I.

Title of Project Proposal

Integrated Research and Development on Biodiversity Assessment and Conservation Towards Sustainable Coastal Resources Management in Zambales

II. Proponents DR. ANNIE MELINDA PAZ-ALBERTO DR. RONALDO T. ALBERTO DR. KARL MARX A. QUIAZON DR. ARMANDO N. ESPINO DR. JOSE ABUCAY Prof. OLIVA B. PARICO III. Name of other Research Staff Prof. CECILIA T. GALVEZ Prof. ROWENA A. SAZON Prof. JURELAC MARQUEZ Ms. PRECIOUS JOAN P. SIBULBURO Mr. MARVIN CINENSE

Program Leader Project Leader Project Leader Project Leader Project Leader Project Leader Study Leader Study Leader Study Leader Study Leader Study Leader

IV. Rationale The Philippines is very rich in coastal resources due to the presence of 7, 107 islands. The coastal zone has an area of about 11, 000 square kilometers (km2) of land and 267, 000 square kilometers (km2) of water. Around 62 % (49.6 million) of the Philippine population resides within the coastal areas and about a million people depend on coastal and marine areas for their source of living (Junio-Meñez et al, 2007). Coastal resources in the Philippines indicate a high level of degradation due to anthropogenic activities such as pollution, habitat destruction, overexploitation and siltation/sedimentation which contributes to the worsening condition of the country¶s coastal and marine resources. The coastal resources are highly productive and biologically diverse ecosystems containing varied habitats such as estuaries, mangroves, seagrass, coral reefs, beaches and wetlands that provide numerous ecological, economic and socio-cultural benefits to communities (Junio-Meñez et al, 2007; Paz-Alberto, 2006). Biodiversity refers to the totality of life forms and the areas they occupy or the variety of life on earth which pertains to the millions of plants and animals and even the microorganisms including the genes that they contain and the ecosystem that they form (Paz-Alberto, 2005). The Philippines is one of the megadiversity countries that contain two-thirds of the world¶s diversity (Heaney & Mittermoier, 1998; JunioMeñez et al, 2007). The Philippines is also considered as the ³epicenter´ or the ³center of the center´ of global marine biodiversity. However, a lot of problems are besetting the richness of the biodiversity in the Philippines particularly in Central Luzon, one of the regions of the Philippines which is considered to be the food basket of the Philippines. Other regions are dependent on Central Luzon for food and other resources. Zambales is one of the provinces of Central Luzon. It is located on the western coast of Central Luzon. It is bounded on the north by Pangasinan, on the east by

Intense and frequent precipitation events due to increased south-west monsoon activities and severe storm occurrences have been taking place lately. However. on the south by Bataan and on the west by the South China Sea (http://www. The Philippines runs the risk of being affected by more frequent and severe El Niño and La Niña events resulting to droughts and floods. Moreover. Moreover. the social watch recently reported that among the top ten provinces at risk to climate change are: Albay. Rizal. sea level rise and extreme climate event occurrences. the entire Philippines is considered to be among the ³most vulnerable´ areas to climate change in the region (Tubeza. Northern Samar. P. causing massive landslides and flash floods(Amadore. whale sharks and turtles.islandsproperties. threats to coastal resources are increasing and very alarming which could lead to coastal resources degradation and loss of biodiversity. risk analysis and assessment shall likewise be done in the present coastal resources management programs being implemented in Zambales coasts to determine the appropriateness of the existence of these coastal resources management programs. Ifugao. 2009) It is in this context that this research program shall be conducted to assess the present biodiversity and evaluate the threats. the regions of Central Luzon and Bicol rank high to very-high on the risk scale according to the Philippine Climate and Weather-Related risk Map of the Manila Observatory and Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Social Watch. it is interesting to note that according to recent international study of seven countries in Southeast Asia. cetaceans. . Biliran. causes of problems and conservation interventions present in Zambales coastal resources. In general. (2009). respectively. 2005) Moreover.S. seaweeds. Signals of climate change are already evident in the Philippines as shown in the increasing temperature trends. and Laguna. Pampanga. Cavite. Moreover. Zambales is well known for its coastal resources. lovely beaches and considered to be one of the marine conservation priority areas of national and global importance as identified by the Philippine Biodiversity Conservation Priorities (Ong.com/places/Zambales. Zambales was also identified as one of the priority areas for the conservation of dugongs. seagrass. Sorsogon.htm).Tarlac and Pampanga. Masbate. et al (eds) 2002).

