. 34748 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 005
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-412
000874
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 413
Map ID: 413
Address: Mc Keever Rd. 34995
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: wood shingles
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Foundation parged looks
like stone underneath
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4892038.74 404245.84 26 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Mc Keever Rd. 34995 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 039
Mc Keever Rd. 34995 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-413
000875
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 414
Map ID: 414
Address: Mc Keever Rd. east of 34690
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891918.78 404178.3 29 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Mc Keever Rd. east of 34690 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 042
Mc Keever Rd. east of 34690 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-414
000876
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 415
Map ID: 415
Address: Mc Keever Rd. 34689
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891498.18 403899.03 27 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Mc Keever Rd. 34689 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 040
Mc Keever Rd. 34689 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-415
000877
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 416
Map ID: 416
Address: Mc Keever Rd. 34690
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Colonial Revival
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Hipped
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement:
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4891469.9 403891.01 28 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Mc Keever Rd. 34690 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 041
Mc Keever Rd. 34690 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-416
000878
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 417
Map ID: 417
Address: Rosiere Rd. 34376
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Trailer
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Other
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 1
Structural System: Other
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: Not applicable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Front Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1945-1960
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: In recent woods
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890914.11 405154.96 2 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 34376 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 003a
Rosiere Rd. 34376 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-417
000879
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 418
Map ID: 418
Address: Rosiere Rd. 34081
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Saltbox
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Altered
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/07/2006
Notes: In recent woods
Foundation not visible
behind parging;door
hidden by screen
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890539.66 404837.73 1 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 34081 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 001a
Rosiere Rd. 34081 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-07-06 002a
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-418
000880
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 419
Map ID: 419
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite 33905
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Trailer
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Other
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 1
Structural System: Other
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: Not applicable
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Unknown
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Trailer house
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890314.56 404639.31 53 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite 33905 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [77]a
Rosiere Rd. opposite 33905 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-419
000881
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 420
Map ID: 420
Address: Rosiere Rd. 33905
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Agricultuar
Current Use: Agricultural
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Barn
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not visible
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: Not applicable
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Not applicable
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Historic barn and trailer
house
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890314.23 404638.39 52 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 33905 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [75]a
Rosiere Rd. 33905 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [76]a
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-420
000882
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 421
Map ID: 421
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite Cemetery Rd.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Cemetery
Current Use: Cemetery
Construction Date: Not applicable
Type/Style: Not applicable
Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Not applicable
Roof Form: Not applicable
Foundation Materials: Not applicable
Stories: Not applicable
Structural System: Not applicable
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: Not applicable
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Not applicable
Alterations: Not applicable
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Not applicable
Natural Features: Not applicable
Outbuildings: Not applicable
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: Not applicable
Primary NR Criterion: Not applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: St. Lawrence Union
Cemetery
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890143.83 404504.56 51 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite Cemetery Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 092
Rosiere Rd. opposite Cemetery Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-08-06 093
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-421
000883
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 422
Map ID: 422
Address: Cemetery Rd. n of 9333
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Roll
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Altered
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Formerly agricultural
now wooded
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889904.83 404880.87 50 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Cemetery Rd. n of 9333 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [74]a
Cemetery Rd. n of 9333 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-422
000884
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 423
Map ID: 423
Address: Cemetery Rd. 9333
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: plastic sheeting
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Altered
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Formerly agricultural
now becoming wooded
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889491.81 405337.8 49 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Cemetery Rd. 9333 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [72]
Cemetery Rd. 9333 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [73]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-423
000885
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 424
Map ID: 424
Address: Rosiere Rd. n side west of Cemetery Rd.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Warren
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Altered
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Formerly agricultural
now wooded
Decorative window
hoods, addition includes
garage
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890047.79 404422.92 48 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. n side west of Cemetery Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [70]
Rosiere Rd. n side west of Cemetery Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [71]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-424
000886
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 425
Map ID: 425
Address: Rosiere Rd. 33599
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Warren
Original Use: Agricultural
Current Use: Agricultural
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Barn
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: Not applicable
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Not applicable
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Historic barn w/ trailer
Setting: No
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889775.51 404228.46 47 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 33599 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [68]a
Rosiere Rd. 33599 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-425
000887
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 426
Map ID: 426
Address: Rosiere Rd. 33442
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Warren
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: plywood, concrete
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Poured concrete porch is
remnant of craftsman
style renovation
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889513.15 404080.97 46 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 33442 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [66]
Rosiere Rd. 33442 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [67]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-426
000888
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 427
Map ID: 427
Address: Millens Bay Rd. 7201
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Folk Victorian
Garage added
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890908.3 401950.91 23 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Millens Bay Rd. 7201 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [40]
Millens Bay Rd. 7201 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-427
000889
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 428
Map ID: 428
Address: Millens Bay Rd. 7242
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Garage addition
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890883.87 401987.99 22 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Millens Bay Rd. 7242 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [39]
Millens Bay Rd. 7242 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-428
000890
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 429
Map ID: 429
Address: Millens Bay Rd. south of 7242
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Aluminum siding
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Garage added
Abandoned silo near
house, also outhouse
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890601.56 402259.96 24 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Millens Bay Rd. south of 7242 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [41]
Millens Bay Rd. south of 7242 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-429
000891
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 430
Map ID: 430
Address: Millens Bay Rd. 7663
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890233.85 402611.76 25 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Millens Bay Rd. 7663 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [42]
Millens Bay Rd. 7663 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-430
000892
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 431
Map ID: 431
Address: Millens Bay Rd. 8271
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Other: See Notes
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Covered in rigid
insulation
Outbuilldings collapsed
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889542.73 403631.99 26 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Millens Bay Rd. 8271 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [43]
Millens Bay Rd. 8271 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-431
000893
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 432
Map ID: 432
Address: Millens Bay Rd. 8471
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Small stone
outbuilding --
wellhouse?
Several outbuilldings
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888967.46 403944.59 27 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Millens Bay Rd. 8471 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [44]
Millens Bay Rd. 8471 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-432
000894
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 433
Map ID: 433
Address: Rosiere Rd. [County Rd. 4]
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Colonial Revival
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Foundation suggests
historic
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888944.57 403697.98 28 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. [County Rd. 4] Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [45]
Rosiere Rd. [County Rd. 4] Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-433
000895
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 434
Map ID: 434
Address: Rosiere Rd. [County Rd. 4] opposite 33031
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Abandoned
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Other: See Notes
Other Exterior Materials: wooden clapboards
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Decrepit -- little left of
original
3 trailers nearby
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888856.99 403641.54 29 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. [County Rd. 4] opposite 33031 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [46]
Rosiere Rd. [County Rd. 4] opposite 33031 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-434
000896
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 435
Map ID: 435
Address: Rosiere Rd. 2401
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Other: See Notes
Other Exterior Materials: wooden clapboards
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Asphalt wall shingles
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888583.08 403487.75 30 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 2401 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [47]
Rosiere Rd. 2401 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-435
000897
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 436
Map ID: 436
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite 2401 and sw
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: 6/6 windows
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888288.38 403322.51 31 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite 2401 and sw Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [48]
Rosiere Rd. opposite 2401 and sw Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [49]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-436
000898
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 437
Map ID: 437
Address: Rosiere Rd. 32174
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Photo not currently
available
Will be photographed in
phase 2
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887391.09 402366.97 33 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
Rosiere Rd. 32174 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No First Image.
Rosiere Rd. 32174 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-437
000899
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 438
Map ID: 438
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite 31974
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Board and batten
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Bay sits on matching
foundation
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887050.24 401949.23 34 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite 31974 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [51]
Rosiere Rd. opposite 31974 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-438
000900
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 439
Map ID: 439
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite 31950
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Wood Shingle
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Door partially covered
w/ siding
Rear addition has Queen
Anne elements
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886994.92 401871.21 35 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite 31950 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [53]
Rosiere Rd. opposite 31950 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [54]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-439
000901
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 440
Map ID: 440
Address: Rosiere Rd. 743
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Agricultural
Current Use: Agricultural
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Barn
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Not applicable
Chimney Placement: Not applicable
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None
Other Alterations:
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Not applicable
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Timberframed barn
clearly predates house
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886705.53 401472.17 36 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 743 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [55]
Rosiere Rd. 743 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [56]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-440
000902
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 441
Map ID: 441
Address: Rosiere Rd./Favret Rd. nw corner
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Shingle
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Faces Favret Rd.
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886536.64 401259.3 45 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd./Favret Rd. nw corner Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [65]
Rosiere Rd./Favret Rd. nw corner Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-441
000903
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 442
Map ID: 442
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31562
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Seems post war except
for foundation
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886427.47 401110.48 44 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31562 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [64]
Rosiere Rd. 31562 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-442
000904
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 443
Map ID: 443
Address: Rosiere Rd. east of 31469
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Queen Anne
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Other
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Hipped roof w/ross
gables
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886359.1 401016.9 43 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. east of 31469 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [63]
Rosiere Rd. east of 31469 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-443
000905
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 444
Map ID: 444
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31469
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1800-1840
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: Yes
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Joseph Docteur House
Stone barn and stone
base for riding ring --
Masonry different
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886287.73 400919.06 42 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Listed
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31469 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [61]
Rosiere Rd. 31469 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [62]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-444
000906
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 445
Map ID: 445
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite 31384
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Institutional
Current Use: Institutional
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Gothic Revival
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: Brackets
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: St. Vincent de Paul
Church
Cemetery behind
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886127.95 400701.93 41 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite 31384 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [28]
Rosiere Rd. opposite 31384 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-445
000907
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 446
Map ID: 446
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31386
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Queen Anne
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Scrollwork on porches
and decorative window
caps
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886114.08 400681.46 39 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31386 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [24]
Rosiere Rd. 31386 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [25]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-446
000908
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 447
Map ID: 447
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31385
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Institutional
Current Use: Institutional
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Queen Anne
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Rectory for St Vincent
de Paul church
2 story Bay St.
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886113.49 400679.84 40 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31385 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [26]
Rosiere Rd. 31385 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-447
000909
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 448
Map ID: 448
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31365
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes:
Scroll work in gable
over door
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886092.86 400649.57 16 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31365 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [23]
Rosiere Rd. 31365 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-448
000910
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 449
Map ID: 449
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31376
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Other: See Notes
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Asphalt shingles on walls
Scroll work on porch
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886088.93 400645.15 15 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31376 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [22]
Rosiere Rd. 31376 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-449
000911
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 450
Map ID: 450
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31345
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Four square
Exterior Materials: Other: See Notes
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Hipped
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Stucco on walls and
foundation
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886068.5 400620.38 14 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31345 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [21]
Rosiere Rd. 31345 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-450
000912
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 451
Map ID: 451
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31340
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: Aluminum siding, plastic
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Garage attached
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886060.68 400608.33 13 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31340 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [19]
Rosiere Rd. 31340 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [20]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-451
000913
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 452
Map ID: 452
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31325
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Commercial
Current Use: Commercial
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Italianate
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Aluminum siding
Roof Materials: Not visible
Roof Form: Shed
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Brackets
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886055.07 400600.7 12 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31325 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [18]
Rosiere Rd. 31325 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-452
000914
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 453
Map ID: 453
Address: Rosiere Rd. east of 31273
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Commercial
Current Use: Commercial
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Italianate
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Shed
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Brackets
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: May be abandoned
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886023.43 400559.51 11 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. east of 31273 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [17]
Rosiere Rd. east of 31273 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-453
000915
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 454
Map ID: 454
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31273
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Thoroughly renovated
but foundation suggests
historic
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4885979.14 400500.61 10 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31273 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [14]
Rosiere Rd. 31273 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [16]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-454
000916
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 455
Map ID: 455
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite 31273
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Rosiere
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Other
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Collapsed barn to the
west
Thoroughly renovated
but foundation suggests
historic
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4885973.22 400492.77 9 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 4
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite 31273 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [13]
Rosiere Rd. opposite 31273 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-455
000917
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 456
Map ID: 456
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31203
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Aluminum siding
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4885869.52 400352.05 8 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: D3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31203 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [12]
Rosiere Rd. 31203 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-456
000918
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 457
Map ID: 457
Address: Rosiere Rd. 31162
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Other: See Notes
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Concrete Block
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Concrete blocks under
porch probably addition
other foundation not
visible
Barns both side of
road -- northern one
abandoned
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4885761.12 400198.01 7 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: D3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 31162 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [9]
Rosiere Rd. 31162 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [11]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-457
000919
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 458
Map ID: 458
Address: Rosiere Rd. 30978
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Stucco
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Barn abandoned
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4885569.34 399910.4 6 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: D3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 30978 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [8]
Rosiere Rd. 30978 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-458
000920
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 459
Map ID: 459
Address: Rosiere Rd. opposite 30978
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Scroll work on porch
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4885559.71 399896.66 5 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: D3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. opposite 30978 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [7]
Rosiere Rd. opposite 30978 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-459
000921
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 460
Map ID: 460
Address: Rosiere Rd. 30851
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: 9/6 double hung
windows -- odd choice
for a replacement but
seem to be in an addition
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4885345.73 399585.16 4 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: D3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 30851 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [5]
Rosiere Rd. 30851 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [6]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-460
000922
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 461
Map ID: 461
Address: Dezengremel Rd.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Colonial Revival
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Hipped
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Former French church
site on property
2/2 on 1st fl 1/1 above
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4884854.22 399549.76 38 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: D3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Dezengremel Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [58]
Dezengremel Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [59]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-461
000923
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 462
Map ID: 462
Address: Rosiere Rd. 30545
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Garage part of addition
Foundation looks like
repair
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4884845.07 399229.18 3 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: D3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 30545 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [4]
Rosiere Rd. 30545 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-462
000924
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 463
Map ID: 463
Address: Rosiere Rd. 30538
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Fanlights/Transom
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: Yes
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Remy Dezengremel
House
Garage part of addition
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4884840.75 399126.1 2 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Listed
Map Section: D3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. 30538 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [3]
Rosiere Rd. 30538 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-463
000925
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 464
Map ID: 464
Address: Rosiere Rd. w of kents creek
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: Other
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Windows obscured
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4884829.41 398778.14 1 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: D2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Rosiere Rd. w of kents creek Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [2]a
Rosiere Rd. w of kents creek Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-464
000926
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 465
Map ID: 465
Address: Gosiere Rd. 6338
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Vertical boards
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: Yes
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Xavier Chevalier House
Small stone outbuilding
to s -- smokehouse?
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4890506.08 400549.57 21 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Listed
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Gosiere Rd. 6338 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [36]
Gosiere Rd. 6338 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [38]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-465
000927
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 466
Map ID: 466
Address: Gosiere Rd. sw side
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Front Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Mason's dairy farm
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889211.62 400933.66 20 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Gosiere Rd. sw side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [33]
Gosiere Rd. sw side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [35]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-466
000928
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 467
Map ID: 467
Address: Gosiere Rd. ne side
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Aluminum siding
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: opposite sign for
Mason's dairy farm
May be abandoned
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889200.51 400953.69 19 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Gosiere Rd. ne side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [32]
Gosiere Rd. ne side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [34]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-467
000929
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 468
Map ID: 468
Address: Mason Rd. 33110
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1800-1840
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Rear has wood replicatin
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Pyramidal
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Other
Porch: Side/Rear
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: Yes
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1800-1840
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes: Claude Vautrin House
Small stone outbuilding
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888943.74 401322.89 18 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Listed
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Mason Rd. 33110 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [30]
Mason Rd. 33110 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [31]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-468
000930
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 469
Map ID: 469
Address: Mason Rd. 33014
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/06/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888837.27 401218.35 17 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Mason Rd. 33014 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-06-06 [29]
Mason Rd. 33014 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-469
000931
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 470
Map ID: 470
Address: Hell St. west side
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Abandoned
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: Hell St. west side
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889868.75 399479.27 7 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St. west side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [9]
Hell St. west side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [10]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-470
000932
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 471
Map ID: 471
Address: Constance Rd.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Abandoned
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Fanlights/Transom
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: Windows boarded but
building looks well
maintained -- barn still
in use
Decorative window caps
and water table
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889450.22 399168.14 26 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Constance Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [47]
Constance Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [48]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-471
000933
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 472
Map ID: 472
Address: Hell St. east side
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Agricultural
Current Use: Agricultural
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Barn
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Not applicable
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: Hell St. east side
Barn no nearby house
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4889183.9 399434.07 6 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: B3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St. east side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [8]
Hell St. east side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-472
000934
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 473
Map ID: 473
Address: Constance Rd.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Abandoned
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Other
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: Windows boarded but
barn still used
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888983.04 399261.94 27 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Constance Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [49]
Constance Rd. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [50]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-473
000935
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 474
Map ID: 474
Address: Hell St.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: Opposite Constance Rd.
Foundation parged
material not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888804.28 399408.9 5 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [7]
Hell St. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-474
000936
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 475
Map ID: 475
Address: Hell St./Constance Rd. sw corner
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Front Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: Lawrence Family Farm
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888714.6 399398.07 4 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St./Constance Rd. sw corner Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [6]
Hell St./Constance Rd. sw corner Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-475
000937
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 476
Map ID: 476
Address: Hell St. east side of road
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Abandoned
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: Ell collapsed
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888326.7 399372.17 3 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St. east side of road Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [5]
Hell St. east side of road Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-476
000938
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 477
Map ID: 477
Address: Hell St.
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Other
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: Looks as though ell
collapsed
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888118.83 399359.3 2 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [3]
Hell St. Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [4]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-477
000939
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 478
Map ID: 478
Address: Hell St. 32554
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/05/2006
Notes: 2/2 storm windows to
right
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4888021.72 399352.92 1 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St. 32554 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [1]
Hell St. 32554 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-05-06 [2]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-478
000940
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 479
Map ID: 479
Address: Hell St./Favret Rd. sw corner opp 32152
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Other
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887625.24 399320.91 20 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St./Favret Rd. sw corner opp 32152 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [69]
Hell St./Favret Rd. sw corner opp 32152 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (70)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-479
000941
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 480
Map ID: 480
Address: Hell St. 32152
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Abandoned
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Aluminum siding
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Deteriorated
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887587.15 399319.06 21 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C3
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Hell St. 32152 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [71]
Hell St. 32152 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-480
000942
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 481
Map ID: 481
Address: Favret Rd. 4957
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: Foundation not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887717.54 398253.15 19 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Favret Rd. 4957 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [68]
Favret Rd. 4957 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-481
000943
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 482
Map ID: 482
Address: Favret Rd. opposite 4670
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Other: See Notes
Current Use: Other: See Notes
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Other
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Other
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: May be outbuilding for
4670 across st
Foundation not visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887450.17 397853.44 18 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Favret Rd. opposite 4670 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [66]
Favret Rd. opposite 4670 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [67]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-482
000944
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 483
Map ID: 483
Address: Favret Rd. 4670
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: Other
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: Yes
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes:
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887417.94 397805.66 17 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Listed
Map Section: C2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Favret Rd. 4670 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [65]
Favret Rd. 4670 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-483
000945
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 484
Map ID: 484
Address: Favret Rd. 4609
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Stone
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Masonry
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Other
Porch: Side/Rear
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Barn
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: Opposite Wilson-
Warren house [NRHP
listed] and quite similar
Setting: Yes
Association: Yes
Materials: Yes
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887398.3 397776.72 16 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: C2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Favret Rd. 4609 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [63]
Favret Rd. 4609 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [64]
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-484
000946
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 485
Map ID: 485
Address: Branche Rd. 4224
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Concrete Block
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Offset
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: Bourcy Farm
Visible foundation
concrete block -- looks
like addition
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4887317.56 397146.95 13 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Branche Rd. 4224 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [56]
Branche Rd. 4224 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (57)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-485
000947
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 486
Map ID: 486
Address: Favret Rd. 3739
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Plain
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: Agricultural buildings
subsiding
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886418 396309.84 14 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Favret Rd. 3739 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [58]
Favret Rd. 3739 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (59)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-486
000948
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 487
Map ID: 487
Address: Votra Rd. 31515
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Metal
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: C
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: End of votra rd -- only
building on it
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: Yes
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: Yes
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886475.19 395570.37 15 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Potentially eligible
Map Section: C2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Votra Rd. 31515 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 [60]
Votra Rd. 31515 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (62)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-487
000949
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 488
Map ID: 488
Address: Bay St. east side near 12e
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Not applicable
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Front Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Agricultural Field
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: Multiple Ag building
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Rural/Ag
Within Dense Grouping: No
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/03/2006
Notes: 2/2 windows visible
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: 4886087.95 394343.53 68 /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: C2
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Bay St. east side near 12e Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-03-06 [94]
Bay St. east side near 12e Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-488
000950
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 489
Map ID: 489
Address: Broadway 724
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: Gothic Revival
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Round window
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway 724 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (1)a
Broadway 724 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (2)a
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-489
000951
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 490
Map ID: 490
Address: Broadway s. side
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway s. side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (3)a
Broadway s. side Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-490
000952
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 491
Map ID: 491
Address: Broadway
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Commercial
Current Use: Commercial
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Commercial
Exterior Materials: Wood Shingle
Other Exterior Materials: Clapboard
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Multiple
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Plain
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (4)
Broadway Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-491
000953
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 492
Map ID: 492
Address: Broadway east of Capeway Cottages
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Oriel window
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway east of Capeway Cottages Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (5)a
Broadway east of Capeway Cottages Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-492
000954
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 493
Map ID: 493
Address: Broadway Capeway Cottages
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Commercial
Current Use: Commercial
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Tourist cabins
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 1/1 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Variety
Porch: Variety
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Not applicable
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway Capeway Cottages Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (7)
Broadway Capeway Cottages Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-493
000955
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 494
Map ID: 494
Address: Broadway
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Colonial Revival
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (8)
Broadway Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-494
000956
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 495
Map ID: 495
Address: Center 149
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1920-1945
Type/Style: Cape
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Poured Concrete
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Not applicable
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Body Of Water
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1920-1945
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center 149 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (9)
Center 149 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (10)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-495
000957
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 496
Map ID: 496
Address: Center 169
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Not visible
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center 169 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (11)
Center 169 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (12)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-496
000958
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 497
Map ID: 497
Address: Center 183
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center 183 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (13)
Center 183 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-497
000959
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 498
Map ID: 498
Address: Center
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Not visible
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Replacement
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None visible
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Thoroughly modified
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (14)
Center Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-498
000960
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 499
Map ID: 499
Address: Center
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Asphalt shingle
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Replacement Siding
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Shed
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (15)
Center Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-499
000961
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 500
Map ID: 500
Address: Center
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: Window caps
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (16)
Center Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-500
000962
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 501
Map ID: 501
Address: Center 307
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Board and batten
Other Exterior Materials: Vertical boards
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Eaves
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center 307 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (18)
Center 307 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (19)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-501
000963
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 502
Map ID: 502
Address: Pine n side opposite 1071
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Asphalt siding
Other Exterior Materials: Vertical boards
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Pine n side opposite 1071 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (20)
Pine n side opposite 1071 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-502
000964
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 503
Map ID: 503
Address: Center 314
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1890-1920
Type/Style: Queen Anne
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Center
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: Bay window
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Side Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1890-1920
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center 314 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (21)
Center 314 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-503
000965
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 504
Map ID: 504
Address: Lake 1049
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vinyl Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Lake 1049 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (22)
Lake 1049 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-504
000966
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 505
Map ID: 505
Address: Center 250
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1840-1865
Type/Style: Greek Revival
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Vertical boards
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: Not visible
Doorway: Plain
Porch: New
Decorative Elements: See notes
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1840-1865
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Window caps and
decorative shingles in
gable
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: Yes
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Center 250 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (23)
Center 250 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-505
000967
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 506
Map ID: 506
Address: Broadway 1040
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Stone
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Rear Addition
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway 1040 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (24)
Broadway 1040 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-506
000968
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 507
Map ID: 507
Address: Broadway 1056
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: Multiple
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway 1056 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (25)
Broadway 1056 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (28)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-507
000969
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 508
Map ID: 508
Address: Broadway 1068
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Rear Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Body Of Water
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Broadway 1068 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (26)
Broadway 1068 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (27)
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
A-508
000970
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 509
Map ID: 509
Address: Elm 180
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Open
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non historic addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Excellent
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Elm 180 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (29)
Elm 180 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-509
000971
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 510
Map ID: 510
Address: Elm n of 248
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Gable Front
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 6/6 DH
Chimney Placement: Eaves
Doorway: Hood
Porch: New
Decorative Elements: Door hood
Alterations: New Outbuilding
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Elm n of 248 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (30)
Elm n of 248 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-510
000972
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 511
Map ID: 511
Address: Elm 253
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Hood
Porch: New
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Front Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Elm 253 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (31)
Elm 253 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-511
000973
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 512
Map ID: 512
Address: Elm s. of 311
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1945-1960
Type/Style: Cape
Exterior Materials: Wood Clapboard
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Picture Window
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Plain
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Front Addition
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: None
Outbuildings: Garage
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1945-1960
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Elm s. of 311 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (32)
Elm s. of 311 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-512
000974
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 513
Map ID: 513
Address: Elm 391
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: 2/2 DH
Chimney Placement: None
Doorway: Plain
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: None visible
Other Alterations: Not applicable
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: Yes
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Elm 391 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (35)
Elm 391 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-513
000975
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 514
Map ID: 514
Address: Elm 380
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Aluminum Siding
Other Exterior Materials: Wood shingles, false bric
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Cross Gable
Foundation Materials: Parged
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Replacement
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Open Space
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Good
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Elm 380 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (36)
Elm 380 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-514
000976
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 515
Map ID: 515
Address: Elm 343
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Vertical Boards
Other Exterior Materials: Wood clapboards, false b
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Ell
Foundation Materials: Not visible
Stories: 1
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Gabled/Porch
Porch: Enclosed
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Non-Historic Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: Trees
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Elm 343 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (33)
Elm 343 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-515
000977
St. Lawrence Wind Project - Historic Architecture Survey, 2006 ID: 516
Map ID: 516
Address: Elm 369
Town/City: Cape Vincent
Village: Cape Vincent
Original Use: Residence
Current Use: Residence
Construction Date: 1865-1890
Type/Style: 19th century vernacular
Exterior Materials: Cement-Asbestos
Other Exterior Materials: Not applicable
Roof Materials: Shingle Asphalt
Roof Form: Side Gable
Foundation Materials: Stone
Stories: 2
Structural System: Frame
Windows: Replacement
Chimney Placement: End Gable
Doorway: Plain
Porch: None
Decorative Elements: None
Alterations: Side Addition
Other Alterations: Replacement Siding
Landscape Elements: Suburban Yard
Natural Features: None
Outbuildings: None
Condition: Fair
Type of Setting: Neighborhood
Within Dense Grouping: Yes
National/State Register Listed: No
Local Landmark: Not applicable
Primary Period of Significance: 1865-1890
Primary NR Criterion: Not Applicable
Date of Inventory: 12/04/2006
Notes: No gps data because of
equipment malfunction
Setting: Yes
Association: No
Materials: No
Design: No
Feeling: No
Workmanship: No
Location: Yes
Geographic Coordinates: /
LOCATION INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
SIGNIFICANCE
Integrity Criteria:
ELIGIBILITY RECOMMENDATION: Not eligible
Map Section: Inset 1-NOT MAP
County: Jefferson County
P:\Cape Vincent Wi
Elm 369 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: SLW 12-04-06 (34)
Elm 369 Cape Vincent Jefferson County
Photo ID: No Second Image.
A-516
000978
Caleb W. Christopher
Architectural Historian
E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E S SU UM MM MA AR RY Y
Over six years of experience as an architectural historian; additional experience in environmental law, as
well as regulatory and land use planning. Responsibilities have included cultural resource management,
public involvement, environmental impact statement analysis, policy formulation, legal analysis, contract
negotiation, and historic building condition analysis. Mr. Christopher has undertaken and managed large-
scale cultural resource surveys and impact assessment for a wide variety of urban, rural and suburban
resources. Clients have included federal, state and municipal agencies as well as energy,
telecommunications, and private real estate development interests.
E ED DU UC CA AT TI IO ON N
JD, Environmental Law Certificate, anticipated 2007, Pace University School of Law
MS, Historic Preservation, 2003, The School of the Art Institute of Chicago
BA, History, 1998, Macalester College
R RE EG GI IS ST TR RA AT TI IO ON NS S/ /C CE ER RT TI IF FI IC CA AT TI IO ON NS S
NPS Standards for Professional Practice - Architectural Historian /Historian (36 CFR 61)
AICP Certification forthcoming (anticipated 2006), American Institute of Certified Planners
T TR RA AI IN NI IN NG G

C CO OR RP PO OR RA AT TI IO ON N P PR RO OJ JE EC CT T E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E
Brindle Lake Dam Study - Architectural Historian, May 2006-June 2006
US Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Dix, NJ
Research, site documentation, analysis and interagency consultation regarding historic resources, in
support of a proposed dam removal and waterway enhancement project.
P PR RE EV VI IO OU US S E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E
City of New York - Office of Environmental Coordination (November 2005 – present)
Metrofund Brownfield Remediation Program
Legal research and assistance in developing a revolving loan program for brownfield remediation; EPA
grants are used as credit enhancement to finance private CERCLA remediation and urban neighborhood
development projects.

CEQR Technical Manual Revisions
Research and development of forthcoming revised technical guidance for compliance with the City’s
environmental review law. Revised guidance provides agencies, applicants and consultants with
information on streamlined procedures for effective environmental impact documents.

CEQR Project Review
Review, analysis and legal research for a variety of project-specific environmental impact statements and
environmental assessments.

Long-Range Planning/GEIS Analysis, Energy Facility Siting
Research and developed a proposed long-term environmental siting strategy and marketing plan for an
anticipated 6,000 MW grid increase. Analysis included responding to a deregulated marketplace through
utilization of innovative EIS strategies.

Page 1 of 5
000979
Caleb W. Christopher
Architectural Historian
City of New York - Department of Parks & Recreation (Revson Fellow) (May 2005-October 2005)
Washington Square Park Reconstruction - Environmental Assessment Statement
Author of an extensive CEQR document and accompanying report, developed in response to pending
litigation, in support of a multi-year $16 million renovation of a 10-acre urban park in Greenwich Village.

High Line (Linear Urban Park) – Historic Resource Consultation
Provided internal agency consultation and assisted in development of a historic resource survey
methodology and interagency consultation plan, in support of a federally-funded, large scale urban park.

Consultant Procurement & Contract Negotiation/Oversight/Procurement
Responsibilities for the city’s largest property owner include assistance in contract negotiation, regulatory
compliance, interagency negotiation and environmental planning for a wide variety of public
infrastructure projects. Duties included legal support in contract management, procurement, default
hearings and development of agency environmental compliance policy.

URS Corporation (August 2001 – August 2004)
Hazard-prone Historic Resource Survey & Plan, Fire Island to Montauk Point (Long Island, New York)
Project manager for a historic resource survey and detailed documentation of 1,600 hazard-prone historic
sites across an 83-mile project corridor along the South Bay in support of a phased EIS. Project included
interagency consultation, integrated GIS development, public involvement and tribal consultation, and
development of a decision-making process for the Corps to evaluate impacts.
Client: New York District, US Army Corps of Engineers / Department of Defense

Times Square Station Historic Resource Study (New York City)
Historic resource consultation for a phased $225 million rehabilitation project of a large National-
Register-eligible subway complex featuring five separate track lines. Work included the detailed
documentation of historic features, conditions, and development of specific recommendations for design
options to comply with the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation, as well as other
mitigation alternatives. Interagency consultation and development of a draft Programmatic Agreement
for the project was also undertaken.

Client: Metropolitan Transit Authority / New York City Transit
14
th
Ave / 15
th
Ave School Replacement, Historic Resource Survey (Newark, NJ)
Fast-track Historic Resource Report for the proposed closure, demolition and replacement of two historic
school buildings within a larger residential neighborhood. Activities included detailed site research,
archaeological analysis, and analysis of design alternatives.

Client: New Jersey School Construction Corporation (Public Authority)
Cunard Building (28 Broadway) Historic Resource Study & Condition Assessment (New York City)
Working as part of an Environmental Site Assessment team, direction of Historic Resource Survey and
detailed condition assessment, including restoration cost estimates, for a historic cruse-ship ticketing
office in lower Manhattan. This local landmark interior includes multiple Beaux Arts ceiling fresco and
decorative tilework.

Client: United States Postal Service
Belt Parkway Reconstruction – “Context Sensitive” Design Guidelines (Brooklyn, New York)
Working with landscape preservation specialists from Pressley Associates, this project included
coordination with a working group throughout evaluation and design. Work included preliminary
interagency coordination, scoping and initial research.

Page 2 of 5
000980
Caleb W. Christopher
Architectural Historian
Client: New York City Department of Transportation / New York City Department of Parks & Recreation
FEMA “How To” Planning Guide – Integrating Hazard Mitigation & Historic Resources
Principal author of nationwide How-To planning guide which allows for communities properly balance
preservation of historic buildings with disaster mitigation projects. The planning guide is sixth in a series
of nine reader-friendly publications for local and regional planning departments.
Client: Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security

Dulles Airport Expansion EIS (Environmental Impact Statement) – Loudoun County, VA
Historic Resource Survey, evaluation, planning and public consultation process currently underway for
proposed runway expansion of Dulles International Airport. Part of a multi-disciplinary planning team
that is evaluating a variety of design options for impacts to historic and environmental resources, as well
as socio-economic impacts of multiple project growth patterns. Dulles International Airport is the world’s
first jet airport and a master design by Eero Saarinen, an important Modern architect.
Client: Federal Aviation Administration

FEMA Seismic Decision-Making Guidelines for Historic Buildings
Co-author, with Wiss Janney Elstner Engineers, of decision-making guidelines for communities
undertaking seismic retrofit projects for historic buildings. The project focuses on private owners and
architects who seek to understand the financial benefits of successful rehabilitation.
Client: Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security

Milton, Pennsylvania - Hazard Mitigation Plan
Model federal demonstration project included survey of a 700-building historic district and development
of a unique community-based planning process for flood-prone historic resources. Planning process
included quantitative evaluation of multiple design alternatives, identification of integrated funding
strategies, Benefit Cost Analysis and schematic development of new pre-disaster design projects for
historic buildings which comply with the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation. The
project is highlighted as a “Success Story” on FEMA’s webpage.
Client: Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security

Woodrow Wilson Bridge Replacement – Virginia, Maryland & Washington DC
Part of a team which performed multiple cultural resource tasks associated with the $3.2 billion
replacement of the Woodrow Wilson Bridge spanning the Potomac River.

Client: Federal Highways Administration
Multiple Cultural Resource Investigations for Transportation Projects – Delaware
Co-author of multiple cultural resource reports, including Governor’s Avenue Reconstruction, Dover and
SR 1 Improvements, Smyrna. Reports included evaluation of significant historic properties and the
development of multiple community-based mitigation options.
Client: Delaware Department of Transportation

Statewide Historic Bridges Context – Post-1945 (Maryland)
Co-author of guidelines for identifying and evaluating significant post WWII-era bridges. The document
includes a field-test of methodology, detailed research on the development of postwar era bridge
technology and standards, and evaluation criteria for specific typologies.

Client: Maryland State Highways Administration
Regional Survey – southern West Virginia
Multi-county fast-track cultural resource and documentation survey of over 300 historic flood-damaged
structures, largely in rural historic mining communities.

Page 3 of 5
000981
Caleb W. Christopher
Architectural Historian
Client: Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security
Historic Resource Survey, Proposed White Oak Power Center (Pittsylvania County, VA)
Intensive rural survey for a proposed natural gas peaking energy center with multiple tall stacks.
Activities included intensive historic resource survey, interagency consultation and mitigation design.

Client: FPL Energy LLP
HABS Documentation, St. Elizabeths Hospital (Washington DC)
Level II HABS Documentation of multiple agricultural resources and 19
th
century residences within a
National Historic Landmark (to be demolished in support of a homeland security communications center).
Activities included site documentation and detailed archival research. Submitted to Library of
Congress/National Park Service.

Client: District of Columbia - Office of Chief Technology Officer / Jacobs-Sverdrup Engineers
HABS Documentation – Allan Park Veterans Hospital (Detroit, MI)
Level I HABS Documentation of a historic 1938 12-story hospital complex. Activities included extensive
site documentation, measured drawings, archival photography and detailed archival research. Submitted
to Library of Congress/National Park Service
Client: Department of Veterans Affairs

County-wide Historic Resource Survey (Loudoun County, VA)
Intensive 700-site historic resource survey for the nation’s second-fastest growing county. Resources
ranged from 18
th
century farmsteads to 1950s suburban development. Activities included scoping, site
research and documentation, field survey and data management.

Client: Loudoun County Department of Planning

CG Consultants (June 1999 – July 2001)
Multiple Cultural Resource Investigations for Telecommunication Projects (New Hampshire & Maine)
Undertook 21 site-specific cultural resource surveys in rural and urban communities for proposed
telecommunications installations. Surveys included fieldwork, consultation with State Historic
Preservation Office staff, research and effects evaluation.

Client: SBA Towers Inc & ATC Realty LLC / EnviroBusiness Inc (EBI)
Old Main Post Office - Preservation Tax Credit Certification (Chicago, IL)
Research and design coordination for proposed re-use of 2.5 million square foot historic building,
formally the world’s largest postal facility. Reuse included hotel, telecommunications and commercial
space.

Client: Gensler / Baldwin Historic Properties
5510 N. Sheridan – Investment Tax Credit Certification and National Register Nomination
Successful nomination for listing in the National Register of Historic Places, and investment tax credit
coordination in support of a large-scale redevelopment of a historic residential high-rise.

Client: Wiss Janney Elsner Engineers / Baldwin Historic Properties
Citywide Parks Fieldhouse Condition Analysis
City-wide, multi-site condition analysis and capital improvement estimate of over 40 historic fieldhouses
and parks properties.

Client: Consour Townsend Envirodyne (CTE) Engineers/ Chicago Park District
National Register Nomination - Holy Name Cathedral (Chicago, IL)
Page 4 of 5
000982
Caleb W. Christopher
Architectural Historian
Successful nomination for listing in the National Register of Historic Places for Chicago’s only cathedral.
Dating to 1874, the Gothic Revival structure was altered in the 1960s by Modernist architect CF Murphy.

Client: Archdiocese of Chicago
P PU UB BL LI IC CA AT TI IO ON NS S & & P PR RE ES SE EN NT TA AT TI IO ON NS S
Publications (Legal Journals)
Torquing the Lugnuts of Time: A 40 Year Tune-Up of the National Historic Preservation Act (anticipated
2006)

Watts My Line? Environmental Siting Strategies for Urban Power Plants (anticipated 2007)

Mr. Smith Goes to Nairobi: The Unwritten Role of Local Actors within International Environmental Law
(forthcoming 2007)

Presentations/Prizes
Presentation (Refereed), Association for Preservation Technology International, Galveston, TX (2004)
Guest Lecture, Preservation Law Class, The School of the Art Institute of Chicago (2003, 2004)
Presentation (Refereed), Latrobe Chapter, Society of Architectural Historians, College Park MD (2003)
Presentation (Refereed), Association for Preservation Technology International, Toronto (2002)
Presentation, Organization of American Historians, Ames, IA (2000)
Case Prize for Western History - Honors Thesis, Macalester College (1998)

Page 5 of 5
000983
James C. Sexton
Architectural Historian
E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E S SU UM MM MA AR RY Y
Over 15 years experience in the investigation and documentation of historic structures. Responsibilities
have included researching and writing Historic Structure Reports for culturally and historically significant
properties, designing and implementing field investigations and surveys, preparing National Register of
Historic Places nominations for significant historic properties and districts, and providing research for
proposed Local Historic Districts. Clients have included state and municipal agencies as well as cultural
institutions and private interests. Funding sources have included federal, state and local programs.
E ED DU UC CA AT TI IO ON N
Ph. D., Department of the History of Art, 1999, Yale University Dissertation: "Buildings, Builders, and
Patrons: A Study of Domestic Architecture in Guilford, Connecticut, 1690-1790"
M. A., Department of the History of Art, 1991, Yale University (Work completed in 1991; degree
awarded 1999)
B. A., Yale University, 1988
R RE EG GI IS ST TR RA AT TI IO ON NS S/ /C CE ER RT TI IF FI IC CA AT TI IO ON NS S
NPS Standards for Professional Practice - Architectural Historian /Historian (36 CFR 61)
P PR RO OJ JE EC CT T E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E
Architectural Historian, 2006-present
St. Lawrence Wind Energy Project, St. Lawrence Windpower, LLC, Historic Architectural
Resource Investigation
Research and fieldwork for a Historic Architectural Resource Investigation that includes a 1-mile Ring
Area of Potential Effect Study and a 5-mile Ring Area of Potential Effect Study in compliance with New
York State Historic Preservation Office Guidelines for Wind Farm Development Cultural Resources
Survey Work. Surveyed and documented more than 500 resources.

