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Introduction to GIS Mapping and ESRI’s ArcGIS Software
In this exercise you are introduced to the ArcMap interface and some of the basic skills necessary to begin exploring geospatial data and create simple maps. Once you have successfully completed this part of the tutorial, you should know: • • • • • • • How to open ArcMap and a Map Document (.mxd) How to examine your spatial data using ArcCatalog How to add spatial data to your Map Document How to add tabular data to a Map Document and turn it into spatial data How to join tabular data to geographic boundary files The difference between Data View and Layout View How to label Map Features • • • • • How to alter Map Feature Symbology How to add essential Map Elements (North Arrow, Legend, etc…) for effective map creation How to modify the properties of a data frame. How to set relative pathnames to allow you to move and share your Map Projects How to export your map to PDF and JPG
Getting Ready for the Tutorial
Sign Up for the GIS-L Listserv
The Yale University GIS-L Listserv is an internal University message system, devoted to GIS use and issues at Yale. The list is the primary source for updates on software and license server issues, data acquisitions and workshop announcements. All GIS users are encourages to sign up for the list. The GIS-L list is very lightly used, so that you will not be overwhelmed with messages that are not relevant to you. 1. In your Web Browser, Go To the Map Collection Website, at www.library.yale.edu/maps 2. Under the Quick Links section on the right,, Click on the “Sign up for the Yale GIS-L Mailing List” link to go to the GIS-L registration page. 3. Enter your Email Address and Choose a Password. Note: We suggest that you not select the Daily Digest feature. 4. Click on the Subscribe Button to finish. You should receive a confirmation email shortly afterward, with instruction on how to use the GIS-L list.
Download the Data
The datasets used in this tutorial are available for download on the Map Collection Website. Feel free to download and use these tutorial materials, as you wish, and to pass them along to interested colleagues. 1. Return to the Map Collection Homepage, in your Web Browser.
The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street, Room 707
Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / email@example.com www.library.yale.edu/maps
01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9.2 Software.Doc 2. Under the Quick Links Section on the right, Click on the “Download Gis Workshop Materials” link. 3. Find the “Data” Link for the ArcGIS 9.2 “Introduction To GIS Mapping And ESRI’s Arcgis Software” and RightClick on the Link. 4. In Firefox, Select “Save Link As,” in Internet Explorer, Select “Save Target As…” 5. Depending on your browser and setup, you may be offered a Browse Window, to select the folder into which you want the downloaded file placed. If so, Browse to a Folder on your hard drive that you have write permission for. For this tutorial, we will assume that you are using the C:\temp folder of the machine you are working on.
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6. Clicking on the Create New Folder Button, Create a New Folder, using your initials as the name of the folder, so that you end up with a full path something like: C:\temp\your_initials\ 7. Save the Downloaded File to this New Folder.
Unzip the Data
You should now have a file called “01-Introduction to ArGIS_92.zip” in your new folder. It is now necessary to decompress, or unzip, the tutorial data for use. Note that in Microsoft Windows XP and Vista, it is possible to “Explore” a compressed file, as if it were a folder. ArcMap does not support this type of browsing, so it is necessary to actually unzip the file for use. This part of the tutorial assumes that you are using Windows’ built in Compressed File support. 1. Browse into the Folder where you saved the 01Introduction to ArcGIS_92.zip file. 2. Right-Click on the File and Select “Extract All…” 3. Click Next to arrive at the window shown at the right. 4. Under “File Will Be Extracted To This Directory:” Remove the \01-Introduction to ArcGIS_92\ part of the Path Name (this is redundant, as the zip file contains a directory structure of its own). 5. Click Next to Extract the File. 6. Once the extraction has completed, you can Uncheck “View Extracted Files” and Click Finish.
Explore the Data in Windows Explorer
Now you will take a look at the data you have extracted, using Windows Explorer. This part of the tutorial is designed to familiarize you with the difference between how Windows recognized common spatial dataset filetypes, and how ArcGIS recognizes them.
