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1. INTRODUCTION As the name suggests Shadbala means six fold strength. Although these strengths are combinedly used for finding the effect of planets on the lives of the natives, there is more use of the strengths and we get the clue of those uses from their names. If they were to be used combinedly, then such specific names were unnecessary. Moreover, this is more logical to think that, a planet when strong, might not be so for influencing all affairs in our lives. A planet which might give good status might not be good to show the direction of your life. So we must construe, the special significance hidden in the names given to the six sources of strengths. These strengths need not be used only predicting the results of the dasa, however, can be used for normal horoscopic interpretation. For illustration, the kendradi bala is used in ayur calculation etc. One can understand their use more and more by understanding their name and their basis of calculation. Shad Bal consists of the following strengths 1. Sthan Bal (Positional strength) 2. Dig Bal (Directional strength) 3. Kaal Bal (Temporalstrength), inclusive of Ayan Bal (Equinoctial strength) 4. Chesht Bal (Motional strength) 5. Naisargika Bal (Natural strength) 6. Drik Bal (Aspectual strength) These strengths are computed for the seven Grahas from Sun to Saturn. The nodes are not considered. 2. STHANA BALA (Maximum: 480 virupa = 8 rupas) Sthana means place and hence the sthana bala is calculated based on the placement of the planets in different signs on various parameters, such as how far are they placed from their exaltation sign etc. More follows below: 2.1 Uccha Bal (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Uccha means exaltation. When a planet is placed in its highest exaltation point, it is of full strength and when it is in its deepest debilitation point, it is devoid of any strength. When placed at other places, it has middling strength proportionately dependent on the distance these planets are placed from the highest exaltation or deepest debilitation point. Find the difference between a planet's longitude and the deepest debilitation point. Divide the difference by 3 and the result so obtained is the uccha bala in Virupas. When a planet is in highest exaltation point, the difference happens to be 180 deg and hence the uccha bala for such planet becomes
However. Although maharishi gave the strength in terms of the avasthas they are place in. the difference becomes zero and hence also the bala is zero. other planets placed in the odd signs in both rasi and navamsa.02 Virupas 2.60 virupa (180/3).45 Virupas Swakshetra (Svasth) . Saptamsa.5 Rupa) Oja means Odd signs and Yugma means Even signs.30 Virupas Great Friend's Sign (Pramudit) . Dreshkan. this strength is derived from a planet's placement in the odd or even signs in the Rasi and Navamsa.4 Kendradi Bala (Maximum: 60 virupa = 1 rupa) The name itself implies how to compute this strength.15 Virupas Neutral Sign (Din) . Dwadashamsa and Trimsamsa constitute the Sapta varga. great friend and great enemy has been used in this context. thus in virupas. The maximum strength which can be derived from this is 30 virupas (Venus/ Moon placed in Even sign in both rasi and Navamsa. neutral and enemical signs are based on the compound relationship and hence the term.20 Virupas Friendly Sign (Shant) . Other planets gets this strength. while they are placed in Odd (Male) signs in Rasi or Navamsa. Navamsa. the planets gets the corresponding Virupa of strength. while one in Panaphara (Succedent: 2-5-8-11) Bhava gets half and the one in Apoklima(Preceedent: 12-3-6-9) Bhava gets a quarter or a rupa. Moolatrikona Sign.2 Sapt Vargaj Bal (Maximum: 45*7 = 315 virupas = 5.3 Oja-Yugma Rasi-Amsa Bala (Maximum: 30 Virupa= 0. One rupa equals 60 virupa.25 rupas) Rasi. the kendradi bala equals: . The friend's.) 2. constitute the sapta varaj bala.04 Virupas Great Enemy's sign (Khal) . Hora. friendly sign etc. as the name imply. Thus. Moon and Venus are female planets and get strength of 15 virupas each while placed in the even signs in the rasi or navamsa. 2. own sign. he gave the association of these avasthas with the placement of the planets in different rasis in the following chapter on the avasthas (Ch 45). The strength of the planets in these seven divisional charts based on their placements in moolatrikona. The method of their calculation is as follows: In the following rasis.10 Virupas Inimical Sign (Duhkhit) . when a planet is placed in the deepest debilitation. A planet in a Kendra (Quadrant: 1-4-7-10) gets full strength.
