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ICITAP - CON
Table Of Contents: SOLVENCY 1. Political Will Required 2. Long Time-Frame 3. Failed In Iraq 4. Failed In Haiti 5. Failed In Afghanistan A. ICITAP Operated In Afghanistan B. Police Training In Afghanistan Failed 6. Corruption Prevents Success 7. Better Coordination Needed ADV RESPONSE – A/T Reduces Terrorism 1. No Counterterrorism Benefits 2. Wrong Organization ADVANTAGE RESPONSE – A/T Reduces Gang Violence No Violence Reduction DISAD - Security Risk A. LINK: ICITAP Is Corrupt B. LINK: Bad Background Checks C. INTERNAL: Security Breach D. IMPACT: [Insert Scenario Here] DISAD - HR Abuse A. LINK: No HR Screening B. INTERNAL: Abusers Equipped C. IMPACT: Moral Imperative Pg. 2-3
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2007. to measurably improve police forces Pirnie. Failed In Iraq A member of the ICITAP program in Iraq testified to its complete failure Burke. 98 Bruce R.cc/ICh1S Under guidance from the Department of State and with funding through USAID. Pirnie [Adjunct Staff @ the RAND Corporation. [Part A. in modern history. Ph. even decades. Haiti is on the verge of becoming a "narco-republic. implying that these programs must last years and even decades to show results." among other courses. “Civilians and Soldiers: Achieving Better Coordination. 05 Christine Fair [senior research associate at the US Institute for Peace. Former Senior Advisor. ICITAP conducts continuing programs to train and equip police in many countries of the world. Iraqi Ministry of Interior & Iraqi Police Service]. Germany. Op-Ed. the ICITAP failed in Haiti Washington Times. DOJ runs ICITAP. D. 2005. Massachusetts State Police (Retired). pg. and the ultimate sacrifice of twelve American Police Officers. the U. M. specialist in S. 07 Gerald F. The RAND Corporation.com/mr2z3q Through (ICITAP).A. http://tiny. Today. [Gerald Burke Speaking of his work with ICITAP in Iraq]: It is my opinion.” The Washington Times. in international relations. the police-training program in Iraq has been a complete failure. Asian political & military affairs]." Page 2 of 7 . Burke [Major. has provided training on "Human such technical assistance can only be effective when there is governmental will to leverage such help. despite the best efforts of thousands of American Police Officers over the last four years. Rupprecht-Karl University. “When the crime fighters fail. 2000. Boston University].” Chapter Three. I was a member of a six-person team of police executives sent to Baghdad. Heidelberg. Iraq.Frank Wyer & Will Prier SOLVENCY 1. after spending $72 million on police training. http://tinyurl. itestimony before the Congressional Human Rights Caucus. Improvement is slow and laborious. My concern is that 2. Overview of Organizations. administration officials prevailed upon the middle-level managers left running the Justice Department's international police training unit. Commentary. http://tinyurl. few questions were raised about whether the costs involved in setting up a new police force there would be compensated by realistic benefits.com/kls2n4 In May 2003. 21 September. by the United States Departments of Justice (ICITAP) and State (INL). 4. The police team was part of a larger criminal justice team including corrections and legal executives. Political Will Required For ICITAP to be effective. IG indicts Justice Department police training. to eviscerate successful programs in Latin America in order to shore up Haiti's already failing experiment in democracy. 3. must help Fair. that. With DOJ "wannabes" falling all over themselves to be invited to meetings of the National Security Council. The International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program Dignity and Police Ethics. Failed In Haiti Even with years of training & millions in spending. A21] In 1995. Long Time-Frame ICITAP training takes years. the host govt. especially in Latin America.S. 25 April. Report to the House Armed Services Committee Subcommittee on Oversight & Investigations. the International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP). 1998. 24 May. 2000 Martin Edwin Andersen.
