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So it's time to change the mission, says Biden. His proposal would limit the U .S.

role to counterterrorism
and training Iraqi forces and remove all combat forces not necessary for that task by March of2008 ...
The measure also sets a firm timetable for withdrawal, which some military analysts believe would only
validate the insurgent and terrorist strategy.
Brig. Gen. Grange: To attack the length of a campaign because we're not good at long-term
commitments and attack morale using the media as a tool and they're very savvy at it.

Iran Fails to Meet U.N. Deadline 00 Nukes; RJsing Concerns About Chemical Attacks io Iraq - Feb.
22
(CNN : Lou Dobb s Tonight)
Dobbs: The Bush administration tonight trying to portray the British decision to withdraw troops from
Iraq as a sign of success .. . It is remarkable, this administration talking about cutting and running , in
pull ing back any of our troops, and in the case of the British, talking about it as a sign of success . Do you
ever, as a warrior, and one the country's most distinguished former military commanders, get a little tired
of the political spin?
Brig. Gen. Grange: Well, yes . I don't think this is a good thing that the British are leaving at this time. 1
mean, it sends a signal to our adversaries, and actually others in the world that are looking at how well
this war is going, that our staunchest ally in fact is leaving, or pulling out part of their force , while we're
in the surge.
Dobbs: Do you believe, and even though this is.-- there is peculiar and special circumstances, obviously,
in southern Iraq, where the bulk of the British troops are stationed and deployed. But do you think that
this could lead to even greater Iranian influence within Iraq?
Grange: Well, the area is secure when you look at it compared to maybe Baghdad and Anbar province,
but they still have some tough problems in Basra and in that area with the Iranian influence. And I think
that this will embolden the Iranians to use their proxies to, in fact, entrench even in a stronger manner
than they already are .
Dobbs: And turning to the issue of our helicopters, eight of them shot down over the past month . And in
nearly every instance, military initially not confirming that they were shot down, even referring to one as
a hard landing. In each case, it turns that they were shot down by missiles Or RPGs or small arms fire.
Why is it taking the military so long to respond to these new aggressive attacks on our helicopters?
Grange: Well, actually, the response is already in place . New tactics and procedures are being put into
effect because of the shootdowns. I would say, you know, more helicopter operations are ongoing right
now . The enemy is using better tactics and techniques and training their people to take down helicopters.
And probably most im portant, they know that it's a high-valued target with tremendous press coverage.
So they're going to continue to do it.

Will Blair Announce Major Troop Withdrawal from Iraq? - Feb. 20


(CNN: The Situation Room) ... Wolf Blitzer
Blitzer: There's some concern I have heard, General Grange , that the withdrawal of these British forces
from Basra and other areas in the south could create a vacuum, a vacuum that would result in Shiite
perhaps versus Shiite battling for control of that area .
Brig. Gen. David Grange (via phone) : Weill think that's a great possibility because it's all about who is
going to take over power in the different sectors within Iraq as different coalition forces do pull back. It
would be the same in the Anbar Province or Baghdad for U.S. forces. It's more ofa benign area where the
Brits work, but it could in fact cause a vacuum, j ust as you stated .
Blitzer: Here is the area we're talk ing about, the southern part of Iraq over here , Basra. That's where the
British are based right now . They've kept the situation under relatively stable conditions. Is it just for
political reasons or is there a military reason why the British can't move some of those troops to the al
Anbar province or Baghdad, where the U.S. clearly needs help right now?

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Grange: Well , r think that would be the choice of the United States. No doubt about it, Britain is a very
reliable -- our most reliable ally on operations past and present and most likely into the future. And for
them to pull out before we pull out is a concern, there's no doubt about it.
Now , it's more ofa benign area, but it has a lot of Iranian influence. In fact, some may say they are
a lready under the control, some of that area, of Iran.

Week's War-Related Activities Recounted - Feb. 17


(CNN : This Week at War).. . John Roberts
Segment aired again on Feb . 18
George W. Bush: We know they are provided by the quds (ph) force. We know the quds force is a part of
the Iranian government. 1 don't think we know the - who picked up the phone and said the quds force go
'. '
do this . We know it is a vital part of the Iranian government. What matters is that we are responding.
Roberts: General Grange, let me ask you about how this intelligence disconnect perhaps happened. ..
Was the problem here that this intelligence analyst told people what he thinks as opposed to what he
knows?
Brig. Gen. Grange: Well, it was probably his assessment and a lot of intelligence is an assessment. There
are facts and then you assess what you know or then there are assumptions. You assess those. And that's
probably what the intelligence officer did. The funny thing about this whole -issue is that we do know, I
think the facts are out there, that weaponry is being -- ammunitions being supplied from Iran to Iraq . So
who is responsible? If it is the quds force that they know is tied to it, they report to somebody. Now, do
you need a written document to prove that someone in the regime of Iran gave the order? Most of these
kinds of orders happen over a slivovitz if you are in Bosnia. They happen over a cup of tea if you are in
this part of the world. They say I want you to raise havoc and I want to create chaos and I want you to kill
Americans in Iraq. Then they respond, the quds forc e responds to that order. What kind of proof really is
needed? Americans are dying from those weaporis.. .
Roberts: General Grange, on these weapons, though, short of war, is there any way to stop them coming
across the border?
Grange: You know, I agree that when you know, this isn't something you would react to where you
»

would invade Iran. I mean, I'm not arguing that point. I do think that there are things that we can be done
along the borders, increasing some of the infiltration routes. I think there are some things that could be
done inside of Iraq, whether it be against militant militia groups, Shia, or al Qaeda or insurgent groups of
the Sunni and pick up offensive operation. I mean, I don't think there is much choice in that until the Iraqi
military can do i~ themselves .

General Jack Keane (USA, ret.) ABC


. Harry must learn how to read Iraq's deadly roads - Feb. 25
(The UK Observer). . . Peter Beaumont
... On Friday the new US strategy for wars one and two was sketched out in crude graph form by General
Jack Keane, a retired four-star general, and one of the strongest proponents of the 'surge' tactic . He has
been taken on by Iraq's new US military commander, General David Petraeus, as a consultant and asked
to survey the current state of the battle.
'See this: said Keane, addressing two senior Iraqi generals at an outpost in Baquba. 'This is the graph that
shows the violence.' He scribbles on a sheet of paper. '2003 . Up. 2004. Up. 2005 .. .' He draws a steeply
climbing line in soaring increments. He takes his pen again. 'This is the capability of the Iraqi security
forces,' he says. Keane draws a line that gently plateaus after a little rise. 'If we can reduce this violence
here,' he points, 'and bring it down to here,' he indicates Iraqi capabilities, 'then you can manage it. And
we can leave,' It is a terribly big if, and General Keane knows it. He .has already complained that the
original surge that he proposed has been diluted. Now in Iraq he is being told what he feared, that both

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Iraqi and US forces - in violent Diyala province at least - are short ofthe men to do the j ob just at the
moment that fighters are being di splaced here by the pressure on Baghdad.

The War in Iraq I Forces consider move on Sadr City I Sunni Arabs want to see how al-Maliki
handles enclave', Shiites - Feb. 25
(Houston Chronicle).. . Borzou Daragahi
Reprinted by: Los Angeles Times
Retired Army Gen. Jack Keane, a former Army vice chief of staff, and military analyst Frederick Kagan,
who were among the most influential advocates of the current Bush administration plan to increase the
number of U.S. troops in Iraq by 21,500, have warned that a push into Sadr City would unnecessarily
unite the country's splintered Shiite leadership. "Attempting to clear Sadr City would almost certainly
force the (Mahdi Army) into (a direct) confrontation with American troops," they wrote in a January
report for the American E nterp rise Institute, a Wash ington think tank. "It would also do enormous
damage to al-Maliki's political base and would probably lead to the collapse of the Iraqi government."

U.S. detains Shiite political scion upon return from Iran - Feb. 24
(Charleston Gazette). .. Brian Murphy
Reprinted by: Deseret Morning News, St . Paul Pioneer Press. Associated Press N ewswires
...Retired Army Gen. Jack Keane, a top Pentagon envoy touring areas northeast of Baghdad, said the
security clampdown in the capital has pushed militants out of the cap ital. But he conceded there weren't
"enough forces to secure the population" and said Iraqis are not ready to handle the battle alone. He was
the latest official to outline the Pentagon's new approach: Instead of training Iraqi forces to take over
national security on a fast-track timetable, U.S. forces plan to throw more troops at the resourceful and
adaptable insurgents.
"The v iolence is too high, It said Keane, who wa s sent on a fact-finding mission by Gen. David Petraeus,
the new commander of U.S. forces in Iraq. "So our new strategy is to bring the violence down so Iraqi
forces can deal with it."

Iraq Diyala - Feb . 24


(Associated Press Newswires) .. . Lauren Frayer
A U.S. general warned Saturday that an up surge in violence outside the capital may delay plans to hand
over at least one of the 18 provinces to the Iraqis by the end of the year. Plans call for all provinces to be
transferred to Iraqi security control by Dec. 31 . But increased attacks by Sunni insurgents could delay the
tran sfe r of Diyala province, which lies just northeast of Baghdad, Maj. Gen. Benjamin Mi xon to ld The
Associated Press.. .
On Friday, a top Pentagon en voy , retired Army Gen . Jack Keane, assured U.S. and Iraqi military
officials in Diyala that help was on the way. "Our new strategy is (for US forces) to br ing the violence
down so Iraqi forces can deal with it," said Keane, who was visiting Iraq on a fact-finding mission by
Gen . David Petraeus, the new commander of U.S. forces here. "We're going to work hard on this in
Baghdad, and then add more forces outside Baghdad as well," he said.

U.S. apologizes for arrest of son of Iraqi politician at Iran border - Feb. 23
(Canadian Press) . .. Kim Gamel
Reprint in: Deseret Morning News
U.S. troops detained the son of Iraq's most powerful Shii te politician Friday as he returned to the country
from [ran , keeping him in custody for nearly 12 hours before releasing him, Shiite officials said. ..
Meanwhile, retired army general Jack Keane, who was the vice chief of staff when the Iraq war was
launched in 2003, urged Iraqis northeast of Baghdad to be patient during the security sweep in the capital.
He acknowledged that militants had fled to the area ahead of the operation but said there weren't "enough
forces to secure the population."

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"We have a major effort taking place in Baghdad, and it's become the centre of gravity. I know that
doesn't solve your problems, and in some cases it contributes to it because it pushes the enemy into your
area," Keane told the top Iraqi police and army officials in Diyala province. "But the model is to establish
security and then restore essential services right behind it. If this works as we hope, it'll benefit you as
well."

Woes without end: Bush's Strategy or 'Surge' In Iraq - Feb. 23


(The India Statesman). .. Sankar Sen
The new strategy adopted by Bush is known as ' surge,' an idea propounded by the American Enterprise
Institute (AEI), a hawkish think-tank and strongly backed by General Jack Keane, a former deputy Chief
of Staff of the army.

lrag Crackdown Troop Surge Assessment - Feb. 22


(ABC World News) .. . Charles Gibson
... The new security crackdown in Iraq, the centerpiece of President Bush's so-called surge of troops, has
entered its second week. Retired Army General Jack Keane, one of the architects of the President's plan
and an ABC News consultant, over the past 11 days has visited some of Iraq's most volatile areas to
assess how it's going. I spoke to General Keane earlier. He's now in Baghdad to get his assessment.
Gen. Jack Keane: Well, first of all, a lot has changed in Iraq and, in a year the situation has gotten
considerably more dire, certainly. And when you take a look at Baghdad itself, there's neighborhoods
down there where people aren't living in anymore.
Charles Gibson: Do you get a sense that this security crackdown can have an effect, long term, on
sectarian violence?
Gen. Jack Keane: I definitely think so. First of all, we're in the very opening stages of this. There's only
one new brigade here from the United States, and obviously, four more to arrive. However, the Iraqi 10
brigades have showed up, and that's a big plus.
Charles Gibson: You get a chance to talk to American commanders. Do they think Maliki is serious
about being willing to crack down on Shiite militias and to do something to bring Sunnis back into the
realm of the government?
Gen. Jack Keane: ] think every commander here has some skepticism about MaJiki 's long-term
determination. But the fact is they are all encouraged by the early steps that he's taken.
Charles Gibson: And you mentioned that more Iraqi troops are coming online. Do the American
commanders) as you meet with them on this trip; have confidence that these are good troops that can
eventually take control themselves?
Gen. Jack Keane: In time, they can do this, but first , we have to bring the level of violence down so it'll
be within their capability.
Charles Gibson: But what is the present estimation of the American commanders of what you mean by 'in
time'?
Gen. Jack Keane: We'll need well into the summer to make some genuine progress in Baghdad, where
people will feel comfortable. It'll probably take into the fall to secure Baghdad.
Charles Gibson: To what extent are people there watching closely what's going on in the debate in
Washington?
Gen. Jack Keane: That's interesting. Most of the troops don 't pay much attention to it. They've got so
much going on in front of them here in their everyday lives, they're so focused on that . As far as the
leaders are concerned, they're very much aware that the military timetable to accomplish this mission and
the political timetable are not the same. The political timetable is probably shorter.

Urban Withdrawal: A Retreat From Big Cities Hurts ROTC Recruiting - Though Army Seeks
More Ethnie Officers, It ShUDS Northeast - Feb . 22
(Wall Street JournaJ)... Greg Jaffe

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At a time when the country is growing more and more diverse, the Army is struggling to build an officer
corps that takes full advantage of America's multiethnic society. There are only about 1,500 Muslims in a
force of about 500,000 soldiers. Arabic speakers are in critically short supply throughout the force, say
senior Anny officials. Even in those cities, like New York, where the Annymaintains ROTC, it is
undermanned and culturally out-of-synch with the people it is try ing to recruit. " We've been very
shortsighted," says retired Gen . Jack Keane, who served as the Army's vice chief of staff until he retired
in 2004. "We have leaders in the Army who are uncomfortable in big urban areas. They feel awkward
there."

Whv Australia cannot duck this war debate - Feb . 17


(The Melbourne Age) . .. Trevor Royle
Stay or go: arguments on what to do next rage as Baghdad bums, but the issue is not j ust one for the
Pentagon as long as the rest of the coalition plays by the same rules .. .
Much of Bush's thinking on this subject has been formed by the military historian Frederick Kagan,
author of Choosing Victory: A Plan for Success in Iraq, who also acts as a consultant at the right-wing
American Enterprise Institute. Together with retired general Jack Keane, a former vice-chief of staff, he
produced a blueprint that calls for an end to the discredited "light footprint" advocated by sacked defense
secretary Donald Rumsfeld,

Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Magionis (USA, ret.) Fox News, CNN, BBC, radio
Don't Ask Don't Tell Bill of Rights - Feb. 28
(ABC News: Good Morning America) - Feb. 28
Staff Sgt. Eric Alva: For one, 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell" you know, in my opinion doesn't work . It's a faile d
policy. I have a partner today. I can never get married or things like that and, and some of those rights and
benefits even though I've sacrificed for this - country. I've shed blood for this country, 1 don't get those
rights.
Jake Tapper, reporter: But Lieutenant Colonel Bob Maginnis says the Pentagon believes lifting the ban
would reduce unit cohesion. Since service members are not comfortable with gay and lesbians troops.
Lt. Col. Magioni , ret.; The bottom line for the military is, is this a policy change that's going to help
promote combat effectiveness. I see no evidence of that.

C : Anderson Cooper - Feb. 28


Cooper: What was it like being a gay Marine?
Alva: It was difficult at times. I -- of course, one of my key moments of stress came when the policy was
about to be implemented in 1993 . We started having these meetings, these briefings of what the policy
was going to be like and how we should adapt to it and adjust to it or, you know, go along once it was
implemented.
So my fear was that , you know, the topic of gay people in the military was always coming up too often. I
thought that maybe I was going to, you know, show too much, you know, distress and finally be caught or
something.
Cooper: I want to read you something that someone who opposes having gays in the military said, retired
Lieutenant Colonel Bob Maginnis. He said, "We're not making a moral judgment about homosexuality.
We're making a judgment that, as a category of people, their suitability for the type of mission, the 24/7
very remote location, zero privacy, very demanding, never off duty environment is just not there."

Political Dimensions of Iraq War; Iran War Games Conflict with U.S. - Feb. 19
(CNN: Headline News)... Glenn Beck
Beck: How do we fight this war and keep our promise to ourselves that we won 't disgrace our soldiers or
abandon them and fight this without anybody actually talking about winning the war?

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Robert MagiDois, Pentagon consultant: No, it is difficult, Glenn . You know, my conversations today
with people in Iraq indicate that they're frustrated . They see this waffle in Washington called the non-
bind ing resolution, and they're conflicted. They say, you know, you like us but you don 't want us to win.
They don 't quite understand that.
You know, back when General Petraeus testified before the Congress he said , "Look, this is a battle of
w il Is. You have to be with us. It's going to take months. It's going to take more people. II
Now we 've already flown in the brigade of the 82nd . We have another brigade arriving as we speak.
There are others that are going to be on band . It is a novel way of doing it, using the counter-insurgency
doctrine that General Petraeus worked out.
The numbers may be somewhat deceptive and are crit icized , but 1 don 't think people really know how to
count. When you count the infrastructure people, when you count the inter-agency people that are going
to come to the battle.
But they don't - they're not door-knockers. They're people that do different things in this very complex
environment.
So yes , ljust think it's a big waffle. It's unfortunate. It's going to take more time. And perhaps patience is
not our strongest virtue.

Gays and Lesbians In tbe Military Congress to Debate On New Bill - Feb. 26
(ABC News Now: Inside the Newsroom)
Rebroadcast on: ABC News : World News Sunday
Geoff Morrell, reporter: The US Congress appears ready to revisit the vice of issue this week., that of
gays and lesbians in the military. After 14 years of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy, a bipartisan group of
lawmakers will introduce a bill to allow openl y gay men and women to service in the Armed Forces,
partly because the military is struggling to fill its ranks.
ABC's Jake Tapper: "One government study found that 8% of the discharged gay soldiers held critical
occupations, including 322 w ith skills in an important language such as Arabic, Farsi or Korean. Public
opin ion has shifted. In 1993, only 44% of the American people s upported letting gay and lesbian troops
serve openly. In 2004, 63% supported the ir serving openly."
Lt. Col. Bob Maginnis: "They're watching Ellen DeGeneres on TV or, you know, their knowing
someone who is a self-identified homosexual, that's understandable in a cultural context."
Jake Tapper: "But Retired Colonel Bob Maginnis says changes in the civilian culture are not relevant to
the field of battle ."
Lt. Col Bob Maginnis: "Th e bottom line for the military is, is this policy change; it's going to help
promote combat effectiveness? I see no evidence of that."

Major General James "Spider" Marks (USA, ret.) CNN


CNN: Anderson Cooper - Feb. 27
Foreman: The Taliban has been asserting itself much more in Afghanistan lately. Coalition forces here
have seen a steady rise in improvised explosive attacks and suicide bombings, trademarks of the war in
Iraq ...
Brig. Gen. James Marks, ret .: And also bear in mind you have Syria, which is to the west of Iraq, which
is a safe haven for the introduction of new ideas and an opportunity for insurgents to go across that
border, refit , regroup and reintroduce themselves into the fight.

CNN: Situation Room - Feb . 27


Todd (voice-over): A deadly strike in Bagram close enough to a visiting U.S. vice president to make
security forces twitch. Military experts concerned about something else nearby, something Dick Cheney
went there to address.
Brig. Gen . James Marks, ret .: What is significant is the proximity of Bagram Air Base to Pakistan,
which is only as the crow flies , about 70 miles, as you can see right here from Bagram to Pakistan , This is

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Pak istan, is only abo ut 70 miles . This reg ion righ t here is called Waziristan . That is the root of the
cha llenge .

Major General Donald W. Shepperd (USAF, ret.) CNN


Week's War-Related Activities Recounted - Feb . 2S
(CNN: This Week at War)
First aired on: CNN: American Morning, Feb. 21
Aired again on: Feb. 24
Roberts: Another big piece of news this week, General DOD Shepperd, was that the Brits announced
that they are going to take 1,600 of their troops down in the Basra area and move them back home . What
do you think this is all about? Is this a sign of progress or is it just all about politics?
Maj. Gen. Don Shepperd , ret. : I think it is mainly about British politics. You can 't sustain a war effort
without the support of the people and the Brit ish are doing what we are going to have to do at some point.
They are starting to manage their departure. What they are saying is we have done all we can do. Our
staying is not going to make things any better and so they are starting to withdraw. Basra itself is calmer
than Baghdad from a sectarian standpoint. It is monolithic. It is all Shia. It does however open up things
more to Iranian influence John. .
Roberts: General Shepperd, what about that? If Britain was the ally that they say that they are, wouldn't
they take those 1600 troops from Basra and move them up to Baghdad where they are really needed?
Shepperd: Well, again, John, it would be our fondest dream they would do that. But again, the support of
the British people for the war effort is key to Prime Minister Blair and it is simply waning as it is in the
United States. And so it is simply not going to happen. In Baghdad itself, the new troops are starting to
arrive . They won't all arrive by June . They are starting to make a difference but clearly in Baghdad the
level of violence is starting to go down as the insurgents pull back a little bit and watch to see what
happens. They will adapt to the new tactics and we will adapt to the new tactics. So it's going to be a long
battle to secure Baghdad.

Anna icole Smitb Hearings; laterview With Diane Sawyer - Feb. 25


(CNN: Reliable Sources)
Ann Damon: The violence, again, is always rising and falling. And the insurgency do have a choice in
what happens.
Jamie McIntyre: The Iraq Study Group didn't say a surge wouldn't work . It says the U.S . doesn 't have
enough troops to do it effectively.
Maj. Gen. Don Shepperd, ret.: The support of the British people for the war effort is simply wan ing.

Britain Prepares to Withdraw Troops From Iraq - Feb . 2 I


(CNN: The Situation Room)
Aired again on: CNN: Lou Dobbs Tonight, Feb. 21
Malveallx (voice-over): The coalition of the willing is leaving -- 1,500 British troops pulling out of
Basra, all 460 Danish soldiers leaving, too, and maybe 50 Lithuanians.
The numbers are small, but the potential impact is big .
Maj. Gen. DOD Shepperd, ret. : It is not good news for the American forces there that are go ing to have
to pick up the load or tum it over to Iraqi forces.

Major General Paul E. Vallely (USA, ret.) Fox News


Timeless principles of war - Feb. 28
(The Washington Times). .. Paul E. Vallely and Louis Rene Beres
Some current transformations of strategy, tactics and weapons technology would have been unimaginable
only a few years ago . Still , certain ancient and medieval principles of warfare remain valid ...

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Indeed , the timeless principles of war apply even more to today's global conflicts than they did to past
historic conflicts. The United States now needs to re-evaluate the very meanings of power in world
politics, with particular reference to principles that seek victory in warfare that is not prolonged. The first
principle, "Obj ective," states: When undertaking any mission, commanders should have a clear
understanding of the expected outcome and its impact. Today we call it the "endgame." Following
Clausewitz and Sun Tzu, commanders at every level need to identify tangible political ends and to
understand precisely how military application can best achieve these goals. Another principle,
"Offensive," states: Offensive operations are essential to ma intain the freedom of action necessary for
success, exp loit vulnerabilities and react to rapidly changing situation and unexpected developments.

Mr. Bing West (USMC, ret.) Atlantic Monthly, freelance writer


Are [rag Security Efforts Taking Hold? - Feb. 23
(NPR: Morning Edition)
Host: Now, for an assessment of two other critical areas in Iraq : Anbar Province and Baghdad. We check
in from time to time with retired Marine, BiDg West. He's a former assistant secretary of defense under
Pres ident Reagan, and he just returned from a month-long tr ip to Iraq .
What was different this time than from your past visits?
Mr. Bing West (Retired U.S. Marine; Former Assistant Secretary of Defense, Reagan Administration):
Well, there are three wars going on in Iraq. And the first war is the war that the Marines are fighting in
Anbar. The big difference there now is that al-Qaida has killed too many of the sheikhs who are in charge
of the major tribes, and they have swung. So you now have a triangular war with the tribes and the
sheikhs aligning with the Americans against the al-Qaida, and that's brand new.
The other two wars are occurring inside Baghdad. The first is the ethnic cleansing, where the Shiites are
the aggressors. And they 're trying to push out the Sunnis, The third war is where the al-Qaida in Iraq is
attacking with these murderous car bombs. And while I can see progress on the first two fronts, how
somebody gets a handle on murder by the car bomb still, I think, is - the jury is way out on that one .
Mootagoe: What did you find was the reaction this time from Iraqis who are seeing these new U.S.
troops flowing into Baghdad?
Mr. West: This was the first time - and I've been there 11 times now over four years - that both Sunnis
and Shiites were walking up to us when I was on patrol with the Americans, and that told me that the
senior leaders on the other side who are saying to them , you stay away from the Americans - they're not
there. And the message from the people was they trusted the Americans more than they trusted any of the
other Iraqi security forces.
Montagne: Give us a sense of an interaction.
Mr. West: For instance, we were - we stopped at the end of a street, and this well-dressed gentleman
came out and said to me, would you please have the lieutenant come over? So I brought over the
American lieutenant, and this gentleman said, I'm a doctor. He said, I have not been able to go to my
clinic for three days. Can you help me get to my clinic? Because I'm afraid I'll be assassinated when J get
out on the street.
And he said, we had some militia come in last night, and they were shooting in the street. And the
lieutenant said , well, if that happens again, I'll give you my cell phone number. So the two of them stood
in the middle of the street, exchanged cell phone numbers, and then the lieutenant said, now, yo u tell me
when you want to go to your clinic, and I'll ensure that we have a Humvee that's going that way and
there'll be nothing that happens to you.
So we're getting a Jot of that kind of local interaction.
Montagne: What are you hearing about how insurgents and militants might be adapting their tactics to
the new U.S. plans and tactics?
Mr. We.lIt: Right now, the advantage has swung over to the coalition side because they've announced this
new surge. They actually have the Americans out there. They now have the Iraqi security forces out there.

