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l*?!A$F=!4<(><!$%*!+<*!&)*!+<$+!>$)!>&)+$()!f89!6F!&@!=<*$!6*%)*'=!\i9! >&>&!A&4'=f!&@!6*%)*'=]D!$)?!+<*!=/$''*%!A$F!>$)!>&)+$()!:9!6F!&@!6*%)*'=!\g9!>&>&!A&4'=]J!! ! U.$)+(+-!A*()F!7%&>*==*?!$+!+<*!=$/*!+(/*D!+<(=!(=!)&+!7&==(A'*J!5<*! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!! f !1Coco bowl is a standard sized bowl that is used as a method to measure many edible goods.+=!@%&/! F*%/()$+()FD!4<('*!()!N<$)$!+<*!).=*!=&/*!7%&>*==()F!=+*7=!)**?!+&!A*!?&)*!&)!+<*!=$/*!?$-!4(+<!'(/(+*?!+(/*! ()+*%2$'=D!$)?!4(+<!+&&!/.)F(J!5<(=!(=!+<*!>$=*!4<*)!+<*!).&%! *0$/7'*D!()! T.(F.(.+=!$%*! )&+! 4*''! ?%(*?D! &%! 4<*)! +<*! ).(%*?!$=!?*7(>+*?!A*'&4! ()!@(F. However.++*%! *0+%$>+(&)! @$>+&%(*=!()!X(%$7$!4*%*!2(=(+*?J!! M+!+<*!*)?!&@!+<*!><$7+*%!&+<*%!*0$/7'*=!&)!=<*$!A.$=&!+<*!).>.+=!()+&!A.++*%! >$)! A*! *0+%$>+*?! ()! ?(@@*%*)+! 4$-=J! .++*%D!$!/$0(/. one bowl of kernels bought actually weighs 3 kg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i]J! .%! ?.%6()$!. One coco bowl can contain about 2.f!!5(/*!)*>*==$%-!+&!>&''*>+!4$+*%!$)?!@(%*4&&?!(=!)&+!()>'. widely used in markets all over Ghana as an alternative to weighing scale which are seldom used by small traders.><!Y.%()F!=+&%$F*!$%*!/$FF&+=!+<$+!*$+!+<*!). ! 22 .%*!8J8!L!K+*7=!&@!7%&>*==()F!=<*$!6*%)*'=!()+&!=<*$!A.)(+-! &%! %*F(&)J! . because the sellers/buyers usually add one big handful.+&/$+*?! *0+%$>+(&)D! =/$''L=>$'*! =<*$! A.*+<&?=! &@! *0+%$>+(&)! >$)! ?(@@*%! >&//.+=!$%*!A./!&@!=(0!+&!+4*'2*!6F!&@!6*%)*'=!(=!7%&>*==*?!$+!$! +(/*J!5<(=!(=!A*>$.4 kg of shea kernels.7'*!&@!?$-=J!P+<*%!7%&A'*/=!+<$+!&>>.

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%%&.+! . 2.=()*==J! ! 1 2 3 4 5 32 1. Sack with three calabashes of shea butter is ready to be sold and transported. 5.$(l<$! (=! +<*! &)*! +<*!=.++*%J!! A&0! gJf]J! ! T*=(?*=! =<*$! A.=>B>B! [07$&!1#0/9$$/$+1!0&!(#$!<*0%*0!7%+9$(!.)F*%! @$/('-! /*/A*%=! >$)! A*! ()! ><$%F*! $=! (=!+<*!&'?*=+!7*%=&)!4<&!(=!+<*!=+&%*!&4)*%!\=**! 4*''! ()! +<*! =+&%$F*! %&&/=! &@! =<*$! A. The rapped calabashes go into the burlap sack.++*%!<$2*!$!=+&%*!&)!+<*! /$%6*+J!8c!=+&%*=D!&@!?(@@*%*)+!=(l*=D!4*%*!&A=*%2*?J!M%&.$(l<$J! V/$! . .'6=!&@!=<*$!A.+! ()! +<*! =+&%*! $)?! +&! 6**7! K(=+*%! 2(''$F*! 4&/*)! 4<&! 7%&>*==! +<*! ).=()*==!! =<$%*?!A-!$!).))()F! +<*! A.F<!/&)*-!&%!+<*! &+<*%! 7%&?.$(l<$! (=! +<*! ?$.)!A-!4&/*)!$)?!f9!+&!hr! A-!/*)J!V+!(=!>&//&)!+<$+!$!=<*$!A.F<+*%! &@! +<*! 5<*! =+&%*! 6**7*%=! +%$?()F! (=! =<*$! A. The sack is tight firmly by rope.-!A&4'=! /&+<*%! >&/*=! &)>*! ()! $! 4<('*J! B*%! $.>+=! '(6*! =<*$! 6*%)*'=D! /$(l*! &%! @$/('-! <$=! /&%*! =+&%*=J! 5<(=! 4$=! +<*! >$=*! &@! A*$)=J!! V/$! . 4.++*%! F&! +&! '$?-! &4)()F! +<*! =+&%*J! T.+=! ()+&! .)+! (=! \>$J!h6F]!$)?!A(F!>$'$A$=<*=!\fcL8h6F]!@%&/!+<*! <*'7()F! &.++*%D! +<*-! $'=&! =*''! C=7*>($''-!4<*)!+<*%*!(=!*)&./A*%!&@!()?(2(?.)?!:9!+&!:hr!! &@!+<*!=+&%*=!4*%*!%.)?()F!2(''$F*=!&)!+<*!/$%6*+!?$-=!O!()! %.++*%J! B*%! +<*!)&%+<!&@!N<$)$!*2*%-!c!?$-=!L!+&!A.$(l<$!>&/7$)-J!M!@$/('-!A.=()*==! ()! =<*$! A.&!H%7%4$!\%]! M+!+<*!'&>$'!MA&$A&!/$%6*+!()!5$/$'*!+<&=*!+%$?()F!()!A.$'=D!$)?!&@+*)!(+! ^&. Last calabash goes into the sack. 3. A calabash is rapped in paper.++*%!=+&%*!(=! T&0!gJf!!M!@$/('-!A.

