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Getting Started

Mbox 2™

Version 7.0

Copyright used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no
© 2005 Digidesign, a division of Avid Technology, Inc. All rights guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular
reserved. This guide may not be duplicated in whole or in part installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference
without the express written consent of Digidesign. to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
Avid, Digidesign, Mbox 2, and Pro Tools are either trademarks turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try
or registered trademarks of Avid Technology, Inc. in the US and and correct the interference by one or more of the following
other countries. All other trademarks contained herein are the measures:
property of their respective owners. • Reorient or locate the receiving antenna.
Product features, specifications, system requirements, and • Increase the separation between the equipment and
availability are subject to change without notice. receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different
from that to which the receiver is connected.
PN 9320-17750-00 REV A 10/05 • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician
for help.
Communications and Safety Regulation Information
Compliance Statement
This model Digidesign Mbox 2 complies with the following Mbox 2
standards regulating interference and EMC:
• FCC Part 15 Class B
• EN 55022
• EN 55204
• AS/NZS 3548 Class B
• CISPR 22 Class B
Any modifications to the unit, unless expressly approved by
Radio and Television Interference Digidesign, could void the user's authority to operate the
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the equipment.
limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the
FCC Rules. Canadian Compliance Statement:
This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY 003.
We Digidesign,
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B est conforme à la norme
2001 Junipero Serra Boulevard, Suite 200
NMB-003 du Canada.
Daly City, CA 94014 USA
tel: 650-731-6300 Australian Compliance
declare under our sole responsibility that the product
Mbox 2
complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules.
Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including interference European Compliance
that may cause undesired operation.

NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and
can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and

This symbol on the product or its packaging indicates that this
product must not be disposed of with other waste. Instead, it
is your responsibility to dispose of your waste equipment by
handing it over to a designated collection point for the recycling
of waste electrical and electronic equipment. The separate
collection and recycling of your waste equipment at the time of
disposal will help conserve natural resources and ensure that
it is recycled in a manner that protects human health and the
environment. For more information about where you can drop
off your waste equipment for recycling, please contact your
local city recycling office or the dealer from whom you
purchased the product.

.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Installing Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Chapter 2. . 23 Removing Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Macintosh System Optimization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mbox 2 Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Chapter 3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Configuring Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Windows System Optimization . . . 7 Hard Drive Configuration and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Removing Pro Tools LE . . Windows Configuration . . 2 Pro Tools LE Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .com . . 10 Installing Pro Tools LE and Mbox 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 About www. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Configuring Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Macintosh Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Optional Software on the Pro Tools Installer CD . . . . . . . . . . 19 Hard Drive Configuration and Maintenance . . . . . . . . .digidesign. . . . . . . .contents Chapter 1. . . . . . . . . . . 22 Launching Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Optional Software on the Pro Tools Installer CD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mbox 2 Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Digidesign Registration . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Connecting Mbox 2 to the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 About the Pro Tools Guides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Contents v . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Installation Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Welcome to Mbox 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Launching Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Common Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Performance Factors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Backing Up Your Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Mixing . 73 Appendix C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections . . . . . 37 Transport Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 MIDI Patch Name Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Tracks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Mix Automation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Chapter 5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Session Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Editing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 vi Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Mbox 2 Back Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 Appendix A. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 MIDI Studio Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Appendix B. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 MIDI Patch Name Support . . . . . . . . . . 27 Mbox 2 Front Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Before You Call Digidesign Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Audio MIDI Setup . . . . . . . 32 Making Signal Connections to Mbox 2 . Chapter 4. . . . . 44 Region List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Configuring MIDI Studio Setup (Windows Only) . . . . . . . 64 Final Mixdown . . . . 48 Importing Data into Pro Tools Sessions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Basic Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Navigating in a Session . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Working with Pro Tools LE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Plug-Ins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mbox 2 Package Mbox 2 provides your USB-equipped computer The Mbox 2 package includes the following: with two channels of analog audio input and • Mbox 2 desktop audio interface output. designed to give new users specific methods for accomplishing common tasks (such as getting sound in and out of your Mbox 2. analog monitor ware. Mbox 2 provides professional- and electronic PDF guides quality mic preamps and 24-bit analog-to-digi- tal and digital-to-analog converters. and recording a session) • USB connector cable • Digidesign registration card Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox 2 1 . and an introduction to Pro Tools LE software • The Mbox 2 Basics Guide. which in- cludes instructions for installing and config- uring Mbox 2. optional software.chapter 1 Welcome to Mbox 2 Welcome to Mbox 2. • This Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide. and a headphone output with front panel and AudioSuite plug-ins. Digidesign’s portable Pro Tools micro-studio. connecting a mic or in- strument. DigiRack RTAS (Real-Time AudioSuite) outs. two channels of digital audio input and • Installer CDs containing Pro Tools LE soft- output. level control. MIDI In and Out ports.

and of playback up to 28 tracks • Analog input jacks include one XLR and while recording up to 4 tracks. on your computer’s capabilities with switchable Mic. supporting Pro Tools LE uses your computer’s CPU to sample rates of 44. yield higher track counts and more plug-in back processing. sion put • 16-bit or 24-bit audio resolution. • Up to 5 inserts per track put channels • Up to 10 sends per track • Two 1/4-inch TRS analog monitor outputs • Up to 32 internal mix busses • 24-bit A/D and D/A converters. vides the following capabilities with Mbox 2: crophone preamps and switchable 48V phan. at sample • S/PDIF inputs are available independently. 2 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . random-access editing • S/PDIF outputs mirror analog outs 1–2 and mix automation • Up to a total of four channels of input. using • Audio processing with up to 5 RTAS plug- analog and digital inputs simultaneously ins per track. • Mono switch for enhanced monitoring of sin- gle-channel input sources (does not affect re- cording) • 1/4-inch (TRS) stereo headphone output with adjustable level control • USB-powered operation Mbox 2 will not function properly if con- nected to a passive USB hub.0 on Windows or Macintosh pro- • Two channels of analog audio input with mi. and 32 Instrument tracks per ses- • Two channels of S/PDIF digital input and out. use a powered hub or a separate dedicated USB port for Mbox 2 to function properly. 256 MIDI tracks. 128 Auxiliary Input alog input channel tracks. Mbox 2 Features Pro Tools LE Capabilities The Mbox 2 provides the following: Pro Tools LE 7. 64 Master Fader tracks. depending two 1/4-inch connectors (one TRS. depending on your com- • One MIDI In and one MIDI Out port. If you need to use a hub for other USB peripherals. Computers with faster clock speeds adjustable balance between input and play. and DI levels • Up to 128 audio tracks (with 32 voiceable • –20 dB pad available separately on each an. Line. tracks maximum).1 kHz and 48 kHz mix and process audio tracks (host process- • Zero-latency analog record monitoring with ing). puter’s capabilities ing 16 MIDI input channels and 16 MIDI out. rates up to 48 kHz in addition to analog inputs 1–2 • Non-destructive. • Playback of up to 32 mono digital audio tom power tracks. one TS). provid.

For a list of supported adapters. Windows or Macintosh computer running Pro Tools LE software.digidesign. USB MIDI interfaces work effectively with Pro Tools systems on Windows or Macintosh. initialize your drive with Windows Disk For complete system requirements. erating systems. plug-ins.com/compato). refer to the Digi- design Web site (www.com/compato) . op. hard drives.com/compato). visit the Management (Windows) or the Disk Utility ap- compatibility page of the Digidesign Web site plication included with Apple System software (www. (www. see our Mbox 2 can be used with a Digidesign-qualified Web site (www. Modem-to-serial port adapters and serial MIDI devices are not supported. (Macintosh). Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox 2 3 . Compatibility Information Avoid Recording to the System Drive Digidesign can only assure compatibility and Recording to your system drive is not recom- provide support for hardware and software it mended.digidesign. If you are using an ATA/IDE or FireWire hard drive. If you require additional MIDI ports. Hard Drive Requirements System Requirements For a list of qualified hard drives. drive may result in lower track counts and fewer For a list of Digidesign-qualified computers. Serial MIDI interfaces are supported on Win- dows systems only. and third-party de- Digidesign does not recommend recording vices. Record to a system drive tion on the Digidesign Web site only when necessary.digidesign. Recording and playback on a system has tested and approved. providing 16 channels of MIDI input and 16 channels of MIDI output. MIDI Requirements Mbox 2 includes one MIDI In port and one MIDI Out port.com). Only USB MIDI interfaces are compatible with Pro Tools systems for Mac OS X. add a MIDI interface to your system. refer to the latest compatibility informa- to the system drive.digidesign.

5 MB 8.1 kHz (CD quality) require approximately 10 MB of hard disk space per minute.5 GB 11. Required hard drive space for audio tracks Number of tracks and length 16-bit at 16-bit at 24-bit at 24-bit at 44.4 GB 4 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . 1 minute 5 MB 5. Table 2 lists the required disk space for certain track numbers and track lengths. 5 minutes 800 MB 883 MB 1.3 GB 32 mono tracks. 60 minutes 7 GB 7. 60 minutes 9. The same tracks recorded with 24-bit resolution require about 15 MB per minute.1 kHz 48 kHz 44. 5 minutes 1 stereo track (or two mono 600 MB 662 MB 900 MB 991 MB tracks).4 GB 14 GB 15. 5 minutes 600 MB 662 MB 900 MB 991 MB 24 mono tracks.5 MB per minute. Stereo audio tracks recorded with 16-bit resolution at 44. The same tracks recorded with 24-bit resolution require about 7.6 GB 32 mono tracks. Hard Disk Storage Space Mono audio tracks recorded with 16-bit resolution at 44.5 MB 7. to help you estimate your hard disk usage.8 GB 10.4 GB 10.2 GB 1.1 kHz (CD quality) require approximately 5 MB of hard disk space per minute. Table 2. 60 minutes 24 mono tracks.1 kHz 48 kHz 1 mono track.2 MB 1 stereo track (or two mono 50 MB 55 MB 75 MB 83 MB tracks).

receive complimentary technical support and • DigiRack Plug-Ins Guide explains how to use future upgrade offers. • Pro Tools Keyboard Shortcuts lists keyboard If you are new to working with digital worksta. and are • Mbox 2 Basics Guide provides simple steps for accessible from the Pro Tools Help menu. with Pro Tools LE. it is recommended that you read the fol- PDF versions of the Pro Tools guides are in- lowing: stalled automatically with Pro Tools LE. edit. and other topics. Guide and other guides in the Pro Tools guide set can be purchased separately from the DigiStore (www. Printed copies of the Pro Tools Reference sion. record Reader or Apple Preview. and mix audio and MIDI tracks in Pro Tools LE. create an audio CD from a Pro Tools ses. import audio from a CD. For additional information. shortcuts for Pro Tools LE. About the Pro Tools Guides • DigiBase Guide provides details on using This Getting Started with Mbox 2 Guide explains Pro Tools DigiBase databasing and browsers how to install and use Mbox 2 to record. register your purchase online. It is one of the most im- the RTAS and AudioSuite plug-ins included portant steps you can take as a new user. you can use Adobe connect a microphone or instrument. Registering your • Pro Tools Menus Guide covers all the Pro Tools purchase is the only way you can be eligible to on-screen menus. view or print the PDF guides. for data and media management. To getting sound in and out of your Mbox 2.digidesign.com). tions. Chapter 1: Welcome to Mbox 2 5 . to a Pro Tools session. • Digidesign Plug-Ins Guide explains how to use optional Digidesign plug-ins. see the following Digidesign Registration online (PDF) guides: Review the enclosed registration information • Pro Tools Reference Guide explains Pro Tools LE card and follow the instructions on it to quickly software in detail.

File > Save Choose Save from the File menu Registration Register your purchase online. The Digidesign Web site (www. browse the Compatibility documents for system require- Right-click (Windows) Click with the right mouse button ments. own using courses available online. See the enclosed registration form for instructions. Important Notices include information that could affect your data or the performance of Products and Developers Learn about Digidesign your system. Conventions Used in This Guide About www.digidesign.com Digidesign guides use the following conven- tions to indicate menu choices and key com.com) mands: is your best source for information to help you : get the most out of your Pro Tools system. download demo software. applications. Control+N Hold down the Control key and press the N key Support Contact Digidesign Technical Support Control-click Hold down the Control key or Customer Service. available from Digidesign. News and Events Get the latest news from Digidesign. The Convention Action following are just a few of the services and fea- tures available. Shortcuts show you useful keyboard or mouse shortcuts.com). visit the Digidesign Web site (www. download software up- and click the mouse button dates and the latest online manuals. products. learn about our Development Partners and their plug-ins.digidesign.digidesign. 6 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Cross References point to related sections in To learn more about these and other resources other Digidesign guides. join the worldwide Pro Tools community on the Digi- The following symbols are used to highlight im. design User Conference. study on your most from your Pro Tools system. portant information: Training and Education Become a certified User Tips are helpful hints for getting the Pro Tools Operator or Expert. and hardware. sign up for a Pro Tools demo. search the online Answerbase. or find out how you can learn in a classroom setting at a certified Pro Tools Training Center.

) Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 7 . 2 “Installing Pro Tools LE and Mbox 2” on When you are finished changing Windows page 12. Windows documentation. system settings.chapter 2 Windows Configuration This chapter contains information for Windows systems only. count where you want to install Pro Tools. 5 Making audio and MIDI connections to the Mbox 2. 1 “Windows System Optimization” on page 7. (See Chapter 4. see Chapter 3. 3 “Launching Pro Tools LE” on page 14. refer to your on the Pro Tools LE Installer CD. If you are installing Pro Tools on a Windows System Optimization Macintosh computer. For refer to the Read Me information included details on Administrator privileges. “Macin- Before configuring your computer. Required Optimizations Installation Overview To ensure optimum performance with Installing the Mbox 2 on a Windows computer Pro Tools LE. restart your computer. configure the following settings includes the following steps: before you install Pro Tools hardware and soft- ware. “Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections” for details.” you are logged in as an Administrator for the ac- Before installing this version of Pro Tools. make sure tosh Configuration. 4 “Configuring Pro Tools LE” on page 15.

and “Turn off hard disks” to Never. 4 Click Effects. 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. disable Cool N’Quiet in the System BIOS (in the Cool & Quiet Configuration section). 8 Restart the computer. be sure to check and 3 Click the Hardware tab. 9 Close the Computer Management window. 2 In Classic View. 5 Click OK.” When using Pro Tools. double-click System. setting must be disabled. the Effects “Clear Type” 6 Click the Advanced Settings tab. System Hibernate. passes from stopping due to system resources 7 Click OK. On AMD processors. as Windows XP detects and activates Always On. IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers. 3 Click the Appearance tab. 2 Double-click Power Options. Access) frees up CPU bandwidth so the com. then double-click the Primary IDE Channel for your IDE hard Disabling ClearType Font Smoothing drive. 4 Under Device Manager. powering down. choose Device Man- Refer to the manufacturer’s documentation ager. In most cases the DMA option will already be set 4 From the Power Schemes pop-up menu. puter can do other Pro Tools tasks. 2 Double-click Display. 3 Click the Power Schemes tab. the Windows System 6 Click OK to save your settings and close the Standby power scheme must be set to Always On. When using Pro Tools.” and click OK. To enable DMA for any IDE hard drives: This sets System Standby. This helps prevent long record or playback Effects dialog. 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. 8 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Disabling System Standby and Power Management 5 Deselect “Use the following method to smooth edges of screen fonts. DMA mode by default. select correctly. 8 Repeat steps 5–7 for any additional IDE Chan- nels. 7 For each device. Enabling DMA To configure Windows Power Management: Enabling your computer's DMA (Direct Memory 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. set the Transfer Mode to To disable ClearType font smoothing: “DMA if available. if necessary. for instructions on disabling this power op- 5 In the Device Manager window. double-click tion.