2006. Winter. 4 December. 2002. Corruption Prevents Success In Gautemala. there is little incentive. have evolved haphazardly as it has become clear that the military is not always the best tool for handling political stabilization abroad As a result. Department of Justice program aimed at training law enforcement officials in foreign nations found. Indonesia. No single department has responsibility for stabilization or policing and no one at the planning table presents a coherent view of what the United States can offer-or what it will cost. Furthermore. 08 Monica Fanesi [Juris Doctor Candidate. a joint report by the Pentagon and the State Department has found that the American-trained police force in Afghanistan is largely incapable of carrying out routine law enforcement work. and Tanzania. Bosnia. http://www. 7. "the major challenge to providing police development assistance in Guatemala is the widespread corruption throughout the government. ICITAP Operated In Afghanistan ICITAP provided law enforcement development assistance to Afghanistan US DoJ “About ICITAP. L. B. Failed In Afghanistan A. Malawi. Albania. Iraq. the State Department's Office of Civilian Police (CIVPOL). and even murder. and the Justice Department's International Criminal Investigative Training and Assistance Program (ICITAP). Rev. “Relief Pursuant to the Convention Against Torture: A Framework for Central American Gang Recruits and Former Gang Members to Fulfill the "Consent or Acquiescence" Requirement. a U. Date accessed: 6/9/09 http://tinyurl.S. 06 The New York Times. The International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP). 2008]. Better Coordination Needed The ICITAP hasn't worked effectively with other government organizations Bronson. Kosovo. of Justice. it has remained unclear who is in charge.org/stable/20033349 in case after case when Washington has involved itself in stabilization and reconstruction. 308] the corruption of government officials in Guatemala is so pervasive that there is a general sense of mistrust and fear of the police. which are both civilian. The latter two programs.” Foreign Affairs. rapes." Corruption has naturally led to the under-reporting of gang violence in the forms of beatings. http://tinyurl. and how to synchronize competing priorities.” Roger Williams University Law Review. 02 Rachel Bronson [Senior Fellow & Director of Middle East Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations]. In a 2004 survey.jstor. Azerbaijan. Pakistan. Hand in hand with the corruption problem goes the serious lack of political will on the part of the Government of Guatemala. Nigeria. corruption was a huge barrier to ICITAP effectiveness Fanesi. over 70% of Guatemalans believe the police are directly involved in criminal activity of some form or another.” US Dept. Roger Williams University School of Law. November/December. including the police. 6. 2008. South Africa. since no single department bears responsibility for failures. Page 3 of 7 . to learn from past mistakes. including in Afghanistan.Frank Wyer & Will Prier 5. where the budget will come from. Moreover. Croatia. Currently several disparate organizations share responsibility for providing security: the conventional military.com/l8jmp3 Over the past twenty years. Police Training In Afghanistan Failed American-trained police in Afghanistan are incapable of law enforcement NYT. especially on the civilian side.com/llc9kf Five years after the fall of the Taliban. “When Soldiers Become Cops. [13 Roger Williams U. ICITAP has provided law enforcement development assistance around the world.
