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Unit (14)

Greene : Travels With My Aunt


Word Word Word
travel lifestyle was published
banking unusual later
bully effect make into a film
excitement occupation probably
influential cultures earn money
influence introduce novels
regard exciting reviews
storyteller retirement magazines
retired flowers world war
manager look after work for
conventional changed during
funeral a way of government
aunt miss Africa
obvious hobby based on
adventure experience wild
adventurous warning remote
unconventional snakes Liberia
personalities fail test abroad
persuade fictional Switzerland
places banker died
gradually umbrella fantastic
destination ceremony popular with
quiet architecture ordinary
customers politician literature
colleagues expedition believe
surprised by watch out sort of
sudden century foreign
announcement facts bored by
plan wealthy daily
spontaneous world routine
spontaneity oxford university ocean
seem graduation tiring
make decision journalist remind
journey local provided that
find out national paper arrival place
Notes

Mr.
1 – At the funeral ‫ةة ةةةةةةة‬
He meets his father's friends at the funeral.
2 – in his / her seventies ‫ةة ةةةةةةةةة ةة ةةةةة‬
She was in her seventies.
3 – obvious ‫( ةةةة‬clear or known)
The answer is obvious , we all can get it.
4 – Despite + v + ing / ‫) ) ةةة ةةةة‬
Despite having time , he didn't visit them.
5 – go + v + ing ‫ةةةة‬
She persuaded Henry to go travelling.
6 – destination = arrival place ‫ ةةةة ة‬/ ‫ةة ةة ةةةة ةة‬
‫ةةةةةةةة‬
After travelling 5 hours , we reached our destination.
7 – is surprised by ‫ةةةةة ةة‬
He was very surprised by he behavior.
8 – is used to + v + ing ‫ةةةةة ةةة‬
He is used to arriving late.
9 – make decisions = decide ‫ةةةة ةةةة‬
He made a wise decision yesterday.
10 – On the journey ‫ةةةةة ةةةةةة‬
On his journey , he found out much information.
11 – miss + ‫ةةةةة ةةةةة‬
We missed our friend very much.
12 – interesting friends ‫ةةةةةة ةةةةةة‬
He missed his interesting friends.
He was interested in the film.  The film was interesting.
13 – influential in ‫ةةةة‬
His family was influential in the world of banking.
14 – On + ing / After + ing
On leaving school , he joined the university.
After graduating, he wrote a few poems.
15 – made into a film ‫ةةةةة ةةةةة‬
His first story was made into a film.
16 – earn money from ‫ةةةة ةةة ةة‬
He doesn't earn enough money from his novels.
17 – live on ‫ةةةة ةةة‬
He lives on his salary.

Mr.
18 – routine ‫ةةةة ةةةةة‬  His daily routines are boring.

Words and meanings


adventurou exciting and involving danger.
s
convention thinking and behaving in the normal and traditional way.
al
find out to get information about something or someone.
funeral a ceremony for someone who has just died.
lead to cause something happen
lifestyle the way that someone lives , including their activities
and what things they own.
spontaneou something that is done because you suddenly want to
s do it , not because you planned to do it.
banking the business of a bank.
bully to frighten or threaten someone to hurt them especially
if they are weaker or smaller than you.
excitement the feeling of being excited/ happy/interested/or hopeful
because something good has happened or is expected.
influential having a lot of influence (to have an effect on the way
someone or something develops , behaves or thinks)
regard to think about someone or something in a particular
way.
storyteller someone who tells stories.