able Bus Mastering in the manufacturer’s 5 In the Performance Options window. click the Set- • If your video display card supports it. Optional Optimizations 7 Under the Memory Usage section. such as Windows Messen. select Device Manager. window. Disabling Network Cards 10 Restart the computer for the changes to take effect. and hardware drivers installed on your com- puter. To disable a network card: 1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man- age. en. and click OK. dow. • Turn off any nonessential USB devices 3 Click the Advanced tab. Refer to the manufacturer’s Advanced tab. 8 Click OK to close the Performance Options tions if necessary. instructions for details. calendars. double-click Network adapters. choose “Do not use this device (disable)” from the Device Usage Pro Tools can also be affected by other software pop-up menu.Recommended Optimizations 4 Under the General tab. 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. click the Control Panel. select the The following system optimizations may help System cache option. It is recommended that you only try these optimiza. then double-click the Net- work Adapter card you want to disable. Pro Tools perform better on some systems. Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 9 . disable any networking cards (other than a FireWire card that you might use to connect an external drive to your system). 2 Under System Tools. To Adjust Processor Scheduling Performance: • Turn off any software utilities that run in the background. 6 Under the Processor scheduling section. you do the following: • Avoid running any unneeded programs at Adjusting Processor Scheduling the same time as Pro Tools. 3 In the Device Manager window. while running Pro Tools. versely affect the functionality of other pro- 9 Click OK to close the System Properties win- grams on your system. ger. 4 Under the Performance section. tings button. It is recommended (but not required) that 5 Close the Computer Management window. double-click System. select the Background Services option. grams. If applicable. as they may disable or ad. and disk maintenance pro- 2 In Classic View.

deselect the “Don't show this message again” or you can disable Hyper-Threading on the com. Check to see if If this occurs. some com. you can increase the number of Pro Tools performance has increased before you RTAS processors in the Playback Engine dialog. processing power of computers that have multi. puters with hyperthreading capability may ex- 6 After restarting. available for RTAS processing to 1 (in the Pro Tools Playback Engine dialog). If performance has not changed. disable Hyper-Threading. and should be turned off. 5 Click Restart to restart the computer. However. 3 Under the General tab. for RTAS process- ing. Refer to your computer’s documentation for try disabling Startup items and non-essential steps on how to enter the computer’s BIOS and processes individually. “msconfig” and return your computer Selective Startup back to Normal Startup.0 takes advantage of the added 1 From the Start menu. do so carefully: • Portable media serial number (required for Always back up any important data on applications that utilize a copy protection your drive before initializing it. the Maintenance more resources are available for Pro Tools. option. puter has no network or internet connec- tion. Disabling Hyper-Threading To Disable System Startup Items: Pro Tools LE 7. continued system performance. if you set the number of processors 4 Deselect Load Startup Items and click OK. choose Selective Star- tup. Recording and playback on a system • DHCP Client. initialized audio drive. • Plug and play Avoid Recording to the System Drive • Event log Recording to your system drive is not recom- • Cryptographic services mended. run puter. Configuration Utility opens. You should also periodi- cally defragment your audio drive to ensure If you disable any of the following startup items. cessing or Hyper-Threading. choose Run. 2 Type “msconfig” and click OK. the computer displays a Sys- perience decreased performance. in which case these items can be disabled) 10 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . or that feature multi-core pro. Alternatively. tem Configuration message. The System ple processors. Some startup applications may be consuming unnec. It is recommended that you start with a newly essary CPU resources. TCP/IP Net BIOS. and other drive may result in lower track counts or fewer networking-related items (unless the com- plug-ins. Disabling System Startup Items Hard Drive Configuration and The fewer items in use by your computer. as it will key) erase all data on the drive.

being affected by drive conditions. see your • Select the Quick Format option. 4 Double-click Storage. and lets you review and delete unnecessary files from the se- 4 Do one of the following: lected volume. Defragmenting an Audio Drive – or – • For optimal disk performance. delete temporary files and other unused data. choose Disk Management. close the For- mat window. choose the Pro Tools only supports Basic drive Types. It is sug- age. Disk Management window (Windows XP) 6 Select the desired volume in the list. 3 Double-click Computer Management. up menu (make sure Quick Format is not selected). and follow the on-screen instruc. right-click the hard drive you will use for audio and choose Disk Cleanup determines how performance is Format. 3 In the Disk Defragmenter window. 2 Under Storage. age. 2 Double-click Administrative Tools. drives and. 5 Click Start. system performance. 3 In the Disk Management window. Though this option takes longer To defragment an audio drive: to complete. Quick op- Windows XP documentation. audio drives should be formatted as FAT32 or NTFS.Formatting an Audio Drive 6 When formatting is complete. then choose File > Options. Periodically defragment audio drives to maintain lect 32K from the Allocation unit size pop. choose Disk Defragmenter. you can se. tion should be sufficient for qualified mechanisms. gested that you regularly use Disk Cleanup (or an equivalent utility) to assess the condition of 2 Under Storage. drive you want to defragment Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 11 . For more information. For optimum performance. tions. it can increase efficiency of 1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man- drive recording and playback. if necessary. Audio Drives and Disk Cleanup To format an audio drive: The process of recording and editing can quickly 1 Right-click My Computer and choose Man- decrease overall drive performance. 5 Double-click Disk Management. To use Disk Cleanup: 1 Choose Start > Control Panel.

Mbox 2 10 When installation is complete. 2 Download the QuickTime installer applica- 3 Connect the other end of the USB cable to any tion to your computer. For details on Administrator privi. ability. Mbox 2 and start the computer. and PACE System Installing Pro Tools LE and files before proceeding to the next step.com). nected to a USB hub. 4 Click the Defragment button and follow the 8 Click Next. properly. Quick- ble to the USB port on Mbox 2. 4 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD for Win- 4 Restart your computer. if you plan to include movie files. shut down the computer. tion. disconnect Click Next.5 or later is required for Pro Tools leges. For computer has fully restarted. or import 2 Connect the small end of the included USB ca.com and go to the Quick- have a dedicated port in order to function Time page. Mbox 2 does not illuminate after installa- 5 Click Next to begin installation. To install Pro Tools LE: 1 Start Windows. Continue Anyway. click Finish. and double-click If the USB LED on the front panel of the the Setup icon. Once the 7 Select any options you want to install. click Computer Management window. MP3 or MP4 (AAC) files in your sessions. For maximum reli- If the USB LED still does not illuminate. the Pro Tools Installer CD” on page 13. and plugging it back in. on-screen instructions. Mbox 2 must 1 Visit www. 6 Select the install location. If you get a warning dialog about the driver 5 When defragmenting is complete.ap- Mbox 2 may not function properly if con. see “Optional Software on Mbox 2. Time for Windows XP is available as a free download from the Apple Web site (www. try unplugging the USB cable from the Mbox 2 USB port. ple. Locate and open the Pro Tools Installer folder. If you need to use a hub for other USB peripherals. available USB port on your computer. QuickTime 6. tion and follow the on-screen installation in- structions.apple. install Pro Tools on your startup drive. close the not passing Windows Logo testing. logging in with Administrator Installing QuickTime privileges. refer to your Windows documentation. reconnect more information. Wait for 3 Double-click the QuickTime installer applica- the Found New Hardware Wizard dialog to ap- pear and leave it open: Do not click Next. 12 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . 9 Wait for the installer to finish installing all software components. dows in your CD-ROM drive. connect the To install QuickTime: hub to a separate USB port. drivers.

and then choose Properties. grams that support the ASIO standard to record and play back through Digidesign hardware. Pro Tools Installer CD For detailed information on configuring the Your Pro Tools Installer CD includes several Digidesign WaveDriver. The Installer installs the DigiNet. Digidesign ASIO Driver To use the Digidesign WaveDriver without Pro Tools.com). right-click My Network Places. WaveDriver Guide. select Protocol.com). 6 Click Close.inf file (on your Pro Tools programs that support the WaveDriver MME Installer CD. The Digidesign WaveDriver is automatically in- Optional Software on the stalled when you install Pro Tools. put) Driver is a single-client multichannel available on the Digidesign Web site sound driver that allows third-party audio pro- (www. see the Digidesign software options.digidesign. Ethernet software. 2 Right-click the relevant Local Area Connec- tion icon. Digidesign WaveDriver 3 Click Install. you can install the standalone The Digidesign ASIO (Audio Sound Input Out- version of the Digidesign WaveDriver. The Digidesign WaveDriver is a single-client. in the Controllers folder). and click Add. then choose Properties. and click (Multimedia Extension) standard to play back OK. stereo sound driver that allows third-party audio 5 Select the DigiNet. see the Digidesign tem. and version of the Digidesign ASIO Driver. through Digidesign hardware. Control|24 Only For detailed information on configuring the If you plan to use a Control|24 with your sys- Digidesign ASIO Driver. Control Surface Support stalled when you install Pro Tools. available on the Digidesign Web site (www. 4 Click Have Disk. you will need to install the Digidesign ASIO Guide. Digidesign Ethernet Software for The Digidesign ASIO Driver is automatically in. To use the Digidesign ASIO Driver without To install Digidesign Ethernet software: Pro Tools.digidesign. you can install the standalone 1 Click Start.inf files in the Program Files\Common Files\Digi- design\DAE\Controllers folder. Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 13 .

(making sure to type it exactly as printed. restart 1 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD into your your computer. copy the files from the Mac-based click Validate. 4 Follow the on-screen instructions to install To install the demo session: MacDrive. front cover of this guide. tion Macintosh drives. tem is working. MacDrive The MacDrive utility lets you mount Macintosh. click OK. locate and open drives should be carried out when the drives the Additional Files/Pro Tools LE Demo Session are connected to a Macintosh. make sure the drive is config. When launching Pro Tools LE the first time.exe. the MacDrive utility to initialize or parti- 3 Double-click Setup. Do not use Installer folder. Transfer drives can be used for storage. To use Mac. folder. but 2 Enter the authorization code in the dialog not for playback or recording. CD-ROM drive. Pro Tools Demo Session To install the MacDrive demo included with Pro Tools: The Pro Tools LE Installer CD includes a demo 1 Insert the Pro Tools Installer CD into your CD- session that you can use to verify that your sys- ROM drive. HFS+ audio drive to a Windows-based Your authorization code is located on the inside NTFS audio drive. 2 From your CD-ROM drive. locate and open Before installing the demo session to your the Additional Files/MacDrive Demo Installer audio drive. To authorize Pro Tools LE software: based HFS+ drives on a Windows-based 1 Double-click the Pro Tools LE shortcut on Pro Tools system and use them as Transfer your desktop (or the application icon in the drives. Launching Pro Tools LE 5 When installation is complete. you are prompted to enter an authorization code. 3 Double-click the MacDrive demo installer. ured as described in “Formatting an Audio Drive” on page 11. All formatting and maintenance of HFS+ 2 From your CD-ROM drive. then system. 14 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Pro Tools folder inside the Digidesign folder). 4 Select your audio drive as the install location and click Install. After installation is complete. and based audio files on a Windows Pro Tools observing any spaces and capitalization).

or that feature multi-core processing or hyper- ful when you are mixing and using more RTAS threading. in samples. The RTAS Processors setting determines the ◆ Lower Hardware Buffer Size settings reduce number of processors in your computer allo- monitoring latency. and are useful when you are cated for RTAS plug-in processing. screen redraws. cessing. ◆ Higher Hardware Buffer Size settings allow for With computers that have multiple processors. In most cases. and are use. CPU processing capacity for RTAS plug-in pro- mute data. the default settings for your sys- tem provide optimum performance. the In addition to causing slower screen re. ◆ A lower number of processors leaves more CPU processing capacity for automation. more audio processing and effects. cessor support for RTAS processes. RTAS Processors setting lets you control the way sponse and monitoring latency. This is useful for sessions with large number of RTAS plug-ins. and re- cording. The Hardware Buffer Size (H/W Buffer Size) con- trols the size of the buffer used to handle host 3 Click OK. Used in com- bination with the CPU Usage Limit setting. and MIDI track timing. higher RTAS processing and other Pro Tools tasks are Hardware Buffer Size settings can increase carried out by the system. The H/W Buffer setting can also RTAS Processors be used to manage monitoring latency. and video playback in Pro Tools. this setting lets you enable multi-pro- plug-ins. To change the Hardware Buffer Size: Configuring Pro Tools LE 1 Choose Setup > Playback Engine. Playback Engine dialog for Mbox 2 Hardware Buffer Size 2 From the H/W Buffer Size pop-up menu. playback. Pro Tools System Settings Pro Tools LE lets you adjust the performance of your system by changing system settings that af- fect its capacity for processing. the latency caused by RTAS plug-ins. Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 15 . recording live input. or for other application running at the same time as Pro Tools. and ◆ A higher number of processors reserves more affect the accuracy of plug-in automation. but you may want to adjust them to accommodate large or processing-intensive Pro Tools sessions. processing tasks such as Real-Time AudioSuite (RTAS) plug-ins. select the audio buffer size.

sity of edits. 3 Click OK. 3 Click OK. initiation speed. can also cause a time lag to occur when starting playback or recording. However. range from 85 percent for single-processor com. or longer audible time lag The maximum available CPU Usage Limit de. to allocate to Pro Tools. setting lets you control the way Pro Tools tasks ◆ DAE Playback Buffer Size settings lower than are carried out by the system. or with systems that have slower or sponse. while editing during playback. the same time as Pro Tools. 1 Choose Setup > Playback Engine. CPU Usage Limit DAE Playback Buffer Size The CPU Usage Limit controls the percentage of The DAE Playback Buffer Size determines the CPU resources allocated to Pro Tools host pro. select 2 From the CPU Usage Limit pop-up menu. (“Disk too slow or fragmented”) errors. Increasing the CPU Usage Limit may slow To change the DAE Playback Buffer Size: down screen response on slower computers. To set the number of RTAS Processors: To change the CPU Usage Limit: 1 Choose Setup > Playback Engine. the CPU Usage Limit most disk operations is Level 2. 2 From the DAE Playback Buffer pop-up menu. mended unless you are encountering -9073 puters. pends on the number of processors in your com- puter and on the number of processors you Using a larger DAE Playback Buffer Size specify for RTAS processing. select a buffer size. 3 Click OK. or when running other applications at heavily fragmented hard drives. but may make it difficult to fect of Pro Tools processing on other CPU-inten. 1 Choose Setup > Playback Engine. Level 2 may improve playback and recording ◆ Lower CPU Usage Limit settings limit the ef. This value can leaves less system memory for other tasks. se- the number of available processors you want to lect the percentage of CPU processing you want allocate for RTAS plug-in processing. and are a session or a higher track count when using useful for playing back large sessions or using slower hard drives. The default setting of Level 2 is recom- puters to 99 percent for multi-processor com. play or record tracks reliably with sessions con- sive tasks. a higher setting more real-time plug-ins. The optimum DAE Playback Buffer Size for RTAS Processors setting. 16 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . such as screen redraws. amount of memory DAE allocates for disk buff- cessing tasks. and are useful taining a large number of tracks or a high den- when you are experiencing slow system re. 2 From the RTAS Processors pop-up menu. ◆ DAE Playback Buffer Size settings higher than ◆ Higher CPU Usage Limit settings allocate Level 2 will allow for a higher density of edits in more processing power to Pro Tools. Used in combination with the ers.

