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PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

1

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

1.40 KN/m

11.00

2.45

Axial load is taken from load on piles P25/P26, Page 8 of pile layout design document

i)Dead + Live Load Combination:

Axial load on the column due to dead load ( 776.82+column wt)) = 808.21 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load = 436.98 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 1830.66 kN

Unsupported length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) about X - axis = 11.00 m

Unsupported length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) about Y- axis = 11.00 m

Width of column = 300.00 mm

Depth of column = 600.00 mm

eccentricity as per 25.4 of IS 456:2000 ec = l/500+D/30 About X - axis = 10.02

eccentricity as per 25.4 of IS 456:2000 ec = l/500+D/30 About Y - axis = 20.02

As per 39.2 of IS 456:2000 0.05 times lateral dimension About X - axis = 15.00

As per 39.2 of IS 456:2000 0.05 times lateral dimension About Y - axis = 30.00

Since the condition in 39.3 of IS 456:2000 is satisfied the column is designed as short column

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) =

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 76.89 kNm

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) = 11.00 m

Effective length of column = 16.50 m

Width of column = 300.00 mm

Depth of column = 600.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 415.33

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 415.33 kNm

Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:

Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,

hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment

about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.

Design Moment about major axis = 492.22 kNm

Pu/bD = 10.17

Mu/bd² = 4.56

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456

100Asc/bD = 1.802

Area of steel Asc = 3243.51 mm2

Provide 8 No. T25.

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

2

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PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T10 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

ii)Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:

Wind load Calculations:

Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m

Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm

Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = 2.78 m

Wind load for metre height of wall = 1.58 kN/m

Total wind force acting on column = 17.43 kN

Initial Moment due to wind at bottom of column (17.43 * (2.95+11/2)) = 147.29 kNm

Axial load on the column due to dead load = 808.21 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load = 436.98 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 1494.23 kN

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 66.49 kNm

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column = 12.25 m

Effective length of column = 18.38 m

Width of column = 300.00 mm

Depth of column = 600.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 30.63

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 420.43

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 420.43 kNm

Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:

Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,

hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment

about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.

Design Moment about major axis = 597.17 kNm

Pu/bD = 8.30

Mu/bd² = 5.53

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 2.615

Area of steel Asc = 4706.43 mm2

Provide 6 No. T32.

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T10 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

3

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PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Axial load is taken from load on piles P23/P24, Page 8 of pile layout design document

As the difference in axial load on columns C2 & C3 is less, Column subjected to maximum load and moment is designed.

i) Dead + Live Load Combination:

Axial load on the column due to dead load (1110.46+column wt) = 1193.00 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load = 499.38 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 2469.21 kN

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 103.71 kNm

As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed

as a cantilever column.

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column (11.00, can be taken from top of wall W3 /W4) = 11.00 m

Effective length of column = 16.50 m

Width of column = 400.00 mm

Depth of column = 600.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 560.20

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 560.20 kNm

Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:

Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,

hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment

about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.

Design Moment about major axis = 663.91 kNm

Pu/bD = 10.29

Mu/bd² = 4.61

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 1.839

Area of steel Asc = 4413.60 mm2

Provide 8 No. T25

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 240.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T8 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 400.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T8 Lateral ties at 250 mm C/C.

4

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PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Wind load Calculations:

Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m

Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm

Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = 5.28 m

Wind load for metre height of wall = 3.01 kN/m

Total wind force acting on column = 33.07 kN

Initial Moment at bottom of column (33.07 * (2.95+11/2)) = 279.48 kNm

Axial load on the column due to dead load = 1193.00 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load = 499.38 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 2030.86 kN

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 85.30 kNm

As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed

as a cantilever column.

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column (11.00, can be taken from top of wall W3 /W4 to top of column) = 11.00 m

Effective length of column = 16.50 m

Width of column = 400.00 mm

Depth of column = 600.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 460.75

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 460.75 kNm

Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:

Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,

hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment

about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.