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Most of the Shiite militia leaders and the al-Qaida leaders have pulled back, and they 're watching this and
trying to figure out - how do we attack it?
Montagne: Is that, though, possibly - do you have any sense that there was a temporary reality that as
soon as the U.S. troops draw down , then back they come?
Mr. West: Sure. Everything is temporary. We don 't know yet. But right now, the other side has tucked
back, and they're trying to figure out their plan. And we'ltjust have to watch this over the next few
months to see what happens.

Surge woo't help without smarter strategy - Feb. 18


(Miami Herald).. . Max Boot
Our top priority must be to establish a modicum of security. Only then can reconstruction go forward. "If
''',:. , insurgents, though identified and arrested by the police, take advantage of the many normal safeguards
built into the judicial system and are released, the police can do little."
Captured Iraqi insurgents know they can remain silent and that most likely they will never be convicted
because witnesses and judges can be bought or intimidated. "Eight of 10 detainees are set free," write
military analysts Bing West and Eliot Cohen. "One in 75 American males is in jail, compared to one in
450 Iraqi males. " Since, as they note, "Iraq is not six times safer than the U.S.," the disparity is because of
faults with the legal system that need to be fixed -. perhaps by imposing martial law. Iraq will not become
safer until more militants are behind bars, but they will never be convicted under peacetime rules of
evidence. "Clearly, more than any other kind of warfare, counterinsurgency must respect the principle of
a single direction. A single boss must direct the operations from beginning until the end ."

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From: OSDPA
Sent: Fridav. Februarv 16,200711:27 AM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RE: This is a report about the media coverage received for selected military analysts
(Feb 5-11) - are you still the primary poe for such reporting?

Got i t - Please make sure you let me know when you're about to depart , because you 've
been great !

-----Oriqinal Messaqe- -- --
From: OSD PA
Sent : Fr idav . Februarv 16, 2007 11:25 AM
s ··· To : OSD PA
cc : CTR OSD PA; CTR OSO PA
Subject : RE : - This is a report about the media coverage received for selected
mil itary analysts (Feb 5-11) - are you still the primary poe for such re~orting?

thanks ! these reports are a GREAT tool for us and very helpful . thanks to you and
your team for staying on top o f i t .

i will be transition ing out to detainee affairs any t ime now (but i'm not holding my
breathl ) . and (c c ' d) will now be the main poc's for all things re o
analysts . i know they would like to receive the civ def experts reports as well as the ret
mil analysts reports. they will also make sure to include you on invites and rsvp lists
for conference calls and roundtables so that your team can monitor the resulting media.

t ha nks mu c h I

p .s. i wouldn 't mind staying on your distro lists, tho. i t' s easy for me to delete what i
don 't need . thanks !

--- -- Or i a i n a l Messaae - - - - -
From: osn PA

p .s. i WOUldn 't mind staying on your distro lists, tho. i t' s easy for me to delete what i
don 't need . thanks !

--- -- Or i a i n a l Messaae - - - - -
From: OSO PA
Sent: Friday, February 16, 2007 11:19
To: OSO E'A
Cc: Barber, Allison Ms OSD PA; CTR eso PA; eso PA;
CTR OSO PA; CTR eso PA; CTR eSD PA;
CTR OSO PA; OSD PA;
AFIS -HQ/MO; CTR OSO PA
Subject : - This is a report about the media coverage received for selected military
analysts (Feb 5 -11) - are you still the primary poe for such reporting?

1
Page I of 1

From: OSOPA
Sent: Friday , February 16, 2007 11:19 AM
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Cc: Barber, All ison Ms OSO PA: CTR OSO PA; OSO PA;
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SUbject: • This is a report about the media coverage received for selected military analysts (Feb
5-11) - are you still the primary POC for such reporting?
,I , ' .
Attachments: Civ analysts_2 5t02 11 07.doc
P A R~~
Public Affairs Res~~~

Civilian Defense Experts in the Media

,., . February 5 - February 11

Summary
Among civilian defen se analysts for th is reponing period, nine were mentioned in the media in
print, telev ision, and radio sources. Most featured were Dr. Michael O 'Hanlon and Dr. Loren
Thompson who covered a substantial range of topies, including: President Bush' s "Iran rhetoric,"
mana gement of the military, more downed helicopters, and upgrading of military equipment.

While 0 ' Hanlon and Thompson received the most o f coverage, othe r analysts were prevalent and
provided more specific and targeted sentiments relating to the 0 00. Ms. Danielle Pletka penned a
piece in The Lebanon Daily Star entitled, "The U.S. Congress is hoisting the white flag of defeat
in Iraq ." In her article, she asserted that the congressiona l resolution ca lled for " Iraq is to sort out
their political woes with 'compromises necessary to end ing the violence in Iraq, ' while focusing
on ' terr itorial integrity,' ' counterterrorism,' and ' accelerate[d] training." She added that no other
plan other than Bush' s seeks victory, and she meets the ideas of the U .S. with great skepticism,
wonde ring ho w th e implementation o f these va ried plans w ill come to fru ition . She stated that,
"ways and means are not discussed " and training the Iraqis is, "vi tal if the U.S. is ever to exit
Iraq."

A growing problem in Iraq has been the drastic increas e in sect arian viol ence. Barry Posen,
professor of poli tical science at M.lT., provided his thoughts on how to effectively manage this
issue by suggesting tha t the U.S. offer protection to anyon e who wants to relocate within Iraq. He
also recommended that we accept refu gees who have put their lives at risk to help us.

NY TIMES
...."
Table of Contents

Civilian Analysts
Mr . Anthony Cordesman : Arleigh Burke Chair in Strategy 3
Mr. James Dobbins : Director, International Security and Defense Policy Center 3
Mr. David From : Resident Fellow, Author; American Enterprise Institute 3
Dr. Alton Frye : Presidentia l Senior Fellow and Directo r; Council on Foreign Relations 3
Dr. Danie l Goure : Senior Fellow, Lexington Institute 3
....... John Hamre : President and CEO. CSIS 3
Victor Davis Hanson : National Review 4
Mr. Robert Kaplan : Nat ional Correspondent, Atlantic Monthly 4
Mr. Stan ley Kurtz : Research Fellow, The Hoover Institution 4
Mr. Steven Nider : Director of Foreign & Security Studies 4
Dr. Michael O'Hanlon : Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institute 4
Ms. Danielle Pletka : Vice President, Foreign and Defense Policy Studies 4
Mr . John Podesta : Visiting Professor, Georgetown University Law Center 4
Mr. Barry Posen : Professor of Political Science, M.I.T 4
Dr. Chris Preb le : Director of Foreign Policy Studies, The Cato Institute 5
Dr. Loren B. Thompson : COO. Lexington Institute 5

Excer pts

Mr. Anthony Cord esman : Arleigh Burke Chair in Strategy 5


Dr. Daniel Goure : Senior Fellow, Lexington Institute 6
John Hamre: President and CEO, CSIS 7
Victor Davis Hanson: Nationa l Review 7
Mr. Robert Kaplan : National Correspondent, Atlantic Monthly 7
Dr. Michael O 'Hanlon : Senior FeUow, The Brookings Institute 8
Ms. Danielle Pletka : Vice President , Foreign and Defense Policy Studies 9
Mr. Barry Posen : Professor of Political Science, M.I.T 9
Dr. Loren B. Thompson : COO, Lexington Institute 10

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.....,
Civilian Analysts

Mr. Anthony Cordesman : Arleigh Burke Chair in Strategy


Mr. Cordesman was ment ioned in three articles related to the DoD. In two pieces, one by AFP
and the other by the Boston Globe, Cordesman focused on Iraq insurgents' threat to the U.S.
helicopter fleet. In an AP article, Cordesman mentioned that Bush was "smart to add more reality
to his remarks about al-Maliki ." In the same article, Cordesman argued, "Like it or not, this
government is the only option we have. There 's no one waiting in the wings ."
.., Cordesman noted that insurgents can simply wait anywhere in the normal flight area to
attack a U.S. helicopter.
.., "The more med ia atte ntion the insurgents can get through such attacks, the more likely it
is that U.S. domestic politics will increase pressur e for withdrawal from Iraq or place
limits on the use of U.S. forces. "

Mr. James Dobbins: Director, International Security and Defense Policy Center
Mr. Dobbins did not have any commentary regarding the 000 for this reporting period .

Mr. David From: Resident Fellow, Author; American Enterprise Institute


Mr. Frum was not ment ioned in regard to top ics relating to the 000.

Dr. Alton Frye: Presidential Senior Fellow and Director; Council on Foreign
Relations
Dr. Frye was not featured in commentary regard ing the 000 for this reporting period.

Dr. Daniel Goure : Senior Fellow, Lexington Institute


Dr. Daniel Goure was featured three times in the media for this reporting period regarding topics
related to the DoD. In pieces in the Orlando Sentinel and Baltimore Sun, respectively, Goure
mentioned war used to be a "young man 's game-s-except for the old generals" and discussed the
safety of helicopters in Iraq, given the recent increase of downed aircraft. Goure was also
mentioned during an NPRJAPR radio broadcast in which he said, "The Pentagon could shift
money around to pay for additional troops without Congress' blessing ."
--, Goure said the modern military offers more roles for older people, and we are not seeing
''the Band-of-Brothers, storming-Normandy-beach, lugg ing-supplies-across-Burma stuff
that was common in previous conflicts ."
.., Goure argued that it' s safer flying a helicopter in Iraq than driving on the streets of
Washington.

John Hamre: President and CEO, CSIS


Former 000 Deputy Secretary John Hamre was mentioned on a broadcast of CNN Newsroom
and in an article in the Australian Financial Review where he discussed tasks of the CPA and
compared it with allies at the end of the Second World War. This discussion was mainly in regard
to the reconstruction effort in Iraq.
--, "There is no known precedent for an effort to manage the reconstruction of a nation on
such a vast scale in the midst of danger and violence. " - referring to Iraq
--, "When you add the various supplemental requests to the baseline defense budget. you get
an astounding number, a number easily exploited by political opponents."

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Victor Davis Hanson: National Review
Victor Davis Hans on was not mentioned in regard to topics relating to the 000.

Mr. Robert Kaplan: National Correspondent, Atlantic Monthly


Mr . Kapl an's view s were cited in Th e Statesman (India), examining Gen. Musharraf's campaign.
..., " But when it came to a nation, wide efforts to organize large scale protests aga inst the
start of the Iraq War in 2003 , the religious parties were unable to mobilize the masses .
-, Gen. Mu sharraf' s campaign to exp lain to the public that Pakistan could not afford to
alienate the USA wa s widel y accepted."

Mr. Stanley Kurtz: Research Fellow, The Hoover Institution


Mr. Kurtz was not featured in commentary regarding the DoD for this reporting period .

Mr. Steven Nider : Director of Foreign & Security Studies


Mr. N ider was not featured in commentary regarding the DoD for this reporting period.

Dr. Michael O 'Hanlon : Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institute


For this reporting period, Dr. O'Hanlon had a considerable amount of coverage with 11 mentions
in the media. A piece entitled , " Bush Iran rhetoric echoes Iraq stance," ran in a total o f six print
sources wh ich included such papers as: the Grand Rapids Press, Charleston Gazette, and St.
Petersburg Times. Television and print sources focused on the semantics of a phrase used by
President Bush in which he stated that Iran is the " axis of evil" country whose nuclear ambitions
must be stopped. O 'Hanlon asserted that, "He (President Bush) aga in is convinced that he's on
the side of right, fighting against the forces of evil, expressing th is somewhat oversimplified view
of the world he has ." Among other to pics in referenced articles were: management of the military,
a piece in which O 'Hanlon examined China' s anti-satellite program, downed aircraft, and Gen.
Petraeus.
.. O'Hanlon: "He' s (Gen. Petraeus) not universally adored by everyone, partly because he's
a rock-the-boat kind of guy ."
..., In regard to Gen. Petraeus' abilities to create change in Iraq, he says, " If he can 't do it,
nobody can."

Ms. Danielle Pletka : Vice President, Foreign and Defense Policy Studies
Ms. Pletka was featured twice during this reporting period and wrote a piece in The Lebanon
Daily Star entitled, "The U.S. Congress is hoisti ng the white flag of defeat in Iraq. " In her
commentary, she discussed U.S. elected officials and how they have spent the first month of2007
scrambling to offer the public the exit strategy it seeks.
..., "Training the Iraqis is vita l if the U.S. is ever to exit Iraq ."
..., "Competition, in the form of an array of imaginative and realistic ideas, is good. The
congressional plans themselves? Not good."

Mr. John Podesta: Visiting Professor, Georgetown University Law Center


Mr . Pod esta did not discuss any DoD-related topi cs, just domestic issues, during this reporting
period.

Mr. Barry Posen: Professor of Political Science, M.I.T.


Mr . Posen was featured twice during this reporting per iod with mentions in the Contra Costa
Times and the Akron Beacon Journal. Posen ' s paper, " A Nuclear-Armed Iran : A Difficult But

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..,..
Not Impossible Policy Problem," was mentioned as asserting the view that the real threat of
nuclear-armed Iran would be not to the security of it neighbors but to the survival of the nuclear
no nproliferation regime. In the Akron Beacon Journal , a piece by Steve Chapman discussed
Posen 's idea that " mass murder tends to occur when one group is unarmed" in reference to ethn ic
and sectarian bloodshed .
..., " A secure base, Po sten points out , is un likely for the Sumi al-Qaeda in a co untry

· .
dominated by Sh iites, and unl ikely in a region where the group has few friends and man y
enemies-unlike Afghanistan, where it has long gotten help from Pakistan."

Dr. Chris Preble: Director of Foreign Policy Studies, The Cato Institute
Dr. Preble was not mentioned in the media for th is reporting pe riod.
'f~" "

Dr. Loren B. Thompson: COO, Lexington Institute


Dr. Thompson bad nine mentions in the media. which occurred in: The Seattle Times,
Washington Times, Los Angeles Times, Christian Science Monitor, San Francisco Chronicle, and
~ few small publications. Of the civilian military analysts covered for this reporting per iod, Dr.
Thompson spoke about the largest range of DoD-related topics, covering: the military
co nstruction budget, government contracts, the Watada case, and the recent escalation of downed
aircraft.
..., " Suppress ing free speech in any form doe s not come naturall y to democracies, bu t
military d isc ipl ine requires it." - in reference to Watada case
..., Dr. Thompson made an observati on that what was notable about the recent shoot-downs
was that they were attributed to small- arms fire rather than missi les .

EXCERPTS

Mr. Anthony Cordesman : Arleigh Burke Chair in Strategy


Iraq insurgents threaten US helicopter fleet - Feb. 9
(A FP) . .. unattributed
The London-based Arabic newspaper Al-Hayat bas reported that the advanced SA-18 Igla -- a
modem version of the Strela which is harder to defend aga inst -- might have found its way into
Iraq . A version of that missi le is produced in Iran "a nd wa s successfully used by Hezbollah
dur ing last summer's war with Israel" in Lebanon, the newspaper said. But a Pentagon spokesman
said on Thursday that no link had been established between the crashes, and downplayed reports
that advanced weapons were being used. "I don't think I can make any sort of conclusion like that
at this point: ' said the spokesman, Bryan Whitman. Garver said that to keep insurgents guessing
"we vary our flight operations so the enemy can't discern patterns in our flying. We vary our
routes so that we don't establish traffic patterns ." But Anthony Cordesman at the Washington-
based Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) said : "Insurgents can simply wa it
anywhere in the normal flight area until a helicopter becomes easy to attack." He added that they
can use "virtually any automatic weapon, man-portable surface-to-air missiles and even RPGs
(ro cket-prope lled grenade launc hers)."

U.S. seeking ways to keep copters safe - Feb. 9


(Boston Globe) .. , Bryan Bender
So far, the military has lost roughly 60 heli copters in Iraq, according to a tall y by the Brookings
Institution in Washington, accounting for about 170 US tro op deaths.
"If the insurgents can lim it helicopter use ,.. they gain in military as well as politica l terms,"
Anthony Cerdesmaa, a military specialist at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in
Washington, wrote in a paper published on his organization's website yesterday . Moreover,

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Cordesman wrote, "the more media attention the insurgents can get through such attacks, the
more likely it is that US domestic politics will increase pressure for withdrawal from Iraq or place
limits on the use of US forces. "

Analysis: Bush More Cautious About Iraq - Feb. 6


(Associated Press).. . Jennifer Loven
And U.S. and Iraqi forces were supposed to start their campaign to secure Baghdad on Monday,
but Gates told the Senate Armed Services Committee on Tuesday that "it's probably going to slip
a few days, and it's probably going to be a rolling implementation. " Al-Maliki told his military
commanders in a meeting that "I have a feeling that we have been late and this delay has started
to give a negative message." Authony Cordesman, an Iraq expert at the Center for Strategic and
..
~ ~ International Studies, said Bush is smart to add more reality to his remarks about al-Maliki. At the
same time, he said the Iraqi leader can only be pushed so hard.
"Like it or not, this government is the only option we have. There's no one waiting in the wings,"
Cordesman said.

Dr. Daniel Goure : Senior Fellow, Lexington Institute


Pentagon courts seasoned soldiers - Feb. 10
(Orlando Sentinel)... Stephen Hudak
Department of Defense deployment figures show the number of active military personnel older
than SO had risen steadily every year in the past decade until it dipped slightly last year.
"War used to be a young man's game -- except for the old generals," said Daniel Goure, a military
analyst for the Lexington Inst itute, a Washington think tank that studies defense issues. "That has
changed to some extent. It is a function of technology, but it is also clearly a function of the need
for experience in Iraq ." He said the modem military offers more roles for older people.
Some are specially skilled with computers and information technology, rear-echelon positions
that provide critical support. "You are not seeing the Band-of-Brothers, storming-Normandy-
beach, lugging-supplies-across-Burma stuff that was common in previous conflicts," Goure said.
"It's still war. There are still casualties. But we have discovered that, while physical ability is
important, maturity, in many cases, may almost be more important." He 'said the Pentagon
desperately seeks soldiers with experience in Iraq . "Rotating people is very tough," Goure said .
"If you're a first-timer in Iraq, it may take you six months to find where the desert is and the next
six months, you're preparing to leave."

Iraq funding faces uphill battle witb Murtha - Feb. 9


(National Public Radio/American Public Radio)... unattributed
Congressman John Murtha is working on language that would only fund the buildup in Iraq if the
troops met readiness standards on training and equipment. That means the Pennsylvania
Democrat could very well block the Iraq troop buildup, get at equipment shortages and the
precious little training time the military has been facing. During today's hearing of a defense
subcommittee that Murtha chairs, he pressed Army Chief of Staff General Peter Schoomaker on
whether the 21,000 extra troops planned for Iraq are ready. But Daniel Goure of the Lexington
Institute says the Pentagon could shift money around to pay for the additional troops without
Congress' blessing. Goure: One of the ways you could treat it would be by reducing the presence
of support units in Iraq, take the money you save and put it towards combat brigades.

Flving Irag's deadly skies - Feb . 8


(Baltimore Sun) .. . David Wood
The helicopter "is a vulnerable platform that by definition flies low and slow, and with that comes
casualties." said Danjel Goure, a military analyst at the Lexington Institute, a Washington

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defense think tank. "But after flying millions of miles in Iraq , the casualty rate for helicopters is
extraordinarily low . I'd hazard a guess that it's safer flying a helicopter in Iraq than driving on the
streets of Washington."

John Hamre: President and CEO, CSIS


CNN: Newsroom 11 :26:08 - Feb. 6
(CNN) ... Tony Harris
Among many shocking data, for example, during the 1990s Saddam Hussein cut healthcare
spending by 90 percent, 9-0 percent. No new hospitals had been built for 20 years. Half of the
country's public health clinics were closed. Even before the war, unemployment was running at
50 percent. Iraq's primitive banking system was shut down. The banks had no system for
electronic transfer of funds . This was a cash-based economy. At the end of 2002, inflation was
running at 115,000 percent. In mid-2003, two reports, one by the GAO and the other by President
Clinton's former deputy of de fense , Dr. John Hamre, each compared the CPA's (Coalition
Provisional Authority) tasks to those faced by tbe allies at the end of the Second World War. The
special inspector-general for Iraq added, "There is no known precedent for an effort to manage
the reconstruction of a nation on such a vast scale in the midst ofdanger and violence."

Bush in showdown over Iraq funding - Feb. 5


(Australian Financial Review). .. Tony Walker
The Washington Post quoted former Pentagon official John Hamre, now executive director of
the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, as saying: "When you add the various
supplemental requests to the baseline defence budget, you get an astounding number, a number
easily exploited by political opponents."

Victor Davis Hanson: National Review


Ameri.ca the blameworthy - Feb . 10
(Washington Times). . . Victor Dav is Hanson
After the terrorist attacks of September II, 200 I, many leftists cited American faults that
supposedly accounted for Osama bin Laden's savage attack. Now there is another angle to the
"blame America" game, this time from the secular right. In his book "The Enemy at Home,"
Dinesh D'Souza, of the Hoover Institution (where I work as well), charges our decadent culture
turns off traditional Muslims otherwise the potential allies of American conservatives and often
renders them sympathetic to jihadist rhetoric. But worst of all, too many Americans embrace only
their fantasy of a perfect United States, rather than the good America we actually have.

Mr. Robert Kaplan: National Correspondent, Atlantic Monthly


The beards count - Feb. 9
(The Statesman, India). .. unattributed
In local and provincial elections, the religious parties fare better. In Baluchistan and the North-
West Frontier Province, they are in office. Here they have been able to offer if not shelter at least
a blind eye to terrorist organizations. But wben it came to a nation, wide effort to organize large
scale protests against the start of the Iraq war in 2003, the religious parties were unable to
mobilize the masses. Gen. Musharraf's campaign to explain to the public that Pakistan could not
afford to alienate the USA was widely accepted. The army, too, remains essentially a secular
organization. Robert Kaplan has written that if Gen. Musharraf goes 'a fter him come the men
with the beards'. But the fact is the army is fairly representative of the country and Islamists make
up probably no more than 10 per cent of its higher ranks , if that. It is doubtful that Gen.
Musharraf is playing a complicated double game, as Kaplan and others suggest, whereby be

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.00'"
appears to be try ing to repress terrorists but is privately nurturing them, or at least turning a blind
eye .

Dr. Michael O 'Hanlon : Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institute


Bush Iran rbetoric echoes Iraq stance - Feb. 11
(Grand Rap ids Press) .. . Tom Raum
·of- Reprints: Charleston Gazette, The Record, Des eret Morning News, St. Petersburg Times,
Associated Press Newswires
"He again is convinced that he's on the side of right, fighting against the forces of evil, expressing
this somewhat oversimpl ified view of the world he has, " said Micbael O'Hanlon, a foreign
policy analyst for the Brookings Institution and an adviser to the bipartisan Iraq Study Group.
"He's doing what he thinks is right to show resoluteness." Bush's saber-rattling -- rather than
reaching out to Iran and Syria diplomatically as recommended by the Iraq Study group -- is risky.
Many national security professionals suggest this approach could lead to wider conflict.

Back to school for the admirals - Managing tbe military - Feb . 10


(The Economist). . . unattributed
"The economics of what you Jearn in business school are not necessarily the most central thing"
for officers who have to worry about war-fighting strategy or tecbnology, argues Michael
O'Hanlo», a defence analyst at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. " You can make the
argument that people should be learning engineering or military history." Moreover, he notes , the
corporate style of Donald Rumsfeld, a former defence secretary who (like many top corporate
leaders) thri ved on risk-taking, " d idn't wo rk out so well. "

New U.S. commander in Iraq is warrior-scholar - Feb . 9


(Reute rs News) . .. Andrew Gray
Petraeus' high media profile in the United States and a willingness to challenge conventional
thinking have not endeared him to all members of the military establishment. "He's not
universally adored by everyone, partly because he's a rock-the-boat kind of guy," said Micbael
0'HanI08, a military analyst at the Brookings Institution think tank who knows Petraeus well .
But he is widely seen across the U.S . political spectrum as the man best qualified to try to reverse
American fortunes in Iraq . The U.S. Senate approved his nomination as Iraq commander and his
promotion to four-star general by 81 votes to zero. "If he can 't do it, nobody can," said O'Hanlon.

Downed aircraft spur shift in tactics - Feb . 8


(Chicago Tribune).. . James Janega, Liz Sly, & Nadeem Majeed
Analysts and military experts say it is too soon to know whether the recent insurgent successes
against American helicopters will have a deep effect on U.S. strategy in Iraq or whether they
merely represent a string of bad luck for U.S. pilots. "It's quite troublesome," Michael O'Hantee,
senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, said in an e-mail interview. "But it's hard to know the
significance until we understand more about what shot them down and whether the pattern
continues ."

An intelligent test? Cbina's new anti-satellite program makes sense - at lea,t from Beijing's
perspective. But it could turn out to be a dangerolJs mistake - Feb . 6
(The Bulletin)... Michael O'Hanlon
Reprints: Newsweek International
On one level, China's recent test ofa new anti-satellite weapon was a success : Beij ing managed to
blast one of its aging weather sensors out of orb it several hundred miles above Earth . On a more

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.,'"
profound level, how ever, the test was a mistak e. And if China now continues to develop more
space weapons, it cou ld tum into a very serious error indeed. The U.S. Defense Department
estimates that China already boasts the world's second larges t defe nse expenditures, once
adjustments are made for its lower costs and for off-budget military items. After centuries of
subjugation at the hands of the West, it is only natural that the Middle Kingdom would seek its
rightful place in the sun. Forty years ago this meant developing its own nukes. T oday it means
building an anti -atellite weapon (which, we should remember, is a lot less dangerous than an
atom bomb). It is also important to recognize that the United States already uses many of its
satellites for war fighting. The U. S. military now regularly re lies on real-time reconnaissance
networks that can spot targets from orbit. It also uses satellites to pass information from sen sors
to shooters, and uses space-based Global Positioning Systems to guide bombs to their targets. It
would therefore be dish ones t for Washington to argue that space rema ins a pristine, war-free
zone. The heavens may not have been weaponized yet , but they certainly hav e been m ilitarized -
and by a country that would likely come to the defense of Ch ina's archrival, Ta iwan , in the event
of conflict over that disputed island . .