output.Pro Tools Hardware Settings Clock Source Pro Tools lets you set the default sample rate The Pro Tools Hardware Setup dialog lets you se- and clock source for your system. leave the Clock Source set to Internal. This setting will synchro- You can change the sample rate when creat. Guide for details. range of controls specific to each type of audio Internal Use this setting if you are recording an- interface. Pro Tools LE has default I/O Setup settings that will get you started.) ternal digital device. alog signals directly into Mbox 2 analog inputs 1–2 and/or are recording digital inputs into Default Sample Rate Mbox 2 inputs 3–4 where the digital device is The Sample Rate setting appears as the default synchronized to the Mbox 2 digital output. The I/O Setup dialog provides a graph- 2 Select the sample rate from the Sample Rate ical representation of the inputs. If your input device is not powered on. sample rate when you create a new session. 3 Click OK. outputs. 3 Click OK. insert. Use the I/O Setup dialog only if you want to rename the default I/O paths. Your digital input device must be connected and powered on for Pro Tools to synchro- nize to it. as well as a lect the Clock Source for the system. Chapter 2: Windows Configuration 17 . signal routing of the Mbox 2. (Refer to the Pro Tools Reference 1 Choose Setup > Hardware. S/PDIF Use this setting if you are recording (This setting is available in the Hardware Setup through the Mbox 2 S/PDIF inputs from an ex- dialog only when no session is open. you can label Pro Tools LE input. and bus sig- Hardware Setup dialog for Mbox 2 nal paths. and pop-up menu. 1 Choose Setup > Hardware. nize Pro Tools to that digital device. ing a new Pro Tools session by selecting a different sample rate in the New Session To select the Clock Source: dialog.) 2 Choose the clock source from the Clock To change the default Sample Rate: Source pop-up menu. Configuring I/O Setup Using the I/O Setup dialog.

and press Enter. 2 Double-click Add or Remove Programs. “Configuring MIDI Studio Setup (Windows Only)” for details. se- See the Pro Tools Reference Guide (or choose lect Digidesign Pro Tools LE. new name for the path. Insert. you should save an image of your system drive using a backup utility such as Norton Ghost. type a 1 Choose Start > Control Panel. configure your MIDI setup with MIDI Studio Setup. MIDI Studio Setup (Optional) If you plan to use any MIDI devices with Pro Tools. By doing this. Removing Pro Tools LE If you need to remove Pro Tools LE software I/O Setup dialog for Mbox 2 from your computer. 18 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . you can use the Add or Re- 2 Click the Input. 5 Follow the on-screen instructions to remove Pro Tools LE. Configuration After configuring your system and Pro Tools. To remove Pro Tools from your computer: 3 To change the name of a path or subpath. 4 Click OK. or Bus tab to move Programs command. Help > Pro Tools Reference Guide) for more 4 Click the Change/Remove button. See Appendix A. To rename I/O paths in I/O Setup: Backing Up your System 1 Choose Setup > I/O. Output. information on renaming I/O paths. double-click directly on the Path Name. you can quickly restore your system configuration and settings if you encounter any problems. T 3 From the Currently Installed Programs list. display the corresponding connections.

” To ensure optimum performance with Before installing this version of Pro Tools. cludes the following steps: Do not use the Mac OS X automatic Soft- 1 “Macintosh System Optimization” on ware Update feature. on the Pro Tools LE Installer CD. To turn off the Software Update feature: (See Chapter 4. 5 “Configuring Pro Tools LE” on page 23.com/compato). refer to your Apple OS X documentation. make sure you are logged in as an Administrator for the ac- count where you want to install Pro Tools. Optimization dows Configuration.digidesign. your system to a version of Mac OS that has not yet been qualified for Pro Tools.chapter 3 Macintosh Configuration This chapter contains information for Macin- tosh systems only. “Win. 3 “Connecting Mbox 2 to the Computer” on refer to the latest compatibility information page 22. For Installation Overview details on Administrator privileges in Mac OS X. on the Digidesign Web site (www. Pro Tools. 2 Click Update Software and deselect Check for Updates. If you are installing Pro Tools Macintosh System on a Windows computer. “Mbox 2 Hardware and Connec- 1 Choose System Preferences from the Apple tions” for details. Before configuring your computer. see Chapter 2. Turning Off Software Update 6 Making audio connections to the Mbox 2. 4 “Launching Pro Tools LE” on page 22. configure your computer before in- refer to the Read Me information included stalling Pro Tools hardware and software.) menu and click Software Update. Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 19 . as it may upgrade page 19. 2 “Installing Pro Tools LE” on page 21. Installation of the Mbox 2 on a Macintosh in. For details on qualified versions of Mac OS.

Setting Processor Performance 2 Deselect “Spotlight menu keyboard shortcut” and “Spotlight window keyboard shortcut. • Set the display sleep setting to Never. formance. If you want to 2 Click Sleep and do the following: retain use of these key commands in Pro Tools. 2 In the Spotlight window.” (Macintosh G5 Computers Only) To set the Processor Performance: Disabling the Dashboard Shortcut 1 Choose System Preferences from the Apple The Mac OS X Dashboard feature uses the same menu and click Energy Saver. 20 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . click Privacy. If you want to retain use of this key com- 2 Click Options and set Processor Performance mand in Pro Tools. • Set the computer sleep setting to Never. Turning Off Energy Saver Disabling the Spotlight Shortcuts The Mac OS X Spotlight feature uses the same To turn off the Energy Saver feature: key commands Pro Tools uses to start recording 1 Choose System Preferences from the Apple (Command+Spacebar). (Command+Option+Spacebar). 3 To prevent indexing of a drive. To disable Spotlight indexing: 1 Choose System Preferences from the Apple menu and click Spotlight. Disabling Spotlight Indexing To disable the Dashboard keyboard shortcut: The Mac OS X Spotlight feature indexes files and 1 Choose System Preferences from the Apple folders in the background. affecting system per. drag its icon from the desktop into the list. menu and click Spotlight. key command Pro Tools uses to start recording (F12). menu and click Dashboard and Exposé. these shortcuts must be disabled. and to record online menu and click Energy Saver. disable the shortcut. To disable the Spotlight keyboard shortcut: • Deselect “Put the hard disk(s) to sleep 1 Choose System Preferences from the Apple when possible” option. abled. It is recommended that you disable 2 Set the Dashboard keyboard shortcut to “–” to Spotlight indexing before using Pro Tools. this shortcut must be dis- to Highest.

computer. Double-click “Install Pro Tools LE. choose Custom In- 2 Click the Erase tab. make sure the Install Location is on your Startup drive. Pro Tools will not operate properly initialized audio drive. your drive before initializing it. drive may result in lower track counts. For details on Administrator privi- leges in Mac OS X. as initializ- 6 If you plan to connect the drive to a Mac OS 9 ing will erase all data on the drive. tor for the account where you want to install Pro Tools. with case-sensitive formatted drives. Formatting an Audio Drive Installing Pro Tools LE For optimum performance. figured. 5 In the Installer window. To format an audio drive: To install Pro Tools LE on Mac OS X: 1 Make sure you are logged in as an Administra- 1 Launch the Disk Utility application. located in Applications/Utilities. The drive appears on the Desktop with the new mended. you are ready to install Pro Tools LE.” 3 Enter your Administrator password and click OK to authenticate the installation. Always back up any important data on 5 Type a name for the new volume. select Install Mac OS 9 Drivers. Avoid Recording to the System Drive 7 Click Erase. 3 Select the drive you want to initialize in the column on the left side of the window. audio drives should After the Apple System software settings are con- be formatted as Mac OS Extended (Journaled). 4 Choose the Mac OS Extended (Journaled) for- Hard Drive Configuration and mat. and click Install. or drive errors. Recording to your system drive is not recom. fewer plug-ins. Maintenance Do not choose the “Case-Sensitive” format It is recommended that you start with a newly option. 4 Follow the on-screen instructions to continue and accept installation. 2 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD in your CD-ROM drive. Recording and playback on a system volume name. Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 21 . stall from the pop-up menu. refer to your Apple Mac OS X documentation. Disk Utility (Mac OS X) 6 In the Installer window.

If you need to use a Pro Tools Demo Session hub for other USB peripherals. puter in order to function properly. 2 With your computer on. Mbox 2 must be session that you can use to verify that your sys. try unplugging the USB cable from the CoreAudio Guide. Mbox 2 may not function properly if con- nected to a USB hub. 7 Follow the remaining on-screen instructions to install Pro Tools and any options. multichannel sound driver that allows CoreAu. click Quit. 1 Connect the small end of the included USB ca- dio compatible applications to record and play ble to the USB port on Mbox 2. back through Digidesign hardware. connect the other end of the USB cable to any available USB port The CoreAudio Driver is installed by default on your computer. If the USB LED still does not illuminate. Before launching Pro Tools LE software. 22 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . connect the The Pro Tools LE Installer CD includes a demo hub to a separate USB port. when you install Pro Tools.) Computer 8 When installation is complete. con- nect Mbox 2 to your computer. and click Install. disconnect Optional Software on the Mbox 2 and start the computer. If the USB LED on the front panel of the For information on configuring the Mbox 2 does not illuminate after installa- Mbox 2 CoreAudio Driver. Your Pro Tools LE Installer CD includes separate installers for the following optional items. Mbox 2 USB port. 1 Click the Pro Tools LE icon in the Dock (or double-click the application icon in the Pro Tools folder inside the Digidesign folder). are prompted to enter an authorization code to 2 Select your audio drive as the install location validate your software. (See also Connecting Mbox 2 to the “Launching Pro Tools LE” on page 22. shut down the computer. connected to a dedicated port on the com- tem is working. reconnect Mbox 2. To authorize Pro Tools LE software: 3 When installation is complete. To install the demo session: 1 Insert the Pro Tools LE Installer CD in your Launching Pro Tools LE CD-ROM drive. and plugging it back in. Locate and double-click the When launching Pro Tools LE the first time. see the Mbox 2 tion. Once the Pro Tools Installer CD computer has fully restarted. you demo session installer icon. click Restart. Mbox 2 CoreAudio Driver To connect Mbox 2 to your computer: The Mbox 2 CoreAudio Driver is a multi-client.

To change the Hardware Buffer Size: Configuring Pro Tools LE 1 Choose Setup > Playback Engine. Hardware Buffer Size settings can increase the latency caused by RTAS plug-ins. cessor support for RTAS processes. number of processors in your computer allo- ◆ Lower Hardware Buffer Size settings reduce cated for RTAS plug-in processing. but you may want to adjust them to accommodate large Playback Engine dialog for Mbox 2 or processing-intensive Pro Tools sessions. and are useful when you are With computers that have multiple processors. This is useful for sessions with large number of RTAS plug-ins. Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 23 . Used in com- ful when you are mixing and using more RTAS bination with the CPU Usage Limit setting. front cover of this guide. mute data. ◆ A higher number of processors reserves more CPU processing capacity for RTAS plug-in pro- cessing. Hardware Buffer Size 3 Click OK. select the audio buffer size. playback. Pro Tools System Settings Pro Tools LE lets you adjust the performance of your system by changing system settings that af- fect its capacity for processing. in samples. then click Validate. recording live input. In most cases. the default settings for your sys- tem provide optimum performance. 2 From the H/W Buffer Size pop-up menu. The Hardware Buffer Size (H/W Buffer Size) con- trols the size of the buffer used to handle host processing tasks such as Real-Time AudioSuite RTAS Processors (RTAS) plug-ins.2 Enter the authorization code in the dialog when prompted (making sure to type it exactly In addition to causing slower screen re- as printed. higher talization). sponse and monitoring latency. this setting lets you enable multi-pro- more audio processing and effects. and Your authorization code is located on the inside affect the accuracy of plug-in automation. RTAS Processors setting lets you control the way RTAS processing and other Pro Tools tasks are carried out by the system. or that feature multi-core processing or hyper- ◆ Higher Hardware Buffer Size settings allow for threading. monitoring latency. and re- cording. The H/W Buffer setting can also The RTAS Processors setting determines the be used to manage monitoring latency. and observing any spaces and capi. and MIDI track timing. the plug-ins. and are use.

The optimum DAE Playback Buffer Size for most disk operations is Level 2. a session or a higher track count when using sive tasks. more real-time plug-ins. pends on the number of processors in your com- puter and on the number of processors you To change the DAE Playback Buffer Size: specify for RTAS processing. redraws. the CPU Usage Limit sity of edits. Used in combination with the taining a large number of tracks or a high den- RTAS Processors setting. 1 Choose Setup > Playback Engine. CPU Usage Limit ◆ DAE Playback Buffer Size settings lower than Level 2 may improve playback and recording The CPU Usage Limit controls the percentage of initiation speed. such as screen redraws. play or record tracks reliably with sessions con- cessing tasks. a higher setting when you are experiencing slow system re. can also cause a time lag to occur when starting sponse. 3 Click OK. However. To set the number of RTAS Processors: 3 Click OK. amount of memory DAE allocates for disk buff- 3 Click OK. or for other application running at the same time as 2 From the CPU Usage Limit pop-up menu. or with systems that have slower or setting lets you control the way Pro Tools tasks heavily fragmented hard drives. but may make it difficult to CPU resources allocated to Pro Tools host pro. The default setting of Level 2 is recom- mended unless you are encountering -9073 The maximum available CPU Usage Limit de. ◆ Higher CPU Usage Limit settings allocate more processing power to Pro Tools. and video playback in Pro Tools. 2 From the RTAS Processors pop-up menu. lect the percentage of CPU processing you want to allocate to Pro Tools. Level 2 will allow for a higher density of edits in fect of Pro Tools processing on other CPU-inten. 24 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . (“Disk too slow or fragmented”) errors. ers. select DAE Playback Buffer Size the number of available processors you want to The DAE Playback Buffer Size determines the allocate for RTAS plug-in processing. and are useful slower hard drives. puters to 99 percent for multi-processor com- puters. ◆ DAE Playback Buffer Size settings higher than ◆ Lower CPU Usage Limit settings limit the ef. ◆ A lower number of processors leaves more To change the CPU Usage Limit: CPU processing capacity for automation. are carried out by the system. while editing during playback. screen 1 Choose Setup > Playback Engine. se- Pro Tools. or longer audible time lag the same time as Pro Tools. range from 85 percent for single-processor com- 2 From the DAE Playback Buffer pop-up menu. or when running other applications at playback or recording. This value can 1 Choose Setup > Playback Engine. Increasing the CPU Usage Limit may slow down screen response on slower computers. and are Using a larger DAE Playback Buffer Size useful for playing back large sessions or using leaves less system memory for other tasks. select a buffer size.

and 4 Click OK. 3 Click OK. insert.) To select the clock source: To change the default Sample Rate: 1 Choose Setup > Hardware. terial into Mbox 2 S/PDIF inputs from an exter- ing a new Pro Tools session by selecting a nal digital device. leave the Clock Source set to Internal. Pro Tools LE has default I/O Setup settings that will get you started. you can label 3 Select the sample rate from the Sample Rate Pro Tools LE input. Your digital input device must be connected and powered on for Pro Tools to synchro- nize to it. Chapter 3: Macintosh Configuration 25 . Use the I/O Setup dialog only if you want to rename the default I/O paths. outputs. Configuring I/O Setup Hardware Setup dialog for Mbox 2 Using the I/O Setup dialog. Internal Use this setting if you are recording an- Default Sample Rate alog signals directly into Mbox 2 analog inputs The Sample Rate setting appears as the default 1–2 and/or are recording digital inputs into sample rate when you create a new session. signal routing of the Mbox 2. 1 Make sure that no Pro Tools session is open. If your input device is not powered on. Source pop-up menu.) S/PDIF Use this setting if you are recording ma- You can change the sample rate when creat. The I/O Setup dialog provides a graph- ical representation of the inputs. dialog only when no session is open.Pro Tools Hardware Settings Clock Source Pro Tools lets you set the default sample rate The Pro Tools Hardware Setup dialog lets you se- and clock source for your system. Mbox 2 inputs 3–4 where the digital device is (This setting is available in the Hardware Setup synchronized to the Mbox 2 digital output. (See “Starting a Session” on page 37. nal paths. dialog. 2 Choose the clock source from the Clock 2 Choose Setup > Hardware. output. lect the Clock Source for the system. This setting will synchronize different sample rate in the New Session Pro Tools to that digital device. and bus sig- popup menu.

