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Volunteer, Volunteers and Volunteerism redirect here. For other meanings, see Volunteer (disambiguation) , Voluntarism (disambiguation) or Voluntary (disambiguation). In general terms, volunteering is the practice of people working on behalf of others or a particular cause without payment for their time and services. Volunteering is generally considered an altruistic activity, intended to promote good or improve human quality of life, but people also volunteer for their own skill development, to meet others, to make contacts for possible employment, to have fun, and a variety of other reasons that could be considered self-serving.
Volunteers with Hands On Miami help out at Zoo Miami.
Volunteering takes many forms and is performed by a wide range of people. Many volunteers are specifically trained in the areas they work in, such as medicine, education, or emergency rescue. Other volunteers serve on an as-needed basis, such as in response to a natural disaster or for a beach-cleanup. In a military context, a volunteer army is an army whose soldiers chose to enter service, as opposed to having been conscripted. Such volunteers do not work for free and are given regular pay. Since the popularization of the Internet, many volunteers (particularly with access to the Web) discover volunteer opportunities via online services.
The social capital generated by volunteering plays a key role in economic regeneration . Where poverty is endemic to an area, poor communities lack friends and neighbors able to help. Thus, voluntary mutual aid or self-help is an important safety net. This model works well within a state because there is a national solidarity in times of adversity and more prosperous groups will usually make sacrifices for the benefit of those in need .
Skills-based volunteering refers to volunteering in which the volunteer is specifically trained in the area they are volunteering in . This is in contrast to traditional volunteering, where specific training is not required. The average hour of traditional volunteering is valued by the Independent Sector at between $18–20 an hour. Skills-based volunteering is valued at $40–500 an hour depending on the market value of the time.
Virtual volunteering, also sometimes called as eVolunteering, online volunteering or micro-volunteering, is a term describing a volunteer who completes tasks, in whole or in part, offsite from the organization being assisted, using the Internet and a home, school, telecenter or work computer or other Internet-connected device, such as a PDAs or smartphone. Virtual volunteering is also known as cyber service, telementoring, and teletutoring, and various other names. Virtual volunteering is similar to telecommuting, except that, instead of online employees who are paid, these are online volunteers who are not paid. Micro-volunteering via smart-phone was pioneered by a San Francisco-based social enterprise called The Extraordinaries in 2008.   Here is an example of an eVolunteer opportunity for wildlife conservation. 
Whether you are a parent. A sense of personal satisfaction. which connect social. and community groups play a key role in building strong Cities from the neighborhoods up. There are not many requirements in order to become a volunteer in the school system. Student Benefits – Students are given a positive role model. Teachers are given extra time for educational purposes and planning. and educating others about the natural environment. These formalized Employee Volunteering Programs (EVPs). the need for volunteers and resources increases greatly. also called Employer Supported Volunteering. Much like the benefits of any type of volunteering there are great rewards for the volunteer. Educational success is encouraged and improved. Some choose to support a variety of groups as a "volunteer broker. Ability to meet new people and develop new friendships. whenever the economy is down. especially if you have a special skill or trade. New talents that one never knew they had are discovered. Children cart dirt and debris away during a community clean-up day in Yaoundé.Volunteering 2 Environmental-volunteering Environmental volunteering refers to volunteers who contribute towards environmental management. Supporting these understaffed groups can enable them to succeed in a variety of areas. Neighborhood. ecological restoration such as re-vegetation and weed removal. grandparent or just a community member most schools just require a volunteer form be completed. Volunteer Benefits – Parents become involved in their child’s school and education. student. increases employee productivity and loyalty and provides an effective vehicle to reach strategic goals Community volunteering Community volunteering refers to volunteers who work to improve community enhancement efforts in the area in which they live. enhances corporate image and reputation. Volunteers can conduct a wide range of activities. Cameroon. Corporate volunteering and employee volunteering A majority of the companies at the Fortune 500 allow their employees to volunteer during work hours." . the key drivers for companies that produce and manage EVPs is that it builds brand awareness and affinity. A positive relationship between the community and the school. Volunteers conduct a range of activities including environmental monitoring. According to information from VolunteerMatch. In some countries. church. and economic boundaries. There are many opportunities available in the school system for volunteers to take advantage of. Volunteering in schools School systems around the world rely heavily on volunteers and donations in order to run effectively. are regarded as a part of the companies' sustainability efforts and their social responsibility activities. improves employee retention. strengthens trust and loyalty among consumers. These benefits include but are not limited to: School Benefits – Provided with additional service without having to have added costs. environmental. and school. a service that provides Employee Volunteering Program solutions.
