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The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ

Christian Churches of God

No. 243

The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ
(Edition 2.1 19980404-19980822)

Radical Unitarianism denies the non-physical pre-existence of Jesus Christ, claiming his existence commenced from his birth through Mariam. Binitarianism seeks to assert two persons to the Godhead. Ditheism asserts the existence of two gods from eternity. Some people jump from Binitarianism to Ditheism not understanding either doctrine or its origin. What is the Bible position?

Christian Churches of God


(Copyright © 1998 Wade Cox)
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The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ

The Concordant Literal New Testament shows the actual literal meaning of the words and their structure from the Greek. the words supplied for the English text are in normal type. The Peshitta shows that to be so. and the world came into being through Him. John speaks of John the Baptist (quoting again from the Concordant Literal New Testament text) from John 1:6-14. There came to be a man commissioned by God His name was John. The other aspect is that of Christ being pre-existent as a spiritual being before he became human as the Incarnation. the first text here speaks of the logos as the word. He was. In other words.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ Page 2 The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ The question of the pre-existence of Jesus Christ is actually divided into two issues. 165)). and God was the word. This aspect is further examined below. He alone is immortal (1Tim. This one came for a testimony. Nevertheless. The apostle John wrote of Christ and declared. and that very Word was with God. This shows the different word structure of the last clause. in narrative form. and apart from it not even one thing came into being which has come into being Thus. that all should be believing through it. those who deny the preexistence of Christ beyond Mariam (or Mary) claim that this was not Christ but a notional form of the power of God as His divine utterance. To his own He came. Christ is not pre-existent in the same way God existed. Yet whoever obtained Him. which in trying to conform to the Trinitarian position renders the text as: The Word was in the beginning. This paper deals with the proposition that he was pre-existent before the physical creation but was not the one true God. but he came that he should be testifying concerning the light. It was the true light . even through Lamsa’s translation.e. 6:16) (see the paper On Immortality (No. . One is the question of a pre-existence as and with God before the beginning of all creation. This was in the beginning toward God. The text speaks of the relationship and orientation of devotion of Jesus Christ towards God. We know this to be an incorrect translation from the Peshitta and the way in which the ancient texts were used. logos being a Greek term and memra being the Hebrew term for the word of God.which is enlightening every man . Radical Unitarians.coming into the world. and He dwells in unapproachable light. In the world. John chapter 1 however. John 1:1 is rendered by Trinitarians as: John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word. as it was understood from the Old Testament. and the world knew Him not. to them he gives the right to become children of God. the contention is that he was pre-existent before the spiritual creation. In this respect. the Bible is equally specific that Christ had pre-existence as a spiritual being before the foundation of the earth. The Bible also declares that no man has ever seen Him or ever can see Him. God was alone in His abiding perpetuity. and God was that Word. The Bible is clear that there was only one True God and that He sent Jesus Christ (Jn. his pre-existence. 17:3). This text continues in John 1:2. i. and the Word was with God. The actual words are in bold. In biblical times they called it the Memra. (KJV) In the beginning was the word and the word was toward God. Not he’ was the light. and those who are His own accepted Him not. and the Word was God. that he should be testifying concerning the light. explains this view in greater detail. which would preclude this interpretation. All came into being through it.

