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ASSIGNMENT NO. 3
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE 3
EBON ,ALESSA LEE C. AR07331
Today. Juinio served as the building's structural engineer. to which he had two children. and the cross by Napoleon Abueva. where he met the curator. Diliman Catholic Chaplain. one of whom is also an architect. Aquino. 1994) Leandro V. The Church of the Holy Sacrifice is the first round chapel in the Philippines with the altar in the middle. 1928 . The marble façade of the building is cantilevered 12 meters from the terrace by huge arching columns at the sides of the . He returned to Manila to study Pre-Law. he was fond of modern painting and Chinese ceramics. the Theater of Performing Arts (Now the Tanghalang Pambansa) of the Cultural Center of the Philippines. the plans for the chapel were canceled. Although he was a talented pianist. he later shifted again to Architecture. the stations of the cross by Vicente Manansala and Ang Kiukok.000 people. 1928 in Silay City. Unfortunately. He was married to Cecilia Yulo. commissioned Locsin to design a chapel that is open and can easily accommodate 1. before shifting to pursue a Bachelor's Degree in Music at the University of Santo Tomas. An avid collector. and interior designer. He was proclaimed a National Artist of the Philippines for Architecture in 1990 by President Corazon C. However.November 15. It was then he realized to use concrete. S. An art lover. then University of the Philippines. John Delaney. and a grandson of the first governor of the province. He later studied at the De La Salle Brothers in 1935 before returning to Negros due to the Second World War. Paul Rudolph and Eero Saarinen. Locsin was a Filipino architect. for his buildings. known for his use of concrete. Alfredo L. floating volume and simplistic design in his various projects. which was relatively cheap in the Philippines and easy to form. he met some of his influences. Negros Occidental. when Frederic Ossorio left for the United States.J. just a year before graduating. who recommended Locsin to the Ossorio family. artist. in 1955.LEANDRO LOCSIN (August 15. and the first to have a thin shell concrete dome. he completed what is to be his most recognizable work. Fernando Zobel de Ayala. Locsin was born on Aug 15. The floor of the church was designed by Arturo Luz. In 1969. who was planning to build a chapel in Negros. the church is recognized as a National Historical Landmark and a Cultural Treasure by the National Historical Institute and the National Museum respectively. he frequented the Philippine Art Gallery. Fr. Leandro V. In his visit to the United States. all of whom are now National Artists.
a museum of ethnographic and other temporary exhibits. The Dioscoro Umali Hall. Most of Locsin's work has been inside the country. V. Japan. Bukidnon. The current building was dedicated in 2004. SEARCA Residences. he took his apprenticeship at Ayala and Company (Now the Ayala Corporation) and was even asked to design the first building in Ayala Avenue. . the original was demolished. Locsin was a close friend of the Ayalas. His largest single work is the Istana Nurul Iman. built in 2003 on a land donated by his family. Jr. giving it the impression of floating. Locsin died on Nov 15. 1994 in Makati City. and several structures at the National Arts Center (housing the Philippine High School for the Arts) situated at Mt. and several of their residences. was named after him. Locsin also designed some of the buildings at the UP Los Baños campus. Before taking the board examination. Locsin was also commissioned to build the Philippine International Convention Center. but in 1970. Locsin designed the Folk Arts Theater. he received the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prize from Fukuoka City. In 1974. the country's premiere international conference building and the seat of the Vice Presidency. A large lagoon in front of the theatre mirrors the building during daylight. galleries. Makiling. was also a church in Malaybalay. and was designed by the L. the Carillon. with the Student Union Building. Locsin. with Locsin's permission. It was known for the juxtaposition of huge blocks to facilitate the interior of the exhibition. He also designed UPLB's Main Library. in time for the Miss Universe Pageant. the Continuing Education Center and the auditorium. Locsin and Partners. he was commissioned to design the Ayala Museum. It was completed in only seventy-seven days. he designed the Philippine Pavilion of the World Expo in Osaka. In 1974. the main auditorium. while fountains are illuminated by underwater lights by nighttime.building. Los Baños. which is one of the largest single span buildings in the Philippines with a span of 60 meters. Laguna. In 1992. led by Leandro Y. The building houses four theaters. once damaged by a fire. ironically. Leandro V. the official residence of the Sultan of Brunei. Locsin's last work. When the collection of the Ayala Museum was moved to its current location. is clearly an example of his distinct architecture. which housed the Ayala's art collection. and a library on Philippine art and culture. Most of his work is concentrated on the Freedom Park. The campus of De La Salle-Canlubang. with its large canopy that make it resemble the main theatre of the CCP.