The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street, Room 707
Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / firstname.lastname@example.org www.library.yale.edu/maps
Click on the Preview Tab. 2. Deleting. 4. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. This is the Map Document (Intro_to_ArcGIS. In the Arccatalog Catalog Tree. at the left side of the Arccatalog application window. The fact that it is called a shapefile can cause some confusion.library.2 Software. Browse to your C:\temp\your_initials\01-Introduction to ArcGIS\ Data\ Shapefile\ Folder. 1. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. You should always use ArcCatalog for Moving. ArcCatalog ‘knows’ that a shapefile is actually a collection of files.” The shapefile is ESRI proprietary vector data format. 6. Double-Click on the Intro_to_ArcGIS. Browse into the extracted C:\temp\your_initials\01Introduction to ArcGIS\ Data\ Shapefile\ Folder.edu www. Introduction to the ArcMap Data View Opening ArcMap & Getting Familiar 1. 5. Go To Start>Programs>ArcGIS> and Launch the ArcCatalog program. such as dbf. You should now see a number of different files. Click on the Metadata Tab. to View information about this shapefile. Click on the “Railroad” Layer in the Catalog Tree. Using ArcCatalog for these tasks prevents critical parts of the spatial data files from being ‘left out’ and rendered useless. some of which have the same filename. to Preview the Data in this layer. in some cases).edu/maps . on the left.mxd) that we will start the tutorial with. for this reason. etc… any spatial data files. where Windows Explorer showed all of the files. Scroll to the bottom of the Folder Group you are currently browsing and find the “Intro_To_Arcgis” File. What is critical to recognize about the contents of this folder is that all of the files with the same filename are actually part of a single “shapefile. 2. which is designed to interact with these types of spatial data filetypes. as so it only shows you a single file.yale.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. at the top of the Catalog Display. Make Sure that the “Contents” Tab at the top of the “Catalog Display” on the right side of the ArcCatalog Application Window is active. or shp. Click on the Name Field Header in the Explorer Window to Sort the files By Name. 2. Copying. but with different extensions (Windows doesn’t always show file extensions for known filetypes. 3. Note the difference in how ArcCatalog and Windows display shapefiles. Using the “Catalog Tree” Panel. at the top of the Catalog Display.maples@yale.Doc 1. since it is actually a collection of files.mxd to Launch Arcmap and Open the Map Document. If necessary. Page 3 of 25 Explore the Data in ArcCatalog Now you will take a look at the same data using the ArcGIS version of Windows Explorer.
It should not be confused with the Open Document button. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey.yale.2 Software. The “Tools” Toolbar contains a series of tools that operate on the data displayed in the Map Document Window. • • The Main Menu should be familiar to anyone who uses Microsoft Windows software.edu/maps . Button is located on the “Standard” Toolbar and opens a dialog box that allows new layers to be The Add Data added to the Table of Contents and Map Document.edu www. The Map Display is the area where your map data will be displayed. It is where you perform basic file and document editing functions.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. Take a few seconds to familiarize yourself with the ArcMap interface. but is not unique to ArcMap. The Table of Contents is the area where your data layers will be listed and where you can interact with and alter the properties of individual email@example.com. The View Toolbar changes between the Data View and Layout View of the Map Document. yet).Doc Main Menu Page 4 of 25 Map Data Layers Display Standard Toolbar “Tools” Toolbar Map Display “View” Toolbar Table of Contents You should now see something like what is shown above (don’t worry about the little red exclamation marks. which is located on the same toolbar. • • • • The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.
and prevent multiple copies of a single dataset from proliferating within a single document. You should be left with something that looks similar to the ArcMap window below.2 Software. and extracted the files to our C:\temp\your_initials\01Introduction to ArcGIS\ folder. but for now.edu www. In the resulting Context Menu.Doc Page 5 of 25 Repairing Broken Data Links When you opened the Intro_to_ArcGIS. Click Add to Repair the Data Source.library. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. ArcMap ‘refers’ to the data.mxd file. you simply need to ‘tell’ ArcMap where to find the data that its layers are looking for. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. 1. Instead. Note that when all of the data sources are in the same folder. “C:\2007_GIS_Workshops\01Introduction_to_ArcGIS\Data\Shapefile”) which happens to no longer be valid for the datasets in this project.mxd Map Document are referred to using the full path (i.shp shapefile. go to Data>Repair Data Source… 3.” but that these layers had little red exclamation marks superimposed upon the checkboxes next to them.e. which is the first layer in the Table Of Contents Panel.maples@yale. 2.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. There are ways to prevent this from happening. since we downloaded the project from a web server. 4.yale. using what are referred to as “absolute paths. Browse to the C:\temp\your_initials\01-Introduction to ArcGIS\Data\Shapefile\ Folder and Select the Area_of_Interest_polygon_polygon. Right-Click on the “Area_of_Interest_polygon_polygon” Layer. which will be covered later in the tutorial.edu/maps . you might have noticed that there were several data layers listed in the “Table of Contents Panel.’ This means that the locations of the data layers in this Intro_to_ArcGIS. ArcMap Map Documents do not actually ‘contain’ the data that they display. to save storage. ArcMap will repair all of the broken links in the Map Document.
ClickAnd-Drag the following shapefiles from the C:\temp\your_initials\01Introduction to ArcGIS\Data\Shapefile Folder to the ArcMap Table Of Contents Panel: • CT_State_wo_Boundary • CT_Towns • Hydrography_Polygon • Railroad You should be left with something similar to the image below (ArcMap applies symbology colors randomly. 1. so your color scheme may differ) Visibility & Working in the Table of Contents Note that.edu/maps .library. Note that the order of layers in the Table of Contents Panel determines the order of display in the Map Display Panel.Doc Page 6 of 25 Adding Data from ArcCatalog 1. Click-And-Drag your Layers in the Table Of Contents Panel until their order reflects that shown in the image at the right. From the Catalog Tree Panel. and is almost certainly not in the best order of display. depending on exactly where you ‘dropped’ the layers in the Table of Contents Panel.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. but move it so that you can still see the ArcMap Table Of Contents Panel.yale. 2. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.edu www.2 Software. some of your data may be obscured. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. Bring ArcCatalog back to the front your Windows Desktop.maples@yale.