By doing this. See from the pop-up menu. click Quit to close the Installer window. type a tor for the account where Pro Tools is installed. Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) 3 Double-click “Install Pro Tools LE. Removing Pro Tools LE If you need to remove Pro Tools software from I/O Setup dialog for Mbox 2 your computer. configure your MIDI setup with 5 In the Installer window. or Bus tab to the downloaded Installer file. “Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)” for details. refer to your Apple OS X documenta- T tion. For details on Administrator privileges in 4 Click OK. See the Pro Tools Reference Guide (or choose Help > Pro Tools Reference Guide) for more 2 Insert the Pro Tools Installer CD-ROM in your information on renaming I/O paths. choose Uninstall the Apple Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility. 26 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . and press Return. To rename I/O paths in I/O Setup: Backing Up your System 1 Choose Setup > I/O Configuration After configuring your system and Pro Tools. Mac OS X. 6 Follow the on-screen instructions to remove Pro Tools LE. new name for the path. you should save an image of your system drive using a backup utility such as Bombich Carbon Copy Cloner. Pro Tools LE. Insert. 1 Make sure you are logged in as an Administra- double-click directly on the Path Name. To remove Pro Tools from your computer: 3 To change the name of a path or subpath. you can quickly re- store your system configuration and settings if you encounter any problems. and click Uninstall. 7 When finished.” (Optional) 4 Enter your Administrator password and click If you plan to use any MIDI devices with OK. you can use the Installer CD or 2 Click the Input. display the corresponding connections. Appendix B. Output. CD-ROM drive or locate the downloaded In- staller file.

chapter 4

Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections

This chapter explains how to connect your Mbox 2 for monitoring, playback and recording. If you are
new to working with digital audio workstations, first read through the Mbox 2 Basics Guide for basic
setup information (such as connecting audio inputs, headphones, mics and instruments).

The following illustrations show two possible setups depending on the equipment in your studio.

monitor
outputs
mixer

S/PDIF DAT or powered speakers
digital I/O CD recorder

microphone

USB
cable
MIDI device
Mbox 2

FireWire instrument
drive

headphones
computer

display
Figure 1. Mbox 2 micro studio configuration running Pro Tools LE on a desktop computer

Chapter 4: Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections 27

MIDI
cables

Mbox 2
USB
cable
FireWire
drive
instrument

MIDI Device Laptop headphones

Figure 2. Mbox 2 micro studio configuration running Pro Tools LE on a laptop computer

28 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide

Mbox 2 Front Panel Features
The Mbox 2 front panel has the following features:

Input 1 Input 2
Headphone Monitor Mix
S/PDIF Level Level (Ratio)
Gain Source Gain Source
LED selector
Mono 48V selector
USB Peak Pad Peak Pad
LED LED LED

Headphone
Output

Mono 48V
LED LED DI/Mic LEDs DI/Mic LEDs

Figure 3. Mbox 2 front panel

S/PDIF LED Headphone Level
This LED indicates that Mbox 2 is using the The headphone knob adjusts the output level of
S/PDIF inputs as the clock source. See “S/PDIF the Headphone port, which outputs the signal
Digital I/O” on page 32. that is routed to Outputs 1–2 in Pro Tools LE,
and mirrors the Line Outputs.

USB LED
Monitor Level
The USB LED indicates that the Mbox 2 has re-
ceived power from its USB connection. Once the The Monitor knob adjusts the output level of
USB light is on, audio can pass in or out of the the Line Out ports. In Pro Tools, this will be the
system. signal routed to Outputs 1–2.

Front Panel Headphone Output
Use the Headphone Output to connect stereo
headphones with a 1/4-inch stereo mini con-
nector.

Chapter 4: Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections 29

Mix (Ratio) Control Mono Switch and LED
Mbox 2 gives you the ability to monitor your The Mono switch sums the input channels to a
analog input signals while recording, without mono signal (delivering that identical signal to
the delay incurred by A/D/A converters and both speakers). This has no effect on Pro Tools
host-based processing. playback monitoring, recording, or on the main
outputs. Switching your stereo source signal to
This zero-latency analog monitoring is con- mono is useful when you are recording a mono
trolled with the Mix knob, which you can use to input while listening to stereo playback (to hear
blend and adjust the monitor ratio between your playing in both sides), or for checking the
Mbox 2 analog inputs and Pro Tools playback. phase relationship of stereo inputs. When en-
The Mix knob has no effect when you are using gaged, the Mono LED lights.
S/PDIF digital inputs, since it controls the signal
before it reaches the A/D converters. Monitoring while Overdubbing
To listen to just the Source input signal, turn the By panning signals to the center or using the
Mix knob fully left to Input. To listen to Mono switch, as opposed to panning them hard
Pro Tools output only, turn the knob fully right left and right in the Headphone outputs, you
to Playback. can create a more focused monitor mix to help
minimize distractions while overdubbing.
The output from the Mix control is routed di-
rectly to the TRS line outputs, and is mirrored in In situations where you are monitoring stereo
the Headphone ports and S/PDIF output ports. microphones, stereo synthesizers, or any source
pairs with a comfortable balance, you will prob-
This ability to blend and control the relative lev-
ably not want to use the Mono switch.
els of Pro Tools playback and latency-free live
analog inputs can be particularly effective when
Checking Phase Relationships
overdubbing.
The Mono switch can also be used for a quick
check of the phase relationship between
Source 1 and Source 2 inputs.

When the two input signals are out of phase,
pressing the Mono switch will result in a sudden
“hollow” sound that is the result of phase can-
cellation. This quick test with the Mono switch
can help to avoid phase problems later when
mixing these tracks. Frequent checking of phase
relationships with the Mono switch can also as-
sist you in finding the optimal microphone
placement.

30 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide

48V Switch and LED Pad Switches and LEDs
Phantom power is activated by the switch la- The Pad switches engage a –20 dB pad on their
beled 48V on the front panel of Mbox 2. The corresponding input channels. When engaged,
LED, when lit, indicates that 48V phantom the Pad LEDs light.
power is active on the Mic/Line inputs. These
inputs provide phantom power for micro-
Source Selectors and LEDs
phones that require it to operate.
These switches select either the Mic or DI inputs
About Phantom Power for each channel. The DI and Mic LEDs indicate
the current source input. For more information,
Dynamic microphones (such as a Shure SM57) see “Analog Audio” on page 34.
do not require phantom power to operate, but
are not harmed by it. Most condenser micro-
phones (like an AKG C3000) do require phan- Removable Handle
tom power to operate. Mbox 2 includes a handle that can be used for
carrying and tilting, as well as a replacement
Although phantom power can be used
panel that makes the unit more compact.
safely with most microphones, it is possible
to damage some ribbon microphones with ◆ The handle can be used as a stand that tilts the

it. Always turn off phantom power and unit into a more easily viewable angle when the
wait at least ten seconds before connecting Mbox 2 is placed on a desktop. The handle can
or disconnecting a ribbon microphone. also be used to carry the unit.
◆ The handle can also be replaced with the op-
If you are not sure about the phantom power re-
tional Mbox 2 faceplate panel. This panel lets
quirements for your microphone, consult your
Mbox 2 sit flat on a desktop, and reduces the
microphone’s documentation or contact the
space required when packed for traveling.
manufacturer.

To replace the handle with the Mbox 2 panel:
Peak LEDs 1 Unscrew the handle mounting screw located
These LEDs are clip indicators. If the Peak LEDs along the right edge of the handle (when view-
flicker occasionally, the signal reaching Mbox 2 ing from the front).
has clipped.
2 Remove the handle.

3 Mount the replacement panel in position
Gain Controls where the handle had been.
These knobs adjust the input gain levels of the
4 Secure the panel to the unit in its new posi-
Mic/Line inputs.
tion using the same screw you removed in
step 1.

5 Repeat the above basic instructions to replace
the panel with the handle.

Chapter 4: Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections 31

1. the USB 2. Input 2 Input 1 (analog (analog input 2) input 1) Monitor S/PDIF MIDI I/O USB port Mic DI Mic DI outputs digital I/O Line Line Figure 4. S/PDIF Digital I/O tures: The S/PDIF in and out ports are unbalanced two- conductor phono (RCA) connectors that utilize USB Port a full 24-bit. 32 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . in addition to the two channels of analog audio input. To tem. One (S/PDIF) is used in many professional and con- standard USB cable is included with your sys. avoid RF interference. sumer CD recorders and DAT recorders. MIDI input and output. The S/PDIF output channels always mirror the pin MIDI ports. Mbox 2 back panel The Mbox 2 back panel has the following fea. This standard USB v1. each providing 16 channels of main outs 1–2. use 75-ohm coaxial cable The Mbox 2 is compatible with USB 2. slower USB v.1 speed to accommodate In use.1 connector is used to The Sony/Philips Digital Interface Format connect your computer to the Mbox 2. the S/PDIF input channels are available Mbox 2. The MIDI In and MIDI Out ports are standard 5.0 ports. This lets Mbox 2 be used as a 4-in/2-out MIDI I/O digital audio interface for Pro Tools LE. for S/PDIF transfers and keep the cable length to However. Mbox 2 Back Panel Features Figure 4 identifies each port on the Mbox 2 back panel.0 bus will switch to the a maximum of 10 meters. two-channel digital data stream.

the XLR port on that chan- feature 24-bit digital-to-analog converters. Mbox 2 These balanced/unbalanced analog audio in. nel is ignored. Though the XLR connectors support instru- The Mon Out Left and Right play the audio that ment and microphone level inputs. Mbox 2 can be used in a variety of audio setups. when- is routed to analog outputs 1 and 2 from within ever a TRS cable is plugged in to the Pro Tools. puts support a broad range of input levels. destination. the front panel to monitor through head- phones. DI. 1/4-inch connections. the input signal is adjusted Monitoring Audio by the Gain control for each channel and the source (Mic/Line. and can provide left and right outputs to a two-track deck for mixdown. These analog outputs Line(TRS) port. these outputs can be connected to a their associated input controls on the front mixing board. or DI) is chosen using the Connect headphones to the 1/4-inch port on Source selectors. respectively. and Line (TRS) ports. Mbox 2 Mon Outs (monitor outputs) play the audio that is routed in Pro Tools to Analog Out- puts 1–2. or unbal. directly to a monitoring system panel. and Source 1 is to its right.Mon Out (Monitor Output) Source 2 is at the far left (when looking at the back panel). panel inputs for Source 1 and Source 2 are lo- anced TS. or another stereo ily when viewing from the front of the unit. or to another stereo destination. This lets you locate input jacks more eas- such as a stereo power amp. The back These outputs support balanced TRS. To monitor cated such that they are directly in line with your mix. as fol. Input 1 and Input 2 Each analog source input channel (Input 1 and Making Signal Connections to Input 2) provides Mic. This section describes how to make basic con- lows: nections for: • Mic (microphone) for XLR inputs • Monitoring • Line (TRS) for line level signals on TRS or TS • Analog and digital input for recording inputs • MIDI • Inst (instrument) for other 1/4-inch TRS or • Mixdown TS connections On the front panel. Use the Headphones level control to adjust level. Chapter 4: Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections 33 .

To monitor audio. connect the left and right Mon Outs on the back of Mbox 2 to the ap- propriate inputs on your mixer. varies with each device between the –10 dBV and +4 dBu standards. 34 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . panel Headphone Level control. Analog audio signals are output by micro- phones. and instruments amplifier to your Mbox 2. • To connect a keyboard. or other Home stereo systems often use RCA connec- 1/4-inch TRS source. Mbox 2 can cause hearing damage. Of these sources. Keyboards. which jack. Digital and analog audio sources can be con- anced TS connectors are also supported. The connectors are TRS ports. bass. Connecting Audio Sources to ital-to-analog converters capable of maximum Mbox 2 for Recording output of +4 dBu/+2 dBV (balanced/unbalanced signal). You can use an adaptor or a special ca- directly into the Input 1 and/or Input 2 ble to convert from the TRS or TS connectors Line (TRS) ports. Adjust head. connector (or an adapter) to the Headphone and mixers output “line-level” audio. your home stereo. • To connect a guitar. connect the left and • To connect a microphone. mixer. micro- phones and magnetic pickup instruments out- To connect headphones: put the quietest signals. and generally require • Connect headphones with an 1/4-inch stereo the most amplification. The Mbox 2 headphone output can produce very loud output levels. To connect monitor speakers with a power amp or plug its TS cable into the Input 1 or Input 2 self-powered monitor speakers: DI ports. synthesizers. mixers. To connect an analog audio source: To connect to a home stereo: 1 Do one of the following: ■ Using 1/4-inch cables. power amp. input. provides switchable line input types with ad- phone volume carefully using the front justable gain for each input channel. plug an XLR ca- right Mon Outs on the back panel of Mbox 2 to ble directly into the Input 1 or Input 2 Mic the appropriate inputs on your stereo. nected directly to Mbox 2. unbal. Make sure nothing is used by Mbox 2 to the RCA connectors on plugged into the same channel’s Mic input. The Mbox 2 Monitor Outputs feature 24-bit dig. ■ Using 1/4-inch cables. or an external phones. preamps. Prolonged exposure To accommodate these varying sources. with magnetic pickups. powered speakers. You cannot monitor Pro Tools audio Analog Audio through speakers connected to your com- puter. connect head. or powered speakers. plug its TRS cable(s) tors. or similar device.

press the channel Source To connect a S/PDIF device to Mbox 2: Select switch as appropriate: 1 Use two 75-ohm coaxial cables with male RCA • To select the Mic input (XLR). DAT decks and other digital devices. 2 Connect the device’s S/PDIF output to Mbox 2’s S/PDIF input port.2 On the front panel. lights. Make sure nothing is plugged in to that channel’s Line (TRS) port. Chapter 4: Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections 35 . On the front panel. and the device’s • To select the Line (TRS) port. and also recording the S/PDIF (Sony/Philips Digital Interchange For. through both mic inputs. press that connectors on both ends (purchased sepa- channel’s Source switch until the Mic LED rately). Mbox 2 provides digital inputs and outputs for S/PDIF format digital audio. if you are monitoring a mix About S/PDIF using your Line Outputs. press that channel’s source. cally “mirror” the audio that is sent to Line Out- puts 1 and 2 on the S/PDIF RCA outputs. channel’s Source switch until the Mic LED lights. for example. the S/PDIF LED lights to in- Enabling phantom power enables 48V dicate this setting. The two channels S/PDIF Mirroring of S/PDIF digital input can be used in combina- tion with the two analog inputs (for a total of Pro Tools LE uses S/PDIF mirroring to automati- four simultaneous input channels). mat) I/O is available on many CD recorders. press that S/PDIF input to Mbox 2’s S/PDIF output port. This is useful. To activate phantom power: To configure Pro Tools to record from a S/PDIF ■ If your microphone requires phantom power. 48V). then press the Phantom Power switch (labeled 1 Choose Setups > Hardware Setup. Each S/PDIF connection provides two channels of 24- bit digital audio. 3 On the recording track. Pro Tools. same source to an external S/PDIF device. choose the appropri- Digital Audio ate stereo or mono S/PDIF source from the track Input selector. 2 Choose S/PDIF from the Clock Source selector. To configure Mbox 2 to record from a digital • To select the DI port. choose Setups > Hardware Setup in Source switch until the DI LED lights. then select S/PDIF in the Clock Source. device: first make sure the microphone is connected.