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(F.(F.2.03 2.&%!+<&=*! 4<&'*=$'*%=!+<*!>$'$A$=<*=!<$=!+<*!<(F<*=+!7%(>*!7*%!6FD!9J:Q!+&!9JdQ!*.%&n6F]!$)?!>$'$A$=<*=! \9Jd9!+&!9Jc8!*.>&/7$%*?!+&!+<*!A&4'!$)?!>$'$A$=<*=!2&'.%*! gJh! L! T&4'=! &@! =<*$! =<*$! A.98 .0.50 0.3.%A$)!/$%6*+=!()!5$/$'*u! Producers and retailers Store keepers (urban) ! ! Local International Prices selling Prices selling ! weight weight (kg) Ghana Euro** p/kg (€) Ghana Euro** p/kg (€) ! cedis cedis ! Small 0.05 0.60 GhC! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! .04kg Bowl 5kg 3-4 1.21.%&D!4<*)!=&'?!$+!i9!F%$/=D!+<*!7%(>*=!7*%!6F!&@!+<*!A&4'!\9Jgd!+&!9Jh9!*.62 .50 5-6 3.++*%!=&'?!A-!%*+$('*%=!$)?! 4<&'*=$'*%=!&)!+<*!.++*%! &)! $! 4*(F<()F! A.%&n6F]!(=!>&)=(?*%*?!<(F<*%!()!+$A'*!gJfJ! ! ! 5$A'*!gJf!L!P2*%2(*4!&@!'&>$'!$)?!C. ** Euro rate: 1 euro is 1.%*! gJd! L! K$>6=! &@! =<*$! A./*=J!!M=!+<*!7%(>*!7*%!6F!@&%!+<*!=/$''!$/&.&%!+<*!.75 0.75 ! amounts 0.$)+(+(*=!&@!A.90 0.0.83 .56.10 .60 0.25 -15.%*! gJc! L! M! >$'$A$=<! &@! .(F.85 .00 .0.75 ! Calabash 16-28kg 18-25 11.70 .60 .%&n6FJ!V)+*%*=+()F!+&!)&+*! (=!+<$+!4<*)!+<*!4*(F<+!&@!+<*!A&4'=!$)?!>$'$A$=<*=!F*+!'$%F*%!+<*!7%(>*=!7*%!6F!$%*!'&4*%D!(J*J!$! 35 .%A$)!=+&%*!6**7*%=!+<*!7%(>*!7*%!6F!$%*!<(F<*%!+<$)!+<&=*!&@!+<*!7%&>*==&%=J!.++*%! ()! $! =+&%*! ! ! .%&7*$)!7%(>*=D!$)?!Y.37 .0.0.0.)+=!(=!9Jdh! *.66 ! * Data collected in July-September 2008.0.62 25-35 15.25 0.015 .++*%!@&%!=$'*!\vh6F]!! =>$'*!\8Q!6F]! ! .78 ! Sack 60-85kg 80-90 50 .