Church of the Holy Sacrifice. Built by Alfredo L. The first building designed by Locsin to be constructed. it is the first circular church and the first thin-shell concrete dome in the Philippines Manila Hotel University of the Philippines – Los Baños . Juinio and fellow UP professors. UP Diliman.WORKS: Main Building (Tanghalang Pambansa) of the Cultural Center of the Philippines. one of Locsin's most recognizable works.
It was during that time that he also designed the building that would house the United States High Commission to the Philippines. the Cebu Provincial Capitol (1937). He attended the Ateneo Municipal and graduated in 1908. and the Jones Bridge.  He. Arellano went to the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1911 and subssequently transferred to Drexel to finish his bachelor's degree in Architecture. however. He then went back to the Philippines to begin a practice with his brother. which featured a revival-style mansion that took advantage of the seaside vista. 1888 in Manila. best known for Manila's Metropolitan Theater (1935). he returned to Manila and designed the Manila Metropolitan Theater. 1888 -1967) Juan Marcos de Guzmán Arellano was a Filipino architect. Arcadio. . and Fabian de la Rosa. and Tomas Mapua. were leaving. who went to Ohio State. He and Tomas Mapua were then named as supervising architects. While these structures were all reconstructed. The Americans instead opted for a federal-style building that ended up overpriced and uncomfortable. He designed a demesne along the edge of Manila Bay.JUAN ARELLANO (April 25. which was to become the new capital of the Philippines. He was trained in the Beaux Arts and subsequently went to work for George B. after Carlos Barreto. His first passion was painting and he trained under Lorenzo Guerrero. Doane. later the Embassy of the United States in Manila. Jr. the Manila Post Office Building (1926). Antonio Toledo. Toribio Antillon. In 1940. who went to Cornell. his original designs were not followed and were considered poor eplications. In 1927. he took a study leave and went to the United States where he was greatly influenced by Art Deco architecture. which was then considered controversially moderne. During World War II. where he worked for Frederick Law Olmsted. He also continued to act as a consulting architect for the Bureau of Public Works where he oversaw the production of the Manila's first zoning plan. the Philippines. Post & Sons in New York City. he and Harry Frost created a design for Quezon City. Executive House (1926) (now houses the National Museum of the Philippines). the Executive House and Jones Bridge were totally destroyed and the Post Office Building was severely damaged. pursued architecture and was sent to the United States as one of the first pensionados in architecture. who was sent to the Drexel Institute in 1908. In 1930. He later joined the Bureau of Public Works just as the last American architects. George Fenhagen and Ralph H. Juan Arellano was born on April 25.
The seat of the Provincial government is of pre-war vintage and has the undulating mountains of Cebu for its background. Majestic and imposing. One of the many beautiful capitol buildings in the country. The post office building was built in neoclassical architecture in 1926. Manila Manila Post Office Building (1926). he exhibited his work at the Manila YMCA. . its high dome can be seen along Osmeña Boulevard. In 1960. Located in the Intramuros district of the city. A replica of the United States’ White House. WORKS: Jones Bridge. It was severely damaged in World War II. at the bank of the Pasig River. constructed in 1937 under the administration of Governor Sotero Cabahug. and rebuilt in 1946 preserving most of its original design. Cebu Provincial Capitol.Arellano retired in 1956 and went back to painting.