Ms. DanielJe Pletka : Vice President, Foreign and Defense Policy Studies
All Iraq's neighbours 'a re fueling conDiet' - Feb . 8
(Financial Times)... Guy Dinmore
Danielle Pletka, a sen ior analyst with the conservative Ame rican Enterprise Institute , supports
Saud i Arab ia's asserti ons that the government does not fund Su nni in surgents. However, she calls
cla ims that they cannot exert control over individual Saud i fund ing of terrorists "ridiculous ".

The US Congress is hoisting the wbite flag of defeat in Iraq - Feb. 6


(The Daily Star, Lebanon).. . Danielle Pletka
Members of the United States Congress, distressed with the flagging popularity of the Iraq war,
have spent the first month of200 7 scrambling to offer the public the exit strategy it seeks. Bereft
of a serio us and comprehensive strategy for several years , the American public now has a surfeit
of offerings from the ir elected representatives. Competition, in the form of an array of
imaginative and realistic ideas, is good . The congressional plans themselves? Not good. The
resolution called on Iraqis to sort out the ir politica l woes with "comprom ises necessary to ending
the violence in Iraq," while focus ing on "territorial integrity," "counterterrorism" and
"accelerate[d] training." For good measure, it also called for a "regionally sponsored peace and
reconciliation process." How any of th is is supposed to come to pass remains mysterious. Ways
and means are not discussed . At the root of the failure to devise better strategies is a flaw : No
plan other than Bush 's seeks victory. Yes, it is crucial that the Iraqis compromise politically, and
indeed, territorial integrity is important. Training the Iraqis is vital if the US is ever to ex it Iraq .
And fighting terrorism is Amer ica's top fore ign policy priority. But the prerequisite for all these
important pieces to fall into place is security for the people oflraq.

Mr. Barry Posen: Professor of Political Science, M.I.T.


Let's Contain, Not Bomb, Iran - Feb. I I
(Contra Costa Times, Alameda)... Jeffrey Laurenti
The real threat of a nuclear-armed Iran , Chirac blurted out , would be not to the security of its
neighbors but to the survival of the nuclear nonproliferation regime _. precisely the analysis that
MIT's Barry Posen has advanced in a recent U.S . paper , "A Nuclear-Armed Iran : A Difficult But
ot Impossible Policy Problem."

Held hostage in Iraq - Feb. 6

OSD 9
Public Affa irs Research and Ana lysis

NY TIMES
(Akron Bea con Journal) .. . Steve Chapman
Ehnic and sectarian killing are occurring with us there and doubtless would continue with us
gone . But MIT defense scholar Barry Posen notes that mass murder tends to occur when one
group is unarmed. and" everyone in Iraq is armed ." We could minimize bloodshed on our way
out by offering protection to anyone who wants to relocate within Iraq , and by accepting refugees
who have put their lives at risk helping us. A secure base, Posen points out. is unlikely for the
Sunni al-Qaida in a country dominated by Shiites. and unlikely in a region where the group has
few friends and many enem ies unlike Afghanistan, whe re it has long gotten help from Pakistan .
«

Dr. Loren B. Tbompson : COO, Lexington Institute


Military construction budget may triple - Feb. It
.
"",""
'. (Honolulu Advertiser)... Denn is Camire
Loren Thompson. a defense analyst with the Lexington Inst itute in A lexandria, Va., said Hawai'i
is becoming more important to the nation's defense because of potential threats in the Pacific
region from North Korea and Ch ina. "It is in the middle of the Pacific rather than on the far side
of the world from the key threats we face ," Thompson said. "The military has figured out that
being halfway to Asia is a much more useful place to have your troops stationed than in the
continental Un ited States. tI Military construction funding for Hawai'i has varied over the past five
years, acco rding to Inouye's staff. In 2003 . it was $258 million, and rose to $339 million in 2004
and $368 mill ion in 2005 . It fell to $354 million in 2006.

ortbrop joins race for tanker contract - Feb . 9


(The Seattle T imes) . . . Donna Borak
Aircraft-valuat ion firm Avitas estimates the price of a new Boeing 767 . - with standard discounts
for purchase of one airplane, not a large order -- at about $83 million. Defense analyst Loren
Thompson of the Lexington Institute said Northrop's decision might signal the company's
willingness to offer its aircraft at a discounted price. Or, he added, executives may be entertaining
the outside chance the Air Force will purchase refueling tankers from both Boe ing and Northrop,

Upgrading military equipment - Feb. 9


(Th e Washington Times) . .. un attributed
At Tuesday's Senate hearing, Defense Secretary Robert Gates said that he had recently "heard
plenty both in Iraq and in Afghanistan about the need for " more Hellfire missile-equ ipped
Predators (unmanned air veh icles). He acknowledged that "there has been a reluctance not
knowing how long this war was going to go on a reluctance to expand capacity at the fact ory ."
That seems to be the common denominator underlying the ongoing equipment cr isis. Loren
Thompson. a defense analyst at the nonpartisan Lexington Institute. recently explained to the
Baltimore Sun one key reason (besides the lack of money) why, four years into the war in Iraq,
there is a shortage of vehicles that can more effectively survive an lED. "At each step along the
way for the past four years. the key policymakers have ass umed we were j ust months away from
beginning to withdraw" from Iraq Mr. Thompson explained . "As a result, they never made long-
term plans for occupying the country effectively."

Watada case could define free speech for military - Feb. 8


(San Francisco Chronicle)... Anna Badkhen
The outcome of his trial has implications that go beyond Watada's freedom. The eventual
decision could set an informal precedent establishing the limits of free speech in the U .S. military.
say experts on military law . "Suppressing free speech in any form does not come naturally to
democracies. but military discipline requ ires it," said Loren Tbompsou , a defense analyst at tbe
Lexington Institute, a centrist thin k tank in Arlington, Va .

OSD 10
Public Affairs Research and Analysis

NY TIMES
"""".
5th copter in month goes down in Iraq - Feb . 8
(Los Angeles Times).. . Tina Susman
Military official s say as long as there are more helicopters in the air, there are more chances of
crashes. But at 8 Senate hearing Tuesday, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Marine Gen.
Peter Pace, acknowl edged that there could be more than numbers at work : "At this point in time I
do not know whether or not it is the law of averages that caught up with us or has there been a
.Yi••"
change in tactics , techniques and procedures on the part of the enemy," he said when questioned
about the helicopter losses . Loren Thompson, a defense analyst at the Lexington inst itute in
Arlington , Va., said that what was notable about the recent shoot-downs was that they were
attributed to small-arms fire rather than missiles. That indicates that insurgents have noticed the
military's change in flight methods and adjusted accordingly, Thompson said. Once the U.S.
began flying lower to evade high-flying miss iles, insurgents apparently traded in missiles for
rocket-propelled grenades or machine guns that can down a helicopter flying just a couple of
hundred feet above ground, he said. "Look at the dilemma we're in here . It's hard for us to use the
roads because of the proliferation of improvised explosives," Thompson said. "But when we try
the alternative of flying by helicopter , they shoot us high and they shootus low."

Friendly fire still deadly in today's wars - Feb. 8


(Christian Science Monito r) .. . Brad Knickerbocker
"The fog of war has partially lifted as soldiers and airmen have acquired wireless
communications, overhead sensors, globa l positioning devices and other information
technologies," says military analyst Loren Thompson of the Lexington Institute. Digital
communications networks like the Army's Blue Force Tracker and the Air Force's Link- 16 have
greatly reduced the danger of fratricide , also called "blue-on-blue" casualties. "However,
technology is a double-edged sword in modem warfare because it accelerates the pace of battle to
a point where anyone not on the network is in mortal danger," .adds Mr. Thompson. "The British
troops kilJed and wounded by US pilots in 2003 were at the forward edge of a fast-advancing
force, and lacked the communications gear needed to communicate directly with A-IO attack
planes."

Bush seeks increase in war spending - Feb. 6


(The Providence Journal).. . John E. Mulligan
"Th is budget manages to cover all of the military modernization programs and pay for a two-front
war - all for less than 4 percent of gross domest ic product," said Loren Thompson of the
Lexington Institute, a defense think tank . "It's amazing ," Thompson added, attributing the feat to
the strength of the overall economy - but warning that such defense spending is sustainable only
as long as the economy stays strong.

BUdget would be boon for N. Texas - Feb . 6


(Fort-Worth Star-Telegram)... Dave Montgomery
Loren-Thompson, a defense analyst at the Lexington Institute in Arlington, Va ., said the Air
Force wants to lift the current production cutoff date and cont inue producing F-22s until 2020.
"The Air Force does not intend to cease production of the F-22 when the joint strike fighter
begins ramp ing up," said Thompson, explaining the Air Force sees the F-22 and F-35 as
complementary. Bush's strong commitment to expensive, and often controversial, weapon s
programs will likely face extensive scrutiny in the Democratic-controlled Congress as lawmakers
juggle the costs of big-ticket weaponry against the soaring costs of the war.
"The conclusion is clear," said Thompson. "Whatever the budget pressures from the Iraq war may
be, they aren't slowing the investment in new weapons systems."

OSD 11
Public Affair s Research and Analysis

NY TIMES
00.'"
UPDATE: U.S. DoD Cuts Missile Defeose in '08, Kills Lockheed Airship - Feb. 5
(Dow Jones News Service) .. . Rebecca Christie
Analysts said the new budget shows that there is little momentum for missi le defense in the
current budget environment. "It's clear that spending on missile defense is flattening out, and
probably will not see another major increase unless there is some aggressive action by North
Korea or Iran," said Lexington Institute defense consultant Lorea Thompson .

OSD 12
Public Affairs Research and Analysis

NY TIMES
...,,,
Page 1 of 1

From: I
Sent: Wednesday , February 07, 2007 11:16 AM
To: OSO PA; CTR OSD PA;
Subject: Participant ust for unscheduled call 2/06/07
Attachments: ,Jist osd liaison xxx.doc

I have attached the participant list for yesterday's unscheduled calL Please insure that you schedule
with us prior to the call so that we can provide the best service. Unannounced and unscheduled assisted
calls place a burden on the operators and if this had happened during one of Homeland Security's 500
participant calls we would have had difficulty handling your call.

This is a rare incident but I want to emphasize the importance of scheduling a call with us. Assisted
calls have to be scheduled to assign personnel to handle the incoming participants calls and to insure the
call runs properly.

Please insure your office follows correct scheduling procedures.

Thanks
To:
Date: Tuesday , February 06, 2007 12:23:42 PM
E-Mail Addnss: On file
Company Name: OSD
Host's Name:
Conference Name: OSDlPA Analyst (II :45NS) Analyst
Conference Title:

Participant Information

.' l. Paul Vallely Stand Up America


2. John Garrett Fox News Channel
3. Maria Estacion Pentagon Channel
4. Robert Maginnis ECP International
, .,0
.5. Jeffrev McCausland CBS News
6. a
7. General Mcinerney Fox News
Page 1 of 1

From: CTR 050 PA


Sent: Tuesday, February 06, 2007 11 :09 AM
To: lCDR OSD PA; CTROSD PA; OSDPA
SUbJect: Conference Call Agenda 2.6.2007

.,,<
Attachments: Agenda.doc

All,

-ve . Please meet in room for the 1145 conference call. There is a conference call area in the back right ofthe
office, which reserved for us. The agenda for the call is attached. If you have any questions, please give me
a call.

Thanks.
As of DATE, TIME

Conference Call
Retired Military Analysts
DAY, MONTH DAY, 2006 TIME:

AGENDA
TIME a.m. Welcome and Introduction (GUIDELINES)

• OSD Public Affairs

TIME a.m. Update on SUBJECT

• Principal's name and title

TIME a.m. Q & A

• Military Analysts

TIME a.m. Q & A

• Military Analysts

TIME a.m. Conference Can Concludes (GUIDELINES)

Note: Dial-in-telephone numbers are or


.~ ..
'. f '

Confirmed Retired Military Analysts:

Dr. Jeff McCausland (Colonel, USA, Retired) - CBS (mostly radio)


Captain Chuck Nash (USN, Retired) - Fox News
Major General Michael J. Nardotti, Jr. (USA, Retired)
Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Maginnis (USA, Retired) Fox N ews, CNN, BBC, Radi o
Colonel John Garrett (US MC, Retired) - Fox News
Dr. James Jay Carafano (LTC, USA , Retired) Heritage Foundation
Major General Paul E. Vallely (USA, Retired) Fox News, Radio
General William F. " Buck" Kernan (USA, Retired)

NY TIMES
000S2.
Page 1 of2

From: Jed Babbin


Sent: Monday, February 05, 2007 6:10 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: RE: Conference call invite

Sorry; pls count me out. Thanks .

From: 050 PA [mailto:


.,:Jl;\ Sent: Monday, February 05, 2007 5:43 PM
SUbject: Conference call invite

:0
,_J
MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From:
Public Affairs, Office of the Secretary of Defense

To: Retired Military Analysts

From:
Public Affairs, Office of the Secretary of Defense

Date: February 5,2007

Re: Conference Call with Senior DoD Officials

We invite you to participate in a conference call, TUESDAY, February 6, 2007,from 1l:4S-12:JOa.m.

Ms. Theresa Whalen, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for African Affairs, Rear Admiral Moeller,
Special Assistant to the Commander, U.S. Central Command, and Ambassador Robert Loftis, will brief
you on the stand up of U.S. Africa Command. This briefing will include the mission and Area of
Responsibility of the Command, as well as a timeline for the establishment of U. S. strategic goals for
Africa.

Ms. Whalen's Biography is attached for your review. You may view RADM Moeller's Biography
online: hnp ://www.nayy...milLnmdm.aLb· o${navybio .asp-.?bjoID=~J1. Ambassador Loftis . s biography
from his last assignment can be viewed at : hnp://WWW~late.gQv/outQfd-.ajetQ.io~l6660s, htm . This call
will be On-the-Record, however, in order to participate, you must agree to EMBARGO the information
you receive on the call until the White House announcement on Wednesday, February 7, Z007 at
approximately 9:00 a.m.

To participate in this conference call , please dial or and ask the


operator to connect you to the Analysts conference call.
Page 2 of2

Please R.S.V,P. to at or call him at 0

We hope you are able to participate.

Public Affairs
... Office of the Secretary of Defense

This Email has been scanned for all viruses


From: Paul Vallely
Sent: Mondav. February 05, 2007 5:52 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RE: Conference call invite

Thanks . Will be on»»

Osprey Media
Paul E Vallely
Radio Host "St a nd Up America"
. ..... tel: 406 249 1091
tel 2
fax: 406 837 0996
www .ospreymedia .us

-----OTia in~ 1 MAAA~O~-----


From : OSD FA [mailto :
Sent : Monday, February 05 , 200 7 3 :43 PM
Subject : Conference call i nvi t e

MEMORANDUM

MEMORANDUM

To: Ret ired Military Analysts

From :

Public Affairs , Office of the Secretary of Defense

Date : February S. 2007

Re : Conference Cal l with Senior DoD Officials

We i nvite you to participate in a conference call, TUESDAY . February 6 ,


2007, from 11 :45-12 :30 a .m.

Ms. Theresa Whalen, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for African


~fa irs .Rear Admiral Moeller , Special Assistant to the Commander. U.S .
Central Command, and Ambassador Robert Loftis. will brief you on the stand
up of U.S . Africa Command. This briefing will include the mission and Area
of Responsibil ity of the Command , as well as a timeline for the
establishment of u.s . strategic goals for Africa .

Ms . Whalen 's Biography is attached for your review . You may view RADM
Moeller's Biography online :
-. http ://www.navy .mil/navydata/bios/navybio .asp?bioID=217
<http://www.navy .mil/navydata/bios/navybio .asp?bioID=217~ Ambassador
Loft is's b iography from his last aSSignment can be viewed at:
http://www.state .gov/outofdate/bios/l/6660.htm
<http://www.state.gov/outofdate/bios/l/6660.htm~. This call will be
On-the-Record, however, i n order to participate, you must agree to EMBARGO
the information you receive on the call until the White House announcement
on Wednesday, February 7, 2007 at approximately 9:00 a .m .

To participate in this conference call, please dial or


and ask the operator to connect you to the Analysts conference
call .

Please R.S .V .P. to at or call him at

We hope you are able to participate.

Public Affai rs

Public Affai rs

Office of the Secretary of Defense

2
Page 1 of2

From: MAJ
Sent: Monday, February 05, 20075:48 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: Re: Conference call invite

Dear
Thanks for putting me back on the list.. .
Can't do this...
Best Regards ,

--- Orioinal Messaoe -


From: OSC PA
Sent: Monday, February 05,20075:42 PM
Subject: Conference call invite

>---.J
MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From:
Public Affairs, Office of the Secretary of Defense

Date: February 5,2007

Re: Conference Call with Senior DoD Officials

We invite you to participate in a conference call, TUESDAY, February 6, 2007,from 11:45-12:30


a.m.

Ms. Theresa Whalen, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for African Affairs, Rear Admiral
Moeller, Special Assistant to the Commander, U.S. Central Command, and Ambassador Robert Loftis,
will brief you on the stand up of U.S. Africa Command. This briefing will include the mission and
Area of Responsibility of the Command, as well as a time line for the establishment of U.S. strategic
goals for Africa .

Ms. Whalen's Biography is attached for your review. You may view RADM Moeller's Biography
online: httP-:/Lwww. navy . m il/navydata/bi9~~1.. 0 . ~.~?bioID_...:llZ.AmbassadorLoftis·sbiography
from his last assignment can be viewed at: http..;//WF\V.state.gov/outofdateLbllill/6660,b tm. This call
will be On-the-Record, however, in order to participate, you must agree to EMBARGO the
information you receive on the call until the White House announcement on Wednesday, February 7,
Page 20f2

2007 at approximately 9:00 a.m,

To participate in this conference call. please dial or and ask the


operator to connect you to the Analysts conference call .

Please R.s.V,P. to at or call him at

We hope you are able to participate.


'.! '

Public Affa irs


Office of the Secretary of Defense
Page) of I

From:
Sent: Monday, February 05, 2007 5:46 PM
To: OSD PA
SUbject: Re: Conference call invite

will be airborne en route to CNN New York, so please send anything written - Don
Page 1 of2

:.
'.!

.,
,.

'"
.". From: Jeff McCausland
Sent: Monday , February 05, 2007 5:44 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: RE: Conference call invite

I will be on it.

Jeff

From: ;)SD PA [mailto:


sent:Monday, February 05, 2007 5:43 PM
SUbject: Conference call invite

MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From:
- "ME MORAND UM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From:
Public Affairs, Office of the Secretary of Defense

Date: February 5, 2007

Re: Conference Can witb Senior DoD Officials

We invite you to participate in a conference call , TUESDAY, February 6, 2007,from 11:45-12:30 a.m:

Ms. Theresa Whalen , Deputy Assistant Secretary ofOefense for African Affairs, Rear Admiral Moeller,
Special Assistant to the Commander, U.S . Central Command, and Ambassador Robert Loftis , will brief
you on the stand up of U.S. Africa Command. This briefing will include the mission and Area of
Responsibility of the Command, as well as a timeline for the establishment of U.S. strategic goals for
Africa.

Ms. Whalen's Biography is attached for your review. You may view RAOM Moeller's Biography
online: bnp :llwww.M~/navydataibios/Qavybj o . asp?bjoI D=2 1 7. Ambassador Lo fti s . s biography
from his last assignment can be viewed at: h...tt..J2;I/~. stllt~....gQv/Q U1Qfii at lQipsl II.Q6.60.htm. This call
wiU be On-the-Record, however, in order to participate, you must agree to EMBARGO the information
you receive on the call until the White House announcement on Wednesday, February 7, 2007 at
approximately 9:00 a.m,
Page 2 of2

To participate in this conference call, please dial or and ask the


operator to connect you to the Analysts conference call.

Please R.S.V.P. to at or call him at

We hope you are able to participate.

Public Affairs
Office of the Secretary of Defense

No virus found in this incoming message.


Checked by A VG Free Edition.
Version: 7.1.411 / Virus Database: 268.17.25/669 - Release Date: U412007

No virus found in this outgoing message.


Checked by AVO Free Edition.
Version: 7.1.411 / Virus Database: 268.17.25/669 - Release Dale: 21412007
From: LCOR OSO PA
Sent: Mondav. Fp.bnlAry 05, 2007 4:58 PM
To: OSDPA
Cc: CTROSOPA; CTROSD PA
Subject: RE: Africa Command update

Attachments: Sio w-pict.pdf

.~'-
: ..'

BIo w-pict.pdf (349


KB)

We would like to push forward with Tuesday , 1145 -1230.

1 . Where would be able to hos t the call from on our end? Is DASO Barber's office
available.

2. Bios
- DASD Whelan : attached file
- RADM Moeller : http :/ /www.navy .mil /navydata /bios /navybio .asp?bioID-217
- No luck in obtaining a current one for Amb. Loftis :
http : / /www .state .gov/outofdate /bios /l/6660 .htm

3 . Ground rules : on the record; embargoed until Feb. 7 (Wed . , approx 0900) White House
announcement

4 . principles will be able to discuss :


Background and basis for decision to establish U .S. Africa Command Command's mission
Command 's Area Of Responsibility Timeline for establishment US Strategic goals for Africa

Please let me know whatever else you may need

4 . principles will be able to discuss:


Background and basis for decision to establish U .S. Africa Command Command 's mission
Command 's Area Of Responsibility Timeline for establishment US Strategic goals for Africa

Please let me know whatever else you may need

Thanks and vir,

LCOR _ USN
Defense Press Office - OASO(PA)
1400 Defense Pentagon
washinqton, D .C . 20301-1400
Ph:
Fax '

-----oriqinal Messaqe-----
From: aSD PA
Sent: Monday , February OS, 2007 2 :56 PM
To: LCDR aSD PA
Cc: CTR aSD PA; CTR oso PA
Subject : RB: Africa Command update

hi
any word on this?? we will need to get the invite out soon if we 're going to be able to
make it happen. please let me know .
also, if you could please send bios for each of the principals that would be helpful. we
normally send them out with the invite .
thanks

1
From : LCDR OSD PA
Sent: MOnday, February OS, 2007 7 :15 AM
To: OSD PA
Subject : Africa Command update

We're still anticipating (for now) a White House announcement on U .S. Africa Command on
Wed .• Feb 7 early morning .

We'd like to do military analysts on Tuesday. 6 Feb., @ 1145 -1230 . I otherwise can't
synch the SME schedules to work another timeslot .

I can send you the particulars, but briefers would be:


DASD (Africa Affairs) Theresa Whelan
RADM Robert Moeller (AFRICOM transition team) Ambassador Robert Loftis

More to follow .

Thanks.

2
', '
-.'

BIOGRAPHY

THERESA MARIE WHt:LAN

Current POi>ition' Ml' Wbelun curre ntly ser ves us Ule Deputy Assistant Secretary of
Defense fur AfTicUIl Affairs within L1't: Office of lhc Secretary of Defense. Her office is
r spo nsible for Deparment o f Defense pol icy for nil of Sub-Seharau Africa. Ms Whelan
hring s ttl her po sition fifteen years ot expenence in the defense illtt:Ui~clI"c lI.Ixl Jdo,:l\.~
policy co mmunities . including tw elve years focusing on African iss ues.

Career Histery: I~ior m assuming the: DASD positiou. M. . Whelan served a:: Director
o f the Office 0 f African Affairs for two years. From Ju ne 1998 to November 2000. Ms.
Whd:lJI was ~l>iglled to tbe Under Sc<.ttUU'Y of Defense for Policy 's Balkans T ask t'OT\:e
where she served first as the NAT O T eam Chie f 0 0 the T ask f orce dO" Ul;hvullllC
Kosovo ensls am! then us tlae Task Fun;c tAi'I.lIYChief o f Slaff. She; W U!1 also u ~1i:!1ll't"
Depurnrem represeutati ve on tbe US lM:goli ating teum at t he Kll SOV~~ Talks in
Rambouillet und Paris France from February tv March 1999 . Her prio r posit ions ill tlr
Office of the Secretary Defense inc w e those of Senior Program Director for tlx.'
US/So uth Africa Juim Defense Conuuiuee from Junuary to AUgUSI 1997 Co un tries
Director fo r Southern Africa from Jan uary 1994 10 January 1997 uuJ C\l UlltJ'i~s D irec tor
for We~ Afr icu fm m September 199 1 to January 1994. Pnnu 1987 to 1991 Ms Whelall
served 111' U luililus) inte lligeucc aualyst for the Defense Inteltig~uct' A~"'I1A.-y. Dllrin/?- , hat
lime s be spear three years work ing. us n Military Capahilit ies Analyst for Wesl . Cen tral
antI EllS' African countrie s and a year as u Current lntelligeocc Analyst cov ering the sank'
geographic region,

Ms. Wbelan has 11 M(L'lICT o f Art s degree in Natio nal Security Studies from Georgetow n
University und a Master of Science degree in Nat ional Securit y Strategy fro m the.'
NationW Wur College She. h Ul; ;1 BlIl:helor of Arts lk-g1'f'.t' in lnrernationa l Relations wi th
a minor ill Ru ssian Studies from the. Co llege of William and Mary. Ms. Whe lan wus also
nominated fo r auy cOlTlflleteU a year-long fellowship with tilt Co uncil o n Excc lle uce in
Oovenurent ill 1996.

NY TIMES
......
From: LCDR OSD PA
Sent: Monday, February 05, 2007 7:15 AM
To: :>SD PA
Subject: Africa Command update

We' re s ti l l anticipat ing (f or now) a White House announcement on U.S. Africa Command on
Wed. , Feb 7 early morning .

We 'd like to do mil itary analysts on Tuesday , 6 Feb . , @ 11 4 5- 1 2 3 0 . I otherwise can 't
synch t he 8ME schedules to work another timeslot .
....,o''. I can send you the particulars , but briefers would be :
DASD (Af r i ca Affairs) Theresa Whe lan
RADM Robert Moeller (APRICOM transition t e am) Ambassador Robert Loft is
More to follow.
Thanks ,
Page 1 of 1

From:
Sent: Sunday, February 04, 2007 2:44 PM
To: OSDPA
ce: CTR OSD PA; CTR aSD PA
Subject: Re: A New Opportunity

. you have the unenviable position of filling the shoes of a legend - has been terrific and we
all look forward to working with you as her replacements . Congratulations to aU concerned in a valuable effort-
Don Shepperd (Cell :
Page 1 of 1

From:
Sent: Sunday. February 04. 2007 2:42 PM
To: OSD PA
SUbJect: Re: A New Opportunity

. you've been terrific - thanks for all you have done for all of us - I wish you the best. Please give us your
new phone number when avail - Don Shepperd
Page 1 of2

.~.
,
From:
.r:
Sent: Friday, February 02, 200712:43 PM
To: OSD PA
SUbJect: RE: A New Opportunity

Thanks for the update. and best of luck to you in your new role. Congratulations!

