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05MES151 THEORY OF SI AND CI ENGINES
Combustion in Spark Ignition Engines: Thermodynamic analysis of SI engine combustion : burned and unburned mixture states, Analysis of cylinder pressure data, Combustion process characterization, Flame structure and speed: flame structure, laminar burning speeds, flame propagation relations, Cyclic variations in combustion, partial burning, and misfire: definitions, causes of cycle-bycycle and cylinder to cylinder variations, partial burning, misfire and engine stability, Spark Ignition: Ignition fundamentals, conventional ignition systems, alternative ignition approaches, Abnormal Combustion: Knock and surface ignition, knock fundamentals, fuel factors. (14 Hrs) Combustion in Compression Ignition Engines: Types diesel combustion systems : Direct injection systems, Indirect injection systems, Comparison of different combustion systems, Analysis of cylinder pressure data: Combustion efficiency, DI engines, IDI engines, Fuel spray behaviour: Fuel injection, overall spray structure, atomization, spray penetration, droplet size distribution and spray evaporation, Ignition Delay: Definitions and discussion, fuel ignition quality, autoignition fundamentals, physical properties affecting delay, effect of fuel properties,. (14 Hrs) Pollutant Formation and Control: Nature and extent of problem, Nitrogen Oxides: Kinetics of NO formation, formation of NO2 NO formation in spark ignition engines, No formation in compression ignition engines. (10 Hrs) Carbon Monoxide: Unburned Hydrocarbon Emissions: Flame quenching and oxidation fundamentals, HC emissions from SI engines, HC emission mechanism in CI engines. Particulate Emission: SI engine particulates, Characteristics of Diesel particulates, particulate distribution within the cylinder, soot formation fundamentals, soot oxidation, adsorption and condensation, Exhaust Gas Treatment:, Available options, Catalytic converters, thermal reactors, particulate traps.(14 Hrs) TEXTS / REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Osamu Hirao & Richard Pefley: “Present and Future Automotive Fuels”, Wiley Interscience Publication. NY. 1988. 2. John B. Heywood: “Internal Combustion Engines Fundamentals”, McGraw Hill International Edition, 3. R. P. Sharma & M. L. Mathur: “A Course in Internal Combustion Engines”, D. Rai & Sons.
(04 Hrs) Chemical energy storage (organic fuels) (04 Hrs) High temperature storage (04 Hrs) Compressed air energy storage (04 Hrs) Thermo chemical storage (04 Hrs) Emerging technologies and examples of energy storage (04 Hrs) Testing of storage systems (04 Hrs) Thermal modeling of energy storage systems (04 Hrs) Total energy systems (04 Hrs) TEXTS / REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Fuel cells. J. S SaIkins : “Silver Zinc . Johannes Jensen & Bent Sorensen : “Fundamentals of energy storage” 2. transient electric field.GROUP-II 05MES252 ENERGY STORAGE Importance and modes of energy transport and storage (04Hrs) Thermal energy storage (sensible and latent heat storage) (04 Hrs) Mechanical Energy Storage: gravitational energy storage. elastic energy storage (04Hrs) Electromagnetic energy storage: static field. magnetic materials. U.Alkaline storage systems”. batteries. S. I & II”. Collins : “Batteries Vol. (04 Hrs) Electro-chemical energy conversion and storage: The electrochemical cell. radiant storage. 3. . Faulk & A.