prosecutors and other justice officials on how to implement reforms. “Process Issues Of Colombia's New Accusatory System. J. J." the US officer said. Wrong Organization ICITAP training emphasizes investigation capabilities.A. "It doesn't necessarily mean that a good investigator also possesses the skills to take on the well-trained terrorists. Its judicial reform efforts have included criminal code revision projects. USAID has also focused on improving the capabilities of judges.. LL. 08 “Anti-terrorist force reportedly on dignitaries' escort duties . Nagle [Professor of Law.Frank Wyer & Will Prier ADV RESPONSE – A/T Reduces Terrorism 1. 2008.D. not counterterrorism Nagle. Stetson University College of Law. College of William & Mary. Training programmes for ASPs and above officers are held at the National Police Academy and tactical courses for inspectors and ASIs [Assistant Sub-Inspectors] are offered at the Sihala police training college. No Counterterrorism Benefits ICITAP training doesn't sufficiently equip police to combat terrorism BBC Monitoring. Quoting a recent instance.A. and public defenders and their respective institutions. and the Department of Justice's (DOJ) International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP).Pakistan paper.]. an officer said on the condition of anonymity that his department planned to conduct a training course for the investigators. "What does a professional police investigator have to do with election duty?" the officer said.C. and training for judges.” Southwestern Journal of Law and Trade in the Americas. USAID has an extensive history in Colombia. but senior officers were refusing to send their investigators for training. M. [14 Sw... prosecutors. 2008 The United States Department of Justice Criminal Division/ICITAP had conducted different training courses for the Pakistani police for professional development of junior and senior officers. Page 4 of 7 . & Trade Am. 9 February.L. 08 Luz E.M. The main focus and training priority of the ICITAP has been to enhance the overall capabilities of the police and other law enforcement institutions with an emphasis on improving investigative capacity. 223] The majority of United States rule-of-law assistance programs have been implemented by two United States entities: the Agency for International Development (USAID). 2. as well as increasing the population's access to the services provided by justice institutions. making the forthcoming general election an excuse for it. U.L.” BBC Worldwide Monitoring.
officials concede. the Government of El Salvador is the increasing incidents of violent crime and homicide related to street (youth) gang violence. L. “Relief Pursuant to the Convention Against Torture: A Framework for Central American Gang Recruits and Former Gang Members to Fulfill the "Consent or Acquiescence" Requirement. ICITAP's success in these nations is unclear. however. In regards to the El Salvador program.Frank Wyer & Will Prier ADVANTAGE RESPONSE – A/T Reduces Gang Violence No Violence Reduction In El Salvador. which to date has been extremely difficult to reduce. [13 Roger Williams U. 308] ICITAP currently operates in both El Salvador and Guatemala.” Roger Williams University Law Review. 08 Monica Fanesi [Juris Doctor Candidate. 2008.. Winter. 2008].. Rev. Roger Williams University School of Law. "The most serious challenge now facing . the ICITAP failed to reduce gang violence Fanesi." Page 5 of 7 .
and the hiring and promotion of federal employees. B. including Bratt. Robert K. and contracts. widespread violations of the rules governing the handling and storage of classified documents. LINK: Bad Background Checks ICITAP failed to do adequate background checks on its subcontractors US DoJ. A2] the Inspector General's Office accused ICITAP officials of "serious. Bratt made himself vulnerable to foreign blackmail by using his position improperly to obtain visas for two Russian women. substantial and egregious misconduct" involving violations of government regulations on travel.” The Washington Times. “Mess At The Justice Department. of Justice. including Yelena Koreneva. OPDAT. 04 “Semiannual report to Congress. "Bob'' Bratt. 18 August. [Part A. pg. The Criminal Division's Office of Overseas other government agencies. managers' use of frequent flyer miles earned on government travel for personal use. Lawmakers consider shift of control to State Department. failure to supervise contracts leading to substantial cost overruns and overcharges by contractors. Investigators also said senior ICITAP managers gave classified documents to uncleared consultants or other staff.cc/csJMF The International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP) is an office within the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice that provides training for foreign police agencies in new and emerging democracies and assists in the development of police forces relating to international peacekeeping operations. the investigators said Executive Director In a report last year. D. “Study faults Justice's training of foreign police forces. the use of contractors. and favoritism in the hiring and promotion of certain employees. with whom he had a "romantic relationship. committed serious misconduct. We substantiated many of the allegations and found that individual managers. violations of contractual rules and regulations. lacked written standard operating procedures for the clearance process. one of former Attorney General Janet Reno's closest advisers. In their report. has since retired. They said that highly classified documents also were taken to the ICITAP offices even though there was no secure storage. travel. and failed to maintain adequate records regarding subcontractor clearances. OPDAT. The allegations raised a wide variety of issues including managers' improper use of their government positions to obtain visas for foreign citizens. Office of the Inspector General. Bratt. At varying times during the years 1995-1997. He has declined comment on the inspector general's report. 