Check the Checkboxes next to the Two Layers (municipalproperty and DEPProperty) that are Unchecked.yale. Button to Zoom Out to the extent of the Layer in your Map 6.library.maples@yale. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. Note that the checkboxes determine whether the layer is visible. or not.edu/maps .edu www. Click on the Back To Previous Extent View. 2.2 Software. 4. Select the Pan Tool Button to Return to the Previous Map Display Button to Zoom Out of your Map Display at fixed from the Tools Toolbar and use it to Move your Map Display.Doc Page 7 of 25 2. 3. Select the Zoom In Tool from the Tools Toolbar. 5. Drag a Box across the Central Part of the Map Display Panel to Zoom Into the Data View. Navigation Tools in the Data View 1.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. Click on the Full Extent Document with the largest extent. Click on the Fixed Zoom Out intervals. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.
Many times. Note that there are a number of attribute fields for the features in this table. Instead. you will learn how to add tabular data.xls File.edu www. 2. 3. Click on the Add Data Button and Browse to the C:\temp\your_initials\01-Introduction to ArcGIS\Tabular\ Folder. this data may have spatial data included as an attribute (for instance you may obtain a table of Toxic Release sites. Under “Coordinate System Of Input Coordinates. 4. Note that the Source Tab in the Table of Contents is now active.maples@yale. there are numeric fields with Latitude & Longitude Coordinates in Decimal Degrees that we can use to display this data. and this new data layer is visible there. That is. of the current extent of your Map Display.yale. Finally. you must browse into the file and select the worksheet you wish to add to your Map Document. Close the USGS_Geographic_Names$ Table. If you try to open an . Right-Click on the USGS_Geographic_Names$ Table in the Table Of Contents Panel and Select “Display Xy Coordinates. Double-Click on the USGS_Geographic_Names. ArcMap treats XLS Files as if they were folders. Here. spreadsheets are contained. 6. called Main View.library. on the Main Menu. Page 8 of 25 Working with Tabular Data Not all data that you will use in GIS Analysis will come in an explicitly spatial data format.xls file in ArcMap. you will get an error. Adding a Table & Displaying XY Coordinates 1. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. Select the USGS_Geographic_Names$ worksheet and Click Add to Add it to your Map Document.” 7.Doc 7. as a table of attribute records that pertain to some spatial feature or phenomenon. Right-Click on the USGS_Geographic_Names$ Table and Open it. 8.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. display it and subset to the portion of the dataset you are interested in. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. but there has been no change in the Map Display window. with Latitude Longitude Coordinates as attribute fields). This is because the data you have added is a table.2 Software.edu/maps . Most importantly. Go To View>Bookmarks>Create to Create a Bookmark.” Click on the Edit Button. within which. 5. Right-Click on the Area_of_Interest_polygon_polygon Layer and Select “Zoom To Layer” from the Context Menu. rather than a shapefile and it does not yet have an explicit geographic display. some data may come in “tabular” form.
Click on the Select Button. 19. since we will remedy this problem. Click on the Display Tab. In the resulting ”Spatial Reference Properties” Dialog.2 Software. 11.library. 10. In the resulting Export Data Dialog.edu/maps . Browse to Geographic Coordinate Systems>North America>North American Datum 1983. Click Ok to Export the Data. In the Select By Attributes Dialog. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. 14. Click Ok.” This is a shortcut to projecting your data to the same projection as the rest of the data in this Map Document. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. next. Make Sure that “Create New Selection” is the Method. Click Ok Twice to Display the Coordinates.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. 4. Browse to your C:\temp\your_initials\01Introduction to ArcGIS\Data\Shapefile Folder and Save the New Shapefile as USGS_Geographic_Names. 13. also. Click Yes. Right-Click on the new USGS_Geographic_Names Layer and Open The Attribute Table. Double-Click on [CLASS] in the Fields Box. 18.shp. Click on the Option Button of the Attribute Table and Go To “Select By Attributes. Select it and Click Add. Remove the USGS_Geographic_Names$ Table. Click Save. Subsetting Using “Select by Attributes” 1. 17. 12. 16.edu www. at the bottom of the Table Of Contents Panel. When prompted whether you want to add the exported data as a layer. 15.” 3.Doc Page 9 of 25 8.maples@yale. Right-Click on the USGS_Geographic_Names$ Events Layer and Go To Data>Export Data.yale. 2. You will be warned that the resulting layer does not contain Object-ID’s and you will be restricted in what you can do with it. Right-Click on the original Usgs_Geographic_Names$ Events Layer and Select Remove. 9.prj. Change the “Use The Same Coordinate System As:” to “The Data Frame.
