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InfoMile Solutions

PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

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InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

7.1 COLUMN C1:

1.40 KN/m
11.00

2.45

WIND LOAD DIAGRAM

Axial load is taken from load on piles P25/P26, Page 8 of pile layout design document
i)Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load ( 776.82+column wt)) = 808.21 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load = 436.98 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 1830.66 kN
Unsupported length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) about X - axis = 11.00 m
Unsupported length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) about Y- axis = 11.00 m
Width of column = 300.00 mm
Depth of column = 600.00 mm
eccentricity as per 25.4 of IS 456:2000 ec = l/500+D/30 About X - axis = 10.02
eccentricity as per 25.4 of IS 456:2000 ec = l/500+D/30 About Y - axis = 20.02
As per 39.2 of IS 456:2000 0.05 times lateral dimension About X - axis = 15.00
As per 39.2 of IS 456:2000 0.05 times lateral dimension About Y - axis = 30.00
Since the condition in 39.3 of IS 456:2000 is satisfied the column is designed as short column
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20)) =
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 76.89 kNm

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of PB2 to top of column) = 11.00 m
Effective length of column = 16.50 m
Width of column = 300.00 mm
Depth of column = 600.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 415.33
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 415.33 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis = 492.22 kNm
Pu/bD = 10.17
Mu/bd² = 4.56
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456
100Asc/bD = 1.802
Area of steel Asc = 3243.51 mm2
Provide 8 No. T25.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.

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InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Design of Lateral ties:


As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.
ii)Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m
Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = 2.78 m
Wind load for metre height of wall = 1.58 kN/m
Total wind force acting on column = 17.43 kN
Initial Moment due to wind at bottom of column (17.43 * (2.95+11/2)) = 147.29 kNm
Axial load on the column due to dead load = 808.21 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load = 436.98 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 1494.23 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 66.49 kNm

End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column = 12.25 m
Effective length of column = 18.38 m
Width of column = 300.00 mm
Depth of column = 600.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 30.63
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 420.43
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 420.43 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis = 597.17 kNm
Pu/bD = 8.30
Mu/bd² = 5.53
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 2.615
Area of steel Asc = 4706.43 mm2
Provide 6 No. T32.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

3
InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

7.2 COLUMN C2 & C3:


Axial load is taken from load on piles P23/P24, Page 8 of pile layout design document
As the difference in axial load on columns C2 & C3 is less, Column subjected to maximum load and moment is designed.
i) Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load (1110.46+column wt) = 1193.00 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load = 499.38 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 2469.21 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 103.71 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column (11.00, can be taken from top of wall W3 /W4) = 11.00 m
Effective length of column = 16.50 m
Width of column = 400.00 mm
Depth of column = 600.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 560.20
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 560.20 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis = 663.91 kNm
Pu/bD = 10.29
Mu/bd² = 4.61
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 1.839
Area of steel Asc = 4413.60 mm2
Provide 8 No. T25
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 240.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 400.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 250 mm C/C.

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InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:


Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m
Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = 5.28 m
Wind load for metre height of wall = 3.01 kN/m
Total wind force acting on column = 33.07 kN
Initial Moment at bottom of column (33.07 * (2.95+11/2)) = 279.48 kNm
Axial load on the column due to dead load = 1193.00 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load = 499.38 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 2030.86 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 85.30 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column (11.00, can be taken from top of wall W3 /W4 to top of column) = 11.00 m
Effective length of column = 16.50 m
Width of column = 400.00 mm
Depth of column = 600.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 460.75
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 460.75 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis = 796.12 kNm
Pu/bD = 8.46
Mu/bd² = 5.53
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 2.616
Area of steel Asc = 6278.96 mm2
Provide 10 -T32
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 240.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 400.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

7.3 COLUMN C4 & C8:

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InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

vertical loads are directly transfering to pile caps.


Column C4/C8 can be designed as a beam for wind loads.
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m
Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column(1.50/2 + 2.90/2) = 2.20 m
Wind load for metre height of wall = 1.25 kN/m
Total wind force acting on column = 13.79 kN
Moment at bottom of column (13.79 * (2.45+11/2)) = 109.66 kNm

1.25 KN/m
11.00

2.45

DESIGN FOR BENDING:


Factored Bending Moment = 153.53 KNm
Total Depth of C4/C8 = 700.00 mm
Width of C4/C8 = 300.00 mm
Clear cover to main reinforcement = 50.00 mm
Diameter of reinforcement bar = 20.00 mm
Effective depth = 640.00 mm
Mu/bd² = 1.25 N/mm2
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
% Steel = 0.369
Area of steel = 708.10 mm2
Provide 3 No. T20 (on each face of C4/C8)

