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amXrXzØns‚ am[pcyw

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(Malayalam Language)
MATRUTVATTINTE MAADHURYAM
(Sweetness of Motherhood)

Commented by
SWAMI SUDHI

First Edition : December 2008
Published by : ONE-WORLD
Publishing House
Chethikode P.O
Kanjiramattom
Ernakulam-682315
web : www.schoolofvedanta.org
e-mail : mail@schoolofvedanta.org
Ph : 0484-2749819, 9447968014
Type Setting : Nitya Chetana
Proof : Vikas Chidambaram, Sabari Chetana
Cover Design : One-World Graphics
Copies : 1000
Printed at : Don Bosco, Ernakulam
Distribution : Nitya Niketan Ashram
Kanjiramattom
Copy Right : © One-World Publishing House

Rs
Rs.. 110

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amXrXzØns‚ am[pcyw
P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcnbpsS hymJym\w

kzman kp[n

ONE-WORLD
PUBLISHING HOUSE
ERNAKULAM - 682315

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kzman kp[n
1967¬ Xriq¿ Pn√-bnse Ip≠-en-bq-cn¬ P\n-®p.
\t∂ sNdp-∏Ø - n¬Xs∂ tamt£—p Bbn-cp-∂p.
kvIqfn¬ ]Tn-°p-tºmƒ hoSp-hn-´p-t]m-hp-Ibpw Hcp
kXym-t\z-jn-sb-t∏mse Ae-bp-Ibpw ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-∂p.
k©m-cØ - n-\n-Sb - nepw ]T\w XpS¿∂p.
kmº-Øn-I- im-kv{X-Øn¬ _ncp-Zhpw
BwK-te-bk - m-ln-Xy-Øn¬ _ncp-Zm-\¥ - c
- _
- n-cp-Zhpw
Ign-®p. tP¿W-en-kØ - n¬ ]n.Pn Untπma t\Sn.
Ipd-®p-Imew ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-I\ - mbn tPmen sNbvXp.
At∏m-tg°pw Kpcp-kh - n-[Ø- n¬ AW-bm-\p-≈
XrjvW AZ-ay-am-bn. AXn-\m¬ tPmenbpw
Km¿ln-IX - bpw If-™p.
Kpcp \nXy-ssN-X\ - y-bX - n-bpsS injyXzw kzoI-cn-®p.
Kpcp-hns‚ \n¿t±-i{- ]-Imcw 1993¬
\mcm-bW - - Kp-cp-Ip-eØ - n¬ tN¿∂p.
Du´n-bnse Kp-cp-Ip-eØ - n¬
Kpcp \nXybpsS kao-]h - ¿Øn-bmbn
Kpcp-tkh sNbvXp Pohn-°p-hm-\p-≈
`mKyhpw \ntbm-Khpw D≠m-bn.

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n-bpsS Hcp {]`m-jWw Ft∂mSp \S-Øm≥ ]d-™p. F\n°v Gsd A¬`pXw tXm∂nb Hcp kw`-ha . AXn-se Hmtcm ]Zhpw Rm≥ t{]a- ]q¿∆w A¿∞-hn-Nmcw sNbvXp Xmtem-en-®pt]m∂p. Kpcp-Ip-e- Øn¬ h¿j-ßf .R . Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-Øp-\n∂pw hnZym-arXw \pW-™p- sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ B ka-bØv Rm\m-Is´ H∂nepw CS-s]-SmsX Hcp Xc-Øn-ep≈ ZuXy-ßfpw Gs‰-Sp- °msX [ym\-a\ .n-bn-ep≈ Fs‚ lrZ-bm-\p- cmKw Hcn-°¬ Kpcp \nXy-ssN-X\ .m-bn.- sam∂pw Kpcp Fs∂ G¬]n-®n-cp-∂n-√.P v c .\ . ]n∂oSp Rm≥ AXp Ihn-bq¿ tchΩ ]mSn-bXp tIƒ°p-I-bp-≠m-bn.\ v a.psS kpK-‘n-bmb {]X-eß . apJ-a-RvPcn Kp cp-tZ-hI. AXn-\p-apºv AØ-cØ .]cn-Nb . AXp-sIm≠v Kpcp-Xs∂ 1998 ¬ Kpcp-hns‚ amXm-hns‚ kam-[n-ÿe .ß.a .n¬ P\\o \h-cX .v\a .y-bX .r-Xn-Iƒ .n.R.vPc .mb tIm∂n-bnse hnZym-\n- tI-X≥ Kpcp-Ip-eØ .m-W- Xv.- fn-eqsS kuay-ambn \S-∂p-t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.n-ep≈ Hcp {]`m-jW .f . P\\o \h-cX . XmthmbpsS \n wKXbmbncp∂p Fs‚ [ym\w apJ-aR . At∏mƒ AXns‚ hiyX F∂n¬ ho≠pw ho≠pw h¿≤n-®p- h-cm≥ XpS-ßn.nbpw Adn-bm- \n-Sb .v\a.mbn ]T-\hpw ]mT-\hpw \S-Øn-h- ∂n-cp∂ [mcmfw At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ thsd D≠m-bn-cp- ∂p.P v cn 5 .vPc .R.n® \mƒap-X¬ Fs∂ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ BI¿jn® Hcp Ih-\a .mWv P\\o \h-cX .

Ø°p IÆp-Isf FbvXp- hn-Sp∂ hnt£-]W .t .n-°p-samcp h≠m-Wp kqcn kpIr-Xn.n-®n-´pap-≠v...∏mƒ B AΩ Adn- hns‚ tZh-Xb .n-If .. kzman Bfl-kz-cq-]m-\-µ-bmWv Ahn-SsØ kPo-h- km-∂n-≤yw.v Kpcp \nXy-bpsS AΩsb I≠p-ap-´m-\pw AΩ-bpsS IqsS Pohn-°p-hm\pw Hcn-°¬ CS-h∂ .ƒ°-∏p-dt . kzman Rßsf kvt\l-tØmsS hnfn- ®n-cp-Øn. Imem- Zn-bmb arZp-\q-emse s\øp-samcp eoem-]Sw `h-Xn- sabvtaemsI aqSpw.m-∂n≤yw am{X-amWv ]n∂oSv B {]`m-jW .n¬ t]mbn.h-Zn-bn¬ sN∂n-cp-∂t . Pohn-XsØ Hcp Iqk-ep-an-√msX A\m-bmkw ssIImcyw sNøp-∂Xv Rm≥ t\cn´p I≠v A\p-`h . Gsd hn\-b-tØmSpw `hy-X-tbmSpw IqSn- 6 .t. amXrXzØn encn°p∂ IcpXent‚bpw kvt\lØnt‚bpw XpSn∏ns\ kz¥w AΩbn¬\n∂pw sXm´dn™p..m-sW∂v F\n°p t_m[y-s∏-´n-´p-≠v.∏mƒ hm°p- Iƒ°pw Bi-bß . AJWvUm\p`qXnbnsegpw X≠m-cn¬ hoWp a[p- hp-≠m-ca ..Ø . Fs‚°qsS D≠m-bn- cp∂ Kpcp-hns‚ kPo-hk .{]tXy-In®pw henb ]WvUn-X-∑m¿ {]`m-jWw tIƒ°m≥ hcp∂ Hcp ÿe-am-WX . AXn-s\-√m-ap-]cn \mcm-b-W-Kp-cp-hn\v ‘hniz-P-\\n’ F∂ amXm-hn-s\-°p-dn-®p-≠m-bn-cp∂ Adnhv thsdmcnSØpw C{X kpXm-cy-X-tbmsS F\n°p hmbn-s®-Sp-°m≥ Ign-™n-´n-√. Cu hcnI-sfms° shdpw Ihn- X-b√ .ns‚ sshZ-Kv≤y-Øn- tes°m∂pw IS-∂p-h∂ . c≠p-h¿jw apºv Rm≥ H∂p-c≠p kplr-Øp-°- fp-ambn ssh‰ne {iocm-aI ..n-´n-√.ƒ°pw Dbn-cp-≠m-°n-Ø∂ . ]n∂oSv Iptd AΩ-am-cn¬ amXr-Xz-Øns‚ al-\o-b- Xsb F\n°p Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-™p.n¬ Hcp {]`m-jW .m-Wv..r-jvWm-{i-aØ . Ihn-XI .v Rm\m-sW-¶n¬ AØ-cØ . ]t£.X. {]tXy-In®pw AXnse Nne hcn-Iƒ Fs‚ lrZ-b-kv]-µ-ß- fn¬t]mepw Xmfm-fl-I-ambn ebn-®p-tN¿∂n-´p-≠v.

C∂n-t∏mƒ CsXmcp hmbn-°m- hp∂ ]pkvX-I-ambn amdn. F∂mepw {]`mjW ßfn¬ D]tbmKn°p∂ Hcp kw`mjWssienbmWv CXnepS\ofw [z\nbv°pI.p-Iƒ hmIy-LS . kzmansb Hcp KoXm-{]-`m-jW . Fs‚ NncIme an{Xamb {io. hnImkv NnZw-_cw CXns‚ {]q^v hmbn-®p-t\m°n Ht´sd Xncp-Øe .b .fmSpw Z¿i-\Ø .- T-Øn¬ HcmgvN \o≠p-\n¬°p∂ P\\o \h-c-Xv\- a-RvPc . bmWp kzman kwkm-cn-®n-cp-∂-Xv.¶.w-kt .v\a.mbn At±lw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn. {iocma-IrjvW]c-al .\ . \mcm-b-W-Kp-cp- hns‚ IrXn-It .Ø .a.R .a .c-≠n-h- ∂p.c \S-Øp-hm≥ Fs∂ £Wn-°p-hm-\mbn kzman \nXy-\n-tI-X\ . kzman P\\o \h-cvX-\-a-RvP-cn-bpsS lrZ-bm- h¿÷-I-amb Bhn-jvIm-csØ ho≠pw-ho≠pw {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p.- bnepw a‰pw \S-Øn.n-bn-te°p IS-∂p-ht .º.m°n am‰n.c .n-bpsS {]`m-jW . Hcp amkw Ign-™t . {]`m- j-W-Øns‚ DZvLm-S-\-Øn\v At±lw hcn-Ibpw BZy-Zn-hk .º .∏mƒ ssh‰ne {iocma-Ir-jvWa .r-jW v - a-T-Øn¬h®p {iocm-a-Ir-jvW-P-b-¥n-tbm-S-\p-_- ‘n®p \S-Ønb Ggp {]`m-j-W-ß-fmWv ‘amXr-Xz- Øns‚ am[pcyw’ F∂ ]pkvX-I-ambn amdn-b-Xv.n- \p-≠m-bn-cp∂ XmXv]cyw \njv°f .nse {_“-hn-Zym¿∞n-bmb \nXy-tN-X\ apgp-h≥ sdt°m-¿Un-ßp-Ifpw tIs´- gpXn AXym-hiyw FUn-‰n-ßp-I-sfms° \S-Øn CXns\sbmcp ]pkvXI . {iocmaIrjvW apJ-aR .psS DZvLm- S-\-Øn\p £Wn-°m-\mWv R߃ t]mb-Xv.n-se-Øn. kvIqƒ Hm^v thZm-¥b .n-t\mSpw At±-lØ . kzman-bpsS Cu IrXn-tbm-Sp≈ BI¿jWw Fs∂ IqSp-X¬ DtØ-Pn-X\ .cbpw imc- Zm-tZ-hn-tbbpwIpdn®v kwkm-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂t .m-°n.] .P v cn 7 .c. CXp `mjm]T\Øn \p≈ Hcp ]pkvXIa√ F∂p IcpXpI. Aßs\ {iocm-aI .vPc .] .sØ {]`m-jWw tIƒ°p-Ibpw sNbvXp.c .∏mƒ P\\o \h-cX .

amXr-Xz- Øns‚ Zm¿i-\n-Ia . \mhp-sIm≠p ]d-bm-hp-∂Xv CXn-\-∏p-d- sØm∂pw C√m-ØX . kvt\l-tØmsS kzman kp[n 8 .sØ \n߃ Zb-hmbn ImWm≥ ]mSp- ≈q.p-sIm≠.mbn am{Xta Cu ]pkvXI .m-°n.p-dt .Ø- °p ]d-bp-hm≥ Hcmƒ°pw \mhp s]mßp-Ib .mb Hcp Ah-Xc .W .v \n߃°n-Xns\ lrZ-bw-sIm-s≠-SpØv Hcp ]qPm-]p-jv]a. Kpcp-hn- s‚-Xs∂ Hcp Dƒt{]-cW-bm-se∂hÆ-amWv B t]¿ Cu ]pkvX-I-Øn\p sImSp-Ø-Xv. ]t£.v CXn-\∏ . Ah \mcmbWKpcphn\pw ]calwk¿°pw CSbn¬ kpZrVamb Hcp tkXphmbn `hnbv°s´.ns‚ ]mc-ay-am-W. amXr-Xz-Øns‚ am[pcyw F∂ t]¿ Hcp shfn- ]mSpt]mse Fs‚ D≈n¬ sXfn-™X .n¬h®p Rm≥ \n߃°p \nth-Zn-°p- I-bm-W.]calwkcpsS IYIƒ [mcmfw D≤cn®n´p≈Xp ImWmw.am-‰mw.v Kpcp-hns‚ ⁄m\-h- √-cn-bn¬ ]qØ Cu hnti-jI .p-kp-asØ `wKn-bp≈ Hcp Nj-IØ .m-Wv.n-√. CXv Z¿i-\Ø . t]Sn- sIm-≠√.a.

D≈S°w lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXv\Ønf°w 11 AΩbpsS D◊ Adnhns‚ sXfna 21 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva 53 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 69 kzm\p`qXnXs∂ ssZhm\p`hw 95 ImetZißfpsS t\cnb DSbmS 125 {]IrXnbnse ssZhkm∂n≤yw 137 ]m]Øns‚ Zm¿i\nIX 159 km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 169 ⁄m\hnlmb ns‚ alna 187 {]ivt\mØcn 192 9 .

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lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXv\Ønf°w samgnbm\mhmØ t{]aKmY! B¿°pw AXp h¿Æn°m\mhn√. au\w Xpfpºp∂ Hcp aµlmkw am{Xw.. Kpcphns‚ Ir]mkm∂n≤yw AWbpthmfw Fs‚ {iaßsf√mw hn^eßfmbn. HºXp ]Zy-ßf . hnØpw \nehpan√msX Hcp acw hf¿∂v \ndsb ^e߃ hnfbpsa∂v! Fs‚ Kpcp CXns‚ A¥cm¿∞w Ft∂mSp au\ambn samgn™p.... aRvPcn ]q¶p-e-bm-Wv. cXv\-߃ tN¿∂ Ipe-bm-Wv. Fs‚ a\ v {]im¥hpw AN©ehpsa∂v IcpXn Rm≥ Cui\n¬ [ym\wsIm≠p.mWv Cu IrXn-bn¬ D≈-Xv. ]ns∂ a\ v ZrV`qansb ]p¬In Cui\n¬ \nXyambn kam[nsIm≠p. P\\n F∂m¬ AΩ. Cu HºXp lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXv\Ønf°w 11 . ChnsS ]q°fpsS Ip-e-b-√. k¥v I_o¿ {io\m-cm-b-W-Kp-cp-hns‚ A`u-a-kp-µ-c-amb Hcp IrXn-bmWv P\\o \h-c-Xv\-a-RvP-cn. \h-c-Xv\- a-RvP-cn F∂m¬ HºXp cXv\-߃ tN¿∂ Hcp Ipe. hniz-Øns‚ AΩ. Ihn-X-sIm≠pw Z¿i-\w-sIm≠pw emfn- Xyw-sIm≠pw hfsc D∂-X-amb Xe-ØnemWv Cu IrXn hncm- Pn°p-∂-Xv. Bsc¶nepw AXn\p apXn¿∂m¬ I¬°≠Øns‚ a[pcw samgnbm≥ shºnb aqIs\t∏msebmIpah≥.

Io¿Ø-\w. kvac-Ww.fpsS t]¿ tIƒ°p-tºmƒt]mepw Cº.Pohn-X-Øn¬ \mw A\p-`-hn°p∂ B\-µ-Øn\v Cu cXv\-tØ-°mƒ Aaq-ey-X-bp-≠v. B≤ym-fln-I.p-t]m-se-bm-Wv.b p.d n®v Adn. Bfl-\n-th-Z\w F∂n-h-bm-Wh. \h-[m-\y-߃. tKmta-ZIw.s f. B Aaq-ey- k-Ø-bn-te°v \ΩpsS {i≤ Xncn-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv cXv\w F∂ hm°v Kpcp ChnsS {]tbm-Kn-®X . ]mZ-tk-h-\w. Pohn-X-Øn¬ \mw tI´p-t]m-cm- dp≈ \h-c-k-߃. C{µ-\o-ew.\ mbn IuXpIw tXm∂n-b-t∏mƒ Hcp BI-c-{KŸw (reference book) FSpØv Rms\m∂p adn®pt\m°n.ß . amWnIyw. \h-{K-l-߃ Ch-bn-sems° ImWp∂ \h-i-_vZ-Øn\v Kpcp-hns‚ a\- n¬ Hcp IrXn-bpsS \n¿Ωn-Xn-bn-te°v {]th-in-°p-hm-\p≈ t{]c-Wsb Hcp-°n-s°m- Sp-Øn-cn-°W . AsXmcp am{¥nI kwJybmWv..≈ . kqcy≥ AkvX- an-°p-∂-tXmsS hensbmcp sI´p hnd-Ip-ambn At±lw N¥-bn- 12 . ac-XIw. Hcp acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ F√m Znh-khpw hndIp tiJ-cn-°m-\mbn Im´n-te°v t]mIp-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]fl-cmKw. Aß-s\-sbmcp IY Hmtjm-bpsS {KŸkap-®b .h m.° p.a p. {ih-Ww. `‡n-bpsS Cu HºXp `mh-ßsf Bhm-ln-°p-hm≥th≠n kzmXnXncp-\mƒ \h- c-Xv\-am-en-Im-Io¿Ø-\-߃ cNn-®p.c . HºXp cXv\ß .Ø .]Zy-߃ tN¿Øphbv°p-tºmƒ cXv\-k-∂n-`-amb Xnf°w ssIh-cp-∂p.n-se-hn-sStbm Rm≥ hmbn-®n-´p-≠v. - `mK-h-X-Øn¬ \h-hn-[-`-‡n-sb-°p-dn®p hniZoIcn°p-∂p-≠v.. sshUqcyw.v AXp-sIm≠v ChnsS cXv\w ⁄m\m\p`qXnbmWv ( mystic experience). `mc-X-Øn¬ Hº-Xv F∂ A°-Øn\v KW-\-{In-b-bn¬ Nne {]tXy-I-X-I-fp-≠v. Zmkyw. sshcw.X v \ . am{X-a√. IS-s™-SpØ ]Z-ßfpw _nw_- ßfpw Zm¿i-\n-I-amb aqi-bn-te°v Dcp-°n-sbm-gn®p hm¿sØ- SpØ Hcp Aaq-ey-\n-[n! kXym-t\z-jWw \n[n At\z-jn-®p≈ bm{X-t]m-se-bm-Wv.W v . apØv. kJyw.w. Kpcp-hns‚ Cu IrXn-bnse Hmtcm ]Zyhpw kuµ-cy-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ km[y-X-I-tfbpw Hcp Nnan-gn- em°n kq£n-®X . \h. A¿®-\w. hµ-\w. ]hngw.h bm. F{X at\m-⁄-amb t]cp-I- fm-Wh. `uXn-I-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ Gsd hne-]n-Sn-∏p≈ hkvXp- hmWv cXv\w. Ha¿ Jømw dp∫bmØn¬ ]dbp∂ ho™pw \mcmbWKpcphns‚ cXv\hpw Htc A\p`qXnbpsS hyXykvXamb {]XoIßfßfmWv.

At∏mƒ k∂ymkn ]d™p: “AhnsS Hcp Ccpºp J\nbp≠v. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ Im´n-te°p t]mIp∂ hgn-bn¬ Hcp k∂ymkn Xma-kn-®n-cp-∂p.s h. C{]m-hiyw Abmƒ icn°pw A¤p-Xs . “AhnsS Hcp sh≈n-J-\n-bp-≠v.√ . Hcp Znhkw k∂ymkn acw-sh-´p- Im-cs\ hnfn-®p: “Xm¶ƒ°v ImSns‚ D≈n-te°v Ipd-®p-IqSn s]mbv°q-tS?” “D≈n-te°v t]mb-Xp-sIm≠v F¥mWv {]tbm-P\w?” acw-sh-´p- Im-c≥ tNmZn-®p. B Ccp-ºp-J-\n-bn¬\n∂pw FSp-°m- hp-∂{X Ccp-º-bn¿ Nm°n-em°n N¥-bn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbn hn‰p. C{Xbpw Imew Im´n¬ h∂n´pw Cß-s\-sbmcp sh≈n-J\n Xm≥ I≠n-´n√t√m lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXv\Ønf°w 13 . ho≠pw tImSm-en-sb-SpØp acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ Im´n-te°p t]mbn.f√mw hmßn-°pw. Im´n¬ sN∂-t∏mƒ k∂ymkn ]d-™Xp icn-bm-bn-cp-∂p.k n.I m. IjvSn®v HcmgvN Ign-™-t∏mƒ B ]W-sa√mw Xo¿∂p. k∂ymkn Ft∏mgpw [ym\-\n-c-X-\mbn Hcn-S- Øn-cn-°p-∂p-≠m-Ipw.ns‚ Xp—-amb hcp- am-\w-sIm-≠p `mcybpw Ip´n-Ifpw Acn-jvSn®v Pohn-®p-t]m-∂p. Xm¶ƒ HØncn IjvS-s∏-Sp-∂p-.´ p. ImcWw acw- sh-´p-Im-c≥ A\p-`-hn-°p∂ {]bm-k-߃ k∂ym-kn-bpsS a\-  ns\ B¿{Z-am-°n-bn-cp-∂p. hndIp hn‰p In´p∂ ]WwsIm≠p ho´n-te°v Bh-iy- ap≈ km[-\ß . AhnsS sh≈n-J\n D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬ B k∂ymkn acw-sh-´p-Im- cs\ F√m Znh-khpw {i≤n-°p-∂p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ” k∂ymkn ]d™p.c \Xp hniz. Ahn-sS-\n∂pw Ipsd Ccp-º-bn¿ tiJ-cn®p N¥- bn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbn sImSp-Øm¬ AXym-hiyw ]Ww In´pw.™ n. ssI\ndsb ]Ww In´n. At±-lØ .∏-´p-. C{]m-hiyw AtX tNmZyw-Xs∂ k∂ymkn Bh¿Øn- ®p: “Xm¶ƒ°p Ipd-®p-IqSn ImSn\p≈n-te°p s]mbv°qsS?” “D≈n-te°p t]mbm¬ F¥mWp≈Xv ?” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ tNmZn-®p. F∂mepw Abmƒ ImSns‚ D≈n-te°p t]mbn. acw.° m≥ Ign.” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ k∂ym-kn-bpsS hm°p-Isf Ahn-iz-kn-s®- ¶nepw ImSn-\p-≈n-te°p t]mIm≥Xs∂ Xocp-am-\n-®p. am{X-a√ ISpØ ag-°mew hcm≥ t]mhp-I-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠p acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ k∂ym-knsb Ku\n-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. AhnsS CcpºpJ\n D≠m-bn-cp-∂p.s .seØpw. k∂ymkn Ahn-sS-Øs∂ Ccn°p∂p≠m- bn-cp-∂p.

]-⁄\ . F∂mepw {ian-®m¬ FØn-s∏-Smw. “AhnsS Hcp kz¿Æ-J\nbp≠v. At∏mƒ k∂ymkn ]p©n-cn-®p-sIm≠p ]d™p: “Xm¶ƒ C\nbpw D≈n-te°p t]mI-Ww.m-Wv. AhnsS I≠ ImgvN acw-sh-´p-Im-cs\ AkvX{. [mcmfw ]Ww At±-l-Øn\p e`n-®p. C{X henb cXv\-J-\n-sb√mw D≠m-bn´pw Hcp No¥v XpWnbpw Np‰n Ct±lw F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Cu ac-®p-h´. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ tImSm-en-bp-sa-SpØp Im´n-te°p t]mbn. Iptd-°mew Ign-™-t∏mƒ B ]Whpw Xo¿∂p- t]m-bn. F∂mepw k∂ymkn ]d-™-Xp-t]mse Abmƒ ImSn-\p-≈n- te-°pXs∂ t]mbn. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ ]pXnsbmcp hoSp ]Wn- Xp. \m´p-Im-cpsS CS-bn¬ _lp-am-\y-\mbn.m-°n.” k∂ym-kn-bpsS hm°p-I-fn¬ Ft∏mgpw D≠m-bn-cp∂ Ahn- izmkw Ct∏mgpw acw-sh-´p-Im-c-\n¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£. Ip´n-Iƒ°p Ifn-°m≥ Ifn-∏m-´-߃ hmßn.n¬am{Xw HXp-ßn-°q-Sp-∂Xv? kwi- b-sØ-sbms° XXv°m-e-tØ°v am‰n-\n¿Øn ImSns‚ a[y-Øn- te-°pXs∂ Abmƒ t]mbn.nIw ]Ww In´n. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ C{]m-hiyw k∂ym-kn-bpsS ASp-Øp- sN-∂p. Aaq- ey-amb cXv\-߃! At±-l-Øns‚ IÆp-Iƒ A©n-t∏m-bn. Atßm- ´p≈ bm{X kml-kn-Ia . ho´n¬ F√m-h¿°pw \√ hkv{X- ߃ hmßn. hgn- h-°n¬ k∂ym-knsb I≠p. Hcp {]Im-c-Øn¬ AhnsS FØn. IpSpw- _-Øn¬ BÀmZw Xnc-X-√n.” “C\nbpw D≈n-te°p t]mbm¬ F¥mWp≈Xv?” “ImSns‚ HØ \Sp-hn¬ Hcp cXv\J . Cßs\ Hcp kz¿Æ-J\n D≠m-bn´pw Cu k∂ym-kn-sbt¥ CsXm∂pw kz¥am-°m-ØXv? In´m-hp-∂{X kz¿ÆhpwsIm≠v At±lw N¥-bn¬ sN∂p.\nbp≠v. AXn¬ \n∂pw Ipsd sh≈n tiJ-cn®v Abmƒ N¥-bn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbn hn‰p. ho≠pw ]Ww Xo¿∂p. ]e¿°pw ]Ww Zm\w sNbvXp.F∂-bmƒ Bfl-KXw sNbvXp. ]t£. In´m- 14 . F¥p-]-d-tb-≠q. C{]m-hiyw apº-tØ-°m-f[ .” k∂ymkn ]d™p. acw-sh-´p-Im-c\p Xs‚ IÆp-Isf hniz-kn- °m≥ Ign-™n-√. “kz¿Æ-J-\ntbm!” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ A¤pXw Iqdn. k∂ymkn ]d™p: “Ipd-®p-IqSn ImSn-\p-≈n-te°p s]mbv°qsS?” “AhnsS ]pXpXmbn F¥mWp≈Xv?” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ tNmZn®p.

D≈ns‚ D≈n¬ au\-Øns‚ kuay-amb Hcp {]X-e-ap-≠v.hp-∂{X cXv\-ßsfSpØv At±lw N¥-bn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbn hn‰p. kpJ-tem-ep-]-XbpsS aq¿[-\y-Øn-eqsS Abm-fpsS PohnXw IS-∂p-t]m-bn.f√mw Xm¶ƒ A\p-`h.p-\n∂p t\Sm-hp-∂s . AXp Xm¶-fpsS D≈n¬Ø-s∂-bm- Wv.” \ΩpsS Pohn-Xhpw Iptd At\z-j-W-ßfpw Iptd ]cn-Xym-K- lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXv\Ønf°w 15 .” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ IuXp-It.f .\-bmWv Rm≥ Fs‚ D≈n-te°p t]mhpI?” k∂ymkn ]d™p: “kam-[m-\tØmSpIqSn Fs‚ ASpØncn-°p- I. A\p-`h . Ah-sb√mw XmXv°m-en-Iß .fpw \iz-cß . acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ Aßs\ Pohn-X-Øns‚ \nc¿∞-I-X-sb-°p-dn®p hyk-\n-®p.n-°m-\p≈ kpJ-ßs .p-am-sW∂p t_m[y-am-bnt√? C\n imiz-Xamb kpJ-Øns‚ J\n Rm≥ Xpd∂p Xcmw. k∂ymkn apºp≠mbncp∂nSØpXs∂ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AhnsS Hcp J\n- bp-≠v. cmjv{So-b-]m¿´n-°mcpw ]ptcmlnX-∑mcpw At±-lsØ ImWm≥h-∂p. kz¿Æ-Øn-t\-°mfpw cXv\-Øn-t\-°mfpw hne-∏n-Sn-∏p≈ Aaq-ey-amb Hcp J\n. _mly- tem-IØ. C\n B J\n-bn¬\n∂p aqeysØ Is≠Øn Pohn-°p-I.n-®p. C{]m-hiyw At±lw AXoh ZpxJn-X-\m-bn. Iptd°mew Ign-™-t∏mƒ Abm-fpsS ]Ww Xo¿∂p. At∏mƒ Abmƒ Im´n¬ Xma-kn-°p∂ k∂ym-kn-sb-°p-dn- t®m¿Øp. AXn-\n\n Hcn-SØpw t]mtI-≠-Xn-√. Abmƒ kaq-l-Øn¬ F√m-Ø-c-Ønepw AwKo- Ir-X-\mbn. Abmƒ B \m´nse G‰hpw kº-∂-\mb hy‡n-bmbn amdn.X√mw t\Sn-sb-Sp-Øp. Abmƒ k∂ym-knsb ImWm-\mbn t]mbn. kº- ∂-\mb Hcp-h≥ C√m-bva-bn-te°p hcp-tºmƒ Hcp-Xcw iq\yX A\p-`-h-s∏-Sm-dp-≠v. C{]m-hiyw k∂ym- kn-bpsS Np≠pI-fn¬ A¿∞-K¿`-amb Hcp Nncn D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. k∂ymkn tNmZn-®p: “C\nbpw D≈n-te°p s]mbv-°qtS?” At∏mƒ Abmƒ tNmZn®p: “C\nbpw D≈n-tet°m ? F¥ns‚ D≈n-te°v?” At∏mƒ k∂ymkn ]d™p: “C{]m-hiyw ImSns‚ D≈n-te- °√ t]mtI-≠-Xv. Xm¶-fpsS D≈n-te-°m-Wv.ØmsS tNmZn®p: “F-ßs . AhnsS B\-µhpw A¿∞hpw am[p-cyhpw kwKo-Xhpw F√mw H∂n-®p-ta-fn-°p∂ Xm¶-fpsS kl-P-amb kØ-bp-≠v.

ßfpw tN¿∂ kΩn-{i-amb Hcp {]Xn-`m-k-am-Wv.b.v hnjvWp-ktv Xm- {X-ß-fp-≠v.tv Xm-{X-ap-≠.u-Ip-am-cy-tØ-°mƒ F¥n\mW-Xns‚ A¿∞-sa√mw Adn-bm≥ t]mIp-∂Xv? CØcw tNmZy-ßs . D]-\n-jØ . {_“-hn-Zym-]© .m-°m-sa-∂√ . F¥p-sIm≠pw aqey-h- Ømb Hcp IrXn-bn-te-°mWv \mw Cd-ßn-s®-√m≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv. inh-kvtXm-{X-ß-fp-≠v.mbn sNmt√≠ H∂t√? i_vZk .n-ep-sams° Kpcp AssZz- XsØ angn-hm¿∂ X\n-at.m-e.∂-bmWv Btflm-]t. AssZz-XZ.fms° Nne-cnse¶nepw DS-se-Sp-°m-dp-≠v.Ifp-≠v.n-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂X . A√m-Ø-]-£w i_vZ-Ø-ns‚ am[p-cy-Øn¬ \Ωƒ tamln-®p-t]m-Ip-∂p.Z-ii .I . B kl-P-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Z¿i\w kvtXm{X-Ir-Xn-I-fn-eqsSbpw {]t_m-[-\m-fl-IIrXn-I-fn-eqsSbpw {]Imin°p∂p≠v. F{X \√ i_vZ-߃ tI´mepw ]q¿W{]⁄X D≠m-hp-I-bn- √. kp{_“WykvtXm{X-ßf .msX.pap-≠v.p--≠.v. AssZzX- Zo-]n-I.ƒ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-tºmgpw B IrXn-If . i_vZ-Øns‚bpw A¿∞- Øns‚bpw am[pcyw Htc-t]mse A\p-`h .p-t]m-se-Xs .v AXv C{X-am{Xw ]Tn-°m≥ F¥n-cn-°p∂p? AXv a[p-ca . a[p-c-ap≈ Hcp Km\w tIƒ°p-tºmƒ \Ω- f-Xn¬ Fß-s\-sbm-s°tbm tamln-X-cm-bn-t∏m-Im-dp-≠v. Cu Adp-]-Xp -Ir-XnI-fn¬ Hmtcm IrXnbv°pw AXn-t‚-Xm-b hyXy-kvXX .n-epw Z¿i\-am-eb .I .k . B {]⁄m-\sØ DW¿Øn-Ø-cp∂.X .W . imiz- 16 .w t]mep≈ IrXnIƒ Zm¿i-\n-IamWv.n-t‚-Xm-b Hcp kam-\m-[n-Ic . Z¿i-\a . ]t£.v Aßs\ At\Iw kvtXm{X-Ir-Xn- Iƒ Kpcp Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠. \mcmbWKpcp Adp-]tXmfw IrXn-Iƒ cNn®n´p-≠.X . kpJ-ap-≈-Xns\ \mw kz¥-am°n hbv°p-∂p.n-°m≥ Ign-bp-tºm-gmWv Kpcp-hns‚ hN-\-߃ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ ]cn-h¿Ø-\-߃ D≠m- °p-∂-Xv. i_vZ-Øn\v AXn-t‚-Xm-b am[pcyw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xp-t]m- se-Xs∂ A¿∞-Øn\pw am[p-cy-ap-≠v. tZho-kvtXm-{X-ß-fp-≠v.Z-ii . Aß-s\-bp≈ km[m-cW Pohn-X-Øn¬ kpJ-Øns‚ \nXyX A\p-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ {]⁄m\w \Ωn¬ Dudn-°q-Sn-bn-´n-√.v Ahsb√mw C∂p \ap°p e`y-am-Wv.I.w. hyXy-kvXX . Btflm-]t.pI-fn¬ Z¿i\w {]Im-in-°p-∂X .bmsS Ah-Xc .X .I . kvtXm{X-Ir-Xn-Ifn¬ hn\m-bI .n-sems° Z¿i-\Ø .Ø . ZpxJ-ap-≈-Xns\ \mw Hgn-hm-°p-∂p.¿i-\amWv Kpcp-hns‚ kl-P-am-bn-cn-°p∂ ImgvN. tIƒ°p∂ thfsb \ap°p k¥p-jvSa .

a\p-jy≥ hf-tc≠ Hcp Pohn-bm-Wv.- Kpcp \sΩ kmwkm-cnI-Po-hn-XØ . AXv GsX-¶nepw PmXn-bnse a\p-jytcm As√-¶n¬ aX-Ønse a\p- jytcm A√.a m. \nXy-Po-hn-X- Øn¬ \ap°v {]bm-k-ß-fn-√msX Pohn-XsØ kao-]n-°m≥ Ign- bp∂ Hcp Dƒsh-fn®w. As√-¶n¬ i_vZ- ß-sf√mw shdpw -hym-tam-l-ßsf krjvSn®p IS-∂p-t]m-hpI am{Xta sNøp-Ibp-≈q.m°n B\-µØ . AXv Bflm-hns\ Adn-bp-tºmgp≠m-Ip∂ \n¿hr-Xn-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm-≠mWv i_vZ-am-[p-cy-tØm-sSm-∏w-Xs∂ A¿∞-am-[p-cyhpw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ kw`-hn-°-W-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv.° p∂ k¥p. B am‰-Øns‚ e£yw ]c-a-]p-cp-jm¿∞-am-bn- cn-°p∂ tam£-am-Wv.j v S nbpw kam.c n..[ m. F∂m¬ a\pjys‚ hf¿® ico-c-Øn¬ am{Xw HXp-ßn-\n¬°p∂ Hcp {]{In-b- bmIm≥ ]mSn√.X nbpw ⁄m\-Øn-eqsS am{Xta kw`-hn-°p-I-bp-≈q.ns‚ _‘-\ß . P\\o \h-c-Xv\-a-RvPcn F∂ IrXnbpw Aßs\ A¿∞-a-dn-bmsX sNm√n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Iptd-\mƒ Ign-™mepw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ A\nhmcyamb am‰-ß- sfm∂pw kw`-hn-°msX AXp shdpw i_vZ-Pmeambn am{Xta \ne-sIm-≈p-I-bp-≈q. tam£-Øn-te-°mWv a\p-jy≥ hf¿∂p-h- tc-≠-Xv. a\p-jy¿ Hcp am‰-Øn\v hnt[-b-cm-tI-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kmwkm- cn-I-Zpx-J-Øn¬\n-∂p≈ ]q¿Æ-amb ap‡nbmWv.b n.n-s‚. AXp-sIm≠v Kpcp-hns\ \Ωƒ ]Tn-°p-tºmgpw a\- n-em-°p- tºmgpw Kpcp ]d-™p-X-∂n-´p≈ A¿∞-Øns‚ Xew hnNn¥\w sNbvXv AXns‚ {]tbm-P\w A\p-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-b-Ww. At∏mƒ Kpcphns‚ IrXnIƒ hn^eßfmbn amdp∂p.f .o-hn-XØ .ns‚ ]mc-ay-Øn-te°p B\-bn-°m\mWvv Cß-s\-bp≈ IrXn-Iƒ Fgp-Xn-Ø∂ncn-°p-∂X . kmaq-ln-IP .v F∂mepw ho≠pw _‘-\wXs∂ Xncs™Sp°p∂p. F√m Pohn-Ifpw icocØns‚ XeØnemWv hf-cp-∂-Xv.\ hpw \n¿hr. ka-kvX-a-\p-jycpw Hcp am‰-Øn\v hnt[-b-cm-tI- ≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ico-c-Øns‚ hf¿®-bn¬\n∂pw Bflm-hns‚ lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXv\Ønf°w 17 .n¬\n∂pw hnap-‡c. AXmWv Kpcp \Ω-fn¬ {]tbm-P-\-ambn ImWp-∂-Xv.X. F¥p tIƒ°p-tºmgpw F¥mWXns‚ A¿∞-sa∂p hnNmcw sNøp∂ Hcp D≈p-W¿hv \ap-°p-≠m-I-Ww.

n¬ B≤ym- fln-IX .c p∂ bmYm¿∞y-ß-fm-Wn-h. an°-hmdpw Ihn-Xz-ap-≈h . \Ωnse A\-¥-amb km[y-X-Isf ap‡n-°p-th≠n {]tbm-P-\- s∏-Sp-Ø-Ww. B {ia-amWv a\p-jy-s\ D∂-X-\mb Hcp Pohn-bm°n am‰p-∂-Xv.psS NmcpX am{Xw \nt£-]n®v Kpcp HXp-ßn-°q-Sn-bs . AXp-sIm≠v F√m-°m-eØpw a\p-jy≥ imco-cn-Ihpw ssPhn- Ihpw am\-kn-I-hp-am-bn-cn-°p-∂ aWvU-e-ß-fn¬am{Xw hnl-cn- ®ncn-°msX Ahbn¬\n∂pw ]pd-ØpIS°m≥ {ian-°-Ww.X∂p tNmZn-®p-t]m-Imw.c p. Zm¿i\nIsØfnabv°p AXp am{Xw ]Tn-®m¬ aXn. Hcp hy‡n-bn¬ ssZhn-I-X-bp-s≠-∂- dn-bp-tºmƒ Ah≥ imco-cn-I-X-bpsS _‘-\-Øn¬\n∂pw ap‡- \mbn ssZhn-I-X-bpsS {]X-e-Øn-te°v ]cn-h¿Øn-°-s∏-Sp∂p.t e°v Db.¿ Fs∂∂pw Fgp-Xn- 18 .\ p≈ Nnd.I p. kmam- \y-a-\p-jy≥ F∂pw kmam-\y-a-\p-jy-\mbn Pohn-°msX Ah\v ssZhn.X .∂ mWv CXns‚ A¿∞w.s °m≠v Kpcp ImWn.≠ n.t e°v hnc¬Nq.b . AXn¬ kuµ- cy-Øns‚ DØpw-K-am-bn-cn-°p∂ A\p-`q-Xn-bp-≠v. A{Xbpw kpj-ab .X .p≈ hm°p-Iƒ Hcp-]t£ \n߃°v ae-bm-f-Ønse ka-kvX-I-hn-X-IsfSpØp hmbn-®mepw Is≠- Øm≥ Ign-bp-Ibn-√.I ƒ Ds≠. AXnse Hmtcm hm°pw ae-bm-f-`m-j-bpsS X\n-a-bn¬\n∂pw ]ngn-s™-Sp-Øn-´p- ≈-Xm-Wv. Aev]w hnem]- Øns‚ Nph-bp≈ kzc-ØnemWv Kpcp CXv ]d-bp-∂-Xv.b n.® p. AXp-am{Xw a\\w sNbvXm¬ aXn. F¥p-sIm-≠m-Wn-ßs\ C{Xbpw \√-hÆw IhnX Fgp-Xm≥ Ign-™n´pw D≈q-cn-s\-t∏msebpw h≈-tØm-fn-s\-t∏m-sebpw alm-Im-hy-߃ Fgp-Xm≥ t]mImsX Aev]w Ihn-XI . A√m-Ø-]-£w Kpcp ]d-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse: “DW-cWw C\n Dd- ßWw `pPn-®o-S-Ww A-i\w ]pW-tc-Ww F-∂n-hÆw AW-bpw At\-I-hn-I-ev]w B-I-bm¬ B-cp-Wcph-Xv D-s≈mcp \n¿hn-Im- c-cq-]w” Btflm-]-tZ-i-i-X-I-Øn¬ kmam-\y-P-\-ß-fpsS Pohn- X.Ø n.hnIm-k-Øn-te°v ]cn-h¿Øn-°p-tºmƒ a\p-jy≥ ssZhnI-amb Hcp Pohn-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. am‰-an-√m-Xn-cn-°p∂ D◊- bn-te°v Bcpw-Xs∂ DW¿∂p-h-cp-∂n-√t√m. Hmtcm-c-p-Ø-cp-tSbpw D≈n¬ Bfl-kz- cq-]-am-bn-cn-°p∂ \n¿hn-Im-c-X-bn-te°v.h m.f . P\\o \h-c-Xv\-a-RvPcn ap‡n-k-µm-b-I-am-bn-cn- °p∂ Hcp IrXn-bm-Wv.I . B Nnd-Ip-Iƒ \mw D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Ø-Ww.

Ah¿°v Fgp-Øns\ XSp-°m≥ Ign-bm-dn-√.X√mw apØp-IƒX-s∂bmWv.X yhpw Hcp.nepw hmcnhen®v Fgp-Xn-°q-´n-bn-´n-√.Ø ns‚ Hu∂. lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXv\Ønf°w 19 .v AXp-sIm-≠v \Ωƒ A[nIw ]Tn-t°-≠.n¬Xs∂ A\-¥a .t ]mse Dƒt®¿∂n-cn-°p∂ Hcp IrXn-bm-Wv.i .mb kmKcw HXp-°n-h® . cXv\ß . F∂m¬ KpcphmIs´ hmNwbanbmWv. Ipd®v ]Tn-®m¬ aXn.nepw A\-h- k-cØ . Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≈s . B Ipd-®p-≈X . Cu IrXn-sb-°p-dn®v C{X- sbms° apJ-hp-c-bmbn ]d-™p-sIm≠vv CXns‚ A¿∞w a\-  n-em-°p-∂-tXm-sSm-∏w-Xs∂ CXn¬ Aev]w A\p-`qXn P\n-∏n- °p∂ kµ¿`-߃ Ds≠-¶n¬ AXpw \pW-™p-sIm≠v \ap°p IrXn-bn-te°p IS-°mw.s°m-≠n-cn-°pw.n-´p-≠v. AØcØn¬ t\m°nbm¬ P\\o \h-cXv\a-RvPcn kmK-c- Øns‚ Bghpw BIm. Ah-kc .Ø .ƒX-s∂-bm-W.

p-amb t. Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ hkvXp. KXn-s]dpw ˛ ap‡n°p tlXp-hmb \mZ-`q-an-bn¬ ˛ \mZ-a-WvU-e-Øn¬ Aa¿∂v ˛ hne-bn®v Bhncm`]Scpw ˛ Bfl-ssN-X\yw {]k-cn-°p∂ Nn∂m-`n-bn¬ ˛ t_m[-tI-{µ-Øn¬ {Xn]pSn ˛ aq∂mbv ]ncn-bp∂ Cu t`Z-Nn¥-Iƒ F∂mWv ˛ F∂mWv Adpw-]-Sn-I-e¿∂v ˛ apgp-h-\mbn hne-bn®pXo¿∂v Bdn-Sp∂p ˛ {]im-¥nsb ssIh-cn-°p-∂-Xv? 20 . Bip ˛ DS-\Sn X∑Xn ad∂v ˛ kzcq-]-t_m[w ad∂v A∂m-Zn-bn¬ ˛ `£Ww XpSßnb -t`m-Kß-fn¬ {]nb-ap-b¿∂v ˛ XmXv]cyw h¿≤n-®p-h∂v BSemw IS-en¬ ˛ ZpxJ-]q¿Æ-amb kwkm-c-°-S-en¬ H∂mbn ˛ BIth hoWphebpw ˛ hoWp t¢in-°pIbWv F≥ Bibw ˛ Fs‚ A¥-°-cWw.n¬\n∂v Bbncw ˛ FÆnbmsemSpßmØ {Xn]pSn h∂p ˛ Adn-bp-∂-h≥. P\\o ˛ A√tbm PK-Øns‚ AtΩ. Adn-b¬ F∂ Xc-Øn¬ aq∂v CX-fp-I- tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb t`Z-Nn-¥-Iƒ D≠m-Ip-∂p. H∂v H∂mb ama-Xn-bn¬ \n∂m-bncw {Xn]pSn h∂mip X≥aXn ad˛ ∂∂m-Zn-bn¬ {]nb-ap-b¿∂m-Semw IS-en˛ sem∂mbn hoWp hebpw F∂m-ibw KXn-s]dpw \mZ-`q-an-bne˛ a¿∂m-hn-cm` ]Scpw Nn∂m-`n-bn¬ {Xn]p-Sn-sb-∂m-W-dpw-]Sn Ie¿∂m-dn-Sp∂p P\\o! H∂mb ˛ GIhpw ama-Xn-bn¬\n∂v ˛ A\-¥h ._m-[Ø .

CXv Be]n®p t]mIptºmƒ CsXmcp shdpw Bem]\ambn Øocp∂n√. AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna \mcmbWKpcphns‚ A\\ykpµcamb Cu B≤ymflnI Ih\Øn¬ hnizP\\nsbbmWv kvXpXn°p∂Xv. Fs‚ ZpxJßsf√mw \n∂nse B\µkcnØmbn amdn. Cu t«mIØns‚ Ahkm\ Øn¬ hnizP\\nbmb AΩtbmSp tNmZn°pIbmWv. GXp-Im-eØpw GXp tZiØpw D≈-h¿°v Cu {]m¿∞-\-bpsS AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 21 . \ns‚ B ⁄m\al n¬ Rm≥ IpXn¿∂n√mXmbn. F∂nse hn`mKobXIsf√mw \ns‚ ku`mKyßfmbn amdn PohnXsØ [\yX \nd™Xm°p∂ B \nXy\qX\\nanjw F∂mWtΩ F∂n¬ kw`hn°p∂Xv? F{X at\m⁄amb {]m¿∞\! km[mcWbmbn \mw {]m¿∞n°p∂Xp Xp—-amb temIhnjb ߃ Fs¥¶nepsams° t\SnsbSp°m\mbn-cn-°pw. CXnencn°p∂ cXv\w \ΩpsS D≈n¬ tim`n°p∂ Bfl{]`bmbn amdp∂p. P\\n? CsXmcp {]m¿∞\m\n¿`-c-amb tNmZy-am-Wv. Bhncm` ]Scpw Nn∂m-`n-bn¬ {Xn]pSn F∂m. ]ca]pcpjm¿ ∞amb ap‡n°pth≠n Zmln°p∂ {]m¿∞\bpw IqSn-bm-Wn- Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Cu {]m¿∞\ Ime-tZ-i-_m-[n-X-a-√.S p∂p. Zm¿i-\n-I-amb Dƒ°m-gvN-bm¬ Xnf-°-ap-‰nb lrZ-¥Øn¬\n∂mWv Cu {]m¿∞\ {]`-hn-°p- ∂-Xv. F∂menXv AØ-c-Øn-semcp {]m¿∞-\-b-√. Fs‚ AkvXnX sb√mw \ns‚ AkvXnXbmbn amdn. AXmWv P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcn. Zm¿i\nIhpw AtXkabw `‡n\n¿`chpamb Cu IhnX sNm√pt¥mdpw a\pjylrZbØn¬ Nn¥IfpsS XcwKsshIey ßsf√mw ASßn a\ v tZhnbpsS im¥amb lrZb]pWvUco IØn¬ kzkvXnsIm≈p∂p.W v Adpw]Sn Ie¿∂v Bdn.

‘w Xßn-\n¬°p-∂p.n¬ Cu {]m¿∞-\b . B s\mSnbn¬Xs∂ \ap°p kzmflhnkvarXn D≠mIp∂p.A¥-cm¿∞-߃ Bizm-k-ta-Ip-∂-h-bm-Wv.\ . F√m ZpxJØn\pw Xm]ap≠v.n¬ Kpcp-hns‚ cN- \-bpsS khn-ti-jK .. \\pØXmWv.n¬ Cu {]m¿∞-\b .p-`h .f .psS apKv[a. CØcØn¬ thZ\ Xn∂p∂ a\ v KXn-s]dpw \mZ-`q-an-bn¬ Aa¿∂v F∂mWv Adpw-]Sn Ie¿∂v BdnSp∂Xv.f .n-°m-\m-Ipw.o-Xß .psS kam-lm-ca .ƒ Km\-ßf .mbn amdp-tºmgpw Ah-bn-se√mw kp_-≤- amb Hcp imkv{XobX Kpcp \nth-in-∏n-°m-dp-≠.o.psS lrZyX \ap°p \pW- bm-\m-Ipw.v AXp-sIm≠v a\pjys‚ NnØw iIenXam°]s∏Sp∂Xv Fßs\bmsW∂v BZyw FSpØp]dbp∂p.p-∂p-≠v. {]m¿∞-\-I-fn¬ F√mw-Xs∂ AKm-[amb A\p-`q-Xn-bpsS \nd-hn-te-°p≈ A`n- hmRvObp-≠v. cmP-tbm-KP ..\ .psS hnip≤ {]m¿∞-\m-Ko-Xß .bv°p∂p. Ipcn-ins‚ tbml-∂m-≥ Fgp- Xnb Bfl-Ko-Xß . NqSp≠v. Cu hcn-If . B DjvWßsf√mw D]ian®v XnI®pw lrZy- amb Hcp \\pØ A\p-`q-Xn-bn¬ \mw hne-bn-°W . t\cmbn h∂n-SpI thdm- cp-an√ KXn tl. tkmf-as‚ DØ-aK . Imfn-µn-bpsS aW¬Øn-´I .n¬ Cu A\p-`q-Xn-hn-tijw Z¿in-°m-\m-hpw. tZhnbpsS lrZbw XWpØXmWv.f . H∂mb almta[bn¬\n∂v Bbnc°W°n\p {Xn]pSnIƒ s]m¥n hcp∂p.psS A¥¿[z- \n-Iƒ \nln-Xa . 22 . AtΩ? NqSp≈ Nmb XWp°phm≥th≠n hbv°mdp≠v. k¥m]w F∂p ]d™m¬ ZpxJw. Pohs‚ k¥m-]-ßsf apgph≥ sISp-Øm≥ t]mcp∂ Pem-ibkZriamb kz—XbmWXv.n¬ {]W-bm¿ØI-fmb tKm]n-I- am¿ h∂n-cp-∂p ]mSnb KoX-ßf .f . {]m¿∞-\I .m- [pcyw \ap-°\ . NqSp≈t∏mƒ IpSn°m≥ {]bmkamWv. AXp a\ ns\ BSemw IS-en¬ H∂mbn hoWp-he .mb ^ntem-Im-en-bb . djy≥ anÃn°p-If .m-bn-°n-S° . AXmbXv Zm¿i\nIamb Dƒ°mgvNtbmsS Hcp {]iv\sØ ]d-™p-sIm-≠v XpS-ßp-∂p. B k¥m]ßsf√mw. AXnte°mWv Kpcp \Ωsf B\bn°p∂Xv. ]ns∂ A∂Ønepw s]m∂nepw BWnepw s]Ænepw aÆnepw {]nbmkzmZ\߃ Db¿∂p hcp∂p. AXpt]mse {]m]©nIamb F√m A\p`hßfpw \Ωfn¬ k¥m]sØ D≠m°p∂p.w.n¬ Cu {]m¿∞-\b . thcmb \n≥ Ig-en¬ Bcm- [\w XcWw Bcm¬ CXn-s∂mcp hcw.

a\ v. ]WvUnX∑m¿°v CXns‚ A¿∞w Hmtcm hm°n\pwt\sc XØpeyambn FgpXnhbv°m≥ Ignbpsa¶nepw B hm°ns‚ A¿∞w Aßs\bmIWsa∂n√. B\p`qXnIambncn°p∂. Ejn°v ]mSmt\ IgnbpIbp≈q.ƒ ibn-°p∂ CS-amWv Bi-bw. Ch c≠nt\bpw ka\zbn∏n°p∂ Hcp Akm[mcWamb AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 23 . CXns‚ io¿jIwt]mepw lrZbØn¬ A\ev ] amb A\p`qXnsb P\n∏n°p∂p. lrZbØns‚ arZpXzw CXns‚ Hmtcm hm°nepw kv ] µn®p\n¬°p∂p. _p≤n. F∂m¬ _p≤nbpsS kq£vaXbn¬ kq£vaXbp≈ `mKßfpw CXn¬ ImWmw. Kpcphns‚ EjnXzw AXns‚ ]q¿ÆXbn¬ FØn\n¬°ptºmƒ kw`hn® H∂mWv P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcn. hmk-\I . CXnse Hmtcm hm°pw \nL-≠p-hn¬ ]dbp∂ A¿∞Øn\ ∏pdtØ°p IS∂p t]mIp∂XmWv. \mZ`qan XnI®pw Be¶mcnIhpw B\p`qXnIhpamb Hcp ]ZamWv. AXpsIm≠v Ejn ]mSp∂p. At∏mƒ a\ ns\ apgph\pw FSpØv Bibw F∂p ]dbp∂p. lrZbØns‚ hiØn eqtSbpw At\zjnt°≠Xmbn´p≠v. \mZ`qanbn¬ Aa¿∂v˛BflmhmIp∂ \mZ`qanbn¬ Aa¿∂v . AXp cpNn-°p-hm≥ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ Aev]w IhnlrZbw thWw. AXpsIm≠p \nL-≠p- am{Xw D]tbmKn®v t«mIØns‚ A¿∞w ]dbm≥ {ian°pIb√ ChnsS sNøp∂Xv.n¬ kw`hn°p∂sX¥pw sFUnbIfmWv. em£WnIambn Aßs\ ]dbmw. Cu A¥°cW ßfn¬ Bhn¿`hn°p∂sX¥pw sFUnbIfmWv. Ejn KmbI\mWv. NnØw. Al¶mcw Ch-bmWv A¥°cW߃. Bibw F∂m¬ sFUnb. ‘F∂mibw’ F∂p ]dbptºmƒ F¥mWv Bibw F∂p ktµlw hcmw. sFUnb F∂p ]d™m¬ F¥mWv? A¥°cWØn¬ hrØn- cq-]Ø . ]d™m¬ AXp ho¨hm°mbn t]mIptam F∂ `bw Ejn°p≠v. \mw CXns\ kao]nt°≠Xpw _p≤n]camb Hct\zjWw am{Xamb√. KmbI\mbXpsIm≠mWv `Khms‚ Km\w `KhZvKoXbmbn amdnbXv. KoX Hcp Km\amWv. Kpcphns‚ Km\]obqjamWv P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcn. F∂mibw KXns]dpw ˛ F\ns°∂mWp _‘hnap‡n D≠mIp∂Xv? KXns]dpI F∂p ]d™m¬ tam£{]m]vXn D≠mhpI F∂mW¿∞w. ]dbm≥ Adn™pIqSm. EjnIsf√mw IhnIfpw IqSnbmWv.

Ah¿ Ip™p- ßsf IqsS-°qsS iImcn°pI-bn-√. klnjvWpXbpsS XeamWv. Ip´nIfpsS sNdnb Bhiyßsft∏mepw AhKWn °pIbpw X≈n°fbpIbpw Ip´nIsf ]p—n°pIbpw \nµn°pIbpw sNøp∂ AΩamsc°pdn®pw \ap°dnbmw. amXrXzw hnimeambncn°p∂ kvt\lØns‚. HcΩ Ft∂mSp tNmZn®p: “hmkvXhØn¬ F¥mWv amXrXzw? P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcnbn¬ amXrXzsØ°pdn®v Fs¥¶nepw ]dbp∂pt≠m? F√mhcnepw Aßs\ Hcp tNmZyw D≠mIm\n Sbp≠v. F∂m¬ Ip™ns‚ Bflmhns‚ F√m BhiyIXItfbpw F√m kzmX{¥yßtfbpw A\phZn®p sImSpØp ]cnt]mjn∏n°p∂ AΩ-am-cp-ap≠v. AXpsIm≠v amXrXzw hmkvXhØn¬ Ip™ns\ {]khn®XpsImt≠m Ip™ns\ hf¿ØnbXpsImt≠m am{Xw kv{Xobn¬ kw`hn°p∂ H∂√. F∂mepw Kpcp kv{Xotbm ]pcpjt\m 24 . AXp kv{Xobnepw ]pcpj\nepw D≠mImw. Nnet∏mƒ ]pcpjicocw D≠mbncn°mw. AXp kv{XotbmSp am{Xw _‘n∏n®p a\ nem°p∂Xv DØaa√. Ip´nIsf iImcn°p Ibpw Ah-tcmSp hg°Sn°pIbpw H®hbv°pIbpw sNøp∂ AΩamsc \ap°dnbmw. Nne¿ hfsc kvt\lakrWcmb AΩamcmbncn°pw. P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcn Hcn°epw \n mcam°n°fbm≥ Ignbn√. kzoImcyXbpsS. amXrXzsØ kvss{XWXbpamtbm ]ucpjhpamtbm _‘n∏nt°≠ Bhiyan√. \Ωsf hf¿Øns°m≠ph∂ AΩsb°pdn®p \ap°dnbmw. ]pcpjt\mSpw _‘n∏n®p \ap°Xp a\ nem°mw. hmkvXhØn¬ F¥mWv amXrXzw? Hcp Ip™ns\ {]khn®m¬ AΩbmbnØocptam? kv{XoIsf am{XamtWm AΩ F∂p ]dbp∂Xv ? ]pcpj\nepw amXrXzant√? Cßs\bp≈ tNmZyßsfms° \ap°p≠mImw. Fs¥mcp k¿§mflIamb cN-\m-kp-ja! Kpcphns‚ Hcp IrXnbpw \n mcam°m≥ Ignbp∂X√.krjvSnhntijw CXn¬ ]cnekn°p∂p. \ap°p ]cnNnXamb AΩ \Ωsf {]khn® AΩbmWv . Hcp Kpcphn¬ amXrXzØns‚ ]q¿ØoIcWw \ap°p ImWm≥ Ignbpw. P\\n F∂m¬ AΩ. ]ecptSbpw AΩam¿ ]eXcØnep≈XmWv. kvt\lØns‚ hnimeambncn °p∂ Hcp s]mbvIt]msebmWv Ah¿. Kpcp kv{Xotbm ]pcpjt\m BtWm? kv{Xoicocw D≠mbncn°mw Nnet∏mƒ. Nne¿ Ft∏mgpw tZjys∏´psIm≠ncn°p∂ AΩamcmbncn°pw. klm\p`qXnbpsS.

A—\Xp Nnet∏mƒ a\ nem°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. AΩbpsS apºn¬ F¥v sX‰p ImWn°phm\pw Ip™n\v aSnbn√. F∂m¬ Kpcp Bflmhn¬ A\\yambncn°p∂XpsIm≠v. A—t\mSXp IgnbpIbn√. kqcyIncWßfpsS Dujv a fXbn¬ a™pIW߃ DcpInt∏mIp∂Xpt]mse amXrXzØn¬ kIehn[Ønep≈ ZpxJßfpw Ass\Iyßfpw _mjv ] oIcn®pt]mIp∂p. AΩtbmSp lrZbw ]¶phbv°m≥ Ip´nIƒ°p s]mSp∂s\ Ignbpw. GsXmcp km∂n≤y ØnemtWm \ΩpsS D≈nse F√mØcØnepap≈ Ievajßfpw sshIeyßfpw AkzmX{¥yßfpw Agn™pt]mIp∂Xv B Hcp km∂n≤yamWp amXrXzw. AΩsb Ip™p `bs∏Sp∂n√. Ip™n\v F¥nse¶nepw `bw D≠mIp∂ps≠¶n¬ AhnsS amXrXzan√.psS kz`mhw t\m°nbmWv. F∂mepw \ap°Xp sNdnb tXmXn¬ ChnSsØ AΩamcn¬ ImWm\mIpw. A—s\ Ip™p `bs∏Sp∂p≠v. {iocmaIrjvW ]calwksc bmbmepw {io\mcmbWKpcphns\bmbmepw caWal¿jn sbbmbmepw imcZmtZhnsbbmbmepw aocm_mbnsbbmbmepw Aßs\ kao]n°p∂Xv icnbmbncn°pIbn√. amXrXzØns‚ Nne e£WßfmWnh.v Bflmhv k¿∆tØbpw kamt«jn °p∂ H∂mbncn°p∂XpsIm≠v Kpcphns\ kv { Xosbt∂m ]pcpjs\t∂m hyht—Zn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 25 . amXrXzØns‚ ]q¿ÆXb√. AXns‚sbms° kmam\yamb emRvO\bmWv km[mcW AΩamcn¬ ImWp∂Xv.v Bflmhv k¿hhym]nbmbncn°p∂XpsIm≠. At∏mƒ Hcp Kpcphnt\bpw kv{Xosbt∂m ]pcpjs\t∂m D≈ a\-t m-Sp-IqSn kao]n°p∂Xv DNnXambncn°pIbn√. kv{Xosb∂pw ]pcpjs\∂pw ]dbp∂Xp _mlyamb ico- c-LS. AXp amXrXzØns‚ ]cnanXamb XeamWv.b . Ip™p߃°v AΩamcpambn ´p≈ _‘w FSpØpt\m°pIbmsW¶n¬ A—t\°mƒ AΩbnte°v Hc`nca\w IqSpX¬ ImWp∂p≠v. FhnsS `bapt≠m AhnsS amXrXzan√. Bflmhv kv{Xotbm ]pcpjt\m F∂p \ap°p ]dbm≥ IgnbmØXp sIm≠. AΩbv°Xp a\ nem°m≥ Ignbpsa∂p Ip™n\dnbmw.A√.v Bflmhn\v Ass\Iyan√mØXpsIm≠. ]t£.\ .

F∂m¬ {InkvXpaXØn¬ G‰hpw `‡\mbncn°p∂ Hcmƒ ssZhsØ `b°p∂h\mbncn°Ww F∂p ]dbmdp≠v. A—∑msc \ap°p ]et∏mgpw `bamWv. C…mwaXØnepw Aßs\Xs∂bmWv. D]\njØpw C°mcyw ka¿∞n°p∂p: “btXm hm Cam\n `qXm\n Pmbt¥ tb\ PmXm\n Poh¥n bXv{]b¥y`nkwhni¥n. A≈mlp ImcpWyhm\pw Zbm]c\pambncn ptºmgpw Hcp `bw hnizmknIƒ°p≈nep≠v. FhnsS `bw Dt≠m AhnsS ssZhw C√. Hc—s‚ apºn¬ \ΩpsS Al¥sb \mw IfbpIbn√. `mcXØnemWv B coXn IqSpX¬ I≠p hcp∂Xv. Xmthmbnte°v \Ωƒ Aen™ptNcpIbmWv. Xmthm A—\-√. lnµpaXØnepw ]ebnSßfnepw Aßs\sbms° ImWp∂p≠v . A\¥amb PohcminIfpsS P\\nbmWv . A`bw ssh {_“ ˛ `ban√mØ AhÿbmWv {_“w. F∂m¬ AssZzXthZm¥Øn¬ Iptd°qSn hy‡Xbp≈ Bflm\p`h sØ°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ \n¿`bXzamWv {_“w F∂p ]dbp∂p. A—s\ \Ωƒ `bs∏Sp∂XpsIm≠v ssZhsØbpw `bs∏Sp∂p. Xmthm AΩbmWv. ssZhw amXrXzØns‚ ]q¿ÆXbmsW¶n¬ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ AsXmcn°epw `bw P\n∏n°pIbn√. AXpsIm≠v ssZhØn\v amXrXzsØ Iev]n°p∂Xv Al¥bpsS timjWØn\v hfsc D]Icn°p∂ Hcp coXnbmWv. AXpsIm≠v ssZhsØ AΩbmbn °mWp∂XmWv Al¥sb \n¿aqeam°m\mbn G‰hpw \√ D]mbw. Xmthm BImiØnt‚bpw `qanbptSbpw amXmhmWv . ssZhsØ \Ωƒ `bs∏Sp∂ps≠¶n¬ B ssZhw icnbmbn ´p≈ ssZha√. A—s‚ Im¿°iyw ssZhØns‚bpw Im¿°iyambnØocp∂p. ssN\°mcpsS Xmthm amXrXzØns‚ ]q¿ÆXbmWv.” GsXm∂n¬\n∂p Cu `qXPmeßsfms° D≠mIp∂pthm 26 . F¥psIm≠mWp {InkvXpaXØn¬ ssZhsØ t]Sn°Ww F∂p ]dbm≥ ImcWw? AhnsS ssZhw A—\mWv. Hcp ]nXmhns‚ ÿm\amWv ssZhØn\p sImSpØncn°p∂Xv. F∂m¬ AΩbpsS apºn¬ Al¥sb ASnbdhbv°m≥ Hcp _p≤nap´pw D≠mhn√.

v ]\naXn˛ AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 27 . aXn F∂p ]dbpw. amXrXztØ°mƒ imcocnIamb kuµcyamWp X\n°v {]m[m\ysa∂p hcp∂ kmaqlnI kmwkv I mcnI A¥co£Øn¬ Pohn°p∂ Hcp kv{Xobn¬ amXrXzØns‚ timjWw hfsc {ZpXKXnbn¬ kw`hn®psIm≠ncn°pIbmWv. CXn\¿∞w PKZw_sb AdnbWw. kvX\yw sImSpØm¬ F¥mWp kw`hn°pI? kvX\yw sImSpØm¬ kvX\ßfpsS BImckpja \jvSs∏Spsa∂v Ah¿ `b°p∂p. amXrXzsØ AdnbWw. Bflmhns\ AdnbWw F∂mWv. ]Øp s]‰mepw kw`hn°p∂X√. kv{Xo kzbw hnNmcn°p∂Xv Xs‚ imcocnIkuµcyamWv ]pcpjs‚ BI¿jWØn\v \nZm\w F∂mWv. am{Xa√. Hcp Ip™ns\ {]khn®pIgn™m¬ B Ip™n¬ ]q¿Æambn A¿∏n®p Pohn°m≥ Ignbp∂ HcΩ C∂n√. Ct∏mƒ AΩam¿ Ip´nIsf {]khn°p∂Xpt]mepw hfsc `mcap≈ Hcp sXmgnembn IcpXnØpSßn. {]khn°p∂XpXs∂ Xs‚ imcocnI kuµcyØn\p £Xw hcpØpsa∂p≈ t]SnsIm≠v kzm`mhnIamb {]khsØ \nckn®v kntk-dn-b≥ \SØn Ip´nsb ]pdsØSp°pw. CXmWv Kpcp ]d™pXcp∂ H∂mb amaXn.GsXm∂n¬ CsX√mw \ne\n¬°p∂pthm GsXm∂nte°p Xncn®p ebn°p∂pthm B H∂ns\ \o AdnbWw. aXn F∂p \Ωƒ ]dbmdp≠v. aXn F∂ hm°n\v Hcp]mSp A¿∞ßfp≠v. AXpsIm≠v P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcn FSp°ptºmƒ amXrXzw HmtcmcpØcpsS D≈nepw hnIkn∏ns®Spt°≠p∂ k¿∆kzo ImcyXbpsS. CXmWv D]\njØns‚ {]Jym]\w. C\n thsdmcp aXnbp≠. ]q¿Æm¿∏WØns‚ Hcp hnime`qanIbmbn amdWw. B Ip™n\p ]mepsImSp°ptam? sImSp°n√. C°mcWØm¬ X∂nse amXrXzsØ am‰n\n¿Øn imcocnIkuµcysØ \ne\n¿Øphm\pw imizXoIcn°phm\pw {ian°p∂ I]Samb kmaqlnI A¥co£ØnemWv Ct∏mƒ \mw Pohn°p∂Xv. AsXmcp Ip™ns\ {]khn®m¬ am{Xw D≠mIp∂X√. km[mcW PohnXØn¬ C{Xbpw hnimeamb amXrXzØns‚ ImgvN∏mSv \ap°p In´m\nSbn√. CXv B aXnb√. AΩ tNmdn´pXcptºmƒ \Ωƒ aXn. F{Xtbm kv { XoIƒ hnhmlØn\ptijw {]khn°m≥ sshapJyw ImWn°p∂p.

Cu ckmt\zjWØn\v Fs∂¶nepw Hc¥yw D≠mbncn°ptam? km[mcW PohnXho£WØneqsS t\m°pIbmsW¶n¬. AXpsIm≠v ]q¿Æm\p`hØnte°p≈ hgn \nehnep≈ \ΩpsS ImgvN∏mSneqsS Is≠Ømhp∂X√. Ipd®p\mƒ Ignbptºmƒ B A\p- `hw Ah\p hnckambnØocp∂p. B[p\nI imkv{XØns‚ hgnbneqsS At\zjn 28 . AXp ]W-Øn-te°pw ]Z-hn-bn-te°pw AwKo-Im-cØ . BZyw IÆn¬s∏Sp∂ {]nb-hk . ]e¿°pw Ah¿ At\zjn°p∂Xns\°pdn®v hy‡amb [mcWIƒ H∂pwXs∂bn√.g sØ hnZym`ymkØneqsS \ap°Xp In´pIbn√.bpw aSp∏pw shdp∏pw h¿≤n-°p-tºmƒ Ipd®pIqSn ckap≈ H∂ns\ Ah≥ Xncbp∂p.n-te°pw kuµ- cy-Øn-te°pw cXn-bn-te°pw hym]n-°p-∂p. Cu ck߃ amdnamdn h∂psIm≠ncn°p∂tXbp≈q. thsdsbmcp ho£WØneqsS ck߃s°√mw Hcp ]q¿ØoIcWw kw`hn°p∂ XcØn¬ \ap°v Hct\zjWw \SØp∂Xv DNnXambncn°pw.N{µ°e. hnc-kX . CXmWv Pohs‚ {]bmWKXn. Bcpw km[mcW KXnbn¬ A ØcØn¬ Nn¥n°mdn√.X v p-hns\ As√-¶n¬ {]nb-hy-‡nsb Hcph≥ kz¥am°n A\p`hn°m≥ B{Kln°p∂p. AXpsIm≠v thsdsbmcp kcWnbneqsS. {]tXyIn®pw Ct∏m. ChnSsØ aXn t_m[amWv . HcpZnhkw F\n°v Bfl⁄m\w D≠mIpw F∂p IcpXn NpΩm Ccp∂mtem? NpΩmbncp∂m¬ \Ωƒ Ccn°p∂ {]XeØns‚ ASnbn¬ ]p√p apfbv°pw F∂√msX thsd H∂pw kw`hn°pIbn√. CXns\mc¥yw ImWp∂n√. F√m a\pjycpw PohnXØn¬ Fs¥m-s°tbm At\zjn °p∂p≠v . PohnXkpJw Fs∂¶nepw ]q¿ÆXtbmsS A\p`hn°m≥ Ignbptam? GsX¶nepw Hcp kpJw A\p`hn°ptºmƒ C\n H∂pw A\p`hnt°≠Xn√ F∂p tXm∂p∂ Hc\p`hw D≠mIptam? D≠mIpsa¶n¬ AXn\p≈ hgn F¥mWv? At\zjWw GXp ZnibnemtWm AXn\\pkrXambmWv hgn cq]s∏´p hcnI. tbip injy∑mtcmSp ]d™p: “At\zjn°phn≥ Is≠Øpw?” At\zjn°msX H∂pwXs∂ In´pIbn√. Cu t_m[mw_ sbXs∂bmWv F√mhcpw Xncbp∂Xv.

]ns∂ F¥mWv Cßs\sbmcp B\µØns‚ ]q¿ÆX ssIhcn°m\p≈ D]mbw? B hgn Kpcphns‚ hgnbmWv .v F∂m¬ P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcn Aß-s\-sbm∂pw {]tXyIn®p hn`Pn®p ]dbm≥ IgnbmØ Hcp IrXnbmWv .]-hm-la . CXn¬ ⁄m\ap≠v .m-bn _ln¿K-an-°p∂p. At\zjW AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 29 . AXn\mbn Hcp Kpcphns‚ ]mXbneqsS k©cnt°≠n hcpw. km[mcW KXn-bn¬ hn`P\w \SØp∂Xv kvtXm{X-IrXnsbt∂m {]t_m[ \mflIIrXnt∂m Zm¿i\nIIrXnsbt∂m Hs°-bm-W. AXp IhnXbmbn hcp∂p. I¿Ωap≠v. Kpcphns‚ At\Iw IrXnIfn¬ hfsc hninjvSamb Hcp IrXnbmWv P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcn. GsX¶nepw Hcp {]tXyI hn`mKØnte°p am‰n \n¿Øn CXv C∂XcØnep≈ IrXnbmsW∂p kv]jvSambn ]dbphm≥ IgnbpIbn√.m-\p-`q-Xn-ck . \mZebap≠v. ImcWw Adn™ns√¶n¬ Ah≥ Akzÿ\mIpw. AX p tIƒ°p∂ am{Xbn¬ {i≤mep°fpsS D≈n¬ Ddßn°nS°p∂ Bflmhns‚ hnPrw`Ww D≠mIp∂p. tbmKap≠v. lrZbØn¬\n∂pw DW¿∂p hcp∂ hm°pIƒsIm≠mWv Hcp kXyPn⁄mkphn\p Kpcp Xs‚ D≈n¬ \nd™ncn°p∂ B\µsØ ]I¿∂psImSp°p∂Xv. CXmWv Hmtcm Kpcphnt‚bpw hmWnIsf {i≤tbmsS lrZbØn¬ H∏n-sb- Sp°ptºmƒ \Ωn¬ kw`hn°p∂ ]cnh¿Ø\w. AXp sXfnabp≈ Pew ]mbens\ t`Zn®p Zriy-amIp∂Xpt]mse. `‡nbp≠v. X{¥ap≠v. AXp at\m⁄amb Imhy_nw_ßfneqsS BhnjvIcn°s∏Sp∂p. hnizP\\n F∂p ]dbptºmƒ GXp XcØnep≈ A¿∞amWv \ΩpsS D≈n¬ kv^pcn°p∂Xv? {]]©Ønep≈ F√m hkvXp°ƒ°pw Hcp ImcWw thWat√m? Aßs\bmWv a\pjya\ v Nn¥n°p∂Xv . ]c- am-\µ .®mepw In´pIbn√. {io\mcmbWKpcp Aßs\bp≈ ]q¿Æ{]⁄\mb Hcp Kpcphmbncp∂p. F√mw Cu IrXnbn¬ A¥¿eo\ambncn°p∂p.{. ]pkv X I߃ hmbn®p t\Smsa∂p hnNmcn®mepw AXp Ipsdsbms° hnhc߃ (information) am{Xta Xcn-I-bp≈q. As√¶n¬ ImcWw Adnbp∂Xphsc Ah≥ At\zjn®psIm≠ncn°pw. a\pjya\ n\v GsXm∂ns\ I≠mepw AXns‚ ImcWw F¥msW∂dnbWw.

B kwibØn¬\n∂v Ah≥ B temIsØ Adnbm≥ B{Kln °p∂p. A—\n¬\n∂pw AΩbn¬\n∂pw A≤ym-]I . tZimS\∏£nIƒ Imemhÿmt`Za\pkcn®v tZimS\w \SØns°m≠ncn°p∂p.X v . a\p-jy-cn¬ am{X-a√ Poh-Pm-eß . ImWp∂ hkvXp°sfsb√mw Ah≥ tNmZyw sNbvXp sIm≠ncn°p∂p.∂ . {]IrXn Ah\p sImSpØn´p≈ 30 . AXpw kpJmt\zjWØns‚ `mKamWv. a\pjys‚ XeØnte°p hcptºmƒ AXv Adnhns‚ aWv U eØnep≈ At\zjW ambnØocp∂p. kwibans√¶n¬ At\zjWw C√.a mb coXn.j y\p I\n™pX∂n´p≈ hkvXp°sfm∂pw Ah\p aXnbmImsX hcptºmƒ {]IrXnsb H∂pIqSn Ii-°n-sb-SpØv X\n-°\ . sNSn°p shfn®Øn t\mSp≈ A`nhmRv O kpJØnt\mSp≈ Imw£bmbn´p a\ nem°Ww.c n.nepw ImWp-∂p-≠. Hcp sNSn shbn¬ C√mØnSØmWp \nev°p∂sX¶n¬ kqcys‚ shfn®w FhnsSbpt≠m AhntS°v AXv CeIsf \o´n\o´n shfn®sØ FØn∏nSn°phm≥ {ian°p∂p.v PohPmeßfn¬ AXp {]ISamIp∂Xv kpJ߃ At\zjn°p∂ coXnbnemWv. kpJIcambncn°p∂ A¥co£Øntebv°v AXp s]mbvs°m≠ncn°p∂Xp ImWmw. Ahs‚ apºn¬ ImWp∂ temIsØ Ah≥ kwibn°p∂p.° m≥ {ian°p∂Xns\bmWv imkv{Xw F∂p ]dbp∂Xv. Cßs\bp≈ Cu At\zjWw F√m a\pjycnepw ImWp∂p≠v. Ahs‚ Is≠ØepIƒ Ah\p ]q¿ÆX \¬ImXncn°ptºmƒ ho≠pw Ah≥ Adnbphm≥ {ian®psIm≠ncn°p∂p.Øns‚ XpS°w kwibØn¬ \n∂mWv. {]tXyIn®pw a\pjycn¬ kwibw hfsc BgØn¬Xs∂ thcq∂n InS°p∂p≠v. Hcp Pohn°pw AkpJIcambncn°p∂ A¥co£Øn¬ Pohn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. {]IrXn a\p.t bm. a\pjy\pw kpJØn\p th≠nbp≈ Xzcbp≠v.p-Kp- W.- cn¬\n∂pw Iq´pImcn¬ \n∂psams° Ah≥ Htcm∂ns\ °pdn®pw At\zjn®dn™psIm≠ncn°p∂p.b n¬ D].f. Hcp Ip™v P\n°p∂XpXs∂ kwibtØmSpIqSnbmWv.X n.K n. GXv Pohn°pw kpJØnte°p≈ BI¿jWap≠v.I X C∂p _rlØmb XcØnep≈ hnIk\ambn amdns°m≠n.° p. a\pjys‚ Cu At\zjWØn¬\n∂mWv imkv { Xkmt¶.

ImepsIm≠v \S°p∂Xnt\°mƒ IqSpX¬ \S°m≥ B{Klw hcptºmƒ B Imen\p ]Icw hbv°m≥ Ah≥ Is≠Øp∂ XmWv Imfh≠n.mbn {]lcn- AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 31 .m-bn-cp-∂p. Ccn-∏n-SØ.p-amb apJw kc- k-ambn Nn{Xo-Ic . `£Ww Ign-°m-\mbn B[p-\n-I a . ]ns∂ sajn-\d. F∂n´pw Cu imkv{XØns‚ At\zjWØn¬ a\p-jy≥ kwXr]vX\√.n¬ Ccn-°p-∂p.n\p hnt[-b-am-°m≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv. Hcp IW-°n\p sh´n-hn-gp-ßp-Ib . s]mSp-∂s\ ]m{X-Øn¬ a[p-c-]-e-lm-c-߃ hmb-bpsS apºn¬ h∂p\n¬°p-∂p. ]m{Xw Imen-bm-bt.p-sIm≠v Nmπn\v Nh-bv°m≥t]mepw Ah-kcw In´n-bn-√. a\p-jys‚ ssI D]-tbm-Kn-°m-sX-Xs∂ b{¥w F√mw \S- Øn-s°m-Sp-Øp-sIm-≈pw.a .Ø.m-bn-°g .n-®n-´p-≠v.∏mƒ b{¥w-Xs∂ Snjyq-t]-∏¿sIm≠v Nndn XpS-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp.q-]a . Imdns‚ Ipd-®p-IqSn hnI-kn-X-amb cq]-amWvv I∏epw hnam- \hpsams°. ]e-lmcw I≠t∏mƒ Nmπns‚ hmbn¬ sh≈-aq-dn. Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ {]IrXn \ap°v F¥v X∂n´pt≠m AXns\ H∂p hnI-kn∏nbv°p∂XmWv imkv{Xw. ]ns∂ sFkv{Iow.n-™m¬ ]ns∂ Abmƒ°v A\-ßm≥ Ign-bp-I- bn-√.mWvv Im¿. ssIsIm≠v Hcp Znhkw \qdp km[\߃ FSpØp sImSp°m≥ Ignbp∂ps≠¶n¬ ]Xn\mbncw km[\߃ FSpØp sImSp°m≥ Ignbp∂ b{¥w Ah≥ \n¿Ωn°p∂p. `£Ww Ign-°m≥ Xøm-sd-SpØ Bƒ Hcp {]tXyI Ccn-∏n-SØ . ssIsIm≠v FSp°m\pw sImSp°m\pw Ignbp∂Xp t]mcmsX hcptºmƒ Ah≥ ssIbpsS [¿Ωw \n¿hln°p∂ sajn\dn D≠m°p∂p. B Imfh≠nbpsS hnIkn-Xc .n-sIm≠v ssIbns‚ [¿Ωw \n¿hln °p∂p.\ . Nm¿en Nmπns‚ ‘tamtU¨ ssSwkv ’F∂ kn\n-ab . sFkv{Iow Ign-®p-sIm-≠n- cn-°p-tºmƒ b{¥w XI-cm-dn-em-Ip-∂p.p- jy≥ Hcp b{¥w I≠p ]nSn-®p.n¬ b{¥- h-¬Ir-Xa .mb temI-Øns‚ _o`-’hpw hnIr-Xh . b{¥-Øns‚ thKw Aan- X-ambn h¿≤n-®p. AXp Nmπns‚ apJØp \nc-¥c . b{¥-Øns‚ thKw Aev]w IqSp-Xe .m-bX . At∏mƒ b{¥w Hcp kv]qsW-SpØv Nmπns‚ hmbn-te°p ]e-lm-c-߃ X≈n-h-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp.n¬ D]- hn-jvS\ . Nm¿en Nmπn-s\-bmWv ]co-£W .