Click Ok.library. Calculate Fields. Add the Exported Data as a layer when prompted. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. the processing is done ONLY TO THE ACTIVE SELECTION. If you are getting unexpected or quirky results from a firstname.lastname@example.org. 10. Notice that now.” and Double-Click ‘school’ from the results. Right-Click on the USGS_Geographic_Names Layer and Go To Data>Export Data. Close the Attribute Table. 12. Make Sure that your Selection Argument is: [CLASS] = ’school’ 8. This can be a powerful tool. 6. 14.” This is something of a universal in ArcGIS.edu www. 13. Click Save. to Clear the Selection. Click “Get Unique Values. Click on the Equals (=) Button to Add it to the Selection Argument. ArcToolbox Tools. 9. This means that you have an active selection. Click the Apply Button.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. 11. Browse to the C:\temp\your_initials\01-Introduction to ArcGIS\ Data\Shapefile Folder and name the new file Schools.edu/maps . Anytime you have an active selection in a layer and you apply some tool (Export. the “Export:” drop-down is set to “Selected Features. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. but complex queries on large datasets can crash ArcMap if the syntax is invalid). On the Main Menu. etc…) to that layer.shp.Doc Page 10 of 25 5.2 Software. always check to see if you have a forgotten active selection by going to the Main Menu>Selection>Clear Selected Features. 16. Go To Selection>Clear Selected Features. 15. Click the Verify Button to verify the query syntax (not really necessary here. and then Click Close. You should see that some of your points in the USGS_Geographic_Names$ Events Layer are now highlighted bright blue. Leave the Coordinate System as the Default this time and Click Ok. 7. As you did previously. but can also be the source of frustration.
” present in both the attribute table and the geographic boundary file for the Census data for New Haven. Unfortunately.” Your table of Contents view will also change back to the Source Tab. and much of the base data they provide (not to mention that included with the last 20 years of software releases) still has no defined coordinate system / projection. This is because the number of attributes available for some GIS data is so large that including the files together creates prohibitively large layer files. Click on the Search Tab. a researcher only needs a limited number of attributes for analysis. ESRI dropped the assumed geographic feature. In most cases. at the bottom of the ArcToolBox Panel. Note that you probably cannot see the Census Block Group files we just added. to “Join” those two files. 1.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. Use the Add Data Button to Add the tgr09000sf1blk. Click on the ArcToolbox Panel. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.shp shapefile from the C:\temp\your_initials\012.yale. Here. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. Also. relate to geographic location on the face of the Earth.library. This means that you need to ‘define’ the coordinate or projection system.Doc Page 11 of 25 Working with Spatial Data Adding a Census Boundary Shapefile & Defining the Coordinate System Many times. as well as a shapefile. Define Projection Tool should be one of the returned results. sometimes. a far more accurate reference system. the software would examine the numeric values that recorded the geometry of the boundaries and. So.1 or before). we will learn to remedy that. ArcMap allows you to “Join” a tabular attribute file to its corresponding Geographic File. Use the Add Data Introduction to ArcGIS\Data\Shapefiles Folder.prj file. This is particularly the case with Census Data.dbf Table from the C:\temp\your_initials\01-Introduction to ArcGIS\Data\Tabular Folder. This worked. and familiarize you with the ArcToolbox. since you have just added a table of data. tgr09009blk00.shp (If you can see the file. line and polygons in the dataset. attribute data is contained in tabular form.edu www. You will be warned that one of your datasets is missing its “spatial reference.edu/maps . much of the data you work with in GIS is now created on the NAD 1983 datum. Defining a Projection/Coordinate System 1.2 Software. and is wildly inaccurate for any dataset falling outside North America. 3. Here we will use a “key field. so that you must now explicitly assign the correct coordinate system. Prior to ArcGIS 9. separate from the Geographic boundary files that are used by GIS software. This is because the dataset does not have a *. Button to Launch the ArcToolbox 2. if the values fell within the normal Lat/Lon values (-90 to 90 & -180 to 180). Button to Add the tgr09009blk00. ESRI has not updated much of its available data to reflect this new lack of automation. and Enter “define” as your Search Term. it applied an “assumed geographic coordinate system” using the North American Datum from 1927.2. which contains information about how the numeric values that record the point. Double-Click on Define Projection to open the ArcToolbox Tool’s Dialog. But what if your data was located in India? The NAD 1927 Datum is not nearly as accurate as current datums.maples@yale. you are likely using ArcGIS version 9.
