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# Memo To: Nassau County Math League Coaches

From: Your New Question Author

I tried to create an interesting set of problems covering a wide range of middle school
math topics and common math contest themes. The format is the same as it has
been in previous years. Each contest is thirty minutes long with six questions
divided into two groups: one with and one without the use of a calculator. There are
however, a few small changes.

In order to facilitate teachers going over the contest problems after a contest, some
problems will follow a similar theme between grade levels. Between grades 7 and 8,
and between grades 8 and 9, there will be problems that are almost identical with
the older group being given a slightly harder version. Students should be
encouraged to try to understand the solution to all of the problems that they miss.
Themes from particular problems may be repeated on future contests, however you
will not see specific notes to that affect on individual contests.

The typesetting is also a little different with more detailed solutions being provided.
Teachers may choose to make copies of the contest solutions and distribute these to
students at club meetings after a contest is given. The questions for this year were
produced using a free application called Open Office which includes an MS Word
compatible word processor and a high quality equation editor.

I hope you enjoy the problems and I hope your students are encouraged to keep
sharpening their mathematical skills.

how much greater is the area of a circle with a diameter of 20 than the area of a circle with a radius of 9? ________________________________________________________________________________ Answers 7-1 2 7   2 1 3 2 ×  = ×1 7 4 4 7 7-4 page 131.42. she read 70 pages.41. 7-4 Sonam read a 160 page book in five days. so the consecutive integers are: the 2007th digit is 6 and the next digit is 4. The digits repeat with a 74 7-3 83. He needs to wake up at 7:50AM – 58 min. On Monday she got through the first 40 pages and on Tuesday she read another 30 pages.690 ≈ 60 Solve x + x+1 + x+2 + x+3 = 166 . 2007 is a multiple of 3. pages Thursday and Friday. Method 2: 7-6 60 π102 – π92 ≈ 59. 1 2 2 3 7-1 Evaluate: ×  × 4 7 7 4 7-2 Jerry needs to be at school by 7:50 AM. = 6:52 73 7-5 4 =0. On Wednesday she read one third of the remaining pages and she read the same number of pages on Thursday and Friday.9 864 . What page number did she start reading on Friday? 73 7-5 What is the 2008th digit after the decimal point in the decimal representation of ? 74 7-6 To the nearest whole number. She reads 30 7-2 9:52 PM. & Tues. what is the latest time he can go to bed and still get 9 hours sleep? 7-3 The sum of four consecutive integers is 166. leaving 90 to be read. Mon. Wed. Method 1: period of 3 and every digit that is a multiple of 166/4 = 41. and 60 pages remain. Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 1 Seventh Grade 2008 . so integers. she reads 30 pages. What is the sum of the smallest and the largest of these integers? ________________________________________________________________________________ Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part.2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. 40. If it takes him 40 minutes to get ready in the morning and 18 minutes to walk to school.5 is the average of the four three will land on 6.43.

25−0.5− × 0.75(44) 8-1 8 1 1 1 4 1 3 = 33 pages. 2008 is a 2 multiple of 4. He needs to 157 on Friday.5− = − = − = 8 2 8 8 8 8 pages to be read: 20 pages on Thursday and Friday. x+3. 8-6 225 Use C = 2πr to obtain r = 12 3( x+3 ) = 155 + x + x+1 and 8. What page number did she start reading on Friday? 367 8-5 What is the 2008th digit after the decimal point in the decimal representation of ? 1212 8-6 To the nearest whole number. ×30=12 8:52 + 12 minutes = 9:04 5 8-3.30 2805 . 8-4 Sandhya needs to read a 157 page book in five days. This leaves 157 – 40 – 44 – 33 = 40 1−0. and Wednesday she read 0. so the 2008th digit is 8. The difference is 30 1212 minutes and the average will be 2/5 of 30 above the with a period of 4 and every nth digit that is a smaller number or 3/5 of 30 less than the larger. What is the largest of these integers? ________________________________________________________________________________ Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part. wake up at 6:52.409 ∫≈ 225 3x + 9 = 155 + 2x + 1. solving gives us x = 147 . Call the numbers x. It takes him 40 minutes to get ready in the morning and 18 minutes to walk to school. How many hours and minutes of sleep did he get per night on average this week? 8-3 There are four consecutive integers such that three times the largest is 155 more than the sum of the two smallest integers. 150. x+2. 0. π122 – π8.5− × = 3 4 2 4 Tuesday 44.52 ≈ 225. She read the the 20 pages from 138- 8-2 9 hours and 4 minutes. Mon.25 4 2 4 8-2 Jason needs to be at school by 7:50 AM. On Wednesday she read 25% fewer pages than on Tuesday and she read the same number of pages on Thursday and Friday. she read 40 pages. how much greater is the area of a circle with a circumference of 24π than the area of a circle with a circumference of 17π ? ________________________________________________________________________________ Answers 3 1 1 8-4 page 138.2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. multiple of four will land on 8. On Monday she got through the first 40 pages and on Tuesday she read 10% more than on Monday. He went to sleep at 9:30 PM on Monday and Tuesday. A 9:30 bedtime gives him 9 hours 22 minutes of sleep and a 10:00 bedtime gives him 8 367 8-5 8 =0.5. and 10 PM on Wednesday. x+1. Thursday and Friday. 3 1 1 8-1 Evaluate and express as a fraction in lowest terms: −0. Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 1 Eighth Grade 2008 . The digits repeat hours 52 minutes of sleep.