and grace for grace. the only begotten Son. John 1:15-18 John bare witness of him. John the Baptist spoke of Jesus Christ as being before him. The text in John 1:18 is actually monogenes theos meaning only born God and this is demonstrated from Marshall’s Greek English Interlinear. It is simply ignored by mainstream Christianity and the Binitarians who seek to deny the implications of the text.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ to those who are believing in His name. The logos became flesh and tabernacled among us. grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. who created all things by Jesus Christ: (KJV. neither of the will of the flesh. (It is also seen from the Aramaic of the Peshitta). God no one has ever seen. The text is retained as he translated it. and grace for grace. who at sundry times and in John clearly says Christ was before him. John 1:1 is incorrect as we see it normally. which is in the bosom of the Father. For the law through Moses was given. This is the heart of their error. full of grace and truth. neither of the will of a man. saying. “This was He of Whom I said. The only-begotten God. John speaks of a pre-existence. Ephesians 3:9 And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery. emphasis added) However. The correct translation even if the word order is preserved involves the concept of towards and not with as is taught by Trinitarians. not of bloods. In any case. Yet John we know was six months older than Christ . a) in the Greek and it must be deduced and applied. are A E Knoch’s additions as the uncials were all capitals and so no such distinction is really possible. a glory as of an only begotten from the Father.” for of that which fills him we all obtained. This pre-existence was as a god. Hebrews 1:1 in the KJV makes note of the creation of the world by Christ also. who were begotten. 9 in the Companion Bible). There is no indefinite article (i. the words by Jesus Christ do not exist in the ancient texts and are a later insertion in the KJV from the Receptus and do not appear in other Bibles (see the note to v. 16 And of his fulness have all we received. and we gaze at His glory. but of God. The Concordant Literal renders the texts as: John is testifying concerning Him and has cried. Hebrews 1:1-2 God. cf. 18 No man hath seen God at any time. We will examine this below. as we know from the ancient texts and was altered in the Receptus. he hath declared him. and hence the KJV. 17 For the law was given by Moses. He unfolds Him. also the paper On Immortality (No. Who is in the bosom of the Father. There is ample evidence that the term is correct.’ for He was first before me. Ephesians 3:9 might be used to argue preexistence. which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God. Dr Hort has written a learned treatise on the occurrence of this term monogenes theos (On Monogenes Theos in Scripture and Tradition. This view has merit as we will see from John 1:18 and other texts. an elohim. 165)). This is the problem in the text in John 1:1. Many translators consider it should apply in John 1:1 and translate it and the word was a God. The use here of capitals for Him etc. (KJV) Page 3 and it was physically impossible for Christ to have been before him. as we see from this next section.e. and cried. has come to be in front of me. There is another alteration to the ancient texts in the Greek Receptus or Received Text of the Reformation. saying. but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ. Thus. This was he of whom I spake. or theoi. And the Word became flesh and tabernacles among us. ‘He Who is coming after me. The Radical Unitarians attempt to place this text as an example of the notional power of God becoming flesh rather than a being becoming flesh. He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for he was before me. The text here shows the structure of the text regarding John saying Christ was before him.

The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets. This doctrine was adopted as Modalism in Rome but it was biblically incoherent and had to be adapted to become Binitarianism from the . 8 And being found in human form he humbled himself Here the term come from God is argued as being simply that of being begotten as a zygote in Mariam’s womb by Radical Unitarians. Radical Unitarians say it was in a notional sense from the womb. John 13:3 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands. So. but it was called consistently and clearly throughout the Old Testament the Angel of Yahovah and we will find evidence in the New Testament of this terminology also. John 12:44 Jesus cried and said. Christ’s incarnation was a temporary errand for God in the ongoing plan of salvation. though he was in the form of God. 2). believeth not on me. John 12:44 shows Christ was sent by God. He that believeth on me. 235)). (KJV) This implies a dispatch. A major example is Philippians 2:5-7. which is yours in Christ Jesus. Binitarians argue it as a form of separation from the one true God. by whom also he made the worlds. a number of important texts. If this being was not the one true God. The concept of dispatch is also involved and is the sense in the Concordant Literal New Testament. Others vary the relationship trying to accommodate the notion of one true God yet maintain the obvious problematic notion of two beings. the two witnesses of John declare that no one has seen God. This is the concept conveyed in the forms used concerning the actions of God in the human field. Christ was made a little lower than the angels. John 3:17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world. John 3:17 shows he was sent into the world by the Father thus demonstrating pre-existence. By the third and fourth century the priests of Attis in Rome were complaining that Christianity had stolen its doctrines (cf. 6 who. There are. taking the form of a servant. and that he was come from God. 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son. The Messiah declared his pre-existence also in a number of texts. The concept from the usage and forms conveys the concept to dispatch by orderly motion on a temporary errand. and went to God. However. yet the term elohim is used of the being that spoke to the patriarchs and the prophets of the Old Testament. Companion Bible note to v. This view entered the Christian Church originally as Modalism. The word is SGD 649 apostello meaning to set apart or send out on a mission. (KJV) In like fashion. The adherents of the worship of Attis originally held the aspects of Father and Son to be functions of the one God. The word SGD 3992 pempo is also involved in the texts meaning to dispatch. but on him that sent me. who was it? We will see that it could only have been Christ. coming from the heathen worship of the god Attis. however. but it was not always so. (KJV. In John 5:37 we see that the Father sent Christ and Christ declares that no man has seen God or heard His voice at any time. did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped. 7 but emptied himself. There is another aspect of being sent that needs examination. emphasis added) Page 4 Council of Nicaea in 325 CE and then Trinitarianism in 381 CE from Constantinople. one subordinate to the other. Hebrews 2:17 shows he was made like his brethren so that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest. Conversely. but that the world through him might be saved. this text has also been mistranslated because the word is aion and means age not the worlds as the English of the KJV tries to imply (cf. Philippians 2:5-10 Have this mind among yourselves. the paper The Origins of Christmas and Easter (No. whom he hath appointed heir of all things. being born in the likeness of men. It is obscured badly in the KJV for Trinitarian reasons but the RSV appears to be a more honest translation. which declare the pre-existence of Christ and explain the relationship. (KJV) The notion here of sent needs to be examined in the Greek.