DESIGN FOR SHEAR / TATERAL TIES:


Maximum Shear force due to wind = 13.79 kN
Design Shear force = 19.31 kN
Design shear stress = 0.10 N/mm2
Concrete shear stress (From table 3.8 of BS-8110 part-1 for % steel of 0.38 & grade of conrete M35) vc = 0.45 N/mm2
Providing T8 - 2 - legged stirrups,
Spacing of links should not exceed the minimum of the following:
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth(3.4.5.5 of BS 8110 Part-1) = 480.00 mm
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 12 times diameter of longitudinal bar(3.12.7.1 of BS 8110 Prt-1) = 192.00 mm
Provide T8 - stirrups at 175 c/c.

SIDE FACE REINFORCEMENT:


Consider spacing of the bars in side face reinforcement ( Clause 3.12.11.2.6 of BS 8110 Part-1) = 200.00 mm
The minimum diameter of bars in side faces of beams to control cracking as per
clause No. 3.12.5.4 of BS 8110 Part-1 is = 11.42 mm
Provide 2 -T16 on each face

7.4 COLUMN C5 & C6:


Axial load is taken from load establishment on piles P30/P41, Page 31 of Part-1 of this document.
As the difference in axial load on columns C5 & C6 is less, Column subjected to maximum load and moment is designed.
i) Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load (From Page 8 of Part-1 pile layout design document, 925.26+column
= wt) 967.11 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load = 675.14 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 2434.18 kN

6
InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))


as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 110.35 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of wall W3/W4 to top of column ) = 11.00 m
Effective length of column = 16.50 m
Width of column = 300.00 mm
Depth of column = 700.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 23.57
As the le/d exceeds 20 and column bends about major axis, column should be designed as a
biaxially bent, with zero initial moment about the minor axis.( 3.8.3.4 of BS 8110 Part-1)
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 473.36
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 473.36 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis = 583.71 kNm
Pu/bD = 11.59
Mu/bd² = 3.97
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 1.449
Area of steel Asc = 3042.42 mm2
Provide 8 - T25
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.
ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m
Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = 4.35 m
Wind load for metre height of wall = 2.48 kN/m
Total wind force acting on column = 27.27 kN
Initial Moment at bottom of column (22.27 * (2.45+11/2)) = 216.83 kNm
Axial load on the column due to dead load = 967.11 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load = 675.14 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 1970.70 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 94.27 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially

7
InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

restrained against roatation but not held in position


Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column = 12.25 m
Effective length of column = 18.38 m
Width of column = 300.00 mm
Depth of column = 700.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 26.25
As the le/d exceeds 20 and column bends about major axis, column should be designed as a
biaxially bent, with zero initial moment about the minor axis.( 3.8.3.4 of BS 8110 Part-1)
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 475.28
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 475.28 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis = 735.48 kNm
Pu/bD = 9.38
Mu/bd² = 5.00
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 2.163
Area of steel Asc = 4542.91 mm2
Provide 6 No. T32 + 4 - T16
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T16 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

8
InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

7.5 COLUMN C7 :
i) Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load = 375.04 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load = 186.94 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 824.16 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 41.40 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column = 13.45 m
Effective length of column = 20.18 m
Width of column = 300.00 mm
Depth of column = 700.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 28.82
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 239.61
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 239.61 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis = 281.01 kNm
Pu/bD = 3.92
Mu/bd² = 1.91
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 0.587
Area of steel Asc = 1232.53 mm2
Provide 6 No. T16.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T12 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.
ii) Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m
Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column = 2.75 m
Wind load for metre height of wall = 1.57 kN/m
Total wind force acting on column = 17.24 kN
Initial Moment at bottom of column (17.24 * (2.45+11/2)) = 137.08 kNm
Axial load on the column due to dead load = 375.04 kN

9
InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Axial load on the column due to live load = 186.94 kN


Design Axial load on Column = 674.38 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 33.88 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column = 13.45 m
Effective length of column = 20.18 m
Providing 300x600 mm column
Width of column = 300.00 mm
Depth of column = 700.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 28.82
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 196.07
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 196.07 kNm
Calculation of Moment about minor axis due to Slenderness:
Column is monolithic with wall for it's full height, effective length of the column about minor axis will be zero,
hence slenderness moment will be zero about minor axis. As both the initial moment and slenderness moment
about minor axis are zero we can design column as a uniaxially bent column.
Design Moment about major axis = 360.56 kNm
Pu/bD = 3.21
Mu/bd² = 2.45
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 0.781
Area of steel Asc = 1639.93 mm2
Provide 6 No. T20.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T12 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