Cu \£{X߃°∏pdw Fs¥¶nepapt≠m F∂dn-bm≥. cmhnse apX¬ cm{Xn InS°p∂Xphsc Ah≥ Nen®p sIm≠ncn°p∂p. Aßs\bp≈ At\zjWw \SØnbt∏mƒ. \ .c . IÆn\p ImWm≥ Ignbp∂Xv Npcpßnb N{IhmfkoaIfmWv.v. F∂m¬ Zqtcbv°p t\m°phm≥ a\pjy\p sImXnbp≠v. F√mØcØnepw C{µnbßfpsS [¿ΩsØ ho≠pw ho≠pw \o´nh®p \o´nh®p sIm≠pt]mIp∂ imkv{XØns‚ KXnbneqsS a\pjy≥ C∂v AkwXr]vXnbpsS h°nemWv FØn\n¬°p∂Xv.m-Wv. FhnsSbmWv Ahs‚ Ima\Iƒ°v ]q¿ØoIcWw D≠mIp∂Xv? \mhpsIm≠v \ap°v kwkmcn°m≥ Ignbp∂Xv ]cnanXamb ZqcØn¬ Ccn-°p-∂h . Ahs‚ Ima\bpsS ]q¿ØoIcWw Cu `uXnI {]]©Øn¬ 32 .ns‚ kwlm-cm-flI . Cu At\zjWw Fs∂¶nepw Ahkm\n°ptam? Cu At\zjWw F√m Xeßfnepap≠v.m-bn-cp∂ Nmπns‚ Poh≥ `mKyw sIm≠p-am-{X-amWv Xncn-®p-In-´n-bX.p-am- bmWv .X shfn-s∏- Sp-Ønb Cu Nn{Xw C∂pw {]k-‡a . F∂n´pw ]ptcm-KX . \ΩpsS kIehn[ C{µnbßfpsS Xeßfnepw Cu At\zjWw aptºm´p s]mbvsIm≠ncn°p∂p≠v. AXpsIm≠t√ apsºßpw C√mØ Hcp Ne\mflIX Cu Np‰p]mSn¬ \mw ImWp∂Xv.n-bp- ambn \mK-cn-IX apt∂-dp-∂p. a\pjy≥ kZm Nen®psIm≠ncn°p∂p. B ]cnanXamb ZqcØn\∏pdtØbv ° p a\pjy\p kwkmcn°phm\p≈ Ima\ hf¿∂t∏mƒ Ah≥ sSent^mWpw samss_¬t^mWpw Hs° D≠m°n. Aº- Xp-h¿j-߃°p-apºv b{¥-bp-KØ . a\pjys‚ Ima\Ifn¬ \n∂mWv \mKcnIXIfpw hnIk\ßfpw Bhn¿`hnbv°p∂Xv. Ne\w Ahs‚ Ima\bn¬ \n∂mWp hcp∂Xv.°m≥ XpS-ßn. cm{Xn hoSns‚ a´p∏mhn¬ ae¿∂pInS∂v BImitØbv°p t\m°nbm¬ \nch[n \£{X߃ BImiØv HfnNn∂n \nev°p∂Xp ImWptºmƒ Ahs‚ a\ psImXn°pw. IÆn\p ]Icw hbv°m\mbn. IÆns‚ ImgvNbpsS Imcyw t\m°mw. Ipd-®p-IqSn Zqc-°mgvN sIm≠p-h-cm-\mbn Ah≥ Zqc-Z-¿in\n I≠p]nSn®p. a¨Xcntb°mƒ sNdnb hkvXp°sf ImWm≥ sImXn h∂t∏mƒ Ah≥ kq£vaZ¿in\n Is≠Øn. A\-ßm≥ hømØhn[w _‘-\ÿ .

aXßfn¬ kv { Xo]£Øp\n∂pw ]pcp. aq∂p ho£W tImWpIfneqsS BsI PohnXsØ \ap°p a\ nem°m≥ Ignbpw. Bcpw AXp kΩXn®pXcn√m F∂pam{Xw.£ . Hcphs‚ kzmÿyØns‚ ]q¿WX Ahs‚ ImaßfpsS C√mbvabnte kw`hn°p∂p≈q. Cßs\ aq∂p ho£WßsfbmWp km[mcWKXnbn¬ Z¿i\ßfnepw Nn¥Ifnepw aXßfnepsams° I≠phcmdv. sshjvWhaXw.Ø p. aXw AXns\°pdn®p kwkmcn°ptºmƒ AXn\p ]ucp-j`mhap≈ Hcp \nebmWp ssIhcp∂Xv. c≠.v kv{XobptSXmb Hcp ho£WtIm¨ (angle of femininity). an°hmdpw F√m a\pjycpw Gsd°psdsbms° at\mtcmKnIfmWv. \mw AkzÿcmbnsIm≠ncn°pw. ]nXmhv ]pcpj\mWv. Ipsdsbms° Indp°cmWv a\pjy¿. As√¶n¬ ]ucpjap≈ Hcp `mjsb¶nepamWXv.] . H∂v. ssihaXw AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 33 . ]pcpjt‚Xmb Hcp t\m´w (angle of masculinity). Ft∏mƒ \ne\nev°p∂ Np‰p]mSn¬ \ap°v ImaØns‚ ]q¿ÆX C√mXncn°p∂pthm At∏mƒ \Ωn¬ kw`hn°p∂ imcocnIhpw a\knIhpw Bb Ne\ßsfbmWv AkzÿX F∂p ]dbp∂Xv . aq∂. Hcp Ne\wt]mepw ZrjvSnbntem icocØnsem D≠m°msX B knwlw Ccn°p∂Xpt]mse \ap°ncn°m≥ Ignbptam? \ap°ncn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. F{X {IqcXbp≈ knwlambmepw AXns‚ CcnØw F{X {]im-¥- am-Wv. A≈mlphn\p \njv]£ambncn°p∂ \nebmsW¶nepw. AXp I≠m¬ \Ω-fpsS D≈n¬ [ym\w hcpw. F∂m¬ Hcm{Klhpw C√mXncp∂mtem? \mw kzÿambn Ign™p.j .Is≠Øm≥ IgnbmØXns‚ AkzmÿyßfmWv C∂ p at\mtcmKßfmbn I≠psIm≠ncn°p∂Xv. kzmÿyw BtcmKyamWv . arK߃ Ipsdsbms° kzÿcmWv. A{Xbpw Kmw`ocyXbmWv B Ccn∏n\v.\ n∂pw kXysØ t\m°n°mWmdp≠v. {InkvXpaXØn¬ ]caamb kXysØ kz¿§ÿ\mb ]nXmhv F∂p ]dbpw.v \njv]£amb Hcp ho£Ww (angle of neutral- ity). CXp a\knem°nbn´pthWw \mw P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcnbpsS kaRvPkamb {]IcWØntebv°p {]thin°phm≥. arKßtf°mƒ AkzÿcmWv.

n-em-Wv. BImiØp ImWp∂ \£{Xßfpw `qanbn¬ ImWp∂ kmKcßfpw A¥co£hpw hmbphpw kIeXpw B AΩbn¬ \n∂mWp ]ndhnsIm≈p∂Xv . Aßs\ ]dbptºmƒ AΩbn¬\n∂p {]]-©ap≠mIp∂Xv Hc—s‚ klmbØmet√ F∂p \Ωƒ tNmZn°mw. B Hcp \ne `mcXØn¬ IqSpXepw kzoIcn®n´p≈Xv AssZzXthZm¥hpw almbm\ _p≤Z¿i\hpamWv.£ . B AΩbn¬Xs∂bmWv Chsb√mw \ne\nev°p∂Xpw AΩbn¬Xs∂bmWv Chsb√mw Xncn®p ebn°p∂Xpw. ⁄m\ambn I≠psIm≠mWv Cu IrXn FgpXnbncn°p∂Xv. kXysØ AΩbmbn ImWpI. PqX-aX .nse ssZh-amb btlmh ]pcp-j] . AΩbn¬Xs∂bncn°p∂ A—≥. \mcmbWKpcp B AΩsb ]dbp∂Xv ‘kIew s]dpw BZn_oPw’ ˛ F√m‰nt\bpw {]khn°p∂ BZn_oPw F∂mWv.Chbnsems° ]ucpjambncn°p∂ XeamWp ssZh-Øn-\p-≈Xv. ]cakXyambn I≠psIm≠mWv.Ø . B AΩbn¬ \n∂mWv Cu {]]©w ]nd-∂p-h∂ .ncn°p∂Xv. ]m›mXy Nn¥Ifnepw ImWp∂n√. {]tXyIn®pw ]m›ymXy aXßfn¬ Aßs\sbmcp ho£Ww ImWm\nSbn√. C\n thsdmcp Xew kv{XobpsS ho£WtImWn¬\n∂p kXysØ t\m°n ImWp∂XmWv. B Hcp ho£W tImWneqsS t\m°ptºmƒ \mcmbWKpcp P\\nbmb AΩsb ]camflmhmbn I≠psIm≠mWv. A—s‚ Bhiyan√msXXs∂ AΩ F√m‰nt\bpw krjvSn°p∂p. {Ko°p-]p-cm-W-ß-fn¬ tZho-tZ-h- ∑msc°pdn®p ]cm-a¿i-ap-s≠-¶n-epw `mcXØnemWv Aßs\ sbmcp ho£Ww hy‡-X-tbmsS cq]s∏´ph∂n´p≈q. AXp sshZnIXtb°mƒ apºpXs∂bp≈ ho£WamWv. CXv km[mcW `mjbnemWv ]dbp∂Xv. ChnsS AΩ F∂p ]dbp∂Xv A—\pw IqSnbmWv. C\n Hcp \ne \njv ]£amb \nebmWv. AssZzXthZm¥Øns‚ XeØn¬ t\m°ptºmƒ kvss{XWsat∂m ]ucpjsat∂m ]dbm≥ CSsImSp°msX hm°pIƒ °v AXoXambncn 34 .Ø . kXyw AΩbmsW∂p ]dbptºmƒ B AΩ F√m‰nt\bpw {]khn°p∂ AΩbmWv. P\n∏n°p∂ i‡nbmb AΩbn¬Xs∂ i‡\mbn cn°p∂ km£nssNX\yhpancn°p∂p≠v.

nse G‰hpw henb hntcm-[m-`m-kw. inhKncn aTØn¬ imcZm {]XnjvT bpambn _‘s∏´mWv Cu IrXn cq]wsIm≠Xv .Ø nepw s]SpØm≥ IgnbmØ IrXnbmbnXs∂ IcpXWw. \n¿hmWw ac-Wa . \n߃°nXns‚ AItØbv°p IS°ptºmƒ AsXßs\sb∂v a\ nemIpw. Ipd-®p-IqSn hy‡-ambn ]d-™m¬ Ima-\ . AXpsIm≠v CXns\ hfsc hyXykvX ambncn°p∂. Hcp hn`m.√ . ZpxJØns‚ ImcWw ]e¿°pw hy‡a√. XrjvWbmWv ZpxJØns‚ ImcWw.n-ep≈ Bk- ‡n. AXpt]mseXs∂ kv s s{XWambncn°p∂ Hcp `mjbpap ≠mbncp∂p. F∂m¬ ChnsSh®v Cu `mjIfpsS AXn¿ hcºpIsf D√wLn®psIm≠mWv Kpcp CXv FgpXp∂Xv . Cu IrXn XpSßp∂Xv. ]ucmWnIambncn°p∂ GsX¶nepw Hcp IYtbm A-s√-¶n¬ tZh-Xm-k-¶-ev]-tam H∂p-a√ CXn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. hmK- Xo-X-amb kXy-sØ hyh-lcn°m≥th≠n Hcp \masØ D]- tbm-Kn-t°-≠n-hc .psS ia-\a .p∂p F∂-XmWv thZm-¥Ø .{ ]. AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 35 . \njv]£amb Cu XeØneqsSbp≈ At\zjWw hfsc kq£vaXbp≈ {i≤mep°fmb kXymt\zjnIƒ°p am{Xw Ignbp∂ H∂mbXpsIm≠v Kpcp ChnsS P\\o \hcXv\aRvPcn AhXcn∏n°p∂Xv AssZzXØns‚ \njv]£\nesb P\\nbpsS kvss{XW ]£Øntebv°v Bhmlns®SpØv Hcp {]tXyI NmcpXtbmsS. XrjvWb.n-∏n-°p-∂X.°p∂XmWv kXyw. Adnhns‚ tZhXbmWv imcZ. B kXy-sØ _rl-Øm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv F∂ A¿-∞Øn¬ {_“w F∂ ]Zw sIm≠p kqNn∏n°p∂p. XrjvW F∂m¬ B{K. {]tXyI Bhnjv I cW ku`KXtbmsS {IaoIcn®psIm≠mWv. F∂m¬ _p≤≥ ]d™n´p≠v ZpxJØns‚ ImcWw F¥msW∂v.K . ip≤-amb ⁄m\-sØ-bmWv P\-\n-bmbn Ah-Xc . AXmbXv hnj-bß . B hntcm-[m-`m-ksØ icnbmb apap£p Xncn-®- dn-bp-Ibpw thWw.lw.t bmKw D≠mbncp∂p.v. CXn\p apºphsc XØz⁄m\Øn\v ]ucpjambncn°p∂ Hcp `mjm.mWv \n¿hm-Ww. H∂mb amaXnbn¬\n∂v Bbncw {Xn]pSn h∂p F∂p ]d-™p-sIm-≠m-Wv..f .

k¶ev]n°p∂p. GIambncn °p∂Xv At\IambnØocp∂p. aq°psIm≠p aW°p∂p.m-Wv.mb Hcp hm°mWv {Xn]pSn. Xz°psIm≠p kv]¿in°p∂p. Fßs\bmsW\n°p ZpxJw hcp∂sX∂dnbWsa¶n¬ BZyw A\p`hsØ ]Tnt°≠ Xmbn´p≠v. ImXpsIm≠p tIƒ°p∂p.n-°s∏-Sp-∂p. \mcm-bWKpcp ZpxJ-sØ-°p-dn®p ]dbp∂Xv Ipd®pIqSn hyXykv X amb coXnbnemWv .Ø n¬\n∂p \nch[nbmb {Xn]pSnIƒ hnS¿∂phcp∂p. CXp \n߃°p ]cnNnXamb Hcp hm°mbncn°Wsa∂n√.m-Wv. AXmWp ZpxJØn\p ImcWw. AsXßs\ kw`-hn-°p∂p? 36 . khn-ti-ja . {Xn]p-Sn-Iƒ ZpxJ-P\ .Ima-\I . H∂mb t_m[. F∂m¬ \n¿hmWw Xo¿Øpw kl-P-amb Hcp A\p-`q-Xn-bm-Wv. F∂memWv \ap°p \sΩ°pdn®p Adnbphm≥ IgnbpIbp≈p.- \n-If . ZpxJw kpJ-Øns‚ adp-]p-da . kpJ-Øn-s‚bpw ZpxJ-Øn-s‚bpw CS- bn¬ Btµm-f\w sNøp-∂-XmWv a\- v. Chbpw A\p`hßfmWv. AXp a\knem°nbm¬ ZpxJØns‚ ImcWw \ap°pw a\knem°m≥ Ignbpw. a\ ns‚ XeØn¬ Nn¥n°p∂p. \m°psIm≠p cpNn°p∂p. AXns\ \ap°v hniZoIcnt°≠nbncn°p∂p. B≤ymflnI Nn¥Ifpambn ]cnNnbs∏´n´p≈ hy‡nIƒ°dnbmw {Xn]pSn F¥msW∂v.n-°p-∂p. AXp kqJ-Zpx-J- ߃°Xo-Xa .m-W. hn`PnXamb coXnbnemWv.f . ZpxJsØ \mw Hgn-hm-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. AXn¬ Zzµz-߃ kao-Ic .n¬\n-∂p≈ tamN-\a . A\p`hw F¥msW ∂dnbWw. GX\p`hw FSpØmepw B A\p`hw \Ωfn¬ kw`hn °p∂Xv apdn-hp-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv.p-≠v. C{µnbßfpsS XeØnepw a\ ns‚ XeØnepw \S°p∂ A\p`hßsf \ap°p hyht—Zn®p t\mt°≠Xmbn´p≠v . H∂mbncp∂ t_m[w ]eXmbnØocp∂p. km[mcW A\p`h߃ Fs¥ms°bmWv ? IÆpsIm≠p ImWp∂p.ns‚ kl- P-X-bm-Wv. a\ v ]q¿Æ-ambpw Xntcm-`h . kpJ-Ønepw ZpxJ-Ønepw _‘-\a . kpJsØ ]pevIm\pw sImXn-°p-∂p.v \n¿hmWw Pohn-XØ .m-Wv. Chbt√ ⁄mt\{µnbßfneqsS Adnbp∂ AdnhpIƒ? AXpt]mse. kwibn°p∂p.

nepw Hs° hym]cn°p∂ HchÿbmWv. As√¶n¬ F\n°v ImWm≥ IgnbpIbn√. A\p- t`m-‡m-hmb Fs∂ hyXykvXamb. Cu Rm≥ BcmWv? \Ωƒ BZyw IcpXp∂Xv IÆmWv ImWp∂Xv F∂mWv.v At∏mgmbncn°pw Bsc¶nepw h∂v Abmsf X´nhnfn°pI: “tlbv. AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 37 . temIw thsd Rm≥ thsd F∂ XcØn¬. Rm≥ thsd. hmkvXhØn¬ thZm-¥Ø . Rm≥ tIƒ°p∂p F∂p ]d-bptºmgpw tIƒ°p∂ i_vZw thsd. Cu kabØv AhcpsS a\ nse k¶ev ] hnIev ] ßfneqsS Ah¿ IS∂pt]mhpIbpw IÆns‚ apºnep≈ ImgvNsb ImWmXncn°pIbpw sNøp∂p. Htcsbmcp kXyta D≈psh¶n¬ Cu hn`P\w Fßs\ D≠mIp∂p? Cu hn`P\Øn\p ImcWw a\ mWv. a\ v AXns\ ]n¥m-ß- Ww. amdn\n¬°p∂ Hcp LSIambn Icp-Xp-tºmƒ t`mKyhnizsØ thsd H∂mbn´pw FÆp∂p. Rm≥ ImWp∂p F∂p ]dbptºmƒ. IÆp X\nsb ImWp∂n√ F∂p≈Xns‚ DØaZrjvSm¥amWv Znhmkz]v\w ImWp∂hcptS-X. \n߃ F{Xt]¿ ChnsS Ccn°p∂ps≠¶nepw Fs‚ a\ v B ImgvNbn¬ ]¶mfnØw hln®m¬ am{Xta F\n°p ImWm≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. Fs‚ IÆn\p kzXth \nßsf ImWm\p≈ i‡nbn√. NnebmfpIƒ IÆpXpd∂ncp∂v Znhmkz]v\ßfn¬ apgpImdp≠v. AXp. CXp \n߃t°h¿°pw A\p`hap≈ Imcyambncn°Ww. Znhmkz]v\w F∂p ]d™m¬ IÆp Xpd∂ncn°pIbpw AtXkabw ]e Nn¥Ifnepw `mh-\I. At∏mƒ a\ neqsS ImgvN F∂ cq]sØ H∏nsbSpØv Rm≥ Adnbp∂p. a\ ps≠¶n¬ A\p`hØn\v hn`P\w D≠mbncn°pw. ImWp∂ temIsØ \mw \Ωn¬\n∂p A\yamb Hcp hkvXphmbn´mWv FÆp∂Xv. F\n°p \nßsf ImWWsa¶n¬ a\ ns‚ klmbw thWw.f . IÆp ImWp∂n√. kXyw Ht∂bp≈q. ]t£. a\ neqsSbmWv GsXmcp A\p`hhpw kw`hn°p∂Xv . temIw thsd Rm≥ thsd.s Im≠v temIØnep≈ GX\p`hsØ FSpØmepw Adnbp∂ Rm≥ amdn\n¬°p∂p≠v.ns‚ \ne-]mSv GIw kXv F∂mWv. F¥mWv \o Cßs\ IÆpw angn®ncp∂v Nncn°p∂Xv?v ” At∏mgbmƒ sR´nsbgpt∂‰n´p tNmZn°pw: “\o ChnsS D≠mbncpt∂m?” CXn\¿∞w IÆp Xpd∂ncn°ptºmgpw a\ p ]n≥Xmßnbm¬ am{XamWv apºnep≈ ZriysØ \ap°p ImWm≥ IgnbpIbp≈q F∂mWv.

IÆns√¶nepw A\p`hap≠mIpw. hkv X p\njv T ambncn°p∂ acWw kz]v \ Øn¬ kw`hn°p∂n√ F¶nepw Bfl\njvTamb (subjective) acWw Ah¿°p kw`hn°p∂p. Hcp DZmlcWw ]dbpIbmsW¶n¬ cm{XnkabØv \Ωƒ IÆS®t√ Ddßp∂Xv . NnecpsS D≈n¬ Ipd®pIqSn Ccpfna Ipd™ncn°pw. Nne¿ kz]v\Øn¬ acn®pt]mIp∂p≠v. cmPknIambn cn°p∂ a\ v. F∂p ]d™m¬ IÆpsIm≠v Cu {]]©sØ ImWp∂X√ ZpxJØn\p ImcWw F∂p≈Xns‚ sXfnhv kz]v\Øn¬ \Ωƒ ZpxJn°p∂p F∂p≈XmWv. ]t£. \ΩpsS kz—ambncn°p∂. B {]{InbsbbmWv NnØip≤oIcWw F∂p ]dbp∂Xv. Cu {]]©sØ Hgnhm°nbXpsIm≠pam{Xw ZpxJw XocpIbn√ F∂Xns‚ sXfnhmWv kz]v \ m\p`hthfbn¬ \Ωƒ ZpxJn°p∂Xv. A\p`hw At∏mgpw Ds≠∂mWv CXp shfn-hm- °p-∂Xv. IÆS®v Ddßp∂psh¶nepw Fs¥√mw ImgvNIfmWv \Ωƒ kz]v\Øn¬ ImWp∂Xv. CXn¬ cmPknI ambncn°p∂Xn¬\n∂p kmXznIambXntebv ° p a\ ns\ Iptds» Iptds» ip≤oIcns®Sp°mw. `bs∏SpØp∂ Zriy߃. a\ v Hcp adbmWv. Aßs\ ]e A\p]mXØnep≈ a\ ns‚ Cu Ahÿsb XmaknIambncn°p∂ a\ v. kmXznIambncn°p∂ a\ v Fs∂ms° hn`Pn®p a\ nem°mw. C\n IÆn√msX a\ p hnNmcn®m¬ F√mw ImWm≥ Ignbptam? IÆv F∂ D]IcWans√¶n¬ hkv X p\njv T ambncn°p∂ Cu {]]©sØ ImWm≥ IgnbpIbn√. B kv{Io\ns‚ D≈neqsS bmWv \Ωƒ ImgvNIsfms° ImWp∂Xv. F∂ncp∂mepw A\p`hw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ D≠mIpw. kz]v\Ønse A\p`hw bmYm¿∞yw F∂Xpt]mse kz]v\Øn¬ A\p`hs∏Sp∂p. kz]v\Øn¬ ZpxJn°m≥ ImcWsa¥mWv? AXn\p a\ ns\°pdn®v \ap°p a\ nemt°≠nhcpw. IÆp Xpd°ptºmƒ Ah¿ saØbn¬Xs∂ Poht\msS InS°p∂Xp ImWmw. B kv{Io\n\v NnecpsS D≈n¬ hfsc Ccp≠ \ndambncn°pw. sXfnabp≈ t_m[Øn\p apIfnse Hcp ad (screen). 38 . Nnecn¬ AXp hfsc ip≤ambncn°pw. kz]v \ Øn¬ Ah¿ `bs∏´p \nehnfn°p∂p. at\mlcamb Zriy߃.

AXns‚ kz`mhw Cßs\bmWv. HmtcmcpØ¿°pw Ahch¿°v CWßp∂ coXnbnep≈ Hcp hgn AhchcpsS D≈n¬Xs∂ shfns∏Sp∂Xmbncn°pw. FÆa‰ F∂¿∞ØnemWv. a\ n\v Cu KXo-b-Xsb Dt]£n®v Ccn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. GXphgn kzoIcn°Ww F∂Xns\ kw_‘n®p Xm¿°nIXIsfm∂pw th≠. Nne¿°p \njvImaambncn°p∂ I¿ΩØneqsS. Cßs\bmWv F√m A\p`hßfpw AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 39 . {Xn]pSnIfmWv AXn¬ h∂¶pcn°p∂Xv. ImWs∏Sp∂ hkvXp F∂ thsdmcnXƒ. Nne¿°p `‡nbneqsS NnØip≤oIcWw \S°pw. Cu NnØhrØnIƒ FÆa‰ coXnbn¬ t_m[Øn¬ H∂p amdptºmƒ thsdm∂v F∂nßs\ {]hln®psIm≠ncn°pIbmWv. a\ n\v Hcp KXobXbp≠v. Hcp kpJØn¬ \n∂p thsdmcp kpJØnte°v NnØhrØnIƒ \nc¥cambn {]bmWw \SØns°m≠ncn°p∂p. ]e hgnIfneqtSbpw ]e km[\IfneqtSbpw NnØip≤o IcWw \ap°p \SØnsbSp°mw. ImWp∂ht\bpw ImWs∏Sp∂ hkv X phnt\bpw XΩn¬ kw_‘n∏n°p∂ ImW¬ F∂ {]{Inb F∂ thsdm-cn-Xƒ. ]XRvPenbpsS `mjbn¬ ]d™m¬ Ah NnØhrØnIfmWv. Bbncw F∂ hm°v ChnsS Be¶mcnIambn´mWv ]dbp∂Xv. Hcp ImgvNbn¬\n∂p thsdmcp ImgNbnte°v. Nne¿°p KpcptkhbneqsS. F√mhcpw Hcp coXnbneqsSXs∂ NnØip≤oIcWw \SØWsa∂n√. Nne¿°p ⁄m\Øns‚ hgnbneqsS GIamb kXysØ GIambn Z¿in°p∂XneqsS NnØip≤oIcWw kw`hn°pw. Nne¿°p temItkhbneqsS. aq∂nXfpIfp≈ Hcp ]qhnt\mSmWv NnØhrØnIfpsS kz`mhsØ D]an°p∂Xv. Hcp ImgvNsb \mw ImWptºmƒ AXn¬ ImWp∂h≥ F∂ HcnXƒ. HcnjvSØn¬\n∂p thsdmcp CjvSØnte°v. At∏mƒ H∂mb amaXnbn¬\n∂v Bbncw {Xn]pSn h∂p. Nne¿°p CuizctkhbneqsS Hs° NnØip≤oIcWw \Ss∂∂ncn°pw. FÆa‰ Nn¥Iƒ t_m[Øn¬h∂v A¶pcn°p∂p. A√msX ASnt®¬∏nt°≠Xmbn´n√. aq∂p ]pSßtfmSpIqSnbXmWv {Xn]pSn. Hcp NnØhrØn t_m[Øn¬ A¶pcn°ptºmƒ. Hcp {]nbØn¬\n∂p thsdmcp {]nbØnte°v.

AXv ChnsSbmWv .Ø o. a\ ns‚ Cu hn`P\ sØ°pdn®p icn°pw a\ nem°m≥ IgnbptºmgmWv Hcmƒ hnth. Adnbs∏Sp∂ hkvXp thWw. Cßs\ \ΩpsS ta[bn¬. AXpsIm≠v FhnsS {Xn]pSnIƒ D≠mIp∂pthm AhnsSsbms° AXns‚ A[njvTm\ambncn°p∂ t_m[aps≠∂v AdnbpIsb¶nepw sNøWw.X v . {Xn]pSnbn√mØ Hc\p`hhpw km[mcW a\pjy\n√. AN©eambncn°p∂ t_m[sØbmWv ChnsS ASnÿm\kXyambn´p a\ nemt°≠Xv. ImWp∂ Hcp {]{Inb D≠mbncn°Ww. \n¿hnImc ambncn°p∂. ImWs∏Sms\mcp hkvXp thWw. 40 . Hmtcm hy‡nbptSbpw a\ ns‚ ASnØ´n¬ \n›eambncn°p∂. Adnb¬ F∂ {]{Inb thWw. Cu A[njvTm\ kXysØ AdnbmsXbmWv km[mcW KXnbn¬ \Ωn¬ A\p- `-hß . F√m ImcyØnepw Aßs\ Xs∂bmWv. Htcsbmcp t_m[wXs∂bmWv ImWp∂h\mbncn°p∂Xpw ImWs∏Sp∂ hkv X phmbncn °p∂Xpw ImgvNbmbncn°p∂Xpw. \ΩpsS Nn¥bn¬ Hs° Cu h{IoIcWw \S°p∂p≠v.b m. {Xn]pSn F∂p ]d™m¬ AXmWv. CXp ImWp∂Xn¬ am{Xa√. Hcmƒ ImWm≥ thWw.b n.ƒ kw`hn°p∂Xv.c p. kv]¿in°p∂Xn¬ kv]¿in°p∂h≥ thWw.I n. km£nbmbn cn°p∂. kv]¿in°¬ F∂ {InbthWw. \m\mXzØn¬ GIXzsØ°pdn®p `mcX Ønep≈ F√mhcpw hmtXmcmsX kwkmcn°p∂ps≠¶nepw B GIXzw FhnsS InS°p∂p F∂v B¿°pw Adnbn√. FhnsS hn`P\apt≠m AhnsSsbms° Cu {Xn]pSnbpap≠v . AXmWv BZysØ ⁄m\w.∂ . \ΩpsS _p≤nbn¬. \Ωƒ CXdnbp∂n√.D≠mIp∂Xv. AXns\bmWv a\s ∂p ]dbp∂Xv. kv]¿in°s∏Sp∂ hkvXp thWw. GIambn cn°p∂ D◊ AXps≠∂v BZyw AdnbWw. Htcsbmcp kXyØn\p kw`hn°p∂ Hcp h{IoIcWw. Cu hn`P\w a\ nt‚XmWv . Adnbp∂Xn¬ Adnbp∂h≥ thWw. ASnÿm\ambncn°p∂ GIt_m[w. Hcp ⁄m\n°p am{XamWv {Xn]pSn°XoXambncn°p∂ t_m[Ønte°v FØnt®cm≥ Ignbp∂p≈q. At∏mƒ \ap°p a\ nemIpw F¥nepw Hcp sFIyaps≠∂v .

]pcpj∑m¿°v Akqb D≠mIp∂Xv ]pcpj∑mtcmSmWv... \ΩpsS Al¥bpsS kz`mhw t\m°q. [\an√mØh\pw Al¥bp≠v. Al¥ aptºm´v X≈nX≈nhcnIbmWv sNøp∂Xv. Rm≥ F∂ hisØ \mw hnt£]n®psImt≠bn-cn-°p-∂p. AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 41 . Rm≥ {]knU‚mWv.Rm≥ amt\PcmWv Fs∂ms°. FgpØpIm¿°v Akqb D≠mIp∂Xv FgpØpImtcmSmWv. AbmfpsS Al¥ At∏mƒ apºnte°pX≈nhcpw. Hcn°epw `n£°mc\mbncn°p∂ Hcmƒ°v Hcp cmPmhnt\mSv Akqb tXm∂m≥ CSbn√. Al¥bpw kmºØnI imkv{Xhpw XΩn¬ Hcp _‘hpan√.mbn {]XnIcn°p∂Xv Htc KWØnep≈ BfpItfmSmWv. Al¥bv ° p [\hms\t∂m \n¿[\s\t∂m XcØnep≈ hIt`Zßsfm∂pan√. Al¥sb kmºØnI imkv{XØns‚ ASnÿm\Øn¬ hnebncpØphm≥ IgnbpIbn√..Rm≥ tP¿WenÃmWv.. Cßs\ ]dbptºmƒ Rm≥ F∂p ]dbp∂ XeamWv ChnsS D¥nbp¥n aptºm´p hcp∂Xv. B sXmgnens‚ `mKambn \n߃ ]dbp∂p.Rm≥ tUmIvSdmWv. AbmfpsS PohnXØn¬ Hcp cmPmhnt\mSv Akqb tXm∂p∂Xn\p]Icw thsdmcp `n£°mct\mSp tXm∂mw.. Rms\mcp bmNI\mWv F∂p hnNmcn°ptºmgpw B bmNI\nepw Al¥bp≠v . thsdmcp `n£°mc≥ Hcp samss_¬ t^mWpambn AbmfpsS apºneqsS IS-∂p-t]mbm¬ Abmƒ°Xp kln°n√. a\pjys‚ \nXyPohnXsØ H∂p ]cntim[n®p t\m°nbm¬ AXp a\ nem°m≥ Ignbpw.. Cßs\ Nne XeßfnemWv Al¥bpsS hnPrw`Ww D≠mIp∂Xv. \n߃s°mcp sXmgn-ep-≠v. ImcWsa¥mWv? Xs‚ KW-Øn¬s]´ BfmbXpsIm≠mWv. Rm≥ h°oemWv. Al¥bpsS i‡n IqSnsIm≠ncn°pIbmWv . a\ ns‚ hn`PnXambncn°p∂ ‘Rm≥’ F∂ Al¥sb \Ωƒ hfscb[nIw hnIkn∏ns®SpØncn°p∂p. Hcp `n£°mc\v `n£°mct‚Xmbncn°p∂ Al¥bp≠v. kv { XoIƒ°v Akqbbp≠mIp∂Xv kv { XoItfmSmWv . Al¥ Akq-bb . Rm≥ {][m\a{¥nbmWv F∂p ]dbptºmƒ Rm\ns‚. cmjv{Sob°m¿°v Akqbbp≠mIp∂Xv cmjv{Sob°mtcmSmWv... [\ap≈ h\pw Al¥bp≠v.

Ah \sΩ \nc¥cambn aptºm´p X≈ns°m≠ncn°pw. Bip F∂p ]d™m¬ s]mSp∂s\. kØsb ad°pI F∂p≈Xv. Adnbp∂h≥. BflhnkvacWamWv ]m]w. AdnbpI F∂ {]{Inb Ch aq∂nt\bpw FSpØp {Xn]pSn F∂ A¿∞Øn¬ Kpcp ]dbp∂p. kzkØsb ad∂m¬ ]ns∂ \mw GXns\bmbncn°pw Hm¿°pI? AXns‚ hn]coXhi-Øn-cn-°p∂ temIsØbmbncn°pw \mw Hm¿ØpsIm≠ncn°pI. \ΩpsS apºn¬ euInIambncn°p∂ Imgv N Ifpw euInIambncn°p∂ B{Klßfpw euInIambncn°p∂ Bthißfpw AWn- \nc°pw. temIsØ kvacn®m¬ Bflmhns\ hnkvacn°pw. s]mSp-∂s\ D≠mIp∂ kw`hw F¥mWv ? Bfl-hn-kvarXn kw`- hn-bv°p-∂p. ]m]sØ Cu A¿∞Øn¬ a\ nem°Ww. At∏mƒ H∂mb amaXnbn¬\n∂v Bbncw {Xn]pSn h∂v Bip X∑-Xn ad∂v. B apJw \nßfpsS D≈n¬\n∂p amdWsa¶n¬ thsdmcp apJw B kvacWbpsS ÿm\Øncn °Ww. C\n hnkv a cWØnt‚bpw kv a cWØnt‚bpw Imcyw euInIamb XeØn¬Xs∂ FSpØmepw. Cu c≠p ]pSßsf kzPohnXØn¬ a\ nemt°≠-Xp-≠v. GsX¶nepw Hcp {]nbs∏´ Hcmsf \n߃ Bcm[n°p∂ps≠¶n¬. kvt\ln°p ∂ps≠¶n¬ kZm B hy‡nbpsS apJambncn°pw \nßfpsS Hm¿Ωbn¬ D≠mhpI. {Xn]pSn D≠mIptºmƒ \mw \sΩ ad∂p t]mIp∂p. temIsØ hnkvacn®m¬ Bflmhns\ kvacn°pw. \mw \sΩ hnkvacn®m¬ temIw \ΩpsS apºn¬ {]Xn`mkn°m≥ XpSßpw. Bflhnkv a cWhpw temIkvacWhpw Htc {]{In-bb . BflhnkvacWw D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ temIkvacWamWv kw`hn°p∂Xv. Adnbs∏Sp∂ hkvXp. AXpsIm≠mWv an°hmdpw IanXm°sf th¿s]Sp Øm\mbn a\ximkv{X⁄∑m¿ Ahsc ÿew am‰n thsd FhnsSsb¶nepsams° Xmakn∏n°pIbpw AhnsS XØpeyamb 42 . \mw Bsc∂p \mw ad∂p t]mIp-∂p. Bflhnkvac WØn\v Hcp hn]coXXeap≠v. Nn¥Iƒ \Ωn¬ A¶pcn°ptºmƒ Bflmhns\ \Ωƒ ad∂pt]mIp∂p. {]tXyIn®pw ]m›mXy¿ ]dbp∂ ]m]-tØ- °mƒ sshb‡nIamb ]m]amWv \mw \sΩ ad°pI F∂p≈Xv.psS c≠p ]pdßfmWv. CXmWv ZpxJsØ D≠m°p∂Xv .

Cu euInIPohnXØns‚ km[mcW KXnbnep≈ ImcyßfmWnsX√mw. Abmƒ°v aZyw F∂p ]d™m¬ A{Xbpw Bkz.ns‚ BÀmZw A\p-`h . Hcmƒ°v aZyØnt\mSp {]nbaps≠∂p hnNmcn°pI. {iocmaIrjv W ]calwk¿ Bflmhns‚ A\p`qXn D≠mIptºmƒ Hcp \¿ØIs\t∏mse FWo‰p\n∂v \rØw AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 43 . AXpsIm≠v aZy]∑msc aZyØn¬\n∂pw ]n≥Xncn∏n°m≥ hfsc {]bmkamWv.n-°p- ∂-hc .m-Wv. aZyØns‚ elcntb°mƒ AKm[ambncn°p∂ elcnbmWv B[ymflnIXbpsS elcn. Bcpw B hgnbneqsS At\zjWw \SØmØXpsIm≠mWv B hgn Xncs™Sp°mØXv. H∂ns\ hnkvacn°W sa¶n¬ thsdm∂ns\ kvacn°Ww.. A√msX \ap°p hnkvacn °m≥ IgnbpIbn√. Ct∏mƒ CXnsems° B≤ymflnIX bptSbpw kv t \lØnt‚Xpamb Nne hgnIsfms°bmWv sXfn™phcp∂Xv . \Ωn¬Øs∂bncn°p∂. anÃn°pIfpw tbmKnIfpw kq^nIfpw \mZm\pk‘m\w \SØns°m≠ncn°p∂hcpw Hs° HcpXcw {]tXyIamb elcnbn¬ Pohn-XØ. ]q¿hImapIs‚ apJw As√¶n¬ ]q¿hImapInbpsS apJw B hy‡nbn¬\n∂pw hnkv a rXambnØocpIbpw ]pXnb kvt\lnXs‚ As√¶n¬ kvt\lnXbpsS apJw B hy‡nbpsS D≈n¬ kvarXambnØocpIbpw sNøpw. Bflm-hns‚ kl-P- amb B\-µamWv. Bflmhns‚ elcnsb \pW™p Pohn°p∂Xv. B≤ymflnIXbpsS Hcp elcnbp≠v . AXns\ am‰Wsa¶n¬ A{Xbv°v BkzmZyXbpw elcnbpw \¬Ip∂ thsdm∂psIm≠p am{Xta IgnbpIbp≈q. AXv D∑mZØns‚ BÀm-Za. ]t£.mZy-amb Hcp hkvXphmWv.√ . Aßs\ Hcp D]m[nbneqsS \Ωƒ Pohn°p∂Xnt\°mƒ F{Xtbm DØaamWv B[ymflnIambncn°p∂. Cßs\ hfsc A\mbmkw \nßfpsS CjvSm\njvS߃ am‰nsbSp°m≥ Ignbpw.kvt\lw ]¶n´psImSp°p∂ BfpIsfsIm≠v Ahcpambn _‘s∏SpØpIbpw Hs° sNøp∂Xv. aZyw Hcp D]m[nbmsW¶n¬ aZyØn\v \ap°v ]Ww sImSp°Ww. ]Ww sImSpØv \Ωƒ IpSn°p t¥mdpw \ΩfpsS BtcmKyw £bn®phcpw.

Ah¿ Xo‰ Ign™m¬. AXpsIm≠mWv tbmKsØ NnØ-hr-Øn-I-fpsS \ntcm-[\ . \mcm-bW .. ]e XcØnep≈ eo emhnt\mZßfn¬ Ah¿ G¿s∏Sp∂p. B\µwsIm≠v Ccn°m≥ hømXm-Ip-∂p.Ø.Z-ii . Atd_ybnse kq^nbmbncp∂ Pemep±o≥ dqan D≈nepW¿∂ A\p`qXnbpsS AXnhninjvSamb elcnbm¬ ap∏Ønbmdp aWn°q¿ \n¿ØmsX \rØwsNbv X p Ipg™phoWp. ]calwk¿ temIØnt\mSp ]d™n´p≈Xv CXmWv ˛ B\µn°phn≥ ! Bflmhns‚ B\µw \pI¿∂v Cu temIØn¬Xs∂ \n߃°v B\µXpµnecmbn Pohn°m≥ Ignbpw. Nne arK°p™p-߃ Xp≈n-®m-Sm-dnt√? ]q®°p´nIsf \n߃ t\m°q.X . knwlØnt‚bpw ]penbptSbpw Ip´nIfpw B\µw h∂m¬ \rØw sNøpw.hbv°pambncp∂pht{X.pcp Btflm-]t. AhnsSbmWv F√m ZpxJ߃°pw Nn¥Iƒ°pw Ass\Iy߃°pw ia\w D≠mIp∂Xv. CXp kq^nkmlnXyßfn¬ ImWm≥ Ignbpw.a . Atd_ybnse kq^nIsft∏mseXs∂ bqtdm∏nepw a‰pw D≠mbncp∂ anÃn°pIfpw C¥ybn¬Xs∂ D≠mbncp∂ A°almtZhn. kt¥mjw h∂m¬ F¥mWv ]ns∂ sNøp∂sX∂v Adnbm≥ ]mSn√.mbn ]X-RvPen al¿jn ]d-bp-∂X . P\\nbpsS lrZbktcmhcØn¬ Aa¿∂ncn°pw.n¬ {Xn]pSn apSn™p sXfn-bp∂ Zo]-Øn- t\m-SmWv Bflm-\p-`h .v. Ft∏mƒ \nßfpsS D≈n¬ Nn¥Iƒ \nebv°p∂pthm NnØhrØnIƒ \nebv°p∂pthm {Xn]pSnIƒ HSpßp∂pthm At∏mƒ \n߃ tZhnbpsS.I .K . aocm_mbn XpSßnb \nch[nbmb tbmKn\nIfpw CtXt]mep≈ Hcp B[ymflnIl¿jØns‚ A]q¿hamb Ahÿbnte°p t]mbn´p≈hcmWv.sØ D]-an-®n-cn-°p-∂X . PKZw_bpsS. thsd GXp elcntb°mfpw Dt∑jap≠m°p∂ Hcp elcnbmWv Bflmhns‚ elcnsb∂v {iocmaIrjv W ]calwkcpsS hN-\ßfneqsS hmbn®p t]mIptºmƒ \ap°p t_m[ys∏Spw.n¬ shfn- 44 . B\µw hcptºmƒ sIm®pIp´nIƒ \rØw hbv°p∂Xv \n߃ I≠n´nt√? F¥n\p sIm®p-Ip-™p-߃. B´n≥°p-´n- Isf t\m°q.v D]-\n-jØ.

PohnXØn¬ Fßs\sb¶nepw adpIc]‰m\mWv \mw Pohnbv°p∂Xv. CXmWv kmwkmcnIXbpsS {]tXyIX. Ft∏mgpw \Ωƒ ASn]Xdn hogms\mcp km[yXbp≠v .I msX {]m¿∞.Ø n¬ amdn s°m≠ncn°p∂Xv F∂ A¿∞ØnemWv kwkmcw F∂ hm°p {]tbm.bmsS Pohn°p∂Xv. kwkmcsa∂m¬ Xangn¬ `mcy F∂mW¿∞w. AXßs\ ]d™p ]d™p h∂ptN¿∂n´p≈XmWv .s .° p. \ΩpsS Cu temI-Po-hn-Xhpw IS-en¬ s]´-t]m-se-bm-Wv. X∑Xn ad∂pt]mIp∂p.I ƒ \Ωn¬\n∂pw Dd-∂p-hc .° pw. _mlyambn Aßs\sbms° ImWn®mepw \ΩpsS a\ v {]£p_v[amsW¶n¬ ]ns∂ AXpsIms≠¥p {]tbmP\w? {Xn]pSnIƒ t_m[sØ adbv°p∂p.\ . Ft∏mgpw XncbSn®psIm≠ncn°p∂ ISen¬ s]´pIgn™m¬ B ISen¬ \n߃ F{X ssIImen´Sn®mepw Ic-bW . ]t£.X .s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≈ Cu clkyw I]-Sb. kwkmcsØ Hcp AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 45 .n-Iƒ°p Ic-ÿa . AXpsIm≠v Xs‚ kØ ad∂pt]m.m-hp-I- bn-s√∂pw Kpcp Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°p-∂p. Fs∂¶nepw Hcp ]cnlmcw D≠mIpsa∂p IcpXnbn´mWv \Ωƒ Cßs\ {]Xym-it. [ym\w sXfn™phcs´.n-√. ]t£.X . FhnsSsb¶nepw Hcp Dd® ASnØd D≠mIpsa∂v IcpXnbn´mWv \Ωƒ ]ebnSßfn¬\n∂pw ISw hmßn®msW¶nepw PohnXsØ kp_≤am°m≥ {ian°p∂Xv.X v .∂ . ZpxJØns‚ ISen¬ hoWp s]mdpXn ap´pw.K n.´. Ht´sd {]b-Xv\n- ®n´pw Hcn-SØpw \ap°v FØn-t®cm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. \ndsb XncIfp≈.b . A√m-Ø- ]£w A∂mZnbn¬ {]nb-ap-b¿∂v BSemw IS-en¬ H∂mbn hoWp hebpw. _mlytamSn°pth≠n km[\bpw {]m¿∞\bpw k∂ymkhpw [ym\hpw Hs° kzoIcn®p \S°pIbmsW¶n¬ NnØhrØnIƒ HSpßpIbn√. kwkv I r. IptdIgnbptºmƒ ASnsX‰n \neØp hogp∂p. {Xn]pSnIƒ HSpßpIbn√. As∏msgms° Imen∂Snbnse aÆv Hen®pt]mIp∂Xv \Ωƒ ImWmdn√. temIØns‚ thsdmcp t]cmWv kwkmcw.p-Ib . am‰ßƒ F√mw kXysa∂p hnNmcn®v AXnte°v \mw hoWpsIm≠ncn°pIbmsW¶n¬ ISen¬ hoWt]msebmbncn.

{Xn]pSnsb If™m¬ FÆ ]pc´nb ssI 46 . ssIbn¬ ]i ]pcfpI-bn-√. kzoImcyXbpsS \nkwKXbmWXv.W w.sb \ntj[n°phmt\m \nckn°phmt\m IgnbpIbn√. {Xn]pSnbmWv Cu temIØnt\mSv \sΩ H´n∏n°p∂Xv. k¿ hØn. AXmWv Kpcp ]Tn∏n®pXcp∂Xv. kwKØn¬ hogmXncn°Wsa¶n¬ F¥p thWw? AXn\p ]calwk¿ ]dbp∂ D]a CXmWv. \ntj[Øns‚ \nkwKXbpa√. CXp i¶cmNmcycpw caWal¿jnbpw \mcmbWKpcphpw ]dbp∂p≠v. temIw ChnsS\n∂p XpS®pam‰m≥ IgnbpIbn√.. CXmWv FÆbmIp∂ eyq{_n-s°‚ns‚ {]tXy-IX . \ncmkØns‚ \nkwKXb√. kwkmcamIp∂ \{IØns‚ hmbn¬s]´m¬ AXn¬\n∂pw ]pdØpIS°sW¶n¬ hnthIamIp∂ JUvKw \ΩpsS ssIbn¬ D≠mbncn°Ww. CXp \Ωƒ hnIkn∏ns®Sp°Ww. {Xn]pSnbnemWv N°∏i Ccn°p∂Xv.h . {i≤m]q¿∆w Pohn®m¬ Cu temIØp {]bmkßfn√msX Pohn°mw. AXpt]mse \nßfpsS Bflmhns‚ `mKambncn°p∂ \nkwKX temIPohnXØn¬ D≠mbncn°Ww. AXp t_m[-Øn¬\n∂p hncn- ™p. F¥mbmepw Cu temIØv kkt¥mjw Pohn°Wsa¶n¬ \ΩpsS D≈nep≈ euInIXsb If™m¬ aXn. B kv\nKv[X ]isb XSp°p∂p.c . {Xn]pSnIsf If™m¬ aXn. kzmwioIcWØns‚ \nkwKXbmWXv . hkvXp\njvTambncn°p∂ Cu temIsØ XpS®pIf™psIm≠v euIn-IX . k¿hØnt\bpw lrZbØn¬ ]pevIp∂ k¿hkzoImcyXbpsS \nkwKX. hfsc A\mbmkw N° apdn®p N°®ppfsb√mw ]dn®pXn∂mw. hnthIØns‚ hmfpsIm≠p am{Xta kwkmcØns‚ aqesØ tOZn°m≥ IgnbpIbp≈q.t \bpw kv t \ln°p∂ Hcp \nkwKX.apXetbmSmWv D]an°mdv . B apXebpsS hmbn¬ AIs∏´pIgn™m¬ \ap°Xn¬\n ∂p ]pdØpIS°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. As√¶n¬ kwKØnte°p hoWpt]mIpw. PohnXsØ ]q¿Æambn Dƒs°m≈p∂ Hcp \nkwKX. ChnsS kwKan√msX Pohn°Wsa¶n¬ \mw hfsc PmKcqIcmbncn°Ww. ssIbn¬ Ipd®p shfn®Æ ]pc´nbXn\ptijw N° apdn°pIbmsW¶n¬ N°∏i ssIbn¬ ]pcfpIbn√.

t]msebmIpw \ΩpsS t_m[w. ⁄m\Øns‚ tI{µw. AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 47 . Ahs‚ I¿ΩßfpsS NßeIƒ sIm≠v Ah≥ kzbw hcn™papdp°pIbmWv sNøp∂Xv. c≠p Nn¥Iƒ°nSbn¬ HcnSthfbp≠v. [¿Ω\njvTambncn°pw. B tI{µØnte°p {i≤sb sIm≠phcm≥ Ign™n´ps≠¶n¬ [ym\Øns‚ \ndhv \n߃°p A\p`hn°m\mhpw. FhnsS \nkwKXbpt≠m AhnsS I¿Ω߃ Cuizc\nbp‡ ambncn°pw. dqt m ]d™Xpt]mse a\pjy≥ kzX{¥cmbn´mWv P\n°p∂sX¶nepw Ahs‚ I¿Ω߃sIm≠mWv Ah≥ _‘\ÿ\mbnØocp∂Xv. Cu CSthf \Ωƒ Hcn°epw {i≤n®n´n√. P\\o? AtΩ. B¿°pw \nßsf _‘n∏n°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. F¥p thWsa¶nepw sNømw. c≠p lrZbanSn∏n\nSbn¬ Hcn Sthfbp≠v . km£nam{Xambncn°p∂ BflmhmWv Rms\∂v Adn™m¬ AXp ]caamb kzmX{¥ysØ ]I¿∂p Xcp∂p. Hcp s\mSnbnSsIm≠v F√m I¿Ωßfpw Cuizct‚ XmsW∂ t_m[tØmSpIqSn. \nßfpsS D≈n¬ Adnhns\mcp tI{µap≠v . F∂m¬ Cu I¿Ωßsfsbms° \nkwKXbpsS Ichmfw sIm≠v \ap°p hnt—Zn®pIfbm≥ Hcp s\mSn aXn. \nßsf H∂pw _‘n∏n°pIbn√. [¿ΩhnlnX ambXpam{Xta \nkwKXbn¬ sNøm≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. \n߃ kzX{¥cmbncn°pw. acWtØmSv ASp°pt¥mdpw Ahs‚ I¿Ω_‘ßfpsS IÆnIfpsS \ofw IqSns°m≠ncn°pw. PohnXw hfsc `bm\Iamb coXnbn¬ `mcap≈XmbnØocpw. ]ns∂ Cu temIØv F¥p sNbv X mepw \aps°m∂pw kw`hn°n√. F∂mibw KXns]dpw \mZ`qanbnea¿∂v Bhncm` ]Scpw Nn∂m`nbn¬ {Xn]pSn F∂mWv Adpw]Sn Ie¿∂v BdnSp∂p. ]m´p]mSmw. \n߃°p \rØw Ifn°mw. c≠p Ne\߃°nSbn¬ HcnSthfbp≠v. c≠v hm°pIƒ°nSbn¬ HcnSthfbp≠v. AhnsS \n߃ ]q¿ÆkzX{¥cmWv . Cu {Xn]pSnIƒ apgph\pw \obmIp∂ Nn∂m`nbn¬ hnebnXambnØocp∂Xv F∂mWv? Nn∂m`n F∂p ]d™m¬ Adnhns‚ \m`n. Hmtcm Nn¥bptSbpw ]cyhkm\Øn¬ ASpØ Nn¥bpsS A¶pcw D≠mIp∂Xn\papºv HcnSthf A\p`hn°m≥ Ignbpw.

k¿hNn¥Itfbpw P\n∏n°p∂hƒ. hyXykvXa√. hfsc Xo£v W ambncn°p∂ Hcp At\zjWw. \nßsf ckn∏n°p∂ Hcp \mZw. CX p \n߃°v A\p`hthZyambn´pt≠m F∂dnbn√. Ieln°p∂Xp tIƒ°m≥ 48 . \mcmbWKpcp GsXmcp t_m[sØ kv ] ¿in®pthm. arKØnt\°mƒ DZmØamb Hcp ImgvN Ah\p≠v. Cu Nn∂m`nbn¬ a\ v ebn®ptNcptºmƒ AXn¬\n∂v Hcp \mZw DXncp∂p. CSapdnbmØ HcmhiyIX \nßfn¬ P\nt°≠Xp≠v. arKw ssewKnI {IoUbn¬ G¿s∏Sp∂p. arKw Xn∂p∂p. shdpsX Ccn°p∂ kabØv D≈nte°v ImXv Iq¿∏n°pIbmsW¶n¬ a\ v H®hbv°p∂Xp tIƒ°m≥ Ignbpw. Ah≥ B ImgvNsb ZrVs∏SpØp∂Xv Nn¥Iƒ°nSbnep≈ Cu CSthfbn¬ Ahs‚ t_m[sØ Dd∏n®v ⁄m\sØ sXfnabp≈Xm°ptºmgmWv. a\pjy\pw Ddßp∂p. F√m \mZßfpw Dbn¿sIm≈p∂Xv lrZbØns‚ BgØn¬\n∂mWv . a\pjy≥ shdpsamcp arKa√. ⁄m\Øns‚ \m`nsb kv]¿in°phm≥ Ignbpw. CXv F√mh¿°pw Ignbp∂XmWv . P\\n k¿hØnt\bpw P\n∏n°p∂hfmWv . a\pjy\pw Xn∂p∂p. ]t£. B t_m[sØ \n߃°pw kv ] ¿in°m≥ Ignbp∂p. A√mØ]£w a\pjyP∑w arKP∑Ønt\mSp tN¿∂Xp am{Xw. Ft∏mƒ Nn¥Iƒ °nSbnep≈ au\sØ a\pjy\p kv]¿in°m≥ Ignbp∂pthm At∏mƒ Ahs\mcp _p≤\mbnØocp∂p. a\pjy\pw AXpXs∂ sNøp∂p. {iocmcaIrjv W ]calwk¿ GsXmchÿbnemtWm B\µ\rØw \SØnbXv B Hchÿbn¬ \n߃°pw \rØw sNøm≥ Ignbp∂p. arKw Ddßp∂p. a\pjyP∑w k^eamIp∂Xv Cu BhiyIXtbmSp \oXn]pe¿Øm≥ IgnbptºmgmWv. AXn\∏pdØp thsdm∂pw a\pjy\pw sNøp∂n√ F∂p hcnIbmsW¶n¬ a\pjy≥ hkv{XapSpØp \S°p∂ arKw am{XambnØocpw.Ft∏mƒ \n߃°v Cu CSthf {i≤n°phm≥ Ignbp∂pthm AhnsS \nßfnse Nn∂m`nsb.CXp \n߃°v kq£va{KlWØneqsS hnIkn∏ns®Sp°mhp∂XmWv. arKØn\msW¶n¬ AXns‚ tXmepXs∂ DSpXpWn bmbncn°p∂p. A{Xtb hyXymkap≈q. ChnsS B Hcp t_m[sØbmWv P\\nbmbn Kpcp ]dbp∂Xv .

kwKoXkm{µambncn°p∂ Cu A\p`hsØ°pdn®v Hcp IY Kpcp°∑m¿ ]dbmdp≠v. a\ ns‚ i_vZsØ tImemlew F∂p ]dbpw. At∏mƒ Hm¶mcØns‚ au\ap{ZnXambncn°p∂ \mZhoNnIƒ lrZbm¥cØn¬\n∂p tIƒ°m≥ Ignbpw. At±lw \√ kwKoX⁄≥ BbXpsIm≠p Xs∂ Hcp hyhÿ apt∂m´ph®p. kwKoXw tIƒ°phm≥ hcp∂h¿ BcpwXs∂ Xebm´pItbm icocw Cf°pItbm sNøcpXv. Hcn°¬ hfsc kwKoX{]nb\mbncp∂ Hcp cmPmhp≠mbncp∂p. a\ ns‚ Cu i_vZw kwKoXa√. kwKoXØn¬ XmXv]cyap≈ Bcpw AXptI´m¬ BkzmZyXbpsS ]q¿ÆXbn¬ kzbta BSnt∏mIpw. c≠p sNhnbpw thWsa¶n¬ ssIhnc¬sIm≠p s]mØn∏nSn®v _mlyamb i_vZsØ tIƒ°mØ hn[Øn¬ AS®p]nSn®mepw a\ n¬ i_v Z tImemle߃ \S°p∂ Xp tIƒ°m≥ Ignbpw. F∂mepw cmPmhv \m´nseßpw Adnbn®p. B \nanjØn¬ PohnXw Gsd kpXmcyambn cn°p∂ Hcp A\p`hambnØocpw. C\n AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 49 . At±lw Xs‚ sIm´mcØn¬ Hcp kwKoXhncp∂v \SØm≥ B{Kln®p.Ignbpw. cmPmhn\v CXp tI´t∏mƒ hnjaambn. am\knI tcmK߃°p apgph\pw ImcWw a\ ns‚ i_vZtImemleßfmWv F∂p i¶cmNmcycpw ]dbp∂p. Cu tImemlesØ Nn∂m`nbn¬ ebn∏n°ptºmƒ AXn¬\n∂pw Ddhs]m´p∂ a{µa[pcambncn°p∂ kwKoXw \nßsf \mZ`qanIbnemgvØp∂p. B \m´nse G‰hpw \√ kwKoX⁄s\bmWv A∂sØ kwKoXhncp∂n\p ]mSphm\mbn £Wn®ncp∂Xv. Fs¥∂m¬ At±lØns‚ kwKoXw A{Xam{Xw elcn ]nSn∏n°p∂Xmbncp∂p. CXnte°p≈ bm{X F{Xam{Xw Xo£vWam°m≥ Ignbp∂pthm A{Xam{XamWv Ahs‚ hnPbw. PohnXØnse F√mØcØnep≈ k¥m]ßfpw AkvXan®v a\pjy≥ kzXth B\µap≈ Hcp hy‡nbmbn Ahs‚ t_m[Øn¬ ]cnWan°p∂p. Cu Hcp am‰w a\pjy≥ B{Kln°p∂p≠v. CsXßs\bmWv kw`hn°p∂Xv ? \nßfpsS D≈n¬Xs∂ a\ v i_vZap≠m°p∂p≠v. kwKoXw {ihn®v Bsc¶nepw icocw Cf°pItbm Xebm´pItbm sNbvXn´ps≠¶n¬ B hy‡nbpsS Kft—Zw \SØpw F∂Xmbncp∂p B hyhÿ. i_vZap≠m°p∂Xp tIƒ°m≥ Ignbpw. i_vZPmew almcWyw NnØ{`aWImcWw.

F√mh¿°pw acWsØ `bamWt√m. hfsc Ipd®pt]¿am{Xw acWsØ hIhbv°msX kwKoXw tIƒ°phm≥ h∂p. Cu ]{¥≠pt]sc Is≠Øm≥ th≠nbmbncp∂p Rm≥ ChnsS Cu kwKoX°t®cn \SØnbXv. Ipd®p Ign™t∏mƒ ]Øp]{¥≠ v BfpIƒ kwKoXØns‚ elcnbn¬ FWo‰p\n∂p \rØw sNøm≥ XpSßn.” CXptI´v B kwKoX⁄≥ ]d™p: “th≠ Ahsc h[nt°≠. ImcWw. cmPmhnXp {i≤n°p∂p≠mbncp∂p.” km[mcW \Ωƒ ChnsS tIƒ°p∂ ]m´pIsfm∂pw kwKoXa√. Aßp ]d™t]mseXs∂ Chsc h[n®pIfbm≥Xs∂bmWv Xocpam\n®ncn°p∂Xv. kwKoXw Ign™t∏mƒ cmPmhv ]d™p: “C{Xbpw BfpIƒ AßbpsS kwKoXw tI´v Xebm´pIbpw icocw Nen∏n°pIbpw sNbvXp. kwKoX⁄≥ ]m´pXpSßn. Cu ]{¥≠p t]cmWt√m acWsØ hIhbv ° msX kwKoXØns‚ B\p`qXnIambncn°p∂ XeØnte°v Cdßnh∂Xv. \n߃°m¿s°¶nepw Im‰ns‚ kwKoXw BkzZn°m≥ Ign™n´pt≠m? agbpsS kwKoXw BkzZn°m≥ Ign™n´pt≠m? C\n CSnsh´ns‚ kwKoXw BkzZn°m≥ Ign™n´pt≠m? {]IrXnbpsS Bchßfnencn°p∂ kwKoXsØ BkzZn°phm≥ Ign™n´pt≠m? \ΩpsS B XeØnep≈ F√m BkzmZ\ßfpw acn®pt]mbvsIm≠ncn °pIbmWv . ChnsS Kpcp \Ωsf £Wn°p∂Xv A¥cmflmhns‚ \mZ`qanbn te°mWv. ]Icw Ir{Xnaambncn°p∂ i_v Z ßfpsS tImemleßfn¬ a\ v hym]cn®psIm≠ncn°p∂p. A¥cmflmhns‚ ck\njyµnbmb \mZ`qanbnea¿∂v 50 . Iptdt\cw BfpIƒ kwKoXØns‚ amkv a cnIambncn°p∂ elcnbn¬ _ew ]nSn®ncps∂¶nepw ]ns∂ Nnescms° BSm≥ XpSßn. C{Xbpw BfpIƒ Cu kwKoXw tI´p h[n°s∏Spat√m F∂p cmPmhv hnNmcn®p. C\n Cu ]{¥≠pt]¿°mbn Rm≥ icn°pw kwKoXw Hcp°p∂p≠v. Cu a\pjy¿°p acWsØ t]Snbnt√ F∂mWv cmPmhv hnNmcn®Xv. acWsØ `b°msX Cu a\pjy¿ Xebm´pIsbms° sNøp∂t√m. CXp tI´t∏mƒ Iptd BfpIsfm∂pw h∂n√.Bsc¶nepw Aßs\ sNbvXm¬ Abmsf sIm∂pIfbpw.

PohnXØns‚ [\yambncn°p∂ \nanjsØ A\p`hn°phm\p≈ £WamWnXv. A{]m]yambn CXns\sbm∂pw [cn°m≥ ]mSn√. A{]m]yambn´p≈X√. CXp \n߃°pw Ignbp∂XmWv. AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 51 . F√mhcpsS PohnXØnepw B[ymflnIX {]m]yambn´p≈XmWv .

n-e\pw I√m-gnbpw I\-ep-a-√msX iq\y-a-Xp˛ sa√m-sam-cm-Zn-bd . aXn a√m-Sp-In√ ˛ B Ahÿbn¬ t_m[w a√-Sn-°p- I-bn-√.nhmw X√m-Lhw ]d-In-en-√m-cWw {Inb-Iƒ a√m-Sp-In√ aXnbo k√m`-sam-∂p-a-Xn-sb-√m-hcpw Xncbp˛ ap√m-L-t_m-[-P-\-\o! C√mX ˛ kXy-Øn¬ C√mØ ambbnSpw ˛ amb-aqew Df-hm-Ip∂ D√m-k-sam∂pw ˛ {]]-©-cq-]-Øn-ep≈ {]Xo-Xn-Iƒ H∂pw-Xs∂ Adn-h-√msX C√ ˛ Adn-h-√msX thsdm∂pw A√. 52 . c≠v C√m-X -am-b-bn-Sp-ap-√m-k-sam-∂p-a-dn˛ h√m-sX-bn-√\ . F√m-hcpw Xncbpw ˛ F√m-hcpw Pn⁄m-k-tbmsS Xnc-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ D√m-Lt_m[P-\\o ˛ B\-µ-t_m-[-a-bn-bmb AΩ-bmWp \o. XXv emLhw ]d-In¬ ˛ AXns‚ eLpXzw ]d-bp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ C√ BcWw {Inb-Iƒ ˛ A¥x-kw-L¿j-ßfpw I¿Ω- _mlp-eyßfpan√mØ Ah-ÿ-bm-Wv. A\n-e\pw ˛ Im‰pw I√pw B-gnbpw ˛ ]rYn-hn-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ I√pw Pe-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Bgnbpw I\epw ˛ A·nbpw A√msX iq\y-aXpw ˛ am{X-a√ BIm-ihpw F√mw ˛ Ch-sb√mw Hcp BZn Adnhmw ˛ Htc-sbmcp BZn-a-t_m-[-am-Wv. Cu k√m`w H∂paXn ˛ Cu kXym-\p-`q-Xn-bpsS Htc- sbmcp t\´w F\nbv°p aXn.

amb C√mØXmWv. hym[n F∂m¬ imcocnItcmKw. B t_m[kØbpsS eLpXzsØ °pdn®p ]dbpIbmsW¶n¬ kwL´\ßfpw {InbmIem]ßfpw C√mØ AhÿbmWXv. B[nIfn¬\n∂pw hym[nIfn¬\n∂pw hnap‡amb ]camÀmZ kzcq]amb D√mLt_m[w F\n°\p`hn°Ww. ]©`qXmflIamb F√m \macq]ßfpw BZnImcWamb t_m[kØXs∂bmWv. D≈X√. kIe PohPmeßfpw Xncbp∂ kXyØns‚ km£mXvImcw H∂p am{Xw aXn F\nbv°. Ft∏mgpw D≈ B H∂ns\ kZvhkvXp F∂p ]dbpw.v thsdm∂pw th≠. Ch c≠pw Xncn®dnbm≥ Ign™ns√¶n¬ Pohn°phm\pw hfsc {]bmkamWv. F{X ⁄m\kpµcamb {]m¿∞\. C√mbvabpsS h√mbva ]cam¿∞Øn¬ D◊ C√mØ amb Dfhm°p∂ {]]©m\p `h߃ H∂pwXs∂ t_m[kØbn¬\n∂pw A\ya√. al¿jn XangnemWv C√mbvabpsS h√mbva 53 . A√tbm D√mLt_m[sØ P\n∏n°p∂ AtΩ. iq\yw F∂p ]d™m¬ BImiw. Aßs\bp≈ t_m[w a√Sn°pIbn√. F¥mWv D≈Xv? F¥mWv C√mØXv? D≈Xv F∂p ]d™m¬ `qXImeØnepw `mhnImeØnepw h¿Øam\ImeØnepw am‰an√msXbncn°p∂sXt¥m AXv. Bgn F∂m¬ Pew. `Khm≥ caWal¿jnbpsS AXypZmØ amb Hcp IrXnbpsS t]cv k±¿i\w F∂mWv. I\¬ F∂m¬ A·n. AXp icnbmWv. B[n F∂m¬ am\knItcmKw. am\knIambpw imcocnIambpw D≈ F√m ZpxJßfn¬\n∂pw ]oUIfn¬\n∂pw hyk\ßfn¬\n∂pw Fs∂ hnap‡am°tW. I√v F∂p ]d™m¬ `qan. C√mX ambbnSpw D√m-k-sam∂pw Adn-h-√msX C√. At∏mƒ D≈sX¥mWv Fs∂mcp tNmZyamWv \ΩpsS apºnte°v Kpcp C´pXcp∂Xv. CXp icnb√ F∂ XcØn¬ aqeykwL¿j߃ D≠m°pIbn√. A\ne≥ F∂m¬ hmbp.

temIw _p≤nhnIev]nXw _p≤n°papeIØn\pw P∑\miI[maambv tahpw kZvhkvXp kºq¿ÆtaIw P∑mZnh¿÷nXw. Aßs\ t\m°pIbmsW¶n¬ {]]©Ønep≈ F√mw C√mØXmWv. \mev]Xp ]ZyßfmbmWv al¿jn CsXgpXnbXv. Cu {]]©w 54 .n¬ D≠mbncn°mw. Hcp hkvXp Nnet∏mƒ `qX-Im-eØ . {]]©Øns‚ D◊sb shfns∏SpØp∂ \mev]Xp ]Zy߃ F∂ A¿∞ØnemWv D≈Xp \mev]Xv F∂ t]cp sImSpØXv. KW]Xnap\n X¿÷a sNbvX kwkvIrX {KŸØn¬ \mev]Øn\mev t«mIßfp≠v. F∂m¬ h¿Øam\ImeØn¬ D≈Xmbn cn°mw. {]]©Øns‚ ImeKW\bpambn X´n®pt\m°p tºmƒ \qdph¿jw hfsc sNdnb Hcp ImebfhmWv. amb A\p`hßsf apdnhp≈Xm°p∂p. temIambn {]Xn`mkn°p∂ at\mhrØnIƒ C√mØXmWv. kZvhkvXp NnZvhkvXphpw B\µhkvXphpw IqSnbmWv. C\n `qXImeØn¬ C√mØXmbncn°mw. F∂m¬ h¿Ø am\ImeØnepw `mhnImeØnepw C√. t«mIØns‚ aebmf ]cn`mj Cßs\bmWv. AXn¬ at\mhrØnIfmWv temIsØ Iev]n°p∂Xmbn ]dbp∂Xv. amb kZvhkvXphn¬ A¥¿`hn®ncn°p∂ hntiji‡nbmWv. al¿jnbpsS hn\oX `‡\mb ImhyIWvT KW]Xnap\n Cu IrXn kwkvIrXØnte°p `mjm¥cs∏SpØn. Cu C√mbva F√mh¿°pw F√mbvt∏mgpw t_m[ys∏Sp∂n√. “temIap≠mhXpw ]ns∂ £bn°Xptam¿°pIn¬ at\mhrØntbmsSmØt√. `mhnImeØn¬ C√mXmhpIbpw sNømw. GsX¶nepw Hcp ]mdtbm Pohntbm actam aetbm ChnsS tImSm\ptImSn h¿j߃°papºv D≠mbn Ct∏mƒ \ne\n¬°p∂Xmbn \n߃°p ImWn®pXcm≥ Ignbptam? F√mw amdns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv. ambbmWv C√mbva°v CShcpØp∂Xv. a\pjys\ kw_‘n®nStØmfw Ahs‚ Bbp v Gdnbm¬ Hcp \qdph¿jw. D≈Xp \mev]Xv F∂mWv al¿jn Cu IrXn°v t]cp sImSpØXv. Cßs\ aq∂p Imeßfnepw amdnamdn h∂psIm≠ncn°p∂Xns\bmWv C√mØ sX∂p ]dbp∂Xv.” at\mhrØnIƒ°v ImcWambncn°p∂ kZvhkvXphmWv D≈Xv. hnthI Zibn¬ Hcph\v Cu Xncn®dnhp≠mIp∂p.CsXgpXnbXv. kZvhkvXphnemWv F√m hrØnIfpw HSpßp∂Xv.

km[mcW \Ωƒ ]dbmdnt√ NmcpItkcm thZm¥w. IqSpX¬ BfpIƒ ]dbp∂Xvv kXyw.ISpIpaWnt]mep≈ Hcp hkvXphn¬\n∂p s]m´nsØdn®p ≠mbXmsW∂v B[p\nIimkv { Xw ]dbp∂p. Xnbd‰n°¬ ^nknIvkv F∂p ]d™m¬ shdpw NmcpItkcbn¬ Ccp∂psIm≠v \ap°v Imcy߃ ]dbmw. F∂m¬ {]]©Øns‚ Dev]Ønsb°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ A`yqlßfn emWv B[p\nIimkv{Xw B{ibw Is≠Ønbncn°p∂Xv. AXpt]mse ^nknIvkpw Hcp CuknsNb¿ ^nknIvkmWv. C∂sØ G‰hpw henb imkv{X⁄≥ NmcpItkcbnencp∂p `uXnIimkv { Xw ]dbp∂ Ão^≥ lm°nMmWv. At±lØns‚ icocw Xf¿∂pt]mbXpsIm≠v Hcp ho¬ sNbdnemWv k©cn°p∂Xv. tImkvtamKWn XmØznIamb imkv{Xambn (theo- retical physics) amdnbncn°pIbmWv. Ão^≥ lm°nMv NmcpItkcbnencp∂v {]]©Øns‚ Dev ] Ønsb°pdn®pw \ne\n¬∏ns\°pdn®pw AXns‚ hn\misØ°pdn®psams° \tΩmSp ]dbptºmƒ A\p`hÿ \mb Ejn ]dbp∂Xnt\°mƒ hmkvXhnIX Cu NmcpItkcm imkv{X⁄≥ ]dbp∂Xnt\mSp \ap°p tXm∂p∂p. AXn\p ImcWw. ImWp∂XmWv kXyw F∂Xn\v Fs¥¶nepw Hcp am\ZWvUw \ΩpsS ssIbnept≠m? Hcp am\ZWvUhpan√. sXfnbn°s∏´n´p≈X√. ImcWw hncense C√mbvabpsS h√mbva 55 . {]]t©mev]Ønsb sXfnbn°m≥ B[p\nIimkv{XØn\p Ign™n´n√. P\n® A∂p apX¬ \sΩ ]d™pt_m[n∏n®ncn°p∂Xv ImWp∂XmWv kXyw F∂mWv. shdptXbßp hnizkn°pIbmWv. B[p\nIimkv{Xw sXfnhn\p {]m[m\yw sImSp°p∂ imkv{XamWv. CsXms° \nKa\ßfmWv. F∂m¬ AXmtWm Hcp am\ZWvUamtI≠Xv? Aßs\sbmcp am\ZWv U sØ kzoIcn®pIgn™m¬ kXym\p`hnIƒ°p `qcn]£w In´msX hcpw.˛ Cukn sNb¿ ^ntemk^n F∂v . {]]t©mev]Ønsb°pdn®p≈ ]T\sØ tImkvtamKWn F∂p ]dbpw. Ipd®p t]¿ ]dbp∂Xv AkXyw. IqSpX¬ BfpIƒ ]dbp∂Xv kXyamsW∂p hnNmcn°p∂ Hcp {]tXyIXcØnep≈ _p≤nbmWv Ct∏mƒ \ap°p≈Xv. NmcpItkcbn¬ Ccp∂psIm≠v ]dbmw. ImeØns‚ kw£n]vX Ncn{Xw ( A Brief History of Time) F∂ hnJymX{KŸw At±lw FgpXn.

hfsc kq£v a ambn´p≈ i_v Z ßsf ]nSns®Sp°m≥ ]ecpsS ImXpIƒ°pw Ignbmdn√. Fs¥¶nepw tI´m¬ th≠hÆw hnNmcw sNømsX DSs\ AXßp hnizkn°pw. AXn\∏pdtØ°p Ah¿ t]mhpIbn√. Hcp ]´n°p tIƒ°m≥ Ignbp∂Xp a\pjy\p tIƒ°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. sNdnb DZmlcWßfneqsS \ap°Xp ImWm≥ Ignbpw. hfsc ItTmcamb Nne i_vZ߃ tIƒ°ptºmƒ Ahs‚ {ihtW{µnbwXs∂ s]m´nt∏mIm\nSbp≠v. ImXn\v Fs¥√mw i_vZ߃ tIƒ°m≥ Ignbn√ F∂dnbmtam? ]e i_vZßfpw ImXn\p tIƒ°m≥ Ignbn√. B ]cn[n°∏pdØv IÆn\p ImWm≥ Ignbn√. hmkvXhØn¬ AXns‚ {]mamWnIX Npcpßnb tZiImeßfn¬ am{Xta A\p`hs∏Smdp≈q. IÆmWv ImgvN°p≈ D]IcWw. BImiwh∂p ISente°p CSn™phoWv InS°p∂Xp t]mse IÆv ]dbpw. Aßs\ sX‰mb Hcp Nn¥bnte°p \ΩpsS _p≤n sNcn™pt]mIm≥ ]mSn√. 56 . AXpsIm≠v `qcn]£w P\ßfpsS A`n{]mba√ kXysØ \n›bnt°≠Xv. IÆn\v F{XZqcw hsc ImWm≥ Ignbpw? AXns\mcp ]cn[nbp≠v.Æmhp∂ Bfl⁄m\nIƒ am{Xta Ncn{XØn¬ Xebpb¿Øn \n¬°p∂p≈q. Aßs\ BImiw h∂p ISens\ kv]¿in°p∂ kw`hw AhnsS \S°p∂n√. AXn\pw Nne hyXymkßsfms°bp≠v. Ah¿°p `qcn]£w In´msX hcnIbmsW¶n¬ aqey]camb Hcp PohnXhyhÿbpsS kwXpenXmhÿXs∂ \jvSs∏´pt]mIm\nSbp≠v. ]t£. am{Xa√. ISens‚ ASpØpsN∂p \n߃ t\m°q. BImitØ °p t\m°ptºmƒ AhnsS Hcp \oena ImWp∂ps≠¶nepw B \oena AhnsS C√ F∂p≈Xv \ΩpsS At\zjWØns‚ ^eambn sXfn™n´p≈XmWv. am{Xa√. AXpsIm≠v B[p\nIimkv{XØn\v hfsc {]mamWnIXbp≈ Xpt]mse Ah¿ IcpXpw. ASpØncn°p∂ Hcp hkvXphns\ ImWp∂Xpt]msebmbncn°n√ IÆv AIsebp≈ Hcp hkvXphns\ ImWp∂Xv. km[mcW P\w HcpXcØnepw At\zjWmflIXbp≈hc√. CsXms° h®pt\m°ptºmƒ C{µnb߃sIm≠v Adnbp∂sX√mw XmXv ° menIamb kXyßfmWv. AXp \ΩpsS ImgvNbpsS ]cnanXn sIm≠mWp A\p`hs∏Sp∂Xv. IÆns\ ]q¿Æambn hnizkn°m≥ ]‰pIbn√. IÆns\ am{Xa√ ImXnt\bpw hnizkn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√.

]mcam¿∞nIkXyw F∂p ]dbpw. F∂p ]d™m¬ A⁄m\Zibn¬ Chbv°v bmYmXYyap≠v. ]mcam¿∞nIkXysØ Adn™m¬ ]ns∂ hyhlmcØn\pw {]Xn`mkØn\pw {]k‡nbn√.. C{Xtbbp≈q km[mcW a\pjys‚ A\p`haWvUew.. H∂v \Ωƒ ImWp∂ Cu ÿqe{]]©w. Chsbsb√mw hymhlmcnIamb kXyambn a\ nem°mw. hymhlmcnI{]]©sØ C{µnb߃ sIm≠mWv Adnbp∂Xv. F¶nepw hymhlmcnIambncn°p∂ Cu kabØv. AXp ]caamb A¿∞amWv... kz]v \ w ImWp∂Xpt]msebp≈ A\p`hw. F¶nepw AXp aq∂pXcØn¬ \ΩpsS apºn¬ {]XoXamIp∂p≠v. kXyw Ht∂bp≈q. Cu aq∂pXeßfnep≈ kXysØ°pdn®v t_m[ys∏Sptºmƒ \ap°p kXymt\zjWw Ffp∏ambnØocpw. kwKoX⁄¿ Ch¿ Iptdsbms° Imev]\nI PohnIfmsW∂p ]dbmdp≠v.. ]cam¿∞sØ Adnbp∂Xp hsc hyhlmcØn\pw {]Xn`mkØn\pw {]k‡nbp≠v . F∂p ]d™m¬ Ch¿ {]mXn`mknIkXyßtfmSv A\pcW\s∏´p Pohn°p∂ BfpIfmsW∂mWv . Rm≥ ChnsS Ccn°p∂p. IemImc∑m¿. AXp {]Xy£amWv (per- ceptual). kXyØns‚ aq∂masØ Xew ⁄m\n°v Ahs‚ D≈n¬ sXfnbp∂ AJWvUm\p`hamWv... C\n kXyØns‚ c≠masØ Xew {]mXn`mknIamWv. IhnIƒ. ]q¿Æambn C√msb∂p ]dbm≥ IgnbpIbn√... Nn{XImc∑m¿. thZm¥w CXns\ hyht—Zn°p∂Xv Cßs\bmWv. 57 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva . kz]v \ w km¶ev ] nIamWv (conceptual). \n߃ ChnsS h∂ncn°p∂p. AhnsS hmg \´n´p≠v.. Cu lmƒ. Nne hy‡nIƒ kz]v\PohnIsft∏mse Pohn°p∂Xp ImWmw. hymhlmcnItemIsØ a\ nem°p∂Xv C{µnbßfneqsSbmsW¶n¬ {]mXn`mknIamb k¶ev]ßsf a\ nem°p∂Xv A¥°cWßfneqsSbmWv . Ch¿ hnNmcn°p∂p bmYm¿∞ytØ°mfpw kXyambncn°p∂Xv Imev]\nIXbmsW∂v. \ncØneqsS ImtdmSp∂p.. AXmWv {]mXn`mknIw. AXpsIm≠v kmam\yP\߃°v hymhlmcnIamb kXyØns‚ {]k‡n D≈XpsIm≠mWv Cßs\ hymhlmcnIamb hm°pIfneqsS hymhlmcnIamb kw`hßfneqsS ]mcam¿∞n Iamb kXysØ°pdn®p kwkmcnt°≠nhcp∂Xv. CXn\p imizXambncn°p∂ D◊bn√.

F¥n\pth≠n? ]mcam¿∞nIambncn°p∂ H∂ntebv°p≈ {]bmWw XpSßp∂Xn\pth≠n.Ch¿ FgpXn∏nSn∏n°p∂sXms° hmbn®pIgn™m¬ Hcp kz]v\temIØneqsS k©cn°p∂Xpt]mep≈ A\p`hambncn°pw. hymhlmcnIambn cn°p∂ temIØns‚ XeØntebv°p Cdßnh∂v AhnsS kXysØ Xncbm≥ XpSßp∂p. hm\{]ÿw. bmYm¿∞yw F∂p ]d™m¬ ]cam¿∞w F∂ A¿∞Øne√. Aßs\bmWv `mcXØn¬ ]pcpjm¿∞ßsf hn`Pn®cn°p∂Xv. {_“Ncyw. ]ns∂bmWv bmYm¿∞yØns‚ XeØnte°v hcp∂Xv. 58 . {]mXn`mknIXsb BZyw If™p. a\pjy≥ C∂p {]mXn`mknI kXysØ kzoIcn®v AXn\v bmYm¿∞yw sImSpØp Pohn®psIm≠ncn°p∂p. bmYm¿∞yap≈Xpt]mse tXm∂psa¶nepw s]mSp∂s\ At±lw kzm]v\nIambncn°p∂ Hcp km¶ev]nItemItØ°v a\pjys\ sIm≠pt]mIpw. Aßs\ Hcp kmlnXycN\m k{ºZmbwXs∂ DSseSpØn´p≠v. At±lØns‚ cN\Isf√mw Hcp {]tXyI coXnbnemWv AhXcn∏n°p∂Xv. ]mcam¿∞nIØnteb°v {]thin°ptºmgmWv Hcmƒ Km¿lÿy Øn¬\n∂v BcWyIØnte°pw k∂ymkØnte°pw IS°p∂Xv. ]et∏mgpw \ap°ßs\ tXm∂mdnt√? amPn°pImc≥ iq\yXbn¬ \ns∂ms° Fs¥¶nepw FSpØp ImWn°pw. {]mXn`mknIw hymhlmcnIw ]mcam¿∞nIw. B k{ºZmb Øn\v t\m_¬ kΩm\w In´p∂psh∂p ]d™m¬ km¿∆{XnIamb Hcp AwKoImcw AXn\p ssIh∂ncn°p∂p F∂mWp a\ nemt°≠Xv. Hcp ]Øncp]Xp hb phsc Ip´nIƒ Imev]\nI PohnIfmbncn°pw. {]tXyIn®pw amPn°v ImWm≥ Ip´nIƒ°p IuXpIw hcpw. At∏mƒ \ap°p tXm∂pw: A¤pXIcambn°p∂p. ]ns∂ bmYm¿∞ysØ Ifbp∂p. Km¿lÿyw. K{_ntb¬ Km¿jy am¿t°kv t\m_¬ kΩm\w In´nb Hcp FgpØpImc\mWv. Ip´nIfn¬ BZyImeØv Cu {]mXn`mkn IXtbmSmWv {]m[m\yw D≠mbncn°p∂sX∂mWv AXn\¿∞w. AXpsIm≠mWv K{_ntb¬ Km¿jym am¿t°kns‚ amPn°¬ dnbenkw (magical realism) {]k‡ambnhcp∂Xv. k∂ymkw F∂o \mev L´ßƒ. amPn°¬ dnbenkw F∂p ]d™m¬ Hcp amPn°pImc≥ iq\yXbn¬\n∂v hkvXp°sf FSpØv \sΩ ImWn°ptºmƒ B hkvXp°tfmSv \ap°p bmYm¿∞yØn¬ F∂Xpt]msebp≈ B\pIqeyX D≠mIp∂p. Ipd®pIqSn hf¿∂v GIZiw Hcp \mev]Xp hbkmIptºmthbv°pw Ah\n¬ ho≠pw am‰ßƒ kw`hn°p∂p.

Cßs\sbmcp \n¿hN\w \sΩ ktµlØnemgvØpw. \ hnZytX bm km amb˛ bmsXm∂n√tbm AXmWp amb. kmlNcyw sIm≠pXs∂ B Ib¿ Ac≠shfn®ØnemWv. As√¶n¬ AXp ]mºmbn tXm∂m≥ CSbn√. \ap°v ]mºnt\mSp≈ `bwsIm≠mWv hmkvXhØn¬ B Ibdn¬ ]mºns\ ImWp∂Xv. Ac≠ shfn®Øn¬ Hcp Ibdns‚ IjWw ImWptºmƒ \mw hnNmcn°pw AsXmcp ]mºmsW∂v. thZm¥Øn¬ hfsc Imeßfmbn ]dbp∂ DZmlcW߃ [mcmfap≠v. \mcmbWKpcp ambbv°v Hcp \n¿hN\w sImSpØncn°p∂Xv. AXpsIm≠p Xs∂ \mw `bs∏´v \nehnfn°p∂p. Ac≠ shfn®Øn¬ Hcp Ib¿Øp≠p ImWptºmƒ AXp ]mºmsW∂p sX‰n≤cn°p∂p. Hcp Ib¿Øp≠pI≠mWv Xm≥ C{Xbpw 59 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva . F√mw Hcp Xami t]mse tXm∂n. hy‡ambn ImWmØXpsIm≠mWv ]mºmbn sX‰n≤cn°p∂Xv. ambbmWv {]]©Ønep≈ F√m‰nt\bpw D≈Xpt]mse tXm∂n∏n°p∂Xv. km[mcWKXnbn¬ F√mhcpw ambbv°v hiKcmbncn°p∂hcmWv.k∂ymkØnte°v FØptºmtg°pw ]mcam¿∞nIkXysØ H∂p kv]¿in®n´p≠mbncn°pw. tSm¿®Sn®p t\m°nbt∏mƒ AsXmcp Ib¿Øp≠mbncp∂p. Ibdn\v Hcp ]Øp ao‰¿ \ofaps≠¶n¬ \ap°Xp ]mºmbn tXm∂pIbn√. amb F√mh¿°pw A\p`hap≈XmWv. F¥n√tbm AXp amb. AbmfpsS apJØp≠bncp∂ hnjasams° At∏mƒ t]mbn.v F√mw Hcp amb F∂v kmam\yambn \mw ]dbmdp≠v. At∏mƒ HcmfpsS ssIbn¬ \s√mcp tSm¿®p≠mbncp∂p. At∏mƒ ]e ImcW߃sIm≠pw Ac≠ shfn®Øn¬ Ib¿° jWw InS°ptºmƒ AXp ]mºmsW∂p tXm∂p∂p. Hcp ao‰tdm H∂cao‰tdm ap°m¬ao‰tdm \ofap≈ Hcp Ib¿°jW ambncn°Ww AXv. F∂m¬ ChnsS amb F¥msW∂v Ipd®pIqSn hntijn®p t\m°mw.]mºv’ F∂v. {]tXyIn®pw B Ib¿ InS°p∂ A¥co£w \√ kqcy{]Imiw D≈nSamsW¶n¬ `bw D≠mIn√. {]k∂hZ\\mbn. F√mhcpw HmSnh∂v F¥p]‰n F∂p tNmZn°ptºmƒ \mw ]dbpIbmWv ‘]mºv. amb \n߃°v ]cnNnXamb ]ZamW. t]Sn®ncp≠ apJw amdn. Bcpw AXns\ hy‡ambn Xncn®dnbp∂n√ F∂p am{Xw. CXp hniZoIcn°m\mbn thZm¥Ønse Nne DZmlcW߃ Xs∂ ISwsImt≈≠n hcpw.. F∂mWv.

A\ne≥ Im‰v. Cw•ojn¬ ]d™m¬ manifestation.`bs∏´sX∂v At±lØn\v a\ nembn. Bgn. GIambncn°p∂ P\\nbn¬ At\Iambncn°p∂ {]]©w D≈Xpt]mse ImWp∂Xns\ D√mkw F∂p ]dbpw. B Ib¿Øp≠n¬ C√mXncp∂ H∂ns\ D≈Xpt]mse tXm∂n∏n°p∂ {]{InbsbbmWv D√mksa∂p ]dbp∂Xv. Cu almt_m[a√msX H∂pwXs∂ imizX 60 . Adnh√msXbn√˛Cu ImWp∂sXms° Adnh√msX thsdm∂pa√. DZmlcWw FSpØpt\m°mw. CXmWv thZm¥w ]dbp∂ At\Iw DZmlcWßfn¬ H∂v. Ihn°v IhnbptSXmb kzmX{¥yw A\phZn®psImSp°Ww. thZm¥Øn\v i‡nbp≈ kwhn\nab£aXbp≠v. Bgn F∂m¬ kap{Zw. Ahy‡Xbn¬\n∂v H∂v hy‡Xbnte°v hcp∂Xns\bmWv D√mkw F∂p ]dbp∂Xv v . hfsc ckIcamWv Cßs\bp≈ `mj D]tbmKn°p∂Xv. ]rYznbpsS apgph≥ {]XoImflIX Hcp I√n¬ sImSpØncn°p∂p. I\¬. Cßs\sbm∂pa√t√m thZm¥w kwkmcn°p∂Xv. iq\yw. At√? Ah≥ D√kn°m≥ t]mhpIbmWv Fs∂ms° \mw ]dbmdp≠v. A\ne≥. {]m]©nI kXy߃ F∂p ]d™m¬ ]©`qXmflIambncn°p∂ Cu {]]©w F∂p a\ nem°Ww. D√mkw F∂m¬ F¥mWv? Ah\p \√ D√mkap≠v. AXp ]cnNnXambn´p≈ XmWv. Ac≠ shfn®Øn¬ InS∂ncp∂ Ib¿Øp≠n¬ ]mºns\ ImWptºmƒ AXv D√mkamWv. D√mkw F∂p ]d™m¬ ImWmXncn°p∂ H∂v ImgvNh´Ønte°v hcp∂Xns\bmWv. hfsc i‡nbp≈ Hcp ktµisØ hn\nabw sNøphm\p≈ Ignhv CXn\p≠v. ChnsS `qan°v ]Icambn´v Is√∂mWv ]d™ncn°p∂Xv. Adnsh∂p ]d™m¬ t_m[w AYhm P\\n. F∂p h®m¬ B\µn°m≥. C\n Cu DZmlcWw h®n´v Fßs\bmWv {]m]©nI kXyßsf°pdn®p Kpcp ]dbp∂sX∂p t\m°mw. iq\yw BImiamWv. kt¥mjn°m≥ F∂ A¿∞amWv km[mcW \aps°ms° ]cnNnXambncn°p∂ A¿∞w. kap{ZsØ FSpØp PeØns‚ {]Xn\n[nbm°n am‰p∂p. I√v. CXmWv IhnbpsS kzmX{¥yw. A©p `qXßsf°pdn®v Cu t«mIØn¬Xs∂ ]dbp∂p≠v. AXpt]mse GIambncn°p∂ amaXnbn¬. I\¬ A·n°p thsdmcp t]cv. F∂m¬ Kpcp Aßs\b√ ChnsS AXns\ {]tbmKn°p∂Xv.

AXpsIm≠v PohnXØn¬ amb hfsc henb Hcp {]tlfnIbmWv. At±lw Gsd ZpxJn®p. Xs‚ Hcp Iu]o\w Fen ISn®p \in∏n®psh∂v. c≠p tPmSn hkv{X߃ am{Xta At±lØn \p≠mbncp∂p≈q. kz¥sa∂p ]dbm\mbn H∂pwXs∂ At±lØn\p≠mbncp∂n√. Xs‚ Iu]o\ßfn¬ H∂v Fen ISn®p. ]nt‰ Znhkw `n£°pt]mIp∂ kabØv B Iu]o\w ]pc∏pdØv DW°m\n´p.v \msa√mw B {]hmlKXnbnse XcwKßfpw. ]q®sb hf¿Ønbm¬ FenbpsS ieyw 61 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva . cmhnse [ym\sams° Ign™Xn\ptijw At±lw {KmaØnte°p \S°m≥ t]mIpambncp∂p. FhnsS\ns∂ ¶nepw `n£ In´nbm¬ AXpw Ign®v At±lw Xncn®p DSPØn¬ h∂v InS∂pdßpw. C\n Iu]o\w BtcmSp tNmZn°pw? ]nt‰ Znhkw At±lw {KmaØn¬t]mbn `n£sbSpØt∏mƒ BfpItfmSp ]d™p. HcpZnhkw [cn® hkv{Xw ]nt‰ Znhkw hrØnbmbn Ae°nbnSpw. Hcp Znhkw `n£°p t]mIp∂Xn\papºv Hcp acØns‚ sImºn¬ ap≠pw Iu]o\hpw \\®v DW°m\n´p.ambncn°p∂ D◊bp≈Xmbn´n√. F∂m¬ `n£sbSpØp Xncn®ph∂ kabØv Fen AXv ISn®p \nch[n IjWßfm°nbn´ncn°p∂p. _m°nsb√mw Cu almt_m[Øn¬h∂p Ipd®pt\cw \ne\n∂v AXnte°pXs∂ ebn®ptNcp∂ \nch[nbmb \macq]߃ am{XamW. At±lw k¿hkwK]cnXymKnbmb IpSoNIk∂ymknbmbncp∂p. Xs‚ Iu]o\w Fen ISn®v \ndsb Hm´Ifm°n h®ncn°p∂XmWv. Ah¿°p k∂ykntbmSp klXm]w tXm∂n. Kpcphns‚ \n¿t±i{]Imcw Hcp k∂ymkn hnP\amb ÿeØpt]mbn Hcp IpSnepsI´n GImInbmbn Xmakn®p. B {]hmlØn¬s]´p ssIImen´Sn°p∂ thfbn¬ \ap°Xv hfsc bmYm¿∞yambXp t]mse tXm∂pw. XmXv°menIamb Hcp IpSnepsI´n AhnsS Xmakn®pt]m∂p. ap≠pw Iu]o\hpw. AXmbncp∂p hkv{Xw. Xncns®Ønbt∏mƒ At±lØn\v ImWm≥ Ign™Xv. BfpIƒ At±lØn\v Hcp Iu]o\w hmßns°mSpØp. Abmƒ°v hfsc hnjaw tXm∂n. C\n BtcmSp t]mbn tNmZn°m\mWv ? ]nt‰ Znhkw {KmaØnte°p sN∂t∏mƒ {KmaoW¿ ]d™p: “\nßsfmcp ]q®sb hf¿ØWw. ]pc∏pdØv Fen hcnIbns√∂v At±lw hnNmcn®p. amb ImWn°p∂ Xncnadn t_m[n∏n°m≥ th≠n {iocmaIrjvW ]calwk¿ Hcp IY ]dbpw.