yale.maples@yale. 9. 7. 8.edu/maps . 6.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. Click OK to Define the Coordinate System for this file. Page 12 of 25 5. Click on the Display Tab at the bottom of the Table of Contents. Select and Add this as the Spatial Reference. Click on the Select Button and Browse to Geographic Coordinate Systems>North America>North American Datum 1983.Doc 4. You should now see something like what is pictured at the left.library. Select the tgr09009blk00 layer from the Input Dataset Drop-Down Menu.2 Software. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey.prj. The tgr09009blk00 Layer has been added to your Table of Contents. using the Refresh View Button. Click OK again to Apply the Spatial Reference to the ArcToolbox Dialog. 10. on the View Toolbar at the bottom left corner of the Data View. Click on the Spatial Reference Button to Open the Spatial Reference Properties Dialog Box. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.edu www. You may need to Refresh your Data View in order to see the results.
there are plenty of attributes about people. Click OK to Apply the Join. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. Note the Field called STFID. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. There is nothing that indicates any information about the people who live within these boundaries. Note that. racial. Scroll across the Attribute Table and Make Sure that the two datasets have been email@example.com Software.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. • • • • Join attributes from a table Join Field 1=STFID Join Layer=tgr09000sf1blk Join Field 2=STFID 7. Notice. in this case. also. 8.yale. 9. 4. Right-Click on the tgr09009blk00 Layer and Select Joins And Relates>Join…. Note that the table contains a few fields that mostly identify the various geographic entities within this boundary file. 2. Populate the Options as shown on the left.edu www. in particular. This table contains the counts of total population. Close the tgr09009blk00 Attribute Table. Right-Click on the tgr9009blk Layer and Open the Attribute Table. In the resulting Join Data Dialog Box. that this table has the same STFID field we found in the boundary file. gender and age breakdowns and other information about the people who live in the Census Blocks.Doc Page 13 of 25 Joining the Attribute Data to the Census Boundary Layer 1.edu/maps . Close the tgr09000sf1blk Table. 3. 5. 6. Right-Click on the tgr09000sf1blk Layer Name and Select Open from the Context Menu.library. Right-Click on the tgr09009blk00 Layer Name and Select Open Attribute Table from the Context Menu.
” It is the default action in ArcMap that anything you do to a layer. 2. etc….library. 3. distances. as shown at the right. Click Apply and note that the selection you made should be highlighted in blue in your Map Display. such as calculating area.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. when you have an active selection. 5. By using the coordinate system of the Data Frame (which is State Plane) to export the dataset. Lat/Lon coordinates locate features on the surface of the (roughly) spherical Earth. fill in the options. On the Main Menu. Close the Select by Location Dialog Box and note that your selection will remain active. ArcGIS needs a linear unit to perform many of the mathematical calculations you may want to apply to the data. 1. However. only applies to the selection. ArcMap has used the STFID in each of the datasets to join the attribute records to the appropriate Census block unit.2 Software. In the resulting Select by Location Dialog Box. Right-Click on the tgr09009blk00 Layer and Select Data>Export Data…. selecting features from tgr09009blk00 that intersect with the Area_of_Interest_polygon_polygon Layer and Apply a buffer of 500 feet. we can avoid the added step of projecting the data to a projection with a linear measurement. Close the Attribute Table.edu/maps . Go To Selection>Select by Location. if we want to work with this dataset further. 6. we are only interested in the area of and immediately surrounding the Area_of_Interest Layer.maples@yale.Doc Page 14 of 25 Note that the Field Names have now changed and are prefixed with the name of the dataset that they come from. Subsetting Using “Select by Location” We now have a Census Boundary Layer with demographic attributes.yale. 4. Check the checkbox that allows you to use the same Coordinate System as the Data Frame. it is best that we export it to a new shapefile that contains all of the fields we need. and are angular measurements. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. 7. Remember that we defined the Coordinate System as GCS North American Datum 1983? That was because the layer was created using Lat/Lon coordinates.edu www. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. Further. Notice that the Export Drop-Down list has defaulted to “Selected features.
Name the New Field ‘AREA’. 7. Adding a New Field and Calculating It’s Value 1. 5.library. Right-Click on the new AOI_Census_Blocks_SF1 Layer and Open the Attribute Table. Right-Click on the original tgr09009blk00 Layer and Select Remove from the Context Menu.Doc Page 15 of 25 8. but that the fieldnames are no longer prefixed. 3. Click OK to Export the Data. and Use the Type: ‘Float’. Name the New Field ‘UNDER18’.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. Note that all of the attributes from the joined dataset have transferred.edu www. and Use the Type: ‘Short Integer’. Again. 4. Browse to the C:\temp\your_initials\Urban_Forestry_Workshop\Data\Shapefiles Folder and Save the Output shapefile as AOI_Census_Blocks_SF1. 11. 2.. 12.shp. Right-Click on the AOI_Census_Blocks_SF1 Layer and Open the Attribute Table. Click Ok.” 8.yale. 6. 9.maples@yale. You will be prompted to add the new layer to the current Map Document. Click on the Options Button and Select Add Field. 13. Right-Click on the Area_of_Interest_polygon_polygon Layer and select Zoom to Layer. Close the Attribute Table.. 14.2 Software. Click Yes. Click on the Options Button and Select Add Field. Scroll to the far right of the Attribute Table. Click Yes when warned about calculating outside an edit session. Right-Click on the Field Header for ‘AREA’ and Select “Calculate Geometry. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. 10. Click Ok.edu/maps . The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.