track recording device. CD recorder. Mbox 2. respectively. USB MIDI interfaces Pro Tools LE. Connecting an Analog Deck Serial MIDI interfaces are supported on Win. Connect the left and right Mon Outs on the dows systems only. See Appendix A. These outputs are TRS ports. After you record and mix your sessions in including recording and editing MIDI tracks. If you have a CD recorder. MIDI is not audio.” work effectively with Pro Tools systems on Win- dows or Macintosh. MIDI Connections Connecting a Recorder for Mixdowns The two MIDI ports on Mbox 2 let you take ad- vantage of all the MIDI features of Pro Tools LE. To hear the output of your MIDI devices within Pro Tools. make sure the Pro Tools Clock or controller to the MIDI IN port on the back of Source setting is set to Internal clock mode. For more information on mixdown options. back of the Mbox 2 to your recorder’s analog in- puts. and monitor or record the audio into your ses- sion. or other stereo 2- See the Mbox 2 Basics Guide for informa. RCA inputs. tion on basic MIDI concepts. the back of Mbox 2 To connect MIDI devices to your system: When recording from Pro Tools to a digital 1 Connect the MIDI OUT of your MIDI device device. DAT deck or other de- “Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)” for vice that accepts S/PDIF connections. on your with Pro Tools systems for Mac OS X. 2 Connect the MIDI IN of your MIDI device or controller to the MIDI OUT port on the back of Mbox 2. If you need additional MIDI ports you can add a see Chapter 5. “Working with compatible MIDI interface. Mini-Disc. you may want to mix them down to a DAT. 36 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . you must route the audio output of your MIDI device into your Mbox 2 audio inputs. You may dem-to-serial port adapters and serial MIDI need adapter cables if your mixdown deck has devices are not supported. See “Making Signal Connections to Mbox 2” on page 33. Pro Tools. “Configuring MIDI Studio Connecting a Digital Deck Setup (Windows Only)” or Appendix B. Mo- recorder. Mon Outs Left and Right should be routed Only USB MIDI interfaces are compatible to the left and right inputs. connect it information on configuring your MIDI to the S/PDIF In and S/PDIF Out RCA ports on studio for use with Pro Tools.

make sure you select the ap- propriate drive in the New Session dialog. MIDI. 3 In the New Session dialog. If you are using external hard drives with your Pro Tools system. Edit. audio. set the audio file You can view an electronic PDF version of the type. Session Basics Pro Tools LE projects are created and saved as sessions. and Transport windows. The new session opens its Mix. New Session dialog 4 Choose where you want to save your session. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 37 . and also in- cludes a step-by-step overview of audio record. plained fully in the Pro Tools Reference Guide. and bit depth parameters for Reference Guide by choosing it from the the new session. Region group files. Sessions store all tracks. To create a new session: ing. and other session information. sample rate. Session folder containing the session file and its 5 Type a name for your session. 1 Launch Pro Tools LE.chapter 5 Working with Pro Tools LE This tutorial of Pro Tools LE software introduces Starting a Session its main windows and features. associated folders 6 Click Save. and fade files. 2 Choose File > New Session. Pro Tools Help menu. Audio files. and backup Ses- sion files are stored in folders within the session folder. All features described in this chapter are ex.

and Transport windows are the tomation data. To switch between the Edit and Mix windows. Edit. main Pro Tools work areas. Mix Window Displays the Pro Tools mixer. its familiar fader strip controls for volume. with dow menu. You can show any of these windows by choosing them from the Win. Edit window 38 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . and au- The Mix. press Control+Equals (=) (Windows) or Command+Equals (=) (Macintosh). Edit tools Main Counter Edit Mode buttons Rulers Track List Tracks Group List Automation data Audio region MIDI notes Figure 5. mute. pan. Main Windows Edit Window Displays tracks in the session along the Timeline. MIDI. and signal routing. solo. for editing of audio.

Stop. and Record. Pause. Fast-Forward. Mix window Transport Window Provides controls for Play. Rewind.S Plug-In Insert Inserts Sends Send controls Pan sliders Track controls Volume fader Level meter Tracks Figure 6. S Transport controls MIDI controls Counters Figure 7. The Transport window can also show Counter and MIDI Control displays. Transport window Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 39 .

and Samples. located in the Tempo ruler. The Markers ruler displays markers to important track locations. mines the format of the Main counter. Minutes:Sec- 1 In the Tempo ruler. Timebase Rulers To set the session tempo with the Song Start Timebase rulers. 40 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . The Meter and Tempo rulers indicate changes in meter and tempo within the session. double-click the Song Start onds. Change Tempo dialog 3 To base the BPM value on a different note value (such as an eighth note rather than the de- fault quarter note). The current timebase deter- Marker. displayed just below the Timebase rulers. select a note value from the Resolution pop-up menu. 4 Click OK. enter the BPM (beats per minute) value you will use for the ses- sion. and Markers. Rulers Setting a Tempo Pro Tools LE provides several different rulers to You can set the tempo for your session by using help navigate your session. the Song Start Marker. include Tempo. Conductor Rulers The Conductor rulers. Marker Song Start Marker 2 In the Tempo Change dialog. displayed along the top of the Marker: Edit window. include Bars:Beats. The inserted tempo event replaces the de- Selecting a Timebase ruler fault session tempo. Meter. To select a Timebase ruler: ■ Click the name of the ruler at the top left side Song Start of the Edit window. and pro- vides the basis for the Edit window Grid.

Metronome Click button The Click plug-in is one of many plug-ins that can be inserted on a Pro Tools track. and Output options in this dialog are for use with MIDI instrument-based clicks and do not affect the Click plug-in. A click is generated according to the tempo and meter of the current session and the settings in the Click/Countoff Options dialog. 4 In the Click plug-in window. Unaccented Controls the output level of the un- accented beats of the audio click. Selecting a Click sound cent beat (beat 1 of each bar) of the audio click. 3 Insert a Click plug-in on the Auxiliary Input track. that you can use as a tempo reference when per. 7 Begin playback. – or – forming and recording. and meter of the Pro Tools session. 6 Click OK. See “Plug-Ins” on page 63. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 41 . Accented Controls the output level of the ac.Using the Click Plug-In To use the Click plug-in: 1 Choose Options > Click to enable the Click The Click plug-in creates an audio click during session playback. indicating the tempo. The Note. Click controls in the Transport window 2 Create a mono Auxiliary Input (Aux Input) track. Duration. This works like a metronome option. choose a click sound from the Librarian pop-up menu (this Click plug-in menu displays “factory default” when you first Click Parameters insert the plug-in). 5 Choose Setup > Click and set the Click and Countoff options. Enable the Metronome Click button in the The Click plug-in is synchronized to the tempo Transport window. and follows any changes in tempo and meter. MIDI In LED Illuminates each time the Click plug-in receives a click message from the Pro Tools application. Velocity.

Save Saves the currently open session file. you can turn the Click on or off with the Metronome Click Pro Tools also lets you use an external MIDI de. name you choose. used in the session. This feature can be turned Transport window. button in the MIDI Controls display of the vice to play the click. 42 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Click controls in the Transport window Saving Sessions As you build a session by adding tracks and changing session controls. information on identifying external MIDI devices connected to your hardware and Save Copy In Saves a copy of the session file and configuring your MIDI studio for use with lets you save copies of all audio files that are Pro Tools. and is con- figured from the Click/Countoff Options dialog. or saving a session at another sample rate. 2 Configure the click parameters as needed for Save As Creates a duplicate session file with the your MIDI sound source. “Configuring MIDI Studio if you want to experiment with different ar- Setup (Windows Only)” or Appendix B. Pro Tools provides three ways to save sessions. This can be useful for ar- chiving a session. rangements in the session without affecting the “Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)” for original session. Metronome Click button To configure and enable an external MIDI click: 1 Choose Setup > Click. on and off in the Transport window. session formats. Using an External MIDI Click 4 During recording or playback. This can be useful See Appendix A. leav- Click/Countoff Options dialog ing it open for you to continue working. saving to older Pro Tools pop-up menu and click OK. To save a session: ■ Choose File > Save. File > Save As. and leaves the duplicate open for you to continue working. you will want to save your work. preparing a session for trans- 3 Choose a MIDI sound source from the Output fer to another system. or File > Save Copy In.

for details on configuring system settings.System Resources and Settings Transport Controls You can change specific Pro Tools system set- tings to optimize system performance. and performance. Stop. start. The Transport window provides access to all Pro Tools LE transport commands. and System Usage Window other standard transport controls. ■ Choose Window > Transport. The System Usage window displays approxi. The Transport window provides Play. as the Transport Master selector. To configure the Transport window: ■ Choose View > Transport and select from the See the configuration chapter for your platform available view options. Return to Zero Fast Forward Rewind Play Go to End Online Stop Record Enable Playback Engine dialog for Pro Tools LE system Transport window (Expanded view shown) To configure system resources: ■ Choose Setup > Playback Engine. end. as well processing capacity. Meters in the System Usage window To view system resources and usage: ■ Choose Window > System Usage. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 43 . The Expanded view of the Transport window mate information on CPU load and overall disk provides pre. Different transport controls can be displayed or hidden in Playback Engine Dialog this window. The Playback Engine dialog lets you adjust sys- tem buffer sizes and allocate CPU processing To show the Transport window: power in Pro Tools.and post-roll. so you can gauge your system’s length indicators for Timeline selection.

Metronome Click Wait for Note Countoff Pro Tools LE provides five types of tracks: audio tracks. used for To start and stop playback: input. automat- ing. routing. New Track dialog 2 Specify the number of tracks. MIDI Merge. data Press the Spacebar on your computer key. Auxiliary Inputs. ternal MIDI devices in a single channel strip. play back. mand in the Options menu also affects playback. routing. The Transport window can also display the fol- lowing MIDI controls: Wait for Note. Master Faders. Countoff. and In- strument tracks can be mono or stereo. MIDI and Auxiliary Input tracks. Master Faders. The current setting of To create a new track: the Link Edit and Timeline Selection com. submixing. tion of the cursor. 44 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Meter and Tempo controls Audio Tracks Record and play back audio to and from hard disk. track type. or from the beginning of the current selection. See the Pro Tools Reference Guide for more information. and mono or stereo (for all types except MIDI). Conductor. 1 Choose Track > New. MIDI recording. Pro Tools LE lets you create tracks for audio and Meter. and options for any output or bus path 2 Click Stop in the Transport window to stop MIDI Tracks Record. MIDI tracks. and editing. Metro. and Tempo. monitor audio input when Tempo Ruler Enable record-enabled. and submixing 1 Click Play in the Transport window to begin Master Faders Provide master channel controls playback. and Instrument tracks. and edit MIDI playback. Instrument Tracks Combine the functions of board to start and stop playback. Auxiliary Input tracks. and edit audio regions Transport window (MIDI Controls) Auxiliary Inputs Audio mixer channels. Tracks nome Click. Audio MIDI Merge tracks. letting you control and monitor instrument plug-ins or ex- Pro Tools LE starts playing from the loca.

To Audio Instrument Master track track Fader send an output to another destination. and Instrument tracks can all be automated. with the following exceptions: Input Selector A Master Fader’s output assign- ment determines its input. Playlist Timeline rulers and an audio track in the Edit window Audio tracks. Auxiliary Inputs. or source. use an Auxiliary Input track. In the Edit window. audio tracks. Audio Tracks Audio tracks. Master Faders. Master Faders. and by the track colors. zontally along the Timeline. track format for each additional row of new tracks you want to create. and Master Fad- ers share many identical controls. In the Mix window. The area in which Specify the number of tracks. Inserts Inserts on Master Faders are post-fader only. Figure 8 shows the controls found in audio or Auxiliary Input tracks. Auxiliary Inputs. Track type is indicated by the Track Type icons just below the faders. track type. tracks are displayed hori- click the “+” button in the New Tracks dialog. Auxiliary In- puts. See “Mix Automation” on page 64 for more information.) Auxiliary MIDI Input track track Sends Master Faders do not provide sends. Timeline 3 Click Create. and audio appears for each track is the Playlist. Tracks in the Mix window Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 45 . (Audio track and AuxIliary Input track in- serts are all pre-fader.To create multiple new track types in one step. MIDI tracks. MIDI tracks. Master Faders provide all the same features as audio tracks and Auxiliary Input tracks. and Instru- ment tracks appear as vertical channel strips.

output. channel. MIDI track in the Mix window Figure 8. and mute. in Inserts (up to 5) addition to MIDI input. and program (patch) controls. solo. MIDI Tracks MIDI tracks provide volume. Figure 9 shows the controls found in MIDI tracks. Sends (up to 10) MIDI Input selector MIDI Output selector Automation Mode Input Path selector selector Output Path Pan slider selector Automation mode Pan indicator selector Record Enable Pan sliders button Pan indicator Solo button Mute button Record Enable button Volume Solo button Mute button fader Output window button Volume fader MIDI Velocity meter Level meter Patch Select Group ID Group ID Track Type indicator Voice selector Volume indicator Track Type indicator Volume indicator Track name Color bar Track name Color bar Track comment area Track comment area Figure 9. Stereo audio track in the Mix window 46 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide .

entire sound file. A region is a piece of audio or MIDI data that can tional Instruments View. a verse pan. volume. and can be arranged in audio. Track comment area Figure 10. which provides con. or an strument tracks. and ple. MIDI Pan MIDI Mute button All regions that are recorded. a sound effect. importing. output. a guitar riff. and also have an addi. a region could be a loop. For exam- trols for MIDI input. selecting. a piece of dialog. imported. The Region List pop-up menu provides features for managing regions Audio Input Path and files (such as sorting. In Pro Tools. regions are created from audio or MIDI Input selector MIDI files. Stereo Instrument track in the Mix window Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 47 . MIDI. or cre- ated by editing appear in the Region List.Instrument Tracks Region List Instrument tracks have many controls in com- mon with audio tracks. Audio regions can also be auditioned from the Region List by Alt-clicking (Windows) or Option-clicking (Macintosh) the Sends (up to 10) audio region name. mute. of a song. see the Pro Tools Reference Guide. Automation Mode selector Pan sliders Drag border to resize Click Regions button width of Region List for pop-up menu Pan indicators Record Enable button Solo button Mute button Output Window button Volume fader Level meter Click to hide Region List Patch Select Group ID Track Type indicator Volume indicator Region List Track name Color bar For more information on the Region List. Audio Output Path selector selector or exporting files). also have associated automation data. MIDI Output selector MIDI Volume MIDI Velocity meter and Instrument track playlists. Re- Inserts (up to 5) gions can be dragged from the list to tracks and arranged in any order. Figure 10 shows the controls found in In.

The cursor appears at the selected location and the To define a memory location: counters display the current time location. 1 Navigate to the location where you want to store a marker or memory location. you can press Fn+Enter to create a memory location. 48 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . located to the left of the 1 Click in the Main Counter and enter a loca- Markers ruler. keypad as an alternative to clicking in the line and Edit Selection is enabled. (The cursor will always appear in the Transport window’s Main Counter if it 2 Enable the Selector tool at the top of the Edit is displayed. counter. tion using your computer keyboard. including using the mouse or entering a memory location into one of the counters. You can store up to 999 Memory Locations Edit tools in Edit window or markers in a session. 2 Create a memory location by doing one of the following: • Press Enter on the numeric keypad. This is especially useful for laptops that do not have a numeric keypad. Clicking with the Selector in the Edit window – or – To navigate using the counters: • Click the Add Marker/Memory Location (“+”) button. 2 Press Enter (Windows) or Return (Macintosh).) window by clicking it. 3 Click in a track or Timebase ruler. make sure Link Time. Navigating in a Session Pro Tools LE provides many ways to navigate in a session. Selector tool Memory Locations Memory Locations and markers provide another way to navigate within sessions. Click in a track or on a Timebase ruler – or – Begin playback somewhere before the point where you want to store a Memory Location or marker. On some Windows laptops. Memory Loca- tions appear as markers under the Timebase rul- ers. Navigating with the Counter To navigate to a location in the Edit window: Press the * (asterisk) key on the numeric 1 In the Options menu.

