Example: Composite floor slab

CALCULATION SHEET

Document Ref: Title

SX009a-EN-EU

Sheet

1

of

12

Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1, EN 1993-1-3, EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson
Date Date

Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by

March 2005 April 2005

Example: Composite floor slab
This example shows the design of a composite floor slab for both construction stage and composite stage. The composite slab is checked at both ultimate limit state and serviceability limit state. In many markets there are benefits in avoiding propped construction but in this example props are used for pedagogical reasons. The slab considered is propped, as shown below
[mm]

P
Created on Tuesday, June 09, 2009 This material is copyright - all rights reserved. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement

P 1800 1800 1800 1800

P 1800

1800

P are temporary props during casting of the concrete Sheeting data: The characteristic values for the chosen sheeting are as follows: Yield strength Thickness Effective steel area Second moment of area of steel core Plastic bending resistance Sagging bending resistance Hogging bending resistance Resistance to support reaction Resistance to horizontal shear fyp,k = 320 N/mm ts = 0,778 mm Ap = 955 mm2/m Ip = 33,0 × 104 mm4/m Mpa,Rk = 5,29 kNm/m
+ M a,Rk = 3,41 kNm/m − M a,Rk = 2,86 kNm/m
2

From trade literature

Rw,k = 34,0 kN/m

τu,Rk = 0,306 N/mm2

5 γVS = 1.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 2 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Slab data: Slab depth Slab mean depth Slab depth above sheeting Effective depth Concrete C25/30 ht = 120 mm hred = 103. EN 1993-1-3. In the construction stage. 2009 This material is copyright .5 mm hc = 75 mm dp = 101 mm fck = 25 N/mm2 Ecm = 31000 N/mm2 Sheeting geometry and slab: [mm] dp ht Created on Tuesday.0 γM1 = 1.25 (permanent loads) (variable loads) EN 1993-1-1 EN 1993-1-1 EN 1992-1-1 EN 1994-1-1 EN 1990 . June 09. The following loads are considered in this example: γG = 1. In the composite stage the slab has to carry its own weight. the steel sheeting acts as shuttering and has to carry its own weight. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement 19 10 45 30 50o 60 150 900 27 Partial safety factors: • • • • • • Loads: The slab is designed for both the construction stage and the composite stage.all rights reserved.5 γM0 = 1. the wet concrete and the construction loads. floor finishes and the live load.35 γQ = 1.0 γC = 1.

2 kN/m2 q = 5.all rights reserved. 09 ⋅ 1.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 3 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 46 = 1. 82 = 0.46 kNm/m + M Ed = 1. 82 + 0. 094 ⋅ 2.09 kN/m2 gc = 2. EN 1993-1-3. 5 ⋅ 1. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Construction stage: Self weight of the sheeting Self weight of the wet concrete Distributed construction load Concentrated construction load Composite stage: Self weight of the slab Floor finishes Live load (hotel) g1 = 2.75 kN/m2 q2 = 1. June 09. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement The sheeting resistance needs to be verified in the construction stage in both ultimate and serviceability limit state according to EN 1993-1-3. 2009 This material is copyright . 5 ⋅ 0.09 = 2. 6 ⋅ 1.5 + 0.6 kN/m2 g2 = 1.81 kNm/m + M q = 0. 81 + 1. Ultimate limit state: Maximum sagging bending moment: + + + M Ed = γ G ⋅ M g + γ Q ⋅ M q + + + M g = M gp + M gc = 0.5 kN/m2 Verification of the sheeting as shuttering Created on Tuesday. 82 = 0. 094 ⋅ 1. 35 ⋅ 0.6 kN/m2 q1 = 0. 078 ⋅ 0.78 kNm/m .0 kN/m2 gp = 0.

55 = 2.35 ⋅ 5.1.18 12. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Maximum hogging bending moment: q2 q1 gc gp 3000 − − − M Ed = γ G ⋅ M g + γ Q ⋅ M q = 1.5 ⋅ 3.75 + 1.13 < 1. 25 2. 01 + 1.0 kN/m > FEd= 12. 5 + = 1.0 Negative bending M − Rd = − M Rk γ M0 = 2. Fg and Fq are calculated by computer. M q .Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 4 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1.0 = 34.0 Support reaction RRd = γ M1 RRk = 34.28) OK 2. moment and support reaction − M Ed F + Ed ≤ 1. 0 All design checks are OK at the ultimate limit state.15 = 12.86 − = 2.18 kNm/m OK 1.5 kN/m 1.18 kNm/m FEd = γ G ⋅ FG + γ Q ⋅ Fq = 1.41 + = 3.86 kNm/m > M Ed = 2. Design check: Positive bending + M Rd = + M Rk γ M0 = 3.Rd EN 1993-1-3 §6. 86 34. 5 ⋅ 0. 35 ⋅ 1. 2009 This material is copyright . . June 09. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement − − M g .11 (6.41 kNm/m > M Ed =1.all rights reserved.5 kN/m Created on Tuesday.25 M Rd Rw.78 kNm/m OK 1.0 OK Interaction. EN 1993-1-3.