and it is even possible to symbolize a single layer based upon several attributes.library. Labeling Features 1. Click on the Display Tab of the Table Of Contents Panel. Close the Attribute Table.maples@yale. 4. which is a new feature in ArcMap 9. Scroll Down the Fields List and Click on the ‘AGE_5_17’ to Insert it in the Calculator Argument.2. Click on the Addition (+) Button to Insert the Addition Operator in the Calculator Argument. There are many ways to apply symbology to a layer. AREA. 19.Doc 9. Click Ok to Apply the Calculation.edu www. 20. was calculated from other variables in the dataset. Now that we have created a set of attributes that we are interested in mapping.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. we can begin to apply symbology to the layers in the Map Document. Make Sure your Calculator Argument reads as: [AGE_UNDER5] + [AGE_5_17] 18. 16. 17.2 Software. 14. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. was created using the Calculate Geometry Tool. Page 16 of 25 Note that you have now created and calculated the values for two different attributes of your data. Scroll Down the Fields List and Click on the ‘AGE_UNDER5’ to Insert it in the Calculator Argument. 15. Change the Units Drop-Down to ‘Square Miles US [sq mi]. or feature attributes. creating a map that displays multiple dimensions of demography. Labeling can also be applied to the Map Document in various ways that can illuminate the attributes of the layers included. Check the “Label Features In This Layer” Checkbox. The other. Change the Property Drop-Down Menu to ‘Area. but primarily through the properties dialog box. Click Apply. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. 3.edu/maps .yale.’ 10. Click Ok 12. Right-Click on the Field Header for ‘UNDER18’ and Select “Field Calculator…” 13. Working with Layer Properties One thing that is important to understand about layers and other elements of the Map Document is that virtually everything in a Map Document is an ‘Object’ with properties that can be altered using various means.’ 11. Change the Text Symbol to Bold. Click Yes when warned about calculating outside an edit session. UNDER18. 2. Click on the Labels Tab. Right-Click on the Schools Layer and Open the Properties. One variable.
” Under Rounding. 10.Doc Page 17 of 25 Adjusting Symbology 1. 9. Set the Number Of Decimal Places to ‘1’. 4. 3. Click Ok to Close the Properties Dialog for the AOI_Census_Blocks_SF1 Layer and Apply the Symbology. 3. 2.edu/maps .2 Software. Click on the Exclusion Button. Click on the Symbol Button to Open the Symbol Selector. Click on the “Quantities” Item under ‘Show:’.edu www. Click Ok twice to Apply the Changes and Close the Properties Dialog. 7. 7. 5. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. Enter ‘UNDER18’ = 0 as the Argument in the Data Exclusion Properties Dialog. Click on the Symbology Tab of the Schools Layer Properties Dialog. Click on the Symbol under the Railroad Layer. 2. Click on the Classify Button. Click on the Symbology Tab.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. This is an alternative way to open the Symbol Selector directly. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. Under Classification. Click Ok to Apply the Changes. Click on the ‘Label’ Field Header and Select “Format Labels. In the Table Of Contents Panel. Select an appropriate Color Ramp from the Drop-Down Menu. Scroll Down and Select the ‘School2’ Symbol. Applying Symbology Based Upon Attribute Values 1.library. On the resulting Classification Dialog. 5. 12. Click Ok twice to Return to the Properties Dialog Box. 11. if it is not already active.maples@yale. Set the number of Classes to ‘10’ 6. Click Ok. Right-Click on the AOI_Census_Blocks_SF1 Layer and Open The Attribute Table. 8. 6.yale. 4. Select ‘UNDER18’ as the Value Field and ‘AREA’ as the Normalization Field. Change the Color of the Symbol for the Railroads Layer.
when prompted.edu/maps .library.” 3. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. 6. Browse to the C:\temp\your_initials\01Introduction to ArcGIS\ Data\ Layers Folder and Select the Hydrography_Polygon. Click on the Symbol for the CT_Towns Layer and Change its Symbol Color to Light Grey.Doc Page 18 of 25 Using a Layer (. Click-And-Drag the New Group Layer above the AOI_Census_Blocks_SF1 Layer. 7. Hold Down the Ctrl Key and Click on the Hydrography_Polygon Layer. 2. 3.yale.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9.lyr File.LYR) File to Apply Symbology 1. Click Ok to Apply the Changes and Close the Properties Dialog for the Hydrography_Polygon Layer. Right-Click on the Hydrography_Polygon Layer and Open its Properties. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. 4. 5. Click Open. Click Ok. the municipalproperty and DEPProperty Layers to Select them. Turn On the Visibility of the DEPProperty and municipalproperty Layers by Clicking on their Visibility Checkboxes.2 Software. 5. 2. Accept ‘AV_Legend’ as the Value Field. Final Cleanup and Loose Ends… 1. Right-Click on one of the Layers and Select “Group. Select the Symbology Tab and Click on the Import Button. firstname.lastname@example.org www.
