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A guide to 192 proof or 96% v/v liquor
WARNING !!! This is for informational purposes only and should not be used for illegal activities. There are many legal things one can do with a still including fueling cars (must register with the government) as well as extracting essential oils from plants (not necessary to register). Also, implementing the following procedures could result in bodily harm from explosions, fires, burns, not to mention what could happen if you actually consume your final product. Use your head, be careful and be safe. True Blue Guy 7/26/2010
everything from homemade moonshine washes to jug wine purchased at the local liquor store. Distillation is actually quite simple. In this instructable I will show how to make a wash.How to make Moonshine 2010 INTRODUCTION Anything alcoholic can be distilled. The hard part is making sure you are getting ethanol and not methanol (or the like). 1 . I M I GHT AL SO M ENTION TH AT E VER YTHI NG HER E IS HYPO THE TI CA L AND FO R I NF ORM ATI ONA L PU RPOS ES ON LY. fermented it and consequently--the most important part--how to distill it.
temperature. i. let it go a bit longer. taste a bit. If it is still bubbling. Give it some time. This is about as basic a wash as you can get. However. If the bubbles have slowed considerably. If you ferment blue aga e you will end up with te uila.a. amount of digestible materials. The two week time is just a very rough estimate. a couple of weeks are usually good. The wash (fermentable solution. Unfortunately white sugar creates a decidedly cidery fla or to the spirit. etc. After that 'pitch' the yeast (dump yeast into wash) and then cap the carboy with an airlock (see pic). After 40°C the fermentation process declines rapidly.k. When the bubbles stop (and look close) it's done. see pic). For instance if you ferment molasses you will end up with rum. the biochemical process of fermentation itself creates a lot of residual heat which can take the wash out of the ideal temperature range. but much of that can be distilled out or masked by fla oring or blending. If it is sweet.. sugar water) is then poured into a clean carboy (big glass bottle. let it go. Let it work. We are looking for simplicity for a beginner and must run with this. The process of fermentation depends on the temperature at which the wash is kept the ideal temperature for fermentation.How to ma e Moonshine Jul 26 FE R ME N T A T I O N We will be using a sugar water solution to create a wash which will then be distilled to a neutral spirit. Many more options are a ailable for different fla or characteristics. Depending on yeast. It will vary for everyone. £ ¤ ¥ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ ¤ ¢ £ ¡ 2 . It is the easiest to procure and make. Dissol e about 2~2. a. max production by yeast is 25-30°C. keep in mind. At this point yeast is eating sugar and e creting carbon dioxide and alcohol. Now we wait.e.5 kg of sugar in 10~11 liters of water (not an e act formula play around a bit) and then let it cool to room temperature.
the resulting liquid contains a higher concentration of alcohol. water boils at 100 °C (212 °F) but alcohol boils at 78 °C (172 °F). each temperature plateau will correspond to the boiling point of a specific liquid in your solution and can therefore be identified and either retained or discarded. you can find out exactly what is coming out of your still. As you run your solution through the still. When this vapour is condensed. when the temperature remains the same for any length of time it will produce what is known as a 'plateau' on a time vs. Each type of alcohol (methanol. 3 . temperature graph (if you were to actually graph it out). This is the basis for distillation.) boils off at a different temperature. the vapour is richer in alcohol than the liquid. every 30 seconds to 1 minute record the temperature of the solution in the pot. ethanol. etc. this is very important and should not be overlooked.How to make Moonshine 2010 DI S B SI S ILL TI N At sea level. During distillation. by using a little bit of scientific knowledge and a pen and paper.
but cork is safer. but analog thermometers will work as well.g. You only want the temperature of the liquid. one to fit the copper tubingand one for the thermometer. 26 T STILL A pot still is a type of still used in distilling spirits such as whisky or brandy. The stopper will fit in the spout of the kettle a la the photo. This is called a batch distillation (as opposed to a continuous distillation). The copper tube should be long enough to connect to the condenser (attach a coupler on the end). There are many variations on pot stills and many other types of stills. 4 . Some more advanced some less. We are using a digital cooking thermometer with a wire probe. use that. butNOT touching the bottom or sides of the kettle. for whisky) or wine (for brandy). Your tube should be out of the liquid to capture the vapors and your thermometer probe should be immersed in the water. though.How to make Moonshine Jul. We don't want any leaks. Drill the holes just a bit smaller than the tube and thermometer probe to make sure you have a tight fit. We will be making a pot still. but can be reasonably efficient.) Copper tubing A pipe cutter Tubing couplers A thermometer Various other tools and what not Okay. You'll Need :y y y y y y y y A tea kettle A medium sized thermos A cork stopper that fits the kettle mouth(I used rubber. Heat is applied directly to the pot containing the wash (e. It is a very basic design. The kettle will get hotter than the liquid and skew your results. let's get down to business Drill two holes in the stopper. This will be fine for our purposes.