Aßs\ Ipd®pZnhkw Ign™p. Bsc¶nepw klmbn°phm≥ Ds≠¶n¬ \∂mbncp∂psh∂p At±lØn\ptXm∂n. injyt\mSp Kpcp tNmZn®p: “Cßs\ kw`hn°m≥am{Xw \n\s°¥p]‰n?” At∏mƒ injy≥ ]d™p: “Kptcm. Kpcp {KmaoWtcmSp tNmZn®p: “ChnsS Fs‚sbmcp injy\p≠mb ncp ∂pht√m.” amb \ΩpsS ]n∂mºpdØpIqsS IS∂phcp∂ Hcp 62 . B ho´nte°v Kpcp Ibdns®∂t∏mƒ injy≥ `mcybptSbpw Ip´nIfptSbpw IqsS Ifn®pckn°p Ibmbncp∂p. ho´nepw ]cnkcØpw Ip™p߃ ]n®h®p \S°m≥ XpSßn. Aßs\ At±lw IeymWw Ign®p. CsX√mw Hcp Iu]o\w hcpØnh® hn\bmWv. At±lØn\p hfsc kt¥mjambn. ]q® h∂t∏mƒ FenIsf√mw AhnsS\n∂pw c£s∏´p. B ]q®sb At±lw hfsc kvt\ln®p.” At±lØn\v AXp icnbmsW∂p tXm∂n. ]iphn\p ]p√pw hbvt°mepsams° sImSp°Ww. Fs∂∂pw ]m¬ Bhiys∏´t∏mƒ {KmaoW¿ k∂ymkntbmSp ]d™p: “\n߃ F¥n\mWv C{Xbpw _p≤nap´n ]m¬ hmßp∂Xv. At±lØns‚ PohnXw hymhlmcnIamb temIØnte°v At±lsØ hen®ng®p sIm≠phcnIbmbncp∂p.” AXptI´v At±lw Irjnbnd°nbt∏mƒ Hcp]mSv BfpIfpsS klmbw thWw. tam£Øn\mbn Kpcp Xs∂ ]d™b®p. Hcp ]iphns\ hf¿Ønbm¬ t]mtc?” AXp icnbmsW∂p k∂ymkn°p tXm∂n. FhnsS t]mbn At±lw?”BfpIƒ Hcp hoSp Nq≠n°mWn®psImSpØp. {KmaØn¬\n∂pw Hcp ]q®sb hmßns°m≠ph∂p. At±lw B ]iphns\ sIm≠pt]mbn hf¿Øn. hbvt°men\mbn At±lw {KmaØn¬ sN∂t∏mƒ Ah¿ ]d™p: “B{iaØn\p Np‰p]mSpw ImWp∂ Ipsd ÿeap≠t√m. {KmaoW¿ ]d™p: “Xm¶ƒs°mcp hnhmlw Ign®pIqtS?” AXpw icnXs∂ F∂p k∂ymkn°ptXm∂n. Kpcphns\ I≠t∏mƒ injy\p s]mSp∂s\ kzt_m[w h∂p. ]q® ImcWamWt√m Fen t]mbXv. Xm≥ GtXm Hcp ambm{`aØn¬s]´n´v Cßs\sbms° Bbnt∏mbn. AhnsSsbms° Fs¥¶nepw Irjn sNbvXv \n߃ hbvt°mep≠m°q.Hgnhm°mw. B ]q®°v At±lw `n£sbSp °m≥ t]mIptºmƒ ]m¬ hmßn®psIm≠phcpw. Hcp Znhkw Kpcp At±lsØ ImWphm\mbn h∂p. At∏mƒ {KmaoW¿ At±lØns\mcp ]iphns\ sImSpØp.

“{]IrXn ]nSn®p Npg‰nSpw {]Imcw kpIrXnIƒt]mepatlm! Npg∂nSp∂p. \sΩ ]nSn®Sp∏n®p 63 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva . ambmad \o°n kmbpPyw \¬Ip∂ Bcy\pw \o Xs∂. AXpsIm≠v ambmhnt\mZ≥ F∂p ssZhsØ hnfn°p∂p. AtΩ.” {]IrXn F∂Xv ambbpsS thsdmcp t]cmWv. amb \sΩ kwkmc°Sente°v BI¿jn®psIm≠pt]mIp∂ hfsc {]_eambncn°p∂ Hcp i‡nbmWv . Cu ambh∂v F{Xhenb kpIrXnItfbpw Npg‰nsbSpØv sIm≠pt]mIpw. ckIcamb Hcp Ifn. Cu ambbn¬ hkn°p∂ ambmhnt\mZ\pw \o Xs∂. AXpsIm≠v Cu Hcp {]tlfnIsb \mcmbWKpcp Btflm]tZiiXIw F∂ IrXnbn¬ A¿∞i¶°nSw hcmØ coXnbn¬ shfns∏SpØp∂p. ssZhØn\v Cu {]]©krjvSnbpw kwlmchpw Hcp eoe am{XamWv . AΩbpw A—\pw a°fpw apØ—\pw apØ»nbpsams° Ifnbnse IYm]m{XßfmWv. \o Xs∂bmWv ambmhn. ssZhØns‚ ckIcambncn°p∂ eoebn¬ AtXt]mse ]¶mfnbmIm≥ IgnbpIbmsW¶ntem? PohnXw F{X kpµcambncn°pw. \obmWt√m amb.AXpsIm≠v ambsb AXnewLn°m≥ Hcp {]m¿∞\bmbn Kpcp ]d™p Xcp∂p: “\obt√m ambbpw ambmhnbpw ambmhnt\mZ\pw \obt√m ambsb \o°n kmbpPyw \¬Ipamcy\pw”. IS¬ \ΩpsS Imen\Snbnep≈ aÆns\ ]Xps°]Xps° Xpc∂pIf™v \Ωsf ISente°v hen®psIm≠pt]mIp∂Xp t]mse.AXp \ΩpsS PohnXsØ Im¿∂pXn∂v _‘n∏n®v ZpxJ`qbnjvTamb Ahÿbnte°v hen®ng®v sIm≠pt]mIp∂p. AXmWv ssZhw t\m°n\n∂psIm≠v ckn°p∂Xv. sIm®pIp´nIƒ aÆ∏w Np´pIfn°p Ibpw B aÆ∏ßsf X´ns∏m´n®p IfbpIbpw sNøp∂Xp t]msebp≈ ckIcamb Hcp eoe.i‡nbmWv. Cu i‡nsb hfsc Aht_m[tØmSpIqSn t\m°ptºmƒ am{Xta ImWm≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. hnIrXn hnSp∂Xn\mbn the sNbvho˛ eIrXn ^em{Kla‰dnt™SWw. P\\acWßsf√mw shdpw eoeIƒ am{Xw.

ssZhamWv Ahs\ hf¿Øp∂Xpw ]cn]men°p∂Xpw. PohnXØns‚ Xmßm\mhmØ `mcwsIm≠v BfllXy sNøp∂hcp≠v. Hcp AΩtbm A—t\m Ip™ns\ hf¿Øptºmƒ Ah¿ B Ip™ns‚ hf¿®bn¬ s]mSp∂s\ Kuch°mcmbn amdp∂p. emLhw F∂m¬ eLpXzw. ambsb \o°n kmbpPyw \¬Ip∂ Bcy\pw ssZhwXs∂. F√m PohnXhpw ssZhØn\nWßp∂ XcØnembncn°Ww. ZpxJap≠mIp∂Xv Aßs\ hcptºmgmWv. C\n Cu t«mIØns‚ c≠masØ ]IpXnbn¬ ]dbp∂p. CXmWv ambbpsS {]tlfnImP\yambncn°p∂ Hcp i‡n. eLpXzw F∂Xns‚ hn]coXw KpcpXzamWv. C°mcyw Ip´nIsf hf¿Øp∂ c£nXm°ƒ ]et∏mgpw ad∂pt]mIp∂p. F∂m¬ F√m Ip™pßfpw ssZhkrjvSnIfmWv. Xs‚ Ip™v BcmbnØo cWsa∂pw F¥mbnØocWsa∂pw AΩbpw A—\pw kz]v\w ImWp∂p. Hcp Ip™v BcmbnØocWsa∂p≈ hmk\mssh`hhpw k¿§tijnbpw ssZhwXs∂ Ah\n¬ \nt£]n®p h®ncn°p∂p. X√mLhw ]dIn¬. AXp \Ωƒ Xncn®dntb≠ Hcp kwKXnbmWv . \ΩpsS {]iv \ ߃ XpSßp∂Xv \mw PohnXØnt\mSp ImWn°p∂ kao]\Øn¬\n∂mWv. \mw \ΩpsS Ima\Iƒ°\pkcn®p \ΩpsS kz]v \ ߃ Ip™pßfn¬ ASnt®ev]n°m≥ {ian°ptºmƒ Ip™pßfn¬ ssZhØns‚ C—bps≠∂ Imcyw ad∂pt]mIp∂p. Cu `mcsØ _m[yX F∂p Nne¿ 64 . At∏mƒ \Ωfn¬ ambsb D≠m°p∂Xpw _‘\sØ D≠m°p∂Xpw Cu _‘\ßfn¬ ckn°p∂h\pw _‘\sØ am‰n ap‡\m°n Xcp∂h\pw Hs° ssZhw Xs∂bmWv. Ip™ns‚ D≈nencn°p∂ i‡ntNmZ\sb kzbta hnScphm\p≈ kmlNcyw am{Xta A—\Ωam¿ Hcp°ns°mSpt°≠Xp≈q. Ah¿ B{Kln°p∂Xpt]mse Xs∂ Ip™v BbnØocWw F∂ imTyw PohnXØn¬ A¥¿`hn°p∂p. AΩbptStbm A—t‚tbm \n›bßfnembncn°cpXv Ahs‚ PohnXw DubemtS≠Xv. hfsc `mcap≈Xpt]msebmWv km[mcW°m¿°p PohnXw. AXv \mcmbWKpcp hfsc ckIcambn ]d™pXcp∂ps≠¶nepw \ΩpsS tcmKmXpcamb Kuchw Ifbm≥ \mw Xømd√.tam£sØ D≠m°nØcp∂h\pw ssZhw Xs∂. F∂p ]d™m¬ `mcap≈ Ahÿ.

Hcp kwL´\hpw C√. AXns\mcp t]mwhgnbmWnXv.. AXmWv P\\nbpsS hgn. F√mw Ft‚XmsW∂v hnNmcn°pI. `mcan√mØ \ΩpsS hy‡nXzw. c‡_‘ßtfmSp≈ _m[yXIƒ.. F\ns°mcp]mSp _m[yXIfp≠v. AXn\v HcpXcØnepw `mcan√. Fs‚ `mc߃ apgph\pw t]mIWw.]dbmdp≠v.. At∏mƒ \ap°v H∂nt\mSpw A\yXzw tXm∂pIbn√. F√mw Ft‚XpXs∂. F¥mbmepw \n߃ P\n®p. F\n°Xp am{Xw aXn.. IS∏mSpIƒ. k√m`sa∂m¬ kXyØns‚ em`w. A∏q∏≥XmSnt]mse arZphm¿∂. C√ BcWw {InbIƒ˛AhnsS HcpXcØnep≈ aqeykwL¿j ßfpan√. Cu BImihpw \£{Xhpw agbpw F√mw Ft‚XmWv . XXv emLhw ]dIn¬˛\nßfpsS D≈nencn°p∂ t_m[Øns‚ eLpXzw BtemNn®m¬.. lrZbØn¬ F√m‰nt\bpw ]p¬Im\p≈ hnimeX D≠mIpw. Cu temIØp\n∂pw \n߃°p c£s∏Sm≥ IgnbpIbn√. Cu `qan apgph≥ Ft‚XmWv . C√mbvabpsS h√mbva 65 . Cßs\ Hcp]mSv _m[yXIƒsIm≠p a\pjy≥ \´wXncnbp∂p. BcWw F∂Xns‚ efnXamb A¿∞w CXmWv.... F∂p \ap°p Hcp sXmgn¬ Fs‚ tPmenb√ F∂p tXm∂p∂pthm A∂v B sXmgn¬ `mcamWv. F∂p \ap°p temIw \Ωn¬\n∂v A\yambncn °p∂Xpt]mse tXm∂p∂pthm A∂v \ap°v Cu temIw `mcamWv. kmºØnI _m[yXIƒ. HcΩbv°p Ip™v Xs‚ Ip™msW∂p tXm∂ptºmƒ B Ip™ns\ FSpØv H °Øp hbv ° m≥ Hcp `mchpw D≠mbncn°n√.. AXpsIm≠v \ap°v G‰hpw Ffp∏ap≈ Hcp B≤ymflnIX F∂p ]dbp∂Xv F√mw Ft‚XmWv F∂p ]dbp∂XmWv. F∂p Hcph≥v Fs‚ kplrØ√ F∂p tXm\\p∂pthm A∂v B kplrØv `mcamWv. X√mLhw ]dIn¬ C√mcWw {InbIƒ a√mSpIn√ aXn Cu k√m`w H∂paXn. At∏mgmWv ]dbp∂Xv . \Ωƒ kzbta IcpXpIbmWv Fs¥mcp `mcamWv Cu PohnXØns\∂v. kz—ambncn°p∂ Pecmint]mse hfsc sXfnbabp≈XmWv B t_m[w. Cu kXym\p`hØns‚ t\´w.. Hcp hkvXp Xt‚X√mØXmsW∂p tXm∂p tºmƒ B hkvXphns\ sIm≠p\S°p∂Xp \aps°{X `mcamWv. Kpcp ]dbpIbmWv . C\n hfsc eLpXztØmsS Pohn°mw.

tbip injy∑mtcmSv ]dbp∂p: “At\zjn°phn≥ Is≠Øpw. ssZhamWv . ‘ImcyØn¬ \nev]Xnl ImcWkØ sbt\y’ F∂mWv. Rm≥ bp≤w sNøpIbn√ IrjvWm F∂p ]dbpIbpw KmWvUohw hens®d nbp Ibpw hnjmZa·\mbn tX¿Ø´n¬ Ccn°pIbpw s]m´n°cbpIbpw IÆp\o¿ hm¿°pIbpw Hs° sNbvXpsIm≠ncp∂ A¿÷p\s‚ NnØw a√Snbv ° pIbmbncp∂p. \mcmWKpcphns‚ Z¿i\amebnse c≠masØ Z¿i\Øn¬. Cu ImcyPmeambncn°p∂ {]]©Øn¬ ImcWkØbmb PKZw_nIbmWv \nhkn°p∂Xv. Cu BImiw ssZhamtWm? AsX.D]\njØv AXn\v “CXn CXn”F∂mWv ]dbpI. Cu {]]©w ssNX\yØn¬\n∂mWv D≠mbn´p≈sX∂v . kIePohPmeßfpw Aßs\Xs∂bmWv.” 66 . Ft∏msg¶nepw \ap°pw Cßs\bp≈ {]iv\w hcmw. F√mhcpw Xncbpw˛Cu AΩsbXs∂bmWv F√mhcpw Xncbp∂Xv. AXpsIm≠v a√mSpIn√ aXn. aXn F∂p ]d™m¬ t_m[w. Cu `qan ssZhamtWm? AsX. kwL¿jclnX ambncn°p∂ Cu aXn H∂pam{Xw aXn. AXn\p]Icw \m\mhn[ambncn°p∂ a\pjycpw arKßfpw ]ip°fpw ]£nIfpw BImihpw acßfpw amaeIfpw Hs°bmbn CXns\ thsdthsd cq]Øn¬ ImWptºmƒ B P\\nbmIp∂ ImcWkØsb \Ωƒ ad°pIbmWv . ssNX\yambncn°p∂ amaXnbn¬\n∂mWv Cu {]]©w D≠mbn´p≈Xv. Ipcpt£{X bp≤`qanbn¬h®v A¿÷p\s‚ a\ n¬ D≠mbncn°p∂ Hcp aqeykwL¿jap≠v. Cu AΩsb A√msX thsd H∂nt\bpw Bcpw Xncbp∂n√. AXv Htckabw ÿqehpw kq£vahpamWv. F√mw ssZhamWv . P\\nbn¬ \n∂pw kwPmXamb Cu {]]©w P\\nXs∂bmWv . ‘ssNX\ymZmKXw ÿqekq£vamflIanZw PKXv’ F∂p ]d™ncn°p∂p. a\ v a√Sn°m\p≈ km[yXbp≠v. a√Sn°pIbn√. Cu Itkcsb Nq≠n CXv ssZhamtWm? AsX CXv ssZhamWv F∂p ]dbWw. ssZha√mØsXm∂pwXs∂ ChnsSbn√. bp≤w sNøm≥ k∂≤\mbn Ipcpt£{XØn¬ h∂ A¿÷p\s‚ a\ v a√Sn°m≥ XpSßn. F¥psIm≠v ssZha√mØ H∂pwXs∂ ChnsSbn√ F∂p ]dbp∂Xv ? Kpcp AXns\ ]dbp∂Xv. ssZhamWv. Kpcphns‚ Hmtcm t«mIhpw CXpambn _‘s∏´p InS°p∂XmWv. Cu k√m`w H∂paXn˛ a√Sn°mØ.

At\zjn°msX H∂pwXs∂ \n߃°p In´pIbn√. HcpZnhkw
F\n°v BflXv⁄m\w D≠mIpsa∂p IcpXn \mw NpΩm
Ccp∂mtem? NpΩmbncp∂m¬ Ccn°p∂ {]XeØn¬ ]p√p
apfbv°pw F∂√msX thsd H∂pw kw`hn°pIbn√.
AXpsIm≠mWv ]dbp∂Xv XncbWw F∂v. \Ωƒ kXysØ
At\zjn°Ww. kXysØ At\zjn°phm\p≈ Hcp
DØchmZnØsa¶nepw \Ωfn¬\n∂p≠mIWw. AhnsSbmWv
a\pjy≥ Ahs‚ Pohs‚ DØchmZnXzw Gs‰Sp°p∂Xv. Pohs‚
e£y{]m]vXn°pth≠nbp≈ klImcnbmbn a\pjy≥ Xocp∂Xv.
\Ωƒ Hmtcm Poh\pw AXns‚ ]q¿ØoIcWØn\pth≠n
ssZhsØ klmbnt°≠Xmbn´p≠v . ssZhw \Ωfnte°v
ImcpWyh¿jw sNmcnbWsa¶n¬ \Ωƒ ssZhØnte°v
klIcn®psImSpt°≠Xmbn´p≠v. \Ωƒ ka¿∏n°s∏tS≠
Xmbn´p≠v.At∏mƒ D≠mIp∂ PohnXw hfsc B\µXpµne
ambncn°p∂ D√mLt_m[Øn¬\n∂mbncn°pw. D√mLw F∂p
]d™m¬ F¥mWv ? tcmKclnXambncn°p∂ t_m[w˛
B[nhym[n clnXambncn°p∂ t_m[w. AXt√ F√mhcpw
B{Kln°p∂Xv . B t_m[sØ P\n∏n®pXcp∂ AtΩ,
AΩbpsS apºn¬ Rm≥ Fs‚ kakv X PohnXtØbpw
ka¿∏n°p∂p. AΩbpsS AXnc‰ ImcpWyh¿jw F∂n¬
kw`hn°phm\mbn C\n F{X\mƒ ImØncn°Ww? CXv
Bflm¿∞ambncn°p∂ {]m¿∞\bmbn \ΩpsS D≈n¬
kw`hn°s´.

67
C√mbvabpsS h√mbva

aq∂v
D≠m-bn-am-dp-a-dn-hp-≠m-bn-ap-∂-anXp
I≠m-Sp-aw- K-aI- hpw
sIm≠m-bncw Xc-an-cp-≠m-ibw {]Xn-Np˛
cp-≠m-a-l- n¬ adbpw
I≠m-ep-ao- \n-e-bn-ep-≠m-I-bn-√-dn-h˛
JWvUm-\p-`q-Xn-bn-segpw
X≠m-cn¬ hoWp a[p-hp-≠m-c-an-°p-samcp
h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xo.

D≠mbn amdpw Adnhv ˛ D≠mbn \ne-\n∂v ad-™p-t]m-Ip∂ Xc-
Øn-ep≈ sF{µn-bhpw am\-kn-I-hp-amb
A\p-`h-߃
ap∂w D≠mbn ˛ BZn-bn¬ D≠mbn.
CXp I≠v ˛ Cu A\p`-h-]-c-º-c-I-fn¬ XmZm-fly-s∏´v
BSpw AwK-a-Ihpw ˛ ico-chpw a\ pw N]-ea- mbn BSp-∂X
- n-\m¬
sIm≠v
Bbncw Xcw Ccp≠v ˛ B A\p-`h-ß-fpsS tijn-∏p-I-fmb
FÆ-a‰ Ccp≠ kwkvIm-c-߃
Bibw {]Xn Npcp≠v ˛ I¿Ω-k-©-b-ß-fmbn hmk-\m-a-WvU-e-
Øn¬ Npcp-≠pIqSn
B al- n¬ adbpw ˛ B alm-t_m-[-Øn¬ ad-™p-t]m-Ip-∂p.
Cu \ne-bn¬ I≠mepw ˛ t_m[-hr-Øn-I-fpsS Cu {]hm-l-]-cn-W-
Xnsb I≠mepw
Adnhv D≠m-I-bn√ ˛ XmØzn-I-amb Adnh-√msX B\p-`q-Xn-I-
amb ⁄m\w D≠m-hp-I-bn-√.
kqcn kpIrXn ˛ hmk-\m-\miw D≠mb Hcp ⁄m\n
X≠m-cn¬ hoWv ˛ Xma-c-bpsS tX≥\nd™ A√n-°p-S-
Øn¬ h∂n-cp∂v
a[p D≠v Bc-an°pw ˛ am[p-cy-aq-dp∂ tX≥ IpSn®v ckn-°p∂
Hcp h≠mWv ˛ atZm-∑Ø
- \ - \-t∏m-se-bmW
- mb Hcp a[p-]s - v.

68

a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ
P \\o \h-c-Xv\-a-RvP-cn-bpsS c≠p t«mI-ß-fn-eqsS IS-
∂p-t]m-hp-I-bp≠mbn. B t«mI-ß-fpsS ]Z-]-cn-N-bhpw A¿∞-
]-cn-N-bhpw Ipsd-sbms° \ap-°p-≠m-bn. am{X-a√ Hmtcm t«mI-
Øn-t‚bpw Imhy-kp-j-abpw ]cn-N-b-s∏-´p. Kpcp-hns‚ A\ym-Zr-
i-amb a\x-im-kv{X-]m-cw-K-Xbpw GI-tZiw ]cn-Nbw h∂p-I-gn-
™p. B≤ym-fln-I-Xsb hfsc kwK-rlo-X-am°n sIm®p-sIm-
®p- hm-°p-I-fn¬ \nth-in-∏n-°p-hm-\p≈ \n]p-WX Kpcp-hn\p
Akm- a m- \ y- a mbn Ds≠∂p c≠p t«mI- ß ƒ ]cn- N - b n®-
t∏mƒXs∂ a\- n-em-bn. F∂mepw ]q¿W-ambn B t«mI-߃
AXns‚ tXmSp-Iƒ s]mfn®p \Ω-psS D≈n¬ hy‡-XbpsS
kºq¿Æ-kv^p-cWw D≠m-°n-sb∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bn-√.
F¥m-bmepw CXp kXysØ Adn-bp-hm-\p≈ A`n-\n-th-
isØ P\n-∏n-°pw. kXym\p`hw hmNn-I-amb Hc-dn-hm-bn a\-
 n-em-°m≥ ]mSn-√. AXp \mtam-tcm-cp-Øcpw A¥-cm-flm-hn-
te°v At\z-jn-®p-t]m-Ip∂ Hcp kml-kn-I-X-bm-Wv. A]q¿hw
Nne¿°v Ah-cpsS D≈n¬Ø-s∂-bn-cn-°p∂ ⁄m\-kq-cys\
Z¿in-°p-hm-\p≈ ku`mKyw D≠m-Ip-∂p. AXp kz]-£-Øp-\n-
∂p≈ At\z-j-Ww-sIm-≠p- am-{X-a-√ kw`hn°p∂Xv. Kpcp-]-£-
Øp-\n∂pw Cuiz-c-]-£-Øp-\n-∂p-w D≈ A\p-{K-l-Øns‚ ]obq-
j-h¿jm-h-enbmbpw kw`hn°pw. kXysØ \mw At\z-jn-®p-
I-s≠Øpw F∂p≈ imTyw hen-sbmcp Al-¥sb D≠m-°m≥
km[y-X-bp-≠v. hfsc {i≤m-¿∏nXambn kXysØ At\zjn®n
s√¶n¬ \Ωƒ t\SnsbSpØn´p≈ AdnhpIƒ \sΩXs∂
hngpßn°fbpw. AdnhpIƒ \sΩ IogS°ptºmƒ \mw
hensbmcp Al¥bp≈hcmbnØocp∂p.
B≤ymflnIXbpsS F√m hißtfbpw khnkvXcw
N¿® sNøphm\pw {]Xn]mZn°phm\pw Ignbp∂ ]finXintcm
aWnIsf [mcmfw Cu temIØp ImWm\mIpw. ]t£, Ahsc
a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 69

sbm∂pw Bfl⁄m\nIsf∂p ]dbphm≥ IgnbpIbn√.
Kpcp°∑mcpsS hN pIƒ°v Hcp {]tXyI am[pcyap≠v. B am[pcyw
AhcpsS A\p`qXnbpsS am[pcyamWv. Ah¿ shdpsX ]dbpIb√.
A\p`hn®Xns\ ]dbpIbmWv. A\p`hhpw _p≤n]camb
{KlWhpw XΩnep≈ A¥camWv \mw C\n ]dbp∂ t«mIØn¬
{]Xn]mZn°p∂Xv. Kpcphns\°pdn®v {ihn°ptºmƒ D≠mIp∂Xv
_p≤n]camb HcdnhmWv. AXhnsS Ahkm\n°m≥ ]mSn√. AXp
\nßfpsS At\zjWØns‚ Bcw`ambncn°s´. B
ip≤ambncn°p∂ A¥°cWhrØnIsf h®psIm≠pXs∂
\n߃ apt∂m´pt]mhpI. Aßs\ apt∂m´pt]mIptºmƒ:
“Hcp ]Xn\mbncamZntXbscm∂mbv
hcphXpt]mse hcpw hnthIhrØn
Adnhns\ aqSpa\nXyambbmao˛
bncpfns\bo¿s∂gpamZnkqcy\t{X.”
A\p`hsØ ]dbm≥ IgnbmsX hcptºmƒ Kpcp ImhymflI
ambnØocp∂p. Hcp ]Xn\mbncw kqcy∑m¿ Hcpan®v DZn®pb¿∂
t]msebp≈ {]Imi[hfna \ΩpsSbp≈n¬ A⁄m\Øns‚
apgph≥ Klzcßtfbpw t`Zn®psIm≠p h∂p\ndbp∂p. kzm\p`h
ambXpsIm≠v Kpcphn\Xp ]dbphm≥ Atijw sshjayap
≠mhp∂n√. BZnkqcy≥ F∂p ]dbp∂Xv, Cu BImiØv
{]Imin®p \nev°p∂ `m\pams\b√. BZnkqcy≥ HtcmcpØcp
tSbpw lrZbØnencp∂v tim`n°p∂ Bflkqcy\mWv.
“Cuizc k¿∆ `qXm\mw
lrt±ti A¿÷p\ XnjvTXn
{`mab≥ k¿∆ `qXm\n
b{¥mcqVm\n ambbm.”
A¿÷p\m, F√m PohnIfptSbpw lrZbØn¬ Ccp∂psIm≠v
Cuizc≥ {]Imin°p∂p≠v. b{¥Ønte‰nb hkvXp°sft∏mse
F√m PohnItfbpw Cuizc≥ Np‰nØncn®psIm≠ncn°p∂p.
Htc kqcy≥Xs∂ F√m lrZbßfnepw {]Imin°p∂p.
Hmtcm Pohn°pw B PohnbpsS lrZbØnte°p t\m°nbm¬
B kqcys‚ {]Imiw ImWmw. ]ns∂ F¥mWv B kqcys\
ImWm\p≈ XS w? B kqcys\ ImWm\p≈ XS w a\ mWv,
A¥°cWamWv, Nn¥IfmWv, ap≥[mcWIfmWv, kwibß

70

Cu¿jyIfmW. Ipd®pIqSn ASpØdnbpI F∂p ]d™m¬. CXmWv XS ambncn°p∂Xv. sNdp∏Øn¬ Ip´nIƒ Aßs\ hnNmcn°mdp≠v ˛Hcn°¬ Rm≥ Cu temIØnep≈ F√m AdnhpIfpw kzmbØam°pw F∂v. a\ mWv ZpxJØn\v ImcWambncn°p∂Xv. \nXy PohnXØn¬ A\p`hßfpsS bmYm¿∞ysØ°pdn®p≈ Adnhv.fmWv . Htcm hnhchpw Al¥bpsS hnImkØn\v hgnshbv ° p∂p. F¥psIm≠mWv cmP-Ip-am-c-\mb kn≤m¿∞s‚ a\ n¬ AkwXr]vXnbp≠mbXv? £WnIambncn°p∂ PohnXsØ °pdn®p≈ Aht_m[w kn≤m¿∞s‚ D≈n¬ \mºn´t∏mgmWv At±lØn\v AkwXr]vXn D≠mbXv. £WnIambncn°p∂ Cu PohnXØn¬ £WnIhkv X p°ƒ°pth≠n \Ωƒ \SØp∂ {]bmWßfpw At\zjWßfpw kºmZyßfpw kpc£nXcmIm\p≈ sh{]mfhpw AXn. A{Xam{Xw \Ωƒ AkwXr]vXcmhpItb D≈q. a\ ns‚ hnImkØn\v hgnhbv ° p∂p. amdnadn™psIm≠ncn°p∂ Adnhv. At∏mƒ \mw F¥p sNøWw? \mw \sΩ Ipd®pIqSn ASpØdnbWw. AXpsIm≠mWv hnhc_mlpeyØns‚ bpKambncn°p∂ C∂v a\pjy¿ IqSpX¬ AkwXr]vXnbntebv°v t]mIp∂Xv. F{Xam{Xw \Ωƒ hnhc߃ tiJcn°p∂pthm A{Xam{Xw PohnXØn\v A]q¿ÆX D≠mhpItbbp≈q. Chsb√mw \ΩpsS A¥°cWØnse aXnepIfmbn h¿Øn°ptºmƒ Bflkqcys‚ tim` \ap°v ]q¿Æambn e`n°msX t]mIp∂p. Aßs\ GsX¶nepw Hcmƒ°v ]q¿ÆX hcpsa∂p IcpXp∂pt≠m? Hcmƒ°pw Aßs\ ]q¿WX hcnIbn√. CXpt]mep≈ Iptd AdnhpIƒ \ap°p≠mhpIbmsW¶n¬ Hcn°¬ ]q¿Æamb Adnhp≈hcmbnØocmw F∂p \mw hnNmcn®pt]mIpw. a\ v hnIkn°p∂tXmSpIqSn a\pjy≥ AkwXr]vX\mIp∂p. \ΩpsS Al¥bmWv . amdmsXbncn°p∂ Adnhv Chsbms° kq£v a ambn t\mt°≠Xmbn´p≠v . Adnsh∂p ]d™m¬ A\p`hw F∂pw A¿∞saSp°mw.e qsS Ahkm\w \ap°p≠mIp∂ ]cmPbhpw \sΩ IqSpX¬ B≤ymflnIamb a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 71 .v A]I¿jXmt_m[amWv . km[mcW \Ωƒ hnZymebØn¬ t]mbn ]Tn°ptºmƒ A≤ym]I≥ ]d™p Xcp∂ hnhcßfpsS (information) \pdpßpIsf hn⁄m\w (objective knowledge) F∂p ]dbpw.

D≠mbn amdpw Adnhv˛P\n®p amdnamdn h∂psIm≠ncn°p∂ Adnhv. `mcy ASpØncn°ptºmgpw `¿Øm-hns\ B GImInIX (lonliness) th´bmSns°m≠ncn°p∂p.hgnbneqsS bm{XsNøphm≥ t{]cn∏n°p∂p≠v. aZy-]n® a¿°-S-\m-Wv. Aßs\ aZy]n® a¿°Ss\ Hcp IS∂¬ IpØnbm¬ Fßs\bncn°pw. D≠mbn ap∂w˛BZyta D≠m-bn. bm{¥nIbpKØn¬ a\p-jy≥ A\p`hn°p∂ Cu GImInIXsb Fßs\ t`Zn°m≥ Ignbpw? AXmIsh \sΩ hebw sNøp∂XmWv. BSpw AwKw AIhpwsIm≠v ˛ AwKw F∂p ]d™m¬ km[mcW KXnbn¬ Ahbhw F∂p ]dbmw. {]m]©nIm\p`hßsf I≠psIm≠v a\ pw icochpw Nm©mSns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv. F√mhcpw IqsS Ds≠¶nepw c£bv°mbn IqsS Bcpan√t√m F∂ t_m[w. a\- n\v H∂p In´ptºmƒ AXv t]mcm.. a\pjya\ ns‚ Cu kz`mhsØ ]et∏mgpw Hcp a¿°Ss‚ {]IrXhpambn D]an®pImWmdp≠v . AXns\ t`Zn°Wsa¶n¬ A¥°cWsØXs∂ t`Znt°≠Xmbn´p≠v. AXpt]msebmWv a\pjya\ . \ΩpsS A¥cwKa¿Ωcßsf H∂p ssIamdm\mbn. ChnsS icocsØ apgph\mbpw FSpØn´mWv AwKw F∂p ]dbp∂Xv. BtcmsS¶nepw samgnbphm\mbn AXp {ihn°phm≥ Ignbp∂ Hcp hy‡n C√t√m F∂p \ap°p ]et∏mgpw tXm∂mdp≠v. CXv I≠v ˛ Adnhns‚ Cu kv^pcWßfmIp∂ {]m]©n Im\p`hßsf I≠v. AIw F∂p ]d™m¬ A¥°cWw. a\ v Ft∏mgpw N©e ambns°m≠ncn°pw. a¿°-S≥ aZy]n®p Ign™m¬ Nm©m´w IqSns°m≠ncn°pw.v CXv hfsc icnbmWv. C\nbpw thWw F∂p tXm∂pw. {]m]©nIm\p`hßsf ImWptºmƒ a\ vv IpXnsIm≈pw.. F∂p krjvSn D≠mtbm A∂p apX¬ t_m[Øn¬ AdnhpIƒ amdnamdn h∂psIm≠ncn °p∂p. AXv GXpImcyØnembmepw 72 . a\ v IpXn-sIm-≈p-tºmƒ C{µnb߃ AXns\ ]nSn°m\mbn ]n∂mse t]mIpw. a¿°S≥ km[mcW a¿°S\√. F{X Bƒ°q´Øn\nSbnembmepw \ap°v B GImInX A\p`hs∏Sp∂p≠v . AXntebv°p {i≤ sImSp°p∂ Hcp t«mIamWv ASpØXmbn Kpcp ]d™p Xcp∂Xv. Fs¥√mw kºmZy߃ D≠mbmepw FhnsSsbms°tbm \ΩpsSbp≈n¬ Hcp Ac£nXmt_m[w (insecurity feeling) BSnbpe™p sIm≠ncn°p∂p≠v. CXmWv a\pjys‚ kz`mhw.

imkv{X`mjbv°v kp\n›nXambncn°p∂ A¿∞koaIƒ D≠mbncn°pw.Aßs\Xs∂bmWv. B alkn¬ adbpw˛Hmtcm A\p`hhpw Hcp kv a cWbmbn. imkv{Xw 73 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ . hn`PnXa√mØ (undivided). Ft∏mgpw a\ ns\ Bflmhn¬ A¿∏n®psIm≠v At\zjn®m¬ A\p`qXn \Ωn¬ kw`hn°pw. F∂m¬ CXn¬ imkv{XØns‚ Adnhns\Xs∂bmWv {]Xn]mZn°p∂Xv. AJfim\p`qXnbnsegpw ˛ AJfim\p`qXn F∂p ]d™m¬ F¥mWv? km[mcW A\p`hßsfms° JfinXßfmbncn°p∂ A\p`hßfmWv (divided knowledge). a[p DÆpI F∂Xv hiyamb Hcp {]tbmKamWv. AXn\v ho≠pwho≠pw \ΩpsS At\zjWsØ ss\c¥cytØmSpIqSn XpS¿∂psIm≠pt]mtI≠Xmbn´p≠v. `mj {]Xy£oIcWsØ Ih®phbv°p∂p. Htcmtcm Bibßfmbn Npcp≠p Npcp≠v t_m[Øns‚ Bgßfnte°vv AXp t]mbvadbpw. _p≤n]cambn a\ nem°nbmepw AXpsIms≠m∂pw \ΩpsS ZpxJw ian°pIbn√. Hcp {]tXyI `mjbmWnXv. B kv a cW ]ns∂ Hcp kwkv I mcambn ad™pad™p t]mIp∂p. Bflm\p`qXnbpsS a[p \pI¿∂v AXn¬ can®psIm≠ncn°p∂ Hcp h≠ns\ t∏msebmWv kpIrXnbmb Bfl⁄m\n. A\p`hw D≠mIp∂Xphsc Hcp \nanjhpw A{i≤ambn Ifbm≥ ]mSn√. CXv imkv{X`mjbmsW∂v ]dbm≥ Ignbp∂n√. CsXmcp imkv{X`mjb√. D≈ns‚ D≈n¬ Bbncw Zeßfp≈ Hcp ]pjv]w hncnbp∂Xp t]msebmWv Bflm\p`qXn. tI´mepw I≠mepw Cu ]q¿ÆX \ΩpsS D≈n¬ hcn√. GIambncn°p∂ A\p`qXnbn¬\n∂v DW¿∂p hcp∂ A\p`hw. Hcn°epw apdn-bmØ. CXns‚ A¿∞w t]mIp∂Xp t\m°q. \n߃ F{Xam{Xw B≤ymflnI {]`mjW߃ tI´mepw tIƒ°p∂ kabØp \n߃°ptXm∂pw C{Xbt√ D≈q F∂v. X≠mcn¬ hoWp a[php≠v Bcan°pw. AXp ]n∂oSv hniZoIcn®p ]dbmhp∂ XmWv. ImhymflIambmWv AXv Kpcp ChnsS AhXcn∏n°p∂Xv. CXp a\ nem°m\mtWm \nc¥cambn {]`mjW߃s°ms° t]mIp∂Xv F∂v. AXpsIm≠v BSpw AwKw AIhpwsIm≠v Bbncw Xcancp≠v˛FÆa‰ hnjbßfnte°v kwKs∏´v. I≠mepw Cu \nebn¬˛Cu A\p`hw _p≤n]cambn I≠mepw. ChnsS Kpcp AJfim\p`qXn F∂p ]dbp∂p. \ΩpsS _‘\w amdpIbn√.

hmevao-In-cmam-bØn¬ hmevaoIn Nne-t∏m-sgms° kar≤amb Imhy-I-ev]-\-Ifn-te°p IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xp-t]m-se-Xs∂. F∂m¬ krjvSn-bpsS Hcp kz`mhw \ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ \ap-s°∂pw A\p-`h . AXpsIm≠nXns\ Htc-k-abw imkv{Xsa∂pw \nKqV hnZysb∂pw hnfn-°m-hp∂ Hcp Imhy-am-bn Icp-X-Ww. Ahn-sS-bmWv CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ IhnX kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv.a .m-W.` q. F∂m¬ A\p.a . imkv{X-Øn\v imkv{Xo-b-amb Hcp Imcyw ]d-bp-hm≥ hm°p- sIm≠pw a\.n-°g. F{X hmbn-®mepw AhcpsS D≈n-te°v CXns‚ hy‡X IS-∂p-h-cmØ-Xp-sIm≠v Cu cN-\sb ]ecpw Ah-K-Wn-°m-dp-≠v. B[p-\n-I-im-kv{X-Øn-epap≠v IW-°p-Iƒ. ]e-X-c-Øn- ep≈ IW-°p-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw F∂p krjvSn \S∂p F∂p-≈Xns\-∏‰n IrXyamb Ime-K-W-\-sbm-∂p-an-√.m-Ip- ∂-tX-bn-√. {]]©w \ap-s°mcp A\p-`h . AsX--¥p-sIm-s≠-∂p-tNm-Zn-®m¬. Chn-sS Kpcp AhmNyamb A\p`qXnsb ]d-tb-≠n-h-cp-tºmƒ AXns\sbmcp Imhy-I-ev]- \-bm-bn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. Fhn-sS-bmtWm hm°pw a\ pw \ne- ®p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv AhnsSsbms° Kpcp AXp ]d-bm≥ Ihn-Xsb sIm≠p-h-cp-∂p.n-™m¬ Dd-ßp∂ ka-bØp {]]©w \Ωn-en-√.F∂p ]dbp∂Xnt\msSm∏wXs∂ \nKqVambncn°p∂ Hcp ⁄m\sØbpw CXn¬ \nthin∏n°p∂p≠v. Cu {]]©w Cuiz-c≥ krjvSn-®p. AJ-WvUm-\p-`q-Xn-bn-segpw X≠m-cn¬ hoWp a[p-hp-≠ m--c . AXv A]-cym-]vX-am-bn-h-cp-∂p. ]ecpw krjvSn-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-bm- dp-≠v. D≠mbn amdpw Adnhv D≠mbn ap∂w. km[m-cWKXn-bn-sem∂pw Cß-s\-bp≈ cN-\-Iƒ \Ωƒ I≠p-ap-´m-dn-√.an-°p-samcp h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xn. At∏mƒ {]]©w Fhn-sS-t ∏mbn? F∂m¬ DW¿s∂- Wo-°p-tºmƒ Cu {]]©w \ΩpsS apºn¬ A\p-`h .v InS-∂p-dß . C\n \ap-°n-Xns‚ D≈n-eqsS H∂p IS-∂p-t\m-°mw. Cuiz-c≥ F∂mWv krjvSn®-Xv F∂-Xn\v Hcp-]mSp IW-°p-Iƒ ]e ]pcm-W-ß-fn- epap-≠v. Ncn{XØn¬ A]q¿∆-ambn am{X-ta Cß-s\-b≈ cN-\-Iƒ kw`- hn-°m-dp-≈q. 74 . AXns\ anÃnknkw F∂p ]dbpw. imkv{X-Øn\v hm°pw a\ pw \ne-bv°p-I-bn- √.  p.a .p-≈X .mbn hcn- Ibpw {]m]-©n-Im-\p-`-h-߃ \ap-°p-≠mhp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.s Im≠pw Ign.b pw.X nsb ]I¿∂p-X-cp-hm≥ hm°pw a\ pw \ap°v ]cym-]vX-am-hp-I-bn-√.

n-eqsS Rm≥ A£-c-ßsf hmbn-s®-Sp-°p-tºmƒ IÆS Hcp D]m-[n-bmbn hcp∂p. Ct∏mƒ Fs‚ IÆn-\n-Øncn ImgvN Ipd-hp-s≠¶n¬ Rm≥ Hcp IÆS D]tbm-Kn®p hmbn-°p-∂p. c≠v \ncp- ]m-[n-I⁄m\w. ÿnXn. tkm]m-[nIw F∂p]-d-™m¬ D]m-[n-tbmSp- Iq-Sn-b-Xv. AhnsS IÆ-S-bmWv Fs‚ D]m-[n.b .{]]©w Bhn¿`hn°p∂Xpw t]mbn-ad . IÆp-sIm≠v ImWp-∂p.p-∂Xpw t_m[-Øn-emWv. At∏mƒ krjvSn. Cu ImWp∂ hkvXp-\n-jvT-amb {]]-©-Øns‚ D◊sb ]cn- tim-[n-®m¬ B hkvXp-\n-jvTX Bfl-\n-jvT-X-bp-ambn _‘- s∏-´-Xm-sW∂v a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bpw. ImXp- sIm≠v tIƒ°p-∂p. AXns\ A¥-I°cWw F∂p ]d-bpw. K . Kpcp tNmZn°p∂Xv. aqs°mcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. H∂v tkm]m-[n-I⁄m\w. \mhp- a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 75 . Fhn-sS-bmWv D≠mbn amdn-a-dn-bp∂ Adnhv XpS-ßp-∂Xv F∂mWv. c≠p Xc-Øn-ep≈ Adn-hp-≠v.fpw \S- °p-∂Xv Hmtcm hy‡n-bp-tSbpw D≈n¬X-s∂-bm-Wv. ‘Rm≥’ C√m-sb-¶n¬ Cu hkvXp-\n-jvT-am-bn-cn-°p∂ {]]-©-Øn\v AkvXnX D≠m- bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√.p-∂p. Cu D]m-[n-sIm- ≠mWv K‘sØ Adn-bp-∂-Xv. Cu I-Æ-S°p-Xs∂ Ipd®p a™\ndap-s≠-¶n¬ Rm≥ t\m°p∂ temI-Øn\pw a™-\ndam- bn-cn-°pw. hmkvX-hn-IX D≠m- bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. IÆ-Sb -.pcpXs∂ Adnhns\ c≠mbn hn`-Pn®p ]d™p-Xc . Hmtcm-cp-Ø- cn-tebpw Rms\∂ B tI{µsØ a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≠v. \n߃s°-√m-h¿°pw \nß-fp-tS-Xm-bn-´p≈ Hcp D]m[n \nß- fpsS D≈n-ep-≠v. hne-b\w Cu aq∂p kw`-hß . Cu {]]©sØ A\p-`-hn-°p∂ Fs‚ ]¶m- fnØw C√msb-¶n¬ Cu {]]©w D≠m-bns´¥p Imcyw? AXp- sIm≠v Rm\n-t\mSp _‘-s∏-´mWv F√mw ChnsS \ne-sIm- ≈p-∂-Xv. ImcWw Fs‚ D]m-[n-bpsS kz`m-h-a-\p-k-cn®v Rm≥ ImWp∂ temI-Øn\pw Nne hyXym-k-߃ D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. \ΩpsS ]pd- Øn-cn-°p∂ D]m-[n-Iƒ Fs¥m-s°-bmWv? IsÆmcp D]m-[n- bm-Wv. A\p-`-hn-°p∂ Cu Rm\n-s√¶n¬ ]©-`q-Xm-fl-I-am- bn-cn-°p∂ Cu {]]©w A\p-`-h-th-Zy-am-hp-I-bn-√. ImsXmcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. D≈n-en-cn-°p∂ D]m-[nsb A¥-°cWw F∂pw ]pd-Øn-cn- °p∂ D]m-[nsb _mly-I-cWw F∂pw ]d-bpw. \ms°mcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. D◊-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. \ncp-]m-[nIw F∂p ]d-™m¬ D]m-[n-bn-√m-Ø-Xv.

v hmbp-hp-≠. AXp-sIm≠v \mw izkn-°p-∂p.v GXv A\p-]m-X- Øn-emWv CsX√mw tN¿∂p-hc .m-XØ .a . AXn\p a\ v IÆns‚ ]n∂n¬ thWw.mWv.W.Ø .v ico-cØ . B iq\yX BIm-ia . Cu A©p `qX-߃ ]e A\-p] .f .f. ]© F∂m¬ A©v.n¬ tN¿∂-XmWv {]]-©w.mepw B ImgvN ]q¿Æ- am-bn-cn-°p∂ Adn-hns\ Xcp-∂n-√. Xz°psIm≠v kv]¿isØ Adn-bp-∂p.X-∂v \n›-bn-°p-∂Xv Hmtcm- cp-Øc .f.m-Wh . Jc-cq-]-Øn-ep≈ hkvXp-°ƒs°m-≠mWv Ahbh߃ \n¿Ωn-®n--cn-°p-∂X .a .ß. Hmtcm Poh\pw DS-se-Sp-°p-∂Xv B ico-c- Øns‚ ]n∂n-ep≈ I¿Ω-Øm-emWv. Hcp sNSnsb FSp-Øp-t\m-°pI-bm-sW-¶n¬ B sNSn-bn¬ `qan-bp-≠.W .ƒ _mly-am-Wv.ß.nse Fgp]-Xp-iX .nse {]mW\mWv hmbp-hm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. A©p `qX-߃ GsXm-s°-bmWv? BIm-iw. Ihn-X-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂ Cu cN-\sb imkv{X-Øn-te°v X¿÷a sNbvXv.nepw Chsb√map≠v.. KWn-X-]-c- am-bn-cn-°p∂ kq£va-X-tbmsS hy‡-am-°m≥ Ign-bmØ H∂m- Wv I¿Ω-X-Øzw. CXv imkv{X-Øn‚ `mj-bn-eq-sS- bmWv ]d-™p-X-cp-∂-Xv. ]©-`q-Xm-fl-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ {]]-©sØ Adn-bp∂ ]t©- {µn-bß. _mly-Ic .p-∂s . ico-cØ .sIm-≠mWv cpNnsb Adn-bp-∂-Xv. Pew. IÆp-sIm-≠p-I≠ .mb Cu D]m-[n-bn-eq-sS- \mw {]]-©sØ Adn-bp-∂p. Hmtcm I¿Ωhpw Hmtcm ico-csØ cq]o-I-cn-°p-∂p. {]]©w A©p `qX-߃ tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. I¿Ω-sØ-°p-dn®v a\- n- em-°p-∂Xv hfsc {]bm-k-ap≈ Imcy-am-Wv..v \ΩpsS ico-cØ . DZm-lc . Xz°v Hcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. ]rYn-hn F∂n-hb . A·n.m- bn-cn-°p∂ hkvXp-°ƒs°m≠mWv ico-csØ \n¿Ωn-®n-cn-°p-∂- Xv.v Pe-ap-≠.v A·n-bp-≠. Cu A©v D]m-[n-Ifpw _mly-Ic .n\v. BZy-am-bn Rms\mcp ssat{Im- t^m¨ ImWp-I-bmWv.p≠v.n¬ [mcmfw iq\y-XI .p-tSbpw ]n∂n-en-cn-°p∂ I¿Ω-am-Wv.W . ]©-`q-Xm-flI .v ico-cØ . I¿Ωw hfsc \nKqV-am-bn-cn-°p∂ XØz-am-Wv.ns‚ D≈n-se c‡w-t]m-ep≈ {Zhyß-sf√mw Pe- am-Wv. At∏mƒ Rm≥ BtcmsS¶nepw tNmZn-°pw. I≠mepw F\n-°Xv F¥m-sW∂v Adn- bm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√.v BIm- i-ap-≠.m-W. `£Ww Ign-®m¬ B `£-WsØ Zln-∏n-°p∂ A·n \ΩpsS D≈n-ep-≠.v ico-cØ . hmbp.v AXp-sIm≠v ]rYn-hn-bp-ap-≠. imkv{X-Øn-te°v ]cn-h¿Øn- ∏n®v ]d-bp-tºmƒ \n߃°p {Kln-°m≥ Ffp∏w Ign-bpw. 76 .m-\hpw Pe- am-W.

Hcmƒ tdmUn¬IqSn \S-∂p-h-cp∂ ka-bØv Hcp ac-Øn-¬ Hcp Pohn Ccn-°p-∂Xp I≠p.n¬ F√m hkvXp-°t.c . Rm≥ hcp-∂h .n°v ac-Øn¬ 77 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ .a . ssat{Im-t^m¨ F∂ hm°p tI´- t∏mƒ F\n°v sNdp-Xm-sbm∂p kam-[m-\-am-bn. ]ns∂ Fhn-sS-h®v Ft∂mSp tNmZn-®mepw.X . tkm]m. {]Xn` hm°ns‚ D≈n-en-cn-°p∂ cq]amWv. At∏mƒ ssat{Im- t^m¨ F∂ hm°n-t\mSv tN¿Øv ssat{Im-t^m-Wns‚ cq]- tØbpw Fs‚ a\- n¬ kq£n-®p-hb . \Ωƒ ImWp∂ F√m-h¿°pw t]cp-≠. Fs‚ tNmZy- Øns‚ DØcw Hcp hm°mbn F\n°p In´n.l .nbmw F∂p Rm≥ ]d-bpw. t]cp ]d-™m¬ C∂ Bsf F\n°v Hm¿Ωn-°m≥ Ign-bpw.v. AXns‚ \ndw a™bm-Wv.a . m\w F∂p ]d-bp-∂X .n-ep-≈Xt√. CsXmcp ssat{Im-t^m¨ BsW∂v.v°pw.v t]cn-s√-¶n¬ AsXm-∂n- t\bpw a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bn-√.I . CXp-t]mse Cu {]]-©Ø .“CsX-¥m-Wv?” ASp-Øn-cn-°p∂ Hcmƒ ]d-™p-X-∂p.Z m. AXp-sIm-≠mWv tkm]m-[n-I⁄ . {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ Hmtcm hkvXp-hn\pw t]cp sImSpØv B t]cns‚ cq]hpw AXn-t\mSv tN¿Øv kq£n-®p-hb . AsX-\n-°d .s b.° v p∂ CS-sØ-bmWv a\s ∂p ]d-bp-∂X . F¥p I≠mepw a\- n\v CS-s]t´ ]‰q.k ¿ Hcp. CXp hmg.] . {iocm.g.\ . a\ v F∂m¬ hm°pw hm°n- t\mSp tN¿∂ {]Xn-`-bp-am-Wv.I r.b pw. a\ pw C{µn-b-hp-am-Ip∂ D]m[nI-fn-eqsS Adnbp-∂-sX√mw tkm]m-[n- I-⁄m-\-am-Wv. ssat{Im-t^m¨ C∂ c . CXv Acw.fbpw \Ωƒ FÆn Xn´-s∏-SpØn a\- n-em-°p-∂p-≠.I .Ø ns‚ {]tXy.v Hmtcm-∂ns\ FSpØv CXp acw. Abmƒ°-Xns\ I≠-t∏mƒ IuXpIw tXm∂n.¥ mWv ? AXv Ct∏mƒ Adn-bp-∂-Xp-t]m-se-bm-bn-cn-°n√ \msf Adn-bp-∂-Xv.[ n.l w. Abmƒ thKw Bfp-Iƒ IqSp∂ Aßm-Sn-bn¬ h∂p-\n∂v ]d-™p.c Ww ]d. P\n®p hoW A∂p-ap-X¬ I≠Xpw tI´Xpw aW- ØXpw cpNn-®Xpw kv]¿in-®Xpw F√mw \nß-fpsS a\- n¬ ]e-t]-cp-I-fn¬ Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. Aßs\ t]cpw {]Xn-`bpw tN¿∂mWv a\ v cq]-s∏- Sp-∂-Xv. CXp aÆv Fs∂ms° FÆn-sbÆn ]d-bp-∂p.v t]cv \ΩpsS hy‡n-Xz-am-bn-cn°p-∂p.q-]Ø. At∏mƒ F√m-‰n\pw t]cp-≠..v Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ Fs¥√mw Imcy-ß-fmWv \nß-fpsS a\- n-ep-≈-Xv.⁄ m. C{Xbpw ]d-bm≥ ImcWw \ap-°v \sΩ-°p-dn®p a\- n- em-°m≥th-≠n-bm-Wv.j v W .

Rm≥ hcp∂ hgn°v ac-Øn¬ Hcp Pohnsb I≠p. AXp- sIm≠mWv \n߃°v ktµlw D≠m-b.Xv. \n߃ Hcp Pohn-sb- Ø-s∂-bmWv ]e kµ¿`-Øn¬ I≠-Xv. ]e kµ¿`-ßf . \n߃ I≠Xv Hcp Pohn-sb-Ø- s∂-bm-tWm? AtXm ]e Pohn-I-tftbm? Ah¿ X¿°n-°m≥ XpS-ßn. CXp-t]m-se. X¿°w aqØ-t∏mƒ _p≤n-am-\mb B a\p-jy≥ ]d-™p \ap°p t]mbn t\cn´p I≠p a\ nem°mw F-∂v. Abmƒ Aßm-Sn-bn¬h∂v Bfp-It.nte°v amdm≥ Ign-hp-≠v. aq∂p-t]cpw aq∂p-X- c-Øn¬ Htc Pohn-sb-°p-dn-®p-Xs∂ ]d-™t. sIm®p-Ip-´n-bm-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ \ap-s°mcp ]mh-°p-´nsb X∂p-I- gn-™m¬ kt¥m-j-am-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂p. hcm-\n-cn-°p∂ ImeØpw ]e coXn-bnepw {]m]-©n-Im-\p-`-h-߃°p hyXymkw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. Abmfpw I≠p ac-Øn¬ Hcp Pohn Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. Iptd-°qSn {]mb-am-bm¬ ]Ww-sIm≠pw kwXr]vXn In´p-I-bn-√.∏mƒ AhnsS IqSn- bn-cp∂ Hcmƒ°v kwi-ba . Rms\mcp Pohnsb I≠p. AXns‚ \ndw a™-bmWv. \ap°v thsd Ft¥m NneXpIqSn thWw.∏m- ƒ Ah¿ I≠Xv Hcp Hm¥n-s\-bm-Wv.m-bn.[n-bpsS hnIm-kØ .Hcp Pohnsb I≠p.Cu temIØv Hcp ]Xn-\m-bncw h¿j-߃°p apºp-≠m-bn-cp∂ {]m]-©n-Im-\p-`-h-ß-fpsS kz`m-h-am-bn-cn-°n√ Ct∏mƒ Cu Ime-L´-Øn¬ \ap-°p-≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. am\-kn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ D]m. AXns‚ h¿Æw B ka-bØv sNa∏mbn-cp-∂p. At∏mƒ \ap°v [\w In´n- bm-emWv kt¥mjw D≠m-hp-I-bp-≈q. AXns‚ h¿Æw ]®-bm-Wv. ]e Xc-Øn¬ \ΩpsS Adn-hp-Ifpw A\p-`- 78 . _p≤n-am-\mb Bƒ°Xp a\- n-embn. Abmfpw Aßm-Sn-bn¬h∂v Bfp-I-tfmSv ]d™p. thsdm-cmƒ B hgn-bn-eqsS IS-∂p-h-∂-t∏mƒ B Pohnsb Abmfpw I≠p. Rm≥ I≠ Pohn a™-bm-sW∂v H∂m-a≥ ]d-™p.nepw B Hm¥pXs∂ ]e h¿Æ-Ønepw Ccn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£ Ipd-®p-IqSn apXn¿∂p- I-gn-™m¬ ]mh-°p-´nsb sIm≠p-h∂v \ΩpsS ssIbn¬ h®p- X-∂m¬ kt¥mjw tXm∂p-I-bn-√. Ipd®p Ign™ t∏mƒ thsdm-cmƒ B hgntb h∂p. Hm¥n\p ]e ka-bØv ]e h¿Æ-ßf . t\cn´p sN∂p t\m°n-bt. At±lw ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-Øp.fmSv ]d-™p.n- \-\p-k-cn®v Pohn-Xm-\p-`-h-߃°pw hyXymkw D≠m-bn-cn°pw. At∏mfXns‚ \ndw ]®-bm-bn-cp-∂p. AXns‚ h¿Æw sNa-∏m-Wv. ]®- bm-sW∂v c≠m-a\pw sNa-∏m-sW∂v aq∂m-a\pw ]d-™p.

henb Hcp hnjmZw a\pjys\ BgvØn- °-f-bp-∂p-≠v. ]e hy‡n-Ifpw tPmenÿeØp\n∂pw ho´n-se-Øn-°-gn- ™m¬ au\n-bm-Ipw. `¿Ømhv `mcy- tbmSp kwkm-cn-°p-I-bn-√. hnjm-Zw ImcWw Nncn-°m≥ Ah¿ ]mSps]Sp∂p.‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ Hcp {]iv\w. CXv Nne Hm^o-kp-I-fn-sems° ImWm-hp- ∂-Xm-Wv. C∂v ]e `mjIfnepw {]tXy-In®pw Cw•ojv t]mse-bp≈ `mj-If . Ah¿ Ah-cpsS GIm-¥-X-bn-te°v Dƒh- en-™p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Ah¿°v kt¥m-jn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂n√.m-sW∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bp-Ib .psS temIØv imiz- X-am-b kpJsØ Xnc-bp-tºmƒ AXh\p Is≠-Øm≥ IgnbmsX hcp-tºmƒ Pohn-XØ .n¬ AKm-[a .. C∂v `mj ]cn-an-Xa . D≠m-bn-amdpw Adnhv D≠mbn ap∂w˛ap∂w F∂m¬ \Ωn¬ Hcn-°¬ Cu A⁄m\w kw`-hn®p.v 79 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ . HØncn hm°p-Isf Dƒs°m-≈p-hm-\p≈ tijnbpw AXn-\p-≠. B[p-\n-I-a-\p-jy-cmin IS-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ Hcp {]Xn-k‘n hnjmZØnt‚XmWv. IΩyq-Wn-t°-jt. apgp-h≥ am\hcmin-bnepw kw`-hn-®p. AXp-sIm-≠v Cu amdp∂ Adn-hp-If . \Ωsf ImWp-tºmƒ ]ecpw Nncn- ®p-Im-Wn-°p-sa-¶nepw B Nncn-bpsS ]n∂n-sems° Hcp hnjm-Z- Øns‚ Ccp≠ Omb ad-™n-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. a\pjy≥ F¥p-sIm-≠mWv tIm]n-°p-∂Xv? BibsØ ]pd-tØ°v sIm≠p-h-cp-tºmƒ AXv XØp-ey- amb Hc-\p-`-hsØ D≠m-°msX hcp-tºmƒ \ap°v hfsc Akw- Xr]vXn D≠m-Ip-∂p.p-tºmƒ Cusbmcp {]iv\w D≠m-Ip-∂p-≠v. CXv `mj-bpsS ]cn-an-Xn-b√ .h-ßfpw amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Bi-b-߃ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bmsX hcp-tºmƒ Ah¿ s]m´n-sØ-dn-°p-∂p.m-Wv. Hcp {]mhiyw ]d-™n´v Hcm-ibw shfn-s∏-Sm-sX hcp- tºmƒ c≠m-asØ {]mhiyw Ah¿ Hcp A·n-]¿∆-X-am-bn-am-dp- ∂p. a°ƒ A—-t\mSpw AΩ-tbmSpw kwkm-cn-°p-I-bn-√. s]s´-∂Xp ImWp-I- bn-√. t{Im[w Ahsc {Kkn- °p-∂p.mb Hcp hnjmZw D≠mIp-∂p. Bi-b-߃ shfn-s∏-Sp- Øp-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. ]e hy‡n-I-fnepw ]e A\p-]m-X-Øn¬ hnjmZw Hcp tcmK-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p≠v. ]ns∂ kwkm-cn-°p-I-b-n-√.n-√.n-\n-abw \S-tØ-≠n-hc . a\- ns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-bm- Wv. CXp \Ω-psS Pohn-Xs .Ø {i≤n-®n-´p-s≠-¶n¬ ImWm\mIpw. Nne amt\-P¿am¿°pw kq∏¿ssh-k¿am¿°psams° kt_m¿Unt\‰vknt\mSv Bi-bh .n¬ Hcp-]mSp hm°p-Iƒ Fs∂∂pw Is≠-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib .

Ø.m-j°pw kwkvIr-X`. {]tXy-In®pw Xo£vW amb Nne kvt\l-_‘-߃ D≈nSØv `mj Hcp Bi-bh . hy‡n-Iƒ hnI-kn-∏n- s®-Sp-t°-≠X .f p.v AXv ae-bm-f`. Aßs\ B Hcp A¿∞-Øn-e√ au\sØ D]-tbm- Kn-t°-≠-Xv. Nne kv{XoIfpw ]pcp- j-∑mcpw tZjy-s∏-´p-°-gn-™m¬ au\sØ Ah-ew-_n-°m-dp≠v.v C{X-am{Xw hm°p- Iƒ \Ωƒ Is≠-Øn-bn´pw Fhn-sS-sbm-s°tbm \ap°v Bi-b- hn-\n-ab .Ø .n-\n-ab. kwkm-cn-®m¬ am{X-amWv Imcy- ߃ a\- n-em-hp. au\-Øn\v Aß-s\-sbmcp i‡n-bp-≠.n¬\n∂pw hm°p-Isf IS-sa-Sp-°p-hm\pw B `mj-bn- te°p tN¿°p-hm\pw t]mcp∂ Hcp hym]vXn F√m `mj-°pap-≠.Ø . F∂n´pw 80 .s Im≠n.n-\m-bn `mj-bpsS Bh-iy- apt≠m? F∂p \Ωƒ `mjsb Bibhn-\n-ab .o-hn-XØ .s .fpw Bhn¿`-hn-®p. kwkm-cn-°m-tXbpw Imcy-߃ {Kln-°p∂ Xe-Øn¬.c n.n¬ Bibhn-\n-ab .n¬ t{Im[sØbpw \ncm-isbbpw sshj-aysØbpw D≠m-°mw. `mj Hcp D]m-[n- bm-W.a mbn kwkm.m-[y-a-am-Im≥ ]mSn-√. AXv kv{Xo°m-sW- ¶n¬ ]pcp-j\ .∏-Sp-∂p.° pw.n-\p-apºv kv{Xo]p-cp-j- ∑m¿°v Cusbmcp `mj-sb-°p-dn®v \√ Ah-Kmlw D≠m-bn-cn-°- Ww. au\sØ hfsc t]mkn-‰ohv Bb Hcp `mj-bmbn hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°p-hm≥ Ign-bptam F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv. C\n hcp∂ Cu bpK-Øn¬ au\-Øn\v AXn-t‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ {]k-‡n-bp-≠v. ]Icw au\w-sIm≠pw lrZ-bk . hmkvXh .n-\m-bn B{i-bn- ®pthm A∂p \ΩpsS {]iv\ß .w-sIm≠pw A¥¿a¿Ω-cß .b.Ø.I .n¬ Cusbmcp `mj.ƒ \S-Øm≥ Ign-b- Ww. Hcp Bg-ap≈ A\p-`hw D≠m-I- Ww.ß.° v p-ap-≠. Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? \Ωƒ `mj-bpsS ]mc-ay-Øn¬ FØn-°-gn- ™p.sf ssIam-dm≥ Ign-b- Ww. Km¿ln-IP .® p.m-jb . {]tXy-In®pw C≥s^m¿ta-j≥ sSIvt\m-fPn `mj-bpsS ]mc-ay-sØ {]m]n°pIbmWv.p≈p F∂ Xe-Øn¬\n∂v.a. Nne-t∏mƒ B ]pcp-j≥t]mbn BfllXy sNbvsX ∂pw hcmw. au\-Øns‚ Xe-Øn¬ \ap°p kwth-Z\ . AXv \ntj-[m-fl-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ au\-am-Wv.n-\p≈ Zmcn{Zyw A\p-`h .I .w-th-Z\ . A\p-`hw D≠m-bn-cn°-Ww. C∂v F-{X-t\cw thW-sa-¶nepw a\p-jy≥ sSen-t^m-Wn-eqsS a‰p hy‡n.m-bn-´p-≠.v \Ωƒ ]d-bm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂Xv D]m-[n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-´p≈ H∂-√ F¶n¬ Cu `mjsb \mw Hcn-°epw B{i-bn-°m≥ ]mSn-√.thsd `mj-If .v F∂m¬ au\w \ntj-[m-fl-I-am-I-cp-Xv.c n.v hnhmlw Ign-°p-∂X .

Hcp A\p-{K-l-h¿jam-bn injy- \n-te°v Kpcp-lr-Z-b-Ønse au\w ]I¿∂p ]I¿∂phcp-∂p-. AsXmcp D]m-[n-bmWv. Aßs\ `mjsb hnI-kn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. `mc-X-Øns‚ ]mc- º-cyw Cß-s\-bmWv. C{µn-b-ß-fn-eq-sS-b-√msX Adn- bm≥ Ign-b-Ww.F{Xtbm AI¬®-bmWv Ah¿°nSbn¬. DØ-c-ß-sf√mw au\-Øns‚ Hcp `mj-bm-bn.n-´sb hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. a\- n-eq-sS-b- √msX. i_vZsØ tIƒW-sa-¶n¬ ImXv thWw. Hcp D]m- [n-bn-eq-sS-bpa√msX Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp∂ Adn-hv. Cu D]m- [n-Is . Nn¥-bn-eq-sS-b-√msX. thsd H∂pw th≠. tNmZy-߃ tNmZn-t°-≠. ]e Kpcp- °-∑m-cp-tSbpw ASpØv injy-∑m¿ FØn-t®-cp-tºmƒ B injy- ∑m¿ tNmZyw t]mepw tNmZn-°p-I-bn-√. sSent^m¨ C√m- Xn-cp∂ ImeØv a\pjy≥ kwkm-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-t∏mƒ D≠m- bn-cp∂ Bi-b-Øns‚ ]mc-kv]cyw C∂v Bi-b-߃ \nc-¥cw shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn´pw hy‡n-Iƒ°n-S-bn-¬ C√msX t]mIp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv? AXp-sIm-≠mWv C\n \ap°v au\-Øns‚ `mjsb Adn-tb-≠-Xm-bn-´p≠v F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. AXns\ a\-  n-em-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv \ncp-]m-[nIamb Adn-hns\ \Ωƒ Adn-b-W-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ khn-[-Øn¬ h∂v au\- am-bn Ccn-°p-I. Kpcp AXp ]d-bp-∂p: \ncp-]m-[nIamb Adn-hp-≠v. Ejn-am¿°v B Adn-hns\ Adn-bm≥ Ign-™n- ´p-≠v. AXp-sIm-≠m-W-h¿ F{X Bfp-Iƒ h∂n-cn-°p-tºmgpw Ah-cpsS au\ØneqsS kwkm-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.fm-∂p-an-√msX \ap°v Fs¥-¶nepw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bptam? Cu At\z-jWw \S-Øn-bn-´n-s√-¶n¬ Pohn-X-Øn¬ \Ωƒ Hcp Xew kv]¿in-°msX t]mbn-´p-s≠∂v Dd∏mWv. s]cp-am-‰® . au\-Øns‚ Hcp {]km-Z-ambn Kpcp-hn¬\n∂v injy-\n-tebv°v kw{I-an-°p-∂p-. F√mw sNbvXn´pw \ap°p ]cm-P-b-Øns‚ Ibv]p- \o¿ am{X-amWv Pohn-X-Øn¬ D≠m-Ip-∂p-≈q-sh-¶n¬ CsXm-∂pw- sN-ømsX Cß-s\-sbmcp km[yX Ds≠-∂-dn-bp-tºmƒ B a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 81 . Kpcp-hns‚ au\-km-{µ- am-bn-cn-°p∂ khn-[-Øn¬ shdp-sX-bn-cn-°pw. D]m-[n-bn-√msX \ap°v A-dn-hns\ Adn-bp-hm≥ Ign-bptam? ImgvNsb ImWm≥ IÆv Hcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. au\-Øns‚ Hcp kv^penw-K-am-bn. C∂p \Ωƒ Bibhn\nab£aX hf¿ØnsbSp°m≥ hy‡nXzhnIk\ ¢m pIfn¬ ]s¶Sp°p∂p.

. IÆm-Sn-bpsS {]Xn-^e . ]ns∂ \Ωƒ sN∂p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ AsXmcp IÆm-Sn- bm-sW∂p tXm∂p-I-bn-√. \Ωnse Z¿∏WXzw \ap°p \jvSs .b n. \Ωƒ Hmtcm Znh-khpw Pohn-®p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ t_m[-Øns‚ kz—-am-bn-cn-°p∂ IÆm-Sn- bpsS apJw A\p-`-h-ß-fm-Ip∂ kvac-W-I-fpsS s]mSn-]-S-e- ߃sIm≠v aqSn-t∏m-Ipw. ImeØp Nmcn-h-®m¬ sshIp-t∂-c-am-Ip-tºm-tg°pw s]mSn- ]-S-e-߃ h∂v B IÆm-Sn-bpsS {]Xew apgp-h≥ Bh-cWw sNøpw.∂ p.I p. Fs¥ms° \Ωƒ Pohn-X-Øn¬ A\p-`-hn-®n-´pt≠m AsXms° \Ω-psS a\- n¬ ]‰n-t®¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p≠v.t.t ºmƒ B Adnhv a\. CtX-t]m-se-bmWv \ΩpsS Pohn-Xh . Hcp IÆmSn FSp-Øp- sIm-≠p-t]mbn hgnbpsS GsX-¶nepw Hcp Hmcw Nmcn-h-®pt\m- °q.Ø o. GsX-¶nepw D]m-[n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-cn-°p∂ Xc-Øn¬ Hc-dn-hp- ≠m.f . ImeØp sIm≠p-h-bv°p∂ ka-bØv B IÆm-Snbv°v {]Xn-^- e-\-tijn (reflexing capacity) D≠m-bn-cp-∂p.. AXp s]mSn-sIm≠p \nd-™n-cn°pw. s]mSn-\n-d-™-Xmbn-Øo-cp-tºmƒ XqØp-I- f-bm≥ \ap°p Ign-bp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ \Ωƒ ho≠pw ho≠pw Cu Agp-°p-Iq-ºm-cß . At∏mƒ IÆm-Sn-bn¬ H∂pw ImWp- ∂n-√.a m. Ct∏mƒ sN∂p t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ AXv s]mSn-sIm≠v Bhr-X-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p.e.psS ASn-bn¬s]´v hnΩn-´s .ƒ hmbn-°p-Ibpw ]Tn-°p-Ibpw Fgp-Xp-Ibpw sNbvXn´v kwibw \Ω-fn¬ _m°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p- sh-¶n¬ CsXm-∂p-an-√m-sX-Xs∂ au\-Øns‚ `mj-bn-eqsS injy-lr-Z-b-Øn¬ Ccn-°p∂ kwibsØ Zqco-Ir-X-am-°-s∏-Sp- ∂p-sh-¶n¬ B Hcp hgn \ap-s°m-∂v At\z-jn-®p-IqtS? A{X- sb-¶nepw B≤ym-fln-I-X-tbmSp \oXn ]pe¿Øn-°qtS? Kpcp ]d- bp-∂p: Bbncw Xcancp≠mibw {]XnNpcp≠v .mbn. hmk- \mk©bambn.ß .∏-Sp∂ Hcp kzXz- am-bn amdpw .∏-SpIbpw sNøpw.\. Kpcp-tZ-h≥ F¥p-sIm≠v IÆmSn {]Xn-jvTn®p F∂p tNmZn- ®m¬.∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.mWv ]n∂oSv \Ω-fpsS I¿Ω-`m-WvUa . Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h\pw kwi-bsØ Zqco- I-cn-°p-hm≥ Hcp-]mSp ]pkvXI . Cu s]mSn-]S.ß. kwkvImc-am-bn-amdp∂-X.f ..km[y-X-sbsb-¶nepw H∂p ]co£n°phm≥ Pohn-XsØ H∂p hn\n-tbm-Kn-®p-IqtS.pw.  ns‚ `mK. \n߃°p-≈n¬ ad-™n-cn-°p∂ Hcp IÆm-Sn-bp-s≠∂p 82 .c p.v kwkvImcw Akw-kI v r- X-am-bn-Øo-cp-tºmƒ. \ΩpsS apJw AXn¬ ImWp-∂n-√.ijn \jvSs .

A¥¿⁄m\w F∂m¬ F¥mWv? FhnsS D]m-[n-bn-√msX \mw Adn-bp-∂pthm AXns\ A¥¿⁄m\w F∂p ]d-bpw. AXp-sIm≠v IÆn¬Im-Wp∂ Adn- hp-I-sf-sbms° kz¥-am-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS Ah¿ ]mc-X-{¥yØn- te°p \oßn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.p-sIm- ≠-√. CXp-hsc \Ωƒ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂Xv amdn-am-dn-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Adn-hm-sW-¶n¬ C\n am‰-an-√mØ Hc-dn-hns\ \ap°p t_m[y- s∏Spw.n-bn-√. F∂m¬ \ncp-]m-[n-I-am-bn- cn-°p∂ Adn-hn-eqsS am{X-amWv Hcmƒ°v kzX-{¥-\m-Im≥ Ign- 83 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ . IÆm-Sn-t]m-se-bp≈ t_m[w \n߃°p \jvSs . Kpcp IÆm- Sn {]XnjvTn®p. AXv \Ω-fn¬ Aa¿Øn-h- bv°p∂ sshIm-cn-IXsb (repression) D≠m-°p-∂n-√. AXn-s\-bmWv ]e-t∏mgpw A¥¿⁄m\w (intuition) F∂ coXn-bn¬ Ejn-amcpw anÃn-°p-Ifpw hnfn-®p-t]m-cp-∂X . A√msX IÆmSn ssZh-am-bX . AXv I¿Ω-`m-WvUa . At∏mƒ IÆmSn{]XnjvT hnπ-hm-flIambn amdn. B {]hr-Øn-bpsS A¿∞w-Xs∂ \ΩpsS a\- n¬\n∂p am™pt]mbn. hmkvX- h.m-bn-Øo-cp-∂n-√. kzcq]w \jvS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. \ap-°n-t∏mƒ AsX-¥m-sW-∂d .m-bn-Øo-cp-∂n-√. A¥¿ ⁄m\w D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ AXv ChnsS ]d-™-Xp-t]msebp≈ Bbncw Xc-an-cp≠v Bibw{]Xn N .mw. AXv \nß-fpsS D≈n-ep-≠v..∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. \o \n∂nse kz—ambncn°p∂ IÆm- Snsb ImWq F∂p ]d-bp∂ Hcp `mj.b. \nß-fpsS X\Xmb kzXzw \n߃°p \jvSs .” GXdn-hp-sIm≠v kzX-{¥-\m-IWw? P\w Cu Adn- hns\ sX‰n-≤-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.t_m[y-s∏SpØm-\m-bn-cp-∂p.v Nne Bfp-Iƒ°v A¥¿⁄m\w Ds≠∂p ]d-bs∏Sp-∂p.∏-´n-cn-°p- ∂p. ]t£. B \ncp-]m-[n-I⁄m\amb ssZhsØ \Ωƒ Z¿in-°p-tºmƒ \ap°p am‰-an-√mØ Adn-hns\ t_m[y-s∏- Spw. B Adnhv \sΩ kzX-{¥-\m-°p-∂p.≠ p∂ Hcp {]XoIamWv B IÆm-Sn.\in-®p- t]m-bn. AXp hmk-\b . C∂Xnse A-¥-k-Ø.. F∂m¬ B I-Æm-Snsb ]qPn-®p-If . Ipd- ®p-IqSn a\x-im-kv{X-Øns‚ `mj-bn¬ ]d-™m¬ AXp \ΩfpsS At_m-[sØ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂n-√.p-cp-≠p-t]m-Ip∂ Adn-h√ .m-bn-cn-°p∂ ⁄m\w IÆm-Sn-t]m-se-bm-Wv. \ncp-]m-[n-Ia . Hcn-°¬ \mcmbWKpcp ]d-™p-: “Adn-hp-sIm≠v kzX-{¥- cm-Ip-hn≥.Ø n¬ \ΩpsS A¥kØbnte°v hnc¬Nq. ssZhw \nß-fn¬ acn-®p-t]m-bn-cn- °p∂p F∂p ]d-bm≥th≠n am{Xw.

s.s .Po-h-Pm-e-ß-fp-tSbpw ASn-Ø- ´n¬ Ccn-°p∂ Im-cp-Wy-Øns‚bpw klm-\p-`q-Xn-bpsSbpw A\p- I-º-bpsSbpw Xew kv]¿in-°m≥ Ign-bp-tºmƒ am{X-amWv imkv{Xw temI-lnX-Øn-\m-bn `hn°pIbp≈p. a\pjys\ sIm√p-hm-\m-bn D]m-[n-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb F√m Adn- hp-Ifpw k÷-am-Ip-tºmƒ.ns‚ kv^pcWw C√msX hcp∂Xp sIm≠v AXv am\h-cm-insb apgp-h\pw \in-∏n-®p-I-f-bp∂ lnwkm-fl-I- amb {]hWXbmbn. \ncp-]m-[n-I-am-b t_m[-Øns‚ {]X- e-Øn-te-°v Xncn-®p-h∂v k¿∆.w. kwlm-cX .a-¶n¬ AXn-\p-th-≠ Bflm¿∞amb km[\ D≠m- bn-cn-°W.Adn-hv. Cßs\ \Ωƒ a\- n-em-°n-bmepw Cu \ne-bn¬ Bflm\p`hw D≠m-hpIbn√.a-∂n-√.n- √. A√m-Øn-S- tØmfw imkv{XsØ _o`-’-am-b..Sn-bn-cn-°p∂ F√m Adn-hnepw hnth-IØ .f .n-eqsS sIm≠p-t]m-IW .amdp-∂Xp ImWmw. Cu B[p- \n-Ii .- sa-¶n¬ AXv km[-\I . Bbn-cw kqcy-∑m¿ H∂n®v DZn-®-Xp-t]m-se-bp≈ Hcp A·n-{]-f- b-am-bn-cp-∂p lntcm-jn-am-bnepw \mK-km-°n-bnepw a\p-jy≥ hnI- kn-∏n-s®-SpØ lnwkm-fl-I-amb Adn-hns‚ hnkvt^m-S\w kw- `-hn-®-t∏mƒ D≠m-b-sX∂v tdm_¿´v Hm∏¨ ssla¿ ]d-bp-∂p. A\p-`qXn \ap-°p-≠m-IW . B‰w-t_m-w_p-Iƒ AhnsS h¿jn-®-t∏mƒ Ata-cn-°-bnse AXp-≠m-°nb imkv{X- ⁄-\m-bn-cp∂ tdm_¿´v Hm∏¨ ssl-a¿ B almhnkvt^mS \sØ °pdn®p ]d-bp-∂Xv `K-h-ZvKo-X-bnse Hcp t«mIw D≤-cn- ®p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. C\n CXns‚ c≠m-asØ hiw˛I≠m-epao \ne-bn¬ D≠m-Ib .n-t‚- Xm-b A·n{]fbsØ h¿jn-°m≥ Xøm-dm-bn-\n¬°p∂ Hcp kzXz-am-bn´p ImtW-≠n-h-cpw. CXns\ hnkva-cn-®n´v tkm]m-[n-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Adn- hn-te-°mWv Ah¿ ho≠pwho≠pw IpXn-sIm-≈p∂Xv. Znhn kqcy kl-{k-ky. AXv Kpcp Cu t«mI-Øn-eqsS \ap°v ]d-™p-X-cp-∂p-≠v.bp-I-bp≈q.. D]m-[n-tbm-Sp-Iq. AXns‚ BZysØ emRvO\-bmWv B[p-\n-I-im-kv{Xw hnI- kn-∏n-s®-Sp-Ø B‰w-t_mw-_p-Iƒ lntcm-jn-am-bnepw \mK-km- °n-bnepw h¿jn°m≥ CS-bm-bn-´p-≈Xv. km[y-am-bn-cn-°p∂ H∂n-te°v \sΩ sIm≠pt]m-IW .. Bflm-\p-`qXn km[y- 84 . B[p\nIX bpsS kz`mhw lnwkm-fl-I-am-Wv.Ø. F∂ t«mIw. A\p- `qXn D≠m-IW .w.m-kv{Xhpw km-t¶-Xn-IhnZybpw Hs° \ncp]m[nIamb Adn- hns‚ ]mc-ay-Øn¬ Xmt\ s]m-en-™p-t]m-Ipw.m-WvUh .

h≠n\v ckw ]nSn-®p-I-gn-™p.v AsX-ßs\ km[y- amIpw? AXn\p km[\ Bh-iy-am-W.p-∂n-√. Bfl-km-£m-XvIm-c-amWv \nß-fpsS Pohn-XØns‚ -kn≤n.∑ m¿ A\. km[-I≥ F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? Bflm-\p- `qXn F∂ km[y-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kn≤n-bn-te°v FØn-t®-cp-hm-\p≈ Hcp hy‡n-bmWv \n߃. AXp km[y-amtWm? km[y- am-Wv. Hcp h≠p-h∂v XmacbpsS A√n-°p-S-Øn-\p-≈n¬ t]mbn tX≥ \pI¿∂p\p-I¿∂v atZm-∑Ø . Kpcp- °. F¥mWv \Ω-fpsS kn≤n? Bfl-⁄m-\-amWv \Ω-fpsS kn≤n. km[y-amb H∂n-\p-th-≠n-bm- Wv.am-W. AXmbXv \n߃ \nß-sf-Øs∂ ]q¿Æ-ambn Adn-™-\p-`-hn-°p∂ Hcp Zi.v A©p Imcy-߃ CXn¬ Adn-™n-cn-°W .\ . \nß-sfmcp km[- I-\m-Wv. AXp-≠m-bn-´p≈ hy‡n-Iƒ temIØv D≠m-bn-´pt≠m? Ah-cpsS kz`mhw Cß-s\-bmWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv˛AJ-WvUm-\p- `q-Xn-bn-se-gpw X≠m-cn¬hoWv a[p-hp-≠m-c-an°pw Hcp h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xn. AXp km[y-am-W. AXn-s\-s¥-¶nepw km[-\-I-fpt≠m? km[-\-I-fp-≠v.h [n km[. Pohn- X-Øns‚ ]q¿Øo-I-c-Ww.∂ p. a\p- jy-P-∑-Øns‚ e£yw \ndthds∏Sp∂Xv B H∂n¬am-{X-am-Wv.c p. Pohn-XsØ ]q¿Æ-ambpw Hcp km[-\-bm-bn-s´-Sp-°p-I. AXv AXn¬Ø-s∂ aØSn®p InS°pw. am[p-cy-ap≈ B a[p Xma-c-bpsS A√n-°p-S-Ønencn- °p-∂p-≠v.\. F√mw km¿∞-Ia . AXmWv kn≤n. AXp]ns∂ AXn¬\n∂pw ]pd-Øp-h-cn- I-bn-√. AXmWv ]c-a-]p-cp-jm¿∞w.™ p.X . PohnXw Hcp km[-\-bm°n am‰-Ww. G‰hpw henb km¿∞-IX . Xma-c-bpsS D≈n¬ a[p-hp-≠v. AXv km[y-am-Wv.I ƒ \ap°p ]d. shdpsX _p≤n-]- c-ambn I≠mepw tI´m-epw \ncp]m[nI⁄m\w D≠m-hp-I-bn- √. Ah-cpsS PohnXw AJ-WvU-am-bn-cn-°p∂ A\p- `q-Xn-bn¬ apgp-In-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Pohn-X-am-Wv. Akm-[y-a-√.≠ v . AXp-sIm-≠v km[-\-Iƒ hy¿∞-am-bn-Øo-cp-I-bn-√.w. a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 85 . AXp-sIm≠v Akm-[y-amb H∂n- \p-th-≠n-b√ km[\ sNøp-∂-Xv. AXn-se-Øn-t®-cm- ≥ th≠n-bn-´mWv F√m km[-\-Ifpw \Ωƒ A\pjvTn°p∂Xv.m-bn´v hcpw.sb ]c-am¿∞w F∂p ]d-bpw.v AXv km[y-am-sW∂p t_m[y-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ \n߃ Hcp km[- I-\m-bn amdp-∂p.mbn AXn¬\n∂pw ]pd-Øp-hc . I≠mepw Cu \ne-bn¬ D≠m-I-bn√ Adn-hv. ]t£ kqcy≥ AkvX-an-°p∂ ka-bØv Xmac Iqºp tºmƒ B h≠n\p izkn-°m≥t]mepw izmkw In´p-Ibn-√.

n-®p-Ig .m-W. im¥-a[ . {iocm-a-Ir-jvW-]-c-a-lw-k¿ hfsc ck-I-c-am-bn.n-™p.v AXp-sIm≠v Ejn- bm-bn-cn-°p∂ Kpcp-hn\v CXp ]d-bp-hm-\mbn thsdmcp `mj-bn-√. CXv A\p-`q-Xn-bpsS al-Øm-bn-cn-°p∂ D’-ha . a\- ns‚ kv]µ-sa√mw ]q¿Æ-am-bn A‰pt]m-Ip-∂p. CØ-c- Øn-ep≈ bmsXmcp {]bm-k-ßfpw Abmƒ°p-≠m-hp-I-bn-√. lrZ-btImcI-Øn¬ B\-µw-h∂v Xnc-X-√p-tºmƒ imco-cn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ {]bm-k- ßfpw {]iv\-ßfpw A{]-k-‡-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. kwKo- Xm-flI .mb AwKo-Imcw C√m- sbt∂m ]d™p hne-]n-°p∂ a\ pw ]n≥hmßp∂p. At±lhpw ac-WsØ Ah-KW .n-te°v sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. AXp-t]m-se-bmWv Hcp kpIr-Xn-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ Bfl-kq-cn.ƒ Icbn¬ 86 . Iq´p-Im-cmb D∏p-]m-hI . FhnsS Hcmƒ°v Bflm-\p-`q-Xn-bpsS Hcp sNdnb kv]¿iw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂pthm AhnsS AbmfpsS F\n°v [\-an√msbt∂m F\n°v kuµ-cy-an-√m-sbt∂m F\n°p BtcmKyan√msbt∂m F\n°p kmaq-ln-Ia . acWw Cu a[p- hns‚ am[p-cy-Øn-\p-ap-ºn¬ H∂p-a√mXmbnØocp∂p.n-°p-samcp h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xn.v a\ ns‚ apgp-h≥ kv]µ-ßt.p-cam-bn-cn-°p∂.fbpw Zqco-I- cn®v a\- ns\ GIo`q-Xa. AXv tbmK-hm-bp-sIm≠v ˛ tbmK-hmbp F∂p ]d-™m¬ F√m-‰n-t\bpw kwtbm-Pn-∏n-°p∂ ka-\z-bn-∏n-°p∂ Hcp i‡n-hn-ti-ja .sØ \pI-cp-∂Xv At∏m-fXp kv]µ-an-√m-Xm-Ip-∂p.m-bn-cn-°p∂. Kpcp-Xs∂ AXv Z¿i-\-amem F∂ IrXn-bn¬ ]d-bp∂Xn-ß-s\-bmWv: “bZm ]n_≥ at\m-`rMvKx kzm\-µ-a-[p-am-[pcow \ kv]µXn hio-IrXy tbmPntXm tbmK-hm-bp-\m. FhnsS Bflm- \-µ-apt≠m AhnsS euIn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ sshj-ay-ß-fn¬\n- ∂p≈ tamN\hpap≠v.F∂n´pw h≠v ac-WsØ Ah-K-Wn-°p∂p.m-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp \mZ-`q-an-Ib .” Ft∏m-gmtWm a\- m-Ip∂ h≠v am[p-cy-ap≈ Bflm-\µ .m-W. X≠m-cn¬ hoWv a[p-hp-≠m-ca .CXn-s\-°p- dn®p ]d-bp∂p≠v. Bfl-⁄m\w D≠mIp-tºmƒ am{X-amWv Cu A\p-`qXn ssIh- cn-I-bp-≈q.a. Hcp D∏p-]mh IS-ens‚ Bgw Af-°m-\mbn IS-en-te°v t]mIm-s\m-cp-ßn. B am[p-cysØ anÃn-°p-Ifpw Ihn-Ifpw ⁄m\n- Ifpw hmgvØn-]mSn-bn-´p-≠v.