094 ⋅ 2.e. 4ε kσ 235 = 1. 8 EN 1993-1-5 § 4. is less than 1/10 of the slab depth. exceed δs. i.6 (2) δs = ( 2. Table 4.36 ρ = 1. no reduction of the top flange is necessary. 0 EN 1993-1-5 Table 4.3. 6 ⋅ 1. The sheeting can work as shuttering in the construction stage. 65 ⋅ 0. unless otherwise noted in the National Annex. 2009 This material is copyright . 81 ⋅ 106 ⋅z = ⋅ ( 45 − 19) = 63. 82 + 0.9 63. 0 ⋅ 10 fy σ cr 235 = b/t 28. 778 28. therefore no ponding effects need to be taken into account. i. the serviceability limit state is also OK.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 5 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. does Ip need to be recalculated due to local buckling? Maximum positive moment in serviceability limit state: M sls = 0.4 σ com = with ψ = 1. .max = L/180.1 = 0.82 = 0. 65 ⋅ g p + 3. 4 ⋅ 1.81 kNm/m Created on Tuesday.1 gives kσ = 4 λp = 30 / 0. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Serviceability limit state: The deflection.8 N/mm2 4 Ip 33.max = OK EN 1994-1-1 §9.2 (2) The deflection. 4 ⋅ g c ) ⋅ L4 384 ⋅ EI p Check if the sheeting is fully effective. ρ = 1. 9 4. June 09. 078 ⋅ 0.all rights reserved. 0 Since the reduction factor. 0 . δs.6 mm = δs = 180 180 δ s. EN 1994-1-1 §9. 09 ⋅ 1.e. due to the wet concrete and the self weight of the sheeting should not. EN 1993-1-3. δs. δs = ( 2.6 mm 384 ⋅ 210000 ⋅ 33. Hence. 6) ⋅ 18004 = 3. 4 ⋅ 2. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement Maximum compression stress in top flange: σ com = λp = ε= M sls 0. 09 + 3. 0 ⋅ 104 L 1800 =10 mm > 3. Ip is fully effective.

d = γ M0 f ck = 320 = 320 N/mm2 1.4.Rd EN 1994-1-1 Figure 9. 2) + 1. 0. if the neutral axis is above the sheeting.7 N/mm2 1. 5 ⋅ 5.6 mm 0.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 6 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 0] ⋅ 3. June 09. EN 1994-1-1 §9.d 0.85 fcd xpl dp + fyp.5 kNm/m = 8 Design bending resistance: The sagging bending moment resistance should be calculated from the stress distribution in the figure below.f z Np Mpl.d centroidal axis of the profiled steel sheeting - Nc. 62 = 20. EN 1993-1-3. 5 χ pl = 955 ⋅ 320 = 21. 35 ⋅ ( 2. 2009 This material is copyright . EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Verification of the composite slab: Ultimate limit state: The continuous slab will be designed as a series of simply supported spans.7 . 6 + 1.all rights reserved. 0 f cd = γC = 25 = 16.5 xpl = Ap ⋅ f yp. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement [γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q] ⋅ L2 8 [1.k f yp.85 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 16.2 (5) q g1+g2 M Ed = M Ed Created on Tuesday. 85 ⋅ b ⋅ f cd f yp.

Rd ⋅ b ⋅ Lx ≤ N cf EN 1994-1-1 §9. does not exceed the design bending resistance.Rd τ u. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement Ap ⋅ f yd N cf = b ⋅ τ u. Design check using the simplified partial interaction diagram: For any cross section along the span it has to be shown that the corresponding design bending moment.3 (8) The distance to the nearest support.Rd = Lx = τ u. EN 1993-1-3.Rd = 955 ⋅ 320 ⋅ (101 − 21. MEd. In the figure x is the distance from the support.Rk 0. required for full shear connection can be determined by Lx = Created on Tuesday. 25 955 ⋅ 320 = 1247 mm 1000 ⋅ 0.245 Hence. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 For full shear connection: M pl.7.Rd b ⋅ τ u.245 N/mm2 γ Vs 1.Rd = Ap ⋅ f yd ⋅ d p − xpl / 2 ( ) M pl. 6 / 2 ) ⋅ 10−3 = 27.5 kNm/m > 20. MRd. .5 = MEd Longitudinal shear by partial connection method: Shear span required for full shear connection N c = τ u. June 09. 2009 This material is copyright .all rights reserved. Lx.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 7 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 306 = = 0. at a distance of 1247 mm from the support a full shear connection is fulfilled.