Some of the Tools on this toolbar work in a way that is similar to the Tools Toolbar. Note that you are now presented with the Layout Toolbar. Navigation in the Layout View 1. primarily those relevant to creating Map Layouts. 2. 3. Click on the Page Extent Button to Return to the Full View of the page.yale. This toolbar is only available in Layout View. Note that these tools did not change the scale or extent of the data. To do this. Click on the Layout Zoom Tool and Drag a Box across the top half of the Layout Display.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. The Layout View will provide tools not available in the Data View. but with one critical difference… these tools act on “the page” rather than the data.2 Software. Click on the Layout Button (it looks like a page).edu/maps .library. we will change from the ArcMap Data View to the Layout View. Layout Zoom Layout Pan Page Extent The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.Doc Page 19 of 25 Introduction to the Layout View We are now ready to begin finishing our Map Document and preparing it so that it can be shared with others. on the View Toolbar at the bottom left corner of the Map Display.maples@yale. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey.edu www.
” 6. Change both the Width & Height to 5 Inches. 3. In the Data View. this rectangle was represented by the edges of the Map Display Panel.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. Click on the Size And Position Tab.yale. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. 5. Click on the Frame Tab. Click on the center blue box under “Anchor Point. 8. the Data Frame is an ‘Object’ on the layout page. 7. The fact that the Data Frame is an Object on the Layout Page means that we can alter its properties. Change the ‘Element Name’ to Main Data Frame. 2.2 Software. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. Click Ok to Apply the Changes. Right-Click on the “Layers” Layer and Open the Properties.edu www.maples@yale. 4. Select a Border Style. Now.library. 1. At the very top of the Table Of Contents Panel.Doc Page 20 of 25 Working with Data Frame Properties The data is contained within a rectangle referred to as the Data Frame.edu/maps .
2. Use the Select Elements North Arrow to a more appropriate part of the map. there are a few elements that are considered fundamental to good mapmaking. Go To Insert>Title. it is also true that they can be critical tools in conveying spatial messages.2 Software. On the Main Menu. Go To Insert>Scale Bar. or desired. when used properly.edu/maps . The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. Select the first North Arrow in the list. 6. 3.Doc Page 21 of 25 Adding Essential Map Elements Finally. A Highlighted Text Box will be inserted into the Map Layout. North Arrow 1. Use the Select Elements Tool to Move the Map Title to an appropriate position above the Data Frame. Change the Text to “Under 18 Population Density of New Haven. before exporting to portable formats.yale. CT” using carriage returns to Insert line breaks. 5. Scale Bar 1. On the Main Menu. If necessary. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. 3. Tool to Move the 4. Go To Insert>North Arrow. you can Use the Blue ‘Resize Handles’ to Change the Dimensions of the North Arrow. 6. In the Scale Bar Selector.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. 2. Since the North Arrow is an Object. Map Title 1. 5.maples@yale. On the Main Menu. Click OK.edu www. A highlighted North Arrow will be inserted into your Map Layout (probably at the worst possible place). While it is true that ALL maps do not need ALL of these elements (Does a map of the entire earth really need a north arrow?). Select the first Scale Bar in the list. Here. Leave all other Settings at their Default. 4. Double-Click on the Text Box to Open its Properties. but note that there are many options for altering the title text. Click Ok. we will take the final steps to complete our map layout. 2.library. you can Access its Properties by Right-Clicking and Selecting Properties. In the North Arrow Selector.
6. Go To Insert>Legend to Open the Legend Wizard.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. Highlight the ‘UNDER18 / AREA’ Text beneath the Layer Name and Change it to ‘Under 18 per Sq Mi.2 Software. 2. 12. 13.edu/maps . The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. Click Next. Click Ok to Apply the Changes. A highlighted Scale Bar will be inserted into your Map Layout (probably at the worst possible place). Click Next. 10. Change the Division Units to Miles. Move the Legend to the lower right corner of the map layout. 6.yale. Use the Resize Handles to make the Legend smaller. Button. 4. Change the Name of the layer to Census 2000 14. 7. 7.maples@yale. 11. Click Next twice. Select a 1pt Frame. Click once on the AOI_Census_Blocks_SF1 Layer Name. then Click Again to Highlight the Text. In the Table Of Contents Panel. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. On the Main Menu.library. 5. Use the Select Elements Tool to move the Scale Bar to the lower left corner of the map layout. Select a White Background.’ Note that the text changes with the alteration of the Table of Contents Panel. 9. 4. Using the Select Elements Tool. Right-Click on the Scalebar and Open the Properties Dialog. Change the Area Patch to the Urbanized Area shape. 5. Click OK.edu www. Accept the default settings for the final window and Click Finish. Wait.Doc 3. Highlight and Remove all layers but the AOI_Census_Blocks_SF1 Layer from the Legend Items List Using the < 3. Page 22 of 25 Legend 1. 8.