Give and respond to Warning

Give warning respond to Warning


- be careful ------------------ - it is ok -------------------------------
- Don't------------------------- - don't worry -----------------------
- Watch out ---------------- - why not ----------------------------

Travels with my Aunt

Mr.
Henry Pulling is a retired bank manager and lives in a very
conventional life. His mother dies just after he retires. At the funeral,
he meets his Aunt Augusta, a woman in her seventies who he has no
seen for 50 years. Aunt Augusta has travelled all over the world. From
everything she says, it is obvious that Augusta has lived an
adventurous, unconventional life.
After the funeral, Henry and Augusta meet again and, despite
having very different personalities, they get on well. Augusta tells
Henry thing about his family that he never knew. Augusta. then
persuades Henry to go travelling with her, at first to places in England,
but gradually to more exciting destinations. Until now, Henry has
lived, a quiet life; most of the people he knows are bank customers or
colleagues.
One day, Augusta tells Henry she is taking him to Istanbul.
He is surprised by this sudden announcement. He is used to planning
everything he does, but Augusta is always spontaneous and seems to
make decisions without thinking. On the journey to Istanbul, Henry
finds out more about his aunt's unusual lifestyle and her past. As they
travel, Henry sees new cultures for the first time and Augusta
introduces him to her old friends who all have exciting and unusual
stories to tell. Henry is often surprised by what he hears, but begins to
enjoy himself more and more.
When he returns to England, Henry enjoys his retirement
looking after the flowers in his garden, but he is a changed man. He
misses his aunt and her interesting friends, and Augusta has shown
him a new way of looking at the world.

Tape Script
Presenter: Good afternoon. In today s programme, our subject is the
twentieth-century British novelist Graham Greene. We 're going to hear
from John
McGregor. Welcome to the programme, John. Could you start by telling
us a few facts about Graham Greene's life?
McGregor: Hello. I only met Graham Greene once, but I've long been
interested in his life. He was born in 1904, and was the fourth of six
children. Although his father was a school teacher, his wider family was
wealthy and Influential in the world of banking and business. Graham
was very unhappy at school because he was regularly bullied. On
leaving school, he went to Oxford University, where he studied history.

Mr.
Presenter: When did he start writing?
McGregor: Well, while he was at Oxford, he wrote a few poems, but
they were not very successful. After graduating, he became a
journalist, working on local newspapers and then for a national paper.
Presenter: And when did he write his first novel?
McGregor: His first successful novel, Stamboul Train was published
in 1932. It was later made into a film.
Presenter: Quite a lot of his stories were made into films, weren't
they?
McGregor: Yes, probably the most famous was The Third Man.
Presenter: Did he earn enough money from his novels to live on?
McGregor: No, he didn't earn enough at first , so he Wrote book and
film reviews for magazines and newspapers. Then, during the Second
World War, he worked for the British government in Africa.
Presenter: Did he enjoy travelling?
McGregor: Yes, he did, and many of his books were based on his
travels. He particularly liked wild, remote places. In 1935, he went to
Liberia, and wrote a travel book about his experience. In 1938, he
travelled to Mexico which is where I met him.
Presenter: And in his later years, he went to live abroad, didn't he?
McGregor: That's right, he moved lo Switzerland, lie died there in 1991.
Presenter: How do you think Graham Greene will be remembered?
McGregor: As a fantastic storyteller. The unusual thing about Graham
Greene was that his books were popular with ordinary people, but were
also regarded as great literature. I believe people will read his books for
many years.
Presenter: And what sort of a man was he?
McGregor: Well, he was married and had two children, but he always
wanted the excitement of foreign travel and he was quickly bored by
daily routines. Despite his being known as a difficult man, I got on very
well with him.
Presenter : John McGregor, thanks very much.

Mr.
Exercises

1 – Respond to each of the following situations :