Conceptual Framework on Integrated Research and Development on Biodiversity Assessment and Conservation Towards Sustainable Coastal Resources Management in Zambales SOCIO ECONOMIC PROFILE POLICY PROFILE ASSESSMENT STUDIES LOCAL COMMUNITY/INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS PHYSICAL PROFILE AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY WATER AIR CLIMATE SEDIMENTS A S S E S S M E N T S T U D I E S ZAMBALES COASTAL RESOURCES CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT STUDIES LOCAL COMMUNITY/INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS BIODIVERSITY STOCK ASSESSMENT MARINE ORGANISMS/FISHES MANGROVE SPECIES SEAGRASS SPECIES CONSERVATION STRATEGIES CRM MARICULTURE MPAs ECOTOURISM ECOGOVERNACE y IEC y DATABASE MANAGEMENT y BIODIVERSITY MAPPING y BEST PRACTICES ON CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION y BEST CONSERVATION STRATEGIES OF COASTAL RESOURCES y APPROPRIATE CONSERVATION STRATEGIES IN COASTAL RESOURCES USERS DENR BFAR LGUs Local People Academe MOLECULAR IDENTIFICATION OF HIGH VALUED MARINE SPECIES ASSESSMENT/EVALUATION ANALYSIS .

12. Appropriate Conservation Strategies in Coastal Resources and Biodiversity 6. To identify molecular markers of high valued plants. Objectives 1. To conduct assessment of the diversity of important plants and animals in the selected coastal resources in Zambales. Best Practices in Climate Change Adaptation in Zambales Coastal Resources . 13. fish stock assessment. 2. To assess the impacts of coastal resources management programs being implemented in Zambales in terms of the physical and chemical characteristics of the coastal waters. To determine the sources of all levels of impacts of environmental problem/degradation of the coastal ecosystems in Zambales. To evaluate the local policies pertaining to coastal resources management and biodiversity conservation in the barangay. To determine and document the indigenous knowledge system. Expected Outputs 1. Climate Change Vulnerability of the Coastal Resources and its Biodiversity 7. 3. 17.V. Best Conservation Strategies of Coastal Resources of Zambales 5. and resource management practices in the conservation of the coastal communities in the selected coastal resources of Zambales. 4. physical profile. VI. To identify and assess the climate change vulnerability of the selected coastal resources in Zambales. biodiversity and other economically important aquatic species and socio-economic status of the community living in these coastal areas. climate and air. 14. demographic profile. 10. socio-economic profile. To determine and document the best practices of the local communities in climate change adaptation and mitigation in the selected coastal resources of Zambales. To conduct molecular identification and phylogeny of high valued marine plants in the selected coastal resources of Zambales. To assess the socio-demographic and economic profile of selected communities in the selected coastal resources of Zambales. socio-economic profile. 5. policy profile. 7. etc of the coastal resources in Zambales. To determine which organisms are considered endangered or in state of decline. municipal and provincial level. To identify the phylogenetic relationships of high valued plants. To identify the CRM related issues and problems and recommend solutions/options for better management strategies of the present CRM programs. physical profile. cultural. To determine the environmental quality of the selected coastal resources of Zambales in terms of water. 11. 4. 2. Molecular identification and phytogenetic relationship of high valued marine species. To develop biodiversity mapping of selected coastal resources of Zambales. 15. To establish database management on the existing diversity of organisms. Biodiversity Mapping 3. Database Management of the selected coastal resources of Zambales regarding the biodiversity. 6. 16. 9. To assess existing stock population of all marine fishes present in Zambales coasts through molecular approach on its parasites as biological tags. 8.