Design Moment about major axis = 796.12 kNm

Pu/bD = 8.46

Mu/bd² = 5.53

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 2.616

Area of steel Asc = 6278.96 mm2

Provide 10 -T32

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 240.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T10 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 400.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

5

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PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Column C4/C8 can be designed as a beam for wind loads.

Wind load Calculations:

Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m

Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm

Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column(1.50/2 + 2.90/2) = 2.20 m

Wind load for metre height of wall = 1.25 kN/m

Total wind force acting on column = 13.79 kN

Moment at bottom of column (13.79 * (2.45+11/2)) = 109.66 kNm

1.25 KN/m

11.00

2.45

Factored Bending Moment = 153.53 KNm

Total Depth of C4/C8 = 700.00 mm

Width of C4/C8 = 300.00 mm

Clear cover to main reinforcement = 50.00 mm

Diameter of reinforcement bar = 20.00 mm

Effective depth = 640.00 mm

Mu/bd² = 1.25 N/mm2

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

% Steel = 0.369

Area of steel = 708.10 mm2

Provide 3 No. T20 (on each face of C4/C8)

Maximum Shear force due to wind = 13.79 kN

Design Shear force = 19.31 kN

Design shear stress = 0.10 N/mm2

Concrete shear stress (From table 3.8 of BS-8110 part-1 for % steel of 0.38 & grade of conrete M35) vc = 0.45 N/mm2

Providing T8 - 2 - legged stirrups,

Spacing of links should not exceed the minimum of the following:

Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth(3.4.5.5 of BS 8110 Part-1) = 480.00 mm

Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 12 times diameter of longitudinal bar(3.12.7.1 of BS 8110 Prt-1) = 192.00 mm

Provide T8 - stirrups at 175 c/c.

Consider spacing of the bars in side face reinforcement ( Clause 3.12.11.2.6 of BS 8110 Part-1) = 200.00 mm

The minimum diameter of bars in side faces of beams to control cracking as per

clause No. 3.12.5.4 of BS 8110 Part-1 is = 11.42 mm

Provide 2 -T16 on each face

Axial load is taken from load establishment on piles P30/P41, Page 31 of Part-1 of this document.

As the difference in axial load on columns C5 & C6 is less, Column subjected to maximum load and moment is designed.

i) Dead + Live Load Combination:

Axial load on the column due to dead load (From Page 8 of Part-1 pile layout design document, 925.26+column

= wt) 967.11 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load = 675.14 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 2434.18 kN

6

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 110.35 kNm

As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed

as a cantilever column.

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of wall W3/W4 to top of column ) = 11.00 m

Effective length of column = 16.50 m

Width of column = 300.00 mm

Depth of column = 700.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 23.57

As the le/d exceeds 20 and column bends about major axis, column should be designed as a

biaxially bent, with zero initial moment about the minor axis.( 3.8.3.4 of BS 8110 Part-1)

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 473.36

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 473.36 kNm

Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:

Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,

hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment

about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.

Design Moment about major axis = 583.71 kNm

Pu/bD = 11.59

Mu/bd² = 3.97

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 1.449

Area of steel Asc = 3042.42 mm2

Provide 8 - T25

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T8 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:

Wind load Calculations:

Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m

Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm

Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = 4.35 m

Wind load for metre height of wall = 2.48 kN/m

Total wind force acting on column = 27.27 kN

Initial Moment at bottom of column (22.27 * (2.45+11/2)) = 216.83 kNm

Axial load on the column due to dead load = 967.11 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load = 675.14 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 1970.70 kN

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 94.27 kNm

As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed

as a cantilever column.

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

7

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column = 12.25 m

Effective length of column = 18.38 m

Width of column = 300.00 mm

Depth of column = 700.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 26.25

As the le/d exceeds 20 and column bends about major axis, column should be designed as a

biaxially bent, with zero initial moment about the minor axis.( 3.8.3.4 of BS 8110 Part-1)

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 475.28

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 475.28 kNm

Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:

Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,

hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment

about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.