as Satan had tried to do (cf. Another clear text is John 17:5. 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow. let alone arisen. He then humbled (or emptied) himself. but the Father. if thou hast understanding. He had not ascended to heaven at that time because he was not yet dead. (RSV) Page 5 itself are in the past tense (cf. 9 Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name which is above every name. The texts indicate he claims pre-existence on a level with these beings (cf. 39)). 7 When the morning stars sang together. Isa. (KJV) The text has express meaning for the text in Hebrews. O Father. in heaven and on earth and under the earth. (KJV) From these texts. Paul claims he was received as an angel of God even as Christ Jesus (Gal. (KJV) Thus. as we see from Job 38:4-7. Paul clearly states that Christ was in the wilderness with Israel in the Exodus. Christ is identified in the New Testament on a level with the Morning Stars of the angelic Host as we see from Acts. 223)). Thus if Christ did not have preexistence he could not have seen this fall. as some modern apologists are advancing. neither knoweth any man the Father. and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him. 5 Who hath laid the measures thereof. The thrust of this text is that he gave us the Law. 10:18). and all the sons of God shouted for joy? (KJV) This knowledge also implies pre-existence as we see also from John 17:24. 1Corinthians 10:1-4 Moreover. Matthew 11:27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son. 28:6-15). John 17:5 And now. 14:12-14 and Ezek. 14:12). the paper Lucifer: Light Bearer and Morning Star (No. brethren. Christ also said: I saw Satan fall like lightning from Heaven (Lk. Thus. save the Son. we see that it was an Angel of the Lord that spoke with Moses and it was this Angel of the Lord that was with Moses in the wilderness (Acts 7:30. if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? 6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ and became obedient unto death. Matthew 12:8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day. The concept that this is related to the King of Babylon as a human. Isa. is the Old Testament Angel of Yahovah. Stephen identifies Christ as the Angel of the Lord at Sinai and with the church in the wilderness. or he did not. even death on a cross. This text is a clear statement of the pre-existence of Christ. and suffered death on the stake or cross (see the paper The Cross: Its Origin and Significance (No. trivialises the power of prophecy. We see that Christ sits on God’s right hand. Isaiah and Ezekiel record the fall in their work. Job 38:4-7 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare. The Septuagint of Isaiah 9:6 clearly states he was the Angel of Great Counsel and the New Testament applies this text to Christ. 4:14). became a human. glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. In this text. I would not that ye should be ignorant. or seized by force. see him fall. This would rank as fanciful imagination if Christ had no pre-existence. we see the implications of preexistence and a knowledge of the Father. Now he either did. This is a clear statement that Christ was in the form or morphe of God but did not think equality with God was a thing to be grasped at. Christ claimed pre-existence in glory before the world came into being. Christ is also identified as Lord of the Sabbath. he claimed a pre-existence at least equivalent to the sons of God present at the creation. In Acts 7. 35-39). It might be argued that it occurred from the trial in the desert but the OT texts regarding the fall . how that all our fathers We know Satan is the Light bearer or Morning Star of the planet and we know Christ is to succeed him as Morning Star. The concept of God’s right hand in Exodus 15:6 is that Christ as he acted.