1 – You are crossing the street with your younger brother.
2 – Someone tells you not to be worry.
3 - You a snake near your brother.
4 – You warn your friend not to waste his time.
2 – Choose the correct answer from a , b , c , or d :
1 – Some people ---------------- playing computer games as a waste of
time.
a – agree b – regard c – refer d – disagree
2 – He --------------------- stories , he is a famous story teller.
a - reads b – publishes c – eats d – tells
3 – Children who --------- other children at school should be sent home.
a – help b – advocate c – forget d – bully
4 – The noun of influential is ---------------------------------
a – influence b – flying c – fluent d – increase
5 – I have always been ------------------- in animals.
a – interesting b – exciting c – interest d – interested
6 – The train journey was very----------------------- she didn't enjoy it.
a – exciting b – interesting c – tired d – tiring
7 – He felt very -------------after his holiday , he had had a lovely time.
a – relaxed b – relaxing c – boring d – exciting
8 – Your --------------- is the way that you live.
a – lifeboat b – lifebuoy c –lifelong d – lifestyle
9 – A funeral is a ceremony for someone who has just --------------------
a – married b – won c – lost d – died
10 – In some countries , it is the ------- to shake hands when you meet
someone.
a- conventional b – convention c – convent d - count
11 – He never plans what to do, he is a -------------- man.
a – spontaneous b – continuous c – tiny d – brave
12 – My cousin believes in ------------------ he never plans anything.
a – spontaneous b – spontaneity c – magic d – ghosts
13 - ------------------------- out ! there is a car coming.
a – see b – watch c – look d – be
14 – Be ---------That plate is really hot if you touch, you will burn
yourself.

Mr.
a – out b – car c – care d – careful
15 - --------------------- is the business of a bank.
a – parking b – barking c – booking d – banking
16 – The crime is -------------------- it is not mysterious.
a – obvious b – difficult c – far d – not easy
17 – According to Mr. Ayman , we will reach our ---------------by 5
o'clock.
a – destination b – declination c – fate d – destiny
18 – After -------------------- he worked as a lawyer.
a – graduated b – graduate c – gradually d – graduating
19 - ------------------ decisions is not easy.
a – Doing b – Making c – agreeing d – Telling
20 – He works in banking business as he is a --------------------
a – bank b – banking c – banknote d – banker
21 – Despite --------------- clever , he lost.
a – be b – been c – is d – being
22 – He ------------------ to scoring high marks.
a – uses b – used c – is used d – is using
23 - -------------------- our flight , we saw many things.
a – At b – In c – Of d – On
24 – He was influenced -------------- the world of business.
a – in b – on c – of d – at
25 – His last story was ----------------- into a film.
a- making b – made c – done d – doing
3 – Find the mistakes and write the sentences correctly :
1 – Lifestyle is the way that someone dresses their life.
2 – On their father's mineral they were all crying.
3 – Be care when you cross a street.
4 – He doesn't earns money from novels.
5 – His red tape is to get up and walk.
6 – She used to arriving early when she was young.

Mr.
4 – Translation
A ) Translate into Arabic :
In our life we may have moments of happiness and other moments
are sad. Funerals are time of sadness when people suffer from a
person's death. While marriage is regarded as a time of joy and
happiness.
B ) Translate into English :
. ‫ – ةةةةة ةةةة ةةةةةةة ةةة ةةةةة ةةة ةةةةة ةةةةةة ةةةةة‬1
. ‫ – ةةةة ةة ةةةة ةةة ةةة ةةة ةةةةة ةةةة‬2

Grammar
Conjunctions

1-Ways of saying (and)

Besides/as well as/in addition to + ‫او‬ ‫اسم‬ (v+ing)


In addition + ‫جمله كاملة‬

He played tennis. He watched TV.


He played tennis and watched TV.
He played football besides watching TV.
He played football as well as watching TV.
He played football in addition to watching TV.
He played football in addition he watched TV.
‫ةةةة ةةةةةةةةة ةةةةةة‬
‫ ةةةة‬+ not only + ‫ ةةة‬--------------------, but + ‫ةةةةةة‬
+ also------

Mr.
‫ ةةة ة‬+ not only + ‫ ةة ة‬----------------------, but
+----------- as well
She not only arrived late , but she also forgot her books.
=She not only arrived late , but she forgot her books as well.
(Not only) ‫ملحظة )اذا بدأت الجملة ( ب‬
Not Only + ‫ل‬ ‫ لل‬+ ‫ل‬ ‫ للل‬+ ‫للل‬ ‫ل لل‬ ‫ لل‬------,
but------------------------------.
Not only did she arrive late, but she also forgot her books.
‫ملحظات هامة‬
: ‫ ( بين فاعلين مختلفين‬as well as) ‫اذا ربطت‬ -1