Design Moment about major axis = 735.48 kNm

Pu/bD = 9.38

Mu/bd² = 5.00

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 2.163

Area of steel Asc = 4542.91 mm2

Provide 6 No. T32 + 4 - T16

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T10 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

8

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

7.5 COLUMN C7 :

i) Dead + Live Load Combination:

Axial load on the column due to dead load = 375.04 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load = 186.94 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 824.16 kN

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 41.40 kNm

As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed

as a cantilever column.

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column = 13.45 m

Effective length of column = 20.18 m

Width of column = 300.00 mm

Depth of column = 700.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 28.82

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 239.61

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 239.61 kNm

Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:

Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,

hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment

about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.

Design Moment about major axis = 281.01 kNm

Pu/bD = 3.92

Mu/bd² = 1.91

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 0.587

Area of steel Asc = 1232.53 mm2

Provide 6 No. T16.

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T12 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T8 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:

Wind load Calculations:

Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m

Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm

Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = 2.75 m

Wind load for metre height of wall = 1.57 kN/m

Total wind force acting on column = 17.24 kN

Initial Moment at bottom of column (17.24 * (2.45+11/2)) = 137.08 kNm

Axial load on the column due to dead load = 375.04 kN

9

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Design Axial load on Column = 674.38 kN

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 33.88 kNm

As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed

as a cantilever column.

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column = 13.45 m

Effective length of column = 20.18 m

Providing 300x600 mm column

Width of column = 300.00 mm

Depth of column = 700.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 28.82

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 196.07

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 196.07 kNm

Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:

Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,

hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment

about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.

Design Moment about major axis = 360.56 kNm

Pu/bD = 3.21

Mu/bd² = 2.45

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 0.781

Area of steel Asc = 1639.93 mm2

Provide 6 No. T20.

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T12 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T8 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

7.6 COLUMN C9 :

i)Dead + Live Load Combination:

Axial load on the column due to dead load(908.54+0.3*0.3*12.3*25) = 936.22 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load(No live load as column is starting from +4.00 m.level) = 413.14 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 1971.73 kN

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))

as per cluase 3.8.2.4 of BS 8110 Part-1 = 82.81 kNm

As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed

as a cantilever column.

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of PB3 to top of column) = 11.00 m

Effective length of column = 16.50 m

10

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Depth of column = 600.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 447.34

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 447.34 kNm

Design Moment about major axis = 530.15 kNm

Pu/bD = 10.95

Mu/bd² = 4.91

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 2.075

Area of steel Asc = 3734.98 mm2

Provide 10-T25

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T12 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T8 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

ii)Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:

Wind load Calculations:

Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m

Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm

Maximum width of column contributing wind load to column = 2.78 m

Wind load for metre height of wall = 1.58 kN/m

Total wind force acting on column = 17.43 kN

Initial Moment at bottom of column = 118.53 kNm

Axial load on the column due to dead load = 936.22 kN

Axial load on the column due to live load = 413.14 kN

Design Axial load on Column = 1619.23 kN

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))

as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 68.01 kNm

As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed

as a cantilever column.

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000

Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

restrained against roatation but not held in position

Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50

Actual length of the column = 11.00 m

Effective length of column = 16.50 m

Providing 300x600 mm column

Width of column = 300.00 mm

Depth of column = 600.00 mm

Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50

11

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000

Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 367.36

k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00

Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 367.36 kNm

Design Moment about major axis = 509.60 kNm

Pu/bD = 9.00

Mu/bd² = 4.72

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

100Asc/bD = 1.919

Area of steel Asc = 3453.38 mm2

Provide 6 No. T32.

Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:

As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement

of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.

Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2

Provide 2 - T12 on each face.

Design of Lateral ties:

As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less

than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.

Provide T10 lateral ties.

Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:

i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm

ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm

iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm

Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

This Column is starting from top of FRW2 i.e., +4.00 m level.

Vertical loads from FRW1, and base slabs will not transfer to clumn as these are directly resting on pile cap.