Architectural Historian, 2006-present
Alabama Ledge Wind Farm, Horizon Energy, Historic Architectural Resource Investigation
Research and fieldwork for a Historic Architectural Resource Investigation 1-mile Ring Area of Potential
Effect Study and a 5-mile Ring Area of Potential Effect Study in compliance with New York State
Historic Preservation Office Guidelines for Wind Farm Development Cultural Resources Survey Work.
Surveyed and documented more than 450 resources.

P PR RE EV VI IO OU US S E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E
Trinity-on-Main, 2006, New Britain, CT. Prepared State Register nomination for historic church.
Received approval.

Fodor Farm Local Historic District Study Committee, 2006. Prepared background material for Study
Committee Report.

Madison Historical Society, 2006. Provide site visits and architectural interpretation for house plaque
program.

Darien Historical Society, 2005-present. Consultant on reinterpretation of the Bates-Scofield House
and Barn.

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000984
James C. Sexton
Architectural Historian
The City of Norwalk, CT, 2005. Preparing National Register nomination for the Wall Street Historic
District. (Ongoing)

The Noah Webster House and Museum of West Hartford History, 2005, West Hartford, CT.
Consultant on stabilization and renovation of the historic house in conjunction with Paul B. Bailey
Architect, LLC.

Coalition for Preservation of the Abel Bradley House, 2005, Westport, CT. Retained as expert
witness in litigation to prevent the demolition of a historic house in Westport.

The Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation Barns Survey, 2005, Hamden, CT. Lead Historian
on a documentation survey of historic barns throughout Connecticut.

Webb-Deane-Stevens Museum, 2005, Wethersfield, CT. Lead historian on Historic Structures Report
for Webb House prepared with Building Conservation Associates. (Ongoing)

Alliance to Conserve Old Richmond Neighborhoods, 2005, Richmond, VA. Performed documentary
research on the Hotel Richmond as part of an effort to preserve the building.

Rowayton Historical Society, 2005, Rowayton, CT. Prepared National Register nomination for the
Five Mile River Landing Historic District. (Ongoing – has received approval for study)

Clara Barton Birthplace Museum, 2005, North Oxford, MA. Prepared Historic Structures Report.

City of Bristol, CT. Worked with City Planner and local organizations to revise and update State
Historic Resource Inventory for Bristol. (Ongoing)

Historical Society of the Town of Greenwich, 2004, Greenwich, CT. Prepared feasibility study for re-
use of the Thomas Lyon House in conjunction with Paul B. Bailey Architect, LLC.

New London County Historical Society, New London, CT. Wrote Historic Structures Report for the
18th century Shaw Mansion.

Westport Historical Society, 2004-present, Westport, CT. Speaker in Old House School program.

Madison Historical Society, 2004, Madison, CT. Re-surveyed town to examine changes since Historic
Resources Inventory compiled in 1980.

Private Client, New York, NY. Worked with client and their architect to create period appropriate trim
package for Colonial Revival townhouse.

Madison Green Local Historic District Study Committee, 2004, Madison, CT. Provided research for
LHD Study Committee report.

Expert Reader, Historic Houses of the Hudson River Valley (NY: Rizzoli Books).

The Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, 2003-present, Hamden, CT. Contributing
photographer to Connecticut Preservation News.

New Haven Colony Historical Society, 2003, New Haven, CT. Researched exhibition on Margaret
Brewster and Edgerton, the estate she and her husband, Frederick Foster Brewster, created in New Haven.
Page 2 of 4
000985
James C. Sexton
Architectural Historian

Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, Hamden, CT. Researched and wrote reports on
threatened structures.
New Canaan Historical Society, 2003-present, New Canaan, CT. Provided architectural research for
house dating program.

Private Client, 2003, Cheshire, CT. Analyzed structures for developer so that historic material could be
preserved.

Israel Putnam House Association, 2003, Greenwich, CT. Researched and wrote Interpretive Plan for
Putnam Cottage.

Israel Putnam House Association, 2002-2003, Greenwich, CT. Created Historic Structures Report for
Putnam Cottage.

New Haven Colony Historical Society, 2002, New Haven, CT. Researched and wrote Historic
Structures Report for the Pardee-Morris House.

Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, 2002, Hamden, CT. Speaker at the Annual Preservation
Conference.

Town of Enfield, CT, 2002. Established a date of construction for the Terry House, 3-5 Elm Street, for
the Town Planning Department.

Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, 2001-present, Hamden, CT. Provided documentation
for historic easements.

Norwalk Historical Society, 2001-present, Norwalk, CT. Research Consultant for the Society’s House
Dating Program.

Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, 2001-present, Hamden, CT. Panelist for House Talk
programs.

Historical Society of the Town of Greenwich, 2001-2002, Greenwich, CT. Provided Restoration
assessment for the Back Kitchen Chamber at Bush-Holley House.

The Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, 2001, Hamden, CT. Prepared brief history of
Trinity United Methodist Church, New Britain.

The Bridgeport Conservancy, 2001, Bridgeport, CT. Helped to establish a date of construction for the
Tom Thumb House.

Holy Apostles College and Seminary, 2001, Cromwell, CT. Researched and wrote Restoration
Assessment Report for the Ranney house.

Friends of Boothe Park, 2001, Stratford, CT. Prepared preservation suggestions for early 20th century
house.

"Case Histories," Connecticut Preservation News, Volume XXIII, No. 4 (July/August 2000).

Page 3 of 4
000986
James C. Sexton
Architectural Historian
Historical Society of the Town of Greenwich, Greenwich, CT. Prepared "Bush-Holley House: A
Historic Structure Report."

Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, 2000, Hamden, CT. Wrote six case studies and guide to
researching town greens.

CPTV. Research Consultant for "The Green" episode of the Connecticut Experience.

CPTV. On-camera expert for "The Green" episode of the Connecticut Experience.

The Fairfield County Times and The Westchester County Times. 1999-2003. Photographer.

Contributor/Photographer, AIA Guide to New York City (4th edition), 1999.

Research Consultant, 1992-1999. The Society of Architectural Historians' Buildings of the United
States, Connecticut Volume.

Page 4 of 4
000987
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E S SU UM MM MA AR RY Y
More than 20 years experience in the investigation and management of cultural resources including
archeological and architectural properties. Responsible for performing NHPA Section 106 review studies,
developing National Register of Historic Places nominations for significant historic properties, designing
and implementing field investigations, performing quality assurance checks of in-house and subcontracted
field investigations, providing environmental input to engineers, and creating project impact assessments.
Management activities include day-to-day responsibility for technical work completed by the company
staff and subcontractors, and coordinating cultural resources studies with multidisciplinary environmental
analysis.

More than ten years experience as a Community Relations Specialist. Responsibilities include a full range
of community relations activities associated with numerous USEPA Superfund sites, TERC Installation
Restoration Programs (IRPs), USFWS and other projects.
E ED DU UC CA AT TI IO ON N
BA, Anthropology, The American University, 1972
MA, Anthropology, Columbia University, 1974
MPhil (Master of Philosophy), Anthropology, Columbia University, 1975
PhD, Anthropology, Columbia University, 1981
R RE EG GI IS ST TR RA AT TI IO ON NS S/ /C CE ER RT TI IF FI IC CA AT TI IO ON NS S
Registered Professional Archaeologist, Earned 8/6/85, Expires 12/30/03
T TR RA AI IN NI IN NG G
8-Hour OSHA Hazardous Waste Health and Safety Refresher Course, 2002
24-Hour Federal Bureau of Investigation Location of Human Remains Training Course, 1991
8-Hour OSHA Hazardous Waste Health and Safety Supervisor Training, 1991
40-Hour OSHA Hazardous Waste Health and Safety Training, 1986
C CO OR RP PO OR RA AT TI IO ON N P PR RO OJ JE EC CT T E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E
CULTURAL RESOURCES

Cultural Resources Lead, 2006
West Hill Windpower, LLC, Archeological and Architectural Historical Studies for West Hill Wind
Farm, NY
Task Lead responsible for the development and implementation of cultural resources studies, including
archeology and architectural history, in support of compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic
Preservation Act and NY SEQR permitting of the proposed West Hill Wind Farm in Madison County,
New York. The project includes 25 wind turbines, 4.2 miles of access roads, 2.5 miles of underground
interconnect electrical lines, and a 2.5 miles long aboveground transmission line. Work was performed
implementing NY SHPO Guidelines for Cultural Resources Studies for Wind Projects.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2006
Horizon Energy, Archeological and Architectural Historical Investigations for Batavia Wind Farm
Project, NY
Task Lead responsible for the development and implementation of cultural resources studies, including
archeology and architectural history, in support of compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic
Preservation Act and NY SEQR permitting of the proposed Batavia Wind Farm located in Genessee
County, New York. The project includes approximately 63 wind turbines along with associated access
roads, underground interconnect electrical lines, and aboveground transmission line. Cultural resources
Page 1 of 21
000988
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
studies are designed to implement NY SHPO Guidelines for Cultural Resources Studies for Wind
Projects.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2005
Invenergy Wind, LLC, Phase IA Cultural Resources Study, High Sheldon Wind Farm Project, NY
Task Lead for the development and implementation of background literature review and walkover survey
of proposed High Sheldon Wind Farm Project. Proposed project includes 107 wind turbines
interconnected by underground transmission lines and an aboveground transmission line of approximately
three miles.Project has potential to affect both prehistoric and historic cultural resources.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2005
Invenergy Wind LLC, Phase IA Cultural Resources Study, Stamford Wind Project, NY
Task Lead for the development and implementation of background literature review and walkover survey
of proposed High Sheldon Wind Farm Project. Proposed project includes 44 wind turbines,
interconnected by about 9 miles of service roads and underground transmission lines. Project has potential
to affect both prehistoric and historic cultural resources.

Cultural Resources Lead
Fort Dix, Phase I and Phase II Archeological and Architectural Historical Investigations, Brindle
Lake Dam Replacement Project, Fort Dix, NJ
Task Lead for archeological investigations and an architectural historical assessment of the Brindle Lake
Dam and associated construction laydown areas located in Ocean County, NJ for the Fort Dix Military
Reservation. Work was performed in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation
Act. Evidence of both prehistoric and historic period archeological resources were recovered though no
sites were recommended as eligible to the National Register of Historic Places. An evaluation of the dam
indicated that the original nineteenth century-era vernacular dam had withstood several episodes of repair
into the twentieth century. The dam’s compromised integrity and setting contributed to the
recommendation that the dam is not potentially eligible to the National Register of Historic Places.

Cultural Resources Lead
Fort Dix, NEPA Environmental Assessments, NJ
Performed archeological field inspections and prepared cultural resources input to several NEPA
environmental assessments (EAs) for proposed projects at Fort Dix, including a centralized tactical
vehicle wash facility, a rock crushing facility with the capability to produce asphalt, expansion of a
parking lot, and construction of additional bays and new warehouse at the Equipment Concentration Site.
These EAs were reviewed and approved by the NJ Pinelands Commission.

Cultural Resources Lead
Fort Dix, Architectural Investigation, NJ
Worked with a team of architectural historians to perform an architectural investigation of 600 World
War II-era structures at Fort Dix. Work was performed in accordance with Sections 106 and 110 of the
National Historic Preservation Act, Army Regulations 420-40, Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
implementing regulations at 36CFR800, NEPA, and the NJ Pinelands Comprehensive Management Plan.
A recommendation regarding National Register eligiblity pursuant to 36CFR60.4 was made for each
structure. The report was reviewed by NJ Historic Preservation Office (HPO), Fort Dix HPO, and NJ
Pinelands Commission.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2004
New Jersey City University, New Jersey City University West Campus Expansion, NJ
At a contaminated Brownfields site in a former industrial area of Jersey City that will undergo
remediation and redevelopment, performed a Stage 1A cultural resources study. The study included
Page 2 of 21
000989
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
evaluation of the archeological potential of the project site and evaluation of nine structures slated to be
razed. Study indicated that the standing structures do not meet the eligibility criteria for nomination to the
National Register of Historic Places. Evaluation of geological cores from the site suggested that original
land surfaces are extant underlying 9 – 13 feet of fill deposits and that these have potential to contain
cultural remains related to populations that exploited resources in the former wetlands along the Newark
Bay.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2004
Confidential Client, Due Diligence Evaluation of Proposed Energy Project in NY and NJ
Performed a due diligence evaluation for a client considering investing in a proposed energy project that
involves placement of a submerged energy pipeline in waters that extend from New Jersey to New York.
Reviewed reports of underwater and upland cultural resources investigations and associated comments
from respective state reviewers to evaluate the complexity of reported results, the requests for further
studies by regulators, and their monetary implications for project investors.
Cultural Resources Principal Investigator, 2003-2004
United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Archeological, Historical and Geomorphological Study of
Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge, Sussex County, DE
Project Manager responsible for performance of a variety of studies focused on the Prime Hook National
Wildlife Refuge located near Milton, DE. Studies included performance of vibracores and test trenches on
the refuge property to collect samples for pollen analysis and to perform geomorphological inspections to
identify potential buried land surfaces that may contain intact prehistoric period archeological sites. Also
performed a limited oral history program to interview local minority group representatives including
Native Americans, Black populations, and other former occupants of refuge property to record
information about pre-refuge life-ways.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2004
Calpine, Bethpage Pipeline Project, NY
Prepared a cultural resources documentation package for review by the New York Office of Parks,
Recreation and Historic Preservation (the New York State Historic Preservation Office) in support of
FERC compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act, as amended. The package
described the current conditions of the project area of potential effect and estimated its potential cultural
resources sensitivity.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1999 to 2004
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, New Bedford Harbor Superfund Site, MA
Responsible for cultural resources activities in support of EPA’s cleanup activities at the New Bedford
Harbor Superfund site. Provided assistance in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic
Preservation Act including SHPO consultation, Native American consultation, development of scopes of
work and their implementation involving studies focused on upland and intertidal archeology, marine
archeology, architectural history and identification of potential historic districts. Duties involved
coordination with project engineers, property owners, internal resources field teams and agency officials,
and oversight of all cultural resource studies reports.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2001
Western Frontier Pipeline Company, L.L.C., Western Frontier Pipeline Project Third-Party
Environmental Impact Statement, CO, KS, OK
Prepared cultural resources sections of a third-party Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) that evaluated
construction and operation impacts of a 409-mile long natural gas pipeline, 2 new compressor stations, 9
meter stations, and appurtenant facilities in Colorado, Kansas, and Oklahoma. These facilities are under
the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). The EIS evaluated potential
impacts on the environment (e.g., including cultural resources), and consided various system, major route,
Page 3 of 21
000990
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
and above ground facility alternatives and route variations. The EIS provided recommendations to avoid
and/or minimize environmental impacts and addressed comments raised by the public.

Cultural Resources Task Lead, 2002 - Present
U.S. Navy, Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Jamaica Island Landfill Remediation Project, Kittery, ME
Assist US Navy in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as
amended. Work with project engineers to develop appropriate field approaches for identifying cultural
resources in areas where the proposed project may affect prehistoric and historic cultural resources that
may have the potential to be eligible to the National Register of Historic Places. Project involved removal
of hazardous materials from a landfill, introduction of clean capping material, and creation of new
recreational area parking facilities.

Cultural Resources Task Lead, 2002
U.S. Navy, Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant, Calverton, NY
Assisting US Navy in compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as
amended. Working with project engineers to develop appropriate field approaches for identifying cultural
resources in areas where the proposed project may affect prehistoric and historic cultural resources that
may have the potential to be eligible to the National Register of Historic Places. Proposed project
involving removal of hazardous materials from a landfill and restoration of former ponds and wetlands.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2002 - 2003
Confidential Client, Confidential LNG Project
Directed cultural resources study of three proposed pipeline marine and upland route alternatives. Data
were used to evaluate the feasibility of the proposed project. Participated in selection of a preferred
marine and upland pipeline route and location for a proposed off-shore LNG facility in US waters. Future
studies will include upland and marine cultural resources surveys.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2001 - 2002
CMS Energy, Trunkline LNG Terminal Expansion Project, Calcasieu Parish, LA
Activities are designed to assist client in obtaining a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity
from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FREC) for the proposed project. Project includes
cultural resources consultation with the Louisiana State Historic Preservation Officer, development of an
Unanticipated Discovery Plan, Native American consultation, and development of FERC Resource
Report No. 4.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2001 - 2002
Dynegy, Hackberry LNG Project, Cameron and Calcasieu Parishes, LA
Managed cultural resources work designed to support client in obtaining a Certificate of Public
Convenience and Necessity from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Activities include
consultation with the Louisiana State Historic Preservation Officer, Native American consultation,
oversight of archeological and architectural surveys of the proposed pipeline right-of-way, development
of an Unanticipated Discovery Plan, and development of FERC Resource Report No. 4.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2001 - Present
South Florida Water Management District, Loxahatchee Mitigation Bank, Palm Beach County, FL
Support project on all cultural resources issues. Conducted Phase I examination of South Parcel Mound
and identified an isolated prehistoric-period artifact within a portion of Florida where few prehistoric
archeological sites are known. Work was conducted in compliance with Tetra Tech FW, Inc.'s ERP and
ACOE Section 404 permits for the Loxahatchee Mitigation Bank.

Page 4 of 21
000991
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Lead, 2002
Rochester Gas and Electric Company, Russell Station Repowering Feasibility Study, Monroe
County, NY
Evaluated the cultural resources concerns that would need to be addressed by RG&E should they decide
to seek permits to repower the Russell Station, located in Greece, NY. The Feasibility Study involved
consideration of the application of various Clean Coal Technologies

Cultural Resources Quality Reviewer, 2002
Southern California Gas Company, L1030 Pipeline Replacement Project, Riverside County, CA
Performed a quality assurance review of a cultural resources evaluation report for a 6.2-mile natural gas
transmission pipeline replacement project. Recommendations were made for organization of the report
and clear presentation of information.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2002 - 2003
National Park Service, Jaite Paper Mill RP/EA and Restoration Project, Cuyahoga Valley National
Park, Cuyahoga and Summit Counties, OH
Working with a multidisciplinary team to support National Park Service efforts to evaluate the Jaite Paper
Mill for potential contamination and for potential historic values that may be appropriate for future public
interpretation. Tasks involve developing a remediation plan and supporting NPS in compliance with
Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. Tetra Tech FW, Inc. will assist in developing a
historic preservation plan that will allow cleanup activities to take place while preserving historic values
of the resource.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2001-2002
Florida Power and Light, Linfield Energy Center Permitting, Montgomery County, PA
Provided cultural resources input to permitting strategy for this project. Cultural resources studies
conducted in support of the project included an architectural inventory and evaluation of potential historic
properties within the project viewshed, and an assessment of potential archeological sensitivity of the
proposed project area. Assisted FP&L and the Army Corps of Engineers in consultation with the
Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission (functions as the State Historic Preservation Office).
Assisted in developing photosimulations of the project from specifically selected locations with critical
views of the project. Participated in public meetings about the project.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2000 - Present
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, GTAC-3, Valley Forge National Historic
Park, Asbestos Release Site, Valley Forge, PA
Assessed the cultural resources sensitivity of the area included within the Asbestos Release Site located
within the NPS’ Valley Forge National Historical Park. Developed a protocol to be followed during the
course of Remedial Investigation sediment sampling that would allow work to proceed with appropriate
attention paid to high cultural resource sensitivity areas. Assisted PADEP in developing workplans
acceptable to the NPS and assisted in consultation with the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum
Commission (functions as the State Historic Preservation Office).

Cultural Resources Lead, 2000 - Present
Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation, Johnstown (N. Market Street) Site, Johnstown, NY
Provided cultural resources assessment for the PSA/IRM study at the former Manufactured Gas Plant.
Also provided input that resulted in development of a plan for minimizing potential project impacts to an
adjacent historic property, the Johnstown Colonial Cemetery, listed on the National Register of Historic
Places.

Page 5 of 21
000992
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Lead, 2001-2002
Calpine Corporation, Chippokes Energy Center, Surry County, VA
Lead cultural resources specialist working as part of a multidisciplinary team to obtain permits for
construction and operation of a combined-cycle gas-fired electric generating plant. Provided oversight of
Phase I cultural resources investigation of the proposed project area.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 2000
Florida Gas Transmission Company, FGT Phase V Expansion Project, Florida, Alabama, MS
Responsible for preparing cultural resources sections of a third-party Environmental Impact Statement
(EIS) for construction of 231.1 miles of 16 pipeline segments (loops, laterals, and a rehab segment),
additional compression at 11 stations (including construction of 2 new compressor stations), and various
metering and regulator facilities in Florida, Alabama, and Mississippi.

Cultural Resources Task Manager, 1999 - Present
Lead Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999 - Present
Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC, Phase IA and IB Surveys for the Stagecoach
Storage Project, Towns of Owego and Nichols, Tioga County, NY
Serves as Lead Cultural Resources Specialist on this project. Work is being conducted in support of a
FERC certificate and supports CNYOGC and FERC in complying with Section 106 of the National
Historic Preservation Act. Responsibilities include compiling Phase IA and Phase IB studies for the
project working with a subcontractor, and developing the project Plan for Addressing Unanticipated
Cultural Resources Including Human Remains that will be used during project construction. She has also
supported project consultation with SHPO and interested Native American representatives.

Lead Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999 - Present
PANDA Energy, Trans - Union Pipeline Project, LA and AR
Assist Trans-Union Pipeline L.P. in conducting all cultural resources studies in support of attaining a
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Certificate for construction and operation of an interstate gas
pipeline in Louisiana and Arkansas. Responsibilities include developing plans to address unanticipated
cultural resources, managing Native American consultation, providing overall guidance for cultural
resources surveys within the project area of potential effect, and coordinating agency consultations in
compliance with section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1996 - Present
U.S. Army Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville Ordnance and Explosive Center of
Expertise, Former Fort Hancock EE/CA
Developed and presented a Worker Education Program geared toward familiarizing UXO experts with the
potential range of cultural materials that could be expected to occur on the historic facility. Also
developed a plan and procedures to be followed in the event that UXO investigators identified potential
cultural resources in addition to UXO during their investigations. Former Fort Hancock is listed in the
National Register of Historic Places and contains a lighthouse that is also listed on the register. Developed
a program to assist U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in its compliance with Section 106 of the National
Historic Preservation Act.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1995 - Present
Virginia Electric and Power Company, Roanoke Rapids and Lake Gaston Hydroelectric
Relicensing Projects, Mecklenburg and Brunswick Counties, VA, and Warren, Northampton and
Halifax Counties, NC
Responsible for cultural resources tasks associated with FERC relicensing of two hydroelectric projects
on the Roanoke River. Tasks included consulting with SHPOs and FERC; developing appropriate scopes
of work sufficient to support NHPA Section 106 documentation of project effects on cultural resources;
Page 6 of 21
000993
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
implementing all associated cultural resources studies; providing assessment of project impacts; preparing
a report of all findings, conclusions, and recommendations; and developing a cultural resources
management plan.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1984 - Present
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Roebling Steel Company Remedial Investigation/Feasibility
Study (RI/FS), Florence Township, NJ
Responsible for Stage 1 and Stage 2 cultural resources investigations. Project tasks include developing
archival inventory of hundreds of documents, blueprints and miscellaneous company papers left by site
corporate occupants; architectural inventory of over 90 Roebling plant structures; completion of form for
Roebling Steel Company site nomination to National Register of Historic Places; and archeological
testing at selected locations within the industrial site. Provides cultural resources input to project remedial
engineers determining appropriate remediation for specific buildings on the property. Also works with
engineers to keep open vast possibilities for adaptive property reuse.

Project Manager/Principal Investigator, 2000
United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Phase I Cultural Resources Survey for the Harding
Borrow Area, Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, Morris County, NJ
Directed the Phase IA background literature work and development of project area archeological
sensitivity analysis. She also participated in and directed the Phase IB archeological field investigation in
an area proposed as a source of clean borrow material to be used in the nearby remediation of a
contaminated landfill site. Conducted work in support of USFWS compliance with Section 106 of the
National Historic Preservation Act. Prepared a report according to the guidelines of the New Jersey
Historic Preservation Office. Identified, but did not recommend, one historic period archeological site as a
possible addition to the National Register of Historic Places.

Cultural Resources Lead, 2000
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Olean Wellfield Superfund site, Olean, NY
Conducted Stage II cultural resources investigation in coordination with Remedial Action work
assignment under the EPA RAC II Contract to complete the remediation of the site in accordance with the
Remedial Design prepared under the EPA ARCS II Contract. Conducted the cultural resources
investigation in Level C to determine if remnants of the Genesee Valley Canal, potentially eligible for
listing in the National Register of Historic Places, were extant in the area that would undergo remediation.
Work involved backhoe excavation to a depth of 14 feet in order to allow examination and recordation of
a cross-section of the area slated for remediation. Planned work to reveal, if present, remnants of the
former canal prior to proposed removal of soils from the Superfund site.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 2000
North Baja Pipeline, LLC, Pacific Gas and Electric Pipeline Project Riverside and Imperial
Counties, Southern California, Riverside and Imperial Counties, Southern CA
Provided review of cultural resources report developed as part of a FERC project application.

Lead Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999 - 2001
South Carolina Pipeline Corporation; Carolinas Pipeline Project, SC and NC
Assisted South Carolina Pipeline Corporation in conducting all cultural resources studies in support of
attaining a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Certificate for construction and operation of a 280-
mile interstate gas pipeline in South Carolina and North Carolina. Responsibilities included developing
plans to address unanticipated cultural resources, Native American consultation, overall guidance for
cultural resources surveys within project areas of potential effect, and coordinating agency consultation in
compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act.

Page 7 of 21
000994
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999 - 2000
Guardian Pipeline, L.L.C., Guardian Pipeline Project Third-party Environmental Impact
Statement, IL and WI
Prepared cultural resources sections of a third-party Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) that evaluated
construction and operation impacts of a 149-mile-long natural gas pipeline, 1 new compressor station, 7-
meter stations, and appurtenant facilities in Illinois and Wisconsin (Guardian Pipeline Project) and about
38 miles of lateral pipeline in Wisconsin (WGC Lateral Line Project). The facilities associated with the
Guardian Pipeline and WGC Lateral Line Projects were under the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy
Regulatory Commission (FERC) and the Public Service Commission of Wisconsin (PSCW), respectively.
Both facilities were analyzed in a single EIS. Responsibilities included preparing a cultural resources
technical write-up evaluation of possible project impacts to cultural properties potentially eligible for the
National Register of Historic Places.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999 - 2000
US Army Corps of Engineers New England Division, Upper Cape Water Supply Project, MA
Provided cultural resources oversight for preparation of the federal and state environmental
documentation for development of regional municipal water supply within the Massachusetts Military
Reservation, Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Assisted in Native American Consultation. Responsible for
supporting activities involving compliance with Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999 - 2000
Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, Stagecoach Expansion Project, PA, NJ, NY
Responsible for reviewing the cultural resources survey reports prepared for the expansion project
consisting of 24 miles of new lateral, 4 miles of looping, selected replacements along 74 miles of pipeline,
and a compressor station in Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999 - 2000
The Mason and Hangar Group, Inc./USACE Louisville District, Fort Dix, NJ
Assessed potential project impacts to cultural resources and prepared sections for an EIS for the
construction of a centralized tactical vehicle wash facility at Fort Dix.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999
Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation, Glens Falls Site, Glens Falls, NY
Collected data for and prepared Phase I Cultural Resources Report to satisfy conditions of a Consent
Decree Order for the former MGP site.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1999
Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation, Schenectady (Seneca St.) Site, Schenectady, NY
Collected data for and prepared Phase I Cultural Resources Report to satisfy conditions of a Consent
Decree Order for the former MGP site.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1998 - 2000
Mobile District Corps of Engineers, Jackson Port EIS, Jackson, AL
Cultural resources lead for a politically sensitive fast-tract NEPA EIS. Prepared cultural resources
sections of EIS.

Page 8 of 21
000995
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Specialist, 1998 - 1999
TriState Pipeline, L.L.C., TriState Pipeline Project Third-party Environmental Impact Statement,
IN, IL, and MI
Prepared cultural resources sections for a third-party EIS for Tri-State’s proposed 228-mile-long pipeline
and appurtenant facilities in Indiana, Illinois, and Michigan. Responsibilities included evaluating project
impacts to cultural resources that were potentially eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1998 - 1999
Independence Pipeline and Market Link Expansion Projects Third-party EIS, IL, IN, MI, OH, PA,
and NJ
Prepared the cultural resources sections of a third-party EIS for multiple pipeline projects consisting of a
proposed 624-mile-long pipeline in Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
Responsibilities included evaluating project impacts to cultural resources that were potentially eligible for
the National Register of Historic Places.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1998 - 1999
Millennium Pipeline Project Third-party EIS, NY
Prepared the cultural resources sections of a third-party EIS for Millennium’s proposed 424-mile-long
pipeline project proposed to extend from an interconnection with Trans Canada Pipelines Ltd. to the
outskirts of New York City, NY. Evaluated project impacts to cultural resources that were potentially
eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1998
FERC, Amended North Alabama Pipeline Project, AL
Prepared the cultural resources sections of a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for
Southern Natural Gas Company’s Amended North Alabama Pipeline Project. Project facilities included
26.9 miles of 16-inch-diameter pipeline, 0.2 mile of 12-inch-diameter pipeline, and two-meter stations in
Morgan, Madison, and Limestone Counties, Alabama. Responsibilities included evaluating project
impacts to cultural resources that were potentially eligible for the National Register of Historic Places and
addressing comments raised by the public.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1998
Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation, Johnstown (N. Market St.) Site, Johnstown, NY
Collected data for and prepared Phase I Cultural Resources Report to satisfy conditions of a Consent
Decree Order for the former MGP site.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1997 - 1998
FERC, Portland Natural Gas Transmission System EIS, VT, NH, ME
Prepared cultural resources sections for EIS for 242 miles of pipeline in Vermont, New Hampshire, and
Maine.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1997
FERC, Destin Pipeline Project, Gulf of Mexico and Pascagoula, MS
Responsible for preparing the cultural resources section of EIS that included 75.6 miles of offshore
pipeline in the Gulf of Mexico (in Federal, Alabama and Mississippi state waters), 117.7 miles of onshore
pipeline in Mississippi, 2 new compressor stations, 7 new meter stations, associated facilities (liquids slug
catcher, offshore gathering platform), and the non-jurisdictional gas processing plant in Pascagoula,
Mississippi.

Page 9 of 21
000996
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Specialist, 1996 - 1997
FERC; SeaBoard Expansion and Niagara Expansion Projects, NY, PA, NJ
Prepared the cultural resources sections of an EA for a project involving multiple applicants, facilities,
and states. Proposed facilities included Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corporation’s looping of 22.8
miles and replacement of 6.3 miles of pipeline, and upgrade/modification of existing aboveground
facilities in Pennsylvania and New Jersey; National Fuel Gas Supply Corporation’s modification of two
existing compressor stations and 7 existing metering and regulating stations in New York and
Pennsylvania; and Tennessee Gas Pipe Line Company’s modification of an existing compressor station in
New York. Responsible for evaluating project impacts to cultural resources that were potentially eligible
for the National Register of Historic Places and for addressing comments raised by the public.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1995 - 1997
FERC, Granite State LNG Project, Wells, ME
Prepared the cultural resources sections of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for Granite State's
proposed LNG Storage Facility in Wells, Maine.

Lead Cultural Resources Specialist, 1995 - 1996
Pennsylvania Electric Company, Seward Generating Station Project
Conducted Phase I cultural resources investigation of historic generating station to assess impacts of
proposed expansion project. Focus of study involved both archeological and architectural resources.
Produced a report for review by Pennsylvania State Historic Preservation Office.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1995
FERC, Steuben Gas Storage Company, Thomas Corners Gas Storage Field Project, NY
Prepared the cultural resources sections of an EA for the proposed development of a gas storage field and
construction of a new 3,284 hp compressor station and 6.45 miles of 12-inch diameter pipeline in Steuben
County, New York.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1995
Northwest Pipeline Company, Animas-LaPlata Pipeline Relocation, CO
Responsible for assisting Northwest Pipeline in complying with Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's
(FERCs) cultural resources requirements for pipeline certification. Activities included summarizing all
extant cultural resources information into Resources Report No. 4 document for FERC. Project involved
the relocation of an extant pipeline to a new location in anticipation of the proposed Bureau of
Reclamation's proposed Ridges Basin Dam and Reservoir Project that, if built, will cover approximately
six miles of the extant pipeline.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1995
Northwest Pipeline Company, Expansion II Project, WA, WY, OR, ID
Developed work scope and secured qualified subcontractors to serve as Project Forensic Anthropologists.
Offered to provide services in the event that unanticipated human remains and/or cultural materials were
discovered during the course of proposed Northwest Pipeline construction. Assisted Task Lead in
developing multiple Cultural Resources Mitigation Plans and Procedures, which were tailored for
proposed facilities in Washington, Wyoming, Oregon, and Idaho.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1994 - 1999
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Cultural Resources Industry Outreach Training
Assisted FERC in providing outreach training to pipeline industry professionals. Tasks included preparing
a workbook and an eight-hour presentation focused on educating pipeline industry professionals about
cultural resources and FERC's guidelines for cultural resources investigations. Also provided assistance to
FERC by responding to written and oral questions from pipeline industry professionals.
Page 10 of 21
000997
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist

Cultural Resources Lead, 1994
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District, Environmental Analysis and Documentation of
U.S. Army Research Laboratory Materials Directorate Interim Facilities, Newark, DE, and
Dundalk and Hunt Valley, MD
Assessed potential impacts to three potential sites slated to accommodate the United States Army
Research Laboratory interim move from Watertown, Massachusetts. The facilities would ultimately be
moved into nearby constructed or renovated facilities at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. Prepared
Section 106 cultural resources documentation.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1994
FERC, Liberty Pipeline Project, KY, IN, PA, NJ, and NY
Responsible for the cultural resources sections of the draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for the
269 mile-long Liberty Pipeline Project in Kentucky, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New
York.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1993
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Marshall Space Flight Center Environmental
Compliance Evaluation, AL
Conducted an environmental compliance assessment of Marshall Space Flight Center's activities with
regard to requirements of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA). Reviewed and compared all
applicable regulations with information collected during a site visit and through telephone interviews.
Stated observations about deficiencies in NHPA compliance and provided recommendations that would
correct all deficiencies.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1993
AlliedSignal, Inc., Sumitomo Machinery Corporation, Teterboro Facility Cleanup, Teterboro, NJ
Evaluated potential impacts of proposed removal of radiologically contaminated soils on cultural
resources that were eligible for National Register inclusion. Examined the project area, located within the
New Jersey Meadowlands, during a walkover survey. Consulted historical documentation of area
development along with historical cartographic sources. Of particular interest was a historic drainage
ditch that may have related to early attempts to drain the Meadowlands in preparation for agricultural use.

Environmental Lead, 1993
Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, Throgs Neck Bridge Toll Plaza CEQR
Responsible for coordinating multidisciplinary environmental assessment of a proposed structural
expansion of TBTA facilities.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1992 - 1993
Tennessee Valley Authority, EIS on the Resource Management Plan for TVA's Land Between the
Lakes, Western KYand TN
Provided comments and recommendations to TVA regarding their draft of the EIS for the Land Between
the Lakes (LBL) Resource Management Plan. Worked with TVA staff to strengthen sections that
addressed cultural resources management within the LBL facility.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1992
Chevron, South Plainfield Remediation Project, South Plainfield, NJ
Designed the strategy and provided oversight for a study which produced a Site Fill History based on
archival, cartographic, and historic photographic resources.

Page 11 of 21
000998
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Specialist, 1992
Edison Township, Edison-Tylor Estates Compliance Review, Edison Township, NJ
Provided cultural resources compliance review services to township in New Jersey for an ongoing
archeological data recovery excavation. Responsibilities included field inspections, field investigation
reports, identification of potential problems, and recommendations.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1992
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District, Army Research Laboratory Relocation,
Adelphi, MD
Responsible for Environmental Assessment (EA) of the sites at Adelphi Laboratory Center where
construction was proposed to accommodate incoming Army Research Laboratory facilities. Conducted
archeological field investigations of early 20th century residential site to determine its potential National
Register eligibility.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1991 - 1992
Crown Energy, L.P. and Vista Energy, L.P., Crown/Vista Energy Project, West Deptford
(Gloucester County), NJ
Responsible for Phase I and II archeological investigations at site proposed for development of a coal-
fired electricity generating station. Project resulted in the identification of extensive prehistoric cultural
resources within the study area. Conducted project in compliance with the New Jersey Waterfront
Development Act, Coastal Permit Program Regulations, and Rules on Coastal Zone Management.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1991 - 1992
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District, Army Research Laboratory Environmental
Impact Statement (EIS), Aberdeen, MD
Responsible for Environmental Impact Assessment of facilities slated to be moved to Aberdeen Proving
Ground from Watertown, Massachusetts as part of the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC)
legislation. Assessed both the archeological potential of project areas and the possible impacts of the
proposed project to potentially National Register-eligible World War II-era structures.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1991
Oxbow Power Corporation, Oxbow Wheatfield Greenhouse Site Project, North Tonawanda, NY
Responsible for Phase 1A and 1B cultural resources investigations of proposed greenhouse facilities in
Wheatfield, New York that would use steam power generated from a nearby cogeneration facility.
Discovered a solitary prehistoric projectile point within the proposed project area.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1990
Cogen Technologies, Linden Cogeneration Project, Linden, NJ and Staten Island, NY
Evaluated the archeological potential of the Staten Island portion of a proposed cogeneration project in
Linden, New Jersey with an associated underwater transmission line to Staten Island, New York.
Successfully presented case to New York State Historic Preservation Office that extant documentation of
disturbance in project impact area precluded the need for field investigations of New York portion of
project area.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1990
Municipal Electric Authority of Georgia (MEAG), Site Selection Study, GA
Worked with a multidisciplinary team to identify sites within the State of Georgia suitable for
accommodating a 200-400-megawatt (MW) peaking combustion turbine unit. Defined exclusion criteria
for each discipline including cultural resources. Finally identified three suitable sites that satisfied all
criteria.

Page 12 of 21
000999
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Specialist, 1990
Energy Initiatives, Inc., Bermuda Hundred Cogeneration Project, Chesterfield County, VA
Conducted a visual assessment of the impacts of a proposed cogeneration facility on ante-bellum
plantation sites within the James River Valley in Virginia that were eligible for inclusion in the National
Register.

Environmental Lead, 1989 - 1994
New Jersey Water Supply Authority, Lumberville Wing Dam Rehabitation Environmental
Assessment, Lumberville, PA and Bulls Island, NJ
Responsible for a multidisciplinary team that conducted an environmental assessment of the proposed
rehabilitation of the Lumberville Wing Dam. The dam was associated with the Delaware and Raritan
Canal, which were listed on the National Register. Project included both conducting an upland
archeological field investigation and recording a National Register eligibility assessment of the 19th
century Lumberville Wing Dam following its exposure through dewatering of the Delaware River.
Coordinated the dam cultural resources study with engineering rehabilitation tasks. Conducted work to
assist client in compliance with Section 106 of National Historic Preservation Act.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1989 - 1990
Jersey Central Power and Light Company, Red Bank-Aberdeen 230 kV Transmission Line,
Monmouth County, NJ
Responsible for evaluating effects of project construction on historic architectural and archeological sites,
evaluating visual impacts to a National Register Historic District, preparing NHPA Section 106
compliance documentation, and preparing New Jersey Historic Sites Encroachment Application.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1989 - 1990
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; Cultural Resource Task Assignments, ID and ME
Provided cultural resources input to EISs for the relicensing of both the Twin Falls/Auger Falls/Star Falls
Hydroelectric Projects (Idaho) and the Kennebec Hydroelectric Plant relicensing (Maine).

Principal Investigator, 1989
TAMS, Arnold Street Site Archeological Survey Project, Staten Island, NY
Responsible for conducting an archeological survey and testing at the site of proposed United States Navy
Homeport housing site. One goal of the testing was to confirm the presence/absence of potential cultural
resources identified on the basis of prior documentary research. Cartographic sources had indicated the
project location as the former site of a house complex designed by famed architect Alexander Jackson
Davis and it was anticipated that the house might also have had associated gardens possibly designed by
landscape architect Andrew Jackson Downing.