2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. How much does he need to spend (without tax)? Answers 1 4 1 1 4 1 7-10 23. 2.25 =22. How many songs can she download? 7-11 Recall that four quarts equals one gallon and that a pint is half a quart. so we need to add (132)(3) to 7 = 396 + 7 7-12 \$237. 7-10 An on-line music store is running a sale.. What is the probability that she has three bad hair days in a row? ________________________________________________________________________________ Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part.49 to get the cost. we 7-9 64 55 have =24. 22. 1 1 1 4 7-7 Place in order form least to greatest: . Multiply by \$9. . Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 2 Seventh Grade 2008 . 19. 7-9 Holly has a bad hair day ¼ of the time. Note that = 9 32 7 6 32 8 will get three free. so we need 25 tiles.5)(1. . For every six mp3 downloads. 7-8 403.49 each. 13. 16. 7-11 40. 1 If we first increase the area by 10%. 2 and then increase this by 10% to get the same answer. What is the 133rd term in the following arithmetic sequence? 7.5) = 2. ft. how many gallons did she sell? 7-12 Anthony wants to put new tiles on his bathroom floor. Each tile measures 18 inches by 18 inches. .25 The area of each tile is (1.25 sq. 10. Each download costs \$0. . She can purchase 20 songs and she 7-7 . Each terms is three apart.99 and there is no tax. 4 . He calculates that the area of his bathroom is 50 square feet and the tiles cost \$9. He needs to purchase at least 10% more tiles than the area requires to allow for waste and of course he cannot buy a fraction of a tile. you get the seventh one for free. . One gallon equals 8 pints and 320/8 = 40. Sophie has exactly \$20 to spend on music.25 We need to multiply × × 50 4 4 4 Alternately.. If Kelly sold 320 pints of bottled water. 1 1 1 2. . 6 7 9 32 7-8 An arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers where the difference between consecutive numbers is always the same.

the fifth angle would be 184°. -194. Sophie has exactly \$100 to spend on music. so we need 3 243 2. so it can have at most three acute angles. 100/0. plus 8. Each tile measures 18 inches by 18 inches. How many songs can she download? 8-11 A convex polygon is a polygon where no segment connecting any two vertices contains points outside the polygon. What is the 3 probability that she has no bad hair days from Monday through Friday? ________________________________________________________________________________ Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part.99 = 101 songs.49 each.49)(1. . 8-9 243 8-12 \$257. 5 5 1 1 1 1 11 11  =    =  42 40 8 7 6 5 55 51 8-11 3. What is the 133rd term in the following arithmetic sequence? -200. What is the maximum number of acute interior angles that any given convex polygon can have? 8-12 Anthony wants to put new tiles on his bathroom floor.2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. He calculates that the area of his bathroom is 50 square feet and the tiles cost \$9.625% tax. the sides increase the average angle increases so a larger number of sides will not allow for more acute 32 angles. How much does he need to spend? Answers 5 1 1 1 11 8-10 117 songs.25 25 tiles. A pentagon has an interior angle sum of 540°. 4 .71 If we first increase the area  5 2 32 55 = by 10%. the probability that Susan has a bad hair day is .99 and there is no tax. Each download costs \$0. which we cannot have in a convex polygon. For every six mp3 downloads. 5 6 7 51 42 8-8 An arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers where the difference between consecutive numbers is always the same. . 1 1 1 11 5 8-7 Place in order form least to greatest: . you get the seventh one for free. . If it has 8-8 592 The terms are increasing by 6. . . -182. 1 8-9 On any given day. . Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 2 Eighth Grade 2008 .8 3 6 so we get 101 + 16. 8-7 . As need to add 6(132) to -200. 42 7 6 5 51 101 =16. He needs to purchase at least 10% more tiles than the area requires to allow for waste and of course he cannot buy a fraction of a tile.71. 8-10 An on-line music store is running a sale. . .. A quadrilateral has an interior angle sum of 360°. we have =24. (25)(\$9.08625) = 257. so we four angles measuring 89°.. -188.