Policy reform: Requesting governments of developing countries adopt certain social. Voluntary Services Overseas has almost 2. when states negotiate the offer and acceptance of aid. social justice. their skills remain. This confusion exists because experience shows that what is volunteered can distort the foreign and economic policy of . economic. 2. But a tension can arise between volunteering and the state-provided services. President Bush cautioned that volunteer groups should supplement. particularly in combination departments. The most common international workcamp lasts for two weeks with a group of 10-20 overseas and local workcamp participants. work. Development objectives: Asking developing countries to adjust specific time-bound economic objectives Volunteers fit new windows at The Sumac Centre in Nottingham. live. cultural heritage. not replace. on 29 January 2001. while LMTV projects are those lasting 2 months or more. Thus. the work of government agencies. the most basic of all values is people helping people and. A state sending volunteers to another state can be viewed as a breach of sovereignty and a lack of respect towards the national government of the proposed recipients. or environmental policies. e. there can be questions as to whether their real motives are poverty alleviation or wealth creation for some of the poor or policies intended to benefit the donor states. International workcamps An international workcamp is an international voluntary project in which participants from different countries can meet. UK. motivations become important. Some international volunteer organisations define their primary mission altruistically as fighting poverty and improving the living standards of people in the developing world. social. learn and exchange with local people concerning issues about environmental conservation. STV projects are international workcamps for less than 2 months. etc. and financial support. in the process. Three types of conditionality have evolved: 1. the most controversial relating to the privatization of services traditionally offered by the state. Volunteering that benefits the state but challenges paid counterparts raises the ire of labor unions representing the paid counterparts as in the case of volunteer fire departments. Difficulties in cross-national aid Difficulties in this model of volunteering can arise when this is applied across national borders. When these organisations work in partnership with governments. the results can be impressive.Volunteering 3 Politics In almost all modern societies. Financial accountability: Transparency in the management of funding to ensure that what is done by the volunteers is properly targeted. so most countries develop policies and enact legislation to clarify the roles and relationships among stakeholders and identify and allocate the necessary legal. But when other organisations or individual First World governments support the work of volunteer groups. rural and human development.g. 3. when they return home. helping themselves.g. administrative. particularly if donors may postpone assistance or stop it altogether. International workcamps can be divided into short term voluntary projects (STV) and long/middle term voluntary projects (LMTV). This is particularly necessary when some voluntary activities are seen as a challenge to the authority of the state.000 skilled professionals working as volunteers to pass on their expertise to local people so that. e.
revolve around the notion of altruism as an extension of Christian missionary ideology and the sense of responsibility/obligation driving the concept of noblesse oblige. npr. wildlifeforever. This can be seen as patronising and offensive to the recipients because the aid expressly serves the policy aims of the donors rather than the needs of the recipients. org/ PAGES%20NEW/ eVolunteers. i. shtml)  "Aid.E. 4 Criticism In the 1960s. and development: analytical perspectives on aid effectiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa" (http:/ / www-wds. independentsector. . Medical Tourism as Medical Harm to the Third World: Why? For Whom? Wilderness and Environmental Medicine. 11. aspx "The Economy's Impact on Back to School" (http:/ / www.Volunteering the country receiving the aid. media outlets with more general readerships have published such criticisms. 1-10.The Drivers of Effectiveness for Employee Volunteering and Giving Programs and Fortune 500 Performance (2009) (http:/ / www. these both propose the extension of power and authority over indigenous cultures around the world. 77-78. i.How companies benefit from EVP (http:/ / www. as well. M.e. bcccc. org) http:/ / www.org . php?storyId=106118736 http:/ / www. References       Independent Sector (http:/ / www.  http:/ / www. Duffle Bag Medicine. showDocumentByID& DocumentID=1308) Boston College Center for Corporate Citizenship 2009. as conditions requiring local people to earn the right to donor “largesse” by modifying their behaviour. A preponderance of this criticism has appeared largely in the scientific and peer-reviewed literature. 