6 + 1.c ⋅ k ⋅ (100 ⋅ ρ I ⋅ f ck )1 / 3 + k1 ⋅ σ cp ⎤ ⋅ bw ⋅ d p ⎣ ⎦ with a minimum of Vv.12 1. 4 dp 101 . EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 MRd.Rd.all rights reserved. 5 ⋅ 5.Rd = ⎡CRd.8 1.Rd MRd 20 10 M Ed = [γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q ] ⋅ x 2 ⋅ ( L − x) Mpa 0 Created on Tuesday.18 = 0. 35 ⋅ ( 2.18 γC = 0. 2009 This material is copyright . 5 See Note in EN 1992-1-1 §6.2 CRd. 6 = 22.7 kN/m 2 Design vertical shear resistance: Vv. EN 1993-1-3. 2) + 1. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement x [m] 0 0.c = k = 1+ 0. MEd [kNm/m] 30 Mpl.4 0. 0] ⋅ 3.2.min = ( vmin + k1 ⋅ σ cp ) ⋅ bw ⋅ d p EN 1992-1-1 §6.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 8 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1.2.2 Lx 1. June 09.2 200 200 = 1+ = 2.6 2 M Ed ≤ M Rd for all cross sections Vertical shear: VEd = VEd = [γ G ⋅ ( g1 + g 2 ) + γ Q ⋅ q ] ⋅ L 2 [1.

15 ⋅ 0) ⋅ 400 ⋅ 101 = 26. 4 ⋅ (100 ⋅ 0. The cross-sectional area of the reinforcement above the ribs should be §9.2. i.Rd = 42. 035 ⋅ k 3 / 2 ⋅ f ck = 0.Rd = 42. no axial forces or prestress. Ac k1 = 0.e. min As = 0. 65 + 0.024 > 0.Rd = ⎡0.7 kNm/m = VEd OK All design checks of the composite slab in the ultimate limit state are OK.02 400 ⋅101 ρl = 0. 2009 This material is copyright . Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement See Note in EN 1992-1-1 §6.Rd. 02 ⋅ 25)1 / 3 + 0.3 kN/m Vv.15 Vv.15 ⋅ 0 ⎤ ⋅ 400 ⋅ 101 ⎣ ⎦ Created on Tuesday.8 kN/m > 22. ρl = 955 = 0.4% of the cross-sectional area of the concrete above the ribs.all rights reserved. EN 1993-1-3.2 Vv.e Asl = Ap bw = 400 mm/m. since NEd = 0. . Serviceability limit state: Cracking of concrete: As the slab is designed as simply supported.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 9 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1.8 kN/m Minimum value 1/2 vmin = 0. 004 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 75 = 300 mm2/m φ8 s160 mm will be enough for this purpose.e.1 (2) not less than 0.min = ( 0. 43 / 2 ⋅ 251 / 2 = 0. the smallest width in [mm] of the section in the tension area. June 09.12 ⋅ 2. i. 004 ⋅ b ⋅ hc = 0. 035 ⋅ 2. only anti-crack reinforcement is EN 1994-1-1 needed. i.65 Vv.8.02 σ cp = N Ed = 0 .02 bw ⋅ d p Asl is the area of the tension reinforcement in [mm]. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 ρl = Asl ≤ 0.

Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement I bc = 3 b ⋅ xc + Ap ⋅ ( d p − xc )2 + I p 3⋅ n xc = ∑ Ai ⋅ zi ∑ Ai = ⎞ n ⋅ Ap ⎛ 2 ⋅ b ⋅ dp ⋅⎜ 1+ − 1⎟ ⎟ b ⎜ n ⋅ Ap ⎝ ⎠ xc = 10 ⋅ 955 ⎛ 2 ⋅ 1000 ⋅ 101 ⎞ ⋅⎜ 1+ − 1⎟ = 35. EN 1993-1-3.4 mm ⎟ 1000 ⎜ 10 ⋅ 955 ⎝ ⎠ I bc = 1000 ⋅ 35. 43 + 955 ⋅ (101 − 35. 0 ⋅ 104 = 5. The following approximations apply: • • the second moment of area may be taken as the average of the values for the cracked and un-cracked section. 4)2 + 33. n= Ep E ' cm EN1994-1-1 §9.all rights reserved.2 (5) = Ep E ⎞ 1 ⎛ ⋅ ⎜ Ecm + cm ⎟ 2 ⎝ 3 ⎠ = 210000 ≈ 10 2 ⋅ 31000 3 Second moment of area for the cracked section Created on Tuesday.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 10 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. for concrete.8. 2009 This material is copyright . the slab is considered to be continuous. 92 ⋅ 106 mm4/m 3 ⋅ 10 Second moment of area for the un-cracked section I bu b ⋅ hc3 b ⋅ hc = + 12 ⋅ n n 2 3 hp ⎞ hc ⎞ b0 ⋅ hp b0 ⋅ hp ⎛ ⎛ ⋅ ⎜ xu − ⎟ + + ⋅ ⎜ ht − xu − ⎟ + 2⎠ 12 ⋅ n n ⎝ 2⎠ ⎝ 2 Ap ⋅ ( d p − xu )2 + I p b⋅ xu = h ⎞ ⎛ hc2 + b0 ⋅ hp ⋅ ⎜ ht − p ⎟ + n ⋅ Ap ⋅ d p 2 2⎠ ⎝ b ⋅ hc + b0 ⋅ hp + n ⋅ Ap . EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 Deflection: For the calculations of the deflections of the slab. n. June 09. for both longand short-term effects may be used. an average value of the modular ratio.