11. the next term is calculated using previous terms of the sequence. The proper divisors of 130 are: 1. 3:21.2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. 20+37+68 = 125 are 120 miles apart. 5:43. 65. Since 3/4 of 120 is 90. 2. So. the service station is 90 miles past exit 3 on the 7-15 11 Place the first line anywhere through way to exit 10. 7-13 Evaluate: 2     1 2 1 3 4 1 3 1 4 7-14 In a recursive sequence. Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 3 Seventh Grade 2008 . Work inside the parenthesis first and 7-16 Eight times: 1:23. Note that each term is the sum of 7-17 Milepost 130. 0. 3:45. . 3. distribute to simplify the arithmetic. 7-14 125. 2:34. of these primes. 13.M. and 6:00 P. 7-16 On a digital clock. the third cut adds three more will be one of these primes or a product of two and the fourth cut adds four more. the 7-18 122 It is easiest to first factor 130 into first cut creates two segments. the second cut primes: 130 = 2(5)(13). 1. The third and tenth exits the previous three terms. Now any factor of 130 makes two more. 1. 2. or at milepost 40 + 90 = 130. 2:10. the circle. 10.M. 68 7-15 What are the most pieces into which a circle can be cut by drawing only four straight line segments across the circle? ________________________________________________________________________________ Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part. 4:56. 26. At what milepost would you expect to find this service center? 7-18 What is the sum of all of the proper divisors of 130? ________________________________________________________________________________ Answers 7-13 33. 20. A service center on the highway is located three-fourths of the way from the third to the tenth exit. 5. how many times between 1:00 P. will the clock contain consecutive digits such as 1:23 and 3:21? 7-17 The third exit on a highway is located at milepost 40. Then for each new cut. 4:32. Find the next integer in the following recursive sequence: 0. make sure it passes through all of the previous lines. 6. 37. and the tenth exit is located at milepost 160.

How many different possible locations can the bug be at after seven seconds? Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part. Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 3 Eighth Grade 2008 .-1) or (0.99 per month and includes 300 anytime minutes plus 1000 weekend minutes.0). it can be at: (0. (1. South. ________________________________________________________________________________ Answers 8-13 130° .0) and each second it jumps one unit either North. We have 21 + 2(44) + 95.-1) for a total of 9 points. Determine the measure of the larger of these two angles. 21. (-1. If Stacey spends the same amount of time on the phone during the week as she does on the weekend..) are given by the formula (n+1)2 locations. (-1. Solve 6. Call the nth term an and notice 3 8-17 The probability that both numbers an = an-1 + 2an-2 + an-3. 95. (2. What is the probability that the product of the two numbers is even? 8-18 In the triangular array of numbers 1 2 3 shown. published by NCTM. East or West.(0. how many numbers are in the row 4 5 6 that starts with 56? 7 8 9 10 .99 8-14 204.0).-2). so the probability that 8-15 64.99 + 0. It discover that the triangular numbers seems that after n seconds. the numbers on the n n−1 right follow the pattern 1 2 . 8-15 A bug begins at the origin (0. Solve 2x + 40° + x + 125° = 180° 8-16 280 minutes..0).(-2. We can look for patterns and count 16 possible locations after 3 seconds.1).-1). We can 8-18 11.1). see the February. 4 are odd is (½)(½) = ¼. 8-13 Two supplementary angles measure (2x + 40)° and (x + 125)°.(1.. 9. the product is not odd is 1 – ¼. 8-16 A cell phone company offers two different plans..3. the bug may be at (1. Alternately.15. .0). 44. (0. Plan A costs \$6.(0.2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. 5.. Find the next integer in the following recursive sequence: 0.1).. 2.(-1..2). 2009 issue of 2 Mathematics Teacher. 8-14 In a recursive sequence.6.99 per month and 10 cents per minute. the next term is calculated using previous terms of the sequence. Look for a pattern: After 2 seconds. So after one second it can be at (1.1x = 34. eleventh row. how much time must she spend on the phone in order for the two plans to cost the same? 8-17 Two standard six sided dice are thrown. Plan B costs \$34..0).. For a detailed discussion of T n = n n 1  T 10 =55 so 56 starts the this problem.10.