7.6 COLUMN C9 :
i)Dead + Live Load Combination:
Axial load on the column due to dead load(908.54+0.3*0.3*12.3*25) = 936.22 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load(No live load as column is starting from +4.00 m.level) = 413.14 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 1971.73 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase 3.8.2.4 of BS 8110 Part-1 = 82.81 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column (11.00, from top of PB3 to top of column) = 11.00 m
Effective length of column = 16.50 m

10
InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Width of column = 300.00 mm


Depth of column = 600.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50
Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:
As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 447.34
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 447.34 kNm
Design Moment about major axis = 530.15 kNm
Pu/bD = 10.95
Mu/bd² = 4.91
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 2.075
Area of steel Asc = 3734.98 mm2
Provide 10-T25
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T12 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T8 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T8 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.
ii)Dead + Live + Wind Load Combination:
Wind load Calculations:
Height for which wind is acting = 11.00 m
Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm
Maximum width of column contributing wind load to column = 2.78 m
Wind load for metre height of wall = 1.58 kN/m
Total wind force acting on column = 17.43 kN
Initial Moment at bottom of column = 118.53 kNm
Axial load on the column due to dead load = 936.22 kN
Axial load on the column due to live load = 413.14 kN
Design Axial load on Column = 1619.23 kN
Initial Moment due to minimum eccentricity(Design axial load x max(l/500+D/30, 20))
as per cluase25.4 and 39.2 of IS 456:2000 = 68.01 kNm
As the column is monolithic with wall for its full height, and at bottom it need not be designed
as a cantilever column.
End conditions are assumed as follows as per Clause E 3 of Annex E and Table 28 of IS 456:2000
Cond.: Effectively held in position and restrained against rotation in one end, and the other partially
restrained against roatation but not held in position
Effective length factor from table 28 of IS 456:2000 is, 1.50
Actual length of the column = 11.00 m
Effective length of column = 16.50 m
Providing 300x600 mm column
Width of column = 300.00 mm
Depth of column = 600.00 mm
Slenderness ratio for column = 27.50

11
InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

Calculation of Moment about major axis due to Slenderness:


As per Clause 39.7 of IS 456:2000
Max = (PuD/2000)*{lex/D}² = 367.36
k, Value of k is assumed as 1 for conservative side as per 39.7.1.1 of IS 456:2000 = 1.00
Additional moment about major axis due to Slenderness = Max = 367.36 kNm
Design Moment about major axis = 509.60 kNm
Pu/bD = 9.00
Mu/bd² = 4.72
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000
100Asc/bD = 1.919
Area of steel Asc = 3453.38 mm2
Provide 6 No. T32.
Nominal Reinforcement about Minor Axis:
As the total reinforcement required is provided only on two faces, provide nominal reinforcement
of 0.2%(on each face) of cross section of column on other two faces of clolumn.
Area of steel on each face (0.20xwidthxdepth of column projecting out side of wall) = 180.00 mm2
Provide 2 - T12 on each face.
Design of Lateral ties:
As per clause 26.5.3.2.c.2 of IS 456:2000, the diameter of the lateral bar should not be less
than one quarter of the diameter of largest compression bar or 6 mm whichever is more.
Provide T10 lateral ties.
Spacing of bars should not exceed least of the following:
i) Least lateral dimension = 300.00 mm
ii)16 times the dia of smallest compression bar to be tied = 256.00 mm
iii) 300mm = 300.00 mm
Provide T10 Lateral ties at 200 mm C/C.

7.7 COLUMN C10


This Column is starting from top of FRW2 i.e., +4.00 m level.
Vertical loads from FRW1, and base slabs will not transfer to clumn as these are directly resting on pile cap.