Regards,

..... .

ExecutiveSecretary for BG David L. Grange, President and CEO


McConnickTribune Foundation
435 N. MichiganAve., Suite 770
Chicago, IL 60611
Tel 3J2I222-3579
Fax 3121222-352..1

www.McCormickTribune.org

/m'esllng I" (lUT chi/du ll, communiti es and country


www,McCormickTribune.ore

From: OSD PA [mallto


Sent: Friday, February 02,2007 11:12 AM
Ce: CTR OSD PA; CTR 050 PA
Subject: A New OpPOrtunItY

From: OSD PA [mallto


Sent: Friday, February 02,2007 11:12 AM
Ce: CTR OSD PA; CTR 050 PA
Subject: A NewOpportunity

Gentlemen,
It has been my distinct pleasure and a great privilegeto work with you over the past two plus years. I greatlyvalue
the relationshipI have fonned with many of you and am honored to count you as mends.

It is with a mixtureof excitementand sadnessthat t write to let you know that I am opening a new chapterin my
career, and as such will move out of the roll as your liaison in OSD PublicAffairs. I have accepted a position as
the Director of External Affairs in the office of the DeputyAssistant Secretary of Defense for DetaineeAffairs in
aso Policy (I'm not quite sure yet how I will fit all that on a business card!). I am looking forward to the new
challenges that will come with the job.

As many of you know, OSD Public Affairs is going throuah some changes. one of which has been to open up a
new office for surrogateoutreach, which will be run by (whom many of you met on Tuesday). We are
in the processof nirino a feIAI more accountofficers, who will serve as your new liaisons. In the interim, you may
contact or with inquiries and requests. We hope that these changes will allow tor the expansion
ofthe outreach program to better serve you. We appreciate your patience as these changes take shape and as
everyone moves into their new roles.
can be reached at '
orbv Doone:
can be reached at
or by phone : .

Please feel free to continue using me B resource should you need anythingrelating to the Department's Detention
of EnemyCombatants. My email will remainthe same. I do not have a date certain as to when I will report to my
new office, but it will likely be within a couple of weeks.

,-
Page 2 of 2

Onceagain, thank you for allowing me to serveyou thesepast couple of years.

All the best,

Public Affa irs


Office of the Secretary of Defense
Page 1 of2

From:
Sent: Friday , February 02, 200 7 12:35 PM
To: esc PA
Subject: Re: A New Opportun ity

«, ~

You will be missed. You have provided a valuable service to our collective concern for the welfare of
our troops and our country . Thank you.

Bob

Robert L. Maginnis

http://home .comcast.net/-

_ __ _ nn Ori zinal message ------------ -----;


From: OSD PA ft •
Gentlemen,
It ha~ bee.n m~ disti.n?t pl~a.su.~ and _8 gre~t p"'vilege to ~ork with you over the past two plus y~ars. I

--- - ------- Ori ujnal message -------------- -----;


From: OSDPA ft •
Gentlemen,
It has been my distinct pleasure and 8 great privilege to work with you over the past two plus years . I
greatly value the relationship I have formed with many of you and am honored to count you as friends .
te··
It is with a mixture of excitement and sadness that I write to let you know that I am open ing a new
chapter in my career, and as such will move out of the roll as your liaison in esc Public Affairs. I have
accepted a position as the Director of External Affairs in the office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of
Defense for Detainee Affairs in eSD Pol icy (I'm not quite sure yet how I will fit all that on a business
card l). I am look ing forward to the new challenges that will come with the job.

As many of you know , eSD Public Affairs is going through some changes, one of which has been to
open up a new office for surrogate outreach. wh ich will be run by (whom many of you met on
Tuesday) . We are in the process of hirina a few more account officers, who will serve as your new
tiaisons. In the interim. you may contact Jr with inquiries and requests. We hope that
these changes will allow for the expansion of the outreach program to better serve you . We appreciate
your patience as these changes take shape and as everyone moves into the ir new roles.
can be reached at:
I or by phone:
can be reached at:
or by phone:

Please feel free to continue using me a resource should you need anything relating to the Departmenfs
Detention of Enemy Combatants. My email will remain the same. I do not have a date certain as to
when I will report to my new office, but it w~ll ikely be within a couple of weeks.

Once again , thank you for allowing me to serve you these past couple of years.
Page 2 of2

All the best,

PublicAffairs
Officeof the Secretary of Defense
Page 1 of2

From: Jack Keane


sent: Friday. February 02 , 2007 12:34 PM
'To: OSD PA
Subject: RE: A New Opportunity

you have been an absolute delight to work with and I will truly miss you . Best of fortune as you move ahead .
Congratulations. if I can be of any assistance In the future , do not hesitate to let me know .
.::_0.
All the best,

Jack Keane

From: OSD PA [mallto:


sent: FrJ 2/2/200712:12 PM
c« CTR OSD PAi CTR 050 PA
Subject: A New Opportunity

Gentlemen ,
It has been my distinct pleasure and a great privilege to work with you over the past two plus years. I greaUy value
the relationsh ip I have formed with many of you and am honored to count you as friends.

It is with a mixture of excitement and sadness that I write to let you know that I am opening a new chapter in my
career, and as such will move out of the roll as your liaison in OSD pubrlCAffa irs. I have accepted a position as
the Director of External Affairs in the office of the Deputy Ass istant Secretary of Defense for Detainee Affairs in
050 Policy (I'm not quite sure yet how I will fit all that on a business card !). I am looking forward to the new
a'nf VeIi:llJQfI~m~ril~n,e-rurm~b \I1lm'many OT you ana am nonorea to coumyou as menas.

It is with a mixture of excitement and sadness that I write to let you know that I am opening a new chapter in my
career, and as such will move out of the roll as your uaison in OSD Public Affa irs. I have accepted a position as
the Director of External Affairs in the office of the Deputy Ass istant Secretary of Defense for Detainee Affairs in
050 Policy (I'm not quite sure yet how I will fit all that on a business card !). I am looking forward to the new
challenges that will come w ith the job.

As many of you know, OSD Public Affairs is going through some changes, one of which has been to open up a
new office for surrogate outreach, which will be run by (whom many of you met on Tuesday). We are
in the process of hirina a few more account officers, who will serve as your new liaisons. In the interim, you may
contact or with inquiries and requests . We hope that these changes will allow for the expansion
of the outreach program to better serve you . We appreciate your patience as these changes take shape and as
everyone moves into their new roles .
can be reached at
or by phone :
can bp. M~hAn "t·
or by phone:

Please feel free to continue using me a resource should you need anything relat ing to the Department's Detention
of Enemy Combatants. My email wil l remain the same . I do not have a date certain as to when I wi" report to my
new office , but it wiU likely be within a couple of weeks.

Once again , thank you for allowing me to serve you these past couple of years .

All the best ,

Public Affairs
Page 2 of2

Office of the Secretaryof Defense

s, . •
Page 1 of2

From:
Sent: Friday, February 02, 2007 12:26 PM
To: OSDPA
SUbject: Re: A New Opportun ity

Talk about mixed emotions. So happyfor you and wish you the BEST. I've got your email and WILL
stay in touch. Good luck and keep climbing. Your biggest fan.
Wayne

..: r- ··-··Original Message-c->- ___


~:
From:
Cc:
Sent: Fri, 2 Feb 2007 12:12 PM
Subject: A New Opportunity
• r-

Gentlemen,
It has been my distinct and a great privilege to work with you over the past two plus years. I greaUy value the
relationship I have formed with many of you and am honored to count you as friends.

It is with a mixture of exc itement and sadness that I write to let you know that I am opening a new chapter in my
career , and as such will move out or the roll as your liaison in OSD Public Affa irs. I have accepted a pos ition as
the Director of External Affairs in the office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Detainee Affa irs in
050 Policy (I'm not qUite sure yet how I will fit all that on a business card !). I am looking forward to the new
challenges that will come with the job.

As many of you know, OSD Public Affairs is going through some changes, one of which has been to open up a
C81\!;e.~Sf\J'llJ'l:I(Ji,'WW/i'l nld9tP(ib. ulloWie tuil'", IUO, '116"""", "' ""Q ..'l...Jul.m•.:,p''lmr. sf ·11U.9V"t.CGCP\w~"'V~
.. M\!Ii'\ ~
the Director of External Affairs in the office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Detainee Affa irs in
050 Policy (I'm not qUite sure yet how I will fit all that on a business card !). I am looking forward to the new
challenges that will come with the job.

As many of you know, OSD Public Affairs is going through some changes, one of which has been to open up a
new office for surrogate outreach, which will be run by _ (whom many of you met on Tuesday). We are
in the process of hirina a few more account officers, who will serve as your new liaisons. In the interim, you may
contact or with inquiries and requests. We hope that these changes will allow for the expansion
ofthe outreach program to better serve you . We appreciate your patience as these changes take shape and as
everyone moves into the ir new roles.
can be reached at:
orbv ohone :
can be reached at:
or by phone :

Please feel free to continue using me a resource should you need anything relating to the Department's Detention
of Enemy Combatants. My email will remain the same . I do not have a date certain as to when I will report to my
new office , but it will likely be within a couple of weeks.

Once again , thank you for allowing me to serve you these past couple of years .

All the best ,

Public Affairs
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Page 2 of 2

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NY TIKES
Page I of2

From: Campbell, Frank B


Sent : Friday, February 02,2007 12:19 PM
To: eSOPA
Subject: RE: A New Opportun ity

We wish you all the best in your new job. Thank you for your hard work and professionalism.

Warm Regards,
,.'
: ~; Frank Campbell

From: eSD PA [mallto:


5ent: Friday, February 02, 2007 12:12 PM
ce em eSD PA; CTR OSD PA
Subject: A New Opportunity

Gentlemen.
It has been my distinct pleasure and a great privilege to work with you over the past two plus years. I greatly value
the relationship I have formed with many of you and am honored to count you as friends .

It is with a mi><ture of excitement and sadness that I write to let you know that I am opening a new chapter in my
career, and as such will move out of the roll as your liaison in OSO Public Affa irs. I have accepted a position as
the Director of External Affairs in the office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Detainee Affairs in
OSD Policy (I'm not quite sure yet how I will fit all that on a business cardI). I am looking forward to the new
challenges that will come with the job.

As many of you know. eSD Public Affairs is aoina throuah somj:t chances, one of wl)ich hiS been toocen uea,
career, and as such will move out of the roll as your liaison in OSO Public Affairs. I have accepted a position as
the Director of Extema l Affairs in the office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Detainee Affairs in
OSD Polley (I'm not quite sure yet how I will fit all that on a business card I). I am looking forward to the new
challenges that will come with the job.

As many of you know, OSO Public Affairs is going through some changes, one of which has been to open up a
new office for surrogate outreach, which will be run by (whom many of you met on Tuesday) . We are
in he process of hiring a few more account officers, who will serve as your new liaisons. In the interim, you may
contact or with inquiries and requests. We hope that these changes will allow for the expansion
of the outreach program to better serve you . We appreciate your patience as these changes take shape and as
everyone moves into their new roles.
can be reached at
or by phone:
can be reached at
orby phone:

Please feel free to continue using me a resource should you need anything relating to the Departmenfs Detention
of Enemy Combatants. My email wil l remain the same. I do not have a date certain as to when I will report to my
new office, but it will likely be within a couple of weeks.

Once again , thank you for allowing me to serve you these past couple of years.

All the best,

Public Affairs
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Page I of 11

From: Bing West


Sent: Thursday, February 01, 2007 9:52 AM
To: bingwestlist
Subject: Military Affairs: Iraq

I'm off to Iraq, working on next book.

Military Affairs, Jan-Feb 2007

Waiting for Godot in Iraq


By Bing West

In Samuel Beckett's PLAY Waiting/or Godot, the two protagonists passively await Godot, a tramp
who will give direction to their lives. Godot, of course, never shows up . Similarly, the leaders ofthe
Army and Marine Corps cannot wait for policy direction or a strategic clarity about Iraq that is not
going to show up .

Supposedly, the current mission is to establish a stable and democratic Iraq. But Lieutenant General
Raymond Odierno, about to assume command of Multi-National Corps-Iraq, has said he did not know
whether insuring a Western-style democr.acy ~ill remain the mission, telling a New Yor~ Times
going to show up.

Supposedly, the current mission is to establish a stable and democratic Iraq. But Lieutenant General
Raymond Odierno, about to assume command of Multi-National Corps-Iraq, has said he did not know
whether insuring a Western-style democracy will remain the mission, telling a New York Times
reporter, "Notice I left out a few things, such as a democracy in the sense that we see a democracy in
the United States."!

The immense challenges facing our ground forces demand leadership with clear focus. For the next
several years, our forces will remain engaged in combat in Iraq, with the ambiguous mission not
enjoying the support of the majority of the American body politic. This tension between the military
mission and political goals will affect battlefield performance, strategic credibility, the social contract
between the people and our Army, and budgets. Let us look at each of the four challenges.
Battlefield Performance and Risk

There is no historical precedent for the current situation. President George W. Bush has said we will not
leave until victorious, but the Iraq Study Group-ten distinguished Americans-has concluded that Iraq
is "deteriorating," while General Peter Pace, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has said, "We're
not winning, but we're not losing.t'z No one knows when this war is going to end-or how-whether
satisfactorily or badly.

As we enter the fifth year of the war, a majority in Congress and in the opinion polls want our forces
substantially withdrawn, while acknowledging that the mission-leaving a stable, orderly, and
democratic Iraq protected by its own forces-has not been achieved. At the same time, the president,
with two years remaining as commander-in-chief, has not altered the mission, despite a widespread
be lief that his own political party will successfully force a mission change before the next presidential
election.
Page 20f 11

This is quite different from the Vietnam case, when President Richard M. Nixon took office in 1969
promising a strategy of American withdrawal. He easily won reelection four years later, in large part
because American ground forces were no longer fighting in Vietnam. In Iraq, the other shoe of
American politics-the public announcement of the withdrawal of most of our 140,000 American
troops-has not yet dropped.

General Pace has also said the war cannot be won militarily, let alone won by Americans. To judge by
our military performance, Pace 's words are accurate. "Clear, hold and build " has given way to "Control
Baghdad, withdraw from the front lines, increase the advisors, and turn operational control over to the
Iraqis." The plan seems to be for U.S. forces to keep a lid on the sectarian violence, especially in
Baghdad; train Iraqi security forces; and shift control of the Iraqi Army to Prime Minister Nouri al-
Maliki. Major General William Caldwell, the military spokesman in Iraq, said, "We should see the
complete transfer of command and control of all Iraqi Army divisions by late spring, early summer. '3

Mr. Maliki, however, has not behaved like a strong leader. Giving him more control over the armed
forces in order to bolster his confidence runs the risk of putting all eggs into a fragile basket. Because
this has been front-page news for months, including the deliberate leaks of explicit memos from the
White House, everyone understands that American units and advisors are conducting a holding action.
Winning is not an option, while the risk of a tragic end to the American involvement in Iraq is there for
all to see.

Indeed, the level of pessimism among the American policy-making elites, the Congress, and the press is
astonishing. Having visited with 15 U.S. and Iraqi units in September and October, I am a solid five on
a scale of one (disaster) to ten (success). In other words , the anecdotal evidence is confounding, and
there are no objective, countrywide measures for determining whether stability or civil war is more
probable.

The challenge is to inspire professional behavior in the face of strategic uncertainty and public
pessimism. In both Korea and Vietnam, the expectancies about combat performance changed as the
wars drew to a close . In 1953 in Korea, patrols were carefully plotted to minimize the chances of
anyone being snatched, and in 1970 in Vietnam, aggressive patrolling was frowned upon as the units
pulled out. We have not yet reached that demarcation point in Iraq, but it's coming fast. In this climate,
are Soldiers expected to behave with the same aggressiveness and risk-taking that they did when
attacking Baghdad in 2003?

In November, The New York Times ran a front-page Sunday story about a captain, frustrated by the
feckless Iraqi police, who said in essence that the job was to get the Soldiers home without losing
anyone else .s That created a stir across the military Internet, with one Marine general famous for his
combat ferocity and blunt words writing: "Suck it up."

Determining the balance between tactical aggressiveness and care for one 's Soldiers is tough at any
time. It becomes particularly challenging when every Soldier understands that Iraqi political leaders are
irresolute in confronting the Sunni insurgents and Shi'ite murderers, and that the American
congressional election has produced a landslide vote against the president's insistence on staying the
course.

There have been quiet changes of command in Iraq when patrolling has not been aggressive. Yet to
avoid casualties and kidnappings, our generals have issued blanket tactical restraints, such as always
wearing thirty pounds of armor and never leaving the wire with fewer than eight Americans or four
HMMWV s. In Iraq, our counterinsurgency doctrine-an exhortative taxonomy-emphasizes "non-

12/3/2007
NY TDIES
....S<
Page 3 of II

k~netics," and our rules of engagement are as strict as those governing the police in the States. In theory ,
higher commanders communicate their intent, leaving initiative and details of execution to their
subordinates. In reality, the higher command dictates force protection measures and investigates
continuously. Decentralized decision making is limited in order to reduce the chances of friendly
casualties.

In 2007, we 're about to bulk up our advisors to provide more combat experience on the streets, at the
point of battle. In terms of the disparity in self-protection equipment and firepower, there is, and will
-....... remain, a huge difference between the advisors and the Iraqi forces. This leads to a question about the
advisors' mission: Are the Iraqis expected to do as the advisors do , or as they say?

In December I received an e-mail from an advisor in a remote outpost, sent shortly after a suicide
bomber killed one of his men. The advisor wrote, "We don't want to stay in this town forever, but while
we're here we sure as hell believe we're going to fix the problem. There are too many irritants floating
around the terms 'winning or losing' and 'belief in the cause.' The job is hard and serious enough that
without total commitment to your unit, a belief in something larger than yourself, it would be easy to
cut comers, to take an extra hour or two of sleep, to slough the time inside the wire ... and your peers
would recognize it immediately and cast you out. Keegan said that infantrymen work for recognition
only by their peers. I agree with that."

A few days after I received that e-mail, the Associated Press ran a story about a unit that was 10 miles
and a thousand attitudes away: " We've been here for 12 months now and there's been no progress," an
American Soldier said. "It's like holding a child's hand, how long can you hold onto his hand before he
does something on his own. How much longer do we have to get shot at or blown up? I don't want to
live my life like this."5

We shouldn't drift into divergent interpretations of the mission and of aggressive versus force
protection tactics, as we did in Vietnam as the war ground down. How aggressive we expect our
battalions and advisory teams to be over the next two years requires explicit address. General George
W. Casey Jr., commander of the Multi-National Force-Iraq, meets with every American combat
battalion commander and staff. Undoubtedly Lieutenant General Odierno will do likewise. Across the
board , there should be one set of standards and expectations about aggressiveness for our battalions and
advisory teams. At Camp Fallujah, a sign reads, "Welcome to the fight!" Good on that command. That
has to be the spirit. Aggressiveness saves lives.

Strategic Credibility

However the war in Iraq ends, the American press, policymaking elite, and a majority of the public
have already concluded it was a failure. Facts don 't change attitudes, and the judgment against Iraq has
been rendered. Whether U.S. generals acted wisely in Iraq , or were as culpable as the civilian
policymakers, will be debated over the course of the next decade. Retired Army General Jack Keane, a
former vice chief of staff of the Army, told The New York Times, "There's shared responsibility here. I
don't think you can blame the civilian leadership alone."6

The subject of who erred in Iraq will be more divisive than Vietnam in one key respect: the military is
divided internally. After Vietnam, the military and those who served closed ranks, with 9S percent
proud of their service and an overwhelming majority believing the cause was noble.

12/3/2007

NY TIMES
Page 4 of 11

Unlike the South Vietnamese, the Iraqis have not fought doughtily, and many have expressed bitterness
against the United States . In areas where there is scant violence- most of the provinces-there is little
willingness to sacrifice for the country and no gratitude to America for bringing freedom. The religious
leader of the Shi'ites in Iraq, Ayatollah Sistani , is hugely influential in political matters and has met
with UN representatives, but he refuses to meet with an American official.

In Iraq, the ministr ies do not provide for their own troops. The feckless Iraqi politicians, divided by
sectarian loyalties and a society traumatized by decades of murderous tyranny, have been unable to
generate sustained competence and cadres of leaders. The consequence is that too many Iraqis look first
to taking care of family, then tribe, and then religious sect, with national loyalty a distant fourth in
priorities.

Al-Qaeda in Iraq, however, is real, evil, implacable, and dedicated to killing. A collapsed Iraq would
result in a wider, messier regional war. A defeat for the United States would be more than a national
humiliation; it would adversely affect trade, our economy, our domestic comity, and the willingness of
other nations to ally with us. Losing is not an option.

So what is the mission today? To train Iraqi security forces capable of restoring a modicum of enduring
stability. Whether this will be accompanied by a Western-style democracy or by a military controll ing
things behind the scenes, as was the case in Turkey and South Korea a few decades ago, remains to be
seen.

Highly respected generals like retired Marine Tony Zinni have criticized the policy that led to the war,
with the press providing a multiplex megaphone, while remaining silent about the military strategy for
fighting the war. Unfortunately, U.S. generals have not distinguished themselves in the four years that
have led to the current, minimalist mission of training indigenous soldiers to take over a job we defined
poorly and could not complete. In Desert Storm in 1991 , our generals basked in public adulation and
accepted it as their due. Modesty was not a trait to be found in the books, reviews, and ticker-tape
parades that followed the swift eviction ofIraqi forces from Kuwait.

After 9/11, U.S. Central Command seemed set on a second path of glory. Together with Secretary of
Defense Donald Rurnsfeld, General Tommy Franks was lauded for routing the Taliban. This was
followed by the impressive march to Baghdad in April 2003 . Franks retired and, like his predecessors,
Generals Norman Schwarzkopf and Zinni, wrote a best-selling memoir that distilled his military
wisdom.

That was the high-water mark for public adulation of generals. The iron rule of politics-and all
generals, like all senior executives, have polished political skills-is that courtiers boost winners and
eschew losers. As Iraq disintegrated in late 2003, the press began to distance itself from the generals it
had feted.

The press has begun to question the role of the generals in key decisions. General Franks concurred in
the White House decision to violate the principle of unity of command, agreeing it was proper to relieve
his deputy, Army retired Lieutenant General Jay Garner, as the director of the Office of Reconstruction
and Humanitarian Assistance in Iraq, and install Ambassador Paul Bremer. This shift established a
separate chain of command to the president, and gave Bremer authority to determine the mission and
budget of both the new Iraqi Army and the police . That was a terrible decision. Franks preached unity
of command, and concurred in its abolition.

In July 2003, General John Abizaid, who followed General Franks as the CENTCOM commander,
declared an insurgency had emerged in Iraq, yet permitted Combined Joint Task Force -7 (CJTF-7), the

NY TIMES
..,.56
Page 5 of 11

coalition military command in Iraq at that time , to flail around with unilateral offensive operations for
another year and a half. This ignored basic counterinsurgency doctrine. CJTF-7 and CENTCOM
ordered a Marine expeditionary force (MEF) to assault Fallujah in April 2004, overruling the
subordinate command 's protests. Then CENTCOM ordered the MEF to halt the attack when it was two
days from finishing the mission. The MEF then handed the city over to former Iraqi generals, who lost
control to Musab al-Zarqawi. In decid ing to hand over power to the Iraqi generals. the MEF consulted
with CENTCOM, but did not coordinate with Ambassador Bremer and the State Department, who
vociferously objected when they belatedly learned about the transfer of power inside Fallujah. There
was no glory in those military decisions.

The next year, 2005 , saw repeated offensive sweeps driving the insurgents from one city to another. In
Anbar Province, there were never enough troops for the mission. Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) announced
on TV that a senior general in Anbar told him he needed more U.S. forces. Yet CENTCOM, the Joint
Chiefs of Staff, and the command in Iraq all claimed they needed no more American troops. Hmm. This
is not a reflection of character; everyone makes mistakes. Senior officers adhere to a code of leadership
and honor that shou ld be emulated by those senior corporate executives who have made a virtue of
greed.

But there has been a systemic flaw that persists through today. In conventional war, the objective is 0
defea the enemy force. This lays the civilian population open to occupation, as in World War II, or
forces the enemy government to accept terms, as in World War I. Progress can be measured by terra in
taken or armies shattered. In an insurgency, those measures are misleading, and others must take their
place .

In Iraq, our military offered no set of measures to the public. So the press came up with its own: the
degree of daily violence, especially civilian deaths. In response, the military pointed to an ever-
increasing number of " trained' Iraqi forces, as the violence escalated. The result was that a large
portion of the press, the Congress, and the foreign policy community grew to doubt the wisdom and the
candor of the generals.

In 2003, maneuver warfare was brilliantly applied in the swift march to Baghdad. When the war shifted
to an insurgency, though, we persisted for 18 months with inappropriate maneuver warfare tactics. This
was Phase I: maneuver warfare inappropriately applied against insurgents.

Saddamists dire cted the Sunni insurgency in late 2003 and 2004 . Fonner army officers had the skills
and drew on a legion of disaffected youths galvanized by the seditious preachm ents of Sunni clerics
who gained power in the absence of local government. The American invaders were the target.
Simultaneously, al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) was targeting Shi'ite symbols and leadership.

By 2005, AQI was pushing aside the Saddamists and emerging as the bellwether among the diverse
insurgent cells . Under General Casey, the American combat battalions shifted to counterinsurgency,
aiming to win over and protect the Sunni population. Practically, this meant fewer heavy-handed
searches and raids and more attention to dialogue and civic works. The counterinsurgency FM issued in
December of2006 codified the changes that had evolved since early 2005. Every American battalion in
Iraq was practicing counterinsurgency. This was Phase II: counterinsurgency versus insurgents.