when he separated the sons of Adam. The RSV is more consistent. 45:6-7 and Heb. Was he God or was he an angel or was he both? The answer is that he was both as we shall see. Job 33:23-26 If there be a messenger with him. Jacob his allotted heritage. Deuteronomy 32:8-9 shows that Israel was allotted by the Most High God to Yahovah as his portion. God. which comes from ancient heathen theology. and he will be favourable unto him: and he shall see his face with joy: for he will render unto man his righteousness. The problem also lies in the theology of the Trinitarians. rendered angels of God in the Greek. and says. Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) and the First Epistle of Clement show that it was originally according to the sons of God.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ were under the cloud. This text was altered by rabbinical Judaism in the Masoretic Text some time after the first century. a mediator. 9 For the LORD'S portion is his people. before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk. (RSV) The Lord here from the Hebrew is Yahovah and he was allotted Israel as his portion by the Most High God. 2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea. (KJV) The function of Redemption is the prerogative of Christ. he said (Jn. and all passed through the sea. It was also taken to be a declaration of his divinity. how is that possible? As we will see the problem lies in the English and not in the Hebrew. the God which fed me all my life long unto this day. (RSV) Once again. If he was both. Messiah would thus pre-exist as the Angel of Redemption and the elohim of Jacob or Israel (cf. 16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil. one among a thousand. 8:58) before Abraham was I Am. He recounts to men his salvation. Job 33:23-26 If there be for him an angel. and let my name be named on them. He was a son of God of which there were many who were organised Genesis 48:15-16 also shows the elohim or God of Jacob was the Angel of Redemption. 9 For the LORD's portion is his people. In fact. 26 then man prays to God. and said. and saith. Hebrew has a number of names. 25 let his flesh become fresh with youth. (KJV) To suggest that Christ was there only as a notion in the mind of God. In Genesis 7:16. whom no one saw anyway. Also the word angel is simply a word meaning messenger. We have thus established beyond doubt that the New Testament holds from the words of Christ and the apostles from John the Baptist onwards that Christ was pre-existent. he fixed the bounds of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God. Whoever this elohim was it was not Eloah. Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom. 4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ. to shew unto man his uprightness: 24 Then he is gracious unto him. 3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat. The alteration is seen in the KJV which reads: Deuteronomy 32:8-9 When the most High divided to the nations their inheritance. Also Yahovah shut Noah and his family in the ark. he set the bounds of the people according to the number of the children of Israel. the KJV has been altered in this sense as it is only Christ who is mediator and ransom. Job 33:23-26 refers to the Angel of the One Thousand who ransoms men from the pit. Genesis 48:15-16 And he blessed Joseph. Jacob is the lot of his inheritance. I have found a ransom. and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth. Messiah is the certain candidate for this function. 1:8-9). we see that the elohim . to declare to man what is right for him. and he accepts him. an interpreter. `Deliver him from going down into the Pit. 25 His flesh shall be fresher than a child's: he shall return to the days of his youth: 26 He shall pray unto God. let him return to the days of his youthful vigor'. when he separated the sons of men. trivialises the use of language and metaphor in the Bible. Ps. (KJV) The Septuagint (LXX). It was Yahovah elohim that spoke with Adam in Genesis 3:8. he comes into his presence with joy. 24 and he is gracious to him. bless the lads. English has only one word for God. and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac. The RSV renders the text on the ancient manuscripts as: Deuteronomy 32:8-9 When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance. This was a declaration of his pre-existence. one of the thousand. (KJV) Page 6 commanded Moses.

The name of the one true God is Eloah and this was the name by which he was known when the Pentateuch was written as Eloah occurs on multiple occasions in the book of Job. The name Eloah is supplied in the next verse. From Ezra 6:13-22 we see that the House of Eloah was built to Him. He is Father and they are all His sons (Job 1:6. The Law is the Law of Eloah (Ezra 7:14) and Ezra was a scribe of the Law of Eloah (Ezra 7:12). 1John 5:7. The elohim ARE the house of Eloah and this is the purpose and symbolic representation of the Temple (cf. spiritual or physical. which is singular in its relationship. 229) and the notes to the texts in the Companion Bible). Job was seemingly written by Moses as perhaps one of the first books of the Bible. It asks a rhetorical question about the name and makes the son distinct from this being in the same text. The Book of Ezra is at pains to show the function and place of the God of the Bible. as singular one true God. The magistrates are set in his name and judge according to His laws and those who do not obey let judgment be speedily executed on them (Ezra 7:25-26). The Temple is the House of Eloah and not of Elohim. It was because of this law that Michael would not make a railing accusation against Satan when struggling for the body of Moses but said: May the Lord rebuke you (cf. 17. 22:28). we know that some texts are simple forgeries by the Trinitarians. From Job 33:26 we see Eloah was the object of prayer. This . From Ezra 4:23 to Ezra 7:26 we are shown the function and the relationship of God to His Temple. The prophets prophesied in the name of the Eloah of Israel (Ezra 5:1). was the object of worship in the Temple. The vessels are those of the House of Eloah (Ezra 5:14). are called elohim because they are plural as a group acting under the will of Eloah. 2:1) including Satan.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ under Morning Stars (Job 1:6. This distinction was seen as being very important in the days of the last restoration under Ezra and Nehemiah. We know from the Old Testament that the God Most High was the one true God. Jude 9) The terms father and sons are predicated upon a relationship where one group springs from the other. These texts show us the relationship between Eloah and His elohim. which is in Jerusalem (Ezra 5:15. He is the great Eloah (Ezra 5:8). Thus. 6:3). The vessels of Solomon’s Temple were also those of Eloah and they were taken by Nebuchadnezzar and restored to the Second Temple (Ezra 6:5) which was built in its place (Ezra 6:7). 3:17). the paper Arche of the Creation of God as Alpha and Omega (No. Our Page 7 fathers provoked the Eloah of heaven to wrath (Ezra 5:12). He was known as Eloah. The feast of Unleavened Bread was kept there to Him and the priests were set in their division to serve Him as it was written in the book of Moses (Ezra 6:18). the Will of Eloah that prevails (Ezra 7:18) as Eloah of heaven (Ezra 7:21). Eloah was the singular name for God in the Hebrew which had no plurality whatsoever. The offerings and requests are also made to Eloah (Ezra 7:14-16). 2:1. It is written: Thou shalt not revile the gods [elohim] or the ruler of thy people (Ex. It is His will. and also the additions to the early Alpha and Omega texts in the book of Revelation (cf. He was called Yahovah of Hosts. Eloah has caused His name to dwell there (Ezra 6:12). They kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month (Ezra 6:19). Examples are 1Timothy 3:16. Moreover. He is the Eloah of heaven and earth and we are his servants (Ezra 5:11). Zerubbabel rose and built the House of Eloah with the prophets of Eloah helping him (Ezra 5:2). The burnt offerings were made to the Eloah of heaven by His priests (Ezra 6:9-10). This fact was understood by the ancient world. It is the Eloah of heaven who commands (Ezra 7:23). Ezra shows Eloah is the God of the Temple. Proverbs shows that the name of the one true God is Eloah from Proverbs 30:4-5. We know that Eloah. For this reason those who act in his name as his judges. 38:4-7). 1Cor.