‫ الفاعععل الول‬+ as well as + ‫ لللل ل )للل ل‬+ ‫للللل ل للل للل‬


‫ ) لللللل للللل‬-------.
I am a teacher . Ali is a teacher . (as well as)
I, as well as, Ali am a teacher.
: ‫ ( بين فاعلين‬Both-----and) ‫اذا ربطت‬ -2

Both + ‫لللللل‬ and + ‫ للللل )يكون دائما ُ جمع‬+ ‫) لللللل‬


Asmaa is absent. Salim is absent. (Both)
Both Asmaa and Salim are absent.
‫( بين فاعلين فإن الفعل‬Either---or) ‫ ( أو‬Neither-------nor) ‫اذا ربطت‬ -3
‫يتبع أقرب فاعل‬
Neither+ ‫ لللل‬+ nor + ‫ للللل )لللل لللل لللل‬+ ‫) لللل‬
Either + ‫ لللل‬+ or + ‫ للللل )لللل لللل لللل‬+ ‫) لللللل‬
Soha is not a doctor. I am not a doctor. (Neither)
Neither Soha nor I am a doctor.
: ‫وبعدين نشوف الجملة دي‬
Ahmad doesn't read. Ahmad doesn't write. (neither)
1 - -----------------------------------------------------------
2 - Neither--------------------------------------------------
‫( ويكون بعدها الفعل دائما ُ مفرد‬Either of them) ‫ – يمكن استخدام التعبير‬4
My brothers help me . My father helps me.
Either my brothers or my father helps me.
Either of them helps me.
2-Ways of showing purpose
‫روابط تعبر عن الغرض ومعناها لكي‬

To = in order to = so as to + ‫مصدر‬ = in the hope of + V + ing


So that= in order that= in the hope that + ‫ فاعل‬+ can /could +
‫مصدر‬ Mr.
He went to the island to help the people.
He went to the island in order to help the people.
He went to the island in the hope of helping the people.
He went to the island so that he could help the people.
ُ ‫ملحظه هامة جدا‬
‫ ( بدل من اي من الروابط السابقة‬because) ‫اذا طلب استخدام‬
She studied hard so that she could get high marks. (because)
She studied hard because she wanted to get high marks.
3-Ways of saying (but)
‫روابط التناقض‬
1 - Although/though/even though + ‫{ جمله كاملة‬but, yet, however)
2-However + ‫ فعل‬+ ‫ فاعل‬+ ‫ صفة‬--------------------------
3-What ever + ‫ فعل‬+ ‫ فاعل‬+ ‫ اسم‬------------------------
4-‫ حال‬/ ‫ صفه‬+ as + ‫ فعل‬+ + ‫ فاعل‬--------------------------

1 - Although he works hard he earns little money.


= He earns little money although/though/even though he works
hard.
He works hard ,but/yet/however he earns little money.
2 – Although he is rich, he is unhappy.
However rich he is , he is unhappy.
Whatever mistakes he did , we forgave him.
Hard as he works, he earns little money.
: ‫الروابط السابقة تساوي الروابط التية‬
In spite of /despite/for all/regardless of/with all+ ‫ اسم‬/v+ing

Although we played well , we lost the match. (in spite of)


In spite of playing well, we lost the match.
We lost the match despite playing well.
4-Ways of saying because ‫روابط توضح السبب‬

because/as/since ------+ ‫ فعل‬+ ‫ فاعل‬-----------------------


because of /due to/owing to/thanks to/on account of/through /
as a result of for + ing/‫اسم‬
Mr.
He succeeded because he studied hard.
They came late as there was a traffic jam.
She will marry him since he is honest.
He went to the doctor because of his illness/being ill.
Owing to the fog, they had an accident.
You can reach your goals through working hard.
5-Ways of saying (so) ‫روابط تعبر عن النتيجة‬

so /therefore/consequently/that's why/as a result------+ + ‫فاععل‬


‫فعل‬
It was raining so we didn't go out.
He didn't have enough money therefore he didn't buy the mobile.
He didn't arrive early as a result he missed the bus.

