Alias Studio 2010

Every type of product has specific design principals guiding it. These principals are based on the way in which the product is constructed and used. Just like understanding injection molding is important to the design of plastic products; there are a few important points to designing realistic looking boats or yachts. Learning these key points can help determine the limits and possibilities of boat design. Let’s start with the nautical lingua, though this may be redundant to those of you who have experience with boats, knowing these terms will give you a better understanding of the function and structure of boats.

Knowing and using this terminology will also add a measure of professionalism to your presentations. When starting a boat design you first have to question what size and type of boat you are designing.

although I have seen a concept for a quad. These hulls go from one to usually three. and cruise liners can be as different as a semi truck and motorcycle. Unlike a car. which is widely used on all types of sailboats from small dinghies to large yachts. yachts. The hull types are mainly distinguished in two categories. sailboats.Boats. Due to the multitude of choices. The variety of sailboat rig types can fill a book. The designs below illustrate some of the many varieties of boats types. A small 12ft sailboat has no interior. Remember. The most common rig. boat propulsion comes in two major categories: sailboats and all other boats. while a large yacht is 80% interior design. is the “sloop rig”. . mono hull and multi hull. truck etc. in fact there are many books on this subject and if you wish to dig deeper. Shown below are the basic components of an 80ft sail yacht. Here is a crude front view to illustrate the point. you should look up. “Understanding Rigs and Rigging” by Richard Henderson. I encourage you to do your own research regarding the many types of boats and their specific design requirements. the bigger the boat the more details you will be adding to make it realistic. I want to briefly mention propulsion and hull types as well..

the design. lets get to the fun part. The running surface (below water) is a strict domain of naval architects and best left alone for now. as long as you want. These will determine the visual weight of the boat just as a beltline and DLO does for a car. All parts of the boat above the waterline are usually open to design interpretation. but if you don’t have one just find a photo of a boat roughly the size you want. so it usually takes a while for me to get to a shape I will enjoy. Ok. I usually (and you really don’t have to do it this way) start with an engineering package drawing of a boat. Then sketch. and use that. propulsion and hull type. look at the proportions of waterline to gunwale to deck. size. This is one of the aspects of design you can adjust freely. I don’t fall in love with my designs. Notice how the smallest adjustment in gunwale height in the picture below makes a huge difference for the design. A few helpful things to consider in regards to boat proportions. First. . first keep in mind.When you start the design. even though the waterline and headroom in the cabin are the same for both boats.

where the length of the waterline is important. Traditional. they all work. you can use whatever style you fancy. drop. The vertical stem is often used on sailboats and high performance hull design. . Forward sweep stem is the least often encountered and I mostly have seen it on ships and yachts over 200ft in length. and unless you are designing for a race yacht or container ship. There are a few different types of bow design. It is common to use traditional sweeping back stem on smaller boats due to the restrictions of the running surface. In these three identical sketches of a 60ft yacht I have three different stem lines. The shape will largely determine the look of your design. and forward.The second important line is the stem.

stem line and proportions of the deck and hull. and all the good stuff: I started with a bunch of loose sketches to get the feel of the boat. The optical illusion will make your flat line look concave at full scale. so you wont design yourself into a corner. drop stem. stem line and gunwale shape. here are all the guides in action: Size: 150’ = 46m Twin 1600HP Rolls-Royce gas turbines with Kamewa jet drives Hull: trimaran (aka. The bigger the boat the more perspective will affect your line. Look how it changes the stance of this small runabout. single hull stabilized) Design: Luxury power sport yacht. It is best and easiest to start designing the side view. then relax and have fun! OK. or whatever else your imagination can produce.The shape of the gunwale. remember your proportion. gentle sweep gunwale. it can be convex or concave. with a wave. To summarize: Pick the scale and type of boat you are comfortable with. but keep in mind your third dimension. . two decks. but avoid flat. are most important parts of boat design. The line of the gunwale is free to be explored.

. I’m no modeling expert so I won’t bore you with the process but one thing to remember. and drew over an engineering package to made this side view: This helps ground the boat and give it realistic proportions. That’s why it’s good to revert to digital sketching early in the process. Remember if you design a 100 ft yacht on letter size paper the thickness of your pencil lines thickness will be half a foot. while maintaining a small canvas size. After a few weeks of modeling in Alias. You can draw your boat using Alias in full scale. here is the model based on the above sketches. it is a good idea to learn how to model from your sketch so the final outcome is what you intended.Then I took this sketch to Alias.

After modeling this in Alias. details I forgot and to do some small changes. I started going back and forth to add more stuff. -Piotr Zin . At this point. I took this yacht to showcase and applied the materials. see the sketch below of what’s coming. Later to come I will take a look at designing boat interiors.

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