Method of false position. Wheatley: “Applied Numerical Analysis”. Newton–Raphson method. Gauss central difference interpolation formula. 5th Edition. Newton’s formulae for interpolation. C.GROUP-III 05MES143 APPLIED NUMERICAL ANALYSIS Computer Arithmetic and Errors: Truncation error. Floating point arithmetic. Order of convergence of the above methods (06 Hrs) Solution of linear system of equations: Direct methods – Gauss elimination. . Richardson extrapolation (04 Hrs) Numerical Integration: Newton-Cote’s integration formulae. Backward. Implicit method. Error in original data. iteration method. Round off error. E Gerald and P. 2. Differences of a polynominal. Gauss Seidel Method. Hermite interpolation formula (06 Hrs) Numerical differentiation and numeric integration: Numerical differentiation – High accuracy differentiation formulae. Propagated error. Simpson’s Rules – 1/3 rule and 3/8 rule. Addison – Wesley Publication – 1994. Euler and Modified Euler method. Trapezoidal rule–a composite formula. PHI New Delhi – 1998. Significant digits. Absolute Vs relative error. Parabolic and Hyperbolic. Arithmetic accuracy in computers. 3rd Edition. Method of factorization Iterative methods – Jacobi. Errors in converting values. interpolation with unevenly spaced points – Lagrange’s interpolation formula. Comparison between finite difference and finite element methods. Gauss–Seidel method. (06 Hrs) Solution of Algebraic and Transcendental Equations Bisection method. (06 Hrs) Numerical solution of Ordinary Differential Equations: Taylor’s series method. Finite difference approximation to derivatives (04 Hrs) Laplace equation: Jacobi method. Multi step methods: Milne’s method & Adam’s Moulten method (06 Hrs) Numerical Solutions of Partial Differential Equations General 2nd order linear partial differential equations: Elliptic. Central difference. Graeffe’s root squaring method. Romberg integration.O. Eigen value by iteration–Power method (04 Hrs) Interpolation: Finite difference – Forward. The ADI method Parabolic Equations: Explicit method. S S Sastry: “Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis”. Gaussian quadrature. Application of finite element method (06 Hrs) TEXT BOOKS/ REFERENCES: 1. Runge–Kutta methods. Crank – Nicolson method (04 Hrs) Introduction to Finite Element Method: Steps involved in FEM.
swirl. cyclic variations in combustion. (08 Hrs) Combustion in CI engines: Essential features of the process. Heywood 2. nitrogen oxide. P. mean velocity turbulence characteristics. analysis of cylinder pressure data. effect of engine variables. crevice flow and blow by. partial burning and misfire. mixing controlled combustion. super charging. flows generated by piston cylinder wall interaction. B. Applied Thermodynamics by Ferguson . particulate emissions. unburnt hydrocarbon emissions. MGH – 1998 GROUP-IV 05MTP243 ENGINE FLOW &COMBUSTION Gas exchange process: Inlet & exhaust processes in four stroke cycle. C. (08 Hrs) Modeling of real engine flow and combustion: Classification of models. burned and unburned mixture states. (08 Hrs) Combustion in SI engines: Essential features of the process. combustion processes characterization. exhaust gas flow rate and temperature variation. intake and exhaust heat transfer.3. types of diesel combustion systems. conservation of energy. fuel spray behavior. flame radiation component. radiations from gases. exhaust gas treatment (06 Hrs) Engine heat transfer: Model of heat transfer. carbon monoxide. IC engines by Colin. S. spark ignition and alternative approaches. abnormal combustion. 3rd edition. thermodynamic based in-cylinder models. residual gas fraction. IC Engines fundamentals by John. Chapra and R. and ignition delay. flame structure and speed. turbo charging (08 Hrs) Charge motion with in the cylinder: Intake jet flow. volumetric efficiency.(06 Hrs) Pollutant formation and control: Nature of the problem. Canale: “Numerical Methods for Engineers”. knock and surface ignition. squish. thermodynamics analysis. pre chamber engine flows. Ferguson 3. temperature distributions. fluid mechanics based models. governing equations of conservation of mass. intake and exhaust flow models. engine energy balance. (08 Hrs) REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. flow through valves.
I Engine with High Pressure Induction System and EGR Synopsis Due to rising fuel costs and stringent emission regulations in the automotive segment in recent years.I engine with specially designed high pressure fuel induction system. High pressure fuel induction systems in conjunction with high operating compression ratios of the engine.0 to 13. IP etc. .Evaluation of Combustion Characteristics of a Fuel Injected S. In the present research work. The use of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) has been evolved many years back to realize this objective. The testing is proposed to be conducted on a single cylinder S. and variable injection timing. permit leaner fuel air mixture to be used which promises to be ideal in reducing the specific fuel consumption of the engine.0. with fully computerized instrumentation for obtaining P-Ө diagram. The scope of the present research in expected to have commercial applications in the automotive field once the objectives have seen realized. engine speed and load besides the output characteristics like BP. heat release curve. fuel and air flow measurements. at variable operating compression ratio from 8. cooled / uncooled EGR to the combustion process is analyzed with mathematical modeling and experimental validation. low pressure EGR is proposed to be fed into the fuel induction system and the fuel economy savings as a result of adding low pressure. auto manufacturers are in need of more efficient power train technologies to combat this problem.
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