Project Manager, 1989
Harborview Associates, Phase 1A Cultural Resources Study, Staten Island, NY
Developed and implemented scope of work including archeological background research, field visit and
project impact assessment at target development site. Prepared a report for presentation to Landmarks
Preservation Commission.

Cultural Resources Task Leader, 1989
Hackensack Meadowlands Development Corporation, Work Scope for Hackensack Meadowlands
Special Area Management Plan EIS, NJ
Developed cultural resources work scope for HMDC EIS for the New Jersey Meadowlands.

Page 13 of 21
001000
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Project Archeologist, 1989
North Carolina Low Level Radioactive Waste Siting Authority, Site Selection Environmental
Criteria, NC
Responsible for collecting and evaluating cultural resources information for use in the selection of
alternative potential project sites. Developed cultural resources criteria that were applied to
multidisciplinary comparisons of multiple sites. Based on comparisons to each other and against the
defined criteria (from various disciplines), sites were ordered according to a preferential scale from most
desirable to least desirable.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1988 - 1993
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Multiple Task Assignments, Nationwide
Supported FERC by preparing cultural resources applicant data requests and by writing sections for
numerous EISs and EAs. Also assisted FERC in compliance reviews of numerous projects including
ANR Pipeline Project (Wisconsin, Michigan, Illinois, Ohio), Ohio-Indiana Pipeline Project, COCO
Storage Replacement Project, Riverside Storage, ARKLA EA, FLEX-X EA, EF Expansion EA, 95/96 SE
Expansion EA, Roanoke Expansion Project, East Leg Expansion Project, Easton South Project, CNG-TL-
470X5 Project, the Liberty Pipeline (New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Kentucky)
Line L Replacement EA, Thomas Corner Gas Storage EA, and Majorsville Herd Crawford Storage EA.
Conducted field compliance checks, prepared project-related documentation for the Advisory Council on
Historic Preservation, and developed PMOA and MOA documents.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1988 - 1989
Taiwan Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Impact Assessment Short Course for
Taiwan EPA
Developed and presented lectures to representatives of Taiwan EPA about cultural resources management
in the United States. Emphasized issues relating to both the legislative base and the techniques applied.
Presenters representing other disciplines also participated as part of a team of lecturers.

Environmental Lead, 1987 - 1988
New Jersey Water Supply Authority, Stormwater and Sediment Control Study of Delaware and
Raritan Feeder Canal, Hunterdon and Somerset Counties, NJ
Responsible for coordinating environmental input for a multidisciplinary feasibility study to control,
reduce or eliminate stormwater and sediment from within the Delaware and Raritan Canal Feeder
between Kingwood Township and Upper Ferry Road. Assessed impacts of various engineering
alternatives on cultural resources including the Canal, Canal-associated resources and prehistoric cultural
resources. Participated in presentations to the client, state agencies, the D&R Canal Commission, and the
public.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1986 - 1988
New Jersey Department of the Treasury, Division of Building and Construction, Imlaystown Dam
Rehabilitation, Imlaystown, NJ
Responsible for coordination of environmental input to a multidisciplinary project to provide a design for
dam and spillway rehabilitation, and development of a recreation plan in the Imlaystown Historic District,
Monmouth County, New Jersey. Directly responsible for assessing impacts of the proposed project on the
historic district. Services included supervision of historical research and archeological field
investigations, laboratory analyses, interaction with project engineers, and preparation of documentation
for use by the State Historic Preservation Office in support of a Historic Sites Encroachment Application.

Page 14 of 21
001001
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Specialist, 1987
Jersey Central Power and Light, Environmental Assessment of 230 kV Substation and
Transmission Line Near Taylor Lane, Middletown Township, NJ
Performed assessment of the potential impacts of the proposed project on archeological and standing
historic architectural resources.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1987
Lawler, Matusky and Skelly, Engineers, Stage 1B Archeological Investigation of Northport Marine
Center, Northport, NY
Conducted Stage 1B archeological field investigation within an area of proposed construction. Test
trenches excavated using a backhoe revealed historic and prehistoric artifacts in a disturbed fill context.
No in situ artifactual materials were recovered.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1987
New Jersey Natural Gas, Proposed Office Building EIS, Rockaway Township, NJ
Conducted a Phase I archeological investigation of an area proposed for development. Work was
conducted in compliance with Rockaway Township, New Jersey cultural resources regulations. Shovel
tests revealed that the site is covered by at least two feet of fill. Concluded that the project area was not
archeologically sensitive for prehistoric or historic archeological resources. Visual inspection of the
surrounding area demonstrated a lack of National Register-eligible properties that would be affected by
the proposed construction.

Assistant Cultural Resources Lead, 1986 - 1987
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, South Atlantic District, Archeological Overview and Management
Plan for Military Ocean Terminal, Sunny Point (MOTSU), NC
Responsible for day-to-day operation of project activities associated with development of a historic
preservation plan.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1986 - 1987
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; New York District, New Sanitary Landfill Siting Study and EIS,
Fort Drum (Jefferson County), NY
Participated in multidisciplinary site selection study and developed cultural resources criteria that were
used to distinguish among several alternative potential sites. Also responsible for planning and executing
an archeological survey of the selected proposed sanitary landfill site.

Assistant Project Coordinator, 1986 - 1987
National Park Service, World War II in Alaska: A History and Resources Management Plan, AK
Responsible for coordinating subconsultant input for a cultural resources management plan for all World
War II Department of Defense (DoD) debris in Alaska. Conducted project as part of the Corps of
Engineers' Defense Environmental Restoration Project.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1986
Marcal Paper Mills, Marcal Paper Cogeneration Project, Elmwood Park (Bergen County), NJ
Evaluated archeological sensitivity of proposed project site. Evaluation included literature review,
cartographic study, and examination of site borings for evidence of buried land surfaces and presence of
cultural resources.

Page 15 of 21
001002
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Material Longevity Specialist, 1985
Anonymous Client
Provided results of documentary investigations into the uses of concrete and its potential survival over
time. Information was used to support selection of preferred alternative site capping design at a
contaminated site and was used to support court testimony.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1985
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Cannonsville Reservoir Enlargement
Study, New York, NY
Assessed environmental impacts of the proposed project on cultural and paleontological resources.
Prepared sections of a SEQR EIS document.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1985
Van Note Harvey and Associates, Canal Road Sewer Easement, West Windsor, NJ
Directed literature search, field investigation and report preparation for a Phase I study evaluating the
potential impact of a proposed sewerline on archeological cultural resources and the adjacent Delaware
and Raritan Canal.

Assistant Cultural Resources Lead, 1984 - 1988
New York Power Authority, Sound Cable Project, Westchester and Nassau Counties, NY
Worked with a multidisciplinary team to evaluate the potential impacts of the proposed project.
Participated in route selection for the proposed underground transmission line, upland archeological
investigation, inventory and evaluation of National Register-eligible structures in the project area, and
conducted underwater survey for prehistoric sites utilizing vibracore testing technology and application of
soil chemistry tests to identify prehistoric sites.

Assistant Project Manager, 1984 - 1985
Virginia Electric and Power Company, Site Selection Study for Coal-Fired Electric Generating
Facility, Mecklenburg, Buckingham and Greensville Counties, VA, and Bertie County, NC
Responsibilities included assuring project quality; coordinating with client, subconsultants and state
agencies; and preparing reports. Cultural resources identification and evaluation program included
extensive archeological surveys and preparation of environmental assessments of the four potential major
power plant sites.

Assistant Project Manager, 1984 - 1985
National Park Service, Historic Preservation Plan, Fort Drum (Jefferson County), NY
Responsible for supervising analysis of the results of an archeological survey of 107,000-acre Fort Drum.
Also assisted in developing a cultural resources preservation plan for the fort.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1984
Office of Nuclear Waste Isolation, Battelle Memorial Institute, Evaluation of Environmental
Impacts on Canyonlands National Park Due to Proposed Nuclear Waste Repository, UT
Evaluated the effect of construction and operation of a proposed nuclear waste repository in Lavendar and
Davis Canyons in Utah on cultural resources in Canyonlands National Park. Previously identified
resources included numerous Native American rock art sites and habitation sites. Special consideration
was given to the potential effects of salt and acid rain on masonry and rock, effects to sites due to
increased accessibility, and effects on cultural resources of vibrations from blasting sites located two to
three miles away.

Page 16 of 21
001003
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Cultural Resources Specialist, 1984
Holyoke Energy Recovery Company (HERCO), Waste-to-Energy Project, Holyoke, MA
Evaluated potential impacts of adverse air quality to historic structures in the vicinity of a proposed
energy recovery facility. Project area included numerous historic structures that were listed in or eligible
for the National Register. Prepared cultural resources sections of Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for
review by The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Department of Environmental Quality Engineering,
Western Region.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1984
United Illuminating, Environmental Compatibility Study for 115 kV Transmission Line,
Birdgeport, CT
Evaluated the impacts of a proposed transmission line to historic and pre-historic cultural resources.
Provided responses to interrogatories relative to cultural resources.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1983 - 1984
Alaska Power Authority, Susitna Hydroelectric Project, Susitna River Valley, AL
Responsible for reviews of cultural resources scopes of work, field investigation results, project impact
assessments and site mitigations. Assisted Cultural Resources Lead in day-to-day management issues.

Cultural Resources Specialist, 1983
U.S. Department of the Army, Environmental Assessment of Construction Projects, Fort Riley, KS
Worked as part of a multidisciplinary team to study potential environmental effects of proposed
construction projects at Fort Riley. Cultural resources concerns included numerous properties located
within Fort Riley that were listed in or eligible for the National Register.

Assistant Technical Manager, 1982 - 1988
National Park Service, DARCOM Archeological Overviews and Management Plans Project, VT,
CT, MA, NY, NJ, PA, MD, and VA
Responsible for the preparation of historical and archeological overviews and management plans for 19
United States Army DARCOM installations located throughout the northeastern United States including
Tobyhanna Army Depot, Scranton Army Ammunition Plant and Letterkenny Army Depot in
Pennsylvania; Watervliet Arsenal, Seneca Army Depot, and Rotterdam Housing Areas Nos. 1 and 2 in
New York; Natick Research and Development Laboratories, and Army Materiel and Mechanics Research
Center in Massachusetts; Picatinny Arsenal, Fort Monmouth (Main Post), Camp Charles Wood and the
Evans Area in New Jersey; Stratford Army Engineer Plant in Connecticut; Ethan Allen Firing Range in
Vermont; Harry Diamond Laboratories - Adelphi and Blossom Point Test Site, and Aberdeen Proving
Ground in Maryland; and Woodbridge Research Facility in Virginia. Project duties included coordinating
the work of five subcontractors, writing management sections of the overview documents, and editing
other sections contributed by co-authors.

Cultural Resources Lead, 1982 - 1983
Consolidated Edison, Coal Combustion Residue Disposal Facility Site Selection Study, NY and NJ
Responsible for evaluating the archeological sensitivity of a number of large land tracts in New York
State and New Jersey considered for selection as a waste disposal facility. Worked with multidisciplinary
team to establish preferential ordering of the subject sites according to criteria defined by the team.

Page 17 of 21
001004
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
COMMUNITY RELATIONS

Community Relations Lead, 2004
New Jersey City University, New Jersey City University West Campus Expansion, NJ.
Assisted New Jersey City University in composing a fact sheet that would inform stakeholders about the
University’s plans to expand its campus to include portions of a Brownfields site in Jersey City.
Proposed activities discussed in the newsletter included razing nine former industrial buildings,
remediating contamination at the site, and redeveloping the site for University use supported by some
commercial use.

Community Relations Specialist, 2000 - Present
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, GTAC-3, Valley Forge National Historic
Park Asbestos Release Site, Valley Forge, PA
Responsible for preparing a community relations plan, fact sheets and providing other support to client
during performance of a remedial investigation field effort, preparation of a remedial investigation report,
and feasibility study report for a 482-acre site within the Valley Forge National Historic Park where
asbestos contamination at concentrations up to 70% were found.

Community Relations Specialist, 1997 - Present
U.S. Army Engineering and Support Center, Huntsville, Former Fort Hancock Ordnance and
Explosive EE/CA, Sandy Hook, NJ
Responsible for developing the community outreach plan for this UXO investigation program. Also
provided various community relations support including assisting at community meetings with local
officials and developing display materials for public meetings.

Community Relations Specialist, 1991 - Present
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, ARCS II Programs
Responsible for developing and implementing community relations plans and activities related to
proposed remediation of numerous Superfund hazardous waste sites including Rockaway Boro RI/FS and
Cornell-Dubilier RI/FS..

Community Relations Specialist, 1999 - 2000
Port Authority of NY and NJ
Responsible for conducting interviews with PA NY NJ to identify the breadth of issues and anticipated
stakeholders associated with a potential project in the New York Harbor area.

Community Relations Specialist, 1999 - 2000
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, Morris County, NJ
Responsible for conducting research regarding facility history, conducting community interviews,
assisting in preparing community information meetings, preparing public notes and display materials, and
making presentations to community members about ongoing investigations at the Harding Landfill
Remediation Project located within the USFWS Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge..

Program Facilitator, 1998
Tetra Tech FW, Inc., Environmental Legislation and Standards Management Training Program,
NY
Responsible for overseeing the implementation of a course presented to oil industry professionals who
came to the US from Nigeria for the program.

Page 18 of 21
001005
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Community Relations Specialist, 1996 - 2000
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Phase II Remedial Investigation, Operable Unit 3 of the Asbestos
Dump Superfund Site, Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, Morris County, NJ
Responsible for implementing the project community relations program for this Superfund site located
within the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. Established and maintained two information
repositories, wrote and produced fact sheets for distribution to the public, organized public meetings and
open house sessions for local stakeholders, monitored project telephone "hotline", prepared news releases
and newspaper notices, updated project mailing list, and provided other community relations support as
needed.

Community Relations Specialist, 1995
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Albuquerque District, TERC, Holloman Air Force Base, NM
Developed Community Relations Plan for the IRP for the Holloman Air Force Base.

Community Relations Specialist, 1994
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers; Albuquerque District, Total Environmental Restoration Contract
(TERC), Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, NM
Developed Community Relations Plan for the Installation Restoration Program (IRP) for the Kirtland Air
Force Base.

Community Relations Specialist, 1988 - 1991
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, REM III Programs
Responsible for developing and implementing community relations plans and activities related to the
proposed remediations of numerous Superfund hazardous waste sites.
P PR RE EV VI IO OU US S E EX XP PE ER RI IE EN NC CE E
Cultural Resources Specialist, 1982 - 1983
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - New York District, Westside Highway Project, New York
Reconstructed former shorelines of the Hudson River based on study of core samples collected from
shoreline and submerged areas along the present-day shore. Based on reconstructions of submerged
topography, developed predictions of areas that had characteristics typical of known prehistoric
settlement in the northeast. Evaluated areas for their likelihood of inclusion in the list of National Register
prehistoric sites.

Independent Consultant/Principal Investigator, 1981
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - New York District, New York Harbor Collection and Removal of
Drift Project, DACW 51-81-M-1150, Hoboken to North Bergen Reach, NJ
Conducted background literature review and field examination of cultural resources within the Hoboken
to North Bergen Reach of the Hudson shoreline. Identified resources that were eligible for inclusion in the
National Register including features associated with existing properties listed in the National Register,
such as the Hoboken Train and Ferry Terminal

Principal Investigator, 1980 - 1982
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers - New York District, Ramapo River Flood Control Project, DACW
51-81-M-1336, Newton, NJ
Conducted background literature review and field investigation of proposed flood control project along
the Ramapo River near Oakland, New Jersey.

Page 19 of 21
001006
Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Field Director, 1979
Rockland County Sewer Authority, Phase I Cultural Resources Investigations of Proposed Sewer
Line Right of Ways, Rockland County, NY
Directed cultural resources reconnaissance surveys of proposed sewage collection systems in Rockland
and Ramapo, New York.

Investigator and Archeological Technician, 1978
Bureau of Land Management (Las Cruces District), Las Cruces, NM
Planned and performed all in-house project-related field surveys. Participated in an intensive National
Register-area nomination survey. Performed related laboratory and photographic work. Prepared cultural
resources sections of Environmental Analysis Record for Oliver Lee Memorial State Park.

University Professor, 1975-1984
American University, William Paterson College, Rutgers University, New York University, and
City University of New York’s Baruch College, Various Locations
Served on the faculties of American University, William Paterson College, Rutgers University, New York
University and the City University of New York's Baruch College. Taught Archeology, Anthropology,
and other related courses.

Archeological Crew Member, Summer Months 1973
New York Department of Transportation, I-88 Archeological Reconnaissance Survey, Buffalo, NY
Participated in reconnaissance survey of portions of proposed I-88 right-of-way.

Field Researcher, 1971-1977
The Catholic University, Franklin and Marshall College, The American University, Various
Locations
Field experience in prehistoric and historic archeology in Virginia (Thunderbird Archeological Project,
Front Royal, Virginia, through The Catholic University of America), and Pennsylvania (Faucett Site
Archeological Project, Bushkill, Pennsylvania, through Franklin and Marshall College) and Shawnee
Minisink Site, Shawnee-on-Delaware, Pennsylvania (through The American University).
P PU UB BL LI IC CA AT TI IO ON NS S & & P PR RE ES SE EN NT TA AT TI IO ON NS S
Publications:
McNett, C.W. Jr., B.A. McMillan, and S.B. Marshall. 1977. The Shawnee-Minisink Site. In: W.S.
Newman and B. Salwen (eds.), pp. 282-296. Amerinds and Their Paleoenvironments in Northeastern
North America. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 288.

Marshall, S.B. 1980. Descriptive Artifact Categories and Implied Function: A Problem in Archaeological
Semantics. Paper presented at Annual Meeting, Society for American Archaeology, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania.

Marshall, S.B. 1982. Aboriginal Settlement in New Jersey During the Paleo-Indian Cultural Period c.a.
10,000-6000 B.C. In: O. Chesler (ed.). New Jersey's Archaeological Resources from the Paleo-Indian
Period to the Present: A Review of Research Problems and Survey Priorities. Office of Cultural and
Environmental Services, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.

Marshall, S.B. 1984. Survivals of Prehistoric and Early Historic Archaeological Resources in Urban
Contexts. In: O. Chesler (ed.). Selected Papers in the Identification, Evaluation, and Protection of
Cultural Resources. Office of Cultural and Environmental Services, New Jersey Department of
Environmental Protection.

Page 20 of 21
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Dr. Sydne B. Marshall, PhD
Supervising Social Scientist
Marshall, S.B. 1985. Paleo-Indian Artifact Form and Function at Shawnee Minisink. In: C.W. McNett Jr.
(ed.). Shawnee Minisink: A Stratified Paleo-Indian Archaic Site in the Upper Delaware Valley of
Pennsylvania. Academic Press, California.

Marshall, S.B. 1993. Review of "Early Paleo-Indian Economies of Eastern North America, Research in
Economic Anthropology, Supplement 5, Kenneth Tankersly and Barry L. Isaac, editors." American
Antiquity.58(1):172-173.

Presentations:
Klein, J.I. and S.B. Marshall, 2002. Ethical Responsibility of Industrial Archaeologists to Communities
with Toxic Wastes. Paper presented to Annual Meeting of the Society for Industrial Archaeology,
Brooklyn, New York

Marshall, S.B. 1999. From the Spirit of Exploration to the Business of Archeology: Two surveys of the
Roanoke Rapids and Gaston Hydropower Project. Paper presented Middle Atlantic Archeological
Conference, Annual Meeting in Harrisburg, PA.

Marshall, S.B. 1995. Transportation Projects, Cultural Resources, and Hazardous Waste. Paper presented
to Transportation Research Board 74th Annual Meeting held in Washington, D.C.

Klein, J.I. and S.B. Marshall. 1989. Hazardous Site Archaeology: Problems, Issues and Concerns. Paper
presented to the First Joint Archaeological Congress, Baltimore, Maryland.
P PR RO OF FE ES SS SI IO ON NA AL L A AC CC CO OM MP PL LI IS SH HM ME EN NT TS S
Awarded Certificate of Appreciation for Assistance in implementing community outreach efforts in
October 1999 from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
P PR RO OF FE ES SS SI IO ON NA AL L A AF FF FI IL LI IA AT TI IO ON NS S
Society for American Archaeology
Professional Archaeologists of New York City
Page 21 of 21
001008



AVIAN AND BAT STUDIES FOR THE
PROPOSED ST. LAWRENCE WINDPOWER PROJECT,
JEFFERSON COUNTY, NEW YORK


INTERIM REPORT

April 2006 – November 2006


Prepared For:

St. Lawrence Windpower, LLC
1915 Kalorama Road #511
Washington, DC 20009






Prepared By:





Jessica J. Kerns, David P. Young, Jr., Christopher S. Nations,
and Victoria K. Poulton
Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc.
2003 Central Avenue
Cheyenne, Wyoming 82001



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Table of Contents
1.0 Introduction and Background ................................................................................................... 1
2.0 Study Area ................................................................................................................................ 3
3.0 Study Components.................................................................................................................... 5
3.1 Nocturnal Marine Radar Survey........................................................................................... 5
3.1.1 Methods.......................................................................................................................... 7
3.1.2 Results............................................................................................................................ 8
3.2 Raptor Migration Surveys................................................................................................... 14
3.2.1 Methods........................................................................................................................ 15
3.2.2 Results.......................................................................................................................... 16
3.3 Breeding Bird Survey ......................................................................................................... 20
3.3.1 Methods........................................................................................................................ 20
3.3.2 Results.......................................................................................................................... 23
3.4 Nocturnal AnaBat Surveys ................................................................................................. 25
3.4.1 Methods........................................................................................................................ 25
3.4.2 Results.......................................................................................................................... 27
4.0 Discussion............................................................................................................................... 30
4.1 Nocturnal Marine Radar Survey......................................................................................... 30
4.2 Raptor Migration Surveys................................................................................................... 32
4.3 Breeding Bird Survey ......................................................................................................... 33
4.4 Nocturnal AnaBat Surveys ................................................................................................. 34
5.0 Ongoing Studies...................................................................................................................... 36
6.0 References............................................................................................................................... 36

List of Tables

Table 1. Raptors and other large bird species observed while conducting diurnal migrant surveys
at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area. ...............................................................17
Table 2. Flight height characteristics and exposure indices by species observed during spring and
fall 2006 diurnal migrant surveys at the St. Lawrence Windpower site. ......................18
Table 3. Avian species observed while conducting diurnal breeding birds surveys within the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area. ..............................................................................23
Table 4. Number of sampling days, total number of calls recorded, and calls/night recorded by
each AnaBat unit for spring, summer, and fall sampling periods.................................28
Table 5. Relative call frequency of species recorded at the met tower during the sampling periods
of each season ..............................................................................................................29
Table 6. Number of detections by species during summer roaming AnaBat sampling..............29
Table 7. Results of radar studies at proposed and existing wind project sites in the U.S...........31
Table 8. Number of raptors observed per surveyor hour in the project area and at six established
New York spring/fall hawk watch sites in 2006. ..........................................................33



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List of Figures

Figure 1. Proposed St. Lawrence Windpower project location. ...................................................2
Figure 2. Land use/land cover of the St. Lawrence Windpower project area...............................4
Figure 3. Fixed radar location and 3 migrant raptor survey locations for the St. Lawrence
Windpower project area. ................................................................................................6
Figure 4. Observed fall flight directions in the project area. ........................................................9
Figure 5. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates in horizontal mode. .............................................10
Figure 6. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates recorded in vertical mode....................................10
Figure 7. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates recorded in vertical mode....................................11
Figure 8. Mean r 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.....................................11
Figure 9. Frequency histogram of targets by height class, sampling at 1.5-km range. .............12
Figure 10. Mean + 1 SE nightly flight altitude sampling at 1.5 km range. ................................13
Figure 11. Mean + 1 SE hourly flight altitude sampling at 1.5-km range. .................................13
Figure 12. Mean + 1 SE nightly target air speed. .......................................................................14
Figure 13. Diurnal avian estimates for each survey point by season..........................................20
Figure 14. Breeding bird survey point count locations for the project area. ..............................22
Figure 15. AnaBat survey locations for the project area... .........................................................26







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1.0 Introduction and Background

St. Lawrence Windpower, LLC (SLW) is evaluating the feasibility of wind energy development
in Jefferson County, New York. The proposed project, St. Lawrence Wind Power Project, is
located south of the St. Lawrence River and north of Chaumont Bay, near the town of Cape
Vincent, New York (Figure 1). The small town of Clayton is located approximately 6 miles
from the northernmost border of the project. The exact location and size of the development will
be based on a number of factors including power purchase agreement(s), electricity markets,
transmission constraints, permitting, and results of site surveys.

Through the early project evaluation process, SLW contacted the New York State Department of
Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) to introduce the project and determine biological
resources of concern for the project. Issues that were raised included potential impacts from the
project on avian and bat resources, in particular nocturnal migrant birds and migrant raptors,
migrant bats, and species of concern that may occupy the site. In response to comments from the
NYSDEC, SLW requested that Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc. (WEST) develop an avian
and bat survey protocol for a one-year study that would address the agency concerns and provide
site-specific data for the resources of concern.

The principal goals of the study, initiated in April 2006, were to:
1) Provide baseline information on avian and bat resources and use of the study area that is
useful in evaluating potential impacts from wind power development;
2) Provide baseline information on avian and bat migration over the proposed development
area that is useful in evaluating the relative risk of the proposed wind project location;
3) Provide information on avian, bat, and sensitive species use of the study area that will
help in designing a wind plant that is less likely to expose species to potential collisions
with turbines, and;
4) Provide recommendations for further monitoring studies and potential mitigation
measures, if appropriate.

Specific objectives of the study are to: (1) describe and quantify nocturnal migration over the
proposed project area; (2) describe and quantify spring and fall (diurnal) raptor migration
through the proposed project; (3) describe and quantify breeding bird use in the proposed
development area (turbine locations); (4) describe and quantify migrant bat use over the
proposed project; (5) identify resident bat species in the project area; (6) describe and quantify
waterfowl migration through the project area; (7) and identify the presence of any federal and
state-listed species that may occur within in the project area, as well as potential habitat for these
species. The protocol was developed based on input from NYSDEC and the USFWS, as well as
the expertise and experience of WEST implementing and conducting similar studies for wind
energy development throughout the U.S. This interim report presents results from fall nocturnal
migrant surveys, migrant and breeding bat surveys, breeding bird surveys, and diurnal point
count surveys for migrant raptors. A final report will be prepared following the spring season
which will provide results of all the surveys including results from sensitive species surveys,
wintering raptor and waterfowl surveys, AnaBat sampling, breeding bird surveys, and spring
migration surveys.
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2.0 Study Area

The proposed project area is located within the Great Lakes Plain ecozone in northern New York
(Andrle and Carroll 1988). Elevation of the ecozone varies from about 100-500 feet. The
dominant vegetation type was historically northern hardwood forest: oaks, beech, sugar maple,
white ash, and black cherry; but agricultural clearing has left the region approximately 20%
wooded (Andrle and Carroll 1988). Some of the overall project area is characterized by Alvar
ecosystems: grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and sparsely vegetated rock barrens that develop
on flat limestone where soils are very shallow (Edinger et al. 2002).

The land within the project area is privately owned and the primary land use is agriculture and
dairy farming (Figure 2). There are scattered farms and houses throughout the project and
adjacent to the roads. Vegetation of the project is a mosaic of open grass/hay fields, cultivated
agriculture, and scattered deciduous tree wood lots. The deciduous forest type tends to be
variable in size with some small woodlots intermixed with agriculture fields and some larger
blocks of forest, particularly in low-lying areas unsuitable for farming. Several inlets, creeks,
and wetland forests occur within the project area. Most of the project development will occur in
agricultural fields.




























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3.0 Study Components

The one-year avian and bat preconstruction study consists of nocturnal marine radar sampling
during the spring and fall migration periods; diurnal point count surveys from fixed point
locations conducive to observing raptors and other large birds; breeding bird survey point counts;
AnaBat sampling for migrating bats during the spring and fall; AnaBat sampling for resident
bats, including presence of the Indiana bat, during the summer; winter and early spring
waterfowl and raptor surveys; and habitat-focused surveys for federal and state-listed species.
This interim report will present the results of the fall season radar sampling, spring/fall raptor
migration surveys, breeding bird survey, and migrating and breeding bat surveys.

3.1 Nocturnal Marine Radar Survey

The overall purpose of the nocturnal marine radar survey is to characterize avian migration over
the project area and provide data that can be used to determine the relative magnitude of
nocturnal migration over the proposed development area when compared to other sites. The
primary objective of the radar study is to collect baseline information on flight direction, passage
rates, and flight altitude of nocturnal migrants at a representative sampling location for the
proposed development area.

A single radar unit was used for the fall migration season defined as 15 August – 15 October.
The radar lab consists of an X-band marine radar, transmitting at 9,410 MHz with power output
of 12 kW, mounted on a vehicle. Similar radar labs have been successfully used to monitor
nocturnal avian migration and are described in Cooper et al. (1991) and Harmata et al. (1999).
The sampling location was selected based on constraints of the radar (e.g., minimization of
ground interference), property ownership, access, and comments from the NYSDEC and
USFWS (Figure 3). Based on comments from the NYSDEC and USFWS, the ideal radar
sampling point to allow characterization of avian/bat movement along the shoreline, as well as
over inland areas, was restricted to those areas approximately 1.5-km from the shoreline. To
decrease ground clutter, the unit was positioned in a small hollow so that surrounding
topography reflected the lower portion of the main beam, producing a clear picture of sky
beyond.












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3.1.1 Methods

The study period for radar sampling was 63 days during the fall migration season and will be
approximately 45 days during the spring. Due to the constraints of marine radar, sampling
during some nights was compromised or cancelled due to rain, so the total number of sampled
nights was less than the total study period. Nocturnal radar sampling occurred from
approximately sunset each night until sunrise the following morning. Each night was broken
down into 60-min sampling periods that consisted of:

1) one 5-min session to collect weather data and adjust the radar to surveillance (i.e.,
horizontal) mode,
2) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) with the radar in surveillance mode
collecting information on migration traffic (passage) rates;
3) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) with the radar in surveillance mode
collecting information on flight direction and speed of targets, as well as general
location of migrants;
4) one 5-min break to adjust radar to vertical mode;
5) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on migration traffic (passage) rate;
6) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on flight altitudes below 1500 m;
7) one 5-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on the spatial distribution and altitudes of birds along an east-west
transect axis; and,
8) one 5-min long-range session (3.0 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on flight altitudes below 3000 m.

The following weather data was collected at the beginning of each hour session: wind speed,
wind direction; cloud cover (%); approximate ceiling height (m); approximate visibility (m);
precipitation; barometric pressure; air temperature (
o
C). Noticeable changes in weather
conditions, if any, were recorded when the radar unit was adjusted to vertical mode.

The Furuno FAR2117BB radar used in this study has several controls which affect detection and
tracking of targets. In order to detect and track small targets, the radar operated under the
shortest pulse length setting with the gain control turned up to near the highest setting. Initially,
the anti-clutter controls on the radar were turned down to the lowest setting. The anti-sea clutter
control was then slowly turned up to about the point where background noise cleared from the
screen enough to see small targets. The anti-rain clutter control was kept at the lowest setting.
While in the vertical mode, to eliminate ground clutter around the radar generated from second
echoes of radar energy bouncing off the van and ground, a blind sector was set so that the radar
did not transmit energy when the antennae was pointing towards the ground (from 90
o
to 270
o
).
The radar trails function was generally set at 30 seconds so that targets could be tracked for long
enough to determine direction and speed. Target flight direction was determined by placing the
cursor on a target echo within a trail and aligning the offset electronic bearing line (EBL) along
the line of target echoes pointing in the direction of travel. Speed was recorded as the distance a
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target traveled in 5 seconds (two sweeps of the radar antennae). With the target trails turned on,
each sweep of the radar plots a new echo for any given target with each echo persisting on the
screen for a set amount of time (e.g., 30 seconds). Speed was determined with the offset variable
range marker (VRM) by placing the cursor on a target echo and measuring the distance between
that echo and the third echo in line (i.e., the distance traveled in 2 sweeps of the antennae or 5
seconds). Target height was measured with an index line (a tangent on the variable range
marker) on the monitor relative to a horizontal line running through the point of origin for the
radar.

All data were exported from Microsoft Access and imported into SAS V.8 for further data
processing, quality assurance, and analysis. Additional analyses were performed using Matlab
V6.5. To determine passage rates in horizontal mode, the 2-dimensional area represented by the
radar image was treated as a 1-dimensional “front” perpendicular to the direction of migration,
with length equal to 3 km (the diameter of the surveyed area); all targets counted in the radar
image during the sampling period were treated as if they had crossed the front. Based on that
assumption, passage rate was calculated as number of targets per kilometer per hour.

Mean flight direction was estimated as ( )
1
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÷
= where ( )
1
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=
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th
observation (Batschelet, 1981).
Dispersion in the data was calculated as
( )
1 2
2 2
r x y = + such that 0 s r s1. If all observations
had exactly the same direction, r = 1; conversely, r = 0 would indicate uniform distribution of
directions around the circle.

Mean flight altitude was not adjusted for unequal sampling intensity at different heights or
unequal detection probability as a function of distance from the radar unit.

Air speed of targets, V
a
, was calculated as ( )
2 2
2 cos
a g w g w
V V V V V u = + ÷ A

, where V
g
= target
ground speed, V
w
= wind speed, and u A was the difference between the target flight direction
and wind direction. Hourly weather observations made at ground level were used for estimates
of wind speed and direction. Wind direction categorized by field observers as ‘N’, ‘NE’, ‘E’,
‘SE’, etc.; were transformed to bearings (0°, 45°, 90°, 135°, etc.) for the calculation of u A .
Targets with air speeds less than 6 m/s or greater than 35 m/s were judged not to be migrating
birds and were excluded from further analysis.

3.1.2 Results

Nocturnal radar surveys were conducted most nights during the 63-day period between August
15 and October 15, 2006. Radar sampling was conducted for approximately 508 hours during
the entire study period.

Flight Direction
Observed flight directions were typically towards the southwest (Figure 4). Mean and dispersion
of flight direction were u = 209.2° and r = 0.34 (n = 12378 targets). As an indication of the
southerly direction of the migration, 71.8% of observations were between 90° and 270°, while
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34.5% of observations were between 135° and 225°.


Figure 4. Observed fall flight directions in the project area.






















Passage Rates
The overall mean passage rate in the horizontal mode was 345.8 ± 13.3 targets/km/hr (mean ±
SE) (n = 506 sample periods) and in the vertical mode was 346.2 ± 17.2 targets/km/hr (mean ±
SE) (n = 503 sample periods). Mean nightly passage rate was highly variable in both horizontal
mode (Figures 5) and vertical mode (Figure 6). The greatest nightly passage rates occurred in
late September and early October. Mean hourly passage rates tended to be low early in the
evening, with rapid increases to maximum values just before midnight, followed by
progressively declining rates throughout the night (Figures 7 and 8).
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Figure 5. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates in horizontal mode.






















Figure 6. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.
























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Figure 7. Mean + 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in horizontal mode.






















Figure 8. Mean ± 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.





















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Flight Altitudes
For sampling at the 1.5-km range in vertical mode, mean flight altitude was 490.4 ± 1.7 m
(mean ± SE) (n = 30749 targets) above radar level (arl)
1
. Approximately 7.7% of targets had
flight altitudes less than 125 m (the zone of risk posed by turbines) at the Cape Vincent site.
Most targets were observed at altitudes below 500 m (Figure 6). The highest percentage of
targets occurred between 201 and 300 m arl. Nightly mean flight altitudes were variable
throughout the study period and ranged from approximately 275 m to 685 m arl (Figure 7). In
contrast, hourly mean flight altitudes were relatively constant (typically in the 450÷500 m range)
(Figure 8) and close to the overall mean flight altitude for the study period. For sampling periods
at the 3-km range in vertical mode, 3.1% of targets (558 of 18059) had flight altitudes greater
than 1500 m.


Figure 9. Frequency histogram of targets by height class, sampling at 1.5-km range. Height
class 1 represents altitudes 0-100 m, class 2 represents altitudes 100-200 m, etc.























1
Target altitude was measured in relation to a horizontal line running through the point of origin for the radar and
thus termed above radar level. Height above ground level (agl) is highly variable depending on the topography
directly below any given target and not measurable with the radar.
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Figure 10. Mean + 1 SE nightly flight altitude sampling at 1.5 km range.






















Figure 11. Mean + 1 SE hourly flight altitude sampling at 1.5-km range.






















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Target Speed
Air speed of targets was calculated by adjusting for wind speed and direction (see Methods
above). Of 12190 targets, approximately 1% (120 targets) were moving very slow (< 6 m/s) and
one target was moving at high speed (> 35m/s). After excluding very slow and very fast targets,
overall mean target air speed was 12.95 ± 0.03 m/s (mean ± SE) (n = 12069 targets). Nightly
mean target air speed varied from approximately 10 to 17 m/s (Figure 12). Because the
percentage of targets moving slow was so small, no further adjustment to the data set was
warranted.

Figure 12. Mean + 1 SE nightly target air speed.
























3.2 Raptor Migration Surveys

The objective of the raptor migration surveys is to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
sites by migrant raptors, other diurnal migrants (e.g., waterfowl, corvids), and other large birds.
Point counts using variable circular plots (Reynolds et al. 1980, Bibby et al. 1992) were
conducted within the project area according to methods used by the Hawk Migration Association
of North America (HMANA) with observers continuously scanning the sky and surrounding
areas for raptors in the survey area. Three permanent stations were designated for diurnal
surveys (Figure 3). All large birds and flocks detected during the point counts were recorded,
but the emphasis of the surveys was locating and counting raptors within approximately 800-m
(0.5 mi) of each point. The timing of surveys was determined in consultation with the NYSDEC
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3.0 Study Components

The one-year avian and bat preconstruction study consists of nocturnal marine radar sampling
during the spring and fall migration periods; diurnal point count surveys from fixed point
locations conducive to observing raptors and other large birds; breeding bird survey point counts;
AnaBat sampling for migrating bats during the spring and fall; AnaBat sampling for resident
bats, including presence of the Indiana bat, during the summer; winter and early spring
waterfowl and raptor surveys; and habitat-focused surveys for federal and state-listed species.
This interim report will present the results of the fall season radar sampling, spring/fall raptor
migration surveys, breeding bird survey, and migrating and breeding bat surveys.

3.1 Nocturnal Marine Radar Survey

The overall purpose of the nocturnal marine radar survey is to characterize avian migration over
the project area and provide data that can be used to determine the relative magnitude of
nocturnal migration over the proposed development area when compared to other sites. The
primary objective of the radar study is to collect baseline information on flight direction, passage
rates, and flight altitude of nocturnal migrants at a representative sampling location for the
proposed development area.

A single radar unit was used for the fall migration season defined as 15 August – 15 October.
The radar lab consists of an X-band marine radar, transmitting at 9,410 MHz with power output
of 12 kW, mounted on a vehicle. Similar radar labs have been successfully used to monitor
nocturnal avian migration and are described in Cooper et al. (1991) and Harmata et al. (1999).
The sampling location was selected based on constraints of the radar (e.g., minimization of
ground interference), property ownership, access, and comments from the NYSDEC and
USFWS (Figure 3). Based on comments from the NYSDEC and USFWS, the ideal radar
sampling point to allow characterization of avian/bat movement along the shoreline, as well as
over inland areas, was restricted to those areas approximately 1.5-km from the shoreline. To
decrease ground clutter, the unit was positioned in a small hollow so that surrounding
topography reflected the lower portion of the main beam, producing a clear picture of sky
beyond.












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3.1.1 Methods

The study period for radar sampling was 63 days during the fall migration season and will be
approximately 45 days during the spring. Due to the constraints of marine radar, sampling
during some nights was compromised or cancelled due to rain, so the total number of sampled
nights was less than the total study period. Nocturnal radar sampling occurred from
approximately sunset each night until sunrise the following morning. Each night was broken
down into 60-min sampling periods that consisted of:

1) one 5-min session to collect weather data and adjust the radar to surveillance (i.e.,
horizontal) mode,
2) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) with the radar in surveillance mode
collecting information on migration traffic (passage) rates;
3) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) with the radar in surveillance mode
collecting information on flight direction and speed of targets, as well as general
location of migrants;
4) one 5-min break to adjust radar to vertical mode;
5) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on migration traffic (passage) rate;
6) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on flight altitudes below 1500 m;
7) one 5-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on the spatial distribution and altitudes of birds along an east-west
transect axis; and,
8) one 5-min long-range session (3.0 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on flight altitudes below 3000 m.