We also see from Zechariah 12:8 that we shall become elohim as we see from Psalm 82:6. the structure in the Statement of Beliefs of the Christian Faith (No. 2-6. 4th ed.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ relationship is one of a family. This distinction was also seen in the Chaldee. The church understood this concept in the Reformation and reference is made to this argument and the so-called Socinians in the footnote to the 1851 Heydock Commentary to the Douay Catholic Bible for release in the UK and the English speaking world generally. Zech. all of them. He is becoming all in all (Eph. pp. We know that he is called Yahovah and was sent to Israel by Yahovah of Hosts who is God Most High (cf. As the fallen host had all been confined to earth when Paul said this he must logically have been speaking about the loyal Angelic Host. The Shema is based on Yahovah Elohenu. 4:4). 12:3-4). The Angel of the Lord was the elohim who spoke with Abraham in Genesis 22:1-11. 8:5). Hosea is clear that this elohim was the angel that wrestled with Jacob (Hos. 12:8) (cf. the paper Early Theology of the Godhead (No. The logic here is straightforward. we have two Yahovahs one of whom is a subordinate being appointed by the other and both are elohim. all become theoi) was carried from John to Polycarp. 1:8-9). This is the fundamental issue at stake in the first confession of the faith in Islam: There is no Allah’h [Eloah] but Allah’h [Eloah]. This fact was understood by the early church that declared the pre-existence of Christ and stated that we will become theoi. 3:15). did not one God create us all (Mal. Polycrates and the disciples to Europe with Irenaeus (cf. 127)). The term Allah’h is used in Islam only because it admits of no plurality whatsoever. We know also that this angel is the elohim at the head of the household of David (Zech. derive from Eloah who alone is the Great Eloah of heaven the Elyon or Most High. Thus the definite article or the accusative case came to be used of God and theos alone was used of a singular elohim. 12:8).27. That is why Messiah then can be made an everlasting father from Isaiah 9:6 as the Angel of Great Counsel (LXX). Paul refers to Satan as the theos of this world meaning elohim of this world (2Cor. The angel of Yahovah was an elohim being appointed by Eloah. 2:3-11). whether in heaven or on earth (1Cor. Have we not all one Father. Paul said there were many gods or theoi (theoi polloi) and many Lords. It is thus from this singular Eloah that we get the word elohim. the paper The Elect as Elohim (No. We are all to become elohim as the Angel of Yahovah at our head (Zech. Eloah is becoming elohim.. 3:14 cf. 1996. Thus. (cf. 4:6). The word elohim is clearly held to apply to a being that is termed the Angel of the Lord who wrestled with Jacob or the Angel of the Presence who was at Sinai and who spoke with Moses. There are multiple elohim but one Eloah from which the word elohim is derived. Thus to say the Bible does not imply God is a family of beings as elohim is grossly misleading. 134)). and also the paper Joshua. The elohim. the Messiah. . The view that there is a distinction between the elohim or theos references in the Bible (and also that we would. There are many fatherhoods or families in heaven and earth (Eph. the Son of God (No. 2:10). Heb. The entire structure of the Bible is based on the family relationship and the entire structure of the law from the first to the tenth commandments is based on the Family of God. A1) CCG. God said and it was given to Moses that: I will be what I will become (Ex. 1)). The Bible is clear that the subordinate elohim of Psalm 45:6-7 was Jesus Christ (cf. Only the Ha Elohim or the Ho Theos was the one true God. excluding Christ and the elohim Host from the position of one true God. fn. The word theoi is the Greek plural of the word theos or God. The term Elahh became the basis of the Arabic term Allah’h.12. to Oxford Annotated RSV). The plural word elohim applied to a council as we see in the Psalms (cf. Eloah is Elahh in the Chaldee. This is the Eloah/elohim distinction but in the Greek there is another problem introduced in the grammar. Elohim is Elahhin. (This is where the English term the hoi polloi came from). namely Jesus Christ or Page 8 Satan etc.