1491-1492. 2009-08-06.G. they are accountable to their own electorates. (2000). (2009). locally-run but foreign-supported infrastructures). along with critics such as Paulo Freire and Edward Said. S. jsp) Retrieved 2010-04-21  Bush Announces Faith-Based Initiative (http:/ / www. org/ corporations/ resources/ businesscase. This arises because "development assistance" guides many Third World governments to pursue "development" policies that have been wasteful. Developing World Bioethics. cfm?fuseaction=document. policyalmanac. and thereby provide an important ingredient for social and democratic development. (2006). 9. first developed by the French aristocracy as a moral duty derived from their wealth. . The track record shows that making any aid conditional on policy reforms is often ineffective. ill-conceived. Volunteer organizations and their funding donors should respect the governments of the countries they wish to help and build on the deep-rooted traditions of people to help one another. & Upshur. R. csmonitor. page). Simply stated. .   Recently. Retrieved 2010-04-21  VolunteerMatch. Recent critiques of volunteering come from Westmier and Kahn (1996) and bell hooks (née Gloria Watkins) (2004). bicyclingfish. Retrieved 2009-11-20. World Bank.. htm  Bezruchka. go. com/ illich. Global Health Ethics for Students. The economies of many low-income countries suffer from "industrialisation without prosperity" and "investment without growth". com/ kgo/ story?section=news/ assignment_7& id=7162300 http:/ / www. Great Schools. Indeed. taxation. some of the offers of aid have distorted the general spirit of volunteering. worldbank. 295.  Roberts.  Mapping Success in Employee Volunteering . org/ servlet/ WDS_IBank_Servlet?pcont=details& eid=000009265_3980429111119). A. Retrieved 2007-07-12. treating local voluntary action as “contributions in kind”.e. greatschools. org/ government/ charity_and_volunteering. "To Hell With Good Intentions" . Journal of the American Medical Association. Conditionality only works when there is a strong domestic commitment to reform and the recipient governments are democratic. org/ templates/ story/ story.D. com/ Innovation/ Responsible-Tech/ 2009/ 0804/ smart-phone-app-lets-you-do-good-deeds-in-your-spare-time http:/ / abclocal. The field of medical tourism (referring to volunteers traveling overseas to deliver care) has recently attracted negative criticism vis-a-vis the alternative notion of sustainable capacities (working in the context of long-term. net/ index. unproductive or even so positively destructive that they could not have been sustained without outside support. net/ news/ back-to-school-poll-results. Ivan Illich offered an analysis of the role of American volunteers in Mexico in his speech entitled.  Pinto. volunteermatch. 1998-02-28. His concerns.
dmoz.Volunteering 5 External links • Volunteering (http://www.org/Society/Philanthropy/Volunteering//) at the Open Directory Project .
Themfromspace. Tide rolls. MSClaudiu. Neighborhoodguru.jpg Source: http://en.5 Contributors: WietsE License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.org/w/index. Grutness. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. Sandraleenewell.wikipedia.delanoy.org/w/index.wikipedia. Srobak. Kalasmar. Jim. Mj oz3000. Ohnoitsjamie.php?title=File:Sumac_01. Kev355. J. Hentzer.jpg Source: http://en. Thaf.h.org/w/index. L Kensington. Mrbenjohnson. D. Excirial. Tommy2010. Causa sui. Tinton5. Mdnavman. Pmatulla. Makswel.org/w/index.wikipedia. Kurzon. Nopetro. Tintenfischlein. One4india.Irwin. Amit A. Neo139.php?title=File:Carting_dirt_in_Yaounde. Icurite. YUiCiUS. Thatguyflint. Jcravens42. Philip Trueman. Barek. Ohpilot.henderson. E6nvikas. Priyanath. Rich Farmbrough. Whytecypress. Licenses and Contributors File:HandsOnMiamiVolunteersZooMiami. LedgendGamer. Volsol.jpg License: Public Domain Contributors: User:Amcaja Image:Sumac 01. LilHelpa. VSMD.wikipedia. 0/ .jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2. Timurite. Mandarax. Gsmgm.php?title=File:HandsOnMiamiVolunteersZooMiami. Deansharp.php?oldid=400251701 Contributors: Alwaystravelling. CliffC. Arkelweis.Article Sources and Contributors 6 Article Sources and Contributors Volunteering Source: http://en. Captain-n00dle.0 Unported http:/ / creativecommons. 157 anonymous edits Image Sources. Plrk.jpg License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.jpg Source: http://en. Conrad. Cirt. SatuSuro. VQuakr.0 Contributors: User:Borden31 Image:Carting dirt in Yaounde. SocSci123. Seaphoto. EEng. Stickee. Cameron Scott. Richard001. FlyingToaster. Ratfish101. Kategenerate. Sun Tzu Eraserhead. CosmicPerspectives. Patman. Pergra. Lafille. Gogo Dodo. Ani stefanovska.. Per aspera ad Astra. Wavelength. LeaveSleaves.
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