The following weather data was collected at the beginning of each hour session: wind speed,
wind direction; cloud cover (%); approximate ceiling height (m); approximate visibility (m);
precipitation; barometric pressure; air temperature (
o
C). Noticeable changes in weather
conditions, if any, were recorded when the radar unit was adjusted to vertical mode.

The Furuno FAR2117BB radar used in this study has several controls which affect detection and
tracking of targets. In order to detect and track small targets, the radar operated under the
shortest pulse length setting with the gain control turned up to near the highest setting. Initially,
the anti-clutter controls on the radar were turned down to the lowest setting. The anti-sea clutter
control was then slowly turned up to about the point where background noise cleared from the
screen enough to see small targets. The anti-rain clutter control was kept at the lowest setting.
While in the vertical mode, to eliminate ground clutter around the radar generated from second
echoes of radar energy bouncing off the van and ground, a blind sector was set so that the radar
did not transmit energy when the antennae was pointing towards the ground (from 90
o
to 270
o
).
The radar trails function was generally set at 30 seconds so that targets could be tracked for long
enough to determine direction and speed. Target flight direction was determined by placing the
cursor on a target echo within a trail and aligning the offset electronic bearing line (EBL) along
the line of target echoes pointing in the direction of travel. Speed was recorded as the distance a
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target traveled in 5 seconds (two sweeps of the radar antennae). With the target trails turned on,
each sweep of the radar plots a new echo for any given target with each echo persisting on the
screen for a set amount of time (e.g., 30 seconds). Speed was determined with the offset variable
range marker (VRM) by placing the cursor on a target echo and measuring the distance between
that echo and the third echo in line (i.e., the distance traveled in 2 sweeps of the antennae or 5
seconds). Target height was measured with an index line (a tangent on the variable range
marker) on the monitor relative to a horizontal line running through the point of origin for the
radar.

All data were exported from Microsoft Access and imported into SAS V.8 for further data
processing, quality assurance, and analysis. Additional analyses were performed using Matlab
V6.5. To determine passage rates in horizontal mode, the 2-dimensional area represented by the
radar image was treated as a 1-dimensional “front” perpendicular to the direction of migration,
with length equal to 3 km (the diameter of the surveyed area); all targets counted in the radar
image during the sampling period were treated as if they had crossed the front. Based on that
assumption, passage rate was calculated as number of targets per kilometer per hour.

Mean flight direction was estimated as ( )
1
tan y x u
÷
= where ( )
1
cos
n
i
i
y n u
=
=
¯
,
( )
1
sin
n
i
i
x n u
=
=
¯
, and
i
u was the flight direction for the i
th
observation (Batschelet, 1981).
Dispersion in the data was calculated as
( )
1 2
2 2
r x y = + such that 0 s r s1. If all observations
had exactly the same direction, r = 1; conversely, r = 0 would indicate uniform distribution of
directions around the circle.

Mean flight altitude was not adjusted for unequal sampling intensity at different heights or
unequal detection probability as a function of distance from the radar unit.

Air speed of targets, V
a
, was calculated as ( )
2 2
2 cos
a g w g w
V V V V V u = + ÷ A

, where V
g
= target
ground speed, V
w
= wind speed, and u A was the difference between the target flight direction
and wind direction. Hourly weather observations made at ground level were used for estimates
of wind speed and direction. Wind direction categorized by field observers as ‘N’, ‘NE’, ‘E’,
‘SE’, etc.; were transformed to bearings (0°, 45°, 90°, 135°, etc.) for the calculation of u A .
Targets with air speeds less than 6 m/s or greater than 35 m/s were judged not to be migrating
birds and were excluded from further analysis.

3.1.2 Results

Nocturnal radar surveys were conducted most nights during the 63-day period between August
15 and October 15, 2006. Radar sampling was conducted for approximately 508 hours during
the entire study period.

Flight Direction
Observed flight directions were typically towards the southwest (Figure 4). Mean and dispersion
of flight direction were u = 209.2° and r = 0.34 (n = 12378 targets). As an indication of the
southerly direction of the migration, 71.8% of observations were between 90° and 270°, while
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34.5% of observations were between 135° and 225°.


Figure 4. Observed fall flight directions in the project area.






















Passage Rates
The overall mean passage rate in the horizontal mode was 345.8 ± 13.3 targets/km/hr (mean ±
SE) (n = 506 sample periods) and in the vertical mode was 346.2 ± 17.2 targets/km/hr (mean ±
SE) (n = 503 sample periods). Mean nightly passage rate was highly variable in both horizontal
mode (Figures 5) and vertical mode (Figure 6). The greatest nightly passage rates occurred in
late September and early October. Mean hourly passage rates tended to be low early in the
evening, with rapid increases to maximum values just before midnight, followed by
progressively declining rates throughout the night (Figures 7 and 8).
200
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Figure 5. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates in horizontal mode.






















Figure 6. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.
























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Figure 7. Mean + 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in horizontal mode.






















Figure 8. Mean ± 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.





















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Flight Altitudes
For sampling at the 1.5-km range in vertical mode, mean flight altitude was 490.4 ± 1.7 m
(mean ± SE) (n = 30749 targets) above radar level (arl)
1
. Approximately 7.7% of targets had
flight altitudes less than 125 m (the zone of risk posed by turbines) at the Cape Vincent site.
Most targets were observed at altitudes below 500 m (Figure 6). The highest percentage of
targets occurred between 201 and 300 m arl. Nightly mean flight altitudes were variable
throughout the study period and ranged from approximately 275 m to 685 m arl (Figure 7). In
contrast, hourly mean flight altitudes were relatively constant (typically in the 450÷500 m range)
(Figure 8) and close to the overall mean flight altitude for the study period. For sampling periods
at the 3-km range in vertical mode, 3.1% of targets (558 of 18059) had flight altitudes greater
than 1500 m.


Figure 9. Frequency histogram of targets by height class, sampling at 1.5-km range. Height
class 1 represents altitudes 0-100 m, class 2 represents altitudes 100-200 m, etc.























1
Target altitude was measured in relation to a horizontal line running through the point of origin for the radar and
thus termed above radar level. Height above ground level (agl) is highly variable depending on the topography
directly below any given target and not measurable with the radar.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
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Figure 10. Mean + 1 SE nightly flight altitude sampling at 1.5 km range.






















Figure 11. Mean + 1 SE hourly flight altitude sampling at 1.5-km range.






















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Target Speed
Air speed of targets was calculated by adjusting for wind speed and direction (see Methods
above). Of 12190 targets, approximately 1% (120 targets) were moving very slow (< 6 m/s) and
one target was moving at high speed (> 35m/s). After excluding very slow and very fast targets,
overall mean target air speed was 12.95 ± 0.03 m/s (mean ± SE) (n = 12069 targets). Nightly
mean target air speed varied from approximately 10 to 17 m/s (Figure 12). Because the
percentage of targets moving slow was so small, no further adjustment to the data set was
warranted.

Figure 12. Mean + 1 SE nightly target air speed.
























3.2 Raptor Migration Surveys

The objective of the raptor migration surveys is to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
sites by migrant raptors, other diurnal migrants (e.g., waterfowl, corvids), and other large birds.
Point counts using variable circular plots (Reynolds et al. 1980, Bibby et al. 1992) were
conducted within the project area according to methods used by the Hawk Migration Association
of North America (HMANA) with observers continuously scanning the sky and surrounding
areas for raptors in the survey area. Three permanent stations were designated for diurnal
surveys (Figure 3). All large birds and flocks detected during the point counts were recorded,
but the emphasis of the surveys was locating and counting raptors within approximately 800-m
(0.5 mi) of each point. The timing of surveys was determined in consultation with the NYSDEC
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Target Speed
Air speed of targets was calculated by adjusting for wind speed and direction (see Methods
above). Of 12190 targets, approximately 1% (120 targets) were moving very slow (< 6 m/s) and
one target was moving at high speed (> 35m/s). After excluding very slow and very fast targets,
overall mean target air speed was 12.95 r 0.03 m/s (mean r SE) (n = 12069 targets). Nightly
mean target air speed varied from approximately 10 to 17 m/s (Figure 12). Because the
percentage of targets moving slow was so small, no further adjustment to the data set was
warranted.

Figure 12. Mean + 1 SE nightly target air speed.
























3.2 Raptor Migration Surveys

The objective of the raptor migration surveys is to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
sites by migrant raptors, other diurnal migrants (e.g., waterfowl, corvids), and other large birds.
Point counts using variable circular plots (Reynolds et al. 1980, Bibby et al. 1992) were
conducted within the project area according to methods used by the Hawk Migration Association
of North America (HMANA) with observers continuously scanning the sky and surrounding
areas for raptors in the survey area. Three permanent stations were designated for diurnal
surveys (Figure 3). All large birds and flocks detected during the point counts were recorded,
but the emphasis of the surveys was locating and counting raptors within approximately 800-m
(0.5 mi) of each point. The timing of surveys was determined in consultation with the NYSDEC
08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
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and based on available information from migrant raptor watch stations in northern and western
New York (e.g., Derby Hill, see below).

3.2.1 Methods

Three survey points were established within the proposed project area to provide good visibility
while providing widespread east-west coverage of the project area, while also attempting to
minimize the double-counting of individual birds (Figure 3). Survey stations were established to
maximize visibility over long distances in an effort to locate and identify migrating raptors and
other large birds. To the extent possible while maintaining the integrity of the east-west point
layout, the points were selected to provide good coverage of the vegetation and topographic
features of the area, good visibility in 360
o
around the point, and so that each point was
surveying unique area. Each survey plot was a variable circular plot centered on the observation
point. All birds observed were recorded, although the survey effort was concentrated within an
approximate 800-m radius circle centered on the observation point. Observations of birds
beyond the 800-m radius were recorded, but not included in the analysis of data within the plot.

Each fixed point was surveyed once each survey day during daylight hours (0900 – 1700) to
cover the peak period for observing migrant raptors. Survey periods at each point were 60
minutes long. All raptors and other large birds/flocks observed during the survey were assigned
a unique observation number and plotted on a map of the survey plot. Data recorded for each
survey included date; start and end time of the observation period; and weather information such
as temperature, barometric pressure, wind speed, wind direction, and cloud cover. Species or
best possible identification, number of individuals, sex and age class (if possible), distance from
plot center when first observed, closest distance, altitude above ground, activity (behavior), and
habitat(s) were recorded for each raptor observed. Approximate flight direction or movement
paths were mapped for all raptors and large birds seen. The behavior of each raptor/large bird
observed and the habitat in which or over which the bird occurred was recorded. Behavior
categories included perched, circling/soaring, flapping, hunting, gliding, and other (noted in
comments). Habitats included agriculture, old field, deciduous woods/forest, developed (e.g.,
farms), and other (noted in comments). The initial behavior and habitat (when first observed)
were uniquely identified on the data sheet and subsequent behaviors and habitats (if any) also
recorded. Approximate flight height at first observation and the approximate lowest and highest
flight heights were recorded to the nearest meter or 5-meter interval. Any comments or unusual
observations were noted in the comments section.

Sampling intensity was designed to document raptor migration through the project area. In New
York, spring hawk watch locations are concentrated along the Great Lakes shorelines and are
more inland in eastern portions of the state during fall migration. According to spring count data
from the Derby Hill Bird Observatory, located in Mexico, New York, approximately 50 miles
south of Cape Vincent along Lake Ontario, peak numbers of sharp-shinned hawks migrate
through the area during April, with large pulses of broad-winged hawks during the last two
weeks of the month. Fall migration counts from Franklin Mountain in Oneonta, New York (150
miles southeast of Cape Vincent) report peak periods for migrant broad-winged and sharp-
shinned hawks during September and October, respectively. Concern for migrant golden eagles
potentially using the St. Lawrence Windpower project area was expressed during talks with the
NYSDEC. Golden eagles are later migrants with peaks reported from the end of March through
April during spring migration and the end of October through November during fall migration.
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Spring raptor surveys at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area began later in the 2006 season
(April 14, 2006) and likely did not capture early raptor migrants, such as golden eagles. In fall,
surveys were conducted from September 23 – November 11.

3.2.2 Results

During the spring season, each point was surveyed 4 times, for a total of 12 surveys. A total of
1147 individual birds were recorded; 54 raptors of 10 species were observed (Table 1). During
the fall season, each fixed point was surveyed 10 times during the survey window, for a total of
30 surveys. A total of 7108 individual large birds were recorded during the surveys; 288
individual raptors of 10 species were observed (Table 1). Canada goose and unidentified gull
species were the most commonly seen bird during both spring and fall surveys. During spring
migration, turkey vulture was the mostly commonly recorded raptor species (n = 51, freq =
83.3%), followed by red-tailed hawk (n = 8, freq = 50.0). In the fall, northern harrier was the
most commonly recorded raptor species (n = 87, freq = 90.0%); red-tailed hawk and turkey
vulture were also commonly seen species during surveys. Other raptor species seen included:
broad-winged hawk, rough-legged hawk, sharp-shinned hawk, Cooper’s hawk, osprey, American
kestrel, peregrine falcon, merlin, bald eagle, and turkey vulture.

Exposure indices were calculated as the mean use estimates (number of birds/60-minute survey)
multiplied by the proportion of birds observed flying and the proportion of birds flying within
the zone of risk (defined as the approximate rotor-swept area). During both migratory seasons,
gull species had the highest exposure index due to high numbers of individuals occurring in the
project area (Table 2).

Avian and raptor use varied among survey stations (Figure 13). Avian use was higher at Station
3 during both seasons. High numbers of waterfowl and gulls foraging in nearby fields or flying
close to the shoreline accounted for higher avian use at this station. Mean avian use was lower at
Station 1 and 2. Raptor use was similar between seasons and did not differ across survey points.



















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Table 1. Raptors and other large bird species observed while conducting diurnal migrant surveys
at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area.
Spring 2006 Fall 2006
Species/Group
# ind

# groups
mean
use
2

% freq
3
# ind

# groups

mean
use
% freq
Waterbirds
Great blue heron 4 4 0.33 25.0 1 1 0.03 3.3
Herring gull 19 3 1.58 16.7 0 0 0 0
Ring-billed gull 317 9 26.42 50.0 634 33 21.1 33.3
Unidentified gull 879 15 73.25 66.7 6421 38 214.03 50.0
Waterfowl
Canada goose 197 6 16.4 50.0 927 51 30.9 60.0
Double-crested cormorant 2 1 0.17 8.3 0 0 0 0
Unidentified duck 40 2 3.33 16.7 0 0 0 0
Mallard 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.03 3.3
Raptors
Accipiters
Sharp-shinned hawk
SC
5 3 0.42 25.0 3 3 0.1 10.0
Cooper’s hawk
SC
0 0 0 0 4 4 0.13 13.3
Unidentified accipiter 5 5 0.42 33.3 0 0 0 0
Buteos
Broad-winged hawk 7 7 0.58 33.3 6 3 0.2 6.7
Red-tailed hawk 8 7 0.67 50.0 43 37 1.43 63.3
Rough-legged hawk 2 2 0.17 16.7 12 8 0.4 23.3
Unidentified buteo 4 3 0.33 25.0 0 0 0 0
Falcons
American kestrel 1 1 0.08 8.3 11 9 0.37 26.7
Merlin 0 0 0 0 2 2 0.07 6.7
Eagles
Bald eagle
FT
0 0 0 0 1 1 0.03 3.3
Other Raptors
Northern harrier
ST
6 6 0.5 41.7 87 65 2.9 90.0
Osprey
SC
2 2 0.17 16.7 0 0 0 0
Turkey vulture 51 31 4.25 83.3 119 53 3.97 40.0
Other Birds
American crow 31 11 2.58 50.0 193 86 6.43 80.0
Common raven 0 0 0 0 3 3 0.1 10.0
Common snipe 0 0 0 0 9 4 0.3 13.3
Ring-necked pheasant 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.03 3.3
Wild turkey 0 0 0 0 42 2 1.4 6.7
Total 1147 118
7108 406
FT = Federal threatened ST = State threatened SC = State listed species of special concern

2
Mean use = number observed within 800 m of survey point per 60-min survey
3
Frequency of occurrence = percent of surveys in which species was observed
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Figure 13. Diurnal avian estimates for each survey point by season.
Avian Migrant Use Spring 2006
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
1 2 3
Station #
M
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All birds
Raptors only

Avian Migrant Use Fall 2006
0
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100
150
200
250
1 2 3
Station #
M
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U
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All birds
Raptors only


3.3 Breeding Bird Survey

The objective of the breeding bird surveys was to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
proposed development area by breeding resident birds. The emphasis of the surveys was
locating and counting breeding resident birds within the area proposed for development. The
surveys were conducted based on the regional timing recommended for USGS BBS in central
New York (USGS 2001).

3.3.1 Methods
Twenty survey points were established within the project area. The survey points were selected
to cover as much of the proposed development area and habitat types as possible. Each survey
station was marked on a map and GPS coordinates were recorded for each point (Figure 14).
The habitat at each survey point was described to examine the applicability of the site to
represent other areas within the proposed development area.

001042


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Figure 13. Diurnal avian estimates for each survey point by season.
Avian Migrant Use Spring 2006
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
1 2 3
Station #
M
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Raptors only

Avian Migrant Use Fall 2006
0
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150
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250
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Station #
M
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All birds
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3.3 Breeding Bird Survey

The objective of the breeding bird surveys was to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
proposed development area by breeding resident birds. The emphasis of the surveys was
locating and counting breeding resident birds within the area proposed for development. The
surveys were conducted based on the regional timing recommended for USGS BBS in central
New York (USGS 2001).

3.3.1 Methods
Twenty survey points were established within the project area. The survey points were selected
to cover as much of the proposed development area and habitat types as possible. Each survey
station was marked on a map and GPS coordinates were recorded for each point (Figure 14).
The habitat at each survey point was described to examine the applicability of the site to
represent other areas within the proposed development area.

001043


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21
U.S. Geological Survey Breeding Bird Survey (USGS 2001) methods were used for the surveys.
Each survey plot was a variable circular plot centered on the observation point. All birds
observed were recorded; however, the survey effort was concentrated within an approximate 400
m (0.25 mi) radius circle centered on the observation point. All points were surveyed twice
during the recommended survey period (June - July) and seven days were skipped between the
surveys to spread the effort over the breeding season.

Survey periods at each point were 3 minutes long, similar to the BBS method. The date; start
and end time of the observation period; and weather information such as temperature, wind
speed, wind direction, and cloud cover were recorded for each survey. Species or best possible
identification, number of individuals of each species, how observed (visual or auditory), and
behavior (flying, perching, singing, etc.) were recorded for each observation during the 3-minute
count at each survey point.

































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WEST, Inc.
23




3.3.2 Results

Point count surveys were conducted on June 30 and July 7, 2006. Each point was surveyed
twice, for a total of 40 survey periods. A total of 1080 individual birds were observed in 425
groups (Table 3). Fifty-nine species were observed during the surveys. European starling, red-
winged blackbird, and bobolink were the most common passerines observed based on mean use
estimates (number observed within 400 m per 3-minute survey). The majority of the species
recorded during breeding bird surveys are species commonly associated with agriculture,
grasslands, and/or edge habitat. Several species of interest were recorded during the breeding
bird surveys including northern harrier, a New York state threatened species; horned lark and
grasshopper sparrow, two New York state species of concern; and bobolink and wood thrush,
two species on the USFWS 2002 Birds of Conservation Concern list for the Lower Great
Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain region.

Table 3. Avian species observed during breeding bird surveys within the St. Lawrence
Windpower project area.
Species/Group # of individuals # of groups Mean Use

Waterbirds
Great blue heron 4 4 0.1
Green heron 1 1 0.025
Ring-billed gull 47 6 1.175
Unidentified gull 38 2 0.95

Waterfowl
Canada goose 27 4 0.675
Mallard 2 1 0.05

Shorebirds
Killdeer 16 10 0.4

Raptors/Vultures
American kestrel 2 2 0.05
Northern harrier
T
4 3 0.1
Red-tailed hawk 4 3 0.1
Turkey vulture 9 7 0.225

Passerines
American crow 53 11 1.325
American goldfinch 23 15 0.575
American robin 30 25 0.75
Baltimore oriole 6 3 0.15
Barn swallow 23 6 0.575
Black-capped chickadee 5 3 0.125
Blue jay 2 2 0.05
Bobolink
BCC
76 32 1.9
Brown-headed cowbird 11 4 0.275
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Species/Group # of individuals # of groups Mean Use
Cedar waxwing 4 1 0.1
Chestnut-sided warbler 1 1 0.025
Common grackle 29 3 0.725
Common yellowthroat 29 20 0.725
Eastern bluebird 2 2 0.05
Eastern kingbird 4 3 0.1
Eastern meadowlark 32 28 0.8
Eastern towhee 1 1 0.025
Eastern tufted titmouse 1 1 0.025
Eastern wood pewee 5 5 0.125
Empidonax spp. 1 1 0.025
European starling 235 19 5.875
Grasshopper sparrow
SC
1 1 0.025
Gray catbird 6 5 0.15
Horned lark
SC
6 2 0.15
House wren 3 3 0.075
Indigo bunting 1 1 0.025
Northern cardinal 2 1 0.05
Ovenbird 11 11 0.275
Red-eyed vireo 7 7 0.175
Red-winged blackbird 136 49 3.4
Rose-breasted grosbeak 1 1 0.025
Savannah sparrow 37 26 0.925
Scarlet tanager 2 2 0.05
Song sparrow 48 35 1.2
Tree swallow 13 3 0.325
Unidentified passerine 1 1 0.025
Unidentified sparrow 1 1 0.025
Veery 1 1 0.025
Willow flycatcher 4 4 0.1
Wood thrush
BCC
6 5 0.15
Yellow warbler 31 18 0.775

Upland Gamebirds
Ruffed grouse 1 1 0.025
Wild turkey 4 1 0.1

Doves
Mourning dove 10 6 0.25
Rock pigeon 14 5 0.35

Other Birds
Hairy woodpecker 1 1 0.025
Northern flicker 2 2 0.05
Unidentified woodpecker 3 3 0.075

All Birds 1080 425
T = State listed threatened
SC = State listed species of special concern

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3.4 Nocturnal AnaBat Surveys

The objective of the nocturnal AnaBat surveys was to record the relative abundance of echo-
locating bats flying through the sampling area during summer breeding season and the spring and
fall migration seasons.

3.4.1 Methods

Bat activity at the project area was recorded using an AnaBat II ultrasonic bat detector attached
to a zero-crossing analysis interface module (ZCAIM) which houses a compact flash memory
card for temporary download of ultrasonic activity files. To sample continuously on remote
mode (automatic data collection), the detector and ZCAIM were powered by an external 12V
battery. Each AnaBat unit (detector, ZCAIM, and 12V battery) was enclosed inside a plastic box
or dry bag with the detector microphone positioned against a PVC tube protruding from the
box/bag. This design prevented water from damaging the AnaBat units without compromising
the ability of the unit to detect ultrasonic noise in the environment. To limit variation among
AnaBats, sensitivity settings were calibrated for each unit prior to data collection. Most AnaBat
units were set at or near setting 7 on the sensitivity dial. Each passive AnaBat unit was
positioned so that the microphone faced the same cardinal direction for each sampling period.
Calls were recorded for passive sampling from approximately sunset to sunrise (1900 – 0700).
AnaBat units were removed from the field approximately once per week to download files,
recharge batteries, and troubleshoot technical problems. Data gathered from the passive AnaBat
units at the met tower were used to calculate bat activity (designated as number of calls/night)
present at the site during the sampling periods. Nights that experienced any number of technical
difficulties were not included in the final analyses.

During the spring sampling season (April 13 – May 29), two AnaBat sampling locations were
established. One unit was placed at ground level in the open grassy field at the base of the
project met tower and another unit was deployed near a wooded edge (Non-met 1) to increase
likelihood of detecting additional species (Figure 15). Access issues and technical difficulties
with the AnaBat unit at the Non-met 1 location caused the unit to be relocated to a small farm
pond near a wooded edge (Non-met 2) within the project boundary after a week of sampling.
Acoustic sampling at these two locations (Met tower and Non-met 2) continued through spring
and these locations were maintained through the summer sampling season (June 28 – August 8).
During the fall season (August 13 – October 9), AnaBat sampling continued at ground level at
the met tower. A second AnaBat unit was deployed from August 15 – October 16 in a tree
approximately 10 m above ground near the radar survey station (Radar; Figure 15).

In addition to the stationary passive units, a “roaming” or mobile AnaBat unit was deployed
during the summer to assess resident/breeding bat species present within the project area.
Roaming sampling was conducted using a handheld AnaBat unit for 9 nights (3 sampling periods
of 3 consecutive nights each) at habitats likely to have high numbers of resident bats. To select
locations for active sampling, reconnaissance visits were made to the project area during the day
time to select sampling locations based on the presence of travel corridors (trails and roads),
linear landscape features (forest edges), and access to water; habitat features known to be
important for bats. Active sampling was conducted from sunset until approximately 4-5 hours
after sunset (2100 – 0100).
001048
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27



Analysis of bat calls was conducted using Analook software (DOS version). Analook displays
ultrasonic activity in a format similar to a sonogram used for analysis of bird vocalizations (e.g.,
frequency versus time). Species identification was aided by the Preliminary Key to the
Qualitative Identification of Calls within the AnaBat System (Amelon 2005, unpublished data)
where characteristics such as slope, frequency, minimum frequency, consistency of minimum
frequency, and shape of pulse assist in the identification of bat vocalizations. Due to similarity
of call characteristics, two species (big brown and silver-haired bat) were lumped into one
species category. All Myotis-like calls were identified to genus only and submitted to NYSDEC-
recommended biologist, Eric Britzke, for identification to species. To obtain species
identifications, an ID filter (Britzke and Murray 2001) was loaded into Analook to determine
calls sequences of sufficient quality and length for species identification to be attempted. Once
separated, echolocation calls of sufficient quality and length were also identified using
quantitative techniques (Britzke 2003). Quantitative analyses are conducted by a cross-validated
classification model based on 10 extracted call parameters [duration (Dur), maximum frequency
(Fmax), minimum frequency (Fmin), mean frequency (Fmean), duration to the knee (Tk),
frequency of the knee (Fk), duration of the body (Tc), frequency of the body (Fc), initial slope
(S1), and slope of the body (Sc)] collected from 1,846 sequences (35,979 calls) of 12 eastern
U.S. bat species (Britzke 2003). Average accuracy rates for species identification using this
statistical method ranges from 56.9% (L. borealis) to 98.5 % (M. grisescens), with accuracy rates
for Myotis sodalis ranging from 81.4% to 88.6%.

3.4.2 Results

Passage Rates
The total number of calls and number of calls per night, recorded by each AnaBat unit varied by
location and season (Table 4). The met tower AnaBat unit detected 769 bat calls total (19.72
calls/night) during the 39 days of spring sampling. Sampling at the two non-met locations during
spring resulted in higher bat activity (29-33 calls/night) than at the met tower, despite changing
in sampling location for the non-met unit. Summer sampling occurred at the met tower on 9
nights and recorded a total of 198 calls (22.0 calls/night). Approximately 2.5 times as many calls
(55.56 calls/night) were recorded at the non-met 2 location during summer, likely indicating a
nearby roosting colony of species and/or better habitat for foraging bats. During fall, the AnaBat
unit positioned at ground level at the met tower recorded the lowest number of bat vocalizations
per night (9.26 calls/night). Despite a similar number of sampling days, the AnaBat unit located
at the radar sampling station recorded more bat calls/night (32.58). Approximately 93% of calls
(n=1519) at the radar location were recorded between August 15 and August 21. Only 25% of
the calls recorded at the met tower (n=117) were recorded during the same sampling period.








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Table 4. Number of sampling days, total number of calls recorded, and calls/night recorded by
each AnaBat unit for spring, summer, and fall sampling periods.


Season


Location
# of sampling
days used in
analysis

Total # of
calls


# calls/night
Spring Met tower low
Non-met 1
Non-met 2

39
11
24
769
320
782
19.72
29.09
32.58

Summer Met tower low
Non-met 2
9
9
198
500
22.0
55.56
Fall Met tower low
Radar
50
50
463
1629
9.26
32.58

Species Identification
Using qualitative analysis of search calls, 5 species groups of bats were positively identified at
the met tower location (Table 5). As is typical with AnaBat sampling, the majority of
vocalizations were unable to be identified due to the few number of pulses per call (<5
pulses/call sequence). Relative call frequency was calculated by dividing the number of calls
recorded for each species by the total number of calls recorded at the met tower for each season.
Of those calls that were able to be identified to species, Lasiurus borealis calls accounted for the
majority of the vocalizations during all seasons at the met tower.

Summer sampling with the mobile AnaBat unit occurred on nine nights and recorded 464 bat
calls (Table 6). The objective of the mobile sampling was to identify to the extent possible the
species of bats using the St. Lawrence Windpower project area during the summer breeding
season. As with the fixed station sampling, many calls could not be identified to species. One
individual of an additional species, eastern pipistrelle (Pipistrellus subflavus), was recorded
during the roaming surveys and not recorded during sampling at the passive monitoring stations.
The highest number of recorded calls was of hoary bat (Table 6); however, 95% of those calls
occurred on one night at one location and may have been from only one or a few individuals
echolocating repeatedly near the AnaBat microphone.

Following the qualitative screening, 208 call files with characteristics resembling Myotis species
were submitted to Eric Britzke for further analysis. Of those files, 76 calls (36.5%) did not
contain sufficient enough information to be processed quantitatively. The remaining calls were
analyzed quantitatively on a nightly basis by site (Britzke 2003). Calls meeting the quantitative
criteria for the following species were identified: eastern red bat (22 calls), little brown bat (50
calls), northern myotis (44 calls), and Indiana bat (16 calls).




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4.0 Discussion

4.1 Nocturnal Marine Radar Survey

The nocturnal radar study was designed to collect data that could be used to characterize
nocturnal migration over the project area and also be used in a larger statewide comparison of
results from numerous sites (M. Woythal, NYSDEC, pers. comm.). In the analysis, the radar
data were not corrected for differences in detectability with distance from the radar unit or due to
ground clutter on the radar screen. Also, the 2-dimensional area represented by the radar image
was treated as a 1-dimensional 3-km “front” perpendicular to the direction of migration, and all
targets counted in the radar image during the sampling period were treated as if they had crossed
the front. Thus, passage rate estimates should be considered a sample or index of the actual
number of targets passing through the area.

Measurements from radar studies potentially are highly variable due to a number of factors
including observer bias and the radar settings affecting target detection. To minimize these
biases, efforts were made to standardize data collection and radar settings as much as possible.
For example, the radar was operated under the shortest pulse length setting with the gain control
turned up to near the highest setting. While short wave-length and high gain insure detection of
small targets, these settings also have the effect of producing atmospheric or background noise
on the screen which consequently can obscure small targets. To “clean up” the screen the anti-
sea clutter [which minimizes clutter and noise close to the radar] was slowly turned up to the
point where background noise was dispersed and limited primarily to the outer edge of the
screen. The anti-rain clutter [which reduces interference from small targets throughout the
survey area (e.g., rain drops)] was kept at the lowest setting so that no small targets would be
eliminated. These settings insure that small targets such as individual passerines can be detected
by the radar. Also during sampling, specific functions or capabilities of the radar were used to
determine data values to minimize observer bias. For example, the electronic bearing line and
variable range marker used in offset mode allowed the compass bearing of a target trail and the
speed at which the target was moving to be measured by the radar as opposed to estimated by the
observer or measured with a hand held scale.

Results from the nocturnal radar study conducted at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area
differ in some aspects from other sites studied in New York and the eastern U.S. (Table 7).
Mean passage rates for fall 2006 were higher (346 t/km/hr) than the average for NY and the
eastern U.S. (262 t/km/hr); however, these results are not the highest passage rates reported at
other New York sites. Similar passage rates were observed at a proposed site in Jordanville,
New York, located in central New York. Mean flight direction for the St. Lawrence Windpower
study was 209º, slightly more southwesterly than other studies conducted during fall migration.
This prevailing direction may be related more to the shape of the shoreline located within 1.5 km
of the radar station than with flight direction over the entire project area (see Figure 3). Mean
flight height of targets was approximately 490.4 m, which is similar to other studies in NY and
the eastern U.S. The highest percentage of targets occurred above the zone of risk from turbine
blades. The percent of targets (7.7%) which flew through the zone of risk, defined as below 125
m, was similar to other studies where flight height was recorded with vertical mode radar.

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Given the nature of avian migration in New York and along the Great Lakes shorelines, passage
rates are expected to be slightly higher at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area in spring
than in the fall. A radar study conducted near the Lake Erie shoreline in New York
(Chautauqua) reported passage rates approximately 1.5 times higher in spring than in fall (Table
7). Additionally, passage rates at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area may be influenced
locally by the close proximity of the radar unit to the shoreline (<1.5 km). Though this distance
was recommended by NYSDEC and USFWS, passage rates may be lower further inland where
actual turbine construction is proposed. Despite higher than average passage rates near the
shoreline, collision risk to migrants within the project area is expected to be low given the
average flight height and proportion of targets passing within the zone of risk.

Table 7. Results of radar studies at proposed and existing wind project sites in the U.S.

Site
Passage
Rates
(t/km/hr)

Mean Flight
Height (m)

% Targets
below 125 m

Mean Flight
Direction
Fall Spr Fall Spr Fall Spr Fall Spr
St. Lawrence Windpower, NY
(this report)
346 490 7.7 209.2
Dairy Hills, Wyoming Co., NY
(Young et al. 2006)
170 234 466 397 10 15 180 14
Flat Rock, NY
(Mabee et al. 2005)
158 415 8 184
Chautauqua, NY
(Cooper et al. 2004a,b)
238 395 532 528 5 4 199 29
Prattsburgh (1), NY
(Mabee et al. 2004, 2005)
200 170 365 319 9 18 177 18
Clinton County, NY
(Mabee et al. 2006)
197 110 333 338 12 20 162 30
Marble River, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2006a,b)
152 254 438 422 5 11 193 40
Jordanville, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005a, b)
380 409 440 371 6 21 208 40
Prattsburgh (2), NY
(B. Roy, pers. comm. 2006)
193 277 516 370 3 16 188 22
West Hill, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005)
732 160 664 291 3 25 223 31
High Sheldon, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005)
197 112 422 418 3 6 213 29
Fairfield Top Notch, NY
(B. Gary, NYDEC, pers. comm.)
691 509 516 419 4 20 198 44
Searsburg, VT
(Roy and Pelletier 2005a, 2005b)
178 404 556 523 4 6 203 69
Sheffield, VT
(Roy et al. 2005)
109 199 564 522 1 6 200 40
Martindale, PA
(Plissner et al. 2005)
187 436 8 188
Casselman, PA
(Plissner et al. 2005)
174 448 7 219
Mount Storm, WV
(Young et al. 2004)
199 410 16 184

Mean 262 269 470 410 6.5 14 195 34
Note: Some values are approximations based on the limited information provided in the report or averaged
over more than one sampling location (e.g., Flat Rock, Mount Storm).
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4.2 Raptor Migration Surveys

Typical raptor species for central New York were observed during the surveys (Table 8). Bald
eagle, a federally-listed species, was observed once during the fall surveys. This individual was
recorded flying above 125 m and outside of the zone of risk from turbine blades. Several
northern harrier, a state threatened species, were recorded within the project area during spring
and fall migration. Northern harrier are, in general, low-level fliers and all individuals recorded
during the surveys were flying below the zone of risk. Two New York species of special
concern, Cooper’s hawk and sharp-shinned hawk, were also observed during surveys.

Based on a standardization of raptors observed per survey hour, the St. Lawrence Windpower
project area has less traffic during spring migration than the known hawk watch sites in New
York. The nearest spring hawk watch site to the project area, Derby Hill Bird Observatory, was
somewhat variable over the same survey days; however, the overall mean number of raptors
observed per surveyor hour was greater (Table 8). Large numbers of broad-winged hawks were
observed at Derby Hill on 4/21/06; however, surveys within the St. Lawrence Windpower
project area failed to record high numbers of this species passing over the site. Passage rates at
the St. Lawrence Windpower project area for spring migration are based on four surveys in April
and May. Derby Hill Bird Observatory recorded pulses of turkey vulture, red-tailed hawk, and
red-shouldered hawk during the last two weeks of March 2006. Higher numbers of sharp-
shinned hawk, Cooper’s hawk, bald eagle, and golden eagle were also observed in the six weeks
prior to April 14. It was also recommended by NYSDEC to conduct Spring surveys in March to
look for bald and golden eagles. The spring raptor migration surveys will be continued in 2007
to include the earlier part of the spring season (March).

There are no fall hawk watch sites along the lake shoreline in central New York. The nearest fall
site, Kestrel Haven located in south central New York, was generally lower than the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area in terms of raptors counted per surveyor hour; however, count
data for this site is only available for 2005 so a direct comparison of actual survey days could not
be made. Fall hawk watch sites further south and east, such as Franklin Mountain, record similar
numbers of migrant raptors, which are likely taking advantage of ridgelines of the western
Appalachian Mountains; however timing is different among the sites. Higher numbers of raptors
per surveyor hour were seen earlier in the fall season at the St. Lawrence Windpower project
area than at more southern sites. This may be a reflection of the more northern latitude of the
site or summer residents, such as red-tailed hawk, turkey vulture, and northern harrier, still in the
area.



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Table 8. Number of raptors observed per surveyor hour in the project area and at six established
New York spring/fall hawk watch sites in 2006.
Spring 2006 St. Lawrence
Windpower
Ripley Hawk Hamburg Derby Hill
4/14/06 11 29 1 20
4/21/06 13 47 49 344
5/02/06 2 16 2 6
5/12/06 4 25 1 45
Average 7.5 29.25 13.25 103.75
Fall 2006 St. Lawrence
Windpower
Franklin Mt. Mohonk Preserve Mount Peter
9/23/06 15 1 no survey 1
9/30/06 20 3 2 5
10/07/06 17 10 no survey 3
10/13/06 10 3 11 7
10/20/06 3 no survey no survey no survey
10/27/06 7 20 11 5
10/30/06 6 15 16 10
11/05/06 6 1 no survey 1
11/07/06 8 0 no survey 2
11/11/06 4 2 no survey no survey
Average 9.6 9 10 3.4
Daily count data acquired from HMANA 2006.

Exposure indices are a common method for estimating risk to individual species from wind
turbines. During both migratory seasons, non-raptor species had the highest exposure index due
to high use of the area by waterfowl and waterbirds, such as Canada goose and gull species
(Table 2). At the St. Lawrence Windpower project area, raptors in general did not have high
exposure indices due to either low numbers recorded or flight heights outside of the zone of risk.
Turkey vulture had the highest exposure index; they were commonly observed and were most
often observed flying in the zone of risk. While these species have been recorded as fatalities at
other monitored wind plants, the number of fatalities are relatively small (see Erickson et al.
2001, 2002). Red-tailed hawk was seen less frequently but was often seen flying in the zone of
risk. In contrast, northern harrier were often recorded, particularly during fall migration, but
rarely observed flying into the zone of risk and has rarely been recorded as fatalities at other
monitored wind facilities (see Erickson et al. 2001, 2002).

4.3 Breeding Bird Survey

The results of the breeding bird surveys were typical of agricultural settings in central New York.
Frequently recorded species included European starling, bobolink, and red-winged blackbird. A
few woodland species, such as wood thrush and ovenbird, were observed in small wooded areas
and wetlands scattered throughout the project area. Several species of gulls and waterfowl are
also present in the area due to proximity to the shoreline. The closest breeding bird survey
(Watertown; Sauer 2005) reported similar species occurrences and abundances. Four species
listed by the NYSDEC were observed within the St. Lawrence Windpower project area: northern
harrier, horned lark, grasshopper sparrow, and vesper sparrow. Northern harrier is listed as NY
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state threatened. The remaining three species are listed as Special Concern species for New
York (NYSDEC 2003). Bobolink, a commonly occurring species within the project area (Table
3) and wood thrush are included on the 2002 Birds of Conservation Concern list for Lower Great
Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain region (USFWS 2002) in which the Cape Vincent project area occurs.
Henslow’s sparrow, a NY state threatened species, was recorded during breeding bird surveys
conducted on an adjacent project area; however, this species was not seen during counts within
the St. Lawrence Windpower project area though habitat for this species exists.