Hold down the Alt key (Win- dows) or Option key (Macintosh) while per- forming an operation to apply it to all tracks. Height selector and Zoom tools. click the tical bar at the left of the track). When viewing tracks in the Edit window. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 49 . including track height selection. to more than just a single track. Pre. ■ Click the Track Height selector (the scaled ver- 2 In the Memory Locations window. you These settings include Track Height. you can Viewing and Zooming define a marker. button Zoom Preset buttons Zoomer tool Track Height selector New Memory Location dialog Zoom and Track Height tools in the Edit window To go to a stored Memory Location: To change track height: 1 Choose Window > Memory Locations.In the New Memory Location dialog. or store any combination of the other available settings. track height from the pop-up menu. and select a name of the memory location. and Track vertically and horizontally using the Track Show/Hide status. 3 Choose settings for the Memory Location and Zoom In/Out buttons Zoom Toggle click OK. You can apply many commands. Group En. can adjust the height of tracks as well as zoom in ables.and Post-Roll values. store a selection. Hold down both the Shift and Alt keys (Windows) or Shift and Option keys (Macintosh) while performing an operation Memory Locations window to apply it to all selected tracks.

and the Grid setting. Track 1 Select the Zoom tool. • Drag down to zoom out vertically 6 Make another edit selection and click the • Drag to the right to zoom in horizontally Zoom Toggle button to recall the stored zoom • Drag to the left to zoom out horizontally state. To zoom in or out incrementally: 2 Click the Zoom Toggle button so that it is highlighted. Edit window displays the stored zoom state. 1 Make an Edit selection. To store a zoom state using Zoom Toggle: tally for a track or ruler. Vertical Zoom. (Macintosh) and drag in a track as follows: 5 Click the lit Zoom Toggle button again to re- • Drag up to zoom in vertically vert to the last zoom state. 50 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Press Alt (Windows) or Option (Macintosh) and click with the Zoomer tool to zoom out horizon. To zoom in or out on any area of a track in the Edit Zoom Toggle window: The Zoom Toggle button lets you store a zoom 1 Click to select the Zoomer tool. 2 Hold the Start key (Windows) or Control 4 Make any desired edits. ■ Click the appropriate Zoom button: • Zoom Out button (Left Arrow) • Zoom In button (Right Arrow) • Audio or MIDI Zoom buttons. the horizontally for a track or ruler. to increase or decrease vertical zoom of the corre- sponding track type Zoom Toggle button Zoom Toggle button in the Tool bar To zoom in or out continuously: 3 Adjust Track Height. and continue editing. view. state and toggle between it and the current 2 Click or drag with the Zoomer tool to zoom in zoom state. When Zoom Toggle is enabled. the Edit window – or – reverts to the last zoom state. When Zoom Toggle is disabled.

see “Memory Locations” on page 48.Zoom Presets Importing Data into Pro Tools Pro Tools provides five Zoom Preset buttons. Zoom Preset pop-up menu – or – To recall a saved Zoom preset: ■ Choose File > Import > Audio to Region List to ■ Click the corresponding Zoom Preset button import files and regions to the Region List only. including Track Height and Zoom Settings. To store a new Zoom preset definition: Importing Audio 1 Use the Zoom tool to establish a Zoom setting. but have Track Height. and a nification level for each preset. wide range of Pro Tools session data into your session basis. Auditioning an audio file in the Workspace Browser Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 51 . For more information on creating memory loca- tions. You can define the mag. on a session-by. or if you are working with CD-based sample li- braries that you want to use in a session. Pro Tools LE lets you import audio. or other options enabled. current session. To import a CD audio track: Using Memory Locations for Zoom 1 Put the source CD into your computer’s CD Control drive. To import audio files or regions from disk: ■ Choose File > Import > Audio to Track to im- port files and regions to new audio tracks (they will also appear as regions in the Region List). you playback. corresponding file. Pro Tools LE lets you import audio files from 2 Click a Zoom Preset button (1–5) and choose your hard drive or from a CD. 3 Click the speaker icon in the waveform col- By creating Memory Locations that are neither umn of the Workspace browser to audition the markers nor selections. Audio CD icon to show the files on the CD. MIDI. (1–5). Press the Spacebar to stop Zoom Settings. tion. This is very useful Save Zoom Preset from the Zoom Preset pop-up if you have audio files already recorded to disk menu. Pro Tools Memory Locations let you store many 2 Choose Window > Workspace and click the attributes with each marker or memory loca. Sessions You can use these to immediately return to es- tablished zoom levels. can use Memory Locations to zoom in and out using just the numeric keypad.

see the Pro Tools ■ Choose File > Import > MIDI to Region List. region group. Importing Files from Windows Base. Timeline or the Region List of a Pro Tools ses- sion. sion. and importing audio with Digi. REX. MIDI. 52 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . To import MIDI files into the Region List: For more information on importing data into Pro Tools sessions. and ACID files directly from Pro Tools lets you import MIDI files into the Re. refer to the DigiBase Guide. Windows Explorer or Macintosh Finder to the gion List or directly into MIDI tracks in a ses. Dragging an audio file from the Workspace Browser to the Edit window Track List Import MIDI Settings dialog For more information on searching. Explorer and Macintosh Finder Importing MIDI Pro Tools lets you drag and drop audio. Reference Guide. choose the import location and settings for the MIDI you are importing. audi- tioning. Dragging a MIDI file from the Workspace Browser to the Edit window Track List 3 In the Import MIDI Settings dialog. 4 Do one of the following: 2 Drag MIDI files from the Workspace browser to the Track List. – or – ■ Drag audio files from the Workspace browser to the Region List in the Edit window to import the files to the Region List only. ■ Drag audio files from the Workspace browser to the Track List in the Edit window to import the files to new audio tracks (they will also ap- pear as regions in the Region List). To import MIDI files to tracks: 1 Choose Window > Workspace and locate the MIDI files you want to import.

“Mbox 2 Hardware and Connections” for more informa- Routing an input to a stereo track tion about connecting microphones or instru- ments to Mbox 2. the waveform will be clipped. Setting Input Levels Input levels are adjustable using the gain knobs on the front of Mbox 2. click the Audio Input Path selector on the new track. on your audio interface. You can also adjust in- Audio Input Path selector put signal levels at the source. by creating and as- audio track (depending on your sound source) signing tracks to analog inputs 1–2 and and click Create. S/PDIF digital inputs 3–4 (left and right). select In 1 if your audio source is plugged into an Input 1 This section describes how to record audio and jack on the back of the Mbox 2. If the input level is too high. Mbox 2 lets you record as many as four 2 Choose Track > New. your audio source is stereo and is connected to Input 1 and Input 2 connectors. Set input levels to avoid clipping. If the input level is too low. Clipping is indicated by the red Peak LEDs on the front of the Mbox 2. and by the red indica- tor at the top of each on-screen meter. For example. make sure to adjust the input level to optimize the dy- namic range and signal-to-noise ratio of the re- corded file. Refer to Chapter 4. 3 In the Mix window. Select In 1–2 if MIDI into Pro Tools LE. 4 From the pop-up menu. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 53 . When you feed a signal into Pro Tools. you will Routing an input to a mono track not take full advantage of the dynamic range of your Pro Tools system. select the interface in- Basic Recording put you want to record. Preparing for Recording To prepare an audio track for recording: 1 Verify the connections to your microphones or instruments. distorting the recording. Try to set levels so that they register within the top 6 dB of the input meter without triggering the clipping indicator. Specify 1 Mono or Stereo tracks simultaneously.

8 Click Stop in the Transport window or press the Spacebar when you are finished recording. • To hear an equal mix of playback and input Transport window (Expanded view shown) signals. do one of the following: • To hear only the input signal. turn the Mix control to the center. 54 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . all record-enabled tracks. Return to Zero Fast Forward 2 Using the Gain controls on Mbox 2. 1 Play the instrument or sound source at the volume you will record. To record an audio track: 5 Click Record Enable in the Transport window 1 Assign the input for a track and set its input to enable recording. 4 Click Return To Zero to start recording from the beginning of the session. You can also record Recording an Audio Track to a selection in a track. or from the cursor loca- tion in the Edit window. turn the Mix control fully left to Input. 4 Click Stop in the Transport window or press the Spacebar to stop playback. 3 Click Play in the Transport window or press the Spacebar to start playback. To play back a recorded track: Record enabling a track in the Mix window 1 Click the track’s Record Enable button a sec- ond time to take it out of Record mode. 2 On the front of the Mbox 2. 6 Click Play or press the Spacebar to record on 2 Click the Track Record Enable button. levels. Online Stop Record Enable To adjust the monitoring balance on Mbox 2: ■ Using the Mix controls on the front of the Mbox 2. To adjust input levels on Mbox 2: 3 Choose Window > Transport to display the Transport window. increase Rewind Play Go to End or decrease gain until you are able to achieve maximum levels without clipping. 7 Record your performance. turn the Mix con- trol fully right to Playback.

ments. MIDI Input selector MIDI Input selector in an Instrument track MIDI Output selector in an Instrument track If your connected MIDI device does not ap- pear. 2 Choose Track > New and specify 1 Mono In- strument Track. and Click OK. strument track in the Mix window. The track’s strument tracks let you record MIDI and moni- MIDI output is automatically assigned to tor audio from software and hardware instru- the instrument plug-in. 3 Select View > Mix Window > Instruments to Inserting an instrument plug-in on an Instrument track display the MIDI controls at the top of the In- • If you are using an external MIDI device. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 55 . output (the choices will vary depending on the device). check that you have configured your computer and its MIDI settings. Auxiliary Input into a single channel strip that click an Insert selector and insert the plug- provides both MIDI and audio capabilities. In- in on the Instrument track.Recording MIDI 5 Do one of the following. “Configuring MIDI Studio Setup (Windows Only)” or Appendix B. the top of the Instrument track) and assign sign the device and channel to be recorded. “Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only)” for more information. or the device and channel to receive the MIDI leave it set to All. See Appendix A. click the track’s MIDI Output selector (at 4 Click the track’s MIDI Input selector and as. To create an Instrument track and configure it for recording: 1 Choose Setup > MIDI > Input Devices and make sure your input device is selected in the MIDI Input Enable window. then click Create. depending on the type of instrument you are using: Instrument tracks combine a MIDI track and • If you are using an instrument plug-in.

The Record and Play buttons flash during the Countoff. Choosing an audio input for an Instrument track 4 Do one of the following: 8 Click the Track Record Enable button to en. 3 Click Record Enable in the Transport window. the Play. 9 Make sure Options > MIDI Thru is selected. • If you are using Countoff. connected its audio output to an audio interface for monitoring in Pro Tools. MIDI Velocity meter Patch Select button MIDI meter in Instrument track showing MIDI activity Patch Select button in an Instrument track 11 Adjust the audio output level of the Instru- 7 If you are using an external MIDI device and ment track with its Volume fader. then recording begins. click Return To Zero to start recording from the beginning of the ses- sion. or from the cursor location in the Edit window. To record MIDI on the Instrument track: lector of the Instrument track and choose the 1 Verify that the Instrument track you want to corresponding audio input. • Click Play in the Transport window or press able the Instrument track for MIDI recording. move. and the lections for program and bank select. but MIDI activity. • If you are using Wait for Note. Default program changes are output. 2 In the Transport window. Recording begins when the first MIDI event is received. click Play. the Spacebar to begin recording. You can also record to a selection in a track. record to is record-enabled and receiving MIDI. 6 You can assign a default program change to 10 Play some notes on your MIDI controller and the track by clicking the Patch Select button in look for the track’s MIDI Velocity meter to the Mix window and making the necessary se. MIDI is not audio. and then MIDI Velocity meter is not registering sound clicking Done. 56 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . sent when playing the track. and Wait for Note buttons flash. Remember. Record. click the Input se.

or to assemble tracks using material from multiple takes. as well MIDI tracks can be edited into regions or re- as in the Region List. multiple takes (also known as comp tracks). Slip. Edit modes Edit tools MIDI data in the Instrument track To play back recorded MIDI data: Edit modes and tools 1 Click the Record Enable button to take the In- Audio and MIDI editing are typically used to: strument track out of Record mode. click Return To Zero • Re-arrange songs and projects to play back from the beginning of the track. Pro Tools LE provides several tools for editing The newly recorded MIDI data appears as a MIDI audio and MIDI. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 57 . peated in different locations to create loops. In the Edit window. Absolute (standard Pro Tools Grid mode). Edit mode buttons Press F1 (Shuffle). and two Grid modes. F2 (Slip). or grooves through the track’s assigned instrument and • Create final tracks using selections from channel. and Relative. Editing 6 When you have finished recording. F3 (Spot).5 Play your MIDI controller or input device. audio and region on the track in the Edit window. or press the Spacebar. The Edit mode is selected by clicking the corre- sponding button in the upper left of the Edit window. Edit Modes Pro Tools LE has the following Edit modes: Shuf- fle. • Clean up track timing and rhythm by 3 Click Play in the Transport window to begin aligning hits to Grid values like bars and playback. click Stop in the Transport window. and F4 (Grid) to set the Edit mode. Spot. The recorded MIDI data plays back beats. • Fix or replace mistakes 2 In the Transport window. re- arrange sections or entire songs.

58 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Zoomer tool Smart Tool Pencil tool 4 Make your first series of edits. and switch back and forth between play- see the Pro Tools Reference Guide. ber. an overdub. Trim- mer. choose Duplicate. The Edit mode affects the movement and place. and 1 Start with a track on which you want to try Smart Tool. Selector. tions from multiple takes. lists for comparison. Selector. and Pencil) take. Edit Tools To create multiple playlists for editing: Pro Tools LE has seven Edit tools: Zoomer. You can duplicate playlists to save edits in their current state. Trimmer. which you can select from a pop-up menu when you click the tool. playlist. track. Grabber. A playlist can be a complete tools (Trimmer. the Edit window. Grab- 2 From the Playlist selector’s pop-up menu. Edit tools in Edit window 5 Return to the original playlist by clicking the Playlist selector and selecting its name. Grabber. or an arrangement of selec- work. In this way. Press the Escape key to toggle through the Edit tools. Pencil. how commands like Copy and Playlists let you create and retrieve multiple ver- Paste function. Scrubber. 6 Repeat steps 2–5 for any further edits. knowing you can always go back to the previous version. you can try out different edits of a For detailed descriptions of the Edit Tools. Select an Edit tool by clicking it in different edits. Playlists and Nondestructive Editing ment of audio and MIDI regions (and individual MIDI notes). The Zoomer. and Pencil tools have multiple modes. and also how the various Edit sions of track edits. continue making additional edits to the new see the Pro Tools Reference Guide. then For detailed descriptions of the Edit modes. Playlist selector Trimmer tool Grabber tool Selector tool Scrubber tool Playlist selector and pop-up menu 3 Name the duplicated playlist and click OK.

Audio region on a track Arranging Regions To trim an audio region: There are many ways to edit and arrange re- gions. to extend the re- gion’s end. drag to the right. 2 Set the session meter and tempo by doing the following in the Edit window: • Click the Ruler View selector and select Trimming the beginning of a region both Tempo and Meter. 1 Open or create a session in Pro Tools LE.Editing Regions 5 Move the cursor near the end of the audio re- gion (notice the cursor displays as a “]”). Trimming the end of a region 6 Click at the end of the region and drag left to Audio region shorten the region. drag to the left. Trimming Regions After recording an audio track. or there is some extra audio at the end of the region. The Edit tools in Pro Tools LE are used to edit re- gions in the Edit window. the following example demonstrates how 1 Select Slip mode. If there is some si- lence at the beginning of the region. right to shorten the region. you The trimmed region can use the Trimmer tool in Slip mode to You can also extend a region using the Trimmer shorten the beginning or end of the region. tool if there is audio data beyond the current boundaries of the region. • Click the Add Tempo Change button and 4 Click at the beginning of the region and drag specify the tempo. To extend the region’s beginning. you will have an audio region on that track. you might create and arrange a drum loop to 2 Select the Trimmer tool. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 59 . compose a rhythm track. 3 Move the cursor near the beginning of the au- To create and arrange a rhythm sequence: dio region (notice the cursor displays as a “[”).

