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Inventor R2010 Estimated Time Required to Complete: 30 minutes
This Skill Builder explores the tools available for creating and controlling the shape of splines. Surfaces are used to shape the part and to define the body split contours. In This Exercise In this Skill Builder, you learn how to: Create and define splines. Loft with a rail. Create surfaces. Replace a face. Extend surface edges. Split the part into multiple bodies. Use the Emboss command. Create a Grill. Prerequisites Have Inventor 2010 installed. Understand how to open, create and save part files in your active project. Understand the fundamentals of solid modeling. Download (and unzip) the zip file containing the source file to use during this exercise to a folder in your active project. Download spline_1.zip (zip - 1902Kb) The zip file contains two Autodesk Inventor 2010 part files named spline_1_start.ipt and spline_ 1_complete.ipt. It also contains an animation (spline_1.swf) which demonstrates basic spline functionality. System Settings On the Application Options, Sketch tab enable the following settings: Edit dimension when created. Autoproject edges for sketch creation and edit. Autoproject part origin on sketch create. The Grid lines display is not enabled in any of the sketch environment images in this Skill Builder. Note: You can specify the icon color scheme in Application Options. The appearance of the icons presented in this Skill Builder may differ if you are not using the color scheme noted in the following image.
In the first section of this exercise, we will create two spline cross sections and one spline rail to use in a Loft operation.
You can also right-click and choose Create to finish the spline segment. Fit points along the curve are diamond shaped so you can identify the start and end of joined spline segments. If the handles are not visible. handles appear at each fit point in a passive state. Note: Fit points at the end of a spline are square. open the file spline_1_start. Place a fit point at the mid-point (green dot) of the vertical line on the left (1). When you create a spline. Handles are shape manipulators. If other handles were modified. Notice that the part is wedge shaped and one end is wider than the other. 4. select a spline in the sketch to display the active and passive handles. Activate the handle on all fit points. Reset Handle Reverses a handle edit on a selected fit point or handle. Right-click a fit point and choose Activate Handle in the context menu. Right-click and select Done or press the Escape key to exit the command. 3. The handle remains active. Right-click the middle fit point and enable Curvature in the context menu. When a spline is selected. the reset may not return the handle to the original solve state. To activate a handle use one of the following methods: Press and drag anywhere on the handle. You can drag or dimension to a fit point without activating a handle.1. Double-click to place the final point (3) at the mid-point of the vertical line on the right. Tip: Handle manipulation changes the shape of a spline. another directly above the origin (2). The reset uses the current spline shape. 5. To begin. Start a 2D sketch on the face indicated. Refer to the following image for placement. It is sometimes necessary to “undo” a spline handle manipulation. there are two context menu commands available for reversing handle manipulations: Reset All Handles Reverses all handle edits and restores the spline to the natural solve state. 6. a normal Undo command might not produce the required results. Start the Spline command. 2. Active handles remain active. . Depending on how many handles were manipulated. or the handle nearest the cursor.ipt and orient to the Front view on the View Cube. This action creates the spline.
The following image shows the completed sketch. Place a vertical constraint between the middle fit point (not the handle) and the part origin. 9. 2. Start the Project Geometry command and project the spline to the new sketch.Tip: Enabling Curvature also activates the linear handle. Orient the part to match the view in the following image and start a new sketch on the indicated face. 3. 8. In the next portion of the exercise. we will create the rail or “guide curve” to use in the lofting operation. The 9-mm dimension persists. 1. Place a radial dimension of 110-mm on the middle fit point curvature handle. A radial dimension is not a unitless dimension. 12. . Enabling the linear handle does not activate Curvature. the handles and all handle dimensions are visible only when the spline is active. 1. Place a 9-mm vertical dimension from the projected Origin point to the middle fit point.ipt. A linear handle dimension is unitless and indicates the distance the spline is tangent to the handle. Orient the part so the narrow end is facing you as shown in the following image. Place a dimension on each handle with a value of 1. To create an exact duplicate of the spline on the other side of the part perform the following steps. Finish the sketch. Finish the sketch. 10. Place a horizontal constraint on all handles. Start the Save As command and save the file as Spline_Skills1. 7. 13. 11.