Based on the breeding bird survey data collected in 2006, the St. Lawrence Windpower project
area does not appear to have any large or unusual populations of breeding resident birds.
Mortality results from two other eastern wind plants studied indicate that turbines on eastern
mountain ridgelines result in between 4 and 8 bird fatalities per turbine per year (see Kerns and
Kerlinger 2004 and Nicholson 2002, 2003). In both these studies it was estimated that
approximately two-thirds of the avian fatalities were migrants. Provided impacts at the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area are similar, it is not expected that breeding resident birds are
at great risk from the wind project. Due to the diversity of birds recorded in the mixed farmland
habitat, impacts are expected to be spread over several commonly observed species. Potential
impacts to breeding habitat of sensitive species will be estimated based on a proposed turbine
layout mapped on habitat (vegetation types) for the project area. Results from sensitive species
surveys, mapping of potential habitat for sensitive species, and anticipated turbine layout will be
included in the final report prepared after spring surveys in 2007.

4.4 Nocturnal AnaBat Surveys

Passage Rates
To date monitoring studies of wind projects have shown a few common trends in bat mortality.
Risk to bats from turbines appears to be unequal across species and seasons where increased
mortality occurs during the post breeding or fall migration season (roughly mid-July through
September) among migrant bats species (see Johnson 2005). Some studies have shown apparent
low risk from turbines to resident bat populations (Johnson et al. 2003) while others have shown
that mortality is not correlated with AnaBat call rates (Nicholson 2002, 2003). The post-
construction mortality data collected at existing regional projects appears to be the best available
predictor of mortality levels and species composition for proposed wind projects.

The number of bats detected per night at the project met tower was highest in the spring (19.7
calls/night) and summer (22.0 calls/night). These results contrast with results of mortality
studies of bats at wind projects in the U.S., which have shown a peak in mortality in August and
September (see Johnson 2005). While the survey efforts varied among the different studies, the
studies that included AnaBat surveys and fatality surveys showed a general association between
the timing of bat calls and timing of mortality, with both peak call rates and peak mortality
occurring during the fall. Lower bat activity was recorded at the project met tower during fall
migration (9.26 calls/night) than other times during the year. Bat activity collected at the project
met tower may suggest lower mortality rates for bats at the St. Lawrence Windpower project.

Bat activity captured at non-met locations during migration seasons and summer was
significantly higher than that recorded at the met tower. Activity at the non-met sampling
locations range from 29–33 calls/night during migration seasons to 56 calls/night during summer
breeding season. Consistent differences in bat activity between met and non-met locations is
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likely due largely to habitat at the sampling locations. Acoustic sampling at the met tower,
located in an open pasture and a location recommended by federal and state agencies, should be
more reflective of bat activity in areas where turbines will be constructed. The differences
between the met tower station and non-met stations are likely due to the relative abundance of
bats occurring in pastures versus more diverse habitat such as edge or woodlots. Ultimately,
predicted risk to migratory and breeding bats using acoustic monitoring appears to be limited
based on previous studies at other wind sites where there have been conflicting results.

Species Identification
While interspecific variation in echolocation call structure exists among the Myotis species,
significant variation can exist intraspecifically among individuals and populations (Broders et al.
2004). Plasticity among calls of an individual based on a number of factors (e.g., habitat,
presence of conspecifics, etc.) can further confound species identification (Barclay and Brigham
2004). Given the similarity of Myotis species, both morphologically and acoustically, these
species are generally acknowledged as being among the more difficult to identify. To determine
presence of a federally endangered Myotis species, Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis), within the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area, all call files with signatures resembling Myotis species were
submitted for quantitative analysis to NYSDEC-recommended bat biologist, Eric Britzke. A
total of 208 call files were analyzed using a classification model based on discriminant function
analysis (DFA) that utilizes 10 quantitative measures of individual call sequences. As is typical
of AnaBat call analysis, the majority of the calls (n=76) were still unable to be categorized to
species using the procedure. Of those calls with adequate signatures, 22 had call parameters
similar to eastern red bat, 50 to little brown bat, 44 to northern myotis, and 16 to Indiana bat.
Calls with characteristics of Indiana bat were recorded at several locations within the project area
from May 9 – September 21, with about half of the calls occurring at one sampling location
between May 23 – 29, 2006. No sampled nights at any site had >2 call files with characteristics
of Indiana bat. Due to the probabilistic nature and opportunity for misidentification and
inaccuracy in species identification, multiple calls of a species must be detected in a single night
to determine species presence (Britzke et al. 2002). This is a conservative approach, but serves
to ensure that variation caused by inaccurate identification is not included in the species
identification results. Based on this approach, there are not enough files to statistically support
the presence of Indiana bats at any of the sites or nights examined (E. Britzke, pers.
communication).

Though statistical analysis of Myotis species calls recorded by the AnaBats failed to conclusively
document Indiana bat, the St. Lawrence Windpower project area is within the recognized range
of the species. Indiana bat are known to winter in a hibernaculum near Watertown. Movement
of females dispersing from hibernacula to breeding areas has been tracked by NYSDEC from
2002 – 2006 (NYSDEC 2006). Individuals have been recorded traveling up to 40 miles from
wintering caves and several dispersing females were reported in Clayton, New York, located
within 10 miles northeast of the proposed St. Lawrence Windpower project area. Suitable
roosting habitat, characterized by trees or snags >5 inches in diameter with exfoliating bark and
cracks/crevices (USFWS 1999), is likely present within the project area. Additionally, several
riparian areas and wetlands, such as farm ponds and floodplain forests, within the project area
provide foraging habitat for the Indiana bat and other bat species.

The results of the AnaBat surveys along with available information suggest that Indiana bats may
occupy the site in low density. Because of the status of this species, further investigations
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including habitat mapping and potentially mist-netting surveys are warranted. Additional study
scope, methods, and objectives will be discussed with the NYSDEC and USFWS and
implemented in 2007. Detailed habitat mapping for the species, with a focus on suitable
trees/woodlots for maternal colonies, is recommended. The utility of mist-netting to confirm
presence/absence of the species and likelihood of impacts based on relative density within the
project area will be further evaluated in consultation with the agencies.

5.0 Ongoing Studies

Several of these studies at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area are ongoing. In spring
2007, the radar survey will resume for a 45-day period. Additional spring raptor surveys will be
conducted to capture earlier migrants that may have been missed due to a late start in spring
2006. Other ongoing study components include winter raptor and waterfowl surveys and
sensitive species surveys and habitat mapping. Results from this report and the ongoing studies
will be compiled in a final report following completion of the field surveys in spring 2007.
Results in this interim report should be considered preliminary at this time until the final analysis
is complete.

6.0 References

Andrle, R.F. and J.R. Carroll. 1988. The Atlas of Breeding Birds in New York State. Cornell University Press,
Ithaca, New York.

Barclay, R.M. and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Geographic variation in the echolocation calls of bats: a complication for
identifying species by their calls in Bat Echolocation Research: Tools, techniques, and analysis. Bat
Conservation International. Austin, Texas.

Batschelet, E. 1981. Circular Statistics in Biology. Academic Press, London.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, and D.A. Hill. 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press, New York. 257 pp.

Britzke, E.R. 2003. Use of ultrasonic detectors for acoustic identification and study of bat ecology in the eastern
United States. Ph.D. dissertation, unpublished.

Britzke, E.R. and K.L. Murray. 2001. A quantitative method for the selection of identifiable search-phase calls
using the AnaBat system. Bat Research News 41:33-36.
.

Britzke, E.R., K.L. Murray, J.S. Heywood, and L.W. Robbins. 2002. Acoustic identification. Pp. 220-224 in The
Indiana bat: biology and management of an endangered species (A. Kurta and J. Kennedy, eds.). Bat
Conservation International, Austin, TX.

Broders, H.G., C.S. Findlay, and L. Zheng. 2004. Effects of clutter on echolocation call structure of Myotis
septentrionalis and Myotis lucifugus. Journal of Mammology 85:273-281.

Cooper, B.A., A.A. Stickney and T.J. Mabee. 2004a. A radar study of nocturnal bird migration at the proposed
Chautauqua Wind Energy Facility, New York, Fall 2003. Technical report prepared for Chautaqua
Windpower LLC.

Cooper, B.A., T.J. Mabee, A.A. Stickney and J.E. Shook. 2004b. A visual and radar study of 2003 spring bird
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including habitat mapping and potentially mist-netting surveys are warranted. Additional study
scope, methods, and objectives will be discussed with the NYSDEC and USFWS and
implemented in 2007. Detailed habitat mapping for the species, with a focus on suitable
trees/woodlots for maternal colonies, is recommended. The utility of mist-netting to confirm
presence/absence of the species and likelihood of impacts based on relative density within the
project area will be further evaluated in consultation with the agencies.

5.0 Ongoing Studies

Several of these studies at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area are ongoing. In spring
2007, the radar survey will resume for a 45-day period. Additional spring raptor surveys will be
conducted to capture earlier migrants that may have been missed due to a late start in spring
2006. Other ongoing study components include winter raptor and waterfowl surveys and
sensitive species surveys and habitat mapping. Results from this report and the ongoing studies
will be compiled in a final report following completion of the field surveys in spring 2007.
Results in this interim report should be considered preliminary at this time until the final analysis
is complete.

6.0 References

Andrle, R.F. and J.R. Carroll. 1988. The Atlas of Breeding Birds in New York State. Cornell University Press,
Ithaca, New York.

Barclay, R.M. and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Geographic variation in the echolocation calls of bats: a complication for
identifying species by their calls in Bat Echolocation Research: Tools, techniques, and analysis. Bat
Conservation International. Austin, Texas.

Batschelet, E. 1981. Circular Statistics in Biology. Academic Press, London.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, and D.A. Hill. 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press, New York. 257 pp.

Britzke, E.R. 2003. Use of ultrasonic detectors for acoustic identification and study of bat ecology in the eastern
United States. Ph.D. dissertation, unpublished.

Britzke, E.R. and K.L. Murray. 2001. A quantitative method for the selection of identifiable search-phase calls
using the AnaBat system. Bat Research News 41:33-36.
.

Britzke, E.R., K.L. Murray, J.S. Heywood, and L.W. Robbins. 2002. Acoustic identification. Pp. 220-224 in The
Indiana bat: biology and management of an endangered species (A. Kurta and J. Kennedy, eds.). Bat
Conservation International, Austin, TX.

Broders, H.G., C.S. Findlay, and L. Zheng. 2004. Effects of clutter on echolocation call structure of Myotis
septentrionalis and Myotis lucifugus. Journal of Mammology 85:273-281.

Cooper, B.A., A.A. Stickney and T.J. Mabee. 2004a. A radar study of nocturnal bird migration at the proposed
Chautauqua Wind Energy Facility, New York, Fall 2003. Technical report prepared for Chautaqua
Windpower LLC.

Cooper, B.A., T.J. Mabee, A.A. Stickney and J.E. Shook. 2004b. A visual and radar study of 2003 spring bird
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including habitat mapping and potentially mist-netting surveys are warranted. Additional study
scope, methods, and objectives will be discussed with the NYSDEC and USFWS and
implemented in 2007. Detailed habitat mapping for the species, with a focus on suitable
trees/woodlots for maternal colonies, is recommended. The utility of mist-netting to confirm
presence/absence of the species and likelihood of impacts based on relative density within the
project area will be further evaluated in consultation with the agencies.

5.0 Ongoing Studies

Several of these studies at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area are ongoing. In spring
2007, the radar survey will resume for a 45-day period. Additional spring raptor surveys will be
conducted to capture earlier migrants that may have been missed due to a late start in spring
2006. Other ongoing study components include winter raptor and waterfowl surveys and
sensitive species surveys and habitat mapping. Results from this report and the ongoing studies
will be compiled in a final report following completion of the field surveys in spring 2007.
Results in this interim report should be considered preliminary at this time until the final analysis
is complete.

6.0 References

Andrle, R.F. and J.R. Carroll. 1988. The Atlas of Breeding Birds in New York State. Cornell University Press,
Ithaca, New York.

Barclay, R.M. and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Geographic variation in the echolocation calls of bats: a complication for
identifying species by their calls in Bat Echolocation Research: Tools, techniques, and analysis. Bat
Conservation International. Austin, Texas.

Batschelet, E. 1981. Circular Statistics in Biology. Academic Press, London.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, and D.A. Hill. 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press, New York. 257 pp.

Britzke, E.R. 2003. Use of ultrasonic detectors for acoustic identification and study of bat ecology in the eastern
United States. Ph.D. dissertation, unpublished.

Britzke, E.R. and K.L. Murray. 2001. A quantitative method for the selection of identifiable search-phase calls
using the AnaBat system. Bat Research News 41:33-36.
.

Britzke, E.R., K.L. Murray, J.S. Heywood, and L.W. Robbins. 2002. Acoustic identification. Pp. 220-224 in The
Indiana bat: biology and management of an endangered species (A. Kurta and J. Kennedy, eds.). Bat
Conservation International, Austin, TX.

Broders, H.G., C.S. Findlay, and L. Zheng. 2004. Effects of clutter on echolocation call structure of Myotis
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Table 1. Raptors and other large bird species observed while conducting diurnal migrant surveys
at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area.
Spring 2006 Fall 2006
Species/Group
# ind

# groups
mean
use
2

% freq
3
# ind

# groups

mean
use
% freq
Waterbirds
Great blue heron 4 4 0.33 25.0 1 1 0.03 3.3
Herring gull 19 3 1.58 16.7 0 0 0 0
Ring-billed gull 317 9 26.42 50.0 634 33 21.1 33.3
Unidentified gull 879 15 73.25 66.7 6421 38 214.03 50.0
Waterfowl
Canada goose 197 6 16.4 50.0 927 51 30.9 60.0
Double-crested cormorant 2 1 0.17 8.3 0 0 0 0
Unidentified duck 40 2 3.33 16.7 0 0 0 0
Mallard 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.03 3.3
Raptors
Accipiters
Sharp-shinned hawk
SC
5 3 0.42 25.0 3 3 0.1 10.0
Cooper’s hawk
SC
0 0 0 0 4 4 0.13 13.3
Unidentified accipiter 5 5 0.42 33.3 0 0 0 0
Buteos
Broad-winged hawk 7 7 0.58 33.3 6 3 0.2 6.7
Red-tailed hawk 8 7 0.67 50.0 43 37 1.43 63.3
Rough-legged hawk 2 2 0.17 16.7 12 8 0.4 23.3
Unidentified buteo 4 3 0.33 25.0 0 0 0 0
Falcons
American kestrel 1 1 0.08 8.3 11 9 0.37 26.7
Merlin 0 0 0 0 2 2 0.07 6.7
Eagles
Bald eagle
FT
0 0 0 0 1 1 0.03 3.3
Other Raptors
Northern harrier
ST
6 6 0.5 41.7 87 65 2.9 90.0
Osprey
SC
2 2 0.17 16.7 0 0 0 0
Turkey vulture 51 31 4.25 83.3 119 53 3.97 40.0
Other Birds
American crow 31 11 2.58 50.0 193 86 6.43 80.0
Common raven 0 0 0 0 3 3 0.1 10.0
Common snipe 0 0 0 0 9 4 0.3 13.3
Ring-necked pheasant 0 0 0 0 1 1 0.03 3.3
Wild turkey 0 0 0 0 42 2 1.4 6.7
Total 1147 118
7108 406
FT = Federal threatened ST = State threatened SC = State listed species of special concern

2
Mean use = number observed within 800 m of survey point per 60-min survey
3
Frequency of occurrence = percent of surveys in which species was observed
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WEST, Inc.
23




3.3.2 Results

Point count surveys were conducted on June 30 and July 7, 2006. Each point was surveyed
twice, for a total of 40 survey periods. A total of 1080 individual birds were observed in 425
groups (Table 3). Fifty-nine species were observed during the surveys. European starling, red-
winged blackbird, and bobolink were the most common passerines observed based on mean use
estimates (number observed within 400 m per 3-minute survey). The majority of the species
recorded during breeding bird surveys are species commonly associated with agriculture,
grasslands, and/or edge habitat. Several species of interest were recorded during the breeding
bird surveys including northern harrier, a New York state threatened species; horned lark and
grasshopper sparrow, two New York state species of concern; and bobolink and wood thrush,
two species on the USFWS 2002 Birds of Conservation Concern list for the Lower Great
Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain region.

Table 3. Avian species observed during breeding bird surveys within the St. Lawrence
Windpower project area.
Species/Group # of individuals # of groups Mean Use

Waterbirds
Great blue heron 4 4 0.1
Green heron 1 1 0.025
Ring-billed gull 47 6 1.175
Unidentified gull 38 2 0.95

Waterfowl
Canada goose 27 4 0.675
Mallard 2 1 0.05

Shorebirds
Killdeer 16 10 0.4

Raptors/Vultures
American kestrel 2 2 0.05
Northern harrier
T
4 3 0.1
Red-tailed hawk 4 3 0.1
Turkey vulture 9 7 0.225

Passerines
American crow 53 11 1.325
American goldfinch 23 15 0.575
American robin 30 25 0.75
Baltimore oriole 6 3 0.15
Barn swallow 23 6 0.575
Black-capped chickadee 5 3 0.125
Blue jay 2 2 0.05
Bobolink
BCC
76 32 1.9
Brown-headed cowbird 11 4 0.275
001066


WEST, Inc.
24
Species/Group # of individuals # of groups Mean Use
Cedar waxwing 4 1 0.1
Chestnut-sided warbler 1 1 0.025
Common grackle 29 3 0.725
Common yellowthroat 29 20 0.725
Eastern bluebird 2 2 0.05
Eastern kingbird 4 3 0.1
Eastern meadowlark 32 28 0.8
Eastern towhee 1 1 0.025
Eastern tufted titmouse 1 1 0.025
Eastern wood pewee 5 5 0.125
Empidonax spp. 1 1 0.025
European starling 235 19 5.875
Grasshopper sparrow
SC
1 1 0.025
Gray catbird 6 5 0.15
Horned lark
SC
6 2 0.15
House wren 3 3 0.075
Indigo bunting 1 1 0.025
Northern cardinal 2 1 0.05
Ovenbird 11 11 0.275
Red-eyed vireo 7 7 0.175
Red-winged blackbird 136 49 3.4
Rose-breasted grosbeak 1 1 0.025
Savannah sparrow 37 26 0.925
Scarlet tanager 2 2 0.05
Song sparrow 48 35 1.2
Tree swallow 13 3 0.325
Unidentified passerine 1 1 0.025
Unidentified sparrow 1 1 0.025
Veery 1 1 0.025
Willow flycatcher 4 4 0.1
Wood thrush
BCC
6 5 0.15
Yellow warbler 31 18 0.775

Upland Gamebirds
Ruffed grouse 1 1 0.025
Wild turkey 4 1 0.1

Doves
Mourning dove 10 6 0.25
Rock pigeon 14 5 0.35

Other Birds
Hairy woodpecker 1 1 0.025
Northern flicker 2 2 0.05
Unidentified woodpecker 3 3 0.075

All Birds 1080 425
T = State listed threatened
SC = State listed species of special concern

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Table 4. Number of sampling days, total number of calls recorded, and calls/night recorded by
each AnaBat unit for spring, summer, and fall sampling periods.


Season


Location
# of sampling
days used in
analysis

Total # of
calls


# calls/night
Spring Met tower low
Non-met 1
Non-met 2

39
11
24
769
320
782
19.72
29.09
32.58

Summer Met tower low
Non-met 2
9
9
198
500
22.0
55.56
Fall Met tower low
Radar
50
50
463
1629
9.26
32.58

Species Identification
Using qualitative analysis of search calls, 5 species groups of bats were positively identified at
the met tower location (Table 5). As is typical with AnaBat sampling, the majority of
vocalizations were unable to be identified due to the few number of pulses per call (<5
pulses/call sequence). Relative call frequency was calculated by dividing the number of calls
recorded for each species by the total number of calls recorded at the met tower for each season.
Of those calls that were able to be identified to species, Lasiurus borealis calls accounted for the
majority of the vocalizations during all seasons at the met tower.

Summer sampling with the mobile AnaBat unit occurred on nine nights and recorded 464 bat
calls (Table 6). The objective of the mobile sampling was to identify to the extent possible the
species of bats using the St. Lawrence Windpower project area during the summer breeding
season. As with the fixed station sampling, many calls could not be identified to species. One
individual of an additional species, eastern pipistrelle (Pipistrellus subflavus), was recorded
during the roaming surveys and not recorded during sampling at the passive monitoring stations.
The highest number of recorded calls was of hoary bat (Table 6); however, 95% of those calls
occurred on one night at one location and may have been from only one or a few individuals
echolocating repeatedly near the AnaBat microphone.

Following the qualitative screening, 208 call files with characteristics resembling Myotis species
were submitted to Eric Britzke for further analysis. Of those files, 76 calls (36.5%) did not
contain sufficient enough information to be processed quantitatively. The remaining calls were
analyzed quantitatively on a nightly basis by site (Britzke 2003). Calls meeting the quantitative
criteria for the following species were identified: eastern red bat (22 calls), little brown bat (50
calls), northern myotis (44 calls), and Indiana bat (16 calls).




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Table 5. Relative call frequency of species recorded at the met tower during the sampling
periods of each season.
Species Relative Call Frequency
Common Name Scientific Name Spring Summer Fall

Big brown bat/
Silver-haired bat


Eptescus fuscus/
Lasionycteris noctivagans

0.0897
(69)

0.1414
(28)

0.0605
(28)
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 0.3914
(301)
0.4141
(82)
0.2203
(102)
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0.0260
(20)
0.0404
(8)
0.0043
(2)
Myotis spp.



0.0117
(9)
0

0.0130
(6)
No identification

0.4811
(370)
0.4040
(80)
0.7019
(325)


Table 6. Number of detections by species during summer roaming AnaBat sampling.
Species Date Sampled
Common
Name
Scientific Name 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/24 7/25 7/26 8/06 8/07 8/08
Big brown bat

Eptescus fuscus 19 12 0 13 0 0 4 1 0
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 14 20 0 5 13 4 0 7 0
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0 4 0 1 117 0 0 0 0
Myotis spp.

0

6

7 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern
pipistrelle
Pipistrellus
subflavus
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
No Species ID 25 31 16 25 62 6 16 29 4
Total Detections/night 58 74 23 44 192 10 20 37 4















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Table 5. Relative call frequency of species recorded at the met tower during the sampling
periods of each season.
Species Relative Call Frequency
Common Name Scientific Name Spring Summer Fall

Big brown bat/
Silver-haired bat


Eptescus fuscus/
Lasionycteris noctivagans

0.0897
(69)

0.1414
(28)

0.0605
(28)
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 0.3914
(301)
0.4141
(82)
0.2203
(102)
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0.0260
(20)
0.0404
(8)
0.0043
(2)
Myotis spp.



0.0117
(9)
0

0.0130
(6)
No identification

0.4811
(370)
0.4040
(80)
0.7019
(325)


Table 6. Number of detections by species during summer roaming AnaBat sampling.
Species Date Sampled
Common
Name
Scientific Name 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/24 7/25 7/26 8/06 8/07 8/08
Big brown bat

Eptescus fuscus 19 12 0 13 0 0 4 1 0
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 14 20 0 5 13 4 0 7 0
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0 4 0 1 117 0 0 0 0
Myotis spp.

0

6

7 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern
pipistrelle
Pipistrellus
subflavus
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
No Species ID 25 31 16 25 62 6 16 29 4
Total Detections/night 58 74 23 44 192 10 20 37 4















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Given the nature of avian migration in New York and along the Great Lakes shorelines, passage
rates are expected to be slightly higher at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area in spring
than in the fall. A radar study conducted near the Lake Erie shoreline in New York
(Chautauqua) reported passage rates approximately 1.5 times higher in spring than in fall (Table
7). Additionally, passage rates at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area may be influenced
locally by the close proximity of the radar unit to the shoreline (<1.5 km). Though this distance
was recommended by NYSDEC and USFWS, passage rates may be lower further inland where
actual turbine construction is proposed. Despite higher than average passage rates near the
shoreline, collision risk to migrants within the project area is expected to be low given the
average flight height and proportion of targets passing within the zone of risk.

Table 7. Results of radar studies at proposed and existing wind project sites in the U.S.

Site
Passage
Rates
(t/km/hr)

Mean Flight
Height (m)

% Targets
below 125 m

Mean Flight
Direction
Fall Spr Fall Spr Fall Spr Fall Spr
St. Lawrence Windpower, NY
(this report)
346 490 7.7 209.2
Dairy Hills, Wyoming Co., NY
(Young et al. 2006)
170 234 466 397 10 15 180 14
Flat Rock, NY
(Mabee et al. 2005)
158 415 8 184
Chautauqua, NY
(Cooper et al. 2004a,b)
238 395 532 528 5 4 199 29
Prattsburgh (1), NY
(Mabee et al. 2004, 2005)
200 170 365 319 9 18 177 18
Clinton County, NY
(Mabee et al. 2006)
197 110 333 338 12 20 162 30
Marble River, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2006a,b)
152 254 438 422 5 11 193 40
Jordanville, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005a, b)
380 409 440 371 6 21 208 40
Prattsburgh (2), NY
(B. Roy, pers. comm. 2006)
193 277 516 370 3 16 188 22
West Hill, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005)
732 160 664 291 3 25 223 31
High Sheldon, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005)
197 112 422 418 3 6 213 29
Fairfield Top Notch, NY
(B. Gary, NYDEC, pers. comm.)
691 509 516 419 4 20 198 44
Searsburg, VT
(Roy and Pelletier 2005a, 2005b)
178 404 556 523 4 6 203 69
Sheffield, VT
(Roy et al. 2005)
109 199 564 522 1 6 200 40
Martindale, PA
(Plissner et al. 2005)
187 436 8 188
Casselman, PA
(Plissner et al. 2005)
174 448 7 219
Mount Storm, WV
(Young et al. 2004)
199 410 16 184

Mean 262 269 470 410 6.5 14 195 34
Note: Some values are approximations based on the limited information provided in the report or averaged
over more than one sampling location (e.g., Flat Rock, Mount Storm).
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Table 8. Number of raptors observed per surveyor hour in the project area and at six established
New York spring/fall hawk watch sites in 2006.
Spring 2006 St. Lawrence
Windpower
Ripley Hawk Hamburg Derby Hill
4/14/06 11 29 1 20
4/21/06 13 47 49 344
5/02/06 2 16 2 6
5/12/06 4 25 1 45
Average 7.5 29.25 13.25 103.75
Fall 2006 St. Lawrence
Windpower
Franklin Mt. Mohonk Preserve Mount Peter
9/23/06 15 1 no survey 1
9/30/06 20 3 2 5
10/07/06 17 10 no survey 3
10/13/06 10 3 11 7
10/20/06 3 no survey no survey no survey
10/27/06 7 20 11 5
10/30/06 6 15 16 10
11/05/06 6 1 no survey 1
11/07/06 8 0 no survey 2
11/11/06 4 2 no survey no survey
Average 9.6 9 10 3.4
Daily count data acquired from HMANA 2006.

Exposure indices are a common method for estimating risk to individual species from wind
turbines. During both migratory seasons, non-raptor species had the highest exposure index due
to high use of the area by waterfowl and waterbirds, such as Canada goose and gull species
(Table 2). At the St. Lawrence Windpower project area, raptors in general did not have high
exposure indices due to either low numbers recorded or flight heights outside of the zone of risk.
Turkey vulture had the highest exposure index; they were commonly observed and were most
often observed flying in the zone of risk. While these species have been recorded as fatalities at
other monitored wind plants, the number of fatalities are relatively small (see Erickson et al.
2001, 2002). Red-tailed hawk was seen less frequently but was often seen flying in the zone of
risk. In contrast, northern harrier were often recorded, particularly during fall migration, but
rarely observed flying into the zone of risk and has rarely been recorded as fatalities at other
monitored wind facilities (see Erickson et al. 2001, 2002).

4.3 Breeding Bird Survey

The results of the breeding bird surveys were typical of agricultural settings in central New York.
Frequently recorded species included European starling, bobolink, and red-winged blackbird. A
few woodland species, such as wood thrush and ovenbird, were observed in small wooded areas
and wetlands scattered throughout the project area. Several species of gulls and waterfowl are
also present in the area due to proximity to the shoreline. The closest breeding bird survey
(Watertown; Sauer 2005) reported similar species occurrences and abundances. Four species
listed by the NYSDEC were observed within the St. Lawrence Windpower project area: northern
harrier, horned lark, grasshopper sparrow, and vesper sparrow. Northern harrier is listed as NY
001072
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34.5% of observations were between 135q and 225q.


Figure 4. Observed fall flight directions in the project area.






















Passage Rates
The overall mean passage rate in the horizontal mode was 345.8 r 13.3 targets/km/hr (mean r
SE) (n = 506 sample periods) and in the vertical mode was 346.2 r 17.2 targets/km/hr (mean r
SE) (n = 503 sample periods). Mean nightly passage rate was highly variable in both horizontal
mode (Figures 5) and vertical mode (Figure 6). The greatest nightly passage rates occurred in
late September and early October. Mean hourly passage rates tended to be low early in the
evening, with rapid increases to maximum values just before midnight, followed by
progressively declining rates throughout the night (Figures 7 and 8).
200
400
600
800
30
210
60
240
90 270
120
300
150
330
180
0
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Figure 5. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates in horizontal mode.






















Figure 6. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.
























08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
500
1000
1500
DATE
N
I
G
H
T
L
Y

P
A
S
S
A
G
E

R
A
T
E

(
t
a
r
g
e
t
s
/
k
m
/
h
r
)
08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
DATE
N
I
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H
T
L
Y

P
A
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S
A
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E

R
A
T
E

(
t
a
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g
e
t
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/
k
m
/
h
r
)
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Figure 5. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates in horizontal mode.






















Figure 6. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.
























08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
500
1000
1500
DATE
N
I
G
H
T
L
Y

P
A
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S
A
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R
A
T
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(
t
a
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g
e
t
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/
k
m
/
h
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)
08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
DATE
N
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L
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P
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A
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A
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(
t
a
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/
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)
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Figure 7. Mean + 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in horizontal mode.






















Figure 8. Mean r 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.





















1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
H
O
U
R
L
Y

P
A
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S
A
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R
A
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(
t
a
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/
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m
/
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)
1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
H
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Y

P
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A
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(
t
a
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/
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/
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)
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Figure 7. Mean + 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in horizontal mode.






















Figure 8. Mean r 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.





















1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
H
O
U
R
L
Y

P
A
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S
A
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E

R
A
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(
t
a
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e
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/
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m
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1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
H
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Flight Altitudes
For sampling at the 1.5-km range in vertical mode, mean flight altitude was 490.4 r 1.7 m
(mean r SE) (n = 30749 targets) above radar level (arl)
1
. Approximately 7.7% of targets had
flight altitudes less than 125 m (the zone of risk posed by turbines) at the Cape Vincent site.
Most targets were observed at altitudes below 500 m (Figure 6). The highest percentage of
targets occurred between 201 and 300 m arl. Nightly mean flight altitudes were variable
throughout the study period and ranged from approximately 275 m to 685 m arl (Figure 7). In
contrast, hourly mean flight altitudes were relatively constant (typically in the 450500 m range)
(Figure 8) and close to the overall mean flight altitude for the study period. For sampling periods
at the 3-km range in vertical mode, 3.1% of targets (558 of 18059) had flight altitudes greater
than 1500 m.


Figure 9. Frequency histogram of targets by height class, sampling at 1.5-km range. Height
class 1 represents altitudes 0-100 m, class 2 represents altitudes 100-200 m, etc.























1
Target altitude was measured in relation to a horizontal line running through the point of origin for the radar and
thus termed above radar level. Height above ground level (agl) is highly variable depending on the topography
directly below any given target and not measurable with the radar.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
0
5
10
15
HEIGHT CLASS
P
E
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O
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Figure 10. Mean + 1 SE nightly flight altitude sampling at 1.5 km range.






















Figure 11. Mean + 1 SE hourly flight altitude sampling at 1.5-km range.






















08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
100
200
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400
500
600
700
DATE
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(
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1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
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TIME
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Figure 10. Mean + 1 SE nightly flight altitude sampling at 1.5 km range.






















Figure 11. Mean + 1 SE hourly flight altitude sampling at 1.5-km range.






















08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
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Target Speed
Air speed of targets was calculated by adjusting for wind speed and direction (see Methods
above). Of 12190 targets, approximately 1% (120 targets) were moving very slow (< 6 m/s) and
one target was moving at high speed (> 35m/s). After excluding very slow and very fast targets,
overall mean target air speed was 12.95 r 0.03 m/s (mean r SE) (n = 12069 targets). Nightly
mean target air speed varied from approximately 10 to 17 m/s (Figure 12). Because the
percentage of targets moving slow was so small, no further adjustment to the data set was
warranted.

Figure 12. Mean + 1 SE nightly target air speed.
























3.2 Raptor Migration Surveys

The objective of the raptor migration surveys is to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
sites by migrant raptors, other diurnal migrants (e.g., waterfowl, corvids), and other large birds.
Point counts using variable circular plots (Reynolds et al. 1980, Bibby et al. 1992) were
conducted within the project area according to methods used by the Hawk Migration Association
of North America (HMANA) with observers continuously scanning the sky and surrounding
areas for raptors in the survey area. Three permanent stations were designated for diurnal
surveys (Figure 3). All large birds and flocks detected during the point counts were recorded,
but the emphasis of the surveys was locating and counting raptors within approximately 800-m
(0.5 mi) of each point. The timing of surveys was determined in consultation with the NYSDEC
08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
2
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6
8
10
12
14
16
18
DATE
A
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Figure 13. Diurnal avian estimates for each survey point by season.
Avian Migrant Use Spring 2006
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
1 2 3
Station #
M
e
a
n

U
s
e
All birds
Raptors only

Avian Migrant Use Fall 2006
0
50
100
150
200
250
1 2 3
Station #
M
e
a
n

U
s
e
All birds
Raptors only


3.3 Breeding Bird Survey

The objective of the breeding bird surveys was to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
proposed development area by breeding resident birds. The emphasis of the surveys was
locating and counting breeding resident birds within the area proposed for development. The
surveys were conducted based on the regional timing recommended for USGS BBS in central
New York (USGS 2001).

3.3.1 Methods
Twenty survey points were established within the project area. The survey points were selected
to cover as much of the proposed development area and habitat types as possible. Each survey
station was marked on a map and GPS coordinates were recorded for each point (Figure 14).
The habitat at each survey point was described to examine the applicability of the site to
represent other areas within the proposed development area.

001085
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St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
1
1.0 Introduction and Background

St. Lawrence Windpower, LLC (SLW) is evaluating the feasibility of wind energy development
in Jefferson County, New York. The proposed project, St. Lawrence Windpower, is located
south of the St. Lawrence River and north of Chaumont Bay, near the town of Cape Vincent,
New York (Figure 1). The exact location and size of the development will be based on a number
of factors including power purchase agreement(s), electricity markets, transmission constraints,
permitting, and results of site surveys.

Through the early project evaluation process, SLW contacted the New York State Department of
Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) to introduce the project and determine biological
resources of concern for the project. Issues that were raised included potential impacts from the
project on avian and bat resources, in particular nocturnal migrant birds and migrant raptors,
migrant and resident bats, and species of concern that may occupy the site. In response to
comments from the NYSDEC, SLW requested that Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc.
(WEST) develop an avian and bat survey protocol for a one-year study that would address the
agency concerns and provide site-specific data for the resources of concern.

The principal goals of the study, initiated in April 2006, were to:
1) Provide baseline information on avian and bat resources and use of the study area that is
useful in evaluating potential impacts from wind power development;
2) Provide baseline information on avian and bat migration over the proposed development
area that is useful in evaluating the relative risk of the proposed wind project location;
3) Provide information on avian, bat, and sensitive species use of the study area that will
help in designing a wind plant that is less likely to expose species to potential collisions
with turbines, and;
4) Provide recommendations for further monitoring studies and potential mitigation
measures, if appropriate.

Specific objectives of the study were to: (1) describe and quantify nocturnal migration over the
proposed project area; (2) describe and quantify spring and fall (diurnal) raptor migration
through the proposed project; (3) describe and quantify breeding bird use in the proposed
development area (turbine locations); (4) describe and quantify migrant bat use over the
proposed project; (5) identify resident bat species in the project area; (6) describe and quantify
waterfowl migration through the project area; (7) and identify the presence of any federal and
state-listed species that may occur within in the project area, as well as potential habitat for these
species. The protocol was developed based on input from NYSDEC and the USFWS, as well as
the expertise and experience of WEST implementing and conducting similar studies for wind
energy development throughout the U.S.
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2.0 Study Area

The proposed project area is located within the Great Lakes Plain ecozone in northern New York
(Andrle and Carroll 1988). Elevation of the ecozone varies from about 100-500 feet. The
dominant vegetation type was historically northern hardwood forest: oaks, beech, sugar maple,
white ash, and black cherry; but agricultural clearing has left the region approximately 20%
wooded (Andrle and Carroll 1988). Some of the ecozone on the Cape Vincent peninsula is
characterized by Alvar ecosystems: grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and sparsely vegetated
rock barrens that develop on flat limestone where soils are very shallow (Edinger et al. 2002).

The land within the project area is privately owned and the primary land use is agriculture and
dairy farming (Figure 2). There are scattered farms and houses throughout the project and
adjacent to the roads. Vegetation of the project is a mosaic of open grass/hay fields, cultivated
agriculture, and scattered deciduous tree wood lots. The deciduous forest type tends to be
variable in size with some small woodlots intermixed with agriculture fields and some larger
blocks of forest, particularly in low-lying areas unsuitable for farming. Several inlets, creeks,
and wetland forests occur within the project area. Most of the project development will occur in
agricultural fields.








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St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007


WEST, Inc.
5

3.0 Study Components

The one-year avian and bat preconstruction study consisted of nocturnal marine radar sampling
during the spring and fall migration periods; diurnal point count surveys from fixed point
locations conducive to observing raptors and other large birds; breeding bird survey point counts;
AnaBat sampling for migrating bats during the spring and fall; AnaBat sampling for resident bats
during the summer; and winter and early spring waterfowl and raptor surveys. The various study
components took into consideration the potential for federal and state-listed species occurrence
in the project area.

3.1 Nocturnal Marine Radar Survey

The overall purpose of the nocturnal marine radar survey was to characterize avian migration
over the project area and provide data that could be used to determine the relative magnitude of
nocturnal migration over the proposed development area when compared to other sites. The
primary objective of the radar study was to collect baseline information on flight direction,
passage rates, and flight altitude of nocturnal migrants at a representative sampling location for
the proposed development area.

A single radar unit was used for the migration seasons defined as 15 August – 15 October for the
fall and 15 April 15 – 1 June for the spring. The radar lab consists of an X-band marine radar,
transmitting at 9,410 MHz with power output of 12 kW, mounted on a vehicle. Similar radar
labs have been successfully used to monitor nocturnal avian migration and are described in
Cooper et al. (1991) and Harmata et al. (1999).

The fall sampling location was selected based on constraints of the radar (e.g., minimization of
ground interference), property ownership, access, and comments from the NYSDEC and
USFWS (Figure 3). Based on comments from the NYSDEC and USFWS, the ideal radar
sampling point to allow characterization of avian/bat movement along the shoreline, as well as
over inland areas, was restricted to those areas approximately 1.5-km from the shoreline. To
decrease ground clutter, the unit was positioned in a small hollow so that surrounding
topography reflected the lower portion of the main beam, producing a clear picture of sky
beyond. Due to land management changes at the fall radar sampling location, the site was
inaccessible in the spring. A second sampling location was chosen with similar characteristics as
the fall site and also situated as close to the original site as possible (Figure 3).








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5

3.0 Study Components

The one-year avian and bat preconstruction study consisted of nocturnal marine radar sampling
during the spring and fall migration periods; diurnal point count surveys from fixed point
locations conducive to observing raptors and other large birds; breeding bird survey point counts;
AnaBat sampling for migrating bats during the spring and fall; AnaBat sampling for resident bats
during the summer; and winter and early spring waterfowl and raptor surveys. The various study
components took into consideration the potential for federal and state-listed species occurrence
in the project area.

3.1 Nocturnal Marine Radar Survey

The overall purpose of the nocturnal marine radar survey was to characterize avian migration
over the project area and provide data that could be used to determine the relative magnitude of
nocturnal migration over the proposed development area when compared to other sites. The
primary objective of the radar study was to collect baseline information on flight direction,
passage rates, and flight altitude of nocturnal migrants at a representative sampling location for
the proposed development area.