Underlying contradictions, though, were never resolved. A large majority of Sunnis wanted the
Americans to leave. They didn't want AQI taking over and imposing Taliban rule , yet they considered
it legitimate for the insurgents to kill Americans. The Americans were infidel invaders that had stripped
the Sunnis of power and handed it to the Shi 'ites who had been oppressed for centuries. AQI and
the "moderate" cells that called themselves "the honorable resistance" agreed that the Americans had to

NY T IMES
Page 6 of 11

be thrown out. The Sunn is had not accepted that they deserved to lose their power dominance, or that
the loss was permanent. For over 18 months , American official s have been meeting in Jordan with at
least seven insurgent group s that claimed to want reasonable terms, but rejected every offer. Obdurate
irrationality prolonged anti-American violence.

The U.S. did not succeed in Phase II. As of November 2006, General Abizaid said that Anb ar Province,
the stronghold of the insurgen cy, was "not under control. '7 By then, the American counterinsurgency
dictum of "clear, hold and build " had been overtaken by events. Beginning with the destruction of the
Samarra mosque in February 2006, the war had shifted into Phase III-sectarian violence that demands
the police techniques of identify , arrest, and imprison .

The Shi'ite death squads were retaliating with increasing ferocity in response to the merci less Sunni
suicide bombings . Faced with ethnic cleansing, mass murder, and chaos in Baghdad, U.S. troops were
rushed into the capital. But Prime Minister Maliki responded by declaring that Sadr City, the lair of the
death squads, was off-limits to U.S. units. This placed the American forces on the tactical defensive,
limited to patrolling and pinprick raids insufficient to quell the violence. Every day , the American press
corps in Baghdad reported score s of bodies found bound, tortured, and executed. The frustration of the
American public resulted in severe Republican losses in the midterm elections, followed by the
dismissal of the Secretary of Defense and publication of the Iraq Study Group report. The Group
recommended a huge increase in advisors, withdrawal in 2007 of U.S. combat units as conditions
permitted, and aid to the Iraq i Government dependent upon its meeting benchmarks of performance.

President Bush then declared he wou d adopt a new strategy. "The American people expect us to come
up with a new strategy to achieve the objective which I' ve been talking about," Bush said .s Any
comprehensive strategy has political as well as military components. But the press and the White
House-strange bedfellows-have given the rest of the U.S. Government a free pass in the war. Iraq' s
judicial system is broken, unemployment is enormous, and Maliki and the Shiites have to reconcile
with the Sunnis to substantially decrease the violence. These are political and economic missions. Yet
the State Department, AID, Department of Justice , and the rest of the U.S. Government never showed
up with an adequate , professional work force. In 2007 , it is incumbent on the White House to change
that.

The .S. military strategy must also change . Over the next year, most of the battle space will be handed
over to the Iraqi Army , with U.S. combat units pul ling back to be used more as quick reaction and
raiding forces against al-Qaeda in Iraq and death squads . American units are not going to continue to
occupy Sunni cities and try to win the support of the Sunni population or protect them from the
insurgents that were hiding in plain sight among them . Counterinsurgency is no longer central. The
primary task has shifted to training Iraqi security forces.

American forces face three tasks: 1) reduce the violence in Baghdad while gett ing control over the
police; 2) partner with the Iraqi Army in the Sunni Triangle, cut local deals with the tribes and stand up
the police; and 3) bring the advisory effort to the fore, increasing the numbers from 3,500 to 15,000.
The advisors must have a joint U.S.-Iraqi board to appoint the key Iraqi commanders and to relieve for
malfeasance. Lacking this leverage, our advisors risk their lives , but cannot affect the critical input:
Iraqi leadership . We must adap t our tactics to the new tasks . Our forces are not attriting the enemy in
firefights. The enemy has leamed not to engage Americans. I recently met with several squads of grunts
who were completing their second tours. Of 40 riflemen, abou t six or seven were fairly positive they
had shot an insurgent. The common reference for battling insurgents was "it's like fighting ghosts ."
Firepower isn't the answer because it canno t be applied.

About 20 percent of the effort of a combat brigade goes into raids, mostly at nigh t. These yield most of

NY TIMES
..,.5&
Page 7 of II

the results in terms of detainees. Eighty percent of the effort is devoted to self-protection and patrols,
patrols, patrols-most in partnership with Iraqi units. The initiative to engage, though , lies with the
enemy. We drive or walk by, and he chooses when and how to attack. Patrols keep a lid on the violence,
but do not change attitudes or the balance of the war. Patrols buy time. This is not a strategy; it is a
holding action.
Holding for what action, and by whom? The enemy has used the same tactics of mass sectarian murder-
by-suicide and intimidation-by-assassination for four years . The hard-core killers must be identified.
arrested, and put away for life. The war has passed through the counterinsurgent phase and into the
police phase.

The first tactical imperative is to identify the insurgent who hides in plain sight among the civilians .
Four years after the war began, we have no reliable means to identify insurgents in Baghdad or the
Sunni triangle. Our U.S . Border Patrol carries handheld PDAs that take a thumbprint of a pedestrian or
drive , send it over the radio, and inside two minutes have the individual's history on the screen . If t ere
is no prior data, the print is entered into the database. The procedure is simple, fast , and has an
acceptable success rate. We and the Iraqis conduct thousands of patrols and stop tens of thousands of
cars each day. If our forces were equ ipped with these PDA devices, all military-aged males in Baghdad
and the Sunni Triangle would be registered inside six months.

But in Iraq, our military-industrial complex has successfully fought every effort to introduce any such
simple fingerprinting system. The intelligence community, not known for conducting patrols, insists on
an elaborate, convoluted system called BATS-the Biometric Automated Toolset System. Every time
BATS falters, more money is heaved at it. Improvements have been slowly made , but the system is
reserved for Americans only , and run on computers cleared for sensitive data . So at the battalion level,
to include all Iraqi battalions and police stations, we go without the most basic tool of population
control: identification.

The Iraqi police arrest practically no one. One in every 318 Americans is in jail for violent crimes; one
in 869 Iraqis is in an Iraqi jail for committing a crime or for insurgency. The United States holds
another 14,000 in Iraq. Added together, one in 719 Iraqis is in jail-two to three times less than in the
United States . Yet the chances of a civilian being killed in Iraq are 21 times greater than in the United
States, and 43 times greater if you are in the security forces in Iraq.
Iraq is holding fewer prisoners than Saddam released in late 2002 , when he opened the jail gates and let
loose tens of thousands of criminals that society had incarcerated over the decades. Today , eight out of
ten detainees walk free-and they are paid $6 a day for their inconvenience.

By 1969, South Vietnam had 40,000 guerrillas in Kho Tang Island and other prisons. Adjusting for
differences in population, to match that Iraq should have in prison at least 60,000, rather than the
14,000 it does have. The reason we are not affecting the enemy is because we let him go. The "catch
and release program" is frustrating to American and Iraqi Soldiers in Iraq; the farcical ' rule of law" aids
and abets the insurgents and death squads. This war is going to drag on unnecessarily because our
senior commanders, military and civilian, do not understand that the war effort is being systematically
undercut by not arresting and imprisoning insurgents and death squad members for the duration of the
conflict. The greatest single defect-and it may be mortal-in the effort to restore stability is the refusal
of the Iraqi and American systems to imprison the criminals, insurgents, and death squad members .
Sending more U.S. troops into Baghdad and letting the death squads walk free makes no sense. If you
cannot identify the insurgent, and you are on the tactical defensive waiting for him to shoot, and you
cannot imprison him when you do arrest him, you are not going to prevail. And that 's a military reality,
not an economic or political one.

So how do we prevail? We don't Our troops keep a lid on the violence until the Iraqi Shi'ite leadership

NY TIMES
Page 8 of 11

reaches a political agreement with the SUIUlis, who in turn essentially cease to support the insurgents or
kill al-Qaeda in Iraq. In other words, our strategy is for someone else to implement a strategy.

The United States does not control the centra l actors in Iraq. We are like a powerful trader in a volatile
market faced with alternative trading models. General Abizaid and President Bush are doubling-down
their bet on Maliki. He has been weak so far, and by putting in more U.S. troops and ceding him more
control over Iraqi forces , they are betting he will improve.

The Iraq Study Group took the opposite tack . They recommended tying U.S. assets to the market
performance . If the market met expected benchmarks, add assets . If it underperformed, reduce the
assets.

So where are we headed? Down two tracks: the one is the development, under American advisors, of
the Iraqi security forces ; the other is the emergence of a responsible Iraqi Government. Gene ral Abizaid
has assured the Congress that Maliki will move against the Shi' ite militias and emerge as a true leader
by February, March, or April 2007. It may be that Maliki is on the verge of a character-altering
epiphany. But if Maliki is incapable of moving against the militias or effecting reconciliation, Bush will
face the choice of sticking with a failed democracy the United States created, or tolerating a behind-the-
scenes power play by a fed-up Iraqi military.

Four years ago, al-Qaeda in Iraq did not exist. But it does now, and it's damn dangerous. Due to our
own fecklessness, Zarqawi took over Fallujah in the summer of 2004, and it took a bloody battle to
expel him. His successor cannot be allowed to set up a sanctuary in another city and impose Taliban-
like rule. We must be prepared to let Maliki fail, and we must not fail with rum. We are training Iraqi
troops to be the cement holding Iraq together in place of Americans. We shou ld hedge our bet and leave
open a government model like South Korea or Turkey in the ' 60s and ' 70s-both emerging
democracies with weak national assemblies and strong armies that insured order prevailed.

Beyond Iraq, one long-term result from this confusing war is clear: the combatant commanders have
lost power. For over a decade after the Goldwater-Nichols Act, the theater commanders were called
Commanders in Chief, or CINCs , and they had authority independent of the Joint Chiefs and
Washington . General Franks, for instance , delighted in the story of calling the Joint Chiefs "Title X m-
rs" and recounting how they responded after his seemingly victorious march to Baghdad in April 2003
by taking off their blouses to reveal purple T-shirts with the same words emb lazoned.

This act of self-deprecation and homage marked the apex of the bureaucratic power of the theater
commanders. In the next conflict, the Joint Chiefs will yield no such deference to the strategic decisions
of anyone commander. Neither will the press, the Congress, or the public.
The Social Contract

All is not healthy within the body politic. Given the Desert Storm victory in 1991 and the march to
Baghdad in 2003, the press expected swift victory and were not cautioned otherwise. Since 2003, the
mainstream press has relentlessly featured front-page stories of gore and chaos in Iraq. It is not the scale
of the violence that is affecting public attitudes: 58,000 American Soldiers died in Vietnam, compared
to about 3,000 deaths to date in Iraq. Rather, the polls suggest that public morale is sapped by years of
effort without demonstrable progress.

How Iraq will tum out is problematic: no Iraqi soldier or cop dares go home in uniform. A government
is not in charge when its security forces must hide their identity.

Ifhistory is a guide, even dramatic improvement in Iraq will not tum around the negative impression

NY TIKES
Page 9 of 11

now held by a majority of Americans. As I said earlier, facts don 't change attitudes, and that 's
especially true when egos and reputations are attached. We ve seen it before. In the early years (1965-
1967) of the Vietnam War, the U.S. high command in Saigon was so unremittingly optimistic in
shaping every report that the press referred to the daily press briefing as "The Five 0' Clock Foll ies."
The military had lost credibility.

Nevertheless, the press did credit General Creighton Abrams with the success his counterinsurgency
campaign achieved. In 1969, I took a public bus to visit a district 15 miles south of Da ang in Quang
am Province; today, there is no wayan American will take a bus in Iraq. But the popular histories of
the Vietnam War stopped with the dreadful strategy of General Will iam Westmoreland. Abrams s
dogged, successful pacification campaign from ' 68 to ' 70 became a codicil to a foregone conclusion
foretold by journalists who became part of the story. David Halberstam 's The Best and the Brightest,
Neil Sheehan's A Bright Shining Lie, Robert N. McNamara's self-justifying memoirs, and other fabled
accounts essentially ended at Tet '68. The rest of the war became a journalistic footnote.

The same will be true of Iraq . To read the mainstream press, Iraq had shattered irreparably by the end of
2006 . Tomorrow can bring only further descent into bloody civil war and chaos. That's the storyline
upon which editors have staked the ir reputations, and if Iraq calmed down and achieved the violence
level of California, there would still remain enough mayhem to continue calling the country a mess.
There will be no Iraq ending that causes Democrats and Republicans, journalists and politicians alike to
acknowledge that the war enhanced long-term national security.

Because America has tuned out the war, it has left dangling what it expects of its Soldiers. Unlike
Vietnam, the vast majority of citizens respect the individual Soldiers and the military as an institution.
Lurking behind that respect, though, there is more pity for the Soldiers serving in Iraq than pride or a
sense of shared commitment and sacrifice. Iraq is not accepted as the nation's burden to resolve. The
White House and the mili tary high command bungled that by assuming a quick victory that did not
require demanding a commitment by the public at large.

By the fifth year of fighting, the prevailing popular attitude seems to be, "Oh you poor Soldiers, you 're
away from home too long, and you risk being killed or wounded." Many, including retired generals, are
opposed to the mission in Iraq, but support the Soldier, who does believe in his mission. This creates a
contradiction that is alleviated by saying, in essence, " Well, do your duty , but don't take undue risks."

The unspoken social contract between the people and the Soldier has changed, at least temporarily .
Duty , obedience, and separation from fami ly are expected of the Soldier, but valor-risking one's life-
is not publicly esteemed. The press attaches valor to names from past wars -Murtha, Kerry , Webb-
when there is a political agenda. Acts of astonishing bravery in Iraq pass with scant notice.

War means taking the risk of dying in order to kill the enemy. The price of courage, in turn, is
casualties. Both the public and our armed forces have become accustomed to comparatively low risk
and few casualties, while inflicting comparatively little damage. To carry over such public expectations
against a future enemy would be disastrous.

Holding forth uncommon courage as the common virtue must remain the watchword of those who
choo se to serve. But in America, bile about Iraqi policy has lessened praise for valor, lest it be taken as
endorsement of the policy. We must publicly salute courage if we expect it to remain a core American
value. As the poet W.H. Auden once wrote, " Teach the free man to praise." The new secretary of
defense has a chance to turn the public climate around by routinely singling out the valorous. The press
will pick up the signal.

NY TIMES
Page 10 of 11

Strategy and Budgets

Supporting the annual operations in Iraq and Afghanistan consumes $90 billion while the escalating
costs of education and health care, combined with infrastructure repairs too long deferred demand the
attention of legislators. The Defense budget is a competition among the services under a fixed ceiling
that is too low and unlikely to rise.

How the military and the Office of the Secretary of Defense reach budgetary agreement is an arcane art,
but it is related to strategy. Three strategies are competing for funds. The first is the high-tech, standoff-
strike model, an example of which is the 80-days 1999 bombing campaign to inflict economic pain and
force Serbia to withdraw from Kosovo. This strategy has the decided advantages of zero casualties and
few boots on the ground. It focuses upon "near peer competitors" (read China) and by itself can devour
the entire defense budget.

Second, the Navy, underfunded in shipbuilding, has initiated a well-publicized national campaign
(funded by wealthy donors to the Naval War College Foundation) to construct a new maritime strategy .
In the ' 80s, Navy Secretary John Lehman unveiled an anti-Soviet maritime strategy that the Reagan
administration embraced, leading to a sharp increase in the Navy budget. The current effort will result
in a thoughtful document with influential support.

The third strategy entails fighting the long war against Islamic extremists plus having sufficient forces
and equipment to hedge against land wars requiring hundreds of thousands of American Soldiers (e.g.,
another war in Korea).

\All three strategies have putative validity, and so funding will be spread among them. Ground forces
for the long war are in trouble, though, because emotional reaction to the Iraq imbroglio will cloud
judgments about funding. After Saigon fell, the Congress cut Army and Marine funding , prompting
then-Secretary of Defense James R. Schlesinger to claim that the cuts " were deep, savage and
arbitrary." President Ford then fired Schlesinger, and the cuts held amidst an atmosphere of ennui that
persisted for several years.

Given a defense budget hurtling toward a train wreck, strategic choices have to be made. Political
distaste for Iraq will severely affect the long -term funding of the Army and Marine ground forces unless
there is forceful, respected military leadership that articulates a coherent strategy. The Army and
Marines should replicate the Navy model and not make separate pitches based on weapons systems.
Land forces need a general-General Casey or Petraeus leap to mind, but there may be others-who
has a vision that acknowledges mistakes, incorporates lessons from Iraq, and moves beyond that
belabored country.

Summary

Four lessons from Iraq are clear. First , senior military leaders in Iraq should convey a common set of
expectations about aggressive mission behavior for the duration of this politically divisive war. Second,
we have to evaluate our military performance with candor, and not copy the politicians who refuse to
acknowledge error-no one gets through life, war , or a football game without a lot of mistakes. Iraq is a
police war and the American and Iraqi systems are not identifying, arresting, and imprisoning at rates
guaranteed to shorten and perhaps win the war. That these errors, acknowledged throughout the ranks ,
go uncorrected year after year tarnishes the reputations of our generals. Third, the social contract

NY TIMES
-,
Page 11 of 11

between the Soldier and the American public needs to be restored . The new secretary of defense should
go out of his way to reaffirm the virtue of valor and urge the press and Congress to do the same.
Courage, Aristotle said, is the virtue that makes all other virtues possible. As a nation, we have
forgotten that. Fourth, the competition for defense resources is going to be fierce. To lessen the
budgetary cuts that follow after an unpopular war, a credible general officer must articulate a
convincing strategy for land forces . MR

I. Thorn Shanker, " U.S. Genera l Discusses Goa ls of His Rerum to Iraq," New York Times, 20 November 2006 .
2. "Armed Services Committee Confirmation Hearing for Defense-Secretary Nom inee Robert Gates," 5 December 2006. In the hearing,
Armed Services Committee Chairman John Warner, R-VA. remarked that General Peter Pace had to ld members at a private luncheon
that "we' re not winning, but we 're not losing [in Iraq)."
3. Major General William Caldwell , "Iraq Operational Update Briefing: ' Multi-National Force-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq,S December 2006.
4 Kirk emple, "Captain' s Goal: Bring Her Soldiers Home," New York Times, 19 November 2006.
5. Will Weissert. "U.S. Troops in Insurgent Stronghold Welcome Plans for Change," New York Times, 6
December2006.onJineat<hnp:l!www .boston .com/oewsllocal/connect icutJartictesl2006/ 12/06/us_troops_ in_ insurgent_stronghold_welcome
Jl lans_foU:hangel?rss_id=Boston.com+%2 F+News>.
6. David S. Cloud and Eric Schmitt, "More Retired Generals Call for Rumsfeld's Resignation." New York Times, 14 April 2006.
7. General John Abizaid testifying before the Senate Armed Services Committee, 15 November 2006.
8. White House News Conference with Pres ident George Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair, 7 December 2006.

NY TD5ES
From: MAJ MNFI STRATEFF I
Sent: Wednesday. January 31, 2007 3:42 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: [UNCLASSIFIED} RE: Assistance for tomorrow

Attachments: Optimized 01 MEDIA BRIEF 10 JAN 07.ppt

Optimized OI
lEDIA BRIEF 10 JA..
Classification : UNCLASSIFIEO/ /FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY

Sorry so late . Been wrapped up in the big Presser for this week.

Here is the slide packet on Ramadi for distro . It is from 1/1 AD.

-- - - -Original Message-- - - -
From : OSD PA [mailto :
Sent : Wednesday, January 31 , 2007 9 :10 PM
To: MAJ AFN-lRAQ Station Manaaer : AFIS-HQ/IC
ce . MAJ MNFI STRATEFF; MNFI STRATEFF cnMM~ nTV MnC" ·
Ma; OSO PA; CNTR MNFI STRATEFF; CIV MNFI
STRATEFF; CTR OSD PA ; Merritt , Roxie, AFIS-HQ; CTR OSO PA;
AFIS -HQ/IC
Subject : RE: [UNCLASSIFIED) Assistance for tomorrow

hi major ,
happy to help set up the calls for you. i 've copied a few other people on this message , as
s'tftXTl;!H} ->--, " :_M~'" ···tTR eSD PA;UMerritt , Roxie , AFIS-HQ; CTR OSO PA;
. AFIS -HQ/IC
SUb ject : RE : [UNCLASSIFIED) Assistance for tomorrow

hi major,
happy to help set up the calls for you. i've copied a few other people on this message, as
they will deal directly with the groups .

all, see note below regarding schedule for tomorrow. please note that this is all
tentative until we get the final go-ahead this afternoon .

roxie l
can you have your team set up a call with the mil bloggers?? and then "reply all" with
dial in info??

please see if vfw and al are avail for tomorrow, on short notice ...

i wi ll send out a save the date to the retired mil analysts and set up the call-in # so
that we 're ready to go once we get the f inal word.

major, another group you may consider is the civilian defense experts (think tanks, policy
wonk folks). they are also a key group to keep in the loop . can help set that up if
a time can be squeezed in?
thanks , all

here is the most up-to-date timeline for tomorrow 's engagements :

MG Caldwell:
0700 -0800 AM ET- Media BaCkgrounder in Baghdad 0800-0830 AM ET - Defense Analysts- Call in
from ePIC 0830-0900 AM ET- Military Bloggers- Call in from CPIC 0900-0930 AM ET- VSO
engagements
-----Oriainal Mes~~~e-----
From: MAJ AFN-lRAQ Station Manager [mailto :
Sent : Wednesdav . .i>tnuary 31, 2007 6:43 AM
To : OSD PA
Cc: MAJ MNFI STRATEFF ; MNFI STRATEFF COMMS DIV MOC,
Maj OSD PA; CNTR MNFI STRATEFF; CIV MNF I
STRATEFF
Subject : [UNCLASSIFIED] Assistance for tomorrow

Class1fication : UNCLASSIFIED

I will be handling the bookings on this end for tomorrow, reference the Defense Annalists ,
VFW , Mil 8loggers and VSO engagements . Of course , this is all predicated on the fact that
we are a go .. which we won 't know until no earlier than 1500 your time there
today . . Anyway, here's the proposed schedule that I need you to push to the DA 's , VFW and
VSO (All times are Eastern) :

-0830 : Defense Annalists wi MG Caldwell- Will need call-in number , attendees

-0900: Military Bloggers wi MG Caldwell- will need call -in number, attendees

-0830-0930: Either VSO followed by VFW or vice versa . . . wl RDML Fox . . Bluf: Either way if
fine about ~ hour each .

I am coordinating for National Radio engagements for both (MG Caldwell and RDML Fox ) prior
to these engagements . . . so t h e schedule is pretty inflexible . Please let them know we are
in need of their support on that . Here's the full schedule for both (T ) of course:

MG Caldwe ll :

6 :00 -7 :00 AM ET - Preooer

0700-0745 AM ET- Arabic Media Stand -ups here in Baghdad

MG caldwell :

6:00 -7:00 AM ET - Preooer

0700-0745 AM ET- Arabic Media Stand -ups here in Baghdad

0805 -0825 AM ET- National Radio Engagements (x 2) - Networks TBD

0830-0855 AM ET- Defense Annalists- Call in from ePIC

0900-0925 AM ET- Mi~itary Bloggers- Cal l in from CPIC

RDML Pox:

0700-0755 AM EST - Nationa l Radio Engagements (x 2 )- Networks TBD

0800-0815 AM EST- AFN-Iraq Interview ( l o c a l) in studio

0830-0930 AM EST- VFW and VSO engagements (Order on availability)

.Note AFN Interview can be cancelled if VFW I VSo have to fil l that time . That 's so~ewhat
flexible .

Anyway , al l contingent upon Presser approval . Please touch base with me to let me know
that you and I are tracking this. Need your help getting these folks on board.

Break. . because of the late nature of the decision for this to go or not I am
going to need your help, maybe , in getting the nationals for MG Caldwell and RDML Fox. . I
will let you know after my first stab at them this afternoon my time .. More to follow. I'm
looking at CNN and AP for MG Caldwell , and CBS, and Fox for the RDML.

Ok . . thanks all.

MAJ
National Media Outreach

MNF - I , Baghdad

Classification : UNCLASSIFIED
If this e-m~il ia marked FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY it may be exempt from mandatory disclosure
under FOIA. 000 5400 .7R, "0 0 0 Freedom of Information Act Program" , 000 Directive 5230 .9,
"Clearance of DoD Information for Public Release", and 000 Instruction 5230.29, "Security
and Policy Review of 000 Information for Public Release" apply.

Classif ication: UNCLASSIFIED//FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY If this e-mail is marked FOR OFFICIAL
USE ONLY it may be exempt from mandatory disclosure under FOIA. 000 5400.7R , "000 Freedom
of Information Act Program" , 000 Directive 5230.9 , "Clearance of 000 Information fo::-
Public Release", and 000 Instruction 5230.29, "Security and Policy Review of 000
Information for Public Release" apply.
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c. ' "-
..,
~

!
..:.
• EXISTING COPs . ;~ • : « '::.
' .'

• NEW COPs

, . Degree of AIF
Inhabitation

;...
,'.
-' .,. .

.... :"'7
',:'- :::": ' : ..
, 4 •

'~ :

tr:
"1.. : ':~ .
-" ~,.-;:,., . . . ,
f

'l"-"s.~ .. ,~ ., .
" 01.. " "", '..' .
: ~~i<~ ..~ . .v~. f'
~ ~;":-: .. .
'"tz.,.: : ,
."" ,~. . ., ~

ASOF 10 JAN 07 9
NY TIMES
....,.
NY TIMES
UNCLASSIFIED

~
ti
RAMADI ATMOSPHERICS'l2
.~l:'
::: ' ~~'- ~
'#'# '"'1%"2:..... .. ) ,; .•. of '.... ' . ,

i'
~

- AQIZ Murder and Intimidation campaign to control the population has back-fired,
angering many local Sheikhs
- Sheikhs join the 8ahawat AI Anbar (AI Anbar Awakening) and begin to support Iraqi
Police recruiting efforts
- 8ahawat AI Anbar (SAA) is participating in Provincial Government. 8 new
Provincial Council Representatives
- Governor's new assistant (NOV06) (8AA member) is involved in day to day
operations at Government Center
- Population recognizes that AQIZ has no nationalistic motivation, only financial and
ideological
- People of Ramadi asked us to enter the 17t h Street district
- Human intelligence reporting has increased
- Majority of people In Ramadi see us as friends, not enemy (Kuwat Sadaqa-Friendly
Forces)

ASOF 10 JAN 07 Ready First/ 12


UNCLASSIFIED

~
~ ~ I
MISSION
Eitrfii ntos " t ~
15rn

Beginning 11 June 06, RFCT partners with


ISF and conducts combined COIN
operations in AO TOPEKA to neutralize AI F
lOT set the conditions for transfer of security
operations to ISF lead and to support
transfer of governance to provincial control.