7 ⋅ 106 .g 2 Live load. 0 ⋅ 36004 = = 2. 0068 ⋅ g 2 ⋅ L4 0. 5 ⋅ 106 mm 4 /m 2 Average Ib of the cracked and un-cracked section Ib = Created on Tuesday. 0 ⋅ 104 = 13. worst case: q q δ c.3 mm 1000 ⋅ 75 + 650 ⋅ 45 + 10 ⋅ 955 2 I bu 1000 ⋅ 753 1000 ⋅ 75 ⎛ 75 ⎞ 610 ⋅ 453 + = + ⋅ ⎜ 58. 01146 ⋅ G1′ ⋅ L3 0. EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date Eurocode Ref Made by Checked by March 2005 April 2005 1000 ⋅ xu = 752 45 ⎞ ⎛ + 650 ⋅ 45 ⋅ ⎜ 120 − ⎟ + 10 ⋅ 955 ⋅ 101 2 2 ⎠ ⎝ = 58.all rights reserved. 3 − ⎟ + 12 ⋅ 10 10 2 ⎠ 12 ⋅ 10 ⎝ 610 ⋅ 45 ⎛ 45 ⎞ ⋅ ⎜120 − 58.q = 0.1(4) δ c. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement I bc + I bu 5.23 mm E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9. 92 + 13. Weight of floor finishes: 0. 6 ⋅ 2 2 δ c. June 09.68 kN/m = 2. 0099 ⋅ψ 1 ⋅ q ⋅ L4 0.67 mm E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9. 2 ⋅ 36004 = = = 0.4. 5 = ⋅ 106 = 9. 01146 ⋅ 4680 ⋅ 36003 = = 1. 2009 This material is copyright .G ′ = 1 0. 7 ⋅ 106 Removal of the props: G 1' G 1' G 1' G1′ = g1 ⋅ L 3. 6 = 4. 7 ⋅ 106 EN1992-1-1 §7. 0099 ⋅ 0. 7 ⋅ 5. 3 − ⎟ + 955 ⋅ (101 − 58.86 mm E ⋅ Ib 210000 ⋅ 9. 3)2 + 10 2 ⎠ ⎝ 33.Example: Composite floor slab CALCULATION SHEET Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 11 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 0068 ⋅ 1. 7 ⋅ 106 mm 4 /m 2 2 Deflections The total deflection under the worst load case should not exceed L/250. EN 1993-1-3.

EN 1992-1-1 & EN 1993-1-1 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson Date Date u Eurocode Ref Made by r March 2005 April 2005 J y Checked by Total deflection: p δ c = δ c.4 mm 250 250 OK y d s u C T r h e i a s t e m d a t o e n r i T a l e i s a c .76 mm < L 3600 = = 14.E e x g a m p l e : C o m p o s i t CALCULATION SHEET i n Document Ref: Title SX009a-EN-EU Sheet 12 of 12 Example: Composite floor slab EN 1994-1-1. 86 = 4.q = 1.G ′ + δ c.76 mm 1 2 .g + δ c. 67 + 2. EN 1993-1-3. o δ c = 4. 23 + 0.

2009 This material is copyright . June 09. Spain Resource approved by Technical Coordinator TRANSLATED DOCUMENT This Translation made and checked by: Translated resource approved by: . UK 2. Germany 5. France 3. Use of this document is subject to the terms and conditions of the Access Steel Licence Agreement Example: Composite floor slab Company SBI SBI Date 10/03/2005 08/04/2005 Jonas Gozzi Bernt Johansson G W Owens A Bureau A Olsson C Muller J Chica G W Owens SCI CTICM SBI RWTH Labein SCI 7/7/05 17/8/05 8/8/05 10/8/05 12/8/05 06/7/06 4.all rights reserved. Sweden Created on Tuesday.Example: Composite floor slab Example: Composite floor slab SX009a-EN-EU Quality Record RESOURCE TITLE Reference(s) ORIGINAL DOCUMENT Name Created by Technical content checked by Editorial content checked by Technical content endorsed by the following STEEL Partners: 1.

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