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$=&D!.$'(! d9! ! g! N<$)$! h9! ! i! H(F*%($! i9! ! h! #&+*!?kV2&(%*! g9! ! c! T*)()! 89! ! d! 5&F&! fh! ! Q! N.=+%-!\N%*(FD!899c]J!K+$+<$>&=!F(2*=!$)!&7+(/(=+(>!2(*4!&)!+<*!?*/$)?!@%&/!+<*!GK! @&%! <(F<LY.==*?! ()! +<(=! 7$%$F%$7<! $%*! +<*! +-7*! &@! 7%&?.+=! ?&.>+=! (=! %*>*)+'-! F%&4()FD! +<*! T&?-! K<&7!<$=!$!'()*!4(+<!=<*$!A.)?!&)!+<*!*=+(/$+*?!*07&%+!+&))$F*=!&@! +<*=*!>&.)>*%+$()!>&/7$%*?! +&!+<*!@&&?!()?.$=&! d9! ! 8! .+!=+(''!=/$''!$)?!.! ! 46 .)+%-! C07&%+!+&))$F*!! ! ! \()!f999!/+]! ! f! T.()*$L#&)$6%-! d! ! ! hJ8! #$+*F&%(*=!&@!*07&%+*%=! C07&%+*%=! >$)! A*! >$+*F&%(l*?! '&&6()F! $+! ?(@@*%*)+! $=7*>+=J! 5<*! +4&! /$()! =.*!+&!<*$2-!?&/*=+(>!?*/$)?!\5*><)&=*%2*]J!5<*!/$()!/$%6*+!@&%!=<*$!A.>+(&)! 5<*!Q!/$1&%!*07&%+*%=!&@!=<*$!$%*!T.>+=!A.=! @()(=<*?! 7%&?.*)>*! ()!+<*!/$%6*+J!! ! !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! !!!!!!!!!!!!!! g !At the national workshop day of the national association of shea nut farmers processors and buyers of Ghana.++*%!*Y. the way forward’.)+%(*=J!5<*=*!).>+=!=<*$!(=!$)!\<(??*)]!()F%*?(*)+!$=! 4*''J!5<*!/$%6*+!@&%!>&=/*+(>!7.++*%!(=!()!+<*! ><&>&'$+*!$)?!2*F*+$A'*!@$+=!()?.>+=! ! hJf! V)+%&?.'-!+<*!8Q+<D! 899QJ!g!H(F*%($!(=!+<*!'$%F*=+!7%&?.>*%!&@!=<*$!).$'(+-! =<*$! A.>+! \A./A*%=!$%*!*=+(/$+*?!A-!_J!3&2*++!$)?!4*%*!7%*=*)+*?!&)!X./!&@!hr!2*F*+$A'*!@$+!$??(+(2*=!+&!A*!.>+=]!+<$+!(=!+%$?*?D!$)?!=*>&)?!+<*!=(l*!&@!+<*!>&/7$)-!$)?!+<*%*@&%*!$=!4*''!+<*!()@'.%6()$!.++*%! =+$-*?! +<*! =$/*! \K*6$@]J! 5<*! ()+*%)$+(&)$'! ?*/$)?! @&%! =<*$! A.++*%!()!+<*!7%&?.A1*>+=! +<$+! 4(''! A*! ?(=>.=*!=<*$!$=!$!#TC!\>&>&$!A.++*%! >&=/*+(>! 7%&?.+=!\_J!3&2*++D!899Q]! ! #&.++*%!7%&?.>+(&)!&@! ><&>&'$+*J!5<*!7&==(A('(+-!+&!.()*$L#&)$6%-J!V)!+$A'*!hJf!$)!&2*%2(*4!>$)!A*!@&. This meeting had the topic ‘shea nut in Ghana.++*%! ()! >&=/*+(>! 7%&?.$'(D!N<$)$D!H(F*%($D!#&+*!?kV2&(%*D!T*)()D!5&F&! $)?!N.(2$'*)+]!<$=!A**)!$)!(/7&%+$)+! @$>+&%!()!+<*!()>%*$=*?!?*/$)?!@&%!=<*$!&2*%!+<*!'$=+!-*$%=J!! V)! %*>*)+! -*$%=! +<*! ?*/$)?! @&%! ).%7&=*=!&@!=<*$!(=!F%&4()F!A.%&7*$)!7$%'($/*)+!?*>(?*?!+&!$''&4! $!/$0(/.+=!A.>+=! \K+$+<$>&=D! 899i]J! #&)=./*%! $4$%*)*==! (=! $)! (/7&%+$)+!@$>+&%!()!+<(=!()>%*$=()F!?*/$)?J!! ! 5$A'*!hJf!L!C07&%+!+&))$F*=!&@!=<*$!).%6()$!.++*%D! A.#<$7+*%!h! C07&%+*%=!&@!@()(=<*?!=<*$!7%&?.+!()!/$)-!7%&?.+!>&)+%(A.=+%-J!V)!+<*!-*$%!8999!+<*!C.A'*?! 4<('*! +<*! ?*/$)?! @&%! A.'6! 6*%)*'! 2*%=.+*=!%*'$+(2*'-!&)'-!'(++'*!+&!4&%'?! *07&%+=!?.'6! A.=*?!()!7'$>*!&@!>&>&$!A.

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