Exercises

1 – Respond to each of the following situations :


1 – You ask your friend about his last journey.
2 – You want to warn your friend not to walk alone in the forest.
3 – you ask your father about the importance of travel .
4 – Your teacher asks you about a word that equals clear.
2 – Choose the correct answer from a , b , c , or d :
1-He worked hard----------------------he was over 80.
a – because b-so c-and d-though
2-He didn't go to school-------------------he was ill.
a -due to b-owing to c-as d-so
3-I couldn't get to sleep--------------------the noise.
a-despite b-although c-owing to d-because
4-We went out-----------------the rain.
a –despite b-although c-because d-due to
5-She, ---------her cousins, is fond of swimming.
a-besides b-and c-not only d-as well as
6-My car broke down,------------------I will take a taxi.
a-but b-therefore c-because d-as long as
7-It started to rain,---------------we stopped playing.
a-as b-because c-so d-however

Mr.
8-Bravely--------he fought, he lost the game.
a –however b-although c-as d-because
9-He could beat me--------his old age.
a-so as to b-although c-because d-despite
10-Neither the students nor the teacher----------in the class.
a-is b-are c-were d-has
11-I, as well as, Rahma---------------------TV.
a-watch b-watches c-is watching d-are
watching
12-Samy doesn't go to school and ------------------------I
a-so do I b– so I do c– neither do I d–neither I do
13-Both virus C and cancer------------fatal effects on patients.
a-have b-has c-is d–are
14-He took a taxi-----------------he could reach the office early.
a-so as to b-in order to c-so that d-to
15-You won't go out-------------------you finish you homework first.
a-if b-unless c-as long as d-without
16-We all trust him-------------------he is honest.
a-although b-because of c-so that d–since
17-He did his best----------------------achieve his goal.
a-because b-in order that c-however d-so as to
18-I didn't get up early------------------I went to work late.
a-although b-that's why c-owing to d-however
19-She was tired, ----------------------she went to work.
a-although b-due to c-therefore d-however
20-They wouldn't have attended the party-----------you had invited
them.
a-because b-if c-unless d-so that
21-Not only-----------call the waiter bad names, but he hit him as well.
a-did he b–does he c-has he d-had he
22- -------------------my assistant , he failed.
a- In spite of b- Because c- Owing to d- Unless
23 – I have been feeling tired all week, -------------- I am going to bed
early tonight.
a – because b – because of c – so d – so that
24 – On ---------------the good news , everyone smiled and clapped.
a – hear b – hears c – heard d – hearing
25 – After he --------------- his job , Mounir worked for a children's
charity.

Mr.
a – losing b – lost c – to lose d - lose
3 – Find the mistakes and write the sentences correctly :
1 – But I was on holiday , I took some great photos.
2 – It is my sister's birthday soon , because I want to buy her a mobile.
3 – We couldn't buy the newspaper because of the shop was closed.
4 – I have read the book, despite I haven't seen the film yet.
5 – Although being nearly 60 , Karim still plays football.
6 – Ali was happy because getting high marks.
4 – Writing

Write a paragraph about 100 words about :


" A place you have visited "
5 – Translation
A ) Translate into Arabic :
A lot of people enjoy travelling abroad or inside their countries. Some
people believe that travelling has many benefits. They say , we could
learn patience and cooperation from it. So , its time to try it yourself.

B ) translate into English :


. ‫ – ةةة ةة ةةةةة ةةة ةةةةة ةة ةةةةةة ةة ةةةةة ةةةةةةة‬1
‫ ةة ةةةة ةةة ةةةة ةةةةة ةةةةةةةة ةةةةةة ةةةةةة ة‬- 2

Mr.

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