female and hermaphrodite Grahas.5 Dreshkan Bala (Maximum: 15 virupa = 0. female planets are stronger in the middle part and neutral planets gains strength in the ending part of a sign. second. when the day is at peak and the Sun is placed exactly on the meridian. At Surise and Sunset. At the noon hr. Mercury is stronger both during day and night. KALA BALA: 3. the diurnal planets are weaker. Irrespective of day or night Mercurygets the bala of 60 virupa or 1 rupa. respectively.25 rupa) due to placement in first. From this we can infer that the male planets are stronger in the beginning of a sign. the natonnata bala for all the planets (excluding Mercury. Unnata is the difference between midnight and the apparent birth time. the unnata bala of the Sun. Male. the nata bala is seen for Moon. or third dreshkanaof a sign. which marks the peak of night. At other time the bala is proportionate. Also note the formula Nata Bala+ Unnata Bala = 60 virupas The fluctuation of the Natonnata bala for the planets can be seen as follows: Diurnal Planet Nocturnal Planet Sunrise 30 30 Noon 60 00 Sunset 30 30 .1 Natonnata Bala: (Maximum 60 virupa = 1 rupa) Natonnata is composed of two terms nata and unnata.e. Thus at that time the unnata bala of the diurnal planets Sun. At midnite. Mars and Saturn is full 60 virupas. whose bala is always 60). Jupiter and Venus is zero. whereas the nata bala of the nocturnal planets Moon. Unnata when deducted from 30 Ghatikas gives Nata. Jupiter and Venus is full 60 virupas and the nata bala of Moon. i. 30 Virupas. Moon. Mars and Saturn is zero. Hence.Kendra: 60 Virupa Panaphara: 30 Virupa Apoklima: 15 Virupa 2. which marks the junction of the day and the night. whereas Sun.. Jupiter and Venus are stronger during the day. second and third dreshkana. Jupiter and Venus. 3. Mars and Saturn are stronger at night. Mars and Saturn and unnata bala is seen for Sun. get a quarter Rupa (15 virupa) according to placements in the first. is the same.
which will indicate the Paksha Bala of each of the benefic Grahas.First 1/3 part of day Sun. whereas the malefics are Sun. The degrees so obtained when divided by 3. The benefics are Jupiter. well associate Mercury. which in Jyotish Parlance known as Krsna Paksha. Maas Lord. 15. 3. during the middle of the pakshas. The Planets which gain 1 virupa of strength during different part of a days is a as follows: Mercury. 45 and 60 Virupas are in order given to Varsh Lord. Mars and Saturn.Last 1/3 part of day Moon. 30. The Paksh Bal of benefic should be deducted from 60. Dina Lord and Hora Lord. The paksha bala of the Moon is 2 rupas (120 virupas) at the end time of Full Moon and New Moon.Hora Bal Varsha-Maasa-Dina-Hora Bal. which commences when the Sun moves to the first sign on the zodiac. The Paksha bala of the Moon goes down to 60 virupas.Last 1/3 part of Night Jupiter gets this Bal at all times. Mesha. as Paksh Bal. Paksha is the duration between conjunction and opposition of the Luminaries. deduct the same from 360. which will go to each malefic.Midnite 00 60 3. The duration from Conjunction to Opposition is the time when the Phase of Moon increase and is termed as Waxing Moon.3 Tribhaga Bala Tribhaga means three parts. 3.2 Paksha Bal Paksha can be loosely translated as a fortnite.Middle 1/3 part of day Saturn. 3. This forms the basis for calculation of the paksha bala.Dina.1 Varsha Bala: The Varsha mentioned here is the solar year or the samvatsara.4 Varsha (Abda) .Maasa. Venus. This is the weekday lord of the day in which the Sun has .First 1/3 part of Night Venus. If the angular duration exceeds 180 degrees.Middle 1/3 part of Night Mars. which in Jyotish parlance known as the Sukla Paksha. This strength has gained its name from the fact that the day and night are divided into three parts each. Find the angular distance between Sun and Moon. The Benefics are stronger in the Sukla Paksha and the Malefics are stronger in the Krsna Paksha. the phase of Moon decreases and is termed as Waning Moon.4. However in Jyotish term. Whereas the duration from opposition to conjunction.