2. Although not required for this exercise. 7. 6. Choose Done from the context menu or press the Escape key to finish the spline command. 8. In the next section. 2. we will create a lofted surface using the two parallel splines as cross sections. On the dialog box. Start the Spline command and sketch a spline from the midpoint of the projected vertical line to a point above the midpoint of the part. and the front spline as the drive rail. Double-click the last point to create the spline. Place the final point at the endpoint of the opposite projected vertical line. 3. 4. Start the Loft command. 1. choose Surface for the Output. 9. Right-click the middle fit point and choose Flat from the context menu. Choose Done from the context menu or press the Escape key to finish the dimension command. 5. a unitless dimension can be applied to the handle to extend the length of the flat segment. Start a new sketch on the narrow end of the part on the face indicated. Place a 7-mm dimension from the midpoint of the top edge to the middle fit point. Finish the sketch. . 10. Save the file. Place a vertical constraint between the middle fit point and the midpoint of the projected line. The mid-section of the spline now has zero curvature.
On the Model tab. choose the drop-down arrow to expose all available commands from the expanded panel. To change the appearance of a surface to opaque. Select Replace Face. Change the selection to New Faces and select the lofted surface to satisfy the New Faces selection. Tip: A Surface is initially translucent and a single color. The new surface appears in the browser as a lofted feature and also in the Surface Bodies folder. 5. . Click OK to create the surface. Select Properties in the context menu to assign a new surface color if required. 1. Surfaces panel. Use the context menu to cancel the Translucent selection. 2. 4.3. Select Click to add on the dialog box in the Rails pane. 3. and then select the spline you created as the drive rail: Right-click and choose Select Rails in the context menu. Change the selection type to Rails using one of the following methods. select the surface (in the bodies folder or the browser). Select the two parallel splines to satisfy the cross sections. Select the top planar face to satisfy the Existing Faces selection. In this section. you will use Replace Face to change the top of the object to match the shape of the new surface.
Click OK to replace the planar face with the lofted surface. Select OK to complete the operation. Use the flip direction arrow to offset the surface towards the interior of the part. In the graphics area. Save the file. 5. Specify a 2-mm thickness. In the next section of the exercise we will use a top-down workflow to split the part into multiple solid bodies. 7. Use the default Inside shell option. Start the Shell command. 3. On the dialog box. 9. The top of the part now conforms to the shape of the surface.4. select the Thicken/Offset command. select Surface for the Output. 8. 1. On the Surface panel. select the top of the part to satisfy the selection. 2. . In the browser. 6. The interior of the part is now hollow. Do not remove any faces. select the lofted surface and turn off the visibility in the context menu. Enter a distance value of 3-mm.
Click OK to finish the command. Select the two outside edges of the offset surface to satisfy the Edges selection. Select the Extend command in the drop-down. all edges of the dividing surface must meet or extend beyond the edges of the part. Select OK to create the offset surface and finish the command. Specify an offset value of 7. On the Surface panel. To use the surface to split the part into two bodies.4. 5. Notice that the offset surface does not extend to the outside edges on the sides of the part. 7. click the drop-down arrow to expose all available commands.5 mm. . 6.
In the next section. On the dialog box. 12. Save the file. Because the extended edges are dependent on the offset surface. Start a new sketch on the bottom of the part. Select the offset surface as the Split Tool. Expand the Solid Bodies folder in the browser. turn off the visibility of the offset surface. 1. 13. Click OK to split the part into two solid bodies and finish the command. Note that there are now two solid bodies present in the file. 11. You can control the visibility and color of each body individually. . On the Modify panel. click the Split command. In the browser. 9.8. 10. 14. select the Split Solid option. we will create a spline profile and surface for another split tool. the feature visibility is controlled by the originating surface.
2. Orient the part view as shown in the following image with the wide end of the part on the right. 3.png . Place a vertical constraint between the following fit points: 1 and 5 2 and 4 5. Create a spline with five fit points as shown in the following image. spline_10. Double-click the last point to create the spline. It is of no consequence if the handles on your spline do not match the image. Place a horizontal constraint between fit point 3 and the projected origin point. 4.
Place a 12-mm radial dimension on the curvature handle at the midpoint. Right-click the middle fit point and enable Curvature. Place a unitless dimension of 1 on each linear handle. Place a vertical constraint on the handle at the midpoint and the two endpoints. 11. Dimension the fit points as shown in the following image. 10. 12.6. . 8. Enable all linear handles on the spline using one of the following methods: Right-click and select Activate Handle in the context menu Press and drag anywhere on a handle. 7. 9. Add an angular dimension of 34 degrees between the linear handles and the edges of the part as shown in the following image.