000 690. Duration: 2 Years Year 2 984. 000. 200 Project 5 1. 000 699. 000. 815. 000 1. Budgetary Requirements Year 1 Project 1 1. 000. 000. 200. Indigenous Knowledge Systems on Biodiversity Conservation VII. 200 1. 400 7. 000. 000. 400 IX. 400 1. Zambales Coasts Using Parasites as Biological Tags Assessment of the Costal Resource Management Programs Present in Zambales Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Selected Coastal Ecosystems and Communities in Zambales Database Management of Biodiversity in the Selected Costal Ecosystems of Zambales Socio-economic. 000 Project 3 1. 000 Project 4 699. Anthropological and Policy Studies on Biodiversity and Coastal Resource Management in Zambales Project 2: Project 3: Project 4: Project 5: Project 6: VIII. Program Components Project 1: Study 1: Study 2: Study 3: Assessment of the Diversity of Plants and Animals in the Selected Coastal Ecosystems of Zambales Assessment of the Environmental Quality of the Selected Coastal Ecosystems of Zambales Assessment of the Diversity of Plants and Animals in the Selected Coastal Ecosystems of Zambales Molecular Identification and Phylogeny of High Valued Marine Plant Species in the Coastal Resources of Zambales Molecular Approach on Stock Assessments of Marine Fishes Along Masinloc. 800 Total 2.8. 000 Project 6 690. 600 Project 2 1. 000 . 810.

water and sediment quality (NOTE: For data w/c could not be gathered by the project) Assessment and identification of the plants and animals in the mangroves. supplies and materials Sediment and water sampling analysis Secondary data gathering for air.X. coral reefs and seagrass ecosystems Data Analysis Molecular identification and phylogeny of high valued marine plant species Data analysis Final writing of report Q4 Project 2 Molecular Approach on Stock Assessments of Marine Fishes Along Masinloc. Assessment of the existing stock population of marine fishes Determine parasite diversity and specificity infecting marine fishes host Impacts of Climate Change on parasite . Implementation Plan SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES Year 1 Year 2 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 PROJECTS Project 1 Assessment of the Diversity of Plants and Animals in the Selected Coastal Ecosystems of Zambales ACTIVITIES Q1 Procurement of equipments.

PROJECTS ACTIVITIES Q1 SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES Year 1 Year 2 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Zambales Coasts diversity Using Parasites Final writing of report as Biological Tags Project 3 Assessment of the Costal Resource Management Programs Present in Zambales Assessment of physical characteristics Assessment of biodiversity Assessment of coastal resources management programs Mapping of coastal resources management programs present in Zambales Final writing of report Project 4 Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for the Selected Coastal Ecosystems and Communities in Zambales Secondary data gathering for climate present in Zambales for 10 years Assessment of the impacts of climate change in selected coastal ecosystems and local communities Determine and document the best practices of the local communities in climate change adaptation Analysis of data Report writing .

economic profile of the local communities Assessment of indigenous knowledge systems or anthropological studies on biodiversity conservation and coastal resource management Study and evaluation of policies present in national.PROJECTS ACTIVITIES Q1 SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES Year 1 Year 2 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Project 5 Database Management of Biodiversity in the Selected Costal Ecosystems of Zambales Secondary data gathering for all biodiversity data present in Zambales Database development for biodiversity and coastal resources management programs Biodiversity Mapping/making of maps Final production of maps and database for biodiversity and coastal resources management programs Assessment of socio-demographic. Anthropological and Policy Studies on Biodiversity and Coastal Resource Management in Zambales . regional and local biodiversity conservation and coastal resource management Analysis of data Final report writing Project 6 Socio-economic.

XI. . XII.

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