A single radar unit was used for the migration seasons defined as 15 August – 15 October for the
fall and 15 April 15 – 1 June for the spring. The radar lab consists of an X-band marine radar,
transmitting at 9,410 MHz with power output of 12 kW, mounted on a vehicle. Similar radar
labs have been successfully used to monitor nocturnal avian migration and are described in
Cooper et al. (1991) and Harmata et al. (1999).

The fall sampling location was selected based on constraints of the radar (e.g., minimization of
ground interference), property ownership, access, and comments from the NYSDEC and
USFWS (Figure 3). Based on comments from the NYSDEC and USFWS, the ideal radar
sampling point to allow characterization of avian/bat movement along the shoreline, as well as
over inland areas, was restricted to those areas approximately 1.5-km from the shoreline. To
decrease ground clutter, the unit was positioned in a small hollow so that surrounding
topography reflected the lower portion of the main beam, producing a clear picture of sky
beyond. Due to land management changes at the fall radar sampling location, the site was
inaccessible in the spring. A second sampling location was chosen with similar characteristics as
the fall site and also situated as close to the original site as possible (Figure 3).








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St. Lawrence Windpower Project
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WEST, Inc.
7
3.1.1 Methods

The study period for radar sampling was 63 days during the fall migration season and 50 days
during the spring migration. Due to the constraints of marine radar, sampling during some nights
was compromised or cancelled due to rain, so the total number of sampled nights was less than
the total study period. Nocturnal radar sampling occurred from approximately sunset each night
until sunrise the following morning. Each night was broken down into 60-min sampling periods
that consisted of:

1) one 5-min session to collect weather data and adjust the radar to surveillance (i.e.,
horizontal) mode,
2) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) with the radar in surveillance mode
collecting information on migration traffic (passage) rates;
3) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) with the radar in surveillance mode
collecting information on flight direction and speed of targets, as well as general
location of migrants;
4) one 5-min break to adjust radar to vertical mode;
5) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on migration traffic (passage) rate;
6) one 10-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on flight altitudes below 1500 m;
7) one 5-min short-range session (1.5 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on the spatial distribution and altitudes of birds along an east-west
transect axis; and,
8) one 5-min long-range session (3.0 km range) in the vertical mode to collect
information on flight altitudes below 3000 m.

The following weather data was collected at the beginning of each hour session: wind speed,
wind direction; cloud cover (%); approximate ceiling height (m); approximate visibility (m);
precipitation; barometric pressure; air temperature (
o
C). Noticeable changes in weather
conditions, if any, were recorded when the radar unit was adjusted to vertical mode.

The Furuno FAR2117BB radar used in this study has several controls which affect detection and
tracking of targets. In order to detect and track small targets, the radar operated under the
shortest pulse length setting with the gain control turned up to near the highest setting. Initially,
the anti-clutter controls on the radar were turned down to the lowest setting. The anti-sea clutter
control was then slowly turned up to about the point where background noise cleared from the
screen enough to see small targets. The anti-rain clutter control was kept at the lowest setting.
While in the vertical mode, to eliminate ground clutter around the radar generated from second
echoes of radar energy bouncing off the van and ground, a blind sector was set so that the radar
did not transmit energy when the antennae was pointing towards the ground (from 90
o
to 270
o
).
The radar trails function was generally set at 30 seconds so that targets could be tracked for long
enough to determine direction and speed. Target flight direction was determined by placing the
cursor on a target echo within a trail and aligning the offset electronic bearing line (EBL) along
the line of target echoes pointing in the direction of travel. Speed was recorded as the distance a
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
8
target traveled in 5 seconds (two sweeps of the radar antennae). With the target trails turned on,
each sweep of the radar plots a new echo for any given target with each echo persisting on the
screen for a set amount of time (e.g., 30 seconds). Speed was determined with the offset variable
range marker (VRM) by placing the cursor on a target echo and measuring the distance between
that echo and the third echo in line (i.e., the distance traveled in 2 sweeps of the antennae or 5
seconds). Target height was measured with an index line (a tangent on the VRM) on the monitor
relative to a horizontal line running through the radar point of origin.

All data were exported from Microsoft Access and imported into SAS V.8 for further data
processing, quality assurance, and analysis. Additional analyses were performed using Matlab
V6.5. To determine passage rates in horizontal mode, the 2-dimensional area represented by the
radar image was treated as a 1-dimensional “front” perpendicular to the direction of migration,
with length equal to 3 km (the diameter of the surveyed area); all targets counted in the radar
image during the sampling period were treated as if they had crossed the front. Based on that
assumption, passage rate was calculated as number of targets per kilometer per hour.

Mean flight direction was estimated as ( )
1
tan y x u
÷
= where ( )
1
cos
n
i
i
y n u
=
=
¯
,
( )
1
sin
n
i
i
x n u
=
=
¯
, and
i
u was the flight direction for the i
th
observation (Batschelet, 1981).
Dispersion in the data was calculated as
( )
1 2
2 2
r x y = + such that 0 s r s1. If all observations
had exactly the same direction, r = 1; conversely, r = 0 would indicate uniform distribution of
directions around the circle.

Mean flight altitude was not adjusted for unequal sampling intensity at different heights or
unequal detection probability as a function of distance from the radar unit.

Air speed of targets, V
a
, was calculated as ( )
2 2
2 cos
a g w g w
V V V V V u = + ÷ A

, where V
g
= target
ground speed, V
w
= wind speed, and u A was the difference between the target flight direction
and wind direction. Hourly weather observations made at ground level were used for estimates
of wind speed and direction. Wind direction categorized by field observers as ‘N’, ‘NE’, ‘E’,
‘SE’, etc.; were transformed to bearings (0°, 45°, 90°, 135°, etc.) for the calculation of u A .
Targets with air speeds less than 6 m/s or greater than 35 m/s were judged not to be migrating
birds or bats and were excluded from further analysis.

3.1.2 Results

Nocturnal radar surveys were conducted most nights during the 63-day period between August
15 and October 15, 2006 and the 50-day period between April 19 and June 8, 2007. During fall,
radar sampling was conducted most nights for a total of approximately 508 hours of radar
sampling during the study period. Very wet weather in mid-April and again in late-May
compromised many survey nights during the spring study period. Radar sampling was
conducted for a total of approximately 300 hours during the spring study period.
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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9
200
400
600
800
30
210
60
240
90 270
120
300
150
330
180
0

Flight Direction
Observed flight directions were typically towards the southwest in the fall and towards the
northeast in the spring (Figure 4). Fall mean and dispersion of flight direction were u = 209.2°
and r = 0.34 (n = 12378 targets). As an indication of the southerly direction of the migration,
71.8% of observations were between 90° and 270°, while 34.5% of observations were between
135° and 225°. Spring mean and dispersion of flight direction were u = 34.0° and r = 0.52
(n = 5003 targets).1). As an indication of the northerly direction of the migration, 77.6% of
observations were between 270° and 90°, and 48.4% of observations were between 315° and
45°.

Figure 4. Observed fall and spring flight directions in the project area.

Fall Spring






















Passage Rates

Fall
The overall mean passage rate in the horizontal mode was 345.8 ± 13.3 targets/km/hr (mean ±
SE) (n = 506 sample periods) and in the vertical mode was 346.2 ± 17.2 targets/km/hr (mean ±
SE) (n = 503 sample periods). Mean nightly passage rate was highly variable in both horizontal
mode (Figure 5) and vertical mode (Figure 6). The greatest nightly passage rates occurred in late
September and early October. Mean hourly passage rates tended to be low early in the evening,
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
10
with rapid increases to maximum values just before midnight, followed by progressively
declining rates throughout the night (Figures 7 and 8).

Spring
The overall mean passage rate in the horizontal mode was 166.2 ± 8.8 targets/km/hr (mean ± SE)
(n = 310 sample periods) and in the vertical mode was 191 ± 9.4 targets/km/hr (mean ± SE)
(n = 308 sample periods). Mean nightly passage rate was highly variable in both horizontal
mode (Figure 5) and vertical mode (Figure 6). The greatest nightly passage rates occurred in
early and mid May. Mean hourly passage rates tended to be low early in the evening, with rapid
increases to maximum values just before midnight, followed by progressively declining rates
throughout the night with a second small increase early in the morning (Figures 7 and 8).
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St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
500
1000
1500
DATE
N
I
G
H
T
L
Y

P
A
S
S
A
G
E

R
A
T
E

(
t
a
r
g
e
t
s
/
k
m
/
h
r
)
Figure 5. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates in horizontal mode.




Fall























Spring














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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
DATE
N
I
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H
T
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Y

P
A
S
S
A
G
E

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A
T
E

(
t
a
r
g
e
t
s
/
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m
/
h
r
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Figure 6. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.


Fall
























Spring
















001099
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
H
O
U
R
L
Y

P
A
S
S
A
G
E

R
A
T
E

(
t
a
r
g
e
t
s
/
k
m
/
h
r
)
Figure 7. Mean + 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in horizontal mode.


Fall























Spring
















001100
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
H
O
U
R
L
Y

P
A
S
S
A
G
E

R
A
T
E

(
t
a
r
g
e
t
s
/
k
m
/
h
r
)
Figure 8. Mean ± 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.


Fall





















Spring
001101
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
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Flight Altitudes

Fall
For sampling at the 1.5-km range in vertical mode, mean flight altitude was 490.4 ± 1.7 m
(mean ± SE) (n = 30749 targets) above radar level (arl)
1
. Approximately 7.7% of targets had
flight altitudes less than 125 m (the approximate zone of risk posed by modern turbines) at the
site. Most targets were observed at altitudes below 500 m (Figure 9). The highest percentage of
targets occurred between 201 and 300 m arl. Nightly mean flight altitudes were variable
throughout the study period and ranged from approximately 275 m to 685 m arl (Figure 10). In
contrast, hourly mean flight altitudes were relatively constant (typically in the 450÷500 m range)
(Figure 11) and close to the overall mean flight altitude for the study period. For sampling
periods at the 3-km range in vertical mode, 3.1% of targets (558 of 18059) had flight altitudes
greater than 1500 m. On all sampling nights the mean flight height was greater than the median
value and the middle 50% of all observations were greater than 125 m arl (Figure 12).

Spring
For sampling at the 1.5-km range in vertical mode, mean flight altitude was 441.3 ± 2.5 m
(mean ± SE) (n = 16151 targets) arl. Approximately14.0% of targets had flight altitudes less
than 125 m. The highest percentage of targets (19.2%) occurred between 101 and 200 m arl
(Figure 9). Nightly mean flight altitudes were variable throughout the study period and ranged
from approximately 170 m to 650 m arl (Figure 10). In contrast, hourly mean flight altitudes
were relatively constant (typically in the 440–470 m range) (Figure 11) and close to the overall
mean flight altitude for the study period. For sampling periods at the 3-km range in vertical
mode, 2.6% of targets (253 of 9061 targets) had flight altitudes greater than 1500 m. On all
sampling nights the mean flight height was greater than the median value and above 125 m arl;
however, on two nights the median value was below 125 m arl and on seven nights the middle
50% of all observations overlapped the zone of risk (Figure 12).

1
Target altitude was measured in relation to a horizontal line running through the point of origin for the radar and
thus termed above radar level. Height above ground level (agl) is highly variable depending on the topography
directly below any given target and not measurable with the radar.
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
0
5
10
15
HEIGHT CLASS
P
E
R
C
E
N
T

O
F

T
A
R
G
E
T
S
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
HEIGHT CLASS
P
E
R
C
E
N
T

O
F

T
A
R
G
E
T
S
Figure 9. Frequency histogram of targets by height class, sampling at 1.5-km range. Height
class 1 represents altitudes 0-100 m, class 2 represents altitudes 100-200 m, etc.


Fall























Spring
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St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
DATE
F
L
I
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T

A
L
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I
T
U
D
E

(
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)
04/26 05/01 05/06 05/11 05/16 05/21 05/26 05/31 06/05 06/10
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
DATE
F
L
I
G
H
T

A
L
T
I
T
U
D
E

(
m
)
Figure 10. Mean + 1 SE nightly flight altitude sampling at 1.5 km range.

Fall






















Spring





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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
F
L
I
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H
T

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L
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E

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m
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0
50
100
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300
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400
450
500
TIME
F
L
I
G
H
T

A
L
T
I
T
U
D
E

(
m
)
Figure 11. Mean + 1 SE hourly flight altitude sampling at 1.5-km range.

Fall






















Spring













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St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
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Figure 12. Recorded target altitude distributions
2
.

Fall


















Spring



2
The boxes within the chart represent the 1
st
and 3
rd
quartile (50%) of the nightly observations, the horizontal lines
within boxes represent nightly median value of flight heights, and solid circles represent the nightly mean flight
height.
001106
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
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Target Speed

Fall
Air speed of targets was calculated by adjusting for wind speed and direction (see Methods
above). Of 12,190 targets, approximately 1% (120 targets) were moving very slow (< 6 m/s) and
one target was moving at high speed (> 35m/s). After excluding very slow and very fast targets,
overall mean target air speed was 12.95 ± 0.03 m/s (mean ± SE) (n = 12069 targets). Nightly
mean target air speed varied from approximately 10 to 17 m/s (Figure 13). Because the
percentage of targets moving slow was so small, no further adjustment to the data set was
warranted.

Spring
Of 5003 targets, approximately 1% (56 targets) were excluded because they were moving very
slow (< 6 m/s) or due to high speed (> 35m/s) and 47 targets were excluded due to missing wind
speed and/or direction to allow for air speed adjustments. After excluding very slow and very
fast targets, overall mean target air speed was 13.65 ± 0.06 m/s (mean ± SE) (n = 4900 targets).
Nightly mean target air speed varied from approximately 11 to 18 m/s (Figure 13). Because the
percentage of targets moving slowly was so small, no further adjustment to the data set was
warranted.
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08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
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Figure 13. Mean + 1 SE nightly target air speed.


Fall






















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3.2 Raptor Migration Surveys

The objective of the raptor migration surveys was to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
site by migrant raptors, other diurnal migrants (e.g., waterfowl, corvids), and other large birds.
Point counts using variable circular plots (Reynolds et al. 1980, Bibby et al. 1992) were
conducted within the project area according to methods used by the Hawk Migration Association
of North America (HMANA) with observers continuously scanning the sky and surrounding
areas for raptors in the survey area. The emphasis of the surveys was locating and counting
raptors migrating through the area. The timing of surveys was determined in consultation with
the NYSDEC and based on available information from migrant raptor watch stations in northern
and western New York (e.g., Derby Hill, see below).

3.2.1 Methods

Three fixed survey stations were established within the proposed project area to provide good
visibility while providing widespread east-west coverage of the project area, and also attempting
to minimize the potential for double-counting of individual birds (Figure 3). Survey stations
were established to maximize visibility over long distances in an effort to locate and identify
migrating raptors and other large birds. To the extent possible while maintaining the integrity of
the east-west point layout, the points were selected to provide good coverage of the vegetation
and topographic features of the area, good visibility in 360
o
around the point, and so that each
point was surveying unique area. Each survey plot was a variable circular plot centered on the
observation point. All birds observed were recorded, although the survey effort was
concentrated within an approximate 800-m radius circle centered on the observation point.
Observations of birds beyond the 800-m radius were recorded, but not included in the analysis of
data within the plot.

Each fixed point was surveyed once each survey day during daylight hours (0900 – 1700) to
cover the peak period for observing migrant raptors. Survey periods at each point were 60
minutes long. All raptors and other large birds/flocks observed during the survey were assigned
a unique observation number and plotted on a map of the survey plot. Data recorded for each
survey included date; start and end time of the observation period; and weather information such
as temperature, barometric pressure, wind speed, wind direction, and cloud cover. Species or
best possible identification, number of individuals, sex and age class (if possible), distance from
plot center when first observed, closest distance, altitude above ground, activity (behavior), and
habitat(s) were recorded for each raptor observed. Approximate flight direction or movement
paths were mapped for all raptors and large birds seen. The behavior of each raptor/large bird
and the habitat in which or over which the bird was first observed were recorded. Behavior
categories included perched, circling/soaring, flapping, hunting, gliding, and other (noted in
comments). Habitats included agriculture, old (fallow) field, deciduous woods/forest, developed
(e.g., farms), and other (noted in comments). Approximate flight height at first observation and
the approximate lowest and highest flight heights were recorded to the nearest meter or 5-meter
interval. Any comments or unusual observations were also noted.

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Sampling intensity was designed to document raptor migration through the project area. In New
York, spring hawk watch locations are concentrated along the Great Lakes shorelines and are
more inland in eastern portions of the state during fall migration. According to spring count data
from the Derby Hill Bird Observatory, located in Mexico, New York, approximately 50 miles
south of Cape Vincent along Lake Ontario, peak numbers of sharp-shinned hawks migrate
through the area during April, with large pulses of broad-winged hawks during the last two
weeks of the month. Fall migration counts from Franklin Mountain in Oneonta, New York (150
miles southeast of Cape Vincent) report peak periods for migrant broad-winged and sharp-
shinned hawks during September and October, respectively. Concern for migrant golden eagles
potentially using the St. Lawrence Windpower project area was expressed during talks with the
NYSDEC. Golden eagles are earlier and later migrants with peaks reported from the end of
March during spring migration and the end of October through November during fall migration.
Spring raptor surveys at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area began later in the 2006 season
(April 14, 2006) and likely did not capture early raptor migrants, such as golden eagles; however,
spring surveys were conducted again in 2007 and began at an earlier date, March 21, and ran
until May 1. In fall, surveys were conducted from September 23 – November 11.

3.2.2 Results

During the spring 2006 season, each point was surveyed 4 times, for a total of 12 surveys. A
total of 1581 individual birds were recorded; 91 raptors of 9 species were observed (Table 1).
During the fall 2006 season, each fixed point was surveyed 10 times during the survey window,
for a total of 30 surveys. A total of 8521 individual birds were recorded; 288 raptors of 9 species
were observed. During the spring 2007 season, each point was surveyed 7 times for a total of 21
surveys. A total of 2666 individual birds were recorded; 232 raptors of 8 species were observed.
A total of 12,768 individual large birds were recorded during the surveys; 611 individual raptors
of 13 species were observed (Table 1).

Canada goose and unidentified gull species were the most commonly seen bird during all
surveys. During spring 2006 migration, turkey vulture was the most commonly recorded raptor
species (n = 51, freq = 83.3%), followed by red-tailed hawk (n = 8, freq = 50.0). In the fall,
northern harrier was the most commonly recorded raptor species (n = 87, freq = 90.0%); red-
tailed hawk and turkey vulture were also commonly seen species during surveys. Turkey vulture
was the most common recorded raptor species (n = 105, freq = 94.4%) again during spring 2007
migration surveys, followed by both the red-tailed hawk (n = 36, freq = 72.2%) and rough-
legged hawk (n = 38, freq = 72.2%). Other raptor species seen included: broad-winged hawk,
sharp-shinned hawk, Cooper’s hawk, osprey, northern harrier, American kestrel, merlin, bald
eagle, and turkey vulture (Table 1).

Exposure indices were calculated as the mean use estimates (number of birds/60-minute survey)
multiplied by the proportion of birds observed flying and the proportion of birds flying within
the zone of risk (defined as the approximate rotor-swept area). During the migratory seasons,
gull species had the highest exposure index due to high numbers of individuals occurring in the
project area (Table 2). For raptors, turkey vulture had the highest exposure index also due
primarily to the higher use estimates.
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Avian and raptor use varied among survey stations (Figure 14). Avian use was higher at Station
3 during the spring and fall seasons of 2006, however Station 2 was the highest during the spring
2007 season. High numbers of waterfowl and gulls foraging in nearby fields or flying close to
the shoreline may account for higher avian use of Station 3. Mean avian use was lower at
Station 1 and 2. Raptor use was generally similar between seasons and survey points. Station 1
had higher raptor use in fall 2006 and spring 2007 but the differences were not significant.
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3.3 Breeding Bird Survey

The objective of the breeding bird survey was to estimate the spatial and temporal use of the
proposed development area by breeding resident birds. The emphasis of the survey was locating
and counting breeding resident birds within the area proposed for development. The surveys
were conducted based on the regional timing recommended for USGS BBS in central New York
(USGS 2001).

3.3.1 Methods

Twenty survey points were established within the project area. The survey points were selected
to be representative of as much of the proposed development area and habitat types as possible.
GPS coordinates were recorded for each station for subsequent mapping (Figure 15). The habitat
at each survey point was described to examine the applicability of the site to represent other
areas within the proposed development area.

U.S. Geological Survey Breeding Bird Survey (USGS 2001) methods were used for the surveys.
Each survey plot was a variable circular plot centered on the observation point. All birds
observed were recorded; however, the survey effort was concentrated within an approximate 400
m (0.25 mi) radius circle centered on the observation point. All points were surveyed twice
during the recommended survey period (June - July) and seven days were skipped between the
surveys to spread the effort over the breeding season.

Survey periods at each point were 3 minutes long, the same as the BBS method. The date; start
and end time of the observation period; and weather information such as temperature, wind
speed, wind direction, and cloud cover were recorded for each survey. Species or best possible
identification, number of individuals of each species, how observed (visual or auditory), and
behavior (flying, perching, singing, etc.) were recorded for each observation during the 3-minute
count at each survey point.












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3.3.2 Results

Point count surveys were conducted on June 30 and July 7, 2006. Each point was surveyed
twice, for a total of 40 surveys. A total of 1080 individual birds were observed in 425 groups
(Table 3). Fifty-nine species were observed during the surveys. European starling, red-winged
blackbird, and bobolink were the most common passerines observed based on mean use
estimates (number observed within 400 m per 3-minute survey). The majority of the species
recorded during breeding bird surveys are species commonly associated with agriculture,
grasslands, and/or edge habitat. Several species of interest were recorded during the breeding
bird surveys including northern harrier, a New York state threatened species; horned lark and
grasshopper sparrow, two New York state species of concern; and bobolink and wood thrush,
two species on the USFWS 2002 Birds of Conservation Concern list for the Lower Great
Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain region.


Table 3. Avian species observed during breeding bird surveys within the St. Lawrence
Windpower project area.
Species/Group # of individuals # of groups Mean Use

Waterbirds
Great blue heron 4 4 0.1
Green heron 1 1 0.025
Ring-billed gull 47 6 1.175
Unidentified gull 38 2 0.95

Waterfowl
Canada goose 27 4 0.675
Mallard 2 1 0.05

Shorebirds
Killdeer 16 10 0.4

Raptors/Vultures
American kestrel 2 2 0.05
Northern harrier
T
4 3 0.1
Red-tailed hawk 4 3 0.1
Turkey vulture 9 7 0.225

Passerines
American crow 53 11 1.325
American goldfinch 23 15 0.575
American robin 30 25 0.75
Baltimore oriole 6 3 0.15
Barn swallow 23 6 0.575
Black-capped chickadee 5 3 0.125
Blue jay 2 2 0.05
Bobolink
BCC
76 32 1.9
Brown-headed cowbird 11 4 0.275
Cedar waxwing 4 1 0.1
Chestnut-sided warbler 1 1 0.025
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Species/Group # of individuals # of groups Mean Use
Common grackle 29 3 0.725
Common yellowthroat 29 20 0.725
Eastern bluebird 2 2 0.05
Eastern kingbird 4 3 0.1
Eastern meadowlark 32 28 0.8
Eastern towhee 1 1 0.025
Eastern tufted titmouse 1 1 0.025
Eastern wood pewee 5 5 0.125
Empidonax spp. 1 1 0.025
European starling 235 19 5.875
Grasshopper sparrow
SC
1 1 0.025
Gray catbird 6 5 0.15
Horned lark
SC
6 2 0.15
House wren 3 3 0.075
Indigo bunting 1 1 0.025
Northern cardinal 2 1 0.05
Ovenbird 11 11 0.275
Red-eyed vireo 7 7 0.175
Red-winged blackbird 136 49 3.4
Rose-breasted grosbeak 1 1 0.025
Savannah sparrow 37 26 0.925
Scarlet tanager 2 2 0.05
Song sparrow 48 35 1.2
Tree swallow 13 3 0.325
Unidentified passerine 1 1 0.025
Unidentified sparrow 1 1 0.025
Veery 1 1 0.025
Willow flycatcher 4 4 0.1
Wood thrush
BCC
6 5 0.15
Yellow warbler 31 18 0.775

Upland Gamebirds
Ruffed grouse 1 1 0.025
Wild turkey 4 1 0.1

Doves
Mourning dove 10 6 0.25
Rock pigeon 14 5 0.35

Other Birds
Hairy woodpecker 1 1 0.025
Northern flicker 2 2 0.05
Unidentified woodpecker 3 3 0.075

All Birds 1080 425
T = State listed threatened
SC = State listed species of special concern

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3.4 Nocturnal AnaBat Surveys

The objective of the nocturnal AnaBat surveys was to record the relative abundance of echo-
locating bats flying through the sampling area during summer breeding season and the spring and
fall migration seasons.

3.4.1 Methods

Bat activity at the project area was recorded using an AnaBat II ultrasonic bat detector attached
to a zero-crossing analysis interface module (ZCAIM) which houses a compact flash memory
card for temporary download of ultrasonic activity files. To sample continuously on remote
mode (automatic data collection), the detector and ZCAIM were powered by an external 12V
battery. Each AnaBat unit (detector, ZCAIM, and 12V battery) was enclosed inside a plastic box
or dry bag with the detector microphone positioned against a PVC tube protruding from the
box/bag. This design prevented water from damaging the AnaBat units without compromising
the ability of the unit to detect ultrasonic noise in the environment. To limit variation among
AnaBats, sensitivity settings were calibrated for each unit prior to data collection. Most AnaBat
units were set at or near setting 7 on the sensitivity dial. Each passive AnaBat unit was
positioned so that the microphone faced the same cardinal direction, east, for each sampling
period. Calls were recorded for passive sampling from approximately sunset to sunrise (1900 –
0700). AnaBat units were removed from the field approximately once per week to download
files, recharge batteries, and troubleshoot technical problems. Data gathered from the passive
AnaBat units at the met tower were used to calculate bat activity (designated as number of
calls/night) present at the site during the sampling periods. Nights that experienced any number
of technical difficulties were not included in the final analyses.

During the spring sampling season (April 13 – May 29), two AnaBat sampling locations were
established. One unit was placed at ground level in the open grassy field at the base of the
project met tower and another unit was deployed near a wooded edge (non-met 1) to increase
likelihood of detecting additional species (Figure 16). Access issues and technical difficulties
with the AnaBat unit at the non-met 1 location caused the unit to be relocated to a small farm
pond near a wooded edge (non-met 2) within the project boundary after a week of sampling.
Acoustic sampling at these two locations (met tower and non-met 2) continued through spring
and these locations were maintained through the summer sampling season (June 28 – August 8).
During the fall season (August 13 – October 9), AnaBat sampling continued at ground level at
the met tower. A second AnaBat unit was deployed from August 15 – October 16 in a tree
approximately 10 m above ground near the radar survey station (radar; Figure 16).

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In addition to the stationary passive units, a “roaming” or mobile AnaBat unit was deployed
during the summer to assess resident/breeding bat species present within the project area.
Roaming sampling was conducted using a handheld AnaBat unit for 9 nights (3 sampling periods
of 3 consecutive nights each) at habitats likely to have high numbers of resident bats. To select
locations for active sampling, reconnaissance visits were made to the project area during the day
time to select sampling locations based on the presence of travel corridors (trails and roads),
linear landscape features (forest edges), and access to water; habitat features known to be
important for bats. Active sampling was conducted from sunset until approximately 4-5 hours
after sunset (2100 – 0100).

Analysis of bat calls was conducted using Analook software (DOS version). Analook displays
ultrasonic activity in a format similar to a sonogram used for analysis of bird vocalizations (e.g.,
frequency versus time). Species identification was aided by the Preliminary Key to the
Qualitative Identification of Calls within the AnaBat System (Amelon 2005, unpublished data)
where characteristics such as slope, frequency, minimum frequency, consistency of minimum
frequency, and shape of pulse assist in the identification of bat vocalizations. Due to similarity
of call characteristics, two species (big brown and silver-haired bat) were lumped into one
species category. All Myotis-like calls were identified to genus only and submitted to NYSDEC-
recommended biologist, Eric Britzke, for identification to species. To obtain species
identifications, an ID filter (Britzke and Murray 2001) was loaded into Analook to determine
calls sequences of sufficient quality and length for species identification to be attempted. Once
separated, echolocation calls of sufficient quality and length were categorized using quantitative
techniques (Britzke 2003). Quantitative analyses are conducted by a cross-validated
classification model based on 10 extracted call parameters [duration (Dur), maximum frequency
(Fmax), minimum frequency (Fmin), mean frequency (Fmean), duration to the knee (Tk),
frequency of the knee (Fk), duration of the body (Tc), frequency of the body (Fc), initial slope
(S1), and slope of the body (Sc)] collected from 1,846 sequences (35,979 calls) of 12 eastern
U.S. bat species (Britzke 2003). Average accuracy rates for species identification using this
statistical method ranges from 56.9% (eastern red bat) to 98.5 % (gray bat), with accuracy rates
for Indiana bat (Myotis sodalis) ranging from 81.4% to 88.6%.

3.4.2 Results

Passage Rates
The total number of calls and number of calls per night, recorded by each AnaBat unit varied by
location and season (Table 4). The met tower AnaBat unit detected 769 bat calls total (19.72
calls/night) during the 39 days of spring sampling. Sampling at the two non-met locations during
spring resulted in higher bat activity (29-33 calls/night) than at the met tower, despite changing
in sampling location for the non-met unit. Summer sampling occurred at the met tower on 9
nights and recorded a total of 198 calls (22.0 calls/night). Approximately 2.5 times as many calls
(55.56 calls/night) were recorded at the non-met 2 location during summer, possibly indicating a
nearby roosting colony and/or better habitat for foraging bats. During fall, the AnaBat unit
positioned at ground level at the met tower recorded the lowest number of bat vocalizations per
night (9.26 calls/night). Despite a similar number of sampling days, the AnaBat unit located at
the radar sampling station recorded more bat calls/night (32.58). Approximately 93% of calls
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(n=1519) at the radar location were recorded between August 15 and August 21. Only 25% of
the calls recorded at the met tower (n=117) were recorded during the same sampling period.


Table 4. Number of sampling days, total number of calls recorded, and calls/night recorded by
each AnaBat unit for spring, summer, and fall sampling periods.


Season


Location
# of sampling
days used in
analysis

Total # of
calls


# calls/night
Spring Met tower low
Non-met 1
Non-met 2

39
11
24
769
320
782
19.72
29.09
32.58

Summer Met tower low
Non-met 2
9
9
198
500
22.0
55.56
Fall Met tower low
Radar
50
50
463
1629
9.26
32.58


Species Identification
Based on the qualitative analysis of calls, 5 species groups of bats were positively identified at
the met tower location (Table 5). As is typical with AnaBat sampling, the majority of
vocalizations were unable to be identified due to the few number of pulses per call (<5
pulses/call sequence). Relative call frequency was calculated by dividing the number of calls
recorded for each species by the total number of calls recorded at the met tower for each season.
Of those calls that were able to be identified to species, eastern red bat calls accounted for the
majority of the vocalizations during all seasons at the met tower.

Summer sampling with the mobile AnaBat unit occurred on nine nights and recorded 464 bat
calls (Table 6). The objective of the mobile sampling was to identify to the extent possible the
species of bats using the St. Lawrence Windpower project area during the summer breeding
season. As with the fixed station sampling, many calls could not be identified to species. One
individual of an additional species, eastern pipistrelle, was recorded during the roaming surveys
and not recorded during sampling at the passive monitoring stations. The highest number of
recorded calls was of hoary bat (Table 6); however, 95% of those calls occurred on one night at
one location and may have been from only one or a few individuals echolocating repeatedly near
the AnaBat microphone.

Following the qualitative screening, 208 call files with characteristics resembling Myotis species
were submitted to Eric Britzke for further analysis. Of those files, 76 calls (36.5%) did not
contain sufficient enough information to be processed quantitatively. The remaining calls were
analyzed quantitatively on a nightly basis by site (Britzke 2003). Calls meeting the quantitative
criteria for the following species were identified: eastern red bat (22 calls), little brown bat (50
calls), northern myotis (44 calls), and Indiana bat (16 calls).
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Table 5. Relative call frequency of species recorded at the met tower during the sampling
periods of each season at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area.
Species Relative Call Frequency
Common Name Scientific Name Spring Summer Fall

Big brown bat/
Silver-haired bat


Eptescus fuscus/
Lasionycteris noctivagans

0.0897
(69)

0.1414
(28)

0.0605
(28)
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 0.3914
(301)
0.4141
(82)
0.2203
(102)
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0.0260
(20)
0.0404
(8)
0.0043
(2)
Myotis spp.



0.0117
(9)
0

0.0130
(6)
No identification

0.4811
(370)
0.4040
(80)
0.7019
(325)


Table 6. Number of detections by species during summer roaming AnaBat sampling.
Species Date Sampled
Common
Name
Scientific Name 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/24 7/25 7/26 8/06 8/07 8/08
Big brown bat

Eptescus fuscus 19 12 0 13 0 0 4 1 0
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 14 20 0 5 13 4 0 7 0
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0 4 0 1 117 0 0 0 0
Myotis spp.

0

6

7 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern
pipistrelle
Pipistrellus
subflavus
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
No Species ID 25 31 16 25 62 6 16 29 4
Total Detections/night 58 74 23 44 192 10 20 37 4

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3.5 Waterfowl and Winter Raptor Surveys

The objective of the waterfowl and winter raptor surveys was to estimate spatial and temporal
use of the site by migrant and wintering waterfowl and raptor species. During initial project
scoping, the USFWS and NYSDEC raised concerns over the potential for the proposed wind
project to impact wintering waterfowl and raptors.

3.5.1 Methods

Driving transect surveys were conducted along most roads through the proposed area that
allowed nearly complete coverage of the project area (Figure 17). Surveys consisted of driving
transects to locate and count winter waterfowl in the project area. In addition, nine 30-minute
point count surveys were conducted at each of the fixed point count stations that were used
during the migrant raptor surveys (see above). All waterfowl and raptor observations were
plotted on maps of the survey points or coordinates (UTMs) were recorded along the road for
each group observed during driving surveys. Surveys were generally conducted in the early
morning or late evening hours when waterfowl were most active. In addition to waterfowl, all
raptors and other waterbirds were also recorded during the surveys.
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3.5.2 Results

Driving surveys in the St. Lawrence project area were conducted on nine days between
November 5, 2006 and March 1, 2007. Approximately 27 hours of survey time were spent
during the driving transects over the winter seasons and a total of 13.5 hours of surveys were
conducted at the three fixed-point count stations. A total of 795 individuals in 159 groups of
waterbirds, waterfowl and raptors were recorded during the winter driving surveys (Table 7) and
790 individuals in 146 groups were recorded during the winter fixed point counts (Table 8).
Four (4) species of waterfowl were observed either during the fixed point count surveys or the
driving surveys across the study area. Two waterbirds species, seven raptor species, and one
upland gamebird species were also recorded during the surveys. Based on use estimates derived
from the fixed point surveys, unidentified scaup and Canada goose were the most common
waterfowl species observed during the winter surveys (Table 7 and 8). Red-tailed hawk and
rough-legged hawk were the most common raptor species (Table 7 and 8).



Table 7. Waterfowl and raptors observed while conducting winter 2007 driving surveys at the
St. Lawrence project area.
Winter 2007
Species/Group # of individuals # of groups
Waterbirds
Great blue heron 2 2
Ring-billed gull 2 2
Waterfowl
Canada goose 473 12
Mallard 8 2
Raptors/Vultures
American kestrel 7 7
Bald eagle 2 2
Merlin 1 1
Northern harrier
T
17 12
Red-tailed hawk 27 24
Rough-legged hawk 57 54
Turkey vulture 6 2
Other Birds
American crow 135 34
Wild Turkey 58 5
Total 795 159





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Table 8. Waterfowl and raptors observed while conducting winter 2007 fixed point
surveys at the St. Lawrence project area.

Winter 2007
Species/Group
# ind

# groups

mean use
7
% freq
8

Waterbirds
Ring-billed gull 4 2 0.19 9.52
Unidentified gull 250 1 11.90 4.76
Waterfowl
Canada goose 115 4 5.48 19.05
Mallard 24 1 1.14 4.76
Tundra swan 3 1 0.14 4.76
Unidentified scaup 131 2 6.24 9.52
Raptors
Red-tailed hawk 15 11 0.71 80.95
Rough-legged hawk 63 56 3.00 47.62
Unidentified buteo 6 4 0.29 9.52
Northern harrier 19 16 0.90 42.86
American kestrel 1 1 0.05 4.76
Turkey vulture 8 3 0.38 4.76
Other Birds
American crow 129 40 6.14 85.71
Common raven 1 1 0.05 4.76
Wild turkey 21 3 1.00 14.29
Total 790 146 37.62


7
Mean use = number observed within 800 m of survey point per 30-min survey
8
Frequency of occurrence = percent of surveys in which species was observed
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4.0 Discussion

4.1 Nocturnal Marine Radar Survey

The nocturnal radar study was designed to collect data that could be used to characterize
nocturnal migration over the project area and also be used in a larger statewide comparison of
results from numerous sites (M. Woythal, NYSDEC, pers. comm.). In the analysis, the radar
data were not corrected for differences in detectability with distance from the radar unit or due to
ground clutter on the radar screen. Also, the 2-dimensional area represented by the radar image
was treated as a 1-dimensional 3-km “front” perpendicular to the direction of migration, and all
targets counted in the radar image during the sampling period were treated as if they had crossed
the front. Thus, passage rate estimates should be considered a sample or index of the actual
number of targets passing through the area.

Measurements from radar studies potentially are highly variable due to a number of factors
including observer bias and the radar settings affecting target detection. To minimize these
biases, efforts were made to standardize data collection and radar settings as much as possible.
For example, the radar was operated under the shortest pulse length setting with the gain control
turned up to near the highest setting. While short wave-length and high gain insure detection of
small targets, these settings also have the effect of producing atmospheric or background noise
on the screen which consequently can obscure small targets. To “clean up” the screen, the anti-
sea clutter [which minimizes clutter and noise close to the radar] was slowly turned up to the
point where background noise was dispersed and limited primarily to the outer edge of the
screen. The anti-rain clutter [which reduces interference from small targets throughout the
survey area (e.g., rain drops)] was kept at the lowest setting so that no small targets would be
eliminated. These settings insure that small targets such as individual passerines can be detected
by the radar. Also during sampling, specific functions or capabilities of the radar were used to
determine data values to minimize observer bias. For example, the electronic bearing line and
variable range marker used in offset mode allowed the compass bearing of a target trail and the
speed at which the target was moving to be measured by the radar as opposed to estimated by the
observer or measured with a hand held scale.

Results from the nocturnal radar study conducted at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area
were similar to other sites studied in New York and the eastern U.S. (Table 9). Mean passage
rate for fall 2006 was higher (346 t/km/hr) than the average for NY and the eastern U.S. (259
t/km/hr); however, it fell within the overall range of passage rates reported at other New York
sites. Conversely, spring passage rate was on the lower end of the range of other studies. Mean
fall flight direction for the St. Lawrence Windpower study was 209º and for the spring was 34º,
slightly more southwesterly and northeasterly than most other New York studies but again within
the range of directions reported at other New York sites. Mean flight height of targets was
approximately 490 m in the fall and 441 m in the spring, which is similar to other studies in NY
and near the means for all reported studies in the eastern U.S. (Table 9). The percent of targets
(~8% fall and ~14% spring) which flew through the zone of risk, defined as the air space below
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125 m, were also very near the mean for all other studies where flight height was recorded with
vertical mode radar.


Table 9. Results of radar studies at proposed and existing wind project sites in the eastern U.S.