At∏mgpw Ahƒ ]dbp∂p: “A√.mWv. IS-en\v F{X Bg-ap-s≠-∂v.v CXv Kpcp hfsc kv]jvSa . D∏p-]mh IS- en¬ Cd-ßn-bX .ns‚ Hcp emRvO\ .p-t]m-se-bm-bn-cn-°W . hm°p-Iƒ krjvSn-°p∂ ambn-Ia . IS- en¬\n∂v D∏p]mhbv°v Xncn®p Ic-bv°p-I-b-dn-h∂v Xs‚ Iq´p- Im-tcmSp ]d-bm≥ Ign-™n-√.bpw AXn¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ib . Hmtcm-cp-Øs .c-bmbn Nq≠n- °m-Wn-®p-sIm≠v bph-Xn-tbmSv Iq´p-Im-cn-Iƒ tNmZn°p∂p: “AXmtWm \ns‚ `¿Ømhv?” At∏mƒ Ahƒ ]dbp∂p: “A√. Ahƒ au\-ambn ]p©n-cn-°p-∂p. Xe-Øn-emWv Ah¿ Pohn-°p-∂-Xv.sØ D≠m-°p-∂n√. AXp \nß-fpsS NnØ-Øn¬ hmIy- hr-Øn-Isf am{Xta krjvSn-°p-∂p-≈q.b n´v CXmtWm \ns‚ `¿Ømhv F∂p tNmZn°p∂p.n-te°p hc-Ww.°-≠X .w Bflm-\p-`h .c msf Nq≠n.m-bn´v ]d-bp∂ Imcy-am-W.ImØp-\n¬°p-I-bm-Wv: “\o t]mbn B IS-ens‚ Bgw Af∂v Xncn®phcq.n-√. At∏mƒ B bph-Xnbpw Ah-fpsS Iq´p-ImcnIfpw hoSns‚ ]n∂n¬\n-∂p-sIm≠v P\¬∏-gp-Xn-eqsS `¿Øm-hn-t\bpw Iq´p-Im-tcbpw t\m°n-°m-Wp-Ib . ]t£. CXp-t]m-se-bmWv Bfl-⁄m- a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 87 .v \Ωƒ Bflm-\p-`h .Ø. F∂n´v Rß-tfmSp ]d-bq IS-ens‚ Bgw F{X-bp- s≠∂v ”.m-bn-´p-≠.mb temI-Øp-\n∂v \n߃ ]pd- Øp-IS.amb au\-Øns‚ tKl-Øn-te°v Cd-ßn-t∏m-Ip-tºmƒ B au\-Øns‚ kv]µ\w \ΩtfmSv samgn-™p-Xc . AXp-sIm≠v hm°p-I-fn-eqsS \n߃ tIƒ°p-∂-sXm∂pw Bfl-⁄m-\-a√ F∂p t_m[y-s∏-SW . A\p-`h . CXv ]c- a-l-wk¿Xs∂ thsdmcp DZm-l-c-W-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv Cß-s\- bmWv ˛ hnhmlw Ign™n´v A[nIw \mfmbn´n√mØ bph- XnbpsS ho´n-te°v bphmhmb `¿Ømhv Hcp-Zn-hkw IS-∂p-h-cn- I-bm-Wv.CXmtWm \ns‚ `¿Ømhv F∂p tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ Ahƒ H∂pw an≠p-∂n-√. B D∏p-]mh IS-en-te°v Cd-ßn-t∏m-b-t∏mƒ B IS-ens‚ `mK-ambn AXv ]cn-W-an-°p-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv.t. Bfl-⁄m-\Ø . Hcn-°epw Hcp ⁄m\n°v Bflm-\p-`-h-th-f-bn¬ kwkm-cn- °m-≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXp-t]m- se-bmWv Bfl-⁄m-\n-Iƒ Nne-t∏mƒ Ah-cpsS \nKq-V.m≥ Ign-bmdn-√.w.” thsdm.” Ahkm\w Ah¿ Ah-fpsS icn-bm-b `¿Øm-hns‚ t\scNq≠n. au\-Øns‚ AKm-[-am-bn-cn-°p∂ \ncp-]m- [n-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂. bphmhv Ipd®p Iq´p-Im-tcm-sSm-∏-amWv B ho´n-te°p hcp-∂-Xv. D∏p- ]mh Aen-™-en™v IS-ens‚ `mK-am-bn-Øo¿∂p.n.

{iocm-aI . AXp XnI®pw tbmKm-\p-`qXn \pW-™n-cn-°p∂ Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ lrZ-b-Øn¬\n∂pw kw`-hn- ®n-´p-≈-Xm-sW∂p t_m[y-s∏-´m¬ \n߃°Xp {]tbm-P-\-I-c- ambn `hn°pw. X≠m-cn¬ hoWv a[p-hp- ≠m-c-an-°p∂ h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xn. Bfl-⁄m\n Ic-bn-√mØ IS-em-Wv.\ .\ . FhnsS hm°pw a\ pw \ne-®p-t]m-Ip-∂pthm Ahn-sSbmWv Kpcp ]d-bp∂ Xew. DuWpw Dd-°hpw C√m-Ø-h≥. CXm-sWs‚ `¿Ømhv F∂p ]d-bp-∂X . Pem- ep-±o≥ dqan F∂ Hcp kq^n Bfl-⁄m-\n-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-∂- Xv: “Bfl-⁄m\n ho™p IpSn-°msX elcn ]nSn-®-h-\m-Ip∂p Bflm-\p-`h .mWv.n\p ]Icw B s]¨Ip´n ]p©ncn- °pI am{X-amWv sNøp∂Xv.neq-sS-sbms° hfsc BgØn¬ Nne XØz-ßsf kwth-Zn- ∏n®p-X-cp-∂p-≠v. Cu t«mI-Øns‚ A¥y-`mKw hm°p-Iƒ°-Xo-X-am-bn-´p≈ Hc\p`ham-Wv. AJ-WvUm-\p-`q-Xn-bn¬ hnScp∂ X≠m-cn¬hoWv Bfl-a[p D≠v Bc-an-°p∂ Hcp h≠mWv kqcn kpIr-Xn. H∂pw ]d-bp-∂n-√.m-bn´v AXn¬Øs∂ 88 .” hm°p-sIm≠v ]d-bm≥ Ign-bmØ H∂ns\ Imhy-I-ev]-\-bn- eqsS Pem-ep-±o≥ dqan \ap°v ]¶p-h-®p-X-cp-tºmƒ \mcm-b-W- Kpcp AXns\ ]d-bp-∂-Xv.a .\n-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v Bflm-\p-`hw D≠m-Ip-tºm-fp≈ Ahÿ ˛ au\-am-bn ]p©n-cn-°p-∂p.l .n¬\n∂v a[p-\p-I¿∂v atZm-∑Ø.n A∂w Ign-°msX hbdp \nd-™h . Ah≥ taL-an-√msX apØp-Iƒ h¿jn-°p-∂p. Bflm-\p-`-hn°v \qdp-I- W-°n\v N{µ\pw kqcy\pw BIm-i-hp-ap-≠v.r-jvW].c .w-k¿ Cu D]- a-If. Ah≥ Ip∏-bnse amWn-Iy-am- Wv. ]d-bm≥ Ign-bm-Ø{X Hcp A\p-`-h-km-{µn-a AXn-ep-≠v. P\\o \h-c-Xv\-a-RvPcn Akm-[m-c-W-am-b A\p`hsØ \nthZn°p∂ Hcp IrXn-bm-Wv. A¤p-X-kvX-_v[-\m-W-h≥. At∏mƒ C{Xbpw AKm- [-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hc-\p-`-h-Øn-te°v \mw FØn-t®-cWw. Hcp jUv]Zw Hcp ]qhns‚ lrZ-b- tIm-cI . Bflm-\p-`hn hmbp-hnepw aÆnepw Pe-Ønepw A·n-bnepw Dƒs∏-Sp-∂-h-\-√. F∂n´pw \mw F¥p-sIm≠v hmNm-e-am-Ip-∂p? ]d-bm≥ Ign-bmØ H∂n-s\-°p-dn®p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bmsX hcp-tºmƒ D≠m-Ip∂ shdpw hnI-ev]-hm-Iy-ß-fm-bn Cu hmNm-e-Xsb Icp-Xn-bm¬ aXn. Ah≥ B\- µ-Xp-µn-e-\m-Wv. Bflm-\p-`hn km[m-cW hkv{Xw AWn-™-h-s\- ¶nepw cmPm-hn-s\-t∏m-se-bmWv.Ø .

kvt\lØn\v Ft∏mgpw a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 89 . AXp-sIm≠v Cu temIØv Hcn-S-Øpw-Xs∂ \s√mcp Ab¬°m-c≥ D≠m-Ip-∂Xv Hcp A-kw-`m-hy-X-bm-bn hcm-dp-≠v.sa.a∂v B{K-ln-°p-∂p- ≠v. Nne-cn¬ Ipd- ™n-cn°pw. Imc.Ø . A{X-am-{Xta hyXym-k-ap-≈q.s. \ns∂-t∏mse \ns‚ Ab¬°m-c-t\bpw kvt\ln-°pI F∂v. \mw kvt\ln-°p-tºmƒ Fs¥-¶nepw Xc-Øn-ep≈ Hcp hyhÿ (condition) h®n-´mWv kvt\ln-°p-I-. a\p-jy-a-\ v temI-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Fß-s\-sb- ¶nepw AXv Hcp GSm-Iq-SsØ krjvSns®Sp-°m-dp-≠v. \ap°v shdp-sX kvt\ln-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. Xncn-®p-In-´W . _‘- Øn¬ Dc ¬ (friction) D≠m-Ip-∂p.s . hmkvX-h-Øn¬ _mly-tem-I-amWv \Ω-sf-sbms° ZpxJ-Øn- te°v \bn-°p-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v Ipd-®p-Ig .n-bp-tºmƒ \ΩpsS {]Xo-£s .¥mWv ? Ab¬°m-c≥ Ft∏mgpw \ΩpsS {]Xo-£bv°v CW-ßmØ Xc- Øn¬ Fs¥-¶nepw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. Imc-Ws . \√ Ab¬°m-c≥ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv Hcp A]q¿∆-X-bm-Wv. Aßs\ Hcn-° epw D≠m-Im≥ CS-b n-√ . \Ω-fpsS kvt\l-Øn¬ Hcp D]m-[n-bp-≠v.√ .a-¥mWv? \mw Hcm-fp- ambn ]cn-Nb .a∂ B{Klw \ap-°p-≠v. shdpsX kvt\ln-®m¬ t]mcm. Hcp hy‡n- bp-am-bn kulrZØn-te¿s∏´v Ipd-®p-\mƒ Ign-bp-tºmƒ B ssa{Xo-_‘w IqSp-X¬ L¿j-W-ap≈Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. \mw sImSp-°p∂ kulr-Zhpw kvt\lhp sams° At±-lØ . Cu _‘-\-Øns‚ Xo£vWX Nne-cn¬ IqSn-bn-cn-°pw.hoWv e-bn®v AXp-X-s∂-bmbn Xocp∂ Hc-h-ÿ-bm-bn´mWv. tbip-{InkvXp AXp-sIm- ≠mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. _mly-tem-IsØ kw_-‘n® \Ω-fpsS B¥-cn-I-amb A\p-`-h-ß-fmWv \sΩ _‘n-∏n-°p-∂-Xv.n-em-Ip-tºmƒ B hy‡n-bn¬\n∂v Nne-sX√mw {]Xo-£n-°p-∂p-≠v. kvt\ln-°-W-sa-¶n¬ \o \ns∂ Fßs\ kvt\ln-°p-∂pthm AtX-t]mse kvt\ln-°-Ww.n¬\n∂pw Xncn-®p-In-´W .msX thsd GsX-¶nepw Xc--Ønep≈ D]m-[n- bn-eqsS Hcp an{XsØ kºm-Zn-®m¬ B an{Xw \Ω-psS i{Xp-hm- bn-Øocpw.n∂v kvt\lw Xncn-®p-In-´msX hcp-tºmƒ Aa¿jw D≠m-Ip-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v Hcp kplr-Øns\ kºm-Zn-°p-∂X .°mØv B hy‡n-bn-¬\ .m-bn-cn-°p∂ ]cn-h¿Ø-\Ø . \Ω-psS B¥-cn-Ia .W .n-eqsS \mw Hcp i{Xp-hn-s\-bmWv kºm-Zn-°p-∂- Xv.n-eqsS kw`-hn- °p∂ an{X-em-`a .

\_n- bpsS B {]Xn-I-c-W-Øn¬ aX-Øns‚ kØ-bmWv Dƒs°m- 90 .p-∂X .v Hmtcm hy‡nbpw Ht´sd \nKq-VX .n- ep≈ hnIm-cß . am’-cn-IX .m-bn Hs° ]pd-Øp-hc .ƒ ]¶p-h- bv°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂p-≠. A-XmWv ]e-Xc .- bm-bn-´mWv Pohn-°p-∂s .f . Hcn-°¬ aXsØ tNmZyw sNøm\mbn apl-Ω-Zp-\-_n- bpsS ASp-Øp-h∂v Hcmƒ tNmZn-®p: “\_n-tb. Nne kzIm-cy-X-Iƒ Nne- t∏mƒ ]¶p-h-s®-∂p-h-cpw.X∂m-W.m-[yX am{Xta \ap-°p-≈q.- fmWv ]n∂oSv A·n-]¿∆-Xw-t]mse s]m´n-sØ-dn-°p-∂X .n- °p∂ hy‡n-tbm-Sp-t]mepw \Ωƒ F{Xtbm kzIm-cy-XI . Hcn-°epw thsdm-cmsf ]q¿Æ-am-bn \Ωn-te°p {]th-in-∏n-°p-I-bn-√.√ . t{Im[n- °p-tºmƒ \madnbp∂n√ \mw F¥p-sIm-≠mWv t{Im[n-°p-∂- sX-∂v.sf Adn-bn-°pI F∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ Bi-bh . Iptd- °mew Aa¿Øn-h® Du¿÷-Øns‚ Hcp \nt£]w ]pd-tØ°v X≈n-°f ..ƒ \Ω-psS D≈n¬Xs∂ D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.° v pI As√-¶n¬ hy‡n-It.v hy‡n- I-tfmSv ]¶p-hb .v. ]I-bm-bn-.v AXns‚ A¿∞w \mw Ft∏mgpw Hcp \nKq-VX .k . AhnsS \Ωƒ \n -lm-b-cm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p.n-°m≥ Ign-bmØ Nne kzIm-cy-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Du¿÷-߃ \ap-°p- t]mepw \nb-{¥-W-an-√mØ Ah-ÿ-bn¬ ]pd-Øp-t]m-Ip∂ Ah- k-c-ß-fp-≠v.fmSv A¥¿K-Xß .Ø.b .p-sIm≠pw \Ω-psS A¥¿K-Xß .n-eqsS Bhn-jvIc .I. F¥mWv aXw? aXw F¥mWv ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv? F¥mWv aX-sa∂v Ft∂mSv ]d- bp-hn≥”. Akq-bb .b. Cu¿jy- bm-bn-.sf ]q¿Æ-ambn a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ hy‡n-Iƒ C√m-ØX .AXn¿Øn-I-f-p-≠m°p∂p. Cu \nKq-VX . \ΩpsS \nXy-Po-hn-XØ . At∏mƒ \_n ]d-™p: “\o tIm]n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-hn≥ .p-sIm≠pw Ft∏mgpw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ IØn- sb-cn-bp∂ Hc-·n-]¿∆Xw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.m-bn-. F∂mepw Iptd kzIm-cy-XI .v F√m hnIm-c-ßfpw Du¿÷-Øns‚ ]pdwX≈-em-Wv.m-bn˛t{Im[-am-bn.p-∂p.” At∏mƒ ho≠pw tNmZn-°p-I-bmWv F¥mWv aXw \_ntb? “\o tIm]n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I. \Ω-p-tS-Xm-bn-´p≈ kzIm-cy- am-b Hcp then-s°´v \ap°v Ft∏m-gp-ap-≠v.Ifm-Wv. Hcp {]tXyI {]hn- iy-hsc Hcmsf \Ω-ƒ ASp-∏n-°pw. ssZh-hp-ambn k√]n°p∂ As√-¶n¬ ⁄m\n-bp-ambn k√-]n-°p∂ lrZ-bk .n-\n-ab .psS X≈n-®I . Hcp-]mSv h¿j-߃ ASp-Øp-Xm-ak .f .m]w \Ω-fn¬ hf-¿∂p hcm-ØX .” C{X-am-{X-amWv \_n ]d-bp-∂X ..

j ys\ ZpxJ.j v T .v. sk≥ F∂p ]d- ™m¬ [ym\w F∂m-W¿∞w. Cu Nm≥ P∏m-\n¬ sN∂- t∏mƒ AXv sk∂mbn amdp-Ib .hpw Hcp-ImeØv hen-b. Chn-SsØ ‘[ym\w’ F∂ hm°mWv P∏m-\nse ‘sk≥’ F∂ hm°m-bn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p-∂X .v sk≥ _p≤∑m¿ [ym\-co-Xn-bn-eqsS Pohn-XsØ \bn-°p∂ Bfp-Ifm-Wv. F∂m¬ AXv sshIm-cn-Ia . \n¿hn-Im-cX F∂p ]d-™m¬ am‰-an-√m-Xn-cn-°p∂ BflkØbm-bn-cn-°p∂ D◊bmWv. Ipcn-ip-bp≤w F∂p ]d-bpw.∏-´p-t]m-Ip-∂p.m-bn-cn-°p∂ A\p-`h .ØmSp tN¿∂p-In-S° . {InkvXp-a-Xhpw C…mw-aX .ÿ - bn¬\n∂p kpJ-Øns‚ hnim-ea ..n¬ bp≤-Øn¬ G¿s∏-´n-cp-∂p. Aßs\ Hcp IY Hcp injy\v ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ib .mWv sNbvXX .h-enb bp≤-ßf .v.m-Wv. \o tIm]n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-hn≥. Cu¿jy-bp-≈h .I .b n.b . aXw hmkvXh .v.` q.n-√.t.Ø.m-Ip-∂p.m¿ Hcp {]tXy-I- co-Xn-bn-emWv ⁄m\sØ injy-∑m¿°p ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-I. ‘sk≥’ _p≤-aX . Cß-s\-bmWv PohnXw hfsc ZpxJ-]q¿Æ-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂X . aXw c‡- s®m-cn-®n-en-te°v t]mIp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv? aXw Hcp sshIm- cn-IX. Ahn-sS-sN∂v Ah-tcmSv [ym\w F∂p ]d-™t. Cu \n¿hn-Im-cX \ap°p \jvSs .m-bn-cn-°p∂ D◊-bn-te-°mWv sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv. ChnsS \Ωƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ [ym\w C-hn-sS-\n∂v t_m[n-[¿Ω≥ F∂p t]cp≈ Hcp k∂ymkn ssN\-bn-te°v sIm≠p-t]m- bXmWv.mWv aXw.∏mƒ Ah¿°v [y F∂ A£-ca .c.‚-Xs∂ Hcp {]tXy- I-co-Xn-bn-ep≈ au\-Øns‚ ]IcemWv. FhnsS tIm]-apt≠m AhnsS aX-Øns‚ kmcw C√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p.n-¬ \n¿hn-Im-cX .c n. C∂v \Ωƒ I≠p-hc .≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.f nepw a\p.∏-Sp- ∂p. `mc-XØ .y-am-b IY-If .a m. sk≥ _p≤-aX .Ω. \n¿hn-Im-ca .b . sk≥Kp-cp-°∑ .n¬Xs∂ sshjvW- hcpw ssih-cpw X .mbn amdp-tºm-gmWv AXv c‡-s ®m-cn-®n-¬ D≠m-°p-∂X .∏-Sp-tºmƒ \Ω-nse aXw \jvSs .° p∂ Ah.m-bn-cn-°p∂ A\p- `-h-am-bn-Øo-cp-tºmƒ AXns‚ A[n-jvTm-\-am-tI-≠p∂ \n¿hn- Im-cX \ap°p \jvSs .a .m-Wv. ]Icw Ah¿ N F∂ A£cw D]-tbm-Kn®v ‘Nm≥’ F∂p ]d-™p.Ø .n-eq-sS-bmWv XØzsØ t_m[n-∏n-°p-∂X .v. a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 91 .p∂ {io_p-≤s .n¬ G¿s∏´n cp∂p.p∂ temI-Ønse F√m aX-ßfpw ]c- kv]cw Ie-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xp ImWmw. \mw tIm]n-°p-∂p.b n.n¬ Kpcp-°∑ .m¿ Nne {]tl-fn-Im-P\ . F√m B≤ym-fln-IIr- Xn.

NmSn-bt. s]mSp-∂s\ InW-dns‚ ASn-bn¬\n∂v ImXS∏n°p∂ Hcp i_vZw tI´p. Pohn-XsØ kw_-‘n® F√m {]Xym-iI .∏mƒ InW-dns‚ Ic-bn¬ Hcp ac-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.n-cp∂ h≈n-bn¬ ]nSnØw In´n-. B ISp-hb . Xmsg Hcp ]mºn-cn-°p-∂p.hmbpw-]n-f¿∂p \n¬°p-∂p.w. Ccsb In´m-Ø-Xn- ep≈ tZjy-tØmsS-bmWvv B ISph AhnsS \n¬°p-∂X . h≈n-bn¬ Xqßn-°n-S-∂p-sIm≠v At±lw apI-fn-te°p t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ ISph Ahn-sSØs∂. At±-lØ .bm-Sp-IqSn ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√.v.m-b k¿∏w hmbpw ]nf¿∂p \n¬°p-∂p. IÆp Xpd-∂-t∏mƒ Np‰pw \n_n-U-am-b h\w. Cu kabØv Ft¥m Hcp i_-Zw tI´p apI- fn-te°p t\m°n-bt. Hcp {]Xym-ibpw C√.X∂v Btem-Nn-®p- t\m-°W . At±-lØ .m-bn.n-te°p t]mIpw.ns‚ \mhn- te°p hoWp. i_vZw tI´-t∏mƒ At±lw InW-dns‚ Bg-ßf . Cu Hcp IY sk≥ Kp-cp-°∑ .ns‚ \mhn¬ B tX≥Xp≈n hoW-t∏mƒ AXv \pW-™p-sIm≠v At±lw ]d-™p-: lmbv! F¥p ckw.fpw \ne-®p- t]m-Ip∂ Hcp \nan-jw. H∂pw At±-l-Øn\p hy‡-Xt. At∏mƒ apI-fn¬ tX\o-®I .a-¶nepw B h≈n-s]m´n At±lw \ne-Øp- ho-gmw. Cu Hcp \nan-jØ . Hcn-°¬ Hcmƒ \√ Dd-°-Øn¬ s]mSp-∂t\ FWo-‰p. HmSp-t¥mdpw ISph Xs∂ ]n≥Xp-Sc . F{X sshjayw ]nSn® Hc-hÿ .b . acWw \ΩpsS ap∂n¬ hm ]nf-¿∂p \n¬°p∂p F∂v \Ωƒ ]d-bm-dn-t√. At±lw B InW-‰n-te°v FSp-Øp-Nm-Sn.m-Ws .psS IÆn¬\n∂v A·n han-°p-∂p≠mbn-cp-∂p. At±lw c£-s∏-Sm-\m-bn HmSn. s]mSp-∂s\ At±-l- Øns‚ apºn¬ Hcp ISph NmSn h∂p. AXns‚ hnj-∏√ . Cu h≈n-sb-ßm\pw s]m´n-ho-gp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ B k¿∏-Øns‚ hmbn¬ sN∂phoW-Xp-Xs .b.n¬ \ap- s°mcp kz]v\hpw ImWm≥ Ign-bp-Ib .n-√. B ac-Øn¬ Xqßn-°n-S∂ .∂. Ft∏mƒ th-Ws .v Hcp shfpØ Fenbpw Hcp IdpØ Fen- bpw.m-W. apI-fn¬ Hcp ISph \n¬°p-∂p. Aßs\ h∂m¬ B ]mºv At±-lsØ hngp-ßpw.p-∂p-s≠∂v Abmƒ°v a\- n-em-bn.∏mƒ cs≠-en-Iƒ B h≈n-bpsS apIƒ`mKw Ic-≠p-Xn-∂p-Ib . HmSp∂ hgn-bn¬ Hcp InW¿ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p.n- te°p t\m°n.m¿ injy-∑m¿°p ]d-™p-sIm-Sp- 92 .n\p t]Sn-bm-bn. \ΩpsS a\-s ms° \n›-eX .p-Iƒ I≠-t∏mƒXs∂ At±-lØ . Abmƒ apI-fn- te°p t\m°n.ƒ IqSp-Iq-´n-bn-cp∂ Adbn¬\n∂pw Hcp Xp≈n tX≥ AS¿∂v At±-lØ .n\p hfsc Bizm-ka . AhnsS Hcp `oI-ca .

AXp ac-Wa.Øbpw {]mc-_[ v t. Bfl-lX .∏mƒ DS-\Sn ac-Wt.n¬\n∂pw am‰n-bm¬ ho≠pw Hcn-°epw Ah¿ BfllXy sNøn√. CXns‚ A¿∞w ]e injy-∑m¿°pw a\- n-em-bn°m-Wp- Ibn-√.nepw \sΩ apt∂m´p \bn-°p∂ Hcp {]tem`\amWv. AXv sF{µn-bhpw am\- kn-Ihp-am-Wv.y-bpsS ap\-ºØ . F∂m¬ kpIrXn DÆp∂ a[phpw \mw DÆp∂ euIn-I-amb a[phpw XΩn¬ hfsc A¥-c-ap-≠v.m-W. At∏mƒ Kpcp Xs∂ ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°pw. \Ω-fpsS I¿Ωw \sΩ Ft∏mgpw ]n≥Xp-S¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn- °pw. ]mºv ASn-bn¬ hm ]nf¿∂p \n¬°p-∂p. ac-WØ .nt√? AXv {]mc-_v[a .n®p. Cu cXnbns√¶n¬ temI-Øp≈ F{Xtbm a\p-jy¿ Bfl-lXy sNbvXpIf-t™-t\.p-∂X . AXv HmSn®v Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw \Ωsf sIm≠nSpw. A⁄m-\-am-Ip∂ cm{Xn-bn-emWv At±lw InS-∂p-dß .°pw. ]t£.p≈ \nan-jß . Idp∏pw shfp∏pamb c≠p Fen-Isf \Ωƒ ]d-™p. `uXn-I-am-b temI-Øn-te°v sIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂ a[p-hm-Wv hnjb߃. Bcpw Bfl-lXy sNøp-∂n-√. a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 93 .m- Wv.p-\n¬°p∂ Nnesc B \nan-jØ .ƒ hcp-tºmgpw \sΩ Bfl-lXy sNøn-°msX \n¿Øp-∂Xv Cu cXn-bm-Wv. Kpcp ]dbp∂ a[p B≤ym-fln-I-am-Wv. cXn F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? F{X {]bm-ka.Øbpw ad∂v \mhn¬hoW ck-sØ Abmƒ A\p-`h . cm{Xn F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv A⁄m-\-am-Wv. AXv Bflm-hns‚ kl-P-am-bn-cn-°p∂ B\-µ-am-Wv.ns‚ Hmtcm Znh-khpw Hmtcm ]Shpw IS-∂v t]mhpI- bm-Wv. CXv sshj-bn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ B\-µ-am-Wv. Cu cXnbmWvv \ΩpsS Pohn-XsØbpw apt∂m-´p-\bn°p∂ {]Xymibmbncn°p∂Xv. \Ωƒ HmSp-t¥mdpw \ΩpsS ]n∂mse \ΩpsS I¿Ωw ImWpw. A{X-am{Xw Pohn-°p-hm-\p≈ Bk‡n Ahs‚ ]n∂n-ep-≠.. CXv hnj-b-kw-_-‘-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v CXn¬ _‘\w D≠m- Im≥ km[y-X-bp-≠v. Zn\-cm-{X-ßf .v acWw \Ωsf Ft∏mƒ thW-sa-¶nepw {Kkn-°mw. F{X Xo£vWam-bn- cn-°p∂ thZ-\I . Ah cmhpw ]I-ep- am-Wv.n-eqsS \Ωƒ IS∂p t]mIp-tºmƒ \Ω-fpsS Pohn-XØ .p-h∂ . kwkmcw F∂p ]d-™m¬ Cu euInIPohn-Xw.v FWo-°p-tºmƒ ImWp∂ h\w kwkm- c-am-Wv. \Ωsf ]n≥XpS¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ B ISp-hb . hngp-ßn-°-f-bmw.n-tebv°v \Ωƒ {]th-in-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. lmbv! F¥p ckw F∂v.f . tX\o®IfpsS Adbn¬\n∂pw AS¿∂phW tX≥Xp≈n cXnbmWv.v Cu tX≥Xp≈n hmbn¬ho-Wt.

cmPtbmKsØ {]Zm\w sNøp∂ AtΩ. cmPtbmKP\\o ˛ A√tbm. \mev BcmbpIn¬ XncIƒ \ocmbnSp∂p ^Wn˛ \mcmbnSp∂p IpShpw ]mcmbnSp∂Xn\p t\cmbnSp∂peI˛ tamcmbvInep≠Jnehpw thcmb \n≥Igenemcm[\w XcW˛ amcmenXns∂mcp hcw t\cmbn h∂nSpI thdmcpan√ KXn tl! cmPtbmKP\\o! Bcm-bp-In¬ ˛ hnNmcw sNbvXp t\m°n-bm¬ Xnc-Iƒ \ocm-bn-Sp∂p ˛ Xnc-Iƒs°√mw kXy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv sh≈w am{X-am-sW∂p ImWmw. CXns∂mcp hcw ˛ Cu Bcm[\bv°mbn Hcp hcw Rm≥ tNmZn°s´. IpShpw ]mcm-bn-Sp∂p ˛ IpS-Øns‚ kØ Ifn-a-ÆmWv. ^Wn \mcm-bn-Sp-∂p ˛ ]mºn-s\-t∏mse tXm∂n-®-Xns‚ kØ Ibdp am{X-am-W-t√m. t\cmbn h∂nSpI ˛ Hcp D]m[nbpan√msX F\n°v \o kzm\p`hambnØocpI thdmcpan√ KXn ˛ AΩb√msX thsdmcm{ibw F\n°n√. AXn\p t\cm-bn-Sp∂p ˛ C∏-d™ DZm-l-c-W-߃t]mse DeIw temI-Øn-t‚bpw kØ t_m[-kz-cq- ]nWn Xs∂-bmb PK-Zw-_-bm-Wv. 94 . tl. Hmcm-bvIn¬ ˛ Cu ]c-am¿∞w [ym\n-®-dn-™n-s√-¶n¬ AJn-ehpw D≠v ˛ \m\m-hn-[-amb Cu {]]©w D≈-Xmbn tXm∂pw thcmb \n≥ Ig-en¬ ˛ k¿h-Øn\pw aqe-amb AΩ-bpsS ]mZ-ß-fn¬ Bcm¬ ˛ ]q¿Æ-k-a¿∏n-X-ambn Bcm-[\w XcWw ˛ Bcm-[\ sNøp-hm≥ Fs‚ D≈w shºp-∂p.

t\m°n-bm¬ Xnc-Iƒ \ocm-bn-Sp-∂p. t\tc sNms∆-bp≈ Imcyw ]d-®n-em-Wv. kzm\p`qXnXs∂ ssZhm\p`hw Cu t«mIw tIƒ°p-tºmƒ \ap-°n-Xn¬ A{X henb k¶o¿ÆXsbm∂pw tXm∂p-∂n-√. sh≈-Øn-s\mcp {]tXyI BImcw (shape) kw`-hn-®-t∏mƒ AXns‚ t]ct√ amdp- ∂p-≈q. kØ amdp-∂n-√-t√m.W . ]ns∂ F¥p- sIm≠v sh≈sØ Xnc F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. ]mºv Ib-dm-Ip-∂p. AXn- s\-bmWv {]mkw F∂p ]d-bp-∂X . AXn¬ ]msºm-∂p-an-√. At\zjn- ®p. \ocv. ^Wn \mcm-bn-Sp∂p.v.{ihWkp-Ja .n- \p-tijw ‘CXn\p t\cm-bn-Sp-∂p-eI. Xncbv°v sh≈-Øn¬\n∂pw hyXy- kvX-amb Hcp D◊bpt≠m? Aß-s\sbm∂n-√.ƒ ]d-™X .Xnc-Iƒ I≠n- ´nt√? AXp shdpw sh≈w am{X-at√? Xnc-I-fn¬ sh≈-a-√msX thsd F¥mWv Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. IS-en-se.v? IpSw D≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv aÆp- sIm-≠mWv.∏mƒ Cu IpShpw Xncbpw ]mºp-sa√mw {]Xy-£Ø . hfsc at\m-l-c-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hcn-I-fmWv. Cßs\ Hmtcmt∂mtcm∂mbn aq∂p-Zm-lc . \mcv F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXn-s\mcp {]tXy-I. \mcm-bn-Sp-∂p. Bcm-bp-In¬ ˛ At\z-jn-®p-t\m-°n-bm¬.’ CXn\p ka-amWv Cu {]]- ©w. AXp sh≈w-X-s∂. GXn\p kaw? aq∂p-Zm-l-c-W-߃ ]d-™t]mse˛ Xnc- Iƒ sh≈-am-Ip-∂p.n-°p-∂p-sh-t∂-bp-≈q. Ib-dn¬ I≠ ]mºns‚ kØ Ib-dp-X- s∂-bm-Wv. IpS-Øns‚ D≈n¬ F¥m-Wn-cn-°p-∂X . B ]mºv Ib-dp-Xs .∂-bmWv.n¬ Hcp Ib¿ InS-°p-∂Xv ]mºm- bn \ap°v tXm∂n-t∏m-Ip-∂p.w. A√msX Ib- dm-bn-Sp∂p F∂p ]d-bp-∂n-√.n- 95 . ^Wn F∂m¬ ]mºv. Ac≠ shfn-®Ø . \mcv Ib¿.p≠v. IpSw aÆm-Ip∂p F∂p ]d-™t. IpShpw ]mcm-bn-Sp-∂p. ]mcv F∂p ]d-™m¬ `qan F∂m-W¿∞w. Xnc-Iƒ \ocm-bn-Sp-∂p. \Ωƒ AXns\ IpS-sa∂p hyh-lc .ß. At∏mƒ Cu IpS-Øns‚bpw N´n-bp-tSbp-sams° D≈n-en-cn-°p-∂Xv aÆm- Wv.

n-™n- s√-¶n-tem? AXn\v kzÿX In´n-√. AXp-sIm≠v km[m-cW Imc-W-߃ Adn-bp-∂-Xn¬\n∂pw..w. Pohn-X-Øn-s\mcp hy‡-am-b Znim-t_m[w D≠m- bn-cn-°-Ww.as¥∂m¬ a\- n-s\-t∏mgpw F¥mWv Imc-Ws .n-√msX Hcp Imcyhpw C√.v Cu {]]-©sØ ]S-®h . AXmcmWv? Abmƒ CXnse t]mIm≥ F¥mWv ImcWw? Adn-™n-s√-¶n¬ a\ v Akz- ÿ-am-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw.v Imcyw Xnc-bm-sW-¶n¬ Imc-Ww sh≈-am-W. km[m-cW Znh-k-ß-fn¬ A©-cbv°v hcmdp≈ `¿Ømhv At©-ap-°m-emb-t∏m-gmWv ho´n¬ h∂Xv. DS-\Sn Abmƒ°-dn-b-Ww.v F√m a\p-jy-cp-tSbpw Ahÿ CXp-Xs .v Imcyw IpS-am-sW-¶n¬ ImcWw aÆm-W.v hSt° ae-_m-dn¬ krjvSn-°pI F∂p-≈X .m-Wv.d . Imc-Wa . AXp-sIm-≠mWv Imcyw F¥m-sW∂p tNmZn-°p-∂X .w.v a\- ns‚ Hcp kz`m-hs .m-jb.∂-bm-Wv. Pohn-X-cw-K-ß-fn¬ Imc-W-a-t\z-jn- °p-∂Xv tcmKm-Xp-c-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xv ImWm-dp-≠v. Ipd-®p-IqSn Zm¿i-\n-I` .v AXp-t]mse Imcyw ]mºm- sW-¶n¬ ImcWw Ib-dm-W.a-∂d .ns\ ]d-bp-∂Xv ]S- bv°pI F∂m-W.n-bW . Hcmƒ ho´n¬ shdptX Ccn-°p-I-bm-Wv.≥ ]S®p F∂mWv ]d- 96 . Imc-W-a-dn-bmsX Dd°w hcmØ Hcp Ah-ÿb . hoSns‚ AcnIn-eqsS Hcp tdmUv t]mIp-∂p-≠v.mWv a\p-jy-t‚-X.ep≈ hkvXp-°fmWv. F¥p Imcyw I≠mepw AXn-s\mcp ImcWw D≠m-bn-cn-°W . At∏mƒ Btcm Hcmƒ P\-ens‚ hi-Øp-IqsS \S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xp-t]mse tXm∂n. km[m-c-W-a-\p-jys‚ Hcp Ah-ÿ-bm- Wn-Xv. kXy-am-bn-´p≈ ImcWw Adn-bpI F∂p-≈XmWv icn-bm-bn-´p≈ e£yambn-´n- cn-t°-≠-Xv. sKbv‰v Xpd-∂n-´n-cn-°p-Ib . F¥n\pw Hcp ImcWap≠v.n¬ Ahsb Imcy߃ F∂mWv ]d-bp-I. A√msX A\h[n Imcy-߃°p ]pdsI AXn-s‚- sbms° ImcWw At\z-jn®v Hcn-SØpw FØmsX Dg-ep∂ Ah- ÿ-bn-te°p t]mI-cp-X. Imc-Wa . F¥m Imcyw F∂p tNmZn-°p-tºmƒ AXns‚ ]n∂n¬ ImcWw Adn-bm-\p≈ B{Klap≠v. F∂m¬ Cu ImcWw At\z-jn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv Hcp \√ e£-W-amtWm? Nnet∏mƒ ImcWw At\z-jn-°p-∂-Xv tcmKm- Xp-c-am-bn-Øo-cm-dp-≠v. At∏mƒ `mcy°- Xns‚ ImcWw Adn-b-Ww.

≥ Cßs\ ]d™p: God is a bastard (ssZhw X¥bn√mØh\mWv) F∂v. ssZh-amWv {]]- ©-Øns‚ ImcWw F∂p ]d-bp-Ibpw ssZh-Øn\p Imc-Wa . AXp-hsc am{X-amWv \ap°v Imcy- Im-cW .m-Wv.n-√. B ImcWw ssZh-am-sW∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ B ssZh-Øns‚ ImcWw F¥mWv? CXp km[m-cW . AIm-cW . 97 .psS CS-bn¬ Hcp bp‡nbp-≠.≥ (creator).tNmZn-°pw. ssZhØns\mcp Imc-W-an√.a-\p-jy¿°v ssZh-Øns‚ Imc-Whpw Adnt™ aXn-bm-Iq. Ie-ap-≠m-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v GtXm Hcp ]m›m-Xy-Nn-¥I . ]eXpw B aÆn¬\n∂v Ipg-®p-≠m-°p-I-bm-Wv.mWv ssZhw. N´n-bnepw IpS-Ønepw inev]- Ønepw aÆp-X-s∂. Aßs\bp≈ tNmZyw hc-Ww. ]ns∂ \ap°v Imcy-Im-cW .X.nepw `mc-Xo-bX . CXn-s\-°p-dn®p a\- n-em-°p-∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n-bmWv Cß-s\-sbmcp {]tXy-I. IqP-bp-≠m-°p-∂p.\ . Imc-WsØ At\z-jn-°p∂ km[m-cW .s\ ]S-®Xv Bcm-sW-∂p-≈X . AIm-cWw F∂p ]d-™m¬. kmam- \y-P\ .co- Xn-bn¬ Kpcp CXns\ Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. C∂pw ]m›m-Xy-XØ .≥ F∂p ]d-™m¬ krjvSn-°p-∂h . F∂mepw F√m cq]- Ønepw aÆp-X-s∂bmWp-≈-Xv. F∂m¬ Nne¿ Aß-s\. F∂m¬ ChnsSbp≈ XØz-Nn¥bpw Z¿i\-im-kv{X-ß- fpsams° ssZhw-hs ._ .mWv tNmZyw.f .n-eqsS k©-cn-°m≥ ]‰p-Ib .bpI. inev]-ß-fp-≠m-°p-∂p. Cu {]]-©sØ krjvSn-®Xv ssZh-am-sW-¶n¬ ssZhsØ krjvSn-®Xv BcmWv? At∏mƒ Hcp krjvSn \S-°p-tºmƒ B krjvSn-s°mcp Imc-Wa .z-Nn-¥- bnepw Cu tNmZyw hen-sbmcp {]tl-fn-Ib . ssZh-Øn\v amXmthm ]nXmthm C√ F∂¿∞w. {]]-©- Øns‚ ImcWw Cuiz-c\ . ssZh-Øn\p Imc-W-an-√. IpS-ap- ≠m-°p-∂p.v Cu {]]-©sØ ]S- ®Xv ]S-®h .ß .ß . ]S-®h .m-Wv.Ø .z-Nn-¥b. Hcp Ipi-h≥ aÆp-Ip- g®v B aÆn¬\n∂v N´n-bp-≠m-°p-∂p.p- s≠∂p hcp∂p. kwibw Ft∏m-gpt≠m At∏mƒ Imcy-Im-c-W-߃ Adn-bm-\p≈ Hcp Hu’pIyw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.p-≈q.n-bn¬ Bcpw tNmZn-°m-dn-√.._ .‘ .n-√m- Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.ctb FØn-\n¬°p-∂p-≈q.Ø -.K . Cuiz-c≥ kzbw-`q-hm-Wv.\ .m-sW-¶n¬ ]S-®h . AXp-sIm≠v Bfl-⁄m-\nsb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw kwi- b-ß-fn-√.‘.f. AIm-c-W-\mWv ssZhw. Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ ChnsS ]d-bp∂ Cu {]]-©- Øn-\p-am{Xta Imc-W-ap-≈q.

CsX√mw kØm-bn-´n-cn-°p-∂p. kØm- WnXns‚ ]Zm¿∞w. B Hcm-fn-s√-¶n¬ Ifn-aÆv Xmt\ IpS-Øns‚ cq]-Øn¬ Bhp-Ib . At∏mƒ Ipi-hs\ \nan-ØI . ksØ∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? Cu {]]-©Ø .√? GI-]Z.n-s√-¶n¬ IfnaÆv IpS-am-hp-Ib .t. apI-fn-tebv°v t\m°p-tºmƒ Xpd mb B-Imiw ImWp-∂p≠v . AXpsIm≠v thZm-¥sØ \Ωƒ ASp-Ø- dn-bp-tºmƒ Nne kw⁄-I-sfms° a\ nem°nbncn°Ww. Hcp Ipi-h≥ thWw.a∂pw ]d-bpw.a∂pw (efficiant cause) Ifn-aÆ . F∂m¬ am{X-am-Wv B kw⁄-I-fn-eqsS A\m-bmkw thZm- ¥sØ Dƒs°m≈m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp≈q. B kØv \Ω- fnepw Ccn-°p-∂p-≠. AXp-sIm≠v AXn-s\mcp \nan-ØI . Hcp ssat{Im-t^m-Wns‚ D]mZm\ImcWw temlamWv.ns‚ \n¿Ωn-Xn-bn¬ Hcp GI-]Z.n-√. CsX-√mw \√ kmt¶- Xn-I-kw-⁄-I-fmWv. Hcp Ipi-h\pw Ipd®p Ifn-aÆpw Ds≠-¶n¬ IpS-ap-≠m-°mw. AXpt]mse Cu {]]-©-Øn¬ F√m-‰n\pw Hcp ]Zm¿∞ap-≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww.n- √t√m..a-¶n¬ Hcm-fp thWw. Cu {]]- ©-Øns‚ \n¿Ωn-Xn-bn¬ Htc-I-]-Zm¿∞-apt≠m? IpSØns‚ \n¿ΩnXnbn¬ Ifn-aÆv Hscm‰ ]Zm¿∞-at√? AXp-t]mse Cu {]]-©Ø .v \Ω-fXv Adn-bp-∂n√ F∂p am{Xw. acamWv CXns‚ D]mZm\ImcWw (material cause). Fßs\? Hcp N´n-bp-≠m-°p-tºmƒ B N´n-bn¬ aÆv AXns‚ ]Zm¿∞-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p.s . ChnsS aÆp-≠v.m-cW . F∂m¬ Cu {]]-©Ø . kØmWv 98 .v CXp ]e ]Zm¿∞-ßf .ns\ D]m- Zm-\I.ns‚ am‰¿.ns‚ \n¿Ωn- Xn-bn¬ F¥mWv D]mZm\ImcWw? AXm-bXv Cu {]]-©Ø .psS Bhn¿`mhØn\p apºv Cu {]]©w GsXmcp hkvXp-hm-bn Ccp-∂pthm B hkvXp- hns\ kØ As√-¶n¬ kXv F∂mWv hnfn°p∂Xv. hmbp-hp-≠v.ns‚ ]Zm¿∞w F¥m-Wv? \Ωƒ At\z-jn-®n-´pt≠m? Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ \ap°p ImWm-hp∂ Imcy-߃ Cß- s\-sbm-s°-bm-Wv. CsXmcp tai-bm- Wv. Ipi-h\ .m¿∞-ant√ F∂m-Wv tNm-Zyw.m¿∞-apt≠m F∂t\zjn- t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.s . Hcp hkvXp D≠m-I-W-sa-¶n¬ AXn-s\mcp ]Zm¿∞w D≠m-bn-cn- °Ww. AXp-t]mse Hmtcm-∂n\pw Hmtcm D]mZm\ImcWap≠v. shfn-®-hpw sh≈hpap≠v.f. \ap°nXns\ Ipd-®p-IqSn Zm¿i\nIambn a\- n-em-°mw. C{X-sbm-s°-bmWv \Ωƒ ImWp-∂X .m-cWw thWw.mc-Ws. C\n-sbmcp IpSw cq]-s∏-Sp-ØW . At∏mƒ ]©-`q-Xß .

™ m¬ hnØns\ apf.ß .Ø nepw C…ma.n¬\n∂pw hyXy-kvXa .m¿∞w.psS K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬ AWvUhpw _oPhpw kwtbm-Pn®v Hcp inip-hns‚ P∑-Øn\p Imc-W-am-Ip-tºmƒ AXn¬X-s∂-bmWv B D]m-Zm-\-Im-c-Whpw \nan-Ø-Im-c-Whpw H∂n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. F¥p-sIm-s≠-∂m¬ Cu {]]-©Ø .v kØns\ existence F∂v Cw•o-jn¬ ]d-bpw.Ø n\v Hcp hy‡n-bpsS `mhw sIm≠p-h∂v \nan-Ø-Im-c-W-am-bn ]d-bm-dp- ≠v.] .Ø nepw `mc. At∏mƒ B {Inbmi‡nsb NnsØ∂p ]dbp∂p.v Hc-Ωb . Ch¿ c≠pw H∂n¬-X-s∂-bm- Wv.[ . AXp-sIm-≠mWv i¶-cm-Nm-cy¿ kuµ-cy-e-lcn Fgp-Xn-b-t∏mƒ: “inh-»‡ym bpt‡m bZn `hXn i‡x {]`-hnXpw \tNtZhw tZthm \ Jep Ipiex kv]µn-Xp-a]n” inh≥ i‡n-tbm-Sp-IqSn tN¿∂m¬ am{X-amWv krjvSn°p ka¿∞-am-Ip-∂p≈q F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ch¿ c≠p-t]cpw thsd thsd ÿnXn sNøp∂p F∂-√..m-bn-cn-°p∂ {]]-©- am-bn kw`-hn-°p-∂X .f m°n am‰p∂ Hcmƒ.aqe-]Z. C\n Cu kØns\ {]]-©-am-bn am‰nØcp-∂ Hcp hy‡n- bpt≠m? Ifn-a-Æns\ IpS-am-°p-∂.h n.c q.t ∏mse Hcm.b \ma. AsXmcp sX‰m-b [mc-W-bmsW∂p Kpcphpw AssZz-X-th- Zm-¥hpw kn≤m¥n-°p-∂p-≠v. Aßs\ Hcmsf \ap-°n-hnsS ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√t√m? B Ipi-hs‚ ÿm\-Øp-h-bv°m≥ Aßs\ Hcmsf \Ωƒ ImWp- ∂n-√.∏ n. AXmWv ]n∂oSv ]©-`q-Xm-flI .Ipi-h-s\-t∏mse Cu {]]- ©sØ \m\m. ]e aX-ß-fnepw ssZhw F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Cu Ipih.° p∂ Adnhv hnØn\p ≈n¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. {]tXy.a m.Ø nseXs∂ sshjv W haXØnepw ssihaXØnepw ssZh. ]t£.m-W.X . NnØv F∂p ]d. cs≠∂ Xc-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw H∂p-X-s∂-bm-bn- 99 . hnØn¬ i‡\pw i‡nbpw H∂n- ®n-cn-°p-Ib .X .s \.mbn Hcp ssZhan√.I n®pw PqXaXØnepw {Inkv X paX.a. Ifn-a-Æns\ IpS-am-°n-am-‰p∂ Ipi-h-s\- t∏m-se-bp≈ Hcp {kjvSmhv Cu kØn¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p-I-bm- Wv. ChnsS Hcp a¨X-cnsb-sb-Sp--Ømepw Hcp Xp≈n Pe-sØsb-Sp-Ømepw Hcp ]p√n-s\-sb-Sp-Ømepw Hcp IoSsØ FSp-Ømepw AXn-s‚-sb√mw A¥-c-ÿ-am-b ssNX-\y-am-bn ssZhw Ccn-°p∂p-≠v.f mWv .

kXyØn¬ Aßs\sbmcp hn`P\w C√. ssZhw thsd. F√m-‰n-t\bpw ]nf¿Øn-∏n-f¿Øn a\- n-em-°-Ww. °p≈ kma-{Kn-bm-b-Xpw. Nne hoSp-I-fn¬ Bfp-Iƒ°v Ie-ln- °p-∂Xv hfsc CjvS-am-Wv.pw \obmWv. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Cu Z¿i\sØ AssZzXw F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Aßs\ c≠p Xc-Øn-ep≈ _p≤n Cu temI-Øn-ep-≠v.\pw ssZhw-Xs . ssZhsØ-Xs .b n. H∂m°n a\- n-em-°p-∂Xv Hcp {]tXy-I-i-‡n-bm-Wv.c n.b n.∂.Ø . CXv \Ωƒ a\- n-em-°-Ww.pcp ]d-bp-∂p: “\obt√m krjvSnbpw {kjvSm-˛ hm-bXpw krjvSn-Pm-ehpw \obt√m ssZhta krjvSn˛ .Ø nepw C…mw.X .∂-bm-Wv Cu \mep hn`P\ßfmbn \ap°p tXm∂p-∂Xv . C…mw-aX .Ø nepw sshjv W . Ielw D≠m-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ th≠n F¥p XymKhpw Ah¿ sNøpw. F√mw ssZhw-X- s∂.∂. AXp-sIm-≠v \mcm-bW .a . Ie-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºm-gmWv Ah-cpsS Pohn-X-Øn\v Hc¿∞w D≠m-Ip-∂p-≈q. ]t£. \oX-s∂-bmWv krjvSnbpw \oX-s∂-bmWv {kjvSmhpw. AXp krjvSn-°m\p≈ kma- {Kn-bm-bX .c n. {]]- ©sØ krjvSn-°p∂ {]{In-bbpw ssZhw-Xs .m-bn-cn-°p∂ kØpw ssZhw-X∂ .Ø-bpw krjvSn-°p-Ibpw AhnsS Ccp-∂p `cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p F∂m-Wv. Nne¿°m-Is´ Hcp Xc-Øn-ep≈ Ie-lhpw D≠m-°p-∂Xv CjvS-a-√. Aß-s\- bmWv {Inkv X p.. Aß-s\-sbmcp ssZhw \Ωn¬\n∂pw amdn.h ÿ- am\knIXeØn¬ am{XamWp≈Xv. AXp-t]mse {]]-©hpw \obmWv. H∂v hnt«-jn-∏n-°p-∂Xv (analytic).a .∂ n.° p∂ A. {]]-©sØ krjvSn-°p-∂h . Cß-s\-bmWv a\- ns‚ kz`m-hw.√ . {]]-©Ø . Aß-s\- sbmcp Zzµzw Chn-sS-bn-√.h - aXØnepw ssih-a-XØnepw Zzµzw hcm≥ ImcWw. \Ω-psS kz`mhw F¥mWv? F√mw A]-{K-Yn®p a\-  n-em-°-Ww.n¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv ssZhw Ggmw-kz¿§-Øn¬ Ccp∂v Cu `qan-tbbpw Cu {]]-©t.” ssZhta.ns‚ Imc-Wa . at‰Xv kwt«jn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv (syn- 100 .X .´mWncn-°p-∂-Xv.K .° p. ChnsS ssZhhpw {]]©Øn\p Imc-W-am-bn-cn-°p∂ ]Zm¿∞hpw c≠m-bn-cn-°p- ∂n√ F∂pw AsXm-∂m-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂pw a\- n-em-°-Ww.

mb Hcp kwe-b\w.≠v.m-b Hcp tbmPn-∏p.m- Wv.ƒ D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ kam- [m\w krjvSn-°m≥ th≠n Ab¬]-°Øp \ns∂ms° BfpIƒ hcpw. klPambXn¬ CS-s]SpI F∂-XmWv a\- ns‚ [¿Ωw.Cßs\ c≠p Xc-Øn¬ a\- v {]h¿Øn-°pw.n-√. F√mw ]nf¿Øn ]nf¿Øn a\- n-em-°m≥ hfsc Ffp-∏a . krjvSn{]{Inb thsd.n¬ hnSp-tºmƒ kl-Pa .mWv G‰hpw henb B≤ym- flnI km[\.n¬ {]iv\ß .ƒ \S-Øn-bm¬ am{X-amWv ]e Imcy-ßfpw \ap°v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Ib . F√m {]iv\ß .fpw shdpsX hn´m¬ amdp-∂X . AXp-sIm≠v I¿XrXztØmSpIqSn H∂pw sNøm-Xn-cn-°pI F∂p-≈X . c≠p Znhkw Ign-™m¬ {]iv\w amdn-s°m- ≈pw. Fs¥-¶nepw sNbvXm¬ \ΩpsS Al¶mcw s]cpIpw.t h. AXp-sIm-≠v ssN\- bnse Zm¿i-\n-I¿°v Xmthm F∂p ]d-™m¬ PohnXØns‚ kzm`mhn-IX .mbn AXn‚ [¿ΩsØ \n¿hln-®psIm≠ncn- °p-tºmƒ a\ p h∂n´v tNmZn-°pw: “Iptd t\c-am-bt√m Cß-s\- 101 . Ie-°p-sh-≈sØ sXfn™ sh≈- am-°p-∂X. ]nf¿∏pIƒ D≠m°pIbpw sNøpw.Ø-bßp shdpsX hn´m¬ aXn. emthm’p F∂ ssN\okv EjnbpsS ASp-tØ°v Hcmƒ h∂v Hcp kwibw tNmZn-®p: “Kptcm.v ]t£.m-cm-W?v ” At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d-™p: “\o AXn¬ H∂pw sNøm-Xn-cp-∂m¬ aXn. a\ v Hcp CS-s]-S¬Im-c- \m-Wv. F¥p {]iv\ß .m-W.° .S p∂ hkv X p.n-°p-Ib .b .ß .n-∏n-°p-w.s ∏. I¿XrXz]q¿∆w H∂pw sNøm-Xn-cn-°p-∂n-SØv kzm`m-hn-Ia . CXn¬ GXv {]{In-b-sbbmWv Aflkm£m-XvIm-c-Øn-\p-th≠n D]-tbm- Kn-t°-≠-sX∂p tNmZn-®m¬ AXp tbmPn-∏n-°p∂ _p≤n-sbbm- bn-cn-°-Ww. Bflmhv kl-Pa . ]t£ a\ v Hcn-°epw AX\p-hZ. Hcp Xmfw. krjvSn thsd.- tfbpw AhbpsS kzm`m-hn-IX .”- ]ecpsSbpw Pohn-XØ .thetic). B {]iv\s . {kjv S mhv thsd. AXv \ΩpsS {]mIr-Xn-I-amb Hcp hmk-\-bm-Wv. Aßs\ Cßs\ Fs∂ms° ]d™v Hcp-]mSp hnt«-jW . Hcp kwKoXw Ahbn¬ kw`hn°pw.p-≈q. \Ωƒ AXns\ shdpsX hnSm≥ Xp\nbmdn√.b .s d. krjv S n. `mcybpw `¿Ømhpw Ie-ln-°p∂ ka-bØv Hcmƒ h∂p tNmZn°pw: “F¥m {]iv\w?” \Ωƒ At±-l-Øns‚ ap∂n¬ {]iv\w Ah-Xc .n¬ \nebpd∏n°pI F∂mWv. At±lØns‚ CSs]S¬aqew {]iv\w ho≠pw Ie-ßn-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xp ImWmw.

sbms° BSn-∏m-Sn.n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I. Rm≥ \ns‚ \SØw {i≤n-°p-Ib .° . At∏mƒ a\- ns\ Fhn-tSbpw CS-s]-Sm≥ \Ω- ƒ A\p-hZ.nse G‰hpw henb km[-\.S p. \Ωƒ ]d-™p-h-∂Xv kØv {]]-©-Øns‚ aqe`qXamWv.v B t\cØv a\ v ]d-bp-I-bm-Wv.ns\--∏‰n ]d-bp∂ Hcp IY-bp-≠v. Hcn°¬ Hcp tXc´ \S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂Xp I≠n´v ASpØ Ip‰n- °m-´n-en-cp∂ apb¬ tXc-´t.m-bn-cp-∂p.a mb Pohn.Ø°pw th®p-t]m-ImsX \o \S-°p∂pht√m. a\ n\v Fs¥-¶nepw sNø-Ww.” CXp ]d™v tXc´ Aev]w K¿t∆msS \S-°m≥ {ian®p.√m.Ø ns‚ KXn am‰n. ]t£. AXp-t]m-se-bmWv \ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ kaq-l-Ønse ]e-X- c-Øn-ep≈ CSs]SepIƒ a\- n-te°p IS-∂p-h∂v \Ω-psS kzm`m.X . Fß- s\-bmWv C{Xb[nIw Imep-Isf \o ssIImcyw sNøp-∂X .Po-hn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv.I . a\- ns‚ kz`m-h-sa-¥mWv? a\ v I¿Ω_lpeXIfpsS XmhfamWv.”At∏mƒ tXc´ ]d™p: “Hm AXmtWm.h n. \S-°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√. B apb¬h∂v tXc-´-bn¬ a\- p-≠m-°n. AXns‚ Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? a\- p- h∂v CS-s]´v kzm`mhnIXsb XInSw adbv°p∂p.n¬ Fs¥-¶n-ep-sams° sNø-Ww. Nne- sXms° \ap°v sNøm-\p-≠v F∂v.” tXc´ BflKXwsIm≠p. a\- ns‚ CS-s]-Se . AsXm∂pw F\n-s°mcp kmc-ap≈ Imcy-a√ .?v \ns‚ Ignhv A]m-cw-Xs .mb Hcp KXn-bp-≠.∂ Xv . a\ v CS-s]-´-tXm-Sp-IqSn tXc-´-bpsS kzm`m-hn-I-amb KXn-bßp amdn. CXp \n߃°v a\- nemIp∂ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. AXmWv Pohn-XØ . Cß-s\-sbms° Bbm¬t]m-cm.° .. shdpsX kt¥m-jn®v t]mIp∂ hy‡n-I-sfms° Hcp kp{]-`m-X-Øn¬ ZpxJn®v Bfl- lXy sNøp-∂Xp ImWmw.n\v Imep- Iƒh®p Hcn-St. a\- v GXnepw CS-s]´v AXns\ \in-∏n-®p-If . Cu kaq-lØ .n\v ImepIƒ FSpØph®v \S-∂n-cp-∂Xv. tXc-´bv°p \S-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. ]t£ Ct∏mƒ F\n-°Xv km[n-°p-∂n-√t. Cu \qdp-IW .b. Imep-Iƒ Hmtcm-∂mbn th®p-t]m-Ip-∂p.bmSv tNmZn®p: “tXc´t®´m. “apb¬ Ft∂mSp tNmZn-°p-∂Xn\p apºp-hsc Rm≥ F{X A\m-bmkamWv \qdp-IW . ImcWw AXp-hsc tXc-´-bn¬ a\- p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√.h n.∂.pw. Cß-s\-sbms° Bbm¬ aXntbm?” Bflm-hn\v kzm`m-hn-Ia . AXn\v {]]-©-am-bn-Øo-cm≥ ]pd-Øp-\n-∂p≈ BcptSbpwCS- 102 .

m-bn-Xs∂ injy\n¬ Ahtijn°pw. `‡-s\t∂m ⁄m\n-sbt∂m tbmKn-sbt∂m XØz-Nn-¥I .n\v AsXms° ck-Ic . CsX¥mWv Kpcp Cß-s\ ImWn-°p-∂s . F√m-‰nepw Cui≥ Bh-kn-°p-∂p.m-b Xam-iI . GsX-¶nepw Hcp hkvXp-hntem GsX-¶nepw Hcp ÿetØm am{Xw ssZhw Ccn-°p∂p F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv _men-i-am-b Hcp hmZ-am-Wv. AXn\v AXns‚ D≈n¬Xs∂ A¥-c-ÿ-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp i‡n-hn-ti-j-ap-≠v.n-jIv ¿Øm-sht∂m aXm-Nm-cys\t∂m Cß-s\-bp≈ Hcp KWØnepw Hcp Kpcp-hns\ s]Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bn-√.s]-S¬ Bh-iy-an-√.- \-√t. GsX-¶nepw KWØn¬ Hcp Kpcp-hns\ s]Sp-Øm≥ \ap°p Ign-bn-√.√ . Cuim-hm-ky-anZw k¿hw. Cuiz-c-\n-√mØ Hcn-Shpw C√. kaqlw Aß-s\-sbms° s]Sp-Øpw.v AXp-sIm≠v Kpcp sNbvX Hcp {]hr-Ønsb injy≥ tNmZyw sNøp-∂p: “F¥m-Wßv ImWn-°p-∂Xv? Bsc-¶nepw ImWnt√? ” Fs‚ Kpcp Cß-s\-bm-W. Hcn-°¬ {io_p-≤≥ injy-∑m-cp-sS-IqsS \S-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ ka-bØv ASpØp I≠ Hcp ]md-bn¬ Npw_n-®p. ]e injy- ∑mcpw Kpcp-hn-s\-°p-dn®v Cß-s\-sbms° ]d-bp-sa-¶nepw Kpcp Fß- s\-bm-sW-s∂m∂pw ]d-™p Xo¿°m≥ B¿°pw Ignbmdn√.Hcp A¤p-Xa.v 103 .a.v Fs‚ Kpcp Aß-s\-bmWv Fs∂ms° injy-∑m¿ hmtXm-cmsX kwkmcn°mdp≠v. Kpcp Hcp hn{K-lm-cm-[I .a n.\ n. CXp \Ωƒ°v \√-hÆw t_m[y-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ {kjvSmhv C√mØ Hcn-Shpw Cu {]]-©-Øn¬ C√ F∂-dn- bm≥ Ign-bpw. At∏mƒ hnØn-\p-≈n¬X-s∂-bmWv i‡nbpw i‡-\p-sams° Ccn-°p-∂-Xv.Ø p. D]-\n-j-Øp-Iƒ hfsc hy‡-X- tbm-Sp-IqSn ]d-bp∂ Imcy-am-Wv Cuizcs‚ k¿hhym]IXzw. F∂n´pw Cu ]mdsb Bcm-[n-°p-∂Xv F¥n-\mWv? Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ IqsS injy-∑m¿ Pohn-°p-sa-¶nepw ]e-t∏mgpw Kpcp-hns‚ {]hr-Ønsb injy-∑m¿ tNmZyw sNøpw. injy-∑m¿°msW-¶n¬ Nne- t∏m-sgms° Kpcp-hn-t\-°mƒ B[nImcnIX X߃°msW∂p tXm∂n-t∏m-Im-dp-≠. F√m {]]-©-L-S-I-ß-fnepw Cuiz-c\p≠v. ]t£. \ap°v Aß-s\-sbmcp IÆp-s≠-¶n¬ am{Xta Cuiz-cs\ ImWp-I-bp-≈q.X∂p injy-∑m¿ kwibn®p. Hcp hnØn\p ac-am-bn-Øo-cm≥ Bcp-tSbpw ]pd.√m.∂ p≈ klmbw Bh.s . hnØn¬\n∂pw thdn´ Hcp ssZhw hnØns\ sNSn-bm-°p-∂n√.i y. kaq-lØ .-fm-W. ]ns∂bpw Kpcp.\t∂m kmaq-ly-]c .

Ct∏m-gp≈ BNm-c{. {io\m-cm-bW .n-jvI- cWw.mbn Iptd Bfp- Iƒ Htc-co-Xn-bn¬ Pohn-®t. GsXmcp Bcm-[-\m-{I-ahpw GsXmcp [ym\-co-Xnbpw tbmK-co-Xnbpw \ap°v B{i-bn-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp- ≈q.n-jvI¿Øm-sh∂p hnfn°pw.Ww Pohn-XØ .n-™m¬ B ]mS-Øns‚ BImcw AXn-\p- ≠m-Ipw.p-cp-hns\ ]ecpw kmaq-ly-]c .W .fbpw thsdmcp Kpcp-h∂v ho≠pw ]dn-s®-Sp-Øp-If . As√-¶ntem F{X Bcm-[-\-Iƒ \S-Øn-bn´pw Hcp Imcy-hpan-√. \Ωƒ t\Sp∂ Adn-hp-Iƒ \sΩ Al-¶m-c-Øn- 104 . kmaq-ly-]c . Fs¥-¶nepw ]d-bt.∏mƒ AXn-s\-sbm∂v hgn-Xn-cn-®p-hn- ´p.bbpw Hs° ]dn- s®-SpØv Kpcp If-™X . {]tXyIn®pw Hcp Poh∑p‡s\°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ.t. amS-t\bpw adp-Xt. AXmWv kmaq-ly-]c .K .ns‚ BXy¥nI e£y-a√. \Ωƒ \ΩpsS t_m[sØ AXns‚ ]q¿Æ-X-bn-te°v FØn- °p-hm≥ GsX√mw coXn-Iƒ Ah-ew-_n-°mtam AsXms° Ah- ew-_n-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈q. Iptd-°m-ea .p-sIm-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v Pohn-X-Øn\v ]q¿ÆX D≠m-I-W-sa-∂n-√. ]d-bm≥th≠n ]d-bp∂p F∂p am{Xw.s Im. kmaq-ly-]-cn-jvI-cWw F∂m¬ F¥mWv A¿∞-am-°p-∂Xv? GsX-¶nepw Xc-Øn¬ Pohn- ®n-cp∂ Bfp-Isf thsdmcp Xc-Øn¬ Pohn-°p-hm≥ klm-bn-°p- I.m-bn-cn-°p∂ kwKw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√ F∂XmWv.pw.fbpw coXn-It.∂ Xv ? thsd hntijWßsfm∂pw In´m-ØX . F∂p ]d-™m¬ Ipf-Øn¬ InS-∂n-cp∂ PesØ Xpd-∂p Hcp ]mS-tØ°p hn´p-Ig .mbn-´p≈ Imcyw Hcp- X-cØ.n-jvIc. Kpcp- hn-\s. Ipf-Øns‚ BIm-c-Øn¬ Ccp-∂n-cp∂ sh≈w ]mS- Øns‚ BImcsØ ssIs°m-≈pw. `‡n a\p-jys\ _‘n-∏n-°p-Ibpw ZpxJn-∏n- °p-Ib .≠.b .p-t]mse.I-aß .≠ m. AXn\v tam£-Øn-te-°p \bn-°p-hm-\p≈ i‡n D≠m-I- W-sa∂p am{Xw.pw sNøp-Ib . kmaq-ly-]-cn-jvI-c-Ww Nnet∏msgms° hneIpd™XmbnØocmdp≠v. F¥p. C\n AsXmcp tcmK-am-bn-Øo-cpw. Kpcp-hns‚ Pohn-XØ .b p. A{X-tb-bp-≈q. Kpcp ImWn® coXn-bn-eqsS Pohn®v Pohn®v tcmK-am-bn-Øo-cp∂ a\p-jysc thsdmcp Kpcp h∂v Ahsc thsd Hcp hgn Xncn®p-hn-Spw.n¬ hfsc hnπ-hm-flI . thsdmcp coXn-bn¬ Pohn-°m≥ ]d-™p.m-sW-¶n¬ B `‡n-sIm-s≠¥p {]tbm-P\w? AXp-t]mse ]mWvUn-Xyhpw ]e Adn-hp-Ifpw \Ωsf Al-¶- cn-∏n-°m-dp-≠v.n-ep≈ k{º-Zm-bß .ß s\ ]d.a .fmSpw Kpcp-hn\v imiz-Xa .Xmcp henb e£y-am-bn-cp-∂n-√.t.

v AXpt]mse kØ- bn¬\n∂v {]]©w {]ISambnØocp∂p. A—-\p aIs\ AI-se-\n∂p I≠-t∏mƒXs∂ a\- n- embn.. Bcm-bp-In¬ Xnc-Iƒ \ocm-bn-Sp-∂p. hniz-P\ . tizX-tIXp ]{¥-≠m-asØ hb- n¬ Kpcp-Ip-e-Øn¬t]mbn ]{¥-≠p-h¿jw ]Tn®v Xncn®p hcp-∂Xm-Is´.. At∏mƒ A—≥ tNmZn-®p: “A√tbm kuay.. Aßs\ H∂-dn-™m¬ F√mw Adn-bp∂ Hc-dn-hp-t≠m? Imc-WsØ Adn-™m¬ ImcysØ apgp-h≥ Adn-™X . - CXp a\- n-em-°n-s°m-Sp-°m≥ th≠n Omtµm-tKym-]-\n-j- Øn¬ A—\mb D±-em-I≥ tizX-tIXp F∂ aI\v Ipd®v DZm- l-cW.s .n\p Xpey- am-W. B ImcWw GI-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kØ-bm-W.v AXp-sIm≠v B H∂n-s\-°p-dn®p tizX-tI-Xp-hn\v Hcp \n›- 105 .p-t]mse Cu {]]-©Ø . Adn-bm- ØXv Adn-b-s∏-Sp-I.‰ n- bn¬t]mbn ]Tn®p Xncn-®p-h-cp-∂-Xp-t]mse.\.m-bn-cn-°p∂ kØ- bn¬\n∂v Cu {]]©w hyXy-kX v a .ns‚ Imc-Wa . Ct∏m.m-ØX ..te°pw K¿hØn-te°pw sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ B Adnhp sIms≠¥p {]tbm-P\w? CsXm-s°-bmWv Kpcp ImWn-®p-X-cp∂ ]mT߃. GsXm-∂-dn-™m-emtWm F√mw Adn-b- s∏-´-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xv.√. Cu temIw Hcp Imcy-am-sW-¶n¬ AXn-s\mcp Imc-Wa .Øm-Sp-IqSn Alw-`m-hn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv? F¥p-sIm-≠mWv tIƒ°m-ØXv tIƒ°-s∏-´-Xmbpw hnNm-cn-°m- ØXv hnNm-cn-°-s∏-´-Xmbpw Adn-bm-ØXv Adn-™-Xmbpw `hn- °p-∂Xv B BtZ-isØ \o Kpcp-hn-t\mSp tNmZn-®pthm?” AXp- tI´v tizX-tIXp AXns‚ DØcw In´msX Aº-c-∂p-\n-∂-tX- bp-≈q. tizX-tItXm. AsX-¥m-WXv? tIƒ°m-ØXv tIƒ°-s∏-Sp-I..s X.. Ib-dn¬\n∂v ]mºp-≠m-bn-hc .ß .\∂ A`n-am-\t.ƒ ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂p≠v.n-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ AΩ-bn¬\n-∂p-hn´v Cu {]Ir-Xn-s°mcp AkvXX .. Imcyw Imc-WsØ X≈n- °-fb ..p-an-√. Xs‚ aI≥ ]{¥≠p h¿jw B{i-a-Øn¬t]mbn \in-®n- ´mWp hcp.∂ v .p- ∂-X.p-∂X ...t h. CXn\p t\cm-bn-Sp∂p De-Iw..g v k n.g sØ I´nIƒ bqWn.v Fß-s\-bmtWm aÆn¬\n∂v IpS-ap-≠m-bn-hc .p-∂Xv.n-Xb. s\©pb¿Øn henb Adn-hp≈ Hcm-sf-t∏m-se- bm-Wv..∂ . F¥p-sIm-≠mWv \obn-ßs\ alm-a-\-kvI\mbn thZm-[y-b\w sNbvXh .p- ≠v.v Pe-Øn¬\n∂v Xnc-bp-≠m-bn-hc .

Hcp a¨I-´sb Adn-™m¬ aÆp-sIm-≠p-≠m- °nb F√m hkvXp-°t. hnImcw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv hm°ns\ B{i-bn-®p≈ t]cp am{X-am-Ip-∂p.p-t]m- se-bm-bn. Cßs\ cq]m-¥c . kØ amdp-∂n√. {]]-©-Øn\v F{X cq]-߃ ssIh-∂mepw {]]©w kØXs∂ Bbncn°pw.nsb Adn-™m¬ kz¿Æ-Øns‚ hnIm-cß .” AXp-t]mse Cu {]]-©sØ kw_-‘n-®n-St. Imc-WsØ Adn-™m¬ ImcysØ apgp-h≥ Adn-™X .” AXp sIm≠p-t]mbn Hcp Pz√-dn-°m-cs‚ ASp- Øp-sIm-Sp-Øm¬ ame sImSp-Øp-sht∂m hf sImSp-Øp-sht∂m F∂√ Abmƒ t\m°p-∂X . 106 . CXn-te°v hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂ c≠m-as . ]ns∂ AsXmcp hnf-°m-bn amdpw.Ww am{Xta {]©-Øn-ep-≈q. Omtµm-tKym-]-\n-j-Øns‚ G‰hpw at\m-lc . ]ns∂- bXv N´n-bm-bn amdpw.c n.b-hp-an-√.Ww am{Xta D≈q.n-´n-√.n¬ Ccn- °p∂p F∂p-am-{Xw.∂-bm-bn- cn-°pw.a . Cu {]]-©Ø . Cu Hc-dnhv \ap-°mcpw ]Tn-∏n-®p-X∂ . Ifn-aÆv Ipd-®p-Imew IpS-am-bn-´n-cn-°pw. “A√-tbm kuay. Ifn-a- Æn\v F{X cq]-߃ sImSp-Ømepw Ifn-aÆv Ifn-aÆ .Ø n.” BZysØ Hcp D]-tZ-ia . Ifn-aÆv amdp-∂n-√.” At∏mƒ Abmƒ ]d-bp∂p: “F\n-°nXv kz¿Æw am{X-am-Wv.f- sb√mw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂p.W .v. Abmsf kw_-‘n-®n-S- tØmfw AXp shdpw kz¿Æw. aÆv am{Xta kXy-am-bn-´p-≈q.v AXv At\-Ic .Ww F∂p ]d-™m¬ Hcp cq]w amdn thsdmcp cq]- Øn-te°p t]mIp-∂p.Ø n¬\n∂v ac. ChnsS Bscm-s°-bmWv \m\m-XzsØ ImWp-∂-Xv Ah≥ ac. Hcp kph¿Æ-°´.∂ p.m-W.∂-bm-W. ho≠pw AsXmcp thsd cq]sØ ssIs°m-≈pw. At∏mƒ tizX-tIXp A—-t\mSv tNmZn-®p: “A—m.v.m-bn-cn-°p∂ B ktµiw Chn-sS-bmWv shfn- s∏-Sp-Øp-∂X . cq]m-¥c .v. ame-bnepw IΩ-enepw hf-bnepw Hs° Ccn-°p∂ kz¿Æw H∂p-Xs .Ø DZmlcWw t\m°q: “A√tbm kuay.t e°v t]mbv s °m.mWv?” At∏mƒ A—≥ XØzakn F∂ almhmIysØ ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-Øp. B BtZiw Fß-s\-bp-≈X .q-]Ø . \n߃°nXv ame-bm-bn-cn°mw.p-Xs .v hnImcw F∂p ]d- ™m¬ AXns‚ cq]w.≠ n.Ømfw Hcp ⁄m\n°v DeIv F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv kØ am{X-am-Wv. Abm-fXv Xpem-kn-te-°n-´v F{X {Kmw kz¿Æ-ap-s≠-∂mWv t\m°p-∂X .nse√mw cq]m-¥c .W .fbpw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂p.° p. \n߃ ]dbpw: “Atøm! Rms\mcp ame-bt√ X∂Xv.s .

n-√.W - Øn¬\n∂v Aar-XØ .c n.° p. sh{]m-fa . AXp-sIm-≠mWv ]e-t∏mgpw Aev]s .n-√.B¿s°ms° Chn-sS \m\m-XzsØ Z¿in-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂pthm Ah≥ ac-W-Øns‚ ASn-a-bm-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.W v .mb KXn DW¿∂p-Ig . \ap.I . AXmWv B Pohs‚ Bh-iy-IX . AXn-\p≈ Hcp kml-Nc .° . ]Ww In´n- bmepw t]mcm. cmP-tbmKw F∂p ]d- ™m¬ F¥mWv? \Ωƒ ]e-t∏mgpw tIƒ°m-dp≈ Hcp i_vZ- 107 .X v . CXp-Xs∂ thWw. ho≠pw ho≠pw ZpxJ-am-bn-cn-°pw.n-√.\v Ipd®p ]Ww In´n-bm¬ Ahs‚ {]iv\w Xo¿∂p.m-bn-cn-°p∂ sI´p]mSpIƒ D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ ho≠pw ho≠pw hnjÆ\mbnØocp∂Xv. Hcn-°¬ \Ω-fpsS D≈n¬ Cu Aa-ck . t\cmbn h∂n-SpI thdm-cp-an√ KXn tl! cmP-tbm-K-P-\-\o. ]W-an-√m-Øh .j . arXyp-`-bw- sIm≠v Ah≥ \ne-hn-fn-°p-∂p.b n.b psS kmc.n-√. Pohs‚ kzm`m-hn-Ia .\ n.y-amWv D]-\n-jØ .° Xv Hcn.psS kvt\lhpw _‘hpw Hs° D≠m- bmepw t]mcm. B¿°mtWm Cu GI-amb kØsb ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv Ah≥ arXyp-hn¬\n∂v Aar-X- Øn-te°v Nen-°p∂p.n-°pw. thcmb \n≥I-g-en¬ Bcm-[\w XcWw Bcm-en-Xn-s∂m-cph- cw. euIn-IP .s Ømcp kml.Ds≠¶n¬Xs∂ Abmƒ {]iv\sØ euIn-Ia . Ah\v CXp-Xs∂ thWw.∂ .v. ac.n-te-°p≈ Ka-\a . F∂m¬ Hcp km[m-cW . cmP-tbm-KsØ P\n-∏n-°p∂ AtΩ. F√m-hc .n-™m¬ \ap- s°m-cn-°e .N .mWv Pohs‚ Aa-ck . Pohs‚ KXn AXm-Wv.m-bn-cn-°pw.o-hn-Xh . D]. AXp-sIm≠v Pohs‚ icnbmb Bh-iy-IX .a- ¶nepw B≤ym-fln-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ B\µw D≈n¬ DS-se-Sp-Øn- ´p≈ hy‡n euIn-Ia . Abmƒ Hcn-°¬ Bflckw \pW-™n-´p-≈X .p-ambn s]mcp- Ø-s∏´p Pohn-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v. Aßs\sbmcp {]iv\w D≠m-bn- cn-°p-Ib . B KXnsb DW¿ØpI F∂p-≈X .a m..k ¿hkz.X .c y.p-sIm≠v thsd F¥p In´n- bmepw ]ns∂ aXn-bm-hp-Ib .m-bn-cn-°pw.w-KoXw DS-se-Sp-Øp-Ig .fl n.pw Xncn-®p-t]m-Im≥ Ignbp-Ib .. F∂m¬ Aß-s\-b√ Hcp B≤ym- flnI A`n-cpNn \pW-™n-´p≈ Hcm-fp-sS B¥cnIX.m-c\v.sb \Ωƒ Xncn-®-dn-b-Ww.mWv Kpcphns‚ [¿Ωw. Xncn-®p-t]m-Ip-tºm- sgms° \ap°p hnj-aa . AXmWv ho≠pw ho≠pw `mc-X-Øns‚ B≤ym.a m.° ¬ e`n- ®m¬]ns∂ \sΩ ]nt∂m-´p-t]m-Im≥ AXv A\p-hZ.m-bn- Øs∂ ]cn-lc .w-KoXw.n- ™m¬.n-°p-Ib .

∏mƒ AXn\v cmP-tbmKw F∂ t]cmWv sImSp-ØX .fp≠v. tbmKw F∂m¬ tN¿®... thsd Hcm-fp-tSbpw a[y-h¿Øn-Xzw ]mSn-√.k . G‰hpw henb Bcm-[\ C{X-am-{X-am-Wv.n-al . tl! cmP-tbm-KP . B am‰-amWv G‰hpw henb tN¿®- bmbncn°p-∂-Xv..m-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xpt]mse.n¬ Bcm-[\w Xc- Ww˛F√m‰nt‚bpw BZnaqeamb \ns‚ ]mZIaeß-fn¬ F\n°v Bcm-[\w Xc-Ww.zm-an-Iƒ ]X-RvPe . Nne¿ ]≈n-I-fn¬ t]mbn Bcm-[\ \S-Øp-∂p..m-{I-aß. kzm\p`hambn hcWw. AXn-\p-th-≠n-bmWv Fs‚ F√m Bcm-[\bpw A¿®\bpw A¿∏Whpw.\ .¿jn-bpsS tbmK-kq-{X-߃°v `mjyw Fgp-Xn-bt. Poh≥ Cuiz- c-\n-te°v ebn-°m-\mbn shº¬sIm≠v shº¬sIm≠v B PohXzw Cuiz-cXz-am-bn-Øo-cp∂p.z-hp-am-bn tNcp-∂-XmWv. B a™p-Xp-≈n-bpsS AkvXnX apgp- h≥ IS-ens‚ AkvXn-Xb . hnth-Im-\µ .p-t]mse.v.amWv cmP-tbm-Kw.‚tbm I]SbXnbptStbm GsX-¶nepw Hcp hy‡n-bp-tStbm H∂pw klm- b-an-√msX \o F\n-°v Bflm\p`hambn hc-Ww.Xm-Sp-IqSn AXv IS-em-bn-Øo-cp-∂X .Ø .\o. G‰hpw henb Bcm-[\ F¥mWv? Cu temI-Øn¬ A\-h- [n Bcm-[\ .. Ahn-sS-t∏mbn \n߃ Hcp-X-c-Øn¬ Bcm-[\ \S- Øp-∂p. Nne¿ tamkvIn¬t]mbn Bcm-[\ \S-Øp-∂p. CXv B¥-cn-I-am-b Hcp A\p`hamWv. Cu temIØv G‰hpw henb tN¿® F¥m-Wv? PohXzw ]c-am-flX .≥. ChnsS B tN¿®sb ]d-bp-∂Xv AΩ-bpsS h£- n¬ Aen-™n-√m-Xm-hpI F∂m-Wv. Cßs\ ]e-X-c-Øn- ep≈ Bcm-[-\m-{I-a-ß-fn¬ GXmWv G‰hpw henb Bcm-[-\m- {Iaw? \Ω-fpsS Al-¥sb Cuiz-c\p ka¿∏n-°pI F∂p-≈- Xm-Wv. kmK-c-Øn-\-Sp-Øp-\n¬°p∂ ]p¬Øp-ºnencn-- °p∂ Hcp a™p-Xp≈n IS-en-te°p ]Xn-°p-∂t. Hcp am‰hpamWv. \nßfn¬ Nne¿ t£{X-ßf . Hcp ]ptcm-ln-Xt. 108 . \o t\cm-bn-Øs∂ F\n°p hc-Ww. thsd H∂pw \ap°p sNøm-\n-√.AΩ F\n°v t\c\p`hambn hcnI. hniz-P-\-\n-bm-bn-cn- °p∂ tZhn-bpsS h£- n¬ Aa¿∂v tZhn-am-{X-am-bn-Øo-cp∂ Hcp A\p-`q-Xn-bmWXv. cmP-tbmKw F∂p ]d-™m¬ tbmK- ß-fn¬ cmP-\m-bh .. thcmb \n≥I-ge .n¬ t]mIp- ∂-h-cp-≠v. thsd BcpsS A[cØn¬\n∂pw F\n°p \ns‚ A\p-`hw tIƒt°≠. CXn-s\mcp hc-ambn \o F\n°v t\cmbn hc- Ww.

Hcp Kpcp-hn\v sImSp-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂ G‰hpw henb Bcm-[\ \ΩpsS Al-¥sb Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ apºn¬ {]I-Sn-∏n- °m≥ ]mSn√ F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv. CXp I≠v ASp-Øp- \n-∂n-cp∂ _p≤s‚ injy-\m-b B\-µ≥ At±-lsØ hnfn-®p. FhnsS \Ω-psS Al¥ Kpcp- hns‚ hnim-e-t_m-[-Øn¬ A¿∏n®v \ap°p Pohn-°m≥ Ign-bp- ∂pthm Ahn-sS-bmWv \ap°v ]q¿Æ-am-b Pohn-X-km-£m-XvImcw D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. At∏mgpw {io_p-- ≤≥ AXn-te°p t\m°n-bn´v ]d™p: “AXpw If-t™°q.” F∂mepw cmPm-hv. F∂n´v {io_p-≤s‚ ]mZ-ß-fn¬ \a-kvI-cn- °m-\mbn Ip\n-™-t∏mƒ {io_p-≤≥ ]d-™p: “AXpw If- t™°q. At∏mƒ B tdmkm- ]p-jv]hpw If-™p. At±-l-Øn-\v cXv\w CjvS-an√m F∂p tXm∂p-I-bm-sW-¶n-¬ \n߃ B tdmkm- ]pjv]w sImSp--tØ-°q. ” cmPmhv cXv\hpw If- ™p. sIm´m- c-Øn¬\n∂v k¿hhpw XyPn®v ]cn{hP\Øn\mbn Cd-ßn-bn- ´p≈ Bfl-⁄m-\n-bm-Wv. Fs‚ C— ssZh-Øns‚ C—-bm-bnamdp-tºmƒ AXmWv Pohs‚ kwKoXw. {io_p≤s‚ ASp-sØ-Øn cXv\w sImSp-Ø-t∏mƒ _p≤≥ ]d-™p: “AXv If-t™°q. [\n- I-\m-Wv. F∂n´pw At±-l-Øn\p a\-  n-em-bn-√.” cmPmhns\m∂pw a\- n-em-bn-√.” At∏mƒ cmPmhv thKw tdmkm-]p-jv]-sa-SpØv \o´n. Hcn-°¬ {]kn-≤-\mb Hcp cmPmhv Hcp Znhkw {io_p-≤s\ ImWm≥ t]mbn. X\n-s°mcp hne-bnt√ F∂p≈ [mc-W-bn¬ AXp ssIbn¬h-®p. 109 . Xms\mcp cmPm-h-t√. At∏mƒ cm⁄n tNmZn-®p: “F¥n-\mWv Cu cXv\-sams° At±-l-Øn\p sImSp- °p-∂Xv? At±lw F√mw Dt]-£n® Bf-t√? At±-lw C- Xns\mcp hnebpw ImWp-I-bn-√.” cm⁄n-bpsS D]-tZiw Abmƒ X≈n-°-f-™n-√. ]pjv]hpw tht≠. Hcp tdmkm- ]p-jv]w-IqSn ssIbn-se-Sp-Øp.” cmPm-hn\v kwi-b-am-bn. Xm¶fpsS Al-¥sb If-bm-\m-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v {io_p-≤\p sImSp-°m-\mbn F¥mWv sIm≠p-t]m-tI-≠-sX∂v At±lw Btem-Nn-®-t∏mƒ hfsc hne- ∏n-Sn-∏p≈ cXv\w At±lw ssIbn-se-Sp-Øp. {io_p-≤≥ k¿hkw-K-]-cn-Xym-Kn-bm-Wv. cmPm-hm-sW-¶n¬ kº-∂-\m-Wv. At∏mƒ cm⁄n ]d™p: “F¶n-¬ \n߃ Hcp tdmkm-]p-jv]w-IqSn ssIbn¬ FSp-tØ-°q. tdmkm-]p-jv]hpw If-™p. At±-l-tØmSp ]d™p: “Kpcp ]d-bp-∂Xv AsXm∂pw If-bm-\- √.