he was conferred National Artist award by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo in 2009. Aside from managing his firm. Architect Mañosa sets the philosophy and direction of the firm. He has delivered numerous lectures and papers in the top universities in the Philippines. both nationally and internationally. and Malaysia. Architect Mañosa is a graduate of University of Santo Tomas. the stations of the Metrorail Transit System or Light Rail Transit in Manila. the Shrine of Our Lady of Peace at the corner of EDSA and Ortigas Avenue." bringing local architecture to new heights. As the founder of Francisco Mañosa & Partners. As a professional. the Philippine Regulatory Commission has singled out Bobby for his adherence to the professions code of ethics and his contributions to architecture in the Philippines He has worked on the Tahanang Pilipino at the CCP Complex. Saudi Arabia. the restoration of the historic Las Piñas Church. and the U. 28. 1998). and a Fellow of the United Architects of the Philippines. Having been described as "The most outspoken champion of Indigenous Filipino Architecture" (Mimar. Thailand. Australia. He is a member of the National Commission on Culture and Arts. Malaysia. . the Mary Immaculate Parish Church in Las Piñas City. Mr. he is also active in the lecture circuit. Noted for his passion to put art elements that can speak of the Filipino idealism. Singapore. Spain. He was a 2004 Gawad CCP Para sa Sining awardee. restoration. and landscaping of Corregidor Island. he explores the use of indigenous materials infused with current technological trends to being a new dimension to design. June. In his practice. Singapore.S. and tradition. He experiments with traditional forms and transforms them to meet both functional and aesthetic requirements of the project.A. an important testament to his growing international reputation as manifested by projects in Hong Kong. a trustee of the Katutubong Filipino Foundation. Bobby was cited by Asia Week Magazine as one of the seven visionary architects in Asia. culture. and the development. the development of the Quezon Memorial Circle in Quezon City. Mañosa has championed the cause of "Philippine Architecture for Filipinos.FRANCISCO MAÑOSA Francisco "Bobby" Mañosa is an influential architect noted for his use of native materials like bamboo and nipa in contemporary architectural designs.
Tarlac Pearl Farm Resort. Davao San Miguel Building. Manuel. Jose and Francisco (Bobby) Mactan Shangri-la Hotel and Resort . built in 1976.WORKS: Aquino Center. The last project of the firm “Mañosa Brothers”. Mandaluyong.
Among others. He has integrated strength. and beauty in the buildings that are the country's heritage today. Philippine Village Hotel. Rufino Building. are now able to participate in the design and execution of government projects. is a pioneer and innovator in Philippine architecture.JUAN NAKPIL Juan F. WORKS: Rizal Shrine in Calamba. He designed the 1937 International Eucharistic Congress altar and rebuilt and enlarged the Quiapo Church in 1930 adding a dome and a second belfry to the original design. Capitol Theater. function. Laguna Philippine Village Hotel University of the Philippines – Diliman Administration Building . Nakpil. the reconstructed Rizal house in Calamba. In essence. Nakpil's greatest contribution is his belief that there is such a thing as Philippine Architecture. Nakpil's major works are the Geronimo de los Reyes Building. Laguna. It is also largely due to his zealous representation and efforts that private Filipino architects and engineers. by law. espousing architecture reflective of Philippine traditions and culture. teacher and civic leader. architect. University of the Philippines Administration and University Library. Captain Pepe Building. Rizal Theater. Manila Jockey Club. Magsaysay Building.
designed by Architect Antonio Toledo of the Bureau of Public Works’ Division of Architecture. execute and implement the restoration. The building was originally constructed for the Department of Finance a mirror-image building. which was in vogue for government building in the late 1930s.ANTONIO TOLEDO Museum of the Filipino People (Finance Building) – Manila The Finance building is an architectural monument designed by Antonio Toledo in the classical style. It was inaugurated by President Manuel L. and adaptive re-use of the historic Municipal Hall’s 3rd & 4th floors as a Museum that will showcase the history and people of San Pablo City. Even without the aid of air conditioners. Museo ng San Pablo Museo ng San Pablo is a community museum at the old capitol building in San Pablo City. the municipal hall was relocated to its present site near Sampaloc Lake. The land was bought in 1937 by Municipal President Inocencio Barleta as future site of the town hall. Laguna. was constructed in 1940 during the incumbency of Municipal President Cristeto Brion. located at the town plaza. originally intended for the Department of Agriculture. The building designed with interiors of generous ceiling height around a spacious central court. The central court allows the flow of air within the building. Corinthian colonnades and neoclassic details are consistently found throughout the interiors. This ensemble of neoclassic-inspired buildings is composed of the few structures that survived the ravages of WWII in Manila. Adaptive Re-use of the Municipal Hall From the town hall with roof tiles made of bricks which was completed in 1809 -1810. The Finance building was renovated in the late 1990s and established as the Museum of the Filipino People. rehabilitation. the temperature in the building is pleasant. Quezon. The two buildings face a rotunda in the Rizal Park known as the Agrifina Circle. now houses the Department of Tourism. The building. A development plan was formulated which undertakes. .
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