7 Choose Track > New and create a new Stereo MIDI. Grouping Regions The Region Groups feature in Pro Tools lets you Making a selection in Grid mode group regions on multiple adjacent audio. enter the Import an existing audio file. and loop from a sample library. You now have a new rhythm track with a 6 Click the Selector tool. see the Pro Tools Reference Guide. A new region is created and appears at the be- ginning of the new track. lection to the beginning of the new audio track. useful for groove and tempo manipulation. You can use these editing tools and Beat Detec- tive to do much more advanced editing of re- gions. choose in Grid mode. • Click the Add Meter Change button and 9 With the Separation Grabber tool. and drag on the wave. and arranging. 60 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Your re- cording should fit the grid at the specified tempo and meter. Region > Loop. such as a drum number times you want to loop the region. 4 Prepare to record using a click (see “Using the Click Plug-In” on page 41 or “Using an External MIDI Click” on page 42). 5 Record a drum track (see “Recording an Audio Track” on page 54) keeping in mind that you want to use only the best bar (measure). 8 Click the Grabber tool and select the Separa- tion Grabber tool. ed- iting. “looped” (repeated) phrase. form to make a one-bar selection. and place it on an click OK. Region Groups are Audio track. Add Tempo Change Add Meter Change Add Tempo Change and Add Meter Change buttons Dragging a selection with the Separation Grabber tool 3 Click the Grid mode button to put Pro Tools 10 With the new region still selected. Region Looping dialog – or – 11 In the Region Looping dialog. drag the se- specify the meter. For more information on Region Groups. Note that the selection snaps to the specified grid. and Instrument tracks. audio track (see “Importing Audio” on page 51).

recorded. The wet/dry balance in the mix can be controlled using the Solo Button Solo a track (muting all other tracks) track faders (dry level) and Auxiliary Input fader by clicking its Solo button. you can use sends and Volume Fader Increase or decrease the track level Auxiliary Inputs to achieve traditional send/re- by dragging its Volume fader up or down. For all types of audio tracks. processing and submixing. solo. (wet. including sends and returns for effects switch between the Edit and Mix windows. and Instrument tracks. Auxiliary Inputs can be any hardware windows. When you are submixing for reverb. pan. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 61 . outputs can be routed to any hardware To view the Mix window: output or internal bus path. and mute. delay. You can use a real-time plug-in Pan Slider Pan a track left or right in the mix by (see “Plug-Ins” on page 63) as a shared resource dragging its Pan slider left or right. Mixer and I/O con. Once ume. turn bussing. for all tracks included in a submix. Mute Button Mute a track by clicking its Mute button. an audio track’s input is its audio file trols can be shown in both the Mix and Edit on disk. and similar effects processing. ■ Select Window > Mix. input or internal bus path. Processing Auxiliary Input. or effect return level). Basic Signal Routing Mixing Signal routing is accomplished by assigning The Pro Tools mix environment provides many track inputs and outputs. Using Channel Strip Controls Send and Return Submixing for Effects The following controls are common to Audio. You can use these signal routing features to set Press Control+Equals (=) (Windows) or up virtually any mixer architecture for your Command+Equals (=) (Macintosh) to projects. be from any hardware input or bus path. Audio track inputs can familiar channel strip controls for setting vol.

as well as for inputs an output or one of 32 internal bus paths. Send Send Real-time plug-in To assign a send on a track: to bus 1–2 window 1 Make sure the Sends you want to use are visi- ble in the Mix window (View > Mix Window > Sends A–E or Sends F–J). (0 dB) by enabling or disabling the Sends Default To “–INF” option in the 3 Click the Output selector of the Auxiliary In- Operation Preferences page. Creating a Send Creating a Return Pro Tools LE provides up to ten sends per audio Auxiliary Input tracks can be created to act as re- track. Stereo Auxiliary Input. A send can be mono or stereo. then click Create. click a Send selector on an audio track and choose a bus path from the pop- up menu. 62 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . put and choose an output path. You can set the send level to zero by Alt-clicking (Windows) 1 Choose Track > New and specify 1 Mono or or Option-clicking (Macintosh) the Send fader. Aux track input from bus 1–2 Aux Input Audio tracks Aux Input track Audio and Auxiliary Input tracks configured for a send and return Assigning a send to a stereo bus path To create a return: 3 Set the output level of the send. routing to turn channels for busses. 2 Click the Input selector of the Auxiliary Input You can configure the default level for and set it to the bus path you assigned to the new sends to be –∞ or at unity gain sends on the source tracks. 2 In the Mix window. from hardware sources.

You can then use the 2 In the Mix window. dynamics. delay. which Master Fader controlling main output path are inserted on tracks to process audio in real time.Master Faders To create a Master Fader: 1 Choose Track > New and specify 1 Mono or Master Faders are used as output and bus mas- ters. click the Master Fader’s controls on the Master Fader to control the vol. rather than non- destructively in real time. and function either in real time (RTAS) or in non- real time (AudioSuite). solo and mute. Output selector and choose the output path that ume. 3 Set the output of the Master Fader to your main output path (Outputs 1–2). or bus path in a session. then click Create. To use a Master Fader as a master stereo volume control for all tracks in a session: 1 Choose Track > New and specify 1 Stereo Mas- ter Fader track. and can control any mono or stereo output Stereo Master Fader track. or alter the original source audio file. You can choose either out- paths. Plug-Ins Plug-ins provide EQ. and many other types of effects processing. RTAS plug-ins are nondestructive effects. during playback—just like an external hardware processor. puts or internal busses. it will either create an entirely new audio file. Depending on how you configure a non-real-time AudioSuite plug- in. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 63 . 2 Set the outputs of all audio tracks in the ses- sion to Outputs 1–2 and set the panning of each Output assigned to control main mix track. then click Create. AudioSuite plug-ins are used to process and modify audio files on disk. or apply inserts to those you want to control.

by adjusting faders and other controls during cluded with Pro Tools. Insert button Plug-In window To write automation: 1 Choose Window > Automation Enable. mutes. Touch. performed on enabled parameters. send level. 64 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Mix or Edit window. track’s Inserts view. 2 Click the Insert selector on the track and select the plug-in that you want to use. and plug-in parameters. send pan. Mix Automation Once assigned to a track. and can be opened by click- changes to track volume. select an automation mode with the Automation Mode 1 Make sure the Inserts View is shown in the selector (Write. and many more are available from Setting the Automation mode of a track Digidesign and our Development Partners. send mute. Compressor plug-in Enabling automation To insert a real-time plug-in on a track: 3 In each track you want to automate. 4 Start playback and begin writing automation For more information about plug-ins in. or automate. Real-time plug-ins are assigned to tracks from the Inserts view in the Mix or Edit windows. enable an automation type (volume. mute. pan. ing the Insert button. plug-ins appear in the Mix automation lets you record. or any plug-in automa- tion) by clicking its button so that it is high- lighted. send levels. or Latch mode). 2 In the Automation Enable window. see the DigiRack playback. pan. Pro Tools comes with a complete set of DigiRack plug-ins. Pro Tools LE remembers all moves Plug-Ins Guide.

for the bounce. Automation All read-enabled automation is It is preferable to use Master Faders instead of played back and incorporated in the bounced Auxiliary Inputs for applying dither. 3 Select the File Type (such as WAV). when mastering a 24-bit When you bounce a track to disk. you do not need to dither the output. Master Fader inserts are post-fader. Chapter 5: Working with Pro Tools LE 65 . If you solo a track or region. automation can be re-written or To Bounce to Disk: displayed and edited graphically in the Edit win- 1 Choose File > Bounce to > Disk. the bounce will continue until it reaches the end of the session. Any muted tracks do not appear in reuse at the same bit depth (for example. including fader will be processed by the dither plug-in. and Sample Rate (such as 44. Selection or Track Length If you make a selec- tion in a track. 44. any changes to the track’s Volume Inserts and Sends All active inserts.1 kHz). the bounced mix will be the length of the selection. see the Pro Tools Reference Guide. Format (such as mono or stereo). choose a Conversion Quality set- ting.Once written. Using Dither on Mixdown or bounce any submix. bit depth (for example. 2 Select any mono or stereo output or bus path as the source for the bounce. real-time plug-ins and hardware inserts. only transfer from one 24-bit capable system to an- the soloed elements appear in the bounced mix.) Audible Tracks All audible tracks are included in If you are bouncing or mixing down audio for the bounce. dow. be sure to select WAV. Once you have bounced You should use a dither plug-in whenever you your final mix to disk. If there is no selection in any track. Resolution (such as 16- bit). Track View Volume breakpoint automation To create a mixdown that can be written to Volume automation in a track in the Edit window an audio CD. The Bounce to Disk command lets you write a fi- nal mix to disk. With a Mas- ter Fader. Final Mixdown 5 Click Bounce. 16-bit. For more information on using automation. the bounced session to 16-bit resolution for release on an au- mix includes the following: dio CD. are ap- plied to the bounced mix.1 kHz. because mix. print effects. 4 If you are changing the sample rate of the bounced file. you can use another pro- are bouncing or mixing down audio to a lower gram to burn the resulting file to CD. stereo interleaved. create a new loop. other).

There are five possible Conversion Quality set- tings.1 kHz for re- lease on an audio CD). click the Bit Res- olution button and select the destination bit depth (20-bit or 16-bit). and Type 2 or Type 3 are appropriate for stereo files. To dither audio for mixdown: 1 Create a Master Fader and assign it to control the output path for the audio you want to mix down or bounce. 4 In the dither plug-in window. see the Pro Tools Reference Guide. when mixing down a session recorded at 48 kHz to 44. Sample Rate Conversion on Mixdown When you specify a different sample rate for a bounced file (for example. 2 Insert the included POW-r Dither plug-in (or another dither plug-in) on the Master Fader. 66 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . For more information on using dither and sample rate conversion when mixing down. af- ter any other plug-ins or inserts on the track. Type 1 is appropriate for mono files. ranging from Low (lowest quality) to TweakHead (highest quality). 3 In the dither plug-in window. click the Noise Shaping button and select a Noise Shaping set- ting. 5 Choose File > Bounce to Disk to perform the mixdown. a Conversion Quality set- ting becomes available in the Bounce to Disk di- alog. the longer it takes to convert the bounced file. The higher the quality of sample rate conversion.

MIDI Studio Setup window Interface Controls Create This button adds a new instrument to the Instrument Name list. Delete This button deletes the instrument or in- struments selected in the Instrument Name list.appendix a Configuring MIDI Studio Setup (Windows Only) MIDI Studio Setup Window MIDI Studio Setup The MIDI Studio Setup window is organized MIDI Studio Setup (MSS) lets you configure the into three sections. tailed view of MIDI parameters is shown in the Properties section on the right. All the currently defined in- connected to your system. A de- and Pro Tools. and lets you specify a custom name for each of the MIDI ports within the MIDI Studio Setup docu- ment. Interface controls are at the MIDI controllers and sound modules that are top of the window. Import This button lets you import an existing MIDI Studio Setup file. MSS also supports XML-based patch file names for storing and importing patch names for your external MIDI devices. and control the rout. struments are displayed in the Instrument ing of MIDI data between your MIDI equipment Name list on the left side of the window. Appendix A: Configuring MIDI Studio Setup (Windows Only) 67 . Entire MIDI Studio Setup configurations created within MSS can be imported and exported. MSS automatically finds MIDI interfaces.

in addition to the MIDI ports on Mbox 2. The Properties section lets you edit information 7 Enable the appropriate MIDI channels (1–16) for new instruments. options (These determine which channels send and receive MIDI. Show Duplicate Emulated Ports When this op. Check the documenta- vice from the corresponding pop-up menus. see “MIDI Patch tion changes to reflect the properties of the se. If tion that came with your MIDI interface for the Manufacturer and Model pop-up menus do more information. type the name I/O). choose None. When a previously defined instrument is se- lected in the Instrument list. the Properties sec. lected instrument. For more information. the MIDI Studio setup window shows both the If you do not enter an instrument name. not provide a name for your particular device. This list is MIDI Studio Setup Properties section derived from the XML-based MIDI device files. of your instrument. the DirectMusic time-stamped output ports. Selecting an instrument in nected to the MIDI Out of your instrument. choose the output port on your MIDI interface that is con- Properties Section nected to the MIDI In of your instrument. tion is selected and you are using a MIDI inter- face that supports timestamping (such as MIDI 3 In the Instrument Name field. inherit information from the Manufacturer Some MIDI Interfaces will not properly load and Model pop-up menu. and press Enter. for the Send Channels and Receive Channels lected in the Instrument list. 1 Choose Setup > MIDI > MIDI Studio. the list displays that instrument’s properties in the Properties section of the window. Name Support” on page 69. and Instrument Name field will automatically non-stamped duplicate emulated output ports. 68 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Export This button lets you export the current To define an instrument with MIDI Studio Setup: MIDI Studio Setup file.) Instrument Name The Instrument Name field shows the user-de- finable instrument name for the currently se- lected instrument. or unload their drivers unless you quit and 4 Set a manufacturer and model for the new de- re-launch Pro Tools. Instrument List 5 From the Input pop-up menu. 2 Click Create. Manufacturer The Manufacturer pop-up menu provides a list of MIDI equipment manufacturers. or instrument currently se. 6 From the Output pop-up menu. choose the in- The Instrument list contains all the currently put port on your MIDI interface that is con- defined instruments.

Pro Tools available MIDI interface input ports. filtered by the manufacturer name. factory default patch names of many common faces enabled on your system. Appendix A: Configuring MIDI Studio Setup (Windows Only) 69 . ment Name field into your MIDI interface. These files reside in directories. see “MIDI Patch Name Support” on page 69. files provided with your Pro Tools installation. available MIDI interface output ports. To import MIDI patch names into Pro Tools: If you set the input port to None.Model Receive Channels The Model pop-up menu provides a list of MIDI The Receive Channels grid sets the receive chan- devices. face port that is set and displayed here is the sorted by manufacturer. MIDI Patch Name Support Pro Tools supports XML (Extensible Markup Input Port Language) for storing and importing patch The Input Port pop-up menu displays a list of names for your external MIDI devices. Inputs will installs MIDI patch name files (. MIDI devices. dio Setup window (see “MIDI Studio Setup” on page 67). the defined instrument will not appear as a choice in a 1 Verify the MIDI Device name in the MIDI Stu- MIDI Input selector. If you set the output port to None. The MIDI inter. Send Channels The Send Channels grid sets the send channels for the MIDI device specified in the Instrument Name field. The port set and displayed here is the port through which MIDI data is sent from your MIDI interface to the MIDI device specified in the Instrument Name field. in Program Files\ port through which MIDI data is sent from the Common Files\Digidesign\MIDI Patch Names\ external MIDI device specified in the Instru. the de- fined instrument will not appear as a choice in a MIDI Output selector. For more information. Output Port 2 Verify the MIDI track’s output is correctly as- The Output Port pop-up menu displays a list of signed to the MIDI device. This nels for the MIDI device specified in the Instru- list is derived from the XML-based MIDI device ment Name field. Digidesign.midnam) for the include Mbox 2 and any additional MIDI inter.