counted from the 2nd Hora Lord.4. Mars. 3. The angle which they make with respect to the plane of celestial equator measured from center of earth is called the declination or Kranti. The first Hora of the day is ruled by the Lord of the week day. till the first Hora of the next day is taken over by the Lord of that day himself. Now a days with the advent of computers. i. These Horas are ruled by the 7 Grahas from Sun to Saturn.e. the previous weekday has to be taken.4 Hora Bala: Hora means planetary hour.4. The 3rd Hora is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day. The planets which we see. is known as the celestial equator. 3. 3. highlighting the importance of the hora lord over the other lords at any time.2793.e.2 Maasa Bala: Like Varsha Lord. The 2nd one is ruled by the Lord of the 6th week day. Take the weekday lord on which Sun has moved to a new sign as the lord of the Masa. Dina and Hora lord.. From the strength of the Varsa. 60 Virupas. The Declination of Sun is maximum. each saurya masa (Solar Month) commences when the Sun transits each sign of the zodiac.. 3. Similarly it proceeds in the same manner. If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar. we can see that Hora lord gets the maximum strength.3 Dina Bala: Dina is weekday. At a particular time. the previous weekday has to be taken. however the same can be accomplished using a simple formula: Ayan Bal = 60*(23°27’ ± Kranti)/ (46°54’) = (23°27’± Kranti)*1. i. things have become easier for the Jyotishis. The calculation of the ayana bala is complecated. Each day from sunrise to next sunrise is divided into 24 equal parts of one hour.5 Ayan Bala The Earth's equitorial plane when projected to the celestial spehere (a hypothetical sphere which has shows the visible stars and planets). If Sun has moved after 00:00 hrs of civil calendar. When Moon or Saturn have southern Kranti (placed below the equitorial plane) or. The lord of the weekday is the lord of the day. below or placed on the celestial equator at any point of time. when Sun. whereas during the equinoxes. can be above. or Venus have northern Kranti (Placed . the declination becomes zero. the lord of a particular hora gets the Hora bala of 60 Virupas. Jupiter. counted from the first ruler. 23°27’ during the solstices where the Sunrises either on Tropic of Cancer or Capricorn.4.transited to Mesha. Maasa.
28 0. DIK BALA The planets gains full Dikbala in the following houses: 1st (Lagna Bhava) . This happens to be Planet In virupas In rupas Sun Moon Mars Mercury Jupiter 60. they are supposed to be in war or yuddha. Krantis can be ascertained from a standard modern ephemeris. There natural strength is computed by dividing one Rupa by 7 and multiply the resultant product by 1 to 7 separately to obtain the strength of Saturn. there strength is proportionately reduced. As far as Merucry is concerned. it is always plus. 4. Mars. Mercury. The result when divided by 3. Moon and Sun in the ascending order. subtract it from 360.57 .00 1. Venus. The maximum strength attained here is 60 virupa or 1 rupa.70 0.Jupiter and Mercury (Ethery and Earthy element) 10th (Karma Bhava) . 5. 3.29 25. take plus and otherwise minus. Yudhdh Bala When two planets are placed inside each other's orbs of influence.00 51. The longitude of the bhava is same as the Lagna cusp as per the equal house distribution.Saturn (Airy element) When the planets are placed away from the bhava where they get the full dik bala.Sun and Mars (Fiery element) 4th (Sukha Bhava) . Venus. NAISARGIKA BALA Naturally the planets are stronger in the order of Saturn. Should there be a war between the planets. Mars.86 17.14 0. Sun's Ayana Bal is again multiplied by 2 whereas for others the product arrived in Virupas is considered as it is. Moon and Sun respectively. If the angular distance is more than 180 then. Mercury.Venus and Moon (Watery element) 7th (Jaya Bhava ) . Jupiter. Jupiter.above the equitorial plane). gives the dikbala of the planets. the difference between the Shad Balas of the two should be added to the victor’s Shad Bal and deducted from the Shad Bal of the vanquished.43 34.43 0. To compute the dikbala find the angular distance of the planet and the 7th of bhava where they get the full dik bala.6.