Aßs\ Hcp A¿∏Ww AXns‚ ]q¿Æ-cq-]-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°pI hfsc {]bm-k-am-Wv. CØn-cn-sb-¶nepw Bfl-ckw \ΩpsS D≈n-te°p IS-∂p-h-∂m¬ am{X-amWv Aß- s\-sbmcp A¿∏Ww \ap°v kpkm-[y-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bp-≈q. \mw ]e-t∏mgpw kz¥-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-sX√mw \ΩpsS kz¥-a-s√∂pw AXv Cuiz- c-s‚-bm-sW∂pw Adn-bp-I. AXp a\- n-em-°m≥ F¥mWv _p≤n-ap-´p-≈- Xv. C\nbpw hfsc Kl-\- X-bp≈ t«mI-ß-fm-Wv D≈Xv. CXv hfsc {][m-\-s∏´ t«mI-amWv. AXv Al-¥-bp-tS-Xm-Wv. AXmWv G‰hpw henb Bcm-[-\. _p≤n D]-tbm-Kn-®mte {]iv\-ap-≈q. IpSw aÆm-Wv. ]e-t∏mgpw \ΩpsS kaq-l-Øn¬ `‡n Hcp {]l-k-\hpw {]I-S-\-hp-am-bn amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Bscms° CXp a\- n-em-°m≥ _p≤n D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂pthm Ah¿°nXp {]iv\-am-bn-Øo-cm-dp- ≠v. {]tXy-In®pw XnI®pw ZrjvSn-tKm-N-c-am-bn- cn-°p∂ Hcp hy‡n-Xz-Øns‚ apºn-e-√ \Ωƒ A¿∏n-°p-∂-Xv. _p≤n- bn-s√-¶n¬ Hcp {]iv\hp-an-√. Ft‚-Xmbn Fs¥m-s°. Kl\w F∂m¬ B\-µ-Icw Ft∂ A¿∞-ap-≈q. F∂p-h-®m¬ \mw Bcm-[n-°p-∂Xv a‰p-≈-h¿ ImWp-Ibpw \sΩ Bfp-Iƒ \s√mcp `‡≥ F∂p ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ \ap-°p-≠m-Ip∂ Hcp kwXr-]vXn-bp-≠v. AX- s√-¶n¬ `‡n Hcp {]l-k-\-am-bn-Øocpw. AΩ-bpsS ]mZ-ß- fn¬ ]q¿Æ-ambn lrZ-b-tØbpw h]p- n-t\bpw A¿∏n-®p-sIm≠v Bcm-[\ sNø-Ww. k¿hhym-]IXz-ap≈ AZr-iy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂ Hcp i‡n-bpsS ]mZ- I-a-e-ßsf AIXmcn¬ Adn-™p-sIm-≠mWv \mw A¿∏n-°p-∂- Xv. Al¥ Ft∏mgpw a‰p-≈-hsc ImWn-°m≥th≠n Fs¥-¶nepw Hs° sNbvXp-sIm- 110 . thcmb \n≥I-g-en¬ Bcm-[\w Xc-Ww.m-Wv. Aß-s\-sbmcp AΩ-bpsS ]mZm-c-hn-µ-ß-fn¬ \mw ]q¿Æ- ambn A¿∏n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ Aev]-sa-¶nepw B≤ym-flnI A\p- `hw \ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww. Hcp _p≤n-bp-tSbpw Bh-iy-an-√. F√m Bcm-[-\-bn-epw-h®v G‰hpw henb Bcm-[\ Rm≥ F∂ Fs‚ hy‡n-XzsØ amXrXzØnte°v ebn-∏n-°p-Ib. F¥mWv Kpcp ]d-bp-∂Xv: Xnc sh≈-am-Wv. \Ω-fnXp hfsc emfnXytØmsS a\- n-em- °m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠mWv.Ds≠∂v \Ωƒ hnNm- cn-°p-∂pthm AsXm∂pw Ft‚-X√ F∂-dn-bp-I. PK-Zw-_-bpsS ]mZ-߃ Cu apgp-h≥ hniz-Øn-t‚bpw thcm- Wv.

`‡n Hcp {]I-S-\-am-Ip-tºmƒ AXns\ FIvkn-_n-j-\nkw F∂p hnfn-°pw. AXmWv `‡n-bpsS kz`m-hw.≠n-cn-°pw.\-am-Ip∂p. \ΩpsS inc v Xmt\ H∂p Ip\n-bp-∂p. Hcp henb aqeysØ ImWp-tºmƒ sNdnb aqeyw Xe Ip\n-°p-∂p.m\w sNøp-∂X .c.e.m\w F∂p ]d-bp-∂X . \mcm-b-W-Kpcp AXp-sIm≠v `‡nsb Bflm-\p-k-‘m\w F∂mWv ]d-bp-∂X . F∂m¬ `‡n°v bmsXmcp hn[-Øn-ep-ap≈ imco-cn-IN . Hcm-fpsS lrZ-b-Øn¬ `‡n A¶p-cn-°p-tºmƒ kzm`m-hn-I- ambn D≠m-bn-cn-°p∂ Nne Ne-\ß . AXmWv \Ω-psS `‡n-bpsS Xo{h-Xbv°p Imc-Wa .mWv Bflm-hv.v. B\µw 111 .AXns‚ kzmckyw.ns‚ A¿∞w \ap°v icn°pw a\- n-em-Ip-∂n-√.\-ßfpw th≠m F∂p ]d-bp-Ib . B\-µsØ A\p-k‘ . B\µw F¥mWv? B\µsØ km[m- cW a\- n-em-°n-t∏m-cp-∂Xv \mw B{K-ln-°p∂ Fs¥-¶nepw hkvXp In´p-tºmƒ D≈n-ep-≠m-Ip∂ A\p`hsØbmWv. As√-¶n¬ `‡n D≠m-bn-cn-°p- I-bn-√.m\w F∂p ]d-™m¬ aXn.m- bn-cn-°m-hp∂ Nne kwK-Xn-Iƒ.b . F∂m¬ Aß-s\-b√ .b.n-te°p \mw t]mIp-∂p.w.]-Icw Nne-t∏mƒ Cu {]I-S\. Hcp al-ØzsØ \Ωƒ Z¿in-°p-tºmƒ B al-Øz-Øns‚ ap∂n¬ \Ωƒ kzm`mhnIambn \{a-am-bn-Øo-cm-dp-≠v.v.mWv `‡n. lrZ-bØ .n-\p-]I . Bflm-hns\ A\p-k‘ . Bflmhv Zriy-a-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v Bflm-hns\ A\p-k- ‘m\w sNø-Ws .- √.a∂p ]d-bp-∂X .]. B\µw F∂ hm°v kaq-l- Ønepw ]{X-Ønepw km-ln-Xy-Ønepw {]tbmKn-°p∂ coXn-bn- e√ B≤ym-fln-I-kw-ln-X-I-fn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Ip\n-bp-∂Xv? al-Øz-Øns‚ ap∂n¬ Fs‚ inc v Db-cp-∂-tX-bn-√.v°p.\x. At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d-bp-∂p: “Bflm B\-µL .f .cw B\- µm-\p-k‘ .n-ep≈ Bcm-[\ .” Bflmhv B\-µL . B\-µw Xnßn-hn-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂ Ah- ÿ-bm-WX . B\-µØ . Iptd-sbms° AXns\ Hcp tcmK-am-bn-´mWv a\- n- em-t°-≠-Xv.p-≠v.p-t]m-se. kqcys‚ apºn¬ kqcy-Im-¥n- ∏qhv inckv Ip\n®p \n¬°p-∂X .m\w sNøp-∂X .mWv `‡n. \Ω-ƒ Cuizcs\ [ym\n°ptºmgpw sXmgp- tºmgpw IÆp-Iƒ AS-b° v p-tºmgpw c≠p-aq∂mfp-Iƒ ASpØp≠m- bn-cn-°W. kqcy≥ Ftßm´p Xncn- bp-∂pthm Atßm-s´ms° kqcy-Im-¥n-∏qhpw \{aamIpw.ns‚ ]q¿Æ-Xb .X . Aßs\- bm-sW-¶n¬ Bflm-\p-k‘ .

n¬\n∂v Ahs‚ {i≤sb D≈n- te°v Xncn®v Cu B\-µsØ [ym\n-°p-∂pthm B\-µsØ Xnc- bp-∂pthm X∂n¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p∂ Bflm-hns\ A\p-k‘ .n-cn-°p-∂Xv Hmtcm Bcm-[\ . B\µw F√m-h-cnepw Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v.p-sIm-≠v.n-√.v F¥p-sIm≠v? Bflmhv F√m-hc .m-bn-cn-°p-∂p-≠.m-Wv.n¬ IÆp-If .m-eb .p≈ Xm¬]-cy-ßf .m\w sNøp-∂pthm At∏mƒ `‡n kw`-hn-°p∂p. A{Xtb kw`-hn- °p-∂p-≈q.∂- bn-√.nepw Hmtcm Cuiz-c≥ Ds≠-∂m-Wv. hoSns‚ hfsc _l-f-km-{µ-am-bn-cn- °p∂ A¥-co-£-Øn¬\n∂v H®-I-sf√mw Ipd™v A¥-co-£- Øn-s\mcp arZpXzw h∂n-cn-°p∂ Ah-ÿb ..a . AXp-sIm≠v B\-µa .\p e`n-°p∂ kt¥m-j-a√ . 112 . Cßs\bp≈ A_≤[mcWIƒ h®p]pe¿Øp∂XpsIm≠mWp temIØv aXkwL¿j-߃ ho≠pw ho≠pw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv.n-√mØ Hcp hy‡nbpw Cu temI-Øn-en-√. Aß-s\-bm-sW-¶n¬ FÆ- a‰ Cuiz-c-∑m-sc-s°m≠v Bcm-[-\m-e-b-߃ \nd-tb-≠n-h-cpw.F∂m¬ Hcp hkvXp-hn¬\n∂v AX-\p-`h .n-°p-∂h .Ø. Hcp {]tXyI kml-N-cy-Øn¬ \ap°p D≈n-te°p Xncn-bp- hm-\p≈ t{]cW e`n-°p-∂p. B\µw Bflm-hns‚ kz`m-ha .nepw Ccn-°p-∂X .®v D≈n- te°p t\m°p-hm\pw {]m¿∞n-°p-hm\pw D≈ Ah-k-c-amWv ]e-t∏mgpw F√m Bcm-[-\m-e-b-ßfpw D≠m-°n-Ø-cp-∂Xv.m¬ Hcp Cuiz-ct.\mSv \ap°v {]tXyI {]Xn-]Øn tXm∂pw. B kml-N-cy-amWv Bcm-[-\m-e- b-߃ Hcp-°n-Ø-cp-∂-Xv. Bflm-hns\ Adn-bp-∂n√ F∂p am{Xw. Aßs\ ]d-bp-tºmƒ Chn-sS-sbm-s°-bp≈ t£{X-ß-fnepw ]≈n-I-fnepw tamkvIp-I-fn-ep-sams° Bcm-[-I¿ t]mbn Bcm- [n-°p-∂-Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ F¥mWp e£yw F∂p \n߃ tNmZn- t®-°mw. A√msX Bcm-[-\m-e-b-Øn¬ Cuiz-c≥ {]tXy-In®p ÿm\w ]nSn®p F∂p hnNm-cn-°m≥ ]mSn-√.v F√m Bcm-[-\m-e-b-ßfpw \ΩpsS D≈n-te°v t\m°p-hm-\p≈ Hcp kml-Ncyw am{X-am- Wv. \mw a\- n-em-t°-≠X. C∂ t£{X-Ønse C∂ N¿®nse C∂ tamkv°nse ssZh-Øn-\mWv i‡n IqSp-X¬ F∂p ]d-™m¬ thsdmcp Bcm[\meb-Øn¬ t]mIp∂ Bƒ°Xp ckn-°p-Ib . Bflm-hn-√mØ H∂pw-Xs . Aßs\ [cn-®p-h® .S. At∏mƒ Rß-fpsS ssZh-Øn-\mWv i‡n \nß- fpsS ssZh-Øn-\√ F∂p ]d-bp∂ X¿°-Øn-te°v hcp-∂p. F√m Pohn-I- fnepw B\µw A¥-cÿ . \Ωƒ Ct∏mgpw [cn-®p-h® . GsXm-cp-h≥ _mly-tem-IØ .

X∂p \mw a\-  n-em-°W . GI-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Cuiz-c≥ hyh-l-cn-°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ ]e-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p.psS G‰hpw {][m-\s . F∂m¬ \ΩpsS Dƒ°-Æn¬ Hcp shfn-®-an-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. Fhn-sS-t∏mbn Bcm- [n-®mepw B{i-aØ . Hcp hnf°pw sImfp-ØmsX \ap°v shfn®w ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv Bflm-hns‚ shfn-®Ø .n¬ Ccp-∂mepw 113 . A≈mlp F∂pw kz¿§-ÿ-\mb ]nXmhv F∂pw Hs° ]e-Xm-bn hyh-l-cn-°- s∏-Sp-∂Xv.n-em-Wv. kXyw GI-am-Wv. hyh-lm-c-߃ \ne-bv°p-tºmƒ GsXm-c- \p-`hw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ D≠m-Ip-∂pthm B A\p-`hw Cuiz-cm- \p-`-h-am-Wv. BZna-Ime B[ym-flnI enJn-X-am-b D]-\n-jØv Du∂n- bq-∂n-∏-d-bp∂ H∂mWv GIw kXv.° ƒ t]mbmepw aW. \mhn√msX cpNn Adn-bm≥ Ign-bpw.m-bn-cn-°p∂ ImSp-If . kXyw Ht∂-bp≈q. hn{]m _lp[m hZ¥n˛]ns∂ Bfp-Iƒ AXn-s\-°p-dn®v ]e-X-c-Øn¬ ]d-bpw.n¬t]m-bmepw Kpl-If . CXv Bflm-hn-en-cn-°p∂ shfn-®w-sIm-≠m-Wv.¥ p. aq°ns‚ K‘.a-¶n¬. AXv thsdm-∂n\pw Xs∂-b√ . kqcys‚ shfn-®tam hnf-°ns‚ shfn-®tam an∂m-an-\p- ßns‚ \pdp-ßp-sh-´tam Fs¥-¶nepw thWw {]m]-©n-I-amb hkvXp-°sf ImW-Ws . ssZhw F∂ Hcp \ma-tØ-°m-fp-]cn ssZhn- IX F∂ A-h-ÿ-bmWv \ap°v IqSp-X¬ A\p-`-h-am-bn-Øo-cp- ∂-Xv. ImXp-Iƒ t]mbmepw tIƒ°m≥ Ign-bpw.X¿°w kwL¿j-Øn-te°p hcp-∂p. Cu temIØv F¥v ImW-Ws . AXp-sIm≠v GsXm-∂n-\mWv icn°pw Bcm-[\ sImSp-t°-≠s .b pw.° m≥ Ign..b . AXp-sIm≠mWv Cuiz-cs\ Hcp hy‡n-bmtbm hkvXp-hmtbm ImWmsX Hc-\p-`-h-am-bn Adn-bm≥ IgnbWw F∂p ]dbp∂Xv. Aß-s\-bmWv C{µ-s\∂pw hmbp-sh∂pw A·n-sb∂pw ]¿P-\y-s\∂pw Hs° ]e-X-c-Øn¬ ]e hymh-lm-cn-I-`m-j-I-fn-te-°Xv amdp-∂-Xv.X . kXy-sØ-°p-dn®p ]d-™p-h-cp-tºmƒ AXv ]e-Xmbn tXm∂n-∏n-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv.∏´ e£Ww AXv kzbw {]Im-in-°p-∂p. Cu XØzw BZyw D≈ns‚ D≈n¬ Dd-∏n- °-Ww.a-¶nepw shfn®w thWw. ssZhn-IX Bflm-hns‚ kz`m-h-am-Wv. kwL¿jw Nne-t∏mƒ BfpIsf Bflm-lpXnbntet°m sIme-]m-X-I-Øn-tet°m sIm≠p-h-∂n-´p-≈-Xmbn ImWp-hm≥ Ign-™n-´p-≠v.w. B shfn-®-Øn¬ IÆp-Iƒt]m-bmepw ImWm≥ Ign-bpw.n¬t]m-bmepw t£{X-Øn¬t]m-bmepw C\n hnP-\a. ssZhn-IX .

AssZzXthZm¥Øn¬ A\p`qXnbpsS XeØn¬‘Alw {_“mkvan’ F∂v Hcp Ejn°p ]dbm≥ Ignbpw. {]tXy- In®pw {InkvXp-aX . \nß-fn-en-cn-°p∂ Cuiz-ci .p-∂n- √t√m”.n¬ \ΩpsS B{K-lß .n¬ Hmtcm∂v sX‰m≥ XpS-ßpw.p-Xv. F∂n´pw Fs‚ Hcm-{K-lw-t]mepw Ahn-Sp∂v \S-Øn-Øc . ‘Rm≥’ Cuiz-c\ . \nbaw Aß-s\-bm-Wv.a p.‡ .Bcm-[nt°≠Xv Hcp hy‡n-tbtbm hkvXp-hn-t\tbm As√- ¶n¬ Cu {]m]-©n-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ GsX-¶nepw Hcp hkvXp-hns\ FSptØm A√. Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cnepw Cuiz-c-i‡n A¥¿\nlnXambncn-°p-∂p- ≠v. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Nne-t∏m-sgms° Nne hy‡n-I-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ A¤p-X-kw-`-h-߃t]mse Nne- sXms° kw`-hn-°p-∂X .≠ v . Aßs\ ]d-bm≥ ]mSn-√ F∂-XmWv C…manI\nbaw . Cdm-Jn¬ hfsc h¿j-߃°p-apºv a¨kq¿ A¬ l÷v F∂ Hcp kq^n k∂ymkn B\µm\p-`q-Xn-bpsS ]q¿Æ-X-bn¬ ]d-bp-am-bn-cp∂p ‘A\¬ lJv’F∂v.n-bmWv \nß-fn¬ ]e am‰-ßfpw hcp-Øp-∂X ..n-bW . Cu Bcm-[\ sX‰n-°m≥ ]mSn-√. F{X-am{Xw ]Ww Rm≥ Ahn-sS-sIm-Sp- Øp.Ø .Ø.n¬ inc v Nne-t∏mƒ Is≠∂p hcn-√. CXpt]mse Rm≥ A≈m-lp-hmWv F∂v C…mw-a-X- Øn¬ Hcmƒ ]d-™m¬ Abm-fpsS Igp-Øn-\p-ap-If-.∏-Spw.ƒ. Bfp-Iƒ°Xp hniz-kn-°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√. \Ωƒ ]d-bpw: “Zm Rm≥ F{X-Im-ea . 114 .a.Ø .nepw hnizkn°p∂h¿°v B `b.. A\¬ lJv F∂p ]d-™m¬ Rm≥ ssZh- amWv F∂mWv.msW∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXßp kzoI-cn-°m≥ Ft¥m Hcp `bw-t]m-se.m-b Ima-\I . At∏mƒ \ap°p sshj- ay-߃ D≠m-Ipw. AXp sX‰n-bm¬ {Ia-{]-Imcw Pohn-XØ .v AXv Bcp-sS-sb-¶nepw i‡n-bm-bn´v \mw Icp-Xc. ImcWw \Ω-fpsS Hcp ImasØ Hcp B{KlsØ \nd-th- ‰m-\p≈ Hcp D]m-bam-bn-´mWv ]e-t∏mgpw B{i-aß . B Hcp `bw F√m-h¿°pap≠v. hy‡n-KX . HmtcmcpØcpw Cuiz-c≥Xs∂bmbncn-°p∂p F∂p ]d-bp- ∂-XmWv DØ-aw..w. A¥-cm-flm-hmbn {]Im-in-°p∂ hniz-P-\-\n- sb-bm-Wv..v CXv \Ωƒ Xncn-®d .tfbpw t£{X- ßtfbpw IW-°m°nt∏mcp∂-X.nepw C…mw-aX .v AsXmcp sX‰mb coXn-bm-W.ƒ Ft∏mƒ \ne-bv°p-∂pthm At∏mƒ \Ω-fpsS PohnXw kzm`m-hn- I-ambpw \nd-th-ds .v hmkvXh . ]t£.mbn B t£-{X-Øn¬ t]mIp-∂p.

kq^nbmb a¨kq¿ At∏mƒ Nncn- ®p-sIm-≠mWv kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xv.h- Zm-¥Ø. km[m-cW Bfp- Iƒ Al-¥s .v CXv sX‰n-≤- cn-∏n°p∂ Hcp kwK-Xn-bm-W.mb Hcmƒ°p am{Xta Adn-bq.∏mƒ A≈m-lp-hn-t\mfw hen-bh . B A≈mlp hns\ A¥cmflmhn¬ A\p`hn°p∂h≥ c‡km£nbmbn Øocp∂Xv \nIrjvSamb aXt_m[\w sIm≠mWv.ns‚ c≠p ssIIfpw tOZn- ®p-sIm≠v tNmZn®p: “C\nbpw \o Xncp-Øp-∂pt≠m?” At∏mƒ At±lw ]d-™p: “kXyw F∂pw kXy-am-Wv. F∂n´pw At±lw am‰n-∏-d-bm≥ Xøm-dm-bn-√.v A⁄m\n Alw {_“ Akvan F∂p ]dbtºmƒ Abmƒ°v Alw icocamWv. kXyw F∂pw kXy-am-bn-cn-°pw. ‘A\¬ lJv’F∂v.Im≠v Cuizc\pambn XmZm-fly-s∏´p ]d-bp-∂Xpw Rm≥ {_“-am-sW∂v Al¶mcteisat\y {_“Øn¬ kmflyw {]m]n® Poh∑p‡≥ ]d-bp-∂Xpw c≠pw c≠m-W.” At∏mƒ At±lw ]d™p: “F\n°v Fs‚ A\p-`- hsØ Fßs\ ]n≥h-en-°m≥ Ignbpw? Rm≥ Fs‚ hm°pIsf ]n≥hen®mepw kXyw kXyambnØs∂ Ccn°pw.\. AhcpsS [¿Ωimkv{X ߃ h®p-t\m-°n-bt.ns‚ A\p-`hw Aß-s\-bm-W. A√mlp Fs‚ BflkØbmWvv F∂v kzbw {]Jym-]n-°p∂ Hcp k∂ym-knsb Poh-t\msS Iim∏psNøp∂Xv F¥psIm≠pw ss]imNnIamWv. ImcWw AssZz-Xt.n¬ AXn-\p≈ kzmX-{¥yap≠v.ÿ . AXv Fs‚ c≠p ssIIƒ t]mb-Xp-sIm≠v kXy-a-√m-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂n-√. Rm≥ ssZh-am-Wv.mbn Hcp hy‡nbpw Cu temIØv C√ F∂p aXw ]d-bp-∂p.v ]t£. ⁄m\nbv°v Alw {_“-amWv. 115 . a¨kq¿ A¬ l÷ns\ P\-°q-´Ø . {]mam-Wn-I-∑m¿ F∂p ]d-bp-∂h¿ aX{KŸßfpsS imTyßfn¬ IpSpßn°nS°p∂hcmWv. CXn¬ Hcmƒ GXp KWØn¬ s]Sp∂p F∂v A\p-`h .\ .” At∏mƒ At±-l-Øns‚ c≠p Imep-Ifpw tOZn-®p. AXp-sIm≠v a¨kq¿ A¬ l÷ns\ Ahn-sS-bp≈ aX-{]m-am-Wn-I-∑m¿ ]oUn∏n®p sIm∂p. `mc-XØ. At±-lØ . At±-lsØ kw_-‘n-®n-S- tØmfw tZlm-fl-_p≤n hn´p-t]m-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Rm≥ Bflm- hmWv F∂v a\- n-em-°n-bn-´p≈ a¨kq¿ A¬ l÷v CXp- Xs∂ Bh¿Øn-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v kXysØ kXy-a√ F∂p ]d-bp-hm≥ F\n°v Ign-bp-I-bn√.” At∏mƒ aX{`m¥∑m¿ At±- l-Øns‚ in£ \S-∏m-°n.ns‚ ap∂n-te°p sIm≠p- h∂v aX-]-WvUn-X-∑m¿ ]d™p: “\o ]d™ hm°p-Iƒ ]n≥h- en-°Ww.

Rm≥ A≈m-lp-hm-Wv, Rm≥ kXy-am-Wv. At∏mƒ Ah-km\w
Ah¿ ]d-™p: “C\nbpw \o am‰n-∏-d-™n-s√-¶n¬ \ns‚ \mhv
]ngp-sX-Sp°pw.” Ah¿ \mhp ]ngp-sXSpØp. At∏mgpw At±lw
Np≠pIƒ-sIm-≠p-]-d™pht{X ‘A\¬ lJv ’F∂v.
Hmtcm Poh\pw ]c-a-km-£m-XvIm-c-Øn-te°v FØn-t®-tc-≠-
Xm-bn-´p-≠v. B B\p-`q-Xn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Xew Hcn-°epw Hcp
hyh-ÿm-]n-X-amb N´-°q-Sn¬ HXp-ßp-∂-X-√. AXv GXv cmjv{S-
Øn-em-bmepw GXv kmwkvIm-cn-I-a-WvU-e-Øn-em-bmepw AXn\v
B N´-°q-Sn¬ Ccn-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXpsIm≠v AssZz-X-
th-Zm-¥-Ønse k∂ym-kn-am¿ {]tXy-In®pw Hcp hn`mKob
Nn¥mKXn°mc√. AssZz-Xm-\p-`hw Pohs‚ ]c-a-am-bn-cn-°p∂
km£m-Xv°m-c-am-Wv. AXv {InkvXp-a-X-Øn¬ Hcmƒ P\n-®-Xp-
sIm≠v In´n√ F∂n-√. C…mw-a-X-Øn¬ P\n-®-Xp-sIm≠v ap‡n
In´n√ F∂n-√. C…mw-a-X-Øn¬ P\n® Bfp-Iƒ°pw Cßs\
At\z-jWw D≠m-Ipw. Ah¿ kXysØ At\z-jn®v aX-Øns‚
N´-°q-Sn¬\n∂pw ]pd-Øp-I-S-°p-tºmƒ Ahsc kq^n-Iƒ
F∂mWv hnfn-°p-I. AXp-t]mse {InkvXp-a-X-Øn¬ ]≈nbpsS
Bƒ°q-´-Øn¬\n∂p Nne¿ ]pd-Øp-IS∂v GIm-¥-X-bn-te°p
t]mbn au\-Øn-te°v B≠n-dßn B A\p-`q-Xnsb Pohn-°p-
tºmƒ Ah-sc-bmWv anÃn-°p-Iƒ F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. A-Xp-
t]msebmWv `mcXØn¬ k∂ym-kn-amcpw. Chsc Hcp hn`m-K-
Ønepw s]Sp-Øm≥ ]mSn-√. \Ω-fpsS kzm¿∞-Xm¬]-cyw-sIm≠v
Kpcp°∑msc {InkvXym\nKpcp apk¬am≥ Kpcp lnµpKpcp Fs∂m
s° ]d™v Kpcp°∑mcpsS alnabv°v If¶w hcpØmdp≠v. F∂m¬
Kpcp F∂pw PK-ZvKpcp BsW-∂d - n-bW- w. AXp-sIm-≠mWv PK-
Zw_ F∂p P\-\nsb hnfn°p-∂X - v. Cu hniz-Øns‚ apgp-h≥
Kpcp-hm-bn-cn-°p∂ PK-Zw-_b
- psS ]mZ-ßf - n¬ \sΩ ka¿∏n-°p∂
Bcm-[-\. AXmWv G‰hpw henb Bcm-[-\. F∂p ]d-™m¬
Ft‚-Xm-bn´v H∂p-an-√. F√mw AΩ-bpsS BsW∂p \mw a\-
 n-em-°p-∂p.
AXmWv `K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ A¿÷p-\-t\mSv ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-
°p-∂X - v. “a∑\m `h aZv`‡m aZymPo amw \a-kvIpcp.” \o Fs‚
a\- p-≈-h-\m-bn-Øo-cpI. \ns‚ a\ v \o If-bp-I. \nt‚-Xm-
bn´v Fs¥√mw \o sIm≠p-\-S-°p-∂pthm AsX√mw Ft‚-Xm-
Wv. \o kzbw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-I-bmWv \o \nt‚sX∂v. AXp-
116

sIm≠v \nt‚Xv If™v F√mw Ft‚-Xm-°n-Øo¿°p-I. a∑\m
`h aZv`-‡m˛\o F∂n¬ B\-µsØ Xnc-bp-I. \n∂nse hnj-
bm-\-µsØ \o Xnc-b-cp-Xv. AXmWv aZv`‡m F∂p ]d-™m¬.
aZym-Po˛\o F∂n¬ ka¿∏n®p I¿Ω߃ sNøp-I. \a-kvIp-cp˛
\o Fs∂ \a-kvI-cn-°p-I. F∂n¬ \{a-am-bn-cn-°p-I. \o ]c-am-
flm-hns‚ `mK-am-bn {]h¿Øn-°pI. Cßs\ hcp-tºmƒ F¥p
ck-amWv Pohn-Xw.
{iocm-aI
- r-jW
v ]
- c
- a
- l- w-k¿ ck-Ic - a
- mb Hcp IY ]d-bpw. c≠p
kw`-hß - ƒ tI´-t∏mƒ ssZhw Nncn-®X - m-bn-´p≈ IY. Hcn-°¬
Hcp tUmIvS¿ acn-°m≥ InS-°p∂ Hcp tcmKn-bpsS ASpØp h∂n´v
tcmKn-bpsS AΩ-tbmSv hfsc [m¿jvTy-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn ]d-™p: “F¥n-
\mWv Ic-bp-∂Xv? Ic-™n-s´m∂pw Hcp Imcy-hp-an-√. Rm≥ hnNm-
cn-®mte Ahs\ c£n-°m≥ ]‰q.” CXp ]d-™t- ∏mƒ ssZhw
Nncn-®p. ssZhw Nncn-°p-∂s - X-¥n-\mWv? ssZhw ]d™p: “Ahs‚
Pohs\ Rm≥ FSp-Øp-Ig - n-™X - t- √. Cbmƒs°-ßs\ ]ns∂
c£n-°m≥ Ignbpw?” ssZhw Hcn°¬°qSn Nncn®p. `qan-bn¬ Hc-
Xn¿Øn D≠m-°n- AXns‚ c≠p hi-ß-fn-embn tPyjvT\pw
A\pP\pw amcImbp[ßfpambn sh√phnfnbv°p∂p. Hcmƒ
]dbp∂p, “CsXs‚ `qan-bmWv” At∏mƒ thsdbmƒ ]d-bp-∂p:
“CsXs‚ `qan-bmWv.” Cßs\ Ah¿ ]c-k] v cw iWvT IqSp-∂Xv
tI´-t∏mƒ ssZhw apI-fn-en-cp∂p Nncn-®p. F¥mWv Nncn-°m≥
ImcWw? Ah¿ iWvTI - q-Sp-∂X - n\p apºpw Iptd Bfp-Iƒ AhnsS
iWvTI - qSn t]mbn-´p-≠v. At∏mgpw Ah¿ ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv “CXv
Fs‚ `qan-bmWv ”F∂m-Wv. Cu ]d-™h - s
- c-√mw C∂v acn®p aÆ-
Sn-™p-t]m-bn. Ct∏mƒ ho≠pw AXv Cu Bfp-Iƒ Bh¿Øn-°p-
I-bm-Wv˛CsXs‚ `qan-bm-Wv, CsXs‚ `qan-bmWv F∂v. \Ωƒ
CsX-t‚-Xm-sW∂v ]d-bp-tºm-sgms° Cu £Wn-Ia - m-bn-cn-°p∂
PohnXsØ-°p-dn®p hnkvac - n-®p-t]m-hp-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂X - .v hfsc
Ipd-®p-Imew Pohn-°p∂ a\p-jy≥ `qan-bn¬h∂v Cu `qan apgp-h≥
kz¥-am-°m≥ {ian-°pI F∂p ]d-™m¬ Al-¥b - p-tS-Xm-b Hcp
[m¿jvSyw Ah-\n-ep-≈X - p-sIm-≠mWv.
amkn-tUm-Wn-b≥ cmPm-hm-bn-cp∂ Ae-Ivkm-≠¿°v C¥y
apgp-h\pw ]nSn-®-S-°-W-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p tamlw. Ae-Ivkm-≠¿
Hcp Znhkw Utbm-P-\nkv F∂ Hcp Ejnsb ImWm≥ t]mbn.
Utbm-P-\nkv Hcp \Zn-°-c-bn-emWv InS-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. At±-l-Øn\v

117

{]tXyIw IpSn-ep-Itfm `mcytbm Ip´n-Itfm H∂p-an-√. bZr-—bm
em` k¥pjvSx ˛ B{Kln°msX In´p∂ `£Ww Ign-°p-∂p,
kt¥mjn°p∂p. AXm-W-t±-l-Øns‚ Pohn-Xw. At±-l-Øn\p
hkv{X-sam∂pw C√. \Zn-bpsS Acn-In¬ InS-∂n-cp∂ Hcp
s]´IØnemWv At±lw tIdn-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. Btcm If-™n-
´p-t]mb s]´Iw. Utbm-P-\nkv Hcp Znhkw DZ-b-kq-cys‚
shbn¬ Im™p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ ka-bØmWv Ae-Ivkm-≠¿
AhnsS sN∂Xv. C¥y ]nSn-®-S-°m≥ t]mhp-I-b-t√. F¶nepw
Ae-Ivkm-≠d - psS D≈n¬ ⁄m\n-It- fmSv Aev]samcp Xm¬]cyw
D≠m-bncp∂p. Acn-tÃm-´n-ens‚ injy-\m-bn-cp∂p At±-lw.
AXp-sIm≠v Acn-tÃm-´n-en¬\n∂pw In´n-bn-´p≈ Nne Zm¿i-
\n-I-X-I-sfms° Ae-Ivkm-≠¿°p-≠v. AXp-sIm-≠mbncn°mw
Utbm-P-\n-kns\ ImWm≥ h∂Xv. Utbm-P\n-kns‚ ap∂n¬
Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ \o≠p-\n-h¿∂p- \n∂n´p tNmZn-®p: “Fs∂ a\-
 n-temtbm?” UtbmP-\n-kn\v Hcp-X-c-Øn-ep≈ Ipep-°-hp-an-√.
At±lw \n»_v Z \mbn Ccn- ° p- I - b m- W v . AeIv k m≠dpsS
]´mf°mcpw ]cnhmcßfpsams° Np‰pw IqSn-bn-´p-≠v. Utbm-P-
\nkv AeIvkm≠sd {i≤n-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-ep-an-√. At∏mƒ ho≠pw
AeIvkm≠¿ ]d™p: “Rm≥ alm-\mb Ae-Ivkm-≠-dm-Wv ”.
At∏mƒ Utbm-P-\nkv ]d™p: “Fs‚ kqcys\ XS-bmsX \o
Aev]sam∂p amdn- \ n¬°q.” A{Xbpw \n m- c - a mbn
AeIvkm≠sd X≈n-°f™-t∏mƒ At±-l-Øns‚ Al-¥°v
Hcp £Xw G‰-Xp-t]msebmbn.
Hcp cmPmhv h∂v ASp-Øp-\n-∂-t∏mƒ At±-l-tØmSv Hcp
k∂ymkn ]d-bp∂p, Fs‚ kqcys\ XSbmsX amdn\n¬°m≥.
Ae-Ik v m-≠¿ ho≠pw ]d™p: “Rm≥ Cu cmPy-Øns‚ N{Ih¿
ØnbmWv. Aßsb ImWm-\mWv Rm≥ ChnsS h∂n-cn-°p-∂X - v.”
UtbmP\okv DZmko\ambn tNmZn®p: “F¥n\mWv Fs∂
ImWm≥ h∂Xv? ”
AeIvkm≠¿ ]d™p: “Rm≥ Cu temI-Øns‚ ap°m¬ ]nSn-
®-S-°n-°-gn-™p. apgp-h≥ temIhpw F\n°p ]nSn-®-S-°-Ww.
At∏m-gmWv AßnhnsS Ds≠∂-dn-™X - v. AXp-sIm≠v Aßsb
I≠n´p t]mIm-sa∂p Icp-Xn-bmWv h∂-Xv. ”
“\o F¥n-\mWv Cu temIw apgp-h\pw ]nSn-®-S-°p∂Xv?”Utbm-
P-\nkv Aekambn tNmZn®p.
118

At∏mƒ Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ ]d-™p: “Cu temIw apgp-h≥ ]nSn-®-
S-°nbmte F\n°p kzÿ-X In´q.”
Utbm-P\ - nkv CXp-tI-´t- ∏mƒ ]cn-lm-kk - zcØn¬ Nncn-°m≥
XpS-ßn. Ae-Ivkm-≠¿°v c≠m-asØ £Xw Al-¥-bn¬ kw`-
hn-®p. Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ tNmZn®p: “F¥n-\m-Wßv Cßs\ Nncn-
°p-∂Xv?”
At∏mƒ Utbm-P-\nkv ]d-™p: “Cu temIw apgp-h≥ ]nSn-®-S-
°n-b-Xn-\p-tijw \n߃ kzÿ-am-Im≥ B{K-ln-°p-tºmƒ
Rm≥ CsXm- ∂ p- a n- √ msX ChnsS kzÿ- a m- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ t√m
F∂mtem-Nn®v Nncn-®-XmWv.”
CXn-eqsS \aps°mcp henb ktµiw In´p-∂p-≠v. a\p-jy≥
euIn-IP - o-hn-XØ
- n¬ sNøp∂ F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw {]b-Xv\ß - fpw
F{X-am{Xw temIsØ kz¥-am°mw F∂-Xn-\p-th-≠n-bmWv.
_n n-\-kp-Im-cm-bmepw km[m-c-W-°m-cm-bmepw F{X-am{Xw
euIn-I-k-º-Øp-Iƒ kz¥-am°n Xs‚ hy‡n-Xz-Øn\p am‰p-
Iq´mw F∂mWv At\z- j n- ° p- ∂ - X v . Cu {]bXv \ - Ø ns‚
hrYmXzsØ FSpØp ImWn°pIbmWv UtbmP\okv.
amXr-Xz-Øns‚ A\p-`hw lrZ-b-Øn¬ t\cn´v D≠m-I-Ww.
CXmWv ChnsS At\z-jn-°p-∂X - v. Chn-SsØ `‡n Bflm-hns\
A\p-k-‘m\w sNøp∂ `‡n-bm-Wv. Bflm-hn-te°p ebn-®p-
tN-cp∂ `‡n-bm-Wv. Al-¥b - psS \n¿Ωm¿-÷\ - a
- mWv Cu `‡n.
]t£, km[m-cW P\-߃°v s]mSp-∂s\ Ah-cpsS Al¥
A‰p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ Ft¥m Hcp `bw P\n°p∂p. AXp-sIm≠v
ho≠pw Al-¥-bn¬Xs∂ Ah¿ ]nSn-°pw. Fs‚ Cu euIn-I-
_-‘-ß-sf√mw \jvS-s∏-´p-t∏m-Iptam? Rm≥ kºm-Zn-®Xp apgp-
h≥ F\n°p \jvS-s∏-´p-t]m-Iptam F∂p≈ Hcp `bw. AXp-
sIm≠v euIn-I-Xsb \Ωƒ hnSp-I-bp-an-√ ssZhsØ ]nSn-°p-
I-bp-an-√. CXn-\n-S-bn¬ Hcp {Xni-¶p-hn-emWv a\p-jy-Po-hnXw
Dub-em-Sn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. CXp hn´m¬ AhnsS ]nSn-bp-≠v.
]t£, CXp hnSpI-bn-√. CXv a\p-jy-s\ k¶SØnemgvØp∂
Hcp {]Xn-k-‘n-bm-Wv.
c≠v h≈-Øn¬ Imen´p k©-cn-°p∂ Hcp hy‡n-sb-t∏m-
se-bm-Wn∂v a\p-jy≥. CXm-W-h-\nse {]Xn-k-‘n. ssZhsØ
thWw-Xm-\pw F∂m¬ euIn-I-Øn¬ Hcp ]nSnbpw thWw.

119

Cuiz-c-\n¬ Pohn-°p-tºmƒ temIw thsd F∂ A\p- `hw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√.c≠pw Hcp-an®v A\p-`-hn-°m≥ a\p-jy≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂p.- Hcn-°¬ Hcp sk≥am-Ãd . \S-°p-tºmƒ \S-°p-I. _m°n- k-a-b-sam∂pw \ΩpsS a\- n¬ Aß-s\-sbmcp Nn¥-bn-√. Idn°v Acn-bp-∂Xpw Cuiz-cm- cm-[-\-bm-Wv. F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw Bcm-[-\-bm- bn amdp-∂p. F√mw Cuiz-co-b-am-bn Pohn-°p-∂p. Bcm-[\ sNøp-∂p. AXn- t\-°mƒ F{Xtbm DØ-a-amWv apgp-h≥ I¿Ω-tØbpw Cuiz- cm-cm-[-\-bm-bn sNøp-∂-Xv. `£n-°p-tºmƒ ssIsIm≠v `£n-°p-∂p-s≠-¶nepw a\ v B `£n°en¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°n-√. a\pjy≥ 120 .psS ASp-Øp-sN-∂v Hcp injy≥ tNmZn- ®p: “F¥mWv [ym\w?” At∏mƒ B sk≥ am-ÿ ]d-™p: “Ccn-°p-tºmƒ Ccn-°p-I. AXp-sIm≠v CXv sk≥ am-ÃdpsS BZysØ in£WamWv. Cu c≠v D≠m-°n-b-Xns‚ ^e-am-bn-´mWv c≠nepw Imen-´n-cn-°p-∂- Xv. Cßs\ k¿hI¿Ω-ßfpw ]qP-bm-bn amdp-∂Xv hy‡n-bn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ Hcp ]cn-Wm-a-am-Wv. At∏mƒ F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw ]qP-bm-bn amdp-∂p. \S-°p-tºmƒ \S-°p-I-bs√ sNøp- ∂-Xv. km[m-c- W-K-Xn-bn¬ Aß-s\-sbm-s°-bm-sW-¶nepw Aß-s\-b-√. {]tXy-In®pw sk≥ _p-≤n-Ãp-Iƒ Aß-s\-bmWv Ah-cpsS [ym\sØ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. `£Ww Ign-°p-∂Xpw InS-°p-∂Xpw F√mw Cuiz-co-b-am-bn- ´mWv sNøp-∂-Xv. As√-¶n¬ \Ωƒ Ac- a-Wn-°q¿t\cw ]qPm-Zn-Iƒ sNøp-∂p. \Ωƒ Ccn-°p-tºmƒ \Ω-fpsS icocw Ccn-°p-Ibpw a\ v Nen-®p-sIm- ≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. InS-°p-tºmƒ InS-°p-I. Cu {[phoIcWw \Ωnep≠v. a\ v thsd Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw Bbn-cn- °pw. InS°ptºmƒ InS°pI-bt√ sNøp-∂-Xv F∂v. thsd Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw Bbn- cn-°pw. Ccn-°p-tºmƒ Ccn-°p-I. AXp-sIm≠v ssZhw. AXmWv G‰hpw henb `‡n. \S-°p-tºmƒ \S-°p-I˛ C{Xtb [ym\-ap-≈q. Ccn-°p-∂-Xpw InS-°p-∂Xpw \S-°p-∂Xpw Fgp-Xp- ∂Xpw Hs° Bcm-[-\-bm-Ip∂p. \o InS-°p-tºmƒ InS-°p- I. temIw F∂p≈ Zzµzw hcp-∂Xv euIn-I-X-bn¬ Pohn-°p-tºmƒ am{X- am-Wv.” CXp tIƒ°p-tºmƒ \ap°p tXm∂pw \Ωfpw Ccn-°p-tºmƒ Ccn-°p-I-bt√ sNøp-∂-Xv. thsd [ym\-sam∂pw C√. F∂m¬ ssZhØnea¿∂v Cu temIw ssZh-Øn¬X-s∂- bm-sW∂ hkvXpX A\p-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-™m¬ ]ns∂ c≠ns‚ A\p-`hw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√.

Idn-h®v IdnIsfm-s°-°q´n tNmdp-Æp-∂p-≠v.fms° sk≥ Kpcp°∑m¿ injy∑m¿°p sImSp-°pw.t ºmƒ \ndpØpw. F¥mWv sImSp-Ø-sXt∂m F¥mWv FSp-Ø-sXt∂m F¥mWv hmbn-te-°n-´-sXt∂m H∂pw Adn-bp-∂n-√.mbn amdpw. AXp-h-sc-bmWv \Ω-fpsS `£-W- Øns‚ Af-hv. At∏mƒ F¥mWv Ign-®-sXt∂m F{Xam{Xw Ign-s®t∂m Hcp \n›-b-hp-ap-≠m-In-√.s. thdm-cp-an√ KXn. [ym\ambn amdpw. AXn-\p-th-≠n-bn-´p≈ Nne [ym\-km-[\ . a\ v thsd Fhn-sS-sb-¶n-ep-sams° Bbn- cn-°pw. hfsc kmh[m\w “\S°p∂” Hcp [ym\km[\bmWnXv.c p. km[I\v A{Xbpw Ah-t_m[w AXn¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°W . B tNmsd-SpØv Dcp´n Ign- °p-tºmƒ B tNmdns‚ D≈n¬ Ccn-°p∂ Idn-bpsS cpNn- sbm∂pw \ap-°-dn-bn-√. \Ω-fpsS Ah-t_m[w F√m I¿Ω-ß- fnepw {]Im-in-®p-\n¬°p-∂-XmWv t\c\p`hw. Fs¥ms° C´n-´mWv Idnbp≠m-°n-bn- cn-°p-∂-sX-∂v \ap°dnbn√. \ap°pw CXp ioen-°m-hp-∂t. Imep-b¿Ønh®p ]Xps° \S-°p-I. Hmtcm NphSv FSp-Øp-hb . bm{¥n-IX \Ωsf \bn°p∂p. AXp-t]msebp≈ Hcp km[\bmWv hm°nMv saUn-t‰-j≥.X-bp- ≈q.I.n\pw kabw sImSp°Ww. Cu Bcm-[-\sb a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-™n-´pt≠m? \Ωƒ sNøm-dpt≠m? \Ωƒ F¥v sNøp-tºmgpw s]mSp-∂s\ FSp- °p∂Xpw s]mSp-∂s\ hbv°p-∂Xpw Hs° Hcp b{¥w t]mse- bm-Wv. F√m Imcy-Ønepw Cß-s\-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v t\cmbn h∂n-SpI F∂p ]d-™m¬ CXmWv t\cmbn h∂n-Sp-∂-Xv.m-Wv. Ign°ptºmƒ \ΩpsS a\ v cpNn A\p-h-`hn-°p-∂n-√. bm{¥nIambn \Ωƒ `£Ww hngp-ßp-∂p. Hcp •m v sh≈-sa-SpØv IpSn-°p-∂ Xpt]mepw t_m[-]q¿h-am-Ip-tºmƒ AXv G‰hpw henb Bcm-[\ . F¥p sNøp-tºmgpw B A\p-`hØnte°p \Ω-psS ]q¿Æ- amb t_m[sØ sIm≠p-h∂ .h .m-Wv.A\mhiyambn Nn¥Iƒ sIm≠ph∂v PohnXsØ k¶o¿Æ am°pIbmWv.w. CXv `£-W-Øns‚ Imcy- Øn¬ am{X-a-√.e qsS ]pd. A{X Ign-°pw.b. At∏mƒ Ah\v thsdm∂pw Nn¥n-°m≥ CSw- sIm-Sp-°mØ coXn-bn¬ B \S-ØØ .v°p-∂X . AXv hmbn-eqsS t]mbn Bam-i-b-Øn- seØn Bamibw \nd™v aq°n.m¬ AXv Cuiz-co-ba . a\ v ]m™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib.n¬am{Xw Ahs‚ a\- ns\ sIm≠p-h∂v [ym\n-∏n-°pI.Ø p. 121 .

n-√.Sn-°‰. ]t£.m-cm.thsd Hcp-Xc .° .s .n\v C{Xbpw ]Ww tem´dn ASn®p F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AsXmcp tjm°m-hm≥ CS-bp-≠.t ØmSv ]Xps° tNmZn®p: 122 .ns‚ ^ew t\m°n. cmhnse Abmƒ tPmen°p t]mbm¬]ns∂ sshInt´ hcn-Ib .m-bn-´m-bn-cn-°pw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I.v ]nt‰∂v Abmƒ ]Wn-°p-t]mb ka-bØv `mcy ]{X-sa-SpØv tem´-dn. CXp-X-s∂-bmWv hgn. Hcp s\mSnbn¬ D≈w apgp-h\pw ssZhm-\p-`hw \nd-bpw. Rm\Xv Fß-s\- sb-¶nepw ]d™v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm-w. ASpØ s\mSn- bn¬ AXv ]mb¬aq-Snb IpfØnse∂t]mse ad™pt]mIpw. tem´-dn-bpsS kΩm\w \qdp-tImSn cq]-bm-W.” \qdp-cq] H‰-bS. Hcp Znhkw At±lw Hcp tem´dn Sn°s‰Sp- Øp. Xmßm-hp-∂X .p-≈q.l .v. `mcy ]d-™p: “At®m At±-lØ . Hcp kmKcw \ΩpsS D≈n-te°v Cd-ßn-h∂ .mWv Cu XpI.Hcmfpw `mcybpw Pohn-®n-cp-∂p. BZy-sams° ssZh- Øns‚ A\p-`hw £Wn-Ia .n°v In´mØ Hcmƒ°v \qdp-tImSn In´pI F∂p h®m¬ Xmßm≥ ]‰p∂ Imcy-a-√.m¬ \ap-°Xv Xmßm≥ ]‰p-Ib . Nne-t∏mƒ acn-®p-t]m-Imw. Bflm\p`hsØ°pdn®p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Hcp a™p-Xp. t\cmbn h∂n-SpI F∂p ]d-™m¬ Cuiz-c≥ t\sc h∂v \ΩpsS A¥-cm-flm- hns‚ ]q¿Æ-Xbmbn hncnbpI F∂mWv. kzm¿∞XbpsS sI´pIƒ AdpØpIfbWw. At∏mƒ A—≥ ]d-™p: “hnj-an-°m-Xn-cn-°v. At∏mƒ `mcy DS-\Sn ASpØ ]≈n-bnse A®-t\mSv hnhcw ]d-™p.n-ep≈ am¿Khpw KXnbpw F\n-°d . At∏mƒ Xs‚ `¿Øm-sh-SpØ Sn°-‰n\v \qdptImSn cq] H∂mw kΩm\w ASn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.t ∏mƒ A®≥h∂p At±. Hcp kmKcw \Ωn-te°p h∂p \nd-bpw. F∂m¬ ho≠pw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ Aß-s\-sbmcp At\z-jWw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.n-™p-Iq-Sm.nepw A[n-Ia .v AXp-sIm≠v A®-≥ Cu hnhcw A]-ISw hcmØ coXn-bn¬ t_m[n-∏n-°Ww.” sshIn´v tPmen-I-gn™v h∂. Aß-s\-bm-bn-cn-°n√ ssZhm-\p-{Klw \Ωn- te°p hcp-∂X .b . t\cmbn h∂n-SpI F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Cuiz-c≥ t\cmbn hcp-tºmƒ \mw AIw Xpd∂p sImSp°Ww.Ø. P\\n am{XamWv F\n°v B{ibw. Nne-t∏mƒ Aßs\ kw`-hn-°m-dp- ≠v. A®\nXp tI´- t∏mƒ henb BÀmZambn. Hcn-°¬ Hcp sIm®p-Ip-Sn-en¬ hfsc km[m-cW . `mcy°p kln-°m≥ Ign-™n-√. ]ns∂ AXv D≠m-bn-cn-°n-√.Ø D]-an-°m-sa∂v Ejn-am¿ ]d-bp-∂p-≠v.≈n IS-en- te°v hogp-∂Xnt\mSv Bflm-\p-`h .

CXp-t]m-se-bmWv ssZhw \ΩpsS ASp-tØ°p hcp-tºmƒ \Ωƒ IÆ-S-®p-I-f-bpw.v t£{X-Øn¬ t]mbn IrjvWs\ {]m¿∞n- °m-dp-≠.” At∏mƒ At±lw ]d™p: “A®-\n-ßs\ Fs∂ tamln-∏n-°-cpXv.n-√.n-bm-am-bn-cp∂p Aº-Xp-tImSn X\n°p In´p-sa-∂v. Fs¥∂m¬ A®-\d . At∏mƒ tPmk^v ]d™p: “A®\v Rm\-Xns‚ ]IpXn Xcm-w.b . A®\Xp Xmßmhp∂Xmbncp∂n√. 123 .” “In´p-Ib .pw.“tPmk-t^. F√m-hcpw ]≈n-bn-¬ t.]mbn {InkvXp- hns\ {]m¿∞n-°m-dp-≠.Ø G‰phmßm\mbn \mw ]mIs∏tS≠Xp≠v. AXp-sIm≠v Cuizmcm\p-`h . {]m¿∞n-°pI F∂-√msX Cu A\p-`hw \ΩpsS ASp-tØ°p hcp-tºmƒ \ap-°Xp Xmßm≥ ]‰p-Ib. \n\°v Hcp \qdp-tImSn cq] tem´-dn-b-Sn-°p-I-bm- sW-¶n¬ \o F\n°v F{X Xcpw. A\p-`hw Ft∏m-gmWv kw`-hn-°pI F∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bn-√. AXn\mbn DW¿∂n-cn-°-Ww.” A®≥ Du∂n tNmZn®p.n-√.” DS-\Sn A®≥ \neØp aq¿—n®phoWp acn-®p. ssZhw t\cn´p hcp-tºmƒ B¿°pw Xmßm≥ Ign-bp-Ib .v F∂m¬ tbip \ΩpsS ASp-tØ°p h∂mtem? IrjvW≥ h∂mtem? \Ωƒ HmSn-°f .m-sW-¶n¬ \o F\n°v F{X Xcpw.s . tPmkt^.

ImemZnbmb ˛ Imew. I_fn∏n°p∂ IfnthjwsIm≠v `hXn ˛ `hXnbpsS sabv taemsI aqSpw ˛ icocw apgph\pw s]mXn™ncn°p∂p. P\\n ˛ hnizØns‚ AtΩ. hmbp. AJnew ˛ Cu apgph≥ {]]©hpw Bem]am{Xw ˛ i_vZPmew am{XamWv. \o emkyw BSn hnSpw ˛ \ns‚ emky\rØØn¬\n∂pw DXn¿∂phcp∂ Ioeme˛hmbv˛A\e ˛ Pew. AXn\m¬ Bcpw ˛ \ns‚ DSbmSI≠v tamlnXcmbXp sIm≠v BcpwXs∂ D≈Xdnhoe ˛ \ns‚ icnbmb D◊ Adnbp∂n√. A©v taemb aqeaXnbmemhrXw P\\n! \o emkyamSnhnSpao Ioemehmbvh\etImemlew `ph\˛ amem]am{XaJnew ImemZnbmb arZp\qemse s\øpsamcp eoem]Sw `hXnsabv˛ taemsI aqSpaXn\memcpap≈Xdn˛ hoemKam¥\netb! BKam¥\netb ˛ thZ߃s°√mw Ccn∏nSamb thZm¥ambn hnfßp∂htf taemb ˛ ]caamb aqeaXnbm¬ ˛ B[mcssNX\yØm¬ BhrXw ˛ k¿hhpw \nd™ncn°p∂p. 124 . A·n F∂nhbpsS tImemlew `ph\w ˛ IqSn°pgbemWv {]]©w. tZiw XpSßnb arZp\qemse ˛ t\cnb \qepIsf s\øpw ˛ DuSpw ]mhpam°n s\bvsXSpØ eoem]Sw ˛ \sΩ tamln∏n°p∂.

At∏mƒ AIs∏mcpƒ kzbw sXfnbpw.n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ A\p- t`m-‡mhv hnj-bß .m-IW . kv]µ- \-ßf . \n∂nSpw Zr°p-t]m-ep≈w ˛ Cu A\p-`h . thZm- ¥-Øns‚ Ccn-∏n-S-amWv P\\n. ImWm-hp-∂Xpw tIƒ°m-hp-∂Xpw aW-°m-hp-∂Xpw sXmSmhp-∂-Xp-amb A\p-`- h-߃ Iptd-°mew A\p-`-hn-°p-tºmƒ CXp-sIm-s≠m∂pw Pohn- X-Øn\v Hcp ]q¿ÆX In´p-∂n-√t√m F∂p tXm∂p∂ Hcp thfbp≠v.w. F∂p Kpcp ssZh-Z-iIw F∂ {]m¿∞-\-bn-eqsS \ap°p ]d-™pX-cp-∂p. thZm-¥-Øns‚ \netb ˛ thZm-¥- Øn\v Ccn-∏n-S-am-b-htf. thZw AdnhmWv.f . ImetZißfpsS t\cnb DSbmS B Kaw F∂m¬ thZw. F√m-‰n-t\bpw FÆn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Rm≥ ssZh-Øn¬ Akv]µ .mbn Rm≥ Cu euIn- I-kp-Jß . Hs∂m-∂m-sb-Æn-sbÆn sXms´Æpw s]mcpƒ.nepw ht∂-°mw.f . 125 . km[m-cW Pohn-X-Øn¬ \Ωƒ Adn-bp∂ Adn-hp-Iƒs°ms° Hc-¥-ap-≠v. P\\nbnemWv \m\mIo¿Wßfmb AdnhpIƒ HSpßp∂Xpw GIo`hn°p∂Xpw.a . At∏m-gmWv s]mcpƒ HSp-ßp-∂-Xv. BK- am¥w F∂m¬ thZm-¥w. thZ-Øns‚ A¥w thZm-¥w. ⁄m\kzcq]nWn F∂¿∞w.n¬ At\z-jWw achn∏n°pw. F¥\p-`-hn-®mepw Iptd Ign-bp-tºmƒ \ap-°-Xn-t\mSp hnc‡n hcpw. FÆpI F∂m¬ A\p-`-hn-°pI F∂m-Wv. hy¿∞{]bmWw \ndpØpw. Iptd-°m-ea .‰p ebn®v H∂m-bn-Øo-c-Ww. aXn F∂p ]d- bpw. Ah-km-\-ap-≠v. A\p-t`m-‡m-hm-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm≥. \n∂n¬ A-k] v µ .m-IW . Hs∂m-∂m-sb-Æn-sbÆn sXms´Æpw s]mcp-sfm-Sp-ßn-bm¬ \n∂nSpw Zr-°p-t]m-ep≈w \n∂n¬ Akv]-µ-am-I-Ww.p-ambn Pohn-°p-∂p. {io_p-≤≥ sIm´mcw hn´ndßbXp t]mep≈ Hcp-\n-anjw \ΩpsS Pohn-XØ .w. AXpsIm≠v P\\n°v BKam¥ \neb F∂ t]¿ XnI®pw A\z¿∞wXs∂. AXv thZm¥Øns‚ BZym¶pcamWv.a.

b tamln. a\p-jys‚ D≈n¬Xs∂ Cu c≠p `mh-ßfpw IpSnsIm≈p∂p≠v .b psS AIhpw ]pdhpw \nd™ncn°p-∂X . emkyw {]]- ©sØ krjvSn®v \ne-\n¿Øp-tºmƒ XmWvUhw AXns\ ]q¿Æ. XmWvUhw inh-t‚- Xm-sW-¶n¬ emkyw tZhnbp-tS-Xm-Wv.e n. emkyw cmKsØ D±o]vXam°p∂p. \o emky-amSn hnSpw ˛ Aß-s\-bp≈ PK-Zw- _-bpsS emky-\S.a mbn ]n≥h.° p∂p. BK-a- Øns‚ A¥-am-bn-cn-°p-∂ Ahÿ.\ n. aqe-aXn F∂p ]d-™m¬ t\csØ ]d™ thcmb \n≥I-g¬. BKaw F∂Xv Iptd-°qSn {]mssKz-Zn-Ihn⁄m\obØn¬ D]- tbm-Kn-°p∂ Hcp ]Z-am-Wv. thZm¥w ]c-am-flm-hn-ep≈ A\p-`q-Xn-bm- Wv.K ysØ D≠m. XmWvUhw tZzjsØ D≠m-°p-∂p. taemb aqe-a-Xn-bm¬ Bhr-Xw.\ . \ap°v ]cn. AXp-X-s∂-bmWv ChnsS ]d-bp-∂ BK-am-¥-\n-e.n¬ hiyX IqSp- X-em-bn-cn-°pw. Cuim- 126 . aXn t_m[amWv.f.n-bm¬ BhrXw P\-\n.v.° p.n-sIm- ≠mWv (cosmic intelligence) AΩ.a . emkyw kvss{XW-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Bhn-jvIm-chpw XmWvUhw ]ucp-j-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Bhn-jvIm-c-hp-am-Wv. tZhn-bpsS \rØw \sΩ BI¿jn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. H∂v XmWvU-hw. hfsc kvss{XW-am-bn-cn-°p∂ emky-`m-hØ . XmWv U hw sshcm.∂ p. Cu {]]©w BI¿jWo bamb Hcp emky-\r-Øa . AXp Pohs‚ bm{Xm¥yhpamWv. aqew F∂ ]ZØn\v BZnaambXv F∂ A¿∞w tbmPn°p∂p≠v.b m´w t]mep≈ \rØ-ß-fn-sems° emky-Øn\v hfsc {]m[m-\y-ap- ≠v.m-Wv.t. thsdm∂v emkyw.N n. B thcp-X-s∂-bmWv ChnSsØ aqew. \rØ-Øns‚ c≠p hI-t`-Z-ßsf°pdn®v \mSy-im-kv{X-Øn¬ `c-X-ap\n ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. BK-am-¥hpw CXp-X-s∂. thZ-Øns‚ A¥-am-bn-cn- °p-∂Xv thZm-¥w. B aqe-aX .mWv {]]©w. emkyw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ BI¿jWw D≠m°p-∂p. Cu {]]©Øns‚ cN\ hniz-P-\-\n-bpsS \rØ-Øn-emWv kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. krjvSnssh`hØns‚ c≠p ]pd-ß-fm-Wn-sX-√mw.X .a m. aqe-am-b t_m[-am-bn-cn-°p-∂h . inh-Xm-WvU- h-Øn¬ CsX√mw HSp-ßn-t∏m-Ip-∂p. XmWvUhw F√m-‰n-t\bpw Ah-km-\n-∏n-°p-tºmƒ emkyw F√m-‰n-t\bpw P\n∏n°p∂p. {]]©w \Ωsf AXn-te°v hio-I-cn-°p-I-bm- Wv. B aqe-aX .

AXp-t]mse ChnsS Iman\n F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv IqSp-Xepw ]pcp-j`.∏ p.r-jWv ] .n-™m¬ Bcpw-Xs∂ kz¿Æ-Øn-\∏ . c_o- {µ-\m-YS.m-bn-cn-°p∂ kv]¿iw 127 . {]]©w Hcp kz¿Æ-s®-∏m-sW-¶n¬ AXns‚ D≈n- emWv kXyw Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. Iman-\n Bk‡n F∂-Xns‚ {]XoImflI kw⁄bmWv. AXp-sIm≠v {iocm-aI .p-≈q. thsdm∂v Im©-\w.m-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp {]m¿∞-\b .Ø°v kXysØ At\z-jn-®p-t]m-hp-Ib .ØmSv tN¿ØmWv.m-tKmdns‚ Ihn-X-IfpsS am{¥n-Ia .m-ht. F{X at\m-lc .s Im≠v aqSn.” kwkvIrXhpw aebmfhpw c≠pw at\m-lc .a .p-tSbpw At\z-jWw kz¿Æw-hs . A√tbm Bfl-kq-cy-. “lnc-◊-tb\ ]mt{XW kXykym`n-lnXw apJw XØzw ]qj-∂-]m-hrWp kXy-[¿Ωmb ZrjvStb. kz¿Æ∏m{XwsIm≠v kXy-Øns‚ apJw aqSn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.° p.∂ Xv kz¿Æ.s ®.\m-Sp≈ Bk‡nbpw ]pcp-j`mh-Øn¬ AXv kv{Xotbm-Sp-≈ Bk‡nbpambn FSp-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.I .n-√.a .p-Ig.w.hm-tkym-]\ . Cu kXy-[¿Ω∂p ImWp-hm≥ sImXn-bp≠v.c.. Im©\w F∂p ]d-™m¬ kz¿Æw.q ˛ Xpd-°p-IXp \o ]qj≥. F√m-hc .” \mcm-b-W-Kpcp AXns\ X¿÷a sNbvXncn-°p-∂-Xv˛ “aqS-s∏-Sp∂p s]m≥]m{Xw sIm≠p kXy-a-Xn≥apJw Xpd-°p-IXp \o ]qj≥ kXy-[¿Ω∂p ImWp-hm≥. kz¿Æw-sIm≠v kXysØ aqSn-h® .c .n-jØv at\m⁄amb BXy¥nI kXy-sØ-∏‰n ]d- bp. \o AsXm∂p Xpd-∂p-Xc .l .p-dt.p- ≤n-bp≈ Hcmƒ IcpXp∂Xv.n¬ ap‡n D≠mIpw F∂m-Wv. kv{Xo`m- h-Øn¬ AXv ]pcp-jt.w- k¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv c≠p Imcy-߃ Ah-km-\n-®m¬ Pohn-XØ .am{Xta D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ib .b n. Iman-\o-Im- ©\w t]mbm¬ ap‡n D≠mbn. H∂v Iman-\n.v F\n-°Xp ImWn- ®p-Xcq. kz¿Æam-Wt√m C∂p a\p-jys\ BI¿jn-°p∂ G‰hpw henb [\-am-bn euIn-I_ .m-WnXv.b mWv kXyw F∂mWv. Cu kXy- [¿Ω≥ AXp ImWp-hm-\m-bn-´mWv Pohn-°p-∂X .c n.

At∏mƒ GsX-Sp-°-W-sa-∂-dn-bmsX F√m-‰nepw ssIbn- ´p-hm-cpw.I p. Ign®p Ign™m¬ B `£Ww Ignt°≠mbncp∂p 128 .s ®. ]cn-an-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ \Ω-psS hbdpw A]-cn-an-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hnj-b-ßfpw ap∂n¬ Ccn-°p-I- bm-Wv. Cu {]]©w F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv ]©-`q-Xß .h .° . adn-®p-a- dn®p t\m°n AX.n¬ \ne-\n∂v ]e Ahÿbn¬ \in-®p-t]m- Ip-∂p. ]c.p-t]mepw D]-\n-jØ . CXm-bn-cn°pw \√Xv A√ AXm-bn-cn°pw \√Xv Fs∂ms° Xnc-s™-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bmØ hn[-Øn¬ H´\h[n Imcy-߃ {]]©w ChnsS Hcp-°n-h® -. Io-em-ehmbvh\etImemlew `ph\w. Ipsd _m°n hcpw.∂ .psS tImem-l- e-am-W.n-\p-≈n¬ \Ωƒ h∂p s]´p-I-gn-™m¬.ß sf Hcp. B {]t£m- `-Øn-\p-≈n-te°v \Ωƒ FØn-s∏-´m-esØ Ahÿ H∂mtemNn®p t\m°q.k v ] cw Atßm´pw Ctßm´pw tbmPn®pw A√m-tXbpw amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p- ∂XmWXv.e m.d m.t ºmƒ Fs¥¶nepw hmßn°gn°pw.S pØv a\.k m.m-bn-´mWv ]d-bp.a. B {]t£m-`-Øn¬s]´ Hcm-sf-t∏m-se-bmWv Cu {]]-©Ø -. tImem-lew F∂p ]dbptºmƒ ]©. Cu tImem-l-e-Øn¬ \Ωƒ s]Sp-∂-sX-ß-s\-bmWv? henb P\-°q´w hen-sbmcp {]t£m`w D≠m-°p-I-bm-Wv. A\-e≥ ˛ A·n. \ap°v Hcp-X-c-Øn-ep≈ kzÿXbpw AhnsS D≠m-bn- cn-°p-I-bn-√.ns‚ Cu hiy-h-N- n¬\n-∂mWv.sX∂p t\m°q ˛ Ioem-e- hm-bvh\-et.a n. B tImem-l-e-ß-fn¬ AXp- thtWm CXp-thtWm Fs∂ms° Nn¥n®v \Ωƒ hnj-an°p∂p.n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Hc-©p-]-sØÆw sXm´p-t\m-°p-tºm- tg°pw hbdp \nd-bpw.` q. AXn¬\n∂v F¥p thW-sa∂v Xocp- am-\n-°m≥ ]e-t∏mgpw ]e Bfp-Iƒ°pw Ign-bm-dn-√. AXp-sIm≠v GsX- Sp-°Ww F∂p-≈-XmWv {]iv\w.X .hcp-∂X . ]e tImem- l-e-ß-fmWv ChnsS Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. Ioeme F∂m¬ Pew.v F{X ck-Ic .\ n.Im-em-lew `ph\w. CXmWv a\p-jys‚ {]iv\w.f . Hcp ]©\£{X tlm´-en¬ t]mbn sa\p Bhiys∏´m¬ hensbmcp ]pkvXIwXs∂ sIm≠pØcpw. ]eXpw tN¿∂v ]e coXn-bn¬ tafn®v ]e cq]-߃ D≠mbn ]e `mh-ßf .° m. hmbv ˛ hmbp.  n. AXn¬ apgph≥ hn`hßfpsS t]cpIfmWv.W w. Hcp kZy°v \qdp Idn-Iƒ \nß-fpsS ap∂n¬ sIm≠p-h-∂p-h-®m¬ GXp sXm´p- t\m-°Ww F∂-dn-bn-√.

AXv Ioem-e-hm-bvh\-e-tIm-em-lew `ph\w ˛ Cu `ph\w Hcp tImem-l-e-am-Wv. Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp-am‰w \ap-°p- ≠m-I-W-sa-¶n¬ IqSp-X¬ Bflm¿∞-am-tI-≠-Xp-≠v. At∏mƒ Abmƒ°v tXm∂pw CXp-sIm≈mw. Hcp Ieym-W-Øn-\p-t]m-bm-epw _l-fw- X-s∂..N∏mØn Ign-°p∂Xv hfsc tami-a-t√. FhnsS sN∂mepw Hcp N¥-∏pc t]mse. B≤ym-fln- I-⁄m\w \ap°v icn°pw thtWm F∂XmWv BZysØ tNmZyw. B≤ymflnIPohnXw kzoIcn®mepw ]gb ioe߃ hn´pt]mcm≥ {]bmkambncn°pw. CXp-t]m-se-bmWv km[m-cW P\-߃ Cu temIØp Pohn-°p-tºmƒ GXp Xnsc-s™-Sp-°-W-sa∂v Adn- bn-√. Hcp ac-W-ho-´n¬t]m-bmepw _l-fw-X-s∂. F√mw A\p-`-hn-°m≥ {ian-°pIbpw F√m-‰nepw Ah¿ ]cm-P-b-s∏-SpIbpw sNøp\∂p. C{Xbpw hn`hßfn¬\n∂pw t]cp]dbm≥ t]mepw {]bmkap≈ Hcp hn`hw Xncs™SpØt∏mƒ AXp \m°n\p cpNn°p∂n√.. Pohn-X-Øn¬ CsXms° shdpw t\c-tºmt°m As√- ¶n¬ ho´n¬\n∂pw amdn-\n¬°mt\m Hs° FSp-°p∂ Hcp HgnIgnhmtWm? F∂m¬ CXn-\p]-cn-bm-bn am‰w thWsa∂p Bflm¿∞amb B{KltØmsS CXn-s\-sbm∂p kao-]n-®p-t\m- °q.F∂p tXm∂pw. Aßs\ AhnsS sN∂n-cn- °p-tºmgpw euIn-I-_p≤n hn´n-cn-°n-√. ]©\£{X tlm´en¬ Ib-dn. thsd GsX-¶nepw Hcp henb km[-\-am-bn- cn°pw Ign-°m≥ CjvS-s∏-Sp-I. At∏m-tg°pw hb-dp-\n-d-™p Ign™ncn°pw. H®bpw _l-fhpw. \√ km[\w Ign- °m\mbncp∂p tlm-´-en¬ Ib-dn-b-Xv. Cu kao- ]\w henb Hcp am‰-am-bn-cn°pw D≈n¬ D≠m-°p-I. ]gb PohnXØn¬ Fs¥ms° sNbvtXm AXp-Xs∂ ]pXnb PohnXØnepw Bh¿Øn-°pw. AXp th≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂p tXm∂pw. AXp sIm≠p-h-cp-tºmƒ Ign- °m\pw ]‰p-∂n-√. Cu hgn-bmWv CØn-cn-IqSn \√-sX-∂v. Cßs\ ]cm-P-b-s∏´p ]cm-P-b-s∏´p \S-°p-tºm-gmWv Fhn- sS-sb-¶nepw Hcp k∂ymknbncp∂v {]`m-jWw \S-Øp-∂Xv tIƒ°p-∂-Xv. H∂p ]pd- 129 . At∏mƒ CXns‚ ^ew A¤pXmhl-am-bn-cn-°pw. F∂m¬ km[m-cW Hcp tlm´- en¬ Ib-dn-bncp-s∂-¶n¬ \√ N∏m-Ønbpw Ipdp-abpw Ign-°m- am-bn-cp-∂p. \s√mcp km[\w Xnsc- s™-Sp-°m≥ Ign-™tX-bn-√.

m-{X-aJ . F∂m¬ Hcp Ejn-bpsS D≈n¬ Cu au\w kzm`m-hn-I-am-bn Ccn-°p-∂p≠v. B Kpl-bn¬ Ah¿ \mep-t]cpw au\-{hXw Bcw-`n- ®p.Øn-dßn Hcp _kvÃm‚n¬ t]mbmepw _l-fw-X-s∂.n-ew. ]‰ptam F∂p ]co£n°Ww.° . FhnsS sN∂mepw Cu i_vZP . tImem- lew `ph-\w.a mb Hcp ÿe. Aßs\ Ipd-®p-\mƒ au\-{hXw FSp-°m-sa∂v Ah¿ hnNm-cn-®p. Ipd-®p-Zn-h-k-sa-¶nepw \ni-_vZ-X-bn¬ \ap°v Ccn-bv°m≥ Ign-b-Ww.m-eß .mWv Bem-]a . aq∂p-amkw au\-{hXw FSp°m-sa∂p ]d-™n-´mWv t]mb- Xv. Fs∂-¶nepw \n߃°-Xn\p Ign-bptam F∂v. au\w DØ-a-am-sW∂v Hcp k∂ymkn ]d-bp-∂-Xp-tI-´mWv Ah¿ t]mb-Xv.a m.b n Ipd. F∂n´p ]d-bp-Ib .t \cw Ccp.® p. au\sØ D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-t°≠ Bh-iy-an-√. BtcmSpw kwkm-cn-°m-Xn-cn-°m-\mbn Ah¿ hnP. Nne¿°v \ni- _vZ-am-hp∂Xv {`m¥v ]nSn-bv°p∂-Xp-t]m-se-bm-Wv.∂ p. hfsc {]bm-k-ap≈ Imcy-am-Wv.\ . \nß-sfm∂v ]cnioen-®p-t\m-°- Ww.t \m. Rm≥ am{Xw kwkm-cn-®n-√. Ipd-®p-k-abw Ign™-t∏mƒ Hcmƒ ASpØncp∂ B-tfmSv ]d-™p: “Rm≥ _m¶nse ]mkv_p°v bm{Xbn¬ Fhn-sStbm ad∂ph®n-´mWv h∂-sX∂p tXm∂p-∂p.W w.” \mem-asØ Bƒ°nXp kln®n√: “-ssZ-h-ta.” \mep-t]cpw au\-{h-X-Øn-\n-cp-∂p-sh-¶nepw Rm≥ au\-{h-X- 130 .” At∏mƒ aq∂m-asØ Bƒ Bflm`nam\tØmsS ]d™p: “\n߃ c≠p-t]cpw kwkm-cn-®p. \mep hnVn-Iƒ au\-{hXsaSp-°p-hm-\mbn t]mb Hcp IY-bp- ≠v.” At∏mƒ c≠m-a≥ ]d™p: “au\-{hXw FSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ t\cØv \o kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv icn-b-√. km[m-c-W-°m¿ au\sØ au\-{h-X-ambn FSp-Øp-I-f-bpw. Bem-]-am-{X-a-Jn-ew-. au\w D≈n¬ Xs∂bp≠v.t Ø°p t]mbn. Bem]w F∂m¬ k¶o¿Æamb i_vZ Pme߃ AXpsIm≠v i_vZ-Øns‚ temI-Øp-\n∂pw \Ωƒ BZyw hnc-an-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Ch-sc-s°m≠v tXm‰p.fpsS ImXS∏n°p∂ _lfw am{Xw. \ni-_vZ- amb Hcp A¥-co-£-Øn¬ BtcmSpw H∂pw kwkm-cn-°msX au\. AhnsS Hcp Kpl Is≠Øn.

c n.psS ico-cØ . hfsc t\cnb - 131 . Kpcp ]d-bp-∂Xv.nbp∂Xv \∂m-bn-cn-°pw.” AXp-t]m-se-bmWv \Ω-fpw.° p. Hcp At_m-[-Øn-en-cp-∂mWv CsXms° sNøp-∂-Xv.X v . tZiw F∂ \qep- sIm≠v s\bvsX-Sp-Øn-´p≈XmWv tZhnbpsS hkv{Xw.a mWv temIw. AXv Bflm- hns‚ kl-P-a-m-bn-cn-°p∂ KpW-am-Wv.b p. Nne ]mh-\m-SI .e mWv F∂ Ah. PK-Zw-_b . eoem-]Sw Ifn-hk .t _m[w Ah¿°p≠mbncp∂n√.ƒ \Ωƒ ImWm-dp-≠v.k v { X. Imew.{v X-am-W.n¬ Hcp hkv{X-ap-≠v.s Ø. A{Xbpw arZp-hm-WX .f hpw am{X. au\sØ \Ωƒ krjvSn-s®-Sp-t°-≠p∂ H∂-√.v DSp-Ømepw DSp-sØ∂p tXm∂p-Ib . CXv {]]-©- Øns‚ DSp. Cu {]]©Ønt‚bpw \ΩptSbpw CSbn¬ a\ ns‚ Hcp Ipcp°v InS°p∂p≠v. aqVcmb a\pjysc t\m°n tbip ]d™ncp∂p: “Ch¿ F¥p sNøp-∂p-sh∂v Ch¿ Adnbp∂n-√t√m.∂ .n-√. Bflm-hn\v {]]-©-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-tS-≠n-h-cp- tºmƒ Cu DSp-h-kv{X-Øn-eqsS am{Xta ImWm≥ Ign-bp-I-bp- ≈q.h . shdpw H®bpw _l. Ah¿ F¥p sNøp-∂p-sh∂v Ah¿ Adn-bp-∂-tX-bn-√.° p. tIm´¨ kmcnbpw kn¬°v km-cn-bpsams° AWn™p Pohn-°p∂ \Ωƒ°v tZhn-bpsS ico-c-Øn-en-cn-°p∂ DS-bm-S-bpsS kz`m-h- sØ-°p-dn-®d . ]e {]hr-Øn-Iƒ sNøp-tºmgpw \Ωƒ H∂pw Adn-bp-∂-tX-bn-√.d n. Imem-Zn-bm-b arZp \qemse s\øpsamcp eoem]Sw `hXn sabvtaemsI aqSpw. a\- n¬ Cu Bem]w Ccn-°p-∂n-S-tØmfw Imew au\-Øn-te°v hcm≥ Ign- bp-I-bn-√.b n.t ºmƒ au\w D≈n¬Xs∂ D≠m. icn-bm-bn-´p≈ B≤ym-fln-I-]-cn-h¿Ø\w D≈n¬ kw`.h n.° pw.® mWv ]d. Bem-]-am- {X. HmXhpw t{]mXhpw F∂p ]d-™m¬ H∂p hne-ßs\ t]mIp-tºmƒ H∂p s\Spßs\ t]mIp-∂p. \nß-fnXv `mh\ sNø-cp-Xv. Imew HmXambpw tZiw t{]mXambpw sImcpØpsImcpØmWv DSbmS s\bvXncn °p∂Xv. Nne-t∏mƒ AXp ico-c-Øn¬ Dt≠m F∂pt]mepw kwi-b wtXm∂pw. Kpcp Hcp kqN-\-bn-eqsS AXnhnsS ]d™p Xcp-∂p. B hkv{X-Øns‚ kz`mhw hfsc hyXy-kvX-amWv.Øn. Cu H®bpw _l-fhpw a\- n¬\n∂pw t]mbm¬am- {X-amWv au\-Øn-te°v hcm≥ ]‰p-I-bp-≈q.J new F∂mWv .v.a .ß.

n\v NXp¿am-\Xzw sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv.b p. AXn-\n-S-bn¬ amb \n¿Ωn-®n-´p≈ Hcp eoem-]-Sap≠v.a-¶nepw \o°n hbv°mw. Cu hkv{Xw \n¿Ωn-®n-´p-≈Xv ImewsIm≠pw tZiw sIm≠pamWv. Ne\w Ime- Øns‚ am\am-Wv. AXn¬ tZi-Øn\v Hcp hkvXp-hns‚ aq∂p am\ßsf \n¿Æbn-°m≥ Ign-bpw. AXp tZi-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´p- In-S° .I . Db-ca .Ø n¬ \mahpw cq]hpamWv. Imehpw tZihpw AssZz.p-sIm≠v P\- \n-bpsS kzcq]w ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√.© Øns‚ imkv{X`mjbmWv. Ime. Bcpw kXyw Adn-bp-Ib. Cu taisb F\n°v Fhn-sS t.© . AXp-t]m-se.h-Ws . Imem-Zn-bmb arZp-\q-emse s\øp-samcp eoem]Sw `hXnsabv taemsI aqSpw ˛ Imew. B[p-\n-I-im-kv{X-Ønse c≠p kw⁄-I-fmWv Imehpw tZi- hpw (time and space).ChnsS Bflm-hn\v {]Xy£ambn tZhn-bpsS BImchntijßsf ImWm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. tZiw F∂ c≠p \qep- IƒsIm-≠v sa\-™p-≠m-°nb hkv{Xw-sIm≠v tZhn AWn-™n- cn-°p-Ibm-Wv.m-sW-¶n¬ Cu Ccn-°p∂ taibv°v \of-ap-≠v. Cßs\ c≠p Imcy- ßsf FSp-Øp-sIm-≠mWv Kpcp imkv{X-Øns‚ `mj-bn¬ kwkm- cn-°p-∂-Xv.t h. hoXn. Dbcw CXmWv Hcp hkvXp-hns‚ aq∂p am\߃. Cu eoem-]Sw sabvta-emsI aqSn-bm¬ F¥mWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv? AXn-\m¬ Bcpw D≈Xv Adn-ho-e. sF≥Ão-\mWv {]]-©Ø .p-ambn _‘s∏´Xm-Wv. tZhn DSp-Øn-´pt≠m F∂p tNmZn®m¬ DSpØn´p≠v. AXm-Wn-hnsS kw`-hn-®n- cn-°p-∂-Xv. FhnsS Ime-apt≠m AhnsS Ne\-ap≠v. sse‰v B‚ v sjbvUn-emWv Ifn ImWp-∂-Xv. hoXn-bp-≠v.Ø n\v Ime˛tZiw (time-space) F∂mWv ]d. Cu {`a߃ \ap°p kw`-hn-°pw.p-∂X. FhnsS tZi-apt≠m AhnsS ]Zm¿∞ap-≠v.¥ .n-√. ambm-]Sw F∂pw ]d-bpw.m-Wv.X . Ime-tZ-iw-sIm≠v DS-bmS Nm¿Øn-bX . DSp-Øn-´nt√ F∂p tNmZn®m¬ DSpØn´n√.Z m.t Ziw F∂Xv {]].I¿´s‚ ]n∂n¬\n-∂mWv ]mh\mSIw Ifn-°p-I-bp-≈q. Hcp DZm-lc . sF≥Ão≥ Cu {]]. Ime-Øn\v Hcp am\-tØ-bpw. Hcp I¨sI-´p-t]mse Ds≠∂pw Cs√∂pw ]d-bm-hp∂ hkv{X-amWv eoem-]-Sw. \ofw.p-≠v.Ww ]d-bp-Ib . k¿∆hym-]n-bm-b tZhn-bpsS DS-bmS ImcWw 132 . CXp Ne-\h .

p h .p- ≈q. 133 .v. At∏mƒ \mw X-s∂- bmWv \ΩpsSbp≈n¬ Ime-Øn-t‚bpw tZi-Øn-t‚bpw DS-bm-S- sIm≠v kzcq-]sØ adbv°p-∂X . F\nbv°v hb- n-{X-sbm-s°-bm-bn.mWp sNøp-∂X .m-sW∂p ]d-bp-tºmgpw \mw kzbw ]d-bp-∂p: “C√ F\n-s°mcp Fgp-]X . C\n Ime-Øns‚ DS-bmS Fß-s\-bm-Wv.” \Ωƒ kzbw sh´n-®p-cp-°p-Ib .em∂pw Rm≥ t]mIn√. Cu auVyØn¬\n∂mWv \mw ]d-bp-∂Xv Rm≥ C∂ A—s‚ aI≥ C∂ PmXn-°m-c≥ Fs∂m-s°.b .mWv CXn\p ImcWw.∏-´n-cn-°p-I- bm-Wv. C\n Ipd-®pImewIqSn am{X-amWv F\n°v Pohn-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ib . kXysØ \Ωƒ Adn-bp-∂n-√.p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v Fs‚ hy‡nXzw F∂pw ]cn-an-Xs .b . F¥p-sIm-≠m- WXv? Cu ico-ca .mbn \Ωƒ Npcp-ßp-∂p. \Ωƒ tZikØsb \ΩpsS hy‡nXzØnte°v kzbw kw{Ian∏n°pIbmWv. Rm≥ A\-iz-c-\m-sW∂pw \nXy- \m-sW∂pw Adn-tb-≠p-∂-Xn-\p-]-Icw £Wn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Aev]-Imew Pohn-®n-cn-°p∂ Hcp Poh≥ am{X-am-sW∂p [cn®v hi-K-cm-Ip-∂Xpsa√mw D≈-X-dn-bm-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠p≈ tZmj-am-Wv.v.p-hsc Pohn-°p∂ hy‡n-Xz-am-bn Npcp-ßp-tºmƒ Ime-Øn-t‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ DS-bmS \ΩpsS a\- n¬ hoWp-Ig . \ΩpsS ImgvN Cu Npcpßnb hnkvXm-c-Øn-\-∏p-d-tØ°v t]mIp-∂n-√.  . AXn\m¬ Bcpw D≈-X-dn-ho-e.kzbta hnNm-cn-°p∂p Rm≥ Cu tIcf°mc≥ As√-¶n¬ C¥y°mc≥ Fs∂ms°. Bflmhv A\-iz-ca .v. Hm.p- h-b . tZhn-bpsS DS-bm-Sb. Rm≥ Cu ico-c-am- sW∂v hnNm-cn-°p-tºmƒ Cu ico-c-Øn\v ChnsS Ccn-°p∂ ka-bØv thsdm-cn-SØv Ccn-°p-hm≥ ]‰p-∂n-√. Bcpw kXysØ Adn-bp- ∂n-√. Fs‚ ico-c-Øn\v C{Xbpw tZi-]-cn-an-Xamb hym]vXn-tbbp-≈q. AXn¬°q-Sp-Xs . Cu icochpw tZi-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-bm-Wv. A\m- Zn-bm-b Hcp kØ-bm-bn-cn-t°-≠p∂ \mw Adp-]X . Fs∂ms° KWn®v Hcp \m¬]tXm AºtXm Adp-]tXm hb- p≈ hy‡n-Xzap≈ Hcp-h\ . CXv Kpcp FSp-Øp-]d .mWv Rm≥ F∂p Icp-Xp-tºmƒ F\n°v ChnsS am{Xta Ccn-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q.n-™p. Rm≥ ico-c-am-sW∂p hnNm-cn-°p-tºmƒ Rm≥ k¿∆- hym-]nbmb Bflm-hm-sW-∂p≈ Adnhv \ntj-[n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. tZiw F∂ DS-bmS tZhn Nm¿Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠v tZi-Øns‚ ]cn-anXn \ap-°p-≠m-Ipw.