Height for which wind is acting = 7.00 m

Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm

Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column (5.5+6.4)/2) = 5.95 m

Wind load for metre height of wall = 3.39 kN/m

Total wind force acting on column = 23.74 kN

Moment at bottom of column (37.31 * (7/2)) = 83.09 kNm

3.39 KN/m

7.00

Factored Bending Moment = 116.33 KNm

Total Depth of C10 = 600.00 mm

Width of C10 = 300.00 mm

Clear cover to main reinforcement = 50.00 mm

Diameter of reinforcement bar = 20.00 mm

Effective depth = 540.00 mm

Mu/bd² = 1.33 N/mm2

From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

12

InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of

DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area

DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS

DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

% Steel = 0.394

Area of steel = 638.76 mm2

Provide 3 No. T16 (on each face)

Maximum Shear force due to wind = 23.74 kN

Design Shear force = 33.24 kN

Design shear stress = 0.21 N/mm2

Concrete shear stress (From Table 19 of IS 456:2000 for % steel of 0.394 & grade of conrete M25) vc = 0.44 N/mm2

Providing T8 - 2 - legged stirrups,

Spacing of links should not exceed the minimum of the following:

As per min. shear clause 26.5.1.6 Asv/bSv >= 0.4/0.87*fy = 302.32 mm

Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth(26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000) = 405.00 mm

Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 300mm(26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000) = 300.00 mm

As per 16 times diameter of longitudinal bar(26.5.3.2.c.1 of IS IS 456:2000) = 256.00 mm

Provide T8 - stirrups at 200 c/c.

Consider spacing of the bars in side face reinforcement ( Clause 26.5.1.3 of IS 456:2000) shall not exceed 300.00 mm

The minimum diameter of bars in side faces of beams to control cracking as per

clause No. 26.5.3.1.d of IS 456:2000 is = 12.00 mm

Provide 2 -T16 on each face

13

Infomile Solutions

PROJECT Rev Designed Checked Approved Page of

DOC TITLE: X XX XXX XXX X X

DOC. NO: Department

Grade of concrete Fck 25

Grade of steel Fy 415

Clear Cover C 40

DESIGN OF COLUMNS (UNBRACED)

Equivalent

Member information Loads from analysis Initial Moments Slenderness Moments Total moments Uniaxial Moment Reinforcement

End Mx' or My' Mx'/bd2

Column b D Reinforcement Mix Miy Mx My

Cond. ef. lox lex lex/D loy ley ley/b Pu Mux Muy k Max kMax May k May Pu/bd

or

% steel Asc Lateral Ties

mm mm Diamin Diamax m m m m kN kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m kNm kNm Pu/bDfcu β kNm kN/mm2 My'/Db2 mm2 Dia Sv

C1 400 600 16 32 5 ### 5.00 ### ### 4.5 ### ### 499.4 200.0 450.0 200.0 450.0 1 ### ### ### ### ### ### 0.08 ### #VALUE! 2.08 #VALUE! 1.80 4320 8 256

b=Breadth of column ley/b=Slenderness Ratio about Y Axis X- Major Axis Mx=Ultimate design moment about X axis

k=Multiplication factor as per CL.39.7.1.1

D=Depth of column Pu=Axial Load My Y-Minor Axis Max=Slenderness Moment about X axis

My=Ultimate design moment about Y axis

ef= Effective length Factor Mux=Moment due to Design ultimate loads about X Axis Y kMax=Deflection of column about X Asc=Area

axis of steel

lox= Clear height between end restraintsMabout

uy=Moment

X Axis due to Design ultimate loads about Y Axis May=Slenderness Moment Y minor axis

Sv=Spacing of ties

lex=Effective length of the column aboutMi =Initial moment due to min.eccen.about X Axis

X xAxis kMay=Deflection of column about Y M=Total

axis moment

lex/D=Slenderness Ratio about X Axis MAxis

Miy=Initial moment due to min.eccen.about Y x Maddx=Moment about X axis due to Mx'=Effective

Slenderness uniaxial design ultimate moment about X axis

loy= Clear height between end restraintsDia

about

min

=Min. Diameter

Yaxis h Maddy=Moment about Y axis due to My'=Effective

Slenderness uniaxial design ultimate moment about y axis

ley=Effective length of the column aboutDia

Yaxis

max

=Max. Diameter X d= effective depth of section

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