7-22 It took six hours to fill 3/5 of a swimming pool.08 inches = 13. 19 3 t =6 ⇒t=10 or we can set up a proportion: 5 1 1 3 10 3/5 2 /5 3x 2 6 7 1 =1 =1 = = ⇒ = ⇒ x=4 7-20 1 7 7 7 6 x 5 5 10 2 3 3 7-23 \$84. so one revolution moves the =1275 car 5π inches. T n= and 7-24 13. 7-19 Two integers are considered relatively prime if they have no common factors other than one. If he will go to work 22 times this month. All have no common factors with 20 besides 1: Let t be the time it takes to fill the whole pool. 13. plus an addition \$4 per day in subway fares. At this rate.2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. 7-21 1275. 17. 7. how many hours are needed to fill the remainder of the pool? 7-23 Evan has determined that it costs him an average of \$17. 9.90 Driving cost = 22(17.1 ft. Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part. 7-22 4 hours. The sum of the first n integers is Train cost = 211 + 22(4) = 299 nn1 the nth triangular number.90. In one second it moves 10(5π) ≈ 2 157. 11. . 3.45 per day in gas and tolls to commute to New York City where he works.45) = 383.1 ft. How many positive integers less than 20 are relatively prime to 20? 1 1 7-20 Express as a single fraction in lowest terms: 1 1 2 3 7-21 Compute the sum of the first 50 positive integers. how much money will he save by taking the train instead of driving? 7-24 A toy car has wheels with diameter 5 inches that make 10 revolutions per second. How fast does it move in feet per second? (round to the nearest tenth) ________________________________________________________________________________ Answers 7-19 7. If he takes the LIRR instead of driving. The circumference of 2 5051 the wheels is 5π. Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 4 Seventh Grade 2008 . per sec. it will cost him \$211 per month.

How many permutations of the word NASSAU are there? (Including these two examples and the original word NASSAU). the answer would be 6!. 285.3.. We divide by 4 because the ordering of the two different As 8-24 17. distinct. How many positive integers less than 30 are relatively prime to both 20 and 30? 8-20 Evaluate the sum: 1 2 3 4 50    . Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 4 Eighth Grade 2008 . The circumference of and Ss doesn't matter. 286.25 1 3 123. In one minute it moves 800(5π) ≈ 12566. 288.50= 3 2 1 50×51  . or 5 v as a factor: 1.17. 8-20 425 Factor out the 1/3 and the sum is v = d . t 0..19. 8-22 26. 20 = 22(5) and 30 = (2)(3)(5).2 ft. For instance.2 6 h. 289. so we list all the Use t= d He needs to finish the whole trip in integers less than 30 that do not have 2.. per sec. SUAASN and AASSUN are both permutations of the word NASSAU.. .2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part. 290. How fast must he go for the next 7 miles in order to average 20 mph for the whole 12 mile trip? (round to nearest hundredth) 8-23 The sum of seven consecutive integers is 2009.13. 8-22 Chris biked for 5 miles at an average speed of 15 mph. so the 7 8-21 180. 287. What is the largest of these integers? 8-24 A toy car has wheels with diameter 5 inches rotates with a speed of 800 rpm (revolutions per minute).23. He already spent 5 h 20 mph 15 and needs to finish in 0.2 6 h 8-23 290 2009 6! 720 = 287 is the average integer.7. 2!2! = 4 If all the letters were integers are 284.11.36” = 1047.6 h.5 ft. 3 3 3 3 3 8-21 A permutation of a word is a re-arrangement of the letters of that word.29 t= 12 m = 0. How fast does it move in feet per second? (round to nearest tenth) Answers 8-19 8. 8-19 Two integers are considered relatively prime if they have no common factors other than one. the wheels is 5π. v= 7 m =26.25 mph.