Wind load Calculations:


Height for which wind is acting = 7.00 m
Intensty of wind Pressure = 0.57 kN/sqm
Maximum width of wall contributing wind load to column (5.5+6.4)/2) = 5.95 m
Wind load for metre height of wall = 3.39 kN/m
Total wind force acting on column = 23.74 kN
Moment at bottom of column (37.31 * (7/2)) = 83.09 kNm

3.39 KN/m
7.00

DESIGN FOR BENDING:


Factored Bending Moment = 116.33 KNm
Total Depth of C10 = 600.00 mm
Width of C10 = 300.00 mm
Clear cover to main reinforcement = 50.00 mm
Diameter of reinforcement bar = 20.00 mm
Effective depth = 540.00 mm
Mu/bd² = 1.33 N/mm2
From Chart No. Of SP16 Design aids for reinforced concrete to IS 456:2000

12
InfoMile Solutions
PROJECT : SKS PRAI - 350 MW CCGT POWER PLANT Rev Designed by Checked by Date Page of
DOC TITLE: TRANSFORMER YARD R.C 0 Area
DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS,PITS AND FIREWALLS
DOC. NO: CGPR1-100-5-022 Dept CIVIL

% Steel = 0.394
Area of steel = 638.76 mm2
Provide 3 No. T16 (on each face)

DESIGN FOR SHEAR / TATERAL TIES:


Maximum Shear force due to wind = 23.74 kN
Design Shear force = 33.24 kN
Design shear stress = 0.21 N/mm2
Concrete shear stress (From Table 19 of IS 456:2000 for % steel of 0.394 & grade of conrete M25) vc = 0.44 N/mm2
Providing T8 - 2 - legged stirrups,
Spacing of links should not exceed the minimum of the following:
As per min. shear clause 26.5.1.6 Asv/bSv >= 0.4/0.87*fy = 302.32 mm
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 0.75 times effective depth(26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000) = 405.00 mm
Spacing of shear reinforcement as per 300mm(26.5.1.5 of IS 456:2000) = 300.00 mm
As per 16 times diameter of longitudinal bar(26.5.3.2.c.1 of IS IS 456:2000) = 256.00 mm
Provide T8 - stirrups at 200 c/c.

SIDE FACE REINFORCEMENT:


Consider spacing of the bars in side face reinforcement ( Clause 26.5.1.3 of IS 456:2000) shall not exceed 300.00 mm
The minimum diameter of bars in side faces of beams to control cracking as per
clause No. 26.5.3.1.d of IS 456:2000 is = 12.00 mm
Provide 2 -T16 on each face

13
Infomile Solutions
PROJECT Rev Designed Checked Approved Page of
DOC TITLE: X XX XXX XXX X X
DOC. NO: Department
Grade of concrete Fck 25
Grade of steel Fy 415
Clear Cover C 40
DESIGN OF COLUMNS (UNBRACED)
Equivalent
Member information Loads from analysis Initial Moments Slenderness Moments Total moments Uniaxial Moment Reinforcement
End Mx' or My' Mx'/bd2
Column b D Reinforcement Mix Miy Mx My
Cond. ef. lox lex lex/D loy ley ley/b Pu Mux Muy k Max kMax May k May Pu/bd
or
% steel Asc Lateral Ties

mm mm Diamin Diamax m m m m kN kN-m kN-m kN-m kN-m kNm kNm Pu/bDfcu β kNm kN/mm2 My'/Db2 mm2 Dia Sv
C1 400 600 16 32 5 ### 5.00 ### ### 4.5 ### ### 499.4 200.0 450.0 200.0 450.0 1 ### ### ### ### ### ### 0.08 ### #VALUE! 2.08 #VALUE! 1.80 4320 8 256

b=Breadth of column ley/b=Slenderness Ratio about Y Axis X- Major Axis Mx=Ultimate design moment about X axis
k=Multiplication factor as per CL.39.7.1.1
D=Depth of column Pu=Axial Load My Y-Minor Axis Max=Slenderness Moment about X axis
My=Ultimate design moment about Y axis
ef= Effective length Factor Mux=Moment due to Design ultimate loads about X Axis Y kMax=Deflection of column about X Asc=Area
axis of steel
lox= Clear height between end restraintsMabout
uy=Moment
X Axis due to Design ultimate loads about Y Axis May=Slenderness Moment Y minor axis
Sv=Spacing of ties
lex=Effective length of the column aboutMi =Initial moment due to min.eccen.about X Axis
X xAxis kMay=Deflection of column about Y M=Total
axis moment
lex/D=Slenderness Ratio about X Axis MAxis
Miy=Initial moment due to min.eccen.about Y x Maddx=Moment about X axis due to Mx'=Effective
Slenderness uniaxial design ultimate moment about X axis
loy= Clear height between end restraintsDia
about
min
=Min. Diameter
Yaxis h Maddy=Moment about Y axis due to My'=Effective
Slenderness uniaxial design ultimate moment about y axis
ley=Effective length of the column aboutDia
Yaxis
max
=Max. Diameter X d= effective depth of section