I ASOF 10 JAN 07 Ready First!-- 13


;;
UNCLASSIFIED

~
.;
CAMPAIGN OVERVIEW ~Y ;;~ :;;: ;:j: ''' ' ' '' ' • • t: ,~ l;'''' ' '. ... '

a
( I)
JIBe sociable with them that will be sociable and be formidable with them that will not."
Thomas Hobbes (1588 - 1679)
ISOLATION I DENY SANCTUARY I ISF TRANSITION OPS

LL

-
U)

>-
to-
~
:::»
o
w
en
o
:E
o
~: . ,:!..:.-'( :".(~;~~:-,~. ~ '~::: ' . :-t
" ., .. ,
,.....;.?i?
;.: .' :"'- 7\.-'
' I$ ~.-l :~~ \ r . . .....
t.:::l •
... - .-. /
.!,
:,,~ ,,~pfov.lnclal, and
'.' :
:national government:
. . I. ' 1 l~" ", •

i
AS OF 10 JAN 07 ===============Ready First! == 14
UNCLASSIFIED

~ AIF ATTACK TRENDS IN AO TOPEKA


Ioi y.
..:c i.:il1):\i~- ~ . ... "

a
en ... IRAQ STUDY GROUP INDICATES SITUATION IN IRAQ IS "GRAVE AND
DETERIORATING"; HOWEVER CONDITIONS IN RAMADIINDICATE OTHERWISE
... DIRECT CONTACT (COMPLEX) ATTACK CAPABILITY IS DWINDLING
... MOST COMMONLY USED WEAPON FOR AIF REMAINS lED ATTACKS. THESE,
ALTHOUGH DISRUPTIVE, ARE ALSO MOSTLY INEFFECTIVE
AIF INDIRECT FIRE IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DAILY ATTACK MAXIMUM # FIGHTERS PER
ATTACKS DEVICE ATTACKS AVERAGES COMPLEX ATTACK
A

Jll. IE Jut DEC JUL DEC Jut (E

DOWN DOWN DOWN DOWN


• l·. •
48% ...
f~~Jj..~.; ~~J':':' . \ _ ' rl
" . 51% ,
........:....~ •.:.Jo'_...... ~~...~ IlIo.l..~,~......,. t:!~~ . •I':';."
'.
.,;;,,-r ","'- :;.<.:!.:: ,~~v~",~.;:.~.:.,~,.:.::. i~ . . ,.52%
.
.. ....
:.:i )i~~·~,t .~~~~ , :. ~ ~, -~

~
. AS OF 10 JAN 07
=====:x=========:x:====
=
&iiiiiIIiii5i_ 15
"" .. .... ~ ..

c.o
,...,
s:: e
."
.....
/
e
0
~
J!
en
e
0
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0
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e
0
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'u;
0
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en
c.
0
c
0
+:i
'w II
c. .1!
C) en
a:
C)
0
0-
s C)
0
Q.
c:: a. c:: c
+: +:: 9: +:s :$
en ~ tI)
~ tI)
~
';C Q) ';C Q) ';C Ql
W Z W Z W z
D i.
11{/,l~
t::-"' •

,
. t'• . ,
J .
'\ ; :'

NY TIMES
UNCLASSIFIED

~
ti
H
15
to

'..
1

~~

Existing IP Station
New IP Station
Existing IP Position
New IP Position
Existing IA Position
New IA Position
New ERU Position
New Neighborhood
Watch Station

i ==--17
UNCLASSIFIED

~
"i
IRA I POLICE IN RAMADI ."fa; itV." ;;l+
a
en • IP RECRUITING IN JAN061N THE GLASS FACTORY WAS ATTACKED BY A SUICIDE BOMBER

• PREVIOUS UNIT CONTINUE D IP RECRUITING IN THE GLASS FACTORY IN APRil AND MAY06 DESPITE
PREVIOUS ATTACK, RESULTING IN LIMITED SUCC ESS

• JUN06 THE RFCT MOVED RECRUITING TO BLUE DIAMOND

• JUl06 RFCT HEAVY TRIBAL ENGAGEMENT BEGAN


• SEP06 TRIBAL " DONOR FATIGUE" WAITING FOR IP TRAINEES TO RETURN FROM JORDAN

• DEC06 RFCT RECRUITED THE FI~ST ERU RECRU ITS FOR JORDAN (OVER 400)
• DEC06 AO TOPEKA IP FORCE FORMALLY ADDS ANOTHER 700 IP (-350/SHIFT) i

~
100 .. , 1300 \I
900
90 ~. "-.-1% AUTH I- ::tJ
800 1100 rn
700 '#. 80 ~PFD/SHIFT ~ ., m
70 . . . I. .~ z
600
}> . 900 -f
~ 60 ~ ."
0
500
400
5 50 . // . • 700 ::tJ
~ 40 ~ 0
500 c-f
300 ~ 30 ~
200
100
o 20
10 ".
~
300 -
-<
CJ)
~
0 1" - , - , - , - , o T I I
,.., 100 "Tl
-i
APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC CD CD CD CD CD CD CD
0 0 0 0 0 oo 0 0

Over 2500 IP/ERU Recruited Since 11 JUN 06


-- - - -- --.... -- -- --
0
N
CD
N
0
('of
CD
N
t::
0
('of
US
('of
co
0
N
CD
N
0
('of
co
N
('of
CD
N
0
N
CD
N
0
N
CD
N
.....
CD
.... ....
0) 0 ..... N

ASOF 10 JAN 07 Ready First! ~' 1 8


~
UNCLASSIFIED

~
ti
AO TOPEKA CERP TRENDS ~ ' ~I o;-..... ~ , .;. _.-L.. . .._ ~ ; .

i
tJ)

CERP PROJECTS
A - - . .- - - - - - - - - - - -.- - - -- - - - - - - - - - -.

35

30

25

20

15

10

0
JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC
10 TOTAL PROJECTS STARTED. TOTAL PROJECTS COMPLETED 0 $ X 100,000 OBLIGATED. $ X 100,000 SPE_~T I

AS OF 10 JAN 07 Ready First! - 19


UNCLASSIFIED

~
Ii
BRIGADE CMO EFFORT ... """ ~ , ...,..... .. . ".: .. ... . ,,
:

a
tn
RAMADI GENERAL HOSPITAL GOVERNMENT CENTER
Delivered: Task
• Medical supplies (WHO) ~: . s.
... .. • Level designated buildings
• Fuel
..
,~~ ~
<~~ ~; ... • Remove rubble
• Oil • Beautify area
In-work:
• 2x1 .25MW Gen inbound Purpose
• CME used to vector • Improve security around
patients to RGH Government Center
• Demonstrates resolve of
Negotiating $6.5million Provincial Government
NGO rehabilitation project
Upon negotation, will
Primary health care for AI transition to contractor
Anbar (1.3 million Iraqis)

KABEERWTP RAMADI P'OWER GENERATION


POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION
• $1.4 Million ~x1.25MW 16x1.25 MW generators
Generators: at TQ, install ETA repair and connection into
30 NOV the Ramadi power grid.

WTP RENOVATION POWER DISTRIBUTION


• $1.5 Million rehabilitation $1.25 Million Electric
• $2 Million Distribution BOM Distribution BOM

Provide reliable water to -80% Effectively doubles grid


of Ramadi power available
/

ASOF 10 JAN 07
===============Ready Firstl 20
UNCLASSIFIED

~
~
MANEUVER INTEGRATED CA ..'Coo. ... • 't ••• ~> ~ . W " A :-' l. •, ' -" ... ..

Ii
~
• TF Seizes Terrain to Establish COP
CA involved in planning process
CA Team assists with seizing homes and displacing
civilians
IDPs
CERP-C
CREST
• TF Establishes COP and Begins to Project Combat
Power
Establish Iraqi-CMOC w/in 36 hours
• Continued CREST process
• CERP-C Claims
Mitigation
Joint patrols with ISF
Mentor ISF in CMO and Leadership Engagement
• Census
• Assessment
• Goodwill items
- Water
- Generators
- Sugar, etc.
Coordination between CF/ISF and Municipal and Local
Leaders .
Repair of damaged Infrastructu re
• Town hall meetings
• Transition to "Gated Communities"
CME
Jobs programs
Fuel distribution
Economic development zones
Microloans
Improved infrastructure

ASOF 10 JAN 07
~
UNCLASSIFIED

~
~
CF CMO MENTORING OF I$F ~:; '-
_'- ' . ' . ,.. - ,. . -_', ' f5g@'ii£m __n:;sm j::::::=:% ....,_"" m w l '
~
=
t:/)

• Transition of CMO to ISF ":,,'


responsibility as a "function of ..
..~ .'
.,'1:..
:
. 1" .
..
~

command" J:~:~ ' 1

Enable ISF to take comprehensive


responsibility for the Iraqi citizens
in their AO

- Mentoring CA/CMO concepts to ISF


• Joint CF/ISF missions (above) BGen Razak and OG of Sewer
(below) ISF use CMO mission to pass
• CMO-centric ISF missions
community information to citizens
• Key Leadership Engagement 1 _ ......'' ' ' - '

Iraqi-CMOC operations
• CERP Projects
• Venue for ISF/citizenry interaction
• Claims/CREST
• Municipal coordination and
deconfliction

AS OF 10 JAN 07 Ready First! · 22


! "

:
"
"
.
,
....
:'
.~ :":. .

~ i.
l i:,-,
I r ",
r"

NY TIMES
From: Grange , David
Sent: Wednesday. January 31,-2007 11:25 AM
To: OSDPA
Subject: Re: Gen Petraeus follow up

Thanks , enjoyed it

- - - -- o r i g i n a l Message - - - --
From : OSO PA <
Sent : Wed Jan 31 10 :20 :15 2007
Subjec t: Gen Petraeus follow up

Gentlemen ,
Thank you aga in for joining us for this morning 's roundtable with General Petraeus. As
referenced during the meeting , please find attached the transcr ipt of his testimony before
the Senate Armed Services Committee.

In addition , Colonel Steve Boylan i s General Petraeus' s Chief of Strategi c Communicat ion.
He can be reached at: He wil l keep that address while i n the
sand box .

Please let me know i f there is anything else we can do for you .


Have a great day,

Public Affairs
Office of t h e Secretary of Defense

Public Affairs
Office of t h e Secretary of Defense
Page 1 of 1

From:
Sent: Wednesday, January 31,200711 :03 AM
To: OSD PA;
SUbJect: participant list
Attachments: ·Iist osd liaison 172.doc

Today's participant list is attached.

Any questions give us a call .

Thanks
To:
nate: Wednesday. January 31. 2007 8.45 AM Eastern
E-Mail Address: On file
Company Name: OSD
Host's Name: & Gen. Patralus
Conference Name: OSD /PA Liaison 172 (8:45A) Analyst
Conference Title: "Analyst"

Participant Information

I. Ci *••
2. C/Gen . Petraeus •••
3. Wayne Downing NBC
4. Wayne Simmons Fox News
5. General Grainge Army
From: OSDPA
Sent: weonesuav. Januarv 31,200710:57 AM
To:
Subject: RE: Simmons

hi wayne, glad you could join us .. . the pictures from the luncheon were actually sent out
weeks ago! yikes. i can't believe you haven 't gotten them. i had my admin asst send them
to :

is that the right address???


if not, let me know where to send them and i ' l l get extra copies made . sorry you didn 't
get them .. .
thanks

-----Oriainal Messaae- -- - -
From: [mailto :
Sent: Wednesdav. January 31, 2007 10:05 AM
To : OSD PA
Subject: Simmons

Thanks. Great meeting . I really wish I had been there to meet the General . Next time.
BTW- Any chance of get ting the photos of the luncheon with SecRumsfeld? Take care .
Wayne

Check out the new AOL <http://pr .atwola.com/p~omoclk/161S326657x4311227241X4298082137/aol?


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.. ...-
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_ ~

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redir=http\3A\2F\2Fwww\2Eaol\2Ecom\2Fnewaol> . Most comprehensive set of free safety and
security tools, free access to millions of high-quality videos from across the web, free
AOL Mail and more.
From: Boylan , Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM I
Sent: Tuesdav, January 30 , 2007 1:23 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RE : tomorrow's roundtable

Hi

On y ou r questions .

At t hi s point , expect to be background . Onc e he gets there and opens up , he will


deter mi ne at that point. He very wel l may go back and forth as that i s h i s style .

He h a s been Confirmed .

He will be promoted the day he t a ke s command of MNF -I.

We are planning for beg inning next week. Not sure the date has been released as yet.

Steve

STEVEN A. BOYLAN
COL , AV
Chief , St r a t e g i c Communication
Combined Arms Center
Ft . Leavenworth . Kansas 6602 7
Comm:
DSN :
http : / /www .leavenworth .army .mi l /
---- -Original Message---- -
From: OSD PA [mailto :
Sent: Tuesday , January 30 , 2007 11 :18 AM
To: Boy lan , Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM
Ss~ .Bal lesteros , Mark J LTC OSD PAj Vician, Todd M LtCol OSO PA
http: / /www .leavenworth.army .mi l /
- -- --Original Message--- - -
From : OSD PA [mailto :
Sent : Tuesday , January 30 , 2007 11:18 AM
To: Boy lan , Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM
Cc : Bal lesteros , Mark J LTC OSO PAj Vician, Todd M LtCol OSO PA
Subject : RE: tomorrow 'S roundtable

sir , thanks . call in will be and ask to be joined to the ana lyst call.

a couple of questions that have come up:


i s he willing to do any of the session on the record?
has he been confi~med?
when does he pin on? (has he already? )
when will you depart?

i think that should cover it .


thanks much ,

-- -- - Or i gin al Message - - - - -
From : Boylan , Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM
[mailto
Sent : Tuesdav, January 30, 2007 11 :30 AM
To : OSD PA
Subject : RE: tomorrow's roundtable

No slides and they will get him to the right location . Can you send me the phone
number/code to dial in so that I can listen in as well.
All is set.

Thanks,

Steve

STEVEN A. BOYLAN
COL, AV
Chief, Strategic Communication
Combined Arms Center
Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas 66027
CELL :

From : OSO PA [mailto:


Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 2007 6:29 AM
To: Boylan, Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM
Subject : tomorrow's roundtable

hi sir ,

wanted to give you a ~ead for how the ~oundtable will look tomor~ow. so far , we have 13
whO will be there and 3 who will call in (l i s t e d below ) .
we will me e t in the deputy 's conference room, will the general need to be met
somewhere and escorted to the room?? let me know and i am haDDV to do that.
hi sir ,

wanted to give you a ~ead for how the roundtable will look tomorrow . so far, we have 13
whO will be there and 3 who will call in (l i s t e d below) .
we will meet in the deputy's conference room , will the general need to be met
somewhere and escorted to the room?? let me know and i am happy to do that.

the room has a large conference table and we will put the general at the head. wil l he
have any a/v needs or will this be more of a discussion format?? there will be coffee,
tea, water and some type of pastries provided .

if anything changes, please let me know asap. as it stands , we have the analysts arriving
at 0830 and we'll start the meeting at 0845 . we have the room unti l 1100 , but i told them
it would end at 1000.

anything else you need from me?? just let me know .

thanks !

As of January 30 - 7:00 a.m.


Roundtable Meeting with General Petraeus

Retired Military Analysts

DAY, MONTH DATE, 2007 TIME· TIME

PARTICIPANTS

Confirmed Retired Mil itary Analysts :

Mr. Jed Babbin (USAF ,


JAG) Human Events Editor

Lieutenant General Frank B. Campbel l (USAF , Ret ired)

Colonel (Tim ) J. Eads (USA, Retired) Fox News

Co lone l John Garrett (USMC ,


Retired ) Fox Radio

Command Sergeant Major Steven Greer (USA, Retired ) Fox News

Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Maginnis (USA, Retired ) CNN,


Fox , MEN

Colonel Jeff McCaus land (USA, Retired)


CBS

Lieu tenant General Thomas McInerney (USAF , Retired) Fox News

Major General Michael J. Nardotti , Jr. (USA, Retired)

Captain Chuck Nash (USN, Ret ired)


Fox News

Major General Donald W. Shepperd (USAF , Retired) CNN

Captain Martin L. St rong (USN, Ret ired )

Mr . Bing west (Fmr ASD ) Atlant ic


Monthly

Confirmed to join by phone:

General Wayne A. Downing (USA, Retired)


MSNBC

Brigadier General David L. Grange {USA, Retired } CNN

Mr. Wayne S immons (USN, CIA,


Ret ired ) Fox News

NY TrDS
......
From : Maj SO
Sent: Tuesdav. January 30.200712:29 PM
To: :>SD PA
SUbject: RE: ORF for Military Analysts

Jus t get me t he list of names and we' l l get 'er done.

Maior . USAF
OSD Protocol. Rm
cell :
off ice:

-----Or iq ioal Messaqe--- --


From: OSD PA [mailto :
Sent : Tuesday. January 30 , 2007 12 :25 PM
To: . Maj SD
Subject : RE: ORF for Military Analysts

hi. com ma says that the phone service should be set up by 1500 today.
can i come up sometime after that and test the l i n e ? ?

al so, wil l you guys print out the place cards for me? (i'm totally willing to do it . but
i t's not as easy for me . .. ) we are up t o 14 . i can send you the l ist. i' l l come up and set
t h e m out i n the morning .

orf r e que s t i s going i n today . will they sti ll serve if it's in process and not yet
dispersed by tomorrow morning??

here are the two cars that are requesting river parking :

driver: j e d babbin
orf r e que s t i s going i n today . will they sti ll serve if it's in process and not yet
dispersed by tomorrow morning??

here are the two cars that are requesting river parking :

driver: j e d babbin

va license :

driver: chuck nash

va license:

let me know if you need anything else .


thanks !

- -- -- Or i o i n al MeR RaOp.-- -- -
From : Maj SD
Sent : Tuesday. January 30. 2007 7 :09 AM
To: OSD PA
Subject : Re : ORF for Military Analysts

can tell you how to do an ORF request - -she 's done them for comm reI. I can get the
rest . but it might save time if you call comma and ask them what can be set up in
-i'm not sure . The rest I can handle .

Ma;or . USAF
OSD Protocol.
Cell :
Oriainal Mes!=l;:lae -----
From: OSD PA <
To: Maj SO
Sent: Tue Jan 30 07:06:07 2007
Subject : RE: ORF for Military Analysts

good morning! we are up to 13 attendees. not sure how many we'll end up having, but since
we're about 24 hours out, i think that number may be pretty close .

can we set up a spider phone in there?? a few out-o!-towners want to call in for the
meeting . i'll set up the number and everything, just need a spider ...

also, can we get a coat rack and electronics rack? oh, and i have two drivers who would
like to be cleared for river parking. i'll send their info as SOOn as i get it today.

also, can you believe i've never done an orf request before?? how do i do that? 101 .
anything else you need from me??
thanks

- -- --Original Message-----
From : Maj SD
Sent : Monday . January 29. 2007 4:15 PM
To: OSD PAi MSG SO
Cc: LT SO
Subject: ORF for Military Analysts

We just need you guys to put in an ORF request to cover the cost of the beverages and
refreshments so the mess can take care of the meeting .

I've copied the dUdes-in-charge here . .. they can tell you how much to ask for! Do you know
about how many people we are preparing food and drink for?

Thanks so much!
J-~.LL~OUl UIC:IU••· ~ I:JU L..U .C ULC::its t.,;Cll1 ~Cl~~ care 01: c rr e meet::.l.ng .

I've copied the dUdes-in-charge here . .. they can tell you how much to ask for! Do you know
about how many people we are preparing food and drink for?

Thanks so much!

Major, US1\F
Deputy Director of Protocol/Military 1\ssistant Office of the Secretary of Defense (Rm

cell.
office :
fax:
DSN
From: OSDPA
Sent: Tuesday, January 30,200712:19 PM
To:
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

hi t h e r e . saw you on fox yesterday . impressive, as always .

the ca l ; in is and ask to be joined to the analyst call. time is se t at


0845 -1000 .
till then ,

- - --- Oriai n al Messaae-----


From: {mai l t o :
Sent : Tuesday, January 30 , 2007 11 :04 AM
To: OSD PA
Sub ject : Re: Roundtable I nvita tion

Hi
Any word on the confcall #' s , yet? Is t ime still set? Thank you.
Wayne
From: OSDPA
Sent: Tuesday, January 30,200712:18 PM
To: 'Boylan, Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM'
Cc: Ballesteros, Mark J LTC OSD PA; Vician. Todd M LtCol OSD PA
Subject: RE: tomorrow's roundtable

sir , thanks . call in will be and ask to be joined to the analyst call.

a couple of questions that have come up:


is he wi lling to do any of the session on the record?
has he been confirmed?
when does he pin on? (h a s he already?)
when will you depart?

i think that should cover it.


thanks much,

-----Or iginal Message- ---- •


From: Boylan, Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM [mailto:
Sent: Tuesdav, January 30, 2007 11 :30 AM
To: OSD PA
SUb ject : RE : tomorrow 's roundtable

No s lides and they will get him to the right location. Can you send me the phone
number/code to dial in so that I can listen in as well.

No s lides and they will get him to the right location. Can you send me the phone
number/code to dial in so that I can listen in as well.

All i s set.

Thanks,

Steve

STEVEN A. BOYLAN
COL, AV
Chief , Strategic Communicat ion
Combined Arms Center
Ft. Leavenworth. Kansas 66027
CELL :

From: OSO PA [mailto:


Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 2007 6:29 AM
To: Boylan , Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM
Subject : tomorrow's roundtable
hi sir,

wanted t o give you a read for how the roundtable will look tomorrow. so far , we have 13
who will be there and 3 who will call in (listed below) . we will meet in the deputy's
conference room, will the general need to be met somewhere and escorted to t he
room?? l e t me know and i am happy to do that.

the room has a large conference table and we will put the general at the head . will he
have any a/v needs or will this be more of a discussion format?? there wil l be coffee ,
t e a, water and some type of pastries provided .

if anything changes , please let me know asap . as it stands, we have the analysts arriving
at 0830 and we'll start the meeting at 0845 . we have the room until 1100, but i told them
it would end at 1000.

anything else you need from me?? just let me know .

thanks l

As of January 30 - 7:00 a .m .

As of January 30 - 7:00 a .m .

Roundtable Meeting with General Petraeus


Retired Military Analyste
DAY , MONTH DATE , 2007 TIME-TIME

PARTICIPANTS

Confirmed Retired Military Analysts:


Mr . Jed Babbin (USAF, JAG) Human Events
Editor
Lieutenant General Frank B. Campbell (USAF, Retired )
Colonel (Tim) J . Eads (USA, Ret i red ) Fox News
Colonel John Garrett (USMC, Retired) Fox Radio
Command Sergeant Major Steven Greer (USA, Retired) Fox News
Colonel Jeff McCausland (USA, Retired) CBS

Lieutenant General Thomas McInerney (USAF, Retired) Fox News

Major General Michael J. Nardotti, Jr. (USA, Retired)


Ca p t a i n Chuck Nash (USN, Retired ) Fox News

Major General Donald W. Shepperd (USAF, Retired) CNN

Captain Martin L . Strong (USN, Retired)

Mr . Bing West (Fmr ASD ) Atlantic Monthly

Confirmed to join by phone:

General Wayne A. Downing (USA, Retired) MSNBC

Brigadier General David L . Grange (USA, Retired f CNN

Mr . Wayne Simmons (USN, CIA , Retired ) Fox News

NY TIMES
Page 10f 2

From: Boylan , Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM I


Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 2007 11:30 AM
To: OSD PA
Subject: RE: tomorrow's roundtable

No slides and they will get him to the right location . Can you send me the phone number/code
to dial in so that I can listen in as well.

All is set.

Thanks ,

Steve

STEVEN A. BOYLAN
COL , AV
Chief. Strateg ic Communication
Comb ined Arms Center
Ft. leavenworth , Kansas 66027
CELL:

From: 050 PA [mailto :


Ft. leavenworth , Kansas 66027
CELL:

From: 050 PA [mailto :


sent: Tuesday, January 30, 20076:29 AM
To: Boylan, Steven A COL CAC STRATCOM
Subject: tomorrow's roundtable

hi sir,
wanted to give you a read for how the roundtable will look tomorrow. so far, we have 13 who will be there and 3
who will call in (listed below). we w ill meet in the deputy 's conference room , will the general need to be
met somewhere and escorted to the room?? tet me know and i am happy to do that.

the room has a large conference table and we will put the general at the head. will he have any alv needs or will
this be more of a discussion format?? there will be coffee, tea, water and some type of pastries prov ided.

if anything changes, please let me know asap . as it stands . we have the analysts arriving at 0830 and we'll start
the meeting at 0845 . we have the room until 1100. but i told them it would end at 1000.

anyth ing else you need from me?? just let me know .
thanks !

As of January 30 • 7:00 a.m.


Page 20f2

! - - . ._ _ . . . ...