AXv AΩ-bpsS apJØv Fß-s\-bmWv hcp- ∂Xv?” At∏mƒ ]m¿∆Xn ]d™p: “\o Hcp ]q®-bpsS apJØp am¥n-bmepw F¥ns‚ apJØv am¥n-bmepw AXv F∂n¬Ø- s∂-bt√ sIm≈p-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥ {_“- Nm-cn-bm-hpIbmWv. Hcn-°¬ kp{_-“-Wy≥ Ip™m-bn-cp∂ ka- bØv Hcp ]q® Ipam-cs‚ ASp-Øp-IqsS t]mbn. ho´n¬ h∂-t∏mƒ ]m¿∆-Xn-bpsS apJ-sØmcp ]mSv. F√mw Rm≥ X-s∂-bm-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒ \o F¥p sNbvXmepw AXv F∂n-emWv sIm≈p-I.n-\p-]I .” “\o Hcp ]q®-bpsS apJØv am¥ntbm?” “am¥n AtΩ. At∏mƒ kp{_-“- Wy≥ tNmZn®p: “AtΩ AΩ-bpsS apJ-sØ¥m Hcp ]mSv. B[p-\n-I-im-kv{X-Øns‚ hnImkw 134 . At∏mƒ kp{_-“-Wy≥ Xocp-am-\n®p: “C\n Rm≥ IeymWw Ign-°n-√.” At∏mƒ AΩ ]d™p: “CXv \ns‚ ]Wn-b-t√. \Ωƒ ChnsS sNøp∂ imkv{Xo- b-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw kmt¶-Xn-I-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw Bb hnI-k-\- {]-h¿Ø-\-ß-sfms° Cu PK-Zw-_sb £X-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n- cn-°p-∂ XcØnep≈XmWv. At∏mƒ Im¿Øn- tI-b≥ AXns‚ apJ-sØm∂p am¥n apdn-th¬∏n-®p.BK-am-¥-\n-etb˛thZm-¥-Øn\v \ne-b-\-am-bn-´p-≈-h-tf.” At∏m-gmWv kp{_-“-Wy\p a\- n-em-bXv AΩ k¿∆-hym-]- I-X-bp≈ kXy-am-sW-∂v.cw F¥p-sIm-≠mWv AXn¬\n∂pw amdn.” CXneqsS F¥mWv Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv? \Ωƒ F¥v {]hr-Øn- Iƒ sNbvXmepw B {]hr-Øn-bp-sS-sbms° A\-¥-c^ew Cu apgp-h≥ hniz-Øn-t‚bpw AΩ-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ P\-\n-bn¬ Xs∂- bmWv kw`-hn-°p-∂sX∂mWv. \obt√ Fs‚ apJØv am¥n-b-Xv?” “AtΩ. Rm≥ AΩsb am¥n-bn-´n-√t√m AtΩ. PK-Zw- _-bpsS k¿∆-hym-]-I-Xsb ]d-bm-\m-bn {iocm-a-Ir-jvW-]-c-a-lw- k¿ Hcp IY ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂p-≠v. ImcWw IeymWw Ign-°p- ∂Xv AΩsb Bhp-I-bn-t√.k∂ym-kn-bmbn Xm-a-kn-°p-∂Xv? ” At∏mƒ ]c-a-lw-k¿ Hcp IY ]d™p. Hcn-°¬ Hcmƒ ]c-a-l-wk-tcmSp tNmZn®p: “Aßv Hcp Krl- ÿ-\m-bn Pohn-°p-∂X . IeymWw Ign-®m¬ AΩsb IeymWw Ign-®-Xn\p Xpey-am-Ipw.

CsX√mw P\\o \hcXv\ aRvPcn hmbn-°p-tºmƒ \mw Xncn-®-dnbWw._ ns‚ hnImkw hnImkw D≠mIptºmgpw Irjn-bn-S-ß-fn¬ Bfp-Iƒ Irjn sNøp-∂-X- \p-th≠n cmk-h-f-ßfpw IoS-\m-in-\n-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmgpw Cu \K-c-ß-fnse sI´n-S-k-ap-®-b-߃ _rl-Ømb coXn-bn¬ D≠m-°p-tºmgpw ae-Iƒ FSpØv \Zn-Isf \nI-Øp-tºmgpw `qan Ipgn®v K¿Ø߃ D≠m°p-tºmgpw Cu PK-Zw-_-bpsS h£-  n¬ Xo¿°p∂ £X-ß-fm-sW∂v \Ωƒ Adn-bm-dn-√.h .t _mw. 135 .D≠mIptºmgpw BW.

\o \ma-cq]w ˛ t]cpw {]Xn-`bpw AΩ-X-s∂. ˛ F√mw Hcp \mS-Iw-X-s∂. Atlm! ˛ alm-¤pXw! \mSIw \nJn-ehpw. am\m-bXpw P\\n ˛ Im\-\-Po-hn-bmb am\pw AΩ-X-s∂. AXn¬ ˛ B \ma-cq-]-ß-fp-ambn XmZm-fly-s∏´ \m\m-hn-[-{]-IrXn ˛ Poh-\mbn {]]-©sØ Adn-bp∂ am\mbn \n∂-dnbpw Cu Rm\mbXpw `hXn ˛ Cu ‘Rm\pw’ AΩ-b-√msX a‰m-cp-an-√. Bdv ao\m-bXpw `hXn am\m-bXpw P\\n \o \mKhpw \K-JKw˛ Xm\m-bXpw [c-\-Zo-\m-cnbpw \c\p˛ am \mIhpw \c-Ihpw \o \ma-cq-]-a-Xn¬ \m\m-hn-[-{]-IrXn˛ am\mbn \n∂-dn-bpao Rm\m-bXpw `hXn tl \mZ-cq-]nWnb˛ tlm! \mSIw \nJn-e-hpw. 136 . \o \mKhpw ˛ AΩ-X-s∂-bmWv ]mºm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv \K-JKw Xm\m-bXpw ˛ ]¿∆-Xa .m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw ]dh-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw [c\Zo ˛ `qan-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw AΩXs∂. ao\m-bXpw `hXn ˛ Pe-Po-hn-bmb a’yw hniz-P-\-\n-X-s∂. \Zn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw AΩ-X-s∂. \mcnbpw \c\pw ˛ kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j\pw AΩ-Xs∂ B \mIhpw \c-Ihpw ˛ kz¿Khpw \c-Ihpw AΩ-X-s∂.

Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ H∂n-t\bpw \ap°v Ah-K-Wn-°m≥ ]‰p-I-bn-√.f n¬ h®psIm≠mWv a\ nem°p∂Xv.a n. Al-¥°v Al-¥b .z-ap-≠v.t \bpw hn`.pervasivness) Cu t«mI-Øn¬ Kpcp {]Xn]mZn°p∂Xv. tNcm-ØXv C∂Xv F∂ coXn-bn¬ {]nbm-{]n-b-߃°- \p-kr-X-am-bn hn`-Pn°pIbpw sNøp∂p. Cuiz-cs‚ k¿∆hym-]-I- XbmWv (all.n¬ Ft∏mgpw {]Xn-^e. H∂n-t\bpw Ah-KW -.n-°mXncn°p tºmƒ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ t`Z-_p≤n DSseSp°mXncn°p∂p.Ø nepw H∂n.n®p \n¬°p∂ Hcp kwKXn \ΩpsS Al-¥-bm-Wv (ego). \Ω-psS CjvSm-\n-jvS- ß-fmWv temIsØ kw_-‘n-®p≈ Adn-hn¬ ap∂n´p \n¬°p- ∂-Xv.f . \ap°p tNcp-∂Xv C∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v Hcp-X- c. AXmWv Al¥mXmZm-fly-Øn¬ hcp∂ ]niIv.p-tS-Xm-bn-´p≈ Hcp k¶p-Nn-XX .\ y.] e X´p.√ m. {]IrXnbnse ssZhkm∂n≤yw P\\o \h-c-Xv\-a-RvP-cn-bpsS Bdm-asØ t«mI-amWv ChnsS a\-\-Øn-\mbn FSp-°p-∂-Xv. 137 .° m≥ Ignbpw? km[m-cW KXn-bn¬ Hmtcm-∂n-t\bpw hn`-Pn®v {]m[m-\y- ßfpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ CXv C{X {]m[m-\y-ap-≈Xv. \ap°p Np‰pw \ΩpsS D≈nepw F√m-bn-SØpw Cuiz-c≥ k∂n- [m\w sNøp-∂p. At`- Z-am-bn-cn-°p∂ _p≤n ⁄m\-Øn-t‚-Xm-Wv. am{Xa√.I . Cu CjvSm-\n-jvSß . CXv A{X {]m[m. ImWp∂ hkvXp-°-fnepw Pohn-I-fnepw hy‡n- I-fnepw Zriy-am-bn´pw AZr-iy-am-bn´pw Hs° Cuiz-c≥ k∂n- [m\w sNøp-∂p. aX- Øn-t\mSp XmZmflyw {]m]n-®n-´p≈ Al-¥°v thsd aX-Øn- ep≈ Hcmsf ImWp-tºmƒ A{X CjvS-s∏-Sp-I-bn-√. AXp-t]mse kmaq-ln- I-X-e-Ønepw Cßs\ \nc-h-[n-bm-b Al-¥mXmZmflyßfp≠v.Ø Xv F∂ coXn.° msX Fßs\ Z¿in.P n.b n¬ ]e.

AXn\SpØ Znhkw 138 . Atlm! \mSIw \nJn-e-hpw ˛ PohnXw Hcp \mS-I-am-Wv.n-®n-cn-°p-∂X. Ft∏mgpw \Ωsf AXp I_-fn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw.b . Rms\mcp ]WvUnX\msW¶n¬ ]WvUn Xmt{Kkc∑mtcmSv F\n°p {]Xn-]Øn D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw A£cw hmbn-°m≥ Adn-bm-Øh .w \Ωƒ D≠m-°pw. A{Xbpw ]nSn-X-cmØ Hcp {]tl-fn-I-bmWv Pohn-Xw. B¿°pw-Xs∂ AXp ]nSn-sIm-Sp-°p-∂n-√. Ft∏mgpw AXns‚ Bgw h¿≤n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I- bm-Wv. Pohn-X-sØ-°p-dn®v hymJym-\-߃ F{X-Xs∂ \¬In-bmepw F{X-Xs∂ \n¿h-N-\߃ sImSp-Ømepw B PohnXw \Ω-n¬ \n∂v Aev]w amdnbmWv \n¬°p-∂-Xv.p-tºmƒ B {]Xym-isb AXp XI¿Øp- I-f-bp-∂p. IpSp- mb Pohn-XØ .n-te°v B\- bn-°p∂ Hcp ImgvN∏ . \mw ]e]e {]Xym-i-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn Pohn-XsØ Icp-∏n-Sn-∏n®p sIm≠p-hc .n¬\n∂v Xpd- mb Pohn-XØ . XrjvWI-sfm∂pwXs∂ ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°m≥t]mepw A\p-h-Zn-°msX \Ωsf Hcp hnVn-bm-°n-s°m≠v PohnXw \ΩpsS ap∂n-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-hp-I-bm-Wv.psS ASnÿm\Ønepw Hcp hn`-P\ .f ImWm≥ Ignbpw. C{X\mƒ Pohn-®n´pw PohnXw C{X-tb-bp≈q F∂p Xo¿Øp ]d-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv AXp- sIm-≠m-Wv.p-sIm≠v Pohn-XsØ ka-{K- ambn ImWmt\m A\p-`h . PohnXw Fs∂∂pw a\p- jy\v IpXq-l-eX D≠m-°p-∂p.n-°mt\m \ap°p Ign-bm-dn-√.-tcmSp hn{]-Xn-]Øn D≠m-bn- cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. Cßs\ ]e Xc-Ønep≈ hn`m-Ko-bXIƒ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ krjvSn-s®-Sp-°p-∂X . Hcp Znhkw Pohn-®-Xp-t]m-se-b√ ASpØ Znhkw PohnXw \ΩpsS ap∂n-te°p hcp-∂-Xv.ns‚ Hmtcm k‘n-bnepw bmYm¿∞y-tØm-Sp-IqSn Pohn-XsØ kao- ]n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ AXp \Ωsf I_-fn-∏n-®p-sIm≠p IS- ∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Pohn-XØ .m-Sns\ hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv Kpcp ChnsS Cu t«mIw Bhn-jvIc .nepw PmXobX-bnepw Cß-s\-bp≈ Al-¥m-Xm-Zm- fly-ßs . Ft∏mgpw hn`mKobXbptS-Xmb Nne IpSp- mb Xe-߃ D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.cmjv{So-bØ . kmº-Øn-IX . hfsc kv\nKv[-am-b Hc-h-ÿ-bp≈ AXns\ ]nSn-°m≥ {ian-°p-tºmƒ AXv ssIbn¬\n∂pw hgpXn-t∏m-Ip- ∂p. tjIvkv]n-b-¿ Aß-s\-bmWv PohnXsØ°pdn®p ]d-™n-cn-°p- ∂-Xv.v. Hcp hnVn ]d™ IY-t]m-se-bmWv \ΩpsS PohnXw F∂v.

AΩ Xs∂-bt√ am\m-bn-cn-°p-∂X . AXv C∂pw ]pXn-b-Xm-bn-cn°p∂p.]m-se-b√ C∂sØ kqtcym-Zb .m- Wv. km[m. Kpcp hfsc \njvIf¶ambn ]dbp∂p. Aßs\ Hc-Xn¿Øn Dt≠m F∂p-t]mepw \ap°p kwibw tXm∂p-∂p. AXn\p hyXy-kvX-X-bp-≠v. B¥-cn-I-Po-hn-X-Ønepw _mly- Po-hn-XØ .n® B\µw t]mse-b√ C∂sØ B\- µw. thsdm-cp- Xcw \hy-amb A\p-`h . At∏mƒ Hcp Pe-Po-hn-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ ao\n- 139 . A{X-bv°p kq£vaamW- Xv. Pe-Øn¬ hkn-°p∂ Po-hn-bm- bn.v.ChnsS Zriy-am-b temI-tØ°v ssZh-Øns‚ km∂n≤yw sIm≠p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv sNøp-∂-Xv.v.w. {]]-©-Øns‚ amXm-th. AZr- iy-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Xe-ß-fn¬ ssZh-sØ-h®v Bcm-[n-°p-∂-hcpw ]qPn-°p-∂-hcpw Zriy-amb Xe-ß-fn¬ Pohn-XØnse ssZhsØ \ntj-[n-°p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v Kpcp ssZhsØ Zriy-amb hkvXp-°- fn-te°v Cd-°n-s°m-≠p-h∂v ]dbp∂p: ‘\n߃s°mcp ao\ns\ ssZh-am-bn Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ ]ns∂ Fß-s\-bmWv ]c-a-amb Hcp ssZh-ap-s≠∂v A\p-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-bpI?’ BZyw Zriy-h-kvXp-°-fn-emWv ssZh-km-∂n[yw Adn-tb-≠- Xv. AZr-iy-sØ-°p-dn®v Adn-bp-∂-Xn-\p-apºv AZr-iy-amb Xe- Øn-te°v At\z-jn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xn-\p-apºv Zriy-amb Xe-Øn¬ ssZhsØ Adn-bWw.b .c W KXn.m-Ip-∂n√.ƒ Pohn®p IS-∂p-t]m-bn´pw Pohn-X-Øns‚ ]pXpa \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂n√. ssZhw Hcp ao\mWv F∂v.nepw B ]pXpa Ct∏mgpw kw`-hn-®p-sIm≠ncn°p-Ib .n-bm≥t]mepw Ignbmdn√. C∂-esØ kqtcym-Zb .w t. ao\m-bXpw `hXn am\m-bXpw P\\n˛AtΩ. ]t£.s ∂.b n¬ ssZhsØ k¶-ev]n-°p-tºmƒ ssZhw Hcp ao\msW∂p ]d-bp- tºmƒ \ap-°sXmcp ssZh-\n-µ-bm-bn tXm∂mw. \n¿h-Nn-°m≥ Ign-bm-ØX .sØ AXp krjvSn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.v. Hcn-°epw AXp ]g-bX .c n. hfsc t\cnb Hcp -]m-S-sIm-≠mWv A-Xns\ th¿Xn-cn-®n-cn- °p-∂-Xv.t √. AΩ- X-s∂-bt√ ao\m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xpw. F{Xtbm Xe-ap-dI . PK-Zw-_n-tI. C∂se Rm≥ A\p-`h . Pohn-XsØ A\n¿h-N\ .° p∂ ao\pw AΩ.ob F∂mWv ]d- bp-∂X . AXn\m¬ Kpcp ]d-bp-∂p: Atlm! \mSIw \nJn-ehpw ˛ PohnXw Hcp \mS-Iw-Xs .thsd {]Xn-k‘n AXp \ΩpsS ap∂n¬ D≠m-°p-∂p.X .∂-bm-Wv. Kpcp. B hyXy-kvXX ]et∏mgpw \ap°p Xncn-®d . ssZhw Hcp am\pamWv.

Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? AXn¬ ssZh-km-∂n-≤y-an√t√m F∂p \ap°p tXm∂p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v F√m Pohn-I-fnepw Ncm-N-c-ß-fnepw ssZhsØ ImWm≥ Ign-bp∂ Hcp {]IrXnssZhnIX (nature mysticism) ASp- Ø-Im-e-Øv ]m›m-XytemIØp thscSpØp hcp∂p≠v.° p.s\.p-sIm≠v Np‰p-]m-Sp-ap≈ Pohn- Isf ]nSn-®p s .I - ambnØo¿. ssZhw F∂ kØbpsS ]cm-Pbw kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv km[m-cW Pohn-I-fn-¬ \ap°v ssZhsØ ImWm≥ Ign-bm-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠m- Wv.p-≠m-bn.kmIqXw t\m-°n \ap°p ]d-bm≥ Ignbpw Cu ao\pw ssZhwXs∂bmsW∂v.m-bX . AXv Ihn-I-fn-eq- tSbpw Zm¿i-\n-I∑ .≠ n. \Ωƒ ssZhsØ Akm-[m-c-W-\m-°n-°-f-bp-∂p. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS Xmfhpw kwKo-Xh .c n.I .m-Wv.s Im. Ah≥ Ah-\n¬\n- ∂p-Xs∂ AS¿∂p-s]m-bvsIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ahn-sS-bmWv aX-ß-fpsS ]cm-Pbw kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv.pw Pohn-Xh.{ ].m-cn-eq-tSbpamWv h∂n-´p-≈X .Im∂p Idn-h®p Ign-°p-tºmƒ \mhn¬ \√ cpNnbp- ≠m-Ipw.p-jy\v \jvS- s∏. 140 .∂ p.∂ . Fta-gvk¨ F∂ Nn¥-I\pw hmƒ´vhn-‰vam≥ F∂ Ihn°psams° {]Ir-Xn-tbm- Sp≈ XmZm-fly-Øm¬ ssZh-Øns‚ A\p-`-h-ap-≠mbn. Ata-cn-°-bn¬ t\®¿ anÃn-knkw F∂ {]ÿm-\w-Xs∂ hnI-kn-®p-h-∂n-´p-≠v. {]Ir-Xnbnse Hmtcm hkvXp-hns\ ImWp-tºmgpw sXmSp-tºmgpw A\p-`-hn-°p- tºmgpw Cuiz-cs\ A\p-`-hn-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-ep≈ Hcp Ahÿ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ D≠m-Ip-∂p.s Im≠v Ah≥ Ahs‚ B¥. a\p. At∏mƒ At±-l-Øn-\p-tXm∂n a\p-jy-km-∂n-≤yØn¬ Pohn-®p-io-en® a\p-jy¿°v {]Ir-Xn-bpsS `mj \jvSa .´ p.m-bn-´p-s≠-∂v.p-sams° B[p-\n-Ia .X ¬ bm{¥n.I r.X n- bn¬\n∂v AS¿∂pamdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ib .j y≥ C∂v IqSp. Cu Hcp Zpc- ¥sØ°pdn-®v ]e Ihn-Ifpw ]mSp-Ib . {]Ir- Xn-bn¬ apgp-h≥ Cuiz-cs . F∂m¬ Cu A\p-`hw \ap-°p-≠m-Ip- ∂n√. ssZhw thsd Fhn-sStbm Ccn-°p-∂X .sN-X\yw hnf-bm-Sp-∂p-≠v.\ .v.X p. At∏mƒ \nXy-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ ssZh-Øn-s\mcp {]k-‡nbpw C√m-Xn-cn-°p- ∂p. sl≥dn tUhnUvv tXmtdm F∂ Ata-cn-°≥ Zm¿i-\n-I≥ Iptd -h¿j-ßtfmfw a\p-jy-hm-k-ap≈ ÿe-Øp-\n∂v amdn Hcp Im´nse hmƒU¨ F∂ XSm-I-Øns‚ Ic-bn¬ X\nsb Xma-kn-®n-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v \ap°v lnwk -sN-øm≥ Hcp aSn-bp-an-√.c n.

n- ep≈ ]dhbpw. \Kw F∂m¬ ]¿∆-Xw. {]Ir-Xn-bmWv G‰hpw henb \nb-aw. \o Xs∂-bmWv ]¿∆-Xhpw \oX-s∂-bmWv BIm-iØ .sf˛ t]am-cn. cmjv{Sw \n¿Ωn°p∂ \nb-aØ . a\p- jy-\n¿Ωn-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ \nb-a-Øn-\-∏p-dØv {]Ir-Xn-bpsS \nb- a-Øn-\mWv {]k-‡n-bp-≈-Xv. Hcp hy‡nXzw AXns‚ ]q¿Æ-X-bn¬ FØp-tºmƒ B hy‡n ]ns∂ ]pcp-jt\m kv{Xotbm A√.] n. {]Ir- Xn-tbmSv Hcp \nebv°pw A\p-c-W-\-s∏-SmØ Xc-Øn-ep≈ {Iqc- am. `qI-ºw H∂pw sX‰m-sW∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√.c n.X v . `qanbmbncn°p∂Xpw \Zn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw BWm- bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw s]Æm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw \o Xs∂-bm-Wv. C∂sØ hnI-k-\hpw kmt¶-Xn-I-Xbpw Hs° FSp-Øp-t\m- °p-tºmƒ Ah {]IrXnhncp≤amWv F∂p ImWm-\m-Ipw. \mKw F∂p ]d-™m¬ ]mºv.X . ]ns∂ Ic-bn-ep≈ Hcp Pohn-sb-°p-dn®p ]d-™p. JKw F∂m¬ ]£n. A·n-]¿∆-X-kvt^m-S-\-߃. \Ω-fXv sImSp-°p-∂n-√. P\\n kvss{XW-Xbv°pw ]ucp-j-Øn\pw AXo-X- amb hy‡n-Xz-am-Wv. P\-\n kvss{XWtam ]ucp-jtam Bb Hcp hy‡n-b-√.° p∂ {]hr.° p. {]Ir-Xn- sb Hcp Pohn-bm-bn AdnbpIbmsW¶n¬ Hcn-°epw {]Ir-Xn- bn¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ {]Ir-Xn-t£m-`ß . Xm\m-bXpw [c \Zo \mcnbpw \c\pw B \mIhpw \c-Ih .Ø p. AXp-sIm≠v {]IrXn AXns‚ Nne hnIr-Xn- Iƒ \S.∂ .n\pw A∏p-dØv {]Ir-Xn-bpsS \nb- a-Øn-\mWv {]Y-a-K-W-\o-bX sImSp-t°-≠-Xv. ]t£.h . kp\m- an. Pe-Ønepw Ic-bnepw Pohn-°p∂ Hcp Dc-Ks . CXp \Ωƒ Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠nbncn-°p-∂p. P\\ntbmSp tN¿Øv kvss{XW-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hy‡n-XzsØ ImW-cp-Xv. BZyw Pe- Øn-ep≈ Hcp Pohn-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-™p.t ºmƒ \Ωƒ ]cn.pw.Ø-°p-dn®p ]d-bp∂p.∂ p.h nsS I≠p.c p. enwKmXoXambncn°p 141 . Aßs\ t\m-°p-tºmƒ \mcm-b-W-Kpcp Hcp nature mystic Bbn- cp-∂p.b n. hcƒ®. {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv CW-ßn-bn-´p-thWw Ft∏mgpw F¥pw sNøp-hm≥. Kpcp Hcn-°epw {]Ir-Xn-hn-cp-≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hnI-k-\sØ km[q-I-cn-®n-´n-√.Ø n. Fs¥√mw {IqcXIfmWv \Ωƒ {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv ImWn-®p-Iq-´p-∂Xv. F√m enwK- ߃°pw AXo-X-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-sX∂mWv.f mWv C∂n.I . AXn-\¿∞w B hy‡n \]pw-k-I-am-sW-∂-√. \o \mK-hpw \KJKw. hy‡n-I-fnepw AXp-X-s∂-bm-Wv.

B \mIhpw \c-Ihpw. acWm\¥cw \c-I-bm-X\ A\p-`-hn-t°-≠n-hcpw F∂p ]d-™m¬ AXn\p F¥p sNø-W-sa∂p \Ωƒ tNmZn- °pw. AXv Kpcp ChnsS FSp-Øp-]d .m-cp-sS Pohn-Xh . \ne-\n¬°p∂ Hcp ImgvN-∏mSpw icn-bm-b Hcp ImgvN-∏mSpap≠v. kz¿§-\-c-I- ßsf kw_-‘n®v. Ir{Xn-a-am-b Hcp hyh-ÿsb kaqlw ]Tn-∏n-®p-h-®n-cn- 142 . ]t£. ]e-t∏mgpw B Poh-Im-cpWyw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ Bhn¿`q- X-am-Im-dn-√. Pohn-I-tfmSv ImcpWyw ImWn-°pI Cß-s\-bp≈ \√ Imcy-߃ aXw-Xs∂ ]Tn-∏n- ®p-X-cp-∂p≠v. ico-cw-sIm≠v ]pcp-j-\m-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Kpcp-hns\ As√-¶n¬ ico-cw-sIm-≠v kv{Xobm-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Kpcp-hns\ ]pcp-j-Kpcp Ft∂m kv{XoKpcp Ft∂m hnth-N\w sNøp-∂Xv hfsc \nµyhpw A]-Ir-jvSh . a‰p- ≈-hsc klm-bn-°p-I. aX-߃ C°mcyØn¬ XnI-®pw Imev]-\n-I- ß-fm-Wv. \mIw F∂m¬ kz¿§w.b .ƒ \ap°v am‰n-h- bv°m≥ Ign-bW . AXp- sIm-≠v P\\n \ccq]Ønepw \mcncq]Ønepw `mhw amdp∂p. AXn-\p-Im-cWw \Ω-psS Poh-Im-cp-WysØ ad®v Hcp Ir{Xn-a-Im-cp-WysØ.m-Wv.p-am-b Hcp Imcy-am-bmWv IcptX≠Xv. {]tXy-In®pw almKpcp-°∑ . \Ω-fpsS am\-ZW . ZpxJn-X-t\bpw ]oUn-X-t\bpw klm-bn- °p-I.tºmgmWv k¿∆Ønt\bpw Dƒs°m≈m≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. As√-¶n¬ Ir{Xn-a-am-b Hcp kZm-Nm- csØ.v.vUß . \ne-\n¬°p∂ ImgvN-∏mSv ac-Wm-\-¥cw \Ωƒ FØns∏Sp∂ Xo{h-am-b ]oU\ßfptSbpw IjvSXIfp tSbpw kt¶XamWv. \Ωƒ ]e- t∏mgpw \Ω-psS am\-Z-WvU-ß-fn-eq-sS-bmWv ]c-a-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kXysØ ImWp-∂X . a\p-jyPohn-X-Øn¬ sX‰p-Iƒ sNøm-Xn-cn-°m-\mbn sX‰pIsf XSbnSp∂ c≠p ISn™mWpIfmWv ]m]hpw ]pWyhpw. At∏mƒ aXw ]dbpw Pohn-X-Øn¬ \√Xp sNø-Ww. \ΩpsS D≈n¬Xs∂ kl-P-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Poh-Im-cp- Wy-ap-≠v. \o Xs∂-bmWv \c\pw \o Xs∂-bmWv \mcn-bpw. ac-Wm-\-¥cw \Ωƒ FØns∏Sp∂ kpJ- ku-I-cy-ß-fptSXmb Hcp kt¶XsØbmWv kz¿§-am-bn aX- ߃ ]d-bp-∂-Xv.vU߃ D]- tbm-Kn-°m≥ ]mSn-√.p- ambn _‘-s∏-SpØn Hcn-°epw km[m-cW am\-ZW .w. Cßs\bp≈ Imcy-߃ kmaq-ln-I-am-b `{Z-X°v A\n-hm-cyw-X-s∂-bm-Wv.p-Ib . D≈-h≥ C√m-Ø-h\v sImSp-°p-I.

m-ZnØw \ap- °n-t√? B DØ-ch . F\n-s°-s¥m-s°tbm t\tS-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≠v F∂p ]d™v Ft∏mgpw a\pjy≥ hne-]n- °p-∂p.n-´p-≠.p-hs . “t\m°q.ƒsIm≠v k¶o¿Æamb Hcp [¿Ω-imkv{X-hy-hÿ .p-ambn \sΩ kzbw X´n-®p-t\m-°p- ∂p.-ambncn°p∂ Imcp-WysØ \in-∏n-®X . ]t£. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ C∂v Cu kaqlw A`n-ap-Jo-Ic .n-°p∂ lnwk-Iƒ°p ImcWw a\p-jy\v hnI-ea .b n. B [¿Ω- hy-hÿ.\´-߃°p-th-≠n-bm-Wv. AsXmcp A]NbamWv.] mSv 143 . At±. nXn \ap-°p-≠v.n-\p-ti-jhpw ]pd-Øn-d- ßp-∂X .c-bp≈ Hmtcmtcm Imcy-ßsf-°p-dn®v [¿Ω- imkv{Xw ]d™p-h® .n-™m¬ \ap-s°m-cn-°epw Hcmsf thZ-\n-∏n-°mt\m ZpxJn-∏n-°mt\m ]oUn- ∏n-°mt\m tXm∂p-I-bn-√.l . sb DW¿Øn-sb-Sp-t°-≠p∂ Hcp DØ-ch . a .∂ p. Fs‚ kabw \jvS-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p. ImeØv FWo‰v sshIp- t∂cw InS-°p-∂X .° p.nse hnZy- `ymkw `uXnIamb t. C∂p \ΩpsS kaq-lØ .n- \p-apºpw AXn-\p-ti-jhpw F¥p sNøWw? Cßs\ \nc-h[n \nb-aß .n-\p-apºpw Ipfn-®X . \mw Hcp Imcyw a\- n-em-t°-≠Xv \sΩ krjvSn® ssZh-Øn\v \Ω-n¬Xs∂ A¥-cÿ . Poh-Im-cp-WysØ DW¿Øn-sb-Sp-Øp-Ig.n\v Fs¥√mw t\´- ߃ D≠m.mWv C∂sØ PohnXw. ]q¿∆nIcmb Kpcp-°-∑mcpw BNm-cy-∑mcpw Fgp-Xn-h-®n-´p≈ [¿Ω-im-kv{X-߃ Ir{Xnaamb PohnXhyhÿbn¬ ]Tnt°≠n hcptºmƒ aXØn\pw ]utcmlnXyØn\pw {]k‡n Gdnhcp∂p.mb coXn-bn¬ hnZym-`ymkw sImSpØv Ahs‚ A¥-cÿ .c .°p-I-bm-Wv.mWv. Rm≥ Pohn- XØn¬ Hcn-SØpw FØn-t®¿∂n-´n-√.n-\p-apºpw ]√p tX®-Xn-\p- ti-jhpw Ipfn-°p-∂X .v IÆp Xpd-°p-tºmƒ F¥p ]d-bWw? F¥p Nn¥n-°Ww? ]√p tX°p-∂X . ASpØ ho´n-ep-≈h . ASpØ ho´n-ep≈ At±-lØ . sb \nt£-]n-°m≥ Ign-™n-´nt√ F∂mWv.c n. [\-Øn-\p-th-≠n- bp≈ Hcp sh{]m-fa .Ø ns‚ ho´n¬ Hcp.m-Zn-ØtØm-Sp-IqSn \Ωn¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p∂ klm-\p-`q-Xnsb. kaqlw ]Tn-∏n-®p-h-®n-cn-°p∂ Ir{Xn-a-am-b Pohn- Xw h®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ kl-P-amb aqey߃ ]pdØphcmXncn °pIbpw I]SambXns\ \n¿_‘]q¿hw A\pjvTnt°≠n hcnIbpw sNøp∂p.mb Hcp [¿Ω- hy-hÿ.n-\p-apºpw Xncn®ph∂Xn\p-ti-jhpw tPmen sNøp-∂X .

\ap°p \sΩ a\- n--em-°-W-sa-¶n¬ thsd Bcp-tSbpw Bh-iy-an-√.° m≥ Ign. a\p-jy≥ Cßs\ Xmc-Xayw sNbvXpsNbvXv kzbta Hcp A]- I¿j-Xmt_m-[Ø .n-bm≥ Ign-bmsX ]c-Io-b- am-b Hcp hy‡n-XzsØ IS-sa-Sp-°m≥ {ian-°p-Ibpw kaq-l- Øns‚ IÆm-Sn-bn-eqsS temIsØ t\m°n-°m-Wp-Ibpw sNøp- ∂-Xns‚ Zpc-¥-^-e-am-WnsX-√mw. Rms\mcp hy‡n-Xz-an-√mØ a\p-jy≥. \ap°p \Ωn¬ kzbw Hcp \n›bw D≠mbncn°Ww.v A]-I¿j-Xmt_m[w h∂p-Ig .  n.mb Hcp Pohn-bm-bn-Øo-cpw. kzm`m-hn- I-ambn-cn--°p∂ hy‡n-XzsØ Xncn-®d . thsd Btc-°mfpw \ap°p \sΩ Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp- tºmƒ thsdmcmfpsS A`n-{]m-b-Øn\v \Ω-psS Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp kzm[o-\hpw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√.n\p≠v.e m. F\n°o PohnXw sIms≠¥p t\´w? a\p-jy-cpsS apJØp t\m°m≥ F\n°p ]‰p-∂n-√.b p- tºmƒ.Un tπb¿ t]m-ep-an-√. thsdm-cmƒ \sΩ-°p-dn®p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ah-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-߃°v \ΩpsS A\p`htØ°mƒ {]m[m\yw sImSp- Øp-t]m-Ip-∂p. Hcmƒ h∂v \o sNøp∂ Imcy-ßsfm∂pw A{X icn-b-√ F∂p ]d-™m¬ \Ωƒ ZpxJn- X-\m-bn-Øo-cm≥ ImcWw \ap°p \sΩ°pdn®p≈ A⁄X sIm≠mWv.n-te-°m-W. hmIzw ¢o\¿. \ap-°Xv a\- n-em-Im-Ø-Xp- sIm-≠m-Wv. Fs‚ ho´n-em-Is´ Hcp \√ kn. F√m Xmc-Xay-ßfpw Ah-km\w FØn-t®-cp-∂Xv A]-I¿j--Xmt_m-[Ø . hmjnwKv sajn≥. Cßs\ a\p-jy≥ A]-I¿j-Xb . Aß-s\-bt√ km[m-cW Pohn-X-Øn¬ kw`- hn-°p-∂Xv? Aß-s\-X-s∂-bm-Wv. Ah\v Ah-t\mSpXs∂ tXm∂p∂ `mhw ]p—-am-bn-cn°pw (self contempt).p-∂p.∏-Sp-∂p.n-™m¬ a\p-jy≥ hfsc \nIr- jvS\. Im¿ F√mw At±-lØ .n-te°v t]mIp- t¥mdpw Ah≥ hymP-\mb Hcp hy‡n-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. 144 .hn. BfpIƒ Fs¥-¶nepw Ft∂mSp tNmZn-®m¬ DØcw ]d-bp-hm≥th≠n Rm≥ F{X-am{Xw hnΩn-´s . Fs‚ hy‡nXzsØ £Xs∏SpØmXncn°m≥ F{X-am{Xw I≈-߃ ]d-tb-≠n-hc .n-te°v B≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Aßs\ kzbw a\. \nIr-jvS≥ F∂p ]-d™ . F.kn. \mw \sΩ Hcp kaq-l-Øn-t‚bpw IÆm-Sn-bneqsS hnebncp tØ≠ Bh-iy-an-√. πmkva Sn.” a\p-jys‚ XmcXayßfmWv CsX-√mw. m¬.k÷oIcWßfp≠v.

p-≈q. AØcØn¬ {]amZw hcptºmgmWv tbip ]dbp∂Xv : “thsdm. ]Icw thsdmcphs‚ tZmjsØ s]cp∏n®p ImWn°pIbpw sNøpw.  n.I .£w Ft∏mgpw \Ωƒ Xn∑ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. CXns‚ hn]coX hiamWv \mw \Ωnse icnbmb tZmjsØ ImWmXncn°p∂Xv.j \pw `mcym`¿Øm°∑mcmbn ASp-Øp-Po-hn-°p-Ib .B-h-iyØn-\mbn B ]pcp-j≥ Ipd®I-te°v bm{X-t]m-bn. ” C\n Bcp-tsSsb¶nepw \∑ ImWp-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ B \∑ \n߃°p. Aßs\ Pohn- ®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ Ipd-®p-\mƒ Hcp tPmen.I q. ]Øn-cp-]-Xp-h¿j-tØmfw ASp- Øp-Po-hn-® X\n-°-dn-bm-hp∂ Xs‚ {]nb `mcysb Ht∂m ct≠m aqt∂m {]mhiyw I≠n-´p≈ Hcp hy‡n-bpsS A`n-{]m-bw-sIm- ≠v \Ωƒ XncpØp∂ Hcp Ahnizm-kyX s]mSp-∂t\ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ IS. CXn.] Xp h¿j. F∂p ]d-™m¬ as‰m- ∂n¬ hniz-kn-°p-∂-h-cmWv.\ p.m-Wv.b . Bcp-tSbpw tZmj-߃ ImW-cp-Xv.I qSn _m[.w .” ho≠pw tbip ]d-bp-∂p: “hn[n- °-cp-Xv.h s‚ IÆnse sNdnsbmcp s]mSnsb t\m°n hnc¬ Nq≠msX \ns‚ IÆn¬ Ccn-°p∂ ac-®o-fns\ FSpØp IfbpI. Btcbpw \n߃ hn[n-°-cp-Xv. Btcbpw \n߃ hne- bn-cp-Ø-cp-Xv.c p.∂ p. s]mSp-∂s\ thsdmcmfpsS A`n-{]mbw Abmsf kzm[o-\n-®p-I-gn-™p.a mbn Hcp kv { Xobpw ]pcp. H∂p-c≠p amkw Ign™v Xncn-®p-h-∂-t∏mƒ Hcmƒ Abm-tfmSp ]d-bp-I-bmWv: “BcmWv \ns‚ ho´n¬ CSbv°v hcm-dp-≠m-bn-cp∂ Hcmƒ?” CXp tI´t∏mƒ Abmƒ°v kwi. Xs‚ `mcysb At±lw kwi-bn-®p. \ap°v G‰hpw ASp-Øn-cn-°p∂ H∂ns\ \Ωƒ hniz-kn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw ]Icw AI∂ncn°p∂ as‰m-∂ns\ hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp Zpc¥w \Ω-n-ep≠v.∂ p.a m.b n.s W∂v a\. CXns\ Xncp-Øn-bm¬ am{X-amWv PohnXØn¬ \∑ kw`-hn-°p-Ib .” 145 .I m. CXns\ \Ωƒ Xncp-tØ-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≠v.c p. Xs‚ injy∑m-tcmSp tbip Hcn-°¬ ]d-™Xv Cß-s\-bm-Wv: “a‰p- ≈-h¿ \nß-tfmSv Fßs\ s]cp-am-d-W-sa∂v \n-߃ B{K-ln- °p-∂pthm AXp-t]mse \n߃ Ah-tcmSpw s]cp-am-dpI.a m.e m.W w.S p. A√m-Ø].c Ww \Ωƒ Ft∏mgpw ]cm{ibnIfmWv (other-oriented) F∂mWv. ]Øn.° .

a‰p-≈h .m-bn-cn-°p∂ ZpxJ- Øn-te°p sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Rm≥ sNøp∂p F∂p≈ I¿Xr-Xz-`m-hsØ FSp-Øp-am-‰m≥ F¥m-sWmcp hgn? AXn\pw KoX hgn ]d-™p-X-cp-∂p: “F√m I¿Ω-ß-fp-tSbpw ]n∂n-en-cp∂p {]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xv Cuiz-c-\m-Wv F∂p a\\w sNbvXpd∏n°pI. Ch c≠pw \Ωn¬\n∂p FSp-Øp-am-‰n- bmtem? \n¿hmWkpJw A\p`hn°mw. F√m ZpxJ-ßfpw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv ‘Rm≥ sNøp-∂p’ ‘Rm≥ A\p- `-hn-°p∂p’ F∂ `mh-Øn¬\n-∂m-Wv.n-®p-t]m-Ip-∂p.b m.s W. \Ω-fpsS hy‡n-k- Ø-sb-°p-dn®v ad-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p.v Xo{h-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hyY-If . Hcp s\mSn-bnSsIm≠v Cu `mhm- ¥cw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂p-≠v. \cIw \Ωƒ kr-jvSn-°p-∂X . s]m´n°cbp∂h\v s]m´n®ncn°phm≥ CØn-cn-t\cw aXn-bm-Ipw. kz¿§hpw \Ωƒ krjvSn- °p-∂X . CXp \Ωƒ Nn¥n- °m-dn-√.¶ n¬ hncepIsf ]pdtIm´p hfbv°m≥ \ap°p Ignbp∂n√t√m. Rm≥. s]mSp-∂s\ \sΩ AKm-[a ..o-ba.. Rm≥. Hcp ZpxJhpw imiz-Xa .. ZpxJ- Øn\pw kpJ-Øn\pw CS-bn-ep≈ Zqcw hfsc sNdp-Xm-Wv.m-Wv.. \Ωƒ AZ¿ Hmdn-b‚Uv BIp- tºmƒ \Ωsf \Ωƒ hnkvac .∂pw GI-]£ . Aß..m-Wv.b . Rm≥..n¬Xs∂ \Ωƒ kz¿§hpw \c-Ihpw Hs° A\p-`h . \mw hnNm-cn°pw \Ω-fpsS C—-sIm-≠mWv ssI s]mßp.√.∂ v . Fs‚.I .pw.psS hy‡n-kØ .vKoX \ap°p ]d-™p-Xc .. \ap- °Xp ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√.mWv \Ω-psS Pohn-Xs ..s X.. ]t£.√ .” ssI Nen-∏n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ AXn¬ Cuiz-cs‚ C— D≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww. c≠p ]£-Øp-\n∂pw kaoIcWw Bhiy-am-bn hcp-∂p.nse Xnf-°- sa√mw t]mbn IÆp-\o¿ h∂p-\n-db .n-°p-∂p-≠. Cu Pohn-XØ .. Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ kz¿§-\c .fms° kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv I¿Xr-Xz-t_m-[w-sIm-≠mWv F∂p `K-hZ. \n\-®n-cn-°m-sX- bm-bn-cn°pw hcn-I.∂ . AXp-sIm-≠v F√m C—-Ifpw ssZh-Øns‚ C—-I-fmWv F∂pw F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw Cu temIØv \S-°p-∂Xpw ssZh- Øns‚ C—m-{]-Im-c-am-sW∂pw \n›-bn-®p-I-gn-™m¬ Pohn-X- 146 .m≥ Hcp s\mSn aXn.. kt¥m-jn-°p∂ IÆp-If .s \. AXp-sIm-≠mWv ZpxJw D≠m-Ip-∂X . Zzn]-£o-ba ..s . kpJhpw imiz-X-a-√.ß .p-∂p.Ø kzm[o-\n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xpw \nb-{¥n-®p- sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X . Fs‚.m-Wv.n-te°v \Ωsf sIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂ kw`-h-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂p-≠v.c . Fs‚. H .v.

CXp \ΩpsSbp≈n¬ Adn-tb≠ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. \Ωƒ Iptd [\w In´p-tºm-ƒ Al-¶-cn-°p-∂p. F∂n´p Nncn®psIm≠p ]d™p: “Ft∂mSp Ifn®m¬ Cßs\bncn°pw. Xh-f-bpsS hnNmcw F¥m-bn-cp-∂p? Xh-f-bpsS Nhn-´p-sIm-≠v kln-°m≥ I-gn-bmsX B\ HmSn-t∏m-hp-I-bm-sW∂v. Fs‚ amf-Øns‚ ASpØp-IqsS Fs‚ A\phmZan√msX Bsc-¶nepw t]mIp- ∂pt≠m? t]mIp-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ Ahs\ icn-bm-°n-°-f-bpw. `b-¶-c-ambn K¿∆w sIm≈p-∂p. \Ωp-tSbpw hnNmcw Cß-s\-bm- Wv. CXp-t]m-se-bmWv km[m-cW Bfp-Iƒ. Hcp.e £w sUt∏m. Hcn-°¬ Hcp Xh-f°v Hcp Hcp cq]m In´n.” B\-bm-sW-¶n¬ CsXm-∂p-a-dn- bmsX \S-∂p-t]m-bn.Øn¬ hcp∂ Db¿®-Ifpw XmgvN-Ifpw Hs° ssZh-Øns‚ Adn- hn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xm-sW∂p a\- n-em°n \ap°p kpJ-Zpx-J- ߃°v AXo-X-am-bn Pohn-°m≥ Ign-bpw. Xhf ]d-bp-I- bm-Wv: “F¥v [n°m-c-amWv Ch≥ ImWn-°p-∂Xv? Fs‚ amf- Øn\p ap∂n-eqsS \S-∂p-t]m-Im≥ Ch\v C{X°v ss[cyw ht∂m. Ah. CXv kqNn-∏n-°p∂ Hcp IY ]c-a-lw-k¿ ]d-bp-∂p-≠v.c psS 147 . Hcp Znhkw B Xhf amf-Øn¬\n∂pw ]pd-tØ°p Xe-bn-´p-t\m- °p-tºmƒ hensbmcp B\ Xs‚ amf-Øn\p ap∂n-eqsS IS-∂p- t]m-Ip-∂p. HmSn-t∏mbn B Xhf B\-bpsS Imen-¬ c≠v Nhn´v sImSp-Øp.¶ nepapt≠m. Xh-f-bv°Xp kln-°m≥ Ign-™n-√. ]e-t∏mgpw Cu Ah-t_m[w \jvS-s∏-´p-t]m-Imdp≠v. Rm≥ Bscm- s°tbm Bbn-cn-°p-I-bm-sW∂v.k n‰v D≈ Bsc. B Xhf AXv Xs‚ amf-Øn¬ kq£n-®p-h-®p. D∂a\߃ D≠mbmepw ]d-bWw ssZh-Øn-\-dn-bmtem F√mw. Hcp-e£w cq]m In´n-°-gn-™m¬ \Ω-fpsS kzm`m-hn-I-amb s]cp-am-‰-sams° amdpw. ]t£.” Xhf ]pd-tØ-°n-dßn h∂-t∏m-tg°pw B\ AhnSw Ign-™p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. Xh-f-bv°m-sW-¶n¬ B Hcp cq]m In´n-bXv hfsc Al-¶m-c-ap-≠m-°n. Xhf CS- bvs°ms° ]pd-tØ-°p-h∂v FØn-t\m-°pw. At∏mƒ \ap-s°mcp Al-¥- sbms° IS∂p-h∂v C\n Fs‚ \ne-hm-c-Øn-ep-≈-h-tcm-Sp-am- {Xta Rm≥ kwkm-cn-°p-I-bp-≈q F∂ K¿∆Øn seØp∂p. \ap-s°mcp tXm∂-em-Wv. CSdnhoWmepw ]d- bWw ssZh-Øn-\-dn-bmtem F√mw.

]´nIbnemWv Rm≥ s]´n. Imc-Ws . a\p-jy\v `b-¶c `b-am-Wn-∂.b p≈ XeØnsem∂pw C\n Rm≥ t]mIn-√ F∂p kzbw Al-¶-cn- °p-∂p.t \m. Hcp-Zn-hkw ]c-a-lw-k¿ `‡-∑m-cp-sS-IqsS \S- ∂p-t]m-Ip∂ ka-bØv Hcmƒ IqfnwKv •m pw Po≥kpw j¿´p- sams° C´v ]c-al . Ah¿ XΩn¬am-{Xta IqSp-Ib . Hcp tImSn sUt∏m- kn-‰p-≈h .v AXp-sIm≠v a\p-jy-\n∂p krjvSn-°p∂ ]e hn`m- Ko-bX . At∏mƒ \Ω- 148 .m-sW-¶n¬ Ah≥ kaq-lØ .a . ]ns∂ At±lw Fhn-sStbm t]mbn F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xp-tI-´p. A[n-I-t\-c-sam∂pw th≠.≥ ]d-bpw X\n-s°m∂pw th≠.h cptSbpw _m¶v sUt∏mkn‰n¬ kam\X ImWpw.v Xs‚ ssIbn¬\n∂pw H∂pw \jvSs∏- Sm≥ ]mSn√ F∂pw X\n-s°m∂pw th≠ F∂pw Ah≥ ]d-bpw.s W. Al¥ D≈n¬ kw`-hn-°m≥ Hcp s\mSn-bnS aXn. Aß-bpsS Imcy-ß-sfms° \∂mbn \S-°p-∂nt√?” At∏mƒ ]c-a-lw-k¿ shdptX Nn-cn-®n´v IqsS D≠m-bn-cp-∂- h-tcmSp ]d-™p: “Ccn-Øncn ]Ww In´n-°-gn-™m¬ a\p-jy\v Fs¥√mw am‰-ß-fmWv kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv.q.° p.Sbpw kmº-Øn-I- `.w-kc.∂ . ]Øp-t]¿ IqSp-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ B ]Øp-t]-cp. Aß-s\-bt√? kaq-l-Øn¬ t\m°n-bm¬ \ap-°Xp Im- Wm≥ Ign-bpw.I .nIw _m¶v sUt∏m-kn‰v D≈h-cm-sW-¶n¬ Aßs\ Hcp hn`m-Kw.\pw ]Øp-e£w sUt∏m-kn‰v D≈-h\pw XΩn¬ IqSp-I- bn-√.fpw t\m°p-Ib .p-ff.psS CS-bnepap≠v.n¬ Hcp kpc- £n-XXzw B{K-ln-°p-∂p-≠.¶ n¬ F√m.° p.c n.X v . Cßs\ hfsc kpc£nXamb Hcp AIew F√m-hc . AXn\p Xmsg.a-¥mWv? Cu ]Øpe£w D≈-h≥ Hcp tImSn D≈- h-\n¬\n∂pw ISw-tNm-Zn-°p∂Xv A]-IS.t.I . Iptd-\mƒsIm≠v At±-l-Øn\v HØncn [\w kºmZn®p.psS ap∂n¬h∂v tNmZn®p: “ltem km¿. Hcp tImSn- bn-e[ .{ ZX h®p. ” a\p-jy-\n-ep-≠m-Ip∂ am‰-߃ Cß-s\-sbm-s°-bm-Wv. ]Øv e£w _m¶v sUt∏m- kn‰v D≈-hc . Imip-≈h . F∂m¬ H∂pw \jvS- s∏-Sm\pw ]mSn-√. Hcmƒ hfsc \n¿[-\-\m-bn-cp∂ ka-bØv ]c-a-lw-k-cpsS ASpØv hcp-am-bn-cp-∂p.b m. Atß-°n-t∏mƒ kpJw-X-s∂-b-t√.m-Wv.m-sW-¶n¬ Aßs\sbmcp hn`mKw ImWpw.

\ap°v Hcp t\csØ A∂w In´p-∂p- s≠-¶n¬ B A∂w Cuiz-tc-—-sIm≠v In´p-∂-Xm-Wv. Nn¥n-°pIbpw kwibn°pIbpw sNøp∂ a\- pw F∂mWvv.° p. I¿XrXzw Al-¥-bm-Wv.. AXp-sIm≠v \ΩpsS ico-c-Øn-t\mSpw a\- n-t\mSpw tN¿∂v Hcp tI{µsØ D≠m°n B tI{µsØ ‘Rm≥’ F∂p k¶. A\¿l-am-b-X-√. AXv Cuiz-c≥. AI¿XrXzw AXm-bXv Rm\√ H∂n- t‚bpw I¿Ømhv F∂-dn-bp-∂-XmWv Cu ZpxJ-Øn¬\n∂pw hnap- ‡-am-Im-\p≈ Hcp hgn. I¿Xr-Xz-t_m-[-Øn¬\n-∂m-Wv apfs]m´p∂Xv.b p. At∏mƒ Rm≥ C√ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ ]ns∂ BcmWv D≈Xv F∂ tNmZyw hcpw. ‘Rm≥’ F∂p ]d- bp-tºmƒ km[m-cW Bfp-Iƒ hnNm-cn-°p-∂Xv Cu ico-chpw CXn\p≈n¬ ÿnXnsNøp∂.Ø ns‚ ]cnanXamb AXn¿Øn-Iƒ°p-≈n-emWv Xm≥ Ccn-°p-∂-sX∂pw Cu ico-c-Øns‚ AXn¿Øn-Iƒ°-∏p-dØv Ccn-°p∂ Hcmƒ thsd Bfm-sW∂pw Hs° A⁄m\P\yamb {]Ir-Xn-Xm-Zm- flyw-sIm-≠p-≠m-Ip∂ AdnhmWv.s W∂pw Cu ico. \o \ma-cq]w AXn¬ \m\m-hn-[-{]-IrXnam\mbn \n∂-dnbpw Rm\m-bXpw `h-Xn. Hmtcm-cp- Ø¿°pw A¿l-am-b-XmWv ChnsS In´n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. F√m kz¿§hpw \c-Ihpw Al-¥m-t_m- [-Øn¬\n-∂m-Wv.e v ] n®v ]d.t \mSv tN¿∂n.t ºmƒ B Rm\ns\ {]IrXnam≥ F∂p ]d-bpw.c . Cuiz-c-\mWv F√m-‰n-t‚bpw I¿Øm-hv. B {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv tN¿∂n-´mWv Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Ah-cpsS hy‡n-XzsØ ImWp-∂Xv. AXp-sIm≠v ChnsS ‘Rm≥’ Al-¥-tbmSp tN¿∂p-\n¬°p∂ Rm\m-Wv. C{X-tb-bp≈q ‘Rm≥’.fnse kz¿§-tØbpw \c-It-. BcmWo Rm≥? B¿°pw henb hy‡-X-sbm-∂p-an√. Cuiz-tc-—-t]m-setb F√mw \S-°p-I-bp-≈q.X m.Øbpw krjvSn-°p-hm≥ \ΩƒX-s∂- bmWv Imc-W-°m-c≥.. Ah-cpsS {]I-rXn Cu ico- c. {]Ir-Xn-tbmSp XmZmflys∏´ncn°p∂ hy‡nkØ F∂¿∞w. AXp-sIm≠v kz¿§-\-c-I-ßsf \ap°v AXn- ew-Ln-°m≥ Ign-b-W-sa-¶n¬ BZyw sNtø-≠Xv I¿Xr-Xz-t_m- [-Øn¬\n∂v ]pd-Øp-I-S-°p-I-bm-Wv.∂ . At∏mƒ Hmtcm hy‡n°pw Hmtcm {]IrXnbp≠v.Ø n. Cu Rm\m-bXpw 149 . Bcpw At\z-jn-°p-∂Xpan√. F∂m¬ CXn-\-∏p-dØv Hcp ‘Rm\p-’t≠m? AXm¿°pw Adn-bn-√. ‘Rm≥’ F∂p ]d-bnt√ \Ωƒ.c n.

Fs‚ D≈nepw Ccn-°p-∂p ]pdØpw Ccn-°p-∂p. Aßs\ Hcp Adnhv Ah\v In´n-bn-´n-s√-¶ntem? In´n- bn-´n-s√-¶n¬ Ah≥ Cu ImWp-∂-Xn-s\-sb√mw kXy-sa∂p IcpXn AXn¬\n-∂p-≠m-°m-hp∂ kt¥m-j-ß-tfbpw kpJ-ß- tfbpw Hs° ]c-am-h[n Bhm-ln-s®-SpØv Pohn-°p∂ Hcp km[m- cW Bfm-bnØocpw..mb Adn-hns\ IÆp-If .®v [ym\\na·ambn Adn-bp-tºmgmWv kzcq]t_m[Øn¬ D]ÿnXn In´p∂Xv.” CXmWv sa‰o- cn-b-en-k-Øns‚ coXn. KpcpapJ Øp\n∂pw tI´dnbp∂XneqsSbmWv Ah-\Xv ssIhcn°p∂Xv. A¥-cÿ . C{µn-b-ßsf ]pd-tØ°p h®n-´mWv PohnIsf krjvSn-®n-cn- °p--∂X . ssZhw AIØpw ]pdØpw Xnßn-\n¬°p∂p. temIw ]pdØpw Rm≥ AI-Øpw. CXv ]m›m-Xy-Nn¥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-´n-´p≈ Bfp-Iƒ°v \∂mbn a\- n-em-Ip∂ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. ]pdØp ssZh-an√ F∂pw AIØpam{Xta ssZh-ap≈q F∂pw ]d-bm≥ ]‰n-√.a. ]t£. P\n- ®p-ho-gp∂ Ip™p-߃°v Aßs\ s]mSp-∂s\ sNøm≥ Ign- bm-dn-√. Cu `uXnIhmZ Nn-¥-tbm-SmWv temI- Ønse ap°m¬ ]-¶n-e-[n-Ihpw a\pjycpw tN¿∂p-\n¬°p-∂- Xv.Cu temI-hp-am-Wv.`h-Xn. AXp-sIm≠v Kpcp-Xs∂ ]d-bp-∂p: AIhpw ]pdhpw Xnßpw aln-am-hm¿∂ \n≥]Zw. F∂v.v. Hcp Kpcp-hn-t‚-tbm -ap‡]pcpjt‚tbm kml-N-cy-kw- _-‘w-sIm≠vv Hcph\v A¥¿apJX ssIhcp∂p. ]e¿°pw Adn-bm-hp∂ c≠p Nn¥m-]-≤-Xn-I-fmWv `uXnI-hm- Zhpw Bflo-b-hm-Z-hpw. Nne¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv: “Cu ImWp∂ temIw am{X-ta-bp-≈q. Cu Rm≥ Adn-bp-∂-h\pw Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ hkvXp. C\n ]pd- Øp-am-{Xta ssZh-ap≈q AI-Øn√ F∂pw ]d-bm≥ ]‰n-√.S. ImWp∂ temIØv \Ωƒ In´m-hp∂ kpJ-ku-I-cy-ß- tfmSv IqSn ]camh[n B\µtØmsS Pohn-°p-I. Ah¿ `uXn- I-hm-ZsØ sa‰o-cn-b-enkw F∂pw Bflo-b-hm-ZsØ sFUn-b- enkw F∂p-amWv hnfn°p-∂-Xv. 150 . Cu c≠p ]Z-߃ ]m›m-Xy- Nn-¥-bn¬ hy‡-am-bn-Øs∂ \ng-en-°p-∂p-≠v. AXn-\-∏p-d-tØ°v H∂p- an-√. Nn¥-tbmSv tN¿∂p-\n¬°pI F∂p ]d-™m¬ kl-P-ambn \ΩpsS ico-c-Øn\v.. As√-¶n¬ A⁄m-\w-sIm≠v \ΩpsS Poh\v Hcp Nmbvhv Ft∏mgpw Atßm-´m-Wv.

nse ]d-hI . AXn¬\n∂pw hyXy-kvX-am-bn-´mWv Bi-b-hmZn hnNm-cn-°p- ∂-Xv. sImøp-∂n-√. Ahs‚ Xo‰ Xo¿∂m¬ thsd Bcp-sS-sb-¶n-epw-IqSn In´m-\pt≠m F∂p t\m°p-Ibpw sNøpw. A√msX CXn-s\mcp hmkvX-hn-I-Xbpw C√.v? Ah hnX-bv°p-∂n-√. F∂m¬ Ejn Aß-s\-b√ ]d-bp-∂X .I . AXp-sIm-≠mWv Cu `uXn-I-hn-`-h-ß-sfms° C{X-am{Xw Hmtcm- cp-Øcpw kam-l-cn-°m≥ XpS-ßn-b-Xv.s .- sf-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-∂X . PohnXw Hcp k¶-ev]w am-{XamsW-∂p.mbn Pohn-°p∂ a\p-jy-s\-∂v tbip ]d-bp∂ Hcp D]-abp≠v. BflobhmZØns‚ ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn® tπt‰mbpw `uXnIhmZØns‚ ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn® Acn-tÃm-´n-epw. \n\-°p-th-≠p-∂-sX√mw \ns‚ apºn-te°v Rm≥ sIm≠pX-cp-∂p-≠v. CsXms° shdp-samcp tXm∂¬ am{X- amWv. AXv \n߃ ]m›m-Xy-Z¿i\w ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Adn-bm-\m-Ipw.X√mw Hcp s\mSn-bn-Sb . CXns\ kw_-‘n®v ]m›m-Xy-cn¬ hfsc X¿°- ß-fp-≠v. CXns‚ c≠n-t‚bpw ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-´p≈ c≠p {Ko°v Nn¥.hfsc cqV-aq-e-am- bn-Øs∂ hniz-kn-°p-∂. F∂n´pw AhcpsS ]nXmhv Ah¿°p 151 . F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Aßs\ BIm-iØ .vt°≠ Bh-iy-an√. {Ko°p Nn¥-bn¬ `uXn-I-hmZw Iptd-°qSn i‡-am-bn h∂n- ´p≈Xv F∏n-°yq-dkv F∂ Hcp Nn¥-I-\nem-Wv.m-\p≈ i‡n Fs‚ ssIbn-ep≠v.n¬ XI¿Øp- I-fb .Ch-sc-bmWv sFUn-b-en-Ãp-Iƒ F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Cu ImWp∂ temI-sams° Fs‚ D≈n¬ Ccn-°p∂ Hcp Bibw am{X-am-Wv. Cuizc≥ \tΩmSp ]dbp∂Xv. \o H∂pw kz¥-am-°n-hb . Cß-s\-sbm-∂p-a-√. AXp-sIm≠v ap‡- \mbn Ncn°pI. \o kz¥-am°n hbv°p-∂s . \o F¥p-sIm-≠v F∂n- te°p hcp-∂n-√? Fs∂ hniz-kn-°p-∂n-√? BIm-iØ .f-t∏m-se-bmWv ssZh-Øn¬ ]q¿Æm¿∏n-Xa .°v p-∂n-√. C¥y-bn-ep--≠m-bn-cp∂ Nm¿hm-I≥ F∂ Ejn- bmWv `uXn-I-hm-Z-Øns‚ D]⁄mXmhmbn ChnsS Ccn-°p-∂- Xv.n¬ ]d-°p∂ ]d-hI .n¬ tiJ-cn-®p-hb .c p≠v . Bin-°c .v: Cuim-hmkyw CZw k¿∆w˛Cui≥ PK-Øn-se√mw Bh-kn-°p-∂p. Ahs\mcp F∏n°yqdnb\mWv F∂p ]d-™m¬ ]camh[n Xn-∂p-kp-Jn®p Pohn-°p∂ Hcmƒ F∂m-W¿∞w. If-∏p- c-If.p-Xm-cp-tSbpw [\w.

kwi-bmflm hn\-iyXn F∂m- Wv. Fs∂-¶nepw Ah-cpsS Pohn-XØ . ssZh-Øns‚ i‡n-sb-°p-dn®v Adn-hp-≠mIWw. \mev]Xpw AºXpw Adp-]Xpw Fgp-]Xpw hb- p≈ Bfp- Iƒ ChnsS D≠m-bn-cn-°mw.w.. Ccp-]- Øøm-bncw Znh-kß .n¬ Hcp-t\-cs.ƒ Pohn-®n´pw Hcp Znh-kw-t]mepw Hcp-t\- csØ A∂w Abmƒ°v In´m-Xn-cp-∂n-´n-√.s.{]tbmKamWv.ƒ Pohn-®n-´p-≠m-bn-cn-°W .v ” Cßs\ tNmZn-°p-tºmƒ ssZhsØ Ft∏mgpw \ΩpsS Pohn- X-Øn¬ \ΩpsS Bh-iy-ßsf \nd-th-‰p∂ Hcp i‡n-bm-bn a\-  n-em-°-Ww.th≠p-∂s . {i≤ h∂p-I-gn- ™m¬ Ahs‚ PohnXw t\m°n-bm¬ Adn-bmw. F∂m¬ D]-\n-jØp ]d-bp-∂p. Ah≥ C∂ns‚ B\-µ-Øn¬ C∂ns‚ X\n-ab .n¬ Cu \nan-jØ .p-≈q. hnizmkw F∂Xv Hcp ]m›m-Xy.a . {i≤- bp-s≠-¶n¬ ⁄m\w D≠m-Ipw. kwibw D≈n-ep≈ Hcmƒ°v \miap≠mIp∂p. Ccp-]- Øøm-bncw Znh-kß . Cu ktµlw a\- n¬\n∂p t]mI-Ws .X√mw aq∂pw \mepw A©pw Bdpw t\cw Ahs‚ ap∂n-te°v FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂n-t√? “\o F¥v DSp-°p-sa∂p hnNm- cn-®n-´mtWm \o ZpxJn-°p-∂Xv? F¶n¬ \o hb-ense en√n-s®-Sn- Isf t\m°p-hn≥. Cu Adnhv D≠m- Ip-tºm-gmWv B ktµlw t]mhp-Ib . `K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Hc-\p-`hw Xs∂-bm-W-Xv. ssZh- Øns‚ ⁄m\-sØ-°p-dn®v Adn-hp-≠m-IW . Cu hnizmkw \jvS-s∏-´-Xp-sIm-≠mWv C∂p temIØv F√m {]iv\-ßfpw k¶o¿Æ-X-Ifpw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂- Xv. {i≤ F∂ hm°mWv `K-hm≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. {i≤m-hm≥ e`tX ⁄m\w˛{i≤-bp-≈-h\v ⁄m\w e`n-°p-∂p.Ø-°m. F∂n´pw Abmƒ°v ssZhm\p`hw D≠mbn´n√.n-em-bn-cn°pw Pohn-°p-I.a-¶n¬ ⁄m\-ap-≠mI- Ww. Ct∏mgpw AbmfpsS D≈nse ktµlw \msf Rm≥ F¥p Ign°pw F∂pff-Xn-s\-∏‰ . {i≤-bn-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠mWv \ap°v \msf-sb-∏-‰n-bp-ff Bi¶ D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. hnizmkw am{Xa√ ssZhw.ƒ at\m-lc . {i≤-bp≈ Hcp-h≥ C∂n-emWv Pohn-°p-I. tkmf-as‚ Ip∏m-bt.f-¶nepw Pohn-®n-´p≠mbncn °Ww.mb hkv{X-ßft√ B en√n-s®-Sn-Iƒ AWn-™n-cn-°p-∂X .n-bm-Wv. kwi- 152 .w.Ø-sb-¶nepw A∂w In´m-Xn-cp-∂n-´pt≠m? Fgp-]Xp hb-  p≈ Hcmƒ F{X Znh-kß .

{i≤-bp≈-h-t\m. km[m- 153 . Imem-Zn- bmb arZp-\q-emse s\øp-samcp eoem-]Sw `h-Xn -sabvtaemsI aqSpw. Ft∏mgpw F√m-h¿°pw Cu \nanjw am{Xta D≈q.n-an-jß. Ft∏m-gmWv \Ω-fn¬ acWw kw`-hn-°p-∂X .n¬ \n߃°p ac-Wa . Ah≥ hfsc Ab-Xv\- e-fn-X-am-bn C∂ns‚ Cu \nan-jØn¬ ]q¿Æ-\mbn.v. AXmWv Hcp Ejn kam-[n-bm-Ip-Ibpw km[m-c-W-°m¿ acn-®p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sNøp∂p F∂p ]d-bm≥ Imc-Ww.n-cn-°p-∂X . AXp-sIm≠v AXns\ kam[n F∂p ]d-bpw.n¬ Ccn-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ib . AXp-sIm-≠v Cu \nan-jØ .n¬ \ap°v \ΩpsS apgp-h≥ t_m[-tØbpw sIm≠p-h- cm≥ Ign-bp-Ib .psS At\-I\ .ns‚ [\y-Xb . ]t£.m-sW-¶n¬ AXn-s\-bmWv \nXyX F∂p ]d-bp- ∂-Xv.n¬\n∂v a\- ns\ am‰p- ∂pthm At∏mƒ arXyp-hn-te°p IS-°p-∂p.∏-Sp-tºmgpw \n߃ acn-°p- ∂n√. ac-Wt. AXv ka-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv.Øm- Sp-IqSn {i≤tbmsS Pohnbv°ptºmƒ \n߃ Aar-Xc . Ime-tZ-i_m[nXa√mØ AΩ-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-™p._m-[Ø .m-Wv.∏-´p-t]m-Ipw. [o F∂p ]d-™m¬ Adn-hv ˛ _p≤n. C∂-se-bn-tet°m \msf-bn-tet°m Nm©m-SmsX a\- n-s\ Hcp tI{µ-Ønte°.f.n-te°p IS-°p-∂p.v Hcp _nµp-hn-te°v Bhm-ln-®p- sIm-≠ph∂v AXns\ AhnsS Cf-ImsX \n¿Ø-Ww. Cu \nan-j-Øns‚ ]q¿Æ-X-bn¬ Ccn- °p∂ ka-bØv Ejn-bpsS icocw Ne-\-a‰p t]mbmepw Ejn°v Xm≥ acn®p F∂p≈ Adnhv D≠m-Ip-∂n-√.ƒ tN¿∂n-´mWv Hcp PohnXw D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. Aßs\ \ndhp≈ \nan-jß .mbn ChnsS Cu \nan-jØ .n-√. Hcp Ejn C∂ns‚. ChnsS Ct∏mƒ ]q¿Æm¿∏-Wt. Cu \nan-j-Øn¬ \ΩpsS a\ v ]q¿Æ-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xm- Wp \nXyX. ka-am-bn-cn-°p∂ [o. Cu \nan-jØ . Cu \nan- j-Øn¬ Ba-·-\mbn Ime-tZ-i-t_m-[-an-√msX Pohn-°p∂p. \msfsb°pdn®v Nn¥n-°p-tºmƒ \ap°v Cu \nanjw \jvSs . `h-Xn°v Ime-tZ-i-ß-fn-s√-¶nepw `hXn ico-c-Øn¬ Ime- tZ-iw-sIm≠v \n¿ΩnXamb Hcp ]pSh Np‰n-bn-´p-≠v. C∂p apgp-h≥ Ah≥ \mtf-°p-th≠n Icp-∏n-Sn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p∂ Hcp `b-¶-c- ]-cn-{i-an-bm-bn-cn-°pw.m-sW-¶n¬ icocw \jvSs . Ime-tZ-im-Xo-Xa .v? Ft∏mƒ Cu \nan-jØ . AXp-sIm≠v `hXn Ime-tZ-im-Xo-X-am-sW-¶nepw `h-Xn-bpsS ]pS-h-bn-emWv F√m-hcpw IÆpw-\´.b-ap-≈-h≥ \msf-bn¬ Pohn-°m≥ B{K-ln-°pw.

F\n°v ]©- kmc Iq´n Hcp Nmb IpSn°m≥t]mepw Ign-bp-∂n-√. At∏mƒ Hcn-°¬ kpJn-°m-sat∂m A\p-`-hn-°m-sat∂m hnNm-cn®v D≠m-°n-b-sXms° ]n∂oSv hcp-tºmƒ kpJn-°m≥ Ign-bmØ Ah-ÿ-bn-te°p t]mIp-∂p. \o \mZ-cq-]n-Wn-bm-Wv. C{X-Imew Pohn-°-W-sa∂v F-¥n\p B{K-ln-°p-∂p? F{X- Imew Pohn-®m-se-¥m? \n߃°v Hcp \qdp hb- p -In-´n-bm¬ F¥mWv {]tbmP\w? \qdp-h-b- p-sIm≠pw Hcp Znhkw \mtem At©m t\cw im∏mSv ASn-°m-sa-∂-√msX AXn¬°q-Sp-X¬ a\p-jy\v F¥v sNøm≥ Ign-bp-∂p? AXp-h-®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ \mw Btcm-Ky-kw-_-‘n-bmtbm a\ ns\ kw_-‘n-®tXm Bb thh-em-Xn-I-fn¬\n∂v ap‡-am-Ip-tºmƒXs∂ \ΩpsS {]iv\- ß-fn¬\n∂v \Ωƒ ]pd-Øp-I-S-∂p. Cu 154 . Atlm! \mSIw \nJn-e-hpw. Btcm-Ky-kw-_-‘-amb thh-em-Xn-Ifpw If-bp- I. Aßs\ ]d-bm≥ ]e¿°pw Ignbmdn√.?” Rm≥ acn-®p-t]m-bm¬ Fs‚ _m¶v sUt∏m-kn‰v C\nbpw Iptd _m°n-bp-≠t.S . \mZ-cq-]nWn F∂p hnfn- °p-tºmƒ hfsc kwKo-Xm-fl-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp A\p-`-h-amWv \ΩpsS D≈n¬ D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv.\ap°v ]d-bm\mIptam AΩ Hcp kwKo-X-am-sW-∂v. F√m i_vZ-ßfpw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv c≠p hkvXp-°-fpsS Iq´nbSn-°-en¬\n-∂m-Wv. Fs∂-¶nepw kpJn-°m-sa∂p hnNm-cn-®mWv AsX-Sp-Øp-h-®-Xv. H∂pw Rm≥ A\p-`-hn-°msX FSp-Øp-h-®-Xm-Wv. \mZ-cq-]nWn.√m.t Ømfw B _p≤n°v Hcp Nm©m´w D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. tl.‘ n. F√mw Hcp \mS-I-am-Wv.cW a\p.® n. ]Øp-ap-∏Xp h¿jw Rm≥ ]Wn-sb-SpØp kºm-Zn® ]W-sa√mw _m¶n¬ InS-°p-I-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ bYm¿∞- Øn-ep≈ AΩ-bpsS kzcq]w \mZ-cq-]-amWv. ]t£. Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? AΩ F∂p≈ A\p-`hw \ΩpsS D≈n-te°p IS-∂p-h-cp-∂Xv ]e¿°pw ]e-X-c-Øn-em-Wv. Abmƒ ]dbpw: “Rm≥ acn-°m≥ t]mhp-I-bm-Wt√m Rm≥ acn-®p-I-gn-™m¬ Fs‚ `mcy-tbbpw Ip™p-ß-tfbpw Bcp t\m°pw.j ys\ kw_. AXp-sIm≠v D∏p-Iq-´n H∂pw Ign°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√. AXp-sIm≠v Pohn-X- Øn¬ ac-W-sØ-°p-dnt®m Bbp- n-s\-°p-dnt®m D≈ thh-em- Xn-Iƒ If-bpI. Fs∂-¶nepw \ΩpsS AΩ-bpsS apJØp t\m°n. AΩ \mZ-am-Wv. {]j¿ h∂p. Fs‚ BtcmKyw £bn-°m≥ XpS-ßn.

L¿j.\ . Ne\w Iq´n-b-Sn-°-en¬\n-∂mWv D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ \mZw Aßs\ D≠m- Ip. kØ H∂mbncn°p∂Xn¬\n∂v .\ . kwKoXw D]-tbmKn®v am\p-Isf hio- I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-sa-∂mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv.m-Wv. AXv aIp-Sn-bpsS Ne\w sIm≠m-sW∂pw ]mºp-Iƒ°v i_vZw tIƒ°m≥ Ign-bn√ F∂pw ]d-bp-∂p-s≠- ¶nepw Nne Iº-\-߃ Ahbv°v a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p-≠v. Cu \mZw-Xs∂ \Ω-psS c‡-Nw-{I-aW hyh-ÿ-bp-ambn CWßn t®¿∂ncn°pIbmWv.X √.h sØ hniz. Hcp ssIbSn i_vZw \o D≠m°q F∂v.W - Øn¬\nt∂m. AXp \ap°p Xs∂ Adn- bm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.∂ .P .Ø n¬\nt∂m BWv D≠m.]mºp-Isf Nen-∏n- °p-∂Xv ImWm-dp-≠v.t bmSv tN¿Øp-h-®p-]-d-bp-∂-Xv.I p.X v . hfsc tZyjy- 155 . hen-b-h- enb kwKo-X-hn-Zzm-∑m-scms° \mZm-\p-k-‘m\w sNøp-∂-h-cm- Wv.≠ mWv B A\p.tai-∏p-dØv Cßs\ ASn-®m¬ am{X-amWv i_vZ-ap-≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v i_vZ-Øn\v \Ω-psS Pohn-XsØ \nb-{¥n-°m≥ hen-sbmcp i‡n-bp-≠v.s f√mw Ne. i_v Z . Cu \mZw \Ω-psS lrZ-bØ . AXp-t]mse \Ω-fpw \√ kwKoXw tIƒ°p∂ ka-bØv a\- s √mw XWpØv Hcp {]tXyI Ah-ÿ-bn-te°p t]mIp-∂Xv ImWmw. CXneqsS Hcp tNmZyw Ah-cpsS ap∂n-te°v C´p-sIm-Sp-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ft∏mƒ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ i_vZ-߃ \ne-°p-Ibpw \mZw P\n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂pthm A∂p-am-{X-amWv \ap°v Pohn-X- Øns‚ kpXm-cy-Xbpw B\-µhpw A\p-`-h-am-hp-I-bp-≈q. AXp. c≠p ssIIƒ Iq´n-b-Sn-®m¬ am{Xta i_vZw D≠m-hp-I-bp-≈q.b mb AΩ. Nne Bfp-Iƒ aIpSn DuXn.` . \o \mZ-cq-]n-Wn-bm-Wv F∂v. Hcp ssIsIm-≠v i_vZ-ap-≠m°q F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ah¿°Xp a\- n-em-Ip-∂n-√. Hmw F∂p sNm√p-tºmƒ Hcp \mZw AXns‚ D≈nep≠v. CXns\ at\m-ebw F∂mWv ]d-bpI. kwL´\.Ø n¬\nt∂m. F∂m¬ \mZw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv Aß-s\-b-√.\ n.s Im≠v sk≥ Kpcp°∑m¿ injy-∑m-tcmSp ]dbpw. As√-¶n¬ i_vZw D≠m-hpIbn√.∂ . \mZw H∂n¬\n∂v D≠m-Ip-∂-Xm- Wv .p-Ib .ß . Bflm-\p-k-‘m\w Xs∂-bmWv \mZm-\p-k-‘m-\w. AXp- sIm. \Ωƒ {]m¿∞\ XpS-ßp-∂-Xn-\p-apºv Hmw F∂p sNm√p-∂p.ns‚ XpSn-∏p-ambn hfsc _‘-s∏-´p-In-S° .

Zo]Iv cmKw ]mSn At±lw hnf°v IØn®p. ayqknIv sXmdm-∏n. 156 .t ºmƒ \ap°v A¤pXw tXm∂mw.° p. ]d- ™mepw tI´mepw I≠mepw Cu B›cyw Ah-km-\n-°p-∂n- √. AØ-c-Øn-ep-s≈mcp \mZ-`q-an-I-bn-te°v FØn-t®¿∂n-´p≈ tbmKn-Iƒ C∂v hf-sc-°p-d-hmWv. \mSIw F∂p ]d-™m¬ ck-Ic- am-b A\p-`-hw.X . DS-\Sn \ΩpsS a\- n¬ D≠m-bn-cp∂ {]iv\-ß-sfms° t]mbn.b p. B›-cy- hXv ]iyXn I›n-tZ-\w.I . AXn¬ \mZ-cq-]n-Wn-bn-√. kwKoXØns‚ km[y. thsdm-cmƒ B›-cy-am-bn tIƒ°p-∂p. Ct∏mƒ Aß-s\-sbmcp imkv{XimJ Xs∂ hnI-kn®p hcp- ∂p-≠v. B \mS-I-Øn¬ \n߃ CSbv°v Icbpw CSbv°v Nncn-°pw. Aßs\ cmK-߃°pw Xmf-߃°pw a\- ns\ kzm[o-\n-°p-hm≥ Ign- bp-∂p-. AXv `K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ A¿Pp-\-t\mSv ]d™p sImSp-ØXm-Wv.d n®v ]d. ]t£. kwKoXamsW∂p \sΩ tXm∂n-∏n-°p-∂-tX-bp-≈q. ayqknIv D]-tbm-Kn-®p tcmK-ßsf NnIn¬kn-®p t`Zam°m≥ Ignbpw. AIv_dpsS kZ- nse kwKoX hnZzm-\m-bn-cp∂ Xm≥tk≥ taL-a¬lm¿ F∂ cmKw ]mSn. \Ω-psS kn\nam-Km-\-ßfpw D]I-cW kwKo-X-ßfpw shdpw tImem-lew am{X-am-sW∂p Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Bflm-hns‚ B›cyw Aß-s\-bp-≈X . CXn¬\n∂pw kwKoXw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ ss\k¿KnI- ambn ÿnXn sNøp-∂ps≠∂mWv a\- n-em-t°-≠-Xv. PohnXw Hcp \mS-I-amWv. AXn¬ kwKo-X-an-√. Pohn- X-Øn¬ Cu B›cyw Ft∏mgpw \nd-™n-cn-°Ww. kwKoXw \mZ-cq-]n-Wn-bn-tebv°p hcWw. Hcp-h≥ PohnXsØ B›-cy-am-bn ImWp-I-bm-Wv. AXn-\p-≈ i‡n Nne cmK-߃°p≠v.s f. i_vZØ .n-s‚ \mZ-`q-an-bn-te°v FØn-t®¿∂ \mZtbmKnIƒ°v B i‡n-bp-s≠-∂p≈ Imcy-Øn¬ ehteiw kwiban√. AXp-sIm≠mWv Kpcp ]d-bp-∂Xv PohnXw Hcp \mS-I-am-sW-∂v. hfsc t{ImWn-°m-bn-cn-°p∂ Nne tcmK-ßsf kwKo-Xw-sIm≠p NnIn¬kn-°m≥ Ignbpw. lm! kuay- amb kwKoXw F∂p ]d™v a\ v im¥-am-Ip-∂p.s∏´v Cu¿jytbmSp IqSn Ccn-°p∂ ka-b-Ømbn-cn°pw Hcp \√ kwKoXw \ΩpsS sNhn-bn-te°p hcp-∂-Xv. hfsc ck-I-c-am-b Hcm-›-cy-amWv Pohn-Xw.ag s]øn-®p. AXmWp th≠-Xv.m-Wv.

” AXp-t]m-se-bmWv Kpcp ChnsS ]d-bp-∂Xv: Atlm! \mSIw \nJn-e-hpw. B acn® hy‡n-bpsS icocw IØn-®p-If™n´v Ah¿ Imb hdp-Ø-sXms° Xn∂v Xami ]d-™n-cn-°p-I-bm- Wv. Bfp-If . shdp-samcp Xam-i.a-∂s . \mcm-bW Kpcp-hn\v sNdp-∏-Øn¬ hfsc A¤pXw tXm∂n- bn-´p≈ Hcp Imcyap≠v. ac-Ws . c≠p-aq∂p-Zn-hkw Ign™v Kpcp Cu ho´n-te°p h∂-t∏mƒ Ahsc-√m-hcpw Ifn-X-am-i-Iƒ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Cu temIw. 157 . At∏mƒ Kpcp hnNmcn-®p: “F¥n-\mWv Ch¿ Sn®p Ic-bp-Ib C{X Ae-ap-d-bn´v Ic-bp-∂Xv? Ch-cpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ C\n Cu ZpxJw amdp-I-bnt√?” Kpcp Ch-cpsS ZpxJw I≠n´v hnP-\-X- bn¬t]mbn [ym\n-®n-cp-∂p. Xs‚ ASpØ Hcp _‘p acn®p. At∏mƒ Kpcp hnNm-cn-®p: “Fs¥mcp adn-ambw.Xmcp Xam-i. B ho´n-tebv°v sN∂-t∏mƒ Ahn-sS-bp≈ Bfp-I-sf√mw acn-®n-cn- °p∂ hy‡n-bpsS PUØn\p Np‰pw IqSn-bn-cp∂v s\©-Ø- . Ft´m HºtXm hb- p-am-{Xw {]mbw.psS PohnXw Hcp Xam-i.m-Wv. A∂v Kpcphn\v sNdp-∏-am-bn-cp-∂p.

158 . Aw_m Xcp∂p hnPbw ˛ hnPbw Xcp∂Xv AΩbmWv. F≥ ]m]sabvhXn\v ˛ Fs‚ ]m]I¿Ωßsf `RvPn°p∂Xn\v HcºmbnSp∂p Adnhv ˛ Adnhv Hcºmbn h¿Øn°p∂p. Ggv F≥ ]m-]-sa-bvhXn-s\m-c-ºm-bn-Sp-∂-dnhp \n≥ ]mZ-Xm-cn-se-gp-sa˛ ∂≥]mWp au¿hnsbm-cn-cpºmw a\w [\p-c˛ lw`m-hn-bmWp hnP-bo. ]m]]¶new ˛ A⁄m\w ]pc≠ Alw`m\amIpw ˛ ‘Rm≥’Adnhns‚ {]Imiambn amdpw AXn\m¬ ˛ Rm≥ {]Imin®m¬ h≥ `mcam¿∂ X\phpw ˛ henbXpw `mctadnbXpamb Cu icocw `m\amw ˛ {]Imikzcq]ambn amdpw AJnew DeIhpw ˛ F√m ZriytemIhpw `m\amIpw ˛ At∏mƒ {]Imi]qcnXamIpw. \n≥]mZXmcn¬ Fgpw ˛ \ns‚ ]mZIaeØnep≈ F≥ A≥]mWp au¿hn˛ Fs‚ `‡nbmWv RmWmbncn°p∂Xv. Alw`mhnbmWp ˛ Bfl`mhsØ [ym\n°p∂h≥ hnPbo ˛ PohnXhnPbw t\Sp∂p. Hcncpºmw a\w [\p ˛ Ccpºpt]mse Dd∏p≈ a\ mWv hn√v. Aw_m Xcp∂p hnPbw ]m]-]-¶n-e-a˛ lw `m-\-am-Ip-a-Xn-\m¬ h≥ `m-c-am¿∂ X\phpw `m\-am-ap-e-I˛ hpw `m\-am-Ip-a-Jn-ew.

n-\p-ap-ºp-Xs∂ IpXnbv°m\pw Xp≈m\pw XpS-ßpw. sIm®p-Ip-´n-Iƒ FWo-‰p-\S. \ΩpsSsb√mw P∑w {]mc-_v[-I¿Ωß-fn¬\n-∂mWv.m¿ ]d- bpw.I. AXn-\mWv ssIbpw Imepw \mhpw D]-ÿhpw ]mbphpw Hs° X∂n-cn-°p-∂X . Ah¿°v AS- ßn-sbm-Xpßn Ccn-°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√.pam-W.v Imc-Wsa¥mWv? Ah-cpsS D≈n¬ C‘\w Ccn- °p-Ib. hmk\ Poh-tNm-Z\ .n\v Pohn-°m≥ AXns‚-bp-≈n¬Xs∂ C‘-\a .v I¿Ωw Du¿÷k©bamWv. P∑-sa-Sp- °p∂Xn\v A\n-hm-cy-am-b Nne i‡n-tNm-Z\ .Adn-hv amdp∂p. AsXms° \Ωƒ Pohn-®p- Xo¿°-Ww. Ipd-®p-IqSn Ign-™m¬ Ah¿ ASn-°m\pw CSn-°m\pw XpS-ßpw.c .v Cu C‘\-an-s√-¶n¬ F{X `£Ww Ign-®mepw Pohn-°n-√.m-W.n´v aqVcmb Nne a\x-im-k{v X-⁄∑ .m≥ XpS-ßp-∂X . ]t£. C‘\w ASn-°m-sX-Xs∂ Bh-iy-Øn\v C-‘\w Cu icocØn\p≈nep≠v. F√m Ip´n-Ifpw NmSn-Øp≈n \S-°p-∂h .v Ip´nIƒ \n›eamIW sa∂p iTn°p∂Xv \ΩpsS kuIcyØn\p th≠nbmWv.n-Ib.mWv. Cu ico-cØ .° . ssIsIm≠v sNøm-hp-∂Xpw Imep-sIm-≠v sNøm-hp-∂Xpsams° Ah¿ sNøpw. Hcp {]tXyI Afhv C‘\w D≈n¬ h®n-´mWv Cu icocw Ctßm´p hcp-∂-Xv.≥ thKw acn-®p-t]m-Ipw. Aºv Hcp Bbp[hpw D]m-bh . B Ip´n ssl∏¿ BIvSo-hm-sW-∂.v Fs‚ ]m]sØ FbvXp `RvPn°phm≥ Hcp Aºm-bn.ƒ \ΩpsS ]n∂n- ep-≠.p-≠v. AXp IØn ]pd-Øp-t]m-I-W-sa-¶n¬ \Ωƒ I¿Ω-߃ sNø-Ww. CXp-I≠ . AXp-sIm-≠v C‘\w IØn ]pd-Øp-t]m-tI≠Xp≠v. AXns\ hmk\ F∂p ]d-bpw.v.b .v ]m]w I¿ΩkwLmXamWv. AXv ]m]Øns‚ Zm¿i\nIX 159 . Cu icocw F¥n\p-≠mbn? I¿ΩtimjWØn\pw hmk\m£bØn\pw th≠nbmWv.m-sW-¶n¬ Imin- √m-Øh .m-W. ]m]Øns‚ Zm¿i\nIX F ≥ ]m]w FbvhXn\v Hcp Aºm-bn-Sp∂p Adn-h. A√msX Fs∂∂pw C‘\w \nd®p Pohn-t°-≠n-hc .

w. a\x-im-kv{X-⁄≥ Itk-c-bn¬ Ibdn Ccn-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse Hcp Ip´n Itk-c-bn¬ Ibdn Ccn-°Ww F∂mWv Abmƒ ]d-bp-∂-Xv.o-£W .a-bvhXn\v Hc-ºm-bn-Sp-∂d .n-°m≥ CS-hc ..a-¶n¬ B Ip´n BIvSo-hm-IW .w.n¬\n∂pw ]pd-Øp- IS°W-sa-¶n¬ Hcp am¿§w Kpcp ]d-™p-Xc .p-∂Xv Cß-s\-bmWv: ‘Adn-hn¬ \S-°p∂ Cu hrØnIsfm∂pw Ft‚-Xm-bn Adn-bm≥ ]mSn-√.p∂p.≠ n. AsX-t∏mgpw \sΩ ho¿∏p-ap-´n-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p∂p. AXp-sIm-≠v Hcp Pn⁄mkp F∂pw B{K-ln-°p-∂Xv Cu _‘- \-Øn¬\n∂pw ]pd-Øp-IS.s Im. Hcp {]tXyI Afhv C‘-\hpam-bn \Ωƒ Pohn- °m≥ hcn-Ibpw Pohn-®p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ ho≠pw ho≠pw Sm¶v \nd- ™p.n-hv. shdptX I¿Ωw sNbvXm¬ ho≠pw \ΩpsS D≈nse I¿Ωhmk\ IqSpItbbp≈q. ]t£.≠? Ip´n°v HmSn-°f . AXp-sIm≠v B Ip´nsb ]nSn®v Hcn-°epw Hcp a\x-im-kv{X-⁄s‚ Itk-cb .n-t\-°mƒ kpJ-Icam-sW∂v F√m-hcpw hnNm- cn-°p-∂p-≠v. D≈n¬ Ft∏mgpw “Rm≥ Rm≥” F∂ `mhw.n-°W .n¬ t\m°p-tºmƒ PohnXw acn-°p-∂X . `uXn-Ih .D]t`mKkwkvImcØns‚ Hcp A`n{]mbamWv. AXmWv ]d-bp-∂Xv: F≥]m-]s .n¬ Ccp-Øc . Aev]w B≤ym-fln-I-_p-≤n D≈n¬ D≠m- bn-°-g-n-™m¬ Cu Pohn-X-Øn¬ ZpxJhpw _‘\hpw am{X-ta- bp-≈q F∂p ImWm\mIpw.b m. AXv IØn-Øo-cW . Ip´n°v NmSn- tbmSn Ifn-°t. Adnhv F∂m¬ ssZhw.° p. CXv Iznkv a’cØn¬ tNmZn-°p∂ Adn-h-√. F√m Ip´n-I- fnepw Hcp-]mSv C‘\ap≠v. ssl∏¿ BIvSo- sh∂p ap{Z-IpØn Ahs‚ D≈n¬ ]m]sØ D≠m-°-cp-Xv. Adnhv F∂m¬ Bflm-hv.v _‘-\Ø . AsXm∂p amdp-∂-tX-bn-√.p-Xv.s W.m-\m-W.¶ ntem? Aßs\ h∂m¬ ho≠pw ho≠pw P\n-°-Ww.I .I bpw sNøp. AXn-\p-th-≠n-bmWv \Ω- fpsS I¿Ω-Øns‚ ]n∂n¬ Ccn-°p∂ C‘-\sØ ˛ hmk-\- Isf ]pd-tØ°p If-tb≠ tbmKPohnXw a\ nemt°≠n hcp∂Xv.. 160 . Hcp-X-c-Ønepw \ap°v imco-cn-I- hpw B¥cnIhp-amb kzmX-{¥yw C√.. Cu C‘-\-am-Ip∂ hmk-\-sb If-™n-s√-¶n¬ P\- \-a-c-W-ß-fn-eqsS ZpxJ-ßfpw kpJ-ßfpw _‘-\-ßfpw Hs° A\p-`h .v CXp \Ω- fpsS km[m-cW Adn-h√ ..c n. I¿Ωw sNøp-tºmƒ Nne Imcy-߃ {i≤n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.’ Kpcp-hns‚ Hcp {]tXyI kw⁄-bmWv Adn-h.s .Ø .° .

