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I/D : 0600384 (1) Diabetic ketoacidosis
Course : M.B.B.S XIII
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in patients with diabetes mellitus. It happens predominantly in those with type 1 diabetes, but it can occur in those with type 2 diabetes under certain circumstances. DKA results from an absolute shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burning fatty acids and producing acidic ketone bodies that cause most of the symptoms and complications. (2) The plasma[Na] and plasma[HCO3] was below the normal range of value. Hence, the anion gap is greatly increased. (3) His respiratory rate was 24/min which is much more faster than the normal respiratory rate that is 15/min. This is known as respiratory alkalosis that required compensating the abovementioned case, namely, diabetic ketoacidosis, a metabolic acidosis. In respiratory alkalosis, hyperventilation is occur to expel excessive CO2 through lung and thereby increase the pH of plasma. Also, it responsible for the retention for HCO3 . (4) The following flow chart is the pathophysiology of DKA in detail:
Report on PBL 1 Session 3 Mini Case
Supervisor: Dr.Bharathi Sengodan M.D.,