Pro Tools. click the Change Once patch names have been imported into button. The Patch Select dialog is populated with patch names and the Patch Name Bank pop-up menu appears in the upper left hand corner of the win- dow. 70 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . Mix window Patch Select dialog with patch names 4 In the Patch Select dialog. Patch Select button Patch Select button. navigate to Program Files\Common Files\Digidesign\MIDI Patch Names\Digidesign\<name of manufacturer>. and click Done.midnam) can be edited in any text editor. 3 Click the MIDI track’s Patch Select button. or you can use third party patch librarian and editor soft- Change button ware to create your own custom patch Patch Select dialog names. MIDI patch name files (. and select the MIDI Patch Name file (.midnam) for the MIDI device. To clear patch names: ■ In the Patch Select dialog. 6 Click Open. click the Clear but- ton. Edit window Patch Select button Patch Select button. they are available for that MIDI de- vice in all sessions. 5 In the Open dialog.

appendix b Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) 3 For any MIDI devices connected to the MIDI Audio MIDI Setup interface. MIDI interface and configure your MIDI studio 5 Connect the MIDI device to the MIDI inter- for use with Pro Tools. 4 Drag the new device icon to a convenient lo- tify external MIDI devices connected to your cation within the window. you use Apple’s Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) utility to iden. – or – In Pro Tools. select the cable and press Delete. AMS scans your system for connected MIDI interfaces. click Add Device. tions/Utilities). face by clicking the arrow for the appropriate output port of the device and dragging a con- To configure your MIDI studio in AMS: nection or “cable” to the input arrow of the cor- 1 Launch Audio MIDI Setup (located in Applica. Audio MIDI Setup (MIDI Devices) Appendix B: Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) 71 . If your MIDI in- terface is properly connected. 2 Click MIDI Devices. choose Setup > MIDI > MIDI Stu- dio. responding port of the MIDI interface. With Mac OS X. terface as generic ports. To remove a connection. A new external de- vice icon with the default MIDI keyboard image Pro Tools recognizes the ports on your MIDI in- will appear. Making MIDI input and output connections 6 Click the arrow for the appropriate input port of the device and drag a cable to the output ar- row of the corresponding port of the MIDI inter- face. To delete all connections. click Clear Cables. it appears in the window with each of its ports numbered.

For Manufacturer and Model names.middev file in any text editor (such as TextEdit). 3 Click the More Properties arrow to expand the dialog.” If the Manufacturer or Model names for any of your external MIDI devices is not available in the AMS Manufacturer and Model pop- up menus.) Naming a new MIDI device Enabling MIDI channels 72 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . named “Digidesign Device List.middev” in the directory Root/Library/ Audio/MIDI Devices. (If the Manufacturer and Model pop-up menus do not provide a name for your particular de- vice. then enable the appropriate MIDI chan- External Device Icon nels (1–16) for the Transmits and Receives op- tions. AMS refers to one or more files with the suffix To configure an external MIDI device: “. 7 Repeat steps 3–6 for each MIDI device in your MIDI setup. you can add them by editing the .) device from the corresponding pop-up menus. (These determine which channels the 2 Select a manufacturer and model for the new device will use to send and receive MIDI. you can type a name.middev. Pro Tools installs a 1 Select the external device icon and click Show file that contains information for many Info (or double-click the new device icon). commercially available MIDI devices.

you can place TIFF image files in /Library/ Audio/MIDI Devices/Generic/Images.midnam) for the factory default patch names of many common MIDI devices. and mixers). Pro Tools supports XML (Extensible Markup Select an icon for your device. and Patch Select button they will appear as choices in the AMS device window. The device names you enter appear as MIDI in- put and output choices in Pro Tools. Patch Select button Patch Select button. The window expands to show images for various MIDI devices (such MIDI Patch Name Support as keyboards. Mix window Appendix B: Configuring AMS (Mac OS X Only) 73 . To import MIDI patch names into Pro Tools: 1 Verify the MIDI Device name in the Audio MIDI Setup window (see “Audio MIDI Setup” on page 71). Pro Tools installs MIDI patch name files (. Language) for storing and importing patch names for you external MIDI devices. Selecting a device icon To use your own custom icons. modules. These files reside in directories. interfaces. Edit window 5 Click OK.4 Click the device image. 2 Verify the MIDI track’s output is correctly as- signed to the MIDI device. in /Library/Audio/MIDI Patch Names/Digidesign. 3 Click the MIDI track’s Patch Select button. sorted by manufacturer. Patch Select button.

MIDI patch name files (. 4 In the Patch Select dialog. and click Done. they are available for that MIDI de- vice in all sessions. Change button Patch Select dialog 5 In the Open dialog. Once patch names have been imported into Pro Tools. navigate to /Library/Au- dio/MIDI Patch Names/Digidesign/<name of manufacturer>. 74 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide .midnam) can be edited in any text editor. To clear patch names: ■ In the Patch Select dialog. The Patch Select dialog is populated with patch names and the Patch Name Bank pop-up menu appears in the upper left hand corner of the win- dow. click the Change button.midnam) for the MIDI device. click the Clear but- ton. and select the MIDI Patch Name file (. or you can use third party patch librarian and editor soft- ware to create your own custom patch names. 6 Click Open.

puter. from auto- mated tape backup systems to high-capacity op- Possible Solutions tical drives. terfaces. See your Getting Started (Macintosh). Turn off your audio in- ated files to a new location. have Pro Tools automatically save backups ◆ If you tried to launch Pro Tools by double- of the session file while you work. do the follow- ing: Backing Up Your System • Close any error message. launch. Problem Backing Up Your Session Data When you double-click the Pro Tools applica- tion or a Pro Tools session file.Appendix C: Troubleshooting Backing Up Your Work Common Issues It is highly recommended that you back up your work on a regular basis. and then turn them on again in the ture (in the Operation Preferences page) to proper sequence. This command site (www. By doing this. Configuration • Double-click the Pro Tools application. Guide or Pro Tools Upgrading Guide for installa- store your system configuration and settings if tion instructions.com/compato). you encounter any problems. ◆ Check to be sure your computer has the re- quired amount of RAM to launch Pro Tools. lets you save the session file and all of its associ- ◆ Try a complete restart. or to CD burners. or displays an error message. After configuring your system and Pro Tools. There are a variety of media that are suited to back up projects of various sizes. using the (Windows) or Bombich Carbon Copy Cloner Pro Tools Installer CD. Appendix C: Troubleshooting 75 . computer peripherals and your com- You can also use the Auto Save Backup fea. using a backup utility such as Norton Ghost ◆ Reinstall the Pro Tools application. See The best way to back up an entire session is to the compatibility page of the Digidesign Web use the Save Copy In command. Pro Tools doesn’t Back up your session and audio data frequently. clicking a Pro Tools session file.digidesign. and especially before Pro Tools Won’t Launch making changes to your system configuration. you can quickly re. • In Pro Tools. choose File > Open Session to you should save an image of your system drive open the session.

76 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . running Pro Tools. your cables are properly and securely connected to your computer and to your audio interface. Audio Interface Is Not Recognized Before You Call Digidesign Problem Technical Support When you launch Pro Tools it does not recog- nize an audio interface. In addition to the printed and PDF versions of Pro Tools guides. Web site (www. and future upgrade offers. Answerbase is also available on the Digidesign tion. Registering is one of the most important steps to complete as a new ◆ Turn off your computer and check to be sure user.digidesign. This database is installed in the that run in the background or generate disk ac. moved. Read Me files are installed in Documenta- clude: tion folder when you install Pro Tools.com) This is your Screen Savers Screen saver software should be your best online source for information to help completely disabled on your computer before you get the most out of your Pro Tools system. can affect Pro Tools perfor- mance.digidesign. or file savers. Power Saver Features Some automatic power saver features. such as virus protection. Network Connections Close any network con- Answerbase This is a database of common prob- nections unless you are using them for network lems and DAE errors. Registering your purchase is the only way you become eligi- For the following possible solutions. These in- tions. and their solutions based interchange of audio data. refer to ble to receive complimentary technical support your Getting Started Guide.com). on the latest information from Digidesign Tech- Background Applications Any software utilities nical Support. These features should be turned off. or a connected audio in- Register Your System terface is not available. Digidesign folder when you install Pro Tools. your system includes the fol- lowing sources of information: Performance Factors Read Me Files These contain late-breaking in- formation and known issues pertaining to There are several conditions that may adversely Pro Tools software and hardware configura- affect the performance of Pro Tools. Web Site (www. Register your purchase immediately after re- viewing the registration information card in- Possible Solutions cluded with every Pro Tools system. disk optimiza. should be turned off or re. Use Digidesign Resources ◆ Verify that your Hardware Setup dialog set- tings are correct. tivity. such as those that spin down the system hard drive.

note the ability to repro- • Drive speed (RPM) duce the problem under different conditions.Gather Important Information Other Hardware Digidesign wants to help you resolve problems Refer to the manufacturer’s documentation for as quickly and efficiently as possible. with another session. Model Note any DAE errors or other error codes you en- • Drive size (GB) counter. refer to the compat- ibility page of the Digidesign Web site • Make. Take a few minutes • 1394 (FireWire) cards for Windows systems to collect the following basic information: (manufacturer. • Drive type (SCSI. Hard Drives Diagnostic Information • Make. model. Digidesign Software • Pro Tools software version • Plug-in versions • Other Digidesign software • Additional plug-ins from Digidesign Devel- opment Partners Appendix C: Troubleshooting 77 . refer to the manufacturer’s documenta- related applications you may have installed tion for operational details. Digidesign Hardware Make note of any other software that was run- • Type of cards. IDE/ATA) for example. or after • Utility used to format the drive changing settings (such as the Hardware Buffer • Number and size of partitions on the drive Size). the following information handy when you The most common hardware additions include: contact Technical Support. tions. or other system. it will make the diag- nosis of your problem easier. Additonally. processor speed (www. Disk Utilities. FireWire. model) System Information To verify that your hardware is qualified for use Computer with your Pro Tools system. model) • Video Capture cards (manufacturer.digidesign. If you have operational details. interfaces.com/compato). • Amount of system RAM • Operating system (version of Windows or Other Software Mac OS) If you are using other audio or video applica- • Any Drivers. or peripherals ning when a problem occurred.

78 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide .

61 E Edit modes 57 B Grid 57 Bounce to Disk command 65 Shuffle 57 Slip 57 C Spot 57 channel strip controls Edit tools 58 Mute 61 Grabber 58 Pan 61 Pencil 58 Solo 61 Scrubber 58 Volume 61 Selector 58 click Smart Tool 58 external MIDI 42 Trimmer 58 plug-in 41 Zoomer 58 Click plug-in 41 Index 79 . 11 editing 65 drive requirements 3 writing 64 Auxiliary Input tracks 44. 25 ASIO driver (Windows) 13 and digital output 36 audio Internal setting 17. 45 Macintosh 21 authorizing Pro Tools LE Windows 11 Macintosh 22 drive maintenance Windows 14 Macintosh 21 automation 64 Windows 10. 24 WaveDriver (Windows) 13 dither 65 Audio MIDI Setup (AMS) (Macintosh) 71 drive formatting audio tracks 44. 61 CPU Usage Limit 16. 24 audio drivers ASIO driver (Windows) 13 D CoreAudio driver (Macintosh) 22 DAE Playback Buffer Size 16. 25 digital connections 35 Conductor ruler 40 editing 57 connecting Mbox 2 importing 51 Macintosh 22 monitor connections 34 Windows 12 monitoring 33 CoreAudio driver (Macintosh) 22 routing 53.index A Clock Source 17. 25 analog connections 34 S/PDIF (digital) setting 17. 45.

21 latency requirements 3 see monitoring space requirements 4 Link Timeline and Edit Selection option 48 Hardware Buffer Size 15. 59 inputs Ethernet Support software 13 analog 33 digital 32 gain 31 F monitoring 30 fade files 37 inserts plug-ins 64 G installing Pro Tools LE gain Macintosh 21 headphones 29 Windows 12 input 31 installing QuickTime (Windows) 12 Grabber tool 58 Instrument tracks 44. 47 Grid mode 57 K H key commands 6 hard drives formatting 11. 63 output 29 Mbox 2 back panel 32 I connecting (Macintosh) 22 I/O Setup connecting (Windows) 12 Macintosh 25 features 2 Windows 17 front panel 29 importing removing the handle 31 audio 51 memory locations 48 files with drag and drop 52 defining 48 MIDI 52 recalling 49 indicators using for zoom control 51 peak level 31 Meter ruler 40 phantom power 31 MIDI S/PDIF 29 connections 36 USB connection 29 editing 57 importing 52 requirements 3 setup (Macintosh) 71 setup (Windows) 67 80 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . 23 headphones M connecting 34 MacDrive utility (Windows) 14 gain control 29 Master Faders 44. 21 L MacDrive utility 14 maintenance 10. Edit window 38 input and output connectors 32 editing 57. 45.

46 power management settings mix automation 64 Macintosh 20 mix control (Mbox 2) 30 Windows 8 Mix window 38. 61 Pro Tools LE capabilities 2 mixdown 65 configuration (Macintosh) 23 and bit resolution 65 configuration (Windows) 15 and sample rate conversion 66 installing (Macintosh) 21 mixing 61 installing (Windows) 12 monitoring 33 main windows 38 when overdubbing 30 with headphones 33 zero latency 30 Q mono switch 30 QuickTime installing (Windows) 12 Mute button 61 N R ratio control (Mbox 2) 30 network connections 76 recording analog inputs 34 O audio 54 outputs digital inputs 35 digital 32 MIDI 55. 56 Monitor outputs 33 Region List 47 S/PDIF mirroring 35 regions 47 arranging 59 P auditioning 47 Pan slider 61 creating 47 Patch Select dialog editing 59 Macintosh 74 grouping 60 Windows 70 looping 60 peak indicators 31 trimming 59 Pencil tool 58 returns 62 phantom power 35 RTAS Processors setting 15. 23 indicator 31 rulers 40 when to use 31 Conductor 40 playback Meter 40 audio 54 Tempo 40 MIDI 57 Timebase 40 starting and stopping 44 Playback Engine dialog 43 playlists 58 Index 81 . 47 plug-ins 63 MIDI Input selector 55 AudioSuite 63 MIDI Output selector 55 Click 41 MIDI Velocity meter 56 dither 65 Patch Select button 56 inserting on tracks 64 MIDI Studio Setup (MSS) (Windows) 67 RTAS (Real-Time AudioSuite) 63 MIDI tracks 44.MIDI controls 46.

46 Shuffle mode 57 playing back audio 54 Slip mode 57 playing back MIDI 57 Smart Tool 58 recording audio 54 recording MIDI 55. 63 saving copies of 42 MIDI 44. 20 Windows 7. 23 Zoom Presets 51 Sample Rate 17. 25 Zoom Toggle 50 Zoomer tool 58 zooming 49 82 Mbox 2 Getting Started Guide . 24 Transport window 39. 45 creating 37 Auxiliary Inputs 44. S T S/PDIF 32 technical support input indicator 29 product registration required 76 mirroring 35 tempo 40. 25 Edit window 38 CPU Usage Limit 16. 47 saving 37. 43. 10 W system requirements 3 WaveDriver (Windows) 13 system settings windows 38 Clock Source 17. 43. 62 tracks 44 sessions 37 audio 44. 42 Master Faders 44. 25 Z RTAS Processors 15. 24 Mix window 38. 61 DAE Playback Buffer Size 16. 8. 44 analog 33 digital 32 Trimmer tool 58 instrument 33 line 33 U microphone 33 USB connection indicator 29 selecting 31 Spot mode 57 V submixing 61 Volume fader 61 system optimization Macintosh 19. 41 Sample Rate 17. 9. 23 I/O Setup 17. 56 Solo button 61 types 44 sources Transport window 39. 25 Tempo Change dialog 40 screen savers 76 Tempo ruler 40 Scrubber tool 58 Timebase ruler 40 Selector tool 58 Track Height selector 49 sends 45. 45. 61 duplicating 42 creating 44 navigating 48 Instrument 44. 44 Hardware Buffer Size 15. 45.