3. 1. 4. Inventor selects the visible body as the solid to include. If only one body is visible in a multi-body part. choose the Split command. In the next section. On the Modify panel. Finish the sketch. 14. . Set the Output to Surface and select the spline to satisfy the Profile selection. 2. Because more than one solid body is visible. Start the Extrude command.13. select the upper body to satisfy the Solid selection. On the dialog box. Set the Distance to 40-mm. select the Split Solid option. Select the extruded surface as the Split Tool. Save the file. we will use the new surface to split the part and create a third body. Reverse the direction of the extrusion so the profile intersects the existing bodies. Click OK to create the surface. 15.
Right-click each body in the folder and select Properties in the context menu. we will offset the new surface to create a clearance area between the two bodies on the top of the part.5. browser_multi_body. Notice there are now three bodies in the Solid Bodies folder in the browser. It isolates the body you want to work on. . Change the Body Color Style for each body to a unique color.png 7. right-click and select Hide Others in the context menu. 8. In the next section. With the body highlighted. Click OK to create the body. Save the file. 2. 1. Expand the Solid Bodies folder in the browser. 6. Expand the Solid Bodies folder and select the new body.
3. On the dialog box. In the next section. . 1. On the Model tab. 2. Set the direction of the new surface to the interior of the body. Click OK to create the surface. Set the Distance to 2-mm. start the Thicken/Offset command. we will create an offset surface to use as a trimming tool. set the Output to Surface and pick the extruded surface to satisfy the selection. Surface panel. Turn off the visibility of the extruded surface.Notice that the context menu also contains the Show All command to unhide all bodies.
Turn on the visibility of the Emboss Sketch in the browser. 5. Save the file.4. You can also select the second Remove direction and not the one indicated in the following image. Choose OK to remove the material. Turn off the visibility of the bottom solid and the large upper solid. 2. In the next section. Turn off the visibility of the surface. select the surface as the Split Tool. 1. 9. Notice the 2-mm gap between the bodies. It is acceptable as long as the output is correct. Note: Turn off the visibility of the non-participating solids to allow Inventor to choose the body to be operated on automatically. . This completes the spline and surfacing portion of the exercise. Turn on the visibility of all solid bodies. Make sure the side to remove is pointing away from the material. we will create the embossed feature. 7. Start the Split command. Select the Trim Solid option. 6. Note: Rotate the model to verify the side to remove arrow is pointing away from the solid. 8. To complete the part you can continue the exercise.
Pick the upper and lower edges of the emboss feature. 8. 9. Select the Emboss from Face option. Click the pencil icon to change to a selection mode. On the Fillet dialog box. and then click OK to create the fillets. 6. Start the Emboss command. Click OK to create the embossed feature. enter 2-mm for the Radius value. 7. 5. Set the Depth to 3-mm. . Start the Fillet command. Select the dropdown and set the fillet type to Smooth (G2). 4. 10.3.
select the large outer ellipse to satisfy the Profile selection in the Boundary tab. make sure the visibility of the bottom solid and the embossed solid is off. 4. Accept the default settings for size. click the Grill command. In the Solid Bodies folder. 3. Make the large top solid visible. Inventor will not include them in a feature operation. On the grill sketch. Plastic Part panel. Tip: If you turn off the visibility of bodies.11. Turn on the visibility of the Grill Sketch in the browser. Save the file In the next section we will create a vented opening called a Grill. . On the Model tab. 2. 1.
5. Select the Rib tab and then select all the remaining line geometry to satisfy the rib selection. Accept the default of 0-mm. 7. Select the Island tab and then select the small center ellipse to satisfy the Profile selection. . Accept the size defaults. Click OK to create the grill. 6.
you completed the Spline and Surfacing Skill Builder. Created multiple bodies in a part file. Congratulations. Created a Grill. . Used Replace Face to change part contour.. 9. Turn on the visibility of all bodies. Used the Emboss command. Created lofted and extruded surfaces.. Let’s review your accomplishments. Manipulated spline handles. Save the file. Summary In this Skill Builder you: Created and dimensioned splines. Extended surface edges.8.
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