Ø . AXp-sIm-≠mWv ]m]w F∂p ]d-bp-∂- Xv.c n.w. F∂m¬ IS-en¬ t]mbn tNcp.mbn-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. “Adn-hn-ep-ta-dn-b-dn-™n-Sp-∂-h≥ X≥ Dcp-hn-ep-samØp ]pd-Øp-ap-÷zen°pw I-cp-hn\p IÆp-I-f-©p-ap-≈-S°n sXcp-sXsc hoWp hW-ßn-tbm-Xn-tS-Ww.m-b Pe-am-bn-´m-W.I . tKmapJn¬\n∂v KwK D¤-hn-°p-∂Xv kv^Sn-Ik . NnØ-ip-≤o-I-c- Wm¿∞-amWv \Ωƒ Pohn-t°-≠X .v. IYm¿knkv B¥cnIamb ip≤o-I-c- WamWv.v I¬°-´bntem hmcWmknbntem thsd GsX-¶nepw L´-Øntem t]mbn KwKsb ImWp-I-bm- sW-¶n¬ Ie-ßn-a-dn™v IpØn-sbm-en®v F√m amen-\y-ß-fpw- sIm-≠v AXp hcp∂Xp ImWmw.n¬ Adn-hnepw Gdn Adn-™n-Sp∂ Cu Adn-hn-s\-°p-dn-®mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv.D≠m-bn- cp-∂p. CXp-t]mse \Ωfpw amen-\y-k-©-b- hp-am-bn-´mWv hcp-∂-Xv. ssihkn≤m¥nIƒ°v ]m]w aeamWv.Z-ii . \mcm-bW . At∏mƒ D¤-hn-°p-∂n-SØv hnip-≤-am-bn-cn-°pbpw Ipd-®p-Imew Hgp-In-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ F√m amen-\y-ß-tfbpw AXv H∏n- sb-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.t ºmƒ IS¬ ]ns∂ AXns\ ip≤o.≈ pw.® p.” Btflm-]t. AXv henb Hc-dn-hm-Wv. ssZhw hne-°n-bn´pw B hne-°ns\ hI-h-bv°msX l∆m hne-°-s∏´ I\n Ign-®p. ]m›m-Xy¿°v CXn-s\-°p-dn®v Hcp sNdnb [mc-W. NnØ-ip≤n F∂p ]d-™m¬ D≈n¬\n∂v Cu I¿Ω-ß-fp-sS..¶.Cßs\ Ft∏mgpw a\- n-em-°W . AXp-sIm-≠mWv Acn-kvt‰m-´n¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv ip≤oIcWw (catharsis) D≠m-I-W-sa-∂v. PohnXw apgph\pw NnØ-ip-≤o-I-c-W-Øn\p≈ Hcp AhkcamWv.m-ia.pcp ‘Adn-sh’∂p . _mly-amb ]m]Øns‚ Zm¿i\nIX 161 . CXv ap‡n-k-µm-b-I-am-b Adn- hm-Wv.s Im. tNmZ-\-I-fpsS sI´p-Iƒ Agn-®- gn®p If-bp-I F∂mWv. l∆bv°v hne-°-s∏´ I\n Ign-°m- \p≈ t{]cW D≠m-bXv A¥-cm-flm-hn¬\n-∂-√.I . Cu Adn-hns\ B{i-bn-®psIm≠v Cu Adn-hn¬ \S- °p∂ {Inb-I-fmWv F√mw F∂-dn™v Pohn-°p-tºmƒ Pohn-X- Ønse ]m]-ß-sf√mw AXm-bXv I¿Ω-`m-WvU-ß-sf√mw Hgn- s™m-gn™v \mw hnip-≤c . F{Xtbm P∑-ß-fn-eq-sS-bmWv Cu icocw Ctßm´v Hgp-In-sb-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.K ]d-™m¬ AXv km[m-cW Adn-h√ .X .

At∏m-f-Xnse hnim-eX \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠v P\n-®p-ho-gp∂ Hcp Ip™n- s\-t∏mepw ]m]n F∂p hnfn-°p-∂-Xn¬ {InkvXp-aXw tZmjw ImWp-∂n-√._m[w Xo≠n-bn-´n-√mØ l∆ e÷m- h-Xn-bm-bn. Cu BZn- ]m]w ]n∂o-Sp-h∂ F√m P\-ßf .m-bn-cp-∂p.n-eqsS s]cp-In-s∏-cpIn AXv temI-Øns‚ \ne-\n¬∏n-s\-Xs∂ _m[n-®-t∏m-gmWv ssZhw Xs∂ Hcp ]p{Xs\ Cu `qan-bn--te-°b .mbn ss__nƒ Icp-Xp-∂p. ]m]sØ hnip-≤o-I- cn-°m-\p≈ am¿§w D]-tZ-in-®X .p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Ah¿ thgvNbn¬ G¿s∏´p.ns‚ `mj-bn¬ ]d-™m¬ kmØzn-Ia . Ah¿ Ce-Is .‡ .h∂ {]hm-N-I-∑msc Iim∏p sNtø-≠n-h-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v ssZhw Hcp ]p{Xs\ am{Xta Ctßm´v Ab-®p≈q F∂p ]d-bp-∂p.ß. At∏m-fh . l∆ I\n Ign-®p.® .mb {]X-e- Øn¬ cP- n-t‚bpw Xa- n-t‚bpw If-¶ß . C{µn-bß .s‚ hm°p-Iƒ l∆bv°v icn-bmbn tXm∂n.ƒ _mly- tem-IØ.n-eqsS IS-∂p-hc . D]-\n-jØ .v. Cu ]m]w Xe-ap-dI . ss]im-Nn-Ii .p- ∂p.ƒ hnX-dp-∂p.f-SpØv Xp∂n-s°´n hkv{X- ap-≠m-°n \mWw ad-®p.ƒ A¥¿tem-IØ .mbn ss__nƒ ]d-bp-∂p.v.\ .b .f .Zu-Xy-am-bn-cp- ∂p.p-\n-∂mWv hcp-∂X . aX-ß-fnse Cu ÿm]n-X-Xm¬]-cy-߃ F∂pw 162 .\bpw B I\n Ign-∏n-®p.X .n-bp≈ {]tem-`I.v. BZw BZysØ a\p-jy-\m-Wv. l∆ BZysØ kv{Xobpw.f.n-te°pw kw{I-an-°p-∂X . _p≤\pw kc-Xp-jv{Sbpw \mc-b-W-Kp- cphpw apl-Ω-Zp-sa√mw Ah-K-Wn-°-s∏-Spw. {]tem-`\ . ssZhw krjvSn® a\p-jy≥ Bflm-hn¬ Pohn-°p-∂h . AXp aX-Øns‚ Hcp X´n-∏m-Wv. B i‡n ]mºns‚ cq]-Øn¬h∂v ssZh-Øns‚ hne-°p-I-fpsS A¿∞-iq-\y-X-sb- °p-dn®v l∆sb ]d™p t_m[n-∏n-®p.Hcp i‡nbpsS {]tem-`-\-Øn¬\n-∂m-Wv.\v \m\m-Xz-{`-aß .p∂ Cu {]tem-`\.ß. AXp- sIm≠v C…mw-a-X-Øn-epw ]n∂o-Sp. AXp-hsc imco-cn-It.f. Hmtcm aX-Øn\pw AXn-t‚-Xmb ÿm]n-X -Xm¬]-cy-ß-fp- s≠-∂p-≈Xv ad-°m≥ ]mSn-√.ns‚ hnip-≤nsb sISp-Øn-°f . CtX X´n-∏p-X-s∂-bmWv C…mw-a-X-Ønepw apl-ΩZv A¥y-{]-hm-N-I-\m-sW∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. DSs\ Xs‚ ]pcp-jt. c≠p- t]¿°pw \mWw h∂p. Cu kw`- hsØ BZn-]m-]a . tbip-hns‚ P∑hpw hfsc Xp—-amb Ime-b-f-hn¬ `qan-bn¬ \S-Ønb hnip-≤o-I-c-Whpw XnI™ Ah-Xm-c.

temI-Øn\v hn]-Øp-°ƒ D≠m-°nbn-´p-≠v. aXw a\p-jys‚ \∑-
bv°p-th-≠n-bm-bn-cn-°Ww. \mcm-b-W-Kp-cp-hn\v AXp ]d-bp-hm-
\p≈ ss[cyw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-eqsS Kpcp aXsØ Xo¿Øpw
Ah-K-Wn-°p-I-b√ sNøp-∂-Xv. aX-Øns‚ BXy-¥n-I-amb
e£yw a\pjys‚ \∑sb {]Im-in-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv. [¿Ω-Øn\v
•m\n hcp-tºm-sgms° Ahn-sS-sb√mw Cuiz-c≥ Ah-X-cn-°m-
dp-≠v. hnim-e-amb A¿∞-Øn¬ a\- n-em-t°≠ Hcp kwK-Xn-
bm-Wn-Xv. F√m alm-flm-°-fnepw ]e A\p-]m-X-Øn-ep≈ Ah-
Xm-c-tkm-t±-iy-X-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Aßs\ FSp-°p-tºmƒ apl-
Ω-Zp-\_- ntbm tbip-{In-kvXpthm {ioIr-jvWt\m am{X-a√ ChnsS
Ah-Xc - n-®n-´p-≈X - v. tkm{I-´okpw Acn-tÃm-´nepw Imd¬am¿Ivkpw
am¿´n≥ eq-X¿InMpw t{^mbnUpw sF≥Ão\pw F√mw Hcp
XcØn-e-s√-¶n¬ as‰mcp Xc-Øn¬ a\p-jy-\nse Xn∑-Isf Zqco-
I-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬ {]b-Xv\n-®n-´p-≠v.
A\-¥-amb kXysØ km¥-am-°p-∂-XmWv `mc-Xo-b-Z¿i-\-
{]-Imcw ]m]w. A⁄m-\w-sIm-≠mWv Hcmƒ°v Xs‚ hy‡nXzw
]cn-an-X-ambn tXm∂p-∂-Xv. Cu ]cn-anX-amb hy‡n-XzsØ `cn-
°p∂ t{]c-W-Isf aq∂mbn Xcw-Xn-cn-®n-´p-≠v. Ah aq∂p-X-c-
Øn-ep≈ I¿Ω-ß-fm-Wv. {]mc-_v[w, k©n-Xw, BKm-an. I¿Ω-
Øn\pw ]m]-Øn\pw kam-\a - mb A¿∞-amWv Kpcp ChnsS sImSp-
Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Cu aq∂p I¿Ω-ßsf Ime-hn-`-P-\-hp-ambn X´n®p
a\- n-em-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. `qX-Im-e-Øn-en-cn-°p∂ I¿Ω-ßsf
k©n-X-I¿Ω-sa∂pw h¿Ø-am-\-Im-eØv {]h¿Øn-°p∂ I¿Ω-
ßsf {]mc-_v[-I¿Ω-sa∂pw `mhn-bn¬ kw`-hn-°m-\n-cn-°p∂
I¿ΩsØ BKm-an-I¿Ω-sa∂pw ]d-bp-∂p.
Hcp DZm-lc - Ww ]d-bmw. Hcp A`ymkn Bh-\m-gn-bn¬\n∂v
Akv{X-sa-SpØv hn√n¬sXm-SpØv e£y-Øn-te°v Føp-∂p.
CXn¬ hy‡-ambpw aq∂p L´-ßsf \ap°v ImWm≥ Ign-bW - w.
H∂v , Bh- \ m- g n- b n¬ Akv { X- ß ƒ Ccn- ° p∂ L´w. c≠v ,
hn√n¬\n∂pw Akv{Xw sXmSp-Øp-hn-Sp∂ L´w. aq∂v, Akv{Xw
e£ysØ t`Zn-®-Xn-\p-ti-j-ap≈ L´w. Cu aq∂v L´-ßsf
Npcp°n Cßs\ ]d-bmw. I¿Ω-t{]-cW - ˛ I¿Ωw ˛ I¿Ω-^ew.
Bh-\m-gn-bn-en-cn-°p∂ Akv{Xw \ncp-]{- Z-hI - m-cn-If
- m-Wv. Ahsb
k©n-XI - ¿Ω-tØmSv D]-an-°mw. a\p-jy-\n¬ Ah hmk-\I - f
- mbn
]m]Øns‚ Zm¿i\nIX 163

ibn-°p-∂p-≠v. \nc-lw-Ir-Xa - mbn t_m[-sØ-fn-ab - n¬ I¿Ω-ß-f-
\p-jvTn-°p-tºmƒ Cu k©n-X-I¿Ω-ß-sf√mw Nmº-em-bn-Øo-
cpw. Ah-bpsS {]tbm-K-£-aX \in-®p-t]m-Ipw. hdpØ hnØp-
Iƒ ]ns∂ apf- b v ° p- I - b n- √ - t √m. F∂m¬ hn√n¬\n∂pw
sXmSp∂ Akv{Xw e£ysØ t`Zn-°p-∂-Xp-hsc Hcp-X-c-Ønepw
\nb-{¥-W-hn-t[-b-a-√. I¿Ω-Øns‚ Cu kz`m-hsØ {]mc-_v[-
sa∂p a\- n-em-°-Ww. \ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ ]e-t∏mgpw h∂p
`hn-°p∂ Zpc-¥-ßfpw ku`m-Ky-ßfpw {]mc-_v[-Øns‚ `mK-
am-sW-¶n¬ Ahsb A\n-hm-cy-sa∂p IcpXn kzoI-cn-°p-Itb
\nhr-Øn-bp-≈q. s]mXpth Zpc-¥-߃ hcp-tºm-gmWv \mw {]mc-
_v[-sa-∂p Icp-Xm-dp-≈q.
`mc-X-Ønse k∂ym-kn-am¿ I¿Ω-ß-fn-te°v hen-®n-g-°-s∏-
Sp-tºmƒ kzbta ]d™v kam-[m-\n-°p-∂Xv {]mc_v[w F∂m-
Wv. k∂ym-kn-am¿°v ZpxJ-ap-≠m-°p-∂-sX√mw {]mc-_v[-am-Wv.
⁄m\w-sIm≠v I¿Ω-ßf - n-ep≈ XmZmflyw t]mIp-sa-¶nepw ico-
c-at- \m-kw-Lm-XØ - n¬ {]mc_v[w {]h¿Øn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°pw.
Hcp Poh-∑p-‡s\ Cu I¿Ωw _‘n-°p-I-tb-bn-√. F∂m¬
]pd-Øp-\n∂pw t\m°p∂ Hcmƒ°v Poh-∑p-‡s‚ ico-c-Øns‚
{]mc-_v[-I¿Ω-ßsf am{Xta ImWm≥ Ign-bpI-bp-≈q. AXp-
sIm-≠mWv Poh-∑p-‡-s\-t∏mepw kaqlw sX‰n-≤-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
tbip-hns‚ {]mc-_v[-amWv tbip sX‰n-≤-cn-°-s∏-Sp-hm≥ CS-
bm-b-sX∂p ]d-bmw. F¥p-sImt≠m tbip-hns‚ {]hr-Ønbpw
hm°p-Ifpw PqX-∑m¿°v a\- n-em-bn-√. tkm{I-´o-kn-t\bpw _p≤-
t\-bp-sams° Aßs\ kmam-\y-P\w a\- n-em-°n-bn-√. \mcm-
b-WK - p-cphpw CØ-cØ
- n¬ Gsd sX‰n-≤c - n-°s
- ∏-Sp-∂p. Hcp {]hm-
N-I\pw Hcp tbmKnbpw Ah¿ Pohn-®n-cp∂ kaq-lØ - n¬ th≠pw-
hÆw a\- n-em-°-s∏-´n-´n-√.
{]mc-_v[-Øn\v hn]p-e-amb A¿∞-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. BKman
`mhn-bn¬ \ap°v h∂\p-`-hn-°m≥ CSbp≈ I¿Ω-ß-fmWv.
h¿Ø-am-\-I¿Ω-Øns‚ I¿Xr-`m-hsØ \o°w-sN-bvXm¬ `mhn-
bn¬ hcm-\n-cn-°p∂ I¿Ω-^esØ Hgn-hm-°mw. I¿Ω-^-esØ
Hgn-hm-°n-s°m≠v Pohn-°p-∂Xv Hcp Ie-bm-Wv. Cu `qap-JØv
Aßs\ Iem-]-c-ambn Pohn-°p-hm≥ KoX \sΩ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p.

164

au¿hn F∂m¬ Rm¨. hn√ns‚ RmWm- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ Xv
A≥]mWv. \ns‚ ]mZ-ßf - n¬ {]W-an-°p∂ Fs‚ `‡n-bm-Wv.
ChnsS `‡n A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. `‡n F∂p ]d-™m¬ ka¿∏-W-
_p-≤n. F√mw P\-\n-bn¬ ka¿∏n-®p≈ Pohn-Xw. AXmWv
Aºns‚ Rm¨. hn√ns‚ c≠p Xe∏pIsf _‘n∏n°p∂
sI´mWv Rm¨. Rm\ns\ Rm¨sIm≠v ssZhØn¬
sI´nhbv°Ww. Poh\pw Bflmhn\pw CSbnep≈ t{]a]q¿hap≈
_‘amWv `‡n. \mcZ≥ Aßs\bmWv ]dbp∂Xv. km Xzkvan≥
]ca t{]acq]m˛Cuizc\nep≈ ]caamb t{]aamWv `‡n. t{]aw
a\pjys\ D∑njØm°p∂p. t{]aw lrZbØn¬ {]Imin®m¬
PohnXw Hcp \rØambn amdpw.
Hcp Ccpºmw a\w [\px. CXn-s‚ hn√m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv ZrV-am-
bn-cn-°p∂ a\- m-Wv. Cu D]a t\m°-Ww. ZrV-am-bn-cn-°p∂
a\- ns\ hn√n-t\mSv D]-an-°p-Ibpw B hn√n¬ sI´p∂ h≈nsb
`‡n-bm-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw B hn√n¬ Ipe-bv°m≥ t]mIp∂ Aºv
Adn-hm-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Adn-hns‚ cq]-Øn-emWv Aºp-
Iƒ Føm≥ ]mSp-≈q. AXm-bXv Bflm-hns‚ Bhnjv°m-ca - mWv
Adn-h.v Bflm-hns‚ Bhn-j° v c- W
- ß
- f
- m-bn-´p≈ Aºp-Iƒ \Ωƒ
Føp-∂p. AXn\p ZrV-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp a\ v thWw. ZrV-am-
bn-cn-°p∂ a\ v D≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠-Xn-t\m-sSm-∏w-Xs∂ ssZh-
Ønep≈ ka¿∏-Wt- _m[hpww D≠m-bn-cn-°W - w.
C\n Alw-`m-hn-bmWv hnP-bn. Alw F∂v ChnsS D]-tbm-
Kn- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ Xv km[m- c W A¿∞- Ø n- √ . hyXy- k v X - a mb
A¿∞ØnemWv. Htc ]ZwXs∂ hyXykvX A¿∞Øn¬ Kpcp
{]tbm-Kn-°m-dp-≠v. Chn-SsØ Alw ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm\m-
Wv. B ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm\ns\ Ft∏mgpw \Ωƒ `mhn-°-
Ww. F∂p-]d - ™
- m¬ A\p-k‘ - m\w sNø-Ww. Alw-`m-hn-bmWv
hnP-bn. Aß-s\-bp≈ Hcmƒ°p-am-{Xta hnPbw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-
I- b p- ≈ q. AXm- b Xv ip≤- a mb Rm\ns\ `mhn- ° p∂ Hcp
hy‡n°p hnPbw D≠m-Ip-∂p. B hnPbw \Ωƒ D≠m-°n-sb-
Sp-°p-∂-X-√. Aw_m Xcp∂p hnPbw. AΩ-bmWv hnPbw Xcp-
∂-Xv. hnPbw F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? ap‡n-bmWv \ΩpsS
hnP-bw. B\-µ-amWv \ΩpsS hnP-bw. _‘-\-Øn¬\n-∂p≈
tamN-\-amWv hnP-bw. Cu hnPbw Xcp-∂Xv Aw_-bm-Wv.

]m]Øns‚ Zm¿i\nIX 165

]m]-]-¶n-e-a-lw- `m-\-am-Ip-h-Xn-\m¬ h≥`m-c-am¿∂ X\phpw
`m\-am-apeIhpw `m\-am-Ip-a-Jn-ew. F√m hy‡n-I-fnepw c≠p
Xc-Øn-ep≈ Rm\p-≠v. H∂p \Ω-psS ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Alw.
thsdm∂v ]m]w-sIm≠v Id-]n-Sn-®n-´p≈ km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn-ep≈
Hc-lw. Cu c≠p ‘Rm≥’ Ft∏mgpw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ {]h¿Øn-
°p-∂p-≠v. AXn¬ Hcp ‘Rm≥’ ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Bflm-hm-
Wv. thsdmcp ‘Rm≥’ a\- n-t\mSpw ico-c-tØmSpw XmZm-fly-
s∏-´n-cn-°p∂ k¶p-Nn-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Xm¬°m-en-I-`m-h-am-Wv.
At∏mƒ ]m]w-sIm≠p Id-]n-Sn® Rm\ns\ \Ωƒ ip≤o-I-cn-
°p-tºmƒ bYm¿∞-Øn-ep≈ ‘Rm≥’ \Ω-fn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏Spw.
AXp- s Im- ≠ mWv ]m]- ] - ¶ new Alw- `m- \ - a m- I pw F∂p
]dbp∂Xv. ]m]w-sIm-≠v Id-]n-Sn® Rm≥ `m\-am-Ipw. `m\w
F∂p ]d-™m¬ Adn-hns‚ hoNn-I-ƒ. Rm≥ Adn-hns‚ {]Im-
i-am-bn-Øocpw.
hfsc sX‰p-≤m-cW D≠m°p∂ Hcp t«mI-am-Wn-Xv. AXp-
sIm- ≠ p- X s∂ kq£v a - X - t bm- S p- I qSn a\-   n- e m- t °- ≠ Hcp
t«mIhp-am-Wn-Xv. km[m-cW _p≤n-sIm≠v Cu t«mIØns‚
kz`mhw Cg ]ncn-s®-Sp-°m≥ ]‰p-Ibn√. ]m]-]-¶n-e-amWv Alw.
Id-bp≈, k¶p-Nn-XX - z-ap≈, A⁄m-\a - p≈ Rm≥ `m\-ambn amdp-
∂Xv Fß-s\-bm-Wv? \Ωƒ ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm\ns\ A\p-
k-‘m\w sNøp-tºmƒ AΩ \ap°p hnPbw Xcp-∂p. DS-\Sn
F¥v kw`-hn-°p-∂p? h≥`m-c-am¿∂ X\phpw `m\amw. DS-\Sn
imco-cn-I- t_m[w, imco-cn-I-X-tbm-Sp≈ {]nb-߃, A`n-c-a-\-
߃, cXn-Iƒ Ahsbms° Ipd-™p-Ip-d-™p-h-cpw. AsX√mw
Adn-hns‚ {]Im-i-am-bn amdpw.
Ft∏mgpw a\- n-em-t°-≠p-∂Xv Fs‚ icochpw a\ pw
{]Imiw am{X-am-Wv F∂mWv. Fs‚ D≈nepw ]pd-Øp-sa√mw
hym]n-®n-cn-°p∂Xv Htcsbmcp {]Im-i-am-Wv. B {]Imiw am{X-
amWv Rm≥ F∂p Icp-Xp-tºm-ƒ Pohn-X-Øn\p eLpXzw hcpw.
CsXm-cp [ym\-hn-j-b-am-Wv. CXns\ Ft∏mgpw [ym\n-°-Ww.
P¿Ω-\n-bn¬ tKmbvtY F∂p- t]-cp≈ {]ikvX anÃn°v Ihn-
bp≠v. F√m-hcpw acn-°p∂ ka-bØv ZpxJn°p∂Xv temIhnj
bßsf°pdnt®m¿ØmWv. ]t£, acn-°p∂ ka-bØv tKmbvsY

166

I pw. F√mw Cuiz-c-kz-cq-]-am-bn Ah\n¬ ImWp-∂p. temIw apgp-h\pw ssNX-\y-cq-]-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p.” ]c-a-lw- k¿ ]d-™p. shfn®w AdnhmWv. “F¥ns‚ cq]-Øn¬? BcpsS cq]-Øn¬?”\tc{µ≥ tNmZn®p.. At∏mƒ Ft∏mgpw A\p-k-‘m\w sNtø-≠p-∂Xpw At\z-jn-t°-≠p-∂Xpw k¿h{X \nd-™n-cn- °p∂ shfn-®-sØbmWv.c . temIØp ]ns∂ ]m]-]-¶n-e-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp D◊sb ImWp-∂n-√... “Chn-sS-Xs∂ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. shfn®w.zm-an-Iƒ sNdp-∏Ø . shfn®w.\Ω-nep- ≠v. \o ‘]m]n ]m]n’ F∂p ]d-bp∂ B Xe-Øn-te°v ]ns∂ Ah≥ hcp-∂n-√. thW-sa∂mWv.” ]calwk¿ ]d™p.a m. IqSp-X¬ shfn®w. ]m]߃ Hgnbptºmƒ imco-cn-I-am-b `mcw Ipd-bp-∂p. ]ns∂ AJnew De.. “\ns‚ cq]-Øn¬ Rm≥ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. shfn-®-Øn-te-°p≈ A`n-\n-thiw ]≠p-ap-X¬t°.” ssZhw Fhn-sS-bmWv? \tc{µ≥ tNmZn®p. sKbvsY ]d-™Xv. ]m]Øns‚ Zm¿i\nIX 167 . Hcp hy‡n Bfl-K-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Cu {]Im- isØ Adn-bp∂ am{X-bn¬ temIw apgph\pw {]Im-i-h-Øm-Ip- ∂p..Aß-s\-b√ ]d-™-Xv. Htcsbmcp ssNX\yw am{X-ta Np‰p- ]mSpw ImWp-I-bp-≈q. hnth-Im-\µ. ssZh- Øns‚ ssNX-\yw.I m.n¬ \tc-{µ-\m-bn-cn-°p∂ ka- bØv {iocma-Ir-jvW-]-c-a-lw-k-cpsS ASpØp sN∂p tNmZn-®p: “Aßv ssZhsØ I≠n-´pt≠m?” CXp tI´-t∏mƒ ]c-a-lw-k¿ ]d™p: “Rm≥ Ct∏mgpw I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p. \ΩpsS kØ AXmWv. B Ah-ÿ- bn¬ F√m-h-cpsS apJØpw ImWp-∂Xv ssNX-\y-am-Wv.a p≈ {]ImiIncWambn amdpw....I hpw `m\. Cu kIe PKØpw C{]. B\p-`q-Xn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Xe-Øn- te°v Kpcp-hns‚ Cu IrXn {]th-in-°p-I-bm-Wv.k ..

hnsÆmSp acpØmbn ˛ BImihpw hmbphpw F√mw P\\nXs∂.n-kvXm-ca . kn≤m\p`qXnbnepw ˛ kn≤∑mcpsS A\p`qXn°pt]mepw FØmsXbmw ˛ Dƒs°m≈m\mhmØ{X AXnalØmbnSpw ˛ A\¥hym]vXnbp≈hfmWv P\\n \o ˛ k¿∆Ønt\bpw P\n∏n°p∂ AΩbmIp∂ \o. c≠pw Hcp apØmbn ˛ kØpw NnØpw B\µambpw \n¬°p∂p.a. ZrjvSn apXembv ˛ IÆv XpSßnb C{µnbßfpw P\\nXs∂. AXn\v AØmhpambn ˛ Cu A∂sa√mw Ign°p∂Xpw hnekpw P\\nXs∂.∂ .X . D]cn ˛ F√m \macq]߃°pw AXoXambn kØmbn \n∂p ˛ P\\n kØmbn \n¬°p∂p NnØmbn ˛ B kØpXs∂ Adnhmbpw \n¬°p∂p.n˛ \Øm-hp-ambn hnekpw kn≤m-\p-`q-Xn-bn-ep-sa-Øm-sX-bm-aX . F´v kØmbn \n∂p-]cn NnØmbn c≠p-samcp apØmbn aq∂p-a-dnbpw lrØmbn \n∂-Xn\p hnØmbn hnsÆmSp a˛ cpØmbn ZrjvSn apX-embv sImØm-bnSpw hnj-bh . A∂w ˛ A∂ambncn°p∂ sImØmbnSpw ˛ A\¥amb hnjßfpsS Iq´hpw hnjbhnkvXmcw P\\nXs∂. AXn\p hnØmbn ˛ AXns‚sb√mw BZnImcWhpw P\\nXs∂.n-a˛ lØm-bnSpw P\\n \o. 168 . aq∂padnbpw ˛ kØnt\bpw NnØnt\bpw B\µtØbpw Adnbp∂ lrØmbn\n∂v ˛ km£nssNX\yambn P\\n \n¬°p∂p.

CXns\ alna F∂p ]d-bpw.n-eqsS At±- l-Øns‚ ico-csØ AWp-hn-t\mfw sNdp-Xm°n sIm≠p-hc . alna.Ø .p-hm≥ Ign-bpw.mw.mWv Ah-Xc . FSp-Øm¬ s]m¥mØ `mc-ap-≈{X Ah-ÿbnte°p amdp∂ kn≤n-sb Kcn-a F∂p ]d-bpw. Hcmƒ°v km[-\I . CXv AWna F∂ kn≤n-bm-W.ƒ A\pjvTn®p t\´-߃ ssIh-cn-°p-∂Xv kn≤-∑m-cpsS khntijXbmWv. Nne kn≤-∑m¿ km[-\I .ƒ sNbvXv ico-csØ hfsc _rl-Øm-°pw. AWna. thW-sa-¶n¬ Im‰n¬ ]d-∂p-\S. tbmK-imkv{X-Øn¬ {][m-\a . CuinXzw.n- ∏n-°p-∂-Xv. C\n kn≤n-sIm≠v icocsØ hfsc `mcw Ipd-™Xm°pw. BcmWv kn≤-∑m¿ F∂p ]d-bp∂h¿? Hcp {]tXyI Ima-\-tbm-Sp-IqSn {]tXyI e£y-Øn-te°v km[-\-Iƒ sNbvXv B Ima-\-I-fpsS t\´w ssIh-cp-Øp-∂-hcmWv kn≤∑m¿. CXns‚ t]cmWv eLn-a. l\pam≥ Xs∂ Xs‚ hmens‚ `mcw Iq´n `oatk\s\ ]co£n°p∂Xv Kcnamkn≤nsIm≠mWv. km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI kn ≤m-\p-`q-Xn-bn-ep-sa-ØmsXbmw AXn-a-l-Øm-bnSpw P- \\n \o.f .v km[-\I . hinXzw F∂nhbmWh. Kcna eLna.mw.n¬ l\p-am≥ e¶-bn- te°p NmSp∂ ka-bØv ico-csØ sNdpXm°n kpckbpsS hmbneqsS Ibdn sNhnbneqsS ]pdØph∂p.° . {]mImayw. ]n∂oSv kpckbpsS apºn¬ icocsØ ]¿hXoIcn°pIbpw sNbvXp. sh≈-Øn¬ Hgp-In-\S. CXv AWna˛alna kn≤nsIm≠mWv. B{Kln°p∂ GsXmcp hkvXphn t\bpw k¶ev]am{XwsIm≠v t\SnsbSp°p∂XmWv {]m]vXn.° . kn≤-∑m-cpsS A\p-`q-Xn-bn¬t]mepw Cu AΩ- bpsS A\p-`hw ]q¿Æ-ambn hcp-∂n-√-t{X.mbpw F´p kn≤n-If . km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 169 . cmam-bW . Cu t«mI-Øns‚ Ah-km-\sØ hcn Hcp A¤p-Xw- t]mse tXm∂pw. {]m]vXn.

kn≤-∑m-cpsS D≈nepw Cu Ime-tZ-i-ß-fpsS Nne-¥n-hebp≠v. P\\n F√m-bn-SØpw \nd-™n-cn-°p-∂X . AXp- sIm-≠mWv kn≤-∑m-cpsS a\- nepw AΩ hcp-∂n√ F∂p ]dbp∂Xv. AXp-sIm- ≠mWv ]d-bp-∂Xv kn≤m-\p-`q-Xn-bnepw FØmsX B AXn-al . \Ωp- sS-Iq-sS-Xs∂ AΩ-bp-≠v. At∏mƒ AΩ-bpsS kzcq-]sØ Z¿in- °m≥ Ign-bpw.b n. F¥nt\bpw X∂nte°p hioIcn°p∂ IgnhmWv hinXzw.c n. AXns‚ ap∂n-en-cn-°p∂ ad. kn≤-∑m-cpsS a\ pw Ima-\b . pw C√t{X. A\.hkvXp FhnsSbp≈Xmbmepw Ft∏mƒ D≈Xmbmepw AXns\ {]m]nbv ° m\mhpw.s \.° m.- Øm-bnSpw P\\n \o F∂v.m-Wv.W .I ƒ°v AΩsb {]m]n-°m≥ Ign-bp-I? ico-csØ sNdp-Xm-°m\pw hep- Xm-°m\pw `mcw Ipd-°m\pw `mcw Iq´m-\p-sam° Ign-bp∂ C{Xbpw henb kn≤-∑m¿°p-t]mepw Ign-bmØ Cu AΩ-bpsS A\p-`hw \sΩ-t∏mse km[m-c-W-°m-cmb Bfp-IƒIƒ°p-≠m- Ip-∂-sX-ß-s\-bmWv? AXp-sIm≠v AΩsb Adn-b-W-sa-¶n¬ AXn\p XS- a . ]ns∂ Fß. Z¿i\acpfp∂p.b psS ico. `uXnIhkvXp°sf krjv S n°pIbpw \nb{¥n°pIbpw `cn°pIbpw sNøp∂ kn≤nbmWv CuinXzw. ⁄m\-am-bn Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. Ime-tZ- iw-sIm≠p \ΩpsS a\- n¬ _m[n-®n-´p≈ Nne-¥n-he H∂p XqØp-I-f-™m¬ aXn.N-X\. hniz-P-\\n \ΩpsS D≈n¬ kØ- bmbn Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. FhnsS Ima-\-bn-√tbm AhnsS AΩ A\p`qX amIp∂p. B\-µ-ambn Ccn-°p-∂p≠.° p∂ AΩ. Ime-tZ- i-߃sIm-≠p≈ DS-bmS H∂p am‰n-t\m-°n-bm¬ aXn.c sØ Dƒs°m≈p-hm≥ t]mcp∂ Hcp kn≤-a\ . 170 .mbn \n¬°p∂ LS-IsØ FSp-Øp-am-‰Ww. CsX√mw kn≤-∑m¿ ssIh-cp-Øp∂ kn≤n-I-fm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v ]dbp-∂p: kØmbn \n∂v D]cn NnØmbn c≠pw Hcp apØmbn.mWv (all pervaded). \ΩpsS D≈ns‚ D≈nse ssNX-\y- ambn AΩ Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v.a m.¥ . Cß-s\-bp≈ kn≤-∑m-cpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬t]mepw ]q¿Æ-ambn P\\n HXp-ßp-∂n√.. Ch F´pw tN¿∂XmWv AjvssSizcy kn≤nIƒ.p-≈X .c . A{Xbpw al-Øm-bn-cn-°p∂XmWv P\-\n- bpsS hn]p-et. hkv X p°fpsS e`yXbn√msXXs∂ B{Kl\nhrØn hcpØp∂XmWv {]mImayw.c mb Bfp.b mWv km[m.

Bflm-hns‚ kzcq]w Fs¥∂v Kpcp-°-∑m¿ ]d-™p-X-cp-tºmƒ aq∂p hm°p-Iƒ {]tXyIw FSpØp a\- n-em-°nØcp∂p. Cu taibv°v ‘Rm≥ D≠v’ F∂p kzbw t_m[an√. F∂m¬ Cu taibptSXv k¿∆- hym-]-I-Xz-ap≈ D◊-b-√. Ah-\p≠v. Ipd®v Dƒ°m-gvN-bp-s≠-¶n¬ am-{X-amWv km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 171 . Itk-c-bp-≠v. \obp-≠v. k®n-Zm-\µw F∂v H‰-hm-°n¬ ]d- bp-sa-¶nepw aq∂p Xc-Øn-emWv Ah \ap°v A\p-`-h-am-Ip∂Xv. tai-bp-≠v. F√mw k®nZm\µamWv. taibpsS D◊sb AXn\p kzbw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXp \Ωƒ a\ nem°mdn√. Cu taibpsS kz`mhw h®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ Cu taibv°v tZi-Im-e-]-cn-an-X-am-b Hcp D◊-bmWv D≈Xv. tai D≠v F∂v \Ωƒ ]d-bp-∂p-. ‘D≠v ’F∂p ]d-bp-tºmsg√mw hkvXphns‚ D◊-sb-bm-Wv tZymXn∏n°p∂Xv. B\µw F∂n-h-bm-Wv. Hcp h-kvXp- hns\ \Ωƒ Adn-bp-tºmƒ D◊-bp-s≠-¶nepw B DWvasb k¿∆-hym-]-I-X-bn¬ Adn-bp-∂n-√. ]pkvX-I-ap-≠v. Cu Hcp hkvXp- hn\v ChnsS D≈-Xm-bn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-tºmƒXs∂ AhnsS C√m- Xncn-°m-\mWv Ign-bp-∂-Xv. CXns\ Adn-bp-∂Xv BcmWv? Rm\mWv Adn-bp-∂Xv. AXv kØv. NnØv.tØm D≈-Xm-Im≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. Bflmhv k®n-Zm-\-µ-am-Wv. Ah- fp≠v Fs∂ms° \mw ]d-bp∂p. Cu aq∂p hm°p-I-tfbpw kwtbm-Pn-∏n®v Hcp ka-kvX-]-Z-am-bn k®n-Zm\µw F∂p ]d-bpw. tIƒ°p-tºmƒ hfsc Imhym-flI . Ahn-tSbpw D≈Xm-Im≥ Ign-bp-∂n- √. {_“w k®n-Zm-\-µamWv.amWv. AXn\v ChnsS am{Xta D≈-Xm-Im≥ Ign-bp-∂p-≈q. A√msX Cu tai ChnsS Ccn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠-√. Rm≥ Adn-bp∂p F∂p-≈-Xp-sIm-≠mWv Cu taibv°v D◊-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. km[m-c-W-°m¿ Bflm-hns‚ ÿm\Øv temI-Ønse GsX- ¶nepw Hcp hkvXp-hns\bmWv Adn-bp-∂Xv. D◊ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ thsdmcp Imcyw-IqSn a\- n-em-°- Ww. ImcWw AXn\v ChnsS am{Xta D◊-bp-≈q. CXv F√m-bn-SØpw C√. AXp-sIm- ≠v CXp PU-am-Wv. k¿hw ln k®n-Zm-\-µw. Rm\p-≠v. B hkvXp-hn-\p-Xs∂ AXns‚ hi-ß-fn¬˛he-Xp-h-itØm CS-Xp-hi . Aßs\ temI-ÿnXamb Hcp hkvXp-hns\ \Ωƒ Adn-bp- tºmƒ AXn¬ aq∂p Imcy-߃ Bflm-hns‚ `mh-am-bn {]Xn- ^-en-°p-∂p-≠v.

s \. B\-µ-Øns‚ Zzµzm-fl-I-am-b hi-amWv \ap-°-dn-bm≥ Ign-bp- ∂-Xv. ]t£.m-bn-cn-°p∂ hi-ß-fmWv \ap-°-dn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv.∂ .≠ √ temI. At∏mƒ ChnsS ]d™ Imcy-߃ AssZz-X-th-Zm-¥-Øns‚ a¿Ω-{]-[m-\-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp kwK- Xn-bm-Wv.a. AΩ Htc-ka .a . k¿∆w ln k®n-Zm-\µw F∂v AXp-sIm≠v \mcm-bW . D≠v As√-¶n¬ C√. temIsØ Adn-bp∂ Rm≥ D≈-Xp-sIm-≠mWv Cu temIØn\v D◊ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂X .s Im. \ap°v H∂p-In¬ AXv kpJ-am-bn-cn- °pw. D◊-bpsS Zzµzm-flI. Ft∏mgpw B\-µw.c n. k{Zq-]nWn AΩ. AXp-t]mseXs∂ Adn-hns‚bpw Zzµzm-flI .v. AX-dn-bp-∂Xv Rm\m-Wv.bw k{Zq-]n-Wnbpw Nn{Zq-]n-Wnbpw B\µcq-]n-Wnbpw BWv.v.X p. “k¿hw ln k®n-Zm-\µw t\l \m\mkvXn In©\ b ]iy-Xol \mt\h artXym¿ arXypw k K—-Xn. At∏mƒ Adn-bp∂p F∂ A¿∞- Øn¬ Cu taibv ° v AXns‚ D≈n¬ Aß. C\n F¥v Adn-bp-tºmgpw B Adnhv \Ω-fn¬ D≠m-°p-∂Xv B\-µa . Cu temIw \ΩpsS apºn¬ D≠m-bn- cn.Xv. Cu XØzw \ap°v Aev]-sa-¶nepw A\p-`-hn-°m≥ 172 . B\-µn-°p-∂n√ F∂ H∂n-√. Adn-bp-∂n√ F∂ H∂n-√.n-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂X .m-Wv. \ap°v B B\-µ- Øns‚ ]q¿ÆX In´m-dn-√.s bmcp km[yXbn√. F∂m¬ P\-\nsb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw C√ F∂ `mh-an-√.- Kpcp ]d-bpw. kzbw Adn-bm-\p≈ Hcp km[yX Ct∏mƒ CXn- \n-√.a .CXn-te°p IS-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ib . AΩsb AXp-sIm≠v Nn{Zq- ]nWn F∂p ]d-bpw.° p. D]-\n-jØv \sΩ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv arXyp-hn¬\n∂v Aar-X-Xz-Øn- te°v Nen-°m-\m-Wv.° p.m-bn-´p≈ hi- amWv \ap-°d . Rm\n-s√-¶ntem? Adn-bp∂ Rm\n-s√- ¶n¬ Cu temI-Øn\v D◊-bn-√. B\-µ- cq-]nWn AΩ.” Bscm-cp-h≥ Cu k®n-Zm-\-µsØ Adn-bm-Xn-cn-°p-∂pthm Ah≥ arXyp-hn¬\n∂pw arXyp-hn-te°p s]mbvsIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.p-≈q. At∏mƒ Rm≥ Adnbp∂p F∂p≈-Xp-sIm≠v Rm≥ NnØmWv . As√-¶n¬ ZpxJ-am-bn-cn-°pw.b n.m-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp At\z-j-W-am-WnXv.Ø n\v D◊ D≠m. hfsc ck-Ic .∂ . Nn{Zq-]nWn AΩ.

a m. hniz-P-\-\n- sb. km[m. \Ωn-emWv A\p-`-h-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂Xpw \ne-\n¬°p- ∂Xpw ad-™p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xpw.W v . Rm≥ Xs∂- bmWv B\-µa .n-bW .© nIw F∂p ]d.]mse \ap°p tXm∂-cp-X.X-∂d.w.‘ .v F√m-‰nepw F√mw Ccn.a-¶n¬ Rm≥ kØm-sW-∂d .m-bn-cn-°p-∂s .X n¬ \ap°ßs\sbm∂pw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bm-dn-√. p-ad .∂ .n¬ kØpw NnØpancn-°p-∂p. As√-¶n¬ _nkn-\ p sNø-Ww.fpw {]m]-©n-Ia . B Hcp hniz-sØ-°pdn-®mWv ChnsS ]d- bp-∂-Xv.. At∏mƒ ]Ww In´p-∂p.© . \Ωn¬\n-∂mWv hnizw P\n-°p-∂Xpw \Ω-n¬X-s∂- bmWv hnizw \ne-\n¬°p-∂Xpw \Ω-fn¬X-s∂-bmWv hnizw Xntcm-`-hn-°p-∂-Xpw.c W Pohn.™ m¬ {]].¶ nepw B hniz.W v .m-Wv. \mw Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw B P\-\n-bm-Wv. B ]Ww-sIm≠v Pohn-°p-∂p.X Ø. A\p-`-h-ß-sf-bmWv hnizw As√- ¶n¬ {]]©w F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv.s X. ]Wn-sb-SpØp £oWn- °p-tºmƒ Dd-ßn-bm¬ kpJ-ap-≠v._ . hni-°p- tºmƒ `£Ww Ign-®m¬ kpJ-ap-≠v.Ign-™m¬. Aßs\ Icp-Xmt\ ]mSn-√. {]m].n™ Ah-ÿt.° p. C\n B\-µØ . NnØn¬ B\-µa . Rm≥ kØm-sW∂pw Rm≥ NnØm-sW∂pw Rm≥ B\-µ-am-sW∂pw A\p-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-™m¬ k¿∆-hn-[-Øn- ep≈ ZpxJ-ßfpw \ΩpsS D≈n¬\n∂pw t]mIpw. hni-°p-tºmƒ IS-bn¬t]mbn Ipd®p km[-\-ß-sfms° hmßn-s°m-≠ph∂v tNmdpw Idnbpw Hs° D≠m-°n-°-gn-°-Ww. kØn¬ B\-µhpw NnØpw Ccn-°p-∂p.b p. AXp \Ωn¬\n∂v A\y-am-bn-cn-°p∂ H∂-√. Rm≥ Xs∂-bmWv Adn-hm-bn-cn-°p-∂s ..° p∂p F∂m.ß .w. C\n Hcp Znh-ktam c≠p Znh-ktam Hgnhp In´p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ hnt\m-Z-Øn-\mbn FhnsS- km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 173 .n-cn-°p-∂p. Aßs\ ]d-bp-tºmƒ kØpw NnØpw B\-µhpw thsd thsd-bm-sW-∂√ . CXp ]d-bp-tºmƒ BsI- Ip-g™ . Fß-s\-bmWv Cu GI-am-bn-cn-°p∂ k®n-Zm-\-µsØ Adn- bp-I? \ap-°-dn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv km[m-c-W-tem-IsØ km[m- cW Imcy-߃ am{X-amWv.n-bW . AXn¬\n∂pw ap‡n t\S-Ws .Nn-Øn¬ kØpw B\-µhp-an-cn-°p-∂p.\ \n Rm≥X-s∂-bm-Wv.X-∂d . kØn¬ NnØn-cn-°p-∂p.P .n-bW. \Ωn¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ F√m A\p-`h .d n. ]W-an-√m-Xm-Ip-tºmƒ ]W-ap-≠m-°m-\mbn sXmgn-se-Sp-°m≥ t]mI-Ww.® mWv ChnsS ]d.w.k w.

sb-¶nepw t]mIWw.√ .mbn.- b-ambn. Hcp ⁄m\-he . \ΩpsS D≈n¬ ac-Wa .a . ]n∂oSv AXv henb henb {]Im-ih .b. A¥¿ap-Ja . Aßs\ \nd-th‰n°gn-™n´pw \Ωƒ F¥p-sIm≠v \ΩpsS D≈n-te°v t]mIp-∂n-√.a. Btflm-]-tZ-i-X-I-Øn¬ Kpcp AXn-s\-∏‰n ]d- bp-∂Xv Cß-s\-bm-Wv: “kI-ehpw D≈-Xp-Xs∂.ßn HmXn-sb-Sp-t°-≠- Xm-sW∂v \Ωƒ Adn-bp-∂n-√.. Hcp {]`m-]q-ca . At∏mƒ kXym-\p-`hw D≠m- Ipw.m-bn D≈p apgp-h\pw hym]n-°m≥ XpS-ßpw.ns‚ D≈n¬ Hcp tXP- kv^p-enw-Ka . At∏mƒ BZyw \Ωƒ ]Tn-®Xv Fß-s\-bmWv? CsX√mw amb.mb Hcp im¥n lrZ-bØ . C√m-Ø-X√.\Ω-psS Pohn-Xw.” Cu ImWp-∂-sX√mw D≈-Xp-X-s∂.hpw Pohn-XØ . Hcp an∂m- an-\p-ßns‚ \pdp-ßp-sh-´w-t]mse \ap°p t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.m-bn amd-Ws . XØz-Nn-¥m- {K-l-\nXp k¿∆hpw GI-ambv {Kln-°pw. CXv kzm\p-`h .m-bn.mbn AI-tØ°p Xncn-°W . CsXm-s°-bmWv km[m-c-W..a . AXv IÆp-Iƒ A©pw D≈S°n sXcp-sXsc hoWp-hW . imiz-Xa .e.w. Hcp Ba Fß-s\-bmtWm Hcp A]-I-S.n¬ \Ωƒ ssIs°m-t≈-≠X . ⁄m\n-bmb Hcmsf kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw Abmƒ Cu {]]- ©-Øn-te°v t\m°p-tºmƒ ImWp-∂Xv \m\m-hn-[-am-bn-cn-°p∂ \ma-cq-]-ß-f-√.n-√mØ Hcp Rm\p-s≠∂v BZyw Hcp sNdnb an∂m-bw-t]mse.m-bn-´p-≠v.n-√. D√mkbm{X°p t]mhp-Itbm Xo¿∞m- S\w t]mhp-Itbm kn\n-a°p t]mhp-Itbm k¿°kp ImWm≥ t]mhp-Itbm As√-¶n¬ ]m¿°n¬ sN∂n-cn-°p-Itbm sNøpw.m-°W . D≈n-te°v Xncn- ™n-´mWv kXysØ Adn-tb-≠X .w.v. ]pdØv Xnc-™n-´√ . ]pdØv kXysØ Xnc-™m¬ \n߃°Xp ImWm≥ Ign-bp-Ib .n¬ F√m Bh-iy-ßfpw Gsd-°p-sd-sbms° \nd-th-‰n-°-gn-™n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. \ΩpsS Pohn-XØ . B\µw _mly-amb temIØv Xnc™v ImtW-≠X . \Ωƒ Ct∏mgpw ]pd-Øp-Xs∂ X∏n-Ø-S-™p-\-S-°p-I-bm-Wv. AI-ap-Ja .m-bn {]Zo]vXam-Ipw. Cu ImWp∂ \ma-cq-]-ß-sf√mw 174 . F∂n-´p-thWw kXysØ Xnc-bm≥.km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ ssIIfpw Imep-Ifpw Xe-bpsams° D≈n-te°p hen®v AXns‚ tXmSn-\p-≈n-te°v t]mbn Ccn-°p-∂Xv AXp-t]mse ]pd-tØ°v X≈n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ C{µn-b-ß-fpsS i‡nsb IÆp-I-f-S®v [ym\-\n-a· .a-¶n¬ Aß-s\-sbmcp km[-\bpw At\z-jW .

F{X Imse-Sp-Øp-h-®mepw B\ \oßp-I-bn-√.° . \√ shbn-ep≈ ka-bØv Smdn´ tdmUn-¬ AI-te°p t\m°p-tºmƒ Pe-{]-XoXn A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂p. hy‡n-_-‘- ߃ amdn-sIm≠n-cn-°pw. an{XsØ i{Xp-hm-°p-Ibpw i{Xp-hns\ an{X-am- °p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp h≥]-Ib .¬ XmWp-t]m-Ipw. \Ωƒ Pohn-X-Øn\v adp-Ic Ds≠∂p IcpXn Hmtcm Imse-SpØv apt∂m- km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 175 .m-c- \n-√msX h≈w Fßs\ IS-en¬In-S∂v Np‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂pthm AXp-t]mse \mw Po-hn-XØ .v AXp-sIm-≠mWv ambbmw h≥]I ]eXpw {`a-tam-In-Sp∂p ]mcw F∂pKpcp ]dbp∂Xv. ASpØ Imse-Sp-Øp-h-bv°p-tºmƒ ho≠pw Nfn-bn-te°v XmWp- t]m-Ipw. CsX√mw shdpw tXm∂-ep-I-fm-Wv. A√ CXm-bn-cn°pw \√Xv Fs∂ms° Nn¥n®v H∂n¬\n∂pw thsdm--∂n-te°pw ]e--Xn- te°pw \Ωƒ {]bmWw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. `¿Ør-lcn AXn-s\-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-∂Xnß-s\-bmWv: \√ Nfn- bp≈ Hcp Ipf-Øn-te°v B\ Cd-ßn-°-gn-™m¬ B\bv°v ]pd-tØ°v Ibdm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. [\m-Ka . \ap°p ]e-Xc .amb.a . ImtW-≠- Xns\ ImWn-°msX ImtW≠-mØ-Xns\ ImWn-®p-X-cp∂ Hcp h≥]-Ib .ambv {Kln-°pw.p-\n∂v Bflm-\p-`q-Xn-bpsS L´-Øn¬ Kpcp ]d-bp-∂p: “kI- ∂n-SØ ehpw D≈-Xp-Xs∂ XØz-Nn-¥m-{K-l-\nXp k¿∆hpw GI.n-ep≈ {`a-߃ D≠m-°p∂p. {`a-߃ h∂p-I- gn-™mtem? AXm-bn-cn°pw \√-Xv.m-Wn-X.m-cm-bn-cn-°p∂hcpsS Ah-ÿ. ambbmw h≥]-I {`ataInSp∂p ]mcw. h≥]I Fs∂m-s°-bp≈ hm°p-Iƒ Kpcp- hns‚ X\Xp ap{ZIfmWv. AXp- t]m-se-bp≈ Hcp tXm∂¬am-{X-amWv {]]©w F∂p ]d-bp- . thsdm-cmƒ°pw Aß-s\-bp≈ ]Z-ß- sfm∂pw ae-bm-f-Øn¬ {]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ Ign-™n´n-√. B\ Hcp Imse-Sp-Øp-h-bv°p- tºmtgbv°pw AXns‚ at‰ Im¬ Nfn-bn.Ø .m-bn-cn-°pw. AtX- t]m-se-bmWv km[m-cW .n¬ InS∂v Dgep-Ib . A√mØ]£w.≥ D≈n-te°v Xncn™mWv {Kln°p∂Xv. Cu amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ temIØv Aa-c° .m¿§-߃ am‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. F√mw \Ωƒ am‰n- s°m-≠n-cn-°pw.” XØzsØ Adn-bp-∂h . acp-`q-an-bn¬ ImWp∂ Im\¬P-ew-t]mse. \Ωsf Ft∏mgpw Xe-Xn-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Hcp h≥]-I. kuµ-cy-k-¶-ev]-߃ am‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw.m-Wn-Xv. amb Hcp h≥]-I-bm-Wv.

aq∂v GsXm- s°-bmWv? kØv. Cu aq∂p-Im-cy-߃ ]d-bp-tºmƒ CXn¬ kØv. Aß-s\-bp≈ ⁄m-\nsb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw PohnXw B\µw am{Xambn cn°pw.≠ m. NnØv. Km‘nPn temI- Øn\v ]Tn-∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xv AXm-Wv.m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. F√mw kXy-ambn ImWp- I. At∏mƒ ChnsS aq∂v F∂p ]d-bm≥ Imc-Wap≠v.nbpw lrØm-bn. CXns\ aq∂n-t\bpw Adn- bp∂ lrØv.I . kØmbn\n∂v.b m. km[m-cW 176 . Ft∏mgpw B\-µw.a p. AXn¬Xs∂ AXv {Inbm-flI . F{Xsb{X {]Xn-k-‘n-bn-eq-sSbmWv a\p-jy-Po-hnXw IS-∂p- t]m-Ip-∂-Xv? AsXms° Btem-Nn-®p--t\m-°n-bn-´pt≠m? AXp- sIm≠v F√mw kØmbn ImWp-I.m-bn-cn-°p-∂p. c≠pw Hcp apØmbn. B\-µw. ⁄m\w Fß-s\-bmWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv? F√mw k-Xy- sa-∂p≈ A\p-`hw D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ AXv ⁄m\-am-bn-Øocp- ∂p. CXv \Ωƒ D≈dnbWw. Ak-Xy-ambn ChnsS H∂pw-Xs∂ C√. apt∂m´v {]bm. {]hmlw D≠m-I-W-sa-¶n¬ H∂v as‰m-∂n-te-°v Hgp-I- Ww. AXv B\-µ-Øns‚ kam-\-am-bn-cn-°p∂ {]hm-la . F√mw kXy-sa-∂-dn-bp-tºmƒ AXns\ ⁄m\-sa∂p ]d- bp-∂p.” ]c-a-lw-k-cmb Bfp-Iƒ ⁄m\w-sIm-≠v kXy-Øn-tedn IS¬t]mse B\-µn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.W v . Htc- t]mse Hgp-Ip-I-bm-W-Xv. B\µw IS-em-Ip-tºmƒ B IS-en¬ Ae-am-e-I-fn-√. D]cn NnØmbn. kXy-am-bn F√mw Adn- bp-I. AXv ka-am-bn-s´m-gp-Ip-I-bm-Wv. AXn¬ kpJ-Zpx-J-ß-fpsS Zzµz-ß-fn- √. {]hmlw F∂p-t]mepw ]d-bm≥ Ign-bmØ Ah-ÿ.∂ n. Kpcp AXn-s\- °p-dn®p Cßs\ ]d-bp-∂p: “B\-µ-°-S¬ s]mßn Xmt\ ]mbp-∂nXm ]c-s∂m-cp-t]m¬ ⁄m\w sIm≠-Xn-tedn ]m\w sNøp∂p ]c-a-lw-k-P-\w.a .I p. apØv. lrØv F∂p ]d-™m¬ CXns\ aq∂n-t\bpw Htc- k-abw Adn-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ t_m[w F∂p a\ nem°Ww. F∂m¬ ChnsS AXn¬Xs∂ AXv Hgp-Ip-∂p. C\n aq∂p-ad .W . G‰ Cd-°-ß-fn-√.√ .´p-h-bv°p-t¥mdpw Im¬ AKm-[-amb amb-b-psS Nfn-bn¬ B≠- a¿∂v t]mhp. apØv F∂ Be-¶m-cn-I-`mj D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ AXns\ B\µw F∂p a\- n-em-°Ww. NnØv.

ƒ IS-∂p-s]m-bvs°m- ≠n.p-sIm≠v ⁄m\n-bpsS a\ v Xntcm-`-hn-®-Xp-sIm≠v Hcp. AXp aq∂v.Ø n. km£nbmIs´ Hcn-°epw I¿Xr-`m-h-an-√msX ⁄mXr-`m-h-an-√msX t`m‡r-`m- h-an-√msX Hcp Z¿∏-Ww-t]mse {]Xn^en∏n®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Aß-s\-bp≈ Hcp tbmKn Cu temI-Øn-¬ Pohnbv°ptºmƒ At±lsØ Hcn-°epw \ap°p hne-bn-cp-Øm≥ Ign-bn-√. Hcp tbmKn-bpsS PohnXw. At±-l-Øns‚ a\- n¬ Hcp- X-c-Øn-ep≈ ]mSp-Ifpw hogvØp-∂n-√. AXn¬ Hcmsf Abm-fpsS s]cp-am- ‰w ImWp-tºmƒ Abm-fpsS h¿Ø-am\w tIƒ°p-tºmƒ Abm- fpsS tNjvS-Iƒ ImWp-tºmƒ ]pd-Øp-\n∂pw \ap°v ho£n®p a\- n-em-°msa∂p ]dbp∂p. Z¿∏-W-k-Zr-i- am-bn-cn-°p∂ t_m[-amWv Hcp tbmKn-bp-tS-Xv. sskt°m-f-Pn-bnse Hcp {]tXy-I-im-J-bm-b _ntl-hn-b-dnkw C∂p hnI-kn-®p-h-∂n´p-≠v.l .X . a\x-im-kv{X-⁄- ∑m¿ CØ-c-Øn¬ a\p-jy-cnse s]cp-am-‰sØ t\m°n C√mØ km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 177 .∂ mepw At±. sskt°m-´n-°m-tWm. Adn-bp-tºmƒ D≠m- Ip∂ Hcp kpJw. kvIntkm- t{^-\n-°mtWm Fs∂ms° a\x-im-kv{X⁄-∑m¿ hne-bn-cp-Øp- ∂Xv AbmfpsS s]cpam‰w t\m°n-bn-´m-Wv.v. AXp- sIm-≠mWv Hcp sskIym-{Sn-Ãn\pw Hcp sskt°m-f-Pn-Ãn\pw Hcp tbmKn-tbtbm Hcp _p≤-t\tbm Hcp ⁄m\n-tbtbm a\-  n-em-°m≥ Ign-bn-√ F∂p ]d-bp-∂X .c p. Adn-bp-∂-h-\m-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm≥ c≠v.c .ß .KXn-bn¬ Rm≥ Hcp hkvXp-hns\ Adn-bp-∂p. AXmWv Hcp tbmKn-bpsS t_m[-Øns‚ {]tXy-I-X.Ø ns‚ D≈n¬ Hcp. shdpsX I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Cu aq∂n-t\bpw Htc-k-abw km£n-bmbn Adn-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ lrØv.e p≈ kzm[o\hpw Ah sNep-Øp-∂n-√. H-cmƒ°v thsdmcmsf a\- n-em-°-W-sa-¶n¬ a\- p-th-Ww. Hcmƒ t^m_n-bm°mtWm am\n- bm°mtWm \yqtdm-´n-°m-tWm. a\»mkv{X⁄¿ ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv ⁄m\_p≤s‚ a\ v a\- n-em-°m≥ {ian-®v AXn\p ]‰m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠m-Wv.Ømfw am{X- amWv Hcp a\p-jys\ a‰p-≈-h¿°v a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp- ≈q.\n-ebv°pw Chsc a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. At∏mƒ hkvXp H∂v. At±- l-Øns‚ ap∂n-eqsS Fs¥√mw A\p-`h . Hcp IÆmSn H∂n-t\bpw H∏n-sb-Sp- °m-sX shdpsX {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-se-. a\- p-≈n-St. F∂m¬ ⁄m\n°p a\- n-√m-ØX .

Sn h¿Øn-°m\mIpw. Abmƒ \S-°p-∂Xv CØncn {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-em-Wv.I-Ko-Xb. Hcp Kpcp ]Tn-∏n-®p-Xc .t. \nß-fpsS Ahÿ hfsc ]cn-Xm-]-I-c-amb Xc-Øn-te°v Ah¿ sIm≠p-t]m-Ipw. lrØm-bn Adn-bp-I.√ F∂v Ejn ]d-bp-∂p.Imc-W-߃ ]d™v Ahsc tcmKn-I-fm-°n-Øo¿°m-dp-ap≠v.v ⁄m\-im-k{v X-am-W.ns‚ ssIbn-ep-≠v. _‘-\ÿ . \o k®n-Zm-\µ .p-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v \mw a\- n-em-°-pI. F{X hyXy-kvX-am-bn-cn-°p∂ c≠v ho£-W-ß-fm-sW∂p t\m°q. BcmWv \Ωsf _‘n-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv? B¿°pw \Ωsf _‘n-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bn-√.a .X. Hcp s\mSn-bn-Ss . Hcp a\x-im-kv{X-⁄s‚ ASp-Øp-t]m-bm¬ B a\x-im-kv{X. ]ns∂ \n߃ Fs∂∂pw Hcp at\m-tcm-Kn-bm-bn-Øs . \ .m-sW-∂mWv.v a\x- im-kv{X-a√ . AXp- sIm≠v At±-l-Øn\v am\-kn-I-tcm-K-ap-≠v F∂p ]d-bpw.⁄≥ \nßtfmSv BZyw ]d-bp-I.\. CXmWv Hcp a\x-im-kv{X-⁄≥ sNøp-∂-Xv.\mSv ]d-™p-sIm- Sp-°p-∂Xv \o kzX-{¥-\mWv F∂m-Wv. kzX-{¥-am-bncn°p∂ Bflmhns\ H∂n\pw _‘n-∏n°m≥ Ign-bmØ amXncn k¿∆-hym-]I .m-Ip-∂ Hcp ag-hn-√mWv. t\m°q.m-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp D◊-bn-√.. AXp-sIm≠v Fs¥-¶nepw sshjayw D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ GsX-¶nepw Hcp a\x-im-kv{X-⁄s‚ ASp-tØ°v HmSn-t∏m-Ic . Pohn- X-Øn¬ F¥p-wXs∂ kw`-hn-t®m-s´.∂-bn-cn-°pw. AXn\v imiz-Xa . ]ns∂ B at\m-tcm-KØ .mbn \n∂n¬ {]Xo-Xa .Im≠v AsXms° ad-™p-t]m- Ip-w. \n߃ Hcp at\m-tcm-KnbmsW-∂mWv. \o kzX-{¥-\m-Wv. At∏mgpw \Ωƒ kzbw hnNm-cn-°p-Ib . Hcmƒ°pw \ns∂ _‘n-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bn-√.I-ap\n P\-It.mWv Rm≥ _‘-\ÿ . \n∂n¬ a\- n- √. AjvSm-h{.. \n∂nse a\ v Xm¬°m-en-Ia . F∂m¬ Hcp Ejn ]d-bp-∂Xv \o k®n-Zm-\µ . AXn- \p≈ acp-∂p-Ifpw At±-lØ .mWv F∂v.bm- Sp-Iq. At∏mƒ a\x-im-kv{Xhpw t_m[-im- kv{Xhpw XΩn¬ A¥-ca .p-∂Xv t_m[- im-k{v X-am-W.v Adn-hns‚ imkv{X-am-W. Abmƒ \nßsf tcmKn-bm-°pw.n¬ AjvSm-h{.n-\v At±lw NnIn- ’n-°p-∂p. Cßs\ at\m-tcm-Kn-sb∂p tIƒ°p∂ am{X-bn¬ Abmƒ at\m- tcm-Kn-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. ZpxJ-߃ D≠m-bn-t°m- 178 . kz—-am-bn-cn-°p∂..w- X-s∂-bm-Wv.p- Xv. \ns∂ Bcpw _‘n-®n-´n- √.

]Wn-sbm-∂p-sa-Sp- t°-≠. Cu kwth-Z\ . ZpxJ-߃ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Bg-Øn-te°p t]mIp-hm-\p≈ Hcp hmXm-b-\-am-Wv..v thZ-\-bn-eq-sS-bmWv \Ωƒ kpJ-Øns‚ Xo{hX Adn-bp-∂X . F√m-Øc . AΩ Xn∂p∂ `£-WØ . Ip™n-\p-th≠n AΩ izmtkm-—mkw sNøp-∂p-≠.p-∂p- ≠v.n\v F¥v kpJ-am-Wp≈- Xv.Ø. AXp-sIm-≠Xv \ne-hn-fn-°p-∂p.mWv BZyw B Ip´n°v Hcp {]l-ca . a\x-im-k{v X-⁄≥ Cßs\ ]d-bp-tºmƒ a\x-im-k{v X-{X-⁄\p a\- n-em-ImsX t]mIp∂ Hcp..ƒ Ip™n\p In´n-s°m≈pw.a .v AXn\v izmkw In´p-∂n- √. BZysØ kwth-Z\wXs∂ B Ip™n\v thZ-\b .nepw thZ\bp≠v. Ip™n\v kz¥-ambn izmtkm-—m-kw- th≠. adn®v Bflm-hn¬ \Ωƒ ibn-°p-tºmƒ D≠m- bncp∂ kpJ-amWv \Ωƒ ho≠pw Xnc-bp-∂Xv.a. AΩ-bpsS K¿`-]{.n-epap≈ _p≤n-ap-´n- te-°mWv K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬\n∂v Hcp Ip™v Cd-ßn-hc ...v CXns\ IqSp-X¬ At\z-jn-®p-s®-√p-tºmƒ km[m-cW a\x-im- kv{X-⁄¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv Cß-s\-bm-W:v Ip™p-߃ K¿`-]m-{X-Øn- ¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-tºm-gp≈ kpJw Xncn-®p-]n-Sn-°m-\m-Wt{X ]n∂o- Sp≈ PohnXw-ap-gp-h≥ Ah¿ {ian-°p-∂X . HcΩ Ip™ns\ {]k-hn°p∂ ka- bØv B Ip™v K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬\n∂v ]pd-tØ-°p-h∂v IÆp-Xp-d- °m≥ {ian-°p-tºmƒ B Ip™n-\Xp kln-°p-Ib . ZpxJ-߃ Cs√-¶n¬]ns∂ Pohn-XØ .m- bn-Øo-cp-∂X .Ø .m- Wv.m-bn-cn-°p∂ Ahÿ Fs∂∂pw Hcp Ae´p∂ Hm¿Ωbmbn Ip™ns\ ]n≥Xp-Sc . kwth-Z\w F∂p ]d-™m¬ Bflm-hns‚ {]Imiw ]pd-tØ-°p-h∂v Hcp hkvXp-hns‚ Adn-hns\ H∏n-sb-SpØv Xncn®v AI-tØ°p sIm≠pt]mIp∂ Hcp {]{In-bb .X-Øn- en-cn-°p∂ kpJ-a√.f .h-iap≠v. Cßs\ hfsc kpc£nXamb K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬ InS∂ Ip™ns‚ kpJ-Ic .v AΩ- Xs∂ F√mw sNbvXp-sIm≈pw.ß .m-bn-Øo- cp-∂p.n-cW .m-bn. F√m kwth-Z\ .n¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p∂ H∂mWv thZ-\.psS thZ-\b.p-∂X . Bflm-hn¬\n∂pw PmX-ambn Bflm-hn-te-°p-Xs∂ Xncn-®p-t]m-Im-\p≈ Hcp At\z- km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 179 .s´.. F¥m-WXv? B Ip™ns‚ IÆn-te°v {]Im-iI .n-√.v AXm-WXv \ne-hn-fn-°p-∂X . Np‰p-]m-Sp-If.ß .v K¿`-]m-{X-Øn-em-bn-cp- ∂-t∏mƒ Ah¿ hfsc kpc-£n-Xc . ZpxJ-Øn-eq-sS-bmW.v thZ\ F∂ hm°v \n߃ {i≤n- ®n´pt≠m? thZ\ F∂ hm°ns‚ apºn¬ kw F∂ D]-k¿§w- IqSn tN¿Øm¬ kwth-Z\ .n¬\n∂p≈ t]mj-Imw-iß .ƒh∂v thZ\ D≠m- °p-∂p.m-bn-cp-∂p.

AXns\ \Ωƒ lrØmbn \n∂- dn-bWw. aq∂m-asØ IÆp-sIm-≠mWv Cu taitbbpw Ft∂bpw Rm≥ ImtW-≠-Xv.X y. Adn-bs.° m≥ BZyw sNtø≠Xv GsXmcp A\p-`hw D≠m-Ip-tºmgpw ‘Rm≥ Adn-bp-∂h .a \ximkv { Xw \mdp.a m.I . B K¿`-Kr-l- Øn¬\n-∂mWv \Ωƒ PmX-am-bn-cn-°p-∂X .mWv \ΩpsS Pohn-XØ . B[p-\n-I-a-\x-im-kv{X-Xv⁄-∑m¿ Ct∏mƒ FØn-t®¿∂n-cn-°p∂ \nK-a\w ho≠pw Xncn®v K¿`- ]m-{X-Øn-te-°p≈ Hcp bm{XbmWv a\pjyPohnXw F∂mWv.m-Wv. ImWp∂ Fs∂bpw ImW-Ww.w.v. F¥p-sIm≠v ImWWw? F∂n- 180 .∂ p. \Ωƒ Bflm. Cu c≠p IÆp- sIm≠v F\n-°n-Xns\ ImWm≥ Ign-bn-√.∂-bmWv Hmtcm-\n-an-jhpw Xncn-®p-t]m- Im≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂X .w. CXns\ kIew s]dpw BZn-_oPw F∂p Kpcp ]d-bpw.a m. km[m- cW Adn-bp-∂Xv Aß-s\-b-√.≠ v .≠ v ]m›m. CsXmcp Akw-_-‘-am-Wv. Adn-hns‚ kµ¿`-Øn¬ Ch c≠n-t\bpw H∂mbn Adn-bW .n-bW .fl .w.I p. Adn-bp∂ Ft∂bpw Adn-bW .≥’ ‘Adn- b-s∏-Sp∂ hkvXp’ Ch c≠n-t\bpw \Ωƒ Hcp-an-®d . F∂m¬ Kpcp \ap°Xp a\- n-em-°n-Ø-cp-∂p-≠v.w. Bflm.h n¬ ibn®t∏mƒ Bflm-hp-ambn XmZm-fly-s∏´ncp∂t∏mƒ D≠m- bncp∂ kpJ-Øn-te-°p-Xs . \Ω-psS PohnXw IqSp. A√msX K¿`-]m-{X-Øn-te-°√ .. Ct∏mƒ Rm≥ tai ImWpI-bm-sW-¶n¬ ImWp∂-h-\mb Ft∂bpw ImW-s∏-Sp∂ taitbbpw Hcp-an®p ImW-Ww.v. CXp-t]mse Hcp-]mSv Akw-_-‘- ߃sIm. G‰hpw henb K¿`-]m{Xw Bflm-hns‚ K¿`-Kr-la .n. ]t£. `uXn-Ia . Cu {]{Inbbnse√mw km£nbmIWw F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Nne Imcy-߃ CXn¬ a\- n-em-°W .\p-≈q. Dƒ°- Æp-sIm≠p ImW-Ww.h n¬\n∂v PmX.w.X ¬ [ym\m. A√msX K¿`-]m-{X-Øn- te°p Xncn-®p-t]m-Im-\-√. F√mw ImWp∂p F√mw tIƒ°p∂p F√mw aW-°p∂p F√mw cpNn-°p∂p.j-Wa .r-jvSn-bn¬ G‰hpw henb K¿`-]m{Xw F√m-‰n-t\bpw {]k-hn-°p∂ AΩbmb B-flm-hm-Wv. B¿°pw Cu \m‰w Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. Cu IÆns\bmWv aq∂m-asØ IsÆ∂p Z¿i\imkv{XØn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv.mbn t\m°p- tºmƒ AΩ-bpsS K¿`-]m-{X-sØ-°p-dn®p ]d-bp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw B≤ym-flZ.∏-Sp∂ hkvXp-hn-t\bpw Adn-bW . Cu taisb ImWWw.∂ p.

A√msX \mw ]e-t∏mgpw \ΩpsS \nXy-Po-hn-XØn¬ ip≤n hcp-Øm≥ {ian-°p-Ibpw \ΩpsS D≈n¬ Zzµzw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ B Aip-≤nsb \Ωƒ ImWp-I-bn-√.´ p. A√msX F\n°o IÆp-sIm-≠p-Im-Wm≥ F¥v {]bm-k-am-Wp-≈Xv? Hcp {]bm-k- hp-an-√.X . Rm\pw ssZhhpw cs≠∂ `mhw F∂n-en-√. AXp-sIm≠v CXns\ c≠n-t\bpw Hcp-an-®-dn-bp∂ Hc-dn-hv. \ΩpsS a\ v Aip-≤-am-bn- cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Rm≥X-s∂-bmWv km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 181 . hnØv F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? hnsØ∂p ]d-™m¬ Imc-Ww. Fs‚ ico-c-tØbpw a\-  n-t\bpw am‰n-\n¿Øn-s°m≠v Cu tai F∂n¬\n∂pw A\y- am-sW∂v Rm≥ Adn-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ H∂p-In¬ Cu tai F\n°v kt¥mjw Xcn-Itbm As√-¶n¬ ZpxJw Xcn-Itbm sNøpw. Aip≤n F∂Xv Zzµz-Øn-em-Wv. CXp \Ωƒ ioen-°-Ww.s sN. AXn\p hnØm-bn.s ∏. F\n-s°m-cn-°epw F∂n¬\n-∂-\y-ambn Cu BIm-isØ tXm∂p-I-bn-√. Ahn-sS-bmWv [ym\w AXns‚ kzm`m-hn-I-X-bn¬ hcp-∂-Xv. acpØv ˛ hmbp. lrØmbn \n∂-dn-b-Ww. At∏mƒ ac-Øns‚ Imc-W-amWv hnØv. CsXmcp [ym\-am-Wv. AXmWv D≠m-Im≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv. Hcp hnØn¬\n-∂t√ Hcp acw D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. Cu km£n. AXp-t]mse hnØm-bn˛Rm≥ F√m-‰n-t‚bpw Imc-W-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. Imcy-a√ F∂p a\- n-em-°-Ww. Fs∂ Rm≥ am‰n-\n¿ØpI- bmWv Cu {]{Inbbn¬ sNøp-∂-Xv.se-Øs∂ Bfl-N-£p- p-sIm≠v ImW-Ww. IÆp-IfS®v \Ωƒ a\\w sNø-Ww. AXn-s\-bmWv lrØv F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. {]]-©-Øns‚ Imc-W- am-bn-Øo-cp∂p Rm≥. Rm≥ Xs∂-bmWv BIm-iw. ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm≥ BcmWv? ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm≥ ssZhw-X-s∂-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ F∂nse Rm≥ ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm\m-bn. AXp-t]mse hnsÆmSp acp-Øm-bn ˛ hnsÆ∂p ]d-™m¬ BIm-iw.\ y. Fhn-sS-bmWv \Ωƒ ip≤n- bm-tI-≠Xv? \Ω-fpsS D≈n¬Ø-s∂-bmWv ip≤n-bm-tI-≠-Xv. Rm≥ X-s∂-bmWv hmbp. Rm≥ X-s∂-bmWv A·n. Rm≥X-s∂- bmWv BIm-i-w. AXn-s‚-sbms° hnØm-bn amdp-I-bmWv Rm≥. a\- n¬ Zzµz-ap-≠v.a mWv Rm≥ F∂p t_m[y. ip≤-am-bn-t∏m-b- Xp-sIm≠v Zzµzw C√. AXn-semcp [ym\-hp-an-√. FhnsS Zzµz-apt≠m AhnsS Aip-≤n-bp- ≠v.

Chn-sS-Ø-s∂-bn-cp∂v F√m-h¿°pw Ah-cpsS t_m[sØ k¿∆-hym-]-I-X-bp-≈-Xm-°n-Øo¿°m≥ Ign-bpw. F\n°p ]d-™p-Xcm\pw Adn-bn-√. At±lw \n\°v Ah-km-\sØ an\p-°p- ]Wn Xcpw.a-¶n¬ Rm≥ sNøp∂ {]hrØnIƒ I≠p a\- n- em-°n-s°m-≈p.n\p ImWm≥ Ign-™Xv.- tfmfw bm{X sNbvXv Ahn-sS-sb-Øn. k∂ymkw F∂Xv Im´ntem Kpl-bntem t]mbn-cn-°p-∂-h¿°v am{X-ap-≈-X-√.Pew.k-{X-am-Wv. Cßs\ Cu {]]©w apgp-h\pw Rm\m-bn A\p-`h . ]c-a-km- £m-Xv°m-c-ap-≠m-I-Ww. F¥mtWm ]Tn-t°-≠Xv AsXms° tI´p ]Tn-®p.s . Iptd- °mew B injy≥ Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-Øp-\n∂v XØzßsfms° ]Tn-®p. F∂n´pw Adnhv ]q¿Æ-am-bn-√. A√msX Chn- sS-h∂v Ipd-®p-Imew GsX-¶nepw Hm^o-kn-sem-s°-t∏mbn ]Øp- ap-∏-Xp-h¿jw tPmen-sNbvXv s]≥j≥]‰n ho≠pw kpJ-ambn Pohn-°m-sa-∂v hnNm-cn®v P\n®X√.ns‚ Ah-km-\Ø . Fs¥-¶nepw a\-  n-em-°W . AhnsS FØn-b-t∏mƒ At±-lØ .n-°m≥ Ign-bW . Kpcp ]d™ B amÃ-dpsS hoSv hfsc AI-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p. CXv Kpcp \sΩ ]Tn-∏n-®p-X-cn-I-bm-Wv. Rm≥ Hcp Kpcpshm∂pa√.” 182 .w. B amÿS®v At±-l- Øns‚ ssIbn¬\n∂pw In´p-sa∂v ]d-™p. Cu injys‚ t]cv \m≥˛-C≥ F∂m-Wv. At±-l-Øns‚ ASp-Øp-t]mbn \o Ipd-®p-Imew Xma-kn-®p ]Tn°q. thW-sa- ¶n¬ \n߃ Ipd-®p-Zn-hkw ChnsS \nt∂m-fq. Ign-°p∂ \m≥ A√. AXn-\p-th-≠n-Ø-s∂-bmWv \Ωƒ P\n-®n-´p-≈-Xv. F\n°v hmbn- °m≥ Adn-bn-√. Hcn-°¬ Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-tØ°v Hcp injy≥h∂p. \m≥-˛C . Rm≥X-s∂-bmWv `qan-. Ahn- sS-s®∂v Kpcp-sImSpØ IØv k{Xw kq£n-∏p-Im-c\v sImSp-Øp.n¬ Hcp amÃ-dpsS \nd™phgnbp∂ Hcp A\p-{K-l-ap-≠v. CXmWv e£yw. At∏mƒ \ap°v H∂n-t\mSpw A\yXzw tXm∂p-I-bn-√.” Hcmƒ ⁄m\n-bm-Ip-∂X . Hcp hgn--tbmc.≥ Znh-kß . ]q¿Æ-am-Im-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v Kpcp ]d™p: “\ns∂ Rm≥ thsdmcp Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-tØ°p hnSpIbmWv. At∏mƒ k{Xw kq£n-∏p-Im-c≥ ]d-™p: “Rm≥ Hcp km[m- cW a\p-jy-\m-Wv.

ØmsS sNbvXp-. cm{Xn-bm-Ip∂ ka-bØv Cu k{Xw kq£n-∏p-Im-c≥ sNøp-∂Xv F¥m. Cu k{X-Øns‚ kq£n-∏p-Im-c\ .∂-bmWv F∂pw At±lw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X .s ≠. At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d-™p-sIm-SpØp: “CXp-t]m-se-bmWv Pohn- X-hpw.n¬\n∂v F¥p ]Tn-°m\mWv? ChnsS Nne-hg.pIn XpS®p hbv°p∂Xp ImWmw. At±lw hnNm-cn. \Ωƒ Pohn-®p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ Ht´sd amen-\y-߃ \ΩpsS a\- n¬ IS-∂p-Iq-Spw. Hcp alm-Kp-cp-hns‚ ASp-tØ°v ]d-™b . A{X-Xs .∂tb Pohn-XØ .∏mgpw Kpcp hfsc \n¿a- a\pw im¥\pw kuay\pambn F√mw tI´p.´ p.b.v HcpXc- Øn-ep≈ \ncp-’m-lhpw C√msX Hcp ZpxJhpw sshj-ayhpw C√msX At±lw CsX-√mw kt¥m-jt. ]m{Xw Igp-Ip-∂Xpw a‰pw \o I≠t√m .n-°p∂ kabw hrYm-hn-em-W.ƒ I≠-t∏m-tg°pw \m≥-˛C .∂ .” At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d™p: “A{Xbpw Imcy- ߃ \n\°p a\- n-em-b-t√m.≥ ]d™p: “AhnsS H∂pw ImWm\n√.v Fs‚ Kpcp kabw If-bm≥th- ≠n shdpsX Fs∂ Np‰n-°p-Ib ..®p. Cß-s\-sbms° Kpcp-hn-t\mSp ]d-™t.° v p-Ib . CXp-Xs . AXv `wKn-bmbn hncn-°p-∂p.¶ n¬ Ah¿°p≈ hncn-sbms° hncn®v sImSp-°p-∂p.?v ” \m≥˛-C≥ tNmZn-®p.¶ nepw h∂n. Ah¿ `£Ww Ign® ]m{X-ßs .n¬ ]Tn-°m-\p≈q. Bfp-Iƒ h∂p-t]m- Ip-∂p-≠.m-sW∂p ]d-™v Hcp k{Xw kq£n-∏p-Im-cs‚ ASp-tØ°v Fs∂ hn´p. ]nt‰-Zn-hkw t\cw shfp-°p-tºmƒ Igp-In-h® ]m{X-߃X-s∂-sb-SpØv At±lw ho≠pw Igp-Ip-∂p.” At∏mƒ \m≥-˛C .Ø n¬ Bsc.v CXp c≠v aq∂p Znh-kß .” “AsX- ¥mWv Kpcp Cßs\ ]d-bp-∂X . Kpcp-hn-t\m-Sv tZjy- s∏-Sp-hm≥ XpS-ßn. hncn-Is. At∏mƒ Kpcp tNmZn®p: “Ahn-sS-t]m-bn´v \o F¥mWv I≠Xv? BZyw AXv ]d-bq. At∏mƒ F√m-Zn-h-khpw \Ωƒ a\- ns\ km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 183 .m-bn-cp∂p At√.g. F∂mepw c≠p-aq-∂p-Zn- hkw B k{X-Øn¬ Xma-kn-®n´v t]mIm-sa∂p \m≥˛C≥ hnNm-cn- ®p.f√mw IgpIn hrØn-bm°n hbv°p-∂p.n\v hfsc t_md-Sn-®p. Hcp k{Xwkq£n- ∏p-Im-c≥ cmhn-se-bpw sshIpt∂chpw ]m{X߃ I . \m≥-˛-C≥ BsW-¶n¬ Hcp-]mSp {KŸ-߃ hmbn®v HØncn Imcy-߃ a\- n-em-°nb Hcm-fm-Wv.f√mw Ae-°p-∂p.s Wt∂m? k{X. CsX-√mw F¥mWv ImWm-\p≈Xv? Xncn®v \m≥- ˛-C≥ Xs‚ Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-tØ-°p-Xs∂ t]mbn. Fs∂ shdptX ]‰n-°p-Ib .m-bn-cp-∂p.