2004/05. The Criminal Division's Office of Administration serves the Criminal Division's administrative needs. and routinely left the documents unsecured on their desks. managers' use of business class travel without authorization. Many of the allegations concerned the actions of Robert K. We also concluded that managers in ICITAP.com/n8wzgy .Security Risk A. 12 September. IMPACT: [Insert Scenario Here] Page 6 of 7 . security. 2000 Executive summary of a report by the Inspector General of the Justice Department." Mr. and the Office of Administration failed to follow or enforce government regulations regarding ethics. and the Office of Administration committed misconduct or other improprieties. 2001. However C. Bratt also was the Acting Director of ICITAP and the Coordinator of both ICITAP and OPDAT. even when they were away from the office on travel. We determined that ICITAP failed to adequately train its employees regarding the subcontractor clearance process. 2000.Frank Wyer & Will Prier DISAD . Nation.” Dept. Assistance and Training (OPDAT) trains prosecutors and judges in foreign countries in coordination with United States Embassies and This report details the results of an investigation by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) into allegations that managers in ICITAP. LINK: ICITAP Is Corrupt Investigations have found rampant misconduct & ethics violations within the ICITAP DoJ Inspector General. security. 01 Jerry Seper. our review found broad weaknesses in the way ICITAP conducted background checks on its subcontractors that resulted in its hiring and deployment of at least 22 subcontractors to Iraq who did not have required clearances. INTERNAL: Security Breach ICITAP agents have leaked classified material Washington Times. http://tinyurl. http://tiny.” Congressional Record (Senate). a senior Department official who became the Criminal Division Executive Officer in charge of the Office of Administration in 1992. Prosecutorial Development.
and are central to all other moral considerations. 05 “Better Human Rights Reviews and Strategic Planning Needed for Assistance to Foreign Security Forces. C. INTERNAL: Abusers Equipped ICITAP trained 32 members of a brigade associated with HR abuses in Indonesia GAO. LINK: No HR Screening The ICITAP trained thousands of officials in Indonesia without vetting them for possible HR abuses GAO.HR Abuse A. to fulfill the general needs of human agency. 2005. the Objects of the rights are the aforesaid necessary conditions of human action and of successful action in general. http://tiny.175 Filipino police forces receiving training under Justice’s International Criminal Investigative Training and Assistance Program (ICITAP) in fiscal year 2004 were vetted for evidence of gross violations of human rights B.. July. IMPACT: Moral Imperative Human rights are the highest moral consideration & need to be valued by everyone Gewirth 82 Alan Gewirth [Teaches Philosophy at the University of Chicago].cc/i5tnm In Indonesia. Human Rights.” The Government Accountability Office. 32 members from a brigade associated with prior human rights abuses were trained on six separate occasions under ICITAP between July 2002 and March 2003. in the primary justification of governance is that they serve to secure these rights. they must be respected by every human being. because they are rights of every human being to the necessary conditions of human action. Thus the Subjects as well The primary thesis of the following essays is that as the respondents of human rights are all human beings. Because they are such rights.e. according to State officials . July.” The Government Accountability Office. http://tiny. . and the justifying basis of the rights is the moral principle which establishes that all humans are equally entitled to have these necessary conditions. [Later in the same article] We found no evidence that any of the estimated 1.000 Indonesian law enforcement officials who received training under Justice’s ICITAP were vetted for possible human rights violations prior to October 2004. . These trainees include 32 police from a notorious unit ineligible for such training under the ICITAP. those conditions that must be fulfilled if human action is to be possible either at all or with general chances of success in achieving the purposes for which humans act. Page 7 of 7 . 2005. i. 1982 human rights are of supreme importance.Frank Wyer & Will Prier DISAD .cc/i5tnm We found no evidence that an estimated 4. 05 “Better Human Rights Reviews and Strategic Planning Needed for Assistance to Foreign Security Forces.