Site
Passage
Rates
(t/km/hr)

Mean Flight
Height (m)

% Targets
below 125 m

Mean Flight
Direction
Fall Spr Fall Spr Fall Spr Fall Spr
St. Lawrence Windpower, NY
(this report)
346 166 490 441 8 14 209 34
Dairy Hills, Wyoming Co., NY
(Young et al. 2006)
170 234 466 397 10 15 180 14
Alabama Ledge, Genessee Co., NY
(Young et al. 2007)
165 200 487 413 11 14 219 35
Flat Rock, NY
(Mabee et al. 2005)
158 415 8 184
Chautauqua, NY
(Cooper et al. 2004a,b)
238 395 532 528 5 4 199 29
Prattsburgh (1), NY
(Mabee et al. 2004, 2005)
200 170 365 319 9 18 177 18
Clinton County, NY
(Mabee et al. 2006)
197 110 333 338 12 20 162 30
Marble River, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2006a,b)
152 254 438 422 5 11 193 40
Jordanville, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005a, b)
380 409 440 371 6 21 208 40
Prattsburgh (2), NY
(B. Roy, pers. comm. 2006)
193 277 516 370 3 16 188 22
West Hill, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005)
732 160 664 291 3 25 223 31
High Sheldon, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005)
197 112 422 418 3 6 213 29
Fairfield Top Notch, NY
(B. Gary, NYDEC, pers. comm.)
691 509 516 419 4 20 198 44
Searsburg, VT
(Roy and Pelletier 2005a, 2005b)
178 404 556 523 4 6 203 69
Sheffield, VT
(Roy et al. 2005)
109 199 564 522 1 6 200 40
Martindale, PA
(Plissner et al. 2005)
187 436 8 188
Casselman, PA
(Plissner et al. 2005)
174 448 7 219
Mount Storm, WV
(Young et al. 2004)
199 410 16 184
Mean 259 259 472 412 7 14 197 34
Note: Some values are approximations based on the limited information provided in the report or averaged
over more than one sampling location (e.g., Flat Rock, Mount Storm).


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While the overall patterns of nocturnal migration in New York and along the Great Lakes
shorelines are generally unknown, passage rates could be expected to be higher for coastal sites
if birds and bats tend to move around the great lakes as opposed to flying directly over them.
Diurnal migrants such as raptors are known to concentrate along and move parallel to the
shorelines of large water bodies. If nocturnal migrants behave in a similar manner, then it would
be expected that greater passage rates would be recorded for coastal sites than interior sites. For
the studies conducted in New York, while results have been variable, the highest fall passage
rates have been recorded at interior sites. For spring migration results again were variable with
the highest passages rates coming from a coastal site as well as two interior sites (see Table 9).
The results from the St. Lawrence study do not appear to support the hypothesis that nocturnal
migrants may concentrate along the shoreline.

The passage rates in the study area may have been influenced locally by the close proximity of
the radar unit to the shoreline (<1.5 km), though this distance was recommended by the
NYSDEC and USFWS to investigate this question, or by weather patterns influenced by the
coastal environment. During the fall the distribution of targets flying over the site was generally
higher and relatively few targets were recorded within the zone of risk (see Figure 12). During
the spring season the results were much more variable. While the mean flight height was greater
than 125 m on all nights, the median flight height value fell within the zone of risk on two nights
indicating that half the targets recorded on those nights were within the zone of risk. Weather
variables recorded during the nights in the spring when target altitude was relatively lower
suggest that weather events may have influenced migrant flight altitudes. Both nights when the
median value fell below 125 m had intermittent precipitation with substantial cloud cover and
lower passage rates (see Figure 5 and 6). While the results indicate some elevated risk on some
nights, based on the overall radar survey results, collision risk to migrants within the project area
is not expected to be greater than other sites studied in New York.

4.2 Raptor Migration Surveys

Typical raptor species for central New York were observed during the surveys (Table 1). One
bald eagle, a former federally threatened species, was observed during the fall surveys. This
individual was recorded flying above 125 m and outside of the zone of risk from turbine blades.
Several northern harrier, a state threatened species, were recorded within the project area during
spring and fall migration. Northern harriers are, in general, low-level fliers and most (76.23%)
individuals recorded during the surveys were flying below the zone of risk; however 20.49%
were flying within the rotor swept area. Two New York species of special concern, Cooper’s
hawk and sharp-shinned hawk, were also observed during surveys. Cooper's hawks were only
observed during the fall surveys (4 individuals); however all of the individuals were flying
within the zone of risk. Sharp-shinned hawks were observed during all survey seasons and
58.33% were recorded in the zone of risk.

Based on a standardization of raptors observed per survey hour, the St. Lawrence Windpower
project area has less traffic during spring migration than the known hawk watch sites in New
York. The nearest spring hawk watch site to the project area, Derby Hill Bird Observatory, was
somewhat variable over the same survey days; however, the overall mean number of raptors
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There are no fall hawk watch sites along the lake shoreline in central New York. The nearest fall
site, Kestrel Haven located in south central New York, was generally lower than the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area in terms of raptors counted per surveyor hour; however, count
data for this site is only available for 2005 so a direct comparison of actual survey days could not
be made. Fall hawk watch sites further south and east, such as Franklin Mountain, record similar
numbers of migrant raptors, which are likely taking advantage of ridgelines of the western
Appalachian Mountains; however timing is different among the sites. Higher numbers of raptors
per surveyor hour were seen earlier in the fall season at the St. Lawrence Windpower project
area than at more southern sites. This may be a reflection of the more northern latitude of the
study area or summer residents, such as red-tailed hawk, turkey vulture, and northern harrier, still
in the area.

Exposure indices are a method for estimating relative risk to individual species from wind
turbines based on the observed flight characteristics. During both migratory seasons, non-raptor
species had the highest exposure index due to high use of the area by waterfowl and waterbirds,
such as Canada goose and gull species (Table 2). At the St. Lawrence Windpower project area,
raptors in general did not have high exposure indices due to either low numbers recorded or
flight heights outside of the zone of risk. Turkey vulture had the highest exposure index; they
were commonly observed and were most often observed flying in the zone of risk. While these
species have been recorded as fatalities at other monitored wind plants, the number of fatalities
are relatively small (see Erickson et al. 2001, 2002). Cooper's hawk and osprey were seen less
frequently, but were seen primarily flying in the zone of risk. In contrast, northern harrier were
often recorded, particularly during fall migration, but rarely (20.49%) observed flying into the
zone of risk and has rarely been recorded as fatalities at other monitored wind facilities (see
Erickson et al. 2001, 2002).

4.3 Breeding Bird Survey

The results of the breeding bird surveys were typical of agricultural settings in central New York.
Frequently recorded species included European starling, bobolink, and red-winged blackbird. A
few woodland species, such as wood thrush and ovenbird, were observed in small wooded areas
and wetlands scattered throughout the project area. Several species of gulls and waterfowl are
also present in the area due to proximity to the shoreline. The closest breeding bird survey
(Watertown; Sauer et al. 2005) reported similar species occurrences and abundances. Four
species listed by the NYSDEC were observed within the St. Lawrence Windpower project area:
northern harrier, horned lark, grasshopper sparrow, and vesper sparrow. Northern harrier is
listed as NY State threatened. The remaining three species are listed as Special Concern species
for New York (NYSDEC 2003). Bobolink, a commonly occurring species within the project
area (Table 3) and wood thrush are included on the 2002 Birds of Conservation Concern list for
Lower Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain region (USFWS 2002) in which the project area occurs.
Henslow’s sparrow, a NY state threatened species, has been recorded during breeding bird
surveys in the region (Sauer et al. 2005); however, this species was not seen during counts within
the St. Lawrence Windpower project area though habitat for this species exists.

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Based on the breeding bird survey data collected in 2006, the St. Lawrence Windpower project
area does not appear to have any large or unusual populations of breeding resident birds.
Mortality results from two other eastern wind plants studied indicate that turbines on eastern
mountain ridgelines result in between 4 and 8 bird fatalities per turbine per year (see Kerns and
Kerlinger 2004 and Nicholson 2002, 2003). In both of these studies it was estimated that
approximately two-thirds of the avian fatalities were migrants. Provided impacts at the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area are similar, it is not expected that breeding resident birds are
at significant risk from the wind project. Due to the diversity of birds recorded in the mixed
farmland habitat, impacts are expected to be spread over several commonly observed species.

4.4 Nocturnal AnaBat Surveys

Passage Rates
To date monitoring studies of wind projects have shown a few common trends in bat mortality.
Risk to bats from turbines appears to be unequal across species and seasons where increased
mortality occurs during the post breeding or fall migration season (roughly mid-July through
September) among migrant bats species (see Johnson 2005). Some studies have shown apparent
low risk from turbines to resident bat populations (Johnson et al. 2003) while others have shown
that mortality is not correlated with AnaBat call rates (Nicholson 2002, 2003). The post-
construction mortality data collected at existing regional projects appears to be the best available
predictor of mortality levels and species composition for proposed wind projects.

The number of bats detected per night at the project met tower was highest in the spring (19.7
calls/night) and summer (22.0 calls/night). These results contrast with results of mortality
studies of bats at wind projects in the U.S., which have shown a peak in mortality in August and
September (see Johnson 2005). While the survey efforts varied among the different studies, the
studies that included AnaBat surveys and fatality surveys showed a general association between
the timing of bat calls and timing of mortality, with both peak call rates and peak mortality
occurring during the fall. Lower bat activity was recorded at the project met tower during fall
migration (9.26 calls/night) than other times during the year. Bat activity collected at the project
met tower suggests that bat activity declined in the fall and thus fewer bats would be exposed to
risk of collision at the St. Lawrence Windpower project.

Bat activity captured at non-met locations during migration seasons and summer was higher than
that recorded at the met tower. Activity at the non-met sampling locations range from 29–33
calls/night during migration seasons to 56 calls/night during summer breeding season.
Consistent differences in bat activity between met and non-met locations is likely due largely to
habitat at the sampling locations. Acoustic sampling at the met tower, located in an open pasture
and a location recommended by agency personnel, should be more reflective of bat activity in
areas where turbines will be constructed. The differences between the met tower station and non-
met stations are likely due to the relative abundance of bats occurring in pastures versus more
diverse habitat such as edge or woodlots. Ultimately, however, predicted risk to migratory and
breeding bats using acoustic monitoring appears to be limited based on previous studies at other
wind sites where there have been conflicting results.

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There are no fall hawk watch sites along the lake shoreline in central New York. The nearest fall
site, Kestrel Haven located in south central New York, was generally lower than the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area in terms of raptors counted per surveyor hour; however, count
data for this site is only available for 2005 so a direct comparison of actual survey days could not
be made. Fall hawk watch sites further south and east, such as Franklin Mountain, record similar
numbers of migrant raptors, which are likely taking advantage of ridgelines of the western
Appalachian Mountains; however timing is different among the sites. Higher numbers of raptors
per surveyor hour were seen earlier in the fall season at the St. Lawrence Windpower project
area than at more southern sites. This may be a reflection of the more northern latitude of the
study area or summer residents, such as red-tailed hawk, turkey vulture, and northern harrier, still
in the area.

Exposure indices are a method for estimating relative risk to individual species from wind
turbines based on the observed flight characteristics. During both migratory seasons, non-raptor
species had the highest exposure index due to high use of the area by waterfowl and waterbirds,
such as Canada goose and gull species (Table 2). At the St. Lawrence Windpower project area,
raptors in general did not have high exposure indices due to either low numbers recorded or
flight heights outside of the zone of risk. Turkey vulture had the highest exposure index; they
were commonly observed and were most often observed flying in the zone of risk. While these
species have been recorded as fatalities at other monitored wind plants, the number of fatalities
are relatively small (see Erickson et al. 2001, 2002). Cooper's hawk and osprey were seen less
frequently, but were seen primarily flying in the zone of risk. In contrast, northern harrier were
often recorded, particularly during fall migration, but rarely (20.49%) observed flying into the
zone of risk and has rarely been recorded as fatalities at other monitored wind facilities (see
Erickson et al. 2001, 2002).

4.3 Breeding Bird Survey

The results of the breeding bird surveys were typical of agricultural settings in central New York.
Frequently recorded species included European starling, bobolink, and red-winged blackbird. A
few woodland species, such as wood thrush and ovenbird, were observed in small wooded areas
and wetlands scattered throughout the project area. Several species of gulls and waterfowl are
also present in the area due to proximity to the shoreline. The closest breeding bird survey
(Watertown; Sauer et al. 2005) reported similar species occurrences and abundances. Four
species listed by the NYSDEC were observed within the St. Lawrence Windpower project area:
northern harrier, horned lark, grasshopper sparrow, and vesper sparrow. Northern harrier is
listed as NY State threatened. The remaining three species are listed as Special Concern species
for New York (NYSDEC 2003). Bobolink, a commonly occurring species within the project
area (Table 3) and wood thrush are included on the 2002 Birds of Conservation Concern list for
Lower Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain region (USFWS 2002) in which the project area occurs.
Henslow’s sparrow, a NY state threatened species, has been recorded during breeding bird
surveys in the region (Sauer et al. 2005); however, this species was not seen during counts within
the St. Lawrence Windpower project area though habitat for this species exists.

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Based on the breeding bird survey data collected in 2006, the St. Lawrence Windpower project
area does not appear to have any large or unusual populations of breeding resident birds.
Mortality results from two other eastern wind plants studied indicate that turbines on eastern
mountain ridgelines result in between 4 and 8 bird fatalities per turbine per year (see Kerns and
Kerlinger 2004 and Nicholson 2002, 2003). In both of these studies it was estimated that
approximately two-thirds of the avian fatalities were migrants. Provided impacts at the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area are similar, it is not expected that breeding resident birds are
at significant risk from the wind project. Due to the diversity of birds recorded in the mixed
farmland habitat, impacts are expected to be spread over several commonly observed species.

4.4 Nocturnal AnaBat Surveys

Passage Rates
To date monitoring studies of wind projects have shown a few common trends in bat mortality.
Risk to bats from turbines appears to be unequal across species and seasons where increased
mortality occurs during the post breeding or fall migration season (roughly mid-July through
September) among migrant bats species (see Johnson 2005). Some studies have shown apparent
low risk from turbines to resident bat populations (Johnson et al. 2003) while others have shown
that mortality is not correlated with AnaBat call rates (Nicholson 2002, 2003). The post-
construction mortality data collected at existing regional projects appears to be the best available
predictor of mortality levels and species composition for proposed wind projects.

The number of bats detected per night at the project met tower was highest in the spring (19.7
calls/night) and summer (22.0 calls/night). These results contrast with results of mortality
studies of bats at wind projects in the U.S., which have shown a peak in mortality in August and
September (see Johnson 2005). While the survey efforts varied among the different studies, the
studies that included AnaBat surveys and fatality surveys showed a general association between
the timing of bat calls and timing of mortality, with both peak call rates and peak mortality
occurring during the fall. Lower bat activity was recorded at the project met tower during fall
migration (9.26 calls/night) than other times during the year. Bat activity collected at the project
met tower suggests that bat activity declined in the fall and thus fewer bats would be exposed to
risk of collision at the St. Lawrence Windpower project.

Bat activity captured at non-met locations during migration seasons and summer was higher than
that recorded at the met tower. Activity at the non-met sampling locations range from 29–33
calls/night during migration seasons to 56 calls/night during summer breeding season.
Consistent differences in bat activity between met and non-met locations is likely due largely to
habitat at the sampling locations. Acoustic sampling at the met tower, located in an open pasture
and a location recommended by agency personnel, should be more reflective of bat activity in
areas where turbines will be constructed. The differences between the met tower station and non-
met stations are likely due to the relative abundance of bats occurring in pastures versus more
diverse habitat such as edge or woodlots. Ultimately, however, predicted risk to migratory and
breeding bats using acoustic monitoring appears to be limited based on previous studies at other
wind sites where there have been conflicting results.

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Based on the breeding bird survey data collected in 2006, the St. Lawrence Windpower project
area does not appear to have any large or unusual populations of breeding resident birds.
Mortality results from two other eastern wind plants studied indicate that turbines on eastern
mountain ridgelines result in between 4 and 8 bird fatalities per turbine per year (see Kerns and
Kerlinger 2004 and Nicholson 2002, 2003). In both of these studies it was estimated that
approximately two-thirds of the avian fatalities were migrants. Provided impacts at the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area are similar, it is not expected that breeding resident birds are
at significant risk from the wind project. Due to the diversity of birds recorded in the mixed
farmland habitat, impacts are expected to be spread over several commonly observed species.

4.4 Nocturnal AnaBat Surveys

Passage Rates
To date monitoring studies of wind projects have shown a few common trends in bat mortality.
Risk to bats from turbines appears to be unequal across species and seasons where increased
mortality occurs during the post breeding or fall migration season (roughly mid-July through
September) among migrant bats species (see Johnson 2005). Some studies have shown apparent
low risk from turbines to resident bat populations (Johnson et al. 2003) while others have shown
that mortality is not correlated with AnaBat call rates (Nicholson 2002, 2003). The post-
construction mortality data collected at existing regional projects appears to be the best available
predictor of mortality levels and species composition for proposed wind projects.

The number of bats detected per night at the project met tower was highest in the spring (19.7
calls/night) and summer (22.0 calls/night). These results contrast with results of mortality
studies of bats at wind projects in the U.S., which have shown a peak in mortality in August and
September (see Johnson 2005). While the survey efforts varied among the different studies, the
studies that included AnaBat surveys and fatality surveys showed a general association between
the timing of bat calls and timing of mortality, with both peak call rates and peak mortality
occurring during the fall. Lower bat activity was recorded at the project met tower during fall
migration (9.26 calls/night) than other times during the year. Bat activity collected at the project
met tower suggests that bat activity declined in the fall and thus fewer bats would be exposed to
risk of collision at the St. Lawrence Windpower project.

Bat activity captured at non-met locations during migration seasons and summer was higher than
that recorded at the met tower. Activity at the non-met sampling locations range from 29–33
calls/night during migration seasons to 56 calls/night during summer breeding season.
Consistent differences in bat activity between met and non-met locations is likely due largely to
habitat at the sampling locations. Acoustic sampling at the met tower, located in an open pasture
and a location recommended by agency personnel, should be more reflective of bat activity in
areas where turbines will be constructed. The differences between the met tower station and non-
met stations are likely due to the relative abundance of bats occurring in pastures versus more
diverse habitat such as edge or woodlots. Ultimately, however, predicted risk to migratory and
breeding bats using acoustic monitoring appears to be limited based on previous studies at other
wind sites where there have been conflicting results.

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Species Identification
While interspecific variation in echolocation call structure exists among the Myotis species,
significant variation can exist intraspecifically among individuals and populations (Broders et al.
2004). Plasticity among calls of an individual based on a number of factors (e.g., habitat,
presence of conspecifics, etc.) can further confound species identification (Barclay and Brigham
2004). Given the similarity of Myotis species, both morphologically and acoustically, these
species are generally acknowledged as being among the more difficult to identify. To determine
presence of a federally endangered Myotis species, Indiana bat, within the St. Lawrence
Windpower project area, all call files with signatures resembling Myotis species were submitted
for quantitative analysis to NYSDEC-recommended bat biologist, Eric Britzke. A total of 208
call files were analyzed using a classification model based on discriminate function analysis
(DFA) that utilizes 10 quantitative measures of individual call sequences (Britzke 2003, Britzke
and Murray 2001). As is typical of AnaBat call analysis, the majority of the calls (n=76) were
still unable to be categorized to species using the procedure. Of those calls with adequate
signatures, 22 had call parameters similar to eastern red bat, 50 to little brown bat, 44 to northern
myotis, and 16 to Indiana bat. Calls with characteristics of Indiana bat were recorded at several
locations within the project area from May 9 – September 21, with about half of the calls
occurring at one sampling location between May 23 – 29, 2006. No sampled nights at any site
had >2 call files with characteristics of Indiana bat. Due to the probabilistic nature and
opportunity for misidentification and inaccuracy in species identification, multiple calls of a
species must be detected in a single night to definitively determine species presence (Britzke et
al. 2002). This is a conservative approach, but serves to ensure that variation caused by
inaccurate identification is not included in the species identification results. Based on this
approach, there are insufficient files to statistically support the presence of Indiana bats at any of
the sites or nights examined (E. Britzke, pers. communication), however, there is some
possibility that Indiana bat occurs on the site.

Though statistical analysis of Myotis species calls recorded by the AnaBats failed to conclusively
document Indiana bat, the St. Lawrence Windpower project area is within the recognized range
of the species. Indiana bats are known to winter in a hibernaculum near Watertown. Movement
of females dispersing from hibernacula to breeding areas has been tracked by NYSDEC from
2002 – 2006 (NYSDEC 2006). Individuals have been recorded traveling up to 40 miles from
wintering caves and several dispersing females were reported in Clayton, New York, located
within approximately 6 miles northeast of the proposed St. Lawrence Windpower project area.
Suitable roosting habitat, characterized by trees or snags >5 inches in diameter with exfoliating
bark and cracks/crevices (USFWS 1999), is present within the project area. Additionally, several
riparian areas and wetlands, such as forested wetland and floodplain forests, occur within the
project area and provide foraging and roosting habitat for Indiana bat and other bat species.

The results of the AnaBat surveys along with available information suggest that Indiana bats may
occupy the site in low density. Because of the status of this species, further investigations
including habitat mapping and potentially mist-netting surveys are warranted. Additional study
scope, methods, and objectives will be discussed with the NYSDEC and USFWS and
implemented in 2007. Detailed habitat mapping for the species, with a focus on suitable
trees/woodlots for maternal colonies, is recommended. The utility of mist-netting to confirm
001133
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
51
presence/absence of the species and likelihood of impacts based on relative density within the
project area will be further evaluated in consultation with the agencies.

4.5 Waterfowl and Winter Raptor Surveys

Due to the coastal nature of the project area, potential impacts to waterfowl and raptors that
frequent the area during migration and winter season was raised as a concern. Four species of
waterfowl, three species of waterbirds and eight species of raptors were recorded on the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area during the waterfowl and winter raptor surveys. The vast
majority of the waterfowl use of the site was of Canada goose. Generally, geese were observed
in large flocks foraging in agricultural fields and flying over the St. Lawrence Windpower
project area. Canada goose has had recorded fatalities at other monitored wind projects primarily
in the western U.S.; however, they are not a common fatality. In general, waterfowl fatalities at
wind projects are rare (see Erickson et al 2001, 2002, Koford et al. 2005). While the proposed
St. Lawrence Windpower project would increase risk of collision-related mortality to Canada
goose, impacts are not expected to be significant due to the large numbers of this species in the
region and the low occurrence of collision fatalities at wind projects.

The most common raptor species recorded during the winter driving and fixed point surveys
were red-tailed and rough-legged hawk. Although the proposed St. Lawrence Windpower
project would increase collision risk for wintering red-tailed and rough-legged hawks over
existing condition, impacts are not expected to be significant. These raptor species have a
relatively low exposure index based on the survey results (Table 2), and raptor mortality has
been relatively low at other eastern wind projects that have been monitored (see Kerns and
Kerlinger 2004, Nicholson 2002, 2003, Koford et al. 2005, Arnett et al. 2005). There is no
information to suggest that winter raptor mortality would be greater at the St. Lawrence
Windpower project that other wind projects studied.

5.0 References

Andrle, R.F. and J.R. Carroll. 1988. The Atlas of Breeding Birds in New York State. Cornell University Press,
Ithaca, New York.

Barclay, R.M. and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Geographic variation in the echolocation calls of bats: a complication for
identifying species by their calls in Bat Echolocation Research: Tools, techniques, and analysis. Bat
Conservation International. Austin, Texas.

Batschelet, E. 1981. Circular Statistics in Biology. Academic Press, London.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, and D.A. Hill. 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press, New York. 257 pp.

Britzke, E.R. 2003. Use of ultrasonic detectors for acoustic identification and study of bat ecology in the eastern
United States. Ph.D. dissertation, unpublished.

001134
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
51
presence/absence of the species and likelihood of impacts based on relative density within the
project area will be further evaluated in consultation with the agencies.

4.5 Waterfowl and Winter Raptor Surveys

Due to the coastal nature of the project area, potential impacts to waterfowl and raptors that
frequent the area during migration and winter season was raised as a concern. Four species of
waterfowl, three species of waterbirds and eight species of raptors were recorded on the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area during the waterfowl and winter raptor surveys. The vast
majority of the waterfowl use of the site was of Canada goose. Generally, geese were observed
in large flocks foraging in agricultural fields and flying over the St. Lawrence Windpower
project area. Canada goose has had recorded fatalities at other monitored wind projects primarily
in the western U.S.; however, they are not a common fatality. In general, waterfowl fatalities at
wind projects are rare (see Erickson et al 2001, 2002, Koford et al. 2005). While the proposed
St. Lawrence Windpower project would increase risk of collision-related mortality to Canada
goose, impacts are not expected to be significant due to the large numbers of this species in the
region and the low occurrence of collision fatalities at wind projects.

The most common raptor species recorded during the winter driving and fixed point surveys
were red-tailed and rough-legged hawk. Although the proposed St. Lawrence Windpower
project would increase collision risk for wintering red-tailed and rough-legged hawks over
existing condition, impacts are not expected to be significant. These raptor species have a
relatively low exposure index based on the survey results (Table 2), and raptor mortality has
been relatively low at other eastern wind projects that have been monitored (see Kerns and
Kerlinger 2004, Nicholson 2002, 2003, Koford et al. 2005, Arnett et al. 2005). There is no
information to suggest that winter raptor mortality would be greater at the St. Lawrence
Windpower project that other wind projects studied.

5.0 References

Andrle, R.F. and J.R. Carroll. 1988. The Atlas of Breeding Birds in New York State. Cornell University Press,
Ithaca, New York.

Barclay, R.M. and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Geographic variation in the echolocation calls of bats: a complication for
identifying species by their calls in Bat Echolocation Research: Tools, techniques, and analysis. Bat
Conservation International. Austin, Texas.

Batschelet, E. 1981. Circular Statistics in Biology. Academic Press, London.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, and D.A. Hill. 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press, New York. 257 pp.

Britzke, E.R. 2003. Use of ultrasonic detectors for acoustic identification and study of bat ecology in the eastern
United States. Ph.D. dissertation, unpublished.

001135
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
51
presence/absence of the species and likelihood of impacts based on relative density within the
project area will be further evaluated in consultation with the agencies.

4.5 Waterfowl and Winter Raptor Surveys

Due to the coastal nature of the project area, potential impacts to waterfowl and raptors that
frequent the area during migration and winter season was raised as a concern. Four species of
waterfowl, three species of waterbirds and eight species of raptors were recorded on the St.
Lawrence Windpower project area during the waterfowl and winter raptor surveys. The vast
majority of the waterfowl use of the site was of Canada goose. Generally, geese were observed
in large flocks foraging in agricultural fields and flying over the St. Lawrence Windpower
project area. Canada goose has had recorded fatalities at other monitored wind projects primarily
in the western U.S.; however, they are not a common fatality. In general, waterfowl fatalities at
wind projects are rare (see Erickson et al 2001, 2002, Koford et al. 2005). While the proposed
St. Lawrence Windpower project would increase risk of collision-related mortality to Canada
goose, impacts are not expected to be significant due to the large numbers of this species in the
region and the low occurrence of collision fatalities at wind projects.

The most common raptor species recorded during the winter driving and fixed point surveys
were red-tailed and rough-legged hawk. Although the proposed St. Lawrence Windpower
project would increase collision risk for wintering red-tailed and rough-legged hawks over
existing condition, impacts are not expected to be significant. These raptor species have a
relatively low exposure index based on the survey results (Table 2), and raptor mortality has
been relatively low at other eastern wind projects that have been monitored (see Kerns and
Kerlinger 2004, Nicholson 2002, 2003, Koford et al. 2005, Arnett et al. 2005). There is no
information to suggest that winter raptor mortality would be greater at the St. Lawrence
Windpower project that other wind projects studied.

5.0 References

Andrle, R.F. and J.R. Carroll. 1988. The Atlas of Breeding Birds in New York State. Cornell University Press,
Ithaca, New York.

Barclay, R.M. and R.M. Brigham. 2004. Geographic variation in the echolocation calls of bats: a complication for
identifying species by their calls in Bat Echolocation Research: Tools, techniques, and analysis. Bat
Conservation International. Austin, Texas.

Batschelet, E. 1981. Circular Statistics in Biology. Academic Press, London.

Bibby, C.J., N.D. Burgess, and D.A. Hill. 1992. Bird Census Techniques. Academic Press, New York. 257 pp.

Britzke, E.R. 2003. Use of ultrasonic detectors for acoustic identification and study of bat ecology in the eastern
United States. Ph.D. dissertation, unpublished.

001136
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
52
Britzke, E.R. and K.L. Murray. 2001. A quantitative method for the selection of identifiable search-phase calls
using the AnaBat system. Bat Research News 41:33-36.

Britzke, E.R., K.L. Murray, J.S. Heywood, and L.W. Robbins. 2002. Acoustic identification. Pp. 220-224 in The
Indiana bat: biology and management of an endangered species (A. Kurta and J. Kennedy, eds.). Bat
Conservation International, Austin, TX.

Broders, H.G., C.S. Findlay, and L. Zheng. 2004. Effects of clutter on echolocation call structure of Myotis
septentrionalis and Myotis lucifugus. Journal of Mammology 85:273-281.

Cooper, B.A., A.A. Stickney and T.J. Mabee. 2004a. A radar study of nocturnal bird migration at the proposed
Chautauqua Wind Energy Facility, New York, Fall 2003. Technical report prepared for Chautaqua
Windpower LLC.

Cooper, B.A., T.J. Mabee, A.A. Stickney and J.E. Shook. 2004b. A visual and radar study of 2003 spring bird
migration at the proposed Chautauqua Wind Energy Facility, New York. Technical report prepared for
Chautaqua Windpower LLC.

Cooper, B. A. and T. J. Mabee. 2000. Bird Migration Near Proposed Wind Turbine Sites at Wethersfield and
Harrisburg, New York. Final Report. Prepared for Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation.

Cooper, B. A., C. B. Johnson, and R. J. Ritchie. 1995. Bird Migration Near Existing and Proposed Wind Turbine
Sites in the Eastern Lake Ontario Region. Final Report. Prepared for Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation.

Cooper, B.A., R.H. Day, R.J. Ritchie, and C.L. Cranor. 1991. An improved marine radar system for studies of bird
migration. J. Field Ornithol. 62:367-377.

Edinger, G.J., D.J. Evans, S. Gebauer, T.G. Howard, D.M. Hunt, and A.M. Olivero (editors). 2002. Ecological
Communities of New York State. Second Edition. A revised and expanded edition of Carol Reschke's
Ecological Communities of New York State. (Draft for review). New York Natural Heritage Program, New
York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY.

Erickson, W.P., G.D. Johnson, M.D. Strickland, D.P. Young, Jr., K.J. Sernka, R.E. Good. 2001. Avian Collisions
with Wind Turbines: A Summary of Existing Studies and Comparisons to Other Sources of Avian Collision
Mortality in the United States. National Wind Coordinating Committee (NWCC) Resource Document.
August 2001.
Erickson, W., G. Johnson, D. Young, D. Strickland, R. Good, M. Bourassa, K. Bay, K. Sernka. 2002. Synthesis
and Comparison of Baseline Avian and Bat Use, Raptor Nesting and Mortality Information from Proposed
and Existing Wind Developments. Technical Report prepared for: Bonneville Power Administration,
Portland, Oregon. Prepared by Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc., Cheyenne, Wyoming, December
2002.

Harmata, A.R., K.M. Podruzny, J.R. Zelenak and M.L. Morrison. 1999. Using marine surveillance radar to study
bird movements and impact assessment. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 27(1):44-52.

Hawk Migration Association of North America. 2006. HawkCount Monthly Summaries. Hawk Migration
Association of North America, Raptors Online. http://www.hawkcount.org/

Hawrot, R.Y. and J. M. Hanowski. 1997. Avian assessment document: avian population analysis for wind power
generation regions-012. NRRI/TR-97-23.

Kerns, J. and P. Kerlinger. 2004. A Study of Bird and Bat Collision Fatalities at the Mountaineer Wind Energy
Center, Tucker County, West Virginia: Annual Report for 2003. Technical Report prepared for FPL
001137
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
53
Energy and Mountaineer Wind Energy Center Technical Review Committee. Curry and Kerlinger, LLC.
39 pp.

Koford, R., A. Jain, G. Zenner. 2005. Avian Mortality Associated with the Top of Iowa Wind Farm, Calender Year
2004. Iowa State University and Iowa Department of Natural Resources. February 2005.

Mabee, T. J., and B. A. Cooper. 2000. Nocturnal Bird Migration at the Nine Canyon Wind Energy Project, Fall
2000. Final Report. Prepared for Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc. and Energy Northwest.

Mabee, T. J. and B. A. Cooper. 2001. Nocturnal Bird Migration at the Nine Canyon Wind Energy Project, Spring
2001. Final Report. Prepared for Western EcoSystems Technology, Inc. and Energy Northwest.

Mabee, T. J. and B. A. Cooper. 2002. Nocturnal Bird Migration at the Stateline and Vansycle Wind Energy Projects,
2000-2001. Final Report. Prepared for CH2M Hill and FPL Energy Vansycle, LLC.

Mabee, T.J., J.H. Plissner, and B.A. Cooper. 2005. A Radar and Visual Study of Nocturnal Bird and Bat Migration
at the Proposed Flat Rock Wind Power Project, New York, Fall 2004. Final Report. Prepared for Atlantic
Renewable Energy Corporation.

NYSDEC. 2003. Endangered Species Program, Species Fact Sheets. New York State Department of
Environmental Conservation, Endangered Species Unit, Albany, New York.
http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/dfwmr/wildlife/endspec/

NYSDEC. 2006. Indiana Bat Fact Sheet. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation,
Endangered Species Unit, Albany, New York. 3pp.

Reynolds, R.T., J. M. Scott, and R. A. Nussbaum. 1980. A Variable Circular-Plot Method for estimating bird
numbers. Condor 82(3): 309-313.

Roy, R. D. and S. K. Pelletier. 2005. Fall 2004 Migration Surveys at the Proposed Searsburg and Readsboro,
Vermont. Prepared for Vermont Environmental Research Associates and enXco, Inc.

Sauer, J. R., J. E. Hines, and J. Fallon. 2005. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966
- 2004. Version 2005.2. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1999. Agency Draft Indiana Bat (Myotis sodalis) Revised Recovery Plan. Fort
Snelling, MN: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 3.

Young, Jr., D. P., D. Strickland, W. P Erickson, K. J. Bay, R. Canterbury and R. Mabee, B. Cooper and J. Plissner.
2003. Baseline Avian Studies Mount Storm Wind Power Project, Grant County, West Virginia, May 2003-
March 2004. Prepared for NedPower Mount Storm, LLC.
001138
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2
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report


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33
3.3.2 Results

Point count surveys were conducted on June 30 and July 7, 2006. Each point was surveyed
twice, for a total of 40 surveys. A total of 1080 individual birds were observed in 425 groups
(Table 3). Fifty-nine species were observed during the surveys. European starling, red-winged
blackbird, and bobolink were the most common passerines observed based on mean use
estimates (number observed within 400 m per 3-minute survey). The majority of the species
recorded during breeding bird surveys are species commonly associated with agriculture,
grasslands, and/or edge habitat. Several species of interest were recorded during the breeding
bird surveys including northern harrier, a New York state threatened species; horned lark and
grasshopper sparrow, two New York state species of concern; and bobolink and wood thrush,
two species on the USFWS 2002 Birds of Conservation Concern list for the Lower Great
Lakes/St. Lawrence Plain region.


Table 3. Avian species observed during breeding bird surveys within the St. Lawrence
Windpower project area.
Species/Group # of individuals # of groups Mean Use

Waterbirds
Great blue heron 4 4 0.1
Green heron 1 1 0.025
Ring-billed gull 47 6 1.175
Unidentified gull 38 2 0.95

Waterfowl
Canada goose 27 4 0.675
Mallard 2 1 0.05

Shorebirds
Killdeer 16 10 0.4

Raptors/Vultures
American kestrel 2 2 0.05
Northern harrier
T
4 3 0.1
Red-tailed hawk 4 3 0.1
Turkey vulture 9 7 0.225

Passerines
American crow 53 11 1.325
American goldfinch 23 15 0.575
American robin 30 25 0.75
Baltimore oriole 6 3 0.15
Barn swallow 23 6 0.575
Black-capped chickadee 5 3 0.125
Blue jay 2 2 0.05
Bobolink
BCC
76 32 1.9
Brown-headed cowbird 11 4 0.275
Cedar waxwing 4 1 0.1
Chestnut-sided warbler 1 1 0.025
001143
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report


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Species/Group # of individuals # of groups Mean Use
Common grackle 29 3 0.725
Common yellowthroat 29 20 0.725
Eastern bluebird 2 2 0.05
Eastern kingbird 4 3 0.1
Eastern meadowlark 32 28 0.8
Eastern towhee 1 1 0.025
Eastern tufted titmouse 1 1 0.025
Eastern wood pewee 5 5 0.125
Empidonax spp. 1 1 0.025
European starling 235 19 5.875
Grasshopper sparrow
SC
1 1 0.025
Gray catbird 6 5 0.15
Horned lark
SC
6 2 0.15
House wren 3 3 0.075
Indigo bunting 1 1 0.025
Northern cardinal 2 1 0.05
Ovenbird 11 11 0.275
Red-eyed vireo 7 7 0.175
Red-winged blackbird 136 49 3.4
Rose-breasted grosbeak 1 1 0.025
Savannah sparrow 37 26 0.925
Scarlet tanager 2 2 0.05
Song sparrow 48 35 1.2
Tree swallow 13 3 0.325
Unidentified passerine 1 1 0.025
Unidentified sparrow 1 1 0.025
Veery 1 1 0.025
Willow flycatcher 4 4 0.1
Wood thrush
BCC
6 5 0.15
Yellow warbler 31 18 0.775

Upland Gamebirds
Ruffed grouse 1 1 0.025
Wild turkey 4 1 0.1

Doves
Mourning dove 10 6 0.25
Rock pigeon 14 5 0.35

Other Birds
Hairy woodpecker 1 1 0.025
Northern flicker 2 2 0.05
Unidentified woodpecker 3 3 0.075

All Birds 1080 425
T = State listed threatened
SC = State listed species of special concern

001144
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007


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(n=1519) at the radar location were recorded between August 15 and August 21. Only 25% of
the calls recorded at the met tower (n=117) were recorded during the same sampling period.


Table 4. Number of sampling days, total number of calls recorded, and calls/night recorded by
each AnaBat unit for spring, summer, and fall sampling periods.


Season


Location
# of sampling
days used in
analysis

Total # of
calls


# calls/night
Spring Met tower low
Non-met 1
Non-met 2

39
11
24
769
320
782
19.72
29.09
32.58

Summer Met tower low
Non-met 2
9
9
198
500
22.0
55.56
Fall Met tower low
Radar
50
50
463
1629
9.26
32.58


Species Identification
Based on the qualitative analysis of calls, 5 species groups of bats were positively identified at
the met tower location (Table 5). As is typical with AnaBat sampling, the majority of
vocalizations were unable to be identified due to the few number of pulses per call (<5
pulses/call sequence). Relative call frequency was calculated by dividing the number of calls
recorded for each species by the total number of calls recorded at the met tower for each season.
Of those calls that were able to be identified to species, eastern red bat calls accounted for the
majority of the vocalizations during all seasons at the met tower.

Summer sampling with the mobile AnaBat unit occurred on nine nights and recorded 464 bat
calls (Table 6). The objective of the mobile sampling was to identify to the extent possible the
species of bats using the St. Lawrence Windpower project area during the summer breeding
season. As with the fixed station sampling, many calls could not be identified to species. One
individual of an additional species, eastern pipistrelle, was recorded during the roaming surveys
and not recorded during sampling at the passive monitoring stations. The highest number of
recorded calls was of hoary bat (Table 6); however, 95% of those calls occurred on one night at
one location and may have been from only one or a few individuals echolocating repeatedly near
the AnaBat microphone.

Following the qualitative screening, 208 call files with characteristics resembling Myotis species
were submitted to Eric Britzke for further analysis. Of those files, 76 calls (36.5%) did not
contain sufficient enough information to be processed quantitatively. The remaining calls were
analyzed quantitatively on a nightly basis by site (Britzke 2003). Calls meeting the quantitative
criteria for the following species were identified: eastern red bat (22 calls), little brown bat (50
calls), northern myotis (44 calls), and Indiana bat (16 calls).
001145
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007


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Table 5. Relative call frequency of species recorded at the met tower during the sampling
periods of each season at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area.
Species Relative Call Frequency
Common Name Scientific Name Spring Summer Fall

Big brown bat/
Silver-haired bat


Eptescus fuscus/
Lasionycteris noctivagans

0.0897
(69)

0.1414
(28)

0.0605
(28)
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 0.3914
(301)
0.4141
(82)
0.2203
(102)
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0.0260
(20)
0.0404
(8)
0.0043
(2)
Myotis spp.