- - - - --
Roundtable Meeting with General Petraeus
Retired Military Analysts
DAY, MONTH DATE, 2007 TIME-TIME

PARTICIPANTS

Confirmed Retired Military Analysts:


Mr. Jed Babbin (USAF, JAG) Human Events Editor
Lieutenant General Frank B. Campbell (USAF, Retired)
Colonel (Tim) 1. Eads (USA, Retired) Fox News
Colonel John Garren (USMC, Retired) Fox Radio
Command Sergeant Major Steven Greer (USA, Retired) Fox News
Lieutenant Colonel Robert L. Maginnis (USA, Retired) CNN, Fox, MBN
Colonel Jeff McCausland (USA, Retired) CBS
Lieutenant General Thomas McInerne y (USAF, Retired) Fox News
Major General Michael 1.Nardotti, Jr. (USA, Retired)
Captain Chuck Nash (USN, Retired) Fox News
Major General Donald W. Shepperd (lJ SAF, Retired) CNN
Captain Manin L. Strong (USN, Retired)
Mr . Bing West (Fmr ASD) Atlantic Monthly

Confirmed to join by pbone:


General Wayne A. Downing (USA, Retired) MSNBC
Brigadier General David L. Grange (USA, Retired) CNN
Mr. Wayne Simmons (USN, CIA, Retired) Fox News

NY TIMES
From: Keck , Gary L cor OSD PA
Sent: Tuesdav. .Jl:mll~ry 30. 2007 9:56 AM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RE: Analyst call with Patreous

Thanks - did you put it on the events calendar? Do y o u have access to the events
calendar?

Gary L . Keck
COL, US Army
Director , DoD Press Office

---- - Ori ainal Meesaae---- -


From: OSD PA
Sent : Tue s d a y, January 30 , 2007 9 : 3 5 AM
To : Keck, Gary L Col OSD PA
Subject : RE : Ana lys t call with Patreous

h i . yes . it 's actually a roundtable meeting in the deputy 's conference room , 3E664,
tomorrow at 0845 . there are a few who will call in, but most will join us in person. as
far as i know , it wil l be on background .

let me know if you need anything else .


thanks

-- ·-- Or i g i n a l Message - - - - -
From: Keck, Gary L Col OSD PA
Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 2007 8:33 AM
To : OSD PA

-- ·-- Or i g i n a l Message - - - - -
From: Keck, Gary L Col OSD PA
Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 2007 8:33 AM
To: OSD PA
Sub ject : Analyst call with Patreous

Are you working an analyst call for LTG Patreous? Do you have a time and date
locked? Will he be here for it ? Just curious as his presence will arouse the curiosity
of the me d i a.

Gary L . Keck
COL, US Army
Director, DoD Press Office
From: OSDPA
Sent: Tuesdav. Januarv 30. 2007 9:51 AM
To:
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

sir, we are currently set to go on background . i will see if he'll go on the record for
portions -- or all of it, but i think he wants to speak pretty freely with you a ll .
i'll let you know.
thanks

-- ---Oriqina l Messaae-----
From: [mailto:
Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 2007 8:15 AM
To : OSD PA
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

On the record or off the record?

Jeff

Jeffrey D. McCausland, PhD


Tel:
Cell :

- ------------- n~;o;n~ l messagp -- - -- - - -


From : OSD PA"

> Ok . sir . areat . Room is 3E664 . Dial in number will be

- ------------- n~;o;n~ l messagp -- - -- - - -


From : OSD PA"

> Ok, sir. great . Room is 3E664 . Dial in number will be


> Hope to see you tomorrow ,
>
>
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From : Jeff McCausland
> To: OSD PA
> Sent: Mon Jan 29 22:02 :54 2007
> Subject: RE: Roundtable I nvitation
>
> I will definitely participate and l ikely be there . I have a badge so do not
> need an escort. Please provide room and dial in both in case something happens
> and I cannot be there in person.
>
>
>
> Jeff
>
>
>
>
>
> From: OSD PA [mailto :
> Sent : Monday, January 29, 200 7 1 :02 PM
> Subject: Roundtable Invitation
>
>
>
>
>
>
:>
:>
>
> MEMORANDUM
:>
:>
>
>
:> To: Retired Military Analysts
:>
>
>
:> From:
>
>
>
> Date: January 29, 2007
>
>
>
> Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus
>
>
>
> You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday, January 31, 2006 , at
> the Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of
:> Multi-National Force- Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a .m . and is
:> expected to conclude at 10:00 a.m .
:>
:>
:>
:> Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will
:> be necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a.m. on
> January 31st with two forms of I .D. , one with a picture. Those not requiring an
">
:>
ARt"!nYr ~hl""l,,'rl n 1"n r n .:.y,..; ."o ::tf"' "no ~Ae ;t"'In.2~a~ rl"""llt"Un ....." g.'1fl 0
ftOI

:>
:>
:> Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will
:> be necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a.m. on
:> January 31st with two forms of I .0., one with a picture. Those not requiring an
> escort should plan to arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m.
>
>
>
:> If you are unable to attend in person , you will have the opportunity to
:> participate via conference call. The room number and dial-in details will be
:> provided as soon as we hear back from you regarding your participation. Please
:> be clear on your RSVP if you intend to participate in person or via phone.
:>
>
:>
> Please R.S .V .P . to at or call
>
>
>
> We hope you will be able to participate.
>
:>
:>
:>
:>
:>
:>
:>
:>
> Public Affairs
>
> Office of the Secretary of Defense
:>
:>
:>
:>
:>
:>
:> No virus found in this incoming message .
:> Checked by AVG Free Edition.
:> Version: 7 .1 .410 / Virus Database : 268 .17.14 /65 7 - Release Date : 1 /29 /200 7
:>
:>
:>
>
:> No virus found in this ou t g o i n g message.
:> Checked b y AVG Free Edit ion .
:> Version : 7.1 .4 10 / Vi r u s Database: 268. 17.14 /65 7 - Re lease Date : 1/ 2 9/ 2 0 07
:>
>

NY TIKES
From: OSDPA
Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 2007 9:28 AM
To: 'Nardotti , Michael'
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

sir ,
are you going to t h e pentagon prayer breakfast hosted by christian embassy and the
chaplain's office in the executive dining room? ?

you may go straight to the room, and we wil l see you there. i assume the gents will
begin s howing up between 0815 and 0830. the meeting will start at 0845 .

see you then,

- --- - Or i g i n a l Message - - - - -
From : Nardott i, Michael [ma ilto :
Sent : Tuesdav . January 30 , 2007 9: 2 3 AM
To : OSD PA
Subject : RE : Roundtable I nv i t a t i on

I won't need an escort . I have a building pass, and I will be in the Pentagon early for a
prayer breakfast. May I go straight to the room where the roundtable will be held or do I
need to link up with the group at another location?

MJN

Michael J. Nardotti, Jr.


Major General , U.S . Army , Ret ired
r.~~s.°~vB2~~~ &~p ........ u ...u<:; ':::l.LVU,bI co. ...

MJN

Michael J. Nardotti, Jr.


Major General , U.S . Army , Ret ired
Pat ton Boggs LLP
2550 M Street , NW
washington , DC 20037-1350
202-457-6125 (di r e c t)
202-457-6315 (f a c s i mile)

www.pattonboggs .com

----- Ori a i n a 1 Messaae - - - - -


From: )SD PA [ma ilto :
Sent: Tuesday, January 30 , 2007 6:06 AM
To : Nardotti , Michael
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitation

Sir , absolutely. would love t o have you . I' m assuming you will need an escort to the
room? ? Th e r e will be one wa iting a t the metro entrance 081 5-0B30. Glad you'll be joining
us . See you tomorrow,

-----Original Message-----
From : Nardotti, Michael .
To : aSD PA
Sent : Mon Jan 29 22 : 16 :23 2007
Sub ject : Re: Roundtable Invitation

I would like to attend personally. Is there still room?


-------------------.-- ---.
Sent from my BlackBerry Wireless Handheld

Oriainal Me~~~ge -----


From : OSD PA •
Sent: Mon Jan 29 13:02:25 2007
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Military Analysts

b)(6)
From:

Date: January 29, 2007

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday, January 31, 2006, at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force -
Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8 :45 a.m. and is expected to conclude at 10 :00
a .m.

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you requi re an escort, it wil l be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a.m. on January 31st
with two forms of 1.0 . , one with a picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to
arrive at the designated room by 8 :30 a.m.

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference call. The room number and dia l-in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation . Please be c lear on your RSVP ·i f you intend to
participate in person or via phone.

Please R .S .V.P. to at <mailto : or ca ll

We hope you will be able to participate.


Public Affairs

Office o f the Secretary of Defense

DISCLAIMER :
This e- mail messageconta insconfidential .privileged information intended solely for the
addressee . Please do not read , copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addressee. If
you have received it in error, p lease call us (collect) at (202) 457-6000 and ask to speak
with the message sender. Also, we would appreciate your forwarding the message bac k to us
and deleting it from your system : Thank you.

This e - mail and all other electronic ( i n c l Udin g voice) communications from the sender 's
firm are for informationa l purposes only . No such communication is intended by the sender
to constitute either an electronic record or an electronic signature, or to constitute any
agreement by the sender to conduct a transact ion by electronic means .
Any such i n t ent i on or agreement is hereby express ly disclaimed unless otherwise
specifically indicated . To learn more about our firm , please visit our website at
http : //www.pattonbo99s .com.

DISCLAUIER:
Thi~ e-m~il message contains c on f i d e n L l ~ l , ~ ri vileged in formation intended solely for the
addressee . Please do not read, copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addressee . If
you have received it in error , please call us (collect) at (202) 457-6000 and ask to speak
w i~h ~h@ m ~ g~aa~ .Qp.nn fl!l"" . n1 Jtt"\ _ W~ wnu1 n .:.n,n,.....,.... -; A t-A ",..." ,... Fn'r'b72yn ; n,-y rhO ""OCla~NA h s _ "" ~_ n~

DISCLAUIER :
Thi~ e-m~il message contains confi d e nL l ~ l , ~ r i vileged i nfo r ma t i on intended solely for the
addressee . Please do not read, copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addressee . If
you have received it in error , please call us (collect) at (202) 457-6000 and ask to speak
with the message sender . Also, we would appreciate your forwarding the message back to us
and deleting it from your system . Thank you.

This e -mail and all other electronic (including voice) communications from the sender 's
firm are for informational purposes only . No such communication is intended by the sender
to constitute either an electronic record or an electronic signature, or to constitute any
agreement by the sender to conduc~ a ~ransaction by electronic means. Any such intention
or agreement is hereby expressly disclaimed unless otherwise specifically indica~ed. To
learn more about our firm, please visit our website at h~tp :/ /www .pattonboggs.com.
From: Nardotti , Michael
Sent: Tuesdav. January 30, 20079:23 AM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

I won 't need an escort. I have a bUilding pass , and I will be in the Pentagon early for a
prayer b r e a k f a s t. May I go straight to the room where the roundtable will be held or do I
need to l ink up with the group at another location?

MJN
Michael J. Nardott i , Jr .
Major General, U.S. Army, Retired
Patton Boggs LLP
2550 M Street , NW
Washington, DC 20037-1350
202 -457 -6125 (d i r e c t )
202-457-6315 (f a c s i mi l e)

www .pattonboggs .com

--- - - Oria i na l Messaae - - - - -


From : OSD PA [mailto :
Sent: Tuesday, January 30 , 2007 6 :06 AM
To: Nardotti, Michael
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitat ion

Sir, absolutely. Would love to have you . I'm acouming you will need an escort to the
room?? Th e r e will be one wa iting at the metro entrance 0815-0830 . Glad you' ll be j o i nin g
us. See you tomorrow ,

Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitat ion

Sir, absolutely. Would love to have you . I'm acouming you will need an escort to the
room?? Th e r e will be one wa iting at the metro entrance 0815-0830 . Glad you' ll be j o i nin g
us. See you tomorrow ,

-- -- -Original Message---- -
Fr o m: Nardotti, Michael .
To: OSD PA
Sent: Mon Jan 29 22:16:23 2007
SUb ject: Re : Roundtable Invitation

I would like to attend personally. Is there still room ?

Mike Nardotti

Sent from my BlackBerry Wireless Handhe ld

Or iaina l Message -- ---


From: OSD PA <
Sent : Mon Jan 29 13:02 :25 2007
Subject: Roundtable Invitation
MEMORANDUM

To : Ret ired Mi litary Analys ts

,:)
From:

Da te: January 29 , 2 007

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable mee ting Wednesday, January 31, 2006, at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus , the incoming Commanding General of Mult i -National Force -
Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a.m. and is expected to conclude at 10 :00
a .m .

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m . on January 31st
with two forms of 1.0., one with a picture . Those not requiring an escort should plan to
a rri ve at the designated room by 8 :30 a .m .

If y o u are unable to attend in person , you will have t h e opportunity to participate v ia


conference call . The room number and dial -in details will be provided as soon as we hear
~~£~v~r~~ ~R~ 5~~~ga1eQQv~Homn~yt~
9 !Ba~~e~ · P l@as e be clear on your RS VP i f vnu i n t ~ n n tn

If you are unable to attend in person , you will have the opportunity to participate v ia
conference call . The room number and dial -in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation. please be clear on your RSVP i f you i nt e nd to
participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S.V .P. to at cmailto: or call

We hope you will be able to participate .

Public Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense


DISCLAIMER:
This e-mail messagecontainsconfidential .privileged informat i on intended so e ly for t he
addressee . Please do not read , copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addresse e . I f
you have received i t in error , p lease cal us (c o lle c t) at ( 20 2) 457-6000 and ask t o speak
with the message sender . Also, we would appreciate your forwarding the message bac k t o u s
and del eting it fro m y o u r system . Thank you .

Th i s e-ma i l and al l o t her elec tronic ( i n c l u d i ng voice ) c o mmu ni c atio n s from the sender 's
firm are for informationa l purposes only. No such communication i s intended by the sender
to cons titute either an electronic r ecord o r an elec tro n ic s ignature , or to const i t t e any
a9reeme~t by the sender to conduct a transaction by electronic means .
Any such intention or agreement is hereby expressly disclaimed unless otherwise
specifically i nd i c a t e d . To learn more about our f irm , please visit our website at
http: / /www.pattonboggs.com .

DrSCLAItoIER :
This e -mail messagecontainsconfident ial.privileged information i n t e n d e d sole ly for the
addressee. Please do not read, copy, or dissem inate it unless you are the addressee . If
you have receiv~d it i n error , please call us (collect) at ( 2 0 2) 457-6000 and ask to speak
with the message sender. Also, we would apprec iate your forwarding the message back to us
and deleting it from your system . Thank you .

This e-mail and all other electronic (i n c l u d i ng voice ) communications from the sender's
f irm are for informationa l purposes only . No such communication i s intended by the sender
to constitute either an electronic record or an electronic signature , or to constitute any
agreement by the sender to conduct a transaction by electronic means . Any such intent ion
or agreement i s hereby expressly discla imed unless otherwise spec if ica l ly indicated . To
l e a r n more about our firm , please visit our webs ite at http: / /www.pattonboggs .com.

NY TIMES
......
Page 1 of 1

From: Keck, Gary L Col OSC PA


Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 20078:33 AM
To: OSD PA
Subject: Analyst call with Patreous

Are you working an analyst call for LTG Patreous? Do you have a time and date locked? Will he
be here for it? Just curious as his presence will arouse the curiosity of the media.

Gary L. Keck
COL, US Army
Director, DoD Press Office
From: OSDPA
Sent: Tuesdav .J~nU::lrV an ?n07 6:10 AM
To:
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

thanks . If the general would like to join by phone, he is certainly welcome to


do so . The dial in number will be: and ask to be joined to the analysts call .
Thank you ,

-----Oriqinal Messaqe - - ---


From:
To: OSD PA
Sent: Mon Jan 29 18 :17:39 2007
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitation

Thank you - General Fogleman sends his regrets.

Regards,

Executive Assistant to General Ronald Fogleman, USAF, (Ret.)


Tel : 970 259-0663
Fax : 970 259-7632
From: . OSD PA
Sent: Tuesday. January 30. 20076:09 AM
To:
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

Great , sir, glad you can join us . There will be an escort waiting at the metro entrance to
bring you gentlemen to the room.
See you tomorrow ,

-----Original Me~R~ap- - - -- ~
From : Binq West.
To: aSD PA
Sent: Mon Jan 29 20 :13:38 2007
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitation

roger OB15

On Jan 29, 2007, at 1:02 PM , OSD PA wrote:

<attef61 . j p g >

M.EMORANDUM

To : Ret i red Military Analysts

Fr om:
Ml!;MVKJU'oI UU M

To : Retired Military Analysts

From:

Date : January 29, 2007

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday, January 31, 2006, at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus , the incoming Commanding General of Multi -National Force-
Iraq . The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a.m . and is expected to conclude at 10:00
a .m .

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures , if you require an escort , it wi 1 be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a.m. on January 31st
with two forms of I .D ., one with a picture . Those not requiring an escort should p an to
arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a .m .

If y ou are unable to attend in person , you will have the opportunity to participate
via conference call . The room number and dial -in details will be provided as Boon as we
hear back from you regarding your participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you
intend to participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S .V .P. to at <mailto : or


call
We hope you wil l be able to participate.

Public Affairs
b)(2)
From: OSDPA
Sent: Tuesday, January 30. 2007 6:08 AM
To:
Subjec:t: Re: Roundtable Invitation

Ok , sir , great . We wi ll be in the deputy's conference room :


See you tomorrow ,

--- -- a ri g i n a l Message - -- --
From :
To: OSO PA
Sent: Mon Jan 29 21 :19:00 2007
Subject : RE: Roundtable Invitation

I will be t h e r e .
Tom

-----Origina l Message-----

From : OSD PA " <


Subj: RE: Roundtable Invitation
Date: Mon Jan 29, 2007 3 :45 pm
Size : 76 6 bytes
To :

hi sir,
the invitation is to come i n t o the pentagon and meet with ~1m in person on wednesday from
0845-1000 . are you available?? if not. you may join us by phone . just let me know .
t ha nk s uy ....t;;;;1O:'
~ .L, .w 1lC; 0: ( Q Q

To :

hi sir,
the invitation is to come i n t o the pentagon and meet with ~1m in person on wednesday from
0845-1000 . are you available?? if not. you may join us by phone . just let me know .
t ha nk s

-----Original Message-----
From : [mailto:
Sent: Monday. January 29. 2007 3 :43 PM
To : OSD PA
Subject : Re: Roundtable Invitat ion

When is CC with Dave? My Treo d id not print your i n f o .


Tom

- -- - - o r i g i n a l Message--- - -

From : aso PA" <


Sub j: Roundtable Invitation
Date : Non Jan 29. 2007 1:02 pm
Size: 3K
To:

MEMORANDUM
To : Retired Military Analysts
Date : January 29 , 20 07

Re: Meet ing wi t h General Dav id Pe traeus

NY TIMES
From: OSDPA
Sent: Tuesday, January 30, 20076 :07 AM
To:
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

Ok, sir, great . Room is Dial in number will be


Hope to see you tomorrow,

-----Origina l Message-- --- ~

From : J ef f McCausland
To: osn PA
Sent : Mon Jan 29 22:02:54 200 7
Subject: RE : Roundtable Invitat ion

I wi ll def i nite l y participate and likely be there . I have a badge so do not need a n
escort . Please provide room and dial i n both in case something happens and I cannot b e
there i n person .

Jeff

From : OSD PA [mailto :


Sent : Monday , January 29 , 2007 1:02 PM
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

From : OSD PA [mailto :


Sent : Monday , January 29 , 2007 1:02 PM
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Mil itary Analysts

From:

Date: January 29 , 2007

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus


You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting wednesday, January 31, 2006, at the
pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Mul t i-Nationa l Force -
Iraq . The meeting will start prompt ly at 8 :45 a .m . and is expected to conclude at 10 :00
a .m.

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort , it will be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :~5 a .m . on January 3~st
with two forma of I .D., one with a pi cture. Those not requir ing an escort should p lan to
arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m .

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference call . The room number and dia l-in details wil l be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S.V.P . to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

Public Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense

Public Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense

No virus found i n this incoming message.


Checked by AVG Free Edition.
Version : 7.1 .410 / virus Database: 268.17.14/657 - Release Date : 1/29/2007

No virus found in this outgoing message.


Checked by AVG Free Edition.
Version : 7 .1 .410 / Virus Database: 268.17.14/657 - Release Date : ~/29/2007
From: OSDPA
Sent: TIJP'l;d~v . 1::ln IJl'l rv ~n ?nn7 ~ 'M AM
To:
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

S ir , absolutely . Would l o v e to have you. I 'm assuming you will need an escor t t o the
room ?? There will be one wait ing at the metro entrance 081 5-0830 . Glad you 'l l be joining
us. See you tomorrow,

- - - - - Or i g i n a l Message--- - -
From : Nardott i , Michae l
To : , OSO PA
Sent : Mon Jan 29 22 :16 :23 200 7
Subject : Re: Roundtable Invitation

I would like to attend personally . Is there st ill room?

Mike Nardotti

Sent from my BlackBerry Wireless Handheld

Or ioinal Message - -- --
From: OSO PA •
Sent: Mon Jan 29 13:02:25 2007
Sub j e c t: Roundtable I nv i t ation

_ _ .#0 ~ "j -----

From: OSO PA •
Sent: Mon Jan 29 13:02:25 2007
Sub j e c t: Roundtable I nv i t ation

MEMORANDUM

To : Retired Military Analys ts

From :

Date: January 29, 2007

Re : Meeting with Genera l Oavid Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday , January 31, 2006. at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus , the incoming commandin~ ~eneral of Multi-National Force-
""'-- - - _ .... .! ~ - --~ ... ~ _ ...... _-_ ..... - - - - - - - - _ ...... .. _- _ ..... ...... -
a.m.

Cons istent with Pentagon security procedures, i f you require an escort , it will be
necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a .m. on January 31st
with two forms of I.D ., one wi th a picture . Those not requiring an escort should plan to
arrive at the designated r oo m by 8:30 a .m .

If you are unable to attend in person , you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference call. The room number and dial -in details wil l be provided as soon as we hear
back fr om you regarding your participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone .

Please R .S.V .P . to at <mail to: or call

We hope you will be able to participate .

Public Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense

Public Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense

DISCLAIMER :
This e -mail messagecontainsconf idential .privileged information intended solely for the
addressee. Please do not read, copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addressee . If
you have received it in error , please call us (collect) at (202) 457 -6000 and ask to speak
with the message sender. Also, we would appreciate your forwarding the message back to us
and deleting it from your system. Thank you .

This e-mai l and all other electronic (i n c l u d i n g voice ) communications from the sender's
firm are for informational purposes only. No such communication is intended by the sender
to constitute either an electronic record or an electronic signature , or to constitute any
agreement by the sender to conduct a transaction by electronic means . Any such intention
or agreement is hereby expressly disclaimed unless otherwise specifical ly indicated . To
learn more about our firm, please visit our website at http: / /www.pattonboggs.com .
From: Nardotti , Michael
Sent: Monday, January 29,200710:16 PM
To: )SDPA
Subjec't: Re: Roundtable Invitation

I would l ike to at tend personally . Is there st i l l r o om?

Mike Nardotti

Sent from my BlackBerry Wireless Handheld

Original Message -----


From: OSD PA •
Sent : Mon Jan 29 13 :02 :25 2007
Subject ; Roundtable Invitat ion

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Mil i tary Analysts


MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Mil i tary Analysts

)(6)
From:

Da te: January 2 9 , 20 07

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are i nvi t e d to attend a roundtable meet ing Wednesday, Janua ry 31 , 2006, at t he
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force-
Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8 :45 a .m. and is expected to conclude at 10 : 00
a .m.

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures , if you require an escort, it will be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a .m . on January 31st
with two forms of 1 .0., one with a picture. Those not requiring an escort should p lan to
arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a .m .
If you are unable to attend in person. ,you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference call. The room number and d~al~in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation . Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone.

Please R.S .V .P. to at <mailto : or call

We hope you will be able to participate .

Public Affairs
Office of the Secretary of Defense

DISCLAIMBR:
This e-~ail message contains confidential , privileged information intended solely for the
addreocee . Please do not read, copy , or disseminate it unless you are the addressee. If
you have received it in error , please call us (collect) at (202 ) 457-6000 and ask to speak
with the message sender. Also, ~e would appreciate your forwarding the message back to us
and deletina it from vour svstem . Thank vou .
DISCLAIMBR:
This e-~ail message contains confidential , privi leged information intended solely for the
addreocee. Please do not read, copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addressee. If
you have received it in error, please call us (collect) at (202) 457-6000 and ask to speak
with the message sender. Also, ~e would appreciate your forwarding the message back to us
and deleting it from your system. Thank you.
This e-mail and all other electronic (including voice) communications from the sender'S
firm are for informational purposes only . No such communication is intended by the sender
to constitute either an electronic record or an electronic signature, or to constitute any
agreement by the sender to conduct a transaction by electronic means. Any such intention
or agreement is hereby expressly disclaimed unless otherwise specifically indicated . To
learn more about our firm, please visit our website at http://www.pattonboggs.com.
Page 1 of2

From: Jeff McCausland


Sent: Monday, January 29. 2007 10:03 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

, will definitely participate and likely be there. I have a badge so do not need an escort. Please provide room and
dial in both in case something happens and I cannot be there in person.

Jeff

From: OSD PA [manto:


sent: Monday, January 29, 2007 1:02 PM
Subject: Roundtable Invitation
~ --_0- 1
10
I
II
I
I •

~_ . _ _- - - J

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Military Analysts

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Military Analysts

From:

Date: January 29, 2007

Re: Meeting with Genenl David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesdav. January 31,1006, at the Pentagon with
General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force- Iraq . The meeting will
start promptly at 8:45 a.m. and is expected to conclude at 10:00 a.m:

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort , it will be necessary for you to
arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m. on January 31st with two forms ofl.D., one with a
picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m.

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via conference call.
The room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we hear back from you regarding your
participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S.V.P. to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate .


Page 2 of2

Public Affairs
Office of the Sp.r,retary of Defense

No virus found in this incoming message.


Checked by A VG Free Edition.
Version: 7.1.4101 Virus Database: 268.17.14/657· Release Date: 1129/2007

No virus found in this outgoing message.