email@example.com www.Doc Page 23 of 25 Neatline Finally. 4.yale.edu/maps . Make Sure that the “Place Around All Elements” Radio Button is Checked.2 Software. but also to control the clipping that will occur when we export to JPEG. or using an inset map) The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. On the Main Menu. Select a ‘Hollow’ Background. 3. Go To Insert>Neatline to Open the Neatline Wizard. These elements are primarily textual. 5. Select a 4pt Border.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. and can be included using a procedure similar to that used to insert the Map Title. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. • • • • • • • Date the map was made Author of the map Who the map was made for Projection / Coordinate System information Data Source(s) Descriptive Text (if necessary) Location (in the title. 2. 1. Other Essential Map Elements Other elements are warranted when creating a map and have been neglected here only for expedience. we will insert a neatline around all of the Map Elements as a way to ‘finish’ the map. Click Ok.
Set the Resolution to 150 dpi. 2. Go To File>Export Map. you might like to export your map to an image that you can use in PowerPoint or a Word Document. 3.library. Save your work by Clicking the Save Button. 9. 6. 3. 4.jpg to Open it. Exporting to JPEG 1. Go To File>Export Map. On the Main Menu. The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street.2 Software. under Options. Here you will learn to export your map.pdf to Open it.edu/maps . Change the Save as Type: Drop-Down to JPEG (*. Click on the Format Tab.pdf). Click Save. 4.maples@yale. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. Do Not Check the Clip to Graphics Extent box. Check the box to Clip Output to Graphic Extent. Click Save. you might want to save the map in a format that you can send to colleagues to view or print. 8. Browse to the C:\temp\your_initials\01-Introduction to ArcGIS\ Folder. 2. On the Main Menu.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. 10.yale. Change the Save as Type Drop-Down to PDF (*. 5. Or. Exporting to PDF 1.jpg). Make sure that the Color Mode is set to 24bit True Color.edu www. 5.Doc Page 24 of 25 Sharing Your Map Project At this point. Browse to the C:\temp\your_initials\01Introduction to ArcGIS\ Folder and doubleclick on the Intro_to_ArcGIS. 7. Browse to the C:\temp\your_initials\01-Introduction to ArcGIS\ Folder and double-click on the Intro_to_ArcGIS.
final. Check the “Make relative paths the default for new map documents I create” Checkbox. working. On the Main Menu. tables. Set the Option to “Store relative path names to data sources. raster. You can now move your project by copying or zipping the C:\temp\your_initials\01-Introduction to ArcGIS\ Folder. under which you should create a series of subfolders for each type of data you are using. create a Data folder. you can move your ArcMap Project Folder as a single unit. if it is not already. image. For complex projects. or creating in your project (shapefile. Room 707 Stacey Maples – GIS Assistant 203-432-8269 / stacey. in its entirety. Under this main folder.library.01-Introduction To GIS Mapping And Arcgis 9. 5. MXD Map Documents are very small! You can save many versions of a project by saving multiple Map Documents. • • • Congratulations! You are now ready to explore ArcMap on your own! If you are interested in additional training materials.Doc Page 25 of 25 Setting Relative Pathnames & Making ArcMap Projects Portable By setting “Relative Pathnames” in File>Map Properties>Data Source Options.yale. without breaking the internal links to the datasets.edu www. Click Ok. Use this to your advantage by giving these files very specifically descriptive names. table and shapefile names. Coverage and raster filenames are limited to 13 characters.” 4. Go To File>Document Properties. or just need help with a specific GIS related issue. Click Ok. ArcMap supports long filenames for MXD Document. etc…) within each of your data subfolders to contain the multiple versions of data files that can accumulate during the course of a GIS project. 6. etc…).maples@yale. feel free to contact us at the Yale Map Collection! The Yale Map Collection At Sterling Memorial Library 130 Wall Street. ArcCatalog & Project Management • Create a main Project Folder for your GIS analysis project. 1. preserving the location of your data files relative to your MXD document. 3. Click on the Data Source Options Button. without having the problem of broken links that we experienced at the beginning of the tutorial.2 Software. This allows you to save several layout versions of the same data without using a great deal of disk space.edu/maps . You can also Zip the folder and send it through the email to colleagues. 2. you may even find it helpful to create further divisions (original.
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