The aspect of benefics are considered to be strength and the aspect of malefics are considered to be weaknesses. These are: • Vakra (retrogression) • Anuvakra (entering the previous sign in retrograde motion) • Vikal (devoid of motion) • Mand (somewhat slower motion than usual) • Mandatar (slower than the previous) • Sama (neither fast nor slow) . This strenth is attained by the planets. The aspects of planets are given hereunder 7th. The calculation is cumbursome and shall be given in subsequent article. by rendering the lord strong. For Sun.57 0.Jupiter aspect with full sight and others aspect with 2/4th of their sight 3rd/ 10th.85 08. For calculation of this strength. the partial aspects are also taken into consideration. So this strength is gained by the virtue of the aspect (Graha Drsti) of different planets on a planet. CHESTA BALA Chesta means to move or to try. This might be of some academic interest.All planet aspect with full sight 4th/8th. 7. For other planets. the Paksha Bala becomes the chesta Bala. Aspect of benefics promote the house owned by the planet. excluding the lumeries by the the virtue of their kind of movement. It also enhances the house of which the said planet is a karaka. eight kinds of motions are attributed to they.Venus Saturn 42. the Ayana Bala becomes its chesta Bala. whereas for Moon.14 6.Mars aspects with full sight while others aspect with 3/4th of their sight 5th/ 9th. which is the root of the verb "to see".Saturn aspect with full sight and others aspect with 1/4th of their sight From the drik balas of a planet we can judge what is the strength of aspects of the benefics and malefics on it and their combined influences.71 0. DRIG BALA Drig is derived from Dris.
112 and 30 Virupas. Mercury. respectively. Cheshta Bala: This shows what drives us. 360. 30. OTHER CONSIDERATRIONS: 8. 3. USE OF SHADBALA The individual elements of the shadbala show different aspects in our life. 67 and 20. Cheshta Bala and Ayana Bala are. 330 and 300 Virupas are the Shad Bal Pindas. 7. to know the exact nature of the result 8. 15. Kaala Bala: This shows which time is best suitable for us for undertaking an activity. our inherent desires and purpose of our struggle in this life. This is to be used in conjunction with other strengths.5. allotted due to such 8 motions are 60. Dig Bala. 420. 50. Naisargika Bala: This is of lesser consquence as this remains constant all through out. the nature of the results shall be influenced by the ownership. Sthana Bala: This planet is the giver of position and status. 300. 8. Moon. to be considered strong. This also shows which positions are most auspicious for us and where shall we be most comfortable. The same required for Moon and Venus are 133. 390. 30. 5. However. For Mars and Saturn these are 96. Mars. If the strength exceeds the above-mentioned values. They are as follows: 1. 100 and 40. 6. Kaala Bala. it is important to know what is the strength of each of the elements of the shadbala. 30. 45 and 30 virupas. 9. However. placements and the yogas the planet involved in. Drik Bala: This shows which planet shall be favourable all through out in the life of native as this is based on the aspect of benefics on the planet. Venus and Saturn etc. 2. the Grah is deemed to be very strong. Mercury and Sun are strong. 10.2 Requirement of strength of individual elements of Shadbala Jupiter. 4. CONCLUSION This is still a nacent area and require more researches to find out the exact .• Char (faster than Sama) • Atichar (entering next sign in accelerated motion) The strengths. 50. This indicate which planets are naturally more able to dictate their results. Jupiter.1 Shad Bal requirements: 390. A strong graha shall protect its houses and karakakatva and is more capable of giving its results. if each of their Sthana Bala. 15. 30. 165. 40. needed for Sun. Dig Bala: This shows the direction which shall be good for us for growth in the career or self development. 35.
each point of time is influenced by one or other planets with varying extents and we can judge these subtle influences. I see that more strength (Kaala bala) is coming from the Ayana Bala. like sitting in a Jyotish class or in a conference. writing this mail. So lets explore the potencies of this beautiful scheme of strength given by Maharishi Parasara. In my rasi chart. then I would have done something. where as in the siddhamsa it is placed in the 12th house being the 6th lord. Chesta bala shows what are my desires or what am I trying to do at this point of time. In the dasamsa it is placed in the 8th house being the 6th lord and I am here sitting. . at this point of time while I am writing this article. As Sun also shows that chesta as mentioned above. rather than using the total values of the shadbala for analysing the dasas. by analysing which planets are stronger at which point of time. unexplored. it shows the attitude of service (6th) without any motivation to gain (12th). For illustration. is only the tip of the iceberg. this is also helping me achieving the direction (Ayana) of my life. If the strength was due to Hora Bala. We must understand that. Sun is the 9th lord placed in the 9th house with 10th lord. shows that I should be doing Sun's activity at this point of time. in the siddhamsa. showing that. without going to my office. Sun being the 9th lord shows teaching (with AK Mars shows that the desire is very strong). What I have written. I am able to do something which I crave for. how much is there below the water. The kala bala is also highest that of Sun. which was directed by my environment and circumstances. being the 6th lord in the 12th.use of each of the elements of the shadbala. just hinting. One good use I found with these balas is find the directional influences. When I go further. Sun is having highest kala bala and highest chesta bala.
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