Checked by A VG Free Edition.
Version: 7.1.4101 Virus Database: 268.17.14/657 • Release Date: 112912007
From:
Sent: Mondav . January 29.20079:19 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

I will be there.
Tom

- ----Original Message--- --

From : OSD PA"


Sub j: RE : Roundtable Invitation
Date: Mon Jan 29, 2007 3:45 pm
Size: 76 6 bytes
To:

hi sir ,
the invitation is to come into the pentagon and meet with n1m in person on wednesday from
0845-1000. are you available?? if not, you may join us by phone . just let me know .
thanks

-----Oriainal Messaae- - - --
From : [mail to :
Sent: Monday , January 29, 2007 3:43 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitation

Wh@rt ;~ CC wirh n~vp? Mv Tr~n n\n nnr nrin~


~'rom: . lma1l~o :

Sent: Monday , January 29, 2007 3:43 PM


To: OSD PA
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitation

When i s CC with Dave? My Treo did not print your info.


Tom

-----Original Message-----

From: OSD PA" •


Subj : Roundtable Invitation
Date : Mon Jan 29 , 2007 1:02 pm
Size : 3K
To:

MEMORANDUM
To : Retired Military Analysts

From:

Date: January 29, 2007

Re : Meet ing with General David PetraeUG


Page l of 2

From: Bing West


Sent: Monday. January 29,20078:14 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

roger 0815
On Jan 29, 2007, at 1:02 PM, OSD PA wrote :
<attef61 .jpg>

MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From :

Date: January 29, 2007

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday. January 31.2006, at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National
Force-Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a.m: and is expected to conclude at
In.,nn n _ . --- - ---p .. --- -------- - _. _- - _._--_.-

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday. January 31.2006, at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National
Force- Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a.m; and is expected to conclude at
10:00 a.m.

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be necessary
for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m. on January 31 st with two
forms ofLD., one with a picture . Those not requiring an escort should plan to arrive at the
designated room by 8:30 a.m .

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference call. The room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone.

Please R,S.V.P. to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

Public Affairs
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Page I of 1

From:
Sent: Monday. January 29. 20076:18 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

Thank you - General Fogleman sends his regrets.

Regards,

Executive Assistant to General Ronald Fogleman, USAF , (Ret.)


TeJ: 970 259-0663
Fax: 970259-7632
Page 1 of2

From: Joe Lopez


Sent: Monday, January 29 , 2007 5:40 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

I am previously comm itted and must regret. Thank you. --Adm. T. Joseph Lopez, USN (Ret.)

From: OSD PA [mallto:


sent: Monday, January 29, 2007 1:02 PM
Subject: Roundtable Invitation

10
I
I
!

MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From:

To: Retired Military Analysts

From:

Date : January 29, 2007

Re : MeetiD§ with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday. January 31. 2006, at the Pentagon with
General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force- Iraq. The meeting will
start promptly at 8:45 a.m. and is expected to conclude at 10:00 a.m.

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be necessary for you to
arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a .m. on January 31st with two forms of I.D., one with a
picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m.

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via conference call .
The room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we hear back from you regarding your
participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to participate in person or via phone.

Please R.S.V.P. to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate.


Page 20f2

Public Affairs
Office of the Secretary of Defense
From: Wayne A. Downing _ _
Sent: Mondav . January 29. 2007 4:35 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

I ' ll call in
TY
---- - Ori qinal Messaqe -----
From : OSD PA"
To: "Wayne A. Downing "
Sent : Monday, January 29, 2007 12 :13
Subject : RE : Roundtable Invitat ion

ok si r. if you 'd like t o call in, let me know . the dial i n number will be the same as our
conference calls : and ask fo r the analysts call .
t ha nk s

-----Origina l Message-----
From: Wayne A. Downing [ma i l t o :
Sent : Monda y , January 29, 200 7 1 : 1 1 PM
To: OSO PA
Sub ject : Re: Roundtab le I nvi t a t i o n

Regret
I n Peoria

Oriqinal Messaqe ---- -


From : OSO PA <mailto:
Sent : Monday , J a n u ary 29 , 200 7 12 :0 2
Su b ject : Roundtable Inv itat ion

Oriqinal Messaqe ---- -


From : OSO PA <mailto:
Sent : Monday , J a n u ary 29 , 200 7 12 :02
Su b ject : Roundtable Inv itat ion

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Military Analysts

From : b)(6)

Da te : January 29, 2007

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus


Pentagon with General petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force -
Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8 :45 a.m . and i s expected to conclude a t 10 :00
a .m .

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be


necessa~y for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8: 15 a.m . on January 31st
with two forms of I.D ., one with a picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan t o
a r r ive at the designated room by 8:30 a .m.

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference call. The room number and dial -in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation . Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S.V.P. to at <mailto or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

Public Affairs

Public Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense


Page I of 1

From: Marty Strong


Sent: Monday, January 29, 20074:05 PM
To: OSO PA
Subject: RE: RSVP - Marty Strong

That's correct

OSDPA"· wrote:

great, sir. i'm assuming you'll arrive via metro entrance and require an
escort??
thanks

-----Original Message-----
From: Marty Strong [mailto:
Sent: Mondav. January 29, 2007 2:27 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RSVP -- Marty Strong

Hi

I'd like to attend in person. Please let me know if it gets bumped or


Subject: RSVP -- Marty Strong

Hi

I'd like to attend in person. Please let me know if it gets bumped or


converted to a call in only event.

Thanks!

Marty

Sucker-punch spam
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ailbeta/features~spam.html>

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(and love to hate): YahQ.Q.! TV's Guilty Pleasures list.
From: OSDPA
Sent: Monday . January 29. 2007 3:45 PM
To:
Subject: K~ : Roundtable Invitation

hi sir,
the invitation is to come into the pentagon and meet with him in person on wednesday from
0845 -1000. are you available?? if not , you may join us by phone . just let me know.
thanks

-----Oriqinal Messaqe-----
From: [mailto:
Sent: Monday, January 29, 2007 3 :43 PM
To : eSD PA
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitation

When is CC with Dave? My Treo d id not print your i n f o.


Tom

- - - - - Or i g i na l Message- - - --
From : OSD PAil •
Subj : Roundtable Invitation
Date: Man Jan 29 , 2007 1 :02 pm
Size: 3K
To :

--J-
Date: Man Jan 29 , 2007 1 :02 pm
Size: 3K
To :

MEMORANDUM
To : Retired Military Analysts
From :
Date : January 29 , 2007

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus


From: OSDPA
Sent: Monday, January 29,20073:12 PM
To: 'MAJGEN Thomas L Wilkerson USMC (Ret)'
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

s ir, sorry you' ll miss it. you are more tha n welcome to call i n and join the discussion i f
you will be available that early!
tha nks

-----Original Message -----


From : MAJGEN Thomas L Wilkerson USMC (Ret ) [mailto :
Sent : Mondav. January 29, 2007 3 :09 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitation

Hard to pass on this one , b ut I am i n San Diego al l week . Thanks .

Semper Fortis ,
Fidelia & Paratus

Tom W
Thomas L. Wilkerson
Chief Executive Off icer

U. S. Naval Institute
291 Wood Road
Annapo l i s , Maryland 21402

Office : 410 -295-1060


Cell :
U. S. Naval Institute
291 Wood Road
Annapo l i s , Maryland 21402

Office : 410 -295-1060


Cell :

<mailto

On Jan 2 9, 2007, at 1:02 PM, OSD PA wrote :

c:attef61. jpg>

MEMORANDUM

Tc: Retired Military Analysts

From :

Date : January 29 , 2007

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday, January 31, 2006 , at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-Nat ional Force-
a.m .

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, i t will be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m. on J a nu a r y 31st
with two forms of I.D., one with a picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to
a rr ive at the des ignated room by 8 :30 a .m.

I f you are unable to attend in person , you wil l have the opportunity to par t ic ipate
v ia conference call. The room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we
hear back from you regarding your participation . Please be clear on your RSVP if you
intend to participate in person or via phone.

Please R.S.V.P. to at <mailto or


call

We hope you will be able to participate.

Public Affairs
Office of t he ~ecretary of Defense
Page 1of 2

From: MAJGEN Thomas L Wilkerson USMC (Ret)


Sent: Monday , January 29 , 2007 3:09 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

Hard to pass on this one, but I am in San Diego all week. Thanks.

Semper Fortis,
Fidelis & Paratus

TomW
I b.9J.:nas L. Wilkerson
Chief Executive Officer

U. S. Naval Institute
291 Wood Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402

Office: 410-295-1060
U. S. Naval Institute
291 Wood Road
Annapolis, Maryland 21402

Office: 410-295-1060
Cell:

On Jan 29, 2007, at 1:02 PM, OSD PA wrote:

<attef6 1.jpg>

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Military Analysts

From :

Date: January 29, 2007

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus


Page 20f2

Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National


Force- Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 «m: and is expected to conclude at
10:00 a.m:

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be necessary
for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:) 5 a.m. on January 31 st with two
forms ofLD. , one with a picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to arrive at the
designated room by 8:30 a.m.

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference calL The room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S.V.P. to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

Public Affairs
Office of the Secretary of Defense
From: _ OSC PA
Sent: Monday, January 29, 20072:46 PM
To: 'Rick Francona'
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

sir, you are more than welcome to call i n and parti cipate i n the discussion . let me -know
if you are available.
thanks

--- --Original Message - --- -


From: Rick Francona [mai lto:
Sent: Mondav . January 29 , 2007 1 : 42 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: Re : Roundtable Invitat ion

Tha nk s , but I am on the west coast ....


Rick Francona

- - - - - Or i qi na l Messaqe -----
From : OSD PA"
Sent : Jan 29 , 2007 10 :02 AM
To :
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

- - - - - Or i qi na l Messaqe -----
From : OSD PA"
Sent : Jan 29 , 2007 10 :02 AM
To :
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM

To : Retired Military Analysts

From:

Date : January 29, 2007


t -
Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-Nat ional Force-
Iraq . The meeting will start promptly at 8 :45 a .m. and is expected to conclude at 10 :00
a .m .

..~
.... Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort , it will be
necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a .m . on January 31st
with two forms of I .D ., one with a picture . Those not requiring an escort should plan to
arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a .m.

":.- .
If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate
v ia conference call . The room number and dial -in details will be provided as soon as we
hear back from you regarding your participation . Please be clear on your RSVP i f you
i n t e nd to participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S .V.P . to at <mailto: or


call

We hope you will be able to participate .

Pub lic Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense

Pub lic Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense


Page I of2

From: Rick Francona


Sent: Monday. January 29,20071 :42 PM
To: OSDPA
SUbJect: Re: Roundtable Invitation

Thanks, but I am on the west coast....

Rick Francona

-----Original Message---
From: OSDPA"
Sent: Jan 29,2007 10:02 AM
To:
Subject: Roundtable Invitation

l
!

MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From:

Date: January 29,2007

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday. JanUIPY J/. 2006, at the Pentagon
with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force- Iraq. The
meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a.m: and is expected to conclude at 10:00 a.m:

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be necessary for
you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m. on January 31st with two forms of
I.D., one with a picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to arrive at the designated
room by 8:30 a.m .

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via conference
call. The room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we hear back from you
Page 2 of2

regarding your participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to participate in person
or via phone.

Please B.S.V.P, to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

PublicAffairs
Officeof the Secretaryof Defense
. 'If' .
From: OSDPA
Sent: Mondav. Januarv 29, 2007 2:32 PM
To: OSDPA
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

no p roblem , i think you covered e verything I it will be in the deputy's conference room,
as of right now, it's on background only.
thanks

• - - - -Oriaina.l
".:,;.' From : OSD PA
Sent : Mondav . January 2 9, 2007 1 :26 PM
To : OSD PA
Subject : Re : Roundtable Invitation
Hi
Pred Baker will participate in this roundtable for us. Do you know what the groundrules
will be and wha t t h e room numbe r i s yet ?

Sorry if I missed something in your original note (a s we know I'm prone t o do ! )

Manag ing editor . American Fo rces Press Servic:e


Off i ce:
Cell :

- - - - -Or i gi na l Messaqe -----


Prom: eSD PA
Sent : Mon Jan 29 13 :02:25 2007
'''(U'Cl~.1.U~ C'Q J. ccnr . lUlIer:Lcafi l'"orces pr e s s serv3.c:e
Office:
Cell :

-- ---Ori gi na l Messaqe -----


Prom : eSD PA
Sent : Mon Jan 29 13 :02:25 2007
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Mili tary Analysts

PrOm:

Date: J a nua ry 29, 2007

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus


You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday. January 31. 2006 . at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus , the incoming Commanding General of Multi-Nationa l Force-
Iraq . The meeting will start promptly at 8 :45 a .m. and is expected to conclude at 10:00
a.m.

Cons istent with Pe.ntagon security proc@dures . if you require an escort, it will be
necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m . on January 31st
with two forms of 1 .0 . • one with a picture . Those not requiring an escort should plan to
arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m.

If you are unable to attend in person. you will have the opportunity to participate via
~.
conference call. The room number and dial -in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation . Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone.

Please R.S.V.P. to at <mailto: > or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

Public Affairs

Public Affairs
Office of the Secretary of Defense

2
.
.'.

From: OSDPA
Sent: Monday. January 29,20072:12 PM
To: 'Moorman, Thomas'
SUbject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

hi . thanks. if, by some chance, he does get a free moment and he'd like to cal l in, he
is welcome to do so . the dial in number will be the same as for the conference cal ls :
and ask for the analyst call .
thanks

- -- .- Or i gi na l Message-- -- -
From : Moorman , Thomas [mailto
Sent : Mondav . January 29, 2007 2:03 PM
To : OSO PA
Subject: RB: Roundtable Invitation

unfortunately Gen Moorman has an unworkable conflict therefore regrets he will not be able
to attend .

for Gen Moorman

From : OSD PA [mailto:


Sent : Monday, January 29, 2007 1:02 ~M
Subject : Roundtable I nv i t a t i on

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Military Analysts

From : b)(6)

Date : January 29, 2007

Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday, January 31 , 2006, at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force -
Iraq . The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a .m . and is expected to conclude at 10 :00
a.m.
1
Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be
necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a.m . on January 31st
with two forms of I .D. , one with a picture . Those not requiring an escort should p lan to
arrive at the designated room by 8 :30 a .m .

If yoa are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference call . The room number and dial -in details will be provided as soon as we hear
~ . back from you regarding your participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone.

Please R.S .V.P . to at <mailto: or call

We hope you will be able to participate .

Public Affairs

Off ice of the Secretary of Defense

Off ice of the Secretary of Defense

2
,
'. From:
Sent:
To:
OSDPA
Monday, January 29,20072:11 PM
'Grange, David'
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

ok s ir. the call in number will be and ask to be joined to the analyst call .
hope you have a great trip,

-- -- -Or i g i na l Message - ----


From : Grange, David [mailto :
Sent : Monday, January 29 , 2007 2 :03 PM
To : OSD PA
Subject: RE : Roundtable Invitation

I will be i n San Diego moderating a conference on Iraq , but will be able to call in .
Thanks, Dave

From: OSD PA [maiIto:


Sent: Monday, January 29, 2007 12:02 PM
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM

To : Retired Military Analysts

From: b)(6)

Date : January 29 , 200 7

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday, January 31, 2006, at the
pe n tagon wi th General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of MUlti -National Force-
I raq . The meeting will start promptly at 8 :45 a .m . and is expected to conclude at 10 : 0 0
a .m .
Cons istent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, i t will be
necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a .m . on January 31st
with two forms of I .D., one with a picture . Those not requiring an escort should p lan to
arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a .m.

If you are unable to attend in person , you will have the opportunity to participate v ia
conference call . The room number and dial- in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your part i c ipation . Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to
participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S .V .P . to at <mailto: or call

,..: \,1.

We hope you will be able to participate .

Public Affairs

Off ice of the secretary of Defense

b)(2)

2
Page 10f2

From: Moorman, Thomas


Sent: Monday. January 29, 20072:03 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

Unfortunately Gen Moorman has an unworkable conflict therefore regrets he will not be able to attend.

for Gen Moorman


' ,.

From: 050 PA [mailto


Sent: Monday, January 29,20071:02 PM
Subject: Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From :

Date: January 29, 2007

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday. Janua!J' 31.2006, at the Pentagon with
General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force- Iraq . The meeting will
start promptly at 8:45 a.m. and is expected to conclude at 10:00 a.m:

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be necessary for you to
arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m , on January 31st with two forms ofLD., one with a
picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m.

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via conference call.
The room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we hear back from you regarding your
participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to participate in person or via phone.

Please R.S.V.P. to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate.


Page 2 of2

Public Affa irs


Officeof the Secretary of Defense
Page 10f2

From: Grange , David


Sent: Monday , January 29, 2007 2:03 PM
To: osn PA
SUbject: RE: Roundtable Invitation

'~
I will be in San Diego moderating a conference on Iraq, but will be able to tall in. Thanks, Dave

From: OSD PA [mailto:


sent:Monday, January 29, 2007 12:02 PM
Subject: Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM
To: Retired Military Analysts

From :

To: Retired Military Analysts

From :

Date: January 29, 2007

Re: Meeting'with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday. January 31.2006, at the Pentagon with
General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force- Iraq. The meeting will
start promptly at 8:45 a.m. and is expected to conclude at 10:00 a.m.

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be necessary for you to
arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m. on January 31st with two forms of 1.0., one with a
picture . Those not requiring an escort should plan to arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m,

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via conference call.
TIle room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we hear back from you regarding your
participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to participate in person or via phone.

Please R.SS.P. to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate.


Page 2 of 2

Public Affairs
Officeof the SecretaI)' of Defense
Page I of 1

From: Tim Eads


Sent: Monday, January 29, 2007 2:02 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: Meeting with General David Petraeus

I will attend. Do you have a room number? I have a building pass .

.,::. Thanks

Timur J. Eads
Blackbird Technologies Inc.
13900 lincoln Park Dr.
Suite 400
Herndon, Va. 20171
Office: 703-480-1215
Cell:
Fax: 703-464-9381
Page lof2

From:
Sent: Monday, January 29, 20071 :52 PM
To: OSDPA
.. SUbJect: Re: Roundtable Invitation
_ .~

Ofcourse, this would be the first morning meeting scheduled and I'm slated to address the Republican
Committee here in Annapolis from 7:30 - 8:30 a.m. Would have liked to attended in person but will
n)., . • settle for Conf'Call. Just won't get to see you in person. :( Thanks as always.
Wayne

--mOrilZinal Messaee-v-i-,_ _~
From :
Sent: Mon, 29 Jan 2007 I :02 PM
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

n
: I
I

MEMORANDUM

MEMORANDUM
To : Retired Military Analysts

From:

Date: January 29, 2007

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus

. You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday. January 31.2006, at the Pentagon with
General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force- Iraq. The meeting will
start promptly at 8:45 a.m: and is expected to conclude at 10:00 a.m.

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be necessary for you to
arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8:15 a.m . on January 31 st with two forms ofI.D., one with a
picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m .

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via conference call.
The room number and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we hear back from you regarding your
participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend to participate in person or via phone.
Page 20f2

Please B.S,V,f., to at or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

Public Affairs
Officeof the Secretary of Defense

Cbeck out the Dew AOL. Most comprehensive set of free safety and security tools, free accessto
millions of high-quality videos from across the web, free AOL Mail and more.
Page 1 of 1

c.
From: Steven J . Greer CSM (Ret)
Sent: Monday, January 29, 2007 1:40 PM
To: DSD PA
SUbject: Meeting with GEN Petraeus

super ! I will attend (in personJ)

See you then,


SIeve
:. .

n
--
POUN DATION

Steven J . Greer, CSM, USA (Ret)


P.O. Box 753
Eastman, GA 31023
tel: 703.785.8489 rtI
www.greertoundation.org
w.. .,/ a stgnature like this ?

w.. .,/ a stgnature like this ?


Page 1 of 1

From:
Sent: Monday, January 29, 2007 1:33 PM
To: OSD PA
Subject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

• '.t
Perry smith cannot make it.

Perry M. Smith, Ph.D.


President
Visionary Leadership, Ltd.
P.O. Box 15666
Augusta, GA 30919-1666
(706) 738-9133
cell
From: OSDPA
Sent: Monday, Jan uary 29,20071 :15 PM
To: 'Garrett, John'
Subject: RE: Roundtable InVitation

bless y o u fo r answe ring all my questions ! no one follows directions like marines !! :)
thanks

-- - - - Or i g i nal Message- ----


From : Garrett, John [mailto :
Sen t : Mondav . January 29 , 20u I ~ :~~ PM
To : OSO PA
~~ Subject : Re: Roundtable Invitation

I'll be there - - will arr ive at Metro and require escort


- ------- ----------- -- -----
Sent from my BlackBerry Wireless Handheld

O r ia jn~l MpAa~~e _
From: OSD PA c
Sent : Mon Jan 29 13 :02 :25 2007
Subject : Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Military Analysts

b)(6)
From :

Date : January 29, 2007

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting wednesday, January 31, 2006, at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi-National Force -
Iraq . The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a.m . and is expected to conclude at 10:00
a.m.

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it will be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a .m . on January 31st
with two forms of I.D ., one with a picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to
1
arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a .m.

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate via
conference call . The room number and dial -in details will be provided as soon as we hear
back from you regarding your participation . Please be clear on your RSVP if you intend t o
participate in person or via phone.

Please R.S.V .P. to at <mailto: or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

Publ ic Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense

DISCLAIMER:
This e-mail message contains confidential. privileged information intended solely for the
addressee . Please do not read, copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addressee. If

DISCLAIMER:
This e-mail message contains confidential. privileged information intended solely for the
addressee . Please do not read, copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addressee. If
you have received it in error, please call us (c o l l e c t ) at (202) 457-6000 and ask to speak
with the message sender. Also, we would appreciate your forwarding the message back to us
and deleting it from your system. Thank you .

This e-mail and all other electronic (including voice) communications from the sender 's
f irm are for informational purposes only . No such communication is intended by the sender
to constitute either an electronic record or an electronic signature, or to constitute any
a9ree~ent by the sender to conduct a transaction by electronic means. Any such intention
or agreement is hereby expressly disclaimed unless otherwise specifically indicated. To
learn more about our firm, please visit our website at http ://www .pattonb099s .com.

2
From: OSDPA
Sent: Monday. January29, 2007 1:13 PM
To: 'Wayne A. Downing'
SUbJect: RE: Roundtable Invitation

ok s ir. if you'd like to call in, let me know. the dial in number will be the same as our
conference calls: and ask for the analysts call .
thanks

-- ---Original Message-----
From : Wayne A. Downing [mailto
Sent : Monday, January 29, 2007 ~ :11 PM
To : Ms OSD PA
SUbject: Re : Roundtable Invitation

Regret
In Peoria

Oriainal Message - - ---


From: OSD PA <mailto:
Sent : Monday, January 29 , 2007 12:02
Subject: Roundtable Invitation

MEMORANDUM

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Military Analysts

From:

Date: January 29, 200 7

Re: Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting Wednesday , January 31, 2006, at the
Pentagon with General Petraeus, the incoming Commanding General of Multi -National Force -
Iraq. The meeting will start promptly at 8:45 a .m . and is expected to conclude at 1 0 : 0 0
a.m .

Consistent with Pentagon security procedures, if you require an escort, it wi ll be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a.m . on January 31st
with two forms of I.D., one with a picture. Those not requiring an escort should plan to
arrive at the designated room by 8:30 a.m.

If you are unable to attend in person, you will have the opportunity to participate
via conference call. The room nUmber and dial-in details will be provided as soon as we
hear back from you regarding your participation. Please be clear on your RSVP if you
i n t end to participate in person or via phone .

Please R.S.V.P. to at <mail to: or


call

We hope you will be able to participate .

Public Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense


From : Garrett, John I
Sent: Mondav. Januarv 29,2007 1:13 PM
To: )SO PA
SUbject: Re: Roundtable Invitation

I'll be there -- will arrive at Metro and require escort


---- ----- --------- ------ --
.~: . I
Sent f r om my BlackBerry Wireless Handheld

Ori a i n a l M. ca~,e - _. __
From : OSD PA
Sent : Mon J an 29 1 3: 02: 25 2007
Subject : .Ro u nd t a b l e Invitat ion

MEMORANDUM

To: Retired Mil itary Analysts

F rom :

.L V ;

F rom :

Date: January 29, 2007

Re : Meeting with General David Petraeus

You are invited to attend a roundtable meeting wednesday, January 31 , 2006 , at the
Pentagon with General petraeus , the i n c o mi n g Commanding General of Multi-National Force -
Ira q. The meeting will start p romptly at 8 :45 a .m . and is expected to conclude at 10 :00
a .m .

Cons istent with Pentagon security procedures , i f you require an escort, it wi l l be


necessary for you to arrive at the Pentagon Metro Entrance NLT 8 :15 a .m . on January 31st
with t wo forms of I . D. , one wi t h a p icture . Those not r e qui r i n g an escort should p an t o
arrive a t the des ignated room by 8 :30 a .m .

I f you are unable to attend i n person , you will have the opportunity to participate vi a
conference call . The room number and d ial- in detai ls will be prov ided as soon as we hear
back f r om you regarding your participation . Please be clear on your RSVP if you i n t e nd to
par ticipate i n person or via phone .
Please R.S.V.p. to at <mailto: or call

We hope you will be able to participate.

".., ~, Public Affairs

Office of the Secretary of Defense

DISCLAIMER:
This e-mail message contains confidential, privileged information intended solely for the
addressee . Please do not read, copy, or disseminate it unless you are the addressee. If
you have received it in error, please call us (collect) at (202) 457-6000 and ask to speak
with the message sender. Also, we would appreciate your forwarding the message back to us
and deleting it from your system. Thank you.
This e-mail and all other electronic (including voice) communications from the sender's
firm are for informational purposes only . No such communication is intended by the ~ender
to constitute either an electronic record or an electronic signature, or to constitute any
agreement by the sender to conduct a transaction by electronic means. Any such intention
or aQreement is herebY exnresslv disclaimed unless otherwise snecificallv indicated . To
and oe~et1ng 1t ~rom your system. Tnanx you.
This e-mail and all other electronic (including voice) communications from the sender's
firm are for informational purposes only . No such communication is intended by the ~ender
to constitute either an electronic record or an electronic signature, or to constitute any
agreement by the sender to conduct a transaction by electronic means. Any such intention
or agreement is hereby expressly disclaimed unless otherwise specifically indicated. To
learn more about our firm, please visit our website at ht tp://www .pattonboggs .com .