Eco-economic of Heap Introduction: Nature has arranged for its own growth and sustenance without human

intervention. This growth and sustenance could be observed in a natural forest which keeps converting biomass to fertile soil over a long period of 500 to 1000 years, live mulching of short duration crop over medium and of medium to large trees and so on. Similar examples of nature being self sufficient are diverse crops being maintained in natural conditions without any external input. Human intervention has adversely affected natures balance and as an effect a lot of biodiversity is endangered, crop productivities are under question, sustaining the soil fertility has become a challenge. Natueco farming science offers an alternate perspective of human intervention. It has been derived out of mimicking the nature. It encourages positive human interventions designed in a manner that reduces entropy, reduces gestation of natural processes (forest like soil can be created in 150 days) and makes farming a non-exploitative work of nature. Thus a positive intervention can reverse this process meaning human intervention through application of Natueco science or by mimicking the nature can contribute towards natural growth. The following summary attempts to explain this process. Objective:

a. To understand the process of enrichment and enhancement of eco-system by human
intervention The path shown by nature: Nature has never so frequently burned or destroyed the residual biomass produced during the process of plant growth, leaves shed or dead wood. It utilizes all natural forces like wind, water, soil, stone, heat etc to add fertility in soil by utilizing the residue. There is a process of entropy in nature which takes a few hundred years to produce even 1 inch layer of productive soil. Thus, for a large tree to develop in a natural process takes a long period than a tree grown by mankind. Farming systems have never taken this learning seriously and have been searching for fertility outside the farm. Nature has also tried making all nutrients available to plants from using local biodiversity where as human kind has mostly been depending on ex-situ resources; reaching a stage of irreversible destruction through chemical input dependency. Natueco, by mimicking the process of nature recommends a new method which utilized can change the whole perspective about farming. Not only the local ecology gets enriched in this process of using biomass for enhancing productivity but farmer gets economic benefits like never before. The process: Let’s understand the new process, its economic benefits and the benefit to ecology of 1000 sq ft of farm. We could harvest 1000 Kg of green biomass (grass) from 1000 sq ft of farm at the end of monsoon. This green biomass can be dried and used for making 5 heaps as explained for making Amrut Mitti. This heap is of the dimension 10Ft (length) X 3 ft (wide) X 1 ft (ht) or 30 cu ft., five such heaps are equivalent to 150 cu ft.

Since these heaps are made of dry biomass, during decomposition it gets reduced in volume. Thus, this 150 cu ft of biomass reduces to 100 cu ft over a period of 150 days. One cu ft of soil is equal to 27 liters and by this conversion the 100 cu. ft = 2700 lt of Amrut Mitti. The application of this soil has to be understood through understanding the life style of a plant: 1. A plant to produce optimally and sustain itself needs to produce @ 3gms of dry biomass per sq ft of its canopy per day 2. Thus, the plant has to have a large canopy for intense photosynthesis 3. For a large canopy in any plant, large number of branches and good leaves are needed 4. These branches and leaves to be in plant canopy, a good feeder root system is essential since growth of canopy is directly proportional to the feeder root zone 5. To be able to make this good feeder root zone a fertile soil is essential – an equivalent of a natural forest soil which is what we have already produced in our farm Thus, for a canopy area of 1 sq ft, 4 liters of this Amrut Mitti is needed. With 2700 liters of Amrut Mitti we can expect to develop 675 sq ft of land. Since the plantation this way attains optimal productivity of 3 gms/ sq ft/day in Indian sub-continent, thus after 150 days it is observed to have 6-7 kgs of vegetables per sq ft per annum; thus giving a total of 675 sq ft X 6 kgs = 4050 kgs of vegetables from the whole plot treated. Depending on the choice of crop, the needs of local family and the local market demands, a significant portion of this (50%) can be marketed @Rs.5/kg. The income this way to the practicing farmer could be Rs.10,000/annum. During the year of production, the level of organic carbon in this heap reduces down to 70% of the original content. This loss primarily happens due to evaporation as CO2 due to heat. The biomass produced in the year other than fruits goes back to heap helping the next crop to attain better productivity levels by enrichment of the soil. The ratio of fruits: biomass is 30:70. Thus 70% of biomass goes back to heap and gives back all the vital elements that are needed for crops. This process also adds a high content of organic carbon thus raising the levels of soil fertility in every subsequent year. After 5-6 years, this soil can be shared with the neighborhood farms. Which will be more than previous as 98% weight come from Air and only 2% has extracted from the soil so next time heap will be more nutritive and production will be more. Formation of humus will be more which will provide more nutrition from the soil as availability of micro nutrition will increase. Humus has capacity to convert elements in available form. If we produce corn we can have 675 corn plants and 2 corn on each will be 1350 @ Rs.4/-each will have Rs.5400 /Plus we will have biomass worth one kg per sq.ft. i.e. 675 Kg. @ Rs. 2/- per kg. We will have Rs. 1350/- Total Rs. 6750/-. And if biomass given back to heap, it will be more enriched as this has more fiber in stem. Cost of making the Heap: Quantit y Unit Rate Unit Total (Rs)

Items

Items

Quantit y
86 300

Unit
kg gms

Rate
3

Unit
Rs.

Total (Rs)
258 40

Biomass Seeds Soaking biomass + Heap making + Seed sowing Soil Pruning & heap turning

1 50 4

heap kg Heap

25

Rs.(@4 heaps /day/lab) (@ 4 hps/day/labour

25 10 150

38

Total

483.0

The cost of 5 heaps is close to Rs.2500/- and thus it can be safely concluded that by once investing in heap making a farmer can start earning a steady annual income of Rs.10,000/-, can create a perennial source of nutrition for soil and can attain productivities from the farm like never before. This discussion hasn’t included the magical practices of root treatment and pruning; otherwise the output can be reached even better than the projections!! All that the farmer needs to do is follow Nature!!!! For more information contact: Dipak Suchade, Malpani Trust “SHARAN” At. Bajwada, Post. Nemawar,. Tal. Khategaon, Dist. Dewas 455339, Madhya Pradesh. INDIA. Res.: (07274) -289 209, Mobile: 9329570960 Email to: deepaksuchde@gmail.com www.natuecofarmingscience.com www.sharan-india.org www.prayogpariwar.net

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