Hcp\¿ØIs‚ \rØwt]mse.n-te°v hc-Ws .Ø .mbn t_m[y-s∏´v Pohn-°p-tºmƒ Hcp-Xc...n¬\n∂pw Hfn-t®mSn Hcp Pohn- Xhpw \ap°p Pohn-t°-≠. B Hcp Ah-ÿb .b.p-tºmƒ kz]v\Ø .W w.a-¶n¬ Bfl-t_m-[Ø .. Fs¥m-s°-bmtWm ChnsS C{µnbtKmNcambn D≈Xv AsX-√mw A∂-am-Wv.v.. I¿Ωw _‘-\Ø .w.≥ F∂p ]d- 184 . t_m[-Øns‚ sXfna C√m-Xn-cn-°p- tºm-gm-Wv. C{Xtb Pohn-XØ . B I¿Ω- Øn¬ \n߃ B\-µn-°p-I.w. AXp-sIm≠v k¿∆-Øn-t\bpw \Ωƒ BflZ¿i\ Øns‚ ]›mØeØn¬\n∂pw ImW.mWv.n-ep≈ _‘-\hpw \n߃°p≠m-Ip-∂n-√.n-eqsS Nne amen-\y-߃ \ΩpsS D≈n-te°p IS-∂p-h- cpw. Cs√-¶n¬ \n߃°Xp sNøm≥ Ign-bp- I-bn-√. cm{Xn-ka .Øv InS-∂p-dß . A∂w F∂p-]d . ]t£. AZn-°p-∂h . ZrjvSn apX-em-bv ˛ F√m C{µn-bß .. hnj-bh .a .p-sams° k®n-Zm-\µ . PohnXØns‚ Bhnjv°mcw B ]›mØeØn¬\n∂pw XpSßs´.ns‚ ZuXy-ambn Gs‰- SpØv AXv Bfl-km-£m-X° v m-ca . Hcp inev]nbpsS sImØp]Wnt]mse. I¿ΩØns‚ ^e-Øn-ep≈ B{K-lw \nß-fn¬ C√m-Xn-cp-∂m-¬ aXn.” sk≥_p-≤n-k-Øn¬ Pohn-XXØzw ]Tn∏n°p-∂Xv Pohn-X- Øn¬\n∂v H∂pw Hfn-t®m-Sm-\n√ F∂-Xm-Wv. F¥p sNøp-tºmgpw \ΩpsS a\ v XpS®p hrØn-bm-°W .n-te°p hcp-∂Xv ⁄m\w \nß- fn¬ C√m-Xn-cn-°p-tºm-gm-Wv. Pohn-XØ .fpw ]©-`q-Xß .n-\Ø. sImØm-bnSpw ˛ sImØv F∂p ]d-™m¬ ]q¶p-e. Kpcphpw ]d-bp- ∂Xv AXp-Xs . GXp I¿Ωhpw \n߃°p sNømw.ns‚ sXfna \nß-fn¬ D≠m-IW . sImØm-bnSpw hnj-b- hn-kvXm-ca.n-kvXm-cß . IÆn\v ImgvN A∂-am-Wv. Hcp Nn{X-Im-c≥ Nn{Xw hc-bv°p-∂- Xp-t]mse.IgpIn hrØn-bm-°n-h-bv°-Ww.m-hp-ambn hnekpw.m-Wv.∂-bm-Wv.-™m¬.m-Wv. CsXms° A∂-ßf . Xz°n\v kv]¿iw A∂-am-Wv. Iq´w.f . t\cw shfp-°p-tºmƒ ]nt∂bpw AXv XpS®p hrØnbm°n hbv°Ww.psS hn]p-e- am-bn-cn-°p∂ Iq´w. Fhn-sS-bmtWm \n߃ Pohn-°p- ∂Xv AXn¬ B\-µn®v AXv Pohn-XØ .∂.n¬ ]Tnt°≠Xmbn´p≈p. Cu A∂sØ `pPn-°p-∂- h-s\-bmWv AØmhv F∂p ]d-bp-∂X . AXns√-¶n¬ \n߃ F¥p-sN-bvXmepw AXp _‘\w D≠m-°pw.. sNhn°v i_vZw A∂-am-Wv.f . F√mw PK-Zw-_b .X .a.

™m¬ `£n-°p-∂h . 185 .- fm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw Hs° `h-Xn-Xs . ]e-Xm-b {`aw D≠m-Ip-∂n-√. Ah≥ F√mw GI-am-bn {Kln-°p∂p. Cu AØm-hm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw hnj-bß . ambbmIp∂ h≥]I Abmsf _m[n-°p-∂n-√.≥. XØz-Nn-¥m-{K-l≥ Bbn-cn-°- W-sa∂p am{Xw. tZhn-b√ .msX H∂pw Chn- sS-bn-√.∂. At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d-bp∂ kI-ehpw D≈-Xp-Xs∂ F∂ ⁄m\ clkyw \ap°p t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂p.

P\\n ˛ hnizØns‚ AtΩ hmgvØphm\pacptX ˛ AΩbpsS hmgvhns\ h¿Æn°phm≥t]mepw Ignbp∂n√t√m. AXn\v Bhmkw ˛ {]]©m\p`hßfpsS \ne\n¬]v Cßv DeIn¬ ˛ Cu temIØn¬ B]mZnXw `hXnbm¬ ˛ `hXnsb B{ibn®v am{Xap≈XmWv. 186 . \mhmZnX≥ ˛ \mhp XpSßnb C{µnb߃°v hnjbnXmhmka‰ ˛ hnjbambnØocmØ `hZmhmkw ˛ AΩbpsS hmkÿm\w BsI hnekpw ˛ k¿hØnt\bpw {]Zo]vXam°p∂ tZymhmWv ˛ Adnhns‚ BImiamWv. AXns‚ alnamhv ˛ AXns‚ alnamXntcIw Bcdn™p ˛ BcmWv Adn™n´p≈Xv.X≥ hnj-bn-Xm-hm-k-a-‰ `h˛ Zm-`m-k-amsI hnekpw tZymhm-W-Xns‚ aln-am-hm-c-dn™p P\˛ \o! hmgvØp-hm-\p-a-cp-tX! `qhmZn `qXaXn\v ˛ `qan apXemb ]©`qX߃°v Bhmkan√ ˛ kzbta D◊bn√. CXv ˛ {]]©m\p`hßsf√mw Adnhn≥ B`mhntijw ˛ Adnhns‚ hntijcq]Ønep≈ tXm∂epIfmWv. H≥]Xv `qhmZn `qX-a-Xn-\m-hm-k-an√ `h˛ Zm`m-kaman-X-dn-hn˛ ∂m`m-hn-ti-j-a-Xn-\m-hm-k-an-ßp-e-In˛ em]m-ZnXw `h-Xn-bm¬ \mhm-Zn. shdpw B`mkamw ˛ Ah shdpw anYymZriyßfmWv.

ptX. AXp-sIm≠v Kpcp ]d-bp∂p: hmgvØp-hm-\p-ac . kv{Io\nep≈ shfn®Øn\pw Ccp´n\pw \ΩpsS IÆpIfn¬\n∂pw IÆp\ocns\ sIm≠p hcm\pw \ΩpsS D≈n¬\n∂v s]m´n®ncnsb DXn¿°m\pw \Ωn¬ `bw P\n∏n°m\pw Ignbpw.psS _ew Ipd™phcp∂p.hnbntem Hcp Xnc»oebntem sXfnbp∂ ⁄m\hnlmb ns‚ alna 187 . cmPtbmK P\\nsb°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ hm°pIfpsS i‡n £bn®phcp∂p. AXpt]mse shdpw B`mkamanXdnhn≥˛Adnhn¬ D≠mbnamdnadnbp∂ {]XoXnIƒ am{XamWh. AsX√mw P\\nbpsS D◊bmWv. HcpXcØnepw hm°psIm≠v tZhnbpsS apgph≥ cq]tØbpw h¿Æn°m≥ Ignbp∂n√. CXp hyXykvXßfmb cq]ßfmWv Fs∂ms°. `qhv F∂p ]d™m¬ `qan. B`mkw F∂m¬ ]d™m¬ tXm∂emWv . hyXykvXßfmbn Fs¥ms° ImWp∂pthm AsXms° tXm∂epIfmWv. ]dbpt¥mdpw hm°p-If . ⁄m\hnlmb ns‚ alna hmgvØphm\pacptX ˛ `hXnsb hmgvØphm≥t]mepw hm°pIfn√. F√m D◊bpw P\\nbpsS D◊bmWv. shfn®Øn¬ \ap°p tXm∂n®ps°m≠ncn°pw. shdpw Ccp´nt‚bpw shfn®Ønt‚bpw Gdnamden\v C{Xbpw i‡nbps≠∂p \mw a\ nem°ptºmƒ \ΩpsS a\ n¬ \S°p∂ Cu B`mhntij߃°v. CXp amhmWv. `qan apXemb ]©`qX߃s°m∂pwXs∂ Bhmkan√˛kzX{¥amb D◊bn√. `qhmZn `qXaXn\mhmkan√. B`mkßfmWv. Cu {]XoXnIƒ°v ]ns∂ \Ωn¬ Fs¥ms° hnImchnt£m`߃ hcpØn°qSm? Hcp Sn. CXp sXßmWv. B`mhntijw F∂p ]d™m¬. CXdnhn≥ B`mhntijw. B` F∂m¬ {]Imiw. ^nenaneqsS shfn®w ISØnhnSptºmƒ kv{Io\n¬ sXfnbp∂ Nn{X߃°v hmkvXhnIambn D◊bns√¶nepw Ahbv°v B`mhntijap≠v. ⁄m\P\\nsb°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ. Cu ]d™sXm∂pwXs∂ P\\nbpsS ]q¿ÆXsb Dƒs°m≈p∂X√ ]ZmhenIf√. hm°pIƒ ]cntabßfmbncn°p∂XpsIm≠v A{]tabssh`hbmb P\\nsb hmgvØphm≥ Ignbp∂n√.

A\¥ambn {]Imin°p∂ NnZmImiamWv. Nnet∏mƒ BfllXybnteØp \bn°mw. NnZmImiw F∂p ]d™m¬ Adnhns‚ BImiw. \mhmZnX≥ hnjbnXmhmka‰ `hXmhmkw BsI hnekpw tZymhmWv˛`hXnbpsS icnbmb D◊ \mhpsIm≠p cpNn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. `hXnbpsS icocw F√mbnSØpw hym]n®ncn°p∂ NnZmImiamWv. B]mZnXw `hXnbm¬˛Cu B`mk߃s°ms° Cu temIØn¬ FhnsSbmWv Bhmkw AYhm FhnsSbmWv D◊bp≠mbncn°p∂sX∂p tNmZn®m¬ AXp `hXntbmSp tN¿∂p am{Xta D≈q. NnZmImians√¶n¬ Hc\p`hhpw D≠mIp∂n√. NnXv F∂p ]d™m¬ Adnhv.) Cu {]Xn^enXambncn°p∂ OmbIfn¬ \ap°v s]mSp∂s\ cmKhpw tZzjhpw hcpw.Nn{X߃°v Hcp hy‡nbpsS D≈n¬ Hcp]mSp hnjaXIƒ D≠m°m≥ Ignbpw. Xnc»oebns√¶n¬ FhnsSbmWv kn\na HmSnbv°pI? t_m[an s√¶n¬ ]ns∂ FhnsSbmWv A\p`hw D≠mIp∂Xv? AXpt]mse F√m A\p`h߃°pw `hXntbmSp tN¿∂pam{Xta \ne\n¬∏p≈q. \ΩpsS a\ n¬ ImWp∂ cq]ßtfmSv. tZhnbns√¶n¬. A{Xam{Xw i‡n B Xnc»oebnte°p IS∂phcp∂ {]ImitcWp°ƒ°v Ds≠∂p≈Xv \mw kzbta A\p`hn®n´p≈ Imcyßfm-Wv. tZhn C{µnb{]Xy£a√. Ip‰IrXy߃ sNøm\p≈ t{]cW hf¿Ømw. (B`mkw F∂p ]d™m¬ tamiw F∂√. As√¶n¬ AanXamb hntZzjw P\n°pw. NnZmImiØnemWv F√m A\p`hßfpw NnØhrØnIfpw {]Xn`mkn°p∂Xv. aq°psIm≠p aW°mt\m sNhnsIm≠p tIƒ°mt\m IÆpsIm≠p ImWmt\m IgnbpIbn√. Cu BImiØnemWv {]]©cN\ kw`hn°p∂Xv. H∂caWn°q¿t\cw kn\na ImWp∂ Hcmƒ Nnet∏mƒ s]m´n°cs™∂pw s]m´nsØdns®∂pw hcmw. t_m[ans√¶n¬ Bflmhns√¶n¬ Adnhns√¶n¬ Cu A\p`hßsfm∂pw AhnsSbn√. B BImi 188 . B`mkw F∂Xv Bflmhns‚ shfn®w a\ n¬X´n {]Xn^en°ptºmƒ D≠mIp∂ sshhn[yam¿∂ `mhcq]ßfmWv. `hXnbpsS icnbmb D◊ BsI hnekpw tZymhmWv. a\ n¬ D≠mIp∂ A\p`hßtfmSv H∂pIn¬ AanXamb Bk‡n P\n°pw. Aßs\ Xnc»oebn¬ sXfnbp∂ Ccpfpw shfn®Øn\pw \sΩ kzm[o\n°m≥ Ignbp∂ps≠¶n¬ \ΩpsS a\ mIp∂ Xnc»oebn¬ sXfnbp∂ Cu B`mkNn{X߃°v Fs¥ms° kw`hn∏n®pIqSm.

IhnIƒt]mepw Aßs\ ]mSp∂p: “A\¥a⁄mXah¿Æ\obw Cu temItKmfw Xncnbp∂ am¿§w AXn¶seßms≠mcnSØncp∂p t\m°p∂ a¿Øy≥ IYsb¥p I≠p. A{Xam{Xw Ah¿Æ\obamWv. Cu AΩsb hmgvØphm≥t]mepw Ignbp∂n√.Øns‚ alnamhv Bcdn™p-? \ΩpsS _p≤nsIm≠v AXns\ {Kln°m≥ Ignbptam? AXns‚ alnamhv B¿°pw Adnbm≥ Ignbp∂n√. Bflmhns‚ D]m[nIfmb A¥°cWßfnepw C{µnbßfnepw P\\nbpsS ZnhytKlw HXpßp∂n√. FhnsS Nn¥sb Dt]£n°m≥ Ignbp∂pthm FhnsS _p≤nsb hens®dnbm≥ Ignbp∂pthm AhnsS NnZmImiw kzm`mhnIambpw \ap°v A\p`hthZyamIpw. PmRms\ D]m[nIfpsS \miamWv. F∂mepw B sNdnb a\pjy\n¬ A\¥amb {]]©w IpSnsIm≈p∂p ⁄m\hnlmb ns‚ alna 189 . Rm≥ Ft∏mgpw D≈XmWv. Hcp imkv{XØn\pw AXp Is≠Øm≥ Ign™n´n√. AXpsIm≠mWv ]dbp∂Xv tZhn k®nZm\µamWv F∂v. P\\o! hmgvØphm\p acptX. FhnsS \mw a\ v Dt]£n°p∂pthm AhnsS NnZmImisØ kzbw Adnbp∂ Adnhmbn \mw amdp∂p. kØmWv˛kzbw D≠mbncn°p∂p. {]]© Øns‚ A\¥hnimeXbn¬ a\pjy≥ F{X \n mcw. Adn bm\mbn \Ωƒ _p≤nsIm≠pw Nn¥sIm≠psams° shdptX {]bXv\n°p∂p.” a\pjy≥ Cu sIm®ptKmfØnsehnsSsbms°tbm Ccp∂v Cu AXnhniZambncn°p∂ temIØns‚ apgph≥ D◊sb t\m°n °mWm≥ {ian°ptºmƒ Ahs\¥p a\ nemIm≥! koab‰ BImiØnencp∂v Xmsg \S∂p \oßp∂ Hcp a\pjys\ t\m°nbm¬ Hcp s]mSn Nen°p∂Xpt]mse tXm∂pw. AXv A\¥amWv. H∂nt‚bpw D]m[nbn√msX \mw Adnbp∂p. At∏mƒ Bcdn™p F∂p tNmZn°p tºmƒ D]m[nsIm≠v Adnbm≥ IgnbpIbn√ F∂mW¿∞w. Ft∏mgpw Adnbp∂p. NnØmWv˛kzbw Adnbp∂p. AXv _p≤nsIm≠√. Ft∏mgpw B\µn°p∂p F∂p a\ nem°Ww. _p≤nbpsS Xntcm`mhØm¬ Bflmhv kzbw {]Imin°p ∂XpsIm≠v. B\µamWv˛kzbw B\µn°p∂p. P\\nsb BgØn¬ A\p`hn°m\mbn. A\¥Xsb Af°phm\pw Adnbphm\pap≈ Hcp D]IcWhpw C∂n√. Bflmhn\p am{Xta Bflmhns\ Adnbm\mhp Ibp≈q.

Kpcp Cu clkyw Hcp t«mIØn¬ shfn∏SpØp∂p: “s]mSnsbmcp `qhnekwJyas∏mSn°pƒ˛ s∏Spsamcp`qhnXn\n√ `n∂`mhw. F∂m¬ AXnse Hmtcm s]mSn FSpØmepw B s]mSnbnsems° Cu `qan Ccn°p∂p≠v. tImiw {]]©Øns‚ an\ntb®¿ amXrIbmWv. F{Xsb{X s]mSnIƒ tN¿∂n´mWv Cu `qan D≠mbncn°p∂Xv. AeIvkn Imc¬ F∂ Nn¥I≥ ‘am≥ Z A¨t\m¨’ F∂ Hcp ]pkvXIw FgpXnbn´p≠v. B[p\nI Pohimkv { Xw FØnt®¿∂ncn°p∂Xv . a\pjys‚ B¥cnI LS\sb°pdn®p ]Tn°ptºmƒ Hcp a\pjys‚ PUicocsØ Iodnapdn®mWv ]Tn°p∂Xv. Izm≠w sa°m\nIvknse ]co£W\nco£W ߃ ssZhØns‚ D◊sb imkv{Xw AwKoIcn°p∂Xpt]mse tXm∂n∏n°p∂p. AXn¬ At±lw tNmZn°p∂p: “\Ωƒ a\pjys\°pdn®p ]Tn°ptºmƒ. ]nWvUmWvUØn¬ {_“mWvUw Ccn°p∂psh∂pw {_“mWvUØn¬ ]nWvUmWvUw Ccn°p∂psh∂pw Ejn ]dbp∂p. Aßs\ B[p\nIimkvXcw ]nWvUmWvUtØbpw {_“mWvUtØbpw kwtbmPn∏n®psIm≠v kwXpenXambncn°p∂ Hcp PohnX]Ÿmhv Ct∏mƒ sh´nØpd∂psIm≠ncn°pIbmWv. AXns\mcp tI{µhpw AXnt\mSp tN¿∂p≈ k©mc]Yßfpap≠v. `qanbn¬ Cu s]mSnIƒ Hmtcm∂pw Ccn°p∂p.F∂Xv A¤pXmXntcIw D≠m°p∂p. {]©Pohs‚ At⁄baWvUeßsf B[p\nI imkv{Xw ]q¿Æambn´ns√¶nepw Ipds®ms° kΩXn®p sIm≠ncn°p∂p≠v. ssZhw NqXm´°mc\√ F∂ sF≥Ãns‚ {]kvXmhØn¬\n∂v ssZhw NqXpw Ifnbv°pw F∂ sslk≥ _¿Kns‚ A\n›nX Xzkn≤m¥Øn¬ imkv{Xw X´n DS°n \nev°pIbmWv. Hcm‰Øns‚ LS\bmWv hnizØns‚ LS\bmbncn°p∂Xpw. Ct∏mƒ B[p\nIimkv{Xwt]mepw Cßs\bmWv Nn¥n®phcp∂Xv.” Cu `qanbn¬ F{Xsb{X s]mSnIfmWv. B‰Øns‚ LS\bpw Aßs\Xs∂bmWv . Hcp tImisØ FSpØv AXns‚ kq£vacq]Ønte°v ]cntim[n®p sN∂m¬ B tImiØns\mcp {]]©LS\ Ds≠∂nSØmWv. Ct∏mƒ {]]© PohnXsØ apºtØ°mƒ ka{Kambn \ap°p ImWm≥ km[n°p∂p≠v. PUicocsØ Iodnapdn®p ]Tn°ptºmƒ AXn¬ D≠mbncnt°≠ Poh≥ AXn¬\n∂pw \jvSs∏´p 190 .

v At\z-jn®p Is≠Øn Pohn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ Hcp ka-{K-Z¿i\w Ejn-am¿ \ΩpsS apºn¬ Ah-Xc . {]tlfnImP\yamb PohnXØns‚ Ccp≠ Klzcßfn¬ sXfnbv°p∂ Ipd®p shfn-®w am{XamWnXv.fm-∂pw-Xs∂ ]q¿ÆXtbmsS {Kln°s∏SWsa∂n√.n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp ]q¿Æ-a\ . AXn-s√-¶n¬ F¥p-≠m-bn-s´¥p Imcyw? At∏mƒ Iptd-°qSn At\z-jn-°p-Ibpw Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw a\- n-em-°p-Ibpw Adn-bp-Ibpw Pohs‚ ku`m-Ky-߃ apgp-h≥ A\p-`h .bw tNmtZym-Øc.p-jy-Xz-Øn-te°v hf-tc≠ A\n-hm-cy-Xs . ⁄m\hnlmb ns‚ alna 191 . {]`m-jW .ƒ°pth≠n.v CsXms° h®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ Kpcp-hns‚ P\\o \h-cX .mSv Xcp-∂p-≠.™ .ß . ]q¿ÆXbn te°p≈ Nne FØn- t\m-´ß . B Hcp {InbmflIXbmWv BZyw D≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠X .n-∏n-®n-´p-≠.ß .b-°p-dn®v t_m[y- s∏-SpØm\mWv P\\o \h-cX .p≈ Cu Imcy-ßs . F∂mepw Hcp ka-{K-Z¿i-\a .s. AXp tI´p-Ig..n-™m¬ \n߃°v ]q¿Æ- XtbmSv Hcp A\pcmKw tXm∂mw.- RvPcn \ap°v Nne Dƒsh-fn-®ß .p-s≠-∂p a\- n-em-°W .n¬ ]co- £n-°p-tºmƒ D≠m-Ip∂ A]-IS. PU-ßf . C\n Ipd-®p-ka.mWv D≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠- Xv. ]eXpw \pdp-ßp-I- fm-bn-´m-bn-cn°pw tIƒ°p-I. n-´p≈ kwK-Xn-bm-W.n¬ ]Tn®v ssNX-\y-ap≈ ico-cØ .v AXv ]q¿Æ-am-bn \n߃°p a\- n-em-°m≥ Ign-™p F∂p≈ A¿∞-Øn-epa√. kwi-ba.p≈ ImgvN∏ .ƒ am{Xta ChnsS ]d-™n´p≈q.v AXn-te°vv Bflm¿∞- ambn At\z-jWw \S-Øp-hm-\p≈ Xt‚-Sa .v\a . Ggp- Zn-hk .t]mbncn°p∂p. AXn-te°v ]Sn-]S.vPcn.D]-tbm-Kn-°mw. At∏mƒ Iptd-°qSn sXfn®w \nß-fn¬ D≠m-Ipw.ß .ƒ Xcp-∂p-≠.v AeIvkn Imc¬ CXp FSp-Øp-]d.v Pohn-XsØ kw_- ‘n®pw Z¿i-\sØ kw_-‘n®pw Hs° ka{K-Xb .w. PUsØ ]Tn®n´v Poh\p≈ Hcp a\pjy\n¬ \aps°ßs\ AXp {]tbmKn°phm≥ Ignbpw?” Poh\p≈ GsX- ¶nepw a\pjys‚ IpS¬ameIsfms° Iodnapdn®v ]Tn°phm≥ Bsc¶nepw A\phZn°ptam? Hcp saUn°¬ tImtfPn¬ ]co£WØn\v hnt[bam°m≥ \nßfpsS a°sf Bscsb¶nepw \n߃ sImSp°ptam? aIt\tbm aItftbm Ipd®p\mƒ ]Tn®Xn\ptijw Xp∂n°q´n Xncn®pXcmw F∂p ]d™m¬ \n߃ kΩXn°ptam? hmkvXhØn¬ ]co£W߃ apgph\pw \S°p∂Xv PUßfnemWv.ß .v\a .m-W.ƒ [mcm-fa.n-bmbn At\z-jn®\p`hn°m≥ IgnbWw.R .nse {]`mjWß-fn-eqsS ]eXpw tI´p.fms° \ap°v Ipd-®p-t\cw kwkm-cn-°mw.f.

D≈nbpsS tXmseSpØv Idnh®pX∂m¬ \ap°v CjvSs∏Sptam? D≈nencn°p∂Xns\bt√ D≈n F∂p ]dbp∂Xv. ]t£. efnXam°pt¥mdpw D≈S°w \jvSs∏´p t]mIpw. AXns‚ A\p`qXnkº∂X \jvSs∏´pt]mIpw. AXpsIm≠v F{Xam{Xw Kl\am°m≥ Kpcp°∑m¿ {ian®n´pt≠m A{Xam{Xw Kl\am°n bmWv Ah¿ ]d™ncn°p∂Xv. D≈S°sØ ]nSn°ptºmƒ efnXw AefnXambnØocp Ibpw sNøpw. ISens‚ Bgw ImcWw R߃°Xns\ a\ nem°m≥ Ignbp∂n√. B X] ns\ \ntj[n®v D]cnπhambncn °p∂Xns\ am{Xw cpNn°p ∂Xv F{X AtcmNIambncn°pw. Cu sshcp≤yw CXnep≠v. AXpt]mse B≤ymflnIIrXnIfpsS kmcsØ kmcambnXs∂ AdnbWw. AXns\ Ipd®p Bgw Ipd™Xm°q F∂p ]d™m¬ ]ns∂ ISens\¥p Kmw`ocyw? ISens\ Ipfam°nbm¬ ISens‚ Kmw`ocyw A\p`hn °m≥ Ignbptam? AXpt]msebmWv B≤ymfln IIrXnIfpsS Kl\Xbpw. tNmZyw: inthmƒ-lw inthmƒ-lw F∂ a{¥Øn\p Fs¥¶nepw A¿∞apt≠m? Npcp°n ]d™pXcmtam? DØcw: \ap°p ImWm≥ Ign-bp∂ Cu temI-Øn¬ Fs¥- ¶nepw H∂n-s\-sb-SpØv CXmtWm ]c-am-flmhv F∂p tNmZn- 192 . Kpcphns‚ Z¿i\Øn\v Kl\Xbp≠v. kmcw \jvSs∏´pt]mIpw. efnXam°nbm¬ kmcw \jvSs∏Spw. NnebnSßfnsems° Ipd®pIqSn efnXam°n bncps∂¶n¬ F∂p tXm∂nbncp∂p? DØcw: CXp efnXam°m≥ hfsc Ffp∏amWv. AXns‚ kmcw \jvSs∏SpØn °gn™m¬. {]ivt\mØcn tNmZyw: Ggp Znhkßfnembn \S∂ {]`mjW߃ A\p`h km{µambncp∂p. ISen\v Bgap≈Xt√ ISens‚ Kmw`ocyw. Hmtcm hm°nt‚bpw D≈n¬ {]thin°phm\mbn t{]a]pc cap≈ X] v BhiyamWv.

mb Hc¿∞w hcp-∂X .v thW-sa- ¶n¬ A≈m F∂p ]d-bmw. mepw X≈n-°f . At∏mgpw A√ F∂p ]dbpw. F¥p ]d-™mepw \ntj-[n-°m≥ Ign-bmØ H∂v. CXv \nXyamb kØbv°v sImSp°p∂ Hcp t]cp am{X-am-W. AsX.m-bn- cn-°p∂ Adn-hp-If . BcmtWm CXn- s\-sbms° \nc-kn-°p-∂Xv B BfpXs∂-bm-W. B H∂v Fs¥∂p tNmZn-®m¬.p-sIm-≠√ . (Al-¥t..I .kvX F∂p ]d-bmw. A\p-`qXn F∂p ]d-bmw.v Rm\mWv CXn- s\-sbms° \nc-kn-°p-∂s ..m≥ Ign-bm-Ø{X kXy-am- bn-cn-°p∂ H∂m-Wv. F{X \ntj-[n-®mepw F{X X-≈n-°f ..p-sIm≠mWv.m-sW∂mWv. \Ωƒ Hcp taisb Nq≠n-s°m≠v CXp ]c-am-flm-ht√ F∂p tNmZn-®m¬ A√ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv tai ]c-am-flm-h√mØ-Xp-sIm-≠√ . Aßs\ \nc-kn-°m≥ Ign-bm-Xn- cn-°p∂ Hcp kØ F∂ A¿∞-Øn¬ ‘inh’F∂p ]d-bmw.fpw \nc-kn- °s∏´p I . tai ]c-am-flm-hmWv F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ A∏p-dØncn-°p∂ Itkc ]c-am-flm-h√ F∂p hcpw. Aßs\ \nc-kn®p \nc-kn®v F√m ]cn-ta-bX . kz¿§-ÿ\ .X-¶n¬ Ah-km\w Fs∂ F\n°v \nc- kn-°p-hm≥ Ign--bn-√. {]ivt\mØcn 193 . AXns\ inh-s\∂p i¶-cm-Nm-cy¿ ]d-bp-∂p.n-bp-tºmƒ \ap°v C\nsbm∂ns\ \nc-kn-°m≥ Ign- bmsX hcp-∂p. \ntj-[n-°m≥ Ign-bmØ B A\-¥X . D]-\n-jØv ]d-bp-∂Xv Cß-s\-bmWv: Fs¥ms° ImWp-∂pthm Fs¥ms° tIƒ°p- ∂pthm Fs¥ms° Nn¥n-°p-∂pthm AsXms° ]cn-an-Xa . AXv ]c-am-flm- hmWv F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ thsdmcp hkvXp ]c-am-flmh√ F∂v AXn¬ \nln-Xa .®m¬ \Ωƒ DS-\Sn ]d-bpI A√ F∂m-bn-cn-°pw. \ntj-[n-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. AXv ]c-am-flmh-√m-ØX . A\p{Klw F∂p ]d-bmw.m≥ Ign- bmØ H∂v.bmSp tNcp∂ kØ-b√ .sb Alp-ca .b .b . AXp-sIm≠v B ]cntabXIsf Hmtcm-∂n-t\bpw \nc-kn-t°≠nbncn°p∂p. B H∂n-s\bmWv ssZhw F∂p ]d-bp-∂X .mb ]nXmsh∂p ]d-bmw.m-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Rm≥. At∏mƒ ]camflmhn\v ]pdØv thtdbpw AkvXnXIƒ Ds≠∂p hcpw. AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥ F∂ kØ.v At∏mƒ ssZhw F{X \nc-kn-®mepw X≈n-°f .) aq∂p ImeØpw imiz-Xa .™.¥p- sIm-≠mWv A√ F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv? F∂m¬ ho≠pw thsdmcp hkvXphns\ Nq≠n CXmtWm ]c-amflm-hv F∂p tNmZn-®m¬. au\w F∂p ]d-bmw.g. GsX-¶nepw H∂n-s\-sb-SpØv AXp ]c-am-flmht√ F∂p tNmZn-°p-tºmƒ A√ F∂p ]d-bp-hm≥ ImcWw.

H∂v hmNn-Ia . Rm≥ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j-\n¬ F{X Ign-hp≈ Bfm-bmepw Rm≥ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ \S-Øp-tºmƒ Fs∂ h‡mhv F∂mWv ]d- bp-∂-Xv.H . tNmZyw: kzman IΩyq-Wn-t°-js .n- °mtam? AsXmcp CutKm.n-√.n-°mtam? DØcw: CXp hfsc {]mtbmKnIamb Hcp tNmZy-am-Wv. Cu inthmƒ-lw \ap-s°mcp km[m-cW NnØ-hrØn am{X-am-bn amdm≥ CS-bp-≠.- bn¬ ]d-bp-∂X . F¥p-X- s∂-bm-bmepw C∂v km[m-cW PohnX-Ønse km[m-cW tPmen- I-fn¬ {]tXy-In®pw Hcp t{]m^-j-\p-am-sbms° _‘-s∏-´n-cn- °p-tºmƒ Cu tNmZy-Øn\v hfsc {]k-‡n-bp-≠v. IΩyq-Wn-t°-j-\n¬ c≠p Imcy-߃ {]k-‡-ambn hcp-∂p- ≠v. inh Hcp tZhXmaq¿Ønb√.ns‚ ]mc-ay-amWv F∂mWv. H∂m-a-Xmbn h‡mhpw t{imXmhpw Hcpt]mse A{K-K-Wy- 194 . C\n thsdmcp `mj-bp-≠v.v \Ωƒ CXv ]d-bp-tºmƒ A{Xbv°v B\p-`q-Xn- I-amb Bgw In´n-sb∂p hcn-Ib .B inh-\mWv Rm≥˛ inthmƒlw inthmƒ-lw.l . Bi-bØ . B\-µØ . inhs‚ B\-µe .v i¶-cm-Nm-cy¿°v AsXmcp A\p-`h . F∂p ]d™m¬ Rm≥ B\-µØ .m-bn-cn-°p∂ `mj (meta-language). inthmƒ-lw inthmƒ-lw F∂p ]d- ™m¬ Rm≥ B\-µØ . AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥ \rØw sNøp-∂p. Rm\Xv ]d-bp∂ Hcm-fm-Wv. Abm-fXv a\- n-em-°p-hm≥ \ΩpsS D≈n-en-cn-°p∂ BibsØ `mj-bn-eqsSbpw BwKy-Øn-eqsSbpw c≠p Xc-Øn¬ \ap°v shfn-s∏-Sp-Ømw. IΩyq-Wn- t°-j≥ F∂p ]d-™m¬ Hcm-fpsS D≈n-en-cn-°p∂ Bibw thsdm-cm-fpsS D≈n-te°v FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ coXn-sb-bm-Wv.ns‚ ]mc-ayw.a mtWm? B Hcp IΩyqWnt°j≥ Kym∏v Fßs\ Hgn-hm°mw F∂p kzman H∂p- IqSn hni-Zo-Ic . inh k®nZm\µamWv.m-W.p-≠m-bn. Nn{X-`m-j (proto-language) Cu c≠p Xc-Øn¬am-{X-amWv IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ kpkm-[y-am-hp-I-bp-≈q.ns‚ ]mc-ay-am-sW∂p a\- n-em-°n-bm¬ aXn.ns‚ ]q¿Æ-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kwth-Z-\-Øn\p `wK-ap-≠m-°pw.m-bn-cp-∂p.m¿Un-t\‰v seh-en¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j- ≥ Kym∏ns\ ]cm-a¿in-°p-Ib .b psS `mK.a .\-°p-dn®v ]d-™t. AsXm-∂p-IqSn hni-Zo-Ic . AXv A\p-`q-Xn-Zi . F∂m-eXv tIƒ°p∂ hy‡n Bi-bsØ ]q¿Æ-ambn Dƒs°m-≈m≥ t]mcp∂ Hcp Xc-Øn-e-s√-¶n¬ AXn-\n-S-bn-ep≈ Bi-b-hn-\n-a-b-Øn¬ Hcp ]cm-Pbw D≠m-Im≥ CS-bp-≠v.cn.∏mƒ Hcp amt\- P¿°v k_v˛.

n-\n-abw \S-Øp-tºmƒ amt\- P-cpsS CutKm {]¿Øn-°pw. ]t£.v amt\-P¿ F∂p ]d- bp-∂Xv apI-fn¬ \n¬°p∂ Hcm-fm-W. At∏mƒ B AΩsb Adn-bm≥ `‡n-tbm-Kw.w. AXv Cu KWØn¬ hcp-∂n- √.H . ⁄m\-tbmKw. AΩ-bmWv F√mw F∂p a\- n-em-bn. AXp- sIm≠v k_v˛. Hcp Hm^o-kn-em-sW-¶n¬ amt\-P¿ Nne-t∏mƒ \√ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ kvIn√p≈ Bfm-bn-cn-°pw.m¿Un-t\‰v F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AhnsS Hcp CutKm-bpsS {]iv\w hcp-∂p-≠.m¿Un-t\‰v F∂p ]d-bp∂ Hcp hy‡nsb Hcn- °epw k_v˛.ØmfwImew \√ Hcp IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ km[y-am-hp-Ib . `‡n-tbm-Kw. F\n-°p tXm∂p-∂Xv Cu Ien-bp-K-Øn¬ C∏d-™-Xn¬\n∂v `‡n-°mWv {]m[m\yw F∂m-Wv. \o Rm≥ ]d- bp∂ Imcy-߃ tI´m¬ aXn. ]ns∂ cmP-tbm-Kw. CXn¬ GXmWv {]mtbm-Kn-I-amb am¿§w? F√m-h-cp-tSbpw e£yw Cuiz-c-km-£m-XvIm-c-am-Wv. ⁄m\-tbm-Kw. IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ km[y-am- Ip-∂Xv FhnsSbmtWm Cu Unhn-j≥ \jvSs∏-Sp-∂Xv Ahn-sS- bm-W.H . Rm≥ sshZy-cp- am-bn tbmPn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. tNmZyw: P\\o \h-c-Xv\-a-RvP-cn-bn-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-b-t∏mƒ AΩ-bmWv Cu temI-Øns‚ Imc-Ww.v apI-fn¬ \n¬°p∂ Bƒ Xmsg \n¬°p∂ Hcm-tfmSv Bi-bh . AXp-t]m-se- bm-bn-cn-°n√ tIƒ°p∂ hy‡nIƒ.H . cmP-tbm-Kw. km[m-cW \Ωƒ tI´p-h-cp∂ am¿§-߃ aq∂m-Wv. tbmKw F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? tbmKw F∂m¬ tbmPn-®n-cn-°p∂ Ahÿ. ka`mhØn¬ IΩyqWnt°j≥ kpkm[yamIp∂p. DØcw: sshZy-cpsS tNmZy-Øn¬ tNmZyhpw DØ-chpw D≠m- bn-cp-∂p. {]ivt\mØcn 195 .n\v tam£-Øn\p Htc-sbmcp am¿§w F∂m-Wv. Rm≥ amt\-Pc . AXp- sIm≠v sshZy-cp-ambn F\n°v hntbm-Pn-∏n-√.m¿Un-t\-‰mbn ImWp-∂n-St. `‡n-tbmKw \ap°v tam£Øn\v DX-Ip-∂-X√ F∂p Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂n-√.mWv.v k_v F∂m¬ Xmsg F∂ A¿∞-Øn-em-W.cm-bn-cn-°W . sshZy¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv `‡n-am¿§-amWv Cu Ien-bp-KØ . Ctßm-s´m∂pw sNmZn-t°≠ F∂p≈ Hcp CutKm Fß-s\-sb-¶nepw ]nSn-Iq-Sn-bn-cn-°pw. Ct∏mƒ k_v˛.n-√.v FhnsS cs≠∂ `mhapt≠m AhnsS IΩyqWnt°j≥ Kym∏v D≠v. I¿Ω-tbm-Kw. CXv F¥n-\mWv Cßs\ aq∂p tbmK-߃ FSpØp ]d-bp- ∂-Xv? `‡n-tbm-K-Ønepw ⁄m\-tbm-K-Ønepw I¿Ω-tbm-K- Ønepw kam\ambn D≈Xv tbmK-am-Wv.

p-∂p. Fs¥√mw kwi-b-ß-fmWv RßfpsS D≈n¬ InS-°p-∂-Xv..w.z-tØmsS Ign-™p-t]m-Ip∂ Hcp coXn-bm-Wh¿°njvSw.p-≠.p-Ød .Xms° shdpw hnVnXzw F∂p ]dbpw.v BIvSo-hnkw F∂p ]d-bpw. hfsc sNdnb Imcy-߃ tIƒ°ptºmƒ Ic-™p-t]m-Ipw. A—-t‚bpw AΩ-bp-tSbpw _‘p-°f .m-bn-´p- ≠v.n-tb-≠X . Iptd t\c-am-bt√m \o Ic-bm≥ XpS-ßn-bn-´. bp‡n-bp-‡- amb Hcp DØcw Bcpw Xcp-∂n-√t√m F∂h¿ tJZn°p∂p. CXns\ _me-Kw-Km-[c Xne-I≥ F\¿Pnkw F∂mWv ]d-bp-I. AXns\ F¥mWv sNtø-≠s .w? \ap°v cmjv{SsØ Icp-∏n-Sn-∏n-t°-≠X . A{X-am{Xw sshIm-cn-I- am-Wh. Du¿÷w Chcn¬ X≈n-hc .X-∂d.mWv I¿Ω-tbm- 196 .p-tS-bp-sams° Np‰p-h´.n-bmØXn\m¬ I¿Ωam°n ]cnWan∏n°p∂p. I¿Ωw sNøp∂ Bfp-Iƒ°p-≈X . kvt\l- ap≈ hm°p-Iƒ ]d-bW .Ø . CsXms° F¥m-Wv? a\p-jys‚ Nn¥bvt°m At\z-j-W-Ønt\m Hcp ]cnlmcw CXv Xcp-∂n-√. F√m a\p-jycpw Hcp-t]m-se-b√ . IÆp-\o¿ hm¿°pw.¿. Nne¿°v \n mc Imcy-߃ tIƒ°p-tºm-tg°pw IÆn¬\n∂pw IÆp-\o¿ hcm≥ XpS-ßpw.v \ΩpsS i‡n F¥n-\p-th≠n \Ωƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°W .nkw BsW- ¶n¬ CXv BIvSo-hn-k-am-Wv. _lp-P\w ]e-hn[w F∂p \Ωƒ ]d-bm-dnt√? Hmtcm a\p-jy\pw Hmtcm XcamWv. Ah¿ ]d-bp-∂-Xv: Cß-s\-sbm∂pw Bbm¬ t]mcm.m-bn-´p-≠v. CXn¬ BZysØ Xcw BfpIƒ°v tNcp∂ Hcp coXnbmWvv `‡n-tbm-Kw. hnj-an-°pw. Ft∏mgpw kvt\lw thWw.n- °¬ ssS∏v. Ah¿°v Aß-s\-sbm∂pw IqSp-X¬ Imcy-߃ Nn¥n- °p-Itbm Adn-bp-Itbm H∂pw th≠. F∂m¬ a\p-jy-s\-°p-dn®v \mw Ipd-®S. Cßs\ aq∂p Xcw Bfp-I-sf-bmWv Ct∏mƒ Rm\n-hnsS ]d-™-Xv. kvt\l-tØmsSbp≈ hm°p-Iƒ tI´n- s√-¶n¬ Dd°w hcn-√. At∏mƒ AhcpsS Xcw thsd-bm-Wv. Hcph≥ Cßs\ ]d-bp-tºmƒ CXv I¿Ω-Øns‚ Hcp X≈n-®- bm-W.v \ΩpsS kaq-lsØ \∂m-t°-≠X . \ns‚ IÆp- \o-scms° If. \Ωƒ Fs¥-¶n-ep-sams° sNø-Ww.w. Aß-s\.n¬ kpc-£n-XX . C\n Hcp Iq´w Bfp-Iƒ Cu ]d-bp-∂s .p≈ Bfp-Isf \nß- fpsS Np‰p-]m-Sn¬ \n߃°v ImWm≥ Ign-bpw.e. at‰Xv Ctam-jW . sskt°m-fP . Nne¿ Aß-s\-b-√. Ah¿ bp‡n]q¿hw Nn¥n°p∂hcmbXpsIm≠v Pn⁄mkp°fmWv. ]c-kv]cw kvt\ln-°W .Hcp {]Ir-Xa .

v c≠m-asØ Xcw ]d-bp-∂Xv F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw Cuiz-c\ . A√msX F\ns°mcp {]m[m- \y-hp-an-√.n-√. I¿Ω-ßsf√mw Cuiz-c\ .mWv sNøp-∂s .W v . hntbm-Pn-∏n-√.X∂dn™v I¿Ωßsf Cuizcm¿∏nXam°p∂Xv I¿ΩtbmKw. ⁄m\-ap-≠v. B tbmK-Øns‚ kz`mhw t\m°p-IbmsW-¶n¬ FhnsS Poh≥ ]c-am-flm-hn¬\n∂pw thdn-´- Xp-t]mse tXm∂p-∂pthm At∏mƒ A⁄m\w D≠v.v Cuiz-c≥ Fs¥m- s°-bmtWm ]d-bp-∂Xv Cuiz-c≥ Fs¥m-s°-bmtWm \n¿t±-in- °p-∂Xv Cuiz-cm-\p-{Klw t]mse F√mw \S-°s´ F∂p IcpXn Fs∂ Cuiz-c\v hn´p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ib .w.Xzw D≈-Xm-W. As√-¶n¬ \ΩpsS D≈n¬ Hcp A\y-Ym-t_m-[a. CXn¬ Rm≥ Cuiz-c\v Fs∂ ka¿∏n-®n-cn-°p-Ib . ImcWw i¶-cm-Nm-cysc FSp-Ømepw \mcm-b-W-Kp-cp-tZ- hs\ FSp-Ømepw {iocm-aI .mWv {]m[m-\yw.m-Wv sNøp-∂X .Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp I¿Ωhpw {]ivt\mØcn 197 .v AXv `‡n-tbm- K-am-W.. Cßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ Hcp ⁄m\nbpw Hcp tbmKnbpw Hcp _p≤-\n¬ thsd-th-sd-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v \ap°v ]d-bm≥ Ign-bp- I-bn-√. Cßs\ sNøp-∂Xv I¿Ω- tbm-Kw.v AXp-sIm≠v \ap°v c≠m- bn-cn-°p∂ `mhsØ If-bW . AXp-sIm≠v H∂mb Cu Cuiz-c≥Xs∂-bmWv k¿∆-PK . \mcm-b-W-Kp-cp.v B I¿Xr-Xz-t_m[w If-bp-I.m-W. `‡n-bp-≠v.n-\√ Cuiz-c\ . c≠m-bn-cn-°p∂ `mhsØ Cu aq∂p hn[-Øn¬ \ap°p If-bmw.v Cuiz-c\v F√mw Adn-bmw.a . Iptd-°qSn At\z-jn-°p-Ibpw hmbn-°p-Ibpw Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw Hs° sNøp∂ Bfp-Iƒ°v ⁄m\-tbm-Kw. CXv BZysØ Xcw BfpIƒ°v hfsc tN¿∂-Xm-W.l .≤ . Cu Adn-be .nepw hym]n-®n-cn-°p- ∂Xv F∂-dn-bp-I. At∏mgpw tbmPn-®p. Hcmƒ°pw CXns\ H∂n¬\n∂pw thsdm-∂n-te°v AS¿Øn-am-‰m≥ Ign-bp-Ib .r-jvW].b p. AXp- sIm-≠mWv t\ctØ ]d-™Xv CXn¬ aq∂nepw Ccn-°p∂ Htc- sbmcp ]Zw tbmKw F∂-XmsW∂v.mWv sNøp- ∂Xv.∏-Sc .p-≠. AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥ I¿Øm-hm-sW∂v Ah-Im-is .mWv ⁄m\w.m-W. aq∂m-asØ ⁄m\-Øns‚ am¿§-Øn¬ Fß-s\-sb∂p tNmZn-®m¬ Cuiz-c≥ k¿∆-hym-]I .c .w-ksc FSp-Ømepw Ch- cn-sems° Cu aq∂p tbmKhpap-≠v. I¿Ω-ap-≠v.Ø .∂ Xv hen. H∂v `‡n-bpsS am¿§-Øn¬.v k¿∆-⁄\ .a m.Kw.p-X.v Aßs\ hn´p-sIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ Rm≥ F∂pw Ft‚-sX-∂p- ap-≈X . \mcm-b-W-Kp-cp-hns‚ IrXn-bmWv \Ωƒ ChnsS ]Tn- ®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.s bmcp A_. F∂n´v Cu temI-Øn¬ h¿Øn°pI. CXp aq∂pw thsd-thsd F∂p ]d.

n¬ Ccn-°p-∂Xp ImWp-∂p-≠. F√m-‰n\pw AXn-t‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ Nne Bh-iy-ßfpw kmwK-Xy-ßfpw Hs°bp≠v.n- √.n-s\ms° B {]IrXw h∂- Xv.I . AXp-sIm-≠mWv ]q¥m-\Ø .v F∂mepw Nne-cpsS t\m´-Øns‚ ]niIp-sIm-≠v At±lsØ I¿Ω-tbm-Kn- bm-°p-hm\pw ⁄m\-tbmKn B°p-hm\pw `‡n-tbmKn B°p-hm- \p-sams° km[y-Xb .n¬ `‡n-tbm-Khpw I¿Ω- tbm-Khpw D≠v. Adn-h.m-sW-¶n¬ \ap-s°m-cn°epw ⁄m\w D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ib .v thZm-¥k .. ⁄m\-tbm-KØ . AssZz-XZ. i¶-cs‚ {]Ya{]IrXw ⁄m\n-bp--tS-Xm-W.m-bX .b.m-bn-cn-°p∂ kXyw AXn¬ t{]aw P\n-°p-I. AXp-t]mseXs∂ Kpcp ⁄m\n-bm-bn-cp-∂p.sNbvXn√ F∂p ]d-bp-hm≥ Ign-bptam? I¿Ωw sNbvXn√ F∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bn-√. \mc-Zs‚ `‡n-kq-{X-amWv C∂v `‡n°v G‰hpw \√ \n¿∆-N\ .v AXp-sIm≠v `‡nsb \ap°v Ah-K-Wn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn- √. At∏mƒ `‡n Ft∏mgpw thWw. \ap-s°mcp I¿Ω-tbm-Kn-bm-Im\pw Ign-bn-√.p-≠. am{X- a-√.K . ImcWw Cu tIc-f-Øn¬ kw`-hn-®n-´p≈ ]e am‰-߃°pw Kpcp-hns‚ I¿Ω-߃°v i‡n ]I-cp-hm≥ Ign- ™n-´p-≠v. Btflm- ]-tZ-ii. F∂p ]dbp∂Xmbncn°pw.v AXp-sIm≠v H∂v thsd F∂p ]d-bp-∂X .w sImSpØncn°p∂Xv. sshZysc kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw 198 .m-e.n-t\-°mƒ DØaw `‡n-tbm-KØ . F∂m¬ i¶-cmNmcy¿°v B {]IrXw ImWn-√. t£{X-߃ ÿm]n®v `‡∑mcpsS Bcm[\bv°p th≠p∂ CSap≠m°ns°mSpØp.am-Wv.v \mcm-bW .p-≠.o-]n-I. `‡n Bflm-\p-k‘m-\w F∂p \mcmbWKpcphpw kzkz-cq- ]m-\p-k-‘m-\w `‡n F∂p i¶-cm-Nm-cycpw \ap°p ]d-™p-X- cp-∂p.v Nne¿ sshImcnIambncn°ptºmƒ `‡n-bm-bn-cn°pw {]YaKW\o bamhpI.X. I¿Ω-tbm-KØ .n¬ t{]aw D≠m-Ip- ∂-XmWv `‡n F∂v.p-cp-hn¬ Iptd-sbms° Ch aq∂pw kmaym-hÿ .n-t∏m- hp-Ib. At±lw Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≈-Xp-t]msebp≈ `‡n-km-{µ- am-bn-cn-°p∂ Ih-\-߃ tIƒ°m≥Xs∂ {]bm-k.n¬ `‡n-tbm-Khpw ⁄m\-tbm-Khpw D≠v. CXn¬ GsX-¶nepsam∂v Xnc-s™-Sp-°pI F∂p-≈X .w.n¬ ⁄m\-tbm-Khpw I¿Ω-tbm-Khpw D≠v. Cßs\ ]dbptºmgpw Nne- cn¬ Nne {]hWXIƒ Ipd®v ap≥X-≈n-\n-¬°m≥ km[y-Xb . AXp `‡n. ]c-aa . F¥mtWm ]c-aa . Z¿i-\a. \ΩpsS lrZbw hc-≠p-Wß .q{Xw t]mep≈ IrXn-Iƒ At±lw Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠.√.

Ø.miw C{X i‡-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Hcp c≠m-bncw h¿j-߃°p- apºv `qan-bn-ep≈ DS-aÿ . m-h- Imiw Ah¿°p-am{Xw D≈-Xm-Wv. `mc-XØ.∏mƒ F{Xtbm ]cn-{hm-P-I-∑m-tcbpw Ah-[q-X-∑m-tcbpw Rm≥ I≠n- ´p-≠v. DØcw: Cu tNmZyw kw`-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv C∂sØ kmaq-ln-I] .p-amWv sNøp-∂X .n¬ \n¿`-bX Hcp-hs‚ hgn sXfn-°p- ∂p.p-∂p.t. H∂n-t\bpw kz¥-am- °m-tXbpw H∂n-t\mSpw kwK-an-√m-tXbpw Pohn® Hcp tbmKn-h- cy≥.Ø -.o-ba. In´n-bn-S-Øp-\n∂pw In´n-b-Xp-am{Xw Ign-°p-∂p. H∂m-a-Xmbn \mw `mhn-sb-°p-dn®v Bi-¶m-Ip-e-cm-Wv.n-√. AXns‚ DS-aÿ .v.m-Wv.n¬ Pohn-°p∂ Hcp hy‡n-bpsS a\- n¬\n-∂m-Wv. tNmZyw: BIm-i-Ønse ]d-h-Iƒ hnX-bv°p-∂n-√.m-Wv. sImøp∂n√. Cu `qan-bn¬ Hcn©v CSw Bcp-tSXpw A√m-Ø-Xm-bn-´n-√.\v k¿∆hpw Ah-t‚-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. `mhn-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ Bi-¶-aqew h¿Ø-am-\- Im-e-Po-hnXw hfsc D¬°WvT \nd-™Xpw kwL¿j-]q-cn-X- hpam-bn-Øo-cp-Ib . C∂sØ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ ss__nfnse Cu hN-\-Øn\v Hcp-]mSv A¿∞-X-e-ß-fp≠v.X√mw Ahs‚ apºn-te°v FØn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p- ∂p. a\p-jy≥ kzX-{¥-\mbn Pohn- °p-tºmƒ H∂n-t\mSpw Hcp ]‰¬ ImWn-°m-dn-√.ns‚ ]e tImWp-If .m-Øe . tbip Hcp k∂ym-kn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. C∂sØ kmaq-ln-I] . Ah-sc-°p-dn®v KoX ]d-bp-∂Xv: bZr- —bm em` k¥pjvSx Zzµzm-XotXm hna-’cx F∂m-Wv.› . Ah-\p-≈s . F√mw ]cn-Xy-Pn-®h .sshZy-cpsS {]Ya{]IrXn `‡n-bm-Wv. Zzµz-t_m[w C√msX tNmZn- {]ivt\mØcn 199 .¿∏-WØ . A{Xbpw hne-sIm-SpØ `qan-bn¬ Hcp aÆn-c- t]mepw Pohn-°p-∂Xv Ah¿°v Ak-l\ . m-hI . C∂v Fd-Wm-Ip-fØv Hcp sk‚ v `qan hmß-Ws . AXp-sIm≠v \Ω-sf-√m- hcpw B {]IrXntbmSp tbmPn-°p-∂p. ]q¿Æ-ka .ƒ°p-t]mepw ]d-°m≥ Ah-Im-ia .n¬ Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Pohn-°m- \mbn ÿew ssIhiw h®n-cn-°p-Ib .- ›m-Øe . Hcp-X-c- Øn-ep≈ am’-cn-I-Xbpw C√msX. a\p-jycpw AXp-t]m-se-bm-IWw F∂m-tWm? \mf-tØ°v H∂pw Icp-Xn-h-bvt°-≠ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXp a\p-jys\ Ae-k- X-bn-te°v \bn-°n-t√? Zb-hmbn H∂p hni-Zo-I-cn-°-Ww. B Hcp Pohn- X-Øns‚ ]q¿W-am-XrI `mc-X-Ønse k∂ym-kn-am-cn¬ I≠p- h-cp∂p.nepw k©-cn-°m≥ CS-h∂ . AXns‚ apI- fn-eqsS ]d-hI . Ah¿ FØn-s∏-Sp-∂n-SØv InS-°p-∂p.a-¶n¬ tImSn-Iƒ sNe- h-gn-t°-≠n-hc .

m-∂n-≤ysØ k¿∆-bn-SØpw ImWp- ∂-Xn-eq-sS-bmWv Ac-£n-Xmt_m[w C√mXmIp-∂-Xv. F∂v. _‘\w D≈-Xp-sIm≠v CXp tIƒ°p-tºmƒ t]Sn tXm∂mw. Hcp Krl-ÿ≥ Cu D]-tZiw ]q¿Æ-ambn Dƒs°m-≈W .v. Km¿l-ÿy-Øn\v AXn-t‚-Xmb ]cn-an-Xn- 200 . _m¶v _me≥kp-ambn ]cn-{h-P\ .c p.b n. ap\n-N-cym-]-©-I-Øn¬ \mcm-b-W-Kpcp AXv kzm\p-`-h- Øns‚ Hcp iIew F∂ \ne°v FSpØp ]d-bp-∂p: Abm-Nn-X- a-en-]vkbm \nb-Xn-Z-Ø-a∂w ap\nkvXt\mx.\ m.≥ F√mw hen-s®-dn-™m¬ Nne-t∏mƒ Gsd hnj- an®p F∂p ht∂-°mw.n√ F∂ `oXn-bp-≈h . Xncn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂Xpw Hgn™ ssIbp- am-bmWv. sIm´mcw hn´n-d-ßnb kn≤m¿∞ KuXa\pw BIm-i-Ønse ]d-h-I-fpsS hgn kzoI- cn. CXv kXy-amb Imcy-am-Wv.m-Wv.c p.∂ p.t e°v P\n.a-∂n-√.¿jnbpw Hs° Gsd-°mew Aßs\ Hcp PohnXw Pohn-®h . k¿∆-bn- SØpw Xs‚ c£-I≥ Xs∂ sIm≠pt]mIp∂p F∂ Adn-hmWv Hcp Ah-[q-X\ .°m-sX-Xs∂ bmZr-—n-I-ambn In´p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v Ah¿ Pohn-°p- ∂p. Abmƒ°v InS-°m≥ CSw In´n-sb∂pw hcn-√. \mcm-b- W-Kp-cphpw ca-Wa .a-∂n-√.m-bn-cp-∂p-.® . F∂m¬ B _m¶v _me≥kv ]q¿Æ-ambn Xo¿∂mtem? Nne-t∏mƒ Abm-fn-te°v ssZhIm- cpWyw ht∂-°mw. \n߃°v ss[cyambn F¥pw ssIhnSmw.n-\n-dß .∂ Xv ssI\ndsb kº-Øp-am-b√ . a\p.l.p∂ Hcp-hs‚ ap∂n- te°v \nbXn A∂sØ FØn-®p-s°m-Sp-°W .s .j y≥ `qan.. ssIshSn™ [oc-∑m-cpsS \mSm-Wn-Xv. Pohn-®n-cn-°p-tºmƒ am{Xw A⁄-X-sIm≠v Ah≥ Iptd kºm-Zn-°p-∂p.h .ÿn-Xb A\z-X≥ ]Yn-i-bm-\tImƒhym-Ipex.® p.n¬ tim`n-°p-∂X . k¿t∆-iz-ck . bmNn-°msX B{K-ln-°msX \nbXn G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-Ø-cp∂ A∂w `pPn-®p-sIm-≠mWv Hcp Ah-[q-X≥ Pohn-°p-∂X . Cuim-hm-ky-anZw k¿∆w.h . AXp-sIm≠v \nß-fpsS D≈nse Ac-£n-Xm-t_m- [sØ If-bp-I. F∂m¬ Al-¶m-c-an-√mØ hn\-b-hm- \mb Hcp-h\v Cu temI-Øn¬ PohnXw kpc-£n-Xa . D]-\n-j-Øns‚ {]Jym-]\w CXm- Wv.m-bn-cn-°pw. \n߃°v kwKw D≈-Xp-sIm≠v. AXn-s‚-IqsS kpc-£n-XXzw tXSp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p.v.c.Ø. Hcp Ah-[q-X\v Xs∂ kzbw c£n- °m-\p≈ hy{KX ]q¿Æ-ambn C√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-Ib .s . ImcWw Abmƒ°v hnizmkw kz¥w _m¶v _me≥kn-em-Wv. X\n°v \msf H∂pw e`n-°p-Ib .b n.

At∏mƒ \Ωƒ A⁄m- \-Øn¬ s]´p-t]m-Ip-∂p.a . tNmZyw: A⁄m\w {`a.msX hfsc Kuchw sImSpØv a\- n-em-°p-Ib. ⁄m\Øn-\p≈ hgn Kpcp-°∑ . F√m krjvSnIfpw ssZh-Øns‚ Hcp eoe-bm-bn \mw a\- n-em- °-Ww.a m.p-sIm-≠m-Wt√m \Ωƒ Rm≥ thsd.n-bp-∂Xv ⁄m\w.nse ]d-h- bp-tS-Xm-Wv. GIam- bn-cn-°p∂ kXysØ At\-I-am-bn-´-dn-bp-∂Xv A⁄m-\w.W v . Ah≥ thsd Ahƒ thsd Fs∂ms° ]ehn-[-ambn a\- n-em-°p- ∂Xpw Nn¥n-°p-∂Xpw.p-≈X. CXm- W-Xns‚ hyXym-kw.v P\n-°p-∂Xv ssZhØn¬ \n-∂m-sW- ¶nepw P\n-°p-∂t.v.w-kcpw ]d-bp-∂Xv PohnXw Hcp IfnbmsW-∂v. AXp-sIm≠v A⁄m\w Fßs\ D≠mbn F∂p tNmZn-°p-∂X .n-t\-°mƒ \√-X.k .v.I-fp-≠v. F∂m¬ Hcp k∂ym-kn-bpsS hgn BIm-iØ . ]t£.n-te°v a\p-jy≥ {]th- in-°p-I-bm-Wv. krjvSn F∂p ]d- bp-∂Xv ssZh-Øns‚ Hcp eoe-bm-Wv.n™m¬ AXn-s\mcp DØcw Cu temI-Øn¬ C√ F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv.∂-bmWv ]c-al . B ck-Øn-eq-sS-bmWv Cu {]]©w \ne-\n-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂X .v hfsc Kuchw sImSpØv Pohn- XsØ ImWp-tºmƒ ZpxJw D≠m-Ip-∂p. \Ω-fXns\ eoe-b√ . Atlm! \mSIw \nJn-ehpw F∂v Kpcp ]d-bp-∂p. ⁄m\w F¥mWv? GI-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kXysØ GI-am-bd .m-W.. Kpcp Cu IrXnbn¬ ]d- bp∂ DØcw CXm-Wv. P\n-®- h¿s°m° A⁄m-\a .v ImcWw A⁄m\w ChnsS Ft∏mgpw D≠v.e v ] .m-W.ns‚ ]mc-ay-amWv. AXp-Xs . A⁄m\w F¥p-sIm≠v kw`-hn®p F∂p tNmZn-®p-Ig. F√m P\-\-Ønepw A⁄m-\-Øns‚ _m[-bp-≠v.¶ .mWv sNøp-∂X .m¿ ]d- {]ivt\mØcn 201 . CXns‚ ImcWw F¥mWv? ]q¿W-\mb ]c-am-flm-hn-s\-ßs\ A⁄m\w AYhm AhnZy _m[n®p? AXn\p ImcWw? DØcw: A⁄m\w F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? ⁄m\-a-√m- ØXv A⁄m\w F∂p \ap°v ]d-bmw. thWsa¶n¬ Iptd DØc߃ ]dbmw.v A⁄m\w Fßs\ C√m-Xm-°m≥ Ignbpw F∂ At\z-jW . A⁄m-\a . AsXmcp eoe-bm-Wv.Xm-Sp-IqSn A⁄m-\Ø . k∂ymkw Pohn-XØ . ssZhw Hcp ck-Øn-\mWv CsXms° krjvSn-°p-∂X . AXp-sIm≠v F√m-h-cpsS D≈nepw A⁄m\-ap- ≠v.

™p-Xc .f.v ImcpWyw c≠v Xc-Øn-ep-≠v.]v ß .≥ ]d-s™¶nepw ChnsS \Ω-fXv ]d-™n-´n√.m-W.p-∂p-≠v.n™m¬ km[p°ƒ hgnbneqsS t]mIp-tºmƒ Ahsc hnfn®v `£Ww sImSp-°pw. A√msX A⁄m\w Fßs\ D≠mbn F∂p≈ At\z-jWw Hcp hrYm hymbm-aa .Ø . AXv GXv kµ¿`-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p F∂v ]d- ™p-X-cmtam? ImcWw IcpW ImWn-°p-∂Xv Hcn-°epw Hcp Xn∑-b-√t√m? DØcw: ImcpWyw Zp¿_-eX .p≠v. hS-t° C-¥y-bnse Nne\mSp-Ifn¬ sN∂p-Ig . AXns\ \ap°v C√m-Xm-°mw.cp Pohn-tbbpw thZ-\n-∏n-°m-Xn-cn-°pI F∂Xv Nne a\p-jy- cpsS {]Ir-Xn-bm-Wv. ChnsS Aß-s\-sbm∂pw ImWn-√.b m. tNmZyw: kzman hnth-Im-\µ . Nne kZm-Nm-ck . {InkvXp-aX .p-≠. F∂m¬ Nne cmjv{Sß-fn¬ arK-ßsf sIm∂p-Xn-∂pI F∂Xv Ah-cpsS coXn-bm-Wv.nt‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ Nne coXn-bn-ep≈ Imcp-Wyw.° .v Ielw aqØv `¿Ømhv `mcysb ASn- °p-∂ ka-bØv Ab¬]-°sØ ]pcp-j≥ t]mbn Zp¿_ebmb B kv{Xosb hmcnsbSpØv Xs‚ ho´n-te°v sIm≠p-h-∂m¬ `¿Øm-hn\v AXv CjvS-s∏-Sptam? Ab¬°mc\mb Abmƒ ImcpWyw ImWn-®X . H .mWv F∂v kzman hnth-Im-\µ .s \. Hcp ho´n¬ `mcybpw `¿Ømhpw \√ Ie-la . km[p-°ƒ°v `£Ww sImSp-°p-∂Xv Ah¿ al-Ømbn ImWp- ∂p.v At∏mƒ Imcp-Wy-Øn\v AXn-t‚-Xmb Nne kmaq-ln-IX . H∂v kaq-lØ . A⁄m\Øn\v aqew Fs¥∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bp- I-bn-√.b .≥ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p: ImcpWyw Zp¿_- X-e-bmWv F∂v.e.s‚ t_m[sØ°pdn-®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ CXv ]d- ™n. H∂v .m-W.f. \Ωƒ ImcpWywsIm≠v sNøp∂ ]e Imcy-ßfpw a‰p-≈h .w. CXv tNmZy-I¿Ømhv Fhn-sStbm hmbn-®v Fgp-Xn-s°m≠p h∂n-´p-≈X .´ p≈ {]I.¿°v tZmjw hcm-dpt≠m F∂p \Ωƒ Nn¥n-°m-dn-√. ]t£. Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿°pw th≠p∂ ]mX Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Xncs™-Sp-°W .W w. \Ωƒ Aßs\ A\z-jn- ®n´p Imcy-an-√.b n.v F∂mepw kzman hnth-Im-\µ .nepw C…mw-a- 202 .c Ww Cß. AXp-t]mse Nne a\p-jy¿°v arK-ßs . I¿Ω-tbmKw F∂ ]e-hn- [-Øn-ep≈ km[-\m-]-≤-Xn-Ifp≠v.m-W.f sIm√m≥ tXm∂n- √.I. Nne aX-ß- fpsS kn≤m-¥hpw Aß-s\-bm-Wv. AXn¬ Imcp-Wy- Øn-t‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ Hcp {]iv\w AhnsS DZn-°p-∂n-√.m-Wv.p-t]m-ep≈ ⁄m\-tbm-Kw.c n.¶ . AXn-\n-t∏mƒ t\ctØ ]d-™X .

X-Øn-epsams° Pohn-Isf sIm∂p-Xn-∂mw. AXn¬ bmsXmcp sX‰pw
ImWp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ _p≤-aX - Ø- n¬ lnwk ]mSn√ F∂mWv
_p≤≥ ]d-bp-∂X - .v Hcp Pohn-tbbpw sIm√-cpXv F∂m-W.v
F¥p-sIm≠v Cßs\ Imcp-WysØ kw_-‘n® hyXym-k-
߃ kw`-hn-°p∂p? {]tXy-In®pw kzman hnth-Im-\µ - ≥ ImcpWyw
Zp¿_-eX - b- m-W-v F∂v ]d-bm≥ Imc-Ww, \Ωƒ Icp-Wb - p-≈h- c- m-
bn-Øo-cp-tºmƒ [¿Ω-Øn\v tem]w kw`-hn-°m≥ km[y-X-
bp≈XpsIm≠mWv. ImcpWyw \ΩpsS Pohn-XØ - n-te°v IS-∂p-h-
cp-tºmƒ A[¿Ωn-Iƒ Nne-t∏mƒ B Imcp-WysØ NqjWw
sNøm≥ km[y-Xb - p-≠.v AXp-sIm-≠mWv ImcpWyw Zp¿_-eX - b- m-
sW∂v hnth-Im-\µ - k
- zm-an-Iƒ ]d-™X - .v `mc-XsØ kw_-‘n-®n-
S-tØmfw `mc-XØ - n\v henb ]e \jvSß - fpw kw`-hn-°m≥ CS-h-
∂n-´p-≈X - v CXp aqeamWv. `mc-XØ - nse P\Xbv° s]mXpth Hcp
arZp-el
- r-Zb- a
- p-≠.v
Hcmƒ Hcp hoSp-h®p Xma-kn-°p-∂ kabØv Hcp hgnt]m°≥
InS-°m≥ CS-an-√msX hnjan°p-tºmƒ Zbmephmb ho´pSa
Abmsf hnfn®v ChnsS InS- ∂ p- s Im≈q F∂v ]d- b p- ∂ p.
Abmƒ°v ]Øv sk‚ v ÿeta D≈p-sh-¶nepw Abmƒ hnfn®p
InS-Øp-I-bm-Wv. HcmgvN Ign-™-t∏mƒ _m°n-h∂ A©p-
sk‚n¬ hgnt]m°≥ hoSp-sI-´n. At∏mgpw ho´pSa H∂pw ]d-
™n-√. X¬°m-e-tØ°v Abmƒ°p InS-°m-\m-sWt∂ hnNm-
cn-®p-≈q. Ipd-®p- Znhk߃ I-gn-™-t∏mƒ Cu hnfn®p Ib-‰n-
°n-SØ- nb ho´pSabpsS hoSv s]mfn®v If™v Abmƒ hoSv sI´n.
ImcpWyw hcp-Øn-h® hn\ t\m°q. GsXmcp Imcp-Wyw-sIm-
≠mtWm thsdm-cmsf hnfn®v \Ωƒ InS-Øp-∂Xv Abmƒ]ns∂
\Ωsf ]pd-Øm-°p-∂p. `mc-XØ - n\v kw`-hn-®n-´p≈ Zpc-¥Ø - ns‚
Hcp Nn{X-amWv Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. AXv kw`-hn-°m\p≈ CS-h-
cp-Øm-Xn-cn-°m≥ hnth-Im-\-µ-kzm-an-Iƒ hfsc i‡-amb `mj-
bn¬Øs∂ B Ime-L-´-Øn¬ ]d-™n--´p≈ ]e Imcy-ß-fp-
≠v. AXv B Ime-L-´-Øns‚ Bh-iy-am-Wv. Cu Ime-L-´-Øn¬
\ap°v thsd coXn-bn-em-bn-cn°pw CXns\ ssIImcyw sNtø-
≠-Xv. hnth-Im-\-µ-kzm-an-Iƒ AXv ]d-™-Xp-sIm-≠mWv \Ωƒ
ChnsS Cßs\ kzX-{¥-ambn h∂n-cp∂v Cu {]`m-j-W-sams°
tIƒ°p-∂-Xv. As√-¶n¬ \ap°v C∂pw Chn-sS-sbm-∂pw h∂n-
cn-°m-\p≈ Cu kzX-{¥-X-sbm∂pw D≠m-bn-cn-°n-√.

{]ivt\mØcn 203

ImcpWyw Ft∏mgpw [¿Ω-hn-ln-Xa - m-bn-cn-°W- w. [¿Ω-Øn-t\mSv
tN¿∂ Imcp-Wy-amWv G‰hpw DØ-aa - mb Imcp-Wyw. [¿Ω-Øn¬
A]-£bw D≠m-°p∂ ImcpWyw Hcn-°epw DØ-aa - m-bn-cn-°p-I-
bn-√. At∏mƒ Xncn-®d - n-tb-≠Xv ImcpWyw sNøpI F∂-Xn-t\-
°mƒ \√Xv, GXmWv [m¿ΩnIw F∂-Xn-\m-W.v Imcp-Wy-Øn\v
ChnsS {]k-‡n Ipdbp∂p. GXmWv [m¿Ωn-Iw? AXmWv `K-
hm≥ IrjvWs‚ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ Imcp-Wy-hm-Zn-Iƒ°v kzoIm-cy-a-
√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂X
- .v Ipcp-t£-{X-bp-≤`- q-an-bn¬h®v `K-hm≥ sNbvXn-
cn-°p∂ {]hrØn-Iƒ h®p-t\m-°p-tºmƒ `K-hm≥ [¿Ω-Øn\v CW-
ßp∂ coXn-bn-emWv Imcy-ßsf \bn-®X - .v F∂m¬ A∂v \ne-\n-
∂n-cp∂ Nne kmaq-ln-I-\n-b-a-߃ {]Imcw, bp≤-X-{¥-߃
{]Imcw B bp≤-\n-ba - ß- ƒ°-\p-kr-Xa - m-bn-´√ `K-hm≥ IrjvW≥
A¿÷p-\t- \mtSm `oa-t\mtSm bp≤w sNøm≥ ]d-™n-´p-≈X - .v
KZmbp≤Øn¬ Zptcym[\s‚ XpSbv°Sn°m≥ `oa-t\mSv
BwKy`mjbn¬ `Khm≥ ]d-™ncp∂p. bp≤-X-{¥-{]-Imcw XpS-
bv°-Sn-°p-∂Xv sX‰m-Wv. AXp-t]mse I¿Æs\ h[n-°m-\m-bn
`K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. tX¿X-´n¬\n∂pw Xmsg-bn-dßn
Xs‚ tXcns‚ ]q≠p-t]m-b N{Iw FSp-Øp-s]m-°m-\mbn {ian-
°p∂ ka-bØv bp≤w \n¿Ø-W-sa∂v I¿Æ≥ At]-£n-
®ncp∂p. hnizm-k-Øns‚ t]cn¬ tXcn¬ \n∂ndßnb ka-bØv
`K-hm\v a\- n-embn I¿Æs\ Hcn-°epw A¿÷p-\\v tXm¬∏n-
°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bn√ F∂v. CXm-W-h-kcw F∂p `Khm≥ ]d-
™p. C\n-sbm-cn-°epw A¿÷p-\\v Ah-kcw In´n√. Aßs\
A¿÷p\≥ I¿Æs\ hIhcpØn. AXp-t]mse inJ-WvUnsb
ap≥\ndpØn A¿÷p-\-t\mSv t{ZmWsc sIm√n-°m-\mbn Aiz-
∞mam lX˛Aiz-∞m- amhv acn-®p F∂p ]dbn∏n®p. F∂n´p hymP-
ambn AizXzmamhv F∂p t]cp≈ B\ F∂p Iq´n-t®¿Øp. Aiz-
∞m-amhv F∂ B\sb sIm∂-Xn-\p-tijw Xs‚ aI-\m-bn-cn-
°p∂ Aiz-∞m-amhv acn®p F∂mWv t{ZmW¿ hnNm-cn-®-Xv.
t{ZmW¿ Xf¿∂p-t]m-bn. At∏mƒ GXmWv Imcp-Wy-sa∂v [¿Ω-
t_m-[-ap≈ Hcmƒ°p-am-{Xta Adn-bp-I-bp-≈q. [¿Ω-sØ-°p-dn-
®-dn-bmØ Bƒ°v Hcn-°epw Imcp-Wy-sØ-°p-dn®v Xncn-®-dn-bp-
hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXp-sIm-≠mWv kzman hnthIm\µ≥ ]d-
bp-∂Xv ImcpWyw Zp¿_-e-X-bm-sW-∂v. C°mcyØn¬ IqSpX¬
Aht_m[w hf¿ØpI. XXv°mew ImcpWyap≈ {]hrØnIƒ

204

sNøpI. ⁄m\apZn°ptºmƒ F¥mWp ImcpWyw F¥mWp
lnwk F∂p BtcmSpw tNmZnt°≠n hcn√. Ct∏mƒ CXn-s\-
°p-dn-s®ms° C{Xam{Xta ]d-bm≥ Ign-bq.
tNmZyw: ]mZ-\a - k- ° v mcw sNøp-∂X - ns‚ HuNnXyw F¥mWv? `‡-
∑msc√mw ImWp∂ k∂ym-kn-am-cpsSsbms° Imep-If - n¬ hoWp-
In-S∂v \a-k° v c - n-°p-∂Xv ImWm-dp-≠t√m? CXn\p ]n∂n¬ Fs¥-
¶nepw A¿∞-apt≠m? As√-¶n¬ CsXmcp shdpw A‘-amb A\p-
jvTm-\-amtWm? ]m]-Zq-jn-X-\mb Hcmƒ ]pWy-t«m-I-\mb Hcp
k∂ym-kn-bpsS ]mZ-ßf - n¬ Xs‚ ]m]-ßsf A¿∏n-°p-tºmƒ
k∂ymkn ]m]-]¶ - n-e\
- mbnØocp-Ib - t√ sNøp-∂Xv ? Aßs\
kw`-hn-°ptam ?
DØcw: ]mZ-\a - k - ° v mcw Bi-bh - n-\n-ab - Ø
- ns‚ Hcp BwKy-`m-j-
bm-Wv. B `mj hn\n-abw sNøp∂ A¿∞w `mc-X-Øns‚
kwkv°m-csØ apgp-h≥ ]pf-In-Xa - m-°p∂ Hcp hnIm-ck - w-Ne - \ - a
- m-
Wv. Kpcp-hns‚ ]mZsØ injy≥ D¬°r-jSv a - mb Pohn-XØ - n-te°v
\bn-°p∂ hgn-Im-´n-bm-bn-´mWv Adn-bp-∂X - .v AXp-sIm≠v ]mZ-Ia - -
ew, ]mZm-ch - nµw Fs∂ms° kvXpXn-®p-]d - b
- m-dp-≠v.
km[m-cW A¿∞-Øn¬ t\m°p-tºmƒ ]mZw Hcp \nIr-jSv h - -
kvXp-hm-W.v F√m Agp-°p-If - n-eq-tSbpw \S∂v Im¬ Agp°p ]pc-≠-
XmbnØocp-∂p. Cßs\ hrØn-sI´ Im¬]mZ-Øn¬ Hcmƒt]mbn
\a-k° v c - n-°p-∂X - v B[p-\n-Ia - \- pjy\v Ft¥m Hcp Akzo-Im-cy-amb
kwK-Xn-bm-W.v Cu Hcp ]›m-Øe - Ø - n¬ ]e aqey-hØ - mb A\p-
jvTm-\ß- fpw tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠.v Kpcp-injy_-‘Ø - n¬ \ne-
\n-∂n-cp∂ CXp-t]msebp≈ \nc-h[ - n-bmb Nn”-`m-jI - f- p-≠v (proto-
language). Hcp-]t£, ⁄m\-Øn-\p-th≠n Zmln-°p∂ Hcp injy\v
CsXm∂pw tami-s∏´ kwK-Xn-bmbn tXm∂m≥ CS-bn-√.- Imc-Ww,
XymK-Øn¬\n-∂mWv ⁄m\w DZbw sNøp-∂X - .v Bfl-_p-≤\ - mb
Kpcp-hns\ Hcp injy\v XymKw-sIm-≠√ - msX thsd Hcp D]m-bw-
sIm≠pw {]oXn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. Adn-hns\ ]pkvX-
IØn¬\n∂pw In´p∂ H∂mbn IW-°m-°n-t∏m-cp∂ B[p-\n-IX - -
e-apd henb Hcp aqV-kz¿§-Øn-eq-sS-bmWv IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂X - .v temIw
t`mK-Xr-jW v I - ƒ hf¿Øn s]cp-∏n-°p∂ henb Itºm-fß - f - mbn
amdn-°≠ - n-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v Kpcp-]m-Zp- ImkvtXm{Xw F∂ Hcp IrXn-
bn¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv IsÆ-ØmØ kwkm-ck - a- p{Zw IS-Øn-Øc- p∂ \uI-
bmWv Kpcp-hns‚ ]mZw F∂m-W.v
{]ivt\mØcn 205

{io_p-≤s‚ ]mZ-Øn¬ Hcmƒ \a-kv°-cn-°m≥ Xp\n-™-
t∏mƒ {io_p-≤≥ Abmsf kvt\l-]q¿∆w XS-™p-sIm≠p
]d™p: “Aßs\ sNø-cp-Xv.”
At∏mƒ Abmƒ tNmZn®p: “Aßsb F\n°v \a-k° v c
- n-®p-Iq-tS?”
At∏mƒ _p≤≥ ]d-™p: “Xm¶ƒ \a-kv°-cn-°p-tºmgpw Xm¶-
fpsS ssIIƒ iq\y-am-Wv. ”
Abmƒ tNmZn®p: “Fs‚ ssII-fn¬ H∂p-an-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm-
≠mtWm?”{io_p-≤≥: “AX√. Hcp- in-jy-\mWv Kpcp-hns\ \a-
kv°c - n-°p-∂X - .v At∏mƒ B injys‚ D≈w Bthmfw IrX-⁄-
Xm-\n¿`-ca - m-bn-cn-°pw.” ⁄m\-Øns‚ Xnf°w kz¥w lrZ-bØ - n¬
{]Im-in-®X - ns‚ IrX-⁄X shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ `mj-bmWv \a-k° v m-
cw. Xm¶-fpsS D≈n¬ Aß-s\-sbmcp \ndhv kw`-hn-®n-´n-√. _p≤≥
CXp ]d™v At±-lsØ km¥z-\] - q¿∆w t\m°n IS-∂p-t]m-bn.
hmkvXh - Ø
- n¬ Kpcp-hns\ \a-kv°c - n-°p-Ib- √ injy≥ sNøp-
∂-X.v thsdmcp Xc-Ønepw Xs‚ B¥-cn-IX - sb {]Im-in-∏n-°m≥
Ign-bmsX hcp-tºmƒ Kpcp-hns‚ ]mZ-ßf - n¬ hoWp-t]m-hp-Ib - mWv
sNøp-∂X - .v A{X-am{Xw Hcp hn\-{aX injys‚ D≈n¬ Bhn¿`-hn-
°p-∂p. injy-∑m-cpsS lrZbw Kpcp-km-∂n-≤y-Øn¬ Xc-fn-Xa - m-bn-
Øo-cp-∂p. kqcy-ho-Nn-Iƒ°p-t\sc apJw ]q¿Æ-ambn Db¿Øm≥
Ign-bmsX \n¬°p∂ kqcy-Im-¥n--∏q-°s - f-t∏m-se-bmWv injy-∑m¿.
injys‚ \a-k° v mcw `mj-bpsS ]cn-an-Xn-bn¬\n∂pw DS-se-Sp-°p∂
\n lm-bX - s - Im-≠mWv kw`-hn-°p-∂X - v.
thscmcp kµ¿`-Øn¬ kmcn-]p-Ø≥ F∂ Hcp injy≥
{io_p-≤s‚ injy-\mbn Pohn-®n-cp-∂p. Kpcp-Im-cp-Wy-Øm¬ At±-
l-Øn¬ Hcp-Zn-hkw _p≤-lr-Zbw hncn-™p. kzbw _p≤-\m-
bn´pw kmcn-]p-Øs‚ hn\bw _p≤-kh - n-[Ø - n¬\n∂pw HcnSØpw
t]mIm≥ tXm∂n-∏n-®n-√. At±lw {io_p-≤s‚ injy-hr-µ-ß-
fn¬ Hcm-fm-bn-am{Xw Ign-™p. km[m-cW KXn-bn¬ Bfl-⁄m-
\n-bm-bm¬ injy-∑m¿ Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-°¬\n∂pw [¿Ω-{]-N-c-
W-Øn-\mbn a‰n-S-ß-fn-te°p t]mhpI ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬
kmcn-]p-Ø≥ Ahn-sS-Øs∂ X´n-°qSn \n¬°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.
{io_p-≤\v C°mcyw a\- n-em-bn-cp-∂p.
Hcp Znhkw {io_p-≤≥ kmcn-]p-Øs\ hnfn-®p: “\o C\nbpw
ChnsS \n¬°p-I-bmtWm? \n∂nse hk¥w temI-Øn\p ]I-
cp-I.” CXp-tI-´-t∏mƒ kmcn-]p-Øs‚ IÆp-Iƒ \nd™p [mc-

206

GsXmcp `mjbpw bm{¥n- I-am-Ip-∂Xv AXn¬ B\p-`q-Xn-I-amb Bflmhns‚ ]¶m-fnØw C√m-sX-h-cp-tºm-gm-Wv. At∏mƒ {io_p-≤≥ tNmZn®p: “kmcn-]p- Øm. Ahn-sS-\n-∂mWv `K-h-ZvKo-Xm-{]-kq\w hncn-bp-∂-Xv. kmcn-]p-Ø\v Kpcp-kh . ]t£. Asß-\n°v in£Ww \¬Ip- I.n-[Ø.” CØcw Hc-¥-cwKw \nß-fn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ ]mZ- \-a-kv°mcw bm{¥n-I-am-Im≥ CS-bn-√. A¿÷p- \≥ `K-hm≥ IrjvWs‚ apºn¬ \a-kv°c .m-sW-¶n¬ \ap-s°m-cn-°epw Hcp I√n-t\m-Sp- t]mepw lnwkmflIamb coXn-bn¬ s]cp-am-dm≥ Ign-bn√.n-®n´p ]d™p: “injy- kvtXƒlw im[n amw Xzmw {]]-∂w.]-{In-bb .[m-cb .Ømfw B I√v shdpw I√-√.s . Aßs\ t\m°p-tºmƒ I√n-en-cn-°p∂ _p≤≥ hfsc h¿j-ßf .v.. AXv F¥m-sW∂p a\-kn-em°n Ø∂m¬ sIm≈mw. AXns‚ D≈n¬ Hcp Poh-tN- X\ Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. Ct∏mƒ AsXmcp I√m-sW-¶nepw ]n∂o-sSm-cn-°¬ Cu Is√mcp ⁄m\n-bm-bn-Øo-cm-sa∂v \ap°v ImWm≥ Ign-bp-Ib .m-Wv.n-emWv kmcn-]p-Ø≥ B\- µn-®X .mbn Pohn-°p-∂X .`mhnbn¬ Hcp _p≤\mbn Øocm\p≈XmWv. t]mIp- ∂-Xn-\p-apºv Kpcp-hns‚ ]mZw ]Xn™ ]mSp-If .psS ]cn-Wm-a{.Im≠v Hcp Ffnb Kpcp-tk-hI .n- {]ivt\mØcn 207 .p-It.n¬\n∂v Hcn-St. hn{K-lmcm[\sb FXn¿°p∂ {io_p-≤s‚ injy≥am¿°v AXns‚ s]mcpƒ a\-kn-em-bn√ F∂pw ]d-™p.\. Aß-bpsS injy-\m-Wv.Ø°pw t]mIm≥ tXm∂p-∂n-√. B Poh-tN-X\ .n¬ kmcn-]p-Ø≥ hoWp-In-S∂v Npw_n-®p. Hcp Bfl⁄m\nsb kw_-‘n- ®n-St. \o F¥mWv ImWn-°p-∂Xv?” \nd-IÆ . Hcp I√n-s\-t∏mepw Ah-KW .” Rm≥ Aß-bn¬ ka¿∏n- ®-h\ . Hcn-°¬ _p≤-\m-bn-Øo-cm-\p≈ km[yX B I√n-\p≠v F∂m-W¿∞w. Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ Nc-W-߃ GsXmcp e£y-Øn-te-°mtWm \S-∂p-\o-ßp-∂Xv B e£ysØ {]m]n- °m-\mbn Atß°v Fs∂ Rm≥ ka¿∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv.fm-sS-Xs∂ kmcn- ]p-Ø≥ ]d™p: “Aß-bpsS ]mZ-ß-fn¬ ]‰n-∏n-Sn-®n-cn-°p∂ tcWp°ƒt]mepw sXmSm-\p≈ i‡n F\n-°n√ `K-hm-t\. tNmZyw: C∂se kzman {io_p≤s‚ IY ‘]md-bn¬ Npw_n®p’ F∂p ]d™v Ah-km-\n-∏n-®p.n-°m≥ Ign-bm-sX-bn-cn-°p∂ _p≤n AXp \ap°p hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bpw.mbn Hgp-In.v F¶nepw _p≤s‚ \n¿t±iw At±lw kzoI-cn-°p-∂p. DØ-cw: \Ωƒ km[m-cW KXn-bn¬ Hcp I√ns\ \n mc hkvXp- hm-bn-´mWv Icp-Xp-∂X . ⁄m\n-bm-bn´pw IrX-⁄X .

eqsS Bbn-cn°mw Hcp a\p-jy-\mbn P\n-°p-∂Xpw B a\p-jy- \n-eqsS Bfl-⁄m\Øns‚ kn≤nbn-tebv°v Db-cp-∂X . {]tXy-In®pw hfsc hyXy-kvX-amb ]n∂m- ºp-d-ß-fn¬\n∂pw hcp∂ Bfp-I-fmWv \n߃.pw. CXmWv ⁄m\Øns‚ clkyw. F∂mepw C{X-sb-¶nepw a\- n-em- °n-bm¬ \∂m-bn-cn-°pw. Hcn-°¬ Hcp I√v I√√mXmhp-sa∂pw B I√nse _p≤≥ ]pdØp hcp-sa∂pw AXp-sIm≠v H∂nt\bpw \n m-ca .Ø-°p-dn-®p≈ kwK- Xn-I-sfms° Ipd-®p-IqSn in£nX a\- p-Iƒ°p am{Xw kwth- Zn-∏n-°p∂ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv.b n. Cu t_m[]cn-Wm-as . AXns‚ sXfnhn¬ \n¿hrXn sIm≈pI.v F∂mepw C{Xbpw Imcy-߃ a\- n-em-°pI. CsXms° kwth-Zn-∏n-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv {io_p-≤≥ Aßs\ B I√ns\ Npw_n-®X . F√m-h-cp-tSbpw ta[-bn-tebv°v FØn®p Xcp∂ coXn-bn¬ Imcy-ßsf kw£n- ]vX-ambpw F∂m¬ t_m[y-s∏-Sp∂ coXn-bnepw ]d-tb≠n hcp- ∂-Xp-sIm≠v IqSp-X¬ Bg-ap≈ kXy-ßsf shfns∏-Sp-Øp∂ Imcy-Øn¬ ]cn-an-Xn-bp-≠v.v.a m.s \. kzbw AdnbpI. Cu temIw \ap°v XnI®pw Cuiz-co-ba .≈ kwthZ\ßfmWv. 208 .m-bn-Øo-cpw.X .nIw Imcy-߃ ]d-bm- \p-≠.Ø-°p-dn®v Ipd-®[ .n-bp-tºmƒ Cu temIw \ap°p Znhy-am-bn-Øo-cpw.m°n X≈-cp-sX∂pw F√mw Hcn- °¬ ]cn-Wa .b p≈ {]`mjW߃ hfsc ]cn.n-tebv°v Db-cp-sa∂pw Xncn-®d. t_m[]cn-Wm-as .a n.n®v t_m[-Øns‚ ]q¿W-Xb . Cß.´ p.