How to make Moonshine 2010 THE WHOLE SETUP OF THE HOMEMADE POT STILL WITH CONDENSER«.. 5 .
Seal the area around the exiting tube at the bottom and seal it well and let it dry completely before you use it. copper kinks easily). Thread the top of the copper through the hole in the center of the lid (if it is a screw type you want to be able to unscrew the lid to fill and empty) and attach an appropriate coupler that marries wit the one coming from the h pot. or even sand can work as well. Very important! 6 . as well. Whatever the inside diameter of your thermos is. They are basically big springs that slide over the tube and allow you to bend without kinking. 26 T CONDENSER The condenser takes a bit of finagling. The bottom end of the spiral exits through a hole cut in the lower side of the thermos. Spend a little time in the plumbing department of your local hardware store and I'm sure you'll find something that will work.How to make Moonshine Jul. Test it before you go full throttle.Tube benders are available. The top will exit a hole cut in your thermos lid. Just be really careful and bend slowly and it works fine. sugar. you want to find something like a 500ml soda bottle or some suitabletube-like thing that is a bit smaller and wrap your copper tubing around it to make a neat little spiral (careful. Just do not use anything that contains lead. Filling the tube with salt.
Now we need some heat. Basically if you begin to distill. ba sically anything they could get their hands on. You can see how we have it set up and I hope it all makes sense now. Check the previous big pic. alcohol vapors are very flammable! Precise temperature control of your heat source is not necessary. but water boils at around 212 °F or 100°C while ethanol boils at around 173 °F or 78. open flames are not good around a still.forms a plateau if you graph it) on your thermometer and compare them to known boiling temperatures to ensure you get only what you want and leave the rest. it will not boil at a temperature any higher than what the level of the component with the lowest boiling temperature s until i that component is boiled away. gas stoves. Using this information you can discard anything other than ethanol. 7 . Dangerous! Play it safe. works great. Electric heat is the best. alcohol boils at a temperature lower than water and that's what makes distillation work. Place something under the spout to catch your shine and go to town.How to make Moonshine 2010 IM LEMENT TION Fill your condenser with ice and water (a little salt wouldn't hurt either. the temperature reaches a certain point and remains there for any length of time you have reached the boiling temperature for a particular liquid component of your wash. watch for plateaus (when the temperature stays the same for a while -. While running your wash. Back in the day people would use wood fires. Exact temperature will vary depending on elevation and barometric pressure. Watch the thermometer. that can make you blind and is what you really want to avoid. Place the stopper into the spout. turn on the heat. It may be good to have more than one receptacle. Attach the copper tube coming from the pot to the tube from the condenser with the couplers. Pour your wash into the kettle. Methanol. No matter what a solution contains.3°C. boils around 148 °F or 64.think ice cream). You load your wash into the kettle/pot.Check the temperature against the boiling point data you have researched and you can tell what it isyou are distilling at the time. apply some heat and condense the results. lowers temperature .5°C. We·re using an electric stove. The solution will take care of that.
3°C. but that's okay. Running the product through the still again will further extract ethanol and raise the proof number. basically dump anything that boils lower than around 173 °For 78. You may or may not need to run the wash more than once. Use one for the heads. You should've achieved a blue flame from the wash after a first run with this set up. etc.How to make Moonshine Jul. you should be left with a solution. The same thing will happen here. So once you've boiled off and then condensed your wash. The nd temperature of your solution will not vary much beyond 64. You will still get a bit of water. 26 An Example If your solution contains methanol. In order to get ethanol and exclude the rest you get rid of what are called the 'heads' and 'tails'. That's a pretty good result from a single run. the boiling point of the ethanol.5°C until the methanol is gone and then will begin to climb again until it reaches 173 °F or 78. The temperature will hover around the same until the ethanol is boiled off and then on to water. or howmany times it was distilled. Running more will get you to the desired result of 190. Anything over about 150 proof or 75% v/v will burn. containing a much higher alcohol content than what you started with. ethanol and water it will happen like this: once the temperature of your solution reaches around 148 °For 64.5°C methanol will begin to boil and come out through your tube as vapor into your condenser where it will convert back to liquid a exit into your receptacle. one for what you want and one for the tails. 8 . represent the amount of runnings. This is why I mentioned having more than one receptacle. A bit of trivia:The ´Xµ ¶s often seen on moonshine bottles in old cartoons.3°C and everything after the temperature begins to climb again.
How to make Moonshine 2010 9 .