He also spoke in the plural to the elohim (cf. 246)) It follows as a matter of irrefutable logic that this being cannot have been the God Most High . 18:2 ff. see also the paper Joshua. Yahovah is the subordinate elohim of Israel who is the Angel of the Lord. One of these beings was probably Jesus Christ but the other two were also divine beings. we from v 13). There are at least three beings referred to as Yahovah in the Old Testament at the same time. 6:16). The Shema is also misused as it is Shema Y’isroel Yahovah Elohenu Yahovah Echad. He ran to them and addressed them as adoni (Gen. 24). Green’s Interlinear Bible). Marshall’s Interlinear and the Aramaic text in the Peshitta)) declared (or spoke. Genesis 19:24 shows the term Yahovah being used in reference to two Yahovahs where the text says: Then Yahovah rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstrone and fire from the Yahovah out of heaven (cf. Strongs HD No. For the same reason the ‘echad here is taken to mean united instead of the ordinal first. all at the same time by the patriarchs and prophets. the Messiah. The one true God alone is God. meaning alone or altogether in relation to a number of entities (cf. did appear to men and spoke with them from the Garden of Eden onwards. 18:2-3. 5:37 1Tim. When they were spoken to by Abraham and Lot. rendered as men in the English. were elohim. In this way we become elohim but we can never be the singular Eloah. It follows therefore that Christ and the apostles said that no man has seen or heard Eloah (or Ha Elohim) ever and that whatever appeared to the prophets could not have been the being referred to as Eloah or the one true God. The entire structure of this Angel of Yahovah is examined in the paper The Angel of YHVH (No. cf. The only born god (monogenes theos or elohi (cf. All were angels and none of whom were God the Father. The original texts however also show them as being addressed as Yahovah in Genesis 18:27.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ Page 9 We know also that the term Yahovah was applied to more than one being as we see from the greetings from Abraham to the angels who came to deal with Sodom (Gen.32 and 19:18. the Son of God (No. Here the three beings.. 17:3). and elohim and angels. 134)). The word elohenu is rendered and claimed to be Elohim. No man has seen Him or ever can see Him. however. 1:18. These angels were identified as Yahovah and Adonai. The text in the Hebrew actually says: and lo three men [‘enowshim or mortals] were standing by him. 24 (and 134 places in total) from Yahovah to Adonai to disguise the fact that there were also multiple Yahovahs. The Bible clearly identifies these three beings as adoni which is a term that can be applied to others simply as Lord (such as from Sarah to Abraham). The being known as Yahovah-elohim. 30. He dwells in unapproachable light. The logic of the Bible is simple.30. The Doctrine of Original Sin Part I The Garden of Eden (No. There is one true God and He sent Jesus Christ (Jn. The beings are all identified as Yahovah and hence elohim as we will see and this is deliberately misidentified by Trinitarians and rabbinical Judaism in the Masoretic Text (MT) and hence the KJV to obscure the point. or has even heard His voice at any time (Jn.32 which was three of the 134 places in the OT where the Sopherim altered the text to read Adonai. Elohim is a plural word which is applied to the sons of God to extend the capacity of being God to His sons. whom no man has ever seen.). 259. These three were also referred to as angels in the destruction of Sodom. The Bible is quite clear that there is one true God who is the God Most High – He is Yahovah of Hosts referred to also as Yahovih (SHD 3069). again by Trinitarians or Binitarians based on the same faulty reasoning as found in the application of the other texts. they were also all addressed as Yahovah and the Sopherim altered the texts in Genesis 18:27. the word Him has been added to the English text). and none of whom was Eloah or God Most High.