2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. but he forgot to give a tip three times last year. What grade must he earn on this test in order to have an 80 average? 7-29 The top of a cylinder has an area of 452. Compute the area of pentagon ABCEG. on average.26. C 13 5 5 4 B H D 3 G 15 F E ________________________________________________________________________________ Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part. (9)(9)(2) = 162 .39(20) ≈ 9048 52.39. Compute the volume to the nearest integer. Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 5 Seventh Grade 2008 . 7-28 75. What did he spend. so BH=12. BDEF  is A a square. 91 7-30 162 7-27 81. with tip? 7-26 Find the smallest positive integer n. 65. V = Bh = 452. 90.75. 78. He gives a \$2 tip. for haircuts per month last year. 7-25 Ravi gets a haircut once per month and it costs him \$12. He has one more test before the quarter is over. The sum of his five tests must be Last year he spent 12(12) + 18 = \$162 5(80) = 400. G is a right angle and HD is parallel to EG.50. Now we can add The zero must be in the tens or units place and the areas of the two triangles to the rectangle: there are 9 choices for each of the other two ½ (5)(12) + ½(3)(4) + 3(15) = 30+6+45=81 digits. BD=3. find a multiple with a units digit of 1: 13. such that when n is divided by 10 the remainder is 1 and n is a multiple of 13. 400 – (75+75+90+85) = 75 7-26 91 We can list multiple of 13 until we 7-29 9048. and 85. 7-27 In the figure shown to the right.39 and a height of 20”. 7-30 How many whole numbers between 99 and 999 contain exactly one zero? ________________________________________________________________________________ Answers 7-25 \$13. 7-28 Chris took four tests in his English class and his scores were 75.

BDEF  is A a square G is a right angle and HD is parallel C to EG.9155 and r = 15. Alternately. two sides except for the corners. so BH=12. The zero must be in the tens or 33 units place and there are 8 choices for each of Let x = 0. Answers 8-25 14 8-28 128. 13 5 B H D 3 G 15 F E ________________________________________________________________________________ Time: 15 minutes Calculators are allowed on this part. Determine a + b. Compute the area of pentagon ABCEG. (8)(8)(2) = 128. 1000 – 384 – 8 = 608 . 8-28 How many whole numbers between 99 and 999 contain exactly one zero and do not contain a 3? 8-29 The volume of a cylinder is 1000 cubic cm. If the height is 20cm. 8-27 81. so we have b = Add the areas of the two triangles to the 12(8). 8-27 In the figure shown to the right. The outside of this large cube is then painted blue. the number of cubes with one rectangle: ½ (5)(12) + ½(3)(4) + 3(15) face painted is 6(82) = 384 and there are 8 corners with three painted faces. Nassau County Junior Mathematics League Contest Number 5 Eighth Grade 2008 . 1000 = πr2(20) 8-26 41 List integers with a units digit of 1 r 2= 1000 =15. BD=3.2009 Time: 15 minutes Calculators are not allowed on this part. and x= 99 8-29 r = 3. The 12 edges are painted on Pythagorean theorem to get CD=4 and AH=5. Compute the radius to the nearest hundredth.99 V = πr2h. All of the 8 by 8 by 8 interior cubes are unpainted and a = 512. 8-25 Convert to a fraction in lowest terms: 0. Use the 8-30 608. 42 then 100 x=42. such that when n is divided by 10 the remainder is 1 and n is divided by 13 the remainder is 2. 42 Subtract to the other two digits. 42 8-26 Find the smallest positive integer n.9155 20  until we find the answer. 8-30 1000 little unit cubes are arranged to form a 10 by 10 by 10 cube. 42 get 99x = 42. Let a represent the number of unit cubes left unpainted and let b represent the number of unit cubes painted on two sides.