0.0117
(9)
0

0.0130
(6)
No identification

0.4811
(370)
0.4040
(80)
0.7019
(325)


Table 6. Number of detections by species during summer roaming AnaBat sampling.
Species Date Sampled
Common
Name
Scientific Name 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/24 7/25 7/26 8/06 8/07 8/08
Big brown bat

Eptescus fuscus 19 12 0 13 0 0 4 1 0
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 14 20 0 5 13 4 0 7 0
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0 4 0 1 117 0 0 0 0
Myotis spp.

0

6

7 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern
pipistrelle
Pipistrellus
subflavus
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
No Species ID 25 31 16 25 62 6 16 29 4
Total Detections/night 58 74 23 44 192 10 20 37 4

001146
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007


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Table 5. Relative call frequency of species recorded at the met tower during the sampling
periods of each season at the St. Lawrence Windpower project area.
Species Relative Call Frequency
Common Name Scientific Name Spring Summer Fall

Big brown bat/
Silver-haired bat


Eptescus fuscus/
Lasionycteris noctivagans

0.0897
(69)

0.1414
(28)

0.0605
(28)
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 0.3914
(301)
0.4141
(82)
0.2203
(102)
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0.0260
(20)
0.0404
(8)
0.0043
(2)
Myotis spp.



0.0117
(9)
0

0.0130
(6)
No identification

0.4811
(370)
0.4040
(80)
0.7019
(325)


Table 6. Number of detections by species during summer roaming AnaBat sampling.
Species Date Sampled
Common
Name
Scientific Name 6/28 6/29 6/30 7/24 7/25 7/26 8/06 8/07 8/08
Big brown bat

Eptescus fuscus 19 12 0 13 0 0 4 1 0
Eastern red bat

Lasiurus borealis 14 20 0 5 13 4 0 7 0
Hoary bat

Lasiurus cinereus 0 4 0 1 117 0 0 0 0
Myotis spp.

0

6

7 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern
pipistrelle
Pipistrellus
subflavus
0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
No Species ID 25 31 16 25 62 6 16 29 4
Total Detections/night 58 74 23 44 192 10 20 37 4

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3.5.2 Results

Driving surveys in the St. Lawrence project area were conducted on nine days between
November 5, 2006 and March 1, 2007. Approximately 27 hours of survey time were spent
during the driving transects over the winter seasons and a total of 13.5 hours of surveys were
conducted at the three fixed-point count stations. A total of 795 individuals in 159 groups of
waterbirds, waterfowl and raptors were recorded during the winter driving surveys (Table 7) and
790 individuals in 146 groups were recorded during the winter fixed point counts (Table 8).
Four (4) species of waterfowl were observed either during the fixed point count surveys or the
driving surveys across the study area. Two waterbirds species, seven raptor species, and one
upland gamebird species were also recorded during the surveys. Based on use estimates derived
from the fixed point surveys, unidentified scaup and Canada goose were the most common
waterfowl species observed during the winter surveys (Table 7 and 8). Red-tailed hawk and
rough-legged hawk were the most common raptor species (Table 7 and 8).



Table 7. Waterfowl and raptors observed while conducting winter 2007 driving surveys at the
St. Lawrence project area.
Winter 2007
Species/Group # of individuals # of groups
Waterbirds
Great blue heron 2 2
Ring-billed gull 2 2
Waterfowl
Canada goose 473 12
Mallard 8 2
Raptors/Vultures
American kestrel 7 7
Bald eagle 2 2
Merlin 1 1
Northern harrier
T
17 12
Red-tailed hawk 27 24
Rough-legged hawk 57 54
Turkey vulture 6 2
Other Birds
American crow 135 34
Wild Turkey 58 5
Total 795 159





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Table 8. Waterfowl and raptors observed while conducting winter 2007 fixed point
surveys at the St. Lawrence project area.

Winter 2007
Species/Group
# ind

# groups

mean use
7
% freq
8

Waterbirds
Ring-billed gull 4 2 0.19 9.52
Unidentified gull 250 1 11.90 4.76
Waterfowl
Canada goose 115 4 5.48 19.05
Mallard 24 1 1.14 4.76
Tundra swan 3 1 0.14 4.76
Unidentified scaup 131 2 6.24 9.52
Raptors
Red-tailed hawk 15 11 0.71 80.95
Rough-legged hawk 63 56 3.00 47.62
Unidentified buteo 6 4 0.29 9.52
Northern harrier 19 16 0.90 42.86
American kestrel 1 1 0.05 4.76
Turkey vulture 8 3 0.38 4.76
Other Birds
American crow 129 40 6.14 85.71
Common raven 1 1 0.05 4.76
Wild turkey 21 3 1.00 14.29
Total 790 146 37.62


7
Mean use = number observed within 800 m of survey point per 30-min survey
8
Frequency of occurrence = percent of surveys in which species was observed
001149
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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125 m, were also very near the mean for all other studies where flight height was recorded with
vertical mode radar.


Table 9. Results of radar studies at proposed and existing wind project sites in the eastern U.S.

Site
Passage
Rates
(t/km/hr)

Mean Flight
Height (m)

% Targets
below 125 m

Mean Flight
Direction
Fall Spr Fall Spr Fall Spr Fall Spr
St. Lawrence Windpower, NY
(this report)
346 166 490 441 8 14 209 34
Dairy Hills, Wyoming Co., NY
(Young et al. 2006)
170 234 466 397 10 15 180 14
Alabama Ledge, Genessee Co., NY
(Young et al. 2007)
165 200 487 413 11 14 219 35
Flat Rock, NY
(Mabee et al. 2005)
158 415 8 184
Chautauqua, NY
(Cooper et al. 2004a,b)
238 395 532 528 5 4 199 29
Prattsburgh (1), NY
(Mabee et al. 2004, 2005)
200 170 365 319 9 18 177 18
Clinton County, NY
(Mabee et al. 2006)
197 110 333 338 12 20 162 30
Marble River, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2006a,b)
152 254 438 422 5 11 193 40
Jordanville, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005a, b)
380 409 440 371 6 21 208 40
Prattsburgh (2), NY
(B. Roy, pers. comm. 2006)
193 277 516 370 3 16 188 22
West Hill, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005)
732 160 664 291 3 25 223 31
High Sheldon, NY
(Woodlot Alternatives 2005)
197 112 422 418 3 6 213 29
Fairfield Top Notch, NY
(B. Gary, NYDEC, pers. comm.)
691 509 516 419 4 20 198 44
Searsburg, VT
(Roy and Pelletier 2005a, 2005b)
178 404 556 523 4 6 203 69
Sheffield, VT
(Roy et al. 2005)
109 199 564 522 1 6 200 40
Martindale, PA
(Plissner et al. 2005)
187 436 8 188
Casselman, PA
(Plissner et al. 2005)
174 448 7 219
Mount Storm, WV
(Young et al. 2004)
199 410 16 184
Mean 259 259 472 412 7 14 197 34
Note: Some values are approximations based on the limited information provided in the report or averaged
over more than one sampling location (e.g., Flat Rock, Mount Storm).


001150
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Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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observed per surveyor hour was greater (Table 10). Large numbers of broad-winged hawks were
observed at Derby Hill on 4/21/06; however, surveys within the St. Lawrence Windpower
project area on the same day failed to record high numbers of this species passing over the site.
Spring raptor migration surveys were repeated in 2007 and started earlier in the season to look
for potential eagle migrants. Overall migrant passage rate in 2007 was higher than 2006
however, it was still substantially lower than the established hawk watch sites (Table 10).


Table 10. Number of raptors observed per surveyor hour in the project area and at seven
established spring/fall hawk watch sites.

Spring 2006 St. Lawrence
Windpower
Ripley Hawk Hamburg Braddock
Bay
Derby
Hill
4/14/06 10.7 31.4 83.8 no survey 21.5
4/21/06 13.3 35.9 17.9 no survey 353.1
5/02/06 2.3 17.3 0.8 no survey 6.0
5/12/06 3.7 5.6 5.2 no survey 44.8
Average 7.5 22.55 26.9 -- 106.3

Spring 2007 St. Lawrence
Windpower
Ripley Hawk Hamburg Braddock
Bay
Derby
Hill
3/21/07 15.7 23.8 7.1 25.2 77.9
3/31/07 14.0 27.9 123.5 53.5 74.1
4/11/07 16.7 31.0 19.2 38.4 71.7
4/14/07 11.7 31.4 83.8 95.1 81.1
4/20/07 7.7 44.2 26.2 101.6 43.0
4/22/07 18.7 96.0 82.1 156.1 111.5
5/01/07 23.3 39.3 0.0 no survey 66.4
Average 15.4 41.9 48.85 78.3 75.1

Fall 2006 St. Lawrence
Windpower
Franklin Mt. Mohonk Preserve Mount Peter
9/23/06 15 1 no survey 1
9/30/06 20 3 2 5
10/07/06 17 10 no survey 3
10/13/06 10 3 11 7
10/20/06 3 no survey no survey no survey
10/27/06 7 20 11 5
10/30/06 6 15 16 10
11/05/06 6 1 no survey 1
11/07/06 8 0 no survey 2
11/11/06 4 2 no survey no survey
Average 9.6 9 10 3.4

001151
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5
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St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
9
200
400
600
800
30
210
60
240
90 270
120
300
150
330
180
0

Flight Direction
Observed flight directions were typically towards the southwest in the fall and towards the
northeast in the spring (Figure 4). Fall mean and dispersion of flight direction were P = 209.2q
and r = 0.34 (n = 12378 targets). As an indication of the southerly direction of the migration,
71.8% of observations were between 90q and 270q, while 34.5% of observations were between
135q and 225q. Spring mean and dispersion of flight direction were P = 34.0q and r = 0.52
(n = 5003 targets).1). As an indication of the northerly direction of the migration, 77.6% of
observations were between 270q and 90q, and 48.4% of observations were between 315q and
45q.

Figure 4. Observed fall and spring flight directions in the project area.

Fall Spring






















Passage Rates

Fall
The overall mean passage rate in the horizontal mode was 345.8 r 13.3 targets/km/hr (mean r
SE) (n = 506 sample periods) and in the vertical mode was 346.2 r 17.2 targets/km/hr (mean r
SE) (n = 503 sample periods). Mean nightly passage rate was highly variable in both horizontal
mode (Figure 5) and vertical mode (Figure 6). The greatest nightly passage rates occurred in late
September and early October. Mean hourly passage rates tended to be low early in the evening,
001155
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
500
1000
1500
DATE
N
I
G
H
T
L
Y

P
A
S
S
A
G
E

R
A
T
E

(
t
a
r
g
e
t
s
/
k
m
/
h
r
)
Figure 5. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates in horizontal mode.




Fall























Spring














001156
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
DATE
N
I
G
H
T
L
Y

P
A
S
S
A
G
E

R
A
T
E

(
t
a
r
g
e
t
s
/
k
m
/
h
r
)
Figure 6. Mean + 1 SE nightly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.


Fall
























Spring
















001157
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



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1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
H
O
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Figure 7. Mean + 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in horizontal mode.


Fall























Spring
















001158
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
14
1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
H
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(
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/
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)
Figure 8. Mean r 1 SE hourly passage rates recorded in vertical mode.


Fall





















Spring
001159
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
0
5
10
15
HEIGHT CLASS
P
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16
18
20
HEIGHT CLASS
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C
E
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A
R
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E
T
S
Figure 9. Frequency histogram of targets by height class, sampling at 1.5-km range. Height
class 1 represents altitudes 0-100 m, class 2 represents altitudes 100-200 m, etc.


Fall























Spring
001160
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
17
08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
DATE
F
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(
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0
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200
300
400
500
600
700
DATE
F
L
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H
T

A
L
T
I
T
U
D
E

(
m
)
Figure 10. Mean + 1 SE nightly flight altitude sampling at 1.5 km range.

Fall






















Spring





001161
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
18
1800 2000 2200 0000 0200 0400 0600
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
TIME
F
L
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H
T

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(
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400
450
500
TIME
F
L
I
G
H
T

A
L
T
I
T
U
D
E

(
m
)
Figure 11. Mean + 1 SE hourly flight altitude sampling at 1.5-km range.

Fall






















Spring













001162
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
19
Figure 12. Recorded target altitude distributions
2
.

Fall


















Spring



2
The boxes within the chart represent the 1
st
and 3
rd
quartile (50%) of the nightly observations, the horizontal lines
within boxes represent nightly median value of flight heights, and solid circles represent the nightly mean flight
height.
001163
St. Lawrence Windpower Project
Avian and Bat Studies Report August 2007



WEST, Inc.
21
08/14 08/24 09/03 09/13 09/23 10/03 10/13
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
DATE
A
I
R

S
P
E
E
D

(
m
/
s
)
Figure 13. Mean + 1 SE nightly target air speed.


Fall






















Spring





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PUBLIC HEARING ON THE PROPOSED

ST. LAWRENCE WIND ENERGY PROJECT



Held on March 24, 2007, at 9:00 AM, at the Cape Vincent
Recreation Center, South James Street, Cape Vincent,
New York, before Town of Cape Vincent Planning Board Members
Richard Edsall, Chairman, Tom Ingersoll, Vice Chairman,
Andrew Binsley, Karen Bourcy, and George Mingle. Also
Present were Mark Gebo, Esq., and Kris Dimmick, PE.
Court Reporter was Sally B. Maiorano, Registered Merit
Reporter, Certified Realtime Reporter, Certified CART
Provider, Certified Shorthand Reporter, and Notary Public in
and for the State of New York.
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001171
2
1 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Please take your seats.
2 Please take your seats, we're going to start.
3 Before we start, I need to just read a
4 few guidelines of what we're going to do. And
5 just before we do that we will open the
6 meeting. I will introduce everybody up here.
7 We have Sally, who is keeping a record of
8 this; the town's attorney, Mark Gebo; Kris
9 Dimmick from Bernier Carr. For those of you
10 who do not know me, my name is Rich Edsall,
11 and I'm Planning Board Chairman. We have
12 Karen Bourcy from the Planning Board; Andy
13 Binsley from the Planning Board; George Mingle
14 from the Planning Board; and Tom Ingersoll
15 from the Planning Board, and he is Vice
16 Chairman.
17 Today is a public hearing where the
18 public is going to get to present to the Board
19 their opinions, their recommendations, their
20 disagreements with the draft environmental
21 impact statement, studies that are included in
22 it, studies that are missing from it, studies
23 that should be included in it.
24 This is the opportunity for you to make
25 your presentation. What you will need to do
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001172
3
1 is you will need to come up close so the
2 stenographer gets the record. This is a
3 public record, the same as if you were in
4 court. So what we're going to ask you to do
5 is identify yourself, my name is Jim Smith,
6 and then spell your name if it's a name that
7 you feel needs to be spelled or your name is
8 spelled differently. All right?
9 You will be given three minutes to speak.
10 If at the end when everybody has spoken we
11 still have additional time left, we will allow
12 you to respeak if you have something else you
13 would like to say or -- you also have the
14 right to turn in a written response, and you
15 have until June 15
th
of this year to turn
16 your written response in. And you can mail it
17 to the town of Cape Vincent Planning Board,
18 PO Box 680. If you don't know the PO box you
19 can just write Town of Cape Vincent Planning
20 Board, Town of Cape Vincent offices, Cape
21 Vincent, New York, 13618.
22 And those records will be all put
23 together, and then the Planning Board will go
24 through them. This is first of several public
25 hearings. As there is additional studies
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001173
4
1 done, additional information gathered, as the
2 Planning Board has an opportunity to go
3 through the information that is being
4 supplied, there will be an additional public
5 hearing. I cannot tell you when because we
6 don't know when everything is going to be
7 done. It could be done in August, September,
8 October, November, March of next year. There
9 is no date set.
10 When that is done there will be an
11 additional one afterwards, at least one more,
12 for the final environmental impact statement.
13 There could be more than those two, but there
14 will be at least those two going forward.
15 When those public hearings are done, the
16 next step is a site plan review process. And
17 there will also be a public hearing or
18 hearings, depending on what's going on, on
19 those as well.
20 What I'm going to ask you to do today is
21 because we are here to listen to your
22 comments, that you do not speak unless you are
23 the speaker. There is no cross comment.
24 There's no cheering, jeering, clapping, or
25 whatever. We expect you to all be ladies and
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001174
5
1 gentlemen.
2 I have someone who is timing the three
3 minutes. When we get to the three minutes I
4 will stand up and ask you to -- I won't ask
5 you, but I'll stand up. The fact that I've
6 stood up should indicate that you're running
7 out of time. All right? But again, you can
8 submit written comment up until June 15
th
.
9 What will happen when we are done today
10 is we're going to adjourn the meeting so that
11 we can continue, we're not -- the meeting is
12 not canceled, stopped, whatever, we're just
13 adjourning it; the comment period will
14 continue. All comments are going to be
15 addressed to the Board.
16 All right. And the first person I have
17 on the list is Carol Simpson. We would ask
18 you to come up and speak in front of the
19 stenographer and address your remarks, please.
20 MS. SIMPSON: Do I really have to be
21 first?
22 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Well, you can pass if
23 you want.
24 MS. SIMPSON: Because I was the first one
25 here. My name is Carol Simpson. I'm a
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001175
6
1 resident here, year-round resident now.
2 I visited the St. Lawrence Wind Farm site
3 and looked at the avian and bat study plan and
4 the DEIS to be done by Western Ecosystems
5 Technology, Incorporated.
6 I hope the DEC and the U.S. Fish and
7 Wildlife Service does due diligence and makes
8 sure to find out the impacts on the migratory
9 birds, the bats, and the endangered species
10 here.
11 I'm also relying on these agencies to, if
12 necessary, ensure the relocation of wind
13 towers to accommodate the wildlife in this
14 area. Our area is so unique, where the lake
15 and river meet. It's different from any other
16 place in New York State. We're fortunate to
17 have this rich heritage of wildlife, and we've
18 already seen a decline in some rare and
19 endangered species here.
20 I am for green energy, but in the proper
21 locations. If it's harmful to the migratory
22 birds, the bats, and the endangered species,
23 to me it defeats the purpose.
24 I'm looking forward to seeing the results
25 of these studies from the DEIS, and I hope any
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001176
7
1 negative results endangering our fine
2 feathered friends will be given serious
3 consideration by all the responsible parties.
4 Thank you.
5 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Thank you. Dave
6 Docteur.
7 MR. DOCTEUR: My name is David Docteur,
8 and I visited the Maple Ridge Wind Farm up
9 there, and I think everybody should do that,
10 especially the Gardner Road and the Rector
11 Road and the Flat Rock Road.
12 But some of things -- I only got three
13 minutes, so I just want to make sure I get
14 this. And the fish study, I don't think
15 there's been any study on the fish and the
16 shadow effect that it will have out on the
17 water.
18 Fish are -- they spook to shadows, and
19 there will be shadows out there. They say --
20 these fellows up here say they'll go a mile or
21 two.
22 The shadow flicker. People up there get
23 shadow flicker in their house and on their
24 lawn, and it -- as they admit in this book
25 here that it goes for 3,000 feet, ten times
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001177
8
1 the diameter of the blades. This is the --
2 what shadow flicker is going to do here, it's
3 what they show anyway. This is one map. And
4 here is one with a vegetation. It's in this
5 book. A little less for the vegetation.
6 But in red, that's 50 hours or more of
7 shadow flicker. You can see there's a lot of
8 red on that map.
9 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Please address your
10 comments to the Board. The Board is the one
11 that needs to see this.
12 MR. DOCTEUR: That's right. All right.
13 The red right on that map. Okay. Shadow
14 flicker goes through your house. It's like
15 dimming lights every second. It's like
16 somebody dimming your lights.
17 And this fellow up there said it goes
18 through his house an hour, an hour and a half
19 sunrise and sunset. Some of the time; not
20 every day.
21 Noise up there, they'll tell you that
22 2,000 feet away they can hear them, but when
23 the conditions are right, the air is moist and
24 the wind's coming from that direction, they
25 can't sleep at night, 2000 feet away. He said
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001178
9
1 that they will tell you that they ought to be
2 at least 3,000 feet. Minimum.
3 Those are the main things. These other
4 things on the -- I would like to say this too:
5 Anyone who would like to go up and experience
6 this, I would be glad to meet them in this
7 parking lot Sunday afternoon at 2:00 and lead
8 a convoy and show you these places, talk to
9 these people that they have to live with these
10 things. One guy is surrounded by them; his
11 environment has been basically ruined.
12 That's all I have for now.
13 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Thank you. Don
14 Metzger.
15 MR. METZGER: Good morning, Mr. Chairman.
16 If I could just stay right here, Sally is
17 right in front of me.
18 Thank you, Mr. Chairman, for the
19 opportunity to speak. My name is Don Metzger.
20 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Just spell your name
21 for her, please.
22 MR. METZGER: Yes, I'm sorry.
23 M-E-T-Z-G-E-R. I'm a business owner here in
24 Cape Vincent. I'm not here to speak in favor
25 of the wind turbine farms or against the wind
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001179
10
1 turbine farms. I am asking a special request
2 of the Planning Board that they would consider
3 that if the towers come here, if we have a
4 wind farm in our neighborhood, that the town
5 fathers and the people who are dealing with
6 the regulation of this operation, that they
7 take very specific efforts to have in writing
8 that a bond be posted in U.S. dollars,
9 hopefully in the Cape Vincent Bank, a bond
10 that would cover the costs of the
11 decommissioning and removal of all towers and
12 associated equipment, including the
13 long-distance transmission lines that --
14 150 kV lines that would take the power from
15 here to Chaumont.
16 Why do I want that? Why do I think the
17 Planning Board should do that? I've been
18 around a long enough time to see big
19 companies -- and Acciona and BP are big
20 companies -- I've been around long enough to
21 see big companies, both foreign and domestic,
22 fall. And sometimes the bigger they are, the
23 harder they fall.
24 In 10, 15, 20 years from now if Acciona
25 or BP or one of them gets bought out by an
PROFESSIONAL REPORTING SERVICES, INC.
315-436-7775
001180
11
1 investor in China and then he decides he
2 doesn't want to be involved in wind power
3 anymore, or they go bankrupt or out of
4 business, now we've got all these huge towers
5 in our community that are in a state of
6 nonmaintenance, disrepair, getting rusty,
7 falling apart. And the removal of them would
8 be incumbent upon the town and the property
9 owners. I don't want to see that. I want to
10 see these removed if they need to be at any
11 time from the money of a bond.
12 Twenty years from now, it's a long time,
13 we have to take into account cost of living.
14 So that bond has got to be big enough to take
15 care of cost of living and all associated
16 costs for the removal of associated structures
17 and the remediation of the land from the
18 decommissioning.
19 If that point is clear, I have one more
20 point if I have enough time. Thank you,
21 Mr. Chairman.
22 The other point is I'm old enough to have
23 seen and heard commercial advertising permeate
24 all aspects of our society; you cannot get
25 away from commercial advertising. I don't
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1 want to wake up some morning and look out and
2 see a 300-foot high Pepsi bottle over here and
3 a 300-foot high Coke bottle over there, a
4 300-foot high hamburger. No advertising in
5 any form, electronic, verbal, no decals.
6 Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
7 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Last name is Reinhart,
8 Marianna?
9 MS. REINHART: My name is Marianna
10 Reinhart, R-E-I-N-H-A-R-T.
11 Regarding the transmission lines
12 transporting electricity from Cape Vincent to
13 the National Grid, where are the transmission
14 lines located in Cape Vincent? Will they
15 cross the Chaumont River or cross the Ashland
16 Wildlife area? How high will the transmission
17 poles be? And how many will be erected in
18 Cape Vincent? And what will be the distance
19 between them?
20 Also, has the town designated the
21 responsibility of the repair and/or the
22 replacement of roads in the town and the
23 village of Cape Vincent due to damage that
24 will be caused by the heavy-duty equipment and
25 machinery and the massive trucks that will
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1 carry the necessary components to make the
2 turbines a complete structure.
3 Will the companies wanting to place the
4 turbines in Cape Vincent post a bond in an
5 adequate amount to cover costs of replacement
6 and repair of the roads so the taxpayers do
7 not have to have that carry -- have to carry
8 that burden?
9 Finally, when this windmill project was
10 proposed, I thought it was the understanding
11 that any windmills would be located east of
12 Route 12. Looking at the proposed map, it
13 shows seven windmills to be located between
14 Route 12 and Valley Road. Thank you.
15 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Thank you very much.
16 Joyce Gormel?
17 MS. GORMEL: My name is Joyce Gormel,
18 G-O-R-M-E-L.
19 Mr. Chairman: The draft environmental
20 impact study, DEIS, references in Section
21 311(2)(3) titled Municipal Revenues and Taxes
22 that annual PILOT payments would be negotiated
23 along with road use agreements.
24 As a tax-paying resident in the town of
25 Cape Vincent, I'm very interesting in how this
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1 project will benefit all the residents of Cape
2 Vincent. I am concerned about who will be
3 negotiating the PILOT payments for our town.
4 It occurs to me that the Town Board does not
5 have a voting quorum.
6 It is my understanding that two members
7 have recused themselves after consulting with
8 the Jefferson County Ethics Board, and one
9 newly elected member will have to recuse
10 himself because of his potential conflict of
11 interest. That leaves two voting members on
12 the Town Board. Will they be the only
13 individuals who will negotiate with SLW for
14 PILOT payments?
15 Acciona, the company being dealt with,
16 had sales of approximately $6.2 billion,
17 billion, last year. Are there any plans to
18 hire professional help to assist in
19 negotiating the tax relief and other benefits
20 to our community with this, as Billy Fuccillo
21 would say, huge conglomerate.
22 Timing for these negotiations is
23 critical. Where does Cape Vincent stand in
24 the negotiation process? Is the process
25 complete, in progress, or not started?
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1 In most existing wind farm projects the
2 PILOT payment is 5% of what the industry
3 should be taxed at in New York State. In an
4 interview with Attorney Richard Graham, who
5 represented Maple Ridge -- the Maple Ridge
6 project, local officials felt that the
7 compensation offered by the developer was low,
8 and that was $5,000 per tower. Compared to
9 what otherwise would have been payable at the
10 full assessed value for each tower.
11 Additionally, the relative distribution
12 between the school district, town, and county
13 became a point of heated debate because of the
14 small dollars involved. Now, you ask what
15 changed the municipality's perspective? The
16 county planning director was successful in
17 certifying Flat Rock Wind Power, LLC as a
18 qualified Empire Zone enterprise. This would
19 allow the developer to pay full property taxes
20 to the taxing jurisdictions and in turn be
21 reimbursed 100% by the state of New York.
22 This was the first time that a wind farm had
23 been placed in an Empire Zone in New York. As
24 a result of these efforts, they are now able
25 to negotiate a PILOT agreement whereby Flat
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1 Rock will make annual payments of up to
2 $46,000 per tower to be divided among the
3 taxing jurisdictions.
4 Big surprise, right? Let's do the math.
5 The developer first offered 5,000 per tower.
6 Now the state of New York will reimburse the
7 developer 100% with our tax dollars. It is
8 not the responsibility of the current citizens
9 of Cape Vincent to absorb, nor the town, to
10 place additional tax burden on private
11 property taxpayers after a one to $200 million
12 wind project is sitting in our township.
13 I look forward to the opportunity to
14 review the results of the negotiations our
15 town drafts with the St. Lawrence Wind Power,
16 LLC. Thank you for listening.
17 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Tom Gormel?
18 MR. GORMEL: Mr. Chairman, my name is Tom
19 Gormel, G-O-R-M-E-L, and I'm a tax-paying
20 resident of the town of Cape Vincent.
21 One section of the draft environmental
22 impact statement, the DEIS, that I am most
23 concerned about is the cumulative impact these
24 96 425-foot towers will have on the residents
25 of Cape Vincent.
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1 This subject is inadequately addressed in
2 the DEIS on Page 4-1. We all know about the
3 proposed wind farms in the town of Clayton,
4 the BP wind project in the town of Cape
5 Vincent and Lyme, and most recently we are
6 being told about the wind farm that's going to
7 be on the Wolf Island.
8 All of these projects will have a
9 cumulative impact on the residents of and
10 wildlife and resources in this community.
11 Unlike the Maple Ridge project, which has
12 an approximate population density of 10 to 15
13 people per square mile, Cape Vincent has
14 approximately 600 people per square mile.
15 Clearly the Maple Ridge project should not be
16 used as a model to mitigate cumulative impact
17 on SLW's project.
18 I would like to know what the cumulative
19 impact of all of these projects will have on
20 the residents of our community. Cape Vincent
21 is truly unique in its geographic location.
22 As you know, migratory birds will not cross
23 Lake Ontario, but rather find their way to the
24 juncture of Lake Ontario and St. Lawrence
25 River. In other words, they fly over Cape
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1 Vincent; however, what will they do when they
2 experience this project that will stretch from
3 Lake Ontario to Thousand Island School? In
4 addition to that, the birds will be faced with
5 another project in Burnt Rock Road that will
6 go into the town of Lyme, as well as the
7 project in the town of Clayton. How will all
8 these together impact the migratory birds in
9 this area?
10 And finally, I would like to know the
11 cumulative impact of these projects on the --
12 how will the wind-generated electricity be
13 transferred to the National Grid? We have
14 been told that the current transmission lines
15 cannot accommodate the proposed wind power.
16 Electrical power.
17 I am very interested in learning how SLW
18 proposes to mitigate the cumulative impact of
19 all of these projects on the transmission of
20 electricity to the National Grid.
21 In contrast to SLW's DEIS, the Canadian
22 Renewable Energy Corporation noticed --
23 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: If you don't have much
24 you can finish.
25 MR. GORMEL: Okay. The notice of
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1 commencement of environmental review for Wolf
2 Island states exactly where and how the
3 electricity will be connected to the
4 provincial grid. How refreshing and
5 forthright to read something like that rather
6 than SLW's statement to be determined.
7 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Thank you.
8 MR. GORMEL: Thank you.
9 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Ann Levy?
10 MS. LEVY: Good morning. My name is Ann
11 Levy. I am a -- have a year-round residence
12 on County Route 7. I have this for you so
13 that you can look at if you need to. L-E-V-Y.
14 To the Planning Board, the lead agency
15 and -- of the St. Lawrence Wind Project. Due
16 to the fact that we are unable to post
17 comments on the Acciona website, we wanted
18 everyone to know that we have created a web
19 page whereby all comments, positive, negative,
20 neutral, regarding the DEIS and the wind
21 project can be aired objectively. The new
22 website name is www.stlawrencewind.org.
23 This site has been initiated to tell the
24 story to everyone without confusion and is the
25 home for experienced voices other than the
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1 panel and Acciona. The site was created to
2 facilitate communications for submitting
3 emails in order that everyone can share with
4 each other and for the purpose of being a
5 depository for all public information. Thank
6 you.
7 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Cliff Schneider.
8 MR. SCHNEIDER: I have some material
9 here. Hi, my name is Cliff Schneider,
10 S-C-H-N-E-I-D-E-R.
11 Three issues I would like to talk about
12 from the DEIS. One has to do with the bird
13 and bat studies, the other is the visual
14 analysis, and the third is the noise studies.
15 UNIDENTIFIED AUDIENCE MEMBER: We can't
16 hear you, Cliff.
17 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: His -- he'll do the
18 best he can, but his obligation really is to
19 make sure the Board gets the information.
20 UNIDENTIFIED AUDIENCE MEMBER: Maybe if
21 he could just stand over here.
22 MR. SCHNEIDER: I'll try to speak loudly,
23 okay?
24 UNIDENTIFIED AUDIENCE MEMBER: How about
25 a microphone?
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1 MR. SCHNEIDER: I don't want to use a
2 microphone.
3 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: He doesn't want to use
4 it.
5 MR. SCHNEIDER: My comments, first, with
6 respect to the bird and bat studies. You've
7 got a letter from a number of biologists, four
8 of us, that are retired here in Cape Vincent,
9 which we've probably got 150 years of
10 experience. Those are the kinds of things
11 that we've done and stuff. And we have real
12 concerns about there's only one year of study
13 here.
14 Now, if you go back to take a look what
15 what AES Acciona has done when they came here,
16 they've been doing wind studies for five or
17 six years, right? They've had a met. tower up
18 here, they've been collecting that data.
19 It makes good sense when you're making
20 big decisions to have more than one year's
21 worth of data. I would have said they would
22 have been irresponsible with one year of wind
23 date because you really can't see the
24 variation.
25 So what we're saying is let's have some
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1 at least a minimal amount of parody with the
2 environmental studies. You can't do in a
3 year; you're going to need at least three.
4 The other thing, the issue of the visual
5 analysis report you've got right there. I
6 have concerns over the author. Who is the
7 author? Where are they from? It mentions
8 there is an author. Where are they from; what
9 are their credentials?
10 Because in essence, when you take a look
11 at that report, with over 50 pages of
12 description and about two paragraphs of
13 analysis, I don't know who this person is, but
14 they're making determinations about our
15 community and the impacts of that visual
16 stuff.
17 Now, if you go to other areas I'll tell
18 you within the DE -- they've got a DEC policy
19 that they quote in there, and they quote
20 things for -- you know, that help them to
21 support some of the things they're going to
22 do.
23 One of the things they say in there in
24 that policy is the fact that you have to have
25 confirmation of those impacts by other
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1 individuals, by other certified personnel and
2 that type of thing, or with surveys, and they
3 have not done that. There's only one
4 individual who's making that determination.
5 The other thing: A big part of that is
6 the conclusions. Well, if you go into the
7 conclusions for the St. Lawrence -- what they
8 did here, the Saratoga Associates, it's
9 exactly the same conclusion, if you go on the
10 website and take a look at the report, for
11 Chateaugay and Wethersfield wind parks. Same
12 words, exactly, down to the -- down to the
13 letter.
14 And I'm assuming that, you know, both
15 George and Rich, who have had some experience
16 in the classroom, if someone comes in and
17 copies their homework, you know what kind of
18 mark you're going to give them; you're going
19 to give them an F.
20 So you know, they really have to go back,
21 they got to do a visual perception survey, and
22 they've really got to do a better job on the
23 conclusions.
24 And finally, with respect to the noise,
25 noise is probably the most complicated thing
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1 you've got in there in terms of the report.
2 Most of the average people aren't going to
3 make any sense of that. It's probably very
4 difficult for all of us.
5 And I would hope that all of you saw that
6 letter from Jane Davis. She wrote that letter
7 to her councilman in the UK because of her
8 concerns, if you read that. I've got copies
9 of that letter if you haven't.
10 I was the one who requested and asked her
11 to send the same letter here. And the reason
12 that that was important was because of the
13 fact that, one, she was a farmer; two, is the
14 fact that she supported wind farms and
15 windmills; and then third is the fact that in
16 the end when she had all of this disturbance
17 of all of these problems, all she was saying
18 is make sure they do that sound level report
19 properly. And the problem is with this outfit
20 they have not done that properly.
21 And by the way, I've got some CDs of some
22 noise so you can actually listen to it, you
23 don't have to read about. And I have CDs that
24 are available for other people as well if you
25 want to listen. Thank you.
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1 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: I will say right now
2 that the Planning Board did not anticipate
3 getting copies of CDs. We have no idea how
4 we're going to make them available to the
5 public.
6 So they will not -- even though they're
7 part of the record, we'll have to discuss that
8 at a future meeting. I don't know how to do
9 it without -- unless we're authorized to make
10 copies.
11 MR. SCHNEIDER: Oh, we are. I have been
12 authorized. I got it from a scientist in the
13 Netherlands.
14 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: If you want to send the
15 Planning Board a letter stating that we are
16 authorized to make copies of these, then after
17 severing the letter we probably would make
18 copies. That might be the easiest way to do
19 that then.
20 UNIDENTIFIED AUDIENCE MEMBER: Richard,
21 could I speak off the record for one minute
22 and say you can put one in the library with
23 the DVDs.
24 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Are they all the same
25 or are they different?
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1 MR. SCHNEIDER: They're all the same.
2 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: I happen to know
3 somebody who knows where the library is.
4 Next is Sally Hirschey.
5 MS. HIRSCHEY: Boy, that's a tough act to
6 follow. My name is Sally Hirschey,
7 H-I-R-S-C-H-E-Y.
8 And I just want to say to the Planning
9 Board, but also to the people in Cape Vincent,
10 before we change the character of this
11 village --
12 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Ma'am, please address
13 your comments to the Board.
14 MS. HIRSCHEY: Before we change the
15 character of this village and town from a
16 quiet village to an industrial zone, I think
17 we need more facts. For instance, instead of
18 the to be determined, to be determined where
19 the line is going to go, to be determined
20 where the 44 miles of new roads are going to
21 go, to be determined the sites of the wind
22 turbines and -- will change it forever for
23 ourselves, our children, our grandchildren.
24 And I think it's a very serious step, and I
25 think it deserves very serious study. Okay.
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1 Thank you.
2 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Thank you. Urban
3 Hirschey.
4 MR. HIRSCHEY: Why is it that I'm always
5 following her?
6 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Suggestion: Try to be
7 ahead of her next time.
8 MR. HIRSCHEY: The last name is Hirschey,
9 you have the spelling, first name is Urban,
10 U-R-B-A-N.
11 Section 7 of the draft environmental
12 impact study addresses the feasibility of the
13 scaled down version of this project or no
14 project. Essentially that's a summary of -- I
15 think it's the last section -- it's a summary
16 of the project and addresses the feasibility
17 of that project. I believe that the
18 developer's response to this question is
19 consistent with the prior way in which other
20 issues have been addressed. It is
21 condescending and to my -- and ignores the
22 beauty of this community.
23 When Governor Spitzer compared the North
24 Country to Appalachia, he might have been
25 referring to some unpopulated areas such as
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1 the Tug Hill Plateau. He certainly wasn't
2 describing Cape Vincent or the Golden
3 Crescent.
4 Through the use of misleading and
5 outdated facts, the study portrays Cape
6 Vincent as a depressed and stagnant area.
7 Cape Vincent is anything but depressed. It's
8 a beautiful and dynamic community which is
9 attracting a lot of new people, vacationers,
10 and construction.
11 A comparison of the towns of Martinsburg
12 and Harrisburg, which hosts all but 12 of the
13 Maple Ridge wind turbines, to Cape Vincent is
14 meaningful. The combined land area of these
15 two townships is twice that of Cape Vincent.
16 The population, on the other hand, is half of
17 Cape Vincent. And as a matter of fact, that's
18 during the wintertime. During the summertime
19 the population of Cape Vincent is probably
20 four times that of the combined towns of
21 Martinsburg and Harrisburg.
22 During the -- the Tug Hill has few
23 visitors and few roads. Cape Vincent, on the
24 other hand, has many visitors and summer
25 residents that enjoy the beauty and
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1 recreational opportunities of this area.
2 The wind turbines on the Tug Hill Plateau
3 do not encroach upon any village. There are
4 no villages, formal villages in these
5 townships. The proposed sitings of the
6 St. Lawrence wind turbine encroaches on the
7 village, on the river, and on the natural
8 beauty of the area.
9 The study points out that the average
10 house in Cape Vincent is $77,000. That's in
11 the year 2000, which is very much outdated. I
12 would also add that -- and that this is much,
13 much less than the average home in New York
14 State. Of course, New York State has a lot of
15 urban areas where real estate is at a premium,
16 so -- but so is the cost of living.
17 The study also fails out to point that
18 the average assessment of homes in Cape
19 Vincent has increased dramatically since 2000.
20 65% of the town assessed value from the river
21 and lakefront properties, which is --
22 continue?
23 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: If you don't have much,
24 continue. Otherwise you'll have to kind of --
25 MR. HIRSCHEY: Okay. I'll end it by
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1 this: So the question is should the -- would
2 scaling back the project be a benefit? Yes.
3 A 5-mile buffer zone from the river and lake
4 would absolutely preserve the values of the
5 property values and the quality of the --
6 quality of life of the residences.
7 What if there was no project? Better
8 yet. Ten or twenty years from now if the
9 project is accepted the developers would have
10 made their killing, the towers would still be
11 there, but they would be obsolete by new
12 technology and perhaps waving in the wind.
13 CHAIRMAN EDSALL: Thank you. Paul Mason.
14 MR. MASON: My name is Paul Mason. I've
15 just got a few comments.
16 I have visited a website, Lake Benton,
17 Wisconsin. Southwest Wisconsin. It's very
18 unique to Cape Vincent. It's a tourist
19 section, strictly tourist. And agriculture.
20 They did bird studies. The lady that's in
21 charge out there, they have a center out
22 there, she says the birds are very
23 intelligent, they don't fly into things that
24 they don't -- if they see something they fly
25 around them. They say they're very
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1 intelligent, they've only averaged -- they've
2 had these since 1998, and they have 400 of
3 the