1). John and Paul were complete liars. the Father. he was and Page 10 is the elohim or Elohi of Israel. Lehane. but do ye dwell in the city of Jerusalem until ye be clothed with power from on high. The Creed [381] of Ulfilas. 142)). p. 16:7-13). It appears.A.A.. the paper Early Theology of the Godhead (No. The logic is also irrefutable that. 45:6-7. It is also beyond dispute that the terms elohim. bishop and confessor. 341-81 From A. Christ is not the one true God. The name of this being Yahovah-elohim also carries this plural concept elohim. He is the object of worship of the Temple as HaElohim or The Elohim or God.. Ps. Ha Elohim (or The Elohim) was Eloah. B. 1:8-9) and Christ was faithful to the one who made him (cf.C. 176). Early Celtic the Holy Spirit. It appears beyond dispute that Christ is identified as the Angel of the Lord or the Angel of the Presence who spoke with Moses and who gave the law at Sinai. I send the promise of My Father upon you. He was Messiah’s God and he appointed Messiah and anointed him as elohim with the oil of gladness above his partners (cf. Ulfilas. 109 Unfortunately errors were intruding into the faith even here and Ulfilas seemingly edited the Bible and removed the book of Kings because it was too warlike (cf. an enlightening and sanctifying power-(as Christ says for warning to His Apostles: "Behold. vests in Messiah. 21:17. In like manner.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ (Elyon) or Eloah." And again. the one true God. "And ye shall receive power coming upon you by the Holy Spirit")-neither [King. alone unbegotten and invisible. Scott. He is sent by Yahovah of Hosts to save Zion. Gen. . Now unless Moses.through Christ . It explains exactly what Thomas said. however.. yahovah and adonai are plural and apply to multiple beings who are not the one true God and who are also described as angels. but] subjected and obedient in all things to [His] God and Father. the Elyon or God Most High. have always thus believed. This fact we also know from the Hebrew texts where elohim is a generic plural term. He was the Angel of Redemption of Genesis 48:15-16 and the Ransom and Mediator of Job 33:23-26. This being speaking under orders from the Lord of Hosts can only be the pre-existent Messiah or there are two beings given this responsibility when Revelation seems to allocate it to Messiah. as Yahovah. Symbole. if Christ is not one of these beings.. The angel delivering prophecy to Zechariah says clearly that he is the one sent by the Lord of Hosts to redeem Zion and the one sent to the nations to spoil them. He also was the angel as elohim who wrestled with Jacob and saved Hagar as the God who sees (cf. 1994. and in this one and true faith I make my testament before my Lord: I believe there is one God. Gen. and I believe in His Only begotten Son. Christ. This activity. Christ was thus not only pre-existent. this being was the God of the House of God or the El Bethel. the paper The Fall of Jericho (No. not having any like unto Him-therefore there is one God of all. The statement of belief of the early church is best embodied in this simple Creed of Ulfilas bishop of the Goths (341-381). Creator and Maker of the whole creation. the Psalmists. 3 198 I. 127)). These beings were not the one true God. Heb. Eloah (Elahh to the Chaldeans and Allah’h to Islam) stood alone in abiding perpetuity having nothing coeval or co-existing with Himself (cf. the term applies to even more beings and not less. This being. Only this being. from Revelation and the Gospels. impossible for Christ not to be one of the angels of the Old Testament on the repetitive testimony of the New Testament text. Against Heresies ANF vol.. who is also God of our God-and in one Holy Spirit. Bishop of the Goths. Hahn. These people held this belief long before Nicaea and this belief was held by the early church from John to Irenaeus (cf. sent by Yahovih or Yahovah of Hosts. Similarly the Captain of the Host or Captain of the Armies of the Lord that spoke with Joshua is in the position we allot to Christ and the entire story of the Fall of Jericho relates forward to the return of the Messiah and the restoration and subjugation of the nations under Messiah as we see in the story of Revelation (cf. there must be multiple elohim. is Eloah.. our Lord and God. Ulfilas. Heb. Constable London. 3:2 Marshall’s Greek English Interlinear RSV).

Vandals. People who label this view as Arian are either being deliberately dishonest or do not understand enough to know what they are saying. [77]). has compromised the faith without any real persecution and seemingly for social acceptance. It was held by the early apologists such as Irenaeus at Lyons in the second century.10. of holding that the Spirit was a creation of the son when in fact that is the doctrine of Filioque advanced from the Council of Toledo by the Catholics themselves in the sixth century. The destruction of the faith by the Greeks and Romans had begun to take effect. Samuel Kohn says: The original doctrine of Sabbatarianism proceeds from the Jewish and/or Unitarian proclamation of belief in the one God only: The first and highest principle of true faith is That you adhere to one God only (Die Sabbatharier in Siebenburgen ch. Lombards. where the son is simply an aspect of the god in apposition to the aspect as Father. Germans. only being summoned there for advice on logic). Dr. Page 11 To the church. who then placed him in a womb in human form. Britons. The denial of the doctrine of the pre-existence of Jesus Christ does not appear to have ever been a doctrine of the central Sabbath-keeping churches over the centuries. The Trinitarians then alternately label the subordinationist Unitarian doctrine after Arius (Arianism) and then Eusebius of Nicomedia (Eusebianism) and other bishops much senior to Arius (who was not even present at Nicaea. It became necessary for Christ to demonstrate the logic of the plan of God in direct form. Philosophical and logical basis of the Pre-existence of Christ The denial of the pre-existence of Christ. Suevi. In 381 the Trinity was declared at Constantinople from the theology of the Cappadocians Basil. The deception is centred round our own destiny. in its Binitarian form. Satan and the entire Host could have done this. The demons asserted the Trinity from the beginning. They denied that Christ was other than an aspect of God. where many of these bishops were present. We have been attacked and compromised because of it but never so much as in the twentieth century. This theology was held by the Goths. 170)).The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ This creed is based on the theology expressed in Psalm 45:6-7 and Hebrew 1:8-9. The biblical position is that Christ. at the behest of its ministry. and all the northern tribes commencing from the teachings of theologians and disciples of the apostles that were already centuries old before the Council of Nicaea in 325 CE. Christ as Angel of Yahovah. Trinitarians incorrectly and dishonestly label the creed as Arianism to give the impression that their doctrine is older and this doctrine originated with Arius in the fourth century. The heresy of Binitarianism was commenced from this Council. as one of the elohim host. because it was necessary to cover their own error. willingly returned to God and assumed human form at His direction. as strange as it may seem. To demonstrate this fact. in every instance. CCG Publishing 1998). Heruli. Church after church. We are to become elohim as the angel of Yahovah at our head (Zech 12:8). p. Our people in the church have held this ancient creed for two thousand years and many have died for that belief and truth (cf. but Satan chose to attempt to seize equality with God instead of being obedient. is actually another aspect of the heathen doctrines of the worship of the god Attis. even though it appears much more distinctly opposed to it. It is simply a modification of the doctrines. Even the Greeks rejected that view. Gregory of Nyssa and Gregory of Nazianzus. the paper The Role of the Fourth Commandment in the Historical Sabbath-keeping Churches of God (No. the pre-existent Christ is not the One True God. and is recommended reading to show the history of the church position. This act was to also . Alans. which led to Trinitarianism in the first place. This work has now been translated into English (see The Sabbatarians of Transylvania. emptied himself and returned to God. in the worship of the Triune God.

160)). and return to God and be resurrected as human beings in the second resurrection. died. as sons of the one true God Eloah. demonstrates the power of God. 14 and Ezek. The argument that Christ had to be God to atone for the sins of men is philosophical nonsense.The Pre-Existence of Jesus Christ demonstrate the way we will return to God. The mechanism by which Christ relinquished his divine form and became man. The denial of Christ’s pre-existence is designed to cover the same lie from the other point of view. Isa. 28) is a limitation on the Omnipotence of God. that we will be resurrected and become elohim or theoi. To deny the pre-existence of Christ is to seek to deny the capacity of the host to be brought down Page 12 to the pit and to be resurrected. in other words subordinate gods. Christ became a man in the similar process and sequence as we are to become gods. Men die selflessly for each other all the time. In the same way the demons will be taken down to the pit and die. after Christ’s baptism. such as Gabriel. was resurrected and went back again in total obedience through the power of the Holy Spirit and the Omnipotence and Omniscience of Almighty God. ch. and one True God. our Father. where we all as notional aspects in the mind of God are immortal as God. and be given new form in the Resurrection. Christ had to demonstrate that he was worthy to become the High Priest of the Host by his selfless sacrifice. the paper The Purpose of the Creation and the Sacrifice of Christ (No. This aspect. Eloah. ch. then the role would have had to have been done by another of the host. The denial of the capacity for the angelic host to be brought down to the pit and die like any man (cf. by itself. which is in everything. He came down. and borrowed a Hebrew word (cf. It leads to Buddhism and modern Process Theology. It seeks to place Christ on a separate level and effectively deny the position of humans to become co-heirs with Christ. as a demonic plea in the alternative in the court of human reason. based on a linguistic limitation in ancient classical Greek. which had no word for agape as the love of God. is the same mechanism under the power of God. It is a demonic lie. Christ had to be one of the host to do this. That was one of the premises on which Satan was judged by the trial in the wilderness. yet remain the same entity in effect. The Trinity is a lie designed to counter the capacity of the elect to become elohim or gods as Christ did. where they will be retrained. If Christ was not a pre